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Atomic Theory - Missing equations The understanding of the physical world changed as the development of the atomic theory progressed. The view of the world before the atomic theory is important to consider when trying to understand the kind of knowledge that people such as Democritus and Epicurus had when developing their theories that later influenced the further development of the atomic theory. Alchemy Alchemy is normally thought of as the transition of metals into gold. In reality alchemist are said by William H....   [tags: physics atomic theory] 1268 words
(3.6 pages)
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Chaos Theory - Chaos Theory      What exactly is chaos theory. From the understanding of many scientists such as Edward Lorenz, Ian Stewart, and Robert May the chaos theory relatively means the same thing. Each of these scientists contributed to the science of chaos theory.      First and Foremost chaos theory itself comes from the seemingly half-hazard way things seem to happen in its equations, but chaos theory is really about finding the similarities between these seemingly random events in an equation.      Edward Lorenz, a meteorologist, discovered this theory when he was working on a calculation for weather prediction on his computer....   [tags: Science Scientists Chaos Theory Essays]
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A substantive grounded theory - ... Formal theory allows more generalization, and transferability of research results, which may be adapted to other different scenarios. While it is possible to generate formal theory directly from data (Glaser and Strauss 1967; Strauss 1987), it is better to start with a substantive grounded theory of which a formal theory can be developed (Glaser and Strauss 1967). Both the substantive and formal theory can inform each other on the development of a formal theory. On moving substantive grounded theory to formal theory, Glaser and Strauss (1967) suggests using someone else’s formal theory as an important starting strategy....   [tags: Informative, Theory] 491 words
(1.4 pages)
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Evaluating Career Theory and Application - ... As I matured and became less fascinated by presumed “glamour” occupations, I became captivated by physical fitness, nutrition, and medicine; I received my national fitness trainer certificate so that I may become a personal trainer. Nevertheless, my career decisions do not fit uniformly into merely one career theory. Ginsberg and Super’s Theories of Career Development assert that there are several predictive stages of career development, based moreover on the developmental stages of life. Under this theory, as a child I was in the fantasy period; I saw myself becoming a famous model/dancer/actress or prestigious medical doctor or surgeon....   [tags: Career Theory] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning - ... The emphasis on social interaction influencing cognitive development impacts on how students are taught. Class room environments need to allow social interaction as a key part of learning activities. This social interaction permits students to learn from both the teacher and their peers through collaborative activities. Teachers that encourage discussion will lead students to think critically and this will assist in providing meaning to new information. (Powell & Kalina, 2009 p245) Language has a significant impact on cognitive development as according to Vygotsky language precedes thinking....   [tags: Educational Theory]
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Functionalism Theory of Education - ... Functionalists see education as a miniature society, a society that develops a sense of commitment to a social group. Functionalism is an aspect of society which is interdependent and contributes to society functioning and creating mechanical and organic solidarity. It is also based on the relationship between a school and a society. Functionalism is also essential to education because it sorts the thorough students giving them a status of above average or below average. By doing this functionalism is trying to ensure the order at which the more talented students rise to the top and usually continue that social order as they grow older, although the below average children usually keep their social order as well, which is what functionalists see in education as sorting, separating students on the basis of merit....   [tags: Educational theory]
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1430 words
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Organisational Theory and Analysis - ORGANISATIONAL THEORY AND ANALYSIS Organization can be a stressful place in which to work, thus stress management is becoming an important issue at work. It can be argued that the responsibility for stress management lies with both the organization and the individuals who are, or could be affected by stress. Explain why organization are stressful place and discuss who should have the responsibility for stress management and why. Organization is social structure. That is to say an organization is a group of people intentionally organized to accomplish an overall, common goal or set or goal....   [tags: Theory Analysis] 1412 words
(4 pages)
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Psychologist’s Theory - Which psychologist’s theory best describes your own personality.      Personality can best be described as “personal qualities of an individual”. No two people have the same personality, but yet all the different personalities in the world can be characterized into 4 main theories. The four psychologists that thought up the four theories are Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, and Abraham Maslow. (pg.64) Each man based his theory on a different part of a person’s personality development. The theory that best describes my personality is Maslow’s....   [tags: Maslow’s Theory Psychology] 525 words
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The Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory - The Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory According to William B. Gudykunst in his article "A Model of Uncertainty Reduction in Intercultural Encounters," the uncertainty reduction theory explains initial interactions between two strangers from the same culture. Studies, however, suggest this theory can also be extended to interpersonal communication between two people from different cultures. Uncertainty refers to how well you can accurately predict how strangers will behave during their initial interaction and the ability to explain the strangers' behavior....   [tags: Anxiety Uncertainty Management Theory]
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Frederick Herzberg's Motivator-Hygience Theory - Frederick Herzberg is renowned for the development of his Motivator-Hygiene theory. His theory stands on the ground that employees need to get satisfied with their job and avoid job dissatisfaction. For this purpose Herzberg recommends focusing on hygiene factors to avoid job dissatisfaction and focus on motivation factors to stimulate job satisfaction. In such a way, employees achieve job satisfaction and positive performance. 2010 Introduction Traditionally, the effectiveness of employees’ performance was one of the primary concerns of managers and theorists who researched issues related to management and who developed management theories....   [tags: Business Theory]
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Einstein's Theory of Relativity - Motion and time are fundamental components of life. Finding himself late to work, an employee will drive faster, which in turn, will reduce the time needed to commute to his job. The rules of motion and time are known intrinsically to every person on the planet. As children, these “Laws” become common sense. No explanation is needed when a sleeping student falls out of his desk onto the floor. Motion and time were always considered to be self-explanatory and obvious parts of everyday life. This was true until a group of scientists who deemed themselves “Physicists” began challenging the known rules of motion and explaining them using mathematics and experimentation....   [tags: physics Albert Einstein theory relativity]
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Major Challenges to Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development - What are the major challenges to Piaget's theory of cognitive development and what aspects still have value. To answer this question, Piaget's theory of development should be explained along with Vygotsky's theory and the connectionist theory of development, and then each should be compared with the others. Once this has been achieved the main similarities and differences will be summarized, and finally the areas of Piaget's theory that have not been undermined by other theories will be reiterated....   [tags: Vygotsky's theory connectionist theory]
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The Big Bang Theory - The Big Bang Theory Why is the Universe expanding. What is Cosmic Back Ground Radiation (CBR). There are many questions asked about our Universe, which we know so little about. Scientists, in their attempt to answer these and other confrontations, have found one idea that seems to explain much of what we don't understand: The Big Bang Theory. An explosion of incomprehensible speed was the beginning of our known Universe and existence. At that time matter as small as the head of a pin inflated to become larger than the visible Universe of today in less than one millisecond....   [tags: Big Bang Theory Science Essays Papers] 1334 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Background on the Stanley Milgram Theory - The social psychology theory that I will be analyzing is based on the Stanley Milgram experiment done in 1965 following the start of the Nazi war. He was curios on all the violence taking place during this time. As a Jew himself, he wanted to find out whether or not the Adolf Eichmann accomplice had the same intent and hate towards the Jewish people during the holocaust. Based on Solomon Asch’s past experiments on conformity, Milgram’s experiment was done to determine whether or not the power of the situation could cause average people to conform to obedience....   [tags: Stanley Milgram Theory, psychology, social psychol] 1082 words
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Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education - ... This may cause the company to spend more money in the project. The product may look easy on paper however when it comes down to putting the pieces together, more than likely the company will end up spending more money. To overcome this dilemma the Spiral Model was developed to overcome the drawbacks of the waterfall model. The spiral method is used specifically for high-risk programs. The Spiral model is another instructional design process that curriculum developers use. The Spiral model represents a continual process in which the curriculum developer can reenter the various stages of the process....   [tags: Educational theory, teaching, teacher]
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Fear of Flying and Classical Conditioning Theory - How Lauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying. How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying. Using the Classical Conditioning theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for causes regarding the fear of flying has been mentioned in several articles regarding anxiety disorders....   [tags: Classical Conditioning Theory Psychology]
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The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver - The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver For my research report, I read The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver. This book is an in-depth description of their theory. While I will focus mostly on Weaver's translation and application of information, I will also touch on the theory's core ideas as explained by Shannon. The information theory is the extentsion of Nyquist's and Hartley's origingal ideas on the subject. However, Claude Shannon includes new factors such as "the effect of noise in the channel, and savings possible due to statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destination of information." Shannon's ideas were based on the fundamental problem in communication, which he described as the "difficulty of reproducing at one point the message selected at another point." The most significant aspect is that the actual message sent is one "selected from a set" of possible messages....   [tags: Information Theory Research Report]
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650 words
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Auteur Theory: Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese - Use a range of auteur theories to examine the work of two significant directors you have studied on this module. One director should have produced the majority of their work prior to 1960 and the other should have produced it from the 1970s onwards. Discuss the origins and main developments of auteur theory then examine the works of Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese with relevance to their status as auteur directors. In having their films examined as auteurs of the cinema, both Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese have been described as great artists whose body of work demonstrates repeated themes and motifs, that put in context reveals a particular belief and world view that is held by the director....   [tags: auteurism theory, film, director]
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Utopia on the Horizons of Time in Lukács's The Theory of the Novel - Utopia on the Horizons of Time in Lukács's The Theory of the Novel Time is a pivotal term in Georg Lukács's The Theory of the Novel for two reasons: the text's "time" describes the time of the novel (the time depicted in novels as described by Lukács), but it also bears reflexively on the chronology, or the history of literary forms, which the text itself describes. These readings are not easily separable; The Theory of the Novel must be read as a self-description, as a "theoretical novel" itself (as Freud called Moses and Monotheism), though one whose plot is about the history of forms or the development of plot in human history....   [tags: Lukacs Theory Novel Essays]
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The Language Behind Dawkins’ Selfish Gene Theory - The Language Behind Dawkins’ Selfish Gene Theory According to Michael Polanyi, our understanding of a concept depends in part on the language we use to describe it. Connie Barlow's book, From Gaia to Selfish Genes, looks at metaphors in science as integral parts of some new biological theories. One example is Richard Dawkins' theory about the selfish gene, where he claims that the most basic unit of humanity, the gene, is a selfish entity unto itself that exists outside the realm of our individual good and serves its own distinct purpose....   [tags: Science Selfish Gene Theory Essays]
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Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization and Giving Up on Dreams - As we can see, in the daily life we are living in, people always give up on their dreams very easily. It is usual for us to hear someone say that, "I quit. I can not do this any more." Some people do so because they are tired of what they are doing, and others may just give up on their dreams because of their own personality problem. In my point of view, it is not a good or healthy thing to do because in the end, people may regret for what they decided to do. They may feel unhappy or even depressed....   [tags: Maslow, theory of self-actualization, psychology, ] 1008 words
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Travis Hirschi's Social Control Theory: Helpful or False? - In this essay I will first explain what a Social Control Theory is and how Hirschi developed his theory ‘Social Bond’ from this, I will also discuss further development of his theory with Gottfredson in a ‘General Theory of Crime’. I will then discuss and consider the criticisms of both theories before providing my own conclusion, including why his theory is still relevant in today’s society. Control theories take on a different approach to other previous theories such as….. Most theorists ask ‘why someone commits a crime’ whilst control theories look at why most people chose not to commit crime....   [tags: Social Control Theory, sociology, Travis Hirschi, ] 1196 words
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Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory - Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader how Dorethea Orem’s nursing theory has been used in research. Orem begin developing her theory in the 1950’s, a time when most nursing conceptual models were based on other disciplines such as medicine, psychology and/or sociology (Fawcett, 2000). Orem’s theory is a three-part theory of self-care. The three theories that make up the general theory are: Self-Care, Self-Care Deficit, and Nursing Systems....   [tags: Nursing Medical Caring Theory Essays]
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Theory X and Theory Y - ... Theory X was labeled by McGregor as being a “hard” style of management, where hard meant that management would have close supervision on its workers, as well as having strong control and coercion. He determined that a hard style would not be effective for production and organization that practiced this style would have restricted output and workers would distrust management, therefore there would be a need for a softer side of management. McGregor based his evaluation of Theory X manager’s on Abrahams Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory (Barnett)....   [tags: Business Management] 1301 words
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Evaluation of Books on String Theory - A String Method Book Evaluation Three different methods books; “Muller Rusch String Method,” “Action with Strings,” and “ Essential Elements for strings,” revealed three very different approaches to learning. The influence of time is greatly noticeable in comparing and contrasting these three approaches. “Essential Elements for Strings” was published in 1994 and the other two books in the 1960’s. After many years of studying education the approach to teaching students how to play an instrument has greatly improved....   [tags: String Method Theory Music]
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String Theory - INTRODUCTION This document is for persons who have received their graduate degree in theoretical physics and are looking to make their way into the concentration of superstring theory, and what postgraduate mathematics courses are required to do so. Supersting theory is one of the latest forms of theoretical physics and a popular topic with today’s society. However, because of the highly advanced nature of the mathematics involved with Supersting theory, two postgraduate forms of mathematics are required in order to be on the leading edge of work in this field....   [tags: essays research papers] 1670 words
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Game Theory - ... The Terms The Nash Equilibrium is a term that was created by a man named John Nash in 1951, the Nash Equilibrium is an important element of game theory (McPhee, The Nash Equilibrium: A Nobel Prize-Winning Addition to Game Theory, 2008). He came up with this term when he was a still a student at Princeton. It was his doctoral in 1951. Isaac M. McPhee states Nash Equilibrium is when “both players find themselves independently following the absolutely optimum strategy for personal success - a strategy which remains the best, regardless of the other player's strategy”....   [tags: Mathematics]
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Deontologial Theory - ETHICS Deontological Theory Historically ethics was studied from a philosophical aspect and viewed as the science of morals. Ethics had been defined as the principles of moral conduct that govern our behavior. Our ethical behavior is developed from various factors, to include our environment, family and beliefs. The origins of ethics can be traced back to the fifth century, BC ( Banner, 1968, pg.67). Plato, Socrates and Aristotle are among the early teachers of ethics. These teachers along with many other philosophers developed and taught numerous ethical theories based on their beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers] 1310 words
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Is a Theory Scientific? - Is a Theory Scientific. There is often a heated debate on whether or not a theory is scientific. This debate brings to light a problem named the demarcation problem. This problem simply asks how one distinguishes between science and non-science. This is a very important question especially in examining separation of church and state. The demarcation problem is apparent when schools are unsure as to whether or not they should teach creationism as a possible scientific theory. Schools are to teach science, but how does one tell the difference between a scientific theory and a theological one....   [tags: Papers] 521 words
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String Theory - String theory is defined by Merriam-Webster as, “A physical theory in which one-dimensional loops travel through space and also merge and lyse as time elapses. This is in contrast to ordinary quantum field theory, which predicts point particles that emit and absorb each other. String theory is a candidate for a Theory of Everything.” String theory would solve the long fight between Einstein’s theory of relativity and Quantum Physics. String theory proclaims that everything in our universe, from stars and suns to apples and atoms, is made up of incredibly small particles called strings....   [tags: essays research papers] 910 words
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Game Theory - ... Although this seems like a simple decision to make, this decision does call for strategic thinking and making use of all available resources to come up with the best location that meets each person liking. There are several within our department who cannot eat spicy food and a few others who are on diets. Since this is the case, we have to view and evaluate the costs and benefits of menus from each restaurant in order to make the best decision from the available options. In “Game Theory Models and Methods”, the prisoner’s dilemma is said to be the most widely known example of game theory....   [tags: Gaming]
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Systems Theory - ... The ecological model is used as a tool. These systems are very structured and use certain processes as guideline. Different processing concepts are used in systems theory. These concepts explain how the system works. Input is the energy being fed into the system across boundaries. Throughput is how the energy is used within the system and output is the effect on the environment of the energy being passed across boundaries. Germain and Gitterman (1996) came up with a life model for social work practice that was to be used as a more “holistic” approach to social work, particularly consistent with an ecological perspective....   [tags: Psychology ]
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Gender Theory - ... When girls are told they are pretty or the clothes they have on is pretty then it begins the learning pattern of how they look determines if they receive a smile and praise or no attention at all. Because girls tend to be more social as discussed in the biological theory the social theory is a good representation of females. Boys fall well into the cognitive theory, which has been developed around the study that imitation is how many children learn the differences between boys and girl expectations....   [tags: Gender Issues]
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Evolution Theory - Comparison of the evolution theories of Charles Darwin and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck In this essay I am going to compare the theories of Charles Darwin and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. Charles Darwin was a British Scientist who lived between 1809-1882. He laid down the foundation of modern evolutionary theory with his concept of the development of life through the slow working process of natural selection. Darwin started to make notes about this theory in 1836 and in 1838 he had arrived at a sketch of a theory of evolution through natural selection....   [tags: essays research papers] 539 words
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The Identity Theory - The Identity Theory  Mental processes are physical is equivalent to what is coined The Identity Theory. Smart's theses is that mental events are identical to brain processes. The definition of neurophysiological is to say the science of neurons dealing with living matter such as the brain. Smart discounts Cartesian Dualism that depicts the mind as a separate entity than the physical body. In addition, Smart's theory is a posteriori claim, which is to say that through an observation or senses we can come to a factual conclusion....   [tags: Papers] 514 words
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The Sociocultural Theory - ... The third stage is the highest level of difficulty where a child cannot execute a task because it is too difficult. This stage requires complete assistance from a parent or teacher to execute the task for the child. The middle stage is key to intellectual development and to Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory. The middle stage is where the difficulty level of a task is just above the child’s abilities. Situations in this stage are known as the zone of proximal development. According to Vygotsky and the sociocultural theory, during this stage is where there is the most potential for intellectual development and learning....   [tags: Sociology]
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A Theory of Justice - A Theory of Justice Communitarian critics of Rawls have argued that his A Theory of Justice provides an inadequate account of individuals in the original position. Michael Sandel, in Liberalism and the Limits of Justice argues that Rawls' conception of the person divorces any constitutive attachments that persons might have to their ends. Hence, Sandel asserts that Rawls privileges the standpoint of self-interested individuals at the expense of communal interests. I do not find Sandel's specific criticisms to be an accurate critique of what Rawls is doing in A Theory of Justice....   [tags: John Rawls Theorists Society Essays] 3831 words
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Constructivism Theory - ... The SC theory also shows that the way teachers present wireless computing in the instructional practice will affect the way students use it in their learning. Vygotsky‘s (1978/1981) SC concept reflects on Bruner’s (1966), and Piaget’s (1932/1997) SC theories because they believed that teachers must create opportunities for students to become active-social competitors. Vygotsky‘s, SC learning theory focus on instructing through empirical approaches that hold a small aura of active-social connections....   [tags: Education, Teachers, Wireless Computing] 2275 words
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The Keynesian Theory - Keynesian Theory The Great Depression can be greatly understood by the Keynesian Theory. It is actually crucial to understanding the Great Depression. To begin, when the Great Depression hit worldwide, it fell on economists to explain it and devise a cure. Most economists were convinced that something as large and intractable as the Great Depression must have complicated causes. Keynes came up with an explanation of economic slumps that was surprisingly simple. In fact, when he shared his theory and proposed solution with Franklin Roosevelt, the President is said to have dismissed them with the words: "Too easy." Keynes explanations of slumps ran something like this: in a normal economy, there is a high level of employment, and everyone is spending their earnings as usual....   [tags: essays research papers] 461 words
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Theory of Mind - Describe what evolutionary psychologists mean when they employ the term ‘theory of mind’. Use examples and research studies from Book 1, Chapter 2 to show why this theory is important in evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary psychology is a specialist field within the spectrum of psychological enquiry, which seeks to examine and understand some of the predominant reasoning behind the concept of why the human species, whilst biologically similar to other species on the planet, is so very distinct in terms of intelligence and mental progression; demonstrated by the multifaceted and complex social structures we have created....   [tags: essays research papers] 1083 words
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Conflict Theory - ... It seeks to discover who benefits from social interaction. How did the leaders find themselves in power. The conflict theory often is seeking ulterior motives in decision making. It may seem like a cynical perspective, but it does not sugarcoat issues. If there is corruption, this theory has an explanation. When a certain politician is pushing for a certain bill to be passed, the Conflict Theorist does not simply accept it. Instead, he or she questions the motives and the benefit. Hidden agendas are sought out by the Conflict Theorist....   [tags: Psychology] 790 words
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The McGregor Theory - ... Convectional view or what is referred to as theory X, underpinned the underlying assumptions that surrounded the scientific era which the management practices at the time was evolving from. Here, effective management included harnessing the power of the human labour to achieve organization effectiveness. The manager could achieve this through effectively; organizing all element of production. Such element included natural resources, machinery and equipment, money, people, among others. Very important to note, is that the process of managing people involved keenly directing and controlling their efforts and actions to suit the organizations needs (Jone & George 2008)....   [tags: Business Management]
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Ideology As Theory - ... It also ascertains the belief that most drug users steal. However, in comparison, is the routine opportunity theory, in which Cohen and Felson (1979) assert as predatory crimes (Winfree & Abadinsky 2010). The basis of predatory crimes, such as robbery, is a matter of coincidence and requires a motivated offender, a suitable target, and a capable guardian. The three fundamental differences between ideology and routine opportunity theory is that the of opportunity theory is based on empirical findings through victimization surveys, disclaims the idea that predatory crime is related to a breakdown in social structure, more particularly poverty, and discredits the myth that the offender bought drugs, as that factor cannot be measured ....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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Communication Theory - Communication Theory Background and History With the advent of WWII, the idea of effectively communicating ideas to the masses moved to the forefront of research in the United States. Wilbur Schramm, considered by many to be the founder of communications as a field of study, served as the director of the Office of Facts and Figures and the Office of War Information in Washington, D.C. in the early forties. It was during these years, that he formed his vision of communication study (Rogers, 1994)....   [tags: Communication Essays]
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Modernization Theory - Modernization Theory Modernization is the term used for the transition from the traditional society of the past to modern society as it is found today in the West. Modernization theory refers to a variety of non-Marxist perspectives which have been put forward to explain the development or underdevelopment of countries. Modernization theory is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of differing levels of technological development among societies. Modernization theory presents the idea that by introducing modern methods in "technology, agricultural production for trade, and industrialization dependent on a mobile labour force," the underdeveloped countries will experience a strengthening in their economies....   [tags: Sociology Modernization Essays Papers] 2522 words
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Behaviorist Theory - ... Watson’s biggest experiment is called Little Albert. He uses a conditioning experiment on a child by presenting a flurry white rat paired with a loud metal clang. He uses the child’s fear instinct and is now scared when he is presented with anything white and furry. This is after Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory. Ivan Pavlov is a “Russian physiologist who discovered classical conditioning” (Cherry, 2011). Classical conditioning is a method used in behavioral training which “occurs through an associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus” (Cherry, 2011)....   [tags: Education]
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Determinist Theory - ... 2. Ecological model and the political economy perspectives: The ecological model is base in Darwin's evolution theory, it primarily portrays the competition concentrated in urban areas. This model is similar to the theory”survival of the fittest” in which different groups compete for space. It deals with the relationship between humans and humans institutions as well as the settings and the social class among others influence within an environment. Each person is directly influenced by the environment surrounding them, which sets a series of interactions between the individual and his/her social environment....   [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Urbanism] 2511 words
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cell theory - Cell Theory The Cell Theory states that all organisms are composed of similar units of organization, called cells. The concept was formally articulated in 1839 by Schleiden and Schwann and has remained as the foundation of modern biology. Formulation of the cell theory In 1838 Theodor Schwann and Matthias Schleiden were talking about their studies on cells. It has been suggested that when Schwann heard Schleiden describe plant cells with nuclei, he was stuck by the similarity of these plant cells to cells he had observed in animal tissues....   [tags: essays research papers] 374 words
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Domino Theory - Domino Theory The Domino Theory Here is my report on the Domino Theory The ?Domino Theory. is a complex and interesting theory. It is based on a simple rule of physics. That rule is inertia. Inertia is defined in the dictionary as, ?the tendency of matter to remain at rest or to continue in a fixed direction unless affected by some outside force.?1 This can be seen by making a line of dominoes, one right after the other and pushing the first domino over. The rest of the dominoes will fall over until the last one is down....   [tags: essays papers] 2339 words
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Atomic Theory - Atomic Theory In the beginning of the 1800s John Dalton, an English scientist did work some work on gases, which lead him to the creation of a complex system of symbols for all known elements at the time. He took all the information he had collected, along with the Laws of Conservation of Mass, Definite Composition and Multiple Proportions and updated Aristotle's theory of matter with the Atomic Theory of Matter, which stated: - All matter is composed of tiny, indivisible particles called atoms....   [tags: Papers] 538 words
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String Theory - Special Relativity The speed of light is the speed limit for the universe. Light travels at the same speed regardless of relative position. When applied to Newtonian physics, it provided new relativistic formulas for motion. 4 Quantum Theory Hot objects emit electromagnetic radiation. If the energy carried off by radiation is added together, the total energy produced is calculated to be infinite. Max Planck deduced that if energy was emitted in discrete packets, quanta, it would be a finite quanity of energy....   [tags: physics]
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The Theory of Attributions - ... Heider suggests that the closer two events are the easier it is to make an attribution of causality, compared to those events that are distal. Similarly the greater the common grounds of two events the more likely they are to be viewed as causality then those events that are dissimilar. When attributing a cause of event individuals tend to focus on one factor rather than numerous factors. Heider also suggests that there is internal attribution which is when the observer directs their behaviour as being a characteristic trait, whereas an external attribution is where the observer perceives the behaviour to be due to the situation....   [tags: Psychology] 2171 words
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The Attachment Theory - ... Later, Bowlby followed this up with two more papers Separation Anxiety (1960) and Grief and Mourning in Infancy and Early Childhood (1960).Around the same time, Mary Ainsworth, Bowlby’s former colleague was completing her extensive observational studies on infant’s attachments in Uganda using Bowlby’s ethological theories in her mind. Ainsworth’s innovative methodology formed much of the theory and expanded its concepts enabling some of its tenets to be empirically tested. Attachment theory was finally published in the trilogy Attachment and Loss, 1969....   [tags: Psychology, Interpersonal Relationship] 1787 words
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organizational theory - Question #1 “Despite the economic progress brought about in part by scientific management, critics were calling attention to the ‘seamy side of progress’ which included severe labor management conflict, apathy, boredom, and wasted human resources to examine the discrepancy between how an organization was supposed to work versus how the workers actually behaved. In addition, factors like World War I, developments in psychology and later the depression, all bought into question, some of the basic assumptions of Scientific Management.” (Internet) This is where the Human Relations School steps in....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Theory of Intelligence - There are basically two camps on the theory of intelligence, how exactly to define intelligence is still debated. There are, however, two major schools of thought on its nature and properties. This paper examines and evaluates the two opposing theories on the nature of intelligence. The two opposing theories of intelligence are the one general intelligence school of thought and the multiple intelligences school of thought. The general intelligence proponents believe that there is one factor from which all intelligence is derived; the multiple intelligences proponents believe that there are different kinds of intelligence....   [tags: essays research papers] 783 words
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The Queer Theory - ... Aspiring to refrain from labeling and categorizing people, queer theory “is especially interested in manifestations of male-male sexual attraction…where it’s been diverted or repressed or else obliquely expressed or unknowingly sublimated” (Dyer 4). Queer theory, constantly growing as societal views on sexuality change, has become a notable literary critical mode. In the novella Heart of Darkness, the author Joseph Conrad creates endless ambiguities pertaining not only to the bulk of the story itself, but also to the sexual orientation of the main characters....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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Contingency Theory - ... It is often the case that an organisation will adopt both centralised and decentralised components into their structure as this can contribute more to performance than adopting one or the other. For example Naylor (2004, pp312) and also Scott (1987, pp89) suggests tasks such as designing information systems and setting conditions of employment would be better centralised whilst small scale purchasing and recruitment, would be better decentralised. There are five main forms of organisational structure as mentioned earlier, each of which the contingency theory suggests, suits different situations....   [tags: Business Management ]
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labelling theory - Becker was influenced by the following: Charles Cooley's Human Nature and the Social Order (1902) examines the personal perception of oneself through studies of children and their imaginary friends. Cooley develops the theoretical concept of the looking glass self, a type of imaginary sociability (Cooley 1902). People imagine the view of themselves through the eyes of others in their social circles and form judgements of themselves based on these imaginary observations (Cooley 1902). The main idea of the looking glass self is that people define themselves according to society's perception of them (www.d.umn.edu )....   [tags: essays research papers] 2767 words
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Scientific Theory - ... From the branch of science called human science, the word human can be extracted. Therefore, human science is the discipline that investigates the well-being of humans as well as the activities they perform. There is a slight difference between natural science and human science since natural science is based on the consistency and reproducibility of the figures, but human science cannot be since human behavior can vary from one person to another or through time. It is also difficult to reproduce data when considering this division of knowledge, which is why evidences collected during that specific time play an important role in convincing human beings as well as the patterns that can be detected....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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Organizational Theory - ... This is leading to a considerably increased rate of business expansion more than ever before as in the past. With that said, those of us looking to peruse a career in the business world need to be thinking more on the process of theory development. There are several new theories, models and extensions of existing theories out there that in the future should be available to be presented for discussion and to be tested for the soundness in their application ability (Miles, McKenny, Short, Davis, Wu)....   [tags: Business Management ]
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Political Theory versus Scientific Theory - Political Theory versus Scientific Theory Theory is ubiquitous. Everyone is a theorist. A theory is generally stated to be an idea or belief one has formulated that is to be tested by others. Theory abstracts and generalizes from specific circumstances, and enhances the accessibility of experience. They are often more general and abstract then the facts they attempt to explain, therefore, alluding to more than just facts. Theories are functions of indirection, whereas facts are a matter of direct transcription of their contents....   [tags: Papers] 876 words
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The Multiverse Theory - ... However such shifts can, if varied simultaneously with another constant of principle, result in other plausible universes that render carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen-like atoms, which could eventually create a form of intelligent life somewhat resembling humans (Jenkins and Perez, 47). Based on the experimentation performed by physicists Alejandro Jenkins and Gilad Perez, there are four fundamental forces that enable life within our universe, without which humans would not exist. They consist of the strong nuclear force, electromagnetic force, gravity, and weak nuclear force....   [tags: Extraterrestrial Life]
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Identity Theory - ... A more substantial counter argument to property dualism not discussed by Smart would be the causal problem. First, Epiphenomenalism claims that mental states have no causal power, which is self undermining because then they would (a) leave no trace (b) have no effect on behavior and therefore there is no reason to believe that they exist. Second, interactionism claims that mental states do have causal power and behavior is overdetermined (brain states and mental states both independently cause the same behavior)....   [tags: Psychology] 1919 words
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Malthus's Theory - ... Malthus may have made incorrect predictions on the state of food production today, but this does not make his actual theory false. Almost 7 billion people inhabit this planet. Simply compare our population to any other life form on Earth that is close to our size, and it will be clear how much more we’ve expanded even when compared to animals that have been here much longer than us. Siberian tigers are the largest wild cat in the world, yet there are less than 400 of them left in the wild. We consume more resources than any other living being on this planet due to our numbers, and eventually we will reach carrying capacity....   [tags: Demographics]
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The Dell Theory - ... Just like how Albright found that religion was vital in the diplomatic sense, she would also argue that religion would play a vast role when dealing with a large global supply chain. Albright would agree that Friedman’s theory would help to restore peace in the world. Kwame Anthony Appiah, talks about how an ideal global citizen would be beneficial to America. Appiah was looking for a way to help avoid confrontation with other countries. He came up with the idea of an ideal global citizen. This ideal global citizen would be able to help avoid conflicts with other nations because they would have the knowledge to avoid anything that would be considered confrontational....   [tags: Psychology ]
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Carnieros Theory - The land of Mesoamerica changes through time and conflict. Carneiro’s theory defines a state as “an autonomous political unit, encompassing many communities within its territory and having a centralized government with the power to collect taxes, draft men for work or war, and decree and enforce laws.'; Carneiro’s model of Mesoamerica shows the growth of two states, Uruk and Susa. In Caneiro’s theory, the two states follow his philosophy by the book. A slow rise in population also increases the growth of control....   [tags: essays research papers] 447 words
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social theory - social theory Bibliography Alpert Ph.d., Harry. Emile Durkheim and his Sociology. New York: Russell & Russell Inc. 1961. Challenger, Douglas F. Durkheim Through the Lens of Aristotle. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.. 1994. Durkheim, Emile. The Division of Labour in Society. New York: The free Press. 1933. Ed. Elliott, Anthony. Contemporary Social Theory. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers. 1999. Ed. Gane, Mike. The Radical Sociology of Durkheim and Mauss....   [tags: Papers] 378 words
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Vygotsky Theory - ... Vygotsky believed that development was a direct result of his or her culture. His theory applies mainly to mental development, such as thought, language and reasoning process. These abilities were understood to develop though social interactions with others (particularly parents) and therefore represented the shared knowledge of the culture (Kristinsdotting, 2001). Vygotsky’s theory is one of the basics of constructivism. It asserts three key themes: 1) Vygotsky states “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological and then inside the child (intrapsychological).” (Vygotsky, 1978)....   [tags: Psychology ]
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LMX Theory - ... This makes LMX theory difficult to show that there is an identical core construct (Gerstner & Day, 1997). Also, there appears to be a higher degree of reliability if the rating of the relationship comes from the member, rather than the leaders, perspective. This could be due to a leader’s own downward tactics biasing his or her rating of the relationship, as they have a preconceived notion on the abilities of the people being rated. Another study suggests that as the length of a relationship grows, those who are involved in higher quality relationships are more inclined to increase their efforts in both the maintenance and growth....   [tags: Leadership ]
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The Domain Theory - The Domain Theory Background Background information that I found out was that of the Domain Theory. The magnetic domain theory states that groups of atoms in a material produce a magnetic field when they align in the same direction. That is what I found out about the domain theory. Plan Introduction Using my theory I know that when domains are in the same direction they create a magnet, therefore I am going to create an electromagnet by putting electricity through a horseshoe core and a coil of wire to make a magnet, thus by making all the domains face the same way....   [tags: Papers] 509 words
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The Adlerian Theory - The Adlerian Theory Alfred Adler was the founder of Adlerian Counseling. He was born in 1870 in the country of Austria. who gave his theory the name Individual Psychology, because he wanted people to see that his theory and methods were designed to help clients help themselves. He believed that everyone had and internal need to be a part of society, and a desire to contribute to that society. That everyone strives for perfection, and everyone initially feels inferior to everyone else. He believed that when that feeling is not overcome, inferiority complexes develop, and if a person tries to overcompensate for inferiority, the develop superiority complex....   [tags: Papers] 546 words
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Psychoanalytical Theory - Psychoanalytical Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the first person to initiate the thought of psychoanalysis. According to Friedlander (1947), classical Freudian psychoanalytic explanations of delinquency focus on abnormalities or disturbances in the individual’s emotional development from early childhood. Since then many people have amended his original writings and presently there are numerous versions Freud’s original psychoanalytical theory. Many of these recent versions are similar to the original version with the exception that they are updated to current times....   [tags: Papers] 2165 words
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The Labelling Theory - ... McShane.M.2010.pp.116-117). Deviance is not judged by the quality of the act, but rather on the consequence of the act, “The deviant is the one that the label has successfully been applied to and deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label" (Tierney.J.2010.p150). Another theorist who was also influenced by the labelling theory was Edwin Lemert, who suggested that when an individual commits an act of deviance that goes unnoticed within society, then the labelling process cannot take place as society is unable to judge the act; therefore this would be viewed as ‘primary deviance’....   [tags: Psychology, Deviant Behavior] 1674 words
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Psychodynamic Theory - ... After the Phallic stage come the Latency stages. Latency is when children at the ages of 6 to 12 years old work to develop cognitive and interpersonal skills suppressing sexual interests but those 12 years and older fall into the Genital stages. During the Genital stage those suppressed sexual interests re-occur and the need to find gratification dependent on finding a partner (Craig & Dunn, p 12) In addition to Freud’s stages of development his best-known concepts are those of the id, ego, and superego (Crain, p....   [tags: Psychology, Freud] 857 words
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Kaupapa Māori Theory and Critical Theory - ... 185). Subsequently, the mainstream deficit theory is deconstructed and reconstructed into a Māori context. This deconstructing and reconstructing process is where the Kaupapa Māori theory shares a similarity to critical theory. Standing apart from the Kaupapa Māori theory due to its European origins, but with many parallels, the aim of critical theory is the altering of society to become fair, rational and caring, (Jensen, 1997) thus achieving emancipation. Critical theory aims to emancipate, or free, people from traditionally held ideas, not to accept what appears to be natural but rather is a social construct and so to learn to deconstruct these social constructs, asking: “whose interests are being served, who is missing out and who has the power?” then to reconstruct these ideas outside of the status quo (Bohman, 2005)....   [tags: Education, Philosophy] 2044 words
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Theory of Opposition - Theory of Opposition In looking at the reasoning and theories of different philosophers throughout history, we see numerous themes develop which play various and sometimes very significant roles in each philosopher's arguments. In their discussions of the cause or source of the universe as well as those regarding the relationships that exist inherently in nature, we see the different thinkers utilize themes such as unity, change and opposition. While many philosophers may employ one or many of these such themes, it is important to note that, often, the significance, interpretation and specific roles of these themes will vary from one philosopher to another....   [tags: Papers] 500 words
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The Attachment Theory - The Attachment Theory The attachment theory talks about the early significance and developments of attachment between infants and their mothers. Attachment can be defined as intense, emotional ties to specific people. The attachment process can be divided into pre-attachment, discriminate and indiscriminate and multiple attachment phases. The development of specific attachment is shown through separation anxiety. The most influential versions of this approach was probably that of Sigmund Freud, who believed that the infants upset at the mothers absence is based on the crass fear that bodily needs would now go unsatisfied....   [tags: Papers] 551 words
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Chaos Theory - Chaos Theory      Since its inception, science relied on predictability and order. The true beauty of science was its uncanny ability to find patterns and regularity in seemingly random systems. For centuries the human mind as easily grasped and mastered the concepts of linearity. Physics illustrated the magnificent order to which the natural world obeyed. If there is a God he is indeed mathematical. Until the 19th century Physics explained the processes of the natural world successfully, for the most part....   [tags: Science Chaos Essays] 1962 words
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Feminist Theory - Introduction      Since the beginning of time women have been considered inferior to men, which seem to proceed to affect everyday lives of all social beings in this world. Women have a disease, a disease that will prevent them for ever having the political drive to achieve political, social or economic opportunities men have. This "disease" is the need for independency and self-respect or the lack there of. This is what we have come to know as feminism. Feminism refers to the body of thought on the cause and nature of women's disadvantaged and subordinate position in society, and efforts to minimize and eliminate the subordination (Hughes, 2002:160)....   [tags: essays research papers]
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theory analysis - Theory Analysis Sigmund Freud - Psychosexual Theory · Basic Philosophy - The basic philosophy is that the sex instinct is the most factor influencing personality; sexual instinct is present at birth, but it occurs in stages. The sex instinct provides the driving force for thought and activity. If conflicts from these stages are not resolved fixations may occur. If overindulgence at a stage may result in a person remaining at that stage. Certain personality traits develop from difficulty in one stage or another, for instance the anal stage can give the obsession for a person to be excessively neat and clean....   [tags: essays research papers] 1682 words
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