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Criminological Theory and Legal Theory - Criminological Theory Rational Choice Rational choice is based on the presumption that crime is a personal choice and that people can freely choose to participate in such criminal activity based on the outcomes, whether it be negative or positive. A person may choose to engage in a crime because it may seem rewarding and pleasurable. On the other hand, a person may decide to avoid participating in criminal activity from their fear of being punished. If the risk of getting caught is too high, one may decide not to commit the crime....   [tags: choice, crime, benefits, theory] 1701 words
(4.9 pages)
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Critical Theory- A Social Theory - “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory....   [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]
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1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Pursuit of a Theory of Everything - ... In addition, for a theory meant to reduce all the explanations of energy and matter into a unified theory, it appears quite convoluted. String Theory’s reliance on extra dimensions that have yet to be corroborated by experiment appears to add undue complexity to existing theories, rather than unify any underlying principles. For these reasons, String Theory cannot presently provide suitable justification for the search for a Theory of Everything. Additional defense for the search for a Theory of Everything stems from the idea that such a theory would be simple, elegant and, therefore, be a preferable representation of nature....   [tags: String theory, M-theory] 1247 words
(3.6 pages)
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Expectancy Theory vs Equity Theory - There is a new automated offender management system that is being put in effect at the state correctional facility. This paper will provide a detailed definition of two motivational theories that will be compared and contrasted with each other that could possible utilized in implementation change at the facility. The motivated theories chosen are the expectancy theory and the equity theory. There has always been an issue to get employees motivated for managers and leaders. If the employees are not motivated they will put a minimal amount of energy into their job if any at all....   [tags: expectancy theory, correctional facilities]
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868 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Validity of Cognitive Dissonance Theory - Description of Theory The term dissonance refers to when one cognitive element is inconsistent with another cognitive element according to the lecture notes of Professor Soreno. Cognitive elements can be categorized in four groups called beliefs, attitudes, values, and perceptions of behavior. Beliefs can be defined as a perception that something exists or not. This perception can range from a central or peripheral type of belief. The more central a belief is, the harder it is to change that belief....   [tags: communication theory]
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2605 words
(7.4 pages)
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Theory of Alienation: Marx and Nietzsche - Marx’s theory of alienation is concerned primarily with social interaction and production; he believes that we are able to overcome our alienation through human emancipation. Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them. He believes that production is man’s act on nature and on himself. Man’s relationship with nature is his relationship with his tools, or means of production....   [tags: Theory of Alienation]
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2372 words
(6.8 pages)
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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice - John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised....   [tags: A Theory of Justice] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice - John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that a rational, mutually disinterested individual in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, is liable to choose as their principles of justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal creation has both strengths and weaknesses, but is ultimately sound....   [tags: A Theory of Justice]
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959 words
(2.7 pages)
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Evaluating Career Theory and Application - It is easy to dissect an individual’s life to analyze and critique their choices based on our own opinions and experiences. Is that fair. No. We may see their actions clearly but the reasoning behind these is what the focus should be when it comes to judging one’s behavior or circumstances. Regular judgments are made about a person based on their profession. In our society, it would behoove us to look at the paths that lead to becoming a medical doctor instead of a drug dealer or prostitute. Application of career theories to life allow for analyzing past and future career decisions in all fields....   [tags: Career Theory] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning - Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920’s but it was not until the late 1960’s that his ideas about learning became popular and were used to contribute to “Constructivism” as a method of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive development were significantly influenced by social interactions that occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four major influences on cognitive development. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of language • Role of private speech • The Zone of Proximal Development....   [tags: Educational Theory]
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672 words
(1.9 pages)
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Leadership Research: The Situational Theory - ... Once again, we need to emphasize the idea of leadership as an interaction influence system involving a leader, follower, and situational variables. Contingency theory The main emphasis of Fidler’s contingency model of leadership effectiveness is on the interaction between a leader’s style of leadership and the favorableness of the situation for the leader. The leader’s style can be thought of as varying between a highly task-oriented approach and a relationship oriented approach. These styles are not unlike the Ohio State dimensions of initiating structure and consideration....   [tags: contingency theory, path goal theory] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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A substantive grounded theory - A good formal theory ought to be at least the equivalent ought of a ton of ethnographies and perhaps half a gross of substantive theories (Strauss 1987, p.248). A substantive grounded theory is a tailor-made theory while a formal grounded theory is a ready-made theory (Kearney 1998). Substantive theory may limit its application to other contexts if a constant comparative method of modifying a theory is neglected. Nevertheless, it may have important general implications and relevance to other areas....   [tags: Informative, Theory] 491 words
(1.4 pages)
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Functionalism Theory of Education - There are three main theoretical perspectives (or theories) that represent the views of sociologist and educators, these views are the conflict perspective, symbolic interactions, and functionalism. Although all of these theories are important to education and society, I have chosen to focus my research or theoretical perspective on functionalism also including the effects functionalism and education. The Functionalist perspective is one of the most dominant core perspectives in sociology and is an analysis of social and cultural phenomena in terms of the functions they perform in a social system....   [tags: Educational theory]
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1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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Comparison of the Social Exchange Theory and the Symbolic Interaction Theory - The theory I originally chose to critique was the Social Exchange and Rational Choice framework from our class book. I chose this theory because when we talked about it in class it made a lot of sense to me. Its propositions and foundations are very applicable to many situations, and I felt like I had a good grasp of its concepts and structure. However, in doing research for this paper, I discovered that contrary to what our book led me to believe, Social Exchange is a theory entirely separate from Rational Choice theory....   [tags: Sociology, Theory Comparison]
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1971 words
(5.6 pages)
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Social Work Theory - Social Workers are very important to everyday life. They are the ones that help people in need when they have nobody else to turn too. Also, they provide resources and better understanding of predicaments that you could be experiencing. I will reflect on how the class has affected me, my own experiences and how some theories have connected to my life experiences, and lastly, if the class helped toward my major. This class is important for someone that wants to become a social worker and wants to learn about the different theories used....   [tags: Attachment Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory]
:: 5 Works Cited
1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Linda Hutcheon’s A Theory of Adaptation - The art of storytelling is not a modern invention, neither is adaptation. In spite of their century-old traditions, they both are relevant and evolving. Reading the same stories over and over again would get boring pretty quickly, but transcoding them to different media such as film or video games gives them new meanings, thus keeps them interesting. Adaptation opens up new dimensions for creators and consumers of adaptations alike. However, when the same story – or an element of the story - is used in various different media, it will inevitably spark debates on which one is superior....   [tags: A Theory of Adaptation]
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1334 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Role of Theory in Social Research - The role of theory in social research is that without a sociological theory, nothing can be sociological. Facts disconnected from theory are just facts. Theory makes the facts speak; the facts don’t and cannot speak for themselves. Without a connection to other facts, we cannot assess anything. With theory, you can relate facts to each other. Theory is the body of interrelated logical concepts or universals that connect to empirical facts and phenomena. Empirical research is okay as long as there is theory involved with it....   [tags: Sociological Theory, Functionalism]
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1621 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Evolution of the Cell Theory - The Evolution of the Cell Theory Since the beginning of humanity, science has been a developing topic full of mystery and questions. These questions might be as small as why closet doors close easier during the winter compared to the summer, and as big as how the universe was made. There are numerous topics in science such as chemistry, biology, and physics each of which have their own questions to be answered. They each have their own theories which have been developing since they began; but what is a theory....   [tags: theory, cell, hypothesis, studies]
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709 words
(2 pages)
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Theory on Why A Crime Occurs - There are various theories as to why crime occurs. For as long as Crime has come about, there have been repercussions for those actions. Due to the occurrence of Crime, questions have surfaced. Such as; why crime occurs or why individuals commit crimes. The best theory to answer each question would be the Classical Theory of crime. The Classical Theory simply states that any individual who breaks the law does so in free will while understanding the effects. Classical theorists believed "the more swift, and certain the punishment, the more effective it would be." Classical Theorists aided in the influence and shaping of the United States Criminal Justice system....   [tags: rational choice theory]
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612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Theory of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda - Theory of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda I feel that Social Dominance Theory best explains the Rwandan Conflict. According to Houghton (2009), within every society there is at least one dominant group and one subordinate group. In the Rwandan Conflict, the Tutsis were seen as the dominant group while the Hutus the subordinate group. Despite the Tutsis being a minority, they held more political power than the Hutus. The Tutsis held most of the power up until the year 1994 when the Hutu president was assassinated....   [tags: social dominance theory] 577 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Relationship of Paradigm, Model, and Theory - Janice A. Thibodeau (1983), described nursing as a practice-oriented profession. Nursing is a “doing” profession and the development of a theoretical base for nursing practice is required. Since nursing has a wide range of parameters, the method must be structured by the use concepts. The ability to understand concepts and apply them in nursing is advanced by using well-defined models in practice. In order to understand models, it is imperative to understand the concept of paradigm, because the development of a model is based on a certain paradigm (Thibodeau)....   [tags: Nursing Theory, Praxis Definition] 766 words
(2.2 pages)
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What is The Big Bang Theory? - What is The Big Bang Theory. The Big Bang theory is an effort to explain what happened at the very beginning of our universe. It states that the earth was created as a result of an explosion of a fireball. Here are some of the weaknesses of the Big Bang Theory below:- Weaknesses of the Big Bang Theory The main disadvantage of the Big Bang theory probably lies in its inability to explain where the original "ball" of energy came from that did the expanding (the "Bang") to form the universe and the space-time that it occupies....   [tags: beginnings, creation, theory, Earth]
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1586 words
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Marie Curie and the Atomic Theory - The Atomic Theory is a theory that explains what matter is made of. The Atomic theory states that matter can’t be divided as it is made up of minute particles called atoms that cannot be separated. The very word atom is derived from the Greek word Atmos which means indivisible. Atomic theory timeline- Year Person/People Event 442 BCE Democritrus and Leucippus These Greek philosophers came up with the idea that all matter is composed of indivisible elements. 1803 John Dalton British chemist and physicist John Dalton theorised that matter is composed of spherical atoms (that are in motion) of different weights and are combined in ratios by weight....   [tags: spontaneous radioactivity,quantum theory]
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1440 words
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Learning Theory of Instructional Design - Learning Theory of Instructional Design The instructions created by teachers and trainers in different educational and training institutes as well as in training programs of different organizations, which include the “instructional experiences which helps in making the learning a better experience by enabling and making the process of acquisition of related and relevant knowledge and skill more efficient, appealing in nature, and effective for the learner; is known as “Instructional Design”. There are various theories under “Instructional Design” such as Learning Theory, Pedagogical Theory, and Instructional Theory....   [tags: learning, theory, elabroation, design] 959 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Theory of Evolution is Wrong - “Often a cold shudder has run through me, and I have asked myself whether I may have not devoted myself to a phantasy.” -- Charles Darwin I’m sure everyone in this room has heard that science proves evolution, and that people who believe that God created everything in six days about six thousand years ago have succumbed to a myth. However, when you take the real data and study it using scientific methods, you make a significant discovery - science proves creation. Today, we will explore some of the most mind-blowing aspects of God’s creation that disprove the Theory of Evolution....   [tags: Creationists, Creation Theory]
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1336 words
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Evolution and Intelligent Design Theory - ... This can be seen according to the main principals of what science stands for. In order for a theory/ hypothesis to be accepted as scientific virtue, the theory must be testable (Hills, 2012, p. 3). Intelligent Design is not testable and states that organisms appear abruptly however, Darwin in “An Origin of a Species” explains the commonly accepted idea of how organisms came about through the idea of evolution. According to Michael Berkman the U.S. National Academy of Science is the most authoritative scientific voice in the country and they have clearly stated that intelligent design is a religious position, not a scientific one (Berkman, 2010, p.105)....   [tags: uncientific, religiously bias theory] 871 words
(2.5 pages)
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Crime Theory and Crime Prevention - Crime theories appear to descend of two big schools of criminology. The classical school of criminology which is based on the offender as a rational being, aware for his criminal deeds, and the positivist school of criminology regarding sociological prospects influencing individuals’ lives’ and affect them in a positive or negative manner. The point of reference for this essay will be that when it comes for theories of crime, such as rational choice and routine activities theories, will be examined which are prevention strategies derived from such theories, their connection with their theoretical principles and what are able to offer as crime prevention initiatives....   [tags: Social disorganization theory]
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2533 words
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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory - Contents INTRODUCTION 2 MOTIVATION 3 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY 4 INFORMATION OF THE COMPANY 5 APPLE COMPUTERS,INC 5 INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY’S MANAGER 6 STEVE JOBS 6 STEVE JOBS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES 7 CONCLUSION 9 REFERENCES 10   INTRODUCTION In this section ,we will discuss about the topics motivation, motivation theory.Motivation is defined as the interaction between person and the situation.For attaining goal,persons efforts are energized,directed and sustained.And Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory is also used.Individual needs are also known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory.Need theory...   [tags: motivation theory, steve jobs]
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1607 words
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The Theory of Dark Flow - ... Firstly we shall look upon the formula that shows how acceleration is 'supposed' to occur. Regarding the laws of physics, relative gravity should be able to explain how the galaxies are moving. Relative gravity involves the force of gravitational energy as a universal law. As Alok Jha states, "It encapsulates the idea that all the particles of matter in the universe attract each other through the force of gravity" (Jha, 2013). In other words, gravitational attraction extends to planets attracting each other, not having the ability to move without an outwards force being applied....   [tags: galaxy, pull, directions, theory] 855 words
(2.4 pages)
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Max Weber's Theory of Rationalization - ... Disney theme parks are a helpful visual of commercial exchanges as they are very controlled settings that are free from crimes and chaos. There are numerous stores, such as Target where you can shop for groceries to clothes, receive your medications in under an hour, access an ATM or Coin Star, and grab some Starbucks. Still, checking out can all be done without ever speaking with a store employee by using bankcards instead of cash and using the automated checkout machines. Ritzer describes some benefits of McDonaldization....   [tags: studied theory, soiology, bureaucracy] 1316 words
(3.8 pages)
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Frederick Herzberg's Motivator-Hygience Theory - Frederick Herzberg is renowned for the development of his Motivator-Hygiene theory. His theory stands on the ground that employees need to get satisfied with their job and avoid job dissatisfaction. For this purpose Herzberg recommends focusing on hygiene factors to avoid job dissatisfaction and focus on motivation factors to stimulate job satisfaction. In such a way, employees achieve job satisfaction and positive performance. 2010 Introduction Traditionally, the effectiveness of employees’ performance was one of the primary concerns of managers and theorists who researched issues related to management and who developed management theories....   [tags: Business Theory]
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2286 words
(6.5 pages)
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What is Organizational Theory - ... Furthermore, this theory employed enabling technologies to increase efficiency. The classical organizational theory is still applicable in the 21st century, but to some point. This is because the theory is mainly driven by economic rewards. Contrarily, the theory ignores workers freedom and their working environment due to its rigidity and authoritarian leadership (Netting, & O'Connor, 2013). Human Relations Theory Human relations theory developed in the late 1930s.. This organizational theory shifts focus on integrating workers in a manner which encourages them to work willingly, productively and together with satisfaction economically, psychologically and socially....   [tags: human relations theory]
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544 words
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The Social Labeling Theory - ... Through the reintegrative theory, the justice system sought to create a long-lasting bond between offenders and the society. John Braithwaite designed and formulated the reintegrative shaming theory seeking to avail a feasible alternative to the social labeling theory (Zhang, 2004). In his theory, John indicated two types of reintegrative processes that include a reintegrative and stigmatic shaming. While the stigmatic shaming intends to disintegrate the social tie between the offender and community, the reintegrative shaming depicts the offender as an abiding citizen to the prevailing bylaws....   [tags: crime theory, classifications] 586 words
(1.7 pages)
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Labeling Theory of Deviance - ... He says “deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender.” Meaning that the act that the individual committed-not necessarily the offender- was deviant, and the consequences they have after committing the crime identify them as a deviant. Like Tannenbaum, he also believes that once an individual has a deviant label associated with him or her, it is attached to them and is constant. Like Tannenbaum and Becker, I believe that once an individual is deemed deviant or labeled, they feel as though they have no choice but to play the role....   [tags: social reaction theory] 2146 words
(6.1 pages)
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What is Kanatianism Theory? - Kantianism is a philosophical theory that was created by a man named Immanuel Kant. According to Immanuel Kant or Kantianism, his theory emphasizes the contemporary positions dealing with the philosophy of the mind, epistemology, and ethics. For example, Kant believes that people should not be treated as an end and never as a means to an end as it’s considered unethical for a person to use other people for their own personal gain simply because – according to Immanuel Kant – people possess value....   [tags: Philosophical Theory, Immanuel Kant]
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1643 words
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The Big Bang Theory - ... Wilson in California, had shown that the distant galaxies all appeared to be receding from us at speeds proportional to their distances. In 1948, Gamow predicted that the radiation from the big bang nucleosynthesis must still be filling the universe. The universe expanding can branch of to even more theories... maybe even different worlds. If that is true then that mean there could be entirely different worlds with maybe living creatures living there maybe even a difference species of human....   [tags: universe, relativity theory] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Aquatic Ape Theory - ... (Westrup, 2002) These multiple similarities of humans with aquatic organism and the environmental situation of the time, greatly suggest and helps proves that AAT best fits the explanations of the man/ape primate evolutionary split. The Aquatic Ape Theory explains the start of human evolution on the bases of basic evolutionary terms established by Charles Darwin. As explained earlier, the theory states that humans traveled from the wooded area toward water. In doing this, humans adapted to the new aquatic environment, dealing with survival of the fittest and geographic isolation which caused speciation....   [tags: human evolution, savannah theory] 1338 words
(3.8 pages)
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Marx's Theory of Alienation - Marx's theory of alienation has to do with the separation of things that logically belong together. According to Marx, alienation is a universal result of capitalism. Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions. Workers become autonomous, self-realized people, but are lead and diverted into goals and activities set down by those who have power....   [tags: Marx's Theory of Alienation] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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Which Trait Theory Most Explains Criminal Behavior - Essay Topic: Which Trait Theory Most explains criminal behavior. Essay Question: In terms of Trait theories, which theory do you think most explains criminal behavior. Thesis Statement: Criminal behavior can mostly be explained by the Biosocial Branch of Trait Theory. Individual traits by themselves cannot determine criminality. Outside factors such as the environment along with certain personality traits is what causes criminal behavior. Table of content:  Introduction  Biosocial Trait Theories  Implications  Conclusion 1. Introduction Trait theory views criminality as a product of abnormal biological or psychological traits....   [tags: bisocial theory]
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1238 words
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The Theory of Constraints in Project Management - The theory of constraints (TOC) focuses on using organizational change techniques in order to increase company profits. Goldratt (1984) introduced the theory of constraints in a business novel titled, The Goal. The TOC states that all companies have one constraint that prohibits them from reaching strategic goals or objectives (Aryanezhad, Badri, & Rashidi-Komijan 2010; Gupta, & Boyd, 2011). The TOC was derived from optimized production technology (Fry, Cox, & Blackstone, 1992). In 1990, the basic principles of the theory of constraints were established (Ronen & Starr, 1990)....   [tags: theory in practice, recession, hiring process]
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1850 words
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Application of the Theory of Continuity - In the theoretical part of the work there was an extensive review of the subject literature. Number of aspects of the emulsions’ stability and phenomena associated with phases’ separation (creaming, sedimentation, flocculation, coalescence) were described. The basic issues related to the traffic theory (engineering) were also presented. In the experimental part of the work studies of emulsions’ stability were conducted. Dispersed phases comprised canola oil with concentrations of 10÷40%wt while continuous phases were aqueous gelatin solutions with concentrations of 0.1÷0.4%wt....   [tags: traffic, theory, phases, analysis, stability] 657 words
(1.9 pages)
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Interracial Communication: Theory Into Practice - When reading the book Interracial Communication Theory into Practice I, found that Stand point theory is based around one’s perceptions of the world being, largely influenced by social group membership. Our life experiences are shaped by interaction with other cultures and social groups such a race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and so on (Orbe, Harris 12). The two author’s research exemplifies that your experience with any race or culture effects how you view them. Another idea related to stand point theories is that social location shape people lives (12)....   [tags: standpoint theory, people's beliefs, ethnicity]
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963 words
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Compatibility of Free Will in The Tenseless Theory of Time - , The debate between free will and fatalism has existed since the conceptualization of time. On one hand, in everyday life, time flows in a uniform fashion. People experience time in which there is a past, present, and a future. Yet, physicists and philosophers see time as something completely different. In fact, they see time as an illusion. Called the tenseless theory of time, time does not flow but this theory views time as a fourth dimension where all past, present, and future events are equal (Callender & Edney, 2004)....   [tags: free will, fatalism, theory of time]
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2073 words
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Successful Application of Theory to a Placement Case - An important aspect of social work is expert knowledge (Walker, 2012) and application of theory to practice, supported through research evidence (Dunk-West, 2013). In addition, the Professional Capabilities Framework (PCF, The College of Social Work, 2012) outlines the expectations of social workers in the UK. As a student social worker, the PCF governs my development and practicing the application of theory is a critical stage in learning. To facilitate this application, I am placed with Southwark Council....   [tags: social work, systems theory]
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3200 words
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Evolutionary Theory According to Science and Religion - Charles Darwin was a scientist and naturalist, primarily recognised as the first and most influential advocate of the evolutionary theory through natural selection. After the publication of his book in 1859, “On the Origin of Species”, people began to identify the foundations of humanity very differently. However, even though the scientific approval of his theory was close to becoming worldwide, there have been countless opposition groups, predominantly amongst the religious believers. (Darwin, 2008) According to Darwin, the relationship between science and religion is commonly represented as an issue that is irreconcilable where one side is claiming something, the other can’t accept;...   [tags: theory, natuarl, science, religion] 1780 words
(5.1 pages)
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Learning Styles: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences - ... Individuals strong in this area are very reflective upon themselves. Intrapersonal people tend to be very aware of their own feelings and motivations. They enjoy day-dreaming and self-analysis. They tend to become philosophers, writers, and scientist. Visual-spatial intelligence is the ability to visualize things. These individuals do well interpreting maps and charts. They enjoy puzzles, drawing, and painting. Careers that visual-spatial people tend to choose are in engineering or architectural fields....   [tags: Multiple Intelligences Theory] 739 words
(2.1 pages)
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Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education - A definition of instructional design theory is a theory that offers guidance and direction in the field of education to better help people learn and develop (Reigeluth, 1983, p. 5). The kinds of learning and development may vary and include cognitive, emotional, spiritual, physical, and social foundations. The learner may receive this knowledge in any number of methods including face-to-face teacher-lead learning, facilitated online student-focused learning, and any number of hybrid or mixed formats....   [tags: Educational theory, teaching, teacher]
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2172 words
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Interactional View Theory by Paul Waltzawick - The Interactional view is based on systems theory and was developed by Paul Waltzawick. Waltzawick was a part of the Palo Alto group because he was one of twenty scholars and therapists who was inspired by, and worked with anthropologist Gregory Bateson. The Palo Alto group does not focus on why a person acts a certain way, instead the focus is on how that behavior affects everyone in the group (Griffin, 2012, p.182). “Family system is an autonomous, mutually dependent network of feedback loops guided by members’ rules; the behavior of each person affects and is affected by the behavior of another” (Griffin, 2012, p.182)....   [tags: systems theory, Paul Waltzawick]
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1078 words
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Achievement Goal Theory & Athletic Burnout - Football academies are environments in which promising footballers are trained and developed with the goal of becoming elite senior athletes (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). English academies operate a dual sporting goal according to Isoard-Gautheur, Guillet-Ducas & Duda (2013), in which they aim to teach and help athlete’s master skills, but also have an obligation to ensure enough athletes break through into the senior team. Academies train athletes from the ages of 10 to 18 on a part time format, using elite coaches and elite competition between other academies to enhance their player’s ability (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010)....   [tags: Achievement Goal Theory]
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2644 words
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Understanding Depression: Family Systems Theory - Depression is classified as a mood disorder by the DSM-IV (1994) and is defined as a mental illness characterized by sadness, general apathy, a loss of self-esteem, feelings of guilt, and, at times, suicidal tendencies (Lexicon, n.d). Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that individuals receive treatment for today. In any six-month period, 9.4 million Americans, and 340 million people in the world, suffer from this disease. One in four women and one in 10 men will develop depression during their lifetime (An Overview of Depression, n.d)....   [tags: Family Systems Theory]
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3648 words
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The Social Exchange Theory - As I hugged and told my mom, dad, brother and sister bye and journeying off to the great unknown. Well unknown to a fresh out of high school kid who didn’t want to do the same things that his friends in high school were doing which was either working or going to a community college. But as I got off the plane to my surprise, I was just one of probably two to three hundred recruits awaiting further directions. As I was put in a division of about thirty men, the Recruit Division Commander or RDC yelled at us I was thinking to myself and I’m sure many others were thinking too “what did I get myself into?” Before we went to bed all of us had to shave as ordered by the RDC....   [tags: John Tibaut, Social Exchange Theory]
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Behavior Theory and Depression - I have been intrigued by drugs and biological theory, how the correlation of body, mind works. Researchers that follow the biological theory of psychology also known as behavioral neuroscience test and gather information on the brain and the effects on the brain. The testing that needs to be done to determine; what a person is missing, or has too much of, this falls under strict rules of how the tests are preformed and how the information is gathered. Scientific critical thinking helps to unlock some of these mysteries....   [tags: Biological Theory, Body Mind Correlation]
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The Capital Theory by Pierre Bourdieu - The extended concept of capital, which was largely developed by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu dates back to an entanglement of the perspectives of Marx and Weber. In particular, he draws on the concept of capital by Marx, whilst picking up the theory of Weber where capital is a product of the accumulation of collective labour. But Bourdieu further generalizes the theory in order to develop a concept of capital in all its forms. Thereby, he dissociates his perspective sharply from a merely economist perspective and criticizes such concepts as only related to the exchange of goods, in a market driven and profit oriented processes....   [tags: social capital, economic capital, capital theory]
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The Background on the Stanley Milgram Theory - The social psychology theory that I will be analyzing is based on the Stanley Milgram experiment done in 1965 following the start of the Nazi war. He was curios on all the violence taking place during this time. As a Jew himself, he wanted to find out whether or not the Adolf Eichmann accomplice had the same intent and hate towards the Jewish people during the holocaust. Based on Solomon Asch’s past experiments on conformity, Milgram’s experiment was done to determine whether or not the power of the situation could cause average people to conform to obedience....   [tags: Stanley Milgram Theory, psychology, social psychol] 1082 words
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Social Exchange Theory - Everyone is part of some organization or a group, however, many people to stop and think about what drives the group, what keeps the group together, or how the group functions as a whole. In this paper we will be looking at a group, Social Work Club, and be applying four theories; Field theory, Social Exchange theory, Learning theory, and Psychoanalytic theory to the group to understand the function of it. Field Theory The first theory we are going to cover is the Field theory. This theory focuses on how groups function in an effort to achieve their goals and how they are impacted by forces found in the environment....   [tags: field theory, cohesion]
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William Glasser’s Choice Theory - Dr. William Glasser was a distinguished psychiatrist and author known for his distinctive views about mental illness. Glasser broke away from the traditional model of psychotherapy in the early 1960s to develop his own model of counseling. Dr. Glasser began with the development of therapy before he developed his theoretical stance. Glasser created what is known as Reality Therapy. Glasser first defined Reality Therapy as “a therapy that leads all patients toward reality, towards grappling successfully with tangible and intangible aspects of the real world” (p.6)....   [tags: Choice Theory Research Paper]
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View’s On Einstein’s Theory of Relativity When Proposed and as it Progressed - Einstein’s theory of relativity is a world renowned theory in which many have attempted to challenge it and have not been able to attain a specific conclusion to satisfy the theory. As years progress, higher and higher technology allows more accurate testing’s of the theory for justification. When the theory was first proposed, minimal and incomprehensible data was presented by Einstein that needed experimentation to fully explain it and allow it to be understood by the scientists and the public of 1905....   [tags: Theory of Relativity] 2180 words
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Analysis of Kurt Lewin's Theory - One of the major concepts of Lewin’s change theory is the force field which is the psychological forces in a person’s life space or environment during a given period of time in which the behavior takes place (Burnes & Cooke, 2012). Lewin stated that behavior is a function of the group environment, field, or life space that can be explained by the sub-concepts of force field which are driving or helping forces, restraining or hindering forces and status quo (Shirey, 2013). Lewin defined driving forces such as past, present and future elements, hopes, aspirations and emotional investments as psychological events that are considered a function of the life space which effect a social event in a...   [tags: emr, change theory, status quo, motivators]
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Path-Goal Leadership Theory - Path-goal theory deals with the leader's style to motivate followers, to accomplish set goals (Northouse, 2010). The path-goal theory is simply the implication that a leader works with an individual to establish a goal. The leader does this by individual motivation to achieve the proposed goal, while working through obstacles that may hinder achieving that goal (Whitener, 2007). The basic assumption of path-goal theory is that the following motivates subordinates: the capability to perform the work, their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and the payoff will be worthwhile (Whitener, 2007)....   [tags: Path-Goal Leadership Theory ]
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A Basic Assessment of Hildegard Peplau's Theory - By giving nurses a sense of identity, nursing theory can help patients, managers and other healthcare professionals to recognize the unique contribution that nurses make to the healthcare service (Draper 1990).Hildegard Peplau, one of the role model of nursing theorist, established a theory of interpersonal relationships in nursing. Her reason is the goal of the nurse-client relationship is to give a quality nursing care moving forward to health promotion and maintenance. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a basic assessment of her theory....   [tags: nursing theory, nurses, nursing care] 835 words
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Exploring Subsumption Theory - In a class of thirty students, Mrs. Johnson began to teach about animals. Mrs. Johnson told the children that a horse has four legs, a tail and two pointy looking ears. Next, she showed a picture of a cow. The students shouted “HORSE!” After all, they have many similarities. However, when Mrs. Johnson explained the differences between the two animals, like the sound they make. The students started to make the connections of what they knew about the horse to what they are learning now and differ between the cow and the horse....   [tags: Subsumption Theory Essays]
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Cognitive Dissonance Theory - People experience cognitive dissonance on a day-to-day basis at varying strengths. Think about the number of times that you have felt conflicted with a choice or in a situation in your life. Some choices or events weigh heavily on our consciousness because of the prominence of the decision that must be made, while others may be less significant. Think about an addiction you may have such as smoking, or chocolate candy. I love chocolate candy but face cognitive dissonance when I am faced with the choice of eating the chocolate and experiencing the delicious taste for five seconds but also the fact that I will gain weight because chocolate is very unhealthy for me....   [tags: Festinger’s Theory] 2433 words
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Lev Vygotsky and Social Development Theory - Explain Lev Vygotsky(1896-1934) was a Russian psychologist who created the Social Development Theory/ Sociocultural Theory. Vygotsky believed that children's mental, language, and social development is supported and enhanced through social interaction. Vygotsky also believed that beginning at birth, children seek out adults for social interactions and that development occurs through these interactions. The belief that social development sets a precedent for development(appeals to the nurture side of development)....   [tags: social interaction, social-cultural theory]
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Incorporating the Metaparadigm of Nursing with the Theory of Caring - I. Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a personal belief about the metaparadigm of nursing and to incorporate it into that of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. II. Personal Belief on the Paradigm Every person’s needs must be recognized, respected, and filled if he or she must attain wholeness. The environment must attuned to that wholeness for healing to occur. Healing must be total or holistic if health must be restored or maintained. And a nurse-patient relationship is the very foundation of nursing (Conway et al 2011; Johnson, 2011)....   [tags: Jean Watson, Theory of Human Caring]
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A Comparison of Conflict and Labeling Theory in the Context of Youth Gangs - Many have attempted to explain gang involvement in today's society. However, there is an underlying activity of youth joining gangs that does not seem to have enough media coverage or thorough explanations. As the name suggests, youth gang membership is about the juvenile population creating and joining gangs. Research indicates that youth gang membership exists in contemporary north America (Bernburg et al. 2006; aLilly et al. 2011; Maclure and Sotelo 2004; Sims 1997; Wiley et al. 2013; Yoder et al....   [tags: conflict theory, labeling theory, youth gangs]
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The Triumph of Bundle Theory: A Lack of Evidence for an Enduring Self - I. Introduction When thinking about the self, one is inclined to accept the idea of a personal identity that survives throughout time. This tendency is reflected in substance theory, the belief that the self is not just a collection of properties such as experiences and perceptions, but the vehicle for possessing these properties. The bundle theory makes the opposite argument. The theory claims that the inclinations for a personal identity are natural but flawed, as the self is simply a bundle of perceptions....   [tags: Personal Identity, Substance Theory]
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Can Legal Theory Assist in Our Understanding of Law? - Can Legal Theory Assist in Our Understanding of Law. By convention, ‘the law’ generally refers to a system of rules that are usually enforced through a set of institutions for social control. Nonetheless, a more precise definition of the law has largely eluded legal theorists, who have attempted to advance their own individual fixed concepts of law. However, law is a dynamic and diverse system that encompasses too many socio-political phenomena for one universal definition. Even if a theory is able to achieve a uniform conceptualization of law, its conceptual clarity satisfies itself and little else – it still fails as an optimal, comprehensive understanding of what law actually is and how...   [tags: law, politics, command theory] 2275 words
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Conflict Theory Based on Stratification in the Social Class in Society - Discuss in detail the three (3) major assumptions of Conflict Theory. In light of these assumptions, how do conflict theorists view stratification based on social class in society. Include in your discussion 2 specific examples to support the conflict view. I. Definition of conflict theory: Conflict theory: this theory basically says that in society everyone functions to maximize their own benefits. Social/ political change, it is argued, is brought about due to this desire by groups to maximize their benefits....   [tags: assumptions, conflict theory, society] 595 words
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Lawrence Kohlberg: A Brief Biography of Him and his Theory - He was a very intelligent man, and taught many people about his theory. Although he has done many other things in his life besides working on his theory. Lawrence Kohlberg was born on October 25th, 1927. He grew up in Bronxville, New York. Kohlberg was a volunteer sailor in World War ll. As a teenager Kohlberg attended Andover Academy in Massachusetts. Andover Academy was a private high school, and most of the students that attended this school were very intelligent and came from a wealthy family....   [tags: theory of moral development]
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The Global Incom Inequality and the Marxist International Theory - The global income inequality and the Marxist International Theory Introduction A study reported in the World Institute for Development Economics Research at United Nations University , 40% of global wealth were held by 1 %of of adult in 2000, and the richest 10% of adults accounted for 85% of the world total. The lower half of the world's adult population has almost 1% of global wealth. These number income inequality. Income inequality can be divided into two kinds: within country inequality and between country inequality....   [tags: tool, tradition, market, theory] 2683 words
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Effective Classification Using Fuzzy Rough Theory - INTRODUCTION Dimension Reduction is the process of converting an n-dimensional space problem to a r-dimensional space problem where r < n. It is one of the important preprocessing steps where descriptions of the input features is high dimensional and only some of the features are relevant or significant with respect to the application. For example, in case of diagnosis of cancer, thousands of genes are collected but only some of them are useful in diagnosing the disease. Thus if other features are present then they may cause reduction in accuracy of diagnosis....   [tags: set theory, advanced mathematics]
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Marilyn Monroe and Karen Horney's Theory of Neuroticism - Marilyn Monroe is one of the most famous celebrities of the 21st century (Pettinger, 2013). She appeared in 29 films throughout her career, and seemed very successful and well adjusted to outsiders. After she was found dead after an apparent suicide, the public was exposed to her inner turmoil. Monroe spent her short life dealing with problems, many stemming from her unstable childhood (Wholper & Huston, 1964) Karen Horney, 1885-1952, was a psychoanalytic psychologist who developed a theory of neurosis, and studied the ways neurotic people deal with anxiety from interacting with others....   [tags: Celebrities, Psychodynamic Theory]
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Maslow's Theory - Theorist’s Biography Abraham Harold Maslow, the founder of humanistic psychology, was born in New York City on April 1, 1908 and died at home in California in 1970 (Maslow, Abraham Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Biography, 2010) (Abraham H. Maslow: a Bibliography: Professional biography, 1970). He received his AB, MA, and PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin (1970). His work as a United States (U.S.) psychologist started in 1932 after he started working as a teaching fellow (1970). Maslow also taught at Brooklyn College from 1937 to 1951 and at Brandeis University from 1951 to 1961, where he was appointed Chairman of the Psychology department (2010)....   [tags: humanistic theory, hierarchy of needs]
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What´s Interaction Adaptation Theory? - I. Introduction: Have you watched the Big Bang Theory. Have you noticed how awesome they are. There are multiple shows that could have been chosen to cover this theory. But I feel the Big bang theory has some pretty good examples. They have some pretty interesting interactions with each other. They talk in scientific terms and sometime have to dumb it down for Penny. But today let’s talk about a scene between Sheldon and Penny, and how it relates to the Interaction Adaptation Theory. Throughout the paper, I will give a summary of theory, a quick synopsis, and implications of the scene....   [tags: communication behavior, big bang theory]
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Classical Social Theory - Classical social theory tends to exclude women from the social analysis of the modern world. Consider women were not social agents. Classical social theory embodied by the work of authors such Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Simmel. In support of this, Durkheim claim that men were product of society, whereas women belonged to nature, (Harrington: 2005, p.236).feminist social to challenge the ideals of Classical social theory embraces the post-enlightenment principles, focusing on values associated to “difference”, “particularism” and “specificity” ....   [tags: feminist theory, sexual harrassment, women]
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Makeup of A Serial Killer: Crime and Heredity Theory - “Dime con quien andas, y te dire quien eres.” This popular spanish phrase translated in english states “tell me with whom you walk with, and I’ll tell you who you are.” The question is, can you. Does a persons surroundings play a role on who they become and their behavior in life or is it innate. Since philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, Hermes, and even Socrates there has been great debates about whether we as humans are born wired a certain way versus becoming products of our environments. This argument, commonly referred to as Nature versus Nurture continues today to be a topic of debate amongst us today....   [tags: nature vs nurture, adaptation theory]
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Organisational Theory and Analysis - ORGANISATIONAL THEORY AND ANALYSIS Organization can be a stressful place in which to work, thus stress management is becoming an important issue at work. It can be argued that the responsibility for stress management lies with both the organization and the individuals who are, or could be affected by stress. Explain why organization are stressful place and discuss who should have the responsibility for stress management and why. Organization is social structure. That is to say an organization is a group of people intentionally organized to accomplish an overall, common goal or set or goal....   [tags: Theory Analysis] 1412 words
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Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization and Giving Up on Dreams - As we can see, in the daily life we are living in, people always give up on their dreams very easily. It is usual for us to hear someone say that, "I quit. I can not do this any more." Some people do so because they are tired of what they are doing, and others may just give up on their dreams because of their own personality problem. In my point of view, it is not a good or healthy thing to do because in the end, people may regret for what they decided to do. They may feel unhappy or even depressed....   [tags: Maslow, theory of self-actualization, psychology, ] 1008 words
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Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory - Nursing theory gives a point from which to define the what, who and when in nursing and further determine the goals and boundaries in the involved therapeutic activities. This would be developed to describe the nursing phenomenon, including the process, event or occurrence involved (Parker & Smith, 2010). Even though different theories relatively address specific and solid phenomena, their scope could vary. As such, grand and middle-range theories address specific nursing issues but cover varied scopes....   [tags: Patient's Life Goals, Nursing Theory]
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Analysis of Development of a Shared Theory in Palliative Care to Enhance Nursing Competence - Desbiens, J., Gagnon, J., & Fillion, L. (2012). Development of a shared theory in palliative care to enhance nursing competence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(9). 2113-2124. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648-2011.05917.x. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h9AN=78109413&site=ehost-live Shared Theory This article addresses the development of a shared theory based upon the Social Cognitive Theory of Bandura and the Self Care Deficit Conceptual Model by Orem. This shared theory development was done in efforts to improve nursing competence in palliative nursing care....   [tags: artilce, theory, nursing]
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