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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Theory"
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Expectancy Theory vs Equity Theory - There is a new automated offender management system that is being put in effect at the state correctional facility. This paper will provide a detailed definition of two motivational theories that will be compared and contrasted with each other that could possible utilized in implementation change at the facility. The motivated theories chosen are the expectancy theory and the equity theory. There has always been an issue to get employees motivated for managers and leaders. If the employees are not motivated they will put a minimal amount of energy into their job if any at all....   [tags: expectancy theory, correctional facilities]
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868 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Validity of Cognitive Dissonance Theory - Description of Theory The term dissonance refers to when one cognitive element is inconsistent with another cognitive element according to the lecture notes of Professor Soreno. Cognitive elements can be categorized in four groups called beliefs, attitudes, values, and perceptions of behavior. Beliefs can be defined as a perception that something exists or not. This perception can range from a central or peripheral type of belief. The more central a belief is, the harder it is to change that belief....   [tags: communication theory]
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2605 words
(7.4 pages)
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Theory of Alienation: Marx and Nietzsche - Marx’s theory of alienation is concerned primarily with social interaction and production; he believes that we are able to overcome our alienation through human emancipation. Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them. He believes that production is man’s act on nature and on himself. Man’s relationship with nature is his relationship with his tools, or means of production....   [tags: Theory of Alienation]
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2372 words
(6.8 pages)
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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice - John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised....   [tags: A Theory of Justice] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
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John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice - John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that a rational, mutually disinterested individual in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, is liable to choose as their principles of justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal creation has both strengths and weaknesses, but is ultimately sound....   [tags: A Theory of Justice]
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959 words
(2.7 pages)
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Evaluating Career Theory and Application - It is easy to dissect an individual’s life to analyze and critique their choices based on our own opinions and experiences. Is that fair. No. We may see their actions clearly but the reasoning behind these is what the focus should be when it comes to judging one’s behavior or circumstances. Regular judgments are made about a person based on their profession. In our society, it would behoove us to look at the paths that lead to becoming a medical doctor instead of a drug dealer or prostitute. Application of career theories to life allow for analyzing past and future career decisions in all fields....   [tags: Career Theory] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning - Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920’s but it was not until the late 1960’s that his ideas about learning became popular and were used to contribute to “Constructivism” as a method of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive development were significantly influenced by social interactions that occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four major influences on cognitive development. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of language • Role of private speech • The Zone of Proximal Development....   [tags: Educational Theory]
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672 words
(1.9 pages)
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A substantive grounded theory - A good formal theory ought to be at least the equivalent ought of a ton of ethnographies and perhaps half a gross of substantive theories (Strauss 1987, p.248). A substantive grounded theory is a tailor-made theory while a formal grounded theory is a ready-made theory (Kearney 1998). Substantive theory may limit its application to other contexts if a constant comparative method of modifying a theory is neglected. Nevertheless, it may have important general implications and relevance to other areas....   [tags: Informative, Theory] 491 words
(1.4 pages)
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Functionalism Theory of Education - There are three main theoretical perspectives (or theories) that represent the views of sociologist and educators, these views are the conflict perspective, symbolic interactions, and functionalism. Although all of these theories are important to education and society, I have chosen to focus my research or theoretical perspective on functionalism also including the effects functionalism and education. The Functionalist perspective is one of the most dominant core perspectives in sociology and is an analysis of social and cultural phenomena in terms of the functions they perform in a social system....   [tags: Educational theory]
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1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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Comparison of the Social Exchange Theory and the Symbolic Interaction Theory - The theory I originally chose to critique was the Social Exchange and Rational Choice framework from our class book. I chose this theory because when we talked about it in class it made a lot of sense to me. Its propositions and foundations are very applicable to many situations, and I felt like I had a good grasp of its concepts and structure. However, in doing research for this paper, I discovered that contrary to what our book led me to believe, Social Exchange is a theory entirely separate from Rational Choice theory....   [tags: Sociology, Theory Comparison]
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1971 words
(5.6 pages)
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Social Work Theory - Social Workers are very important to everyday life. They are the ones that help people in need when they have nobody else to turn too. Also, they provide resources and better understanding of predicaments that you could be experiencing. I will reflect on how the class has affected me, my own experiences and how some theories have connected to my life experiences, and lastly, if the class helped toward my major. This class is important for someone that wants to become a social worker and wants to learn about the different theories used....   [tags: Attachment Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory]
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1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Linda Hutcheon’s A Theory of Adaptation - The art of storytelling is not a modern invention, neither is adaptation. In spite of their century-old traditions, they both are relevant and evolving. Reading the same stories over and over again would get boring pretty quickly, but transcoding them to different media such as film or video games gives them new meanings, thus keeps them interesting. Adaptation opens up new dimensions for creators and consumers of adaptations alike. However, when the same story – or an element of the story - is used in various different media, it will inevitably spark debates on which one is superior....   [tags: A Theory of Adaptation]
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1334 words
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The Role of Theory in Social Research - The role of theory in social research is that without a sociological theory, nothing can be sociological. Facts disconnected from theory are just facts. Theory makes the facts speak; the facts don’t and cannot speak for themselves. Without a connection to other facts, we cannot assess anything. With theory, you can relate facts to each other. Theory is the body of interrelated logical concepts or universals that connect to empirical facts and phenomena. Empirical research is okay as long as there is theory involved with it....   [tags: Sociological Theory, Functionalism]
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1621 words
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Marie Curie and the Atomic Theory - The Atomic Theory is a theory that explains what matter is made of. The Atomic theory states that matter can’t be divided as it is made up of minute particles called atoms that cannot be separated. The very word atom is derived from the Greek word Atmos which means indivisible. Atomic theory timeline- Year Person/People Event 442 BCE Democritrus and Leucippus These Greek philosophers came up with the idea that all matter is composed of indivisible elements. 1803 John Dalton British chemist and physicist John Dalton theorised that matter is composed of spherical atoms (that are in motion) of different weights and are combined in ratios by weight....   [tags: spontaneous radioactivity,quantum theory]
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1440 words
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The Theory of Evolution is Wrong - “Often a cold shudder has run through me, and I have asked myself whether I may have not devoted myself to a phantasy.” -- Charles Darwin I’m sure everyone in this room has heard that science proves evolution, and that people who believe that God created everything in six days about six thousand years ago have succumbed to a myth. However, when you take the real data and study it using scientific methods, you make a significant discovery - science proves creation. Today, we will explore some of the most mind-blowing aspects of God’s creation that disprove the Theory of Evolution....   [tags: Creationists, Creation Theory]
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1336 words
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Crime Theory and Crime Prevention - Crime theories appear to descend of two big schools of criminology. The classical school of criminology which is based on the offender as a rational being, aware for his criminal deeds, and the positivist school of criminology regarding sociological prospects influencing individuals’ lives’ and affect them in a positive or negative manner. The point of reference for this essay will be that when it comes for theories of crime, such as rational choice and routine activities theories, will be examined which are prevention strategies derived from such theories, their connection with their theoretical principles and what are able to offer as crime prevention initiatives....   [tags: Social disorganization theory]
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2533 words
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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory - Contents INTRODUCTION 2 MOTIVATION 3 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY 4 INFORMATION OF THE COMPANY 5 APPLE COMPUTERS,INC 5 INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY’S MANAGER 6 STEVE JOBS 6 STEVE JOBS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES 7 CONCLUSION 9 REFERENCES 10   INTRODUCTION In this section ,we will discuss about the topics motivation, motivation theory.Motivation is defined as the interaction between person and the situation.For attaining goal,persons efforts are energized,directed and sustained.And Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory is also used.Individual needs are also known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory.Need theory...   [tags: motivation theory, steve jobs]
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1607 words
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Frederick Herzberg's Motivator-Hygience Theory - Frederick Herzberg is renowned for the development of his Motivator-Hygiene theory. His theory stands on the ground that employees need to get satisfied with their job and avoid job dissatisfaction. For this purpose Herzberg recommends focusing on hygiene factors to avoid job dissatisfaction and focus on motivation factors to stimulate job satisfaction. In such a way, employees achieve job satisfaction and positive performance. 2010 Introduction Traditionally, the effectiveness of employees’ performance was one of the primary concerns of managers and theorists who researched issues related to management and who developed management theories....   [tags: Business Theory]
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2286 words
(6.5 pages)
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What is Kanatianism Theory? - Kantianism is a philosophical theory that was created by a man named Immanuel Kant. According to Immanuel Kant or Kantianism, his theory emphasizes the contemporary positions dealing with the philosophy of the mind, epistemology, and ethics. For example, Kant believes that people should not be treated as an end and never as a means to an end as it’s considered unethical for a person to use other people for their own personal gain simply because – according to Immanuel Kant – people possess value....   [tags: Philosophical Theory, Immanuel Kant]
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1643 words
(4.7 pages)
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Marx's Theory of Alienation - Marx's theory of alienation has to do with the separation of things that logically belong together. According to Marx, alienation is a universal result of capitalism. Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions. Workers become autonomous, self-realized people, but are lead and diverted into goals and activities set down by those who have power....   [tags: Marx's Theory of Alienation] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Theory of Constraints in Project Management - The theory of constraints (TOC) focuses on using organizational change techniques in order to increase company profits. Goldratt (1984) introduced the theory of constraints in a business novel titled, The Goal. The TOC states that all companies have one constraint that prohibits them from reaching strategic goals or objectives (Aryanezhad, Badri, & Rashidi-Komijan 2010; Gupta, & Boyd, 2011). The TOC was derived from optimized production technology (Fry, Cox, & Blackstone, 1992). In 1990, the basic principles of the theory of constraints were established (Ronen & Starr, 1990)....   [tags: theory in practice, recession, hiring process]
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1850 words
(5.3 pages)
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Compatibility of Free Will in The Tenseless Theory of Time - , The debate between free will and fatalism has existed since the conceptualization of time. On one hand, in everyday life, time flows in a uniform fashion. People experience time in which there is a past, present, and a future. Yet, physicists and philosophers see time as something completely different. In fact, they see time as an illusion. Called the tenseless theory of time, time does not flow but this theory views time as a fourth dimension where all past, present, and future events are equal (Callender & Edney, 2004)....   [tags: free will, fatalism, theory of time]
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2073 words
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Successful Application of Theory to a Placement Case - ... Relating this to the Walker family (Pincus and Minahan 1973, cited in Payne, 1997), an area considered within the Assessment Framework (Department for Education, 2013) is income and employment. Ms Miller does not have any recourse to public funds and is not allowed to work; she is therefore excluded from certain systems she otherwise might be able to access for support, such as the welfare benefits system. Systems theory assumes there is not necessarily anything fundamentally wrong with either systems (such as the welfare systems and the family system), whereas the (lack of) interaction creates the issues (Payne, 1997)....   [tags: social work, systems theory]
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3200 words
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Interracial Communication: Theory Into Practice - When reading the book Interracial Communication Theory into Practice I, found that Stand point theory is based around one’s perceptions of the world being, largely influenced by social group membership. Our life experiences are shaped by interaction with other cultures and social groups such a race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and so on (Orbe, Harris 12). The two author’s research exemplifies that your experience with any race or culture effects how you view them. Another idea related to stand point theories is that social location shape people lives (12)....   [tags: standpoint theory, people's beliefs, ethnicity]
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963 words
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Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education - A definition of instructional design theory is a theory that offers guidance and direction in the field of education to better help people learn and develop (Reigeluth, 1983, p. 5). The kinds of learning and development may vary and include cognitive, emotional, spiritual, physical, and social foundations. The learner may receive this knowledge in any number of methods including face-to-face teacher-lead learning, facilitated online student-focused learning, and any number of hybrid or mixed formats....   [tags: Educational theory, teaching, teacher]
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2172 words
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Interactional View Theory by Paul Waltzawick - ... The first is “one cannot not communicate.” Even if there is no verbal communication, communication can still exist. It is stated 63-95% of communication is nonverbal communication. So no matter what people are always communicating with each other, whether it is the tone of voice they use or just sighing loudly. When I am silent, and rolling my eyes after my mother reprimands me, or the look she gives me when she opens my door and realize that my room is messy, communication is still present....   [tags: systems theory, Paul Waltzawick]
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1078 words
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Achievement Goal Theory & Athletic Burnout - Football academies are environments in which promising footballers are trained and developed with the goal of becoming elite senior athletes (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). English academies operate a dual sporting goal according to Isoard-Gautheur, Guillet-Ducas & Duda (2013), in which they aim to teach and help athlete’s master skills, but also have an obligation to ensure enough athletes break through into the senior team. Academies train athletes from the ages of 10 to 18 on a part time format, using elite coaches and elite competition between other academies to enhance their player’s ability (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010)....   [tags: Achievement Goal Theory]
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2644 words
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Understanding Depression: Family Systems Theory - Depression is classified as a mood disorder by the DSM-IV (1994) and is defined as a mental illness characterized by sadness, general apathy, a loss of self-esteem, feelings of guilt, and, at times, suicidal tendencies (Lexicon, n.d). Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that individuals receive treatment for today. In any six-month period, 9.4 million Americans, and 340 million people in the world, suffer from this disease. One in four women and one in 10 men will develop depression during their lifetime (An Overview of Depression, n.d)....   [tags: Family Systems Theory]
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3648 words
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The Social Exchange Theory - As I hugged and told my mom, dad, brother and sister bye and journeying off to the great unknown. Well unknown to a fresh out of high school kid who didn’t want to do the same things that his friends in high school were doing which was either working or going to a community college. But as I got off the plane to my surprise, I was just one of probably two to three hundred recruits awaiting further directions. As I was put in a division of about thirty men, the Recruit Division Commander or RDC yelled at us I was thinking to myself and I’m sure many others were thinking too “what did I get myself into?” Before we went to bed all of us had to shave as ordered by the RDC....   [tags: John Tibaut, Social Exchange Theory]
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1198 words
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Behavior Theory and Depression - I have been intrigued by drugs and biological theory, how the correlation of body, mind works. Researchers that follow the biological theory of psychology also known as behavioral neuroscience test and gather information on the brain and the effects on the brain. The testing that needs to be done to determine; what a person is missing, or has too much of, this falls under strict rules of how the tests are preformed and how the information is gathered. Scientific critical thinking helps to unlock some of these mysteries....   [tags: Biological Theory, Body Mind Correlation]
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1441 words
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View’s On Einstein’s Theory of Relativity When Proposed and as it Progressed - Einstein’s theory of relativity is a world renowned theory in which many have attempted to challenge it and have not been able to attain a specific conclusion to satisfy the theory. As years progress, higher and higher technology allows more accurate testing’s of the theory for justification. When the theory was first proposed, minimal and incomprehensible data was presented by Einstein that needed experimentation to fully explain it and allow it to be understood by the scientists and the public of 1905....   [tags: Theory of Relativity] 2180 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Background on the Stanley Milgram Theory - The social psychology theory that I will be analyzing is based on the Stanley Milgram experiment done in 1965 following the start of the Nazi war. He was curios on all the violence taking place during this time. As a Jew himself, he wanted to find out whether or not the Adolf Eichmann accomplice had the same intent and hate towards the Jewish people during the holocaust. Based on Solomon Asch’s past experiments on conformity, Milgram’s experiment was done to determine whether or not the power of the situation could cause average people to conform to obedience....   [tags: Stanley Milgram Theory, psychology, social psychol] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Capital Theory by Pierre Bourdieu - The extended concept of capital, which was largely developed by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu dates back to an entanglement of the perspectives of Marx and Weber. In particular, he draws on the concept of capital by Marx, whilst picking up the theory of Weber where capital is a product of the accumulation of collective labour. But Bourdieu further generalizes the theory in order to develop a concept of capital in all its forms. Thereby, he dissociates his perspective sharply from a merely economist perspective and criticizes such concepts as only related to the exchange of goods, in a market driven and profit oriented processes....   [tags: social capital, economic capital, capital theory]
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887 words
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William Glasser’s Choice Theory - Dr. William Glasser was a distinguished psychiatrist and author known for his distinctive views about mental illness. Glasser broke away from the traditional model of psychotherapy in the early 1960s to develop his own model of counseling. Dr. Glasser began with the development of therapy before he developed his theoretical stance. Glasser created what is known as Reality Therapy. Glasser first defined Reality Therapy as “a therapy that leads all patients toward reality, towards grappling successfully with tangible and intangible aspects of the real world” (p.6)....   [tags: Choice Theory Research Paper]
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2620 words
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Social Exchange Theory - Everyone is part of some organization or a group, however, many people to stop and think about what drives the group, what keeps the group together, or how the group functions as a whole. In this paper we will be looking at a group, Social Work Club, and be applying four theories; Field theory, Social Exchange theory, Learning theory, and Psychoanalytic theory to the group to understand the function of it. Field Theory The first theory we are going to cover is the Field theory. This theory focuses on how groups function in an effort to achieve their goals and how they are impacted by forces found in the environment....   [tags: field theory, cohesion]
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981 words
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A Comparison of Conflict and Labeling Theory in the Context of Youth Gangs - Many have attempted to explain gang involvement in today's society. However, there is an underlying activity of youth joining gangs that does not seem to have enough media coverage or thorough explanations. As the name suggests, youth gang membership is about the juvenile population creating and joining gangs. Research indicates that youth gang membership exists in contemporary north America (Bernburg et al. 2006; aLilly et al. 2011; Maclure and Sotelo 2004; Sims 1997; Wiley et al. 2013; Yoder et al....   [tags: conflict theory, labeling theory, youth gangs]
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1544 words
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Analysis of Kurt Lewin's Theory - One of the major concepts of Lewin’s change theory is the force field which is the psychological forces in a person’s life space or environment during a given period of time in which the behavior takes place (Burnes & Cooke, 2012). Lewin stated that behavior is a function of the group environment, field, or life space that can be explained by the sub-concepts of force field which are driving or helping forces, restraining or hindering forces and status quo (Shirey, 2013). Lewin defined driving forces such as past, present and future elements, hopes, aspirations and emotional investments as psychological events that are considered a function of the life space which effect a social event in a...   [tags: emr, change theory, status quo, motivators]
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1941 words
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Path-Goal Leadership Theory - Path-goal theory deals with the leader's style to motivate followers, to accomplish set goals (Northouse, 2010). The path-goal theory is simply the implication that a leader works with an individual to establish a goal. The leader does this by individual motivation to achieve the proposed goal, while working through obstacles that may hinder achieving that goal (Whitener, 2007). The basic assumption of path-goal theory is that the following motivates subordinates: the capability to perform the work, their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and the payoff will be worthwhile (Whitener, 2007)....   [tags: Path-Goal Leadership Theory ]
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867 words
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A Basic Assessment of Hildegard Peplau's Theory - By giving nurses a sense of identity, nursing theory can help patients, managers and other healthcare professionals to recognize the unique contribution that nurses make to the healthcare service (Draper 1990).Hildegard Peplau, one of the role model of nursing theorist, established a theory of interpersonal relationships in nursing. Her reason is the goal of the nurse-client relationship is to give a quality nursing care moving forward to health promotion and maintenance. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a basic assessment of her theory....   [tags: nursing theory, nurses, nursing care] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Exploring Subsumption Theory - In a class of thirty students, Mrs. Johnson began to teach about animals. Mrs. Johnson told the children that a horse has four legs, a tail and two pointy looking ears. Next, she showed a picture of a cow. The students shouted “HORSE!” After all, they have many similarities. However, when Mrs. Johnson explained the differences between the two animals, like the sound they make. The students started to make the connections of what they knew about the horse to what they are learning now and differ between the cow and the horse....   [tags: Subsumption Theory Essays]
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1335 words
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Lev Vygotsky and Social Development Theory - Explain Lev Vygotsky(1896-1934) was a Russian psychologist who created the Social Development Theory/ Sociocultural Theory. Vygotsky believed that children's mental, language, and social development is supported and enhanced through social interaction. Vygotsky also believed that beginning at birth, children seek out adults for social interactions and that development occurs through these interactions. The belief that social development sets a precedent for development(appeals to the nurture side of development)....   [tags: social interaction, social-cultural theory]
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1031 words
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Incorporating the Metaparadigm of Nursing with the Theory of Caring - I. Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a personal belief about the metaparadigm of nursing and to incorporate it into that of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. II. Personal Belief on the Paradigm Every person’s needs must be recognized, respected, and filled if he or she must attain wholeness. The environment must attuned to that wholeness for healing to occur. Healing must be total or holistic if health must be restored or maintained. And a nurse-patient relationship is the very foundation of nursing (Conway et al 2011; Johnson, 2011)....   [tags: Jean Watson, Theory of Human Caring]
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1473 words
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The Triumph of Bundle Theory: A Lack of Evidence for an Enduring Self - I. Introduction When thinking about the self, one is inclined to accept the idea of a personal identity that survives throughout time. This tendency is reflected in substance theory, the belief that the self is not just a collection of properties such as experiences and perceptions, but the vehicle for possessing these properties. The bundle theory makes the opposite argument. The theory claims that the inclinations for a personal identity are natural but flawed, as the self is simply a bundle of perceptions....   [tags: Personal Identity, Substance Theory]
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1014 words
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Marilyn Monroe and Karen Horney's Theory of Neuroticism - Marilyn Monroe is one of the most famous celebrities of the 21st century (Pettinger, 2013). She appeared in 29 films throughout her career, and seemed very successful and well adjusted to outsiders. After she was found dead after an apparent suicide, the public was exposed to her inner turmoil. Monroe spent her short life dealing with problems, many stemming from her unstable childhood (Wholper & Huston, 1964) Karen Horney, 1885-1952, was a psychoanalytic psychologist who developed a theory of neurosis, and studied the ways neurotic people deal with anxiety from interacting with others....   [tags: Celebrities, Psychodynamic Theory]
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1447 words
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Maslow's Theory - Theorist’s Biography Abraham Harold Maslow, the founder of humanistic psychology, was born in New York City on April 1, 1908 and died at home in California in 1970 (Maslow, Abraham Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Biography, 2010) (Abraham H. Maslow: a Bibliography: Professional biography, 1970). He received his AB, MA, and PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin (1970). His work as a United States (U.S.) psychologist started in 1932 after he started working as a teaching fellow (1970). Maslow also taught at Brooklyn College from 1937 to 1951 and at Brandeis University from 1951 to 1961, where he was appointed Chairman of the Psychology department (2010)....   [tags: humanistic theory, hierarchy of needs]
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1330 words
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Classical Social Theory - Classical social theory tends to exclude women from the social analysis of the modern world. Consider women were not social agents. Classical social theory embodied by the work of authors such Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Simmel. In support of this, Durkheim claim that men were product of society, whereas women belonged to nature, (Harrington: 2005, p.236).feminist social to challenge the ideals of Classical social theory embraces the post-enlightenment principles, focusing on values associated to “difference”, “particularism” and “specificity” ....   [tags: feminist theory, sexual harrassment, women]
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2044 words
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Organisational Theory and Analysis - ORGANISATIONAL THEORY AND ANALYSIS Organization can be a stressful place in which to work, thus stress management is becoming an important issue at work. It can be argued that the responsibility for stress management lies with both the organization and the individuals who are, or could be affected by stress. Explain why organization are stressful place and discuss who should have the responsibility for stress management and why. Organization is social structure. That is to say an organization is a group of people intentionally organized to accomplish an overall, common goal or set or goal....   [tags: Theory Analysis] 1412 words
(4 pages)
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Makeup of A Serial Killer: Crime and Heredity Theory - “Dime con quien andas, y te dire quien eres.” This popular spanish phrase translated in english states “tell me with whom you walk with, and I’ll tell you who you are.” The question is, can you. Does a persons surroundings play a role on who they become and their behavior in life or is it innate. Since philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, Hermes, and even Socrates there has been great debates about whether we as humans are born wired a certain way versus becoming products of our environments. This argument, commonly referred to as Nature versus Nurture continues today to be a topic of debate amongst us today....   [tags: nature vs nurture, adaptation theory]
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1771 words
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Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization and Giving Up on Dreams - As we can see, in the daily life we are living in, people always give up on their dreams very easily. It is usual for us to hear someone say that, "I quit. I can not do this any more." Some people do so because they are tired of what they are doing, and others may just give up on their dreams because of their own personality problem. In my point of view, it is not a good or healthy thing to do because in the end, people may regret for what they decided to do. They may feel unhappy or even depressed....   [tags: Maslow, theory of self-actualization, psychology, ] 1008 words
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Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory - Nursing theory gives a point from which to define the what, who and when in nursing and further determine the goals and boundaries in the involved therapeutic activities. This would be developed to describe the nursing phenomenon, including the process, event or occurrence involved (Parker & Smith, 2010). Even though different theories relatively address specific and solid phenomena, their scope could vary. As such, grand and middle-range theories address specific nursing issues but cover varied scopes....   [tags: Patient's Life Goals, Nursing Theory]
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Major Challenges to Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development - What are the major challenges to Piaget's theory of cognitive development and what aspects still have value. To answer this question, Piaget's theory of development should be explained along with Vygotsky's theory and the connectionist theory of development, and then each should be compared with the others. Once this has been achieved the main similarities and differences will be summarized, and finally the areas of Piaget's theory that have not been undermined by other theories will be reiterated....   [tags: Vygotsky's theory connectionist theory]
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The United States Illogical Practice of Democratic Peace Theory in the Middle East - The idea of a lasting, ideally global, peace has been present in the minds of people for centuries. The most notable formulation of this is Kant’s vision of perpetual peace. “He saw it as a condition that needed to be maintained by politics between states with governments which represented society and separation of power. From this basic framework stems the idea called “democratic peace theory” (pg. 82). Democratic Peace Theory (DPT) asserts that democracies do not generally fight other democracies because they share common norms and domestic institutions that constrain international, state actors from going to war....   [tags: Democratic Peace Theory (DPT)]
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Applying Alfred Adler's Personality Theory to George W Bush - When choosing a “famous” person on which to do my research proposal on I decided on one of my favorite presidents in my time. George W. Bush seemed to be the most “real” president we have had in office since the 90’s. Next, I chose Adler’s theory to apply to Bush do to the fact that is the theorist that most closely applied to Bush’s life. Let ‘s start with some back ground about George W. Bush and then apply Adler’s theory. George W Bush was born on July 6, 1946. He was born in New Haven Connecticut where his father was attending Yale University....   [tags: Alfred Adler, Personality Theory]
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Travis Hirschi's Social Control Theory: Helpful or False? - In this essay I will first explain what a Social Control Theory is and how Hirschi developed his theory ‘Social Bond’ from this, I will also discuss further development of his theory with Gottfredson in a ‘General Theory of Crime’. I will then discuss and consider the criticisms of both theories before providing my own conclusion, including why his theory is still relevant in today’s society. Control theories take on a different approach to other previous theories such as….. Most theorists ask ‘why someone commits a crime’ whilst control theories look at why most people chose not to commit crime....   [tags: Social Control Theory, sociology, Travis Hirschi, ] 1196 words
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A General Theory of Crime - Crime is a serious issue in the United States. Research shows that crime is running rampant and its effects are felt in all socioeconomic levels. Each economic class has its own crime rates and types of crime. It is a mistake to think of crime as a lower class problem. Crime is a problem for all people. The lower classes commit crime for survival while the upper class commits crime to supplement capital and maintain control. Research also highlight that middle class crime is the most popular while lower class neighborhoods are deteriorating....   [tags: Crime Theory Essays]
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Feminism and Modern Feminist Theory - Feminism is a body of social theory and political movement primarily based on and motivated by the experiences of women. While generally providing a critique of social relations, many proponents of feminism also focus on analyzing gender inequality and the promotion of women's rights, interests, and issues. Feminist theory aims to understand the nature of gender inequality and focuses on gender politics, power relations and sexuality. Feminist political activism campaigns on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, sexual harassment, discrimination and sexual violence....   [tags: Feminist Theory Essays] 1077 words
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Carl Rogers Self Theory of Personality Development - The purpose of this assignment is to give us an opportunity to apply the theories that we learnt during the class and imply the learnt personalities onto a “real personality.” Reaching to our consensus, we had chosen Tyra Banks, a television personality, producer, author, actress and former model. She is a living and non-fictional individual, and throughout the assignment, we will use her as an example to elaborate our idea of personality that correlated to her personality and real life events. Biography Tyra Lynne Banks was born in Inglewood, California on December 4, 1973....   [tags: tyra banks, carl rogers, self theory]
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Is The Big 5 Theory The Best Way To Think About Personality? - Personality is defined as, “the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctive character.” There are many different theories for what makes up a person’s personality. These theories are classified under 5 general categories. These categories are: biological, behavioural, psychodynamic, humanist, and trait theories. If we look at the trait theories category, two particular theories come to mind. These two theories are, “Big 5 theory” and Eysenck's “Three Traits Theory.” In this essay, I will approach the question, which personality trait perspective is the best way to think about personality....   [tags: big 5 theory, personality, extraversion]
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Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory and its Application in Practice - One of the theories of nursing is Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, also called the self-care deficit theory. Nursing theories are important for several reasons. The profession is strengthened when knowledge is built on sound theory (Black, 2014). Theory is important for reasoning, thinking, decision-making, and supporting excellence in practice (Black, 2014). Dorothea Orem’s theory is a conceptual model that provides a structure for critical thinking in the nursing process (Black, 2014). A conceptual model provides a comprehensive and holistic perspective of nursing (Black, 2014)....   [tags: Dorothea Orem, Self Care Theory]
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The Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory - The Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory According to William B. Gudykunst in his article "A Model of Uncertainty Reduction in Intercultural Encounters," the uncertainty reduction theory explains initial interactions between two strangers from the same culture. Studies, however, suggest this theory can also be extended to interpersonal communication between two people from different cultures. Uncertainty refers to how well you can accurately predict how strangers will behave during their initial interaction and the ability to explain the strangers' behavior....   [tags: Anxiety Uncertainty Management Theory]
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Fear of Flying and Classical Conditioning Theory - How Lauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying. How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying. Using the Classical Conditioning theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for causes regarding the fear of flying has been mentioned in several articles regarding anxiety disorders....   [tags: Classical Conditioning Theory Psychology]
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Einstein's Theory of Relativity - Motion and time are fundamental components of life. Finding himself late to work, an employee will drive faster, which in turn, will reduce the time needed to commute to his job. The rules of motion and time are known intrinsically to every person on the planet. As children, these “Laws” become common sense. No explanation is needed when a sleeping student falls out of his desk onto the floor. Motion and time were always considered to be self-explanatory and obvious parts of everyday life. This was true until a group of scientists who deemed themselves “Physicists” began challenging the known rules of motion and explaining them using mathematics and experimentation....   [tags: physics Albert Einstein theory relativity]
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The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver - The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver For my research report, I read The Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver. This book is an in-depth description of their theory. While I will focus mostly on Weaver's translation and application of information, I will also touch on the theory's core ideas as explained by Shannon. The information theory is the extentsion of Nyquist's and Hartley's origingal ideas on the subject. However, Claude Shannon includes new factors such as "the effect of noise in the channel, and savings possible due to statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destina...   [tags: Information Theory Research Report]
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Mother’s Daily Person and Process Praise: Implications for Children’s Theory of Intelligence and Motivation - Previously, child-rearing experts believed that all praise enhanced children’s emotional and psychological well being (Brummelman et al., 2014). However, the present study highlights that giving different types of praises can impact the development of a child’s theory of intelligence and how adaptive their responses to challenges are. Hence, the quote by Ginott (1965): “Praise, like penicillin, must not be administered haphazardly.” Strengths of the current study Predominantly, experimental research was used to investigate how person and process praise shape children’s theory of intelligence, their subsequent motivation and achievement....   [tags: process praise, entity theory, intelligence]
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The Big Bang Theory - The Big Bang Theory Why is the Universe expanding. What is Cosmic Back Ground Radiation (CBR). There are many questions asked about our Universe, which we know so little about. Scientists, in their attempt to answer these and other confrontations, have found one idea that seems to explain much of what we don't understand: The Big Bang Theory. An explosion of incomprehensible speed was the beginning of our known Universe and existence. At that time matter as small as the head of a pin inflated to become larger than the visible Universe of today in less than one millisecond....   [tags: Big Bang Theory Science Essays Papers] 1334 words
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Utopia on the Horizons of Time in Lukács's The Theory of the Novel - Utopia on the Horizons of Time in Lukács's The Theory of the Novel Time is a pivotal term in Georg Lukács's The Theory of the Novel for two reasons: the text's "time" describes the time of the novel (the time depicted in novels as described by Lukács), but it also bears reflexively on the chronology, or the history of literary forms, which the text itself describes. These readings are not easily separable; The Theory of the Novel must be read as a self-description, as a "theoretical novel" itself (as Freud called Moses and Monotheism), though one whose plot is about the history of forms or the development of plot in human history....   [tags: Lukacs Theory Novel Essays]
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Auteur Theory: Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese - Use a range of auteur theories to examine the work of two significant directors you have studied on this module. One director should have produced the majority of their work prior to 1960 and the other should have produced it from the 1970s onwards. Discuss the origins and main developments of auteur theory then examine the works of Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese with relevance to their status as auteur directors. In having their films examined as auteurs of the cinema, both Howard Hawks and Martin Scorsese have been described as great artists whose body of work demonstrates repeated themes and motifs, that put in context reveals a particular belief and world view that is held by the direc...   [tags: auteurism theory, film, director]
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Labeling Theory - "Deviance, like beauty, is in the eyes of the beholder. There is nothing inherently deviant in any human act, something is deviant only because some people have been successful in labeling it so." – J.L. Simmons INTRODUCTION Labelling theory, stemming from the influences of Cooley, Mead, Tannenbaum, and Lemert, has its origins somewhere within the context of the twentieth century. However, Edwin Lemert is widely considered the producer and founder of the original version of labelling theory....   [tags: Labeling Theory in Sociology]
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Atomic Theory - Missing equations The understanding of the physical world changed as the development of the atomic theory progressed. The view of the world before the atomic theory is important to consider when trying to understand the kind of knowledge that people such as Democritus and Epicurus had when developing their theories that later influenced the further development of the atomic theory. Alchemy Alchemy is normally thought of as the transition of metals into gold. In reality alchemist are said by William H....   [tags: physics atomic theory] 1268 words
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Andragogy: Adult Learning Theory - First Subtopic: The History and Conceptualization of Andragogy Edward Lindeman is thought by many to be the founder of contemporary adult education. His work in the area of adult education included the writing of articles, books, public presentations, assistance in the collegiate system as a lecturer of social work and as an associate pastor in the church (Brookfield 1986). Lindeman and Martha Anderson traveled to observe and analyze the German Folk High School system and the worker’s movement. Consequently, Lindeman and Anderson’s comparative research lead to the breakthrough of the German perception of andragogy....   [tags: Theory of Adult Learning ]
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The Language Behind Dawkins’ Selfish Gene Theory - The Language Behind Dawkins’ Selfish Gene Theory According to Michael Polanyi, our understanding of a concept depends in part on the language we use to describe it. Connie Barlow's book, From Gaia to Selfish Genes, looks at metaphors in science as integral parts of some new biological theories. One example is Richard Dawkins' theory about the selfish gene, where he claims that the most basic unit of humanity, the gene, is a selfish entity unto itself that exists outside the realm of our individual good and serves its own distinct purpose....   [tags: Science Selfish Gene Theory Essays]
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Chaos Theory - Chaos Theory      What exactly is chaos theory. From the understanding of many scientists such as Edward Lorenz, Ian Stewart, and Robert May the chaos theory relatively means the same thing. Each of these scientists contributed to the science of chaos theory.      First and Foremost chaos theory itself comes from the seemingly half-hazard way things seem to happen in its equations, but chaos theory is really about finding the similarities between these seemingly random events in an equation.      Edward Lorenz, a meteorologist, discovered this theory when he was working on a calculation for weather prediction on his computer....   [tags: Science Scientists Chaos Theory Essays]
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An Exploration of Conflict and Social Exchange Theory - Introduction In developing my ability to analyze conflict from different theoretical perspectives, I have learned through different theories how to practice different steps to manage my reactions to them. What I hope to accomplish within my paper is a general broad overview analysis of my experience with both Interpersonal Theories and Relationship Theories. I also wish to explain how when conflicts do arise, the steps on what people should do when making choices when they communicate in conflict situations....   [tags: Social Exchange Theory in Relationships]
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Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory - Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader how Dorethea Orem’s nursing theory has been used in research. Orem begin developing her theory in the 1950’s, a time when most nursing conceptual models were based on other disciplines such as medicine, psychology and/or sociology (Fawcett, 2000). Orem’s theory is a three-part theory of self-care. The three theories that make up the general theory are: Self-Care, Self-Care Deficit, and Nursing Systems....   [tags: Nursing Medical Caring Theory Essays]
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Psychologist’s Theory - Which psychologist’s theory best describes your own personality.      Personality can best be described as “personal qualities of an individual”. No two people have the same personality, but yet all the different personalities in the world can be characterized into 4 main theories. The four psychologists that thought up the four theories are Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, and Abraham Maslow. (pg.64) Each man based his theory on a different part of a person’s personality development. The theory that best describes my personality is Maslow’s....   [tags: Maslow’s Theory Psychology] 525 words
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The Phlogistion Theory as a Scientific Theory - A scientific theory is defined as “a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained"(Oxford). Scientific theories of which the average person may be aware include the universal laws of gravitation and the laws of thermodynamics. For something to become a scientific theory, a) the idea must have the evidence to support such a claim, b) experimental results supporting the idea must be replicable by others, and c) the idea should be able to explain the results it obtains....   [tags: system of ideas, layered earth]
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Theory X and Theory Y - McGregor (1960) described two views on human motivation: Theory X and Y. Theory X, the more conventional one, holds the view that people are in themselves not intrinsically motivated to work and even attempt to avoid it, that people have no ambition, are resistant to change, are not particularly intelligent and that people only work for money and security. Management’s objective is to direct employees efforts, motivating them, controlling them and modifying their behavior to ensure that they behave in line with the organization’s needs and goals....   [tags: pyschology, motivation theories]
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Theory X and Theory Y - Theory X and Theory Y, developed by Douglas McGregor, grew out of opposition towards classical management methods. Classical management theorists, such as Fredrick Taylor, focused on scientific training and efficiency and did not account for personal and behavioral issues, such as management styles or job satisfaction. McGregor saw these deficiencies in the classical school of management which lead him to develop a theory of management that would factor the importance of the individual worker. If a manager could tap into the feelings and attitudes of their workers, then the manager would be able increase their employee’s motivation which would then increase production....   [tags: Business Management] 1301 words
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Cognitive Theory and Sociocultural Theory - Throughout the centuries many detailed and comprehensive theories concerning child development have arisen. There are five major theories and two of these are Cognitive Theory and Sociocultural Theory. The great mind behind the grand theory known as Cognitive Theory was Jean Piaget and the idea of Sociocultural Theory was developed by Lev Vygotsky. Each of these scientists has their own comprehensive insights to their developed theory. The first major cognitive theorist was Jean Piaget, a Swiss scientist....   [tags: child development theories]
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Applied Analysis of the Garbage Can Theory Budget Model - INTRODUCTION Authors Michael D. Cohen, James G. March and Johan P. Olsen theorized a model of organizational decision making called the Garbage Can (GC) model (Cohen, 1972). This model was developed to explain the way decision-making takes place in organizations that experience high levels of uncertainty, in what is described as organized anarchy (Ireland, n.d.). These organizational decisions are a result of random collisions between various elements thrown together with no regimented process or direction....   [tags: Business Management Theory, Case Study]
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