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Athenian Democracy and Pericles - The march towards developing a democratic society is often obstructed with societal unrest due to the influence of the status quo on the instruments of power. Before the rule of Solon, Athens underwent this same rule, as there was much discontent among the social classes in Athens. The society suffered financial disparity that often was the trigger for the war among the rich and poor in the society. This was a major factor that forced Solon into power to institute policies that would see a reformed Athens....   [tags: Pericles Essays]
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3286 words
(9.4 pages)
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Pericles' Funeral Oration - It is widely known that the Athenians highly valued their warrior class, and they saw the warriors as a ring of the higher circle of the society. The Athenians were very proud of Athena and its traditions, as well. Athenian’s thought that Athena was the best, none could be better. The funeral oration was aimed to respect the fallen as well as to keep up the national pride and its passion to protect their nation. The speech was a eulogy which focused on the eminence of Athens and its predecessors....   [tags: Pericles, Athens,] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Impact of Pericles in the City of Athens - Imagine a general of immense wealth, integrity, and great perverseness. This description fits a certain person well: Pericles. Pericles was a brave man, and he did things to the best of his abilities. He was born a wealthy child, and of course used this to his advantage. He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had himself been a military commander for Athens at the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C....   [tags: athens, pericles, cimon, Peloponnesian War]
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940 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Funeral Oration of Pericles - We can learn several things from the “Funeral Oration of Pericles“. Two of these things are, the Athenians respect for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The Athenians respected the warrior class and placed them among the top members of their society. They were seen as the top portion of their classes. They are classified as heroes or idols. The Athenians are extremely proud of their city and its traditions. To the people of Athens their country was at the top and there was no other country that could top them off....   [tags: Pericles Funeral Oration Essays] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Importance of the Warrior Class Exposed in Funeral Oration of Pericles - There are two important matters that the "Funeral Oration of Pericles" proves, these two matters are, the great respect that Athenians have for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The following paper discusses the way of life of Athenians and how the Funeral Oration of Pericles influenced it. It is a well-known fact that the Athenians had a great deal of respect for the warrior class and believed them to be among the top members of their society....   [tags: Funeral Oration of Pericles]
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1034 words
(3 pages)
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Pericles: A Man of the People - Pericles was born in Athens to an aristocratic family roughly in 493 BC (Lewis). His father, Xanthippus, was a military leader in the battle of Mycale in 479 BC where the last vestiges of Xerxes’ fleet were defeated (Halsall). Pericles’ mother, Agariste, was a member of the Alcmaeonid family (Lewis). Given that he was of aristocratic birth Pericles obtained his education from some of the greatest minds in Greece (Lewis). He was educated musically by Damon and philosophically by Zenon of Elea and Anaxagoras (Pericles (c....   [tags: Government]
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1534 words
(4.4 pages)
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Athenian Leader: Pericles the Great - In the present day, Barack Obama and many more inspirational individuals possess traits of leadership that influence a multitude of people. Going back even farther, Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks were also leaders. In the Ancient World though, people like Alexander the Great, Ramses the Great, and Hammurabi were significant leaders. The one common similarity among all these leaders is that they all influenced their people and revolutionized the world. Pericles is also among this extravagant group....   [tags: Biography]
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1128 words
(3.2 pages)
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Prosperity and Peril at the Peak with Pericles - In the Age of Pericles, from 491 until his death in 429 BCE, Athens thrived. In this short period, Athens was a place of reform and advancement, giving us our sources of democracy, architecture, and the dramatic arts. Here, great minds such as Socrates and Sophocles congregated; here, ideals flourished. These developments of the Age of Pericles distinguish it as a high point in Greek society and, indeed, all Western civilization. From the start of his career in government, Pericles provided the Athenian people with the foundations of democracy....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek] 1732 words
(4.9 pages)
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Pericles - Pericles was born in Athens to in an aristocratic family sometime around 493BC (Lewis). His father, Xanthippus, was a military leader in the battle of Mycale in 479BC who defeated the last vestiges of Xerxes’ fleet (Halsall). Pericles’ mother was Agariste was a member of the Alcmaeonid family (Lewis). Given that he was of aristocratic birth Pericles received his education from some of the greatest minds in Greece (Lewis). He was educated musically by Damon and philosophically by Zenon of Elea and Anaxagoras (Pericles (c....   [tags: Ancient History ]
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1016 words
(2.9 pages)
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Pericles Biography - 1 The aristocrat Pericles was responsible in every way for the development of the Athenian democracy. Pericles was one of the rare men who didn’t just accept the world’s conditions, but he tried to shape it to an image in his mind, the image of a perfect, or almost perfect democracy.# He was a high government official in the Athenian democracy during the years 446-429 B.C., which is now called the Periclean Age. He wasn’t the founder or inventor of democracy but he came to its leadership 50 years after it started while it was still growing or developing....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Biographical Essay] 1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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Power of Respect in Pericles' Leadership of Athens - Respect, it is a very simple gesture; however the individual who chooses to be respectful can gain a lot more in return. This was proven through the success of an Athenian political leader, Pericles, who was known for getting his argument across without offending the listener. The gift of communication was something Pericles learned to use to his own advantage. His well worded speeches can be found on the pages of the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, where it is clear that his sharp tongue and outspoken personality have played a key role in his political career....   [tags: Politics, History]
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1598 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Father of Democracy: Solon, Cleisthenes and Pericles - Since the beginning of time, humans have found habits to dominate one another. This type of domination is expressed from mere fighting, to more advanced systems like democracy. Democracy is a system of government by which the whole population is completed through elected officials. This advanced form of government was only beginning in ancient Greece. Between the 5th and 6th century of ancient Greece, Solon changed the world. The Athenian government was known to be established in 460BCE and was ran by tyranny....   [tags: tyranny, council, solon reform]
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1589 words
(4.5 pages)
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Pericles’ Funeral Oration: Athenian Exceptionalism - ... He believes the division of political power equally amongst citizens inevitably leads to laws that benefit the Athenian people as a whole. This in turn increase overall equality, and by extension, social mobility. Such a government is a just government in the eyes of Pericles, and thus, a shining example of Athenian superiority. “[Athens’] administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the...   [tags: government, democracy, military] 1181 words
(3.4 pages)
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Greece's Golden Age Under Pericles' Rule - Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. There are many changes that occurred during this time that changed Athens for the better. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money....   [tags: History, Sparta]
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3258 words
(9.3 pages)
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Comparison of Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address" and Pericles' "Funeral Oration" - ... He introduces repetition twice in the speech. First, he introduces it with the words “we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.” With the duplication of the word “cannot”, Lincoln states that they are not able to dedicate, consecrate or in other words hallow the ground any more than the living and dead who served there had once done. He then concludes the speech with repetition using the words “To the people, for the people, by the people” which in this case is repeating the word “people”....   [tags: tone, devices, themes, survive] 854 words
(2.4 pages)
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Pericles’s Funeral Oration and Greek Society - Pericles’s funeral oration was given to honor the soldiers lost in war by commemorating the military accomplishments of the Athens government and to distinguish the roles of men and women in Athens society. Pericles’s speech was given in 430 B.C.E at the end of the first year of war. He then died a year late in 429 B.C.E. Pericles’ Funeral Oration is included in Thucydides’ writing titled History of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles gave a few reasons for giving this funeral oration. The main purpose Pericles gave his speech was to praise the Athenian war dead....   [tags: Ancient Greece]
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854 words
(2.4 pages)
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Significance of Pericles' Death - Significance of Pericles' Death The death of Pericles was a significant event in the course of the Peloponnesian War; however, even without Pericles' leadership the Athenian Assembly had countless opportunities to prevent their loss and chose not to take them. The fickleness and inefficiency of democracy ('the mob') allowed the Athenians to be easily influenced and therefore electing populists such as Cleon, Lysicles and Hyperbolus into dominant leadership roles. Election, via democratic means, of such populists, meant that the Athenians would take a much more aggressive approach to the war and therefore abandon the policies that Pericles had previously established....   [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Pericles Uplifting Speech - Pericles Uplifting Speech Works Cited Not Included To stand in front of thousands; to speak the words aimed at persuading a crowd; to believe, and have them as well, a seemingly just cause - this is what a leader must do. Every era has its trouble, its own conflict, and along with it, its own leader who will do what he can to unite his followers. In 431 BC, Athens was in the midst of a war, and from that war came a speech, said by Pericles, that to this day, remains the model for any leader seeking to persuade his citizens and have them believe and act in favor of their land....   [tags: Cultures Athens Public Speaking Soldiers Essays] 1588 words
(4.5 pages)
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Pericles Funeral Speech - Pericles’ Funeral Speech Athens democracy has some evident differences of its own system compared to Sparta’s. They do not copy anyone else form of government, but run theirs in a unique way. In Athens everyone seems to receive fair treatment and poverty is not a struggle they encounter. Pericle informs that the people are friendlier and more respectful neighbors that Athens neighbors. Their individual system is like no others. Athens provides many activities such as regular games and sacrifices....   [tags: essays research papers] 381 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Golden Age of Athens - Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money. Both Sparta and Athens created different leagues in an effort to intensify their dominance....   [tags: Pericles, Democracy, Aristotle, Virtue]
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1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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Comparison between Classical Athens and Han China - Despite the social hierarchy and acceptance of position of the population in both societies, Han China and Classical Athens had disparities proportionate to their physical sizes. The geographical isolation from each other resulted in the differences in demographics, characteristics of government structures, individual duties and roles in government, and the general view of life. The east to west length of the Han Empire dwarfs the city-state of Athens. The maps of Classical Greece and Han China display the basic geography of each area....   [tags: han empire, athens, pericles] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Ideals of Democratic Citizenship in Funeral Oration by Pericles - Ideals of Democratic Citizenship in Funeral Oration by Pericles When dealing with the extent to which Socrates is a good example for following the ideals of democratic citizenship, a good source to use as a point of comparison to his life is the principles laid out about that citizenship by Pericles in his Funeral Oration. In the Oration, Pericles brought forth certain ideas about Athenian democracy and how its citizens should live their lives in accordance with it. He held these views to be paramount and used them in association with the principles of Athenian Law to prove a persuasive point that Athenian democracy had to be one with the people to survive....   [tags: Papers] 1270 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Use of Rhetoric In Athenian Democracy - Rhetoric was a major factor in the development and maintenance of the Athenian government and was used by many in order to gain power and ascend in politics. The ascendance of the great demagogues in Athens during the time of the Peloponnesian war was heavily influenced by their rhetoric and ability to effectively guide the Athenian democracy. The democratic government was composed of two groups: “public speakers […], those who made proposals and publicly argued for or against political projects, and demos, those who as a group decided on the proposals” (Yunis, 1991: 179)....   [tags: pericles, athenian democracy, political rhetoric]
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1812 words
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How Athenian Nature Is Delineated through Pericles' Funeral Oration - In The History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides chronicles the events, battles, and democratic processes of the war between Athens and Sparta. Shortly after war broke out, Pericles delivered his funeral oration in honor of the courageous Athenians who already perished in battle. Through his funeral oration, Pericles reveals the true nature of Athenians. Ultimately, they were good natured since all the citizens of Athens willingly and dutifully served their country, and ultimately the common good; the structure of Athens and its government provided many outlets to do so....   [tags: World Literature] 811 words
(2.3 pages)
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Female Sexuality at Sea in Heywood’s Fair Maid of the West and Shakespeare’s Pericles - From mermaids to female Navy officers, the relationship between women and the sea, in both history and literature, has been a complicated one. Mariners traditionally had conflicting superstitions involving a woman’s place on a ship, and this sense of conflict spills over into two Early Modern works of drama—namely Heywood’s Fair Maid of the West and Shakespeare’s Pericles. Bess and Marina, the main female characters of both plays, walk a fine line between captors and masters of the sea, and similarly between the roles of strong heroines who act outside of their gender-roles and hetero-normative females who are mastered by the plays’ respective male characters....   [tags: Fair Maid of the West]
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2948 words
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The Peloponnesian War - In ancient Greek history, we are able to find and learn about many important wars that took place. Arguably, one of the most devastating and important wars in Greek history was the Peloponnesian War. The war lasted for a brutal 27 years, which resulted in a tremendous loss of life and economic turmoil for Sparta, Athens and their allies. The reason that this war was so important was the effect that it had on Athens and its political system. As a result from the Persian Wars, Greece felt the need to form an alliance to defend themselves against future attacks....   [tags: perikles, ancient greek]
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624 words
(1.8 pages)
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Thycydides and The Peloponnesian War - The perspective that Thucydides took to write History of the Peloponnesian War gave his work, on a first read, the impression that his opinion was removed to provide an objective analysis of the destruction of the greatness of Athens over the period of the war. He began with a “medical history” of how humanity structured the first societies based on the interplay between fear, interest, and honor. Then, progressed to how war devolved the great Athenian society. Which took Thucydides from revisiting eloquent speeches over strategy to simpler retellings of brash disputes....   [tags: Athens, War, Medical History, Athenian Society]
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2144 words
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The Parthenon- A Culture in Itself - One of the most impressive accomplishments of Ancient Greece is the remarkable structure of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure,the breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statu...   [tags: Architecture]
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1666 words
(4.8 pages)
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History of the Peloponnesian War - In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles commends the ergon of Athenian heroes, which has placed them in the realm of logos, while directing the Athenians to follow these ideals of logos. The maintenance and continued success of Athens' political establishment relies on the prevalence of polis, rationality and discourse over family, emotion and reckless action. However, the indiscriminate turns of fate and fortune, often place logos in opposition with the base, primal nature of ergon....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Thucydides] 1472 words
(4.2 pages)
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How People Helped to Shape the History of Ancient Greece - Many problems had occurred in Ancient Greece. There were also many great minds that were able to overcome these problems and rise above the struggles. The people in Greece were not responding to the historical forces that may have been upon them, and out of their control. Rather, they were the people who had ideas and acted upon them. Therefore, changing history into what we know it as today. In 570 BCE, Cleisthenes set up the first democratic government in Athens. In 483 BCE, the people of Athens had found silver in the Laurion Mines....   [tags: greek history] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Jacks in the box - Pericles’ Ideology of Democratic Society. Democracy of today can be traced back to the Funeral Oration speech of Pericles‘. We can outline the ideology behind democracy from his speech. Democracy is now the largest form of government to exist in today’s society. There are two forms of democracy’s that exist: Representational which is used by the United States, and Direct which allows the people to get involved and was used by the Greeks. So its said that Athenian democracy are more democratic than ours....   [tags: essays research papers] 402 words
(1.1 pages)
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Anaxagoras of Clazomenae- Greek Philosopher - Anaxagoras of Clazomenae- Greek philosopher who was truly gifted Anaxagoras has been described as the last major Greek philosopher. Anaxagoras was an Ionian. He was born in what today is Turkey. Not much is know of his early life. We know that he came form a rich family but gave up that wealth to devoe himself to science. Anaxagoras is considered to be the first to introduce philosophy to the Athenians when he moved there in about 480 BC. Pericles rose to power during Anaxagoras’s stay in Athens....   [tags: essays research papers] 500 words
(1.4 pages)
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Social Tension in Athens: The Second Peloponnesian War - One event that caused Social tension in Athens during the fifth-century B.C.E, was known as the second Peloponnesian war (461 B.C.E.). Ancient sources from this period including, Epitaphios Logos and Lysistrata, when coupled with additional evidence, reveal social tensions Athenians confronted during this time. This describes Athenianism which caused tension - in building. At the end of the Persian wars, Athens materialized along with Sparta as the two leading powers in the Greek world. As Athens grew in confidence, their promotion of ‘Athenianism’, was a bid to place Athens as leader of its empire....   [tags: Peloponnesian war, Athens, social tension, war,] 1044 words
(3 pages)
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Athens Should be Admired According to Funeral Oration Speech - Pericles, the leader of the Athenians had presented this oration about those people, who had first fallen in battle. It is part of their law and show the respect of honor to those who had lost friends and families. The purpose of Pericles’s speech was for the ancestors the supervisors, who died for their country and lands. This famous oration was from the early days of Peloponnesian war. The speech was for every Athenian and any others who wished to attend. Athens was one of the oldest first city states and still known as one of the most famous cities in the world....   [tags: customs, democratic, pride] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
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Who Wants To Be Next In Line - WHO WANTS TO BE NEXT IN LINE. In Greek words translated as I obey actually mean I get myself persuaded. For a man there is perhaps always something a little shameful about obeying someone – as if allowing yourself to be persuaded is a thing a warrior or hero would be embarrassed to find himself happening to him. The common goal of the Periclean Age was to establish a nation that was built on freedom and beauty, however the methods by which to achieve such a democratic state were and continue to be as individual as the people residing in Greece....   [tags: essays research papers] 1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Long Peloponnesian War - After the Persian War, Athens and Sparta changed spectacularly. Because of Athens success in winning, it gave them confidence and they became a new and improved civilization. On the other hand, the Spartans were having difficulties after the war. They had a major trouble in their economy and lost most of what they had in the wars. The Spartans heard about Athens accomplishments and they became furious. In their furry they decided to invade Athena and attempt to regain power. This battle lasted 27 years and then Athens was at last defeated by the Spartans....   [tags: athens, sparta, war, success] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Notion of War in the Eyes of Thucydides, Homer and Aristophanes - Greek classical literature is considered to be the canon of literary writing that pertains to the ancient history of Greece. Greek literature displays the classic lifestyle, culture and beliefs of the Greek race during the early portions of mainstream ancient and classical European history. Prominent Greek writers such as Thucydides, Homer, and Aristophanes produced pieces that are regarded, up to this day, as af conveyer of Greek life in the context of classical Europe. Looking deeper into their respective works, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Homer’s Iliad and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata all show a common theme in ancient Greek life –life in the context of war....   [tags: Greek Literature ]
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1905 words
(5.4 pages)
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Power and Politics: Athens’ Fall from Grace - ... As the Athenian economy and military became intertwined with the Delian League, the unofficial Athenian Empire was born. In the second half of the fifth century BC, Athens became, as historian Chris Butler states, an “imperial democracy” by holding hegemony over its empire. Because of Athens’ excessive rule over the Delian League, several cities attempted to end their affiliation with the League. However, all the revolutions were quickly suppressed by Athens. The most notable of these include the Thasian rebellion, which began when the citizens of the island of Thasos saw their interests threatened by the Athenians colonization near their city....   [tags: governmental shift, world history, greece]
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1424 words
(4.1 pages)
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Thucydides at His Best - The true essence of human nature is seen during times of great hardships as can be seen comparing Pericles' Funeral Oration and the plague in Thucydides', The History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides accounts for many different aspects of justice, power, and human nature through his text. The order, the style of his writing, choice of words, and relations of what he believes actually happened, allows the reader to make different inferences about the message he's trying to convey. The juxtaposition of the two stories portrays many different characteristics to investigate and analyze....   [tags: World Literature] 1416 words
(4 pages)
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ontemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas - Contemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas Question #1 : Please discuss the political organization of the Greek city- states, particularly Athenian democracy at the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle. Also discuss the backgrounds of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and the fate of the Greek city-states historically. During the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle, Greece was divided into city-states with a wide variety of constitutions, ranging from Sparta's military dictatorship to Athens' direct democracy....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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6218 words
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A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture ( - In the “Protagoras,” Socrates and Protagoras debate why participation in government is open to all citizens, but technical matters, such as health, works of art, and the construction of buildings require qualified individuals. The argument presupposes that integrity and acumen are the necessary virtues that citizens must lean and apply for a properly functioning democracy. Democracy is designed to concentrate the power of government in the hands of the people and protect against autocracy and oligarchy....   [tags: Protagoras, Democracy]
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1597 words
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Analysis of Good Government Viewpoints of Ancient Greece and China - Many great civilizations have come and gone and have left a lasting impact in our world. However, very few have had such a lasting impact in world’s history like ancient China and Greece. Both civilizations have influenced us tremendously and have given us much knowledge that guides how we think, behave, and live our lives. Even though both civilizations gave us many things such as philosophical views and values, their contributions in government set them apart based on their contributions to our current governmental system....   [tags: ancient china, ancient greece, politics] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
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Views on Death in Ancient Greece - The war between the Athenians and the Spartans as written by Thucydides was a great one that no other that had ever occurred could be compared to, so says Thucydides. Thucydides views the preparations on both sides to have been perfect and that the Hellenic race was joining the war as well. He considers it the greatest faction yet recognized in history, of the barbaric world rather than to the Hellenes alone. From the second chapter of his book, it is clear that the war between these two groups was not to the advantage of the Athenians....   [tags: Thucydides & Peloponnesian War] 1271 words
(3.6 pages)
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Athenian Fortunes Throughout the Peloponnesian War - ... What does the building say about the client’s beliefs and aspirations. The Erechtheum is built on the northern end of the Acropolis of Athens, and is believed to be the location where Athena and Poseidon fought for the authority of the city. This marble complex belongs to the Ionic order and represents a temple with multiple functions. These include housing cults and ‘sacred tokens’, such as the marks formed by Poseidon’s trident and Athena’s gift of an olive tree. The building’s unusual proportions can be accredited to the irregular terrain upon which it is situated, where a three-metre difference in height intersects the eastern and western extremities....   [tags: peace of nikias] 1426 words
(4.1 pages)
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Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization - Greece's Role in Shaping the Western Civilization The ancient Greeks contributed much to Western civilizations. They made contributions with architecture and government. Ancient Greece's philosophers and mathematicians have made contributions to western civilizations. The art and drama of Greece also affected western civilizations. The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilizations. Ancient Greece contributed architecture and government to western civilizations. The Parthenon was built to dedicate the goddess, Athena....   [tags: History, Social Studies] 433 words
(1.2 pages)
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A Society Discovered - A Society Discovered Researchers have recently uncovered evidence of an advanced civilization, named Athens, that flourished in the 400's B.C. That evidence is in the form of three writings, which have recently been discovered. One of these works was, "The Peloponnesian War", written by Thucydides, who was believed to have been a historian in Athens. The next two forms of writings were poems written by Sophocles and Aristophanes. These two poems were entitled "Antigone" and "Lysistrata." All of these works point out many different aspects of this great civilization....   [tags: Papers] 650 words
(1.9 pages)
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Roots of American Democracy - When referring to classical antiquity period, most think of Greece and Rome dominating and flourishing in the areas of philosophy, sciences, mathematics and literature. One other admirable achievement, the establishment of early forms of democracy, came from this time period and should not be overlooked as it is the historical basis of our government today. The Founding Fathers of the United States were influenced by Greek and Roman concepts in law, government structure, and even philosophy. Concepts described in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States can be traced back historically to the classical antiquity period, and show that the United States governme...   [tags: Government]
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2370 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Athenian playwright, Aristophanes - The Athenian playwright, Aristophanes, has been considered to be one of the greatest writers of comedy in literary history. His plays have been used as sources for political and social history, as well as works of literature and drama.1 Throughout Aristophanes’ writings, he made particular use of politics, war, societal figures and women as main themes. When considering other historians of fifth century Athens and their accounts of society during that time, one can begin to fully recognize Aristophanes’ conservative political and progressive social views as well as the satiric nature of his plays....   [tags: Domestic Developments, Athens, Literary Analysis]
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1479 words
(4.2 pages)
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Direct Democracy and Athens - ... ( Pericles funeral oration p.4) This quote means Athens are the model and the teacher of all Greece city state and also their man had different and god gave them different abilities for them, in other word their citizen had distinct. The second one is their building. That means they were highly in architecture. For instance, “ Athenian architecture was of the most important types of art that still survive, which like anthills, are strong and sturdy. This form of art was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period, which is about 1200 B.C....   [tags: history of good government]
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763 words
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The Plague of Athens - ... Therefore, the Athenians crimes could never be judged, they never live long enough to be punished. It left the population time to live in crime as they awaited death. The once valued Athenian morals also ceased to existed in that period. The population did not bother to accomplish any of the morally accepted laws. Meaning that since no one would ever be there to acknowledge it or they could ever gain benefits for it, it was normal for some not to complete any. For them, it was considered a waste of time to be morally just because they all would perish....   [tags: epidemics of the ancient world] 1111 words
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The Role of Language for Thucydides and Sophocles - In Thucydides' On Justice, Power and Human Nature and Sophocles' Oedipus plays, they use language and speeches to convey the same things. The political orders in these works use their speeches to form a sense of purpose, sway political views and to manipulate for their own personal self-interest. In both of their works, Thucydides and Sophocles write of a speech that instills a sense of ambition. In On Justice, Power and Human Nature, Pericles uses the oration not only to respect the departed, but to instill in the Athenians national pride and a zest to fight....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 695 words
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Ancient Athens - Ancient Athens The last Olympic swimmer just touched the wall and the race has ended. Cameras are replaying every single movement from the race and a winner has been clearly decided. Just as these Olympic swimmers will gain a medal for placing, ancient Athens had numerous accomplishments of its own. Athens “prosperity … was due in large part to its stable and effective government” (SOURCE 1). When analyzing the history of ancient Athens, is easy to see how the accomplishments of a democracy, Greek philosophy, and Greek literature all shape Athens....   [tags: democracy, Greek phylosophy, Greek literature]
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The Goldilocks Government - In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War one sees differing interactions between the self-interest of the state and of the individual; In his account of the Greatest War of all time Thucydides attempts to define human interactions in relation to the State. Max Weber says “authority is power accepted as legitimate by those subjected to it” The three divisions of authority are the “charismatic authority”, “the traditional authority”, and “the rational legal authority”. The scope of this paper is to look at the leadership of Pericles, Cleon, and Hermocrates in respect to Weber’s three divisions of authority to explain why Hermocrates’ ability to lead won Thucydides admiration....   [tags: Thucydides, Peloponnesian War, Weber] 1692 words
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The Importance of Good Leadership Expressed in The Histories of Polybius - In The Histories of Polybius, Polybius suggests to the audience that it is absolutely necessary for a city to have a well-respected leader in power in order to make progress within the city. In asserting this idea, Polybius specifically refers to the city of Athens. His defense consists of a well fitting metaphor comparing Athens to “a ship without a commander” in which “fear . . . or danger . . . induces the mariners to be sensible and attend to the orders of the skipper,” but when there is no danger or fear, the mariners are likely to, instead, disrespect their superiors and fight with one another (Polybius 6.44)....   [tags: The Histories of Polybius]
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Ancient Greek: The Birthplace of Western Civilization - ... Both the US and the Athenian government had the Legislative limb, the Executive extension, and the legal limb. The Legislative extension passes the laws, the Executive limb completes the laws, and the legal extensions had trials with paid members of the jury. In the US, a large portion of the just speculations that the administration utilization are either indistinguishable or fundamentally the same to the Ancient Athenians hypotheses. In reasoning old Greek kept tabs on the part of reason and request....   [tags: philosophy, fine art, socrates] 757 words
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James Joyce's The Dead - Failure to Create Wholeness from Gnomon - The Failure to Create Wholeness from Gnomon in The Dead      There is little doubt in anyone's mind that Gabriel's speech in "The Dead" is a failure. It is harder to understand what exactly he was trying to accomplish. The almost archaic style contradicts the lighthearted content, and what we are left with is a rambling oration which seems to produce nothing. Reading through the speech, one can not help but be struck by its wondrously odd and seemingly antiquated phraseology:   [Let us] still cherish in our hearts the memory of those dead....   [tags: Joyce Dead Essays]
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The Golden Age of Athens - In 400 B.C, The Athenian civilization experienced a golden age. The Athens experienced a great amount of peace and prosperity due to their contact and trade with others, and rare warring. During this time, ideas and philosophies were produced. These ideas influenced western civilizations in the areas of politics, science, art and architecture. The Government of the Athenian people had a large impact on western civilizations. In document three, Pericles states his beliefs about democracy. Pericles states that he believes all men that have the opportunity to take a part in their government should....   [tags: World History] 544 words
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Peloponnesian War Strategies - Peloponnesian War Strategies "Just before the Peloponnesian War began, Pericles of Athens and King Archidamus of Sparta provided net assessments of the comparative strengths and weaknesses of the two sides. Evaluate their projections." A study of the strategies and projections of King Archidamus of Sparta as compared to those of Pericles of Athens reveal Archidamus' understanding of the "superiority of land power as a basis for success at sea" in the ancient Mediterranean - as well as Pericles' naiveté as to this tenet....   [tags: Papers] 1429 words
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Propaganda and National Pride in Building the Parthenon - To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the design, construction and decoration of the Parthenon. Although the decision to build the Parthenon was highly controversial in Athens because of the politics that surrounded it, was the Parthenon erected simply as sign of dedication to the gods. Or was it to fuel the dwindling pride of the Athenian citizens. By studying the structure, decoration and design, I hope to come to a conclusion as to whether the Parthenon was simply physical evidence of Athenian pride or whether it was pride in religion....   [tags: Classics]
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Sophocles' Antigone - Antigone Must Challenge Creon - Antigone Must Challenge Creon in Antigone   In his "Funeral Oration" Pericles, Athens's leader in their war with other city-states, rallies the patriotism of his people by reminding them of the things they value. He encourages a sense of duty to Athens even to the point of self-sacrifice. He glorifies the free and democratic Athenian way of life and extravagantly praises those willing to die for it. In Antigone, Creon, Thebes's leader in their recent civil war, also must rally the patriotism of his people....   [tags: Antigone essays] 881 words
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The Peloponnesian War - The Peloponnesian War pitted the Athenians against the Spartans. The Peloponnesians’ were an alliance of city-states controlled by Sparta. These two powerful city-states became locked in a struggle for dominance of the eastern Mediterranean area. The roots of the conflict and in particular this expedition is highly complex. As Thucydides says in his history of the war, the underlying cause was Spartan fear of Athens' expansive power. But, the triggering event was Athens' aggressive behavior towards Corinth, an ally of Sparta....   [tags: Ancient Greece]
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Navigating Interstitial Spaces - Navigating Interstitial Spaces “[T]he law permits the Americans to do what they please.” Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America The protection of virtue, I submit, requires an understanding of interstitial spaces—spaces where formalist adherence to rules and laws does not suffice to adequately promote virtue. Recognition of these spaces spawned agent morality and Aristotle’s practical wisdom. Fascination with these spaces fueled Alexis de Tocqueville’s inquiry into American religious, familial and political mores in Democracy in America....   [tags: Democracy American Tocqueville Essays]
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Formation of the Greek Empire - "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a ministry but of the whole people." Pericles was one of the many people who helped shape Ancient Greece to what we know of it today. The famous Greek Empire has bits and pieces from each ruler or group of people who once occupied it: the Mycenaean's, Dorian's, Pericles, Phillip 2, and Alexander the Great. In ancient times, Greece wasn't a united country but more of a group of lands where Greek-speaking people lived. Around 2000.B.C....   [tags: essays research papers] 957 words
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Dbq: Ancient Greek Contributions - DBQ: ANCIENT GREEK CONTRIBUTIONS The Ancient Greek contribution ranged by the 1900-133 BC, however its influence on the Western Literate Society lasts to this day. As the Greeks expanded their empire, they spread their ideas to other countries, while also borrowing from other cultures. During this period of time, the Greeks made many significant and long-lasting contribution to our modern culture in Philosophy, Art, Democracy, Drama, Math, and Science. These givings of important ideas, inventions, and structures have had an extraordinary influence on the surrounding environment, society, and in the future....   [tags: European History] 1448 words
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Tim Burton's Planet of the Apes and Mars Attacks - Science fiction is a genre that is centered around a society that has undergone extreme advances or major social and environmental transformations. Tim Burton’s films Planet of the Apes and Mars Attacks. both fall under the category of science fiction. In Planet of the Apes Captain Davidson of the United States Air Force has been hurled into a world unlike the one he has known, where apes are the rulers and humans are the ruled. In Mars Attacks. the United States, and eventually the entire planet, is under attack by an alien race out to destroy all humans....   [tags: science fiction films analysis] 1225 words
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Rise and Fall of Athens and Ancient Rome - History has witnessed the rise and fall of many powerful cities, starting with Ur and Babylon and continuing into present day with cities such as New York City. Two of these cities, ancient Athens and ancient Rome, stand out from other cities of their time due to their culture, politics, and influence, both on the world around them and on future civilizations. These strengths qualify them as world cities, and despite their eventual losses of power, their legacies live on. Athens obtained hegemony around 448 BC, right after the war-like city-state of Sparta....   [tags: World History] 743 words
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Differences Between Sparta and Athens in Ancient Greece - The ancient civilization of Greece contained many different city-states; two of these city-states were Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens were different in their values, politics, and societies. Sparta was focused on their military, discipline, and to have a strong state. Athens was a democratic state that was peaceful and where women were open to culture and democracy. How do these two city-states differ. Sparta and Athens were formed in two different ways. Sparta was originally four small villages in Southwestern Peloponnesus that became unified into one polis....   [tags: Ancient Greece Essays] 893 words
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The Parthenon: The Epitome of Greek Culture - Most every great culture in history has something for which they are famous. The Mayan civilization has the calendar, the Romans have the Colosseum, and I would like to suggest that the epitome of Greek culture is the Parthenon. It reflects the ideas and religious beliefs of the Greeks and incorporates the architectural brilliance seen first with the Greek people. The frieze, the religious idea behind the building of the temple, and the attention to detail in the Parthenon shows a genius that can only be claimed by the Greeks....   [tags: Ancient Greece ]
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Sophocles' Use of Social Commentary in Antigone - Art has the power to reach people across space and time. Although artists primarily use creative media to disseminate their ideas and emotions to a contemporary audience, great art has the ability to reach whoever appreciates it no matter their origin. In Antigone, Sophocles does this by creating a fictionalized Thebes in which he reflects upon the politics, religion, and societal norms of his own world. He creates a ruler, Creon, whose tyrannical actions serve to promote the merits of democracy and criticize the contemporary government....   [tags: ancient Greek tragedies]
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Greek Culture and its Influences Today - “Greek civilization is alive; it moves in every breath of mind that we breathe; so much of it remains that none of us in one lifetime could absorb it all.” Ancient Greeks are known to be one of the greatest and most advanced people and have left behind a legacy that helped define the Western civilization. Cultural diffusion helped spread Greek culture all over the world, and its effects can still be felt today in almost every aspect. Greek culture has greatly affected different parts of my daily life including architecture, food, government, inventions, music, religion, and education....   [tags: Ancient Greece]
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The Temple of Athena Nike - The Temple of Athena Nike exemplifies the early Greek belief that the gods, specifically Athena, held divine providence over government and victory in war. It was built as part of the same project as the Parthenon, one of the greatest achievements of Mycenaean Greece. Lasting from 1300-1000 B.C.E, Mycenaean Greece bordered Epirus, Macedonia, Phrace, Phryapa, Mysia, Caria, and Lydia. Encompassing this time span, Ancient Greece lasted from 8000 to 50 B.C.E. The achievements of Athens in this time include the Pythagorean Theorem and the Socratic dialogues....   [tags: Greek Mythology]
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Analysis of the Peloponnesian War - In this essay, I am going to anaylise the Peloponnesian War. I will look at what appears to have caused the war, how it developed, and what the outcome of it was. As Thucydides is virtually the only surviving primary source of this event, I will also discuss the man and his method. From what we can gather, Thucydides was an Athenian Greek born in Alimos in c. 460BC–395BC. Although Thucydides is seen as one of the major figures of the known ancient world, we know relatively little about the man and his life....   [tags: Thucydides, Athenian Greek, exile]
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Athenian Tragedy, Hekabe by Euripides - Today, I went to the theater and saw the play Hekabe by the playwright Euripides. I very much enjoy going to watch plays because the playwright can script the production with a different perspective that is sometimes not an agreeable one in regards to how things are done governmentally here in Athens. Although impermissible scenes were in this tragedy, it is nice to grasp a political outlook that I am not normally able to bring with me to any assemblies concerning battle. Euripides writes about extreme mourning for a loved one lost because of war....   [tags: death, hero, war]
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The Peloponnesian War - The Peloponnesian War Is war inevitable. It appears that the answer to this question is yes. However, war is unpredictable and must be studied based on individual circumstances, actions taken, and reactions. States disagree with each other on many subjects and conflicts arise often. To answer this question, we must first examine the causes of a conflict, evaluate the outcome and determine any alternatives that may exist. Then we can analyze some alternative theoretical outcomes compared to the actual conclusions....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Peloponnesian War - For over 30 years, two of the world's greatest military forces of their time battled over supremacy of Greece. The elite navy of Athens and the powerful armies of Sparta and her allies dueled in an epic battle to determine the direction in which Greece was heading. Through the stories of Thuycides, we have the world's first eye witness account of a war from a great historian who lived through it. From this account we can analyze the war which can be interpreted as the first battle against imperialism....   [tags: Greek European History]
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The Great Peloponnesian War - ... This caused the war to drag on, because neither side could easily gain total domination of the land and sea. Sparta tended to use a strategy that involved annually invading Athenian territory, and destroying anything that helped the Athenians survive. Farms and other resources were targeted by the Spartans, but the effectiveness of this strategy is questionable. Athens was protected by its "Long Walls" that it had constructed earlier, so it was near impossible for the Spartan army to break through and ravage Athens....   [tags: athen, sparta, power] 1279 words
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The Greek Chorus - The Greek Chorus *No Works Cited Greek tragedy and comedy originated with the chorus, the most important part of the performance space was the orchestra, which means 'a place for dancing' (orchesis). A typical tragic Greek chorus was a group of some twelve to fifteen masked men just about to enter military service after some years of training (Athenians were taught to sing and dance from a very early age.) An old comedic chorus consisted of up to twenty four men. The effort of dancing and singing through three tragedies and a satyr play was likened to that of competing in the Olympic Games....   [tags: Papers] 361 words
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The Peloponnesian War and the Decline of Leadership in Athens - The Peloponnesian War and the Decline of Leadership in Athens Thucydides set out to narrate the events of what he believed would be a great war—one requiring great power amassed on both sides and great states to carry out. Greatness, for Thucydides, was measured most fundamentally in capital and military strength, but his history delves into almost every aspect of the war, including, quite prominently, its leaders. In Athens especially, leadership was vital to the war effort because the city’s leaders were chosen by its people and thus, both shaped Athens and reflected its character during their lifetimes....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Thucydides' and Sophocles': Notion of Tragedy - Thucydides, a "historian," and Sophocles, a playwright, were two men that shared the Greek notion of tragedy in their works. Thucydides' idea of history can be compared to this notion epitomized in Sophocles' Oedipus plays. Included in their works are three of the most important elements of a Greek tragedy, which are foreshadows, cynical irony and an inevitable tragic downfall. In both their works, Thucydides and Sophocles include foreshadowing to hint the inevitable downfall. In On Justice Power and Human Nature, Thucydides uses the debate to foreshadow the outcome of the war....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 728 words
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Civil War Funeral Orations - Civil War Funeral Orations Throughout the course of history, there have been many civil wars. In those civil wars, many persons fought and died in battles to defend their beliefs. In the aftermath of a major battle, a people’s morale is as shattered and broken as the bodies of those that were slain. Following the battle, a funeral is conducted in remembrance of the deceased. At these funerals a funeral oration is usually given by a well-known domestic public figure, such as when Abraham Lincoln gave his “Gettysburg Address” in 1863 AD and when Pericles gave his funeral oration to Athens in 431 BC....   [tags: Papers] 603 words
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