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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Oedipus the King Hamartia"
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The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King - The Role of Hamartia in Oedipus the King Literary tragedy has roots that extend two and a half millennia into the past, but throughout this history the genre's defining characteristics have remained the same. At the very core of tragedy lies an uncertainty over the cause of the tragic predicament. The leading candidate for an explanation of this cause often comes under the name of hamartia, a Greek word that translates into "a defect in character", "an error" or "a mistake." However, the most common conception (or misconception) of this notion is that it involves "a moral or intellectual weakness," a view that often leads scholars to regard hamartia as the answer to questions of tragic fl...   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Free Oedipus the King Essays: Hamartia in Oedipus Rex - Hamartia in Oedipus the King According to the Aristotelian characteristics of good tragedy, the tragic character should not fall due to either excessive virtue or excessive wickedness, but due to what Aristotle called hamartia. Hamartia may be interpreted as either a flaw in character or an error in judgement. Oedipus, the tragic character in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, certainly makes several such mistakes; however, the pervasive pattern of his judgemental errors seems to indicate a basic character flaw that precipitates them....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 483 words
(1.4 pages)
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Hamartia in Oedipus the King - Hamartia in Oedipus the King According to Aristotle, the tragic hero is impeded by a distinguishable characteristic or character trait which leads to his ultimate demise. This trait is known as hamartia, or the "tragic flaw." This characteristic is said to not only lead to the hero's demise but may also enable the reader to sympathize with the character. So it follows that in Oedipus the King, a Greek tragedy, the tragic hero Oedipus should have some sort of flaw. However, after close examination of the text, no distinguishable "flaw" is revealed....   [tags: Greek Tragedy Tragedies Oedipus Essays] 974 words
(2.8 pages)
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Thinking before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus, The King - Aristotle's rules of a tragedy state that the character of a tragedy should be good but not exceptionally amazing, he must not be a perfect character but instead they need to be the victim of a common flaw which is called 'Hamartia'. The idea that even the protagonist of a story can have a tragic flaw allows for the reader to have a stronger connection to the story and as a result it would be better interpreted by them their own way. In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles the Hamartia displayed by Oedipus is that he makes very rash decisions without thinking of the consequences and this negatively his life and the people around him....   [tags: Hamartia, Greek Theatre, Rash Decisions]
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1929 words
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Hamartia in Oedipus Rex and Death of a Salesman - ... He is a man of great honour and integrity. He is looked upon by his people as a god, and is honoured as a rescuer, or saviour. It is safe to say that Oedipus portrays the image of an ideal king. However, he does have his faults, as every person does. He is easily angered, very quick in his judgments, and unsystematic in his decisions. For example, he jumps to the assumption that Teiresias and Creon have formulated a conspiracy against him. These imperfections can be considered as Oedipus’ tragic flaws, and through constant use of these flaws, he is ultimately paving the way for his own downfall....   [tags: fatal flaw, downfall, tragic hero] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
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Blindness and Sight - Sight Versus Insight in Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) - Sight Versus Insight in Oedipus the King       "Anyone who has common sense will remember that the bewilderments of the eye are of two kinds, and arise from two causes, either from coming out of the light or from going into the light,which is true of the mind's eye, quite as much as the bodily eye; and he who remembers this when he sees anyone whose vision is perplexed and weak, will not be too ready to laugh; he will ask whether that soul of man has come out of the brighter life, and is unable to see because unaccustomed to the dark, or having turned from darkness to the day is dazzled by excess light....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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1344 words
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The Pride of Sophocles' Oedipus The King - The Pride of Sophocles' Oedipus The King        Greek tragedy is characterized by the emotional catharsis brought about by the horrific suffering of a heroic figure. In Oedipus The King, by Sophocles, the onslaught of pain assailing the protagonist is a result of his tragic flaw. Sophocles often used a characters hamartia to alter or influence the outcome or future of the hero. Oedipus' hubris traps him to fulfil the oracle and intensifies his punishment.   Oedipus' pride is an innate characteristic....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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1434 words
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tragoed Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) and Greek Tragedy - Oedipus Rex as a Great Greek Tragedy     The reader is told in Aristotle's Poetics that tragedy "arouses the emotions of pity and fear, wonder and awe" (The Poetics 10). To Aristotle, the best type of tragedy involves reversal of a situation, recognition from a character, and suffering. The plot has to be complex, and a normal person should fall from prosperity to misfortune due to some type of mistake. Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, is a great example of a Greek tragedy. Its main plot is Oedipus' goal to find out his true identity, the result being his downfall by finding out he has married his own mother and killed his father....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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1016 words
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Oedipus the King - Oedipus the King Oedipus the King is the perfect example of a tragedy. It contains a complete combination of all the features of a tragedy. Aristotle in his Poetics[1] defines Oedipus as being 'a definite example of the form and purpose of tragedy'. In tragedies the Greeks dramatized climactic events in the lives of heroes, and Oedipus' story is no exception. By using many different literary devices it brings moral dilemmas of action and motive to the public stage. The action is set out over the timeframe of one day, which will according to the prophet Tiresias will bring Oedipus' 'birth' and 'destruction'....   [tags: Classics Oedipus King Essays]
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1174 words
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Tragic Flaws in Oedipus the King - Oedipus the King, Sophocles’ classical Greek tragedy, presents tragic flaw(s) as the cause of  the near-total destruction of the life of the protagonist. This essay examines that flaw. In his essay “Sophoclean Tragedy” Friedrich Nietzsche agrees that there is an “error” within the protagonist, but refrains from specifying exactly what it is: The most pathetic figure of the Greek theatre, the unfortunate Oedipus, Sophocles takes to be a noble man called to error and alienation in spite of his wisdom, yet called too, in the end, through monstrous suffering, to radiate a magic power rich in a blessing which works even after he passes on....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essays]
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3574 words
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tragoed Essay on the Tragic Flaws of Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) - The Tragic Flaws of Oedipus Rex At one time in our lives there is a moment that we may think of ourselves as better than someone or something else. There may also be a point when making a decision leads to a great error in judgment. In the play Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, both of these characteristics can be seen in the main character. These characteristics are known as tragic flaws. These flaws are known as hubris meaning excess pride, leading to overconfidence, and hamartia meaning errors and weakness in judgment....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 695 words
(2 pages)
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Oedipus Is Not a Tragic Hero - “Tragedy is an imitation of an action of high importance . . .” states Aristotle in his book Poetics (as cited in Kennedy & Gioia, 2010). Without a doubt, he observed and analyzed countless plays throughout his life and in Poetics, he writes a broad description of what a tragedy should contain (Kennedy & Gioia). Specifically, to Aristotle, tragedies require a “Tragic Hero.” What makes this literary character unique from the other heroes of literature. The most obvious and central difference is that the hero in question always experiences a disastrous reversal of fortune, which follows the recognition of a previously unknown truth (Kennedy & Gioia)....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essays]
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2026 words
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Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone - Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone The Greeks considered tragedy the greatest form for literature.  However, the tragic ends for the characters were not ordained or set by fate, but rather caused by certain characteristics belonging to that person.  Such is the case with the characters of Sophocles' plays Oedipus the King and Antigone.  Oedipus from King Oedipus, and Antigone and Creon from Antigone posses characteristics, especially pride, that caused their tragic ends.  As the play progress, other characteristics appear and further add to the problem to such a point that it is inevitable that it will end in tragedy.  Therefore the tragedies were not a result of a plot b...   [tags: Sophocles Oedipus King Antigone Essays]
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1405 words
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Oedipus the King by Sophocles - ... Now Oedipus attention is take by the comment regarding his parents. Teiresias continues to speak in riddles continuing to upset Oedipus until he tells the page to lead him away. Teiresias does not leave until he speaks, Teiresias. The man you have been looking for all this time, The damned man, the murder of Laios, That man is in Thebes. To your mind he is foreign-born, But it will soon be shown that he is in Theban, A revelation that will fail to please. A blind man, Who has his eyes now; a penniless man, who is rich now; And he will go tapping the strange earth with his staff; To the children with whom he lives now he will be Brother and father – the very same; to her Who bore him, son...   [tags: play analysis]
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2042 words
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The Hamartia of Blindness in Death of a Salesman and Oedipus Rex - ... Oedipus does not consider who the murderer is and feels that he must act on it. Willy believes that he is a ‘big shot’ in the sales world but in reality he barely makes ends meet, even with the allowance he receives from Charley. The hamartia of these two tragic heroes are not only shown within their own thoughts but also demonstrated when dealing with other characters. A number of characters have a strong effect on the tragic heroes through confrontations with them, which demonstrates their hamartia of the inability to see the truth....   [tags: tragedy, imitation, play analysis] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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Sight And Blindess Of Oedipus The King - Oedipus the King by Sophocles was a play written after a devastating plague struck the city of Athens in 430 B.C. The play is about how knowledge can lead to devastation and destruction based on how the characters find out the truth of the Delphic Oracle. Years before Oedipus became the king of Thebes, the previous king, Laius, had received a prophecy that his son would grow up to kill his father. With this information he gave his baby son to a sheperd to dispose of him. Years later Laius is murdered and the Sphinx emerges and locks down the city by refusing to let anybody enter or leave the city unless they can solve her riddle....   [tags: Sophocles Oedipus] 1468 words
(4.2 pages)
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Oedipus, the King: A Case of Inevitable Fate - Oedipus, the main character in “Oedipus, the King” has hamartia and frailty that lead to his downfall. Oedipus’s imperfect character traits: pride (hubris), stubbornness, and disrespect precipitate his tragic fate and demise. Oedipus, King of Thebes, is an imperfect protagonist in Sophocles’ “Oedipus, the King.” He is an imperfect human being who makes mistakes in his life. His mistakes, however, are very tragic and exceed what he deserves. He is ignorant about his true identity and does not accept his gods’ prophecy for him....   [tags: Sophocles play, Greek mythology]
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Oedipus the King, a Tragic Hero - Oedipus, a tragic hero Sophocles's Oedipus Rex is probably the most famous tragedy ever written. Sophocles's tragedy represents a monumental theatrical and interpretative challenge. Oedipus Rex is the story of a King of Thebes upon whom a hereditary curse is placed and who therefore has to suffer the tragic consequences of fate (tragic flaws or hamartia). In the play, Oedipus is the tragic hero. Even though fate victimizes Oedipus, he is a tragic figure since his own heroic qualities, his loyalty to Thebes, and his fidelity to the truth ruin him....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles] 1712 words
(4.9 pages)
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Mythology in Oedipus Rex - Mythology in Oedipus Rex           E. T. Owen in “Drama in Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus” comments on the mythological beginnings of Oedipus Rex:   Professor Goodell says: “Given an old myth to be dramatized, Sophocles’ primary question was, ‘Just what sort of people were they, must they have been, who naturally did and suffered what the tales say they did and suffered?” That was his method of analysis (38).   The Greek Sophoclean tragedy Oedipus Rex is based on a myth from the Homeric epic Odysseus....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Mythology in Oedipus Rex - Mythology in Oedipus Rex                 In “The Oedipus Legend” Bernard M. W. Knox talks of the advantages accruing to Sophocles as a user of myths in his dramas:   The myths he used gave to his plays, without any effort on his part, some of those larger dimensions of authority which the modern dramatist must create out of nothing if his play is to be more than a passing entertainment. The myths had the authority of history, for myth is in one of its aspects the only history of an age that kept no records....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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4088 words
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The Perfect Aristotelian Tragedy: Oedipus the King - The Perfect Aristotelian Tragedy: Oedipus the King by Sophocles Works Cited Not Included Oedipus the King is an excellent example of Aristotle's theory of tragedy. The play has the perfect Aristotelian tragic plot consisting of paripeteia, anagnorisis and catastrophe; it has the perfect tragic character that suffers from happiness to misery due to hamartia (tragic flaw) and the play evokes pity and fear that produces the tragic effect, catharsis (a purging of emotion). Oedipus the King has the ingredients necessary for the plot of a good tragedy, including the peripeteia....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles] 1421 words
(4.1 pages)
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Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will - Sophocles’ Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will In Oedipus the King, one of Sophocles’ most popular plays, Sophocles clearly depicts the Greek’s popular belief that fate will control a man’s life despite of man’s free will. Man was free to choose and was ultimately held responsible for his own actions. Throughout Oedipus the King, the concept of fate and free will plays an integral part in Oedipus' destruction. Destined to marry his mother and murder his father, Oedipus was partly guided by fate....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles] 577 words
(1.6 pages)
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Oedipus the King - A Greek Tragedy by Sophocles - Oedipus arrives at Thebes and finds the city under the curse of the Sphinx who will not free the city unless the riddle is answered. Oedipus solves the riddle and is rewarded and made king. Laius, former king, has been killed and Oedipus has married the widowed queen, Iokaste. Now another plague is raging and the people of Thebes have asked Oedipus to rescue them. Kreon, Iokaste's brother returns from Apollo's oracle with the news that Laius's murder must be punished in order to rid the city of the plague....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays] 629 words
(1.8 pages)
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Oedipus the King: A Greek Tragic Hero - Oedipus is a play written by Sophocles that many have heard. Few, however, would not be surprised to discover what Oedipus has discovered at the end of the play, that our tragic hero has killed his own father only to marry his mother. Many ask how this play could be a tragedy. What is the definition of tragedy. Aristotle's 'The Poetics', is a work in which he tried to define what tragedy was. Aristotle decided that the hero, or at least the main character in a tragedy must be centrally good, but must bring about himself his demise, due to a fatal flaw, known as 'hamartia'....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles] 731 words
(2.1 pages)
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Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus the King - The Concept of Fate in Oedipus Rex                 To the first-time reader of Sophocles’ tragedy, Oedipus Rex, it seems that the gods are in complete domination of mankind. This essay will seek to show that this is not the case because the presence of a tragic flaw within the protagonist is shown to be the cause of his downfall.   In the opening scene of the tragedy the priest of Zeus itemizes for the king what the gods have done to the inhabitants of Thebes:   A blight is on our harvest in the ear, A blight upon the grazing flocks and herds, A blight on wives in travail; and withal Armed with his blazing torch the God of Plague Hath swooped upon our city emptying T...   [tags: Oedipus Rex]
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3908 words
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Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King - Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King conforms to the conventions of the tragic hero. In your discussion refer to how the issues explored in the play have a wider significance than the tragedy of Oedipus as an individual. Assessment 9: Short Essay – Drama Discuss the ways in which the character of Oedipus in Oedipus the King conforms to the conventions of the tragic hero. In your discussion refer to how the issues explored in the play have a wider significance than the tragedy of Oedipus as an individual....   [tags: Drama] 1196 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Strong Character and Unavoidable Destiny of Oedipus Rex - The Strong Character and Unavoidable Destiny of Oedipus Rex   Oedipus the King, by Sophocles is about Oedipus, a man doomed by his fate. Like most tragedies, Oedipus the King contains a tragic hero, a heroic figure unable to escape his own doom. This tragic hero usually has a hamartia, a tragic flaw, which causes his downfall. The tragic flaw that Sophocles gives Oedipus is hubris (exaggerated pride or self-confidence), which is what caused Oedipus to walk right into the fate he sought to escape....   [tags: Oedipus King Oedipus Rex Sophocles Essays] 945 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Tragedy of “Oedipus the King” - “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles is a tragedy of a man who unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother. Aristotles’ ideas of tragedy are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, anagnorisis, and catharsis these ideas well demonstrated throughout Sophocles tragic drama of “Oedipus the King”. Tragic hero is a character of noble stature and has greatness but is triggered by some error and causes the hero’s downfall. Oedipus is the tragic hero of “Oedipus the king”. Oedipus has a noble stature and has greatness....   [tags: Sophocles, Literary Analysis] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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Oedipus and Othello Exemplify Aristotle’s Definition of a Tragic Hero - Throughout our history, many genres have survived the test of time. One of the most well known and popular genre is the tragedy. A tragedy tells a story of the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. One of the main authorities on tragedy is ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. His piece of literature, Poetics, is highly regarded as one of the main sources used to define what makes a tragedy....   [tags: Oedipus the King, 2014]
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1410 words
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Oedipus the King: A Classic Tragedy - ... Tragic stories offer a sense of learning about the human condition. Learning is a necessary step in the tragedy cycle; this learning is called the catharsis. A catharsis is often a cleansing or healing of the mind and a teaching about the human condition. As the audience watches the events unfold throughout the play they feel a sense of fear or pity. All of these feelings are purified/cleansed when the protagonist falls into suffering. As a broken man, one who now only seeks to make right from what his pride blinded him from seeing, Oedipus asks for forgiveness....   [tags: ancient Greek works, Sophocles] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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Analysis of Oedipus the King - The tale of Oedipus and his prophecy has intrigued not only the citizens of Greece in the ancient times, but also people all over the world for several generations. Most notable about the play was its peculiar structure, causing the audience to think analytically about the outcomes of Oedipus’ actions and how it compares with Aristotle’s beliefs. Another way that the people have examined the drama is by looking at the paradoxes (such as the confrontation of Tiresias and Oedipus), symbols (such as the Sphinx), and morals that has affected their perceptions by the end of the play....   [tags: Sophocles, Greek Tragedy]
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Oedipus the King and Things Fall Apart - Tragedies as Defined by Aristotle - Oedipus and Things Fall Aparttragedies as defined by Aristotle Almost 2500 years ago Aristotle defined a tragic plot as one containing six essential elements. The first is a hero (sympatheia) who is noble by birth or has risen to a place of power. The hero should also be of good character. Aristotle stated in The Poetics, “This is the sort of man who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into the fortune, but rather through some flaw in him, he being one of those who are in high station and good fortune.” The second is the flaw (Hamartia) in the hero’s character....   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays] 1510 words
(4.3 pages)
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Oedipus as a Tragic Hero in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King - The tragic hero has served as the foundation of Greek tragedy since its inception in ancient times. He or she serves as a rallying point for the audience to cheer for and mourn with throughout the story, and ultimately teaches the audience a lesson about human vulnerability and strength through defeat. A tragic hero is “a privileged, exalted character of high repute, who, by virtue of a tragic flaw and fate, suffers a fall from glory into suffering” (DiYanni). The combination of the tragic hero’s character traits and the storyline he or she follows make the tragedy an actual tragedy rather than a depressing story with a sad ending....   [tags: god, hero, greek theories]
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Doing Unintelligent Things in Oedipus - There are several cases in which we, being the humans that we are, do unintelligent things. This central theme has been used throughout the ages in literature, poetry and theatre. In Socrates' Oedipus, he shows that even people in high positions, like King's, are unable to realize the information in front of them. In most Greek tragedies, characters have what is called a hubris which is pride or humans believing that they are more powerful than the Gods or people ordained by gods to be messengers....   [tags: Oedipus Rex, Sophocles] 912 words
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Oedipus: The Reign of a Tragic Hero - The time period of Greek theater’s popularity was a very influential time in our world’s history. Without knowing what Greek theater was all about, how can someone expect to truly understand a tragic play and the history it comes with. The history behind the character of Oedipus, in the play Oedipus the King, is very complicated. His intricate past dealing with prophecies, family members, and murder is the main focus of the story. There are many characteristics that complete Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero; these being the presence of hamartia and peripeteia, a sense of self-awareness, the audience’s pity for the character, and the hero is of noble birth....   [tags: greek theater, noble birth, greek mythology]
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Oedipus The King - Greek tragedy is characterized by the emotional discharging brought about by the suffering of a heroic figure. In Oedipus The King, by Sophocles, the agony of pain attacking the protagonist is a result of his tragic flaw. Sophocles often uses a characters hamartia to alter or influence the future or outcome of the hero, in this case, Oedipus. Oedipus' hubris traps him into fulfilling the vision and intensifies his punishment. Oedipus' pride is an inherited characteristic. Even before his glory and power as King of Thebes, he allowed his conceit to affect his judgment and rule his actions....   [tags: Sophocles] 1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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Creon's Demonstrations of a Tragic Flaw in Sophocles’ Antigone - ... Creon needed an affirmation of his manliness to prove his worth as a ruthless leader. In fact, he felt so intensely threatened by the female dominance of Antigone that he decides to destroy her. “This girl is guilty of double insolence, breaking the given laws and then boasting of it. Who is the man here she or I?" (Sophocles, 269). Instead of gaining respect from his subjects of Thebes by punishing Antigone for burying her traitorous brother Polyneices, he drives them further from him in fear and disgust....   [tags: hamartia, pride, downfall] 689 words
(2 pages)
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Characteristics of a Tragic Hero in Oedipus the King by Sophocles - ... This is crucial to him being a tragic hero because it brings into play his history of being from a royal family. It was crucial to be part of a royal family because this gave the protagonist more to lose when they eventually fell from power. This part of the story also exemplifies his first fall from power. Although it was his choice to leave, he was happily living a life of luxury and then has to flee from it all in order to not fulfill the prophecy. Later on, his fall from power is not his choice and it is caused by his own actions that he must flee from the kingdom....   [tags: royal, flaw, determination] 1244 words
(3.6 pages)
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Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello - Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello     Pride is one of the seven deadly sins. Most proud people will never consider themselves to be truly proud until they come face to face with the consequences of their pride. Sophocles and Shakespeare both address this dilemma in their plays Oedipus Rex and Othello. Through their nobility, their tragic flaws, the fall these flaws cause, and the suffering and wisdom they derive from these falls, Oedipus and Othello reveal the true character of the tragic hero and show the devastating consequences of pride....   [tags: Othello Oedipus Rex Shakespeare Sophocles]
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1208 words
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Blindness In Oedipus The King - Blindness plays a two-fold part in Sophocles’ tragedy “Oedipus the King.'; First, Sophocles presents blindness as a physical disability affecting the auger Teiresias, and later Oedipus; but later, blindness comes to mean an inability to see the evil in one’s actions and the consequences that ensue. The irony in this lies in the fact that Oedipus, while gifted with sight, is blind to himself, in contrast to Teiresias, blind physically, but able to see the evil to which Oedipus has fallen prey to....   [tags: essays research papers] 717 words
(2 pages)
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Application of Aristotle's Nature of Tragedy to the Tale of Oedipus - Out of Aristotle’s apprehension of tragedy, four out of the six ideas are used in the tragic drama, “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles. These ideas are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, and anagnorisis. The tragic hero is a person of greatness, and noble stature who usually contributes to their own downfall. Oedipus has greatness and noble stature; he’s sublime, in the way that he cares for his people. What leads to his own downfall is his own pride, which came out when he solved the riddle of the Sphinx and was praised by marrying the queen of Thebes, making him feel untouchable, “Here I am myself- you all know me, the world knows my fame: I am Oedipus....   [tags: Sophocles, Literary Analysis] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Downfall of Oedipus - The word hamartia means a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero. Yet the cause of his downfall was not due to one flaw but to many flaws. Oedipus had great traits and qualities of a great king such as intelligence, pride and determination. These traits are also the main cause of his downfall. The traits that helped him also hurt him. Early in the poem there are signs that Oedipus is going to fail. When he becomes the king and his city is hit by a plague, he tries his hardest to satisfy his people....   [tags: flaw, intelligence, pride, determination] 587 words
(1.7 pages)
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Analyzing The Old Man and the Sea Using Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Freudian Psychology - Published in 1952, The Old Man and the Sea soon became Ernest Hemingway’s most influential and best praised book by critics worldwide. Both the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 were awarded to him “for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence he has exerted on contemporary style.” Bernard Berenson, close friend and renowned art critic praised, “No real artist symbolizes or allegorizes – and Hemingway is a real artist – but every real work of art exhales symbols and allegories....   [tags: Symbols and Allegories]
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The Poetics of Oedipus and Dana Marschz - Creon, in Sophocles' Oedipus the King, declares to Oedipus that his "power ends; none of [his] power follows [him] through life." (Fagles, 652:1677-8) This edict communicates the transience of mortal abilities, and the hubris of those mortals. In the 2008 film Hamlet 2, Dana Marschz perceives himself as an excellent writer producing the work that will "save Drama" (Hamlet 2, 00:27:58-28:00), which the community loathes for its mediocrity rather than celebrates for its merits. Comparison of the two works demonstrates an erosion of the tragic genre in modern works....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]
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The Three Themes of Oedipus Rex - ... This further corroborates that there is no possible way to avoid the inevitable prophecy. In Oedipus Rex, the law of possibility is present. Events that are to happen, may be due to accident or coincidence; fear triggers motivation and treacherous actions follow. Attempting to stop the prophecy Jocasta and Laius try to kill Oedipus. This motivative action leads to the execution of the prophecy. Tragedy is rooted in the fundamental order of the universe; it creates a cause-and-effect chain that clearly reveals what may happen at any time or place (O’Brien 116)....   [tags: Athenian tragedy by Sophocles] 1100 words
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Prophecy and Suicide in Oedipus Rex - ... Oedipus is the cause, albeit indirectly, of Jocasta’s death. He did not obey her warning. She knew the nature of their incestuous relationship and exhorted him against speaking to the messenger and shepherd; the truth would ultimately threaten their marriage. Her problem was not with the misdeed - it was with Oedipus’ awareness, for she assured him, “”Have no more fear of sleeping with your mother/ How many men, in dreams, have lain with their mothers!/ No reasonable man is troubled by such things” (51)....   [tags: Death, Downfall, Tragedy] 675 words
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Hamlet and Oedipus: A Comparison - Tragedy. It is a word which can conjure many images for most people. From the innocence of a child who has lost her favorite blanket, to the heartbreak of losing a parent, to the desperation of a suicidal teen, every person on earth can relate to tragedy. The degree to which an audience can relate or even just sympathize with the tragic hero determines the quality of the tragedy. That said, in order to produce a tragedy, it is necessary to have a tragic hero. In his work, The Poetics, Aristotle sets forward characteristics that all tragic heroes should share....   [tags: Tragedy, Literary Analysis, WIlliam Shakespeare]
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Philosophy: Oedipus and Aristotle - Through Aristotle’s specific definition of a tragic hero, it can be concluded that Oedipus is a tragic hero. Oedipus The King was written by a well-known tragic dramatist named Sophocles. This story is considered to be one of the greatest tragedies of all time. In fact, the Marjorie Barstow of the Classical Weekly says that it “fulfills the function of a tragedy, and arouses fear and pity in the highest degree” (Barstow). It is also very controversial because of the relationship that Oedipus has with his mother, although it was unknown at the time that they were related....   [tags: tragic hero, Sophocles, heroic traits, flaw]
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Oedipus Rex by Sophocles - Ancient Athens of the fifth century B.C saw evolutionary developments in philosophy, science and the dramatic arts of which provided citizens a very different perspective of life as it was. It was a patriarchal society which has been ruled by an Aristocratic system for hundreds of years that centred their ideals and beliefs not on individualism, but utterly the power of the gods. However in the Golden Age society’s devotion towards piety began to crumble as humanity started to examine the power of man’s achievements....   [tags: ancient athens, philosophy] 1018 words
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The Role of Faith and the Gods in Oedipus Rex - A common struggle man faces is the question of who or what has power and control over his life. Does he have total control of his future, or is there a higher being at work that takes human lives into their own hands. Sophocles, in his work Oedipus Rex, establishes a view that gives fate, which is created by the gods, a seemingly inescapable characteristic over man. The role of fate is clearly defined, through the fulfillment of divine prophecy, and Oedipus’ inability to recognize prophecy as a realistic source of knowledge, as a fate that strikes a delicate balance with the free will of man....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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The Heart of Tragedy Based on Oedipus Rex - ... The denouement takes place when Oedipus is begging Creon to put him into exile. Character is also important in the Poetics. An important aspect of it, tragic flaw, also known as hamartia, is the fault in a character that eventually leads to their downfall. Oedipus, upon learning of Apollo’s creed to kill the murderer of the last king to restore Thebes to its former glory, becomes overly determined and vows to exile the murderer once he is found, including a family member if that is who the murderer turns out to be....   [tags: Sophocles, ancient Greek literature] 602 words
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Oedipus vs. Hamlet as Tragic Heroes - Oedipus from the drama, “Oedipus the King” and Hamlet from, “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark” are two characters that are different, yet they both share the same title of being a tragic hero. Oedipus and Hamlet have many characteristics of a tragic hero that separates them in varieties. However, some of those characteristics show that both characters have and use similar thought processes and methods, which classify them as tragic heroes of their dramas. The five characteristics of a tragic hero are: nobility, tragic flaw, peripeteia, anagnorisis, and lastly irony....   [tags: Character Analysis, Shakespeare]
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Tragic Heroes of The Iliad and Oedipus Rex Analysis - Calvin Coolidge once said, “Heroism is not only in the man, but in the occasion” (brainyquote.com). Heroes are among one of the most popular literary figures of all time. A Greek philosopher, Aristotle, wrote his notion of classic from of heroism called tragic heroism in his work entitled Poetics. In Poetics, Aristotle explains that there are certain qualities that a tragic hero has that can qualify him or her as tragically heroic. Two Grecian literary legends, Achilles from Homer’s Iliad and Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, fit the description of an Aristotelian tragic hero....   [tags: Aristotelian tragic heroes]
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Oedipus: Tragic Hero Or Victim Of Fate - In his work Nature and Elements of Tragedy, Aristotle outlined the characteristics needed in order to create a compelling tragic hero. He states that this particular character must be "better than we are," a man who is superior to the average man in some way. At the same time, a tragic hero must evoke both pity and fear among the audience, causing each member to experience a feeling of catharsis, or strong emotion. According to Aristotle, the best way to achieve this effect is to accurately portray the protagonist’s imperfections, for a character that constitutes good and evil is more convincing than a character that is purely good....   [tags: Sophocles] 1352 words
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Comparing A Doll's House and Oedipus Rex - Comparing A Doll's House and Oedipus Rex Ibsen's drama "A Doll's House", serves as an example of the kind of issue-based drama that distinguishes Ibsen from many of his contemporaries. The play's dialogue is not poetic, but very naturalistic, and the characters are recognizable people. Given the sense of modernity which the play possesses it seems unusual to compare it to a Greek tragedy produced more than two-thousand years previously. On closer examination however, there are certain similarities between the way in which "A Doll's House" is plotted and a tragedy such as Oedipus Rex....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing - Tragedy is one of the most popular genres that have been loved for more than a thousand years. This genre was first become popular in Ancient Greece, and significant amount of the classic masterpieces are from Greek playwrights. Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, is a main authority on this genre. He sets some specific rules for each tragedy to cleanse audience’s emotion while enjoying the play. He defines tragedy in Poetics, and his criteria are major sources that determine a genuine tragedy....   [tags: aristotle, tragedy, oedipus, ]
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The Role of Pride in Sophocles' Oedipus the King - “Oh my children, the new blood of ancient Thebes, why are you here?” said Oedipus when addressing his people during his first appearance (1-2). Flamboyant, yes, well in Oedipus the King, the main character Oedipus is a boastful and pompous character faced with troublesome pasts and future predicaments. In actuality, he is king of Thebes and the rightful ruler, but when a plague strikes he is quickly led into a misfortune of events that ultimately leads him to dig his eyes out in attempt to relieve him from the truth he discovers....   [tags: Oedipus the King] 960 words
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Oedipus’s Downfall in Oedipus the King, by by Sophocles - In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Oedipus’s downfall can be interpreted as brought about by his certainty of knowledge. The scholar Bernard Knox expresses that, “these attributes of divinity – knowledge, certainty, justice – are all qualities Oedipus thought he possessed – and that is why he was the perfect example of the inadequacy of human knowledge, certainty, and justice.” Oedipus is first held as the king of kings, and he believed himself to hold the knowledge he needed to act upon, yet this exact confidence led him to curse himself....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essay]
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Free Oedipus the King Essays: Metamorphosis of Oedipus - Metamorphosis of Oedipus in Oedipus Rex (the King)    The metamorphosis of Oedipus in Sophocles' "Oedipus Rex" is sudden and climactic. Sophocles wrote the tragedy to bring a certain moral conclusion to fruition by the end of the novel. To have change, the character of Oedipus first had to reveal his tragic flaw. He begins the story as a brilliant conqueror and becomes a bereft and blind man at the play's surface. However, the moral of the play is not merely the consequences of attempting to circumvent one's fate....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 517 words
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Taking a Look at Greek Tragedies - ... As the conventional tragic heroine Antigone’s demise is due to her tragic flaw being stubborn loyalty. “Hamartia” is defined in Greek tragedy as “the fatal flaw leading to the destruction of the tragic hero or heroine” (Barber). Antigone’s stubborn loyalty to her religious and familiar ties leads to her death. While most people would view loyalty as an honorable and laudable virtue her commitment to her family and towards the dead is so intense that it brings tragedy to her city once more just as her father and brothers have although unlike them her death is ethical and justified....   [tags: Antigone, Oedipus Rex] 2569 words
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Sophocles' Clever Use of Dramatic Irony in Oedipus the King - Dramatic irony depends on the audience’s knowing something that the character does not, and in this play the audience knows Oedipus faith before he knows it himself. In this play there are several parts where Sophocles conveys his plot through dramatic irony. Dramatic irony underlines how partial human perceptive can be even when it is most reasonable and how agonizing it can be to be the costs of the misinterpretation, in some sense foreseeable. Dramatic irony is also use by Sophocles to make the audience feel their taken part of the play knowing the fate of the main character, making the audience wait in suspense wanting to know how Oedipus would react to his fate....   [tags: Oedipus the King] 840 words
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Oedipus as Scapegoat in Oedipus the King - Oedipus as Scapegoat in Oedipus the King        The great psychologist-philosopher Carl Jung was briefly a student of Freud. Because Jung felt that Freud's approach to psychoanalysis was by far too narrow, he broke off from his teachings, and made significant contributions to mythological criticism. Jung's greatest contribution was his theory of archetypes. His proposal of archetypes argues that there is one original pattern or model of all things of the same type. According to Jung, beneath the personal unconscious is a collective unconscious that is in the psychic inheritance of all humans....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Spousal Relationships in Macbeth and Oedipus the King - In Macbeth, by William Shakesphere, and Oedipus the King by Sophocles, the spousal relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, and Oedipus and Jocasta, play a major role in the events that lead to the tragedy. Their love, respect, and determination for each other reveal the nature of the relationship shared by them. In Macbeth, the bond between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is strong. For instance, when he first hears the prophecy from the three weird sisters, he immediately writes to Lady Macbeth informing her about the prophecies....   [tags: Macbeth, Oedipus the King, marriage,] 741 words
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The Punishment of Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) - The Punishment of Oedipus the King At the end of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex, Oedipus, king of Thebes, ends up banished forever from his kingdom. Additionally, Oedipus physically puts out his own eyes, for several reasons which will be discussed later. The question is: Did Oedipus deserve his punishments. There are many factors that must be considered in answering this, including how Oedipus himself felt about his situation. His blinding was as much symbolic as it was physical pain....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 1180 words
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Our Decisions and a Predetermined Fate: Oedipus the King - Since the dawn of time prophecies have supposedly been passed down directly from the gods unto the prophets. In the ancient Grecian time, god’s word was worshipped and fate was all but fact. In the bible, Moses was one of the most famous prophets. In the 1500s, Nostradamus, who was a French apothecary and seer, wrote an entire collection of prophecies. Throughout history there have been theses men and many more who claimed to know details about the future. Why would so many prophecies become world renowned if there were no truths to them....   [tags: Fate, Oedipus the King, Oedipus Rex,] 756 words
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Oedipus the King - Oedipus the King The uniqueness of the story of Oedipus the King lies in the fact that it is not told, but uncovered. Intertwined within are the workings of fate, which ultimately propel the uncovering of the story (Driver 247). The past is relied upon to solve the mystery of the present; however, it is learned by all that actions taken in the past will not change the fate of the future. The gods of Sophocles are the forces which operate within the cosmos, thus giving its consistency and order....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 394 words
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The Cruel Transformation in Oedipus the King - The Cruel Transformation in Oedipus the King      When we look in the mirror, do we see what other people see or do we see what we delude ourselves into believing is the truth?  Self-realization is a complicated concept, one which many Greek dramatists used in order to clarify the themes of their tragedies.  In Oedipus the King, Sophocles ties Oedipus’ journey to self-realization with the main theme of the story.  As Oedipus slowly begins to realize his true self, he transforms from a proud and heroic king into a tyrant in denial into a scared, condemned man, humbled by his tragic fate.    In the beginning, Oedipus is portrayed as a confident, powerful hero.  His bravery and worth ar...   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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An Analysis of Oedipus the King - An Analysis of Oedipus the King Here is a story where Oedipus the King, who has accomplished great things in his life, discovers that the gods were only playing with him. He has everything a man of that time could want; he is king of Thebes, he has a wonderful wife and children, and great fame through out the lands. He has lived a good life, but in the end everything is taken from him. The priests of Thebes have come to Oedipus to stop the plague that is killing the people of Thebes. They revere him for his knowledge, since he solved the riddle of the Sphix many years before and became the king....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 465 words
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Essay on Jocasta in Oedipus the King - The Role of Jocasta in Oedipus the King "Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love Him." (James 1:12) Such is the proclamation in the Holy Bible, and so was the proclamation in ancient Greece. Since the founding of religion, the gods have sought to test those with power. Jocasta was sent by Apollo to do just that: to test Oedipus' - the king of Thebes - faith and conviction. Throughout the play, Jocasta tested the beliefs of those around her by feigning disbelief in the gods herself....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 657 words
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Jungian Archetypes and Oedipus the King - Jungian Archetypes and Oedipus the King      The play Oedipus the King by Sophocles has multiple examples of collective unconscious archetypes from the theories of Carl G. Jung. In general Jung's theories say that there are archetypes that define the world, its people, and why people participate or commit certain activities. Jung explains that these archetypes are harbored in the collective unconscious of every person's mind. The archetype of the hero is one of them. The middle of Oedipus the King shows the character Oedipus as the Jungian archetypal hero and sacrificial scapegoat....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Jocasta as the Victim of Oedipus the King - Jocasta as the Victim of Oedipus the King     The play Oedipus the King by Sophocles has often been described as the story of a “tragic hero.” This story is indeed tragic; however, Oedipus is not the only character stricken by tragedy. Equally stricken may be the character of Jocasta. She, as well as Oedipus, suffers many tragedies throughout the story. Shifting the story to a different perspective quite possibly may increase how we view it. The point is not to denounce Oedipus’ role as a tragic hero, but to denounce his role as the only tragic character....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Oedipus the King - Exploited or Exploiter? - Oedipus the King - Exploited or Exploiter.       Great thinkers throughout history have contrived intricate theories of social order. By applying these particular ideologies to literature, we as readers are able to see a great work through the eyes of one or many of history's most celebrated philosophers. Sophocles' Oedipus the King has been open to many interpretations. With its intricate plot, archetypical tragic character, and lofty social issues, Oedipus the King provides for virtually any and all interpretations....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Downfall and Destruction of Oedipus the King - The Destruction of Oedipus the King The events in the play "Oedipus the King" show an underlying relationship of mans free will existing within the cosmic order or fate that the Greeks believed guided the universe. Man was given the freedom to choose ones own acitons, and was ultimately held responsible for them. Both ideas of fate and free will played an undividing role in his destruction. Clarence Miller considered the killing of his father to be fate. " This is what I consider that if fate is meant to be by a God, there is no way of avoiding fate," Miller said....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 669 words
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Oedipus the King: Unrealistic or Realistic - Oedipus Rex – Unrealistic or Realistic                Let’s explore the traces of realsim and its opposite in Sophocles’ tragedy, Oedipus Rex.   The first obvious question is: How can this drama possibly be considered realistic since it relies so heavily on predetermination and fate in the life of the protagonist, Oedipus. As Jocasta recounts to Oedipus:   An oracle Once came to Laius (I will not say 'Twas from the Delphic god himself, but from His ministers) declaring he was doomed To perish by the hand of his own son, A child that should be born to him by me....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Marxist Theory and Oedipus the King - Marxist Theory and Oedipus the King       "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles" (Marx and Engels 2). This excerpt, taken from Karl Marx's and Friedrich Engels' The Communist Manifesto, explains the two primary classes found throughout most of Europe during the era of the Industrial Revolution. These classes were the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The former were known as the "exploiters" and the latter as the "exploited". The wealth, power, and prestige of the bourgeoisie, acquired mostly from their control of institutions, industries, and means of production, enabled them to force upon the proletariat their economic, political, and religious i...   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Role of the Chorus in Oedipus the King - What is the Role of the Chorus in Oedipus the King . In answering this question, I will look at the question in two ways. Firstly, I will look at the role of the chorus objectively, examining the basic role of the chorus in the play, and looking at the role of the Chorus as Sophocles would have intended the role of the Chorus to be understood. However, I will then look at how I think the Greek audience would have perceived the role of the Chorus and then how the role of the Chorus is perceived today by a 20th century and examine the key differences in the two different sets of perceptions....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 1308 words
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Irony in Oedipus the King - Irony in Oedipus the King      When Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King, he knew that his audience would have some idea as to the outcome, his tale being a Greek tragedy which follows a strict form. Not wanting to write a predictable, bland play, Sophocles used this knowledge to his advantage and created various situations in which dramatic irony plays a key role. Dramatic irony is present when the tragic truth is revealed to the audience before it is revealed to the characters within the story....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Word-association in Oedipus The King - Word-association in Oedipus The King       Let us play a little game, shall we. We have all played this at one point in our lives; it's the word-association game. Think red- you may think apple. Now think green- you may once again think apple. Wait a minute, how can that be. How can two words that are unrelated have the same picture in the mind of an individual. This is the basic idea of perception. Now let us apply this basic concept to the text of Oedipus Tyrannus. The main character, Oedipus, has lived his entire life with basic preconceived notion of his own existence....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Oedipus the King and Maslow's Pyramid - Oedipus the King and Maslow's Pyramid        People have long considered general theories of motivation, and the question regarding the specific motives that direct and energize our human behavior has undergone tremendous speculation. To this day the question still stands: what is it that humans seek most in life. In an effort to answer this question, Abraham Maslow proposed what he called the hierarchy of needs. Maslow theorizes that human beings are motivated to fulfill this hierarchy, which consists of needs ranging from those that are basic for survival up to those that promote growth and self-enhancement (Kassin 300)....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Characterization in Oedipus the King - Characterization in Oedipus Rex              The dialogue, action and motivation revolve about the characters in the story (Abrams 32-33). It is the purpose of this essay to demonstrate the types of characters present in Sophocles’ tragic drama, Oedipus Rex, whether static or dynamic, whether flat or round, and whether protrayed through showing or telling.   Werner Jaeger in “Sophocles’ Mastery of Character Development” pays the dramatist the very highest compliment with regard to character development:   The ineffaceable impression which Sophocles makes on us today and his imperishable position in the literature of the world are both due to his character-drawing....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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