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Navajo people and Why their Culture was Pivotal to Changing the Fate of the Allies - CHAY-DA-GAHI is Navajo for tortoise and U.S. codeword for tank. DA-HE-TIH-HI meaning humming bird was codeword for fighter plane. NE-HE-MAH meaning our mother was codeword for America. These are the code words uttered by the Navajo people during World War 2. The code was unbreakable and was derived from an ancient language that forever changed modern warfare. Ultimately, the code and the small band of warriors that uttered it left the axis powers scratching their heads in frustration. When we think of America, we often attribute the American people as those that came over on a boat....   [tags: navajo people, dine, world war] 616 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Navajo Code Talkers - The Navajo Code Talkers During the Pacific portion of World War II, increasingly frequent instances of broken codes plagued the United States Marine Corps. Because the Japanese had become adept code breakers, at one point a code based on a mathematical algorithm could not be considered secure for more than 24 hours. Desperate for an answer to the apparent problem, the Marines decided to implement a non-mathematical code; they turned to Philip Johnston's concept of using a coded Navajo language for transmissions....   [tags: History Navajo Indians Language Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
3339 words
(9.5 pages)
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Navajo Life - The Navajo tribe is the largest Native American group in Arizona. They first descended from the Apaches, who came from the Pueblos, also known as the Anasazi. The Navajo are known for weaving blankets, raising sheep, and generally being a peaceful tribe. Typically, the Navajo tribe was deeply religious, worshiping their common possessions, such as livestock and homes. The Navajo women were primary leaders in society. The typical Navajo's life was a wealth of culture. The Hogan is the traditional dwelling of the Navajo tribe....   [tags: Navajo Tribe Native American] 487 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Navajo or Diné - The Diné, or Navajo, exhibit in the Arizona Museum is organized in an appropriate manner. The exhibit starts with the introduction to the Diné people, discussing the Athapaskan Migration. It then displays a beautiful sand painting done by a Diné man which represents the Diné Bikeyah or homeland. The Diné are introduced as a pastoral people who adopted customs from other native peoples as they migrated south to present day Arizona. The next topic discussed in the exhibit is the Long Walk, or the forceful movement of Diné people to Fort Sumner in 1863 and the return to Diné Bikeyah in 1868....   [tags: pastoral people, Native-Americans]
:: 1 Works Cited
1385 words
(4 pages)
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The History of the Navajo Indians - The Navajo Indians used to live in northwestern Canada and Alaska. 1,000 years ago the Navajo Indians traveled south, because there was more qualities they had seeked there. When the Navajo Indians traveled south there was a lot of oil in the 1940’s. Today the Navajo Indians are located in the Four Corners. The marriage practices for the Navajo Indians are very unique. The bride must be bought with horses, sheep, or other valuable items. What many Navajo Indians used to use in the 40’s were love potions....   [tags: Native Americans, informative] 575 words
(1.6 pages)
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Cultural Aspects of the Navajo Indians - Culture gives definition to a group of people’s way of life. Culture defines people; It is who the people are. The Navajo Indians are a group located in the southwestern part of the United States with a distinct culture. They originated there sometime between the year “1200 and 1500” (Craats 4). Unlike the beginning of their residence in the United States, different aspects of the culture have changed, but the Navajo people still remain a culturally rich group of people. To this day, their political organization, economy, social organization, and religious beliefs are the four major elements that make them who they are as a whole....   [tags: Native American, Culture, Indian tribe]
:: 8 Works Cited
2384 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Navajo Codetalkers: The Beginnings - During the Second World War, a certain group of Native Americans joined the war and possibly changed the course of history. Over 420 Navajo fought in WWII and communicated with their unique language. Their rights were taken away from them by the country they were responsible for protecting. Despite being prosecuted and treated harshly, the situations their country was facing such as the stronger Japanese offensives early on in the war, Americans needed to use all of its resources, and the Navajo pride in warriors and warfare ultimately led to the involvement of the Navajo in the Second World War....   [tags: World War II, Racial Prosecution]
:: 9 Works Cited
869 words
(2.5 pages)
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Uranium Exposure on the Navajo Nation - Introduction The Navajo Nations geology makes it one of the riches deposit sites for uranium and other nonrenewable resources. Uranium is a naturally occurring element in trace amounts in the earth’s crust and has been used for many different purposes. In the last century the uranium ore was used extensively by the federal government for atomic energy defenses. Uranium mine operators removed nearly four million tons of ore from 1944 to 1986 resulting in 520 abandoned uranium mines on the Navajo Nation (Maldonado 2005)....   [tags: element, hazard, mining, carcinogen, safety]
:: 15 Works Cited
960 words
(2.7 pages)
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History of the Navajo Tribe - INTRODUCTION According to the history of the Navajo Tribe, the Holy People lived in the underworld and helped by guiding the First Man and First Woman to earth (McCoy 1988). The Holy People are said to be attracted to songs, dances, and chants during the ceremony along with the creation of Sandpainting. The Sandpainting is used in the healing process of the ceremony to draw a picture that tells a story of the Holy People. The Navajo culture have amazed so many people to how beautifully constructed the rituals are performed....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Native Americans] 2251 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Navajo Code Talkers - After accepting Philip Johnston’s offer, Marine recruiters visited Navajo schools in Fort WIngate, Arizona and Shiprock, New Mexico to find the most educated Navajos to create an unbreakable and successful code. The Marines agreed to only take 30 Navajos, because they didn’t want to lose much money in case of a disaster. After a long search and the men were selected, the chosen Navajos were taken to a San Diego training camp in California (Aaseng 22). While living in the camps, Navajo men had to adapt to many different things such as new foods, living quarters, mechanical equipment, and competition which was never part of Navajo culture....   [tags: WWII, encryption]
:: 1 Works Cited
1981 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Navajo Code Talkers - Navajo Code Talkers NE-HE-MAH - Our mother country. Navajo Nation is a piece of land within parts of Utah, Arizona and New Mexico. The entire nation covers 27, 000 square miles. In early days and early writings when the pilgrims arrived on this continent Native Americans did not for this land so the pilgrims said so they have no rights to this land. Pioneers told of the uncivilized Native Americans who, due to the fact they were uncivilized could not own this land. Prospectors who pushed west were telling others of the Native Americans who could not speak English so they truly could not own this land....   [tags: language, war, messages] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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Navajo Tribe Issues - Residing in the Southwest United States, the Navajo Indian tribe is one of the largest tribes in America today. In their own language, they refer to themselves as Diné which means “the people”. They are an old tribe with descendants tracing their roots back to the thirteenth century. The first contact that the Navajos had with white settlers was during the Mexican American War in 1846. The United States conducted peaceful relations with the Navajo for over fifteen years. Forts were built to help protect the Navajo from Spanish/Mexican raids on the Navajo’s cattle....   [tags: American History Native American]
:: 15 Works Cited
2333 words
(6.7 pages)
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Navajo Water Rights - The controversy over water rights has been a long battle that the Navajo Nation has endured for decades. This controversy which is complicated by numerous issues has only been increasing in recent years. For example the Navajo Hopi Little Colorado Water Settlement that has been in litigation for 33 years. Of particular note Navajo people and their elected officials are struggling to balance expectations with reality including legally mandated coordination with state and federal governments. As a result there has been notable conflict in resources associated with water management....   [tags: Native Americans, Tribes ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1058 words
(3 pages)
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Navajo Code Talkers - Gunshots whistle overhead. Their screams combining with the patterned explosion of guns, and land mines, enfolding all in a column of death and smoke. The symphony of sounds, seamlessly morphing into a ghastly melody: one of lament and agony. Harsh sounds saturating the shredded landscape with a nightmarish quality. Your tortured senses protest, their cries of indignation lost amidst the clamour of soldiers. Fixed and rigid in place, soldiers’ minds and bodies slowly succumbing to the inevitability of death....   [tags: gunshots, guns, land mines]
:: 9 Works Cited
1648 words
(4.7 pages)
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Attitudes Towards the Navajo Tribe's Language and Culture - In this day and age, and with every passing day, there are numerous languages succumbing to extinction, falling into disuse and anonymity; being forever lost to the winds of time. But as they say, "Every cloud has its silver lining," the silver lining in this case is the increase and rise in awareness and efforts being undertaken to preserve, revitalize, and revive these languages that are not yet lost to us. Something that is revitalized is defined as "being given new life or vigor to," and should we abide by this definition, it is pleasing to see that numerous fit in this criterion; the criteria of being revitalized....   [tags: Preservation Of Language, Native American History]
:: 12 Works Cited
2105 words
(6 pages)
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Navajo Indians See the Importance of Supporting their Families and Communities - The Navajo nation is the largest U.S Indian tribe. It has more than 250,000 people. They are located in Northern New Mexico, a portion of southern Utah, and part of northern Arizona. They first descended from the Apaches, who came from the Pueblos. Their native language is Athapaskan. “Navajo” came from the word navahu’u meaning “farm fields in the valley.” The Spanish chroniclers first referred to the Navajos as Apaches de Nabajo’ meaning Apaches who farm in the valley. Then the name was eventually shortened to the Navajo....   [tags: Native Americans, American Indians,] 609 words
(1.7 pages)
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What are the Three Branches of the Navajo Nation Government? - The Navajo Nation Government (A Nation within a Nation) The Navajo Nation consists of Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. The Navajoland is larger than 10 of the 50 states in America. Navajo Nation is the name of a sovereign Native American established by the Dine (1). To be en-enrolled member of the Navajo Tribe, the person requesting to be enrolled has to have a blood-quantum of one-fourth degree Indian blood. When you have one-fourth blood quantum, you get a Certificate of Indian Blood (C.I.B)....   [tags: Native Americans ]
:: 10 Works Cited
2227 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Development of the Navajo Rug and Blanket - The Development of the Navajo Rug and Blanket Navajo rugs and weavings have gone through an evolution, the earlier weavings were influenced by legends and represented meaningful events in their lives. The contemporary weavings are more about designs, and demands for the Navajo rug. By taking a look at specific historical events between 1700 and 1900, the reader can discover how this evolution unfolded. Throughout history, the rugs maintained their artistic value, however the intent for their creation was quite different....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
2453 words
(7 pages)
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The Navajo Code Talkers in World War II - A. Plan of the Investigation This investigation evaluates to what extent did the Navajo code talkers aid the American military during WWII. In order to assess the extent to which these soldiers assisted the American military during WWII, this investigation focuses on their involvement in transmitting military messages in their native tongue, and the events surrounding these transmissions. In addition, the contribution of other Native American code talkers is considered and compared to that of the Navajos specifically within the investigation....   [tags: American Military, World War II, Native Tongue]
:: 11 Works Cited
1524 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Navajo People and Their Environmental Concerns - The Navajo People and Their Environmental Concerns Introduction This nation was built on the foundation that “All Men are Created Equal.” Under the eyes of God, no man is better than another. This has held our nation together and forced us to exist interdependently. We are fortunate to live in a nation that possesses such a wealth of diversity. It makes our nation unique and gives people the opportunity to learn about the beauty of culture. However, history has shown us that not all have embraced diversity....   [tags: History Historical Native Americans Essays] 3160 words
(9 pages)
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History of the Navajo People - History of the Navajo People The people who were going to become the Navajo tribe settled in what would be the mountains of New Mexico in or around the 1600's. Prior to that time the area was the home of the Anasazi (The Ancient Ones.) The Anasazi had lived there for approximately 1200 years but, for unexplained reasons, they abandoned their highly developed dwellings and moved westward and southward. A new group of people, the Athapascans, migrated from what are now Canada, Alaska, and the American Northwest southward to settle in the Southwest of America....   [tags: Native American Indian Tribe] 1780 words
(5.1 pages)
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Navajo Code Talkers in WW2 - Navajo Code Talkers: Unknown Heroes Seldom has it ever occurred that heroes to our country, let alone in general, have had to wait decades for proper acknowledgement for their heroic deeds. This is not the case for the Navajo Code Talkers. These brave souls had to wait a total of six decades to be acknowledged for their contributions to the United States and the Allied Forces of WWII. The code talkers were an influential piece to the success of the United States forces in the Pacific. Thus had it not been for the Native Americans that volunteered to be code talkers, there might not have been such a drastic turn around in the fighting of the Pacific Theatre....   [tags: World War II] 1731 words
(4.9 pages)
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Virus Among the Navajo - Virus Among the Navajo Medical investigators, such as myself, have not given a great deal of attention to the "medical" traditions of indigenous groups in the past. But the outcomes of the recent investigation that took place in "The Four Corners" area exemplify our need to consider age-old notions right along with the ecological history of the region in question. A few months ago, the New Mexico Department of Health notified my department (Office of Medical Investigations) that three young and healthy adults from the Navajo Nation had died of a sudden respiratory illness....   [tags: Native Americans Influenza Essays]
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977 words
(2.8 pages)
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Personal and Cultural Experience: My Cheii - ... The man they have grown up with, their unconditional father who guides them and scolds them when necessary. They have grown up with him and have seen him everyday of their lives. Without thinking for a second how important it is to cherish their experiences with him. To his grandchildren who have not seen him he is a stranger who they have developed a relationship with even if it’s through a phone call. They trust him without a doubt and love him unconditionally. Yet they are those grandchildren who feel hopeless and fooled....   [tags: navajo, memories] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Navajo Life Ways - Navajo Life Ways For the Navajo, oral histories illuminate the way to uphold a fruitful, modern life. Unlike other native Athapaskan speaking groups, the Navajo are “exceptionally resilient” in the face of modernization through their high language retention (9). In preserving their language, the Navajo preserve the oral traditions that give them the “knowledge” to overcome the “manifestation of improper, disharmonious behavior” generated through Western influence (41). In retaining the knowledge given to them, the Navajo can use the social crisis of an epidemic and the political upheaval of relocation to reinforce understanding of Navajo values for both Navajo and non-Navajo alike....   [tags: Essays Papers] 898 words
(2.6 pages)
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Navajo Blanket Weaving - Through out the ages some of the most impressive feats of blanket weaving has been produced by the Navajo people. One of the most beautiful styles that the Navajo created are the "chief blankets". These blankets have played a extremely important role in the survival of their people with the coming of Western society and are still continued to be made to this day To understand the effort and significance of these works, first one must understand its people. The Navajo are thought to be descendants from the people known as the Athabascan's, who migrated from Northwest of Canada and Alaska to the American Southwest around 1200 to 1500 CE ....   [tags: Native American Indian Art] 1647 words
(4.7 pages)
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Navajo-Hopi Lande Dispute - Navajo-Hopi Lande Dispute When first considering the Navajo-Hopi land dispute as a topic of research, I anticipated a relatively light research paper discussing the local skirmishes between the two tribes. However, my research has yielded innumerable volumes of facts, figures and varying viewpoints on a struggle that has dominated the two tribes for over 100 years. The story is an ever-changing one, evolving from local conflict to forcible relocation to big business interests. The incredible breadth of the dispute's history makes it impossible to objectively cover the entire progression from all viewpoints....   [tags: Papers] 1667 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Navajo and Their Impact on World War II and the Lives of All Native Americans - The Navajo and Their Impact on World War II and the Lives of All Native Americans Throughout the history of the United States, the Native American people have been the victim of the European immigrants that came as early as the 1400’s. These immigrants, for the majority of their American occupation, cheated, uprooted, and killed the Native peoples of America, and the Natives endured it for hundreds of years. Today, they are an accepted part of American society as people are more tolerant, but it was not until very recently that they began to move towards assimilation....   [tags: code talkers, assimilation, oppressed minorities]
:: 14 Works Cited
2536 words
(7.2 pages)
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Adolf Hitler Rises to Power in Europe While the U.S. Recruits Native Americans - ... The Japanese intelligence experts broke every code of the US forces, which made them one-step ahead in combat. The United States thought that the Japanese and the Axis powers would not be able to decipher a novel code if it would consist of Native American terms. The use of the Navajo language to create a code during World War II was the idea of Philip Johnston, the son of William and Margaret Johnston who were Protestant missionaries to the Navajo (Holm 71). Johnston was born and raised in the reservation; he was also the one of very few Americans who could speak the Navajo language precisely (Aaseng 17)....   [tags: navajo, world war, language] 1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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My experience at the Riverside Metropolitan Museum - INTRODUCTION Some say that it is better not to dwell on the past because it cannot be changed. To these people, it is not necessarily bad to reminisce on what has happened throughout the years, but it is better to focus on what is taking place right now. They believe that the present is another chance to start fresh and anew without letting past experiences burden them. However, what they do not seem to realize is that the past, present, and future are interrelated. The present is a result of the past, while the future depends entirely on the choices, (and course of action for those choices), that are made in the present....   [tags: Hogans, Navajo Culture]
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2867 words
(8.2 pages)
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Dine College: A Personal Plea - I am writing this letter to plead the case of one of Arizona’s most prized institutions—Dine College. Knowing that you are a strong advocate for education, and in observance of your determination to be the leading state in school choice (whether it is public, private or charter), I strongly want to urge you against closing down Dine College. Not only will the closure be a huge mistake in depriving many Arizona Natives an extraordinary education, it will be a terrible economic decision as well. I am quite familiar with your fiscal policy, and I had the privilege to hear you speak on the five billion dollar deficit in Arizona in 2010....   [tags: Natives, Navajo, Native College] 1222 words
(3.5 pages)
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Kinaalda: A Girl's Puberty Ceremony - There are a number of activities that take place during the ceremony and each part has its own purpose and significance. As a whole, the procession takes place over a course of four days and within a decent amount of time of the first menstruation. However, in the event of the child being away at boarding school they will go home immediately or if this is not an option then the ceremony must be postponed. The ordering of events take place over the course of the four days directly relate to the myth of the origins of Kinaalda....   [tags: Navajo society and religion]
:: 20 Works Cited
2047 words
(5.8 pages)
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Loss and Symbolism in Lullaby by Leslie Marmon Silko - Lullaby, by Leslie Marmon Silko, is a story about and old, Navajo woman that is reflecting on some of the saddest events in her life. Lullaby shows how the white people have damaged the Native American life style, culture and traditions. Loss and symbolism are two major themes in this story. Loss in lullaby is a theme that shows the fall of a culture. Ayah, the main character, through the story laments the death of her son Jimmie. When the white doctors came and took away her children, she mourned that Jimmie was not there to defend his family....   [tags: navajo, white, culture, lifestyle, traditions] 574 words
(1.6 pages)
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Peace or Violence: Differences between the Navajo and Babylonian Creation Myths - Peace or Violence: Differences Between the Navajo and Babylonian Creation Myths "The study of world history is an exhilarating project that offers unparallel opportunity to understand oneself and one's own society in relation to the larger world" (Bently xvii). Indeed, world history is an exciting and interesting topic. The textbooks seem to get more in depth and detailed with every new year. But how exactly do historians get all of the material to make these textbooks. What do they base their facts on....   [tags: World History] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
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THE UNBROKEN CODE - Introduction Pearl Harbor went under attack by the Japanese in the Pacific. During this time the news went over the radio airwaves and everyone who heard the news knew that war was imminent. The Navajo people had a reason to resent the white people during that time, but to protect their land and their way of life on the reservation was of upmost importance to them. Regardless of their opinions, many would enlist into the Marine Corps. There came about the first Twenty nine Navajo men that use their native language to defend their way of life....   [tags: World War II, Navajo Language]
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1425 words
(4.1 pages)
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Comparing The Earth on Turtle's Back, When Grizzlies Walked Upright, And the Navajo Origin Legend - Comparing The Earth on Turtle's Back, When Grizzlies Walked Upright, And the Navajo Origin Legend When this world came to being, there was no single explanation of its origin. Many Native American tribes and other religious groups throughout the world created their own origin or creation myths for the earth on a whole or just the people of the earth. The basis of these myths was cultural and social beliefs of the many different tribes around the world. The Earth on Turtle's Back, When Grizzlies Walked Upright, and The Navajo Origin Legend are the three creation myths by the Onondaga, the Modoc, and the Navajo....   [tags: Papers] 1049 words
(3 pages)
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Back to School - Back to School Coming back to school was not something I was planning to do. It would pop into my head now and then, but I never really intended to follow through with it. However, now that I am back in school, it has changed my goals in my life, not only for me but also for my children. I want to be a positive role model. I would like to be someone they could look up to and be proud of. As for me, my role model was my grandfather, I always looked up to him and he has never let me down....   [tags: Personal Narrative Native Americans Navajo Essays] 1274 words
(3.6 pages)
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Beauty in the Eyes of the Dine' Navaho Culture - Throughout this unique class, we have explored many amazing facets of the Dine’ people. From stories, to pieces of art, to the language itself, the beauty of Navajo culture is easily seen by all who have the fortune to come into contact with them. Unlike Navajo culture, however, the Western world uses a very loose definition for “beauty” that typically revolves around physical traits: a beautiful girl usually looks a certain way, a beautiful voice usually sounds a certain way, and a beautiful painting usually looks a certain way....   [tags: Native American peoples and beliefs]
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1576 words
(4.5 pages)
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the navaho code talkers - THE NAVAHO CODE TALKERS A peaceable agricultural Native American people related to the Apache, population about 200,000. They were attacked by Kit Carson and US troops 1864, and were rounded up and exiled. Their reservation, created 1868, is the largest in the US 65,000 sq km/25,000 sq mi , and is mainly in NE Arizona but extends into NW New Mexico and SE Utah. Many Navajo now herd sheep and earn an income from tourism, making and selling rugs, blankets, and silver and turquoise jewelry....   [tags: essays research papers] 931 words
(2.7 pages)
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Earth Is My Mother Sky Is My Father Book Review - Anthropologist Trudy Griffin Pierce wrote Earth Is My Mother, Sky Is My Father to inform her readers about the Navajo way of life through her own anthropological research used to publish this book as well as research done by other anthropologists. This essay will review the research done by Griffin Pierce and other anthropologists she cites in her attempt to inform readers about the Navajo tribe. To elaborate, this essay will highlight research done by two different anthropologists Griffin Pierce uses to explain more about Navajo life and will assess whether or not Griffin Pierce successfully provides valuable information....   [tags: Tudy Griffin Pierce, literary analysis]
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1520 words
(4.3 pages)
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Individual Autonomy and Social Structure - Individual Autonomy and Social Structure: Dorothy Lee Throughout the years, anthropologist Dorothy Lee has longed to understand the diversity of other cultures in a way to conquer the conflicts that have risen in western society. She addresses the key social problem as one which attempts to pacify social structure and personal autonomy. Dorothy Lee gives an insight on child rearing within the Navaho Indian culture which encourages respect for the sheer personal being; a solution to what she views as crucial involving the disagreements between structure and freedom....   [tags: Link, Navaho Indians, Study] 734 words
(2.1 pages)
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Professional Communication Cultural Sensitivity - Professional Communication Cultural Sensitivity Guide Cultural competence can be defined as using the ability of one’s awareness, attitude, knowledge and skill to effectively interact with a patient’s many cultural differences. Madeline Leininger, a pioneer on transcultural nursing describes it this way; “a formal area of study and practice focused on comparative human-care differences and similarities of the beliefs, values and patterned lifeways of cultures to provide culturally congruent, meaningful, and beneficial health care to people” (Barker, 2009, p....   [tags: Culture ]
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1569 words
(4.5 pages)
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Native American Code Talkers and the American Public - IB-HL History of the Americas Historical Investigation Native American Code Talkers and the American Public Why did the Navajo code talkers of World War II receive more public attention after the war than their counterparts, the Comanche code talkers. Word Count: 1918 Table of Contents Table of Contents……………………………………………............…………………………...2 A. Plan of Investigation…………….………………….............…….…………………….....3 B. Summary of Evidence…………………....………………….....………….……………......3 C....   [tags: US History]
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2094 words
(6 pages)
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Stories and a White Man: An Open Letter to My Navaho Students - Stories and a White Man: An Open Letter to My Navaho Students Some of your Elders encourage you to leave the university and return to the reservation. They tell you that the university is not for you. I respect your Elders because I understand that they wish the best for you, but I cannot agree with them. Come here. Let's share a place together, here on this page, as real as Second Mesa where the wind makes its own stories and all of us must listen to the language of Crow in order to find our way home....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1760 words
(5 pages)
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Long Walk of the Diné - The world view of the Navajo who had lived for many centuries on the high Colorado Plateau was one of living in balance with all of nature, as the stewards of their vast homeland which covered parts of four modern states. They had no concept of religion as being something separate from living day to day and prayed to many spirits. It was also a matriarchal society and had no single powerful leader as their pastoral lifestyle living in scattered independent family groups require no such entity. This brought them repeatedly into conflict with Spanish, Mexicans and increasingly by the mid-nineteenth century, Americans as these practices were contrary to their male dominated religiously monolith...   [tags: Native Americans ]
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1968 words
(5.6 pages)
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Don’t Run With The Clock, Walk With The Sun - Don’t Run With The Clock, Walk With The Sun In the cross-cultural relationship between Navajos and Indian traders, trading incorporated separate economic philosophies. Navajo communal “share all goods” values clashed with the capitalistic economic philosophy of the traders. These differences did not sway the necessity for survival. Instead, it provided the genuine opportunity for Navajos and Indian traders to share conditions and familiarity of the area in which they lived in. Navajos distrusted the economic aspect of the trading system....   [tags: Indians Native Americans Trading Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1859 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Nuclear Energy Controversy: Finding a Place for the Nuclear Waste - Nuclear waste has a reputation for making law makers and the public uneasy, thus it is difficult to find a site for nuclear waste disposal units. However, creating such sites is necessary to allow nuclear energy to the electricity production forefront in America. In the search for a waste disposal location, companies have been turning toward Native American reservations as the final resting places of the radioactive waste. Multiple tribes have quickly denied companies access to their land, but others have taken advantage of the potentially prosperous opportunity....   [tags: pollution, radiation, environmental issues]
:: 8 Works Cited
1865 words
(5.3 pages)
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Tony Hillerman's The Ghostaway - Tony Hillerman's The Ghostaway In a country that is the melting pot for many cultures, it is hard to interact with all of them. Tony Hillerman educates readers about one culture, the Navajos, through his novel, The Ghostway. After a shooting occurs in the quiet Indian reservation, a Navajo police Jim Chee, officer overcomes many obstacles physically, mentally, and spiritually to sort the case out and protect a young girl. He is constantly struggling with his identity, whether or not he should continue living his life as a Navajo or cross over to mainstream “white” life....   [tags: melting pot cultures] 1003 words
(2.9 pages)
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the san francisco peaks - In 1629, a group of Franciscans stationed at the village of Oraibi named the giant mountains they saw San Francisco, in honor of St. Francis of Assisi . Opinions over the use of the peaks by Native tribes and this new influx of culture are as far apart as the names they call the mountain itself. At over a mile high, the San Francisco Mountains tower over the predominantly Anglo town of Flagstaff to the south. The mountain range was actually formed by a volcano that is now inactive. These peaks have long been considered sacred ground by thirteen Native American tribes, including the Hopi and the Navajo....   [tags: Native American Studies] 1493 words
(4.3 pages)
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The Truth is in the Details - When I received the assignment of comparing and contrasting the “Naturalist” to that of “Landscape and Narrative”, admittedly I was a bit dismayed at the idea of analyzing two writings I seemed to comprehend very little of. Upon reading them over and over, jotting down idea after idea, and crumpling up paper after paper, I came to the conclusion that I may or may not be over-thinking the assignment. My interpretation, though a bit underdeveloped, is this: Barry Lopez, in “The Naturalist” explains what it means to be a naturalist, the expectations a naturalist, and the modern naturalist’s ideology....   [tags: Comparative, The Naturalist] 768 words
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Uranium Mining - Uranium mining in the United States has been prevalent from after World War II until the 1980’s. Uranium was popularly mined as part of a war effort. Mining of naturally occurring chemical elements takes place all over the world when those materials are found in significant quantities. In nearly everything we use, there is some part of it that has been made from a natural product that has been mined or extracted from the earth. Little do we recognize where the materials from our everyday products originate, or the process in which they were recovered....   [tags: pollution, environmental degradation, radiation]
:: 16 Works Cited
3112 words
(8.9 pages)
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Dineh and Walbiri Cultures: A Comparison of Art - Art originally in earlier cultures had a different purpose. Currently people create art for an aesthetic purpose for others to view in galleries, theaters, or museums creating distance for the audience. Initially art was created for purposes other than aesthetics, and people participated and interacted with the art and artist. This intertwined relationship between humans and art is especially seen in the Dineh and Wilbiri cultures. These two groups created drypaintings. People in both these groups directly interacted with the paintings instead of viewing them from a distance....   [tags: Contagion, culture, arts] 1207 words
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Saving Black Mesa - Saving Black Mesa Works Cited Missing To the northeast part of Arizona lay a conflict between two indigenous groups from the surrounding area and the world’s largest coal company formerly known as Peabody Coal (now Peabody Energy). The Hopi and Navajo reservations surround a region known as Black Mesa. Black Mesa is located on both the Navajo and Hopi Reservations which is a target source for underground water called the N-aquifer. The N-aquifer contains a great amount of pristine Ice Age water....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers] 1808 words
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Characters in A Thief Of Time By Tony Hillerman - In A Thief of Time, Tony Hillerman's characters display perspectives of diverse cultural backgrounds. In Jim Chee and Joe Leaphorn we see a shared heritage, as well as their contrasting points of view which stem from choosing different values to live by. Quite a few characters in Hillerman's book, who are not of Navajo blood, connect themselves with Navajo culture through digs, collection, and personal gain. This essay will briefly touch on the view points of three characters; Jim Chee, Joe Leaphorn, and Richard DuMont....   [tags: Tony Hillerman] 808 words
(2.3 pages)
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Arizona Needs to MIne Black Mesa - To the northeastern part of Arizona lay a debacle between the Native American citizens and a coal mining company known as Peabody Coal. In the seemingly unending conflict between the two groups, the problem began in 1968 when the Hopi and Navajo tribes both signed leases to Peabody Coal for mining. The contract included paying both tribes more than $1000 per acre-foot of natural aquifer water each year (Peabody Energy Online par 4). As time drew on, many indigenous people were alarmed that the water was carelessly being depleted from their land....   [tags: Counter Argument] 1253 words
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How the West Was Won - How the West Was Won Table of contents???pg.1 (History) How the West was ?won?????pg.2 (History) Harmony Lost???pg.3 The Long Walk???pgs.4-7 Bibliography???pg.8 How the West was ?won?. For hundreds of years the early stories of the United States have been summed up by the expression, ?How the West was won.. The classic cowboy and Indian films have always portrayed the white settlers moving across America?s plains and mountains to be innocent at heart in their journeys to search for gold or save souls....   [tags: Papers] 717 words
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Uranium in Geobacter and Its Effects - ... In strains which expressed pili the uranium precipitated along the conductive pili, away from the cellular envelope. Geobacter species have been successfully implemented in bioremediation techniques in multiple locations. Rifle Mill in Colorado is a uranium mill site where uranium contamination in subterranean aquifers is prevalent. In situ stimulation in Geobacter species via acetate (1 to 3 mM) which was injected over a period of 3 months yielded promising results. Within 50 days U (VI) levels “had declined below the prescribed treatment level of 0.18 micro M in some of the monitoring wells” (Lovely et al, 2003)....   [tags: insoluble, metal, groundwater, salts]
:: 8 Works Cited
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Clothing Store: Urban Outfitters INC - ... Richard Hayne the founder of Urban Outfitters Inc. is the mastermind behind this worldwide known clothing store. Hayne created the little store in Philiadelphia that has become an iconic urban hipster store. Being a college hippie himself Hayne understood the need to be free at a young age, his store appeals to the younger generation because of the independent mind of a young adult. Young minds are very liberal and open to numerous ideas so wasn’t it ironic that the founder of Urban Outfitters supported Rick Santorum an anti-gay activist....   [tags: brands, sales, bed-bug ] 985 words
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Comparison Of Treatments Of Native Americans In The East And West - East of the Mississippi Early European colonists that came to North America found a sparsely inhabited coastline which gave them opportunities to settle and succeed where others had previously failed. Since many of the pilgrims were in search of religious freedom they saw a land their god had prepared for them by wiping out the natives through pestilence and disease. The fact is that the plague of disease that wiped out more than 90% of the original inhabitants of the northern east coast was brought by European fisherman around 1617, who were fond of the cod in the Massachusetts Bay area....   [tags: American History] 1561 words
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Review of the Article “How the West was Lost” - In the article review “ How the West was Lost” the author, William T. Hagan explains that in a brief thirty-eight year period between 1848 and 1886, the Indians of the Western United States lost their fight with the United States to keep their lands. While nothing in the article tells us who Hagan is, or when the article was written, his central theme of the article is to inform us of how the Indians lost their lands to the white settlers. I found three main ideas in the article that I feel that Hagan was trying to get across to us....   [tags: native americans, american history] 1092 words
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Practicing Praxis: A Response to The Yellowman Tapes - As a scholar invested in the progression of the field of Native American material cultural studies, I consistently recondition my understanding of both epistemology and the appropriate ways to approach cultural circumstances of the so-called “Other” through personal encounters and the shared experiences of my contemporaries. My own ethical position is forever fluid, negotiated by both Native and non-Native sources as I attempt to find ground in what exactly I intend to do (outside of an occupation) with the knowledge I accumulate....   [tags: Sociology ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1051 words
(3 pages)
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Native American Cultures, Tribes, and Religion - Even though there are numerous Native American tribes and cultures, they all are mostly derivatives of other tribes. For instance, in the southwest there are large number of Pueblo and Apache people including, the Acoma Pueblo tribe, Apache Chiricahua, Jemez Pueblo, and Apache Western. In this section, largely populated groups in certain regions (northwest, southwest, The Great Plains, northeast, and southeast) religious ideas, practices, and impact on American culture will be discussed. First, the northwestern region, which includes the areas from: the northwestern coast from Oregon to Washington, the Rocky Mountains, and the Cascades Mountains consist of mainly Paiute, Shoshone, and Blackf...   [tags: Native American Studies]
:: 2 Works Cited
849 words
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Racism and Discrimination in America - While browsing through articles on the internet, I came across many related to the topic of racism. I am beginning to feel as if I am surrounded by stories of racism. From the KKK’s aggressive campaign against immigrants, to the police violence against black people in cites throughout our nation, racism and discrimination continue to be problems. One story stood out to me and continues to make me uncomfortable. Malachi Wilson, a five year-old boy, could not attend his first day of kindergarten in Seminole, Texas....   [tags: Racism in the United States]
:: 1 Works Cited
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Momaday's Angle of Geese and Other Poems - Angle of Geese and Other Poems MOMADAY had been writing poetry since his college days at University of New Mexico, and this volume incorporates many of his earlier efforts. Momaday admired the poetry of Hart Crane as an undergraduate, and early poems like "Los Alamos" show Crane's influence. Under the tutelage of Yvor Winters at Stanford Momaday developed an ability to provide clear, precise details and images in his verse. As a graduate student at Stanford, Momaday absorbed the influence of an eclectic group of poets including Emily Dickinson, Wallace Stevens, Paul Valery, Charles Baudelaire, and Frederick Goddard Tuckerman, the subject of Momaday's PhD dissertation....   [tags: Momaday's Angle of Geese]
:: 1 Works Cited
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Native American Youth - Native American Youth The United States educational system faces a major challenge in addressing the disenfranchisement of youth due to poverty and racism in the schools. The U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 found that “currently about one-quarter of Blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans are living in poverty in the U.S. compared to less than 10% of Asian Americans or Whites.” (Hughes et al. 2010, p. 2) Hughes, Newkirk & Stenhjem (2010) identified the stressors children living in poverty faced caused young adolescents to suffer mental and physical health issues which resulted in anxiety, hypertension, fear and depression....   [tags: Native Americans ]
:: 4 Works Cited
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The Dark Side of Clean Energy: Uranium and Its Forgotten History - Research Question: Is uranium mining for nuclear power in the Grand Canyon a responsible reaction to climate change given the local history of mining and its effects. Introduction: - My Story: Our family farm in Shiprock, New Mexico is not too big, but you can feel the age of the house, and of the dirt. I remember when I was younger, playing with my cousin at “the farm.” We would run back and forth between the house and the apricot tree behind the trailer, taking supplies to our fort. We went through the old shed to find plates and pans to play “kitchen” with....   [tags: Energy ]
:: 3 Works Cited
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Historical Events in Codes and Cryptography - Historical Events in Codes and Cryptography Introduction: Information security today is a vast field, with more money, publications, and practitioners than all of computer science had a half-century ago (Diffie, 2008). The importance of information security in today’s society is exponentially greater than even ten years ago; businesses crumble at severe security breaches, people lose their identities, and countries lose well-kept secrets. Before this security came into importance, before widespread use of computers and other devices, it was known by another name; cryptology....   [tags: Information Security, Publications, Practitioners]
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Leslie Marmon Silko's Lullaby, Storyteller, and Yellow Woman - Leslie Marmon Silko's Lullaby, Storyteller, and Yellow Woman Leslie Marmon Silko?s work is set apart due to her Native American Heritage. She writes through ?Indian eyes. which makes her stories very different from others. Silko is a Pueblo Indian and was educated in one of the governments. BIA schools. She knows the culture of the white man, which is not uncommon for modern American Indians. Her work is powerful and educating at the same time.      In this paper, I will discuss three different works by Silko (Lullaby, Storyteller, and Yellow Woman)....   [tags: Silko Lullaby Storyteller Yellow Woman Essays] 845 words
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The Writings of Scott Momaday - Scott Momaday is an author that uses his roots to weave enchanting stories that reach into the heart of things that we ordinarily overlook. He uses nature as an instrument, to illustrate the beauty in the simple, nearly forgotten knowledge of the Native American people. His stories are rich with meaning, but in a subtle way that only really makes sense once you have experienced the same type of search for self. They are steeped in the oral traditions of his ancestors to make supremely compelling stories with layers upon layers of culture and knowledge that are easily relatable and understandable....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2375 words
(6.8 pages)
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Benjamin Franklin Believed Moderation: Most Important Virtue of Life - ... Many people believe that suicide victims are infested with lies and don’t take caution to suicidal individuals. The National Institute of Mental Health have aware the citizens of United States in 2010 by warning “Most suicide attempts are expressions of extreme distress, not harmless bids for attention. A person who appears suicidal should not be left alone and needs immediate mental-health treatment. Studies showed that a type of psychotherapy called cognitive therapy reduced the rate of repeated suicide attempts by 50 percent during a year of follow-up6.” In our nation, many suicidal citizens are constantly trying to be accepted into modern society, this loses moderation and the inspir...   [tags: virtue, ethics, mental health]
:: 7 Works Cited
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Comparing "Windtalkers" and "Tora! Tora! Tora!" - Our two films were Windtalkers (2002) and Tora. Tora. Tora. (1970). Each of these two movies were about the Americans and World War II. In Windtalkers, the main character Sergeant Joe Enders is tasked with protecting a Navaho code talker, Ben Yahzee. He is then sent into combat by the Marines to Saipan, a heavily defended Japanese island. On the other hand, Tora. Tora. Tora. focuses on the Japanese and American sides of the events during and leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. It mostly depicts the behind-the-scene events, including the American breaking of the Purple Code, the ignorance of command at Pearl Harbor, and the intents and motives of the Japanese....   [tags: Film Analysis ]
:: 2 Works Cited
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Southwestern American Cuisine - Growing up, spicy foods weren’t one of my favorite flavor profiles in dishes. I tend to avoid such cuisines that use bold spices and ingredients such as curries and moles, and “jerk” anything. As my palate became more advance I am now able to tolerate a little heat and kick with my food. Speaking of which, the cuisine of the southwest region of the United States has really become one of my favorite cuisines. The flavors are bold, the use of indigenous ingredients and the cultural blends make its food what it is....   [tags: cooking, food, tex-mex]
:: 4 Works Cited
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Community Gardening: One Solution for Curing Diabetes - To talk about the diabetic epidemic African Americans, Native Americans and Latinos and not include its companion obesity only paints half of the full picture (Lombard, Forster-Cox and Smeal) (Oregon Department of Human Services). The diabetes targeted in this discussion is type 2. Type 1 diabetes is genetically derived; it is the body’s inability to produce insulin (American Diabetes Association). This type usually affects children and young adults. Type 2 is caused by unhealthy eating and lifestyle choices over a period of time....   [tags: insulin, food, sustainability]
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The History and Applications of Cryptography - Cryptography is the study of secure or secret communications. Cryptography has been around for thousands of years. Cryptography has been around for thousands of years. Cryptography deals with authentication, confidentiality, and integrity of data. There are many different implementations of cryptography in information systems. This paper will cover hashing, encryption, digital signatures, and digital certificates. Cryptography dates back as early as the Egyptian Hieroglyphs that were carved into the Pyramids and other Egyptian artifacts....   [tags: study of secret communications]
:: 5 Works Cited
1296 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Vanishing American: Historical Context - From the very beginning of European colonization of the New World, the Native American population has continually been dropping. Throughout the frontier history of the United States, the chief objective of the pioneering white race was to move the savages aside by any way necessary, in order to settle the vast landscape of the continent. It was not until the Indian population was almost entirely wiped out that American society took an interest in the phenomenon of the perishing native race. Going along with societal trends, renown Western novelist Zane Grey published a work focused on the doomed people....   [tags: Film] 1674 words
(4.8 pages)
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Native American Culture in a Modern America: House Made of Dawn by Scott Momaday - Native American Culture in a Modern America House Made of dawn by Scott Momaday is about a Native American named Abel who struggles throughout his journey, always wanting to belong to his tribe, but his failure to immerse himself with his own culture as well as struggle with modern life leaves him devastated. This causes Abel to develop an alcohol problem and communication problems, with his tribe and also causes him to distrust Caucasian men around him. The novel portrays the identity crisis that Native American’s suffer, through Abels search for identity as he struggles to cope with the two very different worlds he is forced to live in....   [tags: tribes, communication problem, fitting in]
:: 7 Works Cited
2018 words
(5.8 pages)
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Creation Myths of the Kono, the Cherokee, the Ethiopian, the Iroquai and the Navahoe - Throughout life, there have been many periods when men were superior to women. This fact of men being better or more superior to women is not as present in our lives anymore. Many creation myths show this aspect throughout their stories. The creation myths of the Kono, the Cherokee, the Ethiopian, the Iroquois, and the Navajo tribes identify a key human trait and all have examples of the dominance of a man over woman which signifies the human quality of superiority over inferiority. The story of the Kono people of Guinea is about how the earth was created and where the origin of death was started....   [tags: dominance of a man over woman]
:: 5 Works Cited
1189 words
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Left or Right Who Has More Brain Power to Learn - brain is a very complex part of the body that has everything to do with daily life and the ability to learn. As many people do not understand there are two parts of the brain and each works completely different in how one will learn and retain information. Why is the brain such a complex system and has the ability to adapt to every situation. We are going to be looking at the Left and Right side of the Brain and how each hemisphere works from the time you are a child and starting to receive information and the brain as a whole....   [tags: brain, ethnic groups, indians]
:: 4 Works Cited
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(2.6 pages)
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The Native American Experience: Through The Eyes of Poetry - Code “What I’m about to tell you, Corporal, cannot leave this room. Under no circumstances can you allow your code talker to fall into enemy hands. Your mission is to protect the code… at all cost.” In the movie, Windtalkers, this is how a commander wants his marine to treat the paired Navajo code talker. That is, if it’s necessary, his marine could kill the Navajo, just like abandoning one of his properties. Even in the mid 1900s, the Native Americans were still treated not as human beings, but rather, machines; therefore, it is not hard for us to imagine how even more frightening the Native Americans’ circumstances were in the early days when they were first colonized by the western sett...   [tags: Native Americans Literature] 1864 words
(5.3 pages)
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Native American Voices Know the Definition of Native American - Many school children celebrate a cliché Thanksgiving tradition in class where they play Indians and Pilgrims, and some children engage in the play of Cowboys vs. Indians. It is known that some died when colonization occurred, that some fought the United States government, and that they can be boiled down to just another school mascot. This is what many people understand of the original inhabitants of America. Historical knowledge of these people has been shallow and stereotyped. The past 150 years has given birth to a literate people now able to record their past, present, and future....   [tags: American History, Oral Tradition] 1821 words
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