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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Moral"
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Moral Development and Importance of Moral Reasoning - 1.0 Introduction: Lawrence Kohlberg was the follower of Piaget’s theory of Moral development in principle but wanted to make his own theory by expanding his theory and study on that particular topic. Kohlberg was a very bright student and he served as a professor in the Harvard University. He become popular when he issued his Moral Development Theory by conducting research on that topic at Harvard’s Center for Moral Education. Kohlberg believed that people moral behaviors are based on their moral reasoning, and their moral reasoning changed in accordance to their behaviors and actions when they move from one stage to another....   [tags: Moral Reasoning]
:: 12 Works Cited
3004 words
(8.6 pages)
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Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments - Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: Normative Moral Relativity, Moral Objectivity] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments - Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: normative moral relativity, moral objectivity] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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Moral Reasoning by the Great Philosophers - "Moral thought, then, seems to behave like all other kinds of thought. Progress through the moral levels and stages is characterized by increasing differentiation and increasing integration, and hence is the same kind of progress that scientific theory represents." Quoted by Mr. Kohlberg himself. Kohlberg developed a set of stages on what he thought how man develops morally. Lawrence Kohlberg's reasoning for the stages of moral development stemmed from Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget; who was one of the first to study systematically moral reasoning in children....   [tags: reasoning, moral, code, development, ] 1380 words
(3.9 pages)
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Moral Luck and Internal Justification - Despite his two claims being about morality in general, Williams focuses his argument on cases of internal justification based on internal moral assessments. He claims that whether an agent views himself as justified may depend largely on luck. However, this justification may never be pertinent to external agents, insofar as external agents have no obligation to listen to personal justifications. Notably, Williams isn’t arguing against a particular philosophy but against a common-sense view that morality is both immune from luck and a supreme value....   [tags: WIlliam, arguments, moral assessments]
:: 1 Works Cited
959 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Importance of Moral Values - Marissa is twenty-four years old, engaged, and a preschool teacher at a learning center. She always had thought of being a teacher but considered other jobs as well. Marissa believes in the moral value that every individual should be treated with respect and love. She also believes in the moral value of a team or group effort. Jenny is fifty-three years old, single and never married, and a telemarketer by day and a deli worker at night. Jenny’s moral commitment to animals is very strong. Marissa and Jenny are two different people, living two different lives however they have some similarities and differences about them....   [tags: Moral Values Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
913 words
(2.6 pages)
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Moral Reasoning by Laura Kaplan - The primary issue that was addressed in the Journal article, “Moral Reasoning of MSW Social Workers and the Influence of Education” written by Laura Kaplan, was that social workers make critical decisions on a daily basis that effect others. They influence their clients’ lives through giving timely and appropriate funding to them and their families, through deciding should a family stay together or should they have a better life with another family, or connecting the client with appropriate resources that can enhance their lives....   [tags: social workers, moral judgement]
:: 5 Works Cited
1218 words
(3.5 pages)
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What is Moral Theology? - Moral Theology is a branch of theology, the science of God and Devine things. It is also considered as the study of the ‘beginning and the end of a man’s moral life’ and essentially the analysis of how one should act. As a Roman Catholic life is marked by interior devotion to God and following the Ten Commandments. Theology, is understood to mean supernatural theology that is the science of God and Devine things, in as far as it based on supernatural Revelation. The focusing theme contains not only God in his essence, but also his actions, and his works of salvation and the guidance, which are led to God whom will be our supernatural end....   [tags: moral, catholic, excess] 1416 words
(4 pages)
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Are Non-Human Entities Entitled to Moral Consideration? - Perhaps the most important question moral philosophy can ask is: who or what is entitled to moral rights. When we discuss differing moral philosophies such as utilitarianism or deontology we do so with the underlying assumption that human beings are centric to the moral code. Should we assume this. Historically speaking humans have only been present on this planet for 100,000 years. The planet itself has been around 4.6 billion years, so the environment and animal life existed long before intelligent human life emerged....   [tags: moral philosophy] 1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Ethical Dilemma of Defining Moral Absolutes - When our ancestors began to develop cognitive thought, they began to compare themselves to one another in an attempt to decide what is morally permissible behavior, and what is not. Although, our global community has grown to be very large, and culturally diverse these same moral debates still linger in today’s society. Fundamentalist believe that there are absolute moral codes that apply to all societies. Inherently the fundamentalist view sounds like an ideal view that all cultures should respect....   [tags: moral absolutes, fundamentalist, relativism]
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1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Ethical and Moral Philosophies: Application to Business - Define and Discuss Philosophies’ Application to Business Business philosophy refers to application of theoretic framework to determine the manner in which a business entity deals with various forms of operation. It refers to formation and operation of a corporate entity in areas that include management, accounting, public relations, business operations, marketing, and training (Dahlsrud, 2008). Moral philosophy, on the other hand, refers to values that determine the rightness or wrongness of an action (Bartels, 2008)....   [tags: Ethical and Moral Philosophies]
:: 4 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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Moral Twin Earth Argument - My purpose in this essay is to explain and discuss the importance of the “moral twin earth” argument. This theory focuses on the argument first proposed by Hare, which states that in order to have a genuine moral disagreement there needs to be a common understanding of the concept in question. This theory holds importance because it openly refutes Cornell realism, which denies that moral terms, like ‘right’, are synonymous to any non-moral terms that may be part of the properties that ‘right’ picks out; the properties that are attached to moral terms, like ‘right’ are responsible for their usage....   [tags: theory, concept, realism, moral, practice]
:: 3 Works Cited
742 words
(2.1 pages)
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Evolution and Moral Truths - ... An article published in Psychology Today argues that there are two main reasons for believing that moral bears the imprint of evolutionary history: nonhuman animals exhibit some aspects of human morality, and there is an impressive collection of theories explaining how standard, moral behavior has evolved. It is with these two reasons that the analysis of this paper will begin. The first argument the Psychology Today asserts is that while animals “don’t reason explicitly about right and wrong”, they do “exhibit some aspects of human morality” (Stewart-Williams)....   [tags: god, moral relativism, natural selection]
:: 4 Works Cited
1402 words
(4 pages)
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Two Different Versions of the Moral Saint - Susan Wolf presents two different versions of the Moral Saint in order to show that a perfectly moral person does not live a desirable life. A saint is someone who lives a perfectly moral life according to a given ethical system, and “a necessary condition of moral sainthood would be that one’s life be dominated by a commitment to improving the welfare of others or of society as a whole” (Wolf). Is a Moral Saintliness even a humanly possible. Susan Wolf’s description of a Moral Saint is virtually a fictional being....   [tags: ring of gyges, moral life, saints]
:: 5 Works Cited
1044 words
(3 pages)
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Objective Moral Norms and Values According to Error Theory - Almost everyone seems to believe that we live in a world with objective norms; norms about what we should and shouldn’t do; norms about what is good and what is bad, what is right and what is wrong. We are always interested in discussing what is morally right or objectively valued but do we ask whether anything is anyhow valued. The error theory already asked whether norms exist at all and what we may mistake as an objective value. Error theory rejects the idea that there are objective moral norms and values that are independent of us....   [tags: norm, objective, moral] 717 words
(2 pages)
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The Crisis of Moral Competence Development of Medical Students - INTRODUCTION Morality is a natural and a cultural phenomenon which develops through the interplay of psychological components of an individual, and through the interactions of people within a society.1 It directs behavior that affects others with the intent to lessen evil or harm.2 Moral judgement is the fundamental psychological structure by which individuals make decisions about their rights and responsibilities.3 Lawrence Kohlberg defines a moral competence as the capacity to make moral judgements and decide accordingly to one’s personal values.4 Lind extends this definition to include social situation, defining moral competence as the ability to solve conflicts on the basis of shared mo...   [tags: Moral Judgements, Person's Values, Culture]
:: 42 Works Cited
1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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Does Religion Really Effect Moral Values? - Typically many religious people claim that ethics and morality relies on what God rules them to be and fail to see that morality can still be just as significant to a person that doesn't believe in God. Theists, followers of God presume religion to be a substantial reason for our moral conduct. Nonbelievers such as atheists are still capable of understanding the difference between what is right and wrong without religion. John, believes that if there wasn't a higher power to give us the set rules and reasons of how to behave then anything we do would be measured equally....   [tags: religion, right, wrong, moral, values] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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Social Organizations and Moral Regulation Projects: Governing Morals by Alan Hunt - Moral regulation has been – and still is – a very heated topic for discussion. In chapters two and three of his book, Governing Morals: A Social History of Moral Regulation, author Alan Hunt speaks of various social organizations and their different attempts at moral regulation projects from the late 18th to early 20th century. Although the two chapters flow into each other, and time turns from one century to the next, various and complex societal changes, and in turn, approaches to moral regulation are noted....   [tags: victorian societies, moral regulation]
:: 1 Works Cited
1191 words
(3.4 pages)
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Moral Innocence in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee - The book “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee is the story with a moral of innocence. “To Kill a Mockingbird” is a book based around several important moral values. A young girl named Scout portrays the lessons that are learned in the book. In the book, Scout learns many lessons about people and the world, mostly taught by her father Atticus. Scout learns one very important lesson from Atticus, the lesson about “Mockingbirds”. Atticus explains to Scout, “It is a sin to kill a mockingbird....   [tags: moral values, Atticus Finch, Robinson and Arthur] 875 words
(2.5 pages)
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Moral Philosophy and Moral Reasoning Applied to a Home Care Nursing Company - World wide, annually over a 100,000 women will give birth to a child that is born with some form of disability. In 1986 a home health care company by the name of ABS Homecare was created by a young entrepreneur that understood the overwhelming demand of home health care staffing. Home care nursing is a very profitable business as ABS Home care may receive fifty dollars an hour by the patient or caregivers insurance company, but only pay the nurse fifteen dollars an hour to care for a patient. The agency supplies and staffs the nurses to take care of patients with a long-term disease or illness that would normally deem them to be institutionalized....   [tags: Moral Philosophy] 1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages - The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages Part One:The criticisms of Kohlberg's moral development stages seem to center around three major points, his research methods, the "regression" of stage four, and finally his goals.The first criticism that I would like to address is that of his research methods. Kohlberg is often criticized for not only his subject selection, but also the methods by which he tries to extricate data from those subjects. His initial study consisted of school boys from a private institution in Chicago....   [tags: Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg Essays] 5371 words
(15.3 pages)
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Moral Philosophy as Applied Science by Ruse and Wilson - Moral Philosophy as Applied Science by Ruse and Wilson Ruse and Wilson in "Moral Philosophy as Applied Science" give the example of brother-sister incest avoidance as being an ethical code motivated by an epigenetic rule that confers an adaptive advantage on those who avoid intercourse with their siblings....   [tags: Moral Philosophy Genetics] 1900 words
(5.4 pages)
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Relationship between McCarthyism, Saudi Arabia's War on Witchcraft, Moral Panic that Occured in Christian Nations and the Salem Witch Trials - ... Many of you may not know of McCarthyism, basically McCarthyism was a period when a man named Joseph McCarthy caused a massive uproar of hysteria in the U.S.A. Mass hysteria in the so called “Land of the free”. The hysteria centered around McCarthy was centered around him wanting a second term which led him to make outrages claims that “more than 200 employees in the State Department were card-carrying members of the Communist Party.” These claims were never proven but it caused massive Anti-Communist sentiment amongst the population to unfold....   [tags: collective moral panic, primal behavior] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Moral Realism - Moral Realism In this paper, I examine the connection between judgments of fact and moral judgments in an attempt to discern whether moral judgments are simply a subset of judgments of fact. I will look mostly at an argument posed by many moral realists that takes moral facts to be “supervenient natural facts which are independent of our theorizing about them”1 and in which moral judgments are determined by objective facts which relate to human flourishing or pleasure and pain. I will also, though, take a look at the fact/value gap and determine the effect on the connection between moral judgments and judgments of fact of an attempt to close this gap....   [tags: Judgment Fact Moral Ethics Essays] 2633 words
(7.5 pages)
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Douglas N. Husak's A Moral Right to Use Drugs - Douglas N. Husak's A Moral Right to Use Drugs In Douglas N. Husak’s A Moral Right to Use Drugs he attempts to look at drug use from an impartial standpoint in order to determine what is the best legal status for currently illegal drugs. Husak first describes the current legal situation concerning drugs in America, citing figures that show how drug crimes now make up a large percentage of crimes in our country. Husak explains the disruption which this causes within the judicial system and it is made clear that he is not content with the current way drugs are treated....   [tags: Husak Moral Right Drugs Essays] 1269 words
(3.6 pages)
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Moral Obligation or Moral Responsibility - Moral obligation is a controversial matter. We currently live in a “world of plenty”, however, the number of human beings dying or suffering from hunger, malnutrition or disease is staggering. In this essay, I am going to examine the arguments for and against moral obligation to helping the poor and starving, and in particular I will take into account Singer’s opinions on the matter. “Do we have any obligations to, or moral responsibility for, people living in other countries. If so, are we responsible only for our political allies, or obligated only to countries we think can benefit us....   [tags: human rights, hunger, malnutrition]
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1669 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Moral of the Story - The Genre I choose was fables. Fables all started in remote locations and where told by word of mouth well before they were written in books. Fables have been passed down from generation to generation. So, most fables we know today have traces to generations past. Fables also give insight to past customs, old traditions, beliefs, customs and rites. Fables are generally short stories in prose or verse which tell the story of animals, people or things. Many fables take animals, mythical creatures, plants, inanimate objects or force of nature and given them human characteristics and qualities....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2124 words
(6.1 pages)
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Abortion is Not Moral - Abortion; as defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary is, “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. This is the definition of abortion of which I will be reviewing its ethical status. After Roe vs Wade, the supreme court simultaneously decided that women have the right of privacy under the 14th amendment; making it acceptable to abort a pregnancy within the first trimester (Vaughn 119). The main argument on abortion is really a debate on human life, and whether it has value from the moment of conception....   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]
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1033 words
(3 pages)
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A Character and Moral Study of George Milton: Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck - ... This displays George’s cleverness with Lennie. George also uses his creative thinking to keep them out of the trouble. When they first arrive in Soledad and the boss questions why the two travel around together, but Lennie doesn’t speak, George states “He’s my... cousin... He got kicked in the head by a horse when he was a kid” (Steinbeck 22), which is a lie. George also hid himself and Lennie in an irrigation ditch in Weed after Lennie got in trouble for touching a girl’s soft red dress. However, George also uses his cleverness at the end of the novel after killing Lennie with Carlson’s gun....   [tags: lennie, loneliness, moral conflict]
:: 1 Works Cited
908 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Moral Decline - Is our society in a state of moral decline. To answer this question we have to define the word “moral” first. In Merriam-Webster dictionary the definition of the word moral is “Concerning or relating to what is right and wrong in human behavior.” From this definition we can understand that a moral decline is a decline in knowing the different between right or wrong. In another word our moral is like a guide for every choice we make in our life. Therefore anything could affect our moral reasoning would affect our life....   [tags: pornography, morality, economy, family, divorce]
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1124 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Moral Instinct - Understanding morality requires careful, deliberate, and systematic efforts. The sad thing is that despite these things, one cannot be fully guaranteed that he or she will grasp the amorphous nature of morality. Different people understand morality differently. There are those who look at it as an instinct. An instinctive behavior is one that does not need an understanding of its object; this understanding comes after the behavior. Instinct has a priori element that made Plato believe that instinct is something that an individual learns or does, but has never learned or done before....   [tags: Plato, individuals, systematic efforts]
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2033 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Moral Questions - Moral obligations to one another should be simple and straight forward. However, issues such as abortion, gay marriage rights, healthcare for all, affirmative action and other social issues (questions) in general are debated back and forth between intellects like ping pong ball in a table tennis game. As it turns out it is not easy. In a pluralistic society like that of the United States, deciding what is moral can potentially go in two-hundred million different directions. So how are the moral questions decided....   [tags: Rawls, government, morality, social contract]
:: 1 Works Cited
1111 words
(3.2 pages)
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Abortion is Moral - Suppose there exists a country, referred to in this paper as Country X, where women are believed to be the inferior sex. As a result, women are not afforded the rights and freedoms their male counterparts enjoy. For instance, they have no control over the social, political, or economic sectors of their lives and receive a very limited education. A female resident of Country X finds herself pregnant with a healthy female fetus that she intends to abort, her reason being that she does not wish her daughter to have a life marked by such severe oppression....   [tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice]
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1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion - Imagine…the birth of a human being into the world. 9 months of endless anticipation leading to someone’s first chance at seeing the world for the first time. While some enjoy the result of a pregnancy, leading to a new human being entering life, some are not so fond, or just can’t be in such a situation. Abortion is the supposed “cure” to this problem and is, for the most part, done safely. However, one of the factors stopping someone from committing an abortion is the consideration of moral status on the child....   [tags: elective abortion, pregancy termination]
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1684 words
(4.8 pages)
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Terrorism and Moral Panic in America - Societies will always have problems that cause some sort of reaction from individuals who believe that their social stability is being endangered. There have been a number of moral panics which have captivated society in terror and more often than not, owing to unfamiliarity. This essay will discuss the perception of a moral panic and will look at the case of the September 11th Terrorist attack against the United States of America, which triggered a colossal conflict of morality within modern day society....   [tags: Terrorism Essays]
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1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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Importance of Moral Character in Sports - Ones moral character can be determined by virtue ethics. The virtue ethics of someone’s character can as well be based on how they behave under certain circumstances. In sport, moral character is related to many aspects including cheating. Laws and rules are also based on this theory. Everyone needs to obey the same set of rules to have a good moral character. So does breaking these rules make a person immoral. Virtue ethics essentially focuses on creating a morally good character. Also, these moral decisions are said to make you a happier, well-lived, person....   [tags: ethics, cheating, gamesmanship] 1327 words
(3.8 pages)
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No Moral Obligation to the Earth - A relatively young philosophy and rapidly groving movement is environmentalism. It has roots in ethical philosophy. It presents a moral duty in having an obligation to the planet. However, its approach is misguided: While it is obviously useful to study and to be familiar with the the Earth we inhabit, presenting a moral obligation of protecting it is an incorrect approach. Many have been lead to accept this falsehood, guided by shaky logic and sentimental notions of no moral concern. We have no moral obligation to the Earth....   [tags: ethical philosophy, morality, environmentalism]
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903 words
(2.6 pages)
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A Discussion to Compare Moral Theories - ... For the ethical relativist, there are no universal moral standards -- standards that can be applied to all peoples at all times. Culture and personal morals cause a person to make certain moral decisions. Personally, my beliefs align with ethical relativism, as I do not believe that all morality adhere to universal laws or the fear of a spiritual deity. I feel that the way we treat each other as human beings, the lessons taught by my culture and my own internal feelings of right and wrong guide me....   [tags: ethical, abolutism, relativism]
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707 words
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What Is the 'Moral' of the Scarlet Letter - ... Without knowing the truth behind her sin the society has no rights to force her to stand in scaffold to face public shame and guilt which disheartens Hester and her child. So, Hester committing a sin plays an important moral to the text scarlet letter. The nature of puritan society is also an important moral of the scarlet letter as the puritan society was different from other society during 17th century. The society and the people followed a strict puritan laws and regulation with moral values....   [tags: Nathaniel Hawthorne novel analysis]
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1101 words
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What Is the Moral of the Scarlet Letter? - ... The society has the power and she should obey the punishment as the puritans have rights to prison her, so the strict puritan society is an important moral in the scarlet letter. Another important moral in the scarlet letter is the sin and the guilt of the Hester Prynne. Hester commits a crime which is great and she should be ready to face it. Hester being in love affairs has cost her life in prison. Being in affair with Dimmesdale a men whom she loved and got pregnant was not a small matter but what counts the most was that she was already married so these matter was big and no way for society to except her faults and she is a sinner which is a huge thing....   [tags: Nathaniel Hawthorne, story analysis]
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961 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Moral and Ethical Dilemmas of Anthropology - Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and also to the persons or cultures of which they study. These two important parts of anthropology – the research and those being researched – can be conflicting. The Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association presents itself as a body of guidelines for discussing these ethical and moral conflicts....   [tags: ethics, antrhopological] 1242 words
(3.5 pages)
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Immanuel Kant and the Moral Law - Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws....   [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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Cognitive and Moral Development of Children - Cognitive and moral developments are determined by a child’s experience and environment. As the child matures into adulthood they begin to view the world differently. The capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling is defined as perspective taking (Berk, 2007). This view aids in adolescents moral understanding and development. Identifying a child’s developmental stage assists in determining the proper support that is needed in order to provide a safe and nourishing environment....   [tags: child development, psychology, piaget, informative]
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1482 words
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An Inside Look at Moral Panics - ... Because two taboos had become intertwined, the town of Massachusetts became engrossed in the topic of witches. While men were also the victims, women were the center of the burnings, and were usually seen as outcasts that exposed an area or town to a negative reputation. This is highly sexist, as women had few lifestyle options, and if they deviated from what was expected, they were at risk of being accused of witchcraft. Weeding out unpleasant townsfolk was a major criteria for trials. In this period, women generally belonged to a father until married....   [tags: mass hysteria over a taboo]
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995 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Moral Symbolism of the Green Girdle - The symbolism of the girdle in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight changes and grows as the poem progresses, adding Gawain's honor and sin to seemingly separate ideas of an untamed nature related to the otherworld and animal instincts. Piotr Sadowski, in his The Knight on His Quest: Symbolic Patterns of Transition in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, calls the girdle a symbol of “complex moral truth” that the other knights of the Round Table fail to learn from, as Gawain does. While I agree that the girdle's most important function is the message it conveys about morality as it pertains to courtly behavior, I argue that the moral ideal the girdle sets is not higher than the knights achieve, but...   [tags: Poetry Analysis] 1814 words
(5.2 pages)
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Moral Decline in the United States - Many people try to argue that there is not a moral decline going on. I have heard things such as, “the ratio of moral people and unmoral people is the same as fifty years ago; as the population grows the amount of moral and unmoral people grow too.” And what about “life around us is changing, we just have different priorties and values which determine our morals.” Everyone has their own idea of morality, what’s right and wrong and what is causing this moral decline, if there even is one. I believe there is a moral decline in our country and 74 percent of Americans agree with me according to the Cultural and Media Institute....   [tags: morality, religion, ] 1513 words
(4.3 pages)
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Moral Law and the Just Regime - St. Augustine and Aquinas reasoned that the just city would also be a moral city. The city would assist in the physical and spiritual salvation of men. Their ideas of a just city would necessarily require moral laws. Laws required punishment when broken. Their ideas of a just regime could easily bring about a religious tyranny. However, reasonable people recognize that modern tyrannies, which may use religious concepts for their basis of a just regime or a purely immoral, evil regime, which is only interested in power or wealth, are about coercion and oppression....   [tags: Government]
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1503 words
(4.3 pages)
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Moral Change: The Lives of Others - The movie The Lives of Others is based in East Berlin in 1984. It involves an agent of the secret police, Wiesler, who is invited to a theatrical premiere by his old school friend, Lieutenant-Colonel Anton Grubitz. The play is written by German playwright Georg Dreyman and the leading character is played by Dreyman’s lover, Christa-Maria Sieland. Dreyman has a certain notoriety among DDR officials because he’s one of the few East German writers whose work is read in the West. Wiesler suspects that Dreyman’s loyalty to the party is not as strong as it may seem....   [tags: Film Analysis, Artificial Virtues]
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905 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Moral Problem of Fair Trade - 1. Summary The present economy is not based on one country or even two; it is global and its “profits now” mentality threatens to destroy small scale producers who get in the way. Small farmers and producers have little hope of competing with corporate powerhouses and are left with little resources or prospects for their future. Many third world children have little choice but to work rather than attend school for an education and end up being exploited all in the name of revenue returns. Fair Trade was introduced to balance this inequality and help exploited producers break free of the vicious cycle of poverty....   [tags: Economy, Global Profits, Small Scale Producers]
:: 5 Works Cited
1174 words
(3.4 pages)
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Psychology Stages of Moral Development - Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg is widely known for his proposed stages of moral development; he argued that the development of moral reasoning “is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan.” (Cherry). Moreover, Kohlberg’s stages of moral development involve three levels, namely: the preconventional moral reasoning, conventional moral reasoning and postconventional moral reasoning. Each of these levels consists of two stages. Furthermore, we will examine Kohlberg’s stages of moral development by creating a character named Ciara....   [tags: Psychology]
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1321 words
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The Moral Dilemma of the Death Sentence - There are many instances where a person is executed wrongfully, if this is the case, why do it at all. If a loved one is murdered, and their murderer was sentenced to death, if given the opportunity, would you spare them their life. I believe if you chose not to spare a human life, you chose wrong; I plan on arguing why this is morally wrong, and how it could be resolved. Let’s analyze a scenario, a woman’s husband was murdered, she is certain that he is guilty of it because he confessed to the murder on the day he was going to be executed....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Justice System] 962 words
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The Moral of the Story in Friends Episode - In chapter four of the textbook titled The Moral of the Story we are encountered with theories of human nature, as well as a brief overview of an episode of Friends which deals with the complexity of the term psychological egoism. The issue in this episode is whether or not Joey can be proved wrong by Phoebe that all acts of kindness are not done to achieve personal gain, but rather that an act of kindness can be done simply to help another person while expecting nothing in return. Personally, I believe the theory to be fixed since there is a list of flaws that don’t allow this concept to stand alone on its own two feet....   [tags: egoism, human nature, friends] 1256 words
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Capital Punishment is Moral and Ethical - Aristotle defines morality as reasoning well for a complete life. As humans we understand this and work to create our own moral code; however, the question is what that moral code should be. Although we put laws into place to define what is best for humanity, our morality is easily split. Among moral questions the arguments of life appear to be the most controversial. What we find moral often either benefits the group or the individual. Do we have the right to kill an individual for the supposed common good....   [tags: Pro Death Penalty Essays]
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The Great Gatsby: Is Gatsby Moral? - The Great Gatsby is a story written by Scott Fitzgerald. It is a story about a twisted love affair among the main characters, daisy and Gatsby. The author though his characters shows how striving for wealth defined individuals dreams. Moreover, the story revolves around a pursuit of happiness for the protagonist. This story represents characters who fail to learn from their past experiences and mistakes. The characters in this book are static, starting with Jay Gatsby, Tom Buchanan, Daisy Buchanan, and Nick....   [tags: literary analysis]
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The moral cost of video games - With a huge projected screen replacing my perspective of the world around me, I jumped right into the immersive experience of playing one of the most realistic war games on the market: “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2”. Inside a fiery world of smoke, smog, and tall abandoned houses, adrenaline rushed through my brain and tensed my body with excitement as I followed a team of nine through a maze of doorways and alleys. I quickly lost track of them and I hid at the end of a small dead alley while I waited for something to move or make a sound....   [tags: Analysis, Matthew Devereux] 1270 words
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Moral Poison: Heathcliff as an Antihero - In literature, a hero is fundamentally a paragon of moral strength while a villain is a challenger of virtue. As the protagonist of Charlotte Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff fulfills the broadest definition of a literary hero but this only thinly veils his dark delight in causing torment that places him squarely in the realms of villainy. His only trace of humanity is revealed by the transcendent love he shares with Catherine. It is this value that evokes sympathy from the audience and mitigates his immorality, rendering him an antihero rather than a villain....   [tags: Charlotte Bronte's Wuthering Heights] 1284 words
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The Moral Value of Fairy Tales - Fairy Tales As a son to a mother who is in love with fairy tales, I know a little about them. Everyone has heard of the common stories such as Cinderella and Hansel & Gretel. But these are your common bedtime stories. There’s other versions of these stories known as, Grimm’s Fairy Tales. They’re far more interesting and less childish in my opinion. They also have a very interesting background and development story behind them. The reason why I’m writing this is because as humans we love to tell stories....   [tags: grimm, children, journey] 937 words
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The Moral Question of Abortion - Abortion is the termination of the unborn as a result of its physical destruction. The three types of abortion consist of therapeutic abortion, spontaneous abortion and elective abortion. Therapeutic abortion is an abortion done for reasons regarding the health of the mother. A spontaneous abortion is a miscarriage, a fetus being expelled before it is physically able to live under normal conditions outside the uterus on its own. This especially happens between the third and seventh months of pregnancy....   [tags: pro-life, pro-choice]
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The Moral Development of Huckleberry Finn - Huck Finn, a narcissistic and unreliable young boy, slowly morphs into a courteous figure of respect and selflessness. After Pap abducts the young and civilized Huck, Huck descends into his old habits of lies and half-truths. However, upon helping a runaway slave escape, Huck regains morality and a sense of purpose. Throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, Huck lies to characters, casting the authenticity of the story into doubt but illustrating Huck’s gradual rejection of lying for himself and a shift towards lying for others....   [tags: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain]
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The Moral Right...or The Greater Good? - Sex is a topic that is rarely openly discussed in America. Some would say that is an example of moral decency, others might argue that this is just a prudish mindset we inherited from early puritan settlers. Sex for pay or prostitution, is one concept so at odds with this taboo that it has been declared immoral and illegal. Forty-eight out of fifty states have decided that prostitution should be illegal. On the surface, this widespread ban on prostitution may appear to combat the spread disease and sex slavery, but, upon further inspection, this assertion might not be supported by facts....   [tags: Sexual Issues]
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The Moral Ambiguity of Julius Caesar - Phillip Pullman, a British author, once wrote, “I stopped believing there was a power of good and a power of evil that were outside us. And I came to believe that good and evil are names for what people do, not for what they are”(goodreads.com). Pullman’s quotation on the actions of man being the source of good and evil closely relate to morality, principles regarding the distinction of right and wrong or a person’s values. The question of what human morality truly is has been pondered by philosophers, common folk, and writers for thousands of years....   [tags: ethical, evil, ambiguous]
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Making Decisions on Moral Dilemmas - Moral dilemmas always appear in our daily lives and we are the one to make the right decision. Through different trials can we solve the above dilemmas; unfortunately, the majority of them cannot be solved easily. What we can do is to find out which methods or guides are more suitable for the case. No rules can suit every situation. Therefore, moral conflict should be judged case by case since the situations are very complicated. Besides, most likely the moral dilemmas will not have the perfect solution but it still can be solved; what we can do to solve the moral conflicts is analyzing between different solutions to minimize the loss and pursuit the right value....   [tags: guides, conflict, solution, value, justice]
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Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg began his collegiate career at the University of Chicago, in Chicago, Illinois. He was indeed a very brilliant man and a true scholar. He was so smart in fact, that he placed extremely high on the University’s entrance exam. This resulted in him only having to take a few classes towards graduation. In just one year’s time, he was able to receive his bachelor’s degree from the University of Chicago. After graduation, he began working on his graduate coursework, thinking he would be a clinical psychologist....   [tags: Psychology]
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Aquinas´ Moral Code of Conduct - Natural law is this idea that from nature we can deduce certain things, how things are, and how they should be. Natural law is a theory of an existence of a law that is set by nature and that it applies to all because it is rooted within our beings. Natural law is a clear-cut approach to morality and it established the common rational rules of society. The law of nature is written within human beings hearts, engaged, and imprinted in our nature from the beginning of existence. It is the order of natural beings that are capable of rational, moral actions, knowledge and truth....   [tags: justice, humans, choices, natural, law] 1336 words
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Philippa Foot on Moral Dilemmas - The problem of dilemma, as presented by Philippa Foot in her writing, “Moral Dilemmas Revisited”, is the problem of whether it is possible to be in a situation where you cannot avoid making a wrong choice. Foot argues that it is always possible to avoid making a wrong choice in a difficult situation. She presents the ideas of multiple philosophers and their defense of the thought that there are situations where you can and will make a wrong choice. Foot defends herself further in the explanation of her point....   [tags: philosophical analysis] 834 words
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Moral and Ethical Obligations to Animals - Morality is a naturally occurring, global, psychological effect many believe is based on a human’s ability to empathise, it is thought the uncomfortable feeling of seeing another suffer pushes us to prevent the suffering. It can be viewed as the governing principal that allows us to know the difference between what is right and wrong, it drives us to act in a way which allows other beings we exist with to have a positive experience, preventing suffering. This is why irreprehensible acts such as mental abuse, physical and sexual assault and murder are considered just so irreprehensible....   [tags: Animal Rights]
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Moral and Ethical Dilemmas of Abortion - ... What kind of logic is this. Back when my mother was pregnant with me, the doctors said that I was going to have Down syndrome and dwarfism, if I were to survive the whole nine month pregnancy. They recommended for her to get an abortion, which she refused. Of course, I wasn’t born with any abnormalities. But let’s say I was; would I have any less of a right to live, just because I wasn’t the same as everyone else. Abortion feeds into the subconscious and makes people believe that the disabled have less of a right to live....   [tags: pro-life, terminating pregnancy] 566 words
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Ethical and Moral Leadership Environments - Introduction Defining moral leadership is quite simple and varied dependent upon the situation or context requiring leadership. Carrying out moral and ethical leadership is much more complex when carried out in the day to day operations in life. This is particularly poignant when righting a wrong, or redeeming a situation to help in a process of improvement. Dineen, Lewicki and Tomlinson (2006 p. 430 in Yukl) state a case that it is up to the leadership to lead by example regarding both ethical and moral behaviour....   [tags: Ethics]
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Interactions and Moral Judgement Study - Moral judgments comprise a substantial portion of everyday interactions, and as such, it is crucial to understand the mechanism by which they form. While moral judgments have long been a subject of interest in social psychology, only recently has the mechanism of such judgments been studied. Current research has shown that the specific context of a moral judgment has a substantial impact on the outcome of that judgment (Van Bavel, Packer, Johnsen Haas, & Cunningham, 2012). Further research on moral judgments suggests that attention may play a key role in the formation of these judgments (Kastner, 2010)....   [tags: Behavior, Race, Prejudice]
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Mills and Kant Moral Philosophy - Another motive for action is when something is done in accordance to duty, and actually wants to do it – this is also called immediate inclination. An example of this principle would be a man who is happily married. However, at the office, there is an attractive new intern that constantly hits on him. He does find the intern to be physically attractive but does not actually desire to be with her. He reflects that he could indeed have an affair with this intern if he wanted to but he wont in a million years because he is extremely happy with his wife....   [tags: marriage, happiness, philosophy] 549 words
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Moral Panics: A Social Problem - Any person over the age of 12 would have no problem recalling the panic of the H1N1 virus in the United States in 2009. An acute sniffle. The only possibly explanation is Swine Flu. When in reality, during the prime of this epidemic, only about 12,000 fatalities occurred. Now we look back and find these “panics” merely an overreaction. Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a panic as “a situation that causes many people to become afraid and to rush to do something.” However in class, it was discussed that a moral panic is a social problem that is largely unsubstantiated....   [tags: Fear, Nationwide, Teens] 537 words
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Self Esteem and Moral Reasoning - a. Much has been said about children’s self-esteem in the past 20 years: Discuss the implications of building a child’s “self-esteem” without helping a child master any competencies in any of the areas of the multiple intelligences, character, behavior, or spiritual development. Any attempt to encourage or develop healthy “self-esteem” without any external help is going to be difficult without any guidance. The factors stated in the assignment’s question; the multiple intelligences, character, behavior, or spiritual development are far too important in understanding one’s “self,” to be left to chance....   [tags: Response] 861 words
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The Quest to Moral Perfection - Morality: it is a term that is questioned at every corner of every day. The moral idea ranges from something small such as helping an old women cross the street, to the extreme such as the recent actions taken by politicians to limit public union rights in Wisconsin. Dictating the difference between right and wrong has been an issue that dates to the times before Christ, where the idea of moral perfection was used to determine one’s right of passage into heaven. It was not until Benjamin Franklin, who published a guide within of his autobiography, describing thirteen steps to achieving moral perfection....   [tags: Benjamin Franklin] 1679 words
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Is Abortion Moral or Immoral? - “Is abortion moral or immoral?” We yet have not acquired an answer to this question. Infer by that, we defend about the nature and the moral status of the fetus. In the other word, should we or should we not. Don Marquis as well as Bonnie Steinbock embraces with the argument of their own, which point out the morality of abortion. Don Marquis upholds the fact of since abortion deprives the fetus of a future like ours therefore most abortion is morally wrong. He adheres in his article “abortion is, except possibly in rare cases, seriously immoral”, what he meant was that not all abortions are wrong....   [tags: Abortion Essays] 1123 words
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The Moral Obligation of Businesses - Introduction: Individuals are not motivated to do as they wish to, within narrow boundaries of the community, which illustrates common collaboration. By stages, cooperation will improve into activities that rise towards sustaining that niche society’s wellbeing. People who care about others who are not able to take care of them self like, poor, old, weak, sick, as also know as moral imperatives (Brenan, pg 114). Even though, helping isn’t partial to the above-mentioned groups. Basically thinking regarding citizens, land, atmosphere and nature is known as cultivation....   [tags: environment, collaboration]
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The Study of Moral Judgements - Moral judgments comprise a substantial portion of everyday interactions, and as such, it is crucial to understand the mechanism by which they form. While moral judgments have long been a subject of interest in social psychology, only recently has the mechanism of such judgments been studied. Current research has shown that the specific context of a moral judgment has a substantial impact on the outcome of that judgment (Van Bavel, Packer, Johnsen Haas, & Cunningham, 2012). Further research on moral judgments suggests that attention may play a key role in the formation of these judgments (Kastner, 2010)....   [tags: social psychology]
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Free Will and Moral Responsibility - Free Will and Moral Responsibility Free will and moral responsibility has always been one of the most basic and fundamental elements of philosophy. It is undeniable that there is a connection between free will and moral responsibility. Different philosophers throughout the ages have viewed this connection in both similar and differing ways. The first connection between free will and moral responsibility can be seen by Aristotle and Epictetus through their views of the voluntary and involuntary....   [tags: philosophy, voluntary, aristotle] 1192 words
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Abraham Lincoln: A Moral Unifier? - Abraham Lincoln is a mythical figure in American culture and history because he is the President who saved the Union and abolished slavery. American admiration for him is so great that Americans have carved him into mountains and immortalized him in a Greek temple. In the Lincoln Memorial, one can find the inscriptions of the “Gettysburg Address” and “Second Inaugural Address”. To some, these speeches signify America’s rebirth as a unified political and moral country. Interestingly, these two speeches overshadow the fact that Lincoln’s words were once divisive....   [tags: Abraham Lincoln Essays] 1833 words
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Personal Privacy Legal or Moral - Personal Privacy…The topic I have chosen for my Research Paper, is a subject of extensive views and implications. I have done my research on the Web and gathered Web Resources and Databases to provide me with an ample amount of data to process into information that will enlighten the reader on this subject. I believe, however, the term ‘Privacy’, indicates the right of individuals to be free to enjoy life in peace and serenity. According to, ‘The New American Webster Handy College Dictionary, Third Edition’, ‘personal’ means: ‘one’s own, private’, and ‘private’ means, ‘state of being alone or private’....   [tags: Bill of Rights, government spying]
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Peter Singer and Moral Decisions - Singer explains the reasoning beg=hind his thesis by offering the reader a thought experiment from Unger’s book called “Living high and letting die”. In the experiment a scenario is presented where a child is on a train track and a train is headed towards him and is surely going to kill shim. Now, a man named Bob has the opportunity to save the child. In order to do so he would have to divert the train by throwing a switch. But by doing so he would also wreck his prized and expensive Bugatti. The car is also an investment for his future....   [tags: Responsibility, Choices] 761 words
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