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Modernism - Modernism Modernism is a period which is both progressive and optimistic.The Modern period starts with the Renaissance for historians.It’s stem ‘’Modern’’,comes from the Latin which means ‘’current’’.It is a cultural movement which involves changes in art,architecture,music and literature: ‘’… the vast majority of attempts to offer alternative modes of representation in literature,music,painting,film and architecturefrom the middle of the 19th century to the middle of 20th century have been termed modernist’’(Childs 6) It is a period when traditional values start to change.This movement causes innovations in science,art,culture,ethics,philosophy and psychology.It intends to find new or hidden meanings in the human experience.It’s main aim is to deal with new ideas.It is a break with the tradition.Modernist Poetry occurs between the 1890 and 1970.It’s key elements can be experimentation,anti realism,individualism.Experimentation means searching constantly.Anti-realism means to be against realism and concreteness.Individualism means to be an intellectual and to be an individual who has a self-confidence.The stress is mainly on the human mind rather than emotions.Many Modernist poets are from Universities,they appreciate their work a lot.It is a movement which is complex and diversed.It takes some of the important aspects from the movements.Modernism supports that every aspect from industry to philosophy should be interrogated.In this way,culture’s elements could be replaced by the new ones.The Modernist English poets write against the rules that are put by Victorian Poetry.They never deny the past poets or past works.They see themselves as they are respecting the earlier periods and other cultures.Their poems seem to be in longer form in the 20th century.The poets use new techniques such as collage,found poetry and visual poetry.Poetic sonic effects are also the poetic device of modernism.Modernists also put the emphasis on the surface of the poem.They generally deal with the literary meanings of the words rather than the metaphorical or symbolic meanings of them....   [tags: Literature Art Modernism] 1067 words
(3 pages)
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What is Post-Modernism? - What is Post-Modernism. The aim of this essay is to explain how Post-Modernism has influenced our contemporary built environment and explain what other movements have derived from it. I would argue that Post-Modernism is a worldwide movement in all arts and disciplines. A definition of postmodernism will provide a better understanding of the trend that would show how it is relevant to contemporary culture and important for the future. Postmodernism became an important movement right after the Second World War, and the movement spread around Europe and North America during the early 20th century....   [tags: Philosophy, Modernism] 1476 words
(4.2 pages)
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Operatic Modernism - Operatic Modernism The profound modernist ruptures of the 20th Century questioned, displaced, and reconfigured the way humanity regards itself. Within the fine arts, literature, architecture, and music, artistic revolutions occurred at an unprecedented rate and, within the rubric of modernism, deliberately broke with the bases of Western art, culture and society. While working within the operatic institution, Strauss' Salome, Weill's Die Dreigroschenoper, and Berg's Wozzeck profoundly challenge the generic conventions of the operatic tradition....   [tags: Opera Modernism Music Essays]
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1461 words
(4.2 pages)
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Toward a Definition of Modernism - Toward a Definition of Modernism Lawrence B. Gamache’s article “Toward a Definition of Modernism” encapsulates in its title the challenges critics meet in their attempts to formulate a coherent theoretical modernist model, though the quintessential modernist works –even at the time of this 1987 article – are over sixty years old. Indeed, the sheer number of scholarly books and articles that discuss or contribute to the debate surrounding the definition of modernism indicates the extent to which modernism is a term whose only non-contentious consensus is that it its meaning is fraught with ambiguity....   [tags: Modernism Opera Literature Essays]
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2678 words
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Defining Post-Modernism - Defining Post-Modernism In trying to define exactly what post-modernism is I shall firstly briefly consider some of the events and thinking that led up to the development of this particular school of social theory. I shall then consider some of the common strands of thinking in postmodernism concentrating mainly on the writings of Jean-Francois Lyotard and Jean Baudrillard. I shall then consider the view of David Harvey, a Marxist many consider to be writing in the postmodern tradition, who argues that post-modernism is just another form of capitalism....   [tags: Definition post Modernism]
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2461 words
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Modernism - ... In addition to the radio, other pieces of technology, like the steam engine or tractor destroyed the farmer’s pride in his work. No longer was it a personal affair to farm. Likewise, factories took the personalization that artisans had when creating their crafts. Indeed, the artisan was a dying breed, he had been replaced by machines who did the work in a tenth of the time, and had been forced to work the very machines that took his livelihood away because he could not compete with them. Due to the cost of such machinery, they were limited to large, financially secure companies that paid workers barely enough to feed their families, let alone own their own house....   [tags: Society, Hipsters, Individuality] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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Post Modernism and Architecture - Post Modernism and Architecture If one were to walk around and casually ask five people what post modernism was they would probably get five different answers or none at all. It is one of those indefinable academic terms that applies to many different fields of study. Most people seem to understand what it means individually but few agree collectively. To make matters even more complicated, it is often used in discussions about deconstruction. "To some Post Modernism is an excuse to pile together oodles of wild and crazy decor, to others it is another example of the weakness of standards and values....   [tags: Architecture Post Modernism Architects Essays] 1168 words
(3.3 pages)
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Modernism and New Criticism - Modernism and New Criticism The ways in which we define the importance of texts is constantly changing. We can look back and see critical theories used, such as Historical Criticism, Reader-Response Criticism and Psychoanalytic Criticism. Each of these theories offers a different way to interpret a text. However, when looking back over the texts of a specific era, shouldn’t the type of criticism we used for a book be based on that time period. Defining the Modernist Era of literature seems almost impossible, since the definition of modernism often seems to constitute anything from being “new and common” to “new and uncommon” (Barzun)....   [tags: Modernism New Criticism Literature Essays]
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Modernism and Experience - ... Warren’s Profession, a change in what it means to get ahead can be seen. Pamela, as a character, operates entirely within the expectations and bounds of society – much as Vivie, as she bucks the trend of late Victorianism, still opts to get ahead, at the cost of her own social interactions. Modernism is interested in both of these actions; but in these earlier texts, they only look at how the character interacts within society, akin to a swimmer navigating through a pond, pushing water out of the way as they move forward....   [tags: Modernist Era, Literature] 1347 words
(3.8 pages)
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Modernism - Modernism “An inclination to subjective distortion to point up the evanescence of the social world of the nineteenth century bourgeoisie.” -Barth, “Literature of Replenishment” (www.iath.virginia.edu/elab/hfl0255.html) Modernism was rebellion against not only the repressive principles of the Victorian era but also the emergence of the fast-changing, materialistic corporate society. The period preceding modernism held up Victorian virtues, which accepted the worldview of everything being ordered, neat, stable, and meaningful....   [tags: Literature Literary Essays]
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Modernism - Modernism Modernism is defined in Merriam-Webster's Dictionary as "a self-conscious break with the past and a search for new forms of expression." While this explanation does relate what modernism means, the intricacies of the term go much deeper. Modernism began around 1890 and waned around 1922. Virginia Wolf once wrote, "In or about December, 1910, human character changed." (Hurt and Wilkie 1443). D.H. Lawrence wrote a similar statement about 1915: "It was 1915 the old world ended." (Hurt and Wilkie 1444)....   [tags: Comparative Literature Essays Papers]
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Modernism - The modernist period in British and Irish literature was one of the most important and exciting times in literary history. The term modernist stemmed from the beginning of the 20th century labelled the modern period. The modern period was a time of confusion and transitions, mostly due to the result of people returning from World War I. The modern period was an era of massive unemployment and technological changes. Freud, Jung, and Marx were redefining human identity, Assembly lines and factories were being introduced, and gender differences were starting to crumble....   [tags: European Literature] 1090 words
(3.1 pages)
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Modernism in Australia - ... During the same time, dissension between the Angry Penguins magazine group and the Communist followers impacts the credibility of the Angry Penguins. The Communist and the Angry Penguins group break-up, similar to the division between the French Surrealist members and the Communist party almost a decade earlier. Officially, Australia welcomes surrealism with the publication of Manifesto of Surrealism by Andre Breton. The surrealist movement is not only restricted to the arts but also extends to sculpture, photography, visual arts and films....   [tags: Comparison: Gleeson and Nolan] 1820 words
(5.2 pages)
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Understanding Modernism - Quite honestly, the collective works of Modernists across the globe are probably some of the most difficult pieces to understand. For example, let us take a look at the work of Gertrude Stein, the most frustrating author you will ever meet. Her pieces are filled with the ideas that made Modernists famous, but she is so motivated to be a Modernist that it seems as if she has taken those ideas to the extreme level. For example, her poem A SOUND. reads as thus: “A SOUND. Elephant beaten with candy and little pops and chews all bolts and reckless reckless rats, this is this” (Stein 259)....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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The Modernism Movement - Modernism started as a movement around late 19th and 20th centuries. It rejected the conventional forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organisation and everyday life as they felt it was incompatible with the new economical, social and political conditions that was emerging at that period of time. Many distinctive styles can be defined as modernist, but majority of them had very similar values and theories on different aspects of society. It gave birth to a whole array of art, cultural and political movements....   [tags: Art History] 1130 words
(3.2 pages)
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Preludes and Modernism - Modernism is a terminology given by historians to literature movement around late nineteenth century. It is a movement in the arts which purpose is to produce art different traditional forms. Its literature aim is to criticize problems of their world. They use specific characteristics implicitly and explicitly; implicitly to send messages to each other or to educated people in authority or explicitly to influence public opinions. “We are talking about two chronologies. One is the sequence of texts; the other is the sequence of intellectual movements....   [tags: Sociology]
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1947 words
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Modernism in Literature - The turn of the 20th century conveyed revolution in psychological, social, and philosophical thought. It was time for something neoteric. It was time to break out of the mundane tradition. This time of revolution conceded men, such as Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Sigmund Freud, to rise to fame with their radical and cutting edge theories. Also, women were exasperated of their modeled roles in society. They sought to be independent, they longed to have the ability to vote, and most of all, they wanted legal equality....   [tags: Literature ]
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1540 words
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Modernism versus Modernismo - Modernism versus Modernismo Both Modernism and Modernismo were movements around the turn of the 20th century which caused cultural upheaval and renovation in times where the society was, or needed to be, changing. Modernism took place throughout Europe and in the United States, while Modernismo was a Latin American movement. The two movements share several general characteristics, but were, without a doubt, two separate and distinct movements, and should not be confused. Therefore, it is useful to clarify the causes, characteristics, and effects of each movement, comparing their similarities and contrasting their differences....   [tags: Hispanic Literature Essays]
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1065 words
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Difference of Modernism and Post Modernism - Modernism and Post Modernism Have you ever wondered what the differences are between the modernism and post modernism. It seems like it would be easy to describe what they are by the words and what they are usually associated with. Yet, it’s actually a lot different then your thinking. Modernism is the movement in visual arts, music, literature, and drama, which rejected the old Victorian standards of how art should be made, consumed, and what it should mean. Modernists want the absolute truth in everything....   [tags: essays research papers] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Aesthetic of Modernist Cinema - Standing Out in a Crowd: The Aesthetic of Modernist Cinema 2 Among the large objects, such as vast plains or panoramas of any kind, one deserves special attention: the masses. No doubt imperial Rome already teemed with them. But masses of people in the modern sense entered the historical scene only in the wake of the industrial revolution. Then they became a social force of first magnitude. Warring nations resorted to levies on an unheard-of scale and identifiable groups yielded to the anonymous multitude which filled the big cities in the form of amorphous crowds....   [tags: American Modernism]
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Defining Modernism - Defining Modernism Modernism described as movement in arts would best be described as a movement that was used to unit America after a period of crisis, it did this by it being centered on explorations into the spiritual nature of men and the value of his society and institutions. In a way it was like realism they too focused on the changes on society. The modernistic writers always wrote in a very formal defined form. Modernism also played a very important role as a movement in poetry. The way modernism did this was it brought so much more opportunity to the poet as a way of writing....   [tags: Definition Essays] 442 words
(1.3 pages)
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Post-Modernism - In recent years, multiculturalism, tolerance and political correctness have been integrated into how American society thinks. America seems to be trying to learn more about the ingredients of her melting pot. These efforts can be best understood by examining post-modernism. Post-modernism is especially important to breaking down stereotypes such as those that exist surrounding the black family. To understand post-modernism we must first understand modernism. Modernism is the philosophy that began with the Enlightenment....   [tags: essays research papers] 1194 words
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German Modernism - The Era of Modern Germany Throughout time, nations have attempted to become independent from one another by discovering means to help their citizens experience more fulfilling lives. The dilemma that troubled each of these countries is whether or not innovations, in technology and society, led to a higher quality of life. In the book, Rites of Spring, Modris Eksteins examines how innovation affected the citizens of Germany. Eksteins conveys that technological and industrial innovations paved the way for social transformations, throughout Germany....   [tags: essays research papers] 952 words
(2.7 pages)
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Modernism in The Metamorphoses - Modernism in The Metamorphoses The modernist movement in literature began around the turn of the century and createda dramatic change in the way that author's viewed their work. The new breed of writers were extremely affected by the new perception of the world and our place as human beings in it. WWII was on the verge of beginning, and the literary world was expressing their fears and attitudes toward their impending doom through their writings. Modernism has a few key themes that Franz Kafka follows throughout his piece, "The Metamorphosis." One of the most common themes among popular modernist literature are the rejection of literary tradition through experimentation with a darker style of writing....   [tags: Ovid Metamorphoses Essays] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Modernist Literature - Modernist Literature Modernism emerged at the beginning of the twentieth century, following World War I and flowing through the “roaring twenties.” Materialism, crime, depression, and change filled this era. Reflecting the revolutionary time period, modernism itself was a revolution of style. Musicians, artists, and writers broke away from traditional, conventional techniques to create new, rebellious art. Modernism, in other words, was a change in how artists represented the world in their works....   [tags: Ftizgerald Modernism Literature Essays] 2353 words
(6.7 pages)
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Modern and Post-Modernism Architecture - There is often some confusion when people start talking about the post-modernism and modernism in architecture in terms of  their philosophical terminology differences. Modern architecture is known for its minimalism (Linder, 2004); buildings were functional and economical rather than comfortable and beautifully decorated. The post-modernism architecture, however, is called a “neo-eclectic, significantly assuming the role of a regeneration of period styles for designing houses, and a never-ending variety of forms and characteristics, asymmetrical designs for commercial buildings” (Fullerton Heritage, 2008)....   [tags: Architecture, compare, contrast]
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T.S. Eliot and Modernism - The modernist writers of the twentieth century produced works of poetry and prose which were unique to the form. The writing style of modernism was unprecedented and reflective of the socio-political events of the period. T.S Eliot was a pre-eminent figure in modernism publishing many important works of prose and poetry in his lifetime. “Eliot forged a style of aggressively fragmentary, urban poetry, full of indelicate, ‘unpoetic’ images and diction” (OXFORD BRITLIT) Eliot’s “The Love Song of J....   [tags: Literary Techniques]
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Neoclassicism Vs. Modernism - Igor Stravinsky makes for a first-class example of differences and similarities between neoclassicism and modernism. Modernism is defined as “A term used in music to denote a multi-faceted but distinct and continuous tradition within 20th-century composition”1, while neoclassicism may be defined as “A movement of style in the works of certain 20th-century composers, who, particularly during the period between the two world wars, revived the balanced forms and clearly perceptible thematic processes of earlier styles to replace what were, to them, the increasingly exaggerated gestures and formlessness of late Romanticism”2 By not only comparing his works to others but within his own body of work the two movements can be better distinguished....   [tags: Music Analysis ]
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Modernism - Rebellion and Sexuality - Michael Levenson said in The Cambridge Companion to Modernism that Modernism fiction was “involved in the radical modern departure, across all of the arts, from representational verisimilitudei”. It was stylistically and thematically focused on rebellion against the way art was presented in the past and what its main focus was. D. H. Lawrence was from a working class background and was always conscious of his status as an outsider because of his class. In his writing he focused on the idea of transgressing modern class systems in the search of new experiences....   [tags: Literary Analysis] 2048 words
(5.9 pages)
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The New Idea of Modernism - In the time after World War One a new way of thinking became prominent. This new idea is what we call Modernism. After the war it was realized that many people had suffered absolute horrors, ones that they never could have imagined, or ever forget. The violence and pain witnessed by so many left them psychologically shell-shocked, and filled with disillusionment. These psychological effects would soon alter the world for years to come, and lead many to a loss in faith and questioning of everything they once believed true....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Elements of Post-Modernism in Literature - Post modernism is a very difficult concept to define. A French philosopher once defined post modernism as an "incredulity toward all meta narratives," which basically means a skeptical attitude toward all claims of absolute truth. Post modern writers use elements and techniques that provoke the reader to question their reading experience and scrutinize their own personal understanding of life and the values of their society. There are excellent examples of post modern writers using elements of post modern writing, such as irony, magic realism and fragmentation in the short stories read in Ms....   [tags: magic realism, irony, fragmentation, ] 2033 words
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Modernist Opera - Modernist Opera Modernism, a major artistic movement of the first half of the twentieth century, is traditionally a classification of the visual arts, including such schools as Abstraction, Impressionism, and Expressionism. In architecture, too, was Modernism recognized, in the work of people like Frank Lloyd Wright. Even in literature, with the increasing use of symbolism, Modernism was an influence. Modernists in all of these art forms are consciously engaged in the expansion of the boundaries of their art, and in asking their audiences to reject the status quo, both of the art and of some aspect of society or culture the art form addresses....   [tags: Modernism Music Art Opera Essays]
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Modernism: Hills Like White Elephants - ... But, the subject upon closer observation is far more complex than just physical appearances. The individual is capable of inner turmoil under the scrutiny of simple actions. The plot focuses on crossing boundaries. The two characters, The American and a woman nicknamed “Jig”, are constantly wavering middle grounds. It’s a story about communication and conversation. Though they are having a conversation the couple is not communicating. The story implements ambiguity and subtlety to discuss, though never clearly stated, an abortion....   [tags: Ernst Hemingway, short story, symbolism]
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Henrik Ibsen: The Father of Modernism in Theatre - Henrik Ibsen: The Father of Modernism in Theatre Rank, deadly pessimistic, a disease, evil to be deprecated (Bordman and Hischak 1). Who would have thought such words would be used to describe the work of the man who swept modernism into theatre. Henrik Ibsen’s life was not one to envy. The shame the surrounded his childhood and seeped into his adulthood greatly impacted his writing. Infusing his plays with highly controversial themes, which lacked the current sunny air of Victorian values which Europe held in such a high regard, which led him to make a lasting impact on theatre....   [tags: Biography] 795 words
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Examples of Modernism in Fitzgerald's Great Gatsby - Great Gatsby Essay The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald shows many examples of modernism. Fitzgerald shows many modernism techniques like loss of control, alienation, corruption of the American Dream, breaking society’s rules and feeling restless. Fitzgerald also shows modernism through the fragmented writing. One example of a modernism technique that Fitzgerald uses is loss of control. The characters often lose control and make bad decisions that have horrible effects....   [tags: literary analysis, english literature] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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The Modernist Attributes of C.L.R. James’s Minty Alley - The Modernist Attributes of C.L.R. James’s Minty Alley Born in Trinidad and later expatriating himself first to London and then the United States, C.L.R. James was a key figure of the West Indian literary scene during the 1930s. Today he is primarily associated with his nonliterary writings in sociology and politics, and his fiction seems to have dropped from critical attention. Part of this shortsightedness stems from the fact that little of his fiction is readily available to a reading public in this country....   [tags: Gender Sexuality Modernism Essays]
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The Influence of Modernism of New Theories of the Self - This essay seeks to discuss the influence on modernism of new theories of the self, with reference to The life and Death of Harriet Frean and to relevant works of theory from the period. It is the purpose of this work to achieve this by conversing on memory, spiritual and physical dualism with final assertions on identity. Lastly the conclusion will emphasise the points made in the text. Pete A. Y. Gunter’s comment, on French psychologist Pierre Janet, can be employed to describe the regressive memory theme in The Life and Death of Harriet Frean....   [tags: Sociology ] 2160 words
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Modernism vs Neo-Traditionalism - Modernism vs Neo-Traditionalism: A debate on the merits and failures of two major competing paradigms in architecture and urban planning. Beyond the term modernism underlies one of the greatest ideas in architectural development. Modernism was meant to provide more green areas, cheaper housing and more efficient use of space. This was to be accomplished by creating vertically dense spaces with the use of the new inventions of the nineteenth century, such as steel, glass, electricity and elevators....   [tags: essays research papers] 1055 words
(3 pages)
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Modernism In The Great Gatsby - INTRODUCTION What is real. In a modernist point of view the world shouldn't be called reality. But if the world isn't reality what is it then. What is reality in modernism. Modernism is a rejection of realism, which believed that science will save the world and where notion of science and social determinism is idealized. In modernism, science explains everything, which took away all the power of God, He became useless. In a way, life had lost its mystery, man, not God, could rule the world. Irving Howe, a literary critic, once talked about modernism as an "unyielding rage against the existing order"....   [tags: F. Scott Fitzgerald] 1924 words
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Modernism in Visual Art and Writing - Modernism in Visual Art and Writing Modernism is unlike any other form of art the preceded it. It began in the late nineteenth century. Modernism is anti-traditional and against the rules. It is about looking for new things instead of accepting the old. Innovation and creation are important aspects of Modernism. It is introspective and subjective. Modernism includes a wide variety of different perspectives and multiple ways of doing things. There is no simple order in Modern works....   [tags: Art Theory Essays] 488 words
(1.4 pages)
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Modernism and the Modern Novel - Modernism and the Modern Novel ============================== The term modernism refers to the radical shift in aesthetic and cultural sensibilities evident in the art and literature of the post-World War One period. The ordered, stable and inherently meaningful world view of the nineteenth century could not, wrote T.S. Eliot, accord with "the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history." Modernism thus marks a distinctive break with Victorian bourgeois morality; rejecting nineteenth-century optimism, they presented a profoundly pessimistic picture of a culture in disarray....   [tags: English Literature] 568 words
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Modernism's Lamentation And Postmodernism's Celebration - Modernism's Lamentation and Postmodernism's Celebration While each movement claims its own name and set of authors, the characteristics of the literary postmodernist period are quite similar to those of the literary modernist movement, and their differences are more those of attitude than of form. Modernism and postmodernism strongly emphasize a new standard which distances and rejects the romantic period's ideas of how art should be created and how one should perceive art. Annie Dillard's Holy the Firm and Virginia Woolf's "An Unwritten Novel" are both excellent examples of the modern and postmodern literary movements, and can be used to illustrate their general similarities and subtle differences....   [tags: Literature] 1579 words
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Definition Of Modernism In Fiction - Definition of Modernism in Fiction Modernism, in literature, can be seen as a shift in focus to the unassociated introspective reflection of characters in such texts as Go Tell It On The Mountain, by James Baldwin, Miss Lonelyhearts, by Nathanael West and The Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger. This is a revision from the previous focal point of exterior events and places in correlation with the character’s reflections. Emphasis is placed on review upon feelings and thoughts, and even conversations with oneself, as opposed to the more directly event-driven reflections in texts of the pre-modernist era....   [tags: essays research papers] 616 words
(1.8 pages)
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Revised Paper On German Modernism - The Significance of Modernity Throughout time, nations have attempted to become independent from one another by discovering means, which would help their citizens experience more fulfilling lives. The dilemma that troubled each of these countries is whether or not innovations, in technology and society, led to a higher quality of life. Modris Eckstein and Marshall Berman examine both, the damages and benefits of modernity. Eckstein looks at individual changes that lead to the overall acceptance of modernity....   [tags: essays research papers] 1236 words
(3.5 pages)
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Modernism in T.s. Eliots's the Wasteland - Modernism in T.S. Eliot's "The Wasteland" Modernism has been defined as a rejection of traditional 19th-century norms, whereby artists, architects, poets and thinkers either altered or abandoned earlier conventions in an attempt to re-envision a society in flux. In literature this included a progression from objectivist optimism to cynical relativism expressed through fragmented free verse containing complex, and often contradictory, allusions, multiple points of view and other poetic devices that broke from the forms in Victorian and Romantic writing, as can be seen in T.S....   [tags: Poetry] 891 words
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Modernism vs Postmodernism - 'It quickly emerged that the proper and unique area of competence of each art coincided with all that was unique to the nature of its medium. The task of self-criticism became to eliminate from the effects of each art any and every effect that might conceivably be borrowed from or by the medium of any other art. Thereby each art would be rendered 'pure', and in its 'purify' find the guarantee of its standards of quality as well as of its independence. 'Purity' meant self-definition, and the enterprise of self-criticism in the arts became one of self-definition, with a vengeance.' (Greenberg, 'Modernist Painting', Art in Theory, p.755) 'Greenberg's aesthetics are the terminal point of [an] historical trajectory....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Modernism in Forster's A Passage to India - Modernism in Forster's A Passage to India       When considering the novels of E.M. Forster, it is natural to recall the reserved landscapes of the Merchant and Ivory cinematic versions. Gauzy images - green hills, languorous boat rides, tender embraces - these impressions, cousins, really, to Jane Austen's plots and settings, are remembered as period pieces seldom associated with the literary experimentation of Virginia Woolf or the winsome angst of the lost War poets. It seems - does it not....   [tags: Forster Passage to India Essays]
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3463 words
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Search for Innocence in American Modernism - Search for Innocence in American Modernism      American Literature from its very beginning has been centered around a theme of innocence. The Puritans wrote about abandoning the corruption of Europe to find innocence in a new world. The Romantics saw innocence and power in nature and often wrote of escaping from civilization to return to nature. After the Civil War, however, the innocence of the nation is challenged. The Realists focused on the loss of innocence and in Naturalist works innocence is mostly gone....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
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Modern Architecture - As some critics contended, postmodernism represents a break with the modernist notion that architecture should be technologically rational, austere and functional, discuss the ways in which one postmodern architect has developed strategies which overcome these tendencies. Juxtaposition is seen between the characteristics of early 20th century modern architecture and the artistic endeavours of postmodernism that followed. To represent the ‘Less is More’ (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) notion the modernist tendencies had adopted, Robert Venturi built a ‘Ghost Structure’ to imply architecture had no longer become an art form and was merely just a ‘spectator’ (Architecturerevived, 2011) in society....   [tags: Modernism, Postmodernism] 2467 words
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Towards a New and Integrated Language: A Rejection of Post-Modernism - The term post-modernism has gradually become popular with music commentaries since the phrase was first coined in the early mid 1960's. It was adopted as a way of explaning the rise of so called 'populist' music in the era of the avant garde. The history of the term can be traced to the upsurge in parodying the past in art and architecture and was thought to be a new aesthetic which would eventually replace modernism. In music, this apparently new aesthetic was first represented by composers like Rochberg who were disaffected with serialism and a so called allienation between the composer and the audience by modernist music....   [tags: language, post-modern,] 1241 words
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Early 20th Century Eugenics as part of Modernism - As the sun was setting on the 19th century, a new theory, called eugenics was just beginning to rise. Eugenics is the idea that human mental, moral, temperamental and physiological traits are passed down through generations, and that society should attempt to foster the reproduction of those with favorable traits and discourage or eliminate those with less than favorable traits. In the early parts of the 20th century, eugenics was put into practice across the rich world. This increase, not only in popularity but in application is best viewed when part of the greater context of modernity....   [tags: Eugenics]
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Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism - Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism Literature: the enlightenment, romanticism, realism, modernism, and postmodernism…. Where does one begin. To some, those words can be as scary as the word computer is to others. This essay is designed to help you become a great literary interpreter. Getting the motivation is three fourths of the battle to getting into the heads of the artists. To begin, an outline of some of the literary movements has been provided. The enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason....   [tags: Enlightenment Romanticism Realism Essays] 612 words
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Modernism vs. Traditionalism in The Mayor of Casterbridge - An Essay on Modernism vs. Traditionalism in The Mayor of Casterbridge During the first half of the 19th century English society was making the difficult transition from a pre-industrial Britain to ‘modern' Victorian times. In agriculture, most of the transition took place around 1846 with the repeal of the corn laws. This allowed foreign grain to be imported into England for the first time. Consequently, the entire structure and methods of agriculture in Britain were greatly altered. Much of the action in Thomas Hardy's novel The Mayor of Casterbridge takes place during the years surrounding 1846....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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World War I and The Literary Transition Into Modernism - World War I and The Literary Transition Into Modernism World War I was the culmination of many things. On the surface, it was the ultimate in international disputes. Never before had the nations of the civilized world boiled over on such an enormous level. So large was the scale of World War I that there were few countries who did not feel its effects. On a more profound level, the human being had never before exacted such damage upon themselves in the name of warfare. Due to the absolute horror of the violence, man became shell-shocked psychologically and disillusionment filled many people....   [tags: American History Essays] 969 words
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Characteristics of Modernism in Jewel in the Crown and Heart of Darkness - Characteristics of Modernism in Jewel in the Crown and Heart of Darkness         A Modern novel, Jewel in the Crown, by Paul Scott, depicts the latter stages of imperialism's erosion and explores it through the lives of individuals and their relationships as symbolic of larger societal conflicts and political events.  Jewel was written well into the 20th Century and employs thematic concepts and literary forms characteristic of Modernism, as well as being significant in its literary-historical context of the decline of British Imperialism/post- colonialism in India....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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An Examination of Modernism with Reference to Several Works of Art - An Examination of Modernism with Reference to Several Works of Art The terms 'modern', 'modernity' and 'modernism' are commonly used to specify a break in history, marking a definition between the present and the past, between the fashionable and the out of date, and carry as part of their meaning an almost criticism of tradition. By calling himself a 'modernist', the artist is instantly free to work on a clean plate, without the limitations of tradition with its set of rules or its fixed criteria....   [tags: Arts Paintings Art History Essay]
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Modernism In Works of T.S. Elliot And James Joyce - Introduction: Modernism is a word that is generally used to understand "new and distinctive features in the subjects, forms, concepts and styles of literature and the other arts in the early decades of the present century, but especially after World War I." (Abrams 167) More often than not "Modernism" engages in "deliberate and radical break" (Abrams 167) with some of the more traditional foundation of art and culture. Peter Childs in his book Modernism remarks "Modernism has almost universally been considered a literature of not just change but crisis" (p....   [tags: Literature] 1757 words
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Musical Modernism with Claude Debussy, Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenberg - Musical modernism can be seen as the time where music emerges its liberty from Romantic era style -that started in the late nineteen century to end of the Second World War- and gains new ideas and freedom. With the political turmoil and chaos that took over the European countries, -that lured countries into the First World War- composers and artists started to find, create more and new ways to express themselves. They eagerly began to discover the art of Eastern countries with the hope of finding new ways of expression....   [tags: Music History ] 1889 words
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Thoroughly Post-Modern: Defining My Practice of Photography by Defining an Art Movement - ... I wanted to create images that convey my feelings of being overwhelmed, and that society should slow down and reduce the rate that junk information that’s produced. I felt that this overload, over-choice and over-repetition creates an unconfident apathetic society, which will know everything and do nothing. I used traditional photomontage techniques to produce this project. Various avant-garde art movements used photomontage to protest. Dadaists, like Hoch and John Heartfield held anti-war and anti-art ethics and used the increasing available media to comment upon rapid social change....   [tags: photography, post modernism]
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Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bronte - ... However, this straightforward definition belies a complex relationship between this system and those for whom it serves. More than a simply specialised system, social class extends and places the lives of billions of people worldwide or nationally in their class that corresponds to, more often than not, their social behaviour opportunities; and classified them into Upper, Middle and Working Class. Likewise in Jane Eyre, exploitations of social behaviour are evident through words such as, “knawn’t”, “nay” (p....   [tags: Victorian Era, Modernism] 876 words
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Analysis of A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner - ... The hair, which is found on a pillow next to the decaying body, represents the loss of love and the perverse actions committed by people in order to remain happy. The strand of hair also gives perspective to Emily’s eccentricity and reveals to the reader the inner life of a woman who held an unbending commitment to live life on her terms and moral code. Subsequently, the author cleverly foreshadows the discovery of the strand of hair on the pillow when he vividly describes the physical alterations Emily undertakes as she ages....   [tags: traditional values, modernism, symbolism] 947 words
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Classicism and Modernism - ... It is just too simplistic and condescending to take seriously, although their entertainment value is valuable to an audience. Unlike the romantic comedy genre, this genre did not produce any artistic breakthroughs like Annie-Hall. Although I have not seen many musical genre pictures, I hope to see more in the ensuing years to hopefully change my negative view of this entertaining genre. It Happened One Night (1934), is a witty and amusing comedy that gives us two opposing characters in a farce of story and is rightly epitomized as a screwball comedy....   [tags: Hollywood, filmmaking, cinema, film]
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The Fatal Truth of Irony - ... It’s very apparent that the wittiness of Anders could have kept the story intrigued with more intellectual comedy, but the story takes a turn towards tragic events. A conversation is interrupted with the abrupt entrance of two thieves attempting to rob the teeming bank. The thieves enter and shout, “One of you tellers hits the alarm, you’re all dead meat. Got it?”Anders sense of humor about being robbed is puzzling. His ironic response to the robbers that he delivers is directly mocking them....   [tags: Post Modernism Irony]
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Postmodernity: Societal Changes - ... The term postmodern was first used by Toynbee 1939 (in Docherty 1993) originally he suggested that modern period ended in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, further suggesting that from, that moment the postmodern period began. Toynbee 1939 (in Docherty 1993) later suggested that the modern period actually ending during the First World War. The ensuing postmodern period began to develop between the two world wars. Smart (1993:12), argues the postmodern period was between the mid 1970’s to the late 1980’s; for Smart (1993:12), postmodernity is no longer a novelty, no longer fashionable, it is now simply a bore....   [tags: modernity, modernism, economy, politics]
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‘Occidentalism’ - ... Buruma and Margalit (2004) argue there are four hostile aspects of the occidental view of the West: a hatred of the city, rationality or the loss of the soul, an anti-bourgeois attitude and anti-feminism. Those who dislike the west see it in similar terms as ‘a machine like society without a soul’ (Buruma and Margalit 2004). Ociddentalists believe the West has almost no ability to relate to and understand the non-West. Western ideology situates itself as superior to the non-West. The West conforms to a modern democratic based on capitalism....   [tags: Hostility, Western Modernism]
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Modern technology - ... Symbols in poetry are extremely important. A symbol is defined as : “Every word denotes, refers to, or labels something in the world, but a symbol (to which a word, of course, may point) has a concreteness not shared by language, and can point to something that transcends ordinary experience” (http://www.poetryfoundation.org/learning/search-glossary-terms?q=symbol). Irony, a symbol in poetry, comes in when a reader is just looking at a poem and notices that the poem is a sonnet. A typical sonnet is usually about love, but Owen’s poem seems to be an anti-love poem about war and death....   [tags: anthem for doomed youth, modernism, owens]
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Walter Benn Michaels' Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism - Walter Benn Michaels' Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism Walter Benn Michaels is an active literary theorist, and is currently a Professor of English at the University of Illinois, Chicago. In Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism, Michaels examines American literary modernism, emphasizing its “participation in a crucial shift in American conceptions of race [and identity]” (Lee). While Progressivist racism is based upon a “racial hierarchy and the assimilation of non-Negro ethnicities” (Lee), a nativist perspective focuses upon the determination of identity through racial difference, thereby refuting any form of assimilation because of the importance of preserving racial purity....   [tags: Sociology Sociological Essays]
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Bruce Nauman - ... He also uses light to convey this feeling of uneasiness in his work Green Light Corridor where the viewer has to squeeze through a tight hallway into an empty room lit up by unflattering green fluorescent lights. The harsh green lighting makes the participant physically see themselves in a bad light which is unpleasant and shocking to them. Nauman also uses neon lights to show the inappropriateness of the world. Although much of his work may be minimalistic, he evokes reactions from the audience that no other artist can....   [tags: post-modernism, minimalism, art, innovation]
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Humanity of the Primitive in Heart of Darkness, Dialect of Modernism and Totem and Taboo - Humanity of the Primitive in Heart of Darkness, Dialect of Modernism and Totem and Taboo     The ways in which a society might define itself are almost always negative ways. "We are not X." A society cannot exist in a vacuum; for it to be distinct it must be able to define itself in terms of the other groups around it. These definitions must necessarily take place at points of cultural contact, the places at which two societies come together and arrive at some stalemate of coexistence. For European culture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries this place of contact—this new culture by which to define itself—came from Africa, from those "primitive" cultures whose society was being studied and in some ways appreciated for the first time....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Modernism Defined in T.S. Eliot's The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and James Joyce's The Dead - Modernism is by no means easy to define. In fact, no one is exactly sure if the movement has even ended yet. But that’s befitting of the period, as well as the pieces of literature that serve to define Modernism. Two pieces, T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” and James Joyce’s “The Dead”, are epitomes of this modernism. In both, the main characters are paralyzed by an inability to communicate, even while speaking. Whether through Prufrock’s musings concerning love life, or Gabriel’s inability to evoke certain feelings out of his wife, both men experience this effeminization of the intellect and communication....   [tags: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Dead] 1519 words
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Modernism and Existential Loneliness Demonstrated in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness and James Joyce's The Dead - Two authors who demonstrate modernism in its rawest form are Joseph Conrad and James Joyce. Both Conrad and Joyce incorporate one of the key characteristics of modernism throughout their works, Conrad in Heart of Darkness and Joyce in The Dead. The key characteristic that each writer targets in on is existential loneliness. It is a predominant theme throughout both of their works. A working definition of existential loneliness as illustrated throughout Conrad and Joyce’s works is the inability of one character to feel accepted by his or her peers, regardless of the close proximities that he or she is resides in....   [tags: Heart of Darkness, The Dead] 856 words
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The Use of Reinforced Concrete in Modernism - ... The new material caught the eye of many architects, one of which was Frank Lloyd Wright. He liked how the new material was very versatile, cheap and could create wide spans. He embraced this new material in the construction of the Unity Temple, Oak Park in 1905-1908. Because of his emphasis in the Arts and Crafts about the nature of materials, Wright thought it was best to leave the concrete bare. Like Perret, Wright believed that the ‘correct’ form for the reinforced concrete was in rectangular, stripped and abstract forms but unlike Perret, Wright did not use only the concrete framing but explored the material in a different level....   [tags: Ernst Ransome, architecture, concrete]
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Marina City - ... Later, one of his professors, Frank Naydam, would provide engineering support to Goldberg’s office. In 1935, Goldberg apprenticed with George Fred Keck, where Goldberg was exposed to passive solar heating system, formal and environmental principles which he would explore later in Marina city. He was also exposed to prefabrication and building technology that included mechanical system in modern houses. Goldberg later worked for Robert Paul Schweiker who exposed him to ideas of Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie school....   [tags: modernism, Bertrand Goldberg, architecture]
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Paul's Case - Conflict of Social Class - It is a widely known idea that times change and people change. After major world events, there are often changes in the world's popular culture. After the Great War, writers began a new style of literature that came to be known as modernism. Modernism deals with conflicts between social classes, eclecticism for the past and the finer things in life, and the further advancement of society. All of these aspects of modernism are present in the short story "Paul's Case," by Willa Cather, and they all affect the evolution of the plot....   [tags: American Literature Modernism Willa Cather]
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Modernism and Postmodernism in Shakespeare's Othello - Othello teaches us much about our current postmodern culture. The play connects to our ideas of sexism, male-bonding, racism and capitalism. Shakespeare uses these universal and timeless flaws in humanity along with our use of language and truth to tell his tale. Iago, over a period of about three days, uses these facets of humanity to turn Othello against his wife Desdemona and his friend Cassio. Othello reveals both the struggle of the British people of the early 1600's and Americans in the late 1900's with sexism, capitalism and racism....   [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework] 1461 words
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The Modern Experience in Jean Toomer’s Cane - Jean Toomer’s Cane elucidates the complicated racial plight of early twentieth century America. His assumably conscientious attempt to consider a social panacea is belied only by the appearance that the entire work fails to provide any direct solution to the modern experience. There exists, however, a referential significance that realigns his project with messages of Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio, an earlier work from the modernist canon. A close reading of Cane’s structure and thematic content suggests that the importance of sophistication and companionship found in Winesburg, Ohio epitomize the aspirations of modern maturity that Toomer recognized....   [tags: Toomer American Modernism]
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Fighting Over One Hundred Years for Modernism - ... Cabral did not like the architecture or the mural of St Francis that was painted behind the alter, he said it was, “unfit or religious purposes.” The next Mayer of Pompulha abused the church by put many different styles of monuments and alters inside of it. He did this after his failed attempt at condemning and demolishing the church. The National Department of Artistic and Historic Patrimony took over the church. It was restored by Niemeyer and the Auxiliary Archbishop finally agreed to consecrated it because it was a “ great artistic significance and spiritual atmosphere.” it was consecrated in April of 1959....   [tags: Cathedrals, Architects]
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James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Flann O'Brien's At Swim-Two-Birds and Modernist Writing - James Joyce's 'A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man' and Flann O'Brien's 'At Swim-Two-Birds' and Modernist Writing The Twentieth Century found literature with a considerably different attitude and frame-of-mind than had the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Two hundred years is, of course, a long time to allow change within genres, but after the fairly gradual progression of the novel as a form, its change in the hands of modernism happened rapidly in comparison. Explaining how texts within the framework of modernist writing are “different” require laying out from what they are different, how, and why....   [tags: Joyce Portrait O'Brien Modernist Essays]
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Heart of Darkness as a Modernist Novel - Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a great example of a Modernist novel because of its general “darkness” portrayed throughout the entire novel. The language that is used to describe the setting and important scenes is very thick and unclear. The novel is jam packed with words such as: inconceivable, inscrutable, gloom, etc. Rather than defining characters in black and white terms, like good and bad, they entire novel is in different shades of gray. The unfolding of events takes the reader through many events that can be read as unclear and the action in the book and not just the language echoes tones of gray....   [tags: conrad, literary analysis] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Aesthetic Innovations in a Modernist Context - William Faulkner, T.S. Eliot and Robert Frost all had an amazing ability to write and were at the forefront as literary authors of modernism which was not a period, but a faction, an attitude that focused on individualism, randomness of life, etc. Their writings were based on a worldly position that included most poets. They contributed intellectually to literature as well as made aesthetic innovations in a modernist context. Their uniqueness as authors set them apart from the average author of their day....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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