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Maximizing Good or Minimizing Harm? - Mill's rule utilitarianism values nonmaleficence more than that of beneficence. Nonmaleficence is the duty to do no harm. Beneficene is the duty to good. Mill's believes that nonmaleficence maximizes pleasure to the most people thus making it primary to beneficene. In some situations nonmaleficence, which serves the sum, total of happiness is not for the greater good of the masses. “The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Mills, 1863 ch....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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970 words
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Should People be Punished Discussion - ... In Kant's opinion, the main motive for punishment is the existence of guilt, and punishment itself is essential to ensure retribution. Mill also approved punishment as a way to improve public security. Supporting utilitarianism, he noticed that some people cause too serious damage to society what in turn makes punishment necessary in order to prevent an increase in the mass of misery. In Mill's opinion, freedom of an individual also cannot be limitless since his or her actions can affect other people (Mill)....   [tags: freedom restriction, human rights, punishments]
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1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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THe beginning of Seattle history - THe beginning of Seattle history The coast of Washington is rich with the history of early America. While much of the United States was still in its infancy, Washington was thriving with industry. Though the industry was large, the towns were just beginning to grow. Though Washington’s coastal towns offered much to its citizens, it was the logging industry that started it all. In this paper, I will discuss the growth of the logging industry, specifically in relation to Seattle, and the resulting extension industries in the development of what is now our nations largest port city....   [tags: essays papers]
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1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Multifaceted Nature of Justice - Justice in itself exists in many different forms and upholds various interpretations. Due to its multifaceted nature, justice needs to be analyzed from several perspectives; utilitarian, subjective, and ultimate viewpoint. Utilitarian Justice examines the issue in the broadest sense. It is attainted when maximum utility is with oneself and its community; hence, reconciliation between an individual and the community is of utmost significance. For this goal to be reached, free speech, information, and discussion must be upheld to the most extensive degree in order to arrived at the most just outcome....   [tags: Law] 1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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Nationalism After World War I - Prior to and after WWI the world saw a rise in nationalistic sentiments. The Middle East was not immune to this new ideology. Although Arab Nationalism had a start in the Ottoman Empire, its rise among the masses did not begin until after WWI. While a total rise in Arab Nationalism became apparent on the Arabian Peninsula, a separate nationalist movement began in Palestine as a way to combat a unique and repressive situation. In Palestine the British mandate, along with British support, and the world's support for Zionist immigration into Palestine, caused a number of European Zionists to move into the country....   [tags: Nationalism] 611 words
(1.7 pages)
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Poverty Within Developed Countries - Poverty is a vague and ambiguous term. Many people define poverty in many different ways. Some consider it the literal lack of monetary funds, while others consider it the lack of over-all ‘wealth’ which includes the opportunity to attain an education and hopefully, in turn, attain some form of monetary currency. For the sake of this paper, the definition of poverty which includes opportunities and education will be used because it includes various parts of being poor instead of focusing simply on monetary currency. When the general public thinks of poverty, it thinks of poor starving children in Africa....   [tags: America, Poverty Line, Developed Countries]
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964 words
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Utilitarianism and Its Shortcomings - ... It takes a higher grade of pleasures to make a human satisfied and pleased. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied” (116). An important factor for choosing higher pleasures over inferior pleasures is that you only have time for one pleasure and if you chose the inferior pleasure it will be wasted (117). However the standards of what is right and wrong are not decided by the person’s own happiness but the happiness of everyone who is concerned in the decision (117)....   [tags: Happiness, utilitarianism, Bentham]
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1268 words
(3.6 pages)
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European Political Transformation - In 21st century Europe, along with America, the idea of individual rights is something that is taken for granted. It is almost unimaginable to think of a time where the freedom of speech, right to vote, and ability to run for office were not automatically a given right for the majority of the population. For the most part, these changes came about during the mid-to late nineteenth century. Some philosophers, psychologists, and even scientists shared their opinions through their works during this era....   [tags: World History]
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1831 words
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TO SPARE OR NOT TO SPARE: - TO SPARE OR NOT TO SPARE: THAT IS THE ETHICAL QUESTION A twenty-something year old Caucasian male engineering student travels from Prescott, Arizona to Friendsville, Tennessee during his summer and winter breaks from school. The length of distance covered in one trip is about 1800 miles. He drives a 1968 Ford Mustang. This car is in need of restoration, but is all-original. Because he is alone, this student cannot stop at anywhere that is not public. Even a Rest Stop is too risky for a lone traveler....   [tags: essays research papers] 794 words
(2.3 pages)
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Then and Now by Martin Simpson - Then and Now by Martin Simpson Below is an extract from Martin Simpson’s new book. Then and Now In the green water, among the rushing bubbles he is looking at me still. His face shows white against the moss and weed fronds. As I watch, he mouths my name through the soundless water; an explosion of bubbles erupts from his mouth. They race forward and cling to my eyes and face and for a moment, I’m blind. Then they boil upwards the daylight and I can see again. And I just have time to catch his eyes once more as they turn away from me into the dark and his face is swallowed by the greenness all around Max and I were on our bikes....   [tags: Papers] 1028 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Destructive Nature of Industrialization Depicted in Herman Melville's “The Paradise of Bachelors and The Tartarus of Maids" - In Herman Melville’s short stories, “The Paradise of Bachelors and The Tartarus of Maids,” he juxtaposes the lives of social classes to illustrate the destructive nature of industrialization. Melville demonstrates the separation of classes by his usage of allusions and metaphors. Segregation is a main concern of Melville’s and, the contrast amid the two stories is a representation of the disparity between classes present at that time. While it may seem that the bachelors live the ideal life with all of their luxuries, the bachelors’ hedonistic lifestyle is unsatisfied with their lack of creation....   [tags: The Paradise of Bachelors and The Tartarus of Maid] 1654 words
(4.7 pages)
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Analyzing Tony Soprano´s Life and Personal Development in Relation with the Philosophical Format of Identity - In introducing someone most people use a format of giving the person’s name and some correlation of how they know them. In Italian culture; and more so, organized families, people are introduced as a friend of mine or a friend of ours. This is to establish the relationship to “The Family” and how they might be trusted. This does not allow for one’s own identity, but only for their association to, or not to, an affiliation. A person’s autonomy is then lost and only their social identity is known....   [tags: The Sopranos, identity, Ethics of Identity, Appiah]
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1518 words
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The Start of America's Industrial Revolution - The Industrial Revolution did not start simultaneously around the world, but began in the most highly civilized and educated country in Western Europe – England. An empire like Great Britain was able to prevent the flow of new technology and experienced technicians to its colonies even while new machinery, like the spinning shuttle and the spinning jenny, was being used to develop textile manufacturing at home in England. The British Parliament was able to control its territories through laws and other restrictions....   [tags: World History ]
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1742 words
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Role of Happiness in Ethical Decisions - “All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason” (Kant 1). The usage of reason as a representation of one’s intellect is a common trait in the 21st century. Happiness, a positive emotion, tends to blur one’s judgement and coerces philosophers to look upon its relevance when formulating ethical decisions. When considering the role of emotion in ethical decisions, one must consider the contrasting views of Immanuel Kant, an 18th Prussian philosopher that focussed his philosophies around the doctrine of reason, in comparison to that of John Stewart Mill, a 19th century British philosopher that followed the...   [tags: Immanuel Kant]
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1221 words
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Ethics: The Human Imperfection of Greed - An ongoing problem in the United States and other countries are issues dealing with ethics. Many philosophers throughout the centuries have created works and theories on ethics, among them Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Ethics may generally be defined as the study of morality (Cohen, p. 17). Aristotle on Nicomachean Ethics said Virtue… being of two kinds, intellectual and moral, intellectual virtue in the main owes both its birth and its growth to teaching (for which reason it requires experience and time), while moral virtue comes about as a result of habit....   [tags: Kanatian Ethics, United States] 837 words
(2.4 pages)
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Early Technology for Power - Early Technology for Power Amidst the vastness of the Indian Ocean floats a single water droplet. This droplet is merely one of infinite numbers of water droplets in existence on our planet. Although seemingly insignificant, this droplet has toured the entire planet. In the next month alone, it is entirely possible that this droplet will travel more than the average person does in a lifetime. After changing state through evaporation, the droplet will be drawn by seasonal winds over India. It will reform into a liquid and become one droplet in the rains brought by India's well known monsoons....   [tags: Mills Machines Papers]
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2328 words
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Matewan and Norma Rae - Matewan and Norma Rae Theoretically, the characters of both Matewan, and Norma Rae take part in a capitalistic society. In both situations the people are partaking in a form of labor market, where they are selling their time and energy. However, the town of Matewan, governed by the Stone Mountain Coal Companies' monopoly on the land and businesses, and isolated by distance and limited technology, as fallen into a feudalistic condition. Despite the fact that Norma Rae's small hometown of Alabama bears a great resemblance to the town of Matewan, their economic situation remains a form of capitalism....   [tags: Capitalism Feudalism Economics Essays] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Comparing Classical vs. Modern Liberalism - Typically Liberalism can be categorized into two different strands, Classical and Modern (yet some thinkers advocate a third strand that is referred to as Neo-Liberalism), each characterized by their differing and to some extent unavoidably overlapping attitudes regarding the theory behind the ideology and how it should be put into practice. Prior to examining how these relate to one another and before making any comparisons, it is important to give a definition, as best as possible, of Liberalism as a concept....   [tags: classical liberalism, liberalism, modern liberalis] 1802 words
(5.1 pages)
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ABC donalds - ... Second, the oppressed opinion is false. In this case the popular opinion will accept the challenge and defeat it as prevailing opinion and such a challenge provides wider understanding of the truth. Third, the suppressed opinion is partially true. Then both the prevailing opinion and challenging opinion will facilitate the process of picking the best parts of the both opinions. So the coercion would be unjustified in all three cases. Any actions based on unpopular views must not be exercised without the approval of society....   [tags: Marx, capitalism, communism]
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1338 words
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Utilitarianism in Government - In its political philosophy utilitarianism provides an alternative to theories of natural law and the social contract by basing the authority of government and the sanctity of individual rights upon their utility, or measure of happiness gained. As an egalitarian doctrine, where everyone’s happiness counts equally, the rational, relatively straightforward nature of utilitarianism offers an attractive model for democratic government. It offers practical methods for deciding the morally right course of action - “...an action is right as it tends to promote happiness, wrong as it tends to diminish it, for the party whose interests are in question” (Bentham, 1780)....   [tags: Government]
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1664 words
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Mills Inductive Reasoning - Mill’s Inductive reasoning Mill's method of agreement identifies a cause of an event in terms of its sufficient condition. When using this method, one searches for a single factor that is common to multiple situations in which the same event occurred. Mill says that, when two or more occurrences of the event under investigation have only one condition in common, then that condition is the cause of the event. (Mill, 2002) More simply stated, Mill's method of agreement eliminates all but one common precursor....   [tags: essays research papers] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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ISE 370 MANUFACTURING - ISE 370 MANUFACTURING Introduction Numerical Control (NC) is the basis for many manufacturing processes in today’s industry. NC is the operation of machine tools and other processing machines by a series of coded instructions. CNC or computer numerical control systems include a built-in computer to support the machine and process. The main objective of this project was to simulate how a CNC machine is used in industry to facilitate a process and fabricate a designed part. In this course the importance, uses, and limitations of CNC machines when applied to the industrial world have all been learned....   [tags: essays papers] 1051 words
(3 pages)
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The Moral Permissibility of Lying - The Moral Permissibility of Lying Missing Works Cited The question of what constitutes morality is often asked by philosophers. One might wonder why morality is so important, or why many of us trouble ourselves over determining which actions are moral actions. Mill has given an account of the driving force behind our questionings of morality. He calls this driving force “Conscience,” and from this “mass of feeling which must be broken through in order to do what violates our standard of right,” we have derived our concept of morality (Mill 496)....   [tags: Morals Philosophy Papers] 3186 words
(9.1 pages)
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Biofuel: Ethanol Alternative to Transportation - Biofuel: Ethanol Alternative to Transportation For the past three decades Oil dominates the agenda of political discussion. With scares over price volatility, sizes of reserves, international imports and least of which are the environmental impacts due to carbon dioxide and other emissions. Various speculations and educated guesses place our total depletion of crude oil within the next 50 years and there is a general consensus between environmentalists that we steer toward a hydrogen transportation system given the projected work and nonexistent carbon dioxide emissions (Environmental Technologies class lecture, Santa Clara University)....   [tags: Politics Oil Essays]
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2074 words
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Ethics and International Relations - As individuals form societies to assure their self-preservation and self-interest, they establish customs that distinguish one group of individuals from another. As a means of societal norms, customs tend to influence behaviors of individuals who both practice certain habitual activities and maintain commonly recommended ethics. Various geopolitical and cultural characteristics allow development of diverse customs that cause difficulties in understanding moral values of other societies. In particular, the passage from Herodotus describes how the differences in morality between two customs hinder achieving cooperation and mutual agreements....   [tags: Ethics ]
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1294 words
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Ethics Reflection - There is a firefighter who is obligated to make a crucial decision. Upon arrival to a five-alarm blaze, the firefighter must make a life or death decision. There are two individuals unconscious in the burning building, and only one can be saved. One person is Dr. Rutland, a world-renowned pioneer in treating suicidal-depressives. The medication he has developed has helped thousands of patients already, and when perfected, will save many more. The other individual is Dr. Rutland’s secretary. Being that only one person is to survive, who should be saved....   [tags: essays research papers] 2189 words
(6.3 pages)
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On Liberty - Analysis & Critique of J.S. Mill's On Liberty The perception of liberty has been an issue that has bewildered the human race for a long time. It seems with every aspiring leader comes a new definition of liberty, some more realistic than others. We have seen, though, that some tend to have a grasp of what true liberty is. One of these scholars was the English philosopher and economist J.S. Mill. Mill's On Liberty provided a great example of what, in his opinion, liberty is and how it is to be protected....   [tags: essays research papers] 1081 words
(3.1 pages)
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Samuel Slater - Description Son of a yeoman farmer, Samuel Slater was born in Belper, Derbyshire, England on June 9, 1768. He become involved in the textile industry at the age of 14 when he was apprenticed to Jedediah Strutt, a partner of Richard Arkwright and the owner of one of the first cotton mills in Belper. Slater worked for Strutt for eight years and rose to become superintendent of Strutt's mill. It was in this capacity that he gained a comprehensive understanding of Arkwright's machines. Believing that textile industry in England had reached its peak; Slater immigrated secretly to America in 1789 in hopes of making his fortune in America's infant textile industry....   [tags: essays research papers] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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Providing covering switching, pre-loading and spotting services for common carrier flat bed loads - Providing covering switching, pre-loading and spotting services for common carrier flat bed loads. The plan, schedule and implementation of the project in Honolulu City; Loading and spotting project Name Institution Executive summary The Hwan Sung system furniture is a global company that has its head offices in china. The company is pleased to place a bid for the provision of pre-accepted loading services on common carrier flat bed which would cover switching, pre-loading and spotting services to Honolulu City in Hawaii....   [tags: Honolulu City, Minimum Revenue]
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2116 words
(6 pages)
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Maggie Anderson's Use of Grief Throughout Her Book Windfall - In Windfall, Maggie Anderson's use of grief in her poems are explicit in the beginning, then transitions to a more abstract implementation in the end, displaying how the poet's grief becomes stronger and more complex as the selection of poems progresses. In the first section, she describes the grief itself in an apparent way. By the the last section of the book, her illustration of grief is given in a very symbolic way. The first section of the book gives very fixed expressions of grief. In the poem “What Grief Does”, Anderson is describing the feeling of grief in detail....   [tags: poems, poetry, poetry analysis] 1555 words
(4.4 pages)
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Norma Rae and Labor Conflict - Norma Rae and Labor Conflict Labor conflict is strongly portrayed in Norma Rae, especially since in the second half of the 20th century labor unions were taken for granted as a basic worker's right (even as membership declined). Norma Rae both emphasizes the power unemployment has over the worker and shows the power that unions can have in the capitalist system. Companies want to control every aspect of the labor process because they need to make profits, and the way in which they control the labor process in Norma Rae (in an attempt to manipulate worker behavior) infringes on basic human rights....   [tags: Union Politics Films Movies] 891 words
(2.5 pages)
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Out of this Furnace, by Thomas Bell - The book Out of this Furnace written by Thomas Bell is about a Slovak family immigration to America. Immigrating to America for the Slovak family brought trials and problems. The work that was available for the George, Mike and Johnny is hard and requires long hours of work, for very little pay. The family came hoping to get a better life. But in the end the American dream became very hard for them to reach. Jobs were hard to find and working in the mill required movement from place to place, finding a home for the family was difficult and making sure that family was happy and taken care wasn’t easy....   [tags: Immigrating to America]
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1145 words
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Textile Mills: Their Innovation and Impact on Society - When our group found out that this year’s History Day topic was “impact and innovation” we had an epiphany to exemplify what impacted people’s lives the most, so we concluded to do our on project on the innovation in the textile industry and impact of the textile mills. The textile mills provided people with a cheap source of cloth that had an impact on every person’s lives during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In order to get our information on the innovation and impact of the textile mills, as a group we gathered information from various places and did extensive research on our topic....   [tags: textile mills, history, ] 502 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Case of Valentine Shortis - Before the eighteenth century it was very common for a guilty person to try to escape harsh punishment under the plea of impulsive insanity after committing a crime. However, by the early eighteenth century it was more difficult to prove that an individual was insane after committing a vicious crime. The case of Francis Valentine Shortis was one of such cases. His lawyers had a very difficult case on their hands and the only option they felt could help their client was to use the insanity defence....   [tags: Case Study, solution] 1401 words
(4 pages)
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Puppy Mills are a Crime - Overpopulation of animals has been a problem for us in the United States, especially with cats and dogs that are the typical house pets. These animals can be living out on the streets or even be confined in an abusive household. There are 6.5 million of companion cats and dogs who get rescued into shelters, but more three to four million will get euthanized. For the most part, the dogs that end up living in a puppy mill were born there and do not know what a loving family really is. Puppy mills are numerous in the United States though they are not illegal they should be because their care givers do not treat the animals the way they deserve as in other pet businesses....   [tags: Animal Abuse]
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1058 words
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On Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics - 1. Introduction (Beginning unfinished) In this paper, I will introduce two arguments against Classical Utilitarianism and explain why they are compelling and tenable objections. I will then anticipate how a non-utilitarian Consequentialist might try to avoid these problems. In the last section, I will use the example of poverty relief to explain why Kantian Ethics immunes from the harsh criticisms faced by Utilitarian. 2. Two Objections to Classical Utilitarianism Classical Utilitarianism is the doctrine that an act is morally right if and only if it maximizes overall (actual or expected) utility, and each person’s utility is counted impartially in the calculation....   [tags: phylosophy, greek, classic]
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1357 words
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On Utilitarianism - In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill gives an account for the reasons one must abide by the principles of Utilitarianism. Also referred to as the Greatest-happiness Principle, this doctrine promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. More specifically, Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, holding that the right act is that which yields the greatest net utility, or "the total amount of pleasure minus the total amount of pain", for all individuals affected by said act (Joyce, lecture notes from 03/30)....   [tags: Ethics] 1122 words
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John Rawls And Utilitarianism -      The social contract theory of John Rawls challenges utilitarianism by pointing out the impracticality of the theory. Mainly, in a society of utilitarians, a citizens rights could be completely ignored if injustice to this one citizen would benefit the rest of society. Rawls believes that a social contract theory, similar those proposed by Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, would be a more logical solution to the question of fairness in any government. Social contract theory in general and including the views of Rawls, is such that in a situation where a society is established of people who are self interested, rational, and equal, the rules of justice are established by what is mutually acc...   [tags: Rawls Utilitarinism Philosophy Essays]
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3D Prototyping - Introduction 3D Prototyping plays a vital role in industry. While simulations allow complex analysis nothing compares to being able to hold a model in one’s hand. This used to be possible only for major companies or required a long time delay, but the development of 3D printers has allowed for a renaissance in rapid 3D prototyping. With small form factor and the ability to print many materials, the use of these machines are on the rise. It is only a matter of time until every household has one capable of producing any part required....   [tags: Technology ]
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California Gold Rush - There have been many discoveries that have shaped our nation as a whole. Discoveries have allowed our country to thrive and become one of the most powerful nations in the world. When we look back at our nation's rich history, it is clear to see that there was one discovery in particular that had a vast impact on the United States; the discovery was gold in California. It was in this vastly unoccupied territory that the American dream was forever changed and California emerged as a powerful state busting at the seams....   [tags: American History] 1490 words
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Nation’s Oldest Windmill Manufacturer - Dempster Industries has been a fixture in the Beatrice business community since the late 19th Century. For years Nebraska has been known for its vast amounts of farms and crop fields. Without the proper equipment, farmers would not be able to maintain their farms and thrive. When technology was limited and all farm work was done without the use of high-tech machinery, an assortment of tools was required to make the family farm profitable. With this in mind, Charles Dempster started Dempster Industries in 1878....   [tags: Nebraska]
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1877 words
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"Shoeless" Joseph Jefferson Jackson - Born on July 16, 1887 in Pickens County, South Carolina, “Shoeless” Joseph Jefferson Jackson is frequently regarded as one of the best baseball players of all time. Joe's career as a baseball player was punctuated with a (then) all time high batting average of .356 (currently the third highest batting average on record); “Shoeless Joe's” influence was so substantial that baseball legend Babe Ruth “"... copied [“Shoeless” Joe] Jackson's style because [he] thought [“Shoeless” Joe] was the greatest hitter [He] had ever seen...”....   [tags: best baseball player] 906 words
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The Chinese in Kolkata - The bond between the Chinese and their motherland is very close and strong. They don’t leave their country unless the situation forces them to do so. The calm, laborious above all a follower of harmony in life, the Chinese would not probably seek refuge in another country if China had not been stirred by political upheavals like Opium Wars (1899-1901), First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1945) and the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901). The exodus began and the peaceful and painstaking Chinese fled their country following the Silk Route – the major avenue of international trade from China to Mediterranean Sea – and reached India, though the Chinese had begun their trip to India since the 2nd century....   [tags: nationalism, cultural pride] 2866 words
(8.2 pages)
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An Examination of Deontology and Utilitarianism in Deeply Moral Situations - An Examination of Deontology and Utilitarianism in Deeply Moral Situations Samuel Adams (1722 - 1803), an American patriot and politician, once stated, "Mankind are governed more by their feelings than by reason"[1]. This statement is significant, as it undermines two of the primary ethical doctrines in philosophy - the deontological perspective defended by Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) in Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (634), and utilitarianism, supported by John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) in his essay, Utilitarianism (667)....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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The Impact of Keynesian Theory on Roosevelt's New Deal - The Impact of Keynesian Theory on Roosevelt's New Deal The crash of the stock market brought many hard times. Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was a way to fix these times. John Stuart Mill and John Maynard Keynes were two economists whose economic theories greatly influenced and helped Franklin D. Roosevelt devise a plan to rescue the United States from the Great Depression it had fallen into. John Stuart Mill was a strong believer of expanded government, which the New Deal provided....   [tags: Economy] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose? - Utilitarianism or God, do we have to choose. During many years that question is being formulated and many scholars had a very difficult time to decide if it was possible to follow God’s will and the principle of utility maximization. The principle of utility maximization was a theory created by John Stuart Mill and presented in his book Utilitarianism (1863). Societies throughout the years have argued that those theories are hard to combine, since Utilitarianism seeks for self-development and God’s teachings seek for community growth....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1550 words
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What Have Theorists Meant by Liberty? - Liberty is a value that each person in a democratic society takes for granted. Taking this value from us, would remove the opportunity for individuals to make their own choices in life. Liberty is not a value that is constant throughout the various societies in the world, citizens of developed Western countries could be described has having considerably more liberty when compared with many of the less developed Arab nations. Theorists have studied the concept of liberty for centuries and there have been a number of different definitions, from people like Machiavelli to more modern theorists like Mill....   [tags: Politics] 1602 words
(4.6 pages)
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Liberal Democracy - Liberal democracy Introduction To begin with Francis Fukuyama's, provocative thesis, that after the fall of communism in Europe and the withering of the grand ideological contests, history too has ended. In his "end of history" theory, he maintained that the western liberal democracy had become the `final form of human government'. The fact is that though not all theorists have this kind of a faith in liberal democracy, and believe that it's not the only feasible form of democracy, they are in a minority....   [tags: Politics] 1165 words
(3.3 pages)
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Marriage in the Victorian Age - Many people believe that marriage is important in this day and age, but it holds little significance compared to the importance of marriage in the Victorian era. In the Victorian era women were to get married to a man of the same or a better social status, be good wives, and be a mother to her husband's children. Very few marriages started with love, but a woman's life is not complete without being married. Over time, the role of married women has evolved a great deal and they now have rights and privileges....   [tags: European Literature] 1810 words
(5.2 pages)
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A Comparison between Chemistry and the End of Something - A Comparison between Chemistry and the End of Something Both in Chemistry and The End of Something authors explain to the readers how relationships can be essential and also how they can just break and end in an instance. Both the authors use various techniques to explain and describe these relationships using different literary techniques. At the beginning of Chemistry, Graham Swift describes a very secure relationship between: the boy, the grandfather and the mother. The boy is very comfortable with this relationship as he enjoys the company of both his mother and grandfather....   [tags: Papers] 436 words
(1.2 pages)
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Myers and Freedom of Speech - Myers and Freedom of Speech Myers did would not have hurt others in any way whatsoever. Had his actions not been silenced they could have led to the discovery of the true opinions of employees, which could have possibly led to changes in office procedures. Granted, Myers questionnaire could have possibly offended managers in the office, but according to Mill, all controversial speech causes offense and this is not an excuse for censorship. Speech offends people that do not agree with it and if we permit the majority to censor anything and everything that they do not agree with, we run the risk of silencing a possible truth....   [tags: Papers] 340 words
(1 pages)
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Another One Bites The Dust - Another One Bites the “Dust” Sweet Diamond Dust, written by Rosario Ferre, focuses on modernization and how it’s impacted the country of Puerto Rico and it’s people. This book discusses the struggles and hardships of managing sugar mills and the influential changes the Americans brought to Puerto Rico in the early 1900’s. The Americans triumph over the local landowners and their sugar mills, was not all from their own doings. Their successes is in part of the town’s own greed. Through manipulation, persuasion, and cunnings, Diamond Dust was able to survive through the toughest of hardships, and still manage to be the only competitor (in Puerto Rico) to the northerners....   [tags: essays research papers] 635 words
(1.8 pages)
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Work Conditions in the 1800s - Work Conditions in the 1800s In the 1800's, it was not out of the ordinary for a child to work sixteen-hour days, seven days a week. Michael Thomas Sadler tried to show in the Sadler Report of the House of Commons, how brutal it was. The Sadler Report was volumes of testimonies from children workers and older people, who once had to work as children in the mines and factories. The treatment of children had become increasingly worse and worse. The main point the Sadler Report was trying to get across was the exploitation of children workers....   [tags: Papers] 437 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Prinicple Of Utility - The Principle of Utility A. 1832) There are two main people that talked about the principles of utility and they were Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. First off I’ll talk to you about Mr. Bentham. It is helpful to see Bentham’s moral philosophy in the context of his political philosophy, his attempt to find a rational approach to law and legislative action. He argued against “natural law” theory and thought that the classical theories of Plato and Aristotle as well as notions such as Kant’s Categorical Imperative were too outdated, confusing and/or controversial to be of much help with society’s ills and a program of social reform....   [tags: essays research papers] 2167 words
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Joseph Ridgeway Grundy - Joseph Ridgeway Grundy I am from a small town called Bristol Borough, Pennsylvania. It is along the Delaware River, about 25 miles northeast of Philadelphia. Bristol Borough was founded in 1681. This is the states third oldest borough, that was once a busy river port with important shipbuilding activities (Cohen 438). It is predominately residential, with the exception of Mill Street, the community's traditional commercial street. It includes fine examples of many major styles and idioms, reflecting the community's long history and its importance as a transportation and commercial center (Owen 133)....   [tags: essays papers]
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1583 words
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Recycling and Weaving - I began combining recycling and weaving in the early 1970s. I was a new weaver and newly married. I studied weaving in college and became interested in recycling at the 1974 Spokane World’s Fair after seeing a display on the environmental movement which was still in its infancy. My first recycled rug was made from a bag of brightly colored shirts bought at a thrift shop bag sale for $1. While it made an interesting rug, it convinced me of the need for more expedient methods of preparation. Throughout the 70’s, I tried to find new sources for weaving material....   [tags: Personal Experience] 965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Working Conditions of Children - Working Conditions of Children Factories/ Mills inspected : Cotton Mill, Cromford Date : 8th of October of the year 1844 I visited the cotton mill in Cromford Because, whilst there are advantages to employing children, for example: requiring far less pay compared to adults, and apprentices not even needing pay. We understand that also they are useful in the fact that they are far more agile therefore being able to crawl under machinery easily so then they can fix broken threads....   [tags: Papers] 539 words
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From Little Falls to Major Power Producer: A Brief History of the Post Falls Dam - From Little Falls to Major Power Producer: A Brief History of the Post Falls Dam The Post Falls Dam has stoically served North Idaho for over 100 years and is arguably one of the greatest social and geographical influences in the region today. To appreciate the history of the dam, it is important to start at the beginning, before the dam was built, even before there was a Spokane River or a Lake Coeur d’Alene. Before Lake Coeur d’Alene existed, the St. Joe River ran through the present lakebed northward and up through the Rathdrum Prairie before turning west and into the Spokane Valley....   [tags: Government ]
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The Politics of Edmund Burke as Related to Classical Liberalism and its Derivatives - Edmund Burke was a political philosopher and a member of British Parliament who is generally considered to be the founder of modern conservatism. His politics are a fusion of other political theorists, and thus aren't particularly cohesive or systematic. However, Burke is an important figure in the history of political thought and he was known for his ability as an orator and statesman. Burke saw society as if it was an evolving organism. He felt that, like a body, all aspects of a society must be functioning properly in order for society as a whole to remain healthy....   [tags: Political Science] 850 words
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The Ones Who Walked Away from Omelas by Ursula Le Guin - ... Mill would have to consider both the level of benefit and the capabilities of the persons receiving the benefit. Mill would argue that a person of “higher faculties” would require a greater amount of happiness than someone simpler. This would point extend to say that all of the citizens of Omelas would benefit more the suffering child from the same amount of good received. Le Guin tells us that the citizens of Omelas who know of the child’s suffering rationalize that the child would no longer have the capacity to enjoy freedom....   [tags: utilitarian society, kant, welfare]
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Children Working In The Factories during the British Industrial Revolution - The British industrial revolution (1770 - 1850) had a super negative impact on the right of children. Since child labour was already a pervasive problem during the 17th century in Britain, the industrial revolution simply just made child labour even more overflowed. It was extremely unfair compare these thousands of children who worked non-stopping and suffered throughout their whole childhoods with the other normal kids who were at school and lived happily. However there had not been much things done to change this terrible fact....   [tags: British industrial revolution, child labor, factor]
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1312 words
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The Taint of Money in “Life in the Iron Mills” - Rebecca Harding Davis wrote “Life in the Iron Mills” in the mid-nineteenth century in part to raise awareness about working conditions in industrial mills. With the goal of presenting the reality of the mills’ environment and the lives of the mill workers, Davis employs vivid and concrete descriptions of the mills, the workers’ homes, and the workers themselves. Yet her story’s realism is not objective; Davis has a reformer’s agenda, and her word-pictures are colored accordingly. One theme that receives a particularly negative shading in the story is big business and the money associated with it....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Davis] 1644 words
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"Skipper" and "As Birds Bring Forth the Sun" Analysis - In the short story “Skipper”, Aldan Nowlan introduces the protagonist, Skipper. Skipper’s mother Ethel yearns for a better life for her and her son outside of their mining community. In the short story “As Birds Bring Forth the Sun”, Alistair MacLeod introduces a young dog named cù mòr glas. Cù mòr glas is saved by a family man who lives by the sea. Aldan Nowlan’s “Skipper” and Alistair Macleod’s “As Birds Bring Forth the Sun” appear to have little in common, but both stories show the same series of events that lead to Skipper and cù mòr glas inflicting unintentional pain on their loved ones....   [tags: Literary Analysis] 778 words
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The First World War and Women's Suffrage in Britain - Outline A. Plan of Investigation B. Summary of Evidence C. Evaluation of Sources D. Analysis Works Cited A. Plan of Investigation The 19th century was an important phase for feminism in Britain. The suffrage movement began as a struggle to achieve equal rights for women in 1872. Women then became active in their quest for political recognition, which they finally obtained in 1928. This investigation assesses the question: To what extent did the First World War lead to the accomplishment of the women’s suffrage movement of Britain in 1928....   [tags: Women's Rights in Britain]
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1755 words
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The Barbarian Practice of Killing Animals for Fur - Ms. Harrison run into little Timmy- her neighbor, seven years old- one Saturday morning at the store wearing her brand new fur coat. Little Timmy, surprised by the size of the thing asked Ms. Harrison what that was. She said it was her very expensive coat that she bought the other day hoping that little Timmy was going to admire her good taste in fashion. When little Timmy asked what was that made from, she replied “fur” hoping that he was not going to be able to put the pieces together, but when little Timmy asked “Fur, from who....   [tags: fur, fashion, death,] 1581 words
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Vivid Use of Imagery in “My Father’s Garden” - In David Wagoner’s poem, “My Father’s Garden”, the speaker describes his father’s job as a fruitful gardener that his father find very productive but does not finally yield anything of value. Through the use of vivid imagery, we are presented with two contrasting outlooks on life. In four stanzas, Wagoner’s use of imagery and metaphors shows us what he thinks of his father’s job, his education and subsequently, the choices his father has made throughout his life. We are first presented with image of an open hearth which directly sets the tone for the first stanza....   [tags: Literary Analysis, David Wagoner] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Two Different Versions of the Moral Saint - ... Wolf’s requirements of both the Loving and Rational Saint seem to defy what is rationally possible for a human being. It is not in the nature of humans to be free of selfishness (Mill). Selfishness is an instinctive trait for human beings; of being human it is what ensures our survival. The psychological toll on a person who never took time to care deeply for himself would be an inability unable to care for others. It is also not rational to expect a saint to possess such high morals without the opportunity to learn, acquire or improve those morals....   [tags: ring of gyges, moral life, saints]
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Emotional Intelligence among High and Low Self-Monitors - ... Humans are at the top of the spectrum of existing intelligence and are remarkably better than other animals at articulating and expressing their feelings effectively (Chopra, & Kanji, 2010). The cognitive skills of the human brain allow us to process incredibly complex information such as the emotional states of others. The center of the brain responsible for emotions is referred to as the limbic system. The limbic system is made up of three parts, the hippocampus, the hypothalamus, and the amygdala (Sen, 2008)....   [tags: Emotional Intelligence in Business]
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Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools - In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain. (Kramnick, 1995). The enlightenment movement continued evolving over the following centuries....   [tags: Education, Philosophy]
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1505 words
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The 1942 Movie Casablanca: Humphrey Bogart - The 1942 movie, “Casablanca” portrays a World War II era enclave where refugees fled Nazi Europe and used this unoccupied city as a safe haven while pursuing their dreams of coming to America. The main character is Rick Blaine, played by Humphrey Bogart, who owns a nightclub and casino in unoccupied Morocco during the Nazi era. Blaine, whose sole purpose appears to be money, illuminates a sense of arrogance and self righteousness as he assists in retrieving the necessary immigration documents for those who are willing to pay the price for their freedom....   [tags: nazi europe, rick blaine, good and evil]
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Philosophy: Two Differetn Types of Utilitarianism - ... But, it is obvious if you choose this option of pushing Curly in front of the train, he is surely going to be killed. Just like in the previous case if handling this dilemma in the perspective of an act utilitarian, one would push Curly in front of the train. This may seem cruel, but in act utilitarianism, they act in ways that will result in the greatest sum of happiness. Even though, a life is being sacrifice, two lives are being saved at the same time and to act utilitarian’s that is the greatest sum of happiness....   [tags: switch case, fat man case, kant]
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1423 words
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The Journey Through The Differences In Relationships in Cold Sassy Tree - The Journey Through The Differences In Relationships in Cold Sassy Tree Dating back to the early 1900’s and all the way through to the present, romantic relationships have been viewed differently. From strict unwritten dating regulations to not having regulations at all, recent generations have become more liberated in making their own decisions. The progressing times have made us become a more accepting society and have caused a decrease in the strong practice of religion and class. Even though differences such as religion and class in relationships were more than an issue they were not always a complete deterrence....   [tags: Cold Sassy Tree Love Essays]
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1659 words
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Factory Labor and the Domestic Sphere in the Lowell Offering - Factory Labor and the Domestic Sphere in the Lowell Offering In 1822, a group of Boston merchants and traders began their campaign to transform a riverbank below the thirty-foot falls of the Merrimack River into "the greatest textile manufacturing establishment in the country." These capitalists dug and improved the Merrimack canal, constructed machine shops, and built housing for mill executives, foremen and operatives. The cotton mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, and other New England sites began to employ the first female industrial labor force in the United States....   [tags: American History Lowell Papers]
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Why the Textile Workers in the South Spread so Quickly - Why the Textile Workers in the South Spread so Quickly      The textile industry was, at one time, one of the largest industries in the south. Starting in the late 1800’s with small local looms, and spreading to become corporations who controled the south and whose influence stretched internationally. One of the first textile industries came to Gaston County North Carolina, and its huge success led to the opening of mills across the Carolina’s and Virginia. As these industries grew they began to control more and more of its employees lives....   [tags: Great Depression New Deal Employment Essays] 3286 words
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Hemingway's Use of Economy In The End of Something - Hemingway's Use of Economy In The End of Something Hemingway is renowned for his brief, simple and economical writing style. This is present in the story "The end of something", but how does he achieve this and what effect does it have on the story. Hemingway has an economical writing style, which is achieved through the repetition of words. An example of this is the use of the word "said" after any dialogue between Marjorie and Nick. This can seem quite juvenile in style, many authors would be more descriptive, but by repeating this simple and plain word Hemingway is commenting on the tediousness of their relationship....   [tags: Papers] 798 words
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Actions and Their Labels of Either Right or Wrong - Actions and Their Labels of Either Right or Wrong In this academic essay there will be an in depth look at the words of Mill, in terms of actions and their labels of either right and wrong, and those connotations to happiness and, so to speak the reverse of happiness. There will be an attempt through various different channels, to illustrate the absurdity of utilitarianism, in the sense of its mere provisional assessment of promoting happiness. Furthermore this essay will also emphasize the fact that happiness is subjective and the ripple effects this would have on the utilitarian theory....   [tags: Papers] 1212 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Relationships between Chemistry and the End of Somehting - The Relationships between Chemistry and the End of Somehting In Chemistry and The End of Something we are told of different relationships and how they get stronger or in some cases break. Both authors use different literacy techniques that bring out the best and worst of the relationships so that we the readers are succumbed to each twist and turn that the characters themselves experience. Both stories start with very descriptive language before starting to explain the personality and relationships of each character....   [tags: Papers] 699 words
(2 pages)
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Using Food to Build A Community - Using Food to Build A Community Two blocks from the city courthouse in Goshen, tucked into the corner of W. Washington Street, is the Mill Race Farmers Market. Some older members of the community may remember this gray-sided building as a sawmill or later, a furniture warehouse powered by energy created on the Mill Race. In May of 2000, however, families biked down the Mill Race bike trail, and cars, and tractor beds transformed the deserted parking lots surrounding the building into a place of bustling activity....   [tags: Produce Agriculture Farming Essays] 1281 words
(3.7 pages)
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Norma Rae and A Respectable Trade - Norma Rae and A Respectable Trade In this essay I shall compare the two economic systems of capitalism and slavery within the context of films, Norma Rae and A Respectable Trade. In the film Norma Rae, workers in a textile mill attempt to form a union with the leadership of a disgruntled employee named Norma Rae. In a Respectable Trade, a woman of the aristocracy marries a slave trader named Josiah when she comes to realize that her time spent in her uncle's estate must come to an end due to the social aspirations of her aunt and that because she has no talent as a governess she has very few options left....   [tags: Films Movies] 1035 words
(3 pages)
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Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England - Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England Women's Suffrage in the right of women to share political privileges on equal terms with men, the right to vote in elections and referendums, and the right to hold public office. The women's suffrage was a worldwide issue that had begun a long time before the 19th century. The issues involving women's right to vote was aroused in 1839 when the American Missionary Association began to work to develop education opportunities for blacks and other minorities in the U.S....   [tags: Papers] 1504 words
(4.3 pages)
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