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Study sources E and F and the site at Quarry bank mill. - I am studying how useful sources E and F are in arriving at an accurate explanation of how apprentices were treated at Quarry Bank Mill in the early 1840s. Source E was written by Robert Hyde Greg in 1843, 7 years after the incident happened. Robert H. Greg was the son of Samuel Greg, he was the original owner of Quarry Bank Mill. By 1836, which was when the Esther Price ran away, Robert H. Greg had inherited the mill. Source F was written in 1838, by a man called John Doherty. He was a campaigner for reducing children?s hours of employment in cotton mills....   [tags: essays research papers] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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Why Children from Workhouses Were Employed at Styal Mill - Why Children from Workhouses Were Employed at Styal Mill Source A indicates that children appeared as the best and most suitable working force available for mill owners, such as Samuel Greg in the 1790's. According to Samuel Greg, child labour provided many significant advantages to the children, as well as Styal Mill itself. The source provides us with a list of factual reasons that help to explain why they favoured child labour. The attitude is explained using economic reason, as it was in Greg's own economic self-interest to employ children, as we can gather from reading Source A....   [tags: Papers] 3590 words
(10.3 pages)
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Communitarian Balanced as a Vital Instrument of Liberty - Liberty is an important concept that has existed since antiquity. It has been ceaselessly debated throughout history. Liberty, itself, is usually defined as the state of being free, that is, within society from oppressive limitations established by authority on the way of life, behavior or political views. John Stuart Mill, Alexis de Tocqueville, and Karl Heinrich Marx are significant contributors to the understanding of liberty and its ramifications in social, economic, and political life. Even though, they have different perspectives on liberty....   [tags: Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, Society]
:: 2 Works Cited
1319 words
(3.8 pages)
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An Analysis of The Industrial Revolution - A whistle blows early in the morning, signaling all mill workers to head to the factory in the darkness of the day’s dawn. The Industrial Revolution was the start of a time period in which the handmade goods were being replaced by the products of the newly, built mills that could produce more in less time for a better price. Competition between the handmade and the manufactured goods became a struggle for most Americans; they had to choose a side in the newly developing time period. Many chose to work in the factories to support their families; others stayed home to help on the farm....   [tags: mill workers, factory system, manufactured goods]
:: 5 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Identity of Women in Shelley's Frankenstein, Bronte's Jane Eyre, and Eliot's The Mill on the Floss - Identity of Women in Shelley's Frankenstein, Bronte's Jane Eyre, and Eliot's The Mill on the Floss George Eliot is quoted as stating: "A woman's hopes are woven of sunbeams; a shadow annihilates them" (Miner 473). To extend this notion, Jean Giraudoux in Tiger at the Gates, states "I have been a woman for fifty years, and I've never been able to discover precisely what it is I am" (474). These two statements are related to each other because they express, in large part, the dilemma facing Mary Shelley, Charlotte Brontë, and George Eliot as they set out to write fictional manuscripts....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1480 words
(4.2 pages)
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Contemporary Hand Papermaking in North America and Europe - Contemporary Hand Papermaking in North America and Europe The practice of making paper by hand draws forth past centuries in a single sheet of tangled fibers. At the same time, the advances of both contemporary hand papermakers and modern technology have merged this tradition with innovation to create paper of unsurpassed beauty and quality. Despite the speed and economic advantages of machine-made paper, traditional handmade paper grasps its hold on the modern world, and mills across North America and Western Europe have re-emerged to produce fine handmade papers for artists, bookmakers, and conservators who seek the highest level of durability, permanence, and aesthetics....   [tags: Paper Mill Production Essays Papers]
:: 10 Works Cited
2948 words
(8.4 pages)
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What is Happiness? - What is happiness. People have agonized over this question for centuries. Let me start this essay by answering a somewhat easier question: what isn’t happiness. Happiness is NOT feeling good all the time. Happiness is a combination of human emotions and states of mind. Exploring this state of being has consumed the philosophical minds of the ages and will continue to do so for ages to come. In an unofficial poll of students at State University, I found that of the fifty-eight students and one professor, males and females of several ethnic backgrounds and age groups, that I asked the question "What is happiness to you?", all of them had very different physical, intellectual, or emotional moti...   [tags: John Stuart Mill Essays]
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767 words
(2.2 pages)
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Exploring John Mill's Harm Principle - Freedom is a necessary principle to abide by in order for the human race to function. On the other hand, freedom can be taken advantage of, thus resulting in harmful consequences to those directly and indirectly involved. The article, “On Liberty” by John S. Mills, places emphasis on the functioning of individual liberty and its co-existence with society. Mills stresses the limits of individual liberty through what is famously known as his Harm Principle: "the only purpose for which power may be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others....   [tags: drugs, philosophy, On Liberty] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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A Comparison of The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot, Passage to India by E.M. Foster, and When We Were Orphans by Kazuo Ishiguro - A Comparison of The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot, Passage to India by E.M. Foster, and When We Were Orphans by Kazuo Ishiguro The three extracts I have chosen are all written in a relatively similar style, I am rather partial to this style, ergo the motive for choosing them. This will however, make contrasting them a little harder, however I believe that the consequent refined subtleties will provide a more interesting essay. Let us hope so. To provide a suitable structure from which to analyse less obvious comparisons, something of the author's contextual intentions must be made apparent....   [tags: Papers] 1918 words
(5.5 pages)
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Mr Dolphus Raymond tells Scout, Your pa’s not a run of the mill man. - Mr Dolphus Raymond tells Scout, Your pa’s not a run of the mill man. How far do you agree with this description of Atticus Finch. The novel ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ by Harper Lee is set during the 1930s in the Deep South of America, during a time when there was a large racial segregation. The book is about Tom Robinson, a black man accused of the rape of a white woman, Mayella Ewell. Tom Robinson’s lawyer is Atticus Finch. Atticus is a white, single father of two children, Scout and Jem. The family live in the town of Maycomb County, Alabama....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 3046 words
(8.7 pages)
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The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society - The Necessity of Autonomy (Free Will) in Society      “Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree, which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing.” John Stuart Mill explicitly describes the necessity of autonomy or free will in society to insure the happiness of all. From this perspective one can recognize that autonomy should not only be unconditionally allowed, but also as an aspect of man that was developed along with the ability to reason....   [tags: Autonomy Free Will Society John Stuart Mill] 797 words
(2.3 pages)
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Kant vs. Mill: Human Rights and Utilitarianism - Introduction One of the main reasons why human rights have been put in place is to protect the public life and public space of every individual being. One fundamental characteristic of human rights is that they are equal rights; they are aimed at providing protection to every person in an equal way. These rights have been entrenched through laws that are passed by states and international conventions. Human rights laws have evolved over time, and have been shaped by several factors, including philosophical theories in the past....   [tags: Consensual Morality, Philosophy]
:: 10 Works Cited
1725 words
(4.9 pages)
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Government - According to Hobbes the need to create a form of government arises from fulfilling the need of security. In order for government to provide this security, it is necessary for government to be able to use its authority in any way it pleases. Locke and Mill on the other hand believe that government should be able to provide security for its citizens, but in order to do this government does not need to be large rather it should be limited. Thus, the question arises of how limited government should be in order to provide security....   [tags: Analysis, Locke, Mill] 1516 words
(4.3 pages)
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Taoism and Western Moral Philosophy - Taoism presents a moral philosophy that at first seems very different from most western moral philosophies which, though very different, usually understand morality as a set of restraints on behavior or a common set of principles (common virtues). Western moral philosophy, in general, emphasizes constraining behavior that stems from desire. Taosim's emphasis is dealing directly with controlling ones desire by eliminating them. Taoism and western moral philosophy deal with desire but Taoism deals with it directly and western morality often only tries to stem the effect of desire....   [tags: Kant, Mill, and Lao Tzu]
:: 4 Works Cited
3921 words
(11.2 pages)
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The Endless Fight to Stop Animal Cruelty - Animal cruelty has always been a hot topic for animal lovers all over the world. There are many organizations to try and end the cruelty of these innocent animals. It’s sad to think an individual would think treating an animal aggressively is an acceptable behavior. If a human is accused of animal abuse, then there should be serious consequences due to their wrongdoing. Animals need to be respected in the same manner as humans. There are many ways that could be considered animal abuse. A human physically harming the helpless animal, puppy mills, hoarding animals, cruel animal factories and many more are all considered animal cruelty....   [tags: animal abuse, puppy mill, animal cruelty]
:: 11 Works Cited
1040 words
(3 pages)
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The Definition and Limitations of Harm - John Stuart Mill’s treatise On Liberty defines liberty as the ability to behave however one desires, with the condition one does not harm another individual (Mill 11). However, the definition of harm is vast, and could range from murder or rape to insulting an individual’s feelings. To account for this, Mill specifies what constitutes harm. In this essay, I will consider Mill’s interpretation and definition of harm. Mill argues harm is unwelcome and discernible damage against an individual, through injury, imprisonment, monetary loss, or slander (Mill 81)....   [tags: liberty, physical injury]
:: 1 Works Cited
1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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Equality vs The Tyranny of Majority - “Tyranny of Majority” is a phenomenon in a democratic society where decisions are made by the majority group and the decision oppresses the minority group, comparable to that of tyrants. The term was first used by John Adams in 1781. It was later popularized by Alexis de Tocqueville in his book: Democracy in America; and further spread by John Stuart Mill. In their works, both Mill and Tocqueville are concerned about the existence of the tyranny of majority in democracy and saw the necessity of a civic culture that supported liberty and diversity in order to prevent such tragedy....   [tags: Democracy and Equality]
:: 4 Works Cited
3137 words
(9 pages)
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History of Colloidal Mills - ... The material to be ground should be pre milled as finely as possible to prevent damage to the colloidal mill. Rotors and the stator may be smooth surfaced or rough surface. With the rotor and the stator there is a thin uniform film of material between them and it is subjected to the maximum amount of shear. Rough surfaced mill add intense eddy current, turbulence and the impaction of the particles to the shearing action. Principle Colloidal mill works on the principle of rotor-stator. The size reduction is affected due to shearing, when the material is passed between the narrow gap of milling surfaces of rotor and stator....   [tags: reducing solids, mixing technology] 981 words
(2.8 pages)
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Qualitative Hedonism and Happiness - In determining what is the foundation of happiness, hedonism claims that it is pleasure with the absence of pain that is the only intrinsic good. An intrinsic good can be described as something that is good in and of itself. It is good not because it leads to something else, it is good for its own sake; as compared to an instrumental good, which is a means to an end. Pleasure describes the broad class of mental states that humans experience as positive, enjoyable, or worth seeking. Qualitative hedonists believe that there can be different levels of pleasure, meaning that some will be better than others....   [tags: Absense of Pain, Intrinsic Good, Pleasure]
:: 1 Works Cited
1199 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Subjection of Women: In Today’s Context - In the year 1869, John Stuart Mill published a controversial essay, “The Subjection of Women”, that advocated equality between sexes in a male-dominant society. In this essay, I will demonstrate that Mill’s analysis regarding the systematic subjection of women, by an education system producing conventional “womanly” characters favorable to men, is correct. However, I will argue that this analysis does not apply to today due to the advancement of the political rights and powers, progression of social equality, and improved economic conditions of women in countries with high education indexes....   [tags: Literacy Analysis ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Right to Bear a Concealed Handgun - The Right to Bear a Concealed Handgun Should every adult citizen have the authority to have a handgun for protection of self-defense, or other individual reasons. Well, every citizen knows the fact that adults are allowed to have a gun, because of the approval of the 2nd amendment. Even though this policy is approved, some citizens are in political debate of this handgun approval. For years this law, there has always been a forward and against group. Some see the negative outcomes for their community, predicting that there could be more high crimes and injuries....   [tags: self-defense, citizens, criminals] 1182 words
(3.4 pages)
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Why Giving Away Millions of Dollars is Okay - The utilitarianism principle is commonly thought of as the basis behind making morally good decisions or acting to create the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. John Stuart Mill’s basic principle of utilitarianism is usually referred to as the “greatest-happiness principle” because of this (Mill, 7). In chapter two of his book, “Utilitarianism” Mill defines the moral principle of utilitarianism as one that encourages people to act so as to produce or promote the greatest aggregate or combined happiness for all people (p 7).When confronted with the decision of whether to accept the Vanderbilt’s Chancellor recommendation that the Athletics Department budget be cut by 90% in...   [tags: Philosophy]
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1917 words
(5.5 pages)
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Norma Rae: Labor Unions and the Power Struggle - Introduction Labor unions were established as a way for workers’ needs and grievances to be heard by management. According to Fossum (2012), “forming a union creates a collective voice to influence change at work” (p. 7). The collective voice of workers in a union holds much more power than any single employee’s voice. It can loudly draw attention to mistreatment or abuse of workers. The organized collective voice of workers demands to be treated in a fair way by its management in terms of wages, hours, benefits, and working conditions....   [tags: Labor Union Campaign]
:: 7 Works Cited
3053 words
(8.7 pages)
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The Idea of Utilitarianism According to Jeremy Bentham - Utilitarianism is a moral calculus – dependent upon a cost-benefit analysis – whose function is to maximize utility, which determines right from wrong. Jeremy Bentham, who argued, that the highest principle of morality is to maximize happiness, founded the doctrine; hence, according to him, the right thing to do is anything that maximizes utility. Moreover, Bentham contended against the opponents of the principle of utility that every moral argument must implicitly draw from the idea of maximizing happiness....   [tags: utilitarianism, utility, individual liberty] 871 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Subjection of Women and Slavery - In this first unit, one of the readings that really caught my attention was John Stuart Mill’s The Subjection of Women. In his essay, Mill’s presents a very compelling argument that the subordination of one sex to another is wrong and that there should be instead, perfect equality amongst the sexes. Having previously studied about gender inequality issues from another class, I have a broad understanding of how and why gender inequality has been perpetuated through various historical, political, and social contexts....   [tags: Women’s Rights, Philosophy]
:: 1 Works Cited
1195 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Limits of Freedom of Expression - Introduction The aim of this essay is to critically examine the limits of freedom of expression. The limits or constraints of free expression, in most cases, refer to the abuse of free speech, which may cause harm or offence. The essay focuses on defining what types of expression, or more specifically, speech is regarded as the limits of freedom of expression. The essay is divided into two major parts, the evaluative and the extensive part. The first section explores different views on setting standards for modeling restrictions to freedom of expression or to prevent the abuse of free expression....   [tags: abuse of free speech]
:: 15 Works Cited
2691 words
(7.7 pages)
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The Harm of Puppy Mills - So you want to adopt a puppy. Well there are two main places that your puppy could have been born. First, your puppy could have been born at a puppy mill. This is an inhumane, mass breeding location that can be very detrimental to your new pet. Another location that your puppy could have been born at is a breeder. This is a more humane location for your puppy to have been born. When adopting a puppy you should avoid going to a pet store because most pet stores receive their puppies from puppy mills; inhumane and overpopulated puppy breeding places....   [tags: Pet Adoption, Inhumane Treatment]
:: 12 Works Cited
1710 words
(4.9 pages)
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Struggle of Freedom and Power - Struggle of Freedom and Power Throughout history, it has been widely acknowledged that there has been a struggle between freedom and power and undeniably, this debate continues well into the 21st century. John Stuart Mill's essay On Liberty raises the point of whether in fact laws help to enforce liberty or whether in fact they act contrary to that objective by destroying it. Mill emphasises that the only purpose for power being rightfully exercised over any member of society, against his or her will, is to prevent harm to others....   [tags: Papers] 1101 words
(3.1 pages)
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Portfolio Project – Norma Rae - “They are free to exploit you, to lie to you, to cheat you and to take away from you what is rightfully yours - your health, a decent wage, a fit place to work” (Asseyev, Rose, Ritt, 1979). In the movie Norma Rae, union organizer Reuben Warshovsky, delivered this powerful speech to workers at the O.P. Henley textile mill. He warned them that without union representation they would continue to be taken advantage of by management. The movie, set in 1978, showed textile workers in a small, southern town who were forced to work long hours for a measly wage in deplorable and unsafe conditions....   [tags: Labor Unions]
:: 6 Works Cited
1985 words
(5.7 pages)
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Individual Liberty and The Bill 94 in Quebec, Canada - In regards to individual liberty, Locke believes that each individual is the judge of their own actions (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2002). All individuals have a right to be free and a right to decide how they want to live without interference from the state. (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2002). Muslim women have the right to freely cover their face without limitations or discrimination from state authority. Bill 94 would terminate the individual choice of Muslim women and interfere with their individual rights and liberty....   [tags: muslim immigrants, women, niqab]
:: 9 Works Cited
1069 words
(3.1 pages)
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Philosphy: Criticism and The Way People Perceive Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is a ethical belief that if an deed seized creates extra good than bad for all than that deed ought to be taken. It is the calculation of the conclude result of meteorological conditions your decision will lead to a good cause or not. If the deed brings happiness to all, than you are acting the right thing. John Stuart Mill, acknowledged for this theory, explains that utilitarianism is a theory established on the pursuing, “actions are right in proportion as they incline to advance happiness, wrong as they incline to produce the reverse of happiness”....   [tags: ethical thinking, hapiness]
:: 1 Works Cited
1103 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Fight for Human Rights - Can you imagine a life without pre-meditated murder. In his movie Minority Report, Steven Spielberg brings this vision to reality in the trappings of a police state. The pre-crime unit is charged with the elimination of pre-meditated murder using three pre-cogs, humans with the ability to predict violent crime. Minority reports- sporadic, erroneous predictions- indicate the fallibility of this system of imperfect procedural justice. Civilians have their rights to privacy violated on a regular basis for collection of intelligence....   [tags: the security-for-rights compromise]
:: 6 Works Cited
3124 words
(8.9 pages)
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The Differences in John Stuart Mills and Jeremy Bentham's Versions of Utilitarianism - The Differences in John Stuart Mills and Jeremy Bentham's Versions of Utilitarianism In what ways did John Stuart Mill's version of utilitarianism differ from that of Jeremy Bentham. Which do you consider preferable. The Cambridge International Dictionary of English defines utilitarianism as "the system of thought which states that the best action or decision in a particular situation is the one which most benefits the most people". This is the main idea of the system of thought and it is from this the beliefs and opinions of John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873), Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and other early utilitarians were developed....   [tags: Papers] 2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Rubber Industry Affecting La Crosse - ... The value of a having a successful corporation in La Crosse is still present on today’s council’s choice of decision. Kwik Trip, a big employer in the area had recently applied for a grant from the city to build additional warehouses around the area. This would’ve created hundreds of new jobs in the area and was approved by the city council. The issue of building a road through the marshes has been debated for ages around this area. Even today there are still concerns over building a road over this wildlife sanctuary....   [tags: La Cross rubber mills, business analysis] 1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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A Unified Theory of Names - A Unified Theory of Names ABSTRACT: Theoreticians of names are currently split into two camps: Fregean and Millian. Fregean theorists hold that names have referent-determining senses that account for such facts as the change of content with the substitution of co-referential names and the meaningfulness of names without bearers. Their enduring problem has been to state these senses. Millian theorists deny that names have senses and take courage from Kripke's arguments that names are rigid designators....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 3267 words
(9.3 pages)
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Ethical Dilemma of Embryo Cloning - Utilitarianism There are many ethical theories that guide people in their daily lives when it comes to decision making. One of these theories is known as utilitarianism and it refers to a model that supposes an action is only right if it brings out greater happiness to the largest number of people. In essence, if an action results in happiness, it is perceived as morally right and wrong is the opposite happiness. Mill analyzes utilitarianism on the same level but adds a different twist to the theory....   [tags: utilitarianism, stem cells, genetic engineering]
:: 5 Works Cited
707 words
(2 pages)
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Arguments Against Utilitarianism - As a philosophical approach, utilitarianism generally focuses on the principle of “greatest happiness”. According to the greatest happiness principle, actions that promote overall happiness and pleasure are considered as right practices. Moreover, to Mill, actions which enhance happiness are morally right, on the other hand, actions that produce undesirable and unhappy outcomes are considered as morally wrong. From this point of view we can deduct that utilitarianism assign us moral duties and variety of ways for maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain to ensure “greatest happiness principle”....   [tags: Happiness, Morality, Actions] 1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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In Defense of Liberty and Individuality - In Defense of Liberty and Individuality It is a little-known fact that for the past century, every American president has been given a copy of John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty[1] upon entering office. Since its publication in 1859, On Liberty’s discussions of liberty and individuality have been a foundation for modern Western political thought and for the liberal democracy. Mill brings to light a unique perspective on the relationship between liberty and individuality, and in the end, on tolerance....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1959 words
(5.6 pages)
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Something Must Come To An End - Something Must Come To An End At the beginning of the short story “The End of Something,” Hemingway’s first sentence refers to a lumber town. After the first page of the short story, “The End of Something,” the lumber town is no longer mentioned. The reader may wonder why Hemingway wrote about a lumber town at all. What is the point of mentioning a lumber town when the story focuses on the relationship between Nick and Marjorie. This question can be answered by explication of the title of the short story, “The End of Something.” Hemingway uses the title to emphasize the end of a town that was once abounding, and the end of Nick and Marjorie’s relationship that at some point was fun....   [tags: Classic American Literature] 1068 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Choice to Marry - The Choice to Marry John Stuart Mill, an ardent and foundational liberal theorist, aims for apparently thorough women’s liberation through freedom and equality. To the extent that he succeeds and fails, it is largely because of his liberal understanding of humans as partially constituted by their social situation and yet partially autonomous sources of reason. Mill, following Wollstonecraft, argues that women have been systematically undereducated and neglected by society, thus channeled into a marginalized status....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1598 words
(4.6 pages)
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The West Philadelphia Landscape Project - ... They used the maps they created to design and strategically place organic gardens all around the Mill Creek neighborhood. These gardens helped replace the vacant landscapes with lush green and vibrants flowers. Others used the lots as a means to create community organic gardens, which allowed residents of the community to come and pick fresh produce free of charge. In late 1994 the West Philadelphia Landscape Project worked Sulzberger Middle School and the Community garden to implement a series of after school courses where students from the University of Pennsylvania in weekly workshops taught Mill Creek children how to read the landscape and trace its past....   [tags: Environment, Greening] 654 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Harm Principle in the 21st Century - The Harm Principle in the 21st Century I intend to reassess the main criticisms levelled against John Stuart Mill's, Harm Principle. I will argue that his Principle has, with the benefit of hindsight, had a positive rather than negative influence upon society and given a framework within which citizens can be free to accept or reject options. I will show that, On Liberty is as significant today as when it was first published. Mill's Harm Principle says that, other things being equal, we should be free from interference either by the state or an individual....   [tags: John Stuart Mills Harm Principle Essays]
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3458 words
(9.9 pages)
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Kant: Moral Theories - Kant's moral theory According to Timmons, the field of philosophy is not complete without the mention of Kant whose contributions were major (205). This, he adds, was influenced by his originality, subtle approach and the difficulty of his works. Timmons cites that moral requirements are a requirement of reason, which is the ideology of Kant’s Moral theory; hence, immoral act is an act against reason. Consequently, speaking on the terminologies of Kant we visualize moral requirements as Categorical Imperatives (CI) grounded on reason and can, therefore, get derived from a supreme moral principle....   [tags: philosophy, happiness, wellfare]
:: 6 Works Cited
992 words
(2.8 pages)
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Mary Anne Warren's On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion - Mary Anne Warren’s “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion” describes her justification that abortion is not a fundamentally wrong action for a mother to undertake. By forming a distinction between being genetically human and being a fully developed “person” and member of the “moral community” that encompasses humanity, Warren argues that it must be proven that fetuses are human beings in the morally relevant sense in order for their termination to be considered morally wrong. Warren’s rationale of defining moral personhood as showcasing a combination of five qualities such as “consciousness, reasoning, self-motivated activity, capacity of communication, and self-awareness” forms the basi...   [tags: Abortion, Motherhood, Legalization]
:: 2 Works Cited
1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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THE STRENGTH OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION - The Industrial Revolution was a remarkable time in history because it led to a new source of energy, textile production, and the beginning of factories and mines around the world. By establishing factories and mines, many people were able to go to work and provide for their families after their spouses passed away. This enabled many women and men to establish work, wherein the past they had no way to provide for a household or themselves. Although the opportunity to establish work was often appreciated, there were consequences that went along with working at such establishments that many were not aware of....   [tags: Women's Rights ]
:: 7 Works Cited
887 words
(2.5 pages)
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Questioning the Effectiveness of Affirmative Action Policies - This essay will analyze and thoroughly examine the ethics of affirmative action. At first, a short explanation of the issue under discussion will be given as to help the reader understand what is this essay all about. Along with this explanation, the relevance to the business world will be stated. Furthermore, the essay will approach the ethical problem both from a consequentialist and a non-consequentialist standpoint. These two perspectives will be interpreted by taking Mill's utilitarianism as an example of the former and Kant's categorical imperative as an example of the latter....   [tags: ethical dilemas]
:: 11 Works Cited
1945 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Unethical One Child Policy in China - In 1980, a new regime of Chinese leaders believed that in order to sustain an economic prosperous nation, it was imperative that population be heavily controlled. And thus, the now infamous One-Child Policy was created, one that would impact the most intimate aspect of every Chinese citizen's life - their family. Over the past three decades this policy has been strictly and severely enforced whereas China’s coercive tactics have unfortunately left in its wake a multitude of negative externalities, including; the denial of one of an individual’s most very basic human rights, an increasingly high display of sex discrimination, and disturbingly massive numbers of forced abortions,....   [tags: abortion, population, gender]
:: 1 Works Cited
1642 words
(4.7 pages)
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Is Utilitarianism Too High for Humanity - ... In our lives, people have made many choices with ulterior motives. For example most people who have a part-time job does not necessarily like the job itself but rather they want money and to obtain that money they will do their jobs. One of the objections to utilitarianism says that it is too high for humanity saying that as humans we cannot always do what's right considering that we have our own interests still, such as the example above, Mill's reply to this says that Utilitarianism does not care about the motive about the person, but rather the consequences of it....   [tags: choices, happiness, motives] 578 words
(1.7 pages)
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W.E.B. DuBois' The Souls of Black Folk - W.E.B. DuBois' The Souls of Black Folk W.E.B. DuBois, in The Souls of Black Folk describes the very poignant image of a veil between the blacks and the whites in his society. He constructs the concept of a double-consciousness, wherein a black person has two identities as two completely separate individuals, in order to demonstrate the fallacy of these opinions. J.S. Mill also describes a certain fallacy in his own freedom of thought, a general conception of individuals that allows them to accept something similar to DuBois’ double-consciousness and perpetuates the existence of the veil....   [tags: DuBois Souls Black Folk Sociology Essays] 678 words
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Ethics and Morality - Ethics and Morality Is it immoral for a person to write lies on his/her resume. This question poses many questions in it's self. How fictitious is the lie, what are you lying about, what could be the consequences of this lie and whom and how will this lie affect the people involved. How would John Stuart Mill answer this question. Mill's general position seem to be that one should do what will produce the most happiness, pleasure and with the absence of pain. With this in mind for one to falsify their resume will produce the greater happiness to that person, and family....   [tags: Papers] 1363 words
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Children's Working Conditions in Textile Mills - Children's Working Conditions in Textile Mills In this essay, I am going to analyse the source material that I have been given. These sources describe the working conditions of children working in textile mills; I am going to conclude if they are reliable or unreliable. The conditions of children working in textile mills during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, were in some mills inhumane but in many mills such as Quarry Bank Mill indications are that the conditions in the mill were good....   [tags: Papers] 1132 words
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Being a Child of the Enlightenment - When I am asked to determine if I am a "child of the Enlightenment," the first thoughts that come to my mind question the characteristics of the Enlightenment. What kind of movement was it. Who else claims to support Enlightenment ideals. What characteristics are associated with the Enlightenment, and do I want to label myself as sharing these. It didn't take much time for me to happily embrace the fact that I am a "child of the Enlightenment." The Enlightenment encompasses many ideas concerning knowledge, political theory, science, and economic theory....   [tags: Papers] 1270 words
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What Does Ethics Mean? - When asked what is the definition of ethics, many responded that being moral meant doing the right thing. But how can we justify what is a good action and what is a bad action. All humans were created equal, but our principles, and ways of thinking can be extremely different. Some may say doing the right thing means following your heart, your inner feelings and intuition. But emotions can be misleading. Others say in order to do what is the morally right thing means to follow the law and do what is right by society, to be accepted....   [tags: ethics, moral, virture, fairness, duties] 1265 words
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An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremey Bentham. - What is Utilitarianism. I believe that utilitarianism is the theory in which actions are right if they produce happiness and wrong if they don’t produce happiness. Happiness is what every human being look forward to. When making a decision, all possible outcomes must be ensured that it will lead to happiness. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility .Utility is the ability to be useful while satisfying needs. Utilitarianism is generally considered a moral theory that was found by Jeremey Bentham, a 19th century English philosopher and a social reformer....   [tags: Hedonic Calculus, happiness]
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The Woman Question: The Oppressed Other Half - Evelyn Cunningham once said, “Women are the only oppressed group in our society that lives in intimate association with their oppressors.” For thousands of years women have been oppressed, not in the bondage of slavery but in the bondage that comes from a lack of education and a dependence on men for their livelihood. Women have been subjected to scrutiny and ostracization, belittling and disparaging comments, and even at times they have been feared by men. Women themselves have even taken on the beliefs that they require a man in their life to be taken care of and have a satisfying life although some women and even some men have seen that the differences between the sexes is purely physical...   [tags: Gender Studies]
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The Importance of Being A Good Learner - A good learner needs to have some sort of creativity sense, problem-solving methods, be able to learn new things and manage themselves all throughout life. Education should be intended to amplify the abilities of skillful individuals with leadership qualities and are committed to taking a stand in social issues in the world today. A well-educated individual does not just seek to work a dream job and be able to live a nice life but instead should always commit to doing hard work, dedicating oneself to duty and always strive for excellence all throughout life....   [tags: experience, observation, creative]
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Marx And Mills - Marx And Mills John Stuart Mill suggests that a person’s ethical decision-making process should be based solely upon the amount of happiness that the person can receive. Although Mill fully justifies himself, his approach lacks certain criteria for which happiness can be considered. Happiness should be judged, not only by pleasure, but by pain as well. This paper will examine Mill’s position on happiness, and the reasoning behind it. Showing where there are agreements and where there are disagreements will critique the theory of Utilitarianism....   [tags: Marx Mills Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1189 words
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Sydney Tar Ponds - In 1901, an Boston based invertor group opened up a steel mill on the southeast side of Sydney harbor in Sydney, Nova Scotia. This mill was named DISCO, or Dominion Iron and Steel Company Limited, which was ultimately a subsidiary of DOMCO, or the Dominion Coal Company Limited. DOMCO coal was mined in Dominion, near Glace Bay and was used to make coke. Coke is a hard, grey, porous material, man-made from the coal and is used to fuel the blast furnaces for smelting the iron ore. (Coke (fuel), 2012) DOMCO along with DISCO merged with the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company or SCOTIA to from the British Empire Steel Corporation or BESCO in 1920....   [tags: Environmental Disaster ]
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Dying Patient´s Organs - ... Although Mill gives a good argument on how Tom made the right decision, there are many problems that occur in his argument. When Mill goes into how each person’s happiness counts the same, the first thing that comes into my mind is how is he coming to this conclusions. Another problem with Mill’s theory is that any situation can be morally right if it has an outcome of the greatest happiness. This is morally abrupt because anyone could then make a decision and say it produced the greatest amount of happiness....   [tags: medical field, FUL vs GHP]
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Reconciling Moral Theories - ... Vices are the deficiency or excess of a virtue; some examples include: envy, maliciousness, adultery, theft, and murder. (NE) Comment by Guest: Last sentence... Contract. or Contrast. Comment by Guest: Also... I am struggling with the second sentence. While I realize that you are referencing it is rather long. Becoming a virtuous person is the task of many. While parents are primarily responsible for instilling virtues into their children, Aristotle believes that the state should form laws that encourage its residents to be virtuous persons, as “parental command possesses neither strength nor necessity” to instill true virtue into people....   [tags: dtermining compatibility, dauntink task] 882 words
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Life of Workers in Staithes - ... They would be hard pressed to find their way through the pre-dawn morning without the light. Few of the trudging souls speak. Sleep possesses their limbs and minds in an eerie pantomime they are condemned to repeat every morning from Monday to Saturday. The almost lifeless creatures are the working poor whose lives are blighted by the demands of industry. Their prospects grow no better with the passing of time. Some villagers do not work in the mill, but go out and about on errands. They rise long after the workers, and do their best to keep winter’s biting cold from making them take to sick beds and coffins....   [tags: personal narrative] 638 words
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New Ideas from Dead Economists - New Ideas from Dead Economists Lukas Fricke In this class we constantly talked about the free market place and how it truly made a government different. How it made a country different. How it made a people different. Today, we are going to explore the ideas of economics and how the economic greats, Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, John Maynard Keyes, and Milton Friedman changed the ways we would forever do business. Let’s get started with Adam Smith and his second coming....   [tags: free market place, smith, marxs, friedman] 1150 words
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Why We Should Leaglize Marijuana - ... However, Mill also claims the major source of unhappiness is selfishness and lack of mental cultivation; two things our government possesses. In this sense, the agent or the government is only concerned with their own happiness, not the happiness of all people, so, therefore, the government is not promoting utility on a whole, in fact, they are making society unhappy. There is a major debate in today’s world about the legalization of marijuana, especially, in the United States. California and Illinois have already moved forward in their open-minded thinking about the drug and are allowing people to use marijuana as an alternative to other more harmful prescription drugs in treating the...   [tags: benefits outweigh disadvantages, utilitarism] 1103 words
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau - The concepts of liberty and individuality experienced a critical change in meaning and understanding as Europe shifted from the 18th century Enlightenment era to the age of political economy and utilitarianism of the 19th century. This clear distinction can be seen when comparing the works of enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau to authors of the 19th century, including utilitarian John Stuart Mill and communist Karl Marx. The fundamental differences in the ideas of liberty and individuality between the two centuries can be attributed to the political, economic, and social climates of each author’s time....   [tags: Philosophy, Political Science] 1678 words
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The Negative Effects of Job Automization In Zuboff’s, “In the Age of the Smart Machine” - ... At the global bank, workers communicated with one another and passed around documents for verification. For example, a clerk would hand a document to a loan approver with the necessary information and the loan approver would check the documents and make a decision if the loan should be approved or not. Once the decision is made, the loan approver would hand the document back to the clerk. In other words, employees used each other to transfer documents through communication and the physical action....   [tags: workers, communication, training] 569 words
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Technological Innovations in the Middle Ages - ... However, the decline of the Middle Age was halted by new attitudes and inventions from that of the mid fifteenth century onward. The same cannot be said for that of the United States, who cannot rely on any kind of bailout. The most innovative and worthwhile creations of the revolution were the water and wind mills. They were not only used to grind grain, but were also used by blacksmiths and iron workers. They provided an alternative to manual labor; the mills provided a way to mimic that of a hammer....   [tags: water and wind mills] 565 words
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Working Conditions for Children in Textile Mills in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries - Working Conditions for Children in Textile Mills in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries In this essay I am going to write about and explain what working conditions were like for children working in textile mills in the late 18 and early 19 centuries. I will examine and discuss the working conditions at Quarry Bank Mill and compare them with the other sources. The sources are paragraphs containing information about other different mills around England. I will write about the context of the sources, are they primary or secondary, are the sources reliable or biased, do the sources give evidence etc....   [tags: Papers] 2538 words
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An Interpretation of the Greg Family as Employers - An Interpretation of the Greg Family as Employers The Gregs had a genuine concern for the welfare and well being at Styal Mill. Several of the visual, documentary and oral sources support this view very strongly, and show us that because of this concern for the well being of their apprentices, the Gregs went out of their way to give them the best possible life at the mill. As Source A indicates, there were a variety of different reasons to why Samuel Greg relied heavily on apprentice labour....   [tags: Papers] 1508 words
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The Fight for True Love in Mechanics by Luis Rodrigues - How far are individuals willing to go in order to fight for the love of their lives. In the short story “Mechanics” by Luis Rodrigues he portrays the life of Enrique, a journeyman millwright worker who throughout the story fights for his marriage and the love of his wife. Enrique started working at the steel mill as a millwright apprentice at a very young age, it was the best job he was able to obtain with no studies needed. Enrique landed the job at the mill right after marrying Espie. He needed this job in order to help support his wife and his future kids....   [tags: marriage, protection, classic]
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America the Free: A Battle for Equality - INTRODUCTION Is it religious reasoning or personal disgust. Whatever it is, the issue of gay rights seems to stir controversy no matter where the topic arises. As American people we are all taught, that each individual is granted a set of rights, in which no government can take away. Through the centuries many of our ancestors have fought and died for theses rights. From the Battle of Lexington to the desert mountain ranges of Iraq, our country men and women spilt blood for this interpretation of what we call American Freedom....   [tags: Gay Marriage, Political Policy]
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The Issue of Gay Rights in America - INTRODUCTION Is it religious reasoning or personal disgust. Whatever it is, the issue of gay rights seems to stir controversy no matter where the topic arises. As American people we are all taught, that each individual is granted a set of rights, in which no government can take away. Through the centuries many of our ancestors have fought and died for theses rights. From the Battle of Lexington to the desert mountain ranges of Iraq, our country men and women spilt blood for this interpretation of what we call American Freedom....   [tags: controversial topics] 2405 words
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Put An End To Puppy Mills - Essential Question: What are solutions that can end puppy mills. Puppy mills are mass breeding facilities that show little to no care for animals. They are created so companies can breed animals to make purebreds. The animals are not well taken care of and many of them die from either disease or giving birth too many times in their life span. There should be laws and guidelines to regulate the operation of puppy mill facilities. Puppy mills bring torture to animals and need to be stopped. Puppy mill breeding causes many health problems for the animals involved....   [tags: animal abuse, mass breeding facilities]
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Utopia by Thomas Moore in Review - In Utopia Land is bountiful, foes are afar, and the economy is always seemly predictable. This fairy tale of a political philosophy and economic theory is sought after by the idealist and seen as a naive attempt the better society by the realist. This work requires an imagination, an ability to suspend disbelief for interpretation and application. More wrote this work as satire, upset with the current political conditions of Europe and and reviewing these ideals just as so; however, with more realistic applications with the time of conception and tomorrow on distant planets....   [tags: political philosphy] 2425 words
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The Canadian Town of Cheltenham - The Canadian Town of Cheltenham PART A ------ Cheltenham is located in the town of Caledon. Cheltenham was found in 1822 by Charles Haines. Cheltenham is located close to the Credit River and the Canadian National Railway known as the C.N.R. The absolute location of Cheltenham is 43 45' North and 79 55' West. The setting of Cheltenham is a valley with the Nigara Escarpment behind it. Cheltenham is located at the south west point of Caledon....   [tags: Canada] 1165 words
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Two Views of Capital Punishment - Capital punishment has been a debatable subject for decades. Human thinking often ignores the equal-value relationship when it comes to the taking of life. Attention shifts from the victim’s life to that of the murderer. Immanuel Kant believes that moral laws apply equally, and if someone breaks the law, we should make sure that the law applies to everyone. Otherwise, there wouldn’t be such thing as morality. And without morality, life is meaningless. We should be morally strong and be able to kill the criminals, in order to prove that the laws are more important than human life....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]
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Local History of Will County - Will County is home to a number of historical landmarks, famous figures, and a plethora of history. It was not always as built up as parts of it are now; Some two hundred years prior, Will County was a land of prairies in which it was farmed and hunted by the Potawatomi Indian tribe. The first established settlement in the boundaries of the county were made by a man named Jesse Walker in 1826. He named it Walker’s Grove, and worked with Potawatomi in the areas of agriculture, milling, and trading to newcomers of the establishment....   [tags: Potawatomi, Illinois, ]
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Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation - Ethical and Philosophical Questions about Value and Obligation I Recall the distinction between metaethics and normative ethics. Normative ethics deals with substantial ethical issues, such as, What is intrinsically good. What are our moral obligations. Metaethics deals with philosophical issues about ethics: What is value or moral obligation. Are there ethical facts. What sort of objectivity is possible in ethics. How can we have ethical knowledge. Recall, also, the fundamental dilemma of metaethics....   [tags: Metaethics Normative Ethics] 971 words
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Singer, Bentham and Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism was initially a school of thought brought about by Jeremey Bentham throughout the late Eighteenth and early Nineteenth Centuries. John Stuart Mill would later go on to shape it closer to the form we know today. On the surface the Utilitarian way of thinking seems simple: every action must be done for the sake of the greater good. However, as one digs deeper into this notion it is clear that this cannot be achieved by relying solely on a common sense approach to life. In the following paragraphs we will explore the history of Utilitarianism and those who formed it, how it is meant to guide life, and how it is relevant to life in the Twenty-first Century....   [tags: philosophical schools of thought]
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John Locke - John Locke believes that man ought to have more freedom in political society than John Stuart Mill does. John Locke's The Second Treatise of Government and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty are influential and potent literary works which while outlining the conceptual framework of each thinkers ideal state present two divergent visions of the very nature of man and his freedom. John Locke and John Stuart Mill have different views regarding how much freedom man ought to have in political society because they have different views regarding man's basic potential for inherently good or evil behavior, as well as the ends or purpose of political societies....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism] 1985 words
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Escape from Reason and 10 Books that Screwed up the World and 5 others that Didn't Help - Escape from Reason and 10 Books That Screwed up the World Introduction Although the ultimate truth from God never changes, people’s rules and thought change. For this reason, as people change their standard and laws away from God’s truth, they face difficulties. To get through difficulties, people tried to find better way from their thinking. Even though people know that trading the truth with lies bring only destruction, they reject the truth. Furthermore, they say that the truth is the one brings destruction to the world....   [tags: book analysis] 1321 words
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