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Middle East Conflict - There is no set definition for the area known as the Middle East since shifts in global power over the years have affected the topography. Now, however, the region can expansively be said to contain “the area from Libya E to Afghanistan, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian peninsula” (dictionary.com). This geographical definition can be said to contain both the ‘Near East’, ‘Middle East’, and even farther to the East and into Africa be described as the ‘Greater Middle East’, so the Middle East can only be loosely defined, and it is important to know that these countries are separate and do not truly form one cooperative unit....   [tags: Middle East History] 861 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Middle East Peace Process - The Middle East Peace Process 'For too long, the citizens of the Middle East have lived in the midst of death and fear. The hatred of a few holds the hopes of many hostage. The forces of extremism and terror are attempting to kill progress and peace by killing the innocent. And this casts a dark shadow over an entire region,' President George W. Bush in his June 24, 2002 address to the nation. The conflict between Israel and Palestine is just one of the many facets that have shaped modern day politics in the Middle East....   [tags: Politics Middle East History Essays]
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5575 words
(15.9 pages)
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The Influence of Religious History in the Middle East - The Influence of Religious History in the Middle East For the past 5 months I have been studying the religious history of each country we have become apart of. My project consists of tracing the religious developments in each of the four countries and the role religion plays in the social, political, and moral elements in each destination. I explored the history of the nation and what major figures or events shaped the religious scope of each respective country. I learned about each religion while I was in each country and made connections of how their culture is shaped by this religious aspect....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2334 words
(6.7 pages)
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Afghanistan - Afghanistan Afghanistan has been in a constant state of chaos for twenty years. The Soviets invaded in 1979 and installed a puppet regime. After they withdrew their troops in 1989, rival mujahideen (tribal) groups began to fight for the capital. By the time the Taliban came into the picture around 1994, the country had been devastated by war. Many Afghanis had fled to neighboring countries like Pakistan. An estimated 1 million lives had been lost. Now, bad conditions still persist. Afghanistan has one of the world's worst literacy rates; only three percent of women and less then twenty percent of men can read and write (Rashid, 107)....   [tags: History Essays Middle East] 3050 words
(8.7 pages)
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Shi'ite Sunni Conflict - Iraq and Iran have been subjected to a civil war since the seventh century (Murphy 1). This existing problem began because of political and theological divergence, but with the help of outside forces such as Britain, Russia, and North America, it developed into a more complex crisis. Many non-Muslims believe the cause of the Shi’ite and Sunni violence originated from their religious differences. However the differences in tradition, education, law, and religious practices are a small factor in this escalating problem....   [tags: Middle East History]
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1846 words
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The Persian Gulf War - The Persian Gulf War War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitability to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin. It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein. the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Western nations could not risk the loss of oil from the area....   [tags: History Iraq Middle East Papers]
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2189 words
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Suez Crisis - Suez Crisis The Suez Crisis marks major shift in the power relations of western Europe, signalling the rising importance of cold war politics in international crises, The Crisis has a big impact on Canada and our peace keeping ability's.Lester Pearson's idea to stop the crisis hepls show that we are a peacefull nation. Firstly, The Suez Crisis began on 26 July 1956, when United States' decision to withdraw its offer of a grant to aid the construction of Egypt's Aswan High Dam, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.(1) The governments of Britain and France secretly began planning for an invasion of Egypt....   [tags: Middle East History] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Israel-Palestine Conflict - The Israel-Palestine Conflict Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and practices. At the same time, there are enough differences that make these two clash. Even those similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years. Although there are many conflicts going on in this particular moment in the middle east, I have chosen the ongoing conflict involving Israel and Palestine, primarily due to the death of Yasser Arafat....   [tags: Middle East Politics History] 1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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Arthur James Balfour and the Balfour Declaration - Arthur James Balfour and the Balfour Declaration Highly recognised for his continuous support of the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and the Balfour Declaration, Arthur James Balfour is one of the most prominent individual figures that contributed to the seemingly inevitable declaration of the State of Israel in 1948. The Balfour declaration added a new dimension and even greater complications to the conflict between the Arabs and Jews in Palestine. The declaration was issued on November 2nd, 1917 on behalf of the British government announcing its support in the formation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine....   [tags: Middle East History] 1045 words
(3 pages)
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Islam's Appeal - Islam's Appeal Islam revolutionized the way people thought in the Middle-East. The Prophet spewed forth “The Word of God” (Cleveland 8) amid reflection, whether his own or that of God, concerning “the problems which afflicted Meccan society” (8). The subsequent production of the Quran fostered discipline and promoted spiritual growth. Mohammad, under the banner of Islam, united nomadic, feuding tribes in the barren plains of Arabia. The Seal of Prophets brought new rights to women and renewed a commitment to aid the destitute....   [tags: Islam Middle East Islamic Essays History]
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483 words
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Peace in the Middle East - Peace in the Middle East There will never be peace in the Middle East. The idea of peace in a certain region is a silly notion. What region has truly ever known peace. Allow me to rephrase my thesis: There will never be peace in the Middle East as long as western powers intervene into Arab affairs. It is common knowledge that throughout history western powers have colonized, occupied, and exploited indigenous people in the name of national interest, national security, and manifest destiny. The Middle East is not exempt....   [tags: Middle East]
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1981 words
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The History of the Terrorist Group Hamas - Terrorism in the Middle East has brought the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the attention of the world. These terrorist groups use murder, bombs, threats, and other violent acts to get their way politically. Hamas, the organization that has replaced Fatah as the representative of the Palestinians, is a leading sponsor of terrorism. The Hamas are the leading reason there is not peace in the middle east as they strongly embrace terrorism. This group was created in 1978 and continues to expand its power today....   [tags: hamas, terrorism, middle east,] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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Major Demographic Changes in the Middle East and North Africa - The major demographic changes in the Middle East and North Africa have been the massive increase in population, and urbanization which has seen the emergence of many large cities throughout the region. The reasons for this have been because of better health care, greater mobility of the population, economic opportunities in the cities and political changes. During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a number of European families started moving to the Middle East and North Africa, with many French and other Europeans settling in Algeria from the 1830s....   [tags: world history]
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915 words
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Societial Changes in the Middle East in 600 B.C.E. - From the time of the Agricultural revolution till 600 B.C.E, many changes were being made in society. New tools and weapons were developed, new types of writing, and new art forms were all being discovered and altered. But one societal element that is crucial to everyone is politics. The politics of a society effect the citizens day to day lives, and set boundries for all people. Between the time of the Agricultural Revolution and 600 B.C.E, the Middle East experienced political changes such as; the dimensions of government, and the land that was conquered and controlled....   [tags: Politics, world history, Mesopotamia] 413 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in the Middle East - The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in the Middle East The Arab world is not in a compromising mood… Nations never concede; they fight. You won’t get anything by peaceful means or compromise. You can, perhaps get something, but only by the force of your arms…But it’s too late to talk of peaceful solutions” (Bard 1). The Arab League Secretary Azzam Pasha said this statement on September 16, 1947, eight months before the state of Israel was established. The Arabs held this mentality in a time when Israel was not yet a fact....   [tags: Palestine Israel War History Essays]
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Usama, The Middle East, and The Crusades - The selection from Usama Ibn Munqidh’s Kitab al-l’tibar otherwise know in English as the Book of Contemplation is a book in which Usama provides a series of short vignettes as a testimony to his experiences in the medieval Middle East and the Crusades. Through his writings the reader is able to get a Muslim account of the Crusades. It is largely a personal account so many details are left out and much background knowledge is assumed. It also is not the most unbiased source as supported by Usama’s frequent utterence that “Allah render them [The crusading Christians] helpless” (Ibn Munqidh 197) Usama also makes no attempt at analysis or understanding and just writes exactly what he observed without asking questions or delving deeper into the myriad differences he discribes....   [tags: The Middle Ages]
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1516 words
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Nationalist Movements of the Middle East and South Asia after WW1 - The years after World War One brought about vast changes to many parts of the world. Places like South Asia and the Middle East were able to see the need for self government away from foreign control. This sparked a number of nationalist movements during the 1920’s and 1930’s. The Middle East had to Westernize to rid foreign control while India had to be united under non-violence and Hindu values. Before WW1, the Middle East was dominated by outside powers. Egypt was under British control and Persia was divided in to Russian and British spheres of influence....   [tags: world war I, world history]
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1080 words
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Will There Be Peace in the Middle East - ... Not every country has the same access to the water sources, which will naturally cause problems. For example, Israel has control of the Golan, and Egypt of the Nile, and Kuwait of the Persian Gulf. Oil is in abundance, but only to a limited number of countries in the Middle East causing great economic disparity between those who have, and those who do not. Kuwait, having access to the Persian Gulf, produces a large supply of oil to international players. Given its high value internationally, and its worth, oil is much sought after....   [tags: World Politics ]
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1447 words
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Islam And The Middle East - ... Drawing on the example of France one can conclude that the inclusion of religion into public policy results in ethnic and religious minority rights being crumpled. The Quran however provides clear and detailed guidelines regarding the treatment of minorities within an Islamic state, thus providing a mechanism of protection against a situation similar to that of France’s arising. If Middle Eastern states were to be non secular the inclusion of religion into public policy would not deny individuals of other faiths the right to practice their religions openly and freely nor would their customs be hampered in any way....   [tags: Politics Religion]
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2451 words
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The Nature of Sacrifice in the History and Ideology of Gush Emunim - The Nature of Sacrifice In The History And Ideology Of The Gush Emunim There can be no argument that by living in small settlements in the hostile and explosive West Bank and Gaza Strip, Gush Emunim settlers are making some sort of sacrifice. Surrounded no doubt by hostile Palestinians who feel that the Israelis are occupying their home, religious settlers face the potential for violence and death on a daily basis. In what is becoming a more perilous state of affairs in Israel with each suicide bombing, shooting spree, or IDF incursion into the Palestinian territories and refugee camps, perhaps no one on the Israeli side faces as constant a risk of danger than the Gush Emunim....   [tags: Israel Middle East Political Essays]
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7586 words
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Struggles Within the Middle East: United States Supplying Israel During the Yom Kippur War - ... Atiqi confirmed he had sent messages to the other Ministers and was awaiting their responses. Atiqi had then become sharply critical of the U.S. stand on the Middle East conflict. Atiqi’s message was: Don’t force us into something drastic; do not compel us to act prematurely against U.S. oil interests; the West must leave us alone and not intervene against the Arabs.” The United States, fully aware of the immediate cause created by choosing sides in the Yom Kippur War, became challenged on both internal and external levels....   [tags: U.S. History]
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The History of Turkey - Throughout history, the middle east has often been the focus of news reporters. A middle eastern country that has not been exempt from this, is Turkey. Turkey has not only been a focus, but it also has had a very long, complicated history. The history of turkey is a very long and detailed one. Turkey was originally settled by groups of farmers probably thousands of years ago. Today, historians call these people the Hittites. During their time, the Hittites were ruled by kings, and had their high officials buried in shaft tombs....   [tags: turkish history, middle eastern history] 1585 words
(4.5 pages)
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Nationalism In The Middle East - The study of international relations is very broad and complex. It is the study of nations and states and how they are formed. It is also the study of measures, such as revolutions and wars, that create different nations and states and the reasons behind such measures. One important concept in international relations is the view of nationalism. Nationalism is a part of every nation and state and thus is relevant to each country. An important geographical area where nationalism relates directly to the events occurring today would be in the Middle East where nationalistic views of two different nations, that of Jews and Arabs, coincide to create a very volatile conflict that has run its course for nearly a whole century....   [tags: essays research papers] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East - Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East Ethnic conflicts are well rooted in the world's history and perhaps inherent in human nature. This type of conflict is difficult to resolve as is evident in the situation in the Middle East. The ethnic conflict theory explains that it is not territory, politics, or economics that prevents the achievement of peace between the Israeli and Palestinian peoples, instead, it is a deep-seated hatred of one another that neither group can overcome. The Camp David Summit in July 2000, the most recent attempt at fostering a lasting peace is a clear example of how ethnocentrism can prevents success....   [tags: Papers] 1673 words
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The Annapolis Summit - This year a summit is occurring in Annapolis, Maryland. This summit, aptly named the Annapolis Summit consists of the current Prime Minister of Israel, Ehud Olmert and the President of Palestine Mahmoud Abbas and Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State of the United States to act as mediator between the two other parties. Analysts say this meeting between the two opposing parties could lead to great progress in stabilizing one of the catalysts of violence and instability in the Middle East today. The article relates to several themes discussed in History 20: the Israel-Palestinian conflict, which was a direct result of the Second World War; after Israel was founded it was an area where proxy wars were fought between the United States and the Soviet Union during the cold war; the plentiful amount of oil in the Middle East and subsequent oil wars, and the use of guerilla and counter-insurgency tactics....   [tags: Middle East ]
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1377 words
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Government and Politics - No Peace for the Middle East - No Peace for the Middle East Since its inception the State of Israel has been at war with the Arab countries surrounding it. Dating back to biblical times when the Israelites left Egypt after two hundred years of bondage there, they began forty years of wandering the desert in which they encountered many enemy tribes such as their sworn enemies, the Amalekites. Thousands of years later, the Arabs and Israelis are still fighting. The State of Israel began with the War for Israeli Independence in 1948....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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2084 words
(6 pages)
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Middle East - The Middle Eastern culture has many different nationalities within their population including Arabians, Iranians, Iraqis, Pakistanians, Egyptians, Saudi Arabians, and many more. The most common religion found in the Middle East is Muslim. However not every Middle Easterner is Muslim, there are also other religions just as in any country such as Christian and Jewish. There are more than seven million Muslims living in America and over 1.5 billion worldwide. Many Middle Eastern Muslims who are conservative with their religion do not eat pork or drink alcohol....   [tags: essays research papers] 1495 words
(4.3 pages)
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Democracy in The Middle East - ... In a more comprehensive investigation of the Weimar Republic with the Democratic Peace Theory, the particular belief that democratic governments would not attack of pose as a threat is thrown complete out the window when international relations with rival France during the Ruhr Crisis. Both countries under democratic governments conflicted in interests after the introduction of the Treaty of Versailles was introduced. The systematic calculation of wars with use of force and dispute between the years 1946-86 support the views that Democratic dyads encounter far more conflict than non-democratic dyads....   [tags: Social Issues]
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1163 words
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Women in the Middle East - ... Choices that liberate women to set their own priorities that balance their needs as women and mothers” (Al-Missned). © 2012 Reuters The picture is off a demonstration calling for President Hosni Mubarak to leave office in Egypt in January of 2011. The picture amplifies the need for the involvement of women in political matters and the way they already support their country (women were a large driving force behind the outing of presidents Hosni Mubarak in Egypt and Zine el Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia)....   [tags: Gender Studies]
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1104 words
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The History or Middle Eastern Minority Groups - ... The introduction implicates political and economic battles between Maronites and Druzes, especially those found in the 1860 Lebanon Conflict, and manifested disorder in Mount Lebanon. The Druzes were not equals and therefore were subject to discrimination based on religious differences. The Druzes were outnumbered yet their fighting spirit pushed them towards victory until the revolt halted and no reward for victory in that they gained no further power, even after winning against the Maronites....   [tags: World Civilization ]
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1935 words
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Middle East Countries’ Stock Markets under Contrarian and Momentum Strategies - ... Lo and MacKinlay show that momentum profits are negatively related to cross-sectional serial correlations, meaning that positive (negative) cross-autocorrelations lead to losses (profits) for a trading strategy that buys winner stocks and short sells loser stocks. Under this scenario, if winner stocks are negatively cross-serially correlated with loser stocks, then a strategy can generate profits by buying past winners and short selling past losers. Within the scope of contrarian analyses, buying past loser stocks and selling past winner stocks is referred to as contrarian strategy....   [tags: Economics ]
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World War One and The Middle East - ... As a result of this failure, the British decided to establish contact with Sharif Husayn, caretaker of Mecca and of the Banu Hashim clan, with the promise of supporting him in the creation of an Arab state stretching from Mesopotamia to the Arabian Sea. In 1916, following the British defeat at Kut, the Hashimites initiated the Arab Revolt by helping the British capture Baghdad and Damascus which in turn led to excessive pressure on the Ottomans. In the meantime, the Allies had secretly carved up most of the Middle East among themselves in what came to be known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement....   [tags: International Conflict ]
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1858 words
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Israel: The Vanguard of Middle East Stability - ... But, Israel’s protection of its citizens may not even stop there. In July of 2009, the Defense Prime Minister of Israel, Ehud Barack, said in a press conference to U.S. Defense Robert Gates that Israel is considering a military attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities. Both sides are preparing for an eminent showdown to determine the greatest military in the Middle East. As Israel prepares for fast approaching danger and conflict with Israel, it remembers the financial and military aid the United States has given and promised to Israel....   [tags: International Government ]
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1435 words
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U.S.-Middle East Relations - The United States has had some international issues with Middle Eastern countries in the past. It goes without saying; the most recent is the current gulf war led by George W. Bush and of course the previous gulf war led by his father George H.W. Bush. With neighboring Iran, there have been quarrels such as the Iran-Contra affair. This involved a political scandal in which Ronald Reagan's administration sold military arms to Iran. At this time they were in the midst of the Iran-Iraq War, while the United States had hostages held in Lebanon by Hezbollah....   [tags: Current Events] 721 words
(2.1 pages)
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Women in the Middle East and Greece - Women in the Middle East and Greece Historically, women were long considered naturally weaker than men, squeamish, and unable to perform work requiring muscular or intellectual development. In most pre industrial societies, for example, domestic chores were relegated to women, leaving heavier labor such as hunting and plowing to men. Women generally have had fewer legal rights and career opportunities than men as well. Wifehood and motherhood were regarded as women's most significant professions....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Middle East: Conflict in Journalism - The Middle East: Conflict in Journalism Before beginning my essay, “The Middle East, Conflict in Journalism”, I would like the reader to read a few terms. These are merely food for thought, do whatever with them you wish. Conflict: A state of disharmony between incompatible or antithetical persons, ideas, or interests; a clash. (The American Heritage) War: A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties. &The period of such conflict....   [tags: War Writing Essays]
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1620 words
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Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East - Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Introduction In 1993, a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The most poignant issues at the time were the threat of Suddam Hussein, nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Also months later, the World Trade Center was bombed, which left six people dead and many more injured....   [tags: Muslim Cultural Religion Iraq Essays]
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Imperialism in the middle east - http://college.hmco.com/history/west/mckay/western_society/7e/students/outlines/ch26.html Western penetration of Egypt Muhammad Ali built a modern state in Turkish held Egypt that attracted European traders. He drafted the peasants, reformed the government, and improved communications. The peasants lost out because the land was converted from self-sufficient farms to large, private landholdings to grow cash crops for export. Ismail continued the modernization of Egypt, including the completion of the Suez Canal, but also drew the country deeply into debt....   [tags: essays research papers] 1314 words
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Middle East Art and Society - Middle East Art and Society This is how I feel when trying to understand art from nothing. The codes of communication, the means by which we understand language are not clear. Art is a language, but a symbolic one. I am trying to understand the reasons and the culture that produces this language. My learning plan, written a few months before we departed for our program, was focused in trying to understand the relationship between culture and art in the Islamic countries. An Islamic art definition that I have repeated before and as presented by Eva Baer is the following: "Islamic arts refers not only to the art made for Islamic practices and settings but also to the art made by and for the people who lived or live in lands where most-or the most important -people were or are Muslims, that is believers of Islam." (Baer: 1998) By this we understand an encompassing definition that refers to the arts of all Islamic cultures and not just related to the religion of Islam....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2550 words
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The Iran-Iraq War - The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980's may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those traditions and how they conflicted, while also bringing Iraq and its economic situation into the spotlight....   [tags: War Middle East Essays]
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Turkey and the Arab World: Follow our lead! - ... Moreover, he denounced Islam, and declared Turkey as a secular state, he passed new laws, and completely abolished the previous laws of the Ottoman Empire. Furthermore, Ataturk completely cut off all relations with the Arab region famously telling the Arab statesmen of the time “I am neither a believer in a federation of all the nations of Islam nor even in a league of all the Turkish peoples under Soviet rule. My only aim is to safeguard the independence of Turkey within its natural frontiers - not to revive the Ottoman or any other Empire....   [tags: Middle East ]
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2435 words
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Is Peace Possible? - The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been one of the defining political issues in the Middle East for decades. The conflict itself can be dated to 1948, when the state of Israel established independence, but the underlying problems responsible for the creation of Israel, and as a result, the conflict, can be traced back as far as the 19th century. While these days, the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict takes place at a domestic level, its roots, as well as the frequent failed attempts at peace that spanned the 20th century, stemmed from international interference and mismanagement....   [tags: Middle East ] 1466 words
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The Pleas of Palestinians - The Pleas of Palestinians Freedom, a common concept that is taken for granted by most people living in developed countries. However, the idea of freedom is still wanted in developing countries and non-recognized countries, such as Palestine. Palestinians have always lived in the current country of Israel; however, they were never able to obtain the land of their ancestors, therefore many different Palestinian groups from the Palestinian Liberation Organization, an observer in the United Nations, to Hamas, a multi-country terrorist cell, have all been involved in helping free Palestine....   [tags: Middle East]
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1854 words
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The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Protecting Democracy in the Middle East - Standing in front of the Knesset, the Prime Minister-designate gives a stern welcome to his fellow legislators. “I do not stand here with the glee of victory, but with a sense of grave responsibility in testing times,” he says. What has brought Benjamin Netanyahu to the head of government in Israel is the need to bring peace, to bring about an end to violence, and to erase the misdeeds of the past and renew the spirit of cooperation and harmony in the Middle East. It is a task of mammoth proportions, rife with possibilities for failure, but one which is the responsibility of any government that is to be taken seriously by the international community to undertake....   [tags: International Politics ]
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3829 words
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Hizballah Role In A Unified Middle East - The Monroe Doctrine was developed because the United States and Britain were concerned over the possibility of European colonial expansion in the Americas. Hizballah, or party of god, was developed along the same lines of separationism, because originally the Shiite Muslims began the organization as a revolt against Western influences and the Israeli’s occupation of Lebanon. The future of the Hizballah and the Islamic Resistance (the parties militant wing) is unclear as well as the future of the entire Middle East....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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861 words
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The Ruling Elite and the Development of the Middle East - Many dynasties and kingdoms have ruled the area of what we now call the Middle East. In almost all of the societies, it is the wealthier, educated, and a particular race or ethnicity that ruled. These positions were usually acquired through power, either by a civil war or an overthrow of the previous government. From the late eleventh century to the reign of Mohammed Ali in the early to mid nineteenth century, whoever were the ruling elite was able to shape the direction and development of country or territory in three different ways; socially, economically and politically....   [tags: essays research papers] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East - The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East The war in Iraq is further poisoning the already noxious political atmosphere between Arabs and Americans. It has intensified and increased dangerous feelings of humiliation and outrage among the Arab public, while paranoid rhetoric about Western attacks against Islam elsewhere is spreading from the religious fringe to the mainstream. It is simplistic and self- serving for political leaders in the West to tell us that the terrorists attacks happen because they "hate freedom," or "hate our democratic values" or "they despise our love of liberty." Many, in fact, hate what they perceive as materialistic Western values, but this is not what leads them to kill themselves in suicide bombings, or to murder thousands of innocent civilians....   [tags: Papers] 1604 words
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Family Values and Structures in the Middle East - Family Values and Structures in the Middle East At the end of our program, classes are ending, and events are winding down, but emotions remain powerful. We will all face reentry, and deal with it in different ways, and I'm sure that all of us are thinking about what this means personally. I do not know what the first thing is that may come to your mind when you think of home. Maybe you are scared that your little sibling took over while you were gone, and you will have to resolve this in a civil manner....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2850 words
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Middle Ages vs Renaissance - ... Neither side would accept the other side’s pope, nor would neither pope step down. They both held themselves up to be the true successor of St. Peter. This caused a lot of confusion, and damage to the papacy, and lasted for nearly forty years. Because this split was not only theological, but geographical, in the end when all was said and done, they ended up with two different churches, the Eastern Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church of the west. In order to settle this dispute, there was a council that elected a third and different pope....   [tags: History] 2265 words
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Drinking Water and Irrigation Water Shortages in the Middle East - One would think there are enough conflicts to be had in the Middle East. The area is simply a breeding ground for turmoil, and has been for centuries. Of the many conflicts that revolve around the areas history, politics, religion, territory or ethnicity, one more can be added to the group: water. These societies all need water, but not all have the same resources to get to that water. What is the hotbed of vice in this situation is only a few of the countries in the Middle East have total control over their own water, leaving most of the others to depend on the graces of those few countries to manage their water magnanimously enough to supply them with what they need....   [tags: Geography Economics Papers]
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The Reasons Behind the Difficulties of Bringing Peace to the Middle East - The Reasons Behind the Difficulties of Bringing Peace to the Middle East A major source of conflict in the Middle East during the last fifty years has been the dispute between Arabs and Jews over Palestine. For hundreds of years, the great majority of the people living in Palestine were Arabs. But at the end of the nineteenth century some Jews in Europe were becoming increasingly bitter about growing anti-Semitism. They started to talk about setting up a state of their own where they would be free from persecution....   [tags: Papers] 1193 words
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Women’s Roles in Independence Movements Throughout the Middle East - Women’s roles in independence movements throughout the Middle East were as varied as their male counterparts’, though arguably not as well remembered. Many women rebelled from within traditional feminine spaces, as defined by colonizers and male nationals, rather than vying for roles in the traditional political sphere. Female and male revolutionaries risked the same dangers, but almost invariably women did not hold any significant leadership positions within nationalistic movements. Colonial powers often did not differentiate between male and female enemy combatants, punishing both with equal severity....   [tags: Women's Rights] 840 words
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Universal Health Care in America: A Middle East Perspective - Universal Health Care in America: A Middle East Perspective My project over the course of the program abroad was a focus on the health care systems of the countries we visited. This project was chosen for personal reasons, as I aimed to analyze the feasibility of a universal health care system in America. In order to understand the practicality of such an issue, I had to first understand the encompassing components: economy and politics. The intrinsic nature of the program itself helped me to understand the politics and the history that set the precedent for contemporary issues, but exploring the economy took a bit more work....   [tags: Papers] 1999 words
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The Biblical and Historical Origins of the Problems in the Middle East - The Biblical and Historical Origins of the Problems in the Middle East The present day situation in Israel may be the most difficult political situation in world history. It dates back to thousands of years before Christ, and deals with a large number of issues including political, religious, and cultural issues. In order to understand the current day issues, we must first understand the Biblical and historical issues. In this paper, I will first explore what the later books of the old testament, specifically the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah, and Malachi, and than talk about the modern day issues....   [tags: Religion Palestine Israel Essays] 1303 words
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Benefiting Off Religious Ignorance - ... To the Jews, the area holds significance because it is where they claim their First and Second Temples stood before Nebuchadnezzar destroyed them in 586 BC, and by the Romans in 70 AD, respectively. According to the Torah, King David of Israel first established it as the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel in c. 1000 BCE, and his son Solomon commissioned the building of the First Temple in the city (Torah). They believe where Masjid Al-Aqsa, not the Dome of The Rock, stands is where their third temple one stood....   [tags: The Middle East]
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Iraq: One of the Most Highly Influential Areas of the World - ... Some famous Mesopotamian kings include Hammurabi, Sargon of Akkad, and Nebuchadnezzar. However, central governments often broke down, allowing neighboring city-states to enter disputes, often over land and waterways. These disputes usually remained unsettled until the central government regrouped and the military intervened. Mesopotamians were also the first people to engage in large-scale economic activity. They held an open free trade policy in which merchants from diverse city-states and kingdoms could come trade their wares....   [tags: Middle East ]
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Orientalism - ... Said also mentions in his book how orientalism is also an “imaginative geography,” because of two reasons. The first reason being “Europeans projected a single culture into the space of the ‘Orient’ that was at odds with the diversity of peoples, cultures and environments contained within the space” and second, “this space was defined by texts and not by people from the Orient itself. These texts preceded experience, so empirical evidence was included but was fitted into the categories that were already constructed....   [tags: Middle East Studies, Informative, Culture] 2394 words
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The History of the Ottoman Empire Osman Ghazi Khan I’s Dream - ... It branched out and got complicated. The shadow of its branches covered the whole world. What does my dream mean?” After a little silence, Seyh told him: “I have got good news Osman. God gave you sovereignty and to your son. All the world will be under the protection of your son and my daughter will be the wife to you.” There are multiple versions of the narration of the dream each with different poetic and rhetoric description, here is another version of Sultan’s dream from Caroline Finkel’s Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire: “He saw that a moon arose from the holy man’s breast and came to sink in his own breast....   [tags: World History ]
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Iranian Education - Iranian Education: From Modernization to Traditionalism An education system, because of its purpose as the shaper of the future, is a good indicator of what is going on within a country politically and culturally. The history of the Iranian education system showed change as the ideological values of the country shifted with each new regime change in the mid twentieth century. Iran, as a country, went from a country focused on modernization and secularization under the Reza Shah, to a country focused on traditional Islamic values under the new government established after the Islamic Revolution of 1977-791....   [tags: Iran Middle East]
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mid east - The basis of this term paper is to review and examine specific principles and theories of cooperation and argument management as reflected by a specific story of the Middle East peace process within the named article. The article is entitled "The Wounds Of Peace," by Connie Bruck. This, of course, is one individual author's perspective, yet, nevertheless, it is the view of this author that much of the content is historically factual and accurate, with a definite sense of individual perspectives as purported by the author....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Sculptures of the East and West Pediments of The Temple of Zeus at Olympia - ... However in each attempt made by the suitor, Oinomaos raced in pursuit of their chariot, and if he overtook it, he killed the prospective bridegroom. The king was continuously successful, killing at least twelve or thirteen suitors. In order to defeat Oinomaos, Pelops bribed the king’s charioteer Myrtilos to sabotage his chariot by replacing the pins of the chariot wheels with ones of wax. Oinomaos is ultimately killed during his pursuit of Pelops’ chariot, since the wax pins melt causing his chariot to crash....   [tags: Art History] 1746 words
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Gothic Architecture During the Middle Ages - Gothic architecture a new style developing from an old style of architecture with similar characteristics and in a way different. Architects wanted to build bigger buildings with stronger walls something that could not be found elsewhere. The old buildings did not have windows they were dark places that in order to get light they needed many candles. Not even the candles could give the right amount of light the buildings needed. The middle ages architects wanted big windows on the buildings and this new style made their wish come true....   [tags: architecture, world history]
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Early Roman History - Early Roman History As Greece reached the height of its prosperity Rome which lye slightly to the west slowly began its rise as a civilization. The Greeks centered their culture around Art and literature whereas opposed to the Romans who settled their culture upon warfare and leadership. Without planning, would rise very steadily as an empire. Shortly before Christ most of the surrounding cities and nations were at peace under Rome's rule. Early Romans kept no written records. Their history is so mixed up with fables and myths that historians have difficulty distinguishing fact from fiction....   [tags: History] 933 words
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Life Under the Taliban - Life Under the Taliban Afghanistan is one of the poorest and most troubled countries in the world. The land that occupies Afghanistan has a long history of domination by foreign conquerors and strife among internally warring factions. At the gateway between Asia and Europe, this land was conquered by Darius I of Babylonia circa 500 B.C., and Alexander the Great of Macedonia in 329 B.C., among others. In recent years, war and lawlessness had destroyed much of the country; millions of people went into exile and brought its economy to a standstill....   [tags: Taliban Afghanistan Middle East Essays]
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Turkey: A Nation that Possesses Both Western and Islamic Features - The nation of Turkey is a paradox in the eyes of many who seek a clean break between the West and its associated values and culture and those of the rest of the world. Often considered an example held to demonstrate that Islam and Western Values are not incompatible, Turkey seems to straddle a fine line between being distinctly westernized while remaining rooted thoroughly in the culture and values of the Middle East. Turkey is one of two nations designated by as electoral democracies in the Middle East by Freedom House, along with Israel, yet the majority of the population is Muslim....   [tags: world history, international relations, middle eas] 4064 words
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The Middle Ages - The Middle Ages - During 400-1200 A.D. Music and Dancing was very popular. - In 453 A.D. Korean musicians and dancers were trained in Mainland East Asia further enriched the sources of music in the courts and temples. - As for 612 A.D. A Korean immigrant from Paekche, named Mimashi, had begun teaching Gigaku (A foreign music and dance) to youths. (William P-Malm Page 285.) - During the period 612-712 A.D. There were records of Ancient Matters. There was a dance called Utagaki, where a group dances and sings performed before sexual intercourse and related to tribal practices elsewhere in East Asia....   [tags: Papers] 646 words
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The History of Cantonese and Putonghua - ... At about A.D. 925, there were two invasions token place-- one by the Kitan and Manchu in North China and one by Mongolian. Lots of refugees left there and migrated to the south and finally settled at the extreme south. At around A.D. 1200, the Mongols was expelled and this set the start of Modern Chinese(After A.D.1200). Various languages existed at the end of Middle Chinese keep on evolving and undergo different changes, may be internal or external, or both till today, forming the Chinese languages/ dialects that we know....   [tags: Chinese History, Chinese Languages] 2390 words
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The Church: The Guardian of Culture in the Middle Ages - The Middle Ages were characterized by a rigidly hierarchical society, which was justified by the view that, like the branches of a tree, every level of society was preordained and important. While the nobility and the clergy stood at the top of the society hierarchy, Jews and those who pursued dishonorable professions were branded outsiders. The Church acted as guardian of culture, particularly within its monasteries and convents. They preserved the scholarship of antiquity, often through the mediation of Muslim scientists....   [tags: Church History] 1150 words
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Dynamic Figures in Church History I - Dynamic Figures in Church History II January 30, 2007 Part I I. Up to Now The ecclesia reformanda translated means the church always in need of reformation. With time, many ideologies and practices strayed from the original purpose of the Church. Over the years, people tend to forget the fundamental principles. People put their own ideas into the ideals that may be very different from the original intent. Changes are justified due to cultural changes. Human weaknesses also lend to the changes....   [tags: Church History ]
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Battle Over Jerusalem - Jerusalem’s long history and religious meaning in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim faith has culminated in it being a holy and coveted place for all three of these major religions. For centuries this city has been fought after and endured numerous wars and rulers. The most recent disagreement over Jerusalem is generally between the Israelis and the Palestinians. The height of this disagreement was marked by Israel moving their capital from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. This caused Muslims to fear having their access limited, difficulties visiting, or even plainly being barred from entering their second most holy city....   [tags: Middle East]
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In sake of our country - In sake of our country Against the adventures of the beguiled. The "Sudan United" group has organized a cultural project- against separation- and the project was fruitful because our ears were furnished by hearing the phrase of (in the sake of our country), which refers to that project in which a large number of creators were involved and developed an encouraging slogan "against despair". Despite that the artists participating in the project differ in their ideologies and their intellectual and cultural backgrounds, all of them agree upon the unity of the Sudan and deny separation and political silence....   [tags: Middle East]
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Occidentalism: The West in the eyes of the East - Occidentalism In Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit's book, Occidentalism: The West in the eyes of the East, they set out to solve the fueling force that drives the "enemies" of America and the Western world. This hatred spans back to the times of industrialization in the east, causing hatred to erupt from the peoples of Asian nationalities, and continues up to present day with Al-Qaeda and the terrorist attacks. Buruma and Margalit trace the roots of Occidentalism back to Germany, China, Japan and Russia....   [tags: Book Reviews] 689 words
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The Contributions of Ancient Civilizations to History - What contributions did near eastern civilizations make to history. New ideas and inventions of Pre History man were important, but how they evolved and led to new and more complex ideas and inventions is imperative to history. Over time these advancements brought people into a more efficient living environment, making for higher population and spread of cultural, political, economic, and social ideals over large geographical areas. What we know about the people before written records is limited to what artifacts and artwork we find....   [tags: European History] 867 words
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Tragedy in Jewish History - Tragedy in Jewish History The Jews are a people with a multitude of dilemmas. From the Israelite tribes to the prosperous modern day Israel , bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as Escape Goat for many crisis throughout history including the black plague which swept across Europe in the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was a great incident was something the Jewish people were striving to obtain for generations. This, however, led to four major conflicts between Israel and the Arab countries....   [tags: Jewish History]
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Palestine and Israel - Palestine and Israel On the day of January 18th, 2004 Israeli forces rushed through the Gaza strip and attempted a dangerous raid. The effects of the raid left eight Palestinians civilians dead in cold blood. Within twenty-four hours a young Palestinian police officer by the name of Ali Jaara climbed onto a Jerusalem bus and detonated a bomb, killing him and ten Israeli passengers. This is a very sad but common example of the never ending war that takes place not only on the battlefield but now on the streets and in homes of innocents....   [tags: Middle East War Palestin Israel Essays]
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THE SOVIET-AFGHAN WAR - ... This began an Afghan civil war and the rise of the Mujahedeen in 1979. The United States took this as an opportunity to coerce the Soviet Union into war by covertly arming the Mujahedeen in order to fight the communist-backed government. With the Afghan government losing credibility with the Afghan people and control of the Afghan military by the desertion of soldiers willing to join the Mujahedeen they called on their Soviet allies to provide military assistance. During the summer of 1979 Moscow responded by sending enough men and equipment to provide security for the government in Kabul, secure two airbases and insert plain-clothed paratroopers as bodyguards to the President....   [tags: Middle Eastern History] 1973 words
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Arab-Israeli: Shaping the Middle East and the US - ... The UN General Assembly and the International Court for Justice called for any further construction of the wall to stop, in which the case was brought before the Israeli Supreme Court, who also agreed with their the UN and stated, “The route of the barrier disrupts the delicate balance between the obligation of the military commander to preserve security and his obligation to provide for the needs of the local inhabitants.” The violation of Palestinian people’s rights do not end there as an Amnesty International investigation into Israel found that blockades and military checkpoints were set up around many Palestinian cities and villages, which hampered and sometimes prevented the Palestinians access to work, educational facilities, and medical buildings....   [tags: International Conflict ]
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Changes of Weaponry and Warfare during the Middle Ages - Changes of Weaponry and Warfare during the Middle Ages During the Middle Ages, or also known as the Medieval Ages, change was a major part of that period. Europe was watching war become much different. In the older times, a few thousands of troops were considered a large army. Nowadays, nobody has ever seen such size of an army with such variety in weapons including guns, munitions, and artillery that were all developed during that period. Besides, it was obvious that the face of warfare was changing by the end of the fifteenth century....   [tags: Military History] 2285 words
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The Events of 9/11/01 Was a Middle Eastern Backlash to American Policy - Its not as if everyone is out to get America, or is it. In light of the attacks of September 11th, the big question to answer was why. Why do these people hate us so much. So much that they are willing to give their own lives simply to scare and kill our citizens. The answer to this question truly lies in the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East and the utter failure that Westernization has been in the Middle East. To say that we are not responsible for these attacks is to say that a flirtatious coed at a fraternity party was not asking for it....   [tags: World History] 444 words
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History Repeats Itself - History Repeats Itself      History repeats itself. This concept applies not only within the realm of a single nation's history but throughout and between nations. That is to say, that what one nation endures, throughout its economic and political history, may be compared to and be strikingly similar to that of many other nations. As we analyze social change thought the world we have noticed a cyclical pattern of histories, both economic and political, in the countries of Spain, Holland, Britain, and the United States....   [tags: History Historical Research Papers] 1708 words
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