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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Middle-East History"
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Middle East Conflict - There is no set definition for the area known as the Middle East since shifts in global power over the years have affected the topography. Now, however, the region can expansively be said to contain “the area from Libya E to Afghanistan, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian peninsula” (dictionary.com). This geographical definition can be said to contain both the ‘Near East’, ‘Middle East’, and even farther to the East and into Africa be described as the ‘Greater Middle East’, so the Middle East can only be loosely defined, and it is important to know that these countries are separate and do no...   [tags: Middle East History] 861 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Middle East Peace Process - 'For too long, the citizens of the Middle East have lived in the midst of death and fear. The hatred of a few holds the hopes of many hostage. The forces of extremism and terror are attempting to kill progress and peace by killing the innocent. And this casts a dark shadow over an entire region,' President George W. Bush in his June 24, 2002 address to the nation. The conflict between Israel and Palestine is just one of the many facets that have shaped modern day politics in the Middle East. It is a conflict rooted in generations of violence, discrimination and prejudice that is complicated by a history older than any of the modern day superpowers....   [tags: Politics Middle East History Essays]
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5570 words
(15.9 pages)
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The Influence of Religious History in the Middle East - The Influence of Religious History in the Middle East For the past 5 months I have been studying the religious history of each country we have become apart of. My project consists of tracing the religious developments in each of the four countries and the role religion plays in the social, political, and moral elements in each destination. I explored the history of the nation and what major figures or events shaped the religious scope of each respective country. I learned about each religion while I was in each country and made connections of how their culture is shaped by this religious aspect....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2334 words
(6.7 pages)
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Oil and Foreign Involvement in Arab Nations - The Middle East has been involved in many conflicts for most of its history. These conflicts have been in large part due to, natural resources and foreign involvement. The rich supply of oil in the Middle East has made it a region of interest for many non-Arab countries to support in order to ensure a steady flow of oil. As the importance for oil increased through the industrialization of the world, the need for it became magnified. This need for oil prompted non-Arab countries to become involved in the Middle East by means of financial aid, treaties, weapons, and troops....   [tags: Middle East, Conflicts, History, Current Events]
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907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Shi'ite Sunni Conflict - Iraq and Iran have been subjected to a civil war since the seventh century (Murphy 1). This existing problem began because of political and theological divergence, but with the help of outside forces such as Britain, Russia, and North America, it developed into a more complex crisis. Many non-Muslims believe the cause of the Shi’ite and Sunni violence originated from their religious differences. However the differences in tradition, education, law, and religious practices are a small factor in this escalating problem....   [tags: Middle East History]
:: 21 Works Cited
1846 words
(5.3 pages)
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Analysis of the Arab Spring - In late 2010, a Tunisian named Bouazizi set himself on fire in protest against the poor economic situation in which he was living (CNN, 2011). Other Tunisians soon took the opportunity to resist their government and possible overthrow the leadership of Ben Ali. They took it as their responsibility to fight for the common good. Simple demonstration against the Tunisian government soon went ahead to an extent that Ben Ali had to leave the country. The events that followed the departures of the Tunisian president were the least expected....   [tags: Egyptian Revolution, Middle East History]
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2300 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Israel-Palestine Conflict - Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and practices. At the same time, there are enough differences that make these two clash. Even those similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years. Although there are many conflicts going on in this particular moment in the middle east, I have chosen the ongoing conflict involving Israel and Palestine, primarily due to the death of Yasser Arafat....   [tags: Middle East Politics History] 1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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Arthur James Balfour and the Balfour Declaration - Arthur James Balfour and the Balfour Declaration Highly recognised for his continuous support of the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and the Balfour Declaration, Arthur James Balfour is one of the most prominent individual figures that contributed to the seemingly inevitable declaration of the State of Israel in 1948. The Balfour declaration added a new dimension and even greater complications to the conflict between the Arabs and Jews in Palestine. The declaration was issued on November 2nd, 1917 on behalf of the British government announcing its support in the formation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine....   [tags: Middle East History] 1045 words
(3 pages)
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Chemical Weapons: The Iraq and Iran War - Chemical Weapons: The Iraq and Iran War During the 1980’s, the world was in a state of turmoil. The Middle East was as volatile as ever and the Cold War was still in full swing. The Middle East has always been a hot-bed for controversy and conflict; Iraq and Iran are no exception to this norm. By 1980, Iraq had become the second-largest eastern Arab State in population and size (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2006). However, Iraq aspired to be more, Saddam Hussein sought to unite the Arabs and become the leader for all Arab states....   [tags: Middle East, Cold War, World History]
:: 5 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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There Will Never Be Peace in the Middle East - The topic of peace has been on the mind of historians, political leaders, and the general public for as long as our history has been recorded. Will there ever be peace in the Middle East. Will the age old battles, both foreign and domestic ever end. This question, pondered on throughout decades of Western civilization, has both a simple answer and a complex reasoning. To even begin to uncover the answer, one must understand the conflict and its deeply rooted origins to even draw a hypothesis of the outcome....   [tags: History and Perspective] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Peace in the Middle East - The text begins its history with the Middle East around the time of Muhammad and the creation of Islam. From that time forth uprisings, demonstrations and acts of violence were commonplace and have continued to be since that time. To dig a little deeper and go back a little further in Middle East history one will find that this pattern of unrest stems from as far back as proof provides. To see a timeline of significant wars or battles of the Middle East, the picture is better illustrated on just how long this territory of earth has been in domestic or national conflict....   [tags: History and Changes]
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1081 words
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Peace in the Middle East - Peace in the Middle East There will never be peace in the Middle East. The idea of peace in a certain region is a silly notion. What region has truly ever known peace. Allow me to rephrase my thesis: There will never be peace in the Middle East as long as western powers intervene into Arab affairs. It is common knowledge that throughout history western powers have colonized, occupied, and exploited indigenous people in the name of national interest, national security, and manifest destiny. The Middle East is not exempt....   [tags: Middle East]
:: 7 Works Cited
1981 words
(5.7 pages)
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Suez Crisis - Suez Crisis The Suez Crisis marks major shift in the power relations of western Europe, signalling the rising importance of cold war politics in international crises, The Crisis has a big impact on Canada and our peace keeping ability's.Lester Pearson's idea to stop the crisis hepls show that we are a peacefull nation. Firstly, The Suez Crisis began on 26 July 1956, when United States' decision to withdraw its offer of a grant to aid the construction of Egypt's Aswan High Dam, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.(1) The governments of Britain and France secretly began planning for an invasion of Egypt....   [tags: Middle East History] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Persian Gulf War - The Persian Gulf War War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitability to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin. It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein. the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Western nations could not risk the loss of oil from the area....   [tags: History Iraq Middle East Papers]
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2189 words
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Islam's Appeal - Islam's Appeal Islam revolutionized the way people thought in the Middle-East. The Prophet spewed forth “The Word of God” (Cleveland 8) amid reflection, whether his own or that of God, concerning “the problems which afflicted Meccan society” (8). The subsequent production of the Quran fostered discipline and promoted spiritual growth. Mohammad, under the banner of Islam, united nomadic, feuding tribes in the barren plains of Arabia. The Seal of Prophets brought new rights to women and renewed a commitment to aid the destitute....   [tags: Islam Middle East Islamic Essays History]
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483 words
(1.4 pages)
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Transition From Empire to Modern State System in the Middle East - Introduction: Middle East considers one of the most studied areas in the world due to its rich history of politics, social, economic, and its culture and civilization. Its borders are still arguable geographically, generally in the west it starts from morocco until Iran in the east, however, many scholars don’t agree on including Turkey either as a Middle Eastern or as a European country (Milton-Edwards, 2006. P: 4). The origin of the name was invented by the colonies as a necessity to describe the place geographically, which was the era of bringing “Middle East” the language of academic writings and political scientists....   [tags: world politics, middle east]
:: 5 Works Cited
1969 words
(5.6 pages)
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Major Demographic Changes in the Middle East and North Africa - The major demographic changes in the Middle East and North Africa have been the massive increase in population, and urbanization which has seen the emergence of many large cities throughout the region. The reasons for this have been because of better health care, greater mobility of the population, economic opportunities in the cities and political changes. During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a number of European families started moving to the Middle East and North Africa, with many French and other Europeans settling in Algeria from the 1830s....   [tags: world history]
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915 words
(2.6 pages)
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Societial Changes in the Middle East in 600 B.C.E. - From the time of the Agricultural revolution till 600 B.C.E, many changes were being made in society. New tools and weapons were developed, new types of writing, and new art forms were all being discovered and altered. But one societal element that is crucial to everyone is politics. The politics of a society effect the citizens day to day lives, and set boundries for all people. Between the time of the Agricultural Revolution and 600 B.C.E, the Middle East experienced political changes such as; the dimensions of government, and the land that was conquered and controlled....   [tags: Politics, world history, Mesopotamia] 413 words
(1.2 pages)
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Afghanistan - Afghanistan Afghanistan has been in a constant state of chaos for twenty years. The Soviets invaded in 1979 and installed a puppet regime. After they withdrew their troops in 1989, rival mujahideen (tribal) groups began to fight for the capital. By the time the Taliban came into the picture around 1994, the country had been devastated by war. Many Afghanis had fled to neighboring countries like Pakistan. An estimated 1 million lives had been lost. Now, bad conditions still persist. Afghanistan has one of the world's worst literacy rates; only three percent of women and less then twenty percent of men can read and write (Rashid, 107)....   [tags: History Essays Middle East] 3050 words
(8.7 pages)
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The Identity of the Middle East: Context, Origin, and Social Influence - ‘‘Utterances can be found, satisfying these conditions, yet such that, they do not ‘describe’ or ‘report’ or constate anything at all, are not ‘true or false’; and the uttering of a sentence is, or is part of the doing of an action, which again would not normally be described as sayingsomething.’’ The performative aspect of language conceptualised by Austin half a century ago, enables a more nuanced approach to the statement ‘The Middle East is an Invention’ than a simple examination whether it is true or false....   [tags: National Identity, Middle East]
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1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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The History of the Terrorist Group Hamas - Terrorism in the Middle East has brought the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the attention of the world. These terrorist groups use murder, bombs, threats, and other violent acts to get their way politically. Hamas, the organization that has replaced Fatah as the representative of the Palestinians, is a leading sponsor of terrorism. The Hamas are the leading reason there is not peace in the middle east as they strongly embrace terrorism. This group was created in 1978 and continues to expand its power today....   [tags: hamas, terrorism, middle east,] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in the Middle East - The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in the Middle East The Arab world is not in a compromising mood… Nations never concede; they fight. You won’t get anything by peaceful means or compromise. You can, perhaps get something, but only by the force of your arms…But it’s too late to talk of peaceful solutions” (Bard 1). The Arab League Secretary Azzam Pasha said this statement on September 16, 1947, eight months before the state of Israel was established. The Arabs held this mentality in a time when Israel was not yet a fact....   [tags: Palestine Israel War History Essays]
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3514 words
(10 pages)
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Citizen Protest In Nazi Germany and the Middle East - The situation that is occurring in the Middle East is not the first political unrest that has occurred. The actions that have been taken to stifle the protestors are not similar to the actions that Nazi Germany took to suppress the Jews. The actions that differentiate these two groups are the circumstances that caused these violent acts to come about. The leader of Egypt and Hitler are two entirely different beings. The underlying causes of the turmoil in the Middle East and in Nazi Germany are the result of two different calls for change....   [tags: Political Unrest, Reform, Germany, Middle East]
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772 words
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Usama, The Middle East, and The Crusades - The selection from Usama Ibn Munqidh’s Kitab al-l’tibar otherwise know in English as the Book of Contemplation is a book in which Usama provides a series of short vignettes as a testimony to his experiences in the medieval Middle East and the Crusades. Through his writings the reader is able to get a Muslim account of the Crusades. It is largely a personal account so many details are left out and much background knowledge is assumed. It also is not the most unbiased source as supported by Usama’s frequent utterence that “Allah render them [The crusading Christians] helpless” (Ibn Munqidh 197) Usama also makes no attempt at analysis or understanding and just writes exactly what he observed wi...   [tags: The Middle Ages]
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1516 words
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Nationalist Movements of the Middle East and South Asia after WW1 - The years after World War One brought about vast changes to many parts of the world. Places like South Asia and the Middle East were able to see the need for self government away from foreign control. This sparked a number of nationalist movements during the 1920’s and 1930’s. The Middle East had to Westernize to rid foreign control while India had to be united under non-violence and Hindu values. Before WW1, the Middle East was dominated by outside powers. Egypt was under British control and Persia was divided in to Russian and British spheres of influence....   [tags: world war I, world history]
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1080 words
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Will There Be Peace in the Middle East - Is peace possible in the Middle East. This question weighs heavy on the minds of many individuals and international players. Turmoil and conflict in the Middle East not only affects the people inhabiting this region, but also has global consequences. To answer this question, one must analyze the sources of conflict in the Middle East, historically, currently, and in the future. The limited amount of natural resources in this region has arguably served as the most major source of conflict in the Middle East....   [tags: World Politics ]
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1447 words
(4.1 pages)
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Peace in the Middle East - “Peace in the Middle East” has been a political issue and goal for a long time but because of differences religiously, politically, and because of the resources it offers it will never be achieved . Ever since it became known as the Middle East and even before that it has been defended and fought over by different countries for many reasons be it faith, oil, foreign and domestic leaders. All of these factors shape the future of the region and none will ever bring about peace. Probably the most significant reason and cause of the Middle East’s issues is Faith....   [tags: faith, religion, oil, holy land]
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1827 words
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Islam And The Middle East - The current state of governance in Middle Eastern countries is one that demonstrates numerous examples of human rights being violated and preposterous actions being taken in the name of Islam, the most widely practiced religion in the region. In light of these instances the question posed is whether or not religious beliefs should be excluded from the consideration of public policy in the area. Despite the current state of affairs in the Middle East, this paper asserts that religious beliefs should not be excluded from the consideration of public policy as this would involve ignoring the undeniable fact that Islam plays a major role in Middle Eastern public life, it would lead to the better...   [tags: Politics Religion]
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2451 words
(7 pages)
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Struggles Within the Middle East: United States Supplying Israel During the Yom Kippur War - In October of 1973, a war between the Arabic states of Egypt and Syria and the state of Israel broke out known as the Yom Kippur War. Being vastly overwhelmed by the Arabic states in terms of sheer volume of troops and equipment, Israel turned toward its ally in the West, the United States. With profound diplomatic pressure from multiple Arabic states, the United States found itself in an increasingly difficult position. In an effort to create the best outcome for America in both the Middle East and the global theatre, the United States made the decision, knowing full well the possible consequences, to help supply Israel during the Yom Kippur War....   [tags: U.S. History]
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2162 words
(6.2 pages)
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The History of Turkey - Throughout history, the middle east has often been the focus of news reporters. A middle eastern country that has not been exempt from this, is Turkey. Turkey has not only been a focus, but it also has had a very long, complicated history. The history of turkey is a very long and detailed one. Turkey was originally settled by groups of farmers probably thousands of years ago. Today, historians call these people the Hittites. During their time, the Hittites were ruled by kings, and had their high officials buried in shaft tombs....   [tags: turkish history, middle eastern history] 1585 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Nature of Sacrifice in the History and Ideology of Gush Emunim - The Nature of Sacrifice In The History And Ideology Of The Gush Emunim There can be no argument that by living in small settlements in the hostile and explosive West Bank and Gaza Strip, Gush Emunim settlers are making some sort of sacrifice. Surrounded no doubt by hostile Palestinians who feel that the Israelis are occupying their home, religious settlers face the potential for violence and death on a daily basis. In what is becoming a more perilous state of affairs in Israel with each suicide bombing, shooting spree, or IDF incursion into the Palestinian territories and refugee camps, perhaps no one on the Israeli side faces as constant a risk of danger than the Gush Emunim....   [tags: Israel Middle East Political Essays]
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7586 words
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The Middle East: A Brief Overview - "Erased/deleted old title which did not make sense within body of essay" The Middle East is a region in Southwest Asia that includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, U.A.E., Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. The aspects that make up all that is geography in the Middle East include physical geography, economic geography, religion, and human history. The Middle East is known for its physical geography, being the largest area of dry climate in the world....   [tags: essays research papers] 1127 words
(3.2 pages)
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Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East - Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East Ethnic conflicts are well rooted in the world's history and perhaps inherent in human nature. This type of conflict is difficult to resolve as is evident in the situation in the Middle East. The ethnic conflict theory explains that it is not territory, politics, or economics that prevents the achievement of peace between the Israeli and Palestinian peoples, instead, it is a deep-seated hatred of one another that neither group can overcome. The Camp David Summit in July 2000, the most recent attempt at fostering a lasting peace is a clear example of how ethnocentrism can prevents success....   [tags: Papers] 1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Nationalism In The Middle East - The study of international relations is very broad and complex. It is the study of nations and states and how they are formed. It is also the study of measures, such as revolutions and wars, that create different nations and states and the reasons behind such measures. One important concept in international relations is the view of nationalism. Nationalism is a part of every nation and state and thus is relevant to each country. An important geographical area where nationalism relates directly to the events occurring today would be in the Middle East where nationalistic views of two different nations, that of Jews and Arabs, coincide to create a very volatile conflict that has run its cours...   [tags: essays research papers] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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Peace in the Middle East - Growing up, I remember the questions asked during the Miss America pageants. Standing tall and lean, a well groomed beauty flashed a bright smile, while delicately articulating a plan to end world hunger. I was mesmerized by the thought that someone could figure out the answers to the world’s problems in less than four minutes. If only solving the Middle Eastern conflict was truly that easy. The seemingly elusive idea of peace in the Middle East is comprised of many dimensions, each entailing more than just a simplistic answer....   [tags: Religion, Tradition, Culture]
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1506 words
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Nationalism in the Middle East - The concept of “identity” in a person’s life often emanates from systemized sense of social representations and relations. Actors in the identity criterion have a sense of belonging characterized by a capacity of self-reflection, entailing a process that constantly reaffirms one’s status and differentiation from others. Identity produces consciousness of action and becomes formalized, with symbolic character and recognition found within specific limitations that are confined in a particular environment (Montserrat 10)....   [tags: National Identity, Societal Identity]
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2031 words
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Democracy in The Middle East - The imposing of liberal democracy into foreign states and in particular into the Middle East would not necessarily create peace due to their cultural and geographical context. From a westernised perspective we may heavily associate the nature of democracy with peace but the history of international relations and theory has continue to show that this is definitely not the case. The Democratic Peace Theory itself contains weakness and vulnerabilities due to its reliance on ‘casual logic’ (Layne 1994, Pg....   [tags: Social Issues]
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1163 words
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Transformation in the Middle East - A profound transformation is occurring in the Middle East over the past few months. Since January of this year the region has seen the overthrow of two long standing regimes, that of Ben Ali in Tunisia and Hussein Mubarak in Egypt. Nearly every other country in the region has seen protests of varying severity and outright bloodshed in Libya. The upheaval appears to have been unforeseen by much of the international community. How America and its allies react to this situation may well determine the future of relations between the West and the Arab world....   [tags: democratic reform, religion, traditionalism]
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1226 words
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Women in the Middle East - Her Highness Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser Al-Missned is a Muslim women married to the Emir of Qatar (a sovereign Arab state in the Middle East. Her involvement in numerous organizations aimed at social and educational reform makes her a strong figure for women across the board; both Muslim and non. She fights for reform while still remaining faithful to Islam and makes important notes about the supposed oppression caused by it. In her speech The 'Women's Issue' in Context: Reframing the Discourse on Middle Eastern Women she states, "I strongly believe that separating women's status from the larger issues of the region is so loaded with political history and so burdened with misconceptions th...   [tags: Gender Studies]
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1104 words
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The History or Middle Eastern Minority Groups - "Children are dying, but no one makes a move. Houses are demolished, but no one makes a move. Holy places are desecrated, but no one makes a move.... I am fed up with life in the world of mortals. Find me a hole near you. For a life of dignity is in those holes." The history of Middle Eastern minority groups is consistent of many accounts given by elites, however a minute number of member accounts have surfaced. Burke and Yaghoubian compiled a number of accounts from various minority group members that depicts the harsh persecutions and oppression that minority members faced in the Middle East....   [tags: World Civilization ]
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1935 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Annapolis Summit - This year a summit is occurring in Annapolis, Maryland. This summit, aptly named the Annapolis Summit consists of the current Prime Minister of Israel, Ehud Olmert and the President of Palestine Mahmoud Abbas and Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State of the United States to act as mediator between the two other parties. Analysts say this meeting between the two opposing parties could lead to great progress in stabilizing one of the catalysts of violence and instability in the Middle East today. The article relates to several themes discussed in History 20: the Israel-Palestinian conflict, which was a direct result of the Second World War; after Israel was founded it was an area where proxy wa...   [tags: Middle East ]
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1377 words
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Middle East Countries’ Stock Markets under Contrarian and Momentum Strategies - This research aims to investigate the Middle East countries’ stock markets within the framework of momentum and contrarian strategies. Potential foreign investors, who have been able to make direct investments in the Middle East countries’ stock markets, should study the recent history of these stock markets in order to understand the risks that accompany the high returns. Accordingly this research considers the Middle East countries’ stock markets from January 1997 to December 2010 and provides an analysis of their performance under various momentum and contrarian strategies....   [tags: Economics ]
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1485 words
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World War One and The Middle East - Introduction Over the course of human history, wars have always created, destroyed or enveloped nations, states or empires. Examples of these include the Final War of the Roman Republic, which culminated with the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, to the Franco-Prussian War of 1871 which created a unified German state. However, World War One is known to have had the greatest impact on human civilization. It dragged in almost every continent into the conflict, halted global trade, led to the demolition of four empires, and gave nationalism everywhere a boost....   [tags: International Conflict ]
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1858 words
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Israel: The Vanguard of Middle East Stability - The Middle East is a power keg about to burst. There are countries in the Middle East where their national stability is in question due to various terrorist and malicious attacks while others promote the inhalation of nations. If these fuses are allowed to spark, it would lead to a cataclysmic array of international consequences including skyrocketing oil prices, increased acts of terrorism, and even WWIII. But, there is a hope to quell this situation. The country of Israel has safeguarded the complete collapse of the Middle East to violence and chaos....   [tags: International Government ]
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1435 words
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The Domino Revolutions in Europe and the Middle East - 1848 marks the year that Europeans across the continent revolted against their autocratic rulers in favor of democracy and its advantages. Sometimes called the “Springtime of the Peoples”, this rebellion started in February in Paris, France against the monarchy of King Louis-Philippe, and soon the famous phrase by Metternich “when France sneezes, all of Europe catches a cold” (“Europe In Retrospect” 1) rang true as the revolutionary spirit swept across Europe. Liberal revolutionaries marched united in the streets with a list of demands for their leaders....   [tags: polotical oppression,arab springs,autocratic rule]
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1425 words
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Women in the Middle East and Greece - Women in the Middle East and Greece Historically, women were long considered naturally weaker than men, squeamish, and unable to perform work requiring muscular or intellectual development. In most pre industrial societies, for example, domestic chores were relegated to women, leaving heavier labor such as hunting and plowing to men. Women generally have had fewer legal rights and career opportunities than men as well. Wifehood and motherhood were regarded as women's most significant professions....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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3945 words
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Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East - Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Introduction In 1993, a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The most poignant issues at the time were the threat of Suddam Hussein, nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Also months later, the World Trade Center was bombed, which left six people dead and many more injured....   [tags: Muslim Cultural Religion Iraq Essays]
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4764 words
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The Middle East: Conflict in Journalism - The Middle East: Conflict in Journalism Before beginning my essay, “The Middle East, Conflict in Journalism”, I would like the reader to read a few terms. These are merely food for thought, do whatever with them you wish. Conflict: A state of disharmony between incompatible or antithetical persons, ideas, or interests; a clash. (The American Heritage) War: A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties. &The period of such conflict....   [tags: War Writing Essays]
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1620 words
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Does Islam Cause Violence in the Middle East? - Since the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, a large focus of the Western Powers, like the United States, has been on the Middle East. Out of this has come a conclusion that this area of the world is prone to be more violent than other parts and this is largely to due to the Islamic religion. This the West has concluded in large part through observation coupled with some qualitative data. However, is this an adequate assertion of the area, and of the religion of Islam. To begin various types of violence will be explored quantitatively and qualitatively to see if there is a difference in the level of violence seen in the Middle East as compared to Western States....   [tags: Islam, religion, violence, jihad]
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3402 words
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Imperialism in the middle east - http://college.hmco.com/history/west/mckay/western_society/7e/students/outlines/ch26.html Western penetration of Egypt Muhammad Ali built a modern state in Turkish held Egypt that attracted European traders. He drafted the peasants, reformed the government, and improved communications. The peasants lost out because the land was converted from self-sufficient farms to large, private landholdings to grow cash crops for export. Ismail continued the modernization of Egypt, including the completion of the Suez Canal, but also drew the country deeply into debt....   [tags: essays research papers] 1314 words
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Middle East Art and Society - Middle East Art and Society This is how I feel when trying to understand art from nothing. The codes of communication, the means by which we understand language are not clear. Art is a language, but a symbolic one. I am trying to understand the reasons and the culture that produces this language. My learning plan, written a few months before we departed for our program, was focused in trying to understand the relationship between culture and art in the Islamic countries. An Islamic art definition that I have repeated before and as presented by Eva Baer is the following: "Islamic arts refers not only to the art made for Islamic practices and settings but also to the art made by and for the...   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Protecting Democracy in the Middle East - Standing in front of the Knesset, the Prime Minister-designate gives a stern welcome to his fellow legislators. “I do not stand here with the glee of victory, but with a sense of grave responsibility in testing times,” he says. What has brought Benjamin Netanyahu to the head of government in Israel is the need to bring peace, to bring about an end to violence, and to erase the misdeeds of the past and renew the spirit of cooperation and harmony in the Middle East. It is a task of mammoth proportions, rife with possibilities for failure, but one which is the responsibility of any government that is to be taken seriously by the international community to undertake....   [tags: International Politics ]
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The History of the Ottoman Empire - We human beings need to sleep to let our body to relax and gain back the energy we are spending during daytime. By the same token, sometimes we sleep to get away from reality and fall into a totally different world that we dream of. Dream is a divine gift to all human beings. We dream, there’s no sleeping without a dream, whether it’s a nightmare or a joyful daydream. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung define dreams as “an interaction between the unconscious and conscious asserting that the unconscious is the dominant force of the dream and it conveys its own mental activity to the perspective faculty.”[ ] Moreover, most of the time our dreams are just reflections of our subconscious, which are ine...   [tags: World History ]
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Turkey and the Arab World: Follow our lead! - Historically, the nation of Turkey has been a major player on the international political front. With its geography situating Turkey at the interstices of Europe and the Middle East, the Turkish state has held a unique and highly fluctuating role in both regions. Despite long-standing allegiances to the West, during the last decade; dominated by the Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP), a large Muslim population, and a charismatic leader (Prime Minister) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Turkey has witnessed growing trade and relations with its Middle Eastern neighbors, significant economic growth, and an apparent growing appetite for combative international affairs....   [tags: Middle East ]
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Middle East - The Middle Eastern culture has many different nationalities within their population including Arabians, Iranians, Iraqis, Pakistanians, Egyptians, Saudi Arabians, and many more. The most common religion found in the Middle East is Muslim. However not every Middle Easterner is Muslim, there are also other religions just as in any country such as Christian and Jewish. There are more than seven million Muslims living in America and over 1.5 billion worldwide. Many Middle Eastern Muslims who are conservative with their religion do not eat pork or drink alcohol....   [tags: essays research papers] 1495 words
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Hizballah Role In A Unified Middle East - The Monroe Doctrine was developed because the United States and Britain were concerned over the possibility of European colonial expansion in the Americas. Hizballah, or party of god, was developed along the same lines of separationism, because originally the Shiite Muslims began the organization as a revolt against Western influences and the Israeli’s occupation of Lebanon. The future of the Hizballah and the Islamic Resistance (the parties militant wing) is unclear as well as the future of the entire Middle East....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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U.S.-Middle East Relations - The United States has had some international issues with Middle Eastern countries in the past. It goes without saying; the most recent is the current gulf war led by George W. Bush and of course the previous gulf war led by his father George H.W. Bush. With neighboring Iran, there have been quarrels such as the Iran-Contra affair. This involved a political scandal in which Ronald Reagan's administration sold military arms to Iran. At this time they were in the midst of the Iran-Iraq War, while the United States had hostages held in Lebanon by Hezbollah....   [tags: Current Events] 721 words
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The Pleas of Palestinians - The Pleas of Palestinians Freedom, a common concept that is taken for granted by most people living in developed countries. However, the idea of freedom is still wanted in developing countries and non-recognized countries, such as Palestine. Palestinians have always lived in the current country of Israel; however, they were never able to obtain the land of their ancestors, therefore many different Palestinian groups from the Palestinian Liberation Organization, an observer in the United Nations, to Hamas, a multi-country terrorist cell, have all been involved in helping free Palestine....   [tags: Middle East]
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The Ruling Elite and the Development of the Middle East - Many dynasties and kingdoms have ruled the area of what we now call the Middle East. In almost all of the societies, it is the wealthier, educated, and a particular race or ethnicity that ruled. These positions were usually acquired through power, either by a civil war or an overthrow of the previous government. From the late eleventh century to the reign of Mohammed Ali in the early to mid nineteenth century, whoever were the ruling elite was able to shape the direction and development of country or territory in three different ways; socially, economically and politically....   [tags: essays research papers] 591 words
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Government and Politics - No Peace for the Middle East - No Peace for the Middle East Since its inception the State of Israel has been at war with the Arab countries surrounding it. Dating back to biblical times when the Israelites left Egypt after two hundred years of bondage there, they began forty years of wandering the desert in which they encountered many enemy tribes such as their sworn enemies, the Amalekites. Thousands of years later, the Arabs and Israelis are still fighting. The State of Israel began with the War for Israeli Independence in 1948....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East - The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East The war in Iraq is further poisoning the already noxious political atmosphere between Arabs and Americans. It has intensified and increased dangerous feelings of humiliation and outrage among the Arab public, while paranoid rhetoric about Western attacks against Islam elsewhere is spreading from the religious fringe to the mainstream. It is simplistic and self- serving for political leaders in the West to tell us that the terrorists attacks happen because they "hate freedom," or "hate our democratic values" or "they despise our love of liberty." Many, in fact, hate what they perceive as materialistic Western v...   [tags: Papers] 1604 words
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Family Values and Structures in the Middle East - Family Values and Structures in the Middle East At the end of our program, classes are ending, and events are winding down, but emotions remain powerful. We will all face reentry, and deal with it in different ways, and I'm sure that all of us are thinking about what this means personally. I do not know what the first thing is that may come to your mind when you think of home. Maybe you are scared that your little sibling took over while you were gone, and you will have to resolve this in a civil manner....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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National Security - Essay National security once meant a strong dollar, a strong border and the confidence of a people in their government. Now, maintaining our national security depends upon our ability to communicate effectively in other languages and across cultures. A new definition of national security strategy is emerging that must confront issues across the spectrum from dictators to disease, from nation-states to stateless movements, from foreign to domestic battlefields and from outer space to cyberspace....   [tags: Foreign Policy, Middle East] 1233 words
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Is Peace Possible? - The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been one of the defining political issues in the Middle East for decades. The conflict itself can be dated to 1948, when the state of Israel established independence, but the underlying problems responsible for the creation of Israel, and as a result, the conflict, can be traced back as far as the 19th century. While these days, the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict takes place at a domestic level, its roots, as well as the frequent failed attempts at peace that spanned the 20th century, stemmed from international interference and mismanagement....   [tags: Middle East ] 1466 words
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Women’s Roles in Independence Movements Throughout the Middle East - Women’s roles in independence movements throughout the Middle East were as varied as their male counterparts’, though arguably not as well remembered. Many women rebelled from within traditional feminine spaces, as defined by colonizers and male nationals, rather than vying for roles in the traditional political sphere. Female and male revolutionaries risked the same dangers, but almost invariably women did not hold any significant leadership positions within nationalistic movements. Colonial powers often did not differentiate between male and female enemy combatants, punishing both with equal severity....   [tags: Women's Rights] 840 words
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The Iran-Iraq War - The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980's may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those traditions and how they conflicted, while also bringing Iraq and its economic situation into the spotlight....   [tags: War Middle East Essays]
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Drinking Water and Irrigation Water Shortages in the Middle East - One would think there are enough conflicts to be had in the Middle East. The area is simply a breeding ground for turmoil, and has been for centuries. Of the many conflicts that revolve around the areas history, politics, religion, territory or ethnicity, one more can be added to the group: water. These societies all need water, but not all have the same resources to get to that water. What is the hotbed of vice in this situation is only a few of the countries in the Middle East have total control over their own water, leaving most of the others to depend on the graces of those few countries to manage their water magnanimously enough to supply them with what they need....   [tags: Geography Economics Papers]
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The Reasons Behind the Difficulties of Bringing Peace to the Middle East - The Reasons Behind the Difficulties of Bringing Peace to the Middle East A major source of conflict in the Middle East during the last fifty years has been the dispute between Arabs and Jews over Palestine. For hundreds of years, the great majority of the people living in Palestine were Arabs. But at the end of the nineteenth century some Jews in Europe were becoming increasingly bitter about growing anti-Semitism. They started to talk about setting up a state of their own where they would be free from persecution....   [tags: Papers] 1193 words
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Universal Health Care in America: A Middle East Perspective - Universal Health Care in America: A Middle East Perspective My project over the course of the program abroad was a focus on the health care systems of the countries we visited. This project was chosen for personal reasons, as I aimed to analyze the feasibility of a universal health care system in America. In order to understand the practicality of such an issue, I had to first understand the encompassing components: economy and politics. The intrinsic nature of the program itself helped me to understand the politics and the history that set the precedent for contemporary issues, but exploring the economy took a bit more work....   [tags: Papers] 1999 words
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The Biblical and Historical Origins of the Problems in the Middle East - The Biblical and Historical Origins of the Problems in the Middle East The present day situation in Israel may be the most difficult political situation in world history. It dates back to thousands of years before Christ, and deals with a large number of issues including political, religious, and cultural issues. In order to understand the current day issues, we must first understand the Biblical and historical issues. In this paper, I will first explore what the later books of the old testament, specifically the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah, and Malachi, and than talk about the modern day issues....   [tags: Religion Palestine Israel Essays] 1303 words
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The Arab-Israeli Conflict: An Egyptian Point of View - The Arab Israeli conflict is one of the major dilemmas in the world in the modern history. Many political leaders assume that this is the most complicated conflict around the world, even bigger than Cold War. During the 1960’s and the 1970’s, the Arab world decided to go with confrontation and fight fire with fire. The Middle East became a war zone where all the Arab countries lined up to win back Palestine. However, the Israeli cabinet was smart enough to maintain their presence in the Palestinian Land....   [tags: Middle East, Politics]
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Overview of the Arab Culture - Name of Culture Arab is not a race, but is a group of individuals that are united by their culture and history (ADC, 2014). There are many different variations commonly based on a particular individual’s country of origin such as Arab Americans. Other variations are based on their social class, the level of their education, if they live urbanely or rurally, or the time they have spent in the United States (Lipson & Dubble, 2007). Most Arabs also practice Islamic religion and are Muslim. When working with an Arab or Muslim client, nurses should ask what the client wishes to be referred to so as not to offend them in any way (Lipson & Dubble, 2007)....   [tags: culture, middle east]
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Radical Islam vs. Islam - Even before the tragic day of September 11th, 2001 an important question lingered on the minds of political powers around the world. Will the Middle East (the perceived homeland of all that is civil and governmental unrest) ever experience peace within their own country. Will they ever be able to experience the sense of unity that comes with maintaining a collaborative relationship with the outside world. Or are they destined to remain a picturesque version of all that is wrong with the world, feeding their image with bloody attacks and a fanatical, violent, and obsessive religious movement....   [tags: Peace in the Middle East] 1307 words
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Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and Terrorism - Bob Hawke once said; “Unless and until something concrete is done about addressing the Israeli-Palestinian issue you won't get a real start on the war against terrorism.” Perhaps Hawke put into a few simple words one of the most complicated issues within our world today, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. As Israel continues to strip the Palestinians of their land and fears it’s very existence because of the Palestinians terrorist acts, there seems to be no solution in sight. The world appears to be split and all over the place when it comes to this matter....   [tags: The Middle East, Country]
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Houthi Movement in Yemen - Houthi Movement in Yemen Yahya al-Houthi, brother of rebel leader Abdulmalik al-Houthi stated, “We are not anti-American per se. Rest assured that we do not have any issues with the American people, but we disapprove of some of their government’s foreign policy in the Middle East. Like many people in the Middle East of all faiths, we were opposed to the US led invasion of Iraq and the subsequent killing of civilians” (Novack, 2009). The Houthis’ goals in their revolution are inherently religious, not political, focused mainly on combating the rising Salafi presence in the Northern Province of Yemen....   [tags: Middle East, politics, conflict]
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The Outbreak of Iran-Iraq - In the fall of 1980, one of the largest and most destructive conflicts to occur from the end of the second world war started between Iran and Iraq. Lasting eight years, the war left approximately 1.5 million dead and around a million casualties with thousands of refugees fleeing both nations. This conflict's roots can be traced backed to conflicts that raged between the powers which controlled the Persian Iran and Arab Iraq regions (Bahadori, 2005). For centuries, the Persians and Arabs have been at war under the banners of opposing empires.....   [tags: war,middle east, geopolitical]
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Iraq: One of the Most Highly Influential Areas of the World - Throughout its long and varying history, Iraq has undergone vast changes in all areas and aspects of study. However, despite these changes, Iraq has certainly earned its spot as a region that will forever be regarded as one of the most highly influential areas of the world. Iraq began as a small collection of nomads around 7200 BCE during the late-Neolithic Era. It was not until around 3500 BCE that Iraq, back then called Mesopotamia, formally established itself between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Fertile Crescent, becoming the first known civilization in the world....   [tags: Middle East ]
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Middle Ages vs. Today - What Have We Learned From The Middle Ages. Introduction It is often said that those who do not know history are doomed to repeat it. It is true that technology has changed civilization and wars have shaped the earth, but, loosely speaking: the duties of man, the importance of knowledge and our morals are still almost the same as they were since the dawn of civilization. For the last 8,500 years man has harvested, learned and practiced righteousness. Yet, man is always progressive. We seek to find the most efficient means of working, learn as much as we can and search for what is meaning of “good”....   [tags: World history, Comparative Essay]
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United States and the Middle East - Should the United States of America attack Iran if it has begun to enrich uranium to the level that it can create a nuclear bomb. Or sending troops into Pakistan if the government loses what little control it has over its western regions and terrorists take hold. These are some of the question that are constantly asked. There is no decision that is more difficult than the decision of a government to employ military force upon another country. Except in the most clear-cut cases, those decisions are also difficult, this is what some people think....   [tags: War, Iran, United States, Politics]
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Benefiting Off Religious Ignorance - “The Jewish people have no claim whatsoever to sovereignty over this holy site, which is under Islamic authority, nor over any other holy site.” -Rabbi Zonenfeld One who believed ignorance is truly bliss must have thought nothing about the future or what may occur due to their ignorance. It is bliss, for a period of time at least, because it is impossible to worry and bring stress to yourself over something you know nothing about. It is not until the truth is revealed, changes are made, and it is too late to change what is done, is ignorance not so bliss after all....   [tags: The Middle East]
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