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Raphael's Lorenzo De' Medici - Christie's London announced on May 21, 2007 that Lorenzo de' Medici (1518), a portrait of sound provenance by renowned Italian Renaissance master Raffaello Sanzio, called Raphael (1483-1520), will be available for purchase as part of its Important Old Master and British Pictures auction on Thursday, July 5, 2007. On display at the esteemed auction house's King Street salerooms, beginning June 30, will be Raphael's painting, one of a handful by the artist still privately held. Owned by Ira Spanierman since 1968, issues of the work's attribution to Raphael were tackled by Sir Charles Robinson (1824-1913) and firmly resolved in 1971 by the prolific Konrad Oberhuber, former director of Vienna's...   [tags: Art Artist Raphael Medici] 1147 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Medici Bank - Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici founded the Medici bank in 1397 after splitting from his nephew to establish a bank branch in Florence. As the new bank grew and expanded, so did the wealth and power of the Medici family. When Cosimo il Vecchio de’ Medici, Giovanni’s son, took over the banking business in 1434, the increasing economic power of the Medici family allowed them to establish themselves as effective rulers of Florence while keeping the republican system of government nominally intact. The bank provided the Medici family a combination of economic and political power that facilitated the stability of Medici rule....   [tags: Finance ]
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2025 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Medici Influence and the Italian Renaissance - A post Middle Age Italy was afflicted by medieval wars and the bubonic plague. A change was needed to restore the vision of what Italy could become. This change was found within one family: the Medici’s, who helped to return the glory and influence to Florence. The Medici’s saw the value in contributing to the advancement of the greatest minds of the period. This was evident in their patronage of leading Artists such as Michelangelo and of renowned Teachers such as Galileo. The sphere of influence the Medici’s enjoyed also extended to the political arena, which happened to be heavily influenced by the Catholic Church at the time....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays] 1195 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Medici Family During the Renaissance - The Renaissance was a time of rebirth of classic learning of the Greeks and Romans in Western Europe after the Middle Ages. Humanism, started by Pettrarch, was the popular belief during that era. People no longer believed that art and culture were only in the hands of the clergy. People wanted to explore and be creative, to be part of the arts and literature themselves. The Medici family were great humanists and made significant contribution to the development of the Italian and European Renaissance....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays] 1140 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Power of The House of Medici - ... Using the family wealth, Cosimo set up a network of secretive alliances that ruined the competition and benefited the Medici Bank. Cosimo really began to have complete power of Florence. He was able to use money to control all businesses in Florence. Medici Banks started to open up all over the world at that time. Because the Pope had a credit line in the bank, the Medici also had connections in the church, making them even more powerful. Many people began to get angry with Cosimo, especially the old families that used to be significant....   [tags: bank, wealth, influence] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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Influence of the De Medici Family - The influence of a few people or ideas can affect a culture for a lifetime. The de Medici family was a powerful family that captured the ideals and principles of the Florence Renaissance and were able to use them to increase their influence during the time. Their influence in this time created many positive effects, some of which are still felt today. The family used their influence during this time to impact Florence and other European countries through their patronage of the arts, and political influence....   [tags: people of power in the Renaissance] 1293 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Medici Influence and the Italian Renaissance - Post-Middle Age Italy was afflicted by medieval wars and the bubonic plague. It needed a change to restore the vision of what Italy could become. This change revealed itself within the Medici family, who helped return glory and influence to Florence. The Medici family saw the value in contributing to the advancement of the greatest minds of the period. This was evident in their patronage of leading artists such as Michelangelo and of renowned teachers such as Galileo. The sphere of influence the Medicis enjoyed also extended to the political arena, which happened to be heavily influenced by the Catholic Church at the time....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]
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1394 words
(4 pages)
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Significant of the Medici Family in Italy - ... Lorenzo’s great-great-grandson Cosimo (1519-1574) became duke of Florence in 1537 and his descendants would rule as grand dukes into the 1700s. The Medici family were beneficial to the renaissance because they helped established Florence as a significant city in Europe, they were patrons of arts and culture, they produced 4 popes in an era where religion was very important. The Medici’s families contribution towards the renaissances was mainly based on how they helped established Florence as a significant city in Europe....   [tags: powerful family, renaissance era] 815 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Medici Family During the Renaissance - Florence, Italy was a city just like any other during the Renaissance. It was city of 50,000 people, less than there were in Paris and Venice but more than most other European cities. The busiest parts of the city were the Ponte Vecchio, a place lined with markets and houses, the neighborhood of the Orsanmichele and Mercato Vecchio, or the Old Market. Florence was a place of beauty and leisure. A Venetian visitor once said, “There is in my opinion no region more sweeter than that wherein Florence is a placed for Florence is situated in a plain surrounded on all sides by hills and mountains…And the hills are fertile cultivated, pleasant…” (Unger, pg....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]
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1902 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Medici Effects by Frans Johansson - When we were given the opportunity to review a book that related to our entrepreneurship class I had one goal in mind, I wanted to find an author that was not the typical writer. I did not want a sixty-five year old professor who would give me dry explanations about theories and business models that I had covered in class. Frans Johansson was raised in Sweden and received his bachelor’s in Environmental Science then earned his MBA. Johansson was just what I had been searching for, someone who was applying concepts in ways that would help me throughout my own career....   [tags: business, Peter’s Café] 1356 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Power and Influence of Catherine De Medici - ... This cause a lot of ruckus throughout France, they didn’t want an Italian woman to become their queen. Many even thought he would never have children and her time would be short but between 1543 and 1555 she gave birth to ten children, seven of which went on to adulthood. Throughout Henrys reign as king, he excluded Catherine participating in state affairs. “Catherine stayed in the background as there was no reason for her to grasp the limelight as her husband, the strong king and the nobility appeared to be tamed under his strong leadership”....   [tags: French Renaissance, Catherine the Great] 895 words
(2.6 pages)
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Lorenzo de Medici: Machiavelli or Michelangelo? - Florence during Lorenzo de Medici’s time was a city of contradictions: artistic brilliance sprouted from the squalor of the city’s crowed streets and autocrats ruled over republican institutions. Florence fostered both the grandeur of Botticelli’s Primavera and the harsh realism of Machiavelli’s the prince. Lorenzo de Medici, the de facto ruler of the city, best embodied such contradictions. He was both a Machiavelli, using menace, betrayal, cajoles and schemes to exert power, and a Michelangelo, a poet and artist stimulating the onset of the Renaissance....   [tags: history, art, Italy,] 647 words
(1.8 pages)
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Edict of January by Catherine de' Medici - There was a constant struggle for power in France in the 16th century. The de’ Medici family and the Guise family were the two major influences on France at the time. Catherine de Medici in particular had a hand in almost everything that was passed or that occurred while she and her sons were in power. She was one of the most prominent Politiques in history. She had influence over all of her sons, and was an advisor to all of them. She was able to shape France without having any outward involvement in any of the on-goings, though she did have outward involvement in the on-goings when she was Regent for one of her sons....   [tags: religious equality, influence, france]
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1427 words
(4.1 pages)
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Analysis of Catherine de Medici's Reign - Catherine de Medici’s culpability for the turbulent events in France in 1559-72 remains a topic of some debate. Highly personal protestant pamphleteers associated Catherine with sinister comparisons to the contemporary evil Machiavelli which eventually developed into the ‘Black Legend’. Jean.H. Mariégol consolidates this interpretation, overwhelmingly assuming Catherine’s wickedness; the Queen Mother was deemed to be acting for ‘personal aggrandizement’ without an interest in the monarchy. Neale provides a corrective arguing a ‘dominant maternalism’ drove Catherine’s policies....   [tags: French History]
:: 12 Works Cited
2162 words
(6.2 pages)
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Catherine de Medici and Obsession Over Power - Catherine de Medici and Obsession Over Power "An execrable woman whose memory will remain in bloody crepe until the end of time[1]". For nearly 400 years this assessment of Catherine de Medici held true. In the popular imagination she is a Machiavellian schemer using poison on those who hindered her in her quest to gain and maintain power at court, a view of Catherine reinforced in recent years by the film La Reine Margot, based on the book by Dumas. Most traditionalist historians take their information on Catherine from pamphlets such as Discours Merveilleuse de la Vie, Actions et Deportment de Catherine de Medicis, Royne Mere[2]....   [tags: Papers] 1207 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Prince Analysis - Historical Background Having spent his childhood most peacefully, Niccolo Machiavelli, the great Italian philosopher witnessed Italy’s state of decadence and intense political conflict in his adulthood. The then Italy was not a unified country rather, it was an accumulation of city-states, each with its own court and ruler, each of them attempting to addition control over the others. Italy was not only a place of domestic intrigue but also a battleground for the force-ravenous French, the Spanish, the Germans and the Catholic Church under the power of the popes....   [tags: Niccolo Machiavelli, Medici, politics, Italy]
:: 1 Works Cited
1762 words
(5 pages)
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Economic Success and Political Influence of the Fuggers and Medicis - In the late fifteenth, and early sixteenth centuries the first economic Golden Age began. Two families, the Fugger's and Medici's were of immense wealth and power. Both helped to finance projects for certain people and institutions of power, like the Pope, English Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire. Their economic success and political influence caused much turmoil then, and even more in the future. Because of the Fuggers' and Medici's wealth and power in society they easily influenced politics, especially ecclesiastical governance by usury and sale of indulgences....   [tags: European History] 952 words
(2.7 pages)
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Boticelli's La Primavera - ... This may cause some confusion as the wind also blows from east to west and not in reverse. “The circle of the Zodiac, whose turning was thought to control the ebb and flow of the changing seasons, moves counter to the rotation of the earth. In schematic form, the seasons actually do move “backwards,” marching from right to left across the dome of the heavens.” Therefore, it can be concluded that Botticelli inspired by the poets and poetry that surrounded him, and the fact that young Lorenzo had just purchased a rural farm, used the rustic roman calendar as a basis for the compositional layout of “La Primavera.” In August of 1481, Lorenzo the Magnificent arranged for the marriage of t...   [tags: painting analysis, Medicis] 768 words
(2.2 pages)
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Batlles, Medics, and Soldiers from the Revolutionary War - We all know that we won the American Revolution. Do we know what happened through all the years that the men fought for our country. Through the approximately ten battles the Americans and England had Americans only won about half. In this paper I will analyze the battles, medics, and soldiers the made it possible for us to split from England. The revolutionary war is such a part of our history that it can be easy at times to forget the struggles that took place, and the strain of battle upon those that had to fight....   [tags: freedom, england, america] 763 words
(2.2 pages)
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On the Nature of Man by Aristotle -  Airs Waters and Places: Aristotle attributed the environment as a role to disease. This was an addition to the four humors from his work: On the Nature of Man. An Example is of people of the north whom were attributed to having phlegmatic properties due to their location and winter elements. People of Africa attributed to people of bile due to there how climate like that of the summer elements. Air, waters and places allowed the thought of the environment to be attributed to an illness. This theory allowed for better diagnosis of the actual cause of an illness and better treatment by knowing ones environment and culture....   [tags: airs waters, materia medica] 584 words
(1.7 pages)
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Pearl Harbor: Different Viewpoints of This Horrible Day - On the morning of December 7th, 1941 America was shocked about what had just happened to its country. And more shocked about what had happened in Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor was being attacked by the Imperial Navy, that was based out of Japan. Before the attacks that happened on Pearl Harbor, Japan has been speaking to the United States about prolonged peace, hope, and prosperity between the United States and Japan. But that dream of peace and prosperity came to a crashing halt on the morning of the attacks on Pearl Harbor....   [tags: military, medics, commander] 1473 words
(4.2 pages)
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Review of "The Central Line" - This year, the applications to enroll in medical schools increased by 6.1 percent to more than 48,000, breaking records set in 1996 (Lopatto). Job openings for doctors and nurses sparked the interest of the younger generation, and this, I believe, is because of the enthralling and captivating experiences that result from these fields. The article “The Central Line” by Atul Gawande covers an example of what these future surgeons and medics learn while in the field. However, the student will not perform perfectly the first time....   [tags: Surgeons, Medics, Article Analysis]
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1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Creative Writing: The Flu Virus - The flu virus has spread throughout the building, there were children shivering in the arms of their mothers, anxious fathers and frightened medics. As the President, Tom Mason had very little help to offer; they were under-staffed with the outside world only glimpsing at their troubles. When the first child commenced to cough blood, Lourdes Delgado snapped. Storming down the corridors, every man stepped out of the way as she barged into the royal office. The startled gasps did very little to hinder her confidence....   [tags: violence, frightened medics] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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Role of Women in the Scientific Revolution - When most people think of the Scientific Revolution, they think of scientists such as Galileo, Newton, Brahe, and Boyle. However, many people do not even know about the many women who played a vital role in the scientific advancements of this period. Even when these women were alive, most of society either ignored them or publicly disapproved their unladylike behavior. Because of this, these women were often forgotten from history, and very little is known about the majority of them. Although their names rarely appear in history books, the female scientists of the Scientific Revolution still impacted the world of science in several ways....   [tags: female sex, queen christina, medicis]
:: 25 Works Cited
1202 words
(3.4 pages)
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Giralamo Savonarola and the Development of the Renaissance in Florence - THESIS STATEMENT The moral fanatic and religious fundamentalist, Giralamo Savonarola, inhibited the development of the Renaissance in Florence and brought the city back into the Middle Ages. PURPOSE STATEMENT Through scholarly research of Florentine politics and daily life during the rule of the Medici, it is affirmed that Giralamo Savonarola used religion and fear to inhibit the progression of the Renaissance in Florence. INTRODUCTION Religion provides hope for those who are hopeless. It aims to welcome those who are alienated and feel that their life has no purpose....   [tags: Florentine Politics, Religion] 2211 words
(6.3 pages)
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Michelangelo di Ludovico Buonarroti Simoni - Michelangelo di Ludovico Buonarroti Simoni was born on March 6, 1475 in the Tuscan town of Caprese, which is located near Arezzo. His family was native to Florence, his father part of the Florentine government, therefore they returned to the city within a few weeks of his birth. Florence during the Renaissance period was a vibrant arts center, an opportune locale for Michelangelo’s innate talents to develop and flourish. His mother died when he was 6. Florence seemed to be a perfect city to raise a child with such artistic ambition....   [tags: Biography, Sculptor, Artist, Caprese, Italia]
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1609 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Discovery of Antibiotics by Alexander Fleming - The discovery of antibiotics is attributed to Alexander Fleming who discovered the first antibiotic to be commercially used (Penicillin) in approximately 1928. An antibiotic, also known as an antimicrobial, is a medication that is taken in order to either destroy or slow the growth rate of bacteria. Antibiotics are integral to the success of many medical practises, such as; surgical procedures, organ transplants, the treatment of cancer and the treatment of the critically ill. (Ramanan Laxminarayan, 2013) The emergence of Penicillin marked the dawn of the antibiotic era and allowed for diseases which normally ended in death or dysfunction to be eliminated and for people to carry on living he...   [tags: penicillin, antimicrobial, medicin] 3182 words
(9.1 pages)
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Machiavelli: The Father of Modern Political Science - During the time 1469, a child by the name of Niccolo Di Bernardo Del Machiavelli was born .Some may know him as an Italian philosopher, humanist, or a evil minded fellow associated with the corruptness of totalitarian government. In Machiavelli’s home state Florence, he introduces the modern political theory. Hoping to gain influence with the ruling Medici family Niccolo wrote a pamphlet call The Prince (Prezzolini). Niccolo lived a nondescript childhood and his main political experience in his youth was watching Savonarola from afar....   [tags: Political Science]
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1046 words
(3 pages)
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Patrons and Artisans of the Renaissance Period - The Renaissance period (1400 to 1700) covered art, literature, philosophy and government. Renaissance culture spread outwards from Florence, to other Italian cities and then, over the following centuries, to the rest of Europe. It is widely understood that it was a unique combination of several different influences that led to the Renaissance, with the social and political conditions of the era, combined with great wealth and the large number of talented artists and artisans in Florence; influencing cultural development on an exceptional scale....   [tags: European History, European Artists] 1002 words
(2.9 pages)
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A Brief Treatise for Philosophical Inquiry During the Italian Renaissance - There is a certain fascination when humans begin to have a retrospective view on life. The Renaissance (or rebirth), which occurred during the Quattrocento period in Italy, epitomized this phenomenon. The individuals involved, pursued antiquity with a fervent vigor and passion not seen in the following centuries of the modern age. Among the city-states on the Italian Peninsula, the Florentine Republic was on the verge of being the most prominent center of the Renaissance. Many contributing factors such as influential families, the various guilds, politicians, and the numerous learned individuals propelled Florence to new heights of achievement; including artistic expression, philosophical st...   [tags: Philosophy ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1759 words
(5 pages)
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Queen Margot - Through the use of two main characters in the film, Queen Margot, a critical examination will be made to further understand the importance of developing characters and their respected standard historical interpretations. By heavily characterizing the protagonist, Margaret of Valois, audience members were given the ability to identify with her. Similarly, the Queen regent, Catherine de Medici remained heavily mythologized in the film to advance the plotline. The overall success of the film can thereby be attributed to the prominence of the representation of historical figures....   [tags: FIlm Analysis, Character Development]
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945 words
(2.7 pages)
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Drug Testing and Legalization of Marijuana - For over a century the legalization of medical marijuana in the United States has been a growing controversy. Washington and Colorado are the two recent states that have legalized the use of marijuana for recreational uses. In contrast, others in federal positions believe the use of marijuana has no beneficial use to it which creates a struggle into its legalization. Marijuana is classified as a Schedule 1 drug believed to be dangerous and highly addictive, also thought to be a “gateway” drug leading to a dark path of drug abuse....   [tags: Medicl Marijuana, United States, Economy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1866 words
(5.3 pages)
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Is Machiavelli Machiavellian? - Throughout history, The Prince has been considered one of the greatest guides to political wheelings and dealings. But, it wasn’t always like that, one could almost liken it to the modern day Wikileaks. It was a book that was part political satire and part exposé on how the people’s princes did their thing. The Prince also sparked the creation of the word machiavellian, an adjective that means cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics or in advancing one’s career. The question is, does Machiavelli actually deserve the term his writing has garnered him....   [tags: The Prince, Leadership, Politics]
:: 5 Works Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Influence of Martin Luthern and Cosimo de'Medici on Western Culture - Martin Luther and Cosimo de’Medici are known as some of the most important and influential people on the Western culture. Martin Luther shaped the Western culture socially and religiously with powerful words, while Cosimo de’Medici impacted the economy and politically through money and power. Cosimo de’Medici changed Florence in many ways by contributing to the Republic of Florence with his strong hand in the establishment of some of the most infamous renaissance masterpieces. Cosimo de’Medici ruled Florence without actually being in power in the political system....   [tags: investing, religion, economics] 635 words
(1.8 pages)
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Michelangelo´s Tomb Projects and Inspiration - The two tomb projects are; The Julius Tomb and The Medici Tombs. The Julius Tomb was commissioned by Pope Julius II in 1505, from drawings made by Michelangelo Pope Julius selected a huge three level monument with over 40 statues. The project was to be completed in five years and Michelangelo was to be paid 10,000 ducats. The Tomb was to be placed in the unfinished Quattrocento choir of St. Peter’s. However Julius decided to build a new church and lost interest in the Tomb project, perhaps because of lack of money....   [tags: Renaissance, catholic church, tomb projects] 932 words
(2.7 pages)
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Art Analysis: Adoration of the Magi by Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi - Viewing Reaction: Adoration of the Magi Introduction This altarpiece painting was done in tempera paint on wood by Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi. He became known as Sandro Botticelli. “Botticelli” was a nickname given by his older brother meaning 'small wine cask'. “(Artble, 2014). According to our textbook, this painting is one of four Adorations he painted that have achieved lasting fame. (Wold, 2008) Botticelli was an Italian Renaissance painter whose life spanned from 1440-1510. I was unable to verify where he was born, but most of the information I came across seemed to agree his home town was Florence, Italy....   [tags: Aesthetic Value, symbolism] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Art of Michelangelo - His hands work quickly and delicately to complete this work of art. Every chiseled muscle would be as smooth as silk, each hair a perfect curl. Sweat dripped from his face and his heart pounded rapidly in his chest as he stepped back to see what he had created. Two years- two long years to finish this piece. What will the result be. He worried that all his work would have been for nothing. Tears swelled in his eyes as he gazed at his work. It was spectacular. The marble seemed to faintly glow in the afternoon sun....   [tags: Biography] 1679 words
(4.8 pages)
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A Retrospective on Rebirth - There is a certain fascination in life when humans at a certain time become retrospective. The Renaissance or rebirth in Italy during the Quattrocento period epitomized this phenomenon. Throughout history and only during Renaissance have humans been able to embed a sense of urgency to relearn the ideas and culture of antiquity. Among the city-states on the Italian Peninsula, the Florentine Republic was on the verge of being the most prominent center of the Renaissance. Many contributing factors such as the influential families, the various guilds, politicians, and learned men propelled Florence to new heights of achievement; these include artistic expression, philosophical views—not seen sin...   [tags: The Renaissance]
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1212 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Story of Michelangelo - ... As Florence was the artistic center of the early Renaissance, a period of outstanding autistics innovation and accomplishment that began in the early 1400s. In many ways the masterpieces that surround Michelangelo were his best teachers- ancient Greek and Roman statuary, and the painting, sculpture, and architecture of early Renaissance masters. He had demonstrated obvious talent has he was taking under the wing of Lorenzo de’ Medici, who was the rule of the Florentine republic and a great patron of the arts....   [tags: renaissance period, gothic styles]
:: 9 Works Cited
1085 words
(3.1 pages)
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Commentary on Niccolò Machiavelli's The Prince - Relatively little is known for certain about Niccolò Machiavelli's early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance. Machiavelli was born May 3, 1469 in Florence, Italy. He attended the University of Florence; even a quick glance at his works reveals that he received an excellent humanist education, as his speech and opinions are highly intelligent, well read, and as far as the reader can tell, correct. For years after graduating, Machiavelli passionately engaged in diplomatic activity for Florence, traveling to the major points in Italy as well as to the royal magistrates of France and to the imperial Vatican court....   [tags: Italy, Renaissance, Politics] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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Birth of Venus - Sandro Botticello’s The Birth of Venus is the Florentine painter’s most famous work. Completed in about 1480, the painting now hangs in the Ufizzi in Florence. This tempura on canvas painting is large in size at 5’8” X 9’1” (Janson and Janson 443) and reflects the artistic and philosophical trends of its day. Painted on the dividing line of the middle ages with the Italian Renaissance, the painting’s subject and style are influenced by a developing and transitioning aesthetic. Botticelli or Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi was born to an upper middle class family of four sons in the Ognissanti parish in 1445 (“Botticelli”)....   [tags: Art ]
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907 words
(2.6 pages)
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Tuscany & Siena - Tuscany & Siena The central region of Tuscany includes the following provinces:. Arezzo, Grosseto, Florence, Leghorn, Lucca, Mass-Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, and Siena.. The total area of this region is 8.877 square miles. A Chorological History of Tuscany The word Tuscany comes from the Tusci, Tuscans or Etruscans.. Etruria (their country) at one time comprised Tuscany and the northern part of Lazio.. Charlemagne occupied northern Italy in the 8th century AD, at which time the name of Tuscia or Toscana became restricted to the area.....   [tags: History Historical Tuscany Europe Papers]
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2123 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Shift Between The Middle Ages And Renaissance - The shift between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance was characterized by great socio-economic, political, and religious changes. Politically, the feudal system of the Middle Ages was exchanged for a more stable centralized republic/monarchy system that gave the people more freedom and input. Religiously, secularism became more important as stability gave people a chance to concern themselves with the “here and now” rather than simply the “hereafter.” Socially, there was a shift from dogma and unshakeable belief to humanism and the ability to interpret things for oneself....   [tags: art history] 1352 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Life and Works of Michelangelo - Michelangelo di Ludovico Buonarroti Simoni was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy (“Michelangelo”, 2013). His childhood was lacking in affection, and when he was only six years old his mother, Francesca Neri, died of an illness leaving him with his father, Ludovico. (Ruehring). At a young age, Ludovico realized Michelangelo’s intellectual potential and enrolled him in Francesco Galeota’s school (Ruehring). While at the school, Michelangelo met a student of the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio....   [tags: Biography, Artist]
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1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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King Henry VIII: The Musical Court - ... King Henry VIII’s musical ambitions served as a way to humanize him with the people who sometimes saw him especially later in his reign as a tyrant. Henry felt that music should be a vital part of society; he would listen to four hours of organ music played by Dionisio Memo, the organist of St. Marco, Venice. He also made his court listen to great performances of different musicians Henry thought highly of. Musicologist Andrew Ashbee described what it was like to be in the royal court when he said, “Music making at Henry’s court took place in public places such as the Guard Chamber, the Presence Chamber and the Chapel....   [tags: notorious British monarchs] 1284 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Renaissance Reformation - There is a certain fascination in life when humans at a certain time become retrospective. The Renaissance or rebirth during the Quattrocento period in Italy epitomized this phenomenon. Those individuals involved pursued antiquity with a fervent vigor and passion not seen in the following centuries of the modern age. Among the city-states on the Italian Peninsula, the Florentine Republic was on the verge of being the most prominent center of the Renaissance. Many contributing factors such as the influential families, the various guilds, politicians, and learned individuals propelled Florence to new heights of achievement; these include artistic expression, philosophical views—not seen since...   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1696 words
(4.8 pages)
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Machiavellian Advice from The Prince - Niccolo Machiavelli was a middle-class and humanist-educated Florentine diplomat, philosopher, and writer who lived during the Renaissance in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Although bestowed with the title of the father of modern political theory, Machiavelli has been, and continues to be widely misunderstood and misinterpreted (Kreis). The term “Machiavellian,” and it is in the dictionary, is defined as subtle or unscrupulous cunning, deception, expediency, or dishonesty (Dictionary). In acknowledgment of the enduring impact of Machiavelli on society, psychologists have identified a distinct personality style that is characterized by manipulativeness, cynicism about human nature, a...   [tags: Political Science]
:: 5 Works Cited
1112 words
(3.2 pages)
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Niccolo Machiavelli - According to legend, just before his death, Niccolo Machiavelli told his friends that had remained faithful to him up until the very end about a dream he had had. In his dream, he had seen a group of peasants, wretched and decrepit in appearance. He asked them who they were. They replied, ‘We are the saintly and the blessed; we are on our way to heaven.’ Then he saw a crowd of formally attired men, aristocratic and grim in appearance, speaking solemnly of important political matters. Again, he asked them who they were and where they were going....   [tags: Philosophers ]
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1660 words
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Machiavelli: The Renaissance’s Anti-Humanist - By the turn of the sixteenth century, the Italian Renaissance had produced writers such as Danté, Petrarch, Boccaccio and Castiglione, each with ideas rooted in the revival of Greek and Roman Classics, localization of the Christian traditions, idealistic opinions of women and individualism. From these authors spread the growth of the humanistic movement which encompassed the entirety of the Italian rebirth of arts and literature. One among many skeptics, including Lorenzo Valla, who had challenged the Catholic Church fifty years earlier in proving the falsity of the Donation of Constantine, Niccolò Machiavelli projected his ideas of fraudulence into sixteenth century Italian society by sugge...   [tags: Biography, Ancient Greece, Rome]
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2445 words
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The Prince, by Machiavelli - “It is much safer to be feared than loved.” This quotation was just a specimen of the harsh and very practical political annotation of the legendary historian, Niccolò Machiavelli – philosopher, patriot, diplomat, advisor and statesman. He was born as the son of a poor lawyer in 1498, but he never let boundaries restrict him. He still received an excellent humanist education from the University of Florence and was soon after appointed as the Second Chancellor of the Republic of Florence.2 His political importance to Florence would soon give him the opportunity to write what is disputed as one of the most significant works in history, The Prince....   [tags: The Prince]
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1442 words
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The Powerful Truth of Machiavelli's The Prince - The Powerful Truth of The Prince    Before 1513 conventional thought defined a ruler as a man who used generosity, truth and justice to govern his kingdom. Machiavelli saw the conventional thought of the time as a fantasy and only applicable in a utopian society. His work The Prince shatters all previous political thought by stating that a ruler must not only use the traditionally accepted means of maintaining power but also be able to use brute force, deceit and even cruelty as the situation requires....   [tags: Machiavelli The Prince Essays]
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Niccolo Machiavelli and Political Philosophy - Niccolo Machiavelli and Political Philosophy Niccolo Machiavelli is revered as the founder of modern political philosophy. He was considered a "realist" because he concerned himself only with the political situations that actually arose in reality, where as previous philosophers were concerned largely with the theoretical politics of an "idealist" perfect society. In Machiavellis' The Prince, written to the ruler of Florence at the time, Lorenzo de' Medici, he analyzes the characteristics of numerous past rulers....   [tags: Papers] 488 words
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The Sistine Chapel - Michelangelo’s work in the Sistine Chapel is one of the greatest pieces of fresco work in the Italian Renaissance. Every year millions of people travel to the Vatican to see this impressive work . Not only is the Sistine Chapel an attraction for art lovers, but for Christians the Sistine Chapel is considered one of the holiest chapels in our world today . However, the Sistine Chapel like any other works of art was designed to send a message to its viewers. Like most art commissioned by the Catholic Church, the Sistine Chapel was intended to elevate the standing of the church and to inspire church goers in their faith....   [tags: Art] 2458 words
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Royal Absolutism Through the 15th and 18th Century - ... The Duke of Sully was Henry IV minister and he aided Henry IV in raising money for the rebuilding of France. The plan of the minister was to tax the nobility for the money, thus in taking their money; they would also take their power away from them, giving more power to the King. With this money, Henry IV started to rebuild France but he also decided to make some other purchases as well. With this money, he purchased his own trained, professional army that was loyal to him giving him the first component to being an absolute leader, complete military control....   [tags: sovereignty, absolute monarch] 968 words
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The Role Of Women in the Renaissance - When one talks about the Renaissance, the most common topic is art and architecture. It is true that the Italian Renaissance was marked by some of the greatest and most prolific masters of painting, sculpture and building. It is also true that the era marked the emergence of a great deal more. It was a time of awakening from the intellectual darkness of the medieval order and the emergence of many of the concepts that would form the basis for civilization as it is known today. The era saw the birth of new attitudes concerning the role of man in his relationship to the world and to God....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays] 1652 words
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Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael Sanzio - Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Italy. His full birth name was Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci. The meaning of Leonardo birth name is Leonardo, son of (Mes) ser Piero from Vinci. He was born to Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci who was a Florentine notary, and Caterina, a peasant. Leonardo was an illegitimate son because his parents were never married. Leonardo was raised by his father. In 1466, when he was only 14 he became an apprentice to one of the most successful artist of his day, Andrea di Cione....   [tags: Biographies, Famous Italian Artists]
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Art Work Analysis: Michelangelo and The Renaissance - This paper will argue that Michelangelo was a true renaissance artist by sharing information about his life, artwork, and analysis. Michelangelo was born at Rome, in March 6, 1475. He was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance. He was considered the greatest artist of his time. When he was introduced to art, he basically worked with marble his whole life and worked in other arts during specific time periods. His two best-known works are the Pieta and the David....   [tags: renaissance artist, sculptures] 685 words
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The Statue of Moses by Michelangelo - Statue of Moses The Middle Ages was ending and the Italian Renaissance was starting. Many people called the Renaissance the rebirth of a New Age. Between the 14th century and 17th century a new way of thinking about the world came about. During the Italian Renaissance, art was very popular. Artists in the Renaissance applied many humanist and religious principles behind their work. Michelangelo Buonarroti was one of the greatest artist and sculptor in the Italian Renaissance. He was born in the village of Caprese on March 6, 1475....   [tags: Renaissance art/sculpture]
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Donatello is a True Renaissance Artist - This paper argues that Donatello is a true renaissance artist by evaluating his art, life, and time that he lived. One reason that Donatello was proven a true renaissance artist was by his life and the way he lived it. Born in Florence, 1386 Donatello was the son of Niccolo di Betto Bardi who was a member of the Florentine Wool Combers Guild. This gave young Donatello status as the son of a craftsman and placed him on a path of working in the trades. Donatello was educated in the house of the Martelli family, one of the wealthiest Florentine families at that time....   [tags: renaissance artist, statues] 695 words
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Relevance of Machiavelli’s The Princeto Today's World - The Relevance of The Prince to Today's World The only way it was possible to get ahead was to be part of the inner circle.  It didn't really matter what the issue was or what sort of implications it carried.  All that mattered was knowing the right person, having the right information, making the right introductions, and going to the right parties.  The most valuable information was not necessarily something you knew about an enemy but something you knew about a friend.  Staff and "advisors" were, in many ways, far more powerful than the aristocrat holding office....   [tags: Machiavelli The Prince Essays] 1298 words
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Advertising and the Women's Movement - Avoiding eye contact and cowering with her legs together, Aphrodite’s naked pudica pose in the Venus de' Medici ironically calls attention to the areas that she is trying hide, her breast and genitals (fig. 1). The futile attempts to hide her anatomy would be insignificant if not for the pudica’s contrasting counterpart, the male contrapposto pose, shown in figure 2. The nude male stands in a confident upright posture with his head held high and penis proudly exposed. In ancient Greece a man’s penis was a symbol of his strength, intelligence and authority, whereas pudica, “pudendus,” in Latin, means female genitalia and shame....   [tags: Advertising ]
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The Prince by Machiavelli - Possibly the most controversial book ever written, The Prince by Machiavelli, focuses on how a Prince or leader should rule. Many of the techniques that are stated in the text have caused many debates ever since it’s publication. When Machiavelli composed the Prince, his contemporaries were shocked at the ideas and themes presented. The Prince introduced a whole new way of thinking that was almost completely contrary to present beliefs. For that reason, in 1559 the Pope banned the printing of the Prince and the rest of Machiavelli’s writings....   [tags: Controversy, Banned, Ruler] 1883 words
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Machiavelli: The Realistic Philosopher - Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian diplomat in the early 16th century. While in exile, Machiavelli spent most of his time educating himself in Roman history and writing political treatise. In this time, he wrote a letter to Lorenzo de Medici in hopes of perishing his exile and gaining approval from the Medici family. This message was interpreted as a guide to becoming a successful ruler. Machiavelli’s The Prince discusses the way of life a prince should live in order to maintain power. He believed that giving the Medici family an idea of how to gain and keep complete authority would be very useful in affecting the politics in Italy of the age....   [tags: italian diplomat, strong ruler]
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The Geniuses Artist Michelangelo - ... During the time of the 13th and early 14th century the Medici family held Florence in their hands by having the political and financial power due to their banking and trading system which started off the Renaissance. This not only gave Michelangelo full access to the most powerful and elite crowd in Florence but also out him underneath respected figures of the society and exposed him to poets, scholars, and humanist all around. While being there he also go permission from the Catholic Church to inspect cadavers which also gave him an insight into the medical field, this series of events is what would later influence his style of painting....   [tags: skill, artist, painter] 801 words
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Humanism in European Renaisaance - The European Renaissance was a time of great change. The people of that time were beginning to take an interest in learning and also began to follow the idea of humanism. Humanism was a way of life where a person would reject most religious beliefs and focus on the here and now. One of the main things Humanist believed in was individual achievement. This gave many artists the opportunity to be known around Europe for his or her talent and not be criticized for being selfish. This is exactly what Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, or more commonly known as Donatello did....   [tags: achievement, selfish, artist] 1006 words
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Agony And The Ecstacy - The Agony and the Ecstacy depicts Michelangelo’s struggle to become the embodiment of Renaissance humanism. In the course of the novel Michelangelo must overcome the interference of his family, religious dogma, political intrigue, papal patronage, military campaigns, and artistic jealousy to realize his artistic ambition. Despite his father’s opposition, twelve-year-old Michelangelo becomes an apprentice, first to painter Ghirlandaio and then to Bertoldo, a sculptor, who directs a school financed by Lorenzo de’ Medici, patron of Florentine art....   [tags: essays research papers] 1845 words
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Michelangelo Buonarroti - Michelangelo Buonarroti 1 Michelangelo Buonarroti is one of the most famous sculptor, painter, architect and poet during the High Renaissance. He is most famous for his sculpture of David and his fresco painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo led a very interesting life and had a huge impact on art as we see it today. Michelangelo was considered a contributor of the Mannerism movement. Mannerism is defined as “ an art style in late 16th century Europe characterized by spatial incongruity and excessive elongation of the human figures (8)....   [tags: Biography]
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Francesca Caccini - Suzanne G. Cusick, who considers herself a speicialist in the life and works of Francesca Caccini, argues that Francesca was a proto-feminist and the music she composed for the Medici court contributed to the career of the Grand Duchess Christine de Lorraine of Tuscany. She therefore claims that through her works, Caccini encourages the sexuality and political aims of women in the early seventeenth century.1 I support Cusick's argument that Caccini was a proto-feminist who, through her works for the Medici court, supported the rights of women, specifically, through her first and most recognized opera, La liberazione di Ruggiero dall’isola d’Alcina....   [tags: proto-feminism, music, opera, women]
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Discuss the themes of Virtu and Fortuna in The Prince. - Discuss the themes of Virtu and Fortuna in The Prince. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy on the 3rd May 1469. In 1498, Florence became a republic and Machiavelli gained a position within the Florentine government. After this he was soon confirmed by the great council as the second chancellor of the republic, making him the head of internal affairs. Less than a month later he was elected as secretary to the ten of war, which focussed on foreign and defensive affairs. In November 1498 Machiavelli was sent on his first diplomatic mission and over the years he continued with many more....   [tags: English Literature] 1529 words
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Machiavelli's Reputation in the Modern World - Machiavelli's Reputation in the Modern World Niccolò Machiavelli was known during much his life as a part of the republican government in Florence until 1512. At that time, the Medici family took over the city and ruled under a more monarchical system. From that point until his death in 1527, Machiavelli was always just on the outside of Florentine politics. He would occasionally get work from the Medici but his tasks were never as important as they had been under the republican government of the past....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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Sandro Botticelli's Painting, The Birth of Venus - Sandro Botticelli's Painting, The Birth of Venus Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510) was a Florentine painter. Almost all of Botticelli’s life was spent in Florence. His genre of painting was based around mythological ideals and also religious subject matter. Botticelli painted in a highly personal style characterized by elegant execution, a sense of melancholy, and a strong emphasis on line; details appear as sumptuous still life’s. His paintings like The Birth of Venus, were a great impact on the Humanist art movement....   [tags: Visual Arts Paintings Art] 387 words
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Sandro Botticelli: The Renaissance Artist - Sandro Botticelli, born Alessandro Mariano Filipepi, was the son of a tanner. He was born in Florence around 1445 and showed a talent for painting at a very early age. Botticelli was first apprenticed under a goldsmith named Sandro, from whom it is believed he derived his nickname. At the age of sixteen, he served an apprenticeship with the painter Fra Filippo Lippi (Durant, 1953). From Lippi he learned to create the effect of transparency, to draw outlines, and to give his pictures fluidity and harmony....   [tags: essays research papers] 1115 words
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Philosophies of Marsilio Ficino - This article discusses the philosophies of Marsilio Ficino and how they influenced many famous people like Lorenzo de' Medici and Sandro Botticelli. Ficino was a great Neoplatonist philosopher who worked under Cosimo de' Medici. Lorenzo and Marsilio "shared the belief that a unity between spirit and beauty could be achieved through the admiration of Venus."(33) Lorenzo encouraged Ficino's study of Christian doctrine. While studying this Christian doctrine and interpreting platonic thought Ficino came up with a new philosophy....   [tags: essays research papers] 356 words
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Portrait of a Young Man in a Red Cap: Sandro Botticelli - Portrait of a Young Man in a Red Cap Sandro Botticelli, real name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, was one of the greatest painters of the Florentine Renaissance. His work, Portrait of a Young Man in a Red Cap, captures his highly personalized style. He is known for his execution and precise use of lines to portray objects realistically. The Portrait of a Young Man in a Red Cap will be the source of our discussion, but first a background of Sandro Botticelli’s artistic relations is necessary. 	Botticelli was born in Florence Italy (1445-1510) and worked as an apprentice to a goldsmith early in his career....   [tags: essays research papers] 621 words
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Comparison of Julius Caesar's Leadership and Leader Qualities Theorized by Macchiavelli and Castiglione - In the famed author William Shakespeare’s playwright Julius Caesar, we are introduced to an extraordinary plot of a powerful ruler, Julius Caesar, who gained power through astonishing victories and remarkable strategies but fell victim to betrayal. The betrayal that led to his demise was led by some of the very people that surrounded him the most, even some people that he considered as friends. The theme of betrayal and the notion of friendship and its validity are both topics that are worth examining but perhaps the most prevalent topic that drives this plot is the image of Caesar....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Shakespeare]
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Mythology to Modernity: The Rise of Realism from Rubens to Manet - This exhibition will examine the changing role of Classical imagery from seventeenth through nineteenth century painting, as well explain how these changes gradually produced Realism. In the seventeenth century Nicholas Poussin and Peter Paul Rubens produced works that corresponded with the Classicism of the French Academie des Beaux-Arts, though they presented these ancient subjects in very different ways. The predominance of drawing and planning in Poussin’s work was seen in contrast with the dynamic use of colour in the works of Rubens....   [tags: classical imagery, painting, style]
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Can The Prince be Applied to the Politics of Modern Society? - Niccoló Machiavelli wrote The Prince in order to set forth certain guidelines the ruler of a state must follow in order to rule successfully. During Machiavelli’s time the world was filled with monarchies and other forms of government that act differently from the common democracy that is in the world today. Could a political book written in the 16th century still have value in today’s politics. In order to answer this question, this paper will take an in depth look at Barrack Obama, to determine whether he is following the guidelines Machiavelli has created....   [tags: Comparing Machiavelli and Barrack Obama]
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The Quintissential Renaissance Man: Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci - Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was born on April 15th 1452 in Vinci, Republic of Florence at three in the morning, Leonardo was born out of wedlock his parents were Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman named Caterina. He was/is known for being a polymath: architect, sculptor, painter, botanist, engineer, mathematician, inventor, anatomist, cartographer, geologist, writer and a musician. He was a true genius and master of diverse fields, an inspiration. A man with unquenchable curiosity and an extremely inventive imagination who is vastly believed to be the most diversely talented person to have ever lived....   [tags: scientitst, painter, sculptor, weapons designer]
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