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The Conception of Time in William Buck's Mahabharata - The Conception of Time in William Buck's Mahabharata      In Hindu philosophy, there is no absolute beginning to the universe and no absolute ending. Therefore, time is not conceived of in a linear fashion as is common in western philosophy. Instead, time is seen as a wheel turning within a larger wheel, and moksha, or the release from this wheel is one of the goals of of the Hindu devotee. In William Buck's Mahabharata, time is viewed by the characters as an enemy of sorts, a personified entity which causes loss....   [tags: Mahabharata Essays]
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3133 words
(9 pages)
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The Mahabharata - Imagine a land with lush jungles blooming fruit, flowers, and weeds providing a cool shade from the scolding sun and calming breeze flowing from the turbulent Ganges River. The Ganges River you say. Your mind start churning like a rusted bicycle belonging to adult who long ago stop greasing the gears as he transitioned out of a child, trying to remember your countless spoonfuls of geography from K-12 you realize I am talking about northern India and henceforth this is where our epic The Mahabharata unfolds....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2003 words
(5.7 pages)
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Dharma and Women in the Mahabharata - ... Once dharma is violated through adharmic action, it is thrown out of balance and eventually corrected (xx). Krishna’s actions in scenes revolving around this controversy, along with indicators within the text reveal that a universal dharma is violated and subsequently remediated apropos to Draupadi’s treatment. A close reading of the text supports the sanctity of Draupadi’s femininity. Yudhisthira describes her as having “kindliness and perfect beauty…of such consummate virtue” (2.59, 34), and when she is wagered “a cry of horror from the elders of the court” (2.59, 38), indicating that her being put in a position of vulnerability is abominable....   [tags: Hindu literature] 1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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Connection between Dharma and Destiny: Mahabharata - When it comes to literature the world has a lot to offer. From novels to poems history has given us plenty to read and learn from. Some literary works are more than just for reading purposes such as the great epic of Mahabharata. In Hinduism Mahabharata is one of two major factors that led to the creation of the religion, the other being Ramayana. Around 3000 BC Mahabharata was told in the form of stories or gossip between gods, kings, and common people. “It presents sweeping visions of the cosmos and humanity and intriguing and frightening glimpses of divinity in an ancient narrative that is accessible, interesting, and compelling for anyone willing to learn the basic themes of India's cu...   [tags: Hindi Literature, Warrior Cast]
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1306 words
(3.7 pages)
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Deliverance of Poetic Justice in Vyasa's Mahabharata - INTRODUCTION: - Translations have always been of paramount importance since the acceptance of history, archaeology and fields alike as individual subjects. The subjects that work in the present trying to unravel the mysterious happenings of the past often need to go through the literature of the era concerned as literature always has been the true mirror to society. The literature of any civilization is a transcriber of the happenings and experiences of contemporary people into the word written on the parchment....   [tags: Indian literature, Ramayana]
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2131 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Mahabharata: An Integral Aspect of Indian Culture - ... Krsna illustrates how one must find a balance of when to place dharma over rationale and feelings. Krsna is seen as a consequentialists, since his main goal is to maximize intrinsic god, even if it means performing adharma on the journey to get there. When faced with a moral or ethical dilemma, one should not necessarily blindly follow their dharma because it has set rules and guidelines, one should actually consider the greater benefits of both sides and make rationale decisions. No two situations are ever the same, so no guidelines or a set of rules can help fix each and every dilemma ; thus, one has to make judgments based on the situation he/she is given....   [tags: Dharma, text analysis] 2527 words
(7.2 pages)
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The Influence of Injustice to Women in Hindu Mythology - ... On the other hand, Rama got no punishment for wrongly doubting his wife. This tale of a woman’s injustice serves as a blueprint of many modern-day stories. The Mahabharata establishes a story in which a group of five brothers, Yudhisthira, Arjuna, Bhima, Sahadeva, and Nakula, also known as the Pandavas, and their common wife, Draupadi, are challenged to play a game against Duryodhana, who is a part of the Kauravas, and who knows of their addiction to gambling. The prize, as declared by Duryodhana, is Draupadi, to which the Pandavas readily agree....   [tags: Ramayana, Mahabharata]
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1631 words
(4.7 pages)
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Learning about Ancient Civilization from the Indian Mahabharata - Learning about Ancient Civilization from the Indian Mahabharata I believe that the Mahabharata historically teaches us about ancient Indian civilization wonderfully. Whether the epic really happened or not, many in present day India really do believe in the mystical world of god, goddesses, and god-like warrior kings. For them to have such faith in the epic says a lot about their culture, which is rich of soul and in my opinion imagination. Is it safe to say that some of the cultural make-up exhibited in the Mahabharata such as male and female roles pass on to today India....   [tags: essays research papers India Tradition Papers] 1255 words
(3.6 pages)
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Taking a Look at Bhishma Ashtami - Though India is often and justly described as a land of many religions and innumerable languages as well as traditions and cultures, it might well be described as a land of festivals as well. Hindu festivals are combinations of religious ceremonies, semi-ritual spectacles, worship, prayer, processions, music, dances and other activities of a religious or traditional character. While some festivals are celebrated regionally, others are celebrated nationally, the whole country as one, united and liberated....   [tags: character analysis in the Mahabharata] 574 words
(1.6 pages)
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Krishna and Rama as exemplars of Dharma - “Dharma is knowledge prominently directed to the achievement of desired happiness here (i.e. in this life) and hereafter by means of appropriate actions”. (Khan, Benjamin. The Concept of Dharma in Valmiki) Rama and Krishna have been set as perfect exemplars of Dharma in the texts of Ramayana and Mahabharata respectively. They are considered to be the reincarnations of God Visnu, a Supreme Being, and supposedly lived their lives according to the Dharmic (or right) way of life. However, the stories of Rama and Krishna in the texts include some of their actions, which are questionable to the act of Dharma....   [tags: Valmiki, Ramayana, Mahabharata]
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2567 words
(7.3 pages)
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The Process of the Advancement of the Human Soul Towards its Perfection in Ramayana and the Mahabharata - The Process of the Advancement of the Human Soul Towards its Perfection in Ramayana and the Mahabharata The whole of the Ramayana is an Epic of humanity. Humanity does not mean mankind but that which particularly human nature. It is in this sense, Sri Rama is oftentimes called the paragon of humanity, an example of the perfection of human nature. This perfection is not inclusive of the foibles of man in his lower endowments. That majestic feature of bodily personality, the ideal perfection of physiological structure, the beauty of understanding, dignity of behavior, exemplary nature of conduct--to put it in one word 'perfection' as conceived or as conceivable by the human understanding--t...   [tags: Papers] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Dharma in the Mahabharta - Dharma in the Mahabharta The concept of dharma is the most central and core concept of Hindu philosophy, "all the other principles and values flow from the beautiful fountain of Dharma" (Srinivasan n.d., 1). Consequently, the Hindu scriptures present many examples of its importance in a variety of ways. The two epics Mahabharata and Ramayana are particularly interesting in their presentation of dharma. Dharma is Sanskrit word with many different connotations that are mostly of ethical nature....   [tags: Papers] 2047 words
(5.8 pages)
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Taking a Look at the Mahabarata - The Mahabharata is one of the great texts of Asian Philosophy. It is one of the two main texts that influenced the philosophies and culture of India and Southeast Asia (1). It is an epic that had great historical significance and encompasses much of the ethics and religious teachings of the Hindu culture through story and lesson (2). Within the Mahabharata is the Bhagavad-Gita. It is located in the middle of the epic within a section containing only about 700 verses (3). In comparison to the entire Mahabharata, this is only a small subset....   [tags: texts of Asian Philosphy] 706 words
(2 pages)
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Mahabarata - Hindu thought sharply contrasts Western thought. A central theme in the Hindu religion is following one's dharma, which is an individual's "spiritual duty" (McCrae October 30 2003). This duty is "not bounded by a law code, and there is not one path to salvation" (McCrae October 30, 2003). Because there is no law code, morality is ambiguous. Its definition is unique to each individual. In The Mahabharata, fate (which works interchangeably with dharma) presides over what is traditionally right. Yudhisthira performs avariciously in the dice games under the rationale of fate....   [tags: Hinduism Religion Religious] 1632 words
(4.7 pages)
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A Comparison of the Kalidasa and Braj Version of Śakuntalā - ... The Braj version of Śakuntalā borrowed elements from both the epic version (400-600 BCE) and Kalidasa version that came before it. The first known version of Śakuntalā can be found in the Mahabharata, and narrated by Vaisampayana. Here, women in the patriarchal system are depicted as being strong and autonomous. They were considered to be an important part of the society, and were thus allowed to argue for their rights. The people of the period placed Śakuntalā on a high pedestal, giving her power and independence (Thapar 15)....   [tags: the Mahabarata, Hindu literature]
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871 words
(2.5 pages)
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MAHĀBHĀRATA: The Epic of India - Mahābhārata has always been the dominant cultural text of Ancient Bhāratavarṣa to stir the imagination of different ages. In this article, I venture to study the interpretation of Mahābhārata and the Woman of Mahābhārata during Colonial Rule, with the intention to understand the dialogic process between a colonized culture and colonizer culture. As such, in this paper, with reference to Kunti’s portrayal in Romesh Chunder Dutt’s (1848-1909) Mahābhārata re-telling, I propose to study the Construction/Re-Construction and Fashioning/Re-Fashioning of the Woman of Mahābhārata in Colonial India in English Re-tellings....   [tags: colonized culture, Kunti, colonial rule]
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2466 words
(7 pages)
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All Dogs Really Do Go to Heaven - At the end of the masterpiece, The Mahabharata, Yudhisthira and a dog meet Indra. Indra tells Yudhisthira that he will take Yudhisthira to heaven if Yudhisthira leaves the dog behind. Yudhisthira refuses and it is revealed that the dog was really Dharma. For passing this test, Yudhisthira is rewarded with heaven. This scene perfectly encapsulates the themes of duty, loyalty, fairness, and dharma and being justly rewarded for such actions that were present throughout the entire Mahabharata. It is important to note that the dog followed Yudhisthira during the entire journey to heaven....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Indra, Yudhisthira] 1348 words
(3.9 pages)
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America’s Personal Values, Compared - America’s Personal Values Compared Great Indian authors have written grand epics that depict heroic characters performing virtuous deeds. Many of these epic tales feature fearsome and godly battles, while others highlight the soft side of human emotions. Despite seemingly unrealistic characters such as talking hawks and ten-headed monsters, and unlikely conflicts that feature bloody battles, many of these grand epics display many traditional values that Americans value in modern society. When construing three particular celebrated Indian epics (“the Mahabharata,” “the Bhagavad-Gita,” and “the Ramayana”), readers would easily glean the values and belief system that Ancient Indian society hel...   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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1187 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Law of the Jungle: Hinduism and Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Books - ... It is because of this that Raksha, Mother Wolf, knows that one day Mowgli will be the one to defeat the tiger. Indeed, when Mowgli finally returns to the wolf pack after his exile to the village of men, he comes first to Raksha and lays Shere Khan’s pelt before her. She tells him: “‘I told him [Shere Khan] on that day, when he crammed his head and shoulders into this cave, hunting for thy life, Little Frog—I told him that the hunter would be the hunted’,” (89). Dharma violation is a very serious issue; it ends with death for the tiger, and can have other consequences as well....   [tags: dharma, non-violence, hunt] 2746 words
(7.8 pages)
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Matriarchy and Patriarchy in Today's World - Humankind has evolved a point of view that sees men being superior to women. In our present day, men overpower women in various settings ranging from a common household to the leaders of nations. In the everyday household men are expected to be the ones who work to provide and maintain their household, and when it comes to the leaders of the nations throughout the world the number of men leaders greatly overshadows the number of female leaders. By all means, not every society holds the same point of view....   [tags: religions, cultural beliefs, rights and culture]
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1573 words
(4.5 pages)
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Religion: Hinduism and Islam - ... Much like the Hindu deity Brahma, Islam holds one god to be supreme. Allah is the creator of everything and is held in the highest regard for Islamic people. Although there is one god, there are a multitude of prophets who bring the word of God to the Muslim people much like the multiple deities who come from Brahma. It is believed that God sent multiple prophets to tell of the last and most significant prophet, Muhammad. These prophets also preached the Oneness of God and would tell followers to avoid sin....   [tags: reincarnation, shiva, vedas] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Birla Sanctuary Devoted to Lord Venkateshwara of Tirumala - Birla Sanctuary, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh Area: Kala Pahad in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh Manufactured in:1938a.d Manufactured By:raja Baldev Birla Devoted to:lord Venkateshwara of Tirumala Entry:free Photography:allow Sanctuary Timing: 7.00 am - 12.00 pm.and 2.00 pm - 9.00 pm Hugeness: One the greater part of the Birla femily sanctuaries Going to Timing: 30 Mins Best time to Visit: Oct to Walk Closest Route Station:hyderabad Closest Landing strip: Hyderabad About Birla Sanctuary in Hyderabad Birla Mandir is one of the prevalent points of interest of Hyderabad....   [tags: south indian sanctuaries] 851 words
(2.4 pages)
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Krishna: A Weaponless Warrior Wins the War - Vishnu is the Supreme form of God in the Hindu sect known as Vaishnavism. This means that, while there are other gods and demigods, Vishnu reigns supreme above all. He, in the minds of the Vaishnavites, is the lord of all creation. Vishnu has taken many forms throughout the eons, known as his avatars, whenever the dharmic balance on the earthly plains requires direct intervention in order to be set right. The ten most recognizable of these avatars are called the Daśāvatāra, among them such heroes and wise men as Rama (the hero of the Ramayana, said to be the ideal man) and the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama....   [tags: Hinduism, religious beliefs]
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1419 words
(4.1 pages)
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Extraterrestrial Life Form Visited Ancient Civilization - ... several peculiar relics were actually depicted an ancient astronauts, even though it is not as we imagined. Ancient astronauts is a pseudo-scientific theory that state that extraterrestrial actually visited the earth on the prehistoric times. Several Archaeologist believe that this is just a decoration or a high class toy, even though there are several evidence that currently existed and still becoming a mystery. First, the peculiar carving on Pacal the Great tomb. Pacal the Great was a great king of the pre-columbian or Mayan, famous for constructing several monumental architecture....   [tags: Sumerians, Greek, Aztecs, Japanese] 879 words
(2.5 pages)
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Is Declaration of War Ever Justifiable? - ... He laid the foundations for the just causes of war, otherwise known as “jus ad bellum”. They believed that war should be the last option and that god has given us the right to defend peace and protect the world from evils. These two philosophers have contributed the most to the debate on the idea of just wars and have paved the way for future generations, as the debate is still a modern day issue. Jus ad bellum seeks to evaluate the reasons a nation goes to war to see whether it is just or unjust....   [tags: philosophical analysis, St. Thomas & St. Augustine] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
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Kathak in the Mughal Empire - The Mughal era, that of an empire filled with incredible wealth and prosperity. Generous patron of the arts, through its influence a huge and diverse culture sprang forth, the product of Indo-Islamic relations throughout the kingdom this culture remains the Mughals legacy. To this day the unique influence of the Mughals on North Indian culture remains present in every aspect of life, from religion, dance, music, art to science and the practices of everyday life. The Mughals took what was ‘Indian’, developed by the Delhi Sultanate and surrounding Hindu kingdoms that were consolidated into the Mughal Empire throughout its reign, and made it their own, creating whole new areas of study and dev...   [tags: indian culture, persian dance]
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1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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Essay on Sacrifice in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - Sacrifice in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight There are many different types of heroism that exist among the heroes of past and present. Heroism usually is thought of as battling and triumphing over an obstacle, or conquest of a fair-maiden’s love. But notice what this passage from the Mahabharata says about “The True Hero.” Heroes of many kinds are proclaimed: hear from me, then, their goals. Rewards are assigned to the families of heroes and also to the hero himself. Heroes of sacrifice, heroes of self-control; others who are heroes of truth; heroes of battle are also proclaimed, and men who are heroes of giving....   [tags: Sir Gawain Green Knight Essays] 665 words
(1.9 pages)
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Indian Folk Tales and Religious Performances - ... On the contrary folk theatre promotes local myths and legends on stage which are already familiar to the audience. The reason for the selection of such stories is that the audience for the folk plays are often uneducated. By the selection of familiar myths the work of sutradhara becomes easy. He does not work hard to make them understand the theme of the play. By the selection of familiar themes for the play, the need of illusion of reality is no needed on stage. Folk performances take place in general light....   [tags: the Bhakti movement] 585 words
(1.7 pages)
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Hindu Religious Traditions - Hinduism is a complex religion that has a variety of beliefs and traditions. In the nineteenth century, the British had to categorize the people living in the region of the Indus River for census purposes thus getting the name Hindus by foreigners. Today they have a preference of being labeled as "Sanatana Dharma (eternal religion)" (Pg 79) There are many sacred elements that characterize the Hindu religion. The Vedas are considered to be the religious texts of Sanatana Dharma. However, "their origins and antiquity are still unknown; the Vedas themselves can be examined....   [tags: Religion Hindu] 1100 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Chennakesava Sanctuary Complex - About Chennakesava Sanctuary Chennakesava Sanctuary is one of the finest confirmations built utilizing delicate soapstone. The antiquated hallowed place at Velapuri fitting in with the Hoysala period is famous for the 48 cut columns in different outlines. Chennakesava or Master Vishnu is the head divinity of the Chennakesava Sanctuary complex. The sanctuary was sancified to check the triumph of Ruler Vishnuvardhana of Talkad over the Cholas throughout 1117. Carvings of elephants, scenes from the Puranas, the Upanishads and the legends of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata draw consideration of vacationers....   [tags: superstructure, india] 583 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Historical Context of The Bhagavad Gita and Its Relation to Indian Religious Doctrines - The Historical Context of The Bhagavad Gita and Its Relation to Indian Religious Doctrines The Bhagavad Gita is perhaps the most famous, and definitely the most widely-read, ethical text of ancient India. As an episode in India's great epic, the Mahabharata, The Bhagavad Gita now ranks as one of the three principal texts that define and capture the essence of Hinduism; the other two being the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras. Though this work contains much theology, its kernel is ethical and its teaching is set in the context of an ethical problem....   [tags: India Religion World Culture] 2504 words
(7.2 pages)
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Defining Social Roles for Men and Women in India through Traditional Hindu Texts - Social Roles for Men and Women in India through Traditional Hindu Texts Throughout this essay, I will discuss the social roles of men and women in the home, within rituals and within creation. I will look at the roles of a husband and wife, as well as Goddesses and Kings. The main traditional texts that support these roles are the Rg Veda, the Kalpa Sutras, the epics (the Ramayana and Mahabharata), Tryambaka, and Manu Smrti. They are believed to lay the foundations for order in society, as well as giving people the knowledge of their duty....   [tags: Indian History Class Rank India Essays] 2520 words
(7.2 pages)
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Culture of India - It is not surprising that thinkers as diverse as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Mahatma Gandhi have found inspiration in The Bhagavad Gita, the great HINDU religious poem. At first glance, this statement must seem odd to you: after all, The Bhagavad Gita describes a momentary surcease in a vast battle in which brothers fight brothers in bloody, historical technicolor. The principal character, Arjuna, sits in a chariot in the midst of the mass of soldiers who wait -- surprisingly patiently -- as Arjuna looks into his conscience and questions his divine charioteer, Krishna....   [tags: Ancient World Culture] 386 words
(1.1 pages)
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Spirituality and Hinduism - When a typical person sees a rat, he or she tries to kill it or set traps for it. When a Hindu sees a rat they think of reincarnated descendants of a Hindu deity and they even build temples of worship especially for them. Some even eat the rat food because they believe it will give them good fortune. The spirituality of Hinduism evokes a devotion to animals because of the concept of karma and reincarnation. Common beliefs and practices are found in all religions from Christianity to religions like Hinduism....   [tags: Hinduism] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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Malikarjun Jyotirling Sanctuary - ... The Sree Sailam sanctuary has rich sculptural work, fortress like dividers and towers. The sanctuary is implicit Dravidian style. As stated by prominent legends, the religious pioneer had gone to the sanctuary and had formed his popular Sivananda Lahiri. It is likewise accepted that Goddess Durga had taken the manifestation of a bumblebee and worshiped Master Shiva here and chose this blessed place as her homestead. Story of Shri Mallikarjun Jyotirling As stated by Shiva Purana, when Ruler Ganesh was wedded of before his Kartikeya, and as a result of this sibling Kartikeya got furious....   [tags: Shri Shaila Mountains, Patal Gaga] 543 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Ramayana by Valmiki - The Ramayana by Valmiki has influenced and shaped all aspects of Indian society. The Ramayana was written at around 550 B.C. in Sanskrit. The story is composed of twenty-four thousand verses, divided into seven books. The books are called kanda (Mack 576). Every Indian person knows the story of Ramayana. The story is read to all young children in India. Children are told the ancient tale in Sanskrit and boys are told to act like Rama and girls are told to act like Sita (Nair). The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are regarded as the cornerstone of the classic Hindu religion we know today....   [tags: Papers] 1863 words
(5.3 pages)
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Hindu and Buddhist Gender Roles and Ideals: the Household and Abstract Concepts - Introduction Gender roles and ideals in Hinduism and Buddhism are diverse. A number of texts regarding household gender roles exist in Hindu traditions, and little to none are appear to exist in Buddhist traditions. The gendering of abstract concepts in both Hinduism and Buddhism may also occur. The cases sited indicate that male dominance is significantly more common than female dominance in ancient and Classical Hindu texts while regional variations may continue to exist. Buddhists appear to internalize the gender norms of diverse regions....   [tags: Gender ]
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1813 words
(5.2 pages)
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Curses in Oedipus the King and Shakuntala and the Ring of Recollection - ... So he decided to investigate for the murder of king Laius. As the investigation went on, he found himself responsible for murder of former king and the curse upon the city. His desired to uncover the truth of king Laius murder and mystery of his own birth led him unknowingly bring the curse upon himself. On the other hand, if we analyze the other story Shakuntala and the Ring of Recollection, we will come to know that Shakuntala was also face the curse by sage Durvasas. Shakuntal was the adopted daughter of sage Kanva....   [tags: suffering, fate, sage, curses] 1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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Cultural Values and Communication Norms: A Comparative Analysis of Two Cultures - Communication is one of the most important aspects of our lives. It is a process that ties us together and helps us to get most of our work done. Communication plays a big role in transmitting cultural values from one generation to the next. Communication can be categorized as two; verbal and non verbal. In a multiracial country such as Malaysia good communication can be considered as a savior to keep everyone united. Being a multiracial country, it shows the existence of cultural diversity in Malaysia....   [tags: Communication]
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2012 words
(5.7 pages)
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Dance and Drama at the Kerala Kathakali Centre in South India - ... The chutti artist is, After the make-up process, another 2 hours is required for the applied make-up to completely dry and then, the performer is then dressed in the costume appropriate for the character they are portraying which in this case is a Paccha character. Make-up preparation takes place in a sacred dressing room (similar to the one in the image to the left) referred to as ‘Anniyara’. In this room, the performer lays on a mat which is positioned on the floor in order to have the intricate chutti applied on their face....   [tags: ramayana and the puranas] 1872 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Gods are Angry: Possible Origins of Global Flood Myth - Most of us have probably heard the famous bible story about Noah’s Ark and The Flood. What most may not know, is that this story is just one of a great many. A variety of ancient cultures, from the Greeks and the Middle East, to Asia and the Americas, have in their mythologies a story of a Great Flood that drowns the earth. These stories mostly contain the same themes: a god or group of gods becomes angry; they flood the earth but save a small group of people. These people build a boat to survive....   [tags: ancient culture, Noah, India, Middle East, myth]
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2088 words
(6 pages)
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The Politics of Language in the English Translation of Yajnaseni - Language is the medium through which a text communicates to the society. Or in other words language expresses reality. However it also acts as a manipulative tool, and instrument of control and power: “any language use is a site for power relations” (Venuti, 1998:9). Power can undoubtedly be expressed through ideologies and ideologies are clearly linked to language because its use is the commonest form of behaviour. And over the period of times these ideologies are unquestionably canonized in the form of discourse....   [tags: Yajnaseni Essays]
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2505 words
(7.2 pages)
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Hinduism and Christianity: Monotheistic Paths to One God. - Trimurti of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva and the Christian Trinity of God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit. In comparing Trinity and Trimurti, religious scholar, Anuradha Veeravali (Indian Philosophies, Encyclopedia of Religion) draws parallels between Brahma and God, Vishnu and the Holy Spirit, and Shiva and Jesus, but persists in the common idea that Christianity is a monotheistic faith while Hinduism is polytheistic. However, Bede Griffiths, a Christian priest living in India, has dared to challenge this firm notion of polytheism, offering comparisons between the Christian Trinity and a different Hindu Triad- Brahman /Atman/Purusha - to conclude that both faiths ultimately share...   [tags: Religion]
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2292 words
(6.5 pages)
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Comparing the Bhagavad-Gita and the Epic of Gilgamesh - Merriam- Webster online dictionary defines an epic hero as, “ A grand and noble character in an epic poem, admired for great achievements or effected by grand events.” The same dictionary also defines an epic poem as, “a story told about a hero or exciting events.” The Epic of Gilgamesh is often considered the oldest story on earth; which would make Gilgamesh, the story’s controversial main character, and the world’s oldest epic hero. This epic set a precedent for all epics to follow; it displayed most of the traits that society commonly perceives an epic hero and epic poem should have....   [tags: Compare Contrast Essays]
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1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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Is the 'ism' in Hinduism a problem? - It could be argued that the ‘ism’ in ‘Hinduism’ is a problem; however, numerous scholars have suggested that Hinduism was invented and constructed by British Scholars and other senior figures during the nineteenth century. On the other hand we see evidence of the term Hindu in thirteenth century texts such as the Rig Veda. During the 1800’s Hinduism was actually known as ‘Hindooism’. In a letter published in 1818 by John Crawford we see seven examples of Hinduism spelt with a ‘u’. (Who invented Hinduism....   [tags: Religion]
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872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Yajnaseni – A Synonym of Indian Woman - Indian tradition has awarded highest regard to a woman, considered her a mother, who is regarded as the epitome of purity and inviolability. India has always had a special place for women in almost every ritualistic practice in the society. A woman is free to take part in any spiritual and social service unlike many cultures in the society. And women from time immemorial have exhibited their dynamic energy, devoted efforts and dedicated service for their family, society and every other field where they have got an opportunity or platform to perform....   [tags: mother, women's rights, Indian culture]
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3424 words
(9.8 pages)
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Spanish Flamenco and Indian Classical Kathak Dance - DANCE INVESTIGATION Spanish Flamenco and Indian Classical Kathak Dance The Indian Classical Kathak dance and the Spanish Flamenco have striking similarities even though the location and culture of their origins greatly differ. HISTORICAL CONTEXT ORIGIN Kathak (Sanskrit translation: ‘Katha’- story; ‘Katthaka’- story-teller) can be traced to as far back as the 3rd century and is one of the eight Classical dances in India. It originated in Northern India -Rajasthan, Delhi and Uttar-Pradesh....   [tags: music, technique, costume]
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2391 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Religious Structures of Angkor Wat Temple - Angkor Wat is said to be one of the largest religious monuments ever constructed. The temple was created to resemble heaven on earth, and honored the god Vishnu. Most of the structure represent mythological places in the Hindu religion. Suryavarman II wanted to create something that would represent that he was a god walking amongst humans. By building this large temple, he would achieve being directly sent into the heavens to be with the gods, specifically the god Vishnu. Suryavarman II believed that by building this temple, it would show his power as a king as well as reproduce the world of the gods....   [tags: Budhisim, Cambodia]
:: 4 Works Cited
1103 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Use of Biological Weapons During Combat - ... By infecting just a few animals … German operations tried to spark epidemics”(Wheelis 4). World War II. During World War II most of Japans resources were spent on the creation, mass production, and experimentation of biological weapons.Their efforts were directed towards affecting China. “Japanese scientists used scores of chinese subjects to test the lethality [of their creation]… These experiments killed as many as 10000 people”(Wheelis 4). After countless experiments the Japanese military decided to drop paper bags filled with “plague- infested rats.The attacks involved contaminating wells and distributing poisoned food”(Wheelis)....   [tags: corpses, disease, infection] 1926 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Changing Art of Wayang Theater - Introduction The first time I came across Wayang Kulit, its ghostly forms left a lasting impression on me. At a time when animation is exploring unparalleled new arenas of realism, it is amazing that these comparatively simple, silhouetted puppets were able to be so memorable. As I delved into my research on this subject matter, I found that this ancient Indonesian art form has transformed and been transformed by the various cultures it touches. At the same time, however, the decline in popularity of this art form among Indonesians has traditionalists worried....   [tags: Art ]
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2161 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Cleansing Properties of Cow Urine - According to Hindu thought Pavithra Jal is Holy water which purifies the mind and body. Panchagavya or the five products from the cow- urine, dung, milk, curd and ghee, used in ayurveda, and Hindu rituals- are believed to have cleansing properties, much like the waters of the Holy Ganges, Lake Pushkar or the Mahamgam Pond.However skeptics may have reservations about the purity and efficacy of the Panchagavya.. Further modern distillation methods to extract the active principle in a bioactive form may help alleviate the queasiness associated with consuming cow urine....   [tags: Pavithra Jal] 906 words
(2.6 pages)
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Overview of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Overview of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Description and History Trauma and stress has been a part of the human condition since we evolved as a species. A “fight-or-flight” response to trauma and stress is a healthy reaction that is meant to protect us from danger. Whether from a saber tooth tiger attack, combat, or a terrorist attack, such events will certainly produce similar psychological effects. However individuals who develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may continue to feel tormented when they are no longer in danger....   [tags: Mental Health, Military, War]
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1821 words
(5.2 pages)
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Saivism: The Oldest Practice of Hinduism - ... Like Vaişņavism, the term also implies a unity which cannot be clearly found either in religious practice or in philosophical and esoteric doctrine. Furthermore, practice and doctrine must be kept separate” (Michaels 387). The earliest references to the deity Saiva are found in the Rg Veda where three hymns are addressed to him as “the roarer,” also known as Rudra. While he is described to be dangerous and destructive, he is also described to be the kind and benevolent healer and cooler of diseases....   [tags: religion, traditions, practices, ideologies] 780 words
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Chemical Weapons: Weapons of Mass Destruction - ... Symptoms of blood agent poisoning depend on the concentration and the exposure time. The next type of agent is called blood agents. People killed by blood agents have bright red blood because the agent stops the use of the oxygen in the blood by the body's cells. They affect the body by being absorbed into the blood, they act very quickly, and they are manifested at room temperature. Blood agents affect the eyes, along with the respitory tract. Small exposture to blood agents has little to no effect but long exposure causes dizziness, weakness and nausea, which stop with the exposure, but long-time exposure can cause mild symptoms followed by permanent brain damage and muscle paralysis....   [tags: chemical, properties, agent, defotiants] 1657 words
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Adoption in India and Social Stigma - ADOPTION IN INDIA INTRODUCTION Parenting is an essential aspect of our evolutionary heritage. Maternal nurturing of the young mammal is both instinctual and vital for the young to survive. Humans have a long infancy. This gives both time and scope for the parents to form a loving bond with the child. These mutual relationships of love and affection that develop transcend any biological purpose and constitute the very stuff of our epics and human legends. Adoption serves the double purpose of giving a child a home and giving the parents a child....   [tags: parent, child, society, secrecy, culture] 2620 words
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The Aspect of Religion and Conflict - ... In most major religions, there are always conflicts between groups who interpret the core teaching in their own ways. So is the case with all the above mentioned East Asian religions. Initially, after the death of Lord Buddha, early monks concentrated on personal enlightenment and taught others the way to this enlightenment. It was assumed only monks could achieve nirvana. This thought known as Theravada philosophy (prevalent in Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar), in particular, strongly emphasized direct personal spiritual experience (Smith, 123)....   [tags: clash between Jews and Greeks] 2434 words
(7 pages)
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The Influences of Nature In Hinduism - ... What does nature have to do with this. Nature is what Framarin calls “intrinsically valuable” which he explains it as “that is a value is not derived exclusively from the value of further ends to which it is means”. There is much debate over eating animals in Hinduism. Causing harm to a being is himsa and that produces demerit, which prolongs samsara and postpones moksa, so is eating an animal really himsa. In a verse in the Manusmrti it says, “(He) whose meat I eat in this world, he eats me in the next world.” Meaning the thought is that by eating mean, a single demerit is taken away in result of an animal being eaten because it is causing pain....   [tags: ahimsa, value, pain] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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Hindu Religion: Ganesha, the Elephant-Headed God - ... In many images Ganesha is shown holding three items, a noose, an elephant goad, and sweet candy called laddoo the objects in his lower right hand represent his blessings and protection. Ganesha is known to reduce karma and guide you in your difficult journeys. These are one of many qualities portrayed by Ganesha. In the Hindu religion, they believe in sacrifice for your beliefs. Ganesha has learned the true meaning of sacrifice. Ganesha is shown with a broken tusk, here he had broken off his tusk in order to write the Mahabharata a poem known around the world....   [tags: god, worship, wisdom]
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Water Pollution in River Yamuna - INTRODUCTION The 14th of December 2013(Saturday) was the day when this fieldtrip was organised .it was a pleasant day, our whole class of grade 10 evm students (25 students) got ready and we head out for wazirabad Delhi. We had decided to go to three places and collect water samples so that we could conduct different tests on samples such as: 1. Ph. value test 2. BOD level 3. Coliform level To see how polluted river Yamuna gets ,as it passes different destinations in the nation capital region, but ended up going to only two places as we were running short of time.one of two place where we visited had water going downstream and at the other place water was pretty still....   [tags: Yamuna River]
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Violence Against Women In India - Violence against women is not a problem of today; it is rooted decades before. It is present all over the world .The condition is getting worse day by day. It is crossing all the borders and races. Violence against women is a very serious and sensitive issue as it is one of the most pervasive of human rights violation denying fundamental rights to almost half of population (females and girls).Domestic violence is much more drastic than violence outside because home is a place where individual seeks love, security, safety and shelter but we can’t deny the fact that it is also a place that imperils lives....   [tags: serious sensitive issue, current events]
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The Life of Mahatma Gandhi - ... Gandhi opted to use fasting to show others the need of nonviolent means in their struggle. He learned more about the grievances faced by other Indians, studied law organized petitions and wrote letters to the officials, all in the process of fighting against injustice (Rosenberg, 2009). In 1896, the Bubonic plague outbreak occurred in South Africa, this is when Gandhi offered to inspect the lives of the rich and poor since the disease was associated with poor hygiene. This shows how much he truly cared for those who may have not been heard or even paid attention to....   [tags: influential leaders of the XXth century]
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(2 pages)
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Foundation of Family in Islam - The foundation of the family in Islam are blood ties marriage arrangement more or less precisely defined. Islam recognized that the first marriage among human has occurred between that Prophet Adam and Hawa. In Islam, marriage is a contract or matrimony contract. A formal, binding contract is considered integral to a religiously valid Islamic marriage, and outline the right and responsibility of a groom and bride. This marriage occurred with a means of communication permitted by Allah S.W.T both of them....   [tags: marriage, contract, wedding, writing] 2574 words
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Parallels Between Daoism and Hinduism - Although Daoism and Hinduism are two completely separate religions with the former indigenous to China and the latter to India, both of them encompass striking similarities that undeniably make it seem that one influenced the other. However, no known relations between the two religions exist. Comparing the small, but contextually vital part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata known as Bhagavad Gita with the central text to Daoism, Tao Te Ching offers an unparalleled journey of knowledge and understanding....   [tags: unity, universe, trancend] 1321 words
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Taking a Look at Hinduism - ... It is more of an open religion that has a combination of many different thoughts and beliefs. Hinduism is the dominant religion in Nepal, India, and among the Tamil in Sri Lanka (Patheos, 2014). Part III Puja is a form of worship within Hinduism. If it is performed in a temple by a priest it is called archana. Puja is a term for “honoring the deity”, it relates to conventions of hospitality that may be performed for an honored guest (Smith, Brian K. 2013). It is merely a prayer ritual performed to host, honour and worship deities or to spiritually celebrate an event....   [tags: religious beliefs, Eastern philosophies] 624 words
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The History of Indian Theatre - ... Indian dramatization and theatre, acknowledged significantly more seasoned than its music and move, has established showy customs, which have additionally impacted current theatre, particularly the Hindi, Marathi and Bengali plays. The custom of Society Theatre is alive in just about all the etymological areas of the nation. Also, there additionally exists a rich convention of Manikin Theater in provincial India. In the introductory times, dramatizations were penned on the foundation and establishment of the stories and Puranas....   [tags: Vedic and classical period, Vedic religion] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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Kalkaji Mandir AKA Kalkaji Sanctuary - ... Close by to the sanctuary, on a mound in the East of Kailash neighborhood and close to the ISKCON sanctuary, lies a Declaration of Ashoka, dating third century BC. Enthusiasts go to the Kalkaji sanctuary all around the year, however the finish purpose of their requests to God and festival comes throughout the celebration of Navratri twice a year. This is a nine-day Hindu celebration, in Spring and Harvest time throughout which an expansive reasonable is composed here. Lovers assemble and sing different psalms and tunes adulating Goddess Durga....   [tags: popular Hindu mandir, sanctuary, Hindu Goddess] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hindu Religious Traditions - Hindu Religious Traditions Most people in the world derive their religious beliefs and traditions from their parents and peer influences. From a religious point of view, “There are many definitions for the term ‘religion’ in common usage. [Broadly defined], in order to include the greatest number of belief systems: ‘Religion is any specific system of belief about deity, often involving rituals, a code of ethics, and a philosophy of life’” (Robinson, 1996). However, in examining Hinduism, it is difficult to label the practices as a religion....   [tags: essays research papers]
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919 words
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Shakespeare in Canada - Shakespeare in My Canada If you ask my dad about Shakespeare, he will quote you a soliloquy from Macbeth. If you ask my dad about Kathakali, he will instantly quote you a poetic epic from the Mahabharata. If you ask my dad about how Shakespeare and Kathakali fit together, in truth, he is not quite sure. I was not sure of the reasons myself, when I first started thinking about what Shakespeare in my Canada meant to me, why I immediately thought of Kathakali. Kathakali is an indigenous art form of Kerala, the southernmost state of India, and my father's home....   [tags: William Shakespeare]
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1651 words
(4.7 pages)
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Indian Films, Hindi Cinema - The early films in Hindi cinema dealt with mythological stories that were based on the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata, family melodramas describing domestic and social obstacles of Indian society, and costume dramas that included historical themes concerning stories about the saints and princes. The first Indian talkie film ‘Alam Ara’ was produced in 1931 by Adershir Irani. The film was based on “costume drama full of fantasy and with many melodious songs to intensify the audience’s emotions.” In other words, Irani conveyed the social issues of Indian society through harmonious which were usually spread and performed via folklore and stage performances....   [tags: Women in Films]
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1528 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Modernity of Bollywood - Introduction Film is a form of art that is formally used as a means of entertainment. Yet, through time making films are now a part of a massive industry. This paper will explore the importance of entertainment, specifically films that are made in India. The focus of this paper will be to introduce the arrival of film in India through different time periods and how several historical events have impacted the Bollywood industry. Moreover, once a general idea of how Bollywood development through time is explained, we will then establish why the Bollywood industry is unique and different from any other film industry in the world....   [tags: international film genres]
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1598 words
(4.6 pages)
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Literature of Ancient Greece - The ancient Greeks created much of what is used, spoken, read, and written today. Without the Greeks and their inventions or developments, life now wouldn’t be the same. Literature was one of these many Greek contributions. Literature is still very important to all of us today. Epic poetry, mythology, and the creation of the dramatic genres comedy and tragedy, all came from ancient Greece. Much literature influenced to create what we write today was lead through time, beginning with the ancient Greeks....   [tags: epic poetry, mythology, dramatic genres]
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748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Sociology and Social Norms - ... Gender inequality is displayed in many countries around the globe. In India, the society begins gendering as soon as a child is born. In most cases, the birth of a daughter is unwelcome but that of a son is celebrated. The boys are brought up bold and outgoing while the girls are expected to be at home and do chores. While the other discriminations like economic or social discriminations are present outside the home, but gender discrimination is present outside and inside households. In a familial setup, the father is the head of the family and decision maker....   [tags: gender, inequalities] 1262 words
(3.6 pages)
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Religion and Violence - Conflict and violence is around us throughout the world and the mass media has made a huge impact of what we think of violence and the relation to religion, especially in the last couple of years. In addition violence has been considered as being part of human nature and comes from our biological structure of aggression. It is an out let for us to relieve stress levels and some believe that it can be a device of vengeance and a positive mechanism to human survival. For example it is a system for the survival of the fittest and reproduction....   [tags: Religion] 1089 words
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Monsters Final Draft - Monsters are the physical embodiment of fear. Monsters are the physical embodiment of fear due to a wide variety of reasons. The most important being: Monsters’ apparent invulnerability/incredible strength, they represent the bad part of society, are most often ugly, they represent evil/nightmares, many monsters have the ability to shape shift, and those that deviate from the norms still maintain some monster-like characteristics. These six characteristics are the major reasons why monsters are the physical embodiment of fear....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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Hinduism and Buddhisn - Two major religious paths found in the Indian subcontinent are Hinduism and Buddhism (LR, 37). Hinduism is seen as a polytheistic and a monotheistic tradition that evolved from other Indian religious traditions. Hinduism is also known as Sanatana Dharma whose goal is to achieve moksha and live life according to the Dharma (LR, 43). Buddhism is a nontheistic religion that is based on the teachings of Shakyamuni Buddha, known as the Dharma, which offers a path to enlightenment by practicing compassion and achieving liberation from suffering (LR, 72)....   [tags: Religion, Karma, Krishna] 1770 words
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Devadasi in India - This paper will discuss the Varnasrama dharma (caste system) in India and examine the practice of Devadasi in Hinduism. Focus will be on the history of the caste system and the Devadasi practice examining how it grew in India during the ruling of the Chola Empire. Consideration will be giving to the religious side of the practice including how Devadasi became an auspicious part of Hindu culture that grew throughout southern India. The paper will also consider the political side of India and how overtime the practice of Devadasi became less auspicious and was used to exploit women under new ruling, until the abolishment of this practice in the 19th century....   [tags: Caste System, Tradition]
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Ancient Astronaut Theory - For hundreds of years certain authors have come to theorize that aliens have visited Earth. According to these authors, the aliens took the form of astronauts, also known as ‘ancient astronauts’ or ‘ancient aliens’. The theory that has emerged concerns these aliens with the belief that they are deeply connected with the origins or development of human cultures, technologies and religions. The theory is centred and popularized in the concluding half on the 20th century since the publishing of Eric Von Daniken’s book ‘Chariots of the Gods’ This book was published almost 40 years ago and as a result hundred of thousands of people that now believe we have been visited by these ancient aliens....   [tags: Aliens, Space Exploration] 977 words
(2.8 pages)
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Letter from India - L E T T E R F R O M I N D I A It’s there, if you look carefully enough, all but lost amid the ancient India of bullock-carts and lepers and ash-smeared sadhus and farmhouse walls plastered with drying dung; the not-soancient India of fume-spewing auto-rickshaws and mildewed concrete apartment blocks and shantytowns the size of small cities; the tourist India of taxi touts and Taj Mahal. It’s there in the leather-clad teenagers at the South Delhi multiplex, shelling out 110 rupees (about two days’ average wages) for the latest Hollywood release; in the VJs strenuously aping Western styles of hipness on Indian MTV; in the handsome, dignified Rajasthani painter, scion of an ancient family o...   [tags: indian, culture, tradition, clas] 2705 words
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$700 Billion Economic Stimulus Bailout Package - If Shakespeare were alive and had recently met Henry Paulson, the question that he might have posed would have been – To $700 Billion or not to $ 700 Billion . On September 26th, 166 American economists including 3 Nobel Prize winners asked Bush not to go ahead with his “Golden Men” team’s brilliant $ 700 Billion package calling his plan a “subsidy” for business. Robert Lucas, a 1995 Nobel Prize winner and a University of Chicago economist says ``It doesn't seem to me that a lot decisions that we're going to have to live with for a long time have to be made by Friday.' So is this $ 700 Billion something good....   [tags: Economics Economy] 1891 words
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The Hare Krishna Movement - The Hare Krishna Movement The Hare Krishna movement can be described by using Ninian Smart's six dimensions of religion. This is a series of six different dimensions that are present in any religion. They are doctrinal, ethical, mythical, experiential, ritual, and social. Each dimension is different, but is a necessary part of religion. In this report I will discuss how the Hare Krishna movement falls into these categories, but first allow me to provide some background information. Hare Krishna is a relatively new "eastern" religion founded on the backbone of Hindu teachings....   [tags: Papers] 1675 words
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