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Lenin Followed Marxism, Stalin Did Not - Marxism was defined by a man named Karl Marx and his associate Fredrich Engels. Basically, Marxism is defined as a conflict theory, as Marx said that society is separated by a conflict between the rich and the poor. Today, when one thinks about Marx’s philosophy, he is often tied as an enemy to Capitalism due to his ties to Communism. Although he did layout the foundry to Communism as we know it, he never saw it to be how it is today. He saw it as a way for social egalitarianism; Equality for the poor and rich (the Proletariat and Bourgeoisie); a classless society....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]
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1766 words
(5 pages)
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Lenin Followed the Marxist Ideology More Closely than Stalin - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels concocted the idea of Marxism, or Communism, in the mid-1800s, and this philosophy was one of the most influential ideologies of the time period, influencing many European political leaders such as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov and Joseph Stalin. This brings up a question that historians have disputed for decades: who followed the Marxist policy more closely: Stalin or Lenin. Even though the rules of Stalin and Lenin were both based off of the concept of Communism, Lenin added on to it in the interest of the Russian people while Stalin modified parts of it to his personal benefit....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]
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1942 words
(5.5 pages)
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Comparing the Ideology of Lenin and Stalin - Compare and contrast the ideologies and the political and economic practice of Lenin and Stalin. Every state is based upon and driven by some ideology. Imperial Russia was based upon autocratic absolutism for over 400 years. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917, a new era dawned upon Russia. For the next 36 years she would be in the hands of two men that would attempt to apply a new, vastly different creed in ruling and transforming this country. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, as the leader of the Bolshevik party, ruled Russia from October 1917 till his death in January 1924....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays] 4174 words
(11.9 pages)
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Lenin and His Relation to the Revolution - Lenin and His Relation to the Revolution Lenin was the creator of the revolution as he was the one who influenced the starting of communist ideas and also the one who helped remove the Tsar. However, Lenin was the saviour because he helped encourage new ideas and courses of action, bringing the revolution back to life. Lenin was also the destroyer of the revolution because his ideas never came true and it was the fact that he never forced any of these ideas into action that caused the revolution to break down....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin Essays] 772 words
(2.2 pages)
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Lenin and Stalin's Impacts on Russia - Lenin and Stalin had many characteristics in common, but many marked differences. Lenin’s character had many key strengths. One of his major strengths was that he was a great intellectual. Indeed Lenin was one of the leading Russian writers and thinkers of the period publishing many works. Lenin was unquestionably brilliant and a great organiser. He was also exceptionally hard working and one hundred percent dedicated to his cause. He had this natural ability to “seize the moment”....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays] 3411 words
(9.7 pages)
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The Policies of Lenin and Stalin - Identified within this study is the argument that whilst many of Lenin’s theories and practices were continued under Stalin, many were in fact developed and extended to new levels, possibly reflecting different motives: what Pipes refers to as Stalin’s ‘personality of excesses’. Although for many years, numerous historians including both members of the Western school of thought (such as Pipes), along with the official Soviet historians of the time believed that Stalin was the natural heir of Lenin, opinions have changed with time....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]
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2277 words
(6.5 pages)
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A Comparison of Lenin and Stalin - "A great luck for Russia was that at the times of hardships she was headed by such a genius and talented commander as Joseph Stalin." W. Churchill Stalin was a man of extraordinary energy, erudition and a powerful will. Him even I, a person taught by the Parliament, could not counter. W. Churchill “Stalin is the Lenin of today,” said a popular propaganda slogan of the thirties and the forties. The situation has changed drastically since that time; people’s opinion of Stalin has changed in light of the new facts that came out during the course of history....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]
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1443 words
(4.1 pages)
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Rule of Lenin vs the Tsar - Rule of Lenin vs the Tsar The beginning of the 20th century saw a great change in the political structure of Russia. A country once lead under an autocracy leadership was suddenly changed into a communist state over night. Dictatorship and communism are at separate ends of the political spectrum but as this study so clearly shows both involve the oppression of society and a strict regime in which people are unable to voice there opinions without vicious threats and action from the government....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin Essays] 721 words
(2.1 pages)
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A Comparison of Character and Beliefs of Lenin and Stalin - There were many similarities in both character and beliefs of both Lenin and Stalin. Some people may think that, just because they led Russia, they were both Russian. Lenin was a middle-class Russian who was well educated; he also wrote many influential books and thesis. However, Stalin was a vulgar, Georgian peasant. He was expelled from his college in 1899 after failing to take his exams. One thing that these men shared was their concern with the ideas of Karl Marx. In the early 1900’s they were both exiled to Siberia until 1917, after the March revolution....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays] 1649 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Importance of Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin to the Communist Dictatorship in Russia - Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin were all important in bringing the Communist Dictatorship in Russia from 1917 - 1939. All three of them wouldn't be able to make progresses without each other. The basement or a trigger to communism in Russia was Lenin as he was the organizer. He has been studying Marxism and Socialism for many years and in the result he has brought the October Revolution in 1917 to Russia. In addition Lenin has written many books in order to spread the idea of communism....   [tags: Trotsky, Lenin, Stalin] 1293 words
(3.7 pages)
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Vladimir Lenin - Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Ilich Lenin was born on May 4, 1870. In school, he was very bright, and enjoyed reading and writings of Goethe and Turgenev. Lenin’s father died of a cerebral hemorrhage and his brother was hung for plotting to assassinate Tsar Alexander III. Lenin was finally accepted to the Kazan University where he studied law. He was expelled, and later studied law on his own and passed the exam in first in a class of 124 people in 1891. In 1895, Lenin traveled to Switzerland to meet like minded Social Democrats....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin Essays] 364 words
(1 pages)
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Lenin's Revolution - Lenin's Revolution At the start of the 20th century, the ruling Tsar of Russia had absolute power and his Government was corrupt, hence, the majority of the people were against him. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks Socialist Party wanted a revolution to overthrow the Government. Relative to these times, it was Lenin who directed the course of the oncoming Russian October Revolution. The outbreak of the unrest, in January 1905, found Lenin anxious to set down a novel strategy for revolution: the need for the proletariat (the working class) to win "hegemony" in the democratic revolution....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin Essays] 692 words
(2 pages)
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Vladimir Lenin - Vladimir Lenin and his Rise to Power      Eventually, empires and nations all collapse. The end can be brought about by many causes. Whether through becoming too large for their own good, being ruled by a series of out of touch men, falling behind technologically, having too many enemies, succumbing to civil war, or a combination: no country is safe. The Russia of 1910 was in atremendously horrible situation. She had all of these problems. Russia would not have existed by 1920 were it not for Vladimir Ilich Lenin, the only man capable of saving the failing nation....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin Essays] 1155 words
(3.3 pages)
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Lenin And Problems After The October Revolution - Lenin and Problems After the October Revolution      The initial difficulties faced by the new Soviet Union were to severe that its survival seemed almost miraculous. The remains of the czarist regime left Lenin to face a country wrought with war, devastated economically. Russia's involvement in World War I, followed by its Civil War, wide spread famine and a change in political and social ideology were the problems confronting Lenin after the October Revolution. Lenin did succeed in ending both the war with Germany and the Civil War for Russia....   [tags: History Historical Soviet Union Lenin Essays] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Vladimir Lenin and The Red Terror - Eventually, nations collapse and kingdoms fail, termination can occur through many causes. Whether through being ruled by a sequence of out of touch men, engaging in war, having too many enemies, or an amalgamation: no nation is safe. Russia in the year of 1910 was in an immensely horrible situation, she had all of these problems. If it was not for Vladimir IIich Lenin, Russia would not have existed by 1920. Throughout the February Revolution Lenin was living in exile. In April 1917, Lenin returned to Russia with the help of the Germans....   [tags: Historical Events, Russian Ruler]
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2221 words
(6.3 pages)
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The State and Revolution by Vladimir Lenin - ... Lenin declared a “War on the War” and urged people to “turn imperialism into civil war.” “WWOrk for the defeat of you own government in the war” he wrote. His book “Imperialism, the highest stage of Capitalism” criticized capitalist explotation and asked for the adoption of socialism that departed from “colonies, monopolies, priveleges, and national oppression of every kind.” Not surprisingly, the Russian army was pounded by German forces. Famine and economic debacle exposed the weakness of the tsar and 1917 saw a mass of Petrograd protests....   [tags: capitalism, red guard, war] 757 words
(2.2 pages)
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Lenin - Origins of Revolution - In 1917 the Bolshevik’s overthrew the Provisional Government causing Lenin to be elected chairman of the new government under Bolshevik rule. Russia was the first state to be under socialist rule in the world. Lenin was able to defeat a weak government and seize power. Lenin, with the help of Leon Trotsky, led the Bolsheviks into a new age in Russian history. The two halted any opposition set on conquering them after they took power. They defeated the “White Army”, consisting of anyone who opposed the Bolshevik government....   [tags: Bolshevik, Russia, Leon Trotsky]
:: 13 Works Cited
2514 words
(7.2 pages)
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Woodrow Wilson and Vladimir Lenin - Through the years, peace has been achieved in different ways, yet the manner in which it is accomplished has been endlessly debated about. Woodrow Wilson and Vladimir Lenin were two very different individuals who were raised in two different countries. Lenin was born and raised in Russia, and Wilson was born and raised in the United States. They each had their own ideas on how peace should be achieved, but they were alike in one way though; they were both important revolutionaries of the twentieth century....   [tags: History]
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1113 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Succession of Lenin - The Succession of Lenin After Lenin's death in 1924, there was a struggle between the leading Bolsheviks to succeed Lenin as leader of the USSR. In the end, it emerged as a contest between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. There were several reasons why it was Stalin rather than Trotsky who succeeded Lenin, and it is these I shall be exploring in this essay. Trotsky seemed like the obvious successor, and consequently he became inactive. He was over-confident, arrogant, and failed to take any threat seriously, least of all the quiet Stalin and so did nothing to try to discredit Stalin or reverse the damage Stalin did to him....   [tags: Papers] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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Lenin's Revolution: From Marxism to Leninism - As the Russian Revolution rose in 1917, so did a new political force known as Communism. When the Czarist autocracy was overthrown, there was now a need for a new government to rule Russia. After the abdication of the Russian throne and a civil war between the Bolsheviks (Red Army) and the Russian Republic (White Army), the Bolsheviks came out victorious and established themselves as the ruling party of Russia. Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Lenin, preached Karl Marx’s infamous pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto because he believed Communism was the ideal political system for Russia....   [tags: History, Communism] 919 words
(2.6 pages)
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Vladimir Lenin and Soviet Union Histoy - Research Essay Vladimir Lenin officially took power of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1917 with the Communist Party. The USSR broke into a civil war in 1918 occurring between the Red Army, consisting of Bolsheviks, and the White Army. The Red Army defeated the White Army by 1921 and the Communist Party gained complete power. Eventually the USSR was under War Communism, which further diminished its economy. After Vladimir Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin took control of Russia in 1924. He considered himself a Marxist....   [tags: Soviet Union, World History, Socialism]
:: 9 Works Cited
1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Interview with Lenin - Interview with Lenin Question: What were the historic events that led up to revolution, and why did you become involved in revolution. Lenin’s answer: To answer this question we have to go way back in 1812, when Napoleon came to Russia. Russian people stood up and fought against the invader by burning the villages and supplies, thus helping Czar Alexander I. After such sacrifice, people were not rewarded for their devotion to the Czar. In December of 1825 in St. Petersburg, Russia, a group of military officials staged a revolt against Tsar Nicholas I....   [tags: Russian History] 479 words
(1.4 pages)
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Lenin's Rule and Effect on USSR - Lenin's Rule and Effect on USSR It has been said, by Winston Churchill no less, that “The Russian people’s worst misfortune was his birth; their next was his death.” There is much truth in this statement, because Churchill was able to see that as Lenin matured, so did his policies, and these lead to improving conditions for the Russian people. As Lenin matured as a leader, so did his policies; as Lenin died his policies died with him. When Lenin first found himself with power over the Soviets, he was in a Civil war, and from such a situation arose War Communism....   [tags: Papers] 2020 words
(5.8 pages)
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Lenin Laid the Foundation for Stalinism - In order to establish whether Lenin did, indeed lay the foundation for Stalinism, two questions need to be answered; what were Lenin’s plans for the future of Russia and what exactly gave rise to Stalinism. Official Soviet historians of the time at which Stalin was in power would have argued that each one answers the other. Similarly, Western historians saw Lenin as an important figure in the establishment of Stalin’s socialist state. This can be partly attributed to the prevailing current of pro-Stalin anti-Hitler sentiments amongst westerners until the outbreak of the cold war....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays]
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2439 words
(7 pages)
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Russian Revolution: Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin - Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin were the most important leaders in the Russian Revolution. Their strong beliefs and determination to their convictions motivated both men. They greatly influenced the political and philosophical outcomes of the Russian Revolution. Karl Marx was a brilliant man. He would analyze the thoughts and publications of the philosophers of his time. Intellectuals were not overly impressed by him. It wasn’t until after his death that his political, social, and economic writings and philosophies were sought after....   [tags: german ideology, communists] 690 words
(2 pages)
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Lenin's Economic Policies in 1924 - Lenin's Economic Policies in 1924 When the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917 they inherited many of the problems faced by the old Tsarist regime as well as those of the Provisional Government after the Tsars abdication. Lenin, as leader of the Bolsheviks took many measures to try and solve these problems, each with varying degrees of success. This essay will, therefore, go on to look at and discuss the various measures that Lenin and the Bolshevik party took, and, whether these measures created more problems for Russia in the end or in fact made significant progress towards the communist society that Lenin had prophesised for Russia....   [tags: Papers] 766 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Ideals of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Mao, and Stalin - 1. Scientific Socialism Scientific socialism is the type of socialism that Engels uses to refer to Marx’s analysis of political history. Scientific socialism exams social and economic methods’ using the scientific method and it tries to mimic the hard sciences like chemistry and physics. Scientific socialism is different from utopian socialism because it takes into consideration the historical developments of men while utopian socialism does not. According to Engels when referring to utopian socialist, “To all these, socialism is the expression of absolute truth, reason and justice, and has only to be discovered to conquer all the world by virtue of its own power....   [tags: Socialism, Types, Progression] 1676 words
(4.8 pages)
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Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin - Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin The most dedicated leader of the revolution, and future leader of the Bolshevik Party in Russia, was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was born in 1870 in Simbirsk, Russia, a small town on the Volga River, to a family of hereditary nobles that were not wealt but quite comfortable. Vladimir Ulyanov, who would later change his name to Lenin, was the third of seven children. His oldest brother, Aleksandr, was hanged in May of 1887 for having joined in a plot to kill Czar Alexander III....   [tags: essays research papers] 2143 words
(6.1 pages)
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Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov - Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, later known as Lenin was a key figure in European history. Lenin led the Bolsheviks (which later became known as communists) to overthrow the Russian Tsar, and to bring socialism to Russia. Lenin introduced Communism to Russia. This changed the history for Russia as well as the rest of Europe, and to this day has had a huge effect on the Russian economy. Lenin's impact on Europe and Russia consisted of him applying Marxist ideas, which later led to complete Communism, and a threat to Europe and the rest of world....   [tags: Papers] 711 words
(2 pages)
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Describing Lenin - Describing Lenin " A cruel tyrant, bloodthirsty and ruthless in his determination to seize and hold on to power" " He devoted his whole life to the interests of working people and to the building of a better society." Which of these two descriptions of Lenin do you think is closes to the truth. After several uprisings, demonstrations and a coup attempt, finally by mid October 1917 the Bolshevik movement gained pace and the Bolshevik revolution began between 25-27 October,as a result; the Provisinal government ministers were arrested and the 2nd Congress of the Soviets...   [tags: Papers] 995 words
(2.8 pages)
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Vladimir Lenin - Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader. He was a clever thinker and a practical man; he knew how to take advantage of events. When Lenin arrived in Russia, he issued a document called the April theses, promising ‘peace, bread, land and freedom’. He called for an end to the ‘Capitalist’ war, and demanded that power should be given to the soviets. He demanded a revolution against the Provisional Government as soon as possible....   [tags: Papers] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
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Turning Points in the Life of Vladimir Lenin - Turning Points in the Life of Vladimir Lenin In 1917 Lenin became the Russian dictator and is known nowadays as a Founder of Communism. Many events in his life have turned Lenin's attitude and changed him. In 1887, Lenin's brother was convicted of an attempted assassination on the Tsar and was consequently hanged for his crime. His brother's activity may have sparked Lenin's interest in revolutionary activity and radicalized him as at this time Lenin began studying the writings of Karl Marx and Chernoshevsky, who had as well socialistic beliefs....   [tags: Papers] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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Lenin's Contribution to the Development of the Bolshevik Party - Lenin's Contribution to the Development of the Bolshevik Party From 1902 Lenin had been fighting to build a revolutionary workers party, he was expelled from university for writing pamphlets and supporting strikes. Even when Lenin worked abroad, he was always trying to help the revolution along, but without being arrested. In 1893 Lenin moved to St Petersburg, where he joined a growing Marxist circle, then 1985 he helped to create a marxist working class organisation. Lenin was soon arrested and exiled to Siberia until 1900, when he went abroad and helped to create marxist newspapers: 'Iskra' - This helped to unite Social democrats and inspire new recruits....   [tags: Papers] 628 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Impact of Lenin on Russia and the Russian People - The Impact of Lenin on Russia and the Russian People Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (a.k.a Lenin) was born in 1870, into a middle class family. In the year 1887 when Lenin was 17 his elder brother Alexandra was executed for conspiring to assassinate the tsar. Lenin who was already well educated and fond of reading and writing was encouraged to enter politics to make changes and to somehow avenge his brothers' death. The long term effects of this were that Lenin would later become one of the great revolutionary leaders of all time....   [tags: Papers] 950 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Opposition of Lenin's Policies by the Bolsheviks in the USSR - The Opposition of Lenin's Policies by the Bolsheviks in the USSR The policies introduced by Lenin in an attempt to solve the problems facing the Communist party in 1918 had varying degrees of success and aroused opposition with various members within the party as well as across Russia. Lenin faced a massive task if he was to revive the economy and gain a more widespread support. Unfortunately for Lenin, he was unable to please everybody all the time and so faced conflict with each of his decisions....   [tags: Papers] 487 words
(1.4 pages)
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Discussion of the Impact that Lenin had on Russia - Discussion of the Impact that Lenin had on Russia The people of Russia had had enough. A group of people got together and called themselves the Bolsheviks and Lenin was their leader. Lenin organized an attack and in November they would take control of Russia. Lenin told people to take land from the rich and promised that there would be enough food. The poor got land from the rich which made the rich unhappy but the poor didn't have to pay for land anymore. Lenin said that he would end the war and he did this by stopping the Russians from fighting, this caused problems for Britain and France....   [tags: Papers] 444 words
(1.3 pages)
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Lenin's Role in the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 - Lenin's Role in the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 After March 1917, the Russian revolution was yet to be completed. The Tsar had been overthrown, the power and responsibility of the government of Russia had been passed on 'duelly' to the Provincial Government and the workers Soviet, the most powerful Soviet in Petrograd. In November 1917, the second revolution was planned, a Bolshevik revolution. Evidence around the Bolshevik revolution is not completely reliable, but it is widely agreed that events in November 1917 were not as the Bolsheviks later described and boasted....   [tags: Papers] 2240 words
(6.4 pages)
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Why Stalin Succeed Lenin and not Trotsky - After Lenin's death Russia looked for a new leader. The two favourite's were about to embark on a political campaign; trying to eliminate each other out of the running with their popularity, ideas for the future dedication. Some say however, it was Stalin's ability to manipulate the people around him, using them to higher his popularity and to aid his lack of political knowledge. Trotsky had a number of titles and past successes; he was the leader of the red army and played a crucial role in the 1917 revolution....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays] 967 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Disagreement Between Lenin and Zinoviev/Kamenev - The Disagreement Between Lenin and Zinoviev/Kamenev The disagreement between Lenin and Zinoviev and Kamenev was that Lenin believed that Russia was ready for a Bolshevik revolution, whereas Kamenev and Zinoviev did not. Zinoviev said that ' to stake on one card not only the fate of our party … Russian and international revolutions.' Here he is saying that a revolution attempt at this time would in fact fail and that its failure would cause the Bolshevik and Marxist movement, not only in Russia, but also across the world to collapse....   [tags: Papers] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Lenin's Contribution to the Development of the Bolshevik Party - Lenin's Contribution to the Development of the Bolshevik Party For many years, Tsars had ruled Russia through the generations, being autocrats and dictators. These ways of living had been present in the country for hundreds of years, but in the late 1800s, new and different ideas were evolving, and there was an obvious change in political philosophies. There was the Marxist view, produced by Karl Marx, which believed that the state should own property and the means of production, not the wealthiest classes....   [tags: Papers] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
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Lenin's Problem During His Rule - Lenin's Problem During His Rule Introduction The Bolshevik's were a radical offshoot of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. The Bolshevik's held free electrons where all Russians had the right to vote, for a new Russian parliament or Constituent Assemble. A Revolution can also be called a revolt. If a Revolution takes place, it is usually between the country's people and the government. Which was the case in Russia. During a Revolution there are riots and battles between the two conflicting parties....   [tags: Papers] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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Lenin's New Economic Policy: A Study of Short and Long Term Viability - The New Economic Policy instituted by Vladimir Lenin in 1922 was seen as a necessary evil in order to maintain power in the Soviet Union. While most historians agree with Lenin’s assessment and believe that without the change the entire Soviet economy would have collapsed there is a wide range of thoughts on the true effectiveness of the NEP. This paper will look at the progression of the NEP and the differing views Bolshevik leaders had on it as well as the perceived effectiveness of the limited free market policies adopted by these socialist leaders....   [tags: Russian History]
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2222 words
(6.3 pages)
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An Idealized East Germany in Becker’s Good Bye Lenin! - Good Bye Lenin. is the coming of age story of a young man as he struggles with his own psychological and moral growth while trying to protect his ill mother from the shock of learning that the Berlin wall has fallen. The movie was released in 2003, but is set from October 1989 to roughly a year later highlighting the time period just before the fall of the wall and the social, political, and economic changes that happened in Germany as a result of unification. Good Bye Lenin. is set in East Berlin, and was filmed mainly at the Karl-Marx-Allee in Eastern Berlin, and in an apartment building near Alexanderplatz....   [tags: reality, mother, recreation]
:: 1 Works Cited
1419 words
(4.1 pages)
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Film Analysis: Good-bye, Lenin Directed by Wolfgang Becker - ... Knowing that his mom worked her whole life as a socialist, Alex wanted to hide the outside world from her and pretend as if nothing has happened and that the GDR was still in power over East Germany. Towards the very end, his mother finally finds out through Alex’s girlfriend, who tells her about all that has happened. However, she is happy that her son did all of what he did, only thinking about his mother and dies peacefully. The movie itself was quite historically accurate in my opinion....   [tags: east germany, socialist, capitalism] 523 words
(1.5 pages)
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Social Conflict and Social Relations: The Marxism Approach - Introduction Marxism is an approach of societal evaluation that targets societal conflict and class-relations making use of a materialist explanation of historical development, along with a dialectical view of social remodeling. Marxist evaluation uses economic and socio-political examination and applies it to the investigation and evaluation of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change (Walicki, 1997). Marxism develops on a materialist knowledge of societal advancement, taking as its starting point the necessary economic activities needed by human society to take care of their subsistence (McLellan, 2007)....   [tags: lenin, revolutionary party] 1609 words
(4.6 pages)
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Joseph Stalin's Raise To Power - "Analyse the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of Joseph Stalin“. Stalins rise as a dictator over the USSR in 1929, was a struggle for power. It was set by Lenin, in his testament, that Stalin was not to takeover control as the party leader, and to be removed from his position as General Secretary, as Stalin in Lenins eyes had lack of loyalty, tolerance, and politeness. However, different factors, such as Lenins funeral, Stalins position as General Secretary and the rise of bureaucracy, and Stalins relationship to Kamenev and Zinoviev, made it possible for Stalin to become the undisputed leader over the USSR in 1929....   [tags: ussr, dictator, lenin]
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1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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End of World War I Led to World War II - World War I had been the main cause that led to World War II. The victors of World War I, namely France and Britain, had placed the blame of the war on Germany. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that was signed at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between the Allied Powers and Germany. In the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were being legally forced to pay the reparations of World War I. This led to the downfall of Germany. Germany went into a depression, quite awhile before the Great Depression began in the United States....   [tags: Germany, Lenin, Russia] 956 words
(2.7 pages)
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Lenin's Contribution to Marxism up to 1905 and the Consequences - Lenin's Contribution to Marxism up to 1905 and the Consequences Karl Marx was a German philosopher who wrote the Communist Manifesto, which encouraged workers to unite and seize power by revolution. His views became known as Marxism and influenced the thinking of socialists throughout Europe in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Marx believed that history was evolving in a series of stages towards a perfect state - Communism. These stages started with Feudalism - with the aristocrats controlling politics....   [tags: Papers] 1244 words
(3.6 pages)
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Life and Contributions of Stalin - ... 4. Stalin translated to English is Man of Steel. I think he took this name because steel is often associated with long lasting strength and power. By taking this name, he is claiming to be powerful man in which no one can stop and should not try to stop. 5. From his position of already high power, Stalin joined with Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev. Together they were the centerists of the party and went up against the left's Trotsky and right's Bukharin. He then placed hype about his close relationship with Lenin....   [tags: soviet union, lenin, communism] 593 words
(1.7 pages)
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Why Stalin, and not Trotsky, Emerged as Lenin's Successor - I think there are a number of main factors to consider when investigating this issue. The first thing to consider is the fact that Trotsky and Stalin come from completely different backgrounds. Trotsky was from a prosperous Jewish farming family whereas Stalin was from s peasant stock in Georgia. This meant he understood the peasants situation, as he had been there himself and peasant made up a lot of the population therefore he was quite popular already. Trotsky believed in war communism....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays] 613 words
(1.8 pages)
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Why Stalin, and not Trotsky, Emerged as Lenin’s Successor - As Lenin approached his final years of power, he was left with two main concerns. Firstly, he was becoming increasingly alarmed about the gradual movement of partial communism to full communism. This tied in closely with his second, and more important concern of who was to become his successor. As Lenin became increasingly ill, there was rising tension between the two likely candidates to replace Lenin. Initially, it looked as though Trotsky was the rightful heir. Having served well in planning the revolution, he was well respected by troops, an extremely good public speaker, an outstanding organiser, and a keen writer of revolutionary ideas....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays] 906 words
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The Impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People - The Impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian People Russia was an enormous empire and had over 55,650,000 Russians in it. The leader of Russia from 1905 to 1917 was Tsar Nicholas II (emperor) who was ruler of Russia. The Tsar was independent and had autocratic power, which meant that he shared his power with no one, meaning Russia didn't have to vote. Before the Tsar was in power the Russian army performed a war against Japan and lost because their army was very unequipped and was made up of conscripts (people forced in the army)....   [tags: Papers] 2064 words
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Modern Communism: Marx, Engles, Lenin, and Stalin - Karl Marx never saw his ideals and beliefs, as the founding father of communist thought, implemented in the world and society because he died in 1883.1 The communist ideology did not rise to power until the beginning of the 20th century. Then it would be implemented and put into practice in the largest country in the world producing a concept that would control half of the world’s population in less than 50 years. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, searched for a perfect society living in equality and united in freedom....   [tags: Communism Essays]
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How Lenin and the Bolsheviks Remained in Power Between November 1917 and Lenin's Death in 1924 - How Lenin and the Bolsheviks Remained in Power Between November 1917 and Lenin's Death in 1924 The Bolsheviks set up a government called the Council of Peoples Commissars or 'Sovnarkom' for short. The main people in the government were Lenin was the Chairman, Trotsky was the Commissar for War, Stalin was Commissar for nationalities and one woman, Alexandra Kollontai. They passed several Decrees. They were; all classes distinctions were abolished; all distinctions of rank in the armed forces were abolished; all land belonging to the Tsar, the church and the nobility was taken over by peasants; workers should not work more than 8 hours a day and 48 hours a week; all fa...   [tags: Papers] 476 words
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Marxism-Leninism: Three Parts - Economics mark complexity, innovation, and rehabilitation of a nation. The economy of a nation precedes the turning point towards enhancement or inferiority. “Marxism-Leninism, the communist philosophy of Vladimir Lenin, refines Karl Marx' philosophy with three parts. First, revolution must be violent to succeed; second, revolution is possible because of large peasant and laboring classes; and third, revolution must be controlled by a group of dedicated revolutionaries who will not sell out the revolution before it is completed”("Marxism-Leninism")....   [tags: Communism, Marxism, Lenin]
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World War II Most Important Leaders - From industrializing a nation to killing millions, many leaders’ actions are quite different from each other. This is true for Mussolini, Stalin, Truman, Churchill and Hitler; leaders we often hear about in history that took various actions while in power. Even though some of these leaders made decisions that took their peoples’ rights away, they all helped their country in some way. Stalin industrialized the USSR, Hitler saved Germany’s economy, Truman ended the bloody war, and Churchill was a big part of the Nazi defeat. Joseph Stalin was the communist dictator of the Soviet Union....   [tags: hitler, mussolini, stalin, vladimir lenin]
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Major Turning Point In History: Gdansk Shipyard Strike - The gdansk shipyard strike was a major turning point in history. This event occurred during the August of 1980. Though it only started in one isolated area, it spread hope throughout all of Poland. The strike itself was lead by a great leader, it was a very historical event, and there were actually a few different significant reasons as to why it started in the first place that makes it important. There was no doubt that Lech Walesa was a great man, a noble speaker, and a powerful leader. However, his life was not always bliss....   [tags: lech walesa, gdansk, lenin shipyard ]
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Why Stalin, and not Trotsky or Bukharin, Emerged as Lenin’s Successor - Why Trotsky and Bukharin Were Defeated by Stalin in the Struggle to Succeed Lenin as Leader of U.S.S.R. Both Trotsky and Bukharin were defeated to the leadership of the USSR because of the brutal tactics used by Stalin to succeed Lenin. When we look at how Stalin became leader and the way in which Trotsky and Bukharin were beaten could perhaps be as a result of Stalin’s character and personality, or perhaps weaknesses in, or wrong moves by his opponents, Trotsky and Bukharin. As General Secretary from 1922 and a member of the Orgburo and Secretariat, Stalin had enormous power over the policies and personnel of the party....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays] 991 words
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Lenin’s Economic Policies and Their Arousal of Opposition Within the Bolshevik Party - Lenin’s Economic Policies and Their Arousal of Opposition Within the Bolshevik Party Any government trying to repair its country’s ruined economic state will undoubtedly have problems and opposition, but the Bolshevik party had another great burden – to turn Russia into a Marxist state. Lenin isolated the majority of Russia in 1917 by forming many decrees and taking various actions, mostly ruled by ideology, for example, censorship, he took away freedom of speech from every non-Bolshevik party....   [tags: Papers] 554 words
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What Lenin Means When He Says that the 1905 Revolution was a Dress Rehearsal - What Lenin Means When He Says that the 1905 Revolution was a Dress Rehearsal Lenin believed that a number of specific requirements (relating to his adaptations of Marx) needed to be fulfilled by the separate social classes and the Bolsheviks themselves. The main reason why the 1905 revolution was deemed to be a dress rehearsal by Lenin was because there was no unity between the masses and the political parties and no unity within the political parties themselves. Although the political parties shared the same ultimate goal of overthrowing the existing order of autocracy, they were divided from one another....   [tags: Papers] 506 words
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Lenin's Death as the Beginning of a Period of Struggle for Leadership between the Leading Bolsheviks - Lenin's Death as the Beginning of a Period of Struggle for Leadership between the Leading Bolsheviks Lenin’s death marked the beginning of a period of struggle for leadership between the leading Bolsheviks, at the end of which Stalin emerged as the undisputed and unchallenged dictator. Divisions in the party over the future of the Revolution enabled Stalin to position himself in a place of power, providing him with opportunities to rid the party of his opponents from the left and the right....   [tags: Papers] 1276 words
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The Extent to Which Lenin's NEP Solved the Problems Caused by War Communism - The Extent to Which Lenin's NEP Solved the Problems Caused by War Communism Subsequent to the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917 commenced a two year domesticated war in Russia between the newly empowered Communist establishment and the conservative military officers. The primary victims were peasants, affected mostly from the exorbitant demands of food supplies and other essential necessities. The communist and despotic techniques practiced by the Bolsheviks during the war were hence dubbed “war communism” and had considerably alienated the mass of the Russian populace against its communist policies....   [tags: Papers] 603 words
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Lenin and the Bolsheviks Replacing the Provisional Government as Leaders of Russia by November 1917 - Lenin and the Bolsheviks Replacing the Provisional Government as Leaders of Russia by November 1917 The provisional government had dealed with the issues of war and land very ineffectively, which helped The Bolsheviks greatly in seizing power. They would not give the peasants the land which they had wanted, and expected when the Tsar was overthrown. War continued, despite the majority of Russia wanting it to end. Food and fuel shortages continued, and although no-one wanted to surrender to Germany, most people felt that it was time to give in, and give up....   [tags: Papers] 558 words
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The Pros and Cons of Life in Communist East Germany in Goodbye, Lenin - On the whole, does Goodbye, Lenin paint a positive or negative picture of life in communist East Germany. East Germany, its demise relayed through the mass media of recent history, has in popular consciousness been posited as negative, a corrupt bulwark of the last dying days of Communism in Eastern Europe, barren and silent. The other Germany to its West, its citizens free, was striding confidently ahead into the millennium. Recent cinema has sought to examine re-unification, the Wolfgang Becker film Goodbye Lenin....   [tags: Pro Con Essays] 2212 words
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Marxism and Leninism - Marxism and Leninism According to most historians, “history is told by the victors”, which would explain why most people equate communism with Vladimir Lenin. He was the backbone of Russia’s communist revolution, and the first leader of history’s largest communist government. It is not known, or discussed by most, that Lenin made many reforms to the original ideals possessed by many communists during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He revised Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles’ theories to fit the so-called ‘backwardness’ of the Russian Empire....   [tags: Communism, Vladimir Lenin, Russia, Revolution]
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Shanghai International Settlement - Finance Capital, the novel takes place in the International Settlement of Shanghai after WWI, during the 1920’s. Within the international settlement a battle between the Chinese Communist Laborers, the European, the American, the Japanese, and the Chinese financial oligarchies rages for supremacy of Shanghai’s financial markets. The financial oligarchy according to Lenin, is the major owners of capital . Koya was a Japanese born Shanghai resident and was a member of the Forestry Division of the Muramatsu Steamship Company, a company (zaibatsu) of Japan....   [tags: lenin, shanghai's market, finance capital]
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Russian History - The Soviet Union has had numerous leaders throughout it’s existence as a country. However, there are a few leaders that will forever be in Russian history books and lectures. Among those leaders who have had the largest influence on the Soviet Union are; Vladimir Lenin, Peter the Great, Alexander Kerensky, and Joseph Stalin to name a few. While all of the leaders are interesting and have influence on Russia, this research paper will specifically focus on Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin lead the Soviet Union for over 20 years and he certainly had a unique way of doing so....   [tags: Vladimir Lenin, Peter the Great] 2243 words
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The Extent to Which Stalin's Acquisition of Power was a Product of the Power Base that He Had Built for Himself Before Lenin's Death - Before Lenin’s death in 1924 Stalin held many pointless positions which allowed him to build up his power but only by a tiny amount. During the Russian Civil War and Polish-Soviet War, Stalin was political commissar of the Red Army at various fronts. Stalin's first government position was as People's Commissar of Nationalities Affairs (1917–23). Also, he was People's Commissar of Workers and Peasants Inspection (1919–22), a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the republic (1920–23) and a member of the Central Executive Committee of the Congress of Soviets (from 1917)....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays] 937 words
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The Reign of Joseph Stalin - Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born December 21st was the fourth child to his parents after the first three died of bad health issues. His mother was an in home washer, taking in other people clothing and his father was a boot maker. These jobs did not make Iosifs’ parents immensely wealthy. They had to live in poverty like the rest of the peasant Russians had to endure towards the end of the 19th attained a place for him to learn at the local church school, Iosif, at the age of seven, survived small pox....   [tags: notorious dictators, history of the USSR]
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The Progression from Leninism to Stalinism - The question of whether or not Stalinism was a logical continuation of Leninism is a difficult one. Stalinism did take significantly more drastic measures than Leninism did. There were differences in policy. But in spite of these, Stalinism still found its basis in Leninism. Even Trotsky, a friend of Lenin and a staunch opponent of Stalin, grudgingly admits that "Stalinism did issue from Bolshevism" (Trotsky). Stalin's policy of socialism in one country, his use of terror to eliminate opposition, and his suppression of democracy and the soviets were all characteristics of Lenin well before they were characteristic of Stalin....   [tags: Joseph Stalin Essays]
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The Importance of a Charismatic Leader - ... The differing viewpoints within the Communist Party resulted in various factions, which all had different ideas on what direction the Soviet State should be taken in. Lenin was the only individual capable of manipulating all levels of organization in order to ensure that all members submitted to the Communist party discipline. While this ability to diffuse problems within a given structure may be characteristic of many charismatic leaders, the issue relating to factions and dissents within the Communist Party would only become heightened once Lenin passed away....   [tags: leadership, society, individual, charisma] 2337 words
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Changes Brought by The Russian Revolution - The Russian Revolution Made a immense change for the best for its people. The Everyday sadness of the people of Russia grew as the rich got richer and the poor got poorer. With World war l taking place and Russia being involved many Russians were being killed by the Germans. Millions of casualties and starvation all across Russia caused the Russian people to become frus-trated. Under the control of Czar Nicholas II the people were hoping for a change. Russian be-came furious wanting Nicholas out blaming him for what was going on in their country without getting assistance by their ruler....   [tags: rich, poor, The Bolsheviks ] 785 words
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Why Jospeh Stalin? - ... While Trotsky was still the main form of opposition, the two men he had allied himself with to seize power, Lev Kamanev and Grigori Zinoviev, began to grow further apart from Stalin. Stalin began to notice this growing hatred from the two and decided to ally himself with Nikolai Bukharin, General Secretary of the Executive Committee of the Comintern. This is also the period where Stalin began advocating “Socialism in One Country.” In a nutshell, the policy stated that the Bolshevik party should just worry about installing communist governments in countries they already controlled instead of trying to spread the revolution....   [tags: organitzation, government, policies, leader] 2479 words
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Stalin's Success over Trotsky - A. After the Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917 took place, Lenin ruled the newly communist USSR until his death. “Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashivili,” commonly referred to as Stalin, was the one man he warned his country not to put in power. The man who appeared most qualified for the position, was rather Lev Davidovich Bronstein, or Leon Trotsky, the leader of the USSR’s military, an important member in the Communist party, and a close friend to Lenin (Rempel). Despite Trotsky’s superior position, Stalin became the new communist leader....   [tags: Bolshevik Revolution, World History, Communism]
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Animal Farm Research - The name Bolshevik means “majority” in Russian. The Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, which split into two factions, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, after the Second Congress of 1903. The Bolsheviks were led by Lenin when the party split (Trueman “Bolsheviks, The”). The Bolsheviks wanted to overthrow the current government and establish a new government, a government for the people. The Bolsheviks wanted to overthrow the current government because it was weak and did not keep its promises....   [tags: Russian History ]
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Biography of Lon Trotsky - ... During this stage, Trotsky carefully devised the Revolutions execution. Upon return to Russia during the outburst of World War I, Trotsky discovered the Mensheviks had been supporting the war and allusively, Tsar Nicholas II. Trotskys was against the war and joined the Bolsheviks as a result. His previous travails with the Bolsheviks were ignored as “both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks thought Trotsky was a windbag whose personal ambition mattered more to him...” (Service), however, Lenin eagerly greeted him into the party....   [tags: russian marxist, revolutionary] 1065 words
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Joseph Stalin: A Brief Biography - Born Josef Vissarionovich Jughashvili (which he would later change to Stalin, Russian for “man of steel”) to Besarion Jughashvili, a shoemaker with a penchant for insobriety and general debauchery, and Ekaterina Georgievna, a laundress, Joseph Stalin grew up in poverty. Stalin was born in the village of Gori, in the Russian province of Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire, on December 18, 1878, or December 6, 1878, according to the Old Style Julian calendar, however, he would later invent a new birthdate for himself: December 21, 1879....   [tags: notorious soviet dictators]
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The Three Major Philosophies Established During the 1900s - ... They developed communism because they desired to end capitalism because they felt as though it led to the exploitation of workers. Communist philosophies influenced Lenin and Stalin. Fascism was originally developed by Benito Mussolini, in 1919 when he organized the fascist party. The fascist party officially gained power in 1922 when Benito Mussolini was appointed to prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel after the “March on Rome.” Mussolini developed fascism because he began to reject socialist ideas for intense nationalism....   [tags: socialism, communism, and fascism] 1341 words
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The Success of the Bolsheviks - The Success of the Bolsheviks Probably the most important factor was Lenin himself. He was a driven man who believed that those who would lead the workers had to be an educated elite capable of doing things that an uneducated majority could not. He also developed a set of beliefs that would appeal to the working class. The Bolsheviks did not have an ideology that stressed high ideals. They had an immediate programme for the time when they would attain power but had made few plans for what to do after they had gained power....   [tags: Papers] 483 words
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Russia in the Period of 1905-1941 - Russia in the Period of 1905-1941 a) Trotsky succeeded in supporting the Bolsheviks because of the way he controlled the people. He joined the Bolshevik party in 1917 because he disapproved of the Mensheviks and the Provisional Government. In the Russian congress of Soviets in June 1917 the Bolsheviks had less than half the members of the SR’s and Mensheviks. By October 1917 the Bolsheviks had around 300,000 members who was a massive amount compared to February 1917 where they only had around 23,500....   [tags: Papers] 801 words
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