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Language - ... Te Whāriki (1996) states children should experience an environment where: connecting links with the family and the wider world are affirmed and extended (p. 54). Furthermore I realize the need for children acquire a second language .New Zealand is a multicultural country. To put this into perspective we can also look at the proportion of people talking in some other second languages in New Zealand. May (2005) points out that the 2001 Census indicates that there are now over 100,000 speakers of Pasifika language....   [tags: Communication, Māori Language ] 902 words
(2.6 pages)
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Language - ... More support for the hypothesis of a UG considers Chomsky's proposal of generative grammar. Rather than children observing, storing, and then imitating sentences learned from adults, a child uses exposure to language to build rules out of the innate UG and then generate novel and, consequently, an infinite amount of sentences. This theory of language acquisition provided by innate universals explains the ease with which babies and children easily acquire any language they are exposed to, and also explains the difficulty of acquiring a native language without an accent at a later adult age (Carroll, 2006)....   [tags: Linguistic Theory,Chomsky, Language Acquisition] 2175 words
(6.2 pages)
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Language Acquisition - What is language. Language is a set of arbitrary symbols that enables every individual in the community to communicate and interact. These symbols contain acceptable meanings by the society and culture. Possessing a language is essential in all human; every normal human speaks but nonhuman does not. Acquisition, on the other hand, means learning or getting. Therefore, language acquisition basically means the learning or the gaining of a language. Language acquisition is normally viewed as a part of cognitive science....   [tags: Language ]
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Native Language - Language is universal. People voice their ideas, emotions, and thoughts across to the world through language. Multitudes of people across the country speak a varierty of languages. However, a foreigner is reduced to their native language, and sometimes has difficulties mainstreaming English into their dialect. A native language is a foreigner's blueprint for the world to hear. Native language gives homage to a foreigner's culture and home life. Native tongues open doors for education and job opprutunities....   [tags: Language] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Native Language - Language is universal. People voice their ideas, emotions, and thoughts across to the world through language. But, how does people’s native language play a role. A native language is a person's blueprint for their voice. Native language gives homage to people’s culture and home life. It can open doors to education and careers. Native language surrounds people, and molds people. It is plastered in books, and street signs, and helps to recollect their native country. What if language decreased to just English, and no another language existed....   [tags: Language] 989 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Maori Language - ... To be more accurate, final destination of Maori ancestors was eastern Archipelagoes of French Oceania and more importantly New Zealand, where it remains their home to this day. Actual origin of language remains unclear, even after many comparisons and researches have been conducted. However, evidence obtained by linguistics suggests with relative confidence that spread of the Polynesian language was directed from Asia, not America. Various dialects in New Zealand also indicate that very early travelers arrived from central Polynesia....   [tags: Language ] 1086 words
(3.1 pages)
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A National Language - ... As an American, I believe in America, “one government of the people, for the people, and by the people” (Hartman). For example, the representation of the Statue of Liberty, English is a tool for integration, a symbol of “liberty and justice for all”. For many Americans, the symbolism of English has become and is, in many ways, much like the symbolism of the flag. English for these Americans is indeed the symbolic communication of unification and justification. A symbol, which many men and women risk, and sometimes even lose their lives to protect....   [tags: Language]
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Language Switching - ... The dominant language (L1) was established so that 11 of the participants selected Catalan and the other 8 selected Spanish. They also were asked to rate their own proficiency in each language on a scale of 1 (very non-proficient) to 4 (very proficient). Most of them rated themselves as very proficient in all realms such as reading, writing, speaking and listening. These students were very homologous in their proficiency and the age of acquisition, leaving the psychologists with a very good sample of students to test....   [tags: Language]
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Foreign Language - ... In a study conducted in 2006 by the Committee for Economic Development found that 30% of U.S. corporations though they have failed in the international market; they lacked the employees skilled in languages (Holt). Donna Kimmel, senior Vice President of global Human Resources of Sensata Technologies illustrated the necessity of foreign language skills in her company: It is not unusual for one of your employees for one of our engineers in the Netherlands be the lead on a project developed by the U.S....   [tags: Language]
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Language Assessment - ... Within the test, the student is expected to give information about the story, including the characters, setting, plot, and other miscellaneous information that could be pertinent. Similar to any test, the questions on the TOPL vary in difficulty. Young et al’s article says, “Easier items assess behaviors such as polite forms of address (e.g., greeting and thanking)…more difficult items require the child to recognize the emotional states of the actors and to make inferences about information expression” (2005)....   [tags: Language ]
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Sexism in Language - ... Parks and Roberton (2005/8) found that research had showed a connection between people’s attitude toward the sexes and their language usages. This was mirrored in Cralley and Ruscher (2005) report, which showed that people who hold sexist attitudes tend to use sexist language in both their writing and in conversation. A good example of showing sexism in language is the media, for example children’s reading material and television. In the 1970/80’s a content analysis was conducted in which it compared images of men and women....   [tags: Language ]
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Language = Personality? - Since English is essential in getting by in America, people are more likely to judge a person by his/her English mastery. If you speak English well and fluently, you are quite respected. In other words, if you speak “Broken” English, they may subconsciously think of you as less intelligent than people who speak Standard English. However, does a person’s language mastery reflect complete personality. Since it has not been officially approved that language reveals complete personality, it is inaccurate to judge a person by his/her language mastery....   [tags: Language] 1049 words
(3 pages)
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Language Processing - Language processing is a complex interaction of a wide range of factors and one of the most difficult tasks involved in language processing is to do simultaneous interpreting in a foreign language. This study will describe an experiment in which the writer herself experienced the job of a simultaneous interpreter in order to gain insights into the language processing in L2 and to reflect on the difficulties in L2 processing encountered by the simultaneous interpreter. Background of literature Different models have been developed to explain the complexity of speech processing, of which Levelt’s speaking blueprint (1993) presented below has become ‘the most complete and accepted one for a monolingual speaker’ (De Bot, Lowie & Verspoor 2005)....   [tags: Language ]
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Language Arts - Language and Art share many similar tendencies. In language, as with earlier forms of Art, representation plays a large role. Language acts as a representation of some elaborate envisioned concept(s), Writing as a representation of a sounded phonic language, and Art as a representation of some subject(s). Within these mediums exist elements that make Art and Language and, by extension, Writing successful. ese are the signifiers. e signifiers are built imperfectly, they summon up signs other than those intended based on frequency of usage, misusage and place contextually....   [tags: Language] 1045 words
(3 pages)
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Academic Language - ... The level of the words as identified above matches some of the words on the Geometry Academic Vocabulary list from Tennessee’s Department of Education (2009), such as collinear, concave and convex polygons. However, that does not mean that since the rest of the words in the analyzed section are not stated as vocabulary words, that the language of the text is at a lower level. As previously stated, the rest of the words mentioned on this page of section 1.6 assist students in the understanding of these three main academic vocabulary words....   [tags: Language ]
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Language and the Culture: Language learning through the culture of the target language - Language and the Culture : Language learning through the culture of the target language Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Winter spring 2010 Language and the Culture : Language learning through the culture of the target language As language and culture are interrelated, so that language cannot be taught without culture (Maria, 2002). How many people learn a culture of the target language when they learn a language. Can you say the person who is perfect at one language can fully understand the culture of the language....   [tags: Language ] 1770 words
(5.1 pages)
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Second Language Acquisition in Childhood - ... Educational programs are set throughout schools, allowing students the opportunity to expand linguistic abilities. Foreign languages are beginning to be introduced at a young age in many school districts. This may be due to the assumption that children acquire a second language easier and more readily at a younger age. According to Badea (2009) “recent studies have shown that young children who are exposed to more than one language before the age of puberty (that is before critical age), seem to learn all the languages equally well” (p....   [tags: Language]
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The Official Language of the United Nations - ... All major legal materials are in English, including the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, Presidential speeches, and Congressional debates. In January 13, 1795, the U.S. House of Representatives defeated a bill to print 3,000 sets of the federal laws in German "for the accommodation of such German citizens of the United States, as do not understand the English language." English only movement is a political movement for use only the English language in the government operations by establishing English as the only official language in the United States....   [tags: Language ]
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Language Acquisition Principles - ... The acquired system is a process like that of a child learning their first language, where language comes from the interaction between the speaker and the listener naturally. It requires meaningful interaction in the target language - natural communication - in which speakers are concentrated not in the form of their utterances, but in the communicative act (Krashen, 2007). Krashen believes motivation, self-confidence, and anxiety are factors that create either success or lack of success in the acquisition of a language....   [tags: Language ]
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Native Language Communication - Language is a universal form of communication. Language is the way people get their ideas, emotions, and thoughts across to the world, and people. But what about a person's native language. A native language is a person's blueprint for their voice. Native languages seperate the human race. What if languages were decreased to just English, and no another language exisited. People would mirror each other, and have no idea of diversity. People would be in shambles. There are so many different languages in the world to limit people to one language....   [tags: Language] 1471 words
(4.2 pages)
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Language Acquisition Principles - ... When this method is used, the teacher is able to gradually pass more independence on to the student, resulting in growth in language acquisition. This is done by the teacher modeling and describing what is being said which guides the student. Through the built-in routines of response and feedback, with corresponding revision and editing, students are scaffolded to a much higher level of performance than they could have achieved otherwise (Peregoy, p.100). This process is called multiple, embedded scaffolds and I see it as being possible to use with both written and spoken English....   [tags: Language ]
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Learning A Second Language - Introduction Learning a language is quite possibly one of the most difficult and time- consuming endeavors a person could ever undertake. Therefore, it comes as no surprise, that a limited number of second languages are taught in schools across the western world, and languages are sometimes failed to be passed on to children growing up in a different country than their parents did. Even in Canada, an officially bilingual country, only 15% of Canadians speak English and one unofficial language (Statistics Canada 2008) and in America, only 21% of the population is versed in two languages (Logan, 2003)....   [tags: Language]
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Making English The Official Language - ... King suggests that the American people should just relax and luxuriate in our linguistic richness and our tolerance of the different languages (443). Robert D. King also states that language poses no threat to the American unity (443). However, despite his opinion and the opinion of others we need to make English the official language. The effort to making English the official language in the United States has so far been unsuccessful. In order to prevent America from heading down the road to wasteful government expenses, language battles that fuel ethnic resentments, and eventually ethnic and linguistic separatist movements, America needs to make a change....   [tags: Language]
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Language Acquisition and Acculturation - ... Tan changes her language to fit that of her mother and husband. When at home, there is a simpler language that she uses to communicate with the family members (Diyanni 633-639). Language is influenced by the people who surround someone and also affect the manner in which one applies his or her grammar. Tan finds difficulty in being proficient in Language because the kind of English they speak with her mother is almost native and it is the same language she uses in her first novel until her mother says it is easy to read....   [tags: Language ]
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Studying Language Abroad - 0. Studying Language Abroad Being exposed to a different culture is a great way to learn a certain foreign language. This is why many students are encouraged to study abroad rather than stay in their countries to when it comes to linguistic education. Staying in their classrooms and being supplied with limited amount of information can be rather dull for a student. However, he is bound for an unrestricted learning experience when given the chance to study abroad. The student will benefit in learning English more by going to an English school in USA....   [tags: Language] 3221 words
(9.2 pages)
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Infant Language Development - ... Signifying within sensorimotor stage, between birth and two years, the child’s development is too reflexive. Gleitman, Fridlund and Reisberg (2004) discuss the critical period hypothesis and suggest the young brain being more suited to acquisition than the adult brain. Lenneberg (1967) (as cited in Gleitman et al 2004) advocates, brain maturation closes language acquisition capacity window. Kuhl (2010) identified, within the critical period babies develop neural connections that commit to the native language....   [tags: Language ]
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Developing Language Acquisitions - ... The articles entails that learning a second language requires various concepts, so in order to make learning effective, but simple first ensure instruction develops a rich-repertoire of formulaic expressions, second, instruction should ensure that learners focus predominantly on meaning. These first two principles teachers can apply to their personal situation because teaching students to formulate groups of standard words first, focus on meaning; then what an individual is trying to say. This may formulate learning English easier for students and teaching slightly simpler for the teacher....   [tags: Language ]
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Language, Culture and Meal Times. - ... After this, my sister and I carry on the conversation, keeping the tone light and atmosphere casual, we gossip or share news and recounts of the day. The content of this is highly unstructured and most conversations consist of stand-alone sentences like, “The new ‘song of the week’ is brilliant”. These are independent to our personal experiences, Discourses and knowledge but regardless of this, we keep the tone of these conversations moderate and try not to overuse body language in respect to our parents....   [tags: Language]
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Esperanto: The Development of an International Language - According to the Bible: …The whole world had one language and a common speech…Then they said, ‘come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth. (Gen. 11.1, 4) It was at the tower of Babel that the linguistic nations were born, for it was there that all shared a single language, until God stepped into their united project “to reach the heavens” and confused their communications (Gen....   [tags: Language ]
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Language Change in Humor Magazines - ... MAD became revolutionary for the widespread of printed comedy. The magazine began as a comic with its legendary lead man, Alfred E. Newman. From there founders Harvey Kurtzman and William Gaines started adding articles which criticized popular trends of the time (Gaines). The kinds of articles Kurtzman and Gaines published were primarily those of politics and other worldly events, but the problem with these kinds of articles was that the language used was unlike that of a comic, so it had to change....   [tags: Language ]
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One Nation, One Language - ... For instance, he believes that residents in Brooklyn are from different ethnicities. But they all speak their mother tongues, and none of them is a threat to our common culture. Krauthammer claims that “He [Brooklyn resident] may speak it in the street and proudly teach it to his children”, but he knows very well that “learning English” is the “gateway to American life” (707). By providing these facts he believes that the American traditions will be preserved from cultural diversities if English is recognized as the official language....   [tags: Language ]
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Language as Connectivity in a Group - Language is a crucial part of how people in a group show their solidarity to each other. Discuss Through the use of language, each member of a group is able to construct and reflect their identity. Through the language features present in slang and jargon, users are able to communicate their social identity and group belonging. They are also able to portray their cultural heritage and background through ethnolect varieties of English. Language plays a crucial part in enabling the speaker to communicate belonging to a specific social group, reinforcing solidarity....   [tags: Language] 1101 words
(3.1 pages)
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Essentials of the English Language - As children, we learn to read and write the typical English language taught to us by our elementary school teachers. Although we are fully capable of speaking and writing it, we are not fully aware of the ways the english language has been used to trick and deceive us. Language is misused in many different ways, and it is rarely identified by the average citizen. According to some known authors, like William Lutz, Donna Woolfolk, William Zinsser and others, language is being used to manipulate the minds of the average citizen....   [tags: Language]
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Language Aquisition: Theoretical Approaches - ... This approach would make use of flash cards, meaning that Isabelle would be able to associate the words with the pictures or objects, benefiting from the sight and sound of the words. This approach could also make use of food for language connotation allowing Isabelle to benefit from the taste, touch, texture, sound and sight of the food for example the practitioner could give her an apple and say the word apple, at the same time allowing her to taste it. This method could also pave way for Isabelle and her mother to communicate through the use of makaton or sign language by use of a computer with the signs on it where her mother could press the button and the computer would say the words....   [tags: Language ]
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Noam Chomsky's Impact on Language - Modern day linguistics has seen the arrival of many different viewpoints of language. Beginning with Noam Chomsky, unquestionably one of the most influential figures in recent linguistics, new theories and ideas have been introduced at a rapid rate. In part due to his status as a revitalizer in the field, but also due to his often controversial theories, Chomsky maintains a place at the center of this discussion. His search for a universal grammar and criticism of pure descriptivism have informed generations of research....   [tags: Language]
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Language Test Analysis - ... 4. Instructions for candidates Were lucid and to point, except for the lexicons defining the range and level of vocabulary that were used. The problem was rather attitude as the Irish subject found the Zulu text foreign, and the Jamaican couldn’t describe concisely their traditional wedding ceremony. This was due to the form of English spoken in Jamaica. 5. Quality of individual test items (e.g. ambiguous or not) The Text selected was suitably relevant for the subjects concerned as they were universal themes....   [tags: Language ]
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The Development of Language and Memory Recall - ... Anthony and Francis (2005) stated that the timetable for infant language development could be best understood if researchers were able to identify which aspects of development are strictly biological, and which areas of development are most influenced by the environment. The ability to obtain a vocabulary and then increase that vocabulary is linked to memory. Short term memory allows the brain to temporarily store information. To move information (such as vocabulary terms or sound recognition) from short term to long term memory, the terms must be practiced or rehearsed....   [tags: Language ]
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English as the Official Language - ... A recent study conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau lead to the discovery that legal and illegal immigrants gained more than one million jobs between 2008 and 2010 even as millions of American citizens were losing their jobs during that same time period. Shocking, is it not. They lower the working standards and conditions for Americans and America should have control over who enters their country, or it will cease to exist. Another manner, in which these immigrants affect the economy on a negative scale, is the huge amount of subsidiaries for their medical care, schooling and housing which cost billions of dollars per year....   [tags: Language ]
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Development of the English Language - ... 50). Finally, the Modern and Late Modern English periods (Beal, J. 2012, p. 50) start in the mid 18th century with the Industrial Revolution in Britain when English becomes increasingly the lingua-franca of commerce, technology and communications. Significantly, during this period new varieties of English emerged such as 'Singlish' in Singapore (DVD ROM, 2012) and Creoles in Jamaica (Leith, D. and Seargeant, P. 2012, pp. 130-133), exploiting 'code switching', that is the use of both English and local words in speech....   [tags: Language ]
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Frege's Interpretation of Language - Logic generally arises from argumentation, involving the study of reason and the forms it may take when presented as an argument. In determining the logical value of an argument, one must effectively assess the relations between objects and concepts put forth in a thought. However, thoughts themselves are inaccessible to anyone but the self as they exist only in the consciousness. To express such a thought, one must employ the tool of language, formulating thoughts and ideas into words so that they may be shared with a community....   [tags: Language] 1430 words
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Phraseology: Language and Success in Life - ... I found that over time my speech changed with my experience. At my first employer I spoke to individuals as equals. Usually speaking to someone as an equal gains respect, but considering my age, the more tenure employees viewed me as arrogant. I had to change the way I spoke to the adults so that I could gain their confidence and trust. With employees in my age group I would continue speaking as equals utilizing common vocabulary for teenagers at that time. Eventually as I grew, so did my job preferences....   [tags: Language]
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The Birth of the English Language - ... 2012, p. 50). Finally, the Modern and Late Modern English periods (Beal, J. 2012, p. 50) start in the mid 18th century with the Industrial Revolution in Britain and English becoming increasingly the lingua-franca globally of commerce, technology and communications. Significantly during this period new varieties of English emerged such as 'Singlish' in Singapore (DVD ROM, 2012) and Creoles in Jamaica (Leith, D. and Seargeant, P. 2012, pp. 130-133), with 'code switching', using both English and local words in speech....   [tags: Language ]
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Gender Differences in the Japanese Language - In Japan, men and women speck differently. The Japanese language has gender difference that is still prevalent in modern Japan even though it has grown less and less clear in polite conversation. Women in modern Japan do speak m ore politely compare to men. The Japanese language feature elements that make women’s speech sound polite and feminine. Meanwhile, men’s speech sound less polite and masculine. The language difference between genders reinforces Japanese social norms and this examined in particular to the Japanese marriage relationships....   [tags: Language ] 1744 words
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English Language and Literature - ... Taylor (n.d) defines history as part of our existence. While Foucault identifies history with the past and the documents containing such information, Taylor (n.d) identifies history as a field correlated to the trauma that forms part of human existence. According to Taylor (n.d) history is part of human existence and it should be referenced according to the events that took part in the past years. This means that it should never be separated in terms of durations of discontinuities, but it should rather form part of the existence....   [tags: Language ]
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The Language Gap - ... Scientists refer to these first words as holophrases because " a single word often conveys an entire sentence's worth of meaning" (Sigelman, C. & Rider, E., 2009, pg. 279). In the beginning, language acquisition is a slower process, and words are gained one at a time. It may take 3 or 4 months before a child has a vocabulary of 10 or so words. However, this soon speeds up after about 18 months old and the rate of word learning doubles so that at 20 months they are producing an average of 150 words (Sigelman, C....   [tags: Language Development, Mastering Language] 1521 words
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How Children Learn Language: Neurobiological Insights Into Language Acquisition During Childhood. - ... Bruner explains that if we observe a child closely, their interaction with the adults around them constantly provide them with a large quantity of information from which they could learn language. Along with this the child begins to recognise and link a series of predictable action with the language that would be used. Eventually the child wills move from a passive role to a more active role such as imitating the caregivers’ actions and eventually their language. Through this the child is able to learn both the language and the daily motions in life which provides a context in which to use this acquired language....   [tags: Language ]
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The Challenge of a Computer Representation of Sign Language: Capturing a “Visual-Spatial” Language Electronically - ... Much promising work is currently underway by researchers in the fields of linguistics, education, and computer science. SignWriting faces some opposition. Some do not see the need for a written form of sign language. They argue that SignWriting will further isolate the sign language-using deaf by focusing literacy efforts away from traditional written languages like English. Furthermore, many deaf individuals successfully learn written languages as well as signed. Why bother to learn an additional written language, especially one that has such a small number of users, both in and out of the deaf community....   [tags: Language ]
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The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition - ... However, Brown (1980) stated that acculturation is the main defining factor regarding the critical period. He proposed the Optimal Distance Model, defining acculturation as the most optimal stance to acquire a second language for a second language learner. Brown (1980) also suggested that there is a certain period within acculturation for learners to master the second language and that is the Optical Period (Brown, 1980). Cultural adjustment or acculturation come about in four stages based on sociological researches: the honeymoon/euphoria stage, the culture shock stage, the anomie stage, and the recovery stage....   [tags: Language ]
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Critical Age in First Language Acquisition - 1.0 Introduction Language is a set of arbitrary symbols which used for communication. Children will be taught or learn their first language from birth. Sometimes the term native language and the term mother tongue are used to indicate the term first language. Possessing a language is the quintessentially human trait: all normal humans speak, no nonhuman animal does.(Pinker, 2005) Nonetheless, learning a first language is something every child does successfully, in a matter of a few years and without the need for formal lessons....   [tags: Language ]
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The Sun Never Sets on the English Language - ... Many major universities across Europe teach at least half of their courses in English because it brings in so many international students and this poses the idea that common language is needed for international education (Carvajal 1-2). It’s practical for the citizens of tomorrow to speak English because it will give them passage into the future cosmopolitan society which includes the global economy and world politics. Fragments of English have been spread around the world and with each new culture our language encounters it becomes more and more ‘personalized’ to the culture (Crystal 1)....   [tags: Language ]
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English - The Most Important Second Language - ... This means that it is easier for students to learn a language by solving problems that are presented by the environment. Hence it is not enough only to focus on specific linguistic items but also to give students opportunities for learning through classroom - activities. Additionally Camoron points out, that "foreign language learners who depend on their teachers and texts for most of their exposure and input, will not,..., develop across the full range of the foreign language" (2003, p.16)....   [tags: Language ]
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Bilingual Language Acquisition Beginning in Infancy - Bilingual Language Acquisition Beginning in Infancy Abstract The purpose of this paper is to determine how infants and small children are able to acquire more than one language at the same time before they reach the age of three years old. In order to be bilingual does the infant's mother have to be bilingual or can it be taught from a caretaker not associated with the family. This paper will begin with how languages are organized in the brain of infants and what influences the brain. Bilingual Language Acquisition Beginning in Infancy Introduction How one acquires the skill to be bilingual has been a subject of interest to me especially during the infancy stage....   [tags: Language]
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An Early Start to Foreign Language Learning - ... Therese Caccavale, President of the National Network for Early Language Learning (NNELL), discusses that when immersion programs are well thought-out, research has shown they can be equally effective for both younger and older students to achieve bilingualism. Although not everyone is open to programs being incorporated into today’s elementary schools. People have argued that it is too difficult to learn a foreign language and it should be reserved for exceptional children among the fortunate....   [tags: Language ]
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English: The Official Language of the United States - ... King suggests that the American people should just relax and luxuriate in our linguistic richness and our tolerance of the different languages. Robert D. King also states that language poses no threat to the American unity. However, despite his opinion and the opinion of others we need to make English the official language. The efforts to making English the official language in the United States have been so far unsuccessful. In order to stop America from heading down the road to wasteful government expenses, language battles that fuel ethnic resentments, and in the long run ethnic and linguistic separatist movements, America needs to make a change....   [tags: Language ]
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Why English Should be the National Language - ... Immigrant children get assimilated through the school system, but their parents do not have the same opportunity to assimilate. This leaves the children to be translator for their parents. In order to help immigrants to succeed, the United States needs to not only assimilate the children, but also help the adults who have a harder time learning a new language. Through helping the immigrants learn English, Americans are ensuring that not only will the immigrants prosper, but the United States as well because she will have workers who are better skilled and are able to understand each other....   [tags: Language ]
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An Examination of the Dogme Method of Language acquisition in English Language Teaching - Initially Dogme is a filmmaking technique established in 1995 by a group of Danish directors when they tried to create more successful films with fewer preparations. Meddings and Thornbury (2009, 104) state that “Dogme demands that no props are introduced to the authentic film location…and the sole use of hand-held camera”. Eventually this technique was obtained as a teaching method since sometimes teachers may face a lack of materials which can be a loss of electricity source that could affect a lesson based on listening or at least affect photocopying materials for students....   [tags: Language ] 1378 words
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Research Methodology on Natural Language Processing - Research methodology on Natural Language Processing: The main aim of this project is to research on the integration of “Natural Language Processing “ and information systems engineering to enhance query retrieval in natural language processing. Defining a research methodology: The definition of research methodology includes two parts: - Research definition - Methodology Research: It is defined as a thorough and organized query or investigation on a particular theme to revise or determine the facts, theories, applications and so on....   [tags: Language]
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Who Are English Language Learner Students? - ... ELLs may not know many of the words that are the foundation of children’s early vocabulary, and they may need more explicit teaching and support than English-only students in order to learn new English vocabulary words. Research shows that visual aids and manipulatives supplement verbal explanations, and using gestures and facial expressions clarify word meaning. This provides opportunity for children to repeatedly say words aloud and establishes a clear phonological representation of the words....   [tags: Language ]
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Discuss the roles of Language and Reason in History - ... What role does the ability to reason play in this. Language, even though it may have evolved from a single mother language, has uncountable variations in the world today. Many texts may translate word to word from one language to another resulting in a significant change of meaning. As I learn French as a second language at school, a lot of times I tend to think in English and then write and speak in French. Our teacher explains how by doing that I may change the meaning entirely of what I want to express....   [tags: Language ]
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Studying MSC in Speech and Language Processing - The Capabilities and Limitations of Current Practical Applications of Computational Linguistics Introduction Although the field of Computational Linguistics is relatively new, it contains several sub-areas reflecting practical applications in the field. For example, automatic translation is one of the main components of Computational Linguistics. It can be considered as an independent subject because people who work on this domain are not necessarily experts in the other domains of CL. However, what connects them is the fact that all of these subjects use computers as a tool to deal with human language....   [tags: Language ]
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Language Acquisition Principles for ELL Students - Language Acquisition Principles for ELL Students Abstract Within this paper we will take a brief look at the Language Acquisition Principles and how they work on the behalf of ELL students. We will see how these principles can be applied within our own learning environment. There is much information from Walqui article that gives a brief overview of ELL students and how things looked in the past for these students. Now that times has change we will see how educators can make the requirements for ELL students better and more effective for teacher and students....   [tags: Language]
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Adolescent Writers in Second Language Situations - ... governments accountability and their standard-driven context on the writing experiences of multilingual writers in the linguistically diverse high school classrooms. Qualitative data from 12 ninth grade subject-matter classes were examined to note how uses of writing in subject-matter classrooms reflected or contradicted district standards and accountability efforts, and how these practices socialized multilingual learners into particular norms for academic writing in English. Results suggest that classroom practices related to the current standards and accountability climate were socializing adolescent multilingual writers into narrow and restrictive norms for academic writing, with the most restrictive norms occurring in the classes with the greatest enrollment of multilingual writers....   [tags: Language ]
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On Vagueness of The English Language and a Proposal to Remove It. - A problem long plaguing the English language, and all spoken communication for that matter, has been the ambiguity between one's own understanding of what they are talking about as opposed to another party's own understanding of the same terms or concepts. There is no way to fully impart your thoughts to another and know for certain that the complete concept was received. The mere act of speaking instantly changes the idea as soon as it is translated through the others ears and matched to their own meanings to the words....   [tags: Language ] 975 words
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Times Have Changed. Has Language? - The English language is a very strange and complex being. Many things have an effect on it, namely communication technology and science. Science brings new technologies, and in turn, language grows right alongside it. With this technology, communication has become an effortless task in the modern era, and is still advancing—yet simplifying more. English is relentlessly being reformed, and there one must embrace this fact to its fullest. To start, one must examine the growth of science because it plays a major role in the English language....   [tags: Language] 686 words
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Language Acquisition - ... A theory averting from Piagets’ work is by the American Linguist Noam Chomsky. He believed that language is innate, skills governed by inborn programmes (Mason). Noam claimed that we are all born with a set of rules, known as Universal Grammar, which every human encompasses and differences in languages is just a variation of the use of this rule. He believed this, as he found that children still had the ability to effectively and correctly learn language even though most people when they speak continuously make mistakes, change their minds or use abbreviations....   [tags: Language Acquisition] 1370 words
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What are the effects of learning a second language in adulthood? - ... A study conducted by Linck, Kroll, and Sunderman in 2009 revealed that immersion greatly affects the learning of a second language in adulthood. This study tested twenty-five American students studying abroad in Spanish speaking countries, and three hundred students in traditional classrooms, both with equal proficiency in each respective language, on their ability to use their native tongue versus their second language. The challenge was to name as many objects or ideas that fit in a given category, first in English, then in Spanish....   [tags: Language]
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Maintenance Bilingual Education for Heritage Language Learners - ... The paradox that the heritage language student faces is while in elementary their home language (Spanish) is remediated but once they reach secondary level they are expected to enroll and learn a foreign language, most commonly Spanish (Cummins, 2005a). Research Question This research intends to focus on the benefits heritage Spanish speakers acquire from a dual language immersion program. This paper will expand on the goals (stated above) of DLI and synthesize the specific benefits heritage language students will experience....   [tags: Language ]
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Education: The Imperative Need for Earlier Foreign Language Study - ... It is safe to assume then, that learning a foreign language will improve standardized test scores that involve weighted reading and writing sections. And paired with the realization that children who study a second language at young age will have an easier time, it is nearly impossible to deny allowing foreign language study in our primary schools. In general, it will be easier for kids to learn a second language. They may not have a developed-enough brain to acquire a large vocabulary, but Children have a natural inclination to explore language and imitate sounds (Long, Bongaerts, Planken, & Schils)....   [tags: Language ]
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Summary/Analysis: Is Language the Key to Human Intelligence? - The article Is Language the Key to Human Intelligence. , Written by David Premack a professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, explains how humans have displayed their intelligence through language, unlike animals whose language, (any) hasn’t evolved at all. Premack uses examples such as grammar and syntax of the human language and explains the uniqueness and evolution of language over time. He claims humans have humans have six symbols system: “two that evolved- the genetic code and spoken language- and four that we invented: written language, Arabic numerals, music notation, and lab notation (a system for coding choreography)”....   [tags: Language]
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Evolution of the English Language and the Emergence of “World Englishes” - ... This addition of a large number of French words is what contributes to the superficial appearance modern English has of being Romance language like French or Spanish. English of this period, known as “Middle English”, and examples of this are available in writings of the famous poet Chaucer. Towards the end of the era known as “Middle English”, in the 16th century an event occurred that linguists have dubbed “the great vowel shift”. This event caused a sudden change in the pronunciation of English words, producing shorter pronunciation of most vowels....   [tags: Language ]
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Language Choice Patterns of Young Cross-Cultural Couples - ... Intercultural relationships, however, are often perceived as are fragile and likely unsuccessful. This popular voice is in a way confirmed by policy: a recent European legislation is aiming to make the life of 16 millions of intermarriages and legal relationships easier by simplifying the divorce procedure and the division of goods (European Commission 2011). While a number of practical and culturally embedded factors indeed make intercultural relationships challenging and vulnerable, there are many positive aspects of this kind of unions....   [tags: Language]
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How Language Deficiency Relates to Antisocial Behavior - ... At the age of twelve months toddlers should be saying one to two words and recognizing sounds. Usually the first signs of a language deficiency aren’t found until the ages of three to eight. At that time a speech therapist should be contacted to assist in the curing process. The earlier the problem is identified the better the chances of curing it are. If not handled then the child could grow up and be a threat to society due to antisocial behavior. According to some studies individuals with antisocial behavior disorders are responsible for about half of all crimes committed....   [tags: Language ]
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English Language as a Medium of Instruction for Science and Mathematics in Malaysia - ... Educators claimed that they have difficulties of teaching Mathematics and Science in English. Hudson (2009) point out that previously teachers were trained under Malay medium, so they had to change for teaching Mathematics and Science content in English. In addition, English is not their mother tongue; some teachers have difficulty to communicate in English. So they tried to explain in their mother tongue to make their students understand the content well. Research of Mohamad Fadhili et al. (2009) also demonstrate, 85.1% of respondents had problem in explaining concepts in English language, and 81.8% admitted to usages Malay language in class to give explanations to their students....   [tags: Language ]
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Attitudes of Iranian English Language Teachers towards the Use of Persian in EFL Classrooms at Private Language Institutes in Tehran - ... The primary goal of this study is to find evidence to support the theory that in contrast to what they say in teacher training courses at private language institutes, L1 can facilitate L2 acquisition and to reject the existing notion that L1 acts as an obstacle. Definition of Key Terms English as a foreign language (EFL): The use of English by a non-native English speaker in a country where English is not spoken natively. English is primarily learned in a classroom setting, such as in Iran....   [tags: Language ]
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Language functions as told through figure skating: What skating can teach us about language. - Anthropologist Dr. William Beeman described the six basic language functions in humans as follows: recognition, storage, physical generation, writing, discourse and expressive culture (lecture presentation, January 19, 2010). Each of these functions plays a part in how language is used. Drawing on Beeman’s lectures and personal experience, I will demonstrate how creating and performing an ice-skating free-style routine highlights each of the six language functions in use. The first language function is that of recognition....   [tags: Language]
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Question: A Critical Review of Lindholm, K. J. & Padilla, A. M. (1977). Language Mixing in Bilingual Children. Journal Child Laguage 5 327-335. - Nowadays, knowing more than one language is important not only just with communication in a multi-culture society like Australia but it also contribute in individual career. Therefore, children are born ready to become bilingual and language learner. Bilingual, according to Kessler (1997) is defined as “the alternate use or more language within the same individual” (p.17). Young children who are acquiring two languages simultaneously from birth appear to mix language at the word level, utterance level and across in small conversation level....   [tags: Language ]
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Taking Advantage of One’s Early Years: Learning a Second Language - ... In the article, he counter argues a claim, made by a teacher, who stated, “Children don’t learn grammar faster but they learn vocabulary faster.” He goes against this claim by explaining how he thinks that in the native tongue, the vocabulary associated with medical school is very difficult. The courses Anatomy and Physiology are prerequisites for pre-med and pre-RN concentrations. If it is the case that children learn vocabulary faster than adults, than native speaking children should do more exceptional at these courses over adult; however, this is not the case....   [tags: Language ]
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Old Dogs and New Tricks: What About a Second Language? - ... For example, they found that, for adult learners (age 18 to 40), the age at which they began learning their second language was not as important as their ability to grasp and function within the language – which is largely a factor of education and motivation, rather than an age-related effect. Con Side Hakuta, Bialystok and Wiley (2003) assert that a theory of a critical period of language learning should be based on the ideas that there are periods of development when the brain is better suited to learning language, and that, outside of that period, learners will not be able to reach the same level of proficiency as learners within the critical period....   [tags: Language ]
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Differences in Expression of Politeness in Making Requests in English and in Chinese Language - Politeness is known as a courteous manner that displays respects, show deference in society where people live and communicate together (OED online). Furthermore, according to Brown and Levinson (19780, politeness theory is the speaker’s expressions use toward receiver in soft manner of Face Threaten Acts (FTAs) to saving face of addressees. There are four main strategies in politeness theory as: bald-on record, positive politeness, negative politeness and off record. Bald- on record, a type is commonly with people known each other very well and very comfortable in their environment, is reduce the impact of FTAs....   [tags: Language ]
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The Effect of Motivation on Language Learning - The concept of motivation has been the subject of many studies and is considered a crucial determinant of successful achievement in the field of language learning. A motivating learning environment has to support the education process. It generates learning initially and later will guide the process of acquiring a target language (Cheng & Dornyei, 2007). Teachers have long recognized that motivation is centered to problem-solving in education. Motivation is the key factor in getting students involved in the learning process and in keeping them engaged at their level of academic performance (Oliver, 1995)....   [tags: foreign language, languages, ] 987 words
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