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A Comparison of the Economic Philosophies of Smith, Mill, and Marx - ... We now move on to a different economical thinker, John Stuart Mill. Mill was born in London, England in the 19th century, the son of another economist, James Mill, John Stuart Mill was caste to be a protege of sorts, in terms of his potential genius intellect and the intent of his father, for Mill to carry on his cause. Mill followed through with the wishes of his father, and became a key contributor to the cause of social theory and political economy. Around the time of Mill's birth, Britain was entering what would be deemed as the "imperial century" a century of dominance, in which it expanded its imperial holdings across the world....   [tags: Economics ]
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The Communist Manifesto - ... Marx (1998) noted, “German philosophers, would-be philosophers, and beaux esprits (men of letters), eagerly seized on this literature, only forgetting that when these writings immigrated from France into Germany, French social conditions had not immigrated along with them.” (p.27). Despite this acknowledgement, Marx connoted from preceding criticisms that his communistic ideas were universally applicable. On a global scale, this was not the case. Factually speaking, the majority of citizens of communistic countries suffer through the commonly accepted fears of civilization such as poverty, war, and hunger....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Marx] 1892 words
(5.4 pages)
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Marx's Account of the Relationship Between Technological and Political Change - Marx's Account of the Relationship Between Technological and Political Change "The windmill will give you a society with the feudal lord, the steam mill a society with the industrial capitalist.[1]" This quote, from Marx’s Poverty of Philosophy, shows us that there is a link in Marx’s writing between technological change, or the methods of production, and political change, or the structure of society. One of the most important concepts used by Marx to show this relationship is his idea of ‘historical materialism’ and all forms of change must be set in the context of this version of history....   [tags: Papers] 1180 words
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Can Marx's Theory of History Be Truly Scientific? - Karl Marx is one of the most influential figures in history. Since his death and the widespread distribution of his works, his legacy has affected almost everybody alive on the planet today. He has had a huge influence on the arts: Literature, art, theatre, film and even music. Peter Singer, in his book about Marx likened his impact on the world to that of Jesus or Mohammed. His biggest influence, however, has been on the world of politics. One very small example of this could be the Welfare State which exists in the UK; we owe the idea such institutions as pensions, free education, health care and social security benefits to Marx....   [tags: Philosophy] 2189 words
(6.3 pages)
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Marxist Thoughts and Its Application to Society - ... After quickly becoming central to the circle of the group, Marx was recognised for his excellent level of intelligence He engaged in rhetoric and expressed a clear understanding of the Hegelian ways (Mehring, 2003: 18). Other than the theoretical groundings Marx gained from the study of Hegelianism (to which would be used in his own philosophy), his meeting with Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-72), a previous student of Hegel, who was key to some of the Marxism we know today. Feuerbach would be one of the most important figures in post-Hegelian period....   [tags: Sociology, Marx, Engels] 2699 words
(7.7 pages)
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Legalizing Drug Use - ... Private property is what causes the worker to become alienated with his daily work (Marx [1884], 575). This happens because the property owners always want to acquire more goods and one way to do this is to have more private property whether it is a bigger house, more land, or money. To get more private property, that person is going to have to make more money so they will be focused on finding ways to exploit their workers. This could happen by lowering their wage so they get more of the profit....   [tags: Philosophy, Marx, Mill, Locke] 2265 words
(6.5 pages)
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Communism vs. Hegelism - ... The constant throughout this is the continual move toward a freer citizenry. Marx, whose philosophical journey began after Hegel’s, agreed wholeheartedly with the findings Hegel made. When describing history within his Communist Manifesto he states that “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marx 369). The Communist Manifesto was Marx’s declaration of how the future of human civilization would be shaped, and how history was created. In each class struggle, Marx noticed a struggle for freedom....   [tags: Philosophy, Hegel, Marx] 1694 words
(4.8 pages)
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Work, Civilization, and Realization of Humanity - Karl Marx believes that animals are not distinct from their life activity, and that what distinguishes man from animals is that he, instead of being the same as his life activity, treats his life activity only as an object of his will and consciousness. Yet private ownership of means of production (land, machine, raw material, etc.) leads to alienation of labor, which makes work as a life activity that is anti-human. Thus he advocates communism, which gives an end to alienation of labor by letting every man share the ownership of means of production....   [tags: Marx, philosophy, Freud, ] 2105 words
(6 pages)
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Modern Life and Industrialization in Marx, Chaplin and Dickens - Solutions to Singularity and Industrialization In an attempt to propel the quality and way of life forward by means of efficiency and advancement of technology, industrialization destroys many intrinsic characteristics of society and individual that makes us unique. The good purposes that industrialization intended to set forth is often co-opt by its trade offs. Its effects therefore are diametrically opposed to its original intent. The texts Hard Times by Charles Dickens, Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Modern Times by Chaplin therefore offer critiques and "cures" to the problems of industrialization....   [tags: World Literature] 972 words
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Innovation and Knowledge - ... The Design Council - The Creative Conundrum (2006). It would seem then that innovation applied to a business, to leverage company growth, create, and sustain a competitive advantage, and least of all for company survival can be expected to be worthwhile. What is more, it appears that over the last decade in particular more and more businesses seem to have realised the benefits innovation can bring, (Design Council’s design industry five year-survey 2005-2010 reported an increase in UK design engineers of 29%, and that despite the recession)....   [tags: History, Marx, Schumpeter, Kondratieff] 1755 words
(5 pages)
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Sir Karl Popper - Sir Karl Popper Sir Karl Popper's intent in "Science: Conjectures and Refutations" from Klemke's Philosophy of Science is to fortify distinctions between the classes (and, we suppose, the quality) of intellectual discourse in his era, distinctions which were far less precise then than they are today. Popper's argument, in essence, maintains that a number of scientific theories are pseudoscientific at best, owing to the "anything goes" nature of their power to explain. The broad acceptance of such theories owes much to the satisfaction derived from their proponents in using them to justify a preferred response, whatever the data or observations truly imply....   [tags: Philosophy of Science Klemke Essays] 975 words
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Marx's Failure to Predict the Future but Its Useful Insight Into the Past - Marx's Failure to Predict the Future but Its Useful Insight Into the Past Marxism was first coined by Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Frederich Engels (1820-1895). It’s both a theory and practice based on a scientific method of thought called historical dialectal materialism, meaning there is no one clear answer to a question, instead the theory is based on a certain amount of variables that are always restricted and so most of these theories are limited. Through this historical materialism Marx and other Marxists through time have studied the development of forms of social organisation and consciousness, how they have succeeded one another in history and their interconnections with the development of the forces of production mobilised by social formations at each stage in the unfolding of history....   [tags: Papers] 2359 words
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Analysis of the Main Strengths and Weaknesses of Marx’s Sociological Thought - Analysis of the Main Strengths and Weaknesses of Marx’s Sociological Thought “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” Marx and Engels (1967, p.67) Born in 1818, Karl Marx, using his philosophical and socialist ideas, attempted to show how conflict and struggle in social development were important in the development of a society. The works of Marx were influenced by three distinct intellectual traditions: German idealist philosophy, French socialism and British political economy....   [tags: Papers] 1663 words
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Marx’s Communist Manifesto and Conrad’s Heart of Darkness - Marx’s Communist Manifesto and Conrad’s Heart of Darkness      From social relationships to political power structures, all aspects of society were changed by the technology innovations of the industrial revolution. Manufacturing goods on a mass scale led to the development of an entirely new worker who’s success now depended on his ability to operate machines rather than his talent as a craftsman. The steam engine revolutionized modes of transportation: trains and railroads were implemented everywhere and steamboats facilitated cross-oceanic trade and exploration....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1709 words
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Advocates for a New Social Order: Dickens, Marx, and the Trade Union in Hard Times - Advocates for a New Social Order: Dickens, Marx, and the Trade Union in Hard Times For over a century, Charles Dickens has been praised as being the working man's advocate, and the lower classes have played a major role in peopling his vast world of characters. Always, the reader is left with a sense of sympathy and pity for these characters as Dickens' journalistic descriptions of their plight are often dramatic, stirring, and pathetic. Although he renders the living conditions of the poor in such a way that no reader can escape feeling sympathy for such characters, Dickens never once offers a solution to such distress....   [tags: Dickens Society Class Essays]
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Man's Identity According to Nietszche in Comparison to Marx's and Society's Definition - Man's Identity According to Nietszche in Comparison to Marx's and Society's Definition Friedrich Nietzsche wrote The Anti-Christ as a response to his own outrage concerning man's Christian-influenced values on life. Nietzsche saw Christianity as the leading cause of the problems with mankind. All the teachings of Christianity were contrary to the ways in which Nietzsche felt man should act and behave. His focus in The Anti-Christ is on this fact that Christianity is the root of all that is wrong with the world....   [tags: Papers] 1038 words
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Modern Communism - Modern Communism Banners of Marx, Engles, Lenin, Stalin (USSR) Karl Marx never saw his ideals and beliefs, as the founding father of communist thought, implemented in the world and society because he died in 1883.1 The communist ideology did not rise to power until the beginning of the 20th century. Then it would be implemented and put into practice in the largest country in the world producing a concept that would control half of the world’s population in less than 50 years. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, searched for a perfect society living in equality and united in freedom....   [tags: Communism Politics Marx Essays]
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What defines an individual’s social class? - ... An individual’s “amount of compensation varies widely according to how they related to the production process,” (Purrucci and Wysong 146) which explains why the President of McDonalds earns significantly more than the hourly waged worker who works in the restaurant taking orders from the customers. “Income does not confer prestige,” (Davis and Moore 81) because, although income contributes to an individual’s social class, it only has substance if he or she has “a stable job and income.” (Purrucci and Wysong 153) A loss of a job or change in pay can allow a person to move up or down in social class....   [tags: Psychology, Marx, Weber, Purrucci, Wysong] 1207 words
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Capitalism vs. Communism - Capitalism vs. Communism The Influence of the Communist Manifesto on the Development of Industrial Capitalism The Communist Manifesto left a tremendous impact on a society that was rapidly becoming industrialized, and its effects can even be seen on the dominating economic system of the twentieth century. In the later nineteenth century, however, industrial capitalism was on the brink of ruin. “On many occasions during the past century, Marxists have thought that capitalism was down for the count ....   [tags: History Government Marx Essays] 1236 words
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Changes in Class and the Labor Force within Society - Changes in Class and the Labor Force within Society Introduction: Though the Industrial Revolution changed the course of modern history, the consequences that accompanied it divided society. The radical change in the division of class and labor within society because of industrialization disgusted many who witnessed it, including Karl Marx. Their contempt for the new composition of class and labor led to intellectuals proposing improvements and reversing changes, through their writings to the masses, introduced by the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: History Marx Communism Essays]
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Significant People During the Industrial Revolution - Significant People During the Industrial Revolution As the Industrial Revolution was occurring, numerous changes were occurring. Workers were not receiving fair treatment. They were working long hours and getting paid very little money. The working class felt that they were not receiving equal treatment and equal pay for what they were offering to society. Yet some individuals, such as the owners of companies, were profiting from this movement. But the inequalities that existed caused Marx, along with Engels, to write the Communist Manifesto....   [tags: History Economics Marx Essays]
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A Costly “Free Market”: Forever Climbing Debt - “Hitherto, every form of society has been based on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes.” Karl Marx. The irony around the term “free market” is blatant but constantly overlooked. As inflation grows to dangerous sizes, our currency system is inevitably bound to devalue the dollar steadily until its abolishment and replacement. “Modern Money Mechanics” is an eventually failing process of loans, debt and intrest that will never balance, only worsen and decay. The most recent turning point into this economic slavery, the real estate bubble, bursted due too numerous small variables that are simply fragments of a larger equation....   [tags: Marx, national debt, free market, USA, ] 1779 words
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The Industrial Revolution and the Life in Urban Society - The Industrial Revolution and the Life in Urban Society The Industrial Revolution began in the late eighteen and nineteenth centuries due to a rapid emergence of modern industrial production that changed society significantly. Goods that were produced in homes and small family businesses began to be produced in large industrial factories. As a result of this, productivity and efficiency increased dramatically, which caused a significant shift in the present economy. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas to the city in order to find work....   [tags: History Marx Economics Industrial Essays] 1839 words
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Marx And Mills - Marx And Mills John Stuart Mill suggests that a person’s ethical decision-making process should be based solely upon the amount of happiness that the person can receive. Although Mill fully justifies himself, his approach lacks certain criteria for which happiness can be considered. Happiness should be judged, not only by pleasure, but by pain as well. This paper will examine Mill’s position on happiness, and the reasoning behind it. Showing where there are agreements and where there are disagreements will critique the theory of Utilitarianism....   [tags: Marx Mills Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1189 words
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Karl Popper and Falsifiability - Karl Popper and Falsifiability Karl Popper's claim that "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability" is a clearly viable statement. This is a natural extension of his idea about how scientific knowledge is increased (Edwards, 1967). In an attempt to define science from pseudo-science, Popper states that the growth of scientific knowledge begins with an "imaginative proposal of hypotheses" (Edwards, 1967). Then, the scientist must search for illustrations or situations that falsify or negate the hypothesis....   [tags: Science Scientific Karl Popper Essays]
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The Role of Money According to Marx - The Role of Money According to Marx Use value of a good or service is created by all societies, capitalist and non-capitalist. The use values of such are not specifically measurable in a numerical sense; it is the level of demand by a community, or social necessity for certain goods or services. Unique to capitalist production is the exchange value of goods or services. The exchange value is the value of a good or service compared to another good or service. Understanding use value and exchange value broadly defines two kinds of economies - subsistence economies and surplus producing economies....   [tags: Labor Capitalism Marx Economics] 1631 words
(4.7 pages)
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Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim - Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim Popper's claim that "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability" (Klemke, 1988) may be viewed as an observation of, rather than a complete departure from, earlier criteria for science. Klemke states in his introduction to part one (p. 16) that defining science (or the scientific method) has traditionally consisted of utilizing seven criteria that must be met in a specific order. Criteria number (5) and (6) refer to deduction rather than induction, and will negate criterion (4) if not met....   [tags: Sir Karl Popper Science Essays] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim - Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim Popper asserts that "it is easy to obtain confirmations, or verifications, for nearly every theory--if we look for confirmations." Kuhn illustrates (page 6), in his discussion of cosmologies, that man needs a structure for his universe. Man needs to explain the physical relation between his personal habitat and nature in order to feel at home. Explaining this relation gives meaning to his actions. Moreover, Kuhn says observation is a double edged sword (page 7)....   [tags: Sir Karl Popper Science Theories Essays] 832 words
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Conjectures and Refutations by Sir Karl Popper - Conjectures and Refutations by Sir Karl Popper In a broad sense science is a systematic quest for knowledge. With this working definition in mind one can see that many areas of human endeavors could qualify as science. Therefore, Popper attempts to find a point of demarcation between science and psuedo-science. "Is there a criterion for the scientific character or status of theory."(1) The most widely accepted answer to this problem Popper says is induction and empirical method. At this point I find it necessary to define these two terms....   [tags: Science Sir Karl Popper Scientists Essays]
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Enslavement of the Individual in Capitalist Society as Viewed by Marx - Enslavement of the Individual in Capitalist Society as Viewed by Marx Bourgeois society enslaves the individual such that any attempt to transcend one's environmental limitations results in self-destruction. Nietzsche "slave morality" theory is applicable to the works of Dostoyevsky, Mann, and Ibsen, and posits that an individual uprising under a bourgeois blanket leads to reactivity, not activity. Though each man calls for individuals values to be raised in some way (in the case of Nietzsche, by an über-mensch), each understands the impossibility of that under bourgeois rule....   [tags: Philosophy Marx Philosophical Essays] 2467 words
(7 pages)
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Marx's Theories - ... Though Marx views the communist revolution as an unavoidable outcome of capitalism, his theory stipulates that the proletariat must first develop class consciousness, or an understanding of its place within the economic superstructure. If this universal character of the proletariat does not take shape, then the revolution cannot be accomplished (1846: 192). This necessary condition does not pose a problem within Marx’s theoretical framework, as the formation of class consciousness is inevitable in Marx’s model of society....   [tags: Neo-Marxist Theories, Marxist Ideology] 1564 words
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Mustapha Mond: A Reflection on Totalitarian Leaders - ... The bureaucracy got the majority of the privileges that no other person could get. But Stalin never let them forget that what he gave he could also take away (Caulkins 92). Though Stalin gave to the people of the Soviet Union, He also ruled using fear. “Civilian crimes, such as robbery or killing your wife in a fit of rage, were dealt with in an orderly and just fashion. But “crimes against the State,” no matter how trivial, carried the threat of death.” (Caulkins 93) Stalin improved the condition of the Soviet Union so well that writers and reporters tried to out praise each other when writing about Stalin (Caulkins 89)....   [tags: Literary Elements]
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Marx and Weber - Marx and Weber I thought Marx's Wage Labour and Capital was much more interesting and easier to understand than the previous reading. In this section, Marx attacks the idea of competition, division of labor, capital growth, and the injustice that workers must face as a result of them. Marx says that even with capital growth that would ideally benefit the working class, "the antagonism between his [the workers] interests and the interests of the bourgeoisie" still exist and that "profit and wages remain as before in inverse proportion" (211)....   [tags: Papers] 384 words
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The Marx Brothers - The Marx Brothers In his book entitled Creating Minds, Howard Gardner (1993) engaged in a thorough study of creativity. He did this by studying the lives of exceptional creators in seven different domains in search of trends that could be readily identified and, perhaps, even help to paint a clearer picture of what the ingredients for creativity are. After examining these creators' lives he came to some conclusions based on the trends he identified and formed a model of creativity. In order to test both his model and his findings, it is necessary to extend the search (and study) beyond his initial seven great creators....   [tags: Research Papers] 5638 words
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The Creating of a Utopia - ... If it sounds like a boring life, that’s because it was. A caste system fully developed at this stage and separates into different classes primarily due to job and/ or income disparities. Europe’s Dark Ages is a perfect example of this, as is Feudal Japan. The period of time in which Marx lived, he called the Capitalist Stage, which rose when merchants from the Feudal Stage rose in wealth and status to overthrow their feudal lords. Market economy, private property, and parliamentary democracy distinguish the Capitalist Stage....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Marx's theory of alienation - ... A major concern when dealing with globalization in general, is the pressure that this phenomenon puts on nations to alter their customs, norms, and social values (Liard-Muriente, 2005). The argument that globalization income inequality rests on the idea that the labor/capital balance of power is a key determinant of income inequality. A lot of people take for granted the notion that labor strength reduces inequality. Cross-national work shows that globalization weakens labor by creating a global labor pool....   [tags: Economics] 1075 words
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The Working Class - ... Congress members’ financial disclosure forms, the collective net worth of American lawmakers jumped twenty five percent to over two billion dollars in just the last two years, with fifty percent of the richest Congressmen and women accounting for ninety percent of the increase” (Ambani, 2012). These wealthy lawmakers are deciding what is best for our small businesses, taxes and budgets. The question that I ask myself is, are the Congressmen and women taking these positions to gain wealth or to protect the wealth that they already have....   [tags: Economics]
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Marx, Weber and Religion - ... Marx posits that the bourgeoisie not only control productive processes, but the productions of ideas (Schoenfeld 1993:39), thus the existing ideology in any age is a reflection of, and distorted by, the interests of the ruling class (Mann 2008:62). Theology and religious institutions therefore, provide the means for the dissemination of such ideology in an attempt to legitimise capitalists’ hegemony by morally sanctioning oppression and exploitation (Verter 2003:153). Marx (1844:1) proceeds to assert that religion is the ‘opiate of the masses’, insinuating that religion provides not only an anaesthetic to alleviate the pain of a life of exploitation, but a systematic and strategic schema to suppress any attempts at amelioration (Luchte 2009:413)....   [tags: informative essay]
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Animal Farm Research - ... Josef Stalin, born December 18, 1878, was the dictator of Soviet Russia. Stalin was born when Russia was ruled by Czar Nicholas II. Stalin changed his name many times and finally chose “Stalin,” meaning “man of steel.” Stalin joined Lenin and the Bolsheviks and acquired a military position from Lenin. After Lenin died, Stalin seized his chance to become ruler of Soviet Russia. He exiled Leon Trotsky, and became a dictator of Russia. He purged the people of Russia and sent people who opposed him to concentration camps....   [tags: Russian History ]
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Essence Vs Labor - ... Second, whether or not there is a religious essence is clearly a debate that will never end due to the fact that essence is not a tangible thing that can be grasped or changed. There are more important and clear things that oppress society such economic oppression, which is in sight of people even in today’s society. Feuerbach can write philosophy about religion, Christianity or atheism but its not going to create concrete changes in man’s day-to-day self-activity in society. Also, whether or not man believes in religious essence, the essence of man or no essence at all, man will still have to focus on a way to find his independence and freedom from capitalism because everyone in society has to find a way sustain themselves economically, not everyone has to believe in essence....   [tags: Philosophy] 1837 words
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Marx and Engels' View and Purpose of Religion - ... False consciousness has three facets; individuals are unaware of the purpose of what governs their lives, in order for people to be unaware, deception plays a key role, and finally, humanity is driven by beliefs and ideas (Law 2011). Although religion was not something that Marx particularly focused his attentions on, he did pass comment on Ludwig Feurbach’s work, ‘The Essence of Christianity’, where he expounded that religion was basically human feelings and thoughts projected onto a spiritual, false being....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Rudolf Karl Bultmann (1884-1976) - Rudolf Karl Bultmann (1884-1976) Rudolf Karl Bultmann (1884-1976) was born on August 20th in Wiefelstede, in (what was then known as) the grand duchy of Oldenburg. His father, Arthur Bultmann, was an Evangelical-Lutheran pastor, his paternal grandfather a missionary to Africa, and his maternal grandfather a pastor of the pietistic tradition. Thus, young Rudolf came from a family line heavily invested in the theological milieu of his time. This family's gradual move toward Protestant liberalism-especially on the part of his father-would prove to have a significant impact on this young theologian-to-be....   [tags: Papers] 3936 words
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Karl Rahner and His Beliefs - Karl Rahner and His Beliefs Karl Rahner, a German theologian, is regarded by many as the foremost Roman Catholic thinker of the 20th century. He believes that every human being is essentially spiritual and that the truth about the human person is revealed in God. This he believes is true whether directly adverted to or whether the person opens him or herself to it. Rahner also believes that there are elements of the world that exist, which are not necessarily as they appear to be. When discussing Rahner and his beliefs, Transcendental Christology plays a major role in his studies....   [tags: Papers] 621 words
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Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn - Karl Jaspers and Seung Sahn In this paper I will be making a comparison between the thoughts of Karl Jaspers and Korean Zen master Seung Sahn on the nature of consciousness and transcendence. The essays in question by Jaspers are his essays “On the Origin of My Philosophy,” written in 1941, and his lectures on the significance of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche and “the Encompassing,” given in 1935 (p. 158). The other text being studied is The Compass of Zen, a compilation of Seung Sahn’s lectures on the three main branches of Buddhism....   [tags: Compare Contrast Philosophy Essays]
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Philosopher's Impact on Marx and Engels - Philosopher's Impact on Marx and Engels One part of human nature is to want to gain more power. Within this idea there are many parts. First is the need for humans to overcome nature. Another part is gaining more territory. The more land a man has, the more powerful he feels. Lastly, having control over their own lives and the lives of others contributes to whether or not they feel powerful. This concept can be seen in The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels are discussing the industrial revolution....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1682 words
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Marx and His Theory of Alienation - Marx and His Theory of Alienation Marx wrote "On The Jewish Question" in 1844. It was a written response to Bauer's works. In his works, Bauer said that Jews should give up their religion and fight for their civil rights. Bauer believed the Jews should become emancipated from the Germans and Christians. Marx contradicted this entire belief through the idea that civil emancipation does truly emancipate. In "On the Jewish Question," Marx went on to criticize the liberal notion of universal human rights....   [tags: Papers] 643 words
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Sociology - Some sociologists have marked the course of the history remarkably. Others with lesser impact, have been rapidly forgotten. Karl Marx belongs to those with unforgettable memory. His works didn’t perish, but are rather classified as everlasting. Karl Marx, German political philosopher and revolutionist, is one of the most influential thinkers of all times. He’s the founder of modern socialism and communism. He’s by many appraised and glorified and in the eyes of others, he’s viewed as a shame to mankind....   [tags: essays research papers] 1993 words
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Marx and the Two Enlightenments - Marx and the Two Enlightenments ABSTRACT: The claim to rationality is disputed by two rival enlightenments, which collided in the dispute between Plato, Socrates and the Sophists, and which Marx united critically. He criticizes the capitalist system immanently as restrictive of production, and its market as not a case of freedom or equality (justice). However, Marx is most concerned with ontological injustice, coerced alienation of the human into being a commodity. He retains Promethean Enlightenment values however: technology, creativity, democracy, which should be economic, participatory and international....   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Essays] 3141 words
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Analysis of Marx and Engels Quote - Analysis of Marx and Engels Quote ". . . not criticism but revolution is the driving force of history, also of religion, of philosophy and all other types of theory." "The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, ie. the class which is the ruling material force of society is at the same time its ruling intellectual force." "The ruling ideas are nothing more than the ideal expression of the dominant material relationships . . ." The passages above are depictions of the distinction between thought and action....   [tags: Papers] 590 words
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Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard - Nietzsche, Marx, and Kierkegaard Zarathustra is always a favorite, with the ringing of God is dead throughout the mountains. Re-evaluating our idols, discovering the significance of their dethroning and how it relates to the intricate web that we create for our lives. Zarathustra, holy man in his blasphemy, ushering in a new era where the last men are eradicated, the filthy vermin masquerading intelligence led by the promise of cheese. Formerly the world was a mad place, filled with mice traps, and the drool pours down their uncomprehending faces....   [tags: Papers] 398 words
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Weber vs. Marx - Weber destabilizes the relationship between base and superstructure that Marx had established. According to Weber, the concept of historical materialism is naïve and nonsense because superstructures are not mere reflections of the economic base. (“The Protestant Ethic” and “The Spirit of Capitalism (1904-5) Weber agrees that the economy is one of the most faithful forces in modern life. However there are other social and legal factors which exhibit power and thus influence society. These factors help define bureaucratic society or Weber’s concept of modern society which operates through the rational administration of labor....   [tags: essays research papers] 1308 words
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Karl Barth's Relational View of Imago Dei - ... “Humans are radically temporal beings,” and this restless finds no goal within life satisfying for long. Because of this tendency which lies within the human nature, it is obvious why one would stray or at least remain cautious in using language which denoted material terms about the image of God. As Migliore concludes, “Human life is oriented to and kept open by God’s promise of abundant and abiding life that cannot be seized and possessed but can only be received as a gift again and again.” According to Grenz, “Some scholars view the imago dei as involving the capacity for relationship with God....   [tags: Theology ]
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Understanding Marxist Historiography: An Overview - Understanding Marxist Historiography: An Overview Wherever one stands on the ideological scale, it is hard to refute the influence Karl Marx, and his subsequent theories and doctrines, have had on the world at large. Some, like Vladimir Lenin, took Marx’s ideals and turned it into a political party and system of government, while others, like Mao Zedong, have simply used it as a basic foundation to further their own ideological and political ambitions. But in its truest essence, based on the writings and subsequent comments made by Marx and others, Marxism is a view of the world, offering both resources to scholars and laymen alike....   [tags: Communism] 741 words
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Joseph Stalin - ... Eventually, Communism would turn itself into Socialism, and the proletariat class would rule themselves in favor of national interest for all. Karl Marx held the notion that class struggle will lead to victory for the proletariat and there will be a creation of a communist society, which private ownership will be abolished and the community will produce for themselves based on what they need. Karl Marx did not write about society under communism, and the specifics as to how a communist state should be ruled....   [tags: Russian History, Politics] 2242 words
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The Dynamics of Marxism - The Dynamics of Marxism Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passing of time for human society. Karl Marx’s views on Industrialization and the bourgeoisie had a major impact on how we view our industrial alignment today. Marx and Engel’s The Communist Manifesto gives broad views on the subject of the middle class and how they fit into a society that was ruled by feudalism and aristocracy. Capitalism becomes a major topic in a socialist-based society that underwent many changes as industrialization progressed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1992 words
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The Synthesis - Like many theorems, ideas and beliefs, Dialectical Materialism was not the epiphany of a single mind. Karl Marx was merely the genius who realized that the two concepts could be conjoined to explain the cycle of past, present and remarkably even future economic systems. Karl Marx was a very perceptive economist who concentrated on capitalism and its opportunity costs. The “Father of Socialism” combined Hegel’s, Smith’s and Malthus’ previous hypothesis to form a new constant that’s been established true, Dialectical Materialism....   [tags: essays research papers] 605 words
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Karl Mannheim's Conception of Self-Rationalization - Karl Mannheim's Conception of Self-Rationalization "Karl Mannheim's conception of self-rationalization is useful in understanding what is one of the central social psychological processes of organizational life. In a world where appearances - in the broadest sense - mean everything, the wise and ambitious person learns to cultivate assiduously the proper, prescribed modes of appearing. He dispassionately takes stock of himself, treating himself as an object. He analyses his strengths and weaknesses, and decides what he needs to change in order to survive and flourish in his organization....   [tags: Papers] 1420 words
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Into the House of our Ancestors by Karl Maier - Into the House of our Ancestors by Karl Maier "Two recent works have dominated conversations about Africa in the late 1990's: Robert B. Kaplan's article The Coming Anarchy and Keith B. Richburg's book, Out of America -- a surprising circumstance, perhaps, since neither work was, strictly speaking, about Africa" says Howard French, a NYT writer. It was until Karl Maier's Into the House of Our Ancestors until a somewhat optimistic outlook on Africa emerges. Maier is the first person to write a book on what some are calling the African renaissance....   [tags: Africa African Society] 1204 words
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Karl Swindlehurst Melancholy of the German Hussars - Karl Swindlehurst Melancholy of the German Hussars I have currently been studying three short stories. The first of the three short story’s The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion is one of seven stories from the “Wessex Tales” . The genre of this story is generally based around love and issues and consequences related to love, and also distresses the complications and coincidences within the love story. The story itself has three main characters in which a love triangle is formed. Phyllis, Humphrey and Mateus are the main characters in which Phyllis was engaged to Humphrey through an agreed marriage arranged by both Humphrey and her father....   [tags: English Literature] 944 words
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A Comparison of Communism versus Capitalism - A Comparison of Communism versus Capitalism Communism versus Capitalism is a debate that has raged on for over two centuries. Whether to allow everyone equal opportunities and to do with those opportunities as they please or to mandate class equality in order to keep peace has in itself been the cause of wars. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels saw the working class of the world--the proletariat--being squashed by the greedy business owners--the bourgeoisie. In their view, the bourgeoisie owned too much and the proletariat had no chance to make their own fortunes....   [tags: Compare Contrast Comparing] 700 words
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The 19th Centuary - In the first half of the 19th century the processes known as Industrialization and Urbanization started to transform Europe. It affected and changed every aspect of life of every citizen of every European nation. The notorious results of these changes were the horrible living and working conditions of the working class, who made up the majority of the society. Great Britain was involved most profoundly in this Industrial Revolution as it led the way in the development of railroads and factories....   [tags: World History] 794 words
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Marxism - ... The importance in Marxist political economy is that this ‘false consciousness’ is not merely present on an economical basis, but exists within all forms of society, most notably within the very foundations of the state. An example of this for Marx would be the importance, role and influence of religion within the state. Organised religion was simply a tool implemented by the bourgeoisie in order to justify their exploitation of the proletariat. Religion encouraged acceptance and was thus described by Marx as the ‘opiate of the masses’....   [tags: Economics Marx]
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Critique of Communism in Animal Farm by George Orwell - Karl Marx’s perfect society described in his Communist Manifesto is in direct conflict with the implementation of Soviet Communism, which was scathingly criticized by George Orwell’s book Animal Farm. Karl Marx believed that in order to form a just and equal society, the working class, called the proletariat, would have to overthrow those who owned the means of production, who were known as the bourgeoisie. This was to be known as the Proletariat Revolution where the oppressed laborers in capitalist societies, such as England, would unite under a common cause to overthrow the oppressive bourgeoisie, and establish a communist society....   [tags: Communism Communist] 1289 words
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Compare and Contrast: Marx, Durkheim, Hobbes, Engels and Weber - ... (Cohen & Vandello, 1998, pg. 68) Honor in the South shows a man's pride of courage, strength and control, if he failed to use violence when it was needed, he was known to be a coward. Two conditions that have made this type of ideology is one, the Old South was known to be a herding and agriculture economy and two, people had to fend for themselves. (Cohen & Vanello, 1998, pg. 69) The first condition of the Old South's ideology relates to Marx's theory of shared meanings. At that time, slaves were brought from Africa to work on American soil....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Marxist Philosophy - Although there is a strong diverse controversy tied with the name of Karl Marx, he was concerned primarily with human freedom, stimulating the ancient concept of Communism, in which human beings might fulfill their cooperative roles within society, without the fear of exploitation. He saw the historical period of capitalism as the "menacing" antagonist of such freedom; menacing because unlike serfdom (the predecessor of capitalism in the evolution of social relations), capitalism enabled the illusion of freedom even though it relied on those who have nothing to sell but their labor and those, who through the power of capital and property, exploit such labor for profit....   [tags: Philosophy] 2238 words
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Marx's Idea of Alienation in Productive Activity - Marx's Idea of Alienation in Productive Activity (1) Marx explained that alienation is about the loss of human powers in the society and alienation separates human from his natural word, activities and makes man lose control over his labor activity. Marx alienation from productive activity emerged when human are barred by alienation from realizing their potentials and creativities, this was achieved under capitalism by division of labor which finally led to specialization in a specified or a fixed area of labor activity or task....   [tags: Papers] 1885 words
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Communism - Communism Missing Works Cited Communism is the belief that everyone in a society should be equal and share their wealth. It is an outgrowth of socialism and Anabaptism (Laski 45). It became a firmly rooted term after the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to the words of Karl Marx, "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs" 1. These theories were spread by Karl Marx. He believed that what a person made of himself reflected his effort (McLellan 1). He also believed that communism, or the state of equality was ones "final stage in life" (Leone 1)....   [tags: History Politics Political] 1728 words
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Marxism - Marxism 5.) Discuss the main tenets of Marxism. In what ways was this ideology an extension of the thought of the Enlightenment. In what ways did it deviate from those ideals. Socialism granted a powerful language for the working-class to express their interests. Many workers, who were enfranchised in the latter portion of the century joined political parties espousing this doctrine. Socialism existed before Karl Marx presented himself to the scene. In fact, Marx drew from the theories of the foremost prophets of socialism: Henri de Saint-Simon and Charles Fourier in France, and Robert Owen in Great Britain....   [tags: Papers] 789 words
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Economic Philosophies - Economic Philosophies How much should we let the government interfere with our economy. Do we trust the government to take on the enormous responsibility of caring for our economy. Our economy is a precious thing and we must take great care of it, for it can make us powerful and prosperous or it could be the demise of our nation. Three economists – Karl Marx, Adam Smith, and John Maynard Keynes – all had opposing views on how much government interference should be present upon the economy. Karl Marx believes that the government should control the economy....   [tags: Papers] 513 words
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Bernard Marx - Brave New World - Bernard Marx, being a male Alpha, is the type of person who just doesn’t really fit in. While just about all people are very open about their thoughts and personal feelings, Bernard is very secretive about many of his thoughts and actions. For instance, when Lenina tries to talk to him about “having her,” his face goes pale and he insists that they discuss it in private (pg 58). He seems to be very concerned about what people would think if he started talking about that kind of stuff in front of them....   [tags: essays research papers] 556 words
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Discovery Of Society - What is the meaning of society. It’s a simple word but with a very complicated definition. Society is our own everyday reality. It’s features such as economics, culture, language and philosophy is what unites individuals and creates a society. In the book, “The Discovery of Society”, written by Randall Collins and Michael Makowsky we are able to capture the ideas and beliefs of a variety of social thinkers. All of these thinkers had a different perspective towards what a society needs to survive and maintain itself afloat....   [tags: essays research papers] 2670 words
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Marxism and Religion - Marxism and Religion Throughout Karl Marx’s life he was not thought to be anything special, just a regular working man, but in reality Marx was a “philosopher, a journalist, an economist, a historian, and a moralist.”[1] Even with all of this hard work most people did not think that he would amount to much. Little did most of the people who lived during Marx’s lifetime know how big of an impact he would have on the world within the next century. Karl Marx, the philosopher, had to have one of the biggest impacts on the world to this day....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1329 words
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Representations of Gothic Power in Karl Freunds Mad Love - Representations of Gothic Power in Karl Freund’s Mad Love (1935) In Karl Freund’s 1935 film, Mad Love, many themes of Gothicism are addressed, such as the dichotomy of science and supernaturalism, the romance of suffering and the intrigue of insanity. However, one particular theme—power through means of superiority—is addressed in thorough detail. In defining this power, Freund specifically utilizes the motifs of sadism, helplessness, and human destruction. Dr. Gogol embodies these motifs as he attempts to win the love of Yvonne, not through courtship, but rather through the use of his self-assigned superiority....   [tags: essays research papers] 1201 words
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In Defence of Marx's Account of the Nature of Capitalist Exploitation - In Defence of Marx's Account of the Nature of Capitalist Exploitation ABSTRACT: According to Marx, "at any given epoch of a given society, [there is] a quantity of necessaries [recognized as] the necessaries of life habitually required by the average worker." The variations in the type and amount of goods recognized as necessary for life between different epochs and different societies is due to the different 'physical conditions' and to the different 'degrees of civilization' and 'comfort' prevalent....   [tags: Philosophy Market Philosophical Essays]
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industrial revolution - The impact that The Industrial Revolution had on Europe and England was big, it practically changed the economy for years. There were many individuals that had a big impact and there are many acts, rights, and processes devised to produced the most making for the higher classes. Most of the individuals that are involved had invented something that would change a certain company. This whole industrial revolution started small. In fact, it started out with tiny little village entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs were tiny company’s that would make hand made stuff and sell this profit that is produced....   [tags: essays research papers] 481 words
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Marx's Idea of Workers' Alienation From the Production Process - Marx's Idea of Workers' Alienation From the Production Process Works Cited Not Included Alienation is a process in which humanity is progressively turned into stranger in world created by labour. (A. Swingewood 2000 p32). It succeeds in creating vast accumulations of wealth at one pole of society, an increase in value of thing achieved only at the cost of progressive defaulting human life itself....   [tags: Papers] 1627 words
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The Lonely Toiling - The Lonely Toiling My favorite book has always been A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. This work has an element of self-reinvention that I find attractive. Few themes are as interesting for me as the theme of a man or a woman, by strength of will, changing his or her stars and defying the convoluted schemes of the Fates. In this regard, I feel a special appreciation for Charles Dickens’ work because Ebenezer Scrooge is not reinventing himself for the sake of material gain; the sole purpose of Scrooge’s transformation is redemption....   [tags: Philosophy Money Papers]
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Communism: Its Origins and World Impact - Communism, a Basic Human Perspective. To this day people who were ruled by communist government still feel the pain and results from it. Communism can be seen as a theory and a system of both political and social organization that has had a great impact on the world through most of the twentieth century. Let us begin by defining what communism is, where it all began, who were some of the key people that played a major role in communism, and when it fell apart. There are many different definitions of communism....   [tags: Politics] 1027 words
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Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism - Comparing Hegel, Marx, Kant's Views on Pantheism 1.Hegel is a pantheist, meaning that he believes that everytng toeather comes to being God. Subsequently he believes that everythenig is one, menatin gtat reason and reality actually are the same thing, fuirtheremore Hegel believst that reality is reason, this is his "first Principle". In contrast to this Kant believes that all we really know are our persc=eptions of the real (Nominal world) and tat we cannot really knowanything aobut the real world....   [tags: Papers] 994 words
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Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm - Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm "Power corrupts, but absolute power corrupts absolutely" –Lord Acton (1834-1902). It is believed and can be notably seen in the past that many great people become dangerous and corrupt under vast amounts of power. It is this which is usually the greatest cause of their downfall. As we know many people fail, lose their status, or reputation when they are in a higher position. People of status, who have large amounts of control seem to become "power-hungry" and find it necessary to have it in their everyday lives, they need this power to function....   [tags: George Orwell Animal Farm] 1301 words
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