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Religion at the time of the Communist Manifesto - Religion at the time of the Communist Manifesto Following the Industrial Revolution in 19th century Europe, change was in full swing and religion began to have different meanings for different people. The upper-class citizens used Religion, namely Christianity, and the power that it possessed in an attempt to keep their high status in society, while the lower class turned to faith so that their lives could possibly improve. Instead of religion being the cornerstone of faith and worship amongst all people, it was being used for power and money by the upper class....   [tags: Karl Marx Religious History Essays]
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1142 words
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Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto - Class Struggle and Autonomy in the Communist Manifesto The University of Dayton emphasizes four humanities based themes to describe the essence of the human experience. Autonomy and responsibility, one of these four themes, is defined within the program as, “The individual person has the ability to make choices; with those choices comes a responsibility for the consequences of those choices.”[1] Although this definition fits well in modern American society since widespread autonomy has been granted by the Constitution to all citizens, Frederick Engels and Karl Marx observed quite a different human situation in the 19th century....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]
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1256 words
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A Communist Society - A Communist Society A communist society is very different than the society Americans find themselves living in today. Communism is a term of ancient origin and is not a form of political party, but a type of socialism where the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Therefore, the individual members of this, foreign, society blend into one greater populist all striving to succeed the same goal. In a communist neighborhood everyone shares and there is no wealth, or poverty, no social status at all....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]
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1067 words
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Effects of Industrialization and the Conditions of the Working Class in England - Effects of Industrialization and the Conditions of the Working Class in England In the middle of the 19th century the industrial revolution was flourishing in England. With all of the advancements in machinery there would be new opportunities and drawbacks for citizens. Many would leave their lives on the farms and work in factories with unsafe settings. Karl Marx felt that the new advancements in society were able to support the fourth stage of human development, Communism. Along with these new advancements the people would have to learn how to self-govern themselves in the workplace and understand their new responsibilities....   [tags: Communism Karl Marx History Essays]
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1268 words
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The Communist Manifesto - ... (Reich, p.28) This paper will mostly based on Marx’s ideas about specific conditions which contribute to the situation when wealthiest in the society be in a worst position as opposed to Reich’s view. Wealthiest people in the society mostly are owners of large-scale enterprises in a sphere of large-scale industry, global trade which basically characterized by large sizes of capital, scope of activity and quantity of staff. A major part of profit from business concentrated in the hands of business managers, administrators or upper bourgeoisie....   [tags: Sociology, Marx] 1163 words
(3.3 pages)
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Class Struggle and the Communist Manifesto - Class Struggle and the Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto is profoundly marked by the history of class struggle and social inequality throughout history. In fact Marx suggests that history is in essence merely a timeline of class struggle, unchanging apart from the alteration in mode of production. The document is the story of the conflict between the Proletariat and the Bourgeois, the oppressed and the oppressor, the haves and the have nots, etc. However, this is not a new idea and Marx is really not all that radical....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Manifesto Essays]
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1388 words
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The Impact of the Communist Manifesto During the Late 1800s and Early 1900s - The Impact of the Communist Manifesto During the Late 1800s and Early 1900s There is no doubt that the Communist Manifesto was a shocking and radical document for its time, but it did much more than shock the public. The Communist Manifesto made the oppressed conscious of their status and influenced the unity of the working class. It also influenced the revolutions of 1848, it formed the basis of the reorganization of the Communist League and the demands of the Communist party, it influenced other radicals to take action, and it significantly influenced all subsequent Communist literature....   [tags: History Historical Karl Marx Communism Essays]
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1053 words
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Marxist Thoughts and Its Application to Society - ... After quickly becoming central to the circle of the group, Marx was recognised for his excellent level of intelligence He engaged in rhetoric and expressed a clear understanding of the Hegelian ways (Mehring, 2003: 18). Other than the theoretical groundings Marx gained from the study of Hegelianism (to which would be used in his own philosophy), his meeting with Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-72), a previous student of Hegel, who was key to some of the Marxism we know today. Feuerbach would be one of the most important figures in post-Hegelian period....   [tags: Sociology, Marx, Engels] 2699 words
(7.7 pages)
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The Communist Manifesto - ... Marx (1998) noted, “German philosophers, would-be philosophers, and beaux esprits (men of letters), eagerly seized on this literature, only forgetting that when these writings immigrated from France into Germany, French social conditions had not immigrated along with them.” (p.27). Despite this acknowledgement, Marx connoted from preceding criticisms that his communistic ideas were universally applicable. On a global scale, this was not the case. Factually speaking, the majority of citizens of communistic countries suffer through the commonly accepted fears of civilization such as poverty, war, and hunger....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Marx] 1892 words
(5.4 pages)
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Legalizing Drug Use - ... Private property is what causes the worker to become alienated with his daily work (Marx [1884], 575). This happens because the property owners always want to acquire more goods and one way to do this is to have more private property whether it is a bigger house, more land, or money. To get more private property, that person is going to have to make more money so they will be focused on finding ways to exploit their workers. This could happen by lowering their wage so they get more of the profit....   [tags: Philosophy, Marx, Mill, Locke] 2265 words
(6.5 pages)
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Modern Communism - Modern Communism Banners of Marx, Engles, Lenin, Stalin (USSR) Karl Marx never saw his ideals and beliefs, as the founding father of communist thought, implemented in the world and society because he died in 1883.1 The communist ideology did not rise to power until the beginning of the 20th century. Then it would be implemented and put into practice in the largest country in the world producing a concept that would control half of the world’s population in less than 50 years. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, searched for a perfect society living in equality and united in freedom....   [tags: Communism Politics Marx Essays]
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2110 words
(6 pages)
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Communism vs. Hegelism - ... The constant throughout this is the continual move toward a freer citizenry. Marx, whose philosophical journey began after Hegel’s, agreed wholeheartedly with the findings Hegel made. When describing history within his Communist Manifesto he states that “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marx 369). The Communist Manifesto was Marx’s declaration of how the future of human civilization would be shaped, and how history was created. In each class struggle, Marx noticed a struggle for freedom....   [tags: Philosophy, Hegel, Marx] 1694 words
(4.8 pages)
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Capitalism vs. Communism - Capitalism vs. Communism The Influence of the Communist Manifesto on the Development of Industrial Capitalism The Communist Manifesto left a tremendous impact on a society that was rapidly becoming industrialized, and its effects can even be seen on the dominating economic system of the twentieth century. In the later nineteenth century, however, industrial capitalism was on the brink of ruin. “On many occasions during the past century, Marxists have thought that capitalism was down for the count ....   [tags: History Government Marx Essays] 1236 words
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Work, Civilization, and Realization of Humanity - Karl Marx believes that animals are not distinct from their life activity, and that what distinguishes man from animals is that he, instead of being the same as his life activity, treats his life activity only as an object of his will and consciousness. Yet private ownership of means of production (land, machine, raw material, etc.) leads to alienation of labor, which makes work as a life activity that is anti-human. Thus he advocates communism, which gives an end to alienation of labor by letting every man share the ownership of means of production....   [tags: Marx, philosophy, Freud, ] 2105 words
(6 pages)
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Changes in Class and the Labor Force within Society - Changes in Class and the Labor Force within Society Introduction: Though the Industrial Revolution changed the course of modern history, the consequences that accompanied it divided society. The radical change in the division of class and labor within society because of industrialization disgusted many who witnessed it, including Karl Marx. Their contempt for the new composition of class and labor led to intellectuals proposing improvements and reversing changes, through their writings to the masses, introduced by the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: History Marx Communism Essays]
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1153 words
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Significant People During the Industrial Revolution - Significant People During the Industrial Revolution As the Industrial Revolution was occurring, numerous changes were occurring. Workers were not receiving fair treatment. They were working long hours and getting paid very little money. The working class felt that they were not receiving equal treatment and equal pay for what they were offering to society. Yet some individuals, such as the owners of companies, were profiting from this movement. But the inequalities that existed caused Marx, along with Engels, to write the Communist Manifesto....   [tags: History Economics Marx Essays]
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1088 words
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Innovation and Knowledge - ... The Design Council - The Creative Conundrum (2006). It would seem then that innovation applied to a business, to leverage company growth, create, and sustain a competitive advantage, and least of all for company survival can be expected to be worthwhile. What is more, it appears that over the last decade in particular more and more businesses seem to have realised the benefits innovation can bring, (Design Council’s design industry five year-survey 2005-2010 reported an increase in UK design engineers of 29%, and that despite the recession)....   [tags: History, Marx, Schumpeter, Kondratieff] 1755 words
(5 pages)
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The Industrial Revolution and the Life in Urban Society - The Industrial Revolution and the Life in Urban Society The Industrial Revolution began in the late eighteen and nineteenth centuries due to a rapid emergence of modern industrial production that changed society significantly. Goods that were produced in homes and small family businesses began to be produced in large industrial factories. As a result of this, productivity and efficiency increased dramatically, which caused a significant shift in the present economy. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas to the city in order to find work....   [tags: History Marx Economics Industrial Essays] 1839 words
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What defines an individual’s social class? - ... An individual’s “amount of compensation varies widely according to how they related to the production process,” (Purrucci and Wysong 146) which explains why the President of McDonalds earns significantly more than the hourly waged worker who works in the restaurant taking orders from the customers. “Income does not confer prestige,” (Davis and Moore 81) because, although income contributes to an individual’s social class, it only has substance if he or she has “a stable job and income.” (Purrucci and Wysong 153) A loss of a job or change in pay can allow a person to move up or down in social class....   [tags: Psychology, Marx, Weber, Purrucci, Wysong] 1207 words
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The Marxist View on the Role of the Education System - The Marxist View on the Role of the Education System In this essay I am going to examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and justify the existing class structure. Marxists see the educational system as a mechanism for maintaining class inequalities, for example the reproduction of the capitalist system. The capitalist system is one where by the rich (the bourgeoisie) stay rich and the poor (the proletariat) stay poor. Marxists do not believe in meritocracy, this is where the educational system gives equal opportunities to everyone despite their background....   [tags: Karl Marx Communist Communism Papers] 906 words
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A Costly “Free Market”: Forever Climbing Debt - “Hitherto, every form of society has been based on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes.” Karl Marx. The irony around the term “free market” is blatant but constantly overlooked. As inflation grows to dangerous sizes, our currency system is inevitably bound to devalue the dollar steadily until its abolishment and replacement. “Modern Money Mechanics” is an eventually failing process of loans, debt and intrest that will never balance, only worsen and decay. The most recent turning point into this economic slavery, the real estate bubble, bursted due too numerous small variables that are simply fragments of a larger equation....   [tags: Marx, national debt, free market, USA, ] 1779 words
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Mustapha Mond: A Reflection on Totalitarian Leaders - ... The bureaucracy got the majority of the privileges that no other person could get. But Stalin never let them forget that what he gave he could also take away (Caulkins 92). Though Stalin gave to the people of the Soviet Union, He also ruled using fear. “Civilian crimes, such as robbery or killing your wife in a fit of rage, were dealt with in an orderly and just fashion. But “crimes against the State,” no matter how trivial, carried the threat of death.” (Caulkins 93) Stalin improved the condition of the Soviet Union so well that writers and reporters tried to out praise each other when writing about Stalin (Caulkins 89)....   [tags: Literary Elements]
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The Creating of a Utopia - ... If it sounds like a boring life, that’s because it was. A caste system fully developed at this stage and separates into different classes primarily due to job and/ or income disparities. Europe’s Dark Ages is a perfect example of this, as is Feudal Japan. The period of time in which Marx lived, he called the Capitalist Stage, which rose when merchants from the Feudal Stage rose in wealth and status to overthrow their feudal lords. Market economy, private property, and parliamentary democracy distinguish the Capitalist Stage....   [tags: Sociology ]
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903 words
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Essence Vs Labor - ... Second, whether or not there is a religious essence is clearly a debate that will never end due to the fact that essence is not a tangible thing that can be grasped or changed. There are more important and clear things that oppress society such economic oppression, which is in sight of people even in today’s society. Feuerbach can write philosophy about religion, Christianity or atheism but its not going to create concrete changes in man’s day-to-day self-activity in society. Also, whether or not man believes in religious essence, the essence of man or no essence at all, man will still have to focus on a way to find his independence and freedom from capitalism because everyone in society has to find a way sustain themselves economically, not everyone has to believe in essence....   [tags: Philosophy] 1837 words
(5.2 pages)
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Marxism - Marxism 5.) Discuss the main tenets of Marxism. In what ways was this ideology an extension of the thought of the Enlightenment. In what ways did it deviate from those ideals. Socialism granted a powerful language for the working-class to express their interests. Many workers, who were enfranchised in the latter portion of the century joined political parties espousing this doctrine. Socialism existed before Karl Marx presented himself to the scene. In fact, Marx drew from the theories of the foremost prophets of socialism: Henri de Saint-Simon and Charles Fourier in France, and Robert Owen in Great Britain....   [tags: Papers] 789 words
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The Synthesis - Like many theorems, ideas and beliefs, Dialectical Materialism was not the epiphany of a single mind. Karl Marx was merely the genius who realized that the two concepts could be conjoined to explain the cycle of past, present and remarkably even future economic systems. Karl Marx was a very perceptive economist who concentrated on capitalism and its opportunity costs. The “Father of Socialism” combined Hegel’s, Smith’s and Malthus’ previous hypothesis to form a new constant that’s been established true, Dialectical Materialism....   [tags: essays research papers] 605 words
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Discovery Of Society - What is the meaning of society. It’s a simple word but with a very complicated definition. Society is our own everyday reality. It’s features such as economics, culture, language and philosophy is what unites individuals and creates a society. In the book, “The Discovery of Society”, written by Randall Collins and Michael Makowsky we are able to capture the ideas and beliefs of a variety of social thinkers. All of these thinkers had a different perspective towards what a society needs to survive and maintain itself afloat....   [tags: essays research papers] 2670 words
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A Comparison of Communism versus Capitalism - A Comparison of Communism versus Capitalism Communism versus Capitalism is a debate that has raged on for over two centuries. Whether to allow everyone equal opportunities and to do with those opportunities as they please or to mandate class equality in order to keep peace has in itself been the cause of wars. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels saw the working class of the world--the proletariat--being squashed by the greedy business owners--the bourgeoisie. In their view, the bourgeoisie owned too much and the proletariat had no chance to make their own fortunes....   [tags: Compare Contrast Comparing] 700 words
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The Working Class - ... Congress members’ financial disclosure forms, the collective net worth of American lawmakers jumped twenty five percent to over two billion dollars in just the last two years, with fifty percent of the richest Congressmen and women accounting for ninety percent of the increase” (Ambani, 2012). These wealthy lawmakers are deciding what is best for our small businesses, taxes and budgets. The question that I ask myself is, are the Congressmen and women taking these positions to gain wealth or to protect the wealth that they already have....   [tags: Economics]
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Does History Have an End? - The Communist Manifesto was published just before the European Revolutions of 1848. It was meant as a statement of purpose for Marx's newly formed Communist League and its straightforward, even prophetic, tone is that of a man confidently explaining to a confused world the reasons for a tumult which had not yet begun. Why is he so sure of himself. The answer to this depends on Marx's deterministic view of history. Marx inherited from his philosophical father, Hegel, the idea of historical progress (.<a href="http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_karl_marx.html">http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_karl_marx.html</a>)....   [tags: Philosophy] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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The Dynamics of Marxism - The Dynamics of Marxism Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passing of time for human society. Karl Marx’s views on Industrialization and the bourgeoisie had a major impact on how we view our industrial alignment today. Marx and Engel’s The Communist Manifesto gives broad views on the subject of the middle class and how they fit into a society that was ruled by feudalism and aristocracy. Capitalism becomes a major topic in a socialist-based society that underwent many changes as industrialization progressed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1992 words
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Failed Revolutions in "Office Space" - ... It still must be shown that they are representations the proletariat class, for this movie to be an accurate microcosm. The proletariat as Marx describes them are people “who live only so long as they find work” (Marx). In the film when the main character Peter talks about quitting his job the first thing he is asked is what is he “going to do about money and bills,” showing the main reason people in the movie want to keep their jobs is survival (Office Space). Marx also writes that because of “the extensive use of machinery, and to the division of labour, the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character, and, consequently, all charm for the workman,” meaning that the development of industry has removed all joy the working class takes in their work (Marx)....   [tags: Film Analysis] 1733 words
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Failed Revolutions in "Office Space" - ... 1). In the film when the main character Peter talks about quitting his job the first thing he is asked is what is he “going to do about money and bills,” showing the main reason people in the movie want to keep their jobs is survival (Office Space). Marx also writes that because of “the extensive use of machinery, and to the division of labour, the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character, and, consequently, all charm for the workman” (Marx Ch. 1). This is seen in the film by every main character complaining about their work, especially Peter who says that ever since he “start working, every single day of [his] life has been worse than the day before it” (Office Space)....   [tags: Film Analysis] 1746 words
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Marxist Philosophy - Although there is a strong diverse controversy tied with the name of Karl Marx, he was concerned primarily with human freedom, stimulating the ancient concept of Communism, in which human beings might fulfill their cooperative roles within society, without the fear of exploitation. He saw the historical period of capitalism as the "menacing" antagonist of such freedom; menacing because unlike serfdom (the predecessor of capitalism in the evolution of social relations), capitalism enabled the illusion of freedom even though it relied on those who have nothing to sell but their labor and those, who through the power of capital and property, exploit such labor for profit....   [tags: Philosophy] 2238 words
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The Decline of Aristocracy in The Communist Manifesto - The Decline of Aristocracy in The Communist Manifesto The decline of aristocracy in The Communist Manifesto began with Karl Marx’s statement, “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.”1 Marx recognized the ideals of the social rank, which has influenced every society throughout history. The two social classes described by Marx were the Bourgeoisie, or the upper class, and the Proletariats, or the lower class. Before the Bourgeoisie came to social power, landowners and corporate organizations ran the society....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]
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Sociology - Some sociologists have marked the course of the history remarkably. Others with lesser impact, have been rapidly forgotten. Karl Marx belongs to those with unforgettable memory. His works didn’t perish, but are rather classified as everlasting. Karl Marx, German political philosopher and revolutionist, is one of the most influential thinkers of all times. He’s the founder of modern socialism and communism. He’s by many appraised and glorified and in the eyes of others, he’s viewed as a shame to mankind....   [tags: essays research papers] 1993 words
(5.7 pages)
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Animal Farm Research - ... Josef Stalin, born December 18, 1878, was the dictator of Soviet Russia. Stalin was born when Russia was ruled by Czar Nicholas II. Stalin changed his name many times and finally chose “Stalin,” meaning “man of steel.” Stalin joined Lenin and the Bolsheviks and acquired a military position from Lenin. After Lenin died, Stalin seized his chance to become ruler of Soviet Russia. He exiled Leon Trotsky, and became a dictator of Russia. He purged the people of Russia and sent people who opposed him to concentration camps....   [tags: Russian History ]
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Modern Political Ideas and Doctrines - Modern Political Ideas and Doctrines a) How did Marx conceive the transition from capitalism to communism. Karl Marx is considered to be a historian, a philosopher, a political thinker, and an economist amongst other things. There is a standard misconception that Marx had no idea of economics, by contrast he was quite the economist, and was able to layout the transition of capitalism to communism in a very logical and understanding way. The transition of capitalism arises through three core factors: the philosophy behind the capitalist system, the economic and the political part of it Marx presented the fact that capitalism was doomed, by bringing in history and showing how other systems (such as feudalism) fell....   [tags: Papers] 1664 words
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Classical Sociological Theory - ... People wanted to improve their lot and religious belief was the only way they saw of doing so whilst living in an exploitative society. They were reaching out for improvements in their conditions of life. Marx and Engels believed that whilst society was an unequal chaotic world, an independent abstract individual could not survive, “man is the world of man, state, society” (Marx, 1844) and until society had been revolutionised, the idea of God was necessary for survival. The mysticism of God would not be required, claimed Marx, once society was run on communist ideals....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Understanding Marxist Historiography: An Overview - ... He was a German philosopher and political theorist focusing his attention on the interactions between those who owned the means of production and those who supplied the production through work. He was motivated not by a curiosity of industry “but by a critical awareness of its shadowy side, the industrial laborers sorrow, heartbreak, sweat, and toil”. Marx was critical of religion, believing that it was merely a construct to control the masses. Of course his most lasting legacy was the spread of Communism as a political ideology, but it was his contribution to historiography that offers what was, in his time, an entirely new and unique way to analize the past....   [tags: Communism] 741 words
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Communism - Communism Missing Works Cited Communism is the belief that everyone in a society should be equal and share their wealth. It is an outgrowth of socialism and Anabaptism (Laski 45). It became a firmly rooted term after the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to the words of Karl Marx, "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs" 1. These theories were spread by Karl Marx. He believed that what a person made of himself reflected his effort (McLellan 1). He also believed that communism, or the state of equality was ones "final stage in life" (Leone 1)....   [tags: History Politics Political] 1728 words
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Critique of the Communist Manifesto - Critique of the Communist Manifesto Works Cited Missing Karl Marx was born and educated in Prussia, where he fell under the influence of Ludwig Feuerbach and other radical Hegelians. Although he shared Hegel's belief in dialectical structure and historical inevitability, Marx held that the foundations of reality lay in the material base of economics rather than in the abstract thought of idealistic philosophy. He earned a doctorate at Jena in 1841, writing on the materialism and atheism of Greek atomists, then moved to Köln, where he founded and edited a radical newspaper, Rheinische Zeitung....   [tags: Communism European History Political Essays] 4519 words
(12.9 pages)
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Division of Labor - Marx's View of the Division of Labor The Division of Labor is a subject which has fascinated social scientists for millennia. Before the advent of modern times, philosophers and theologians concerned themselves with the implications of the idea. Plato saw as the ultimate form of society a community in which social functions would be rigidly separated and maintained; society would be divided into definite functional groups: warriors, artisans, unskilled laborers, rulers. St. Paul, in his first letter to the church at Corinth, went so far as to describe the universal Church in terms of a body: there are hands, feet, eyes, and all are under the head, Christ....   [tags: essays research papers] 2862 words
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The 19th Centuary - In the first half of the 19th century the processes known as Industrialization and Urbanization started to transform Europe. It affected and changed every aspect of life of every citizen of every European nation. The notorious results of these changes were the horrible living and working conditions of the working class, who made up the majority of the society. Great Britain was involved most profoundly in this Industrial Revolution as it led the way in the development of railroads and factories....   [tags: World History] 794 words
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A Lost Word - A Lost Word One word in the English language above all others throughout the history has caused more controversy, both in terms of human fatalities and words written about it than religion. Religion has been a subject of major controversy long before there was an English language, long before there was a word for the concept. What follows however, is not a discussion of the controversy, or history for that matter. What follows is a discussion of the word and it’s meaning. “Religion” since it’s first minting has come to be an immensely broad term....   [tags: essays research papers] 1789 words
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Critique of Communism in Animal Farm by George Orwell - Karl Marx’s perfect society described in his Communist Manifesto is in direct conflict with the implementation of Soviet Communism, which was scathingly criticized by George Orwell’s book Animal Farm. Karl Marx believed that in order to form a just and equal society, the working class, called the proletariat, would have to overthrow those who owned the means of production, who were known as the bourgeoisie. This was to be known as the Proletariat Revolution where the oppressed laborers in capitalist societies, such as England, would unite under a common cause to overthrow the oppressive bourgeoisie, and establish a communist society....   [tags: Communism Communist] 1289 words
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The Death of Communism - The Death of Communism The United States longest and bloodiest war was the Vietnam War, which was fought from 1959 until 1975.(Communist Manifesto 1) In this war 57,685 Americans were killed, and their were over 2 million Vietnamese deaths.(Communist Manifesto 3) One of the main causes of the war was a commonly held American belief called the Domino Theory. This theory stated that if the U.S. allowed one country to fall to communism, those around it would fall, and then those around it, eventually taking over the whole world....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 820 words
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Freud - In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the human mind. Marx states that history "...is the history of class struggles" (9). Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Economic Philosophies - Economic Philosophies How much should we let the government interfere with our economy. Do we trust the government to take on the enormous responsibility of caring for our economy. Our economy is a precious thing and we must take great care of it, for it can make us powerful and prosperous or it could be the demise of our nation. Three economists – Karl Marx, Adam Smith, and John Maynard Keynes – all had opposing views on how much government interference should be present upon the economy. Karl Marx believes that the government should control the economy....   [tags: Papers] 513 words
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Success of Communist Ideas in American Government - The Success of Communist Ideas in American Government      Ever since the beginning of the Cold War, Americans have held the word "Communism" to have many negative connotations. Our country has been focused on preventing the spread of that evil form of government. Wars were fought in foreign lands; American lives were lost protecting the world from Communism. Many Americans would be horrified, then, to find that the righteous system of Capitalism actually incorporates many Communist ideas....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Socialism - What would happen if we all made the same amount of money. To understand what our society would be as socialist, we must understand the difference between socialist and capitalist ideas. The question becomes not so much as what is socialism, but how does it differ from capitalism, and what is wrong with capitalistic ideas to where we would need socialism. The problem becomes where do you draw the line between capitalism and socialism to where we have trust, sense of community and also competition....   [tags: socialist] 1750 words
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Consciousness: Are We All In This Together? - ... This notion of being-for-itself is what makes clear Sartre’s belief that existence proceeds essence; we aren’t born with innate traits, but rather, we create our consciousness. We are free to choose how we will interpret our surroundings, what we will believe, and what type of personality we wish to have in accordance to those beliefs and interpretations. Sartre further explains that this freedom comes with heavy responsibility. Once we make a choice, we cannot make excuses for ourselves or put the blame on someone or something else if the choice turns sour or ends up being faulty; when we accept the freedom, we accept the full responsibility, too....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Applied Marxism - ... Many believed the free market gave opportunity to everyone, even the poor, but really it only made the rich richer and the poor poorer. The middle class began to become more wealthy and the gap between the rich and poor increased greatly. The free market creates a mindset that everyone is for themselves and you need to fight for yourself only. This gives an advantage to those who have more to begin with and doesn’t allow the less fortunate to become rich or successful. As this continues to happen, the lower class or the Proletariat class will grow larger....   [tags: Government] 1236 words
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Stages of Socioeconomic Development in Marxism - ... Hegel believed that the advancement of thought peaked with German society during his life. Marx took this concept and applied it to the material world of economics. Marx disagreed with Hegel's opinion that humanity had reached it's zenith of existence. For Marx, economics was the base of a society's structure, and all social institutions grew out of each society's particular economic system. This economic system, or "mode of production" shaped all other social institutions which were subordinate to it....   [tags: Political Science] 867 words
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Social Change Theories - ... N.p.). With frustration towards the system of capitalism and class struggles running high, Marx was able to introduce his ideas and be supported by promising the equality that those of the lower class so desperately desired. Believing that capitalism caused the society to be flawed, and disagreeing with its concept, Marx set out to create a theory to replace it (Morrow. Web. N.p.). It was Marx's belief that capitalism lead to political oppression and thus a struggle of the class. It was Marx's belief, that "everything of value in society results from human labor", and thus he separates history in sections according to the economic structure of the society....   [tags: Sociology ]
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The Lonely Toiling - The Lonely Toiling My favorite book has always been A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. This work has an element of self-reinvention that I find attractive. Few themes are as interesting for me as the theme of a man or a woman, by strength of will, changing his or her stars and defying the convoluted schemes of the Fates. In this regard, I feel a special appreciation for Charles Dickens’ work because Ebenezer Scrooge is not reinventing himself for the sake of material gain; the sole purpose of Scrooge’s transformation is redemption....   [tags: Philosophy Money Papers]
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Communism: Its Origins and World Impact - Communism, a Basic Human Perspective. To this day people who were ruled by communist government still feel the pain and results from it. Communism can be seen as a theory and a system of both political and social organization that has had a great impact on the world through most of the twentieth century. Let us begin by defining what communism is, where it all began, who were some of the key people that played a major role in communism, and when it fell apart. There are many different definitions of communism....   [tags: Politics] 1027 words
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class struggles - Class Struggles In the Communist Manifesto Karl Marx explains his historical vision of a revolutionary class struggle between Bourgeois and Proletarians. His views are highlighted from the very beginning “The History of all hitherto societies has been the history of class struggles” (50). Focusing on the development and eventual destruction of the bourgeoisie, which was the dominant class of his day, and the rise of the working class, that of the Proletarians. I do understand that in some cases the system has a stain upon it and Marx was out to find the solution....   [tags: essays research papers] 705 words
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Marxism and Religion - Marxism and Religion Throughout Karl Marx’s life he was not thought to be anything special, just a regular working man, but in reality Marx was a “philosopher, a journalist, an economist, a historian, and a moralist.”[1] Even with all of this hard work most people did not think that he would amount to much. Little did most of the people who lived during Marx’s lifetime know how big of an impact he would have on the world within the next century. Karl Marx, the philosopher, had to have one of the biggest impacts on the world to this day....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1329 words
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Marxist Literary Criticism - Marxist Literary Criticism     While literary critics do attempt to elaborate or develop ideas articulated by Karl Marx, it is important and necessary to make a distinction between Marx's specific socio-economic and political agenda and the body of literary theory which emerged years later. Marxist literary criticism proceeds from the fundamental philosophical assumption that "consciousness can never be anything else than conscious existence...Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life" (Marx 568-9)....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]
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family as a product of the Environment - What is family. Family can be described in several ways, a group of persons of common ancestry, or by a person’s perceived view of what a family actually is. Everyone has their own beliefs on what actually makes and defines a family. We will compare the views on family based on Karl Marx’s “Communist manifesto” and Jose Saramago’s “The Cave” to see the differences and similarities that take place, and then we will come to a general conclusion that family is a product of our environment Marx felt that history of man is the history of class struggles; these class struggles generally exist between the oppressed and the oppressors....   [tags: essays research papers] 1614 words
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Communism as the Dream of Economic Equality - Communism as the Dream of Economic Equality Many people all over the world look for an outlet for which they can improve their quality of life. They strive to find the means of transforming their dreams into reality. Communism, to people everywhere, has offered the means for transforming the dream of economic equality into reality, throughout history. Communism, however, like various other political and economic movements in the history of man, has become a distant realization. Communism is a political and economic movement brought out to the public in the mid-nineteenth century....   [tags: Papers] 1999 words
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A Comparison of Capitalism and Marxism - A Comparison of Capitalism and Marxism This essay will compare the economic principles of capitalism and communism by giving brief historical background on both and describing the two. I will begin with the father of economy, Adam Smith, and finish with the theories of Karl Marx. Adam Smith believed that if everyone behaves selfishly we are doing what is best for the economy of our society. This is what is known as “enlightened selfishness.” “Enlightened selfishness” is one of the main elements of capitalism....   [tags: Papers] 638 words
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Roger and Me-Imperialism - Roger and Me-Imperialism: Examined "Black Thursday." The name itself sends shivers down your spine. October 24, 1929 the New York Stock Exchange crashed signaling the end of the Roaring Twenties and the start of the Great Depression. A depression can be defined as, "a prolonged deep recession." A recession is, "a period during which aggregate output declines." (Case 118) This was certainly quite a change, as in the twenties the economy seemed to be booming around the world. There was rapid increase in industrialization, and drastic improvements in technology....   [tags: Economics Economy Capitalism Essays]
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Sociology - Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies &#8230; prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior of individuals and the goals, mental states, and motives which determine the behavior of members of various social groups (pg.5,Aron).'; A specialization within Sociology is social stratification....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Summary of the Communist Manifesto - Summary of the Communist Manifesto During the late 1840’s the idea of Communism had risen among the European powers. Communism is the idea of “the movement that aims to overthrow the capitalist order by revolutionary means and to establish a classless society in which all goods will be socially owned.”[1] During this era the idea of a movement advancing towards the highest form of social organization and togetherness rose within the European countries. “It [communism] settles the question of men and nature, existence and essence, freedom and necessity, individual and collectiveness.”[2] The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt to explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory underlying the communist movement....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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A Comparison of Western and Eastern Conceptions of Human Nature - A Comparison of Western and Eastern Conceptions of Human Nature Buddhism and Marxism are two philosophic models of human nature separated by many centuries and many thousand of miles. It is difficult therefore to envisage how the two could have much if any dialogue between them; indeed it may well be that much more contrast may be found than synthesis. As to a determination on the possibly far more difficult question, the question as to who has a greater claim for validity, as we shall see that is perhaps a question largely dependant on belief....   [tags: Papers] 2222 words
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Reasoning of Human Nature - ... He began to notice that the bourgeoisie were beginning to come to power while the proletariat started to grow in numbers. Marx believed that there were multiple reasons that led the bourgeoisie to create their own destruction. First, the bourgeoisie could not help but oppress the proletariats and stand by as they began to sink lower and lower into society, thus increasing the chance of a proletariat uprising. Second, Marx writes, “The advance of industry…replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition…due to association” (Marx p....   [tags: Philosophy]
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Marxist Perspective on Education - ... As simple as this statement is, it’s the reality on how individual’s economic, social, and political status plays an impact. Most of Marxist perspectives are seen as critiquing the functions of school in society and how it discriminates against certain type of people according to their class, economic situation, and overall determination of an individual. There are some perspectives that support the function of schooling in certain society, such as the working class society or in the bourgeois society....   [tags: Education]
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On the Possibility of Transcendental Materialism - On the Possibility of Transcendental Materialism ABSTRACT: The purpose of this address is to argue for the following theses: (1) the concept of transcendentality can be associated not only with idealism but also with materialism; (2) such a connection was made possible by Karl Marx's theory; and (3) in the development of Marxism up to now, theory has been tied to a political movement, which is an error of principle, for what survives of it is a kind of social ethics which should more appropriately be called Marxism....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 3382 words
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Historical Roles of Alienation, Class, and Hegemony - 2 Alienation, class, and hegemony are three important terms defined in Raymond Williams' "Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture of Society." These terms apply in both Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave and Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto. Alienation, as defined by Williams, has two meanings. He first describes the term as "an act of estrangement, normally in relation to a `cutting-off' or being cut off from God, or to a breakdown of relations between a man or a group and some received political authority." The second definition Williams gives for alienation is "the act of transferring the ownership of anything to another, and especially the transfer of rights, estates, or money....   [tags: American Literature] 915 words
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The Failure of Modern Capitalism: Looking at Modern Situations from a Marxist Perspective - ... Senior management director of Eastdil Secured of New York explains, “In the past, the more vacancy a building had, the more valuable it was, because rents were on the move upward. Now when you have vacancy, it applies downward pressure on values” (Pristin 2009). Before the overproduction occurred, vacant space was seen as a valuable product because there were people who were willing and able to buy it. Now vacant space is an overproduced product, so it actually makes the building less valuable....   [tags: economy, government]
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The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 - The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 Part 1 Karl Marks was not Russian and he died 34 years before the Russian revolution, he was a German who spent most his life in England. He worked as a journalist but wrote books on history, religion, economics, society, and philosophy. Marx hated the system of capitalism because he thought that it was capitalism that had produced the problems of industry, poor living conditions and the social gap of the rich and poor. He thought that the system destroyed people and made them greedy and that people only wanted something if it was worth money....   [tags: Papers] 2626 words
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Joseph Stalin - ... Eventually, Communism would turn itself into Socialism, and the proletariat class would rule themselves in favor of national interest for all. Karl Marx held the notion that class struggle will lead to victory for the proletariat and there will be a creation of a communist society, which private ownership will be abolished and the community will produce for themselves based on what they need. Karl Marx did not write about society under communism, and the specifics as to how a communist state should be ruled....   [tags: Russian History, Politics] 2242 words
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Comparing Reactions to Industrialism in Frankenstein and The Communist Manifesto - Reactions to Industrialism in Frankenstein and The Communist Manifesto      The radical changes of the nineteenth century were unlike any the world had seen before. A sense of these changes were felt by all in many aspects; not just politically, but in social and cultural means as well. When Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was published in 1831, it was clear that many general elements of the romantic era were well reflected. Similarly, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels' The Communist Manifesto appeared in 1848, a time of great national political revolutions throughout Europe....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Friedrich Engels - Friedrich Engels During the time of the industrial era, there were many people upset over the manner in which the nations were being run. They were upset with the idea of capitol gain and how it was affecting people’s actions. They saw this era causing people to exploit each other with the intent of monetary gain. Those that were already part of the higher ranking class, the richer, would see reason to force the lower class, the working man, to spend his life in the new factories. He would be bullied into risking life and limb at the monstrous machines while hardly earning a penny....   [tags: Biography Communism engels Essays]
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The Basics of Socialism and Communism - The Basics of Socialism and Communism The radical political essay, Communist Manifesto- written by the German revolutionary philosopher Karl Marx, addresses numerous sociological problems of the 1800’s. In it, Marx basically calls for a proletariat, or working class, revolt and the installation of communism. Communism, also known as “scientific socialism”, like the latter name points out, is derived from socialism. These two complicated theories both yield a government that as autonomous political system has the responsibility to govern its country with the people's best interest as the priority....   [tags: Government History Socialism Communism Essays]
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Lenin's Revolution: From Marxism to Leninism - ... While on a train en route to Russia, Lenin wrote what was to be known as his April Theses: his agenda for the Bolshevik Party. He felt that the February Revolution was just an initial stage of the revolution and now the proletarians needed to be organized in order to remove the bourgeoisie to ultimately place proletarians in power. Organizing the Proletarians would create a revolutionary vanguard party that would rule as a proletarian dictatorship. In Marxists terms a socialists dictatorship would allow for the proletariat to have political control....   [tags: History, Communism] 919 words
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socialism - Socialism is a way of controlling the economy, in which the government owns and runs all of the businesses of a society. Socialism can be broken up into two different categories: Utopian Socialism and Scientific Socialism. These two types have some similar views, but also are very different in certain ways. For example, Utopian Society is basically a peaceful way to get what you want whereas Scientific Socialism, which was what Karl Marx represented, held the belief that the only way to get what you want is through revolution....   [tags: essays research papers] 948 words
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Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm - Politics in George Orwell's Animal Farm "Power corrupts, but absolute power corrupts absolutely" –Lord Acton (1834-1902). It is believed and can be notably seen in the past that many great people become dangerous and corrupt under vast amounts of power. It is this which is usually the greatest cause of their downfall. As we know many people fail, lose their status, or reputation when they are in a higher position. People of status, who have large amounts of control seem to become "power-hungry" and find it necessary to have it in their everyday lives, they need this power to function....   [tags: George Orwell Animal Farm] 1301 words
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