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Restorative Justice - ... Williams (2004) states that restorative justice draws on those most affected by the crime: the criminal; the victim; and the community to draw up and agree on an outcome which they feel most appropriate in the circumstances. It can be argued that this greatly affects public debate over crime and justice because it represents a growing international movement with a relatively clear set of values, principles and guidelines for practice (Umbreit, 2001). Restorative justice appeals because it offers the possibility of taking crime serious without ever-increasing repression and exclusion (McEvoy et al, 2002)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1524 words
(4.4 pages)
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Restorative Justice - ... By using apology in return for forgiveness symbolises that reparation can commence (Braithwaite, 2004). Defiance Theory is when the offender feels powerless and believes he/she will be humiliated. The experience of being exposed to disapproval of their behaviour may provoke some levels of deviance, however, as the session progresses and the offender expresses his/hers feelings, empathy develops between the parties, the environment becomes more reconciliatory, thus reducing deviance. James Dignan’s concepts related to offenders, but mostly, related to victims....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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943 words
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Justice for the Children - ... Most abuse is usually from the victims own family members like fathers, brothers, uncles. If abuse is reported outside of the church to the English community, that is rarely heard of. If the abuser is convicted of the crime and sent to prison the victim is shunned from the community and usually leaves. (Ferris, 2008) What is sad about many laws, is that it usually takes a violent crime to start opening the eyes of law makers to change the laws. Each state is responsible for writing these laws to protect society....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1031 words
(2.9 pages)
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Scales of Justice - ... Though many feel as if judges abuse their power to get revenge on criminals, many cases have arisen where the opposite has occurred. The story of Chelsea Rogers and her abuse has helped amplify this difference. The story appeared almost 14 years ago in the city of Brillion, Wisconsin (Elliot). Chelsea, then seven years old, and her two older brothers, told police that they suffered repeated mistreatment with wooden rods and leather belts (Elliot). In the fall of 1997, the kids had been caught taking candy without asking permission, so Angeline Rogers, their mother, locked the two boys outside and trapped Chelsea in a miniscule dog cage in the unheated basement of their home (Elliot)....   [tags: Justice System ]
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1388 words
(4 pages)
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Revenge Is Not Justice - ... (The Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty in the USA). Death penalty cases provide almost no deterrent against more serious crimes for the person convicted and for the rest of society (Strauss). Those Americans who are in favor of the death penalty do so because they think it makes our justice system just, not to keep lawful citizens safe. Therefore it provides no real way of serving its purpose (Douthat). By executing the criminal it is almost letting them off easy, because they do not have to pay for the crime that they committed, assuming the person is actually guilty....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1906 words
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Justice In Orestes - Justice in Orestes Aeschylus is primarily concerned with the nature of justice. In the trilogy The Oresteia, the Akhaians evolve from an older, more primitive autocratic form of justice, to a new concept of civil justice devised by Athena. He confronts the contrast between the old and new orders, the lives of the members of the House of Atreus, and the serious moral questions that Orestes' crime presents. The case against Orestes is strong. The son admits to striking down his mother, in violation of the sacred tenant of kinship....   [tags: The Oresteia Equality Justice Essays] 1445 words
(4.1 pages)
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Classical Theory of Justice - ... Did we arrive at good deserves good and bad deserves bad because of biblical influence, or is this a natural gravitation towards defining behaviors. Certainly good and bad acts have been recorded through the history of human kind. Additionally, justice has not followed a narrow course, but a broad and loosely interpreted one. Each culture behaving differently and executing their interpretation of law, there is diversity in the reward and punishment belief system. I think that a realization of order generates pressure to focus on good behaviors....   [tags: Justice] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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Justice - Of course I looked “justice” up in the dictionary before I started to write this paper and I didn’t find anything of interest except of course a common word in every definition, that being “fair”. This implies that justice would have something to do with being fair. I thought that if one of the things the law and legal system are about is maintaining and promoting justice and a sense of “fairness”, they might not be doing such a spiffy job. An eye for an eye is fair. No, that would be too easy, too black and white....   [tags: essays research papers] 710 words
(2 pages)
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Justice - Justice Every action or decision we make is either justifiable or unjustifiable. Justice is usually decided by society or the "norm." The "norm" changes from one society to another. However, there are always laws that can be broken, consequences that must follow, and punishment that must be imparted. Justice can be seen in two different ways, social and criminal. Justice is in the eye of the beholder because we all have different attitudes about right and wrong. Criminal justice is a term that refers to the area of social laws which a group of people deem valuable in order for the day-to-day mechanics of society to function....   [tags: essays research papers] 835 words
(2.4 pages)
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Justice - Justice When the question is asked "Can we live in a just world?" In effect it is asking us a variety of things. "Can there be justice for all?" and "Can there be equality for all people?". The answer to this question is no. Unfortunately we live in a world where justice has never really transpired. The first justice that I would like to speak about is personal justice. Blessed are those reared in a household innocence of the deadly sin of envy. Their lives will be tormented by a grinding resentment that they are not beautiful, or famous, or favored with gifts of fortune....   [tags: essays research papers] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Justice: Understandably Misunderstood - ... They are both a response to injustice that has been committed against the innocent. Perhaps the most important thing to consider when distinguishing between the two is retributive justice can be served by transferring the responsibilities to a higher authority that acts formally in accordance with the law to punish offenders. Due to these negative effects it is important to realize retributive justice is not the only form of justice. In order to counter the emphasis on revenge there must be an understanding of restoration techniques....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1283 words
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Justice: Understandably Misunderstood - ... They are both a response to injustice that has been committed against the innocent. Perhaps the most important thing to consider when distinguishing between the two is retributive justice can be served by transferring the responsibilities to a higher authority that acts formally in accordance with the law to punish offenders. Due to these negative effects it is important to realize retributive justice is not the only form of justice. In order to counter the emphasis on revenge there must be an understanding of restoration techniques....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1277 words
(3.6 pages)
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Justice - Justice Should the strong be required to support the weak. How does society "distribute" wealth among its members. These are the questions. There are three basic sides to this issue. The permissive system entitles individuals to a subsistence income supply for existing as a human. The puritan system requires that people at least be willing to contribute to society in order to receive a subsistence income. Finally, the Individual view holds the property rights of the individual to be sacred: no one may forcibly deprive him of his goods....   [tags: essays research papers] 844 words
(2.4 pages)
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A Conservative Response to Restorative Justice - ... state and federal court systems. A reduction in the involvement of the American court systems is viewed as a “breakdown of traditional social and legal authority” (Mantle et al., 2005, p. 20). With “a culture that is becoming increasingly conservative and focused on security rather than personal freedom,” (Siegel, 2008, p. 194) many conservatives are resistant to a form of justice that gives more liberty and leniency to offenders. Any threat to the traditional American justice system is a direct threat to many conservatives as well....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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696 words
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Criminal Justice Trends - ... The way the system is perceived is by citizens of America plays a large roll on how policies are implemented. What shapes the views and perceptions of our citizens when discussing the criminal justice system. There are four outlets that shape the way people rationalize the effectiveness of the criminal justice system and by volume they are; media, news paper, radio, and in less than 10 percent of the population from friends and family (Muraski, 2009), media of course being the biggest contributor to the influence of how people in America view crime in our country....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics - ... For example, the use of guns, the use of police swoops as a means of fighting crime, and the use of uniforms that closely resemble those of the military have inculcated a domineering character and, to some extent, a violent nature in many police officers. Although the deputy chief has an enviable track record, it is evident from this case that he is on the wrong side of the law. Covering up this wrong is tantamount to abetting corruption. This is unethical. One good example of the code of ethics that an officer in the criminal justice system has to follow is embodied in the Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics of the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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886 words
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Criminal Justice as Entertainment - ... While the program demonstrates a thespian view of the criminal justice system, it exhibits a precise explanation of how the police force and the courts set off from an unexplained crime to a conviction. In one episode titled ‘Thrill Killers”, two individuals, Joshua Ford and Genie Crutchley, went missing from their beachside hotel room. Other two suspects Benjamin and Erica Sifrit, described as a young married couple, were apprehended on charges of burglary when they allegedly endeavoured to rob a Hooter’s souvenir shop....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1009 words
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Pursuing Criminal Justice - ... A second current practice of successful achievement in law enforcement in a global realm is the fight against terrorism. The fight against terrorism is a major threat to the world on a daily basis. This fight is one that takes each nation to fight as the United States struggles to get the upper-hand and defend the soil that many have fought and died for. The United Nations must continue the fight and disallow terrorists from gaining control and taking numerous, innocent lives. Everyone must continue to defend human rights although the struggle of terrorism is apparent....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Criminal Justice System - ... When the defendant is found guilty and sent to prison, s/he will be housed away from society for a given period of time and while in prison, corrections is responsible for humane treatment of the defendant. Correction also takes up the responsibility of rehabilitation of that individual and tries to make them productive members of the society. Based on their behavior, the court and corrections officer decide if they want to place someone on parole while they are completing their term in the prison....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Pursuing a Degree in Criminal Justice - ... At this time your fingerprint report is brought up to check the criminal history of the accused if they have any. From this the accused is brought to court for arraignment. This is where the charges will be brought up that are being accused. During the arraignment the lawyer of the accused and the prosecutor may discus possibilities of settling outside of court without a trial needed. Plea bargain may also be developed. A plea bargain can always be different for instance the prosecutor may ask for the accused to plead guilty in exchange for the promise to recommend a particular sentence to the judge that may be less than what was predicted....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Procedures in the Criminal Justice System - ... and Dignan, J. (2007) have put it, the procedure in the criminal system begins “only when a crime is reported to the police” (p.2). As soon as a crime is committed, the primary element of the Criminal Justice System which is involved is the law enforcement, otherwise, the police. The initial task of the police is to investigate a crime and proceed to appropriate arrests. The power of the police is governed by the state from which they are employed and engaged with. Police officers are entrusted with many powers like arresting, entry and search, seizure, and many more, to reinstate and maintain public order....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice System and Process - ... Defense Attorneys: On the other hand the defense attorneys are mandated to defend the accused against the government’s case. These attorneys are either hired by the defendants or assigned for by the court (this is a case for those defendants who do not have enough financial capacity to hire an attorney), (Schmallager, 2009). The Courts: The courts are spear-headed by judges whose ultimate objective is making sure that the correct process in the court room is followed to par, (Smith, 2003). They are therefore in charge of rejecting or accepting plea agreements, they oversee trials and they also sentence the convicted offenders, (Law Library, 2011)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice - ... NECCO, a foster-care agency in Kentucky, Ohio, West Virginia and Georgia, and the Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice conclude that alternatives to youth incarceration are not as expensive as incarceration. The price per county is $94 per day in a detention facility that is secure in contrast to $92.50 a day for emergency shelter care and $78 per day for a supervised foster care placement. For secure youth correctional facilities the grand sum is $152 per day. However the options to incarceration actually increase the chances of youth to exit the juvenile justice system completely and in all outward appearances become good, upstanding, societal contributors....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1991 words
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The Criminal Justice System in USA - ... The article details a host of other police actions by specific racial numbers, including arrests, frisk, and use of force. Law enforcement policies like Boston's 2005 initiative dubbed (without a trace of irony) "Operation Rolling Thunder" target certain groups of "inner-city" youths (translation = young men of color) for increased surveillance, stops, arrests, and relocation (Mastrorilli, 2012). Another moral issue for law enforcement involves excessive use of force, racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, age discrimination and religious discrimination....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice System - ... At times however, police discretion causes more problems than it resolves. There have been reports of police being called to a scene were a husband is being extremely aggressive towards his wife. The police feel as the situation that is occurring is not severe, and therefore leave the scene. The next day, the police station receives a call that there was a homicide. As they arrive to the scene, the police realized it was the same couple from day before.” The report details in-depth reviews of 84 cases in which 135 people died, including some instances of homicide-suicide — cases when abusers killed victims as well as themselves....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Division of Juvenile Justice Services - ... Average age of youths admitted to community programs grew slowly from 16.4 in Fiscal Year 1999 to 16.7 in fiscal year 2004. The number has been either 16.7 or 16.8 in each of the years after fiscal year 2004. The proportion of girls admitted to community programs was 15% - 16% in the first 5 Years of the 10-year period, before jumping to a 10-year high of 20% in fiscal year 2005. Girls accounted for 18% of admissions in fiscal year 2006, 19% in fiscal year 2007 and 16% in fiscal year 2008. The proportion of ethnic youths admitted to community programs grew from 30% In Fiscal Year 1999 to 40% in fiscal year 2006....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Juveniles and the Justice System - ... The real justice in prosecuting a juvenile and placing them into an environment with harden criminals is exactly where they should be when they commit such crimes. When they are off the street it makes the communities safer for those of us that don’t do anything bad to land ourselves in prison with adult criminals. This is actually a really check for them. If we keep letting juveniles get away with committing such crimes we will all be domed. In some cases the juveniles mental status of what is going on is not very stable, but this is not put into consideration when the juvenile is being tried as an adult, this is due to the juvenile not thinking about the consequences of what is going to happen to them after they commit such a crime to land themselves there in the first place....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Youth Criminal Justice Act - ... Police, crown prosecutors and judges caution youth of the consequences that will occur if they reoffend, which acts as a deterrent. Youth often commit crimes now knowing, or even thinking about the punishments that may follow if they are caught. Once they are informed of the consequences that will occur if they reoffend, they are much less likely to commit another crime considering that the consequences that follow are much more severe. For instance, if a youth was caught stealing and was sentenced to 120 hours of community service....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Canadian Criminal Justice System - ... The Crown wanted to confront Mohamed to ensure he understood what non-contact with the victim meant. Every time she asked him a question, he returned a contradicting response. She asked him about friends, and he first answered that he did not have any, then he answered that his one friend that he did have did not provide him with contact information. This went on for some time. Frustrated, the Crown finally asked "Do you understand what I am saying. Do you need an interpreter?". Mohamed looked confused....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Criminal Justice Process - ... The cognitive behavioral approach gives emphasis on altering the habits of the offended relating toward sexual offending and “deviant patterns of arousal”. (CSOM) This means altering the daily habits of the offender which may be everything they had known previously to incarceration. The second principal of psycho-educational focuses on altering the offender’s state of mind toward their victims and attempts to instill the understanding of how they inflicted harm with their actions. With psychology there is never a set time on how long a set goal will be reached....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1089 words
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Criminal Justice Fields - ... The most noted fields, which people associate with forensics, are fingerprint analysis, ballistics, DNA profiling and toxicology however the everyday public is unaware the forensic field also includes fire investigation, forensic engineering, and even vehicular accident reconstruction. Within the last twenty years, due to the advances in technology and science, many new disciplines have come into fruition. Vein matching, also called vascular technology, is a technique of biometric identification though the analysis of the patterns of blood vessels visible from the surface of the skin....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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995 words
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Encouragement in the Criminal Justice System - ... One of the biggest obstacles a criminal justice professional will be confronted with is a difference in culture or subculture. People within the same culture will not have the same attitudes or perceptions because differences can still result due to ethnic group, family values and personal experiences. Culturally speaking, a criminal justice professional will find it very difficult to encourage clients of different cultures if the professional view's clients in an ethnocentric manner. Assessing clients in accordance with the professional’s values will severely limit their ability to help and encourage their client....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing - Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served....   [tags: criminal justice]
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725 words
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U.S. Criminal Justice System - ... Inmates may use telephones to call anyone anytime, they have keys to their own individual rooms, they have their own money, and they wear their own clothes. There are no restrictions on hours of watching television or visiting in the day rooms or rooms of other inmates, and going to work or school is not required (p. 53). The Denmark’s popular belief reflects Europe’s stance that the fines, probation, and suspended sentences are best ways than jailing people. In the fact, Denmark inserted various committees to deal with minor sentences such as felony, thefts, and youth crimes....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Juvenile Justice Organization - ... Once a determination is made, the juvenile might either remain in juvenile court or is moved to the criminal court. If she stays in juvenile court, an adjudication hearing occurs. A determination is made anchored in the proof offered. If the juvenile is adjudicated as felonious, the disposition hearing occurs. In the disposition hearing, probation proposals or a disposition plan is considered. A prosecutor and delinquent might as well present any concurrence reached for the judge’s consideration....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 891 words
(2.5 pages)
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Puerto Rico Criminal Justice - ... It is at this stage that procedural law becomes of utmost importance. Procedural law concerns itself with the fair treatment of the suspected offender. It is due to the Amendments (or Sections in Puerto Rico) that protect individual rights that a society is able to engage in the social contract without fear of the government abusing their powers. In Puerto Rico, the judicial process in criminal cases consists of three distinct stages: pre-trial proceedings, trial, and subsequent proceedings....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Global Justice Movement - 1. The IMF and the World Trade Organization purpose are to keep countries up and running to serve a purpose of supply and demand. The purpose of the WTO is to ensure global trade commences smoothly, freely, and predictably to help better the countries employment rate, healthcare, and the country’s economy. The IMF makes loans so that countries can maintain the value of their currencies and repay foreign debt. These two organizations contribute to the money shortages that cause global issues such a poverty, civil issues, and unfair trade....   [tags: Global Justice] 950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Retribution and Restoration Justice - ... It is centered on the notion from A Lexicon of Terror by Margurite Feitlowitz that’s “when a people’s very word have been wounded, the society cannot fully recover until the language has been healed. Words… [Are all interconnected, that crime of humanity is a violation of relationships, and that such defilements create obligations.] Mark the path of our experience… language is a boundary between our vulnerable inner selves and the outside world (Feitlowitz page 62).” In addition of outside public meetings that is held to provide everyone with a sense of ownership in the process of a meaningless “solution…the truth in exchange for the freedom of the perpetrators (Tutu page 58).” That makes this solution “a criminal order under normal circumstance (Ardent page 148).” This is still evident in the way traditional courts function and the principles they uphold in retributive justice which everything must be judge in a normal society....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Rights] 1448 words
(4.1 pages)
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Justice for All Ages - Justice for All Ages The question of “What is Justice?” plagued the ancient philosophers and continues to plague the professional and amateur academic philosophers of today. The question is so hard, because it is quite difficult to know where to begin. Socrates1 spoke of justice in relation to the gods, Plato in relation to an individual’s duty in society, and Achilles, in a somewhat indirect way, in relation to honor and loyalty. All three of these men had very convincing arguments about the true nature of justice, but it is impossible to say now, or most likely ever, whether any of them actually got it right....   [tags: Justice Philosophy Essays]
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The Meaning of a Word: Justice Is Just This - The are certain words in the English language that are extremely difficult to define therefore to give them meaning, is to enter a fierce debate among thinkers. How does one define a word that is so abstract and whose definition and purpose varies so extensively from nation to nation, language to language, and person to person. One can only hope to grasp the concept of such words, before another person comes up with a slightly more adequate definition than the one currently leading the pack. The reason the definition these words vary as much as they do is simply because their meanings are bottom-line based on opinion....   [tags: Justice, definition, philosophy, ] 1243 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Criminal Justice System - ... This also follows on from the work that Braithwaite (1989) was investigating into informal social control methods such as family and religion and argues that dealing with the offence and offender through a family orientated and structured method will be more effective at shaming and rehabilitating the offender than through formal social control methods. Healing and sentencing circles are implemented to deal with more serious crimes such as domestic violence and sexual assault, aiming to address not only the harm caused but the cultural and social implications of it....   [tags: Restorative Justice, Mediation] 2367 words
(6.8 pages)
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Ethics in Criminal Justice Professions - ... Emotions, instinct, and personal values cannot supply adequate answers to ethical and moral dilemmas. However, training and education can provide the answers to solve those ethical and moral dilemmas, increase awareness of ethical issues, expand the scope of their ethical vision, and spur their imagination of the consequences of their decisions affecting others. Training will provide the formation of questions on which to base an ethical decision. Does the decision affect others. Does the decision hurt others....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
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The Deterrence Effect and Criminal Justice - Over the years a theory known as the deterrence effect has been proposed to the world of capital punishment. People believe that if you do something wrong, in this case, kill someone, then you will be put to death therefore preventing you from committing that wrong act again. This theory also states that by viewing or hearing about your punishment then others around you will not follow in your footsteps which will decrease the number of criminal acts committed. Econometric studies have started a panel data in order to view the validity of this theory....   [tags: Deterrence, Criminal Justice, ] 662 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Possibility of Justice for All - The Possibility of Justice for All Works Cited Not Included Can there be justice for all. To answer this question I must first define what justice is. Justice is ?the quality of being just, impartial or fair. in your dealings with others according to Merriam Webster?s Collegiate Dictionary. Keeping that definition in mind, I now must turn to the Voices of Wisdom in order to find an example of a situation in which all parties feel that they are being treated justly. After examining examples such as: Euthanasia, discrimination based on sexual orientation, and equal opportunity offered within the book, it becomes clear to me that there is in fact no possible way for there to be justice for all because everyone?s judgement is in some way or another clouded by their own self interests....   [tags: Justice Fair Society Essays] 804 words
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Justice in Socrates’ City - Justice in Socrates’ City While Adeimantus and Glaucon appear to enthusiastically accept Socrates’ conclusions about the nature and benefits of justice at the end of Book IV, even going so far as to complete his argument about the profit of justice themselves, they only do so because they have followed Socrates’ argument linearly without going back to test new claims against established premises. Had they done so, they would have been to discover the gaps in Socrates’ logic and the full implications of his constructed city—a city that not only failed to illustrate how justice was profitable in itself and correlated with happiness, but actually proved the precise view of justice as a sacrificial act that it was constructed to disprove....   [tags: Socrates Book IV Justice] 793 words
(2.3 pages)
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Inequalities in the justice system - ... Out of these a higher percentage of Whites than African Americans were convicted of property crimes, while a higher percentage of African Americans were convicted of drug offenses. Among those actually convicted of a felony, African Americans were more often sentenced to prison and had longer sentence lengths than Whites. Overall, 66% of Whites versus 71% of African Americans were sentenced to jail or prison time. Out of those convicted of violent offenses, 80% of African Americans versus 75% of Whites were sentenced to jail or prison time and for drug offenses, 70% of African Americans versus 63% of Whites were sentenced to jail or prison time....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Race]
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Fixing the American Justice System - Fixing American Justice In Lynn, a car pins a woman against a wall. The driver is charged with driving drunk for the third time. In Quincy, a pregnant mother is rushed to a hospital and her baby delivered by an emergency operation. Police say she was hit by a man already convicted of drunk driving four times. In Springfield a fifteen year old girl is crushed by a man who has been convicted of drunk driving almost a dozen times and has even served a prison term for it. She will never walk with her own legs again....   [tags: Criminal Justice Crime] 638 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Aspects of Criminal Justice - The Aspects of Criminal Justice There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which are five methodologies of crime that were mainly focused on biological theories, Psychological theories, which contains four separate theories, and the Sociological theories, which also includes four different methods of explaining why crime exists....   [tags: Crime Justice Criminals Essays]
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1525 words
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Social Justice is NOT Achieved by Income Redistribution - ... We shall now proceed to clear up the misconceptions regarding the idea of justice. Hayek states that justice can only exist when consequences are either intended or foreseen6. Since justice governs the rules of individual conduct, in the instance of injustice, we always have a guilty party to seek renumeration from. It is completely meaningless to apply the terms of justice to causes and consequences for which no human agency is responsible. It is absurd to decry a natural calamity, such as a powerful hurricane that causes a great deal of harm to individuals, as “unjust” without pointing at exactly who is guilty of the calamity....   [tags: Global Justice, Economic Justice] 2017 words
(5.8 pages)
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Justice in the Legal System - Justice in the Legal System Justice, as defined by Webster’s Dictionary is the quality of being fair or just. This implies that justice would have something to do with being fair. I thought that if one of the things the law and legal system are about is maintaining and promoting justice and a sense of fairness, they might not be doing such a great job. An eye for an eye is fair. No, that would be too easy, too black and white. I could cite several examples where I thought a judge’s or jury’s ruling was unfair, however I will not simply due to the fact that this is to be about what justice is to me and not what justice was to the particular courtroom situation....   [tags: Justice System Laws Crimes Essays] 649 words
(1.9 pages)
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Justice in Plato's Republic - Justice in Plato's Republic Justice. What is justice. In this world where many people look out only for themselves, justice can be considered the happiness of oneself. But because selfish men do not always decide our standards in society, to find a definition, society should look at the opinions of many. Just as in the modern society to which we live, where everyone feels justice has a different meaning, the society of Plato also struggled with the same problem. In this paper, I will look into the Republic, one of the books of Plato that resides heavily on defining an answer to the meaning of Justice, and try to find an absolute definition....   [tags: Papers Justice Plato Republic Essays] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Government, Justice, and Human Rights - Government, Justice, and Human Rights ABSTRACT: This paper explores the relationship between justice and government, examining views on the subject expressed by traditional political philosophers such as Rousseau and Locke, as well as those expressed by contemporary political theorists such as John Rawls and Robert Nozick. According to Rawls, justice is one of the fundamental concerns of a governing body; Locke and Rousseau agree that government and justice are essentially connected. Nozick and Max Weber, however, claim that the essential characteristic of government is not justice, but power....   [tags: Government Justice Human Rights Papers]
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3128 words
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The Purpose of Restorative Justice Methods - ... The victim and significant others will then confront the offender, explain what harm was caused, and an attempt to build a moral conscience and strengthen social bonds begin (Goff, 2011, p.90). A key component to restorative justice is to change the perceptions of the offender and the voluntary involvement of both the victim and offender. Restorative justice programs typical only consider certain crimes eligible for consideration. The crimes are usually “non-serious property offences and minor violent offences” (Goff 2011, p....   [tags: Law, criminal justice system, criminology] 2057 words
(5.9 pages)
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The Role of Justice in Society - The Role of Justice in Society Through the egalitarian reasoning of John Rawls and the act-utilitarianist perspective of J.J.C. Smart, I will analyze the concept of justice. In accordance with Rawls, I intend to argue that any changes in society that will increase the burden carried by the poorest 5% are unjust, even if these changes increase the average level of happiness for the other 95%. With regard to ethics, justice is defined as fairness, where all situations should be treated alike. For one to exhibit justice, one must portray the quality of being fair and reasonable in all situations....   [tags: Just Justice Fair Philosophy Essays]
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2376 words
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U.S. Criminal Justice System - U.S. Criminal Justice System In order to keep a safe society, it is important to establish a nation with good education to teach people judging from right or wrong , excellent police force to keep our street safe, and most of all, a good criminal justice system to carry out the justice. United States is a place with little crimes, a nation with nice houses, beautiful beaches, and expensive shops without property just like what I seen in the American movies in my opinion before I arrived here....   [tags: United States Crimes Justice Essays] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice - Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays] 5672 words
(16.2 pages)
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Justice In Plato's The Republic - Justice In Plato's The Republic Ralph Waldo Emerson once wrote “One man’s justice is another’s injustice.” This statement quite adequately describes the relation between definitions of justice presented by Polemarchus and Thrasymachus in Book I of the Republic. Polemarchus initially asserts that justice is “to give to each what is owed” (Republic 331d), a definition he picked up from Simonides. Then, through the unrelenting questioning of Socrates, Polemarchus’ definition evolves into “doing good to friends and harm to enemies” (Republic 332d), but this definition proves insufficient to Socrates also....   [tags: Plato Republic Justice Philosophy Essays] 999 words
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Juvenile Justice and Correction - Juvenile Justice and Correction       Justice has always been the goal of our court system, but it is not always served, especially in cases involving juveniles. The judiciary process has evolved from a system that did not initially consider juveniles, to one where juveniles have their own court proceedings, facilities, and even rules or laws. The juvenile justice system has come a long way, and people have worked very hard in its creation. A juvenile is considered to be an individual, under the age of 18, resembling an adult....   [tags: Justice Law Juveniles Youth Essays]
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Gorgias, Socrates, and Justice - Gorgias, Socrates, and Justice When a person’s back is against the wall and the stakes are the highest, how should they handle the pressure. When the lines between right and wrong become so blurred, how is one to know what is the ethical choice in the matter. Imagine being accused of first degree murder, a crime in which you did not commit. However, the evidence against you is stacked so high, it seems you do not have a chance. Your lawyer says he could have you acquitted, but in order to do so he must engage in some unethical courtroom tricks....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Justice Morals Essays] 812 words
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By the Name of Justice I’ll Avenge - ... Justice is a cloud of hope that we all seek to achieve, a cloud you wish for it to rain but doesn’t always does, which reflects to the ideal society and the ultimate promise of law to be conducted, while as can vengeance be justified in absence of justice. Vengeance is a universal behavior pattern; in which the dilemma is we as ‘citizens’ accept it, while as the state denies it’s existence (Heyd and Bar-elli 68-86). Justice is a terminology that is agreed on what if fair or not, while as revenge is the strategy for implementing justice....   [tags: Justice System ]
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1309 words
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - ... Problem-solving justice programs can trace their roots to several innovations in policing including community and problem-oriented policing. This was the basis for replacing law enforcement’s traditional role of responding, identifying patterns of crime, mitigating the underlying conditions, and engaging the community (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007). New policing strategies helped inspire similar approaches giving rise to innovations such as community prosecution, community courts, and problem-solving probation....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Underfunding in the Canadian Criminal Justice System - ... Currently each Canadian pays 344 a year to fund Canada’s combined 11 billion dollar a year police expenditure budget (Beattie, 2009). This money could come from a number of sources such as ending GST rebate cheques except those in poverty or not holding G20 summits, or perhaps the money from the long gun registry could have been put to better use. If each Canadian paid an additional 56 dollars a year to hire more police another 1.8 billion dollars in salaries could be paid. Assuming costs of 100000 a year in salary, training, and equipment per police officer, another 18000 police officers could be put on the payroll across Canada....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Rise of Females in the Juvenile Justice System - Females are increasingly becoming more active in the juvenile justice system and this is said to be happening at alarming rates. It is important to learn more about why and how girls commit crimes so that we may also attempt intervention in an effective manner to prevent potential offenders and rehabilitate the girls who have already committed offenses. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has produced a report that includes a review of how these girls are getting into these situations, how states are dealing with this population of offenders, the national efforts that have taken place to attempt to address the needs of the adolescent female offender including training for individuals who work with these females and a female-based continuum of care model that’s use is recommended in the development of any female program development....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 775 words
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Ethical Challenges in Criminal Justice System - ... Lawyers are required to have many years of schooling, in particular four years of law school, Correctional Services in many states do not require any college at all, and however all do require at least a high school education. Ethics training is not at the forefront of most law enforcement academy curricula. Ethics is sometimes a low-priority, tiresome subject. Little effort can be devoted to ethics as it competes for classroom time with more glamorous and direct-liability subjects such as firearms, non-lethal weapons, defensive tactics, laws of arrest, search and seizure, pursuit driving, etc.(Dr....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
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My Education for a Career to Pursue Justice - “Make them sit in judgement of their fellow men, which is worse than swinging from the gallows.” Bertolt Brecht (The Caucasian Chalk Circle) (I recently watched a production of Brecht’s famous play “The Caucasian Chalk Circle” which made me reflect upon the idea of the Law.) The distribution of justice is not an easy job as it will always leave one party dissatisfied; the boldness lies in deciding regardless which one will be dissatisfied. I have grown up in a small island where the power of justice and the application of the law have been often undermined as defenders of Human Rights, for the sake of big interests....   [tags: criminal justice, career,] 846 words
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Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice - Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures....   [tags: Criminal Justice Book Review] 1205 words
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Juvenile Justice: Don't Treat Juveniles As Adults - ... The juvenile criminal justice system is designed to protect and reform convicts for assimilation into society but with acts of violence as the few stated above, nothing can be accomplished. In addition, correctional officers, those hired to maintain order, incite violence against juveniles who enter adult facilities. Beatings by correctional staffers are nearly twice as likely for juveniles in adult facilities than in juvenile facilities.2 If this seems contradictory of a correctional staffer’s job make no mistake it is; men and women who are paid to protect inmates invoke similar acts of violence as adult offenders against juveniles....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Paradox of Dominate Ideologies in the Fight of Social Justice. - ... “Thus, we all ‘know’ that Cher and virtually every other female star over the age of twenty- five [or younger when talking about the girls on The Hills] is the plastic product of numerous cosmetic surgeries on face and body” (Bordo, 1993). Now looking at the MTV show Jersey Shore and how they treat the ideology of food. The Jersey Shore cast has a different appearances then the cast of The Hills, the cast of Jersey Shore are not all one unified look, and have different body types. From the first episode you can tell that they have an extremely different relationship to food that is being shown on the show....   [tags: Social Justice]
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Prosecuting Juveniles As Adults in The Criminal Justice System - ... A case should be presented with evidence, testimonies, and experts to determine whether guilt is present. If the party is guilty then a sentence should be given, but trials, and the criminal system, are designed for adults, not children. “Prosecuting juveniles as adults undermines the justice system” (Young, and Gainsborough). Judges and lawyers lack the patients and training to listen to children during an adult criminal trail. These issues in adult courts allow for predisposed disadvantages for children tried in the same court....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Mental Health within the Criminal Justice System - ... 927). However by encouraging independence through employment the public mental health system will give these people hope as part of their treatment process that is hope for a life without dependence. Employment gives an individual a separate identity to that of ‘mentally ill’ or ‘criminal’, where they are able to contribute to society by paying taxes to support these essential public services. By engaging in successful employment people with mental health problems have the ability to establish their worthiness, and provide for themselves without restoring to survival crimes thus fracturing the stigmatisation process....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Risk Assessments Within The Criminal Justice System - ... Elements of risk assessments Prior record(s) have a huge impact on the decisions to sentence and the duration of time served. The conclusions in the Criminal Behavior and Mental Health article showed, “There is a distinct advantage when attempting to predict recidivism to employing measures such as the LSI-R, which includes dynamic variables and intervention related criminogenic domains, over a measure purely of fixed characteristics, such as the GSIR; however, if there is discordance between the risk estimates, caution should be exercised and more reliance on the more static historically based instrument may be indicated.” (MILLS & KRONER, P....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Race and Social Class: Education and Criminal Justice System - ... This ideology is based on the belief that having a good education will open economical doors and make it possible for all individuals to improve their financial status. Unfortunately, this ideology does not apply to all social groups: it restricts some social groups and favors others. White children from the upper class can feel secure and safe about their chances of attaining the American Dream. They might not be the brightest pupils in school, but there is a high probability of them attending a school that fits their interests and aspirations because of the interventions of their well-off parents....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate in Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice? - This essay aims to make clear the system of restorative justice and its aims towards youth offending, whilst arguing points for and against the current system and whether or not it is more appropriate in terms of dealing with youth offending. It will also define restorative justice as well as defining what is meant by conventional justice. Making clear how and why these two systems came to be a part of youth justice whilst concluding as to which if either is more appropriate in dealing with youth offending behaviour....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Is the criminal justice system more effective as a method of bringing the guilty to justice or as a deterrent or a method of social control? - ... Furthermore, each of these institutions have substantial unregulated discretion in making particular decisions such as the victim's decision to report a crime (Frase & Weidner). The decision to report crimes to the police can have extensive consequences for victims and the criminal justice system. However, the task of portraying accurate crime statistics is made difficult by the differences between numbers of incidents reported to police, and numbers of people who respond positively to victim surveys....   [tags: Criminal justice] 1385 words
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Is Justice Fairly Served in New York City? - Is justice fairly served in New York City. Everyday some one is arrested for something they did not do. The New York City officers abuse their power as a public servant, while leaving citizens vulnerable in situations. They fear the police of what the could do to their reputations if they go against their authority. In the Adventures of a Novelist, Crane had to make a decision on weather he should testify or not for the prostitute that was accused for soliciting two men. Crane knew what the right thing was to do, but was apprehensive of what may turn out for him....   [tags: justice, New York City, criminal justice,] 743 words
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Wrongful Conviction: An Injustice Within the Justice System - ... Police officers are the front line soldiers within the criminal justice system. Society requires an arrest from a crime to occur. For this reason there is a substantial pressure placed on police officers to make an arrest. Officers would arrest an individual that is likely to fit the description and can be arrested and convicted even if it is the wrong individual. An arrest involves the suspension of individual fundamental rights and freedom. Before a conviction is made, an individual is presumed innocent until proven guilty....   [tags: Canadian Criminal Justice System]
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Wrongful Conviction - A Miscarriage In The Canadian Justice System - ... Police officers are the front line soldiers within the criminal justice system. Society requires an arrest from a crime to occur. For this reason there is a substantial pressure placed on police officers to make an arrest. Officers would arrest an individual that is likely to fit the description that can be arrested and convicted even if it is the wrong individual. An arrest involves the suspension of individual fundamental rights and freedom. Before a conviction is made, an individual is presumed innocent until proven guilty....   [tags: Canada Criminal Justice]
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Models of Criminal Justice: Exploring the Probation System - ... He recommended to judges that certain offenders be released under his supervision. ) In recent years, the push for alternatives to incarceration has, in large part, been in response to rapidly increasing prison populations in Canada and the United States. Legislators in Canada and the United States have passed legislation in recent years aimed at reducing or stabilizing prison populations. Canada and the United States have the highest rates of incarceration of all Western democratic countries, at 130 and 529 per 100,000 population respectively (Correctional Service of Canada, 1995)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law, parole] 1855 words
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The Struggles Indigenous Peoples Face to Obtain Justice - There are over 5000 Indigenous communities in over 70 different countries. They are defined collectively under the term Indigenous Peoples (IPs) by the Cobo Report but this term also allows for their diversity. They face numerous legal issues in attempting to achieve their rights, so they have collectively united to access the remedies available to them to achieve justice. Broad characteristics to define them are highlighted in the Mick Dodson report and include: connection with territory that pre dates invasion, social and cultural traditions such as affinity with the land and colonisation, resistance and resurgence....   [tags: Indigenous Peoples, justice, ] 1571 words
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For Every Action There is a Reaction in Macbeth, that is, Poetic Justice - William Shakespeare’s play Macbeth tells the story of Macbeth, a loyal and brave nobleman who lives in Scotland, with his wife Lady Macbeth. At the start of the play, Macbeth (a general in the army of King Duncan, originally thane of Glamis, then thane of Cawdor, and later King of Scotland) takes three prophecies from three atrocious witches. The first witch says, “All hail, Macbeth. hail to thee, thane of Glamis” (1.3.48). The second witch says, “All hail, Macbeth. hail to thee, thane of Cawdor” (1.3.49)....   [tags: Macbeth, Poetic Justice, shakespeare,]
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