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A Measure of Intelligence - ... The only difference is instead of having good vocabulary and lingual compositional skills they have a good vocabulary of pitches, instruments and melodies. They are then able to take those and, with remarkable skill, create or interpret a masterpiece containing chords, melodies, and counter-melodies, each utilizing several instruments. “The world of the mathematician is a world apart, and one must be ascetic to derive sustenance from it” (Gardner, 150). Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to reason with mathematic and scientific theories....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1341 words
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The Intelligence Cycle - Introduction The Intelligence Cycle is an [effective], but outdated model. Essentially, it attempts to visualise intelligence as a process, and not merely a product. As such, by attempting a simple outline of a complex procedure, the cycle will be prone to misrepresenting dynamic changes; operational realities and either over, or under value particular parts of the process. However, it’s core strengths lie in it’s simplicity: shifting through the alphabet soup that is the Intelligence Community and making sense of the entire process is daunting: the Intelligence Cycle attempts to define its movement....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1612 words
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Actionable Intelligence - Outline Broad Topic #5: Using two examples covered in H100, analyze the efficacy of various techniques used by military units to obtain actionable intelligence in order to achieve mission success. What factors have proved, over time to be the greatest obstacles to obtaining actionable intelligence. In your analysis, be sure to address what techniques appear to be most favored by military forces—and why. How effective have such techniques been in the past and how effective do you believe they will be in the near future....   [tags: Intelligence] 2293 words
(6.6 pages)
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True Intelligence - True Intelligence In spite of the fact that intelligence quotient tests have been around for decades, many professionals are attempting to determine the factors and causes behind aptitude. Several options exist to explain or disprove the reasons why some attain above average intellect, while others manage varying degrees less. Some of these alternatives, along with arguments in the general and human intelligence topics, will be found inside the following pages of discussion. General intelligence is a real process, which involves several distinct elements and skills of reasoning....   [tags: Intelligence]
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706 words
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Intelligence Analysis - If you had that one piece of the puzzle that would have prevented the bombings of the twin towers in New York and the Pentagon on September 11 2001 would you know it. If you saw someone do something weird or suspicious before the attack on September 11 2001, would you have called the police. If someone had walked into a United States Embassy in a foreign country and said that they know someone was going to use a plane to destroy New York in two days, could this have stopped the attack. Intelligence Analysis puts the raw sources of information together, make predictions based on the data, and finally publish the results....   [tags: Intelligence]
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580 words
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Intelligence Analysis - ... IV. CONCLUSION: Heuer (2008) offers, in the case of the Indian nuclear test of 1998 to mitigate surprise, the use of structured alternative hypothesis techniques. Heuer offers as one such tool, Analysis of Competing Hypotheses (Heuer 2008, 261). For Johnston, his hypothesis that Chinese elites would negotiate with the student protesters was informed by studies of college educated, more affluent Chinese. From his limited understanding, he formed an assumption on a narrow segment of the Chinese population....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Artificial Intelligence - ... There was no learning gains measured in learning, but there was no decrease in learning either. The students took more time to complete their dialogue tutoring than the typed tutoring in part because there were speech recognition errors. The students would have to take more time listening to the prompts and sometimes had to read the prompts too (2005). Perhaps, an improved spoken dialogue system on the computer tutoring system would have made a difference in the result. There has been interest in Spoken Tutorial dialogue systems....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Artificial Intelligence - ... 2011). The three ways that atoms are bonded to each other are that electrons are able to be passed on from an individual atom to another, share with adjoining atoms, and share beside each atom in a substance (Encyclopedia Britannica. 2011). The first would be the ionic bond (Encyclopedia Britannica. 2011). An atom that has extra or less electrons in orbit than protons in its center is called an ion (Encyclopedia Britannica. 2011). A sodium atom coming in contact with a chlorine atom creates sodium chloride better known as table salt (Encyclopedia Britannica....   [tags: Intelligence]
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The True Meaning of Intelligence - ... Intelligence has three main facets that must be acknowledged before one can understand intelligence. Each facet is intertwined with another of the facets that each connect to create intelligence. The three facets are logic, growth, and emotion. The logic of intelligence allows one to solve problems in order to gain food, survive, or achieve some goal, while the facet of growth is the continual development of intelligence as time progresses. The development usually comes from learning by trial and error on problems that are solved incorrectly from faulty logic....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Analysis of the Elements of the Intelligence Cycle - Minor Assignment • Analyse the elements of the ‘Intelligence Cycle’. What are its core strengths and weaknesses. Before I begin to analyse the elements of the Intelligence Cycle, I must begin with the definition of ‘Intelligence’. Throughout my research, it became apparent that the acceptance for an accurate definition of ‘Intelligence’ is still an issue to date. One reason could be because experts tend to view ‘intelligence’ through their own specialty, and would be fair to say that this could possibly be because officers within the intelligence community do not have strong bridges connecting them to each other or to policy makers, which would therefore enhance communication and sharing practices of raw findings and improve the processes of collection and analysis of information that it is to be turned into intelligence and disseminated back to the policy makers....   [tags: Intelligence] 2250 words
(6.4 pages)
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Open Source Intelligence - Open sources have provided a useful stream of information for all source collection and analysis within the intelligence community. The use of open source information by the intelligence community is not a new phenomenon. During the technological boom of the 21st century open source has expanded well beyond its original capabilities. There is an important difference however between mere information and intelligence. Open source information is defined as “any and all information that can be derived from overt collection” (Lowenthal 2006, p....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Intelligence Definition and Measurements - ... The TOMAL-2 was developed to do a comprehensive assessment of a child’s and adolescent’s memory skills and does an excellent assessment of learning and memory skills (Reynolds & Voress, 2007). Reliability refers to how the test works together to measure the same thing. The validity of a test measures what the test was designed to measure. Normative procedure is how the test is test is administered. Bias is the factors within the test that prevents impartiality or accurate measurement based on the test design, the administration of the test, or the results (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010)....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Intelligence in a Post 9-11 World - ... As its importance was further empathized in a Director of National Intelligence directive in February of 2008 entitled “Information Sharing Strategy” The then director J.M. McConnell in his opening statement gets straight to the matter at hand in penning his thoughts that “Improving information sharing will bring about true all-source analysis and deliver timely, objective, and actionable intelligence to our senior decision makers, war fighters, and defenders of the homeland.” (Director of National Intelligence 2008) The Director further adds to his remarks in assessing the enemies’ abilities to adapt....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Army Counter Intelligence Division - ... Understanding and focusing on these activities will always help keep the policing agencies targeted on the main goals of policing. “An entire industry has developed around the fear of crime. From the manufacture of “burglar bars” for the windows and doors of your home to sophisticated alarm systems, closed-circuit television surveillance, and armed bodyguards, the fear of crime is all around us. We all pay the cost of crime, either as direct or indirect victims. Although you may have avoided being the target of a specific crime, you have still been victimized by the inflated price you pay to cover expenses that occur as the direct result of theft....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Two Forms of Intelligence Collection - Introduction This essay examines two forms of intelligence collection, namely signals intelligence (SIGINT) and open source intelligence (OSINT), with a view to determining whether the collection methods can be ranked in terms of importance. To this end, this essay will describe SIGINT and OSINT, with a focus on outlining the relative advantages and disadvantages of each method. It will be shown that any attempt to 'rank' collection methods in terms of their importance is only productive insofar as it is necessary to effectively direct the most suitable collection method against an intelligence target....   [tags: Intelligence] 1222 words
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Human Intelligence Collection - Human Intelligence (HUMINT) is as old as humanity, and to this day is one of, if not the best method of collecting information, because of the potential quantity and diversity of information that can be collected through this discipline. It is a method to gather information through interpersonal relations. In this assignment I will explain the difference between overt and clandestine HUMINT operations, present which Intelligence Community members use HUMINT and describe their principal methods. Lastly, I will offer my opinion as to whether I believe overt or clandestine HUMINT is more effective....   [tags: Intelligence] 997 words
(2.8 pages)
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Visual Mental Imagery and Intelligence - As creatures that depend so heavily on vision, it should be no surprise that visual mental imagery and imagery in general is a subject that should be of great familiarity to most people. One interesting issue however concerns the degree to which visual mental imagery plays a role in cognition. The quasi-pictorialism approach claims that imagery plays a significant role in mental processes. Another approach, the descriptionism maintains that visual mental images are really just descriptions containing symbolic information and play no substantial role in cognition....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Six Principle Processes of the Intelligence Cycle - The intelligence cycle was developed in order for analysts to grasp fundamental practices of producing an intelligence product . These practices are illustrated as generally five processes, which have been represented in various rotational models. The following paper will introduce a sixth step titled policy and state safety requirements and analyse these six iterative processes correspondingly as, policy and state safety requirements, planning and direction, collection, process and exploitation, analysis and dissemination....   [tags: Intelligence]
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The Relationship Between Birth Order and Intelligence - ... “The scientists then looked at I.Q. scores in 63,951 pairs of brothers, and found the same results.” (Carey). To make sure the difference is not due to biological aspects, “the researchers examined the scores of young men who became the eldest in the household after an older sibling had died. Their scores came out the same, on average, as those of biological firstborns.” (Carey). Although there are a number of scientists supporting for the idea of being the firstborns is beneficial and advantageous, recent studies assert that the effects of birth order no longer are significant....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Medical Assessment's Value to the Intelligence Community - ... Putting this case in perspective is a little difficult, because it is past tense and the positive and negative outcomes are a bit ambiguous. Alternatively if this were a sitting president of a modern nation then the situation would be quite different. Knowing as much as possible of the condition, treatment options, locations, and capabilities along with prognosis and or other variables and unknowns is essential because of the potential destabilization that could result. Knowing the limitations of the medical care that is available to you is important....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Types of Intelligence - ... Musical/Rhythmic intelligence is also physical intelligence. This form of intelligence is more than being able to keep accurate rhythm or play an instrument. People with this type of intelligence think in musical terms, they live musically; music is a part of their being. Naturalist Intelligence: the ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) and sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations) (Gardner H. n.d.). Although, this type of intelligence was necessary for hunting and gathering civilizations; I believe that Jacque Cousteau had this type of intelligence....   [tags: Intelligence Intellect]
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U.S. INTELLIGENCE AFTER WORLD WAR II - ... American government had its own domestic problems. The intelligence community in the United States advanced with some limitations. More likely because there were not any operations involved in the international arena, mostly the advancement reached resulted in domestic issues. At home the government was dealing with the secret war that was being waged by Germany to hinder efforts by the U.S. to export goods to the enemies of Germany, mainly Britain to maintain any possible America’s issues within its borders and have them solve domestically (Erickson 2008)....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Describe two different forms or methods of Intelligence Collection. - The concept of Open Source intelligence (OSINT) has been placed in too high regard within the intelligence community and to the detriment of the value of other forms of collection, such as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). While useful in the Analysis function of the intelligence cycle, OSINT, as it has become known, is not and should never be the only form of intelligence collected. In order to be of use in achieving a comparative advantage for decision makers, OSINT must be combined with covert sources like SIGINT....   [tags: Intelligence]
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IQ Tests are Not an Accurate Measure of a Person's Intelligence - ... For, e.g. Gardner has claimed that there are multi-dimensions to a person’s intelligence, while these tests only test a few of them. Thus, the tests are in no position to claim that they really represent the actual intelligence of a person. The tests assess only a narrow range of abilities therefore if a person is adept at a characteristic that is not being tested in the test then that person is deemed to be considered a person with low IQ. Such a practice is not fair and cannot be generalized....   [tags: Intelligence]
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880 words
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‘Intelligence without analysis is only information’. Critically assess this claim. - Introduction Analysis is important. The statement assessed impresses that fact upon the reader. Without it, the speaker implies, Intelligence is inefficient. It is merely ‘information’. For the intelligence community, it seems that information alone is not enough to be presented as a finished product to a policy maker. Information alone is also not enough to represent the ‘reality’ of the world. Especially, in terms of finding possible threats to national security. The statement implies that each key word, when looked at individually, mean different things....   [tags: Intelligence]
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The Politicization of Intelligence History - According to Donavan (1986) policy looks to intelligence for a logic of evidence, and analysis, looks for policy to serve. Despite the common goal of advancing national security interest, the relations between producers and consumers of intelligence assessments are not naturally harmonious. According to The Politicization of Intelligence History (2006), there are fewer accusations which carry more weight within the intelligence community than claims that the analysis and reporting of intelligence have been influenced by political considerations....   [tags: National Intelligence]
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Inter-Services Intelligence - The Inter-services Intelligence is the Intelligence Agency set up in Pakistan in 1948 after the failure of its military intelligence. The agency was set up and structured by Major General R. Cawthorne, who was a remnant of British rule over the sub-continental region before Pakistan gained independence from the British in 1947. This organization still exists and consists of a full clandestine, intelligence, counter-intelligence and technical departments. The main objective for the organization in essence was to manage Pakistan’s foreign and domestic policy and maintain its best interests....   [tags: International Intelligence]
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Will Artificial Intelligence Replace Mankind? - From the first imaginative thought to manipulate nature to the development of complex astronomical concepts of space exploration, man continues to this day to innovate and invent products or methods that improve and enhance humankind. Though it has taken 150 million years to reach current day, the intellectual journey was not gradual in a linear sense. If one was to plot significant events occurring throughout human existence, Mankind’s ability to construct new ideas follows a logarithmic path, and is rapidly approaching an asymptote, or technological singularity....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence] 744 words
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The Function of Analysis in the Government Intelligence Department - There is no international definitive definition of intelligence and according to Bimfort (1958) there will continue to be a discrepancy and There is no international definitive definition of intelligence and according to Bimfort (1958) there will continue to be a discrepancy and misunderstanding between and outside the intelligence community over the meaning of intelligence. One definition that best suits the current idea of intelligence is “the knowledge – and ideally, the foreknowledge sought by nations in response to external threats and to protect their vital interests, especially the well-being of their own people” (Russell 2010, p.7)....   [tags: government intelligence]
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990 words
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Trade Show Intelligence - ... Hamla then uses that information as intelligence to make fast reacting sleeping pills that are favored by the market. In this hypothetical situation, intelligence was gathered by using human contacts, many experts and employees from different departments within organizations are participating in the trade show; they are all “…ready to share their information.” (Calof, 2004:11). Therefore information can be obtained unintentionally, through persuasion and by basic data collection methods such as interviews and discussions....   [tags: Marketing, Competitive Intelligence] 2331 words
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The Concept of Intelligence - The Concept of Intelligence ABSTRACT: Gilbert Ryle’s dispositional analysis of the concept of intelligence makes the error of assimilating intelligence to the category of dispositional or semi-dispositional concepts. Far from being a dispositional concept, intelligence is an episodic concept that refers neither to dispositions nor to ‘knowing how,’ but to a fashion or style of proceeding whose significance is adverbial. Being derivative from the function of the adverb ‘intelligently,’ the concept of intelligence does not have essential reference to specific verbs but rather to the manner or style of proceeding of nearly any verb that is descriptive of the proceedings of an agent....   [tags: Intelligence Ryle Essays] 3430 words
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Charles Darwin and Human Evolution in Intelligence - The great and famous Charles Darwin is still remembered today after almost 2 centuries had passed. He was one of the most significant scientists to change how we view this world. Life, as we know it, was changed by Charles Darwin. But I don’t believe that looking at the present will help in any way so I will take back to the past. It is a fact that throughout history people have always believed in some sort of god. Some religions were weak and have come and gone, where others have come and stayed....   [tags: Charles Darwin, evolution, intelligence,] 1190 words
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Fuzzy Systems and Machine Intelligence - Fuzzy Systems and Machine Intelligence Abstract: Our natural language is perhaps the most powerful form of communicating information for any given problem or situation. Combining natural language and numerical information into fuzzy systems provides the framework to represent knowledge, constraints and inference procedures. Fuzzy systems provide advantages in the development of systems solutions that perform tasks such as automatic modeling, prediction, pattern recognition, and optimal decision making, control and planning....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence] 2152 words
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Fallacies of Ethos, Pathos and Logos in Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed - ... Without prior approval of the website on Baylor’s server, the website was temporarily shut down to discuss terms of agreement to keep the site up, including a disclaimer, deletion of the listing of Baylor graduate students, and deletion of a reference to a lab. Marks and Baylor University did not come terms, thus Marks was not allowed to have the website hosted by Baylor’s server. Robert Marks Continues his work and research at Baylor University; the website is now being hosted by a third party with Marks’s publications....   [tags: Expelled No Intelligence Allowed] 1750 words
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An Overview of Artificial Intelligence - An Overview of Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence, a concept that would make possible our most remote dreams, specially for housewives. Would not it be interesting to know what is this marvelous thing that is going to make our dreams come true. I think it is. AI(Artificial Intelligence) is a fairly new field in Computer Science, my subject, which I found very interesting. AI it is not a well defined concept yet, which it is not a surprise for me, considering that is a very new term and that it contains a word that is has not been well defined either....   [tags: Technology Artificial Intelligence Essays]
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1745 words
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) - This research Paper has problems with formatting ABSTRACT Current neural network technology is the most progressive of the artificial intelligence systems today. Applications of neural networks have made the transition from laboratory curiosities to large, successful commercial applications. To enhance the security of automated financial transactions, current technologies in both speech recognition and handwriting recognition are likely ready for mass integration into financial institutions. RESEARCH PROJECT TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 Purpose 1 Source of Information 1 Authorization 1 Overview 2 T he First Steps 3 Computer-Synthesized Senses 4 Visual Recognition 4 Current Research 5 Computer-Aided Voice Recognition 6 Current Applications 7 Optical Character Recognition 8 Conclusion 9 Recommendations 10 Bibiography 11 I NTRODUCTION · Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine additional areas where artificial intelligence technology may be applied for positive identifications of individuals during financial transactions, such as automated banking transactions, telephone transactions , and home banking activities....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence AI]
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Emotional Inteligence - An increasing percent of the population begins to know the idea of emotional intelligence. This concept was firstly developed by two American university professors, John Mayer and Peter Salovey (1990) and they concluded that, people with high emotional quotient are supposed to learn more quickly due to their abilities. Another psycologist named Daniel Goleman (1995) extended the theory and also made it well-known. In his articles and books, he argued that people with high emotional quotient do better than those with low emotional quotient....   [tags: Emotional Intelligence ]
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Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman - Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman      In the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, the central thesis that he tries to point out is that emotional intelligence may be more important than I.Q. in determining a person’s well being and success in life. At first I didn’t know what Goleman was talking about when he said emotional intelligence, but after reading the book I have to say that I agree completely with Goleman. One reason for my acceptance of Goleman's theory is that academic intelligence has little to do with emotional life....   [tags: Daniel Goleman Intelligence Emotions Essays] 776 words
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Working with Emotional Intelligence - Working with Emotional Intelligence The book “Working with Emotional Intelligence” by Daniel Goleman deals with the emotional assets and liabilities of individuals in organizations. Emotional intelligence is traits that go beyond academic achievement or IQ. As a matter of fact he points out that high academic intelligence can sometimes stand in the way of emotional intelligence. Broadly speaking, emotional intelligence determines how well we handle difficult situation, which cannot be solved by logic, but more by a “feel” for the situation....   [tags: Daniel Goleman Emotional Intelligence Essays] 1370 words
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Social And Ethical Impact Of Artificial Intelligence - Introduction As our world expands through the growing abilities and applications of computers in our everyday lives, it seems that the role of the computer has been reversed. Before we knew that the computer only understood what we programmed it to understand; however, now the majority of our society is learning more from computers than they are able to input into it. Dumm (1986 p.69) History "The human aspiration to create intelligent machines has appeared in myth and literature for thousands of years, from stories of Pygmalion to the tales of the Jewish Golem." Anat Treister-Goren, Ph.D....   [tags: Cause Effect Artificial Intelligence] 1374 words
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Comparing the Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches as They Apply to the Study of Intelligence and Personality - Thesis Statement: The most differences between the idiographic and nomothetic approach are measurements and development. Introduction: In the following essay, we discuss different theoretical perspectives from Nomothetic and Idiographic approach. How they apply to both Personality (pattern of behavior and thinking) and Intelligence (thinking and behavior). Arguments for both sides are base on what psychologists generally use them as, because some might disagrees with the usage of the word nomothetic and idiographic, orientated by Kantian and Wilhelm Windelband....   [tags: psychology, Personality, Intelligence]
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Artificial Intelligence: Where does it fit? - Artificial Intelligence: Where does it fit. Machines in the future will not be able to differentiate between man and machine, and neither will humans; except that machines will be active: working, learning, developing new technology. Humans on the other hand, have no choice but to watch from our glass boxes because machines have become so advanced and we would only interfere. Maybe the future won’t look exactly like that, but truthfully, computers will reach human intelligence someday. They have already surpassed our calculation abilities and our speed of processing information....   [tags: Technology Artificial Intelligence Essays] 2188 words
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The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests - The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Can intelligence be measured. Does an IQ test actually measure a person’s intelligence. Does a high score indicate a genius. Does a low score indicate stupidity or merely ignorance. These questions have been asked over and over again by psychiatrists and scientists alike, but to date there are no clear answers. These questions cannot be answered without first defining what is meant by the term intelligence. Once intelligence has been defined then it should be easy to answer these questions; however, multiple definitions of the word tend to lead to further confusion....   [tags: Intelligence Education School Psychology Essays]
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The Role of Connecting Unrelated Events in Developing Intelligence - On the Shoulder's of Giants: The Role of Connections in Developing Intelligence Abstract This paper provides motivation for making connections between unrelated events as a basis for intelligence. The ability to apply this extended information as a problem-solving technique instantiates the true nature of intelligence. Therefore, it is obvious the field of artificial intelligence should use the same approach. The way these connections are made and the occasional necessity for their modification is discussed....   [tags: Human Intelligence Intellect IQ]
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The Connections Between Artificial Intelligence and Other Fields - The Connections Between Artificial Intelligence and Other Fields. Abstract Through examples from several fields, this paper will describe the connections between Artificial Intelligence and other areas. Some of these areas make great contributions to AI research, others gain knowledge and technique from that same AI research. This paper will further detail the incredible capacity of AI research to be applied elsewhere to solve similar problems. The goal of this paper is to describe to the reader the impact that AI can create on seemingly unrelated fields....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence AI]
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Intelligence - Intlligence In society, people base their life on intelligence. They do everything possible to get ahead in life. To get ahead, they cheat each other, back stab, and commit many sinful acts. Also, they educate themselves so they are capable of doing whatever is required of them. Society is trying to always make themselves smarter. Are they trying to change something that they have no control over though. Intelligence is something that everybody has, but is something that is developed over time....   [tags: essays papers]
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intelligence - Intelligence is a very broad subject although it seems easily defined. A great amount of different meanings are given to intelligence as a concept from various cultures and sciences. Throughout history psychologists and sociologist have been trying to devise a way to reveal the level of intellect animals or humans possess. However this quest might not have a definitive answer. Intelligence therefore should be considered to be a broad and elusive concept with many distinct aspects to it. Research in the field of animal intelligence is essential to understand the more complex aspects of human intelligence....   [tags: essays research papers] 1536 words
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Intelligence - Intelligence (what it is, and what it is not) Today more then ever one can sit back and look out upon the world around them. One can look in the homes and see the children busy with homework. One can see the computers sorting through mass amounts of information. One can also see nature exist as it has for countless years. Over history as the Human race has developed it has taken a fascination in the world around it. It’s main query is what separates it from the rest of what can be found on this small blue green planet called Earth....   [tags: essays research papers] 671 words
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intelligence - Intelligence is the level of competence, ability to learn or to some people it is how well an individual performs on an IQ test. The structure of intelligence is best subdivided into two significant categories. They are environmental and hereditary influences. Environmental differences can be divided into different factors. The deprivation model of social class and intelligence consists of three variables. These variables explain, in terms of environmental factors, development and performance which are correlated with social status....   [tags: essays research papers] 2034 words
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Multiple Intelligences - Multiple Intelligences In Howard Gardner’s Frames of Mind, he proposes that there are seven main areas in which all people have special skills; he calls them intelligences. His research at Harvard University was in response to the work that Alfred Binet had done in France around 1900. Binet’s work led to the formation of an intelligence test; we are all familiar with the “intelligence quotient,” or “IQ,” the way that intelligence is measured on his test. This type of IQ test was used as the basis of another one with which most of us are familiar: the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), which is taken my most college-bound high school students....   [tags: Intelligence IQ Smart Intelligent Essays] 2306 words
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The IQ Debate - ... In this respect, studies like those carried out by Sutherland have looked at the role played by psychological issues and disorders. The Differential Association Theory was a theory on crime and deviancy developed by Edwin Sutherland during the thirties. Unlike other experts like Eleanor and Sheldon Glueck, who stated that deviancy is generated by numerous factors, Sutherland attempted to provide an integrated criminological theory to explain the reasons why crime takes place (Marshall, 1994)....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1150 words
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What is the Turing Test, and Why is it so Difficult to Pass? - ... If the judge fails to make the right judgment and fails to distinguish between the human and the machine, the machine is said to be successful and will have passed the Turing Test. According to Turing, if the computer succeeds in convincing the judge that it is human, it is said to be intelligent. Thus, the machine would be certified to have “artificial intelligence”. Although Turing did not use the phrase “Artificial intelligence”, his conclusions imply the same. Significance of the Turing Test In his paper, Turing asserts that in fifty years, computers with high storage capacities, up to 109, would be created and programmed in such a way that they could play the imitation game with ease....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Emotional Intelligence - ... Facial expressions such as happiness, sadness, anger, and fear, are universally recognizable in human beings. The second branch is: reasoning with emotions. In this step the individual needs to use his/her emotion to initiate the thinking process and to spark cognitive activity in the brain. This is beneficial because the emotions that an individual has can help them be aware of where they are placing all of their attention and what they are actually responding to. It is Salovey and Meyers belief that we as human beings respond emotionally to things that reap our attention....   [tags: Psychology, Thorndike]
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What is Intelligence? - ... The first widely known theory was developed by the British psychologist Charles Spearman, who was born in 1863. After conducting tests that measured subjects' mental abilities, "he concluded that intelligence is general cognitive ability that could be measured and numerically expressed" (Cherry). His theory is known as general intelligence. The "dictionary.com" definitions of intelligence include the "capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc." and the "manifestation of a high mental capacity." It is important to differentiate between intelligence and sheer mental capabilities....   [tags: Sociology]
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1026 words
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Methods to Strengthen the Chains of Inference - INTRODUCTION Structured responses to the limited capacity of both organisations and individuals to deal with ambiguity that is inherent to intelligence analysis are necessary to strengthen the ‘chains of inference’ or maximise the rigor of judgements. This essay will focus on overcoming cognitive and to a lesser extent, personal and organisational bias and limitations. Organisational issues that affect the quality of analysis such as analyst training are outside the scope of this short essay. Moreover, many of the high profile intelligence failures are attributable less to organisational obstacles than political or psychological barriers , ....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1625 words
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Autistic Savant: The Simplicity Behind Geniality - ... The prognosis is dependant in a direct correlation with the development of conversational language the child has acquired by age seven (Mark, 1631). As all neurodevelopmental disorders*, there is no cure for Autism; however, Autistic children can benefit from a myriad of therapeutic schools, that aim at different aspects of their condition, both psychiatric and medical. Psychotherapy for instance, is used to stimulate social interactions, and is highly recommended to correct some of the social deficits found in most Autistic patients....   [tags: Intelligence]
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1997 words
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"Genius" Defined - ... How a genius is molded from birth to until his death makes him distinct from others. Values, ideals, and beliefs vary from one mastermind to the next, but the genius in them is prominent. Albert Einstein once exclaimed "I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious." The world’s greatest geniuses are famous for a profound, open minded sense of curiosity. Curiosity is a personality trait often found in geniuses. This curiosity is usually the key element behind the motivation of a genius....   [tags: Intelligence]
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918 words
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Defining Intelligence - Intelligence is defined by the American Heritage Dictionary as being the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge. When knowledge is spoken of, it is generally used in terms of education. The extent of education a person has achieved is then what most often determines how much knowledge one has accumulated. Nevertheless, with this definition of intelligence in mind, one might possibly consider the average person to be intelligent. After all, even a person who has never gone to school a day in their life is capable of acquiring knowledge and applying it to some area of their life....   [tags: Education, definition]
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854 words
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Margarete Gertrude Zelle - ... There was controversy over his death and most think he was poisoned. The marriage was not grandiose and happy. MacLeod was an alcoholic, an adulterer, and an abuser. In 1902, MacLeod abandoned Margarete, taking his daughter with him. Margarete successfully fought for custody. In 1905, Margarete was forced to give up her daughter after MacLeod failed to pay support. (Lloyd 31) After divorcing MacLeod, Margarete assumed the alias Mata Hari, which means eye of day in Malay. A common practice of entertainers during this time period was to create an elaborate background and events surrounding themselves....   [tags: Intelligence] 961 words
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Artificial Intelligence - ... The androids of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep. Seemed to have passed this synthetic phase. Their motivations are much more than programing to look human. This is clearly evident with their preparations against, and fears over the systematic killing of other androids on earth. The group being focused on in the book show clear self-preservation sentiments, an undoubtedly organic characteristic. The very first truly artificial intelligence was the Logic Theorist in 1955-56 (167). Designed by Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, and JC Shaw with the objective of creating a program that could prove theorems using goal-oriented behavior and rule application....   [tags: Technology, Computers ] 1894 words
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Why are UFOs Still a Mystery? - ... While innumerable sightings are reported worldwide, not all witnesses report a single incident with uniformity. This instigates doubt and disbelief in their existence. However, the witnesses and reporters cannot be blamed for the lack of accurate information. Humans are bound by physical limitations. Furthermore, UFOs travel at extremely swift speeds. It is difficult to assimilate accurate details when confronted with a UFO sighting. Moreover, owing to the high velocities of these objects, they are reported to be seen at many different locations simultaneously....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Convergent and Divergent Thinking Influence - ... As a consequence, our education system is geared mostly toward teaching people to focus on only finding the right answer. Basically, we are trained to be convergent thinkers. Likewise, convergent thinking is about accomplishing rational and logical thinking processes, which in early years, society claimed to be the basis and the most important tasks. For this reason, to have real knowledge, the student must perform well on math and science. After that, when that individual had earned a degree in accounting, law, or has become an engineer, it would give him a solid support in the future....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Mind Muscle Vs. Mind Mush - ... Why are there so many advertisements. One of the main purposes of advertising is to persuade a consumer to buy a product or even to convince them that a product is needed. Since there may be many brands of a particular product an advertisement will often entice you toward a particular brand. As the economy grows, so does the amount of advertising to produce the needed consumers to support the market. With each new technology we are subjected with more and more distractions from having well developed mind muscles....   [tags: Intelligence]
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Emotional Intelligence - ... According to Badea & Pana` (2010), “Leaders with increased EQ know how to detect signs of increased anxiety, to determine the stimuli to calm the anxiety arising in the team and to direct others towards an optimistic and enthusiastic state that facilitates solving with the maximum yield various difficult problems” (pg 72). Companies can also use emotional intelligence to help employees who are emotionally driven. I started a new job about three weeks ago and have a direct report who constantly acts on her emotions....   [tags: Psychology, Business]
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Artificial Intelligence - ... It makes life much easier having the artificial intelligent systems to do people's works. Having artificial intelligence around not only cuts the tasks in half, but also it saves lots of valuable time that could be used to improve other areas in technology. Thus, this allows more opportunity to expand on one's knowledge that may benefit society. On the other hand, economically, jobs may be lost as a result of AI. Computers are fast becoming a ubiquitous part of our lives, and our appetite for information is ever increasing....   [tags: Technology]
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Artificial Intelligence - ... He went further to explain how the functionality of the machine did not fall under the definition of ‘strong AI’, meaning the functionality of the machine fit perfectly with the term ‘weak AI’ (Nordlander, 2001). Other examples of weak AI are the ability of calculators and spell-check programs to carry out their respective tasks. Strong AI Strong AI follows the thinking that computers are and can be made to actually match the ‘intelligence’ of humans and mimic their behavior. The ability of Japanese robots to live side by side with humans and carry out manual labor at a manufacturing plant or the ability of a missile to shoot several targets at once are good examples of strong AI....   [tags: Technology, Automated Online Assistants] 1814 words
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Artificial Intelligence - ... The very thought of it seems ridiculous. Well it can be done and it is happening now, but the amusing fact is that the artificial intelligence is about to supersede human intelligence. Is this really good for man- kind or not and will this pose a threat to man Pioneer of the IBM computer Howard Aiken was a major figure of the early computer and digital era. Howard was best known for his invention of the IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator or Harvard Mark l. It was created in 1937 and put into operation in 1944....   [tags: Technology]
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Artificial Intelligence - ... On May 11, Deep Blue became the first computer to win a chess match against a world champion. It had the ability to evaluate “200 million positions per second” making it the 259th most powerful supercomputer by June 1997. Deep Blue uses a single-chip engine, chess search engine, and a multileveled parallel system to recognize all of the computer’s potential moves. Deep Blue’s intelligence allows him to decide on the potentially successful moves to choose from that will win him the game in the long run....   [tags: Technology]
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1978 words
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Emotinal Intelligence - ... This EI-performance link has been proposed in a few previous studies. For example, Lam and Kirby (2002), using a student sample, found that EI contributed to cognitive-based performance. Wong and Law (2002) studied the link in workplaces and found a positive relationship between EI and job performance. One of the most provocative ideas to emerge from recent discussions of management concerns the possibility that a new form of intelligence pertaining to emotions is related to the performance of organization members....   [tags: Conflict Management, Work Environment] 1410 words
(4 pages)
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Emotional Intelligence - ... Critically discuss the impact of these issues in relationship to the GRN (700-800) 3rd person Daniel Goleman (1995) is generally recognised as the instigator of the concept of emotional intelligence. However he is not without his critics. People such as Mayer and Cobb (1995), Sternberg (1995) and many others dispute many of Goleman’s assertions. Nevertheless, the concept of emotional intelligence has been fostered and further developed to point where these days the concept has credence. Over the last twenty years the concept of emotional intelligence has grown in popularity among nurses, generating interest each both at a social and expert level (Freshwater and Stickley, 2004)....   [tags: Psychology, Feelings, Mood] 1944 words
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Artificial Intelligence - ... Discoveries such as these are leading to the understanding of the brain in an electro-physical sense. Ray Kurzweil, a futurist, foresees the day of Self-Aware Machines (SAM) forthcoming. Kurzweil believes that the SAM will need at least ten to the eighteenth power a second calculating speeds and an algorithm of the human intellect (37). SAM will fundamentally be able to exceed human thinking ability and assist us with scientific, economic, and geopolitical problems. Technology is accelerating exponentially, and the human capacity to process this abundance of data is lacking....   [tags: Technology ]
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Emotional Intelligence - ... Emotional intelligence underpins how well employees co-operate with each other, which has great consequences for how well our work is carried out. What is the concept of empowerment in nursing . Manojlovich, (2013) mentions that empowerment in nursing can be defined as the ability to get things done, to mobilize resources, to get and use whatever, a person needs to achieve the goals he or she is attempting to meet. At the core of this influence is the intrinsic, essential structure of having knowledge and confidence....   [tags: Psychology, Moods, Feelings] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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Artificial Intelligence - This paper will give a brief definition of the term Artificial Intelligence (AI). It will take an in-depth look at the origins and purpose of this exciting field in computer science. In particular, this paper will discuss a few of the many subcategories of research, applications and current technological obstacles that scientist face when developing AI. In addition, the author will look at AI’s various military specific applications for the purpose of training, target acquisition and command and control capabilities....   [tags: Computer Science] 2132 words
(6.1 pages)
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Artificial Intelligence - ... Researchers think AI can assist the grid system with achieving new levels of performance (Putting the ' Smarts', 2012). AI enabled systems can help take industries to new levels of production and customer satisfaction, but how does one know when a system is adequate for their needs. Testing AI Turing Test Testing the strengths or capacity of an AI system is not done adequately by administoring regular human IQ test (Dowe & Hernández-Orallo, 2012). For years the Turing test invented by Allan Turing, has been used to measure the aptitude of AI in computer systems (Biever, 2011)....   [tags: Science]
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Intelligence is Key - ... Emer also uses her intelligence to capture a mate, and in doing so adds to his prestige and thus her own. In The Táin’s prelude, Emer engages in a battle of wits with the protagonist Cúchulainn, emerging as a model of female eloquence. The defining line by Cúchulainn: “I see a sweet country… I could rest my weapon there,” establishes Emer as the country, and “the weapon” as a phallic representation of the hero (Kinsella, 27). From there Emer quickly parries his statements in a similar archaic language, her responses containing a list of requirements that she seeks from a husband....   [tags: Art, Celtic Literature] 1265 words
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Intelligence is Key - ... Rhiannon rebukes Pwyll openly: "Never has a man been more feeble-witted than you,” then lays out three-part plan to ensure that Gwawl shall never attain her (Ford, 46). This intelligent woman chooses her own mate, following her own course of action in order to attain him. Emer also uses her intelligence to capture a mate, and in doing so adds to his prestige and thus her own. In The Táin’s prelude, Emer engages in a battle of wits with the protagonist Cúchulainn, emerging as a model of female eloquence....   [tags: Art, Celtic Literature] 1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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Artificial Intelligence - ... Such systems prevent physicians from conducting tests manually, helping save time and potentially saving lives. Such machines, however, are limited by the amount of information programmed into them by their manufacturers. AI has also improved security on a national and a domestic scale. National security systems today are designed to detect potential threats to national security, especially threats regarding communications. Most threats to national security have instances where the perpetrators of the intended crime communicate via either email or phone....   [tags: Technology] 2217 words
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Intelligence into Success - ... A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a relatively new business structure allowed by state statute” (IRS). Although there are five to choose from only two are really feasible for a small business owner, the sole proprietorship and partnerships. However, while the partnerships may be tempting and sometimes successful, many find that going in with a friend or partner is absurd and should be avoided. The sole proprietorship has become the building block of America because it is the easiest and least cost effective structure....   [tags: Business Management ]
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1421 words
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Emotional Intelligence is Most Qualified Class of Intelligence - ... In the same way that intelligence itself is broad, emotional intelligence is which is why it fits such a classification properly. Emotional intelligence is so much more significant than other forms of intelligence because the way humans react to, address, and empathize with their peers is crucial. In maintaining any form of stability and normalcy in life, control of emotions becomes necessary. Those who over react, accuse, or tend to argue on impulse tend to lack such capacity. They tend to be taken less seriously; thus, to have the capability to restrain ones immediate thoughts and reflect on them is a sign of emotional intelligence, which unquestionably rewards one in disagreeable atmospheres....   [tags: Psychology]
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938 words
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The Theory of Intelligence - There are basically two camps on the theory of intelligence, how exactly to define intelligence is still debated. There are, however, two major schools of thought on its nature and properties. This paper examines and evaluates the two opposing theories on the nature of intelligence. The two opposing theories of intelligence are the one general intelligence school of thought and the multiple intelligences school of thought. The general intelligence proponents believe that there is one factor from which all intelligence is derived; the multiple intelligences proponents believe that there are different kinds of intelligence....   [tags: essays research papers] 783 words
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