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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Incarceration"
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Parental Incarceration - “Parental incarceration affects a large number of children” (La Vigne, Davies & Brazzell, 2008, p.i). “Most of {which} are young, low income, black or Hispanic” (La Vigne et al 2008). The number of children under the age of eighteen, with parents in U.S. prisons, State and Federal, is rapidly increasing as a result of incarceration being used as a criminal penalty (Waldman & Hercik, 2002). Children whose parents are incarcerated, constitute one of the largest at-risk population in the U.S....   [tags: Parental incarceration, incarceration, parenting, ]
:: 6 Works Cited
389 words
(1.1 pages)
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Racism: Incarceration of a Household Member and Hispanic Health Disparities - Many Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nation’s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarcerated are adversely affected due to the discrimination as well as the discrimination against African American students and their likelihood of going to prison compared to the white student....   [tags: discrimination, african americans, incarceration]
:: 6 Works Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
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America Needs Alternatives to Incarceration - Clyde is your average American; he is a hardworking family man who tries to do everything in his power to make his family live happily. Due to the recent economic plunge he has lost his job and his wife is not making enough to feed their family. Feeling worthless and desperate to help his suffering family, Clyde decided to rob his neighbor. It was an unarmed theft of under $250; unfortunately Clyde was caught and sentenced to serve 1 year in the County Prison. Clyde never wanted to do it and was very uncomfortable doing it, but he thought it would help his family and allow them to go one more month with food on the table....   [tags: Time To End Mass Incarceration]
:: 11 Works Cited
2829 words
(8.1 pages)
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Cost of Incarceration - What is incarceration. Incarceration is the act of placing someone in prison. Incarceration serves as a punishment for criminals due to their actions against the law. It is a solution for keeping the public safe. Prisoners follow a strict rules and schedules while following the culture within the walls among other prisoners. As a result of their crimes, convicts lose their freedom and are place among others who suffer the same fate. Crime is the cause of this establishment, but what are the effects of incarceration on convicts, their relations, and society....   [tags: prison, punishment, law]
:: 8 Works Cited
1318 words
(3.8 pages)
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Treatment or Incarceration? - There is an epidemic of almost epic proportions in this wonderful nation called the United States. However, this epidemic is not only national; it is worldwide. And because of this epidemic there are other problems in society such as an increase in crime and prison overcrowding. The epidemic is that of Substance Abuse and Addiction. The penal systems of each state house more prisoners due to drug related crimes than any other. The statistics do not lie; they only tell the truth. Treatment instead of incarceration would be beneficial to the addict himself and to society as a whole....   [tags: Drugs]
:: 10 Works Cited
1874 words
(5.4 pages)
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Alternatives to Incarceration - ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION Valerie Hinton It is undeniable that mass incarceration devastates families, and disproportionately affects those which are poor. When examining the crimes that bring individuals into the prison system, it is clear that there is often a pre-existing pattern of hardship, addiction, or mental illness in offenders’ lives. The children of the incarcerated are then victimized by the removal of those who care for them and a system which plants more obstacles than imaginable on the path to responsible rehabilitation....   [tags: influence on families, effectiveness] 1196 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children - ... These statistics are reflective of children with a parent incarcerated in a federal prison (“Bureau of Justice, 2010). Over half of incarcerated parents, both males, 54.1%, and females, 51.9%, reported that were they not only the primary caregiver and source of income for their child, but also lived with their child preceding incarceration (“Bureau of Justice”, 2010). Upon incarceration, children of incarcerated parents were more likely to undergo care from the non-incarcerated parent, 84.2%, followed by grandparent care, 15.1%, a relative other than grandparents, 6.2%, foster care, 2.9%, or a friend, 2.9% (“Bureau of Justice”, 2010)....   [tags: separtation, behavior, reunification] 2492 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Effects of Incarceration on the Family - Introduction According to Bowen’s (2013) family systems theory, individuals in a family unit are all interconnected and the system is comprised of interlocking connections (Bowen, 2013). Consequently, whenever an individual in a family system is experiencing a stressor or problem the other individuals in the system will be affected by the stressor and will experience a change in the family system (Bowen, 2013). Bowen (2013) suggests that this family system can be used to understand the dynamics of the family unit and explains that an individual’s behavior has a specific function in his or her own family system (Bowen, 2013)....   [tags: Social Issues, Bowen Theory, Gun Control]
:: 6 Works Cited
1192 words
(3.4 pages)
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On the Entrapment and Incarceration of the Victorian Woman - Thomas Blackburn describes the two Victorian poets, Robert Browning and Alfred, Lord Tennyson as being great contemporaries (47). As such it is apt that their works should muse upon and explore similar topics and themes. Their connection is especially evident in Browning’s “My Last Duchess” and Tennyson’s “The Lady of Shalott”. The themes of entrapment and incarceration feature heavily in both of these works. Specifically, it is the entrapment and incarceration of women which pervade their respective compositions....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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2383 words
(6.8 pages)
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Incarceration as a Form of Punishment - Incarceration is thought of as a positive form of punishment, and negative form of punishment. The opinion varies with the type of person, and their experience from jail if they have gone. Most inmates while in prison will tell you it is a horrible place that should be gone. That would allow criminals to be free and that would let them cause harm to others or other illegal activities. Incarceration was not designed to be a paradise, it is a detention center for the bad, and meant for them to be punished....   [tags: Inmantes, Prison, Criminals, Illegal Activities]
:: 5 Works Cited
1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Flaws of Incarceration in America - The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for a number of reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime....   [tags: inmates, prisoners, drug crimes]
:: 6 Works Cited
1359 words
(3.9 pages)
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Effects of Parent's Incarceration on Children - Being the child of an incarcerated parent has substantial amounts of negative influences on youth today. As young children, many consider their parents as role models. Someone who they can confide in, someone who will preserve them, and someone who will guide them through life. For most youngsters having an incarcerated parent, means that their admirable example in life is absent. Not having a parent present in one's childhood leads to innumerable negative outcomes and impacts. Statistics have shown that one in every five children has seen their parent’s arrest....   [tags: re entry on childre, incarcerated parents]
:: 3 Works Cited
876 words
(2.5 pages)
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Racialized Mass Incarceration in America - In the United States, the rate of incarceration has increased shockingly over the past few years. In 2008, it was said that one in 100 U.S. adults were behind bars, meaning more than 2.3 million people. Even more surprising than this high rate is the fact that African Americans have been disproportionately incarcerated, especially low-income and lowly educated blacks. This is racialized mass incarceration. There are a few reasons why racialized mass incarceration occurs and how it negatively affects poor black communities....   [tags: African American and the legal system] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
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Incarceration Practices in the United States - ... Males are questioned about their sexuality whether they’re gay or not and classified within the SNY. SNY stands for Sensitive Needs Yard, not only does it contain gays, but it contains men with sex changes, gang dropouts and child molesters. Race plays a role in segregation also because officer’s feel by placing inmates with their own race, instead of having prisoners go against each other; the prisoners can protect each other because they will have an understanding about each other’s race. Believe it or not, every prison has a set schedule that has to be followed by inmates....   [tags: prison life]
:: 3 Works Cited
1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Incarceration of The Mentally Ill - The United States criminal justice system has been continuously increasing incarceration among individuals who suffer from a sever mental illness. As of 2007 individuals with severe mental illness were over twice as likely to be found in prisons than in society (National Commission of Correctional Health Care, 2002, as cited in Litschge &Vaughn, 2009). The offenses that lead to their commitment in a criminal facility, in the majority of cases, derive from symptoms of their mental illness instead of deviant behavior....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1782 words
(5.1 pages)
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Mass Incarceration in the U.S. - The United States, a powerhouse in the race for evolution, a country that is an expertise in all known subjects and more. Though, America has participated in heinous behaviors that have been unknown to the general public, one including, mass incarceration. People in the U.S. confined in prisons or jails at a startling rate. [9]With America owning 5% of the world’s population, we also house 25% of the world’s prison population. That is approximately 1.8 billion people that we have imprisoned with us each and everyday....   [tags: government funding, penitenciary reform]
:: 9 Works Cited
1981 words
(5.7 pages)
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Mass Incarceration of African Americans - “Until justice is blind to color, until education is unaware of race, until opportunity is unconcerned with the color of men's skins, emancipation will be a proclamation but not a fact.”(Lyndon Johnson). For generations in the United Stated, ethnic minorities have been discriminated against and denied fair opportunity and equal rights. In the beginning there was slavery, and thereafter came an era of racism which directly impacted millions of minorities lives. This period called Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system up in till mid 1960s....   [tags: Race and the Drug War]
:: 9 Works Cited
2058 words
(5.9 pages)
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Alternative to Incarceration Intermediate Sanctions - Introduction Alternatives to incarceration have been explored in recent years due to the overcrowding in the correctional system. Intermediate sanctions is one of those alternatives. Intermediate sanctions have long way been used in the United States due to the benefits and options that it offers from saving money to reducing overcrowding but it does, however, have its unfortunate faults. There are many programs within intermediate sanctions that work and some that fall behind. Intermediate sanctions is an alternative to the costly prison system but to what end....   [tags: overcrowding in the correctional system] 1275 words
(3.6 pages)
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Children and Maternal Incarceration - Over 150,000 children in the United States have been separated from their mothers because of incarceration. These children face an extremely difficult situation. As the population of female inmates in jails and prisons continues to increase, protections will need to be put in place to preserve the mother-child bond during their sentence and in the process of release. Contact and visitation between mother and child can decrease the negative emotional, social and developmental effects that are caused by maternal incarceration....   [tags: female inmates, jail, prison]
:: 6 Works Cited
1793 words
(5.1 pages)
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Prisoners' Lives after Incarceration - According to N.C Aizenman of The Washington Post, “More than one in 100 adults in the United States is in jail or prison, an all-time high that is costing state governments nearly $50 billion a year and the federal government $5 billion more.” (Aizenman). But do we, as American citizens, ever consider how incarceration affects those who are released back into society. Many former prisoners face dire circumstances once released, such as finding gainful employment, housing, or reconnecting with friends and family members....   [tags: Criminal Justice System]
:: 7 Works Cited
1387 words
(4 pages)
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America Home of Incarceration - America Home of Incarceration The United States of America, the land of the free and the home of the caged. In 2008, it was reported that one out of every one hundred adults living in America are incarcerated in a jail or a prison (Pew). The City and County Jails and the Federal and State Prisons overcrowding problems are getting wildly close to crisis conditions. Statics show that by 2011 the inmate population in the United States will increase by a whopping thirteen percent, which are more than one million seven hundred thousand inmates that will be incarcerated in the United States (Statistics)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1981 words
(5.7 pages)
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Immigartion, Incarceration and Deportation - ... Human trafficking is one of the most heinous crimes that ICE investigates. In its worst manifestation, human trafficking is akin to modern-day slavery. Victims pay to be illegally transported into the United States only to find themselves in the thrall of traffickers. They are forced into prostitution, involuntary labor and other forms of servitude to repay debts often entry in the United States. In certain cases, the victims are mere children. They find themselves surrounded by an unfamiliar culture and language without identification documents, fearing for their lives and the lives of their families....   [tags: illegal immigration into the United States]
:: 13 Works Cited
2658 words
(7.6 pages)
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Intellectual Incarceration - Intellectual Incarceration As the landscape of education in America is constantly changing so too should the schools. Innovative and flexible school designs are paramount in the American educational reform conversation. School buildings are the tangible realizations of such reform concerns. Initially concerned with the quality of the learning environment, access to daylight and fresh air were the catalyst in a movement to improve the overall quality of education. While the reform movement has evolved to focus primarily on the student and their varied ways of learning, our schools are required to reflect such theories....   [tags: Education ]
:: 12 Works Cited
2274 words
(6.5 pages)
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Japanese American Incarceration - The Incarceration of Japanese Americans is widely regarded as one of the biggest breaches of civil rights in American History. Incarceration evolved from deep-seated anti-Japanese sentiment in the West Coast of the United States. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, pressure from the military leadership, politicians, media and nativist groups in the West Coast eventually convinced the President Franklin Roosevelt that action had to be taken to deal with the national security “threat” that Japanese Americans posed....   [tags: American History] 1893 words
(5.4 pages)
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Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States - ... has been a source of enormous profits, as the exponential growth of incarceration statistics and incomes are closely related. Although correlation does not imply causation, the U.S. Justice Department is quoted in stating a 1600% increase in private prison inmates from 1990 to 2009, even though private prisons have only been around for about thirty years (Heather C. West, et.al. 2010). The GEO Group, Inc., 2010 Annual Report states GEO made $1.27 billion in profits, while a 2010 Letter to Shareholders stated Corrections Corporation of America generated nearly $1.7 billion in revenue, making them the two largest private prison corporations in the world....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System] 1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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Substance Abuse Treatment Instead of Incarceration? - Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
2229 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Benefits of Community-Based Alternatives to Incarceration - As crime and arrest rates continue to climb, prisons across the nation, and even the world are beginning to experience immense overcrowding, placing a burden on both the prison personnel and inmate population. Nevertheless, this scenario is nothing unusual for anyone who has either worked some time for served some time in almost any prison. With most prison staff members suffering from high levels of stress from the unbearable workloads placed upon them, work conditions are starting to be considered near impossible, which is completely unacceptable....   [tags: Community service programs]
:: 10 Works Cited
2186 words
(6.2 pages)
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How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans - ... The WRA program controlled the management of 10 camps within the remote places of California, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, Arkansas and Texas. Even though photos of official government were sensitive not to portray it, those facilities were surrounded with barbed wire and also guarded by armed soldiers. During internment, also referred as incarceration, families lived, worked and studied within the barracks-like quarters of relocation centers, which were labeled evacuation centers, concentration camps or relocation camps....   [tags: immigration, relations, california] 2209 words
(6.3 pages)
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Alternatives to Incarceration - Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Mass Incarceration as a Modern Racial Caste System - HIS In the wake of President Obama’s election, the United States seems to be progressing towards a post-racial society. However, the rates of mass incarceration of black males in America deem this to be otherwise. Understanding mass incarceration as a modern racial caste system will reveal the role of the criminal justice system in creating and perpetuating racial hierarchy America. The history of social control in the United States dates back to the first racial caste systems: slavery and the Jim Crow Laws....   [tags: young black males in US prisons]
:: 5 Works Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
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Annotated Bibliography on Incarceration Rate: Is It Such a Good Thing - ... I plan to use this in my research by providing the audience information on how individuals and citizens of communities can be affected by a high incarceration rate. This article is an ally because this will show that just because it seems as though incarceration is lowering crime rate, it also provides a higher probability for individuals of poor living standards to be incarcerated. The Colbert Report. “Bryan Stevenson.” The Colbert Nation. Comedy Partners, 4 Dec. 2013. Online Video Clip. 4 Mar....   [tags: poverty, crime, drugs] 790 words
(2.3 pages)
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Examining the Collectivities that Protect the Existing Incarceration Policies - In a society that claims freedom and equality is a constitutional right, the United States has unprecedented rates of individuals in incarceration. According to the Stanford Law Review, over two million individuals were incarcerated in the year 2002, the majority African Americans (Roberts, 2004). The high rate of incarceration creates the illusion of a nation with a terrible crime epidemic and a need for a 'tough on crime' attitude to keep the streets safe, although this is far from reality. The influx of prisoners is not due to a rise in dangerous crimes, but is in result of public policy changes and the social construction of institutions....   [tags: minorities are the majority]
:: 6 Works Cited
1209 words
(3.5 pages)
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Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration - Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration      West Virginia state prisons have a maximum capacity of 2,154 inmates; currently they house 2,363 inmates, and more remain in City and County lockups to manage the overflow (West Virginia Blue Book). Home Confinement solves this problem. Reduction of the prison population should be reason enough to institute home confinement, but other reasons do exist. Would you like lower taxes. Home confinement costs much less than incarceration. Do you favor less crime....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
:: 4 Works Cited
958 words
(2.7 pages)
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration of the Racial Undercaste - Throughout the semester, we have discussed many different issues that are currently prevalent in the United States, specifically those related to racial discrimination. One specific issue that I have developed interest and research in is that of institutionalized racism, specifically in the form of mass incarceration, and what kinds of effects mass incarceration has on a community. In this paper, I will briefly examine a range of issues surrounding the mass incarceration of black and Latino males, the development of a racial undercaste because of rising incarceration rates, women and children’s involvement and roles they attain in the era of mass incarceration, and the economic importance t...   [tags: Racial Caste System]
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3340 words
(9.5 pages)
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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration - Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]
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1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles - Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles Prison populations have been on the raise since the early 1970s. Today we incarcerate over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the various correctional facilities around the country. These facilities can range from local jails or detention facilities to the new so called "Supermax" prisons. Conditions can also vary across the spectrum for these different correctional institutions. Each type of inmate has his or her own challenges when faced with incarceration....   [tags: Papers] 832 words
(2.4 pages)
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Community Supervision of Law Violators vs. Incarceration - Community supervision of law violators can achieve similar advantages and prevent the disadvantages of incarceration. There are both advantages and disadvantages to community corrections and incarceration. I support community corrections because I believe it has more positives outcomes and less negative effects than incarceration. Community corrections have more advantages over incarceration and fewer disadvantages. Incarcerating people isn’t working that well and the biggest reason is the overcrowding of prisons....   [tags: Community supervision, criminals, criminal justice] 1231 words
(3.5 pages)
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Mass incarceration of African Americans, The Revised Caste System - The issue of racial disproportion in the United States has been an ongoing topic in history since slavery. As Americans we are affected by racial injustices everyday. One may not realize how their own racial identity plays a part in their everyday life experiences. The dynamics of racial oppression and privilege with the United States is incredibly complex ranging from the time of establishment to present day. The present day racial inequality within the criminal justice system and incarceration rates has peaked in the United States over the last 30 years....   [tags: racial dispropotion, American History]
:: 2 Works Cited
1789 words
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The Penal and Judiciary System: The High Cost of Incarceration - Although prisons have a few positive aspects such as keeping felons off the streets and being less final than the death penalty, they have many negative aspects as well such as tearing families apart, causing severe psychological harm to the children of inmates, costing 47,102 dollars a year in California alone (California Judicial website), and causing many problems for the inmates in the long run. Fundamentally the use of incarceration is intended to reform and rehabilitate offenders of society’s laws; however, America’s prison system usually makes matters much worse for the offender, his or her family, and society as a whole....   [tags: prisons, dealth penalty]
:: 7 Works Cited
1857 words
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness - The New Jim Crow Michelle Alexander wrote a book called "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness." The original Jim Crow was a racial caste system that segregated whites from blacks, where whites were privileged and viewed as the chosen ones while blacks were taught to be minority and used as servants between 1877 and the 1960s. The Jim Crow system kept whites superior to blacks with laws created to keep whites favored. It was a legal way to prevent African Americans from getting an equal education, from voting; it was a system of "Separate but Equal"....   [tags: racial cast system] 829 words
(2.4 pages)
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Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans - Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans The disproportionate numbers of African Americans in the prison system is a very serious issue, which is not usually discussed in its totality. However, it is quite important to address the matter because it ultimately will have an effect on African Americans as a whole. Of the many tribulations that plague Americans today, the increase in the amount of African American men and women in prisons is unbelievable. It would be naïve to say that the increase is due to the fact that more African Americans are committing crimes now than before....   [tags: Papers] 1675 words
(4.8 pages)
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Incarceration in An Adult Prison Increases Juvenile Crime - In the last 42 years little to no changes have been made to correct the standards that govern punitive measures towards juvenile delinquency. Today juvenile law is governed by state and many states have enacted a juvenile code. However, in numerous cases, juveniles are transferred to adult court when juvenile courts waive or relinquish jurisdiction. Adolescents should not be tried in the adult court system or sentenced to adult penitentiary's on account of: teen brains are not mature which causes a lack of understanding towards the system, incarceration in an adult facility increases juvenile crime, and children that are sentenced to adult prison are vulnerable to abuse and rape....   [tags: abuse, rape, punitive measures]
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1754 words
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Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines - Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines A figure dashed through a busy road. Children selling water, cigarettes, and trinkets roamed the road filled with vehicles of all sizes are all at a stand-still while waiting for the light to turn green. The heavy traffic was expected, but what came next was a surprise. A car door was opened inconspicuously. After a few minutes, the figure emerged from the side of the car and cast furtive glances before sprinting to the nearest alley, while dodging oncoming passers-by....   [tags: juvenile delinquents, blurred lines]
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1917 words
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The Difference in a Woman's Path towards Incarceration to that of a Man's - ... Women’s prisons tend to not have all the same available options than that of men’s prisons an example being that they have fewer options of work (Schmalleger, p 457). Women’s prisons also have fewer disturbances such as riots or all out brawls like men’s prisons (Schmalleger, p 457). Not only that institutions built to house women just aren’t designed for women very well (Schmalleger, p 457). It is also more likely that a female entering prison has a substance abuse problem (Schmalleger, p 457)....   [tags: criminal justice system]
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849 words
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Incarceration vs. Treatment - Incarceration vs. Treatment The focus of this paper is incarceration versus treatment of low level drug offenders in California. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests, prosecutions, and prison sentences as the primary means to dissuade drug use and street crime by removing the offender from the community. The theory further states that by implementing stricter sanctions targeting low level drug offenders further reduces drug related crime by increasing the personal costs of drug use among incipient users....   [tags: Papers] 630 words
(1.8 pages)
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In Defense of Flogging, by Peter Moskos - What is the best way to punish people. For centuries, humans have sought out for methods to reprimand wrongdoers. We, as a species, have allowed punishment to evolve along with us. From corporal punishment, or flogging as many may call it, to incarceration, humans have searched for the most effective technique to punish people. As time elapsed, imprisonment has become our staple for all crimes and transgressions. With this in mind, many writers have contended that we revisit corporal punishment....   [tags: Aleternative to Incarceration] 1284 words
(3.7 pages)
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Don't Treat Juvenile Offenders As Adults - Prior to 1899, in the United States, child offenders over the age of seven were imprisoned in the same facilities as adult offenders. As a result of political and social reformers, society’s views on juvenile justice began to shift to a more sympathetic view. Beginning in 1899, individual states began to address the youth incarceration problem by establishing youth reform homes, the predecessor to juvenile dentition centers. The objective of these homes was the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders for their re-entry into society and for the greater good....   [tags: Youth Incarceration]
:: 5 Works Cited
1900 words
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Critique of a Research Article about Incarceration in the Household by Loper & Nichols (2012) - Background In a study of children that had a family member or family associate incarcerated prior to their 18th birthday, Loper & Nichols (2012) attempted to address the impact that such incarceration had on such children. It was expected, consistent with previous literature, that household incarceration would have an impact on academic outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between household incarceration and two outcomes: failure to graduate high school and extended school absence....   [tags: Journal Article Critique Example]
:: 5 Works Cited
2304 words
(6.6 pages)
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, by Michelle Alexander - The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Michelle Alexander (2010) argues that despite the old Jim Crow is death, does not necessarily means the end of racial caste (p.21). In her book “The New Jim Crow”, Alexander describes a set of practices and social discourses that serve to maintain African American people controlled by institutions....   [tags: The New Jim Crow Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1198 words
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Diminishing Poverty and Racial Discrimination so as to Decrease Incarceration Rates - The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, incarcerating 1 in 100 people. With such rates one would expect United States to have the lowest rates of crime in the world, however crime still exists in the United States. It is undeniable that something is being done incorrectly. The United States is either incarcerating the wrong people, or incarcerating individuals for minor crimes and not those who actually commit major crimes. United States’ high incarceration rates show no progress in diminishing crime, this might be because the solution to ending crime is not putting more people in jail but instead finding a way to keep individuals off of streets, while diminishing...   [tags: keeping individuals off the street] 844 words
(2.4 pages)
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander - ... The abuse and financial incentives undertaken by police departments corrupt the system. Racial biases increase the probability that African Americans and other minorities such as Latinos will be stopped and their property seized. Although legally “white” individuals are more likely to sell and partake in illegal drugs, African Americans and other minorities manage to fill the prisons and be targets of police. Police departments violate 4th amendment protections to meet this end and their actions are endorsed by the highest law of the land, the Supreme Court....   [tags: criminal justice, racial biases] 672 words
(1.9 pages)
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Restorative Justice: Comparative Studies - When considering studies in corrections on a global scale it is important to understand how to utilize the most applicable method to gather knowledge. Comparative studies are often used to explore methods for explicating or developing knowledge and attitudes. Comparative research examines cases with the intention to reveal the structure and invariance or unchanging relationship for an entire group or population. In this case, and for the purpose of this paper, the comparative research is suggested to be used in corrections on a global scale....   [tags: corrections, incarceration]
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The Effects of Incarceration Discrimination in the United States for African American Men - Underachievement, lack of inclusion, and backward progression within society is a trend that engulfs African American men constantly in the American society. There is a continuous struggle to break the persistent mold. Although many feel that the United States has overcome its racist history, the legacies of slavery and racism still affect our policies and practices today. Of the nearly 2.1 million adult men and women imprisoned in the United States, roughly 70% are persons of color (Minton, 2012)....   [tags: Black Codes, Backwards Progression]
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The Incarceration of Women - According to a factsheet by The Sentencing Project (2012), more than 200,000 women are incarcerated, including those in local jails. In addition, out of these 200,000 women “1 in 25 women in state prisons and 1 in 33 in federal prisons are pregnant when admitted to prison.” Due to their sentencing, many of these women are forced to give birth while incarcerated. Then days later are separated from their newborn to finish their sentencing. More mothers end up in jails than fathers, and men do not have to worry about bringing their future child into a jail cell like many women do....   [tags: benefits of prison, psychology]
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Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful - Boot Camp - Shock Incarceration Programs are Useful In the military, boot camp represents an abrupt, often shocking transition to a new way of life. Discipline is strict and there is an emphasis on hard work, physical training, and unquestioning obedience to authority. The new private is told when to sleep, when to get up and when to eat. He marches with his platoon everywhere he goes such as to meals and to training. Orders must be obeyed instantly and personal liberty is almost nonexistent. By the end of boot camp the new private has become a different person....   [tags: Offenders Alternative Jail Prison]
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Capital Punishment Removes Rehabilitation from Incarceration - Capital Punishment Removes Rehabilitation from Incarceration Capital Punishment refers to the sentence or decision to a capital crime such as murder, rape, or assault. Many times, the sentence is life in prison or execution. Currently, the United States is the only western democracy that still has execution on the books. An alternative to execution is life imprisonment, which is common throughout the world. There are many features, however of life imprisonment that are debated....   [tags: Papers] 1231 words
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The Basis for Cridme Deterren ce in the United States - ... According to the Bureau of Justice, More than 50% of all federal prisoners are incarcerated for drug related offenses. While non-violent crimes, such as marijuana usage, are not viewed as serious offenses the number of people in federal prison for drug related offenses grew from 74,276 in 2000 to 97,472 in 2010, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. Although studies have shown that white kids are more likely to use and abuse drugs that African Americans, the incarceration rate for Blacks involved in drug related offenses are disproportionately high....   [tags: incarceration, violations of constitutional rights] 970 words
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Research on School Policies and Its Conne ction to the Juvenil Courts - The article reviewed serves as a compliment to the research on school policies and its connection to the juvenile court, and how the school-to-prison pipeline has been created. The research article is “Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies and the School to Prison Pipeline”. The theme focuses on the flourishing trend in public schools across America that criminalizes students’ minor disciplinary issues as a part of the emerging “zero tolerance” disciplinary policies and the factors that come along with it....   [tags: education or incarceration, crime]
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High Costs Related to Drug Use - ... Until now the strategy has not shown real long term remarkable results in reducing crime and consumption. At most, it has only created a “balloon effect” displacing ollas a few blocks temporarily; time after the intervention, when police and public employees are gone, dealers and consumers come back. Furthermore, intervening big ollas could have split some of them geographically into smaller ones, making the situation even worse (FIP, 2013). The operation captured 1.843 people participating in drug trafficking, including 42 important drug lords....   [tags: incarceration, crime, trafficking] 1565 words
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Discrimination in the United States Today - ... Since whites go to state jail more than prison. Often they serve less harsh sentences because of it, so reduced employment options, separation from family are not as severe for whites because they only spend about a year in state prison. Unlike minorities who get punished more harshly and they do not get the luxury of seeing their family, and being able to hold stable jobs when they get released. The different sentencing between these races greatly shows the racial disparities that still exist in the American justice system....   [tags: incarceration of African-Americans & Hispanics]
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Purpose and History of Crime and Punishment - Crime and punishment have been a part of the world since biblical times. It is one of the few things in this world that has constantly evolved with man, and will consistently change with the societies as our views of what is right and wrong transform. Our prison system changed because of the need felt by the Quakers to find alternatives to executing and publicly humiliating those individuals whom had committed crimes against their fellow man. “The Quakers were devout Christians who believed part of god’s nature lived within every person: therefore, they refused to kill other People.” This resulted in them passing “the Great Law” in 1682....   [tags: penitentiaries, incarceration, prison systems]
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Diversity within the Criminal Justice System - The US Justice Department statistics 2003 and onwards demonstrates significant disproportion in the incarceration rate of minority African American and Hispanic men between the ages of 25 and 29 years as compared to the rate associated with White men of the same age. Bell (2007), proposes that as minority groups grow in numbers within the dominant group they will experience greater equality. However, rate of incarceration among minority males remains alarmingly high and as compared to their White counterparts....   [tags: Racial Prejudice, Over-Incarceration]
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Racial Disparities in Drug Crime - The past quarter century of American history has been profoundly impacted by the “war on drugs.” Ever since the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 was passed by President Richard Nixon, the number of yearly incarcerations for drug violations has grown exponentially. America’s drug policies have cost billions of dollars and imprisoned hundreds of thousands of Americans, yet rates of drug, property, and violent crime have failed to decrease. Yassaman Saadatmand summates the consequences of Nixon’s policies: “Not only has the drug war failed to reduce violent and property crime, but it has also shifted criminal justice resources (the police, courts, prisons, probation o...   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Criminal Justice]
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Criminalization at School: Zero-Tolerance Discipline Policies Might Be Damaging to Students - ... Research has confirmed that fewer attention and resources to students yield poor educational achievement and poor behavioral outcomes. The inadequacies of failing schools such as a lack of experienced teachers and guidance counselors, advanced instruction, early intervention programs, extracurricular activities, and safe, well equipped facilities. Moreover, the overuse of suspensions, expulsions and arrests is itself a reflection of this lack of resources. Ultimately, under-resourced schools force many of its students into second-class educational environments that neglect their needs and make them feel disengaged from their schools (NAACP, 2005)....   [tags: suspension, dropout, and incarceration]
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The Effect of Rehabilitation and the Rate of Recidivism - ... Not every inmate will complete an academic educational course, however there are vocational training programs available as well. These programs will give the inmates training in different vocational careers, such as, construction, plumbing, and landscaping and these may be available in a work environment. Although this training is less successful at reducing the recidivism rate than academic education, it lowers the rate by twenty percent compared to those not pursing any program. Along with vocational training, an inmate may be accepted into a work release program....   [tags: highes incarceration rate, rehabilitation] 1712 words
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Brotherly Love in Sonny’s Blues by James Baldwin - James Baldwin, author of Sonny’s Blues, was born in Harlem, NY in 1924. During his career as an essayist, he published many novels and short stories. Growing up as an African American, and being “the grandson of a slave” (82) was difficult. On a day to day basis, it was a constant battle with racial discrimination, drugs, and family relationships. One of Baldwin’s literature pieces was Sonny’s Blues in which he describes a specific event that had a great impact on his relationship with his brother, Sonny....   [tags: Death, Family, Incarceration] 1188 words
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Benefits of the Legalization of Marijuana - I’m going to shock you. Half of all men will get cancer, and a third of all women. Some of you could even die. There’s good news. Your life could be prolonged or your cancer cured with hash oil. Oh ... wait ... it’s not legal ... guess you’ll just have to suck it up. People live with debilitating pain every day because they are unable to get marijuana, while the U.S. government pours money and personnel into a drug war that’s unnecessary. The modes of entry are a lot safer in comparison to other drugs such as injectables with a skyrocketing AIDS risk or pills with questionable purity....   [tags: pain, incarceration, taxes] 667 words
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The Unfair Experiences of Transgender Inmates - ... They found 16% of all transgender respondents ed going to jail or prison and a much higher rate among Black (47%) and American Indian (30%) trans individuals. They also found higher rates of incarceration among male to female (MTF) trans individuals (21%) than female to male (FTM) trans respondents (10%) (Grant, Mottet & Tanis, 2011, p. 163). Discrimination As society struggles to understand the experience of transgender individuals, TIGNC people facing higher rates of poverty, employment and housing discrimination, and harassment and violence....   [tags: incarceration, discrimination, violence] 1913 words
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The Rise of Inmate Population - ... This belief system attempts to humanize the situation of being institutionalized instead of it appearing as people being locked away in cages like wild animals (Debatewise). The idea of trying to rehabilitate an inmate is that of a combined effort of the federal government and state departments, in an effort to see that the idea of fair treatment inside a penal institution will show inmates that society still sees them as human beings rather than an unnatural person. Many people believe that rehabilitation is a non-discriminatory approach to handling minor offenses as well as a merciful way of allowing criminals to review the unlawful actions they have committed in hindsight and reform t...   [tags: incarceration, rehabilitation, prison] 1048 words
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Objective Reasoning Against Capital Punishment - ... The purpose of the death penalty and incarceration in general, is to act as a deterrent, to prevent, or at least to reduce the frequency of a specific type of crime. However, sending criminals to death row has not been proven to decrease the number of homicides, and in some cases, data suggest that it has actually increased it. A survey in 2009 of the United States’ top criminological societies showed that “88.2% of the polled criminologists do not believe that the death penalty is a deterrent.”2 This repudiation is supported by the measurements of the homicide rates in states with capital punishment as opposed to those without....   [tags: death, homocide, lifelong incarceration] 729 words
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The Rights of a Prisoner - ... Inmates are still afforded many rights such as the First Amendment- free speech, and freedom of religion. Although, one of the less thought of by society, the Constitution guarantees prisoners the right of meaningful access to courts, and prison officials may not retaliate against prisoners who exercise their right of access. In Bounds v. Smith, the Supreme Court held that the right of access imposes an affirmative duty on prison officials to assist inmates in preparing and filing legal papers, either by establishing and adequate law library or by providing adequate assistance from persons trained in the law....   [tags: incarceration, court, inmate]
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Confining Spaces in Madame Bovary - In Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert’s incorporation of confined spaces reveals Emma’s literal and metaphorical imprisonment. Starting from her adolescence, Emma becomes held back from the world at both the convent, and the farm. Flaubert depicts these confinements as literal. Later, Charles, her husband, physically overpowers her when they meet, and metaphorically suppresses her throughout the rest of the marriage. Finally, Emma imprisons herself when she becomes ill, and mentally encloses herself from her husband and the rest of the world....   [tags: Gustave Flaubert, Literal, Incarceration]
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Rehabilitation in the Community - “Rehabilitation in the Community” Throughout the country there are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons. California has the highest incarceration. So what will we do to reduce this rate. This is where society looks into rehabilitation for these inmates, hoping to free some space within the prison systems. The advantage and disadvantage of rehabilitation in the community compare to incarceration. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation launch a public safety reforms to encourage inmates to complete rehabilitation programs....   [tags: incarceration, california, inmates]
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Why Do People Break the Law in the Book Incarceration and Social Inequality by by Bruce Western and Becky Pettit - ... As the pathway of achieving goals by the conformist is shut off, the rise of more innovators would swell the incarceration rate. This would suggest that incarceration rates would only rise in the future as more and more workers, especially the least educated, are replaced by automation. The rise of more innovators would be enhanced as those who view material success as a worthy goal but realize that the means to achieve this in a socially acceptable manner is becoming more difficult. The relative youth of the prison population also reflects the strain theory....   [tags: education, prison, employment]
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The Frequent Incarceration of Minorities in the US - Prisons are filled with many ethnic backgrounds, but the majority of the people behind bars are African Americans and Hispanics. African Americans and Hispanics are six times more likely to get incarcerated than whites. African Americans and Hispanics are more likely to be sentenced for lower level charges or simple drug charges. African American and Hispanics also have a high target of getting pulled over because of them being minorities. The prison population in the United States increased nearly five-fold between 1980 and 2009....   [tags: African Americans, Latin Americans] 1286 words
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Drug Prohibition in Zimbabwe - For the last half century, governments all over the world have been involved in a gratuitous war against drugs, its users, producers and distributors, with the intention of creating a drug free world. This war has been lost evidenced by the exponential increase in drug consumption over the past two decades and the establishment of new drug trafficking syndicates across Southern Africa (Rolles et al, 2012). This is true for Zimbabwe, a country in the heart of Southern –Africa, like its global counterparts Zimbabwe adopted punitive prohibition, criminalising use, possession and production with harsh sentences (Ndlovu, 2012)....   [tags: Incarceration, Criminal ] 1675 words
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Criminal Rehabilitation in the United States Justice System - ... Also, these prison inmates could potentially be rehabilitated and become productive members of society, which is why rehabilitation should be focused on by the United States Criminal Justice System. Also against rehabilitation, a criminal justice system that imposes no harsh penalties or punishments does not deter crime. A shift in focus to rehabilitation will remove harsh punishments in favor of helping prisoners change their behavior. Unfortunately these harsh punishments prevented crime because prisoners are like any other individual, and “Individuals make their decisions based on the net cost and benefits of each alternative” (Muhlhausen 136)....   [tags: highest incarceration rate in industrialized world]
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Life Behind Bars - From prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities the United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world, costing the country billions each year to operate. Creating a booming business for the entertainment industry to convey prison life through films, documentaries, and TV shows, Beyond Scared Straight, Jail, and American’s Hardest Prisons are a few. Allowing citizens to utilize their imagination to envision what it would be like ripped of all dignity and locked up to inhabit a six by eight center-block cell for an extended period of time....   [tags: incarceration, sexual, corruption] 1158 words
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Analysis on 24/7 Sobriety Project - If everyone could have it his/her way, I am sure he/she would desire to live in an Utopian society that is absolutely crime-free. Although it may seem like a pipe dream, many programs and interventions are slowly but surely making the dream more realistic. Alternative to Incarceration (ATI) is a program that is very significant and an important factor in reducing crime. The article, “Alternative to Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs, and Help People and Communities,” gives a very fitting description of what the program is and what it does....   [tags: incarceration programs, crime, ATI, prison]
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The Prison System - Canada reached its utmost population rate in 2013, with 15,000 inmates; this is a drastic increase of 75% in the past decade. Incarceration rates are rapidly increasing as crime rates decrease. Upon release, former prisoners have difficulty adapting into society and its social norms. Criminologist, Roger Graef states that, "the vast majority of inmates, the loss of local connections with family, job, and home sentences them again to return to crime." Prisoners often result in lethargy, depression, chronic apathy, and despair, making them ultimately rigid and unable to assimilate back into the public....   [tags: Incarceration Rates, Canada, Overcrowding]
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