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HIV - HIV People who inherit only one copy of a mutated gene that has an effect on HIV's ability to enter CD4 T-helper cells appear to be substantially less likely to become infected with the virus, according to a new report by researchers at New York University School of Medicine in New York City and collaborators at other institutions. Such a protective effect, if proven, falls far short of completely safeguarding individuals who carry a single copy of the gene mutation from the risk of HIV infection....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 420 words
(1.2 pages)
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HIV - HIV Like the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud of ignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since I knew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of the disease and discuss where it's at now....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 1857 words
(5.3 pages)
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HIV - HIV Many eyebrows raised late in 1979, when the then unkown HIV virus raised its ugly head. The first two cases of the rare cancer, Karposis Sarcoma was diagnosed in two homosexual men in N>Y>C. About the same time in Los Angeles, several cases of the rare infection, Pneumocytis cariini pneumonia were being treated. Incidences of these strange diseases and infections were sky-rocketting around the country. The disease was effecting mostly young gay men in their 30's. There was no official name for the syndrome, but it was referred to by various names, GRID (gay related inmmune disease), Gay Cancer, and, "Community Acquired Syndrome"....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 1024 words
(2.9 pages)
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HIV and AIDS - HIV and AIDS The AIDS and HIV virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, no gender, no economic background and not even a specific age group. It can affect anyone, at any time if they put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk. AIDS stands for what is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The virus causes the body's immune system to break down and become useless in fighting illness and bacteria. Even a common cold could lead to the death of a person affected with the AIDS virus....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 692 words
(2 pages)
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HIV/AIDS - HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 874 words
(2.5 pages)
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HIV and AIDS - The Effects of HIV Mutations on the Immune System is deadly. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is classified as a RNA Retrovirus. A retrovirus uses RNA templates to produce DNA. For example, within the core of HIV is a double molecule of ribonucleic acid, RNA. When the virus invades a cell, this genetic material is replicated in the form of DNA. But, in order to do so, HIV must first be able to produce a particular Enzyme that can construct a DNA molecule using an RNA template. This enzyme, Called RNA-directed DNA polymerase, is also referred to as reverse Transcriptase because it reverses the normal cellular process of Transcription....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 1693 words
(4.8 pages)
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HIV Therapy - HIV Therapy When the FDA approved the Pill for marketing in 1960, it changed America forever. The pill was released without adequate testing. Within two years, 1.2 Americans were using it and by 1973 that number had risen to 10 million. In 1969 the book "The Doctors Case against the Pill" by Barbara Seaman showed people the dangers. By the end of the 70's, the FDA required physicians and pharmacists to hand out sheets on possible negative effect and complications (Kalb 20-36). The pills contain two hormones, estrogen and progestin....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
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AIDS/HIV - In 1981, the first cases of severe immune system deterioration were recognized developed unusual infections. The new disease was later named "AIDS". At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Since then, science has shown that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of AIDS. As HIV infection progresses, it weakens a person's ability to fight off diseases. By attacking the immune system, the virus leaves people more susceptible to other diseases. When a person with HIV contracts one of several additional diseases, or when a person's immune system shows serious deterioration, that person is classified as having AIDS....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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HIV and AIDS - HIV/AIDS INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the 20th Century it was believed by many, including the United States Patent Office, that there was nothing else to invent. Now, 100 years later at the beginning of the new millenium the ancient Egyptian philosopher is more relevant, "there is nothing new under the Sun". While HIV/AIDS may be a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can potentially or actually decimate a population. In the late middle ages, the Black, now known as the Bubonic Plague, swept through Europe killing virtually half the population....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 3478 words
(9.9 pages)
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HIV/AIDS - With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health] 1969 words
(5.6 pages)
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HIV Speech - HIV Speech It kills over 300,000 people a year. It can affect anyone regardless of your race, sex, or age. It cannot be seen, treated, readily detected or destroyed. It is capable of destroying millions of people without wars or violence. This thing is AIDS caused by the virus HIV-1. What would you do if you found out tomorrow you had AIDS. How would you react if a family member contracted the disease and was diagnosed with one to three years left to live. The HIV virus that causes AIDS began to affect the nation many years ago and was first discovered and documented by the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia in 1979....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health] 733 words
(2.1 pages)
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HIV Spread - Life-Threatening Interactions between Hiv-1 Protease Inhibitors and MDMA and -Hydroxybutrate (GHB) Introduction Purpose The goal of this assignment, is to read the health journal and with an unbiased appraisal, decide whether the information is conclusive enough based on solely the information given to possibly change one's health practices. Why Topic Selected In today’s college society, with the ever-growing number of sexually active students, HIV is quickly spreading....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 885 words
(2.5 pages)
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HIV in South Africa - A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1760 words
(5 pages)
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HIV/AIDS in the U.S.A. - HIV/AIDS in the U.S.A. Human Immunodeficency Virus (HIV), virus of the retrovirus family, the agent that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A person infected with HIV gradually loses immune function and becomes vulnerable to numerous infractions that can lead to AIDS. The virus was discovered in association with AIDS by three separate teams of researchers: first in 1983 by Luc Montagnier and scientists at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and then in 1984 by Robert Gallo and his colleagues at the National Cancer Institute, on the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and by Jay Levy and his colleagues at the University of California at San Francisco....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 1778 words
(5.1 pages)
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HIV Prevention in Africa - HIV prevention in Africa A continuing rise in the number of HIV infected people is not inevitable. There is growing evidence that prevention efforts can be effective, and this includes initiatives in some of the most heavily affected countries. One new study in Zambia has shown success in prevention efforts. The study reported that urban men and women are less sexually active, that fewer had multiple partners and that condoms were used more consistently. This is in line with findings that HIV prevalence has declined significantly among 15-29 year-old urban women (down to 24.1% in 1999 from 28.3% in 1996)....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Stigma Attached to HIV and AIDS - Stigma and seroconversion are a few familiar words that come to mind when dealing with HIV/AIDS. These are a few processes that people go through when they are indentified as being HIV positive. This is when their life on whole comes into contrast. This is so because people often take things like sex for granted and it is because of this some can’t live a healthy lifestyle. Just imagine finding out that you are positive. How will society accept you. What about the stigmatization that one goes through....   [tags: HIV, AIDS]
:: 4 Works Cited
1670 words
(4.8 pages)
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HIV/AIDS Awareness - HIV/AIDS Awareness How would you feel if you saw a four-year-old girl have to watch her mother die a slow painful death from AIDS. Well this is what millions of children face everyday living in Africa. Do you ever stop and think about how lucky you are to live a happy and healthy life or do you just take it for granted. An estimated 25 million adults and children are living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, and AIDS has orphaned an estimated twelve million children. HIV/AIDS is one of the biggest challenges the world faces today....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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HIV - HIV HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. However, being HIV-positive, or having HIV disease, is not the same as having AIDS. When a person is infected with HIV the immune system tries to fight off the virus and does make some antibodies, but these antibodies are not able to defeat HIV. Some people do not feel ill at all when they are first infected. They may have no symptoms for a long time. However, some symptoms of HIV infection may include: “extreme tiredness, sometimes combined with headache, dizziness or lightheadedness; swollen glands in the neck, armpits or groin; continued fever or night sweats; weight loss of more than 10 pounds which is not due to dieting or increased physical activity; purple or discolored growths on the skin or the mucous membranes (inside the mouth, anus or nasal passages); heavy, continual dry cough that is not from smoking or that has lasted too long to be cold or flu; continuing bouts of diarrhea; thrush, a thick whitish coating on the tongue or in the throat which may be accompanied by sore throat; unexplained bleeding from any body opening or form growths on the skin or mucous membranes; bruising more easily than usual; progressive shortness of breath; forgetfulness, confusion, disorientation and other signs of mental deterioration.”(Robert E....   [tags: Aids Disorders Health Medical Essays]
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1950 words
(5.6 pages)
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HIV - ... These symptoms typically disappear in a week to a month and may be mistaken for other viral infections. During this period, people are extremely infectious and HIV is present in great quantities in genital fluids. An infected person may not experience severe symptoms for eight to 10 years or more. This period — called the asymptomatic period — differs in length for each person. Some people may have symptoms within a few months and others may be symptom-free for years. Children born with HIV typically have symptoms within two years of birth....   [tags: Health, Diseases, AIDS] 2217 words
(6.3 pages)
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The HIV & AIDS Virus - Citations AIDS.org - news, treatment information, and other resources. www.aids.org/ HIV and AIDS Activities - information from the FDA Office of Special Health Issues. www.fda.gov/oashi/aids/hiv.html Specialized Information Services Home Page - US National Library ... - ... Library of Medicine (NLM) is responsible for information resources and services in toxicology, environmental health, chemistry, HIV/AIDS, and specialized ... www.sis.nlm.nih.gov CDC-NCHSTP-Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Home Page - ......   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health] 2999 words
(8.6 pages)
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HIV/AIDS Research - HIV/AIDS Research Every part of African society from teachers to soldiers is under attack from Aids with over 30% of the adult population infected in some countries, the United Nations says in a new report. 80% of the world's deaths from AIDS occur in Africa, which at current rate is estimated to be 34 million people to have been infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, since the start of the pandemic and 11.4 million are estimated to have died. This epidemic is creating instability in an already fragile African economy....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health] 426 words
(1.2 pages)
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HIV Prevention for Indigent Communities - ... Although the cost is relatively low for the amount of testing being done, the locations providing this reduced cost of testing are scarce. For example, there is only one location in Dallas that provides this service at such a low cost: the Dallas Heath Department. Appointments are required during the office hours of 8 am and 5 pm in order to be tested. In addition, the appointments are filled very quickly, making this service somewhat inaccessible for those who have to work and for those without means of transportation....   [tags: Healthcare, HIV/AIDS]
:: 5 Works Cited
1518 words
(4.3 pages)
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HIV/AIDS in Prisons and Jails - HIV/AIDS in Prisons and Jails missing works cited In addressing the prevention of the spread of the HIV virus in prisons, we have seen a rush to develop and implement prevention measures. Much attention has centered on such controversial issues as compulsory or voluntary blood testing, isolation versus integration of HIV infected inmates into the prison mainstreams, provision of condoms and disposable needles, and effective educational measures for specific groups within the prison.      Unfortunately, this rush to develop and implement preventive measures has resulted in a degree of polarization which has hindered progress towards implementation of effective prevention measures....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 443 words
(1.3 pages)
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HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa - HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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HIV / AIDS among Kenyan Youth - Sex, HIV/AIDS and Silence; Kenyan Youth In 2001, Sub-Saharan Africa recorded the highest number of deaths from HIV/AIDS, with 29.4 million people living with AIDS; 10 million young people and 3 million children. Among these, 12.2 million were women and 10.1 million men. In 2002, 3.5 million new infections were reported. From this backdrop, Kenyans were interviewed on their perceptions of sex and condom use within heterosexual relationships revealing that denial and silence played a major role in the escalation of the pandemic while gender differences, culture and power were perceived as negatively impacting negotiation of sex and condom use within Kenyan communities....   [tags: HIV in Africa]
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4064 words
(11.6 pages)
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The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa - The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa The ubiquitous acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that gradually weakens the immune system until the body cannot fight off common infinitesimal infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, the “flu”, and other illnesses. All of which can be part of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the final stage of HIV that usually develops between 2 to 10 years after the infection. This infection is frequently transmitted through unprotected intercourse with someone who has already been affected with HIV and is an increasing problem in Africa....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]
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1407 words
(4 pages)
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HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure - HIV and AIDS - We are Close to a Cure AIDS is a major disease that has threatened the world's population but many scientists believe that a cure is in sight. These scientists say they have developed a vaccine that will cure a dying AIDS patient. They also believe that have created a vaccine that will prevent a person from contracting the virus. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Acquired stands for that the disease is not hereditary but develops after birth from contact with a disease causing agent in this case, HIV....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]
:: 10 Sources Cited
2636 words
(7.5 pages)
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HIV Infections in African American Males - HIV infections in African American Males have been a national growing problem since the early 1990’s. According to CDC, in the United States, there are more than 1 million people living with HIV. 48 percent are afro American males between the ages 13-44(CDC, 2007). It is estimated that around 1 million people in the United States will be diagnose with HIV in the up coming year with the lifetime risk of becoming infected is 1 in 16 for black males (CDC,2007). However, there is growing concern about the disproportionate increase of HIV among adolescent African American males ages 13-19....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 1443 words
(4.1 pages)
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HIV and AIDS: How Has It Developed? - How Has It Developed. Only within the last two decades have HIV and AIDS become largely visible in the United States and across the globe. It may appear that there is virtually a void in legislation dealing with HIV and AIDS because of the relatively recent increase in public awareness. Perhaps, though, this lack of legislation should not be surprising considering the fact that almost no other specific illnesses are the target of direct legislation. The rights of patients are often the topic of new laws; however, exact diseases or disorders are not usually expounded upon in these broader forms of legislation....   [tags: HIV AIDS Diseases Health Essays]
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757 words
(2.2 pages)
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HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa - Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
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HIV Treatments and Reducing Drug Resistance - HIV Treatments and Reducing Drug Resistance Abstract HIV is a retrovirus that will constantly attack human’s immune system once an individual is infected and will eventually develop to AIDS, often a deadly sexually transmitted disease. Currently, there are different kinds of antiretroviral treatments available for patients who are tested to be HIV positive as well as patients with AIDS. HIV can easily develop resistance to its treatment through mutation each generation, which leads to ineffectiveness in treatment....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]
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2242 words
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The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law - The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law Abstract Forty million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus. About six percent of them will not inform their intimate partners about their health condition. Many efforts that have been made over the past decade towards establishing a HIV/AIDS law, have finally paid off. The act of disclosing the virus was written in 1990. It caused quite a stir among the citizens of the United States. Many people concluded that there were holes in the disclosure law concerning HIV/AIDS because it lacked complete thought....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]
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1371 words
(3.9 pages)
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Pathogens and HIV - This assignment will give an outline of pathogens and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) also the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). How HIV is spread and where the virus comes from. The assignment will also look into who discovered HIV and also when it was discovered and which was found first between HIV and AIDS also if HIV and AIDS are somewhat related. Also give a brief description what a pathogen is, also what types of pathogens there are, and look into the human immune system and discuss CD4, T cells and B cells and what these cells do for the body....   [tags: Health]
:: 16 Works Cited
2107 words
(6 pages)
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HIV/AIDS - ... Equally important, HIV is not spread by biting insects such as mosquitoes or bedbugs (1). The HIV virus hijacks your body, it produces all of the proteins and RNA needed to make more virus. Your T helper cell is now producing solely the virus. HIV literally uses your body against itself. The very thing that typically fights of infection and disease is now a disease in itself. Many people who are HIV positive do not have symptoms of HIV infection. Often people only begin to feel sick when they progress toward AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
:: 9 Works Cited
2145 words
(6.1 pages)
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HIV and Aids - HIV and Aids In Junior High, when we were in sex education class, we were told about AIDS and HIV. We learned that being HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) positive eventually led to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), which eventually led to death. We were taught this and never really doubted it. The AIDS pandemic is global and an estimated 40 million people are infected. None of them have been cured. The amount of funding for AIDS research is not small. A plentiful amount of drugs are available to patients diagnosed with AIDS or HIV....   [tags: Medical Health Medicine Essays]
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1138 words
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AIDS/HIV - ... Epidemiologists were shocked to find that one in 18 African women and one in 28 African men attending STI clinics were testing HIV positive…..But, of the Department of Health’s annual HIV prevention budget of £53.4 million for 1999, only £75,000 was allocated to African groups (Scott-Clark and Levy, 2005). As the number of HIV infected African increases in the UK, so too will be the potential for onward transmission among people of the same ethnic and cultural background given the tendency for social and sexual mixing (Burns, et al....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2295 words
(6.6 pages)
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Aids and HIV - Aids and HIV HIV and Aids are sexually transmitted diseases. HIV and Aids can be transmitted several different ways. Some of those ways include sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and bodily fluids. You cannot get Aids or HIV from insect bites, donating blood or casual contact. Aids and HIV were thought to have come from monkeys.HIV can turn into Aids if you don’t know you have it.HIV takes about ten years to turn into AIDS. That is why it is important to get tested for the disease. HIV is what causes AIDS....   [tags: disease, medical, medicine] 555 words
(1.6 pages)
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Exploration of HIV - Exploration of HIV HIV infection is a worldwide outbreak – a deadly disease – affecting people everywhere. The spread of HIV infection has occurred on such a scale, and the impact of the disease is potentially so devastating to world health, that only a concerted, global response is appropriate. What is HIV. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an organism known as a retrovirus. Like any virus, HIV must use the cells of another organism – its host – to survive and reproduce....   [tags: Papers] 499 words
(1.4 pages)
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Christianity and HIV - Christianity and HIV As an outsider who shares many values with sincere and faithful Christians, I am troubled with the apparent lack of effectiveness of their most common approaches to the current HIV crisis. The Christian ultimate objective of saving souls is not universally shared, and arguments from that perspective will not be persuasive to a general audience. However, even if we were all to agree to that goal, the current Christian approaches are allowing far to many bodies and souls to be taken by HIV....   [tags: Papers] 2328 words
(6.7 pages)
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AIDS and HIV - AIDS and HIV The HIV virus poses one of the biggest viral threats to human society today. It is contracted through bodily fluids such as blood and semen, and sometimes even saliva and tears. AIDS kills 100% of its victims and puts them through agony before they die. It has been a threat for about 15 years, and it is not going to stop now. In fact, AIDS is just getting started: It consumes more people each year. There is no known treatment for it either, only antibiotics to slow the reproduction of the virus....   [tags: Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status - The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status The universal precautions of the Centers for Disease Control do not eradicate all risk to the patient or health care provider, says Baillie et al. (p. 129). While health care providers in all institutions have been educated in universal precautions, Beck, a registered nurse, cautions that some employees have failed to comply with the recommended procedures from the Centers of Disease Control. Some nurses find goggles, gloves, and other protective gear to be cumbersome to wear and/or too time consuming to put on and remove....   [tags: AIDS Health Medicine Medical Essays] 2494 words
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Opportunistic HIV Infections - Opportunistic HIV infections Description- opportunistic HIV infections are those infections that are caused to a HIV positive person, when his CD4 count starts decreasing. Opportunistic HIV infections can be treated with strong antiretroviral drugs that aim to uplift the CD4 count and keep our immunity system stronHETEROSEXUAL HIV INFECTION Description- Heterosexual HIV infection is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. Heterosexual HIV infection may not be the major cause in advanced nations, but in developing and the developed countries, this reason accounts for more than half of all HIV cases....   [tags: Disease] 1444 words
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The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative - THE CANADIAN HIV VACCINE INITIATIVE Description- The Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative is a Canada based body, which works for the progress of HIV vaccines and testing method, at a global level. Though this organization was established by the Ministry of Canada, it involves enough cooperation and interactivity from other international organizations too. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiatives, CHVI, Canadian Ministry HIV Vaccine Initiative, Initiatives by Canada towards AIDS, Canada Ministry’s initiatives for AIDS, HIV in Canada, Canada fighting HIV, Goals of the Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, goals of CHVI, objectives of Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, objectives of CHVI, Technical objectives of CHVI, collaborates of Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative....   [tags: Health Care] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) - Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Life History The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an obligate intracellular parasite found exclusively in humans. It is responsible for weakening the immune system and leading to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The first case of AIDS was diagnosed in the U.S. in 1981, and in 1984 it was first proven that HIV caused AIDS. There is currently a pandemic of HIV/AIDS, with the highest incidence rate in Sub-Saharan Africa and the lowest rates in Western Europe and North America, due to better healthcare....   [tags: Medical Health Biology AIDS Essays]
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924 words
(2.6 pages)
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Stigma of HIV/ AIDS - Stigma of HIV/ AIDS From the moment scientists identified HIV and AIDS, social responses of fear, denial, stigma and discrimination have accompanied the epidemic. Discrimination has spread rapidly, fuelling anxiety and prejudice against the groups most affected, as well as those living with HIV or AIDS. It goes without saying that HIV and AIDS are as much about social phenomena as they are about biological and medical concerns. Across the world the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has shown itself capable of triggering responses of compassion, solidarity and support, bringing out the best in people, their families and communities....   [tags: Disease Aids Stigma Essays] 2443 words
(7 pages)
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Understanding HIV and AIDS - HIV/ AIDS HIV/AIDS is an epidemic that effects both men and women of all ages. It has an impact on many people's lives either by themselves being infected, knowing someone who is infected, or being a health care worker. HIV is a virus that attacks the body's immune system. It also effects the blood cells (lymphocytes) and cells of the organs (bone marrow, spleen, liver, and lymph glands). It effects the lungs, central nervous system and gastrointestinal system. People begin with having the HIV virus....   [tags: health, virus, medicine] 1020 words
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Future Solutions to HIV AIDS - Introduction to HIV What is HIV. First Things First: What is HIV. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the most evasive viruses that the medical world has to experience. We use the word evasive because HIV targets the CD4 cells (T-helper cells), which are the exact cells that are used to protect your body against diseases. Once HIV enters the body, it will infect the CD4 cells and begin to use those cells as its own “HIV factory.” HIV will therefore begin to destroy your immune system leaving you susceptible to opportunistic diseases....   [tags: Biology Disease] 1997 words
(5.7 pages)
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HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic - HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959....   [tags: Disease ]
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1638 words
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HIV and Indian Automobile Drivers - ... Yet, in-depth investigation in to the records revealed that the participants were identified to be exposed to HIV infection by unprotected sex in the early years of 2000 and they might be unaware of HIV/AIDS at that time.2 So, it has been hypothesised that, the drivers might be exposed to HIV infection before the initiation and during the initial phase of targeted control programme4 and are being in the incubation period over a period of time, later it has begun its clinical symptoms which directed them to health care centre for treatment....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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2129 words
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HIV/AIDS Awareness - ... The growing rate of women becoming infected is only going to continue to rise unless special actions are taken. The rise of HIV in women will only result in the rise of HIV in children. Every year, hundreds of thousands of children across the world become infected with HIV, and without medical care and treatment they die as a result of AIDS (HIV and Children). Being that children are the beginning of new generations and possibilities, they should not have to be born with a lifelong illness that will affect them as their lives progress....   [tags: Human Diseases]
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1474 words
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Prevention Of Hiv Transmittance To Babies - Prevention of HIV Transmittance to Babies Last year, it was cause for celebration. The cause of celebration was for the results that several clinical trials of zidovudine cut the risk for mother to child transmission of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) by two thirds. Although, this year, it is the basis for new federal recommendations that all pregnant women should receive HIV testing and counseling. But, these findings have been cause of protests by several activist groups. Activists fear that conservative legislators and policy makers will use the clinical data to justify mandatory testing and treatment for pregnant women....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1130 words
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Hiv Testing in Newborns - This paper presents an ethical analysis of the mandatory newborn HIV testing law enacted in New York State. The law was passed as an effort to decrease maternal transmission of HIV, by treating infants born to HIV positive mothers immediately after birth with AZT. Newborn testing was promoted by the legislative and medical community following the overwhelmingly positive response from HIV infected pregnant women who were given AZT in the ACTG 076 clinical trials. Pregnant mothers who were given AZT had a markedly lower transmission rate than mothers who had not received it....   [tags: Health] 2979 words
(8.5 pages)
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HIV Prevention for Indigent Communities - ... HIV prevention in socioeconomic disadvantaged discourse communities struck my interest. Personally I believe that healthcare is not a luxury or a privilege; it is an essential need for survival. Although President Obama’s healthcare bill has been passed by congress which states that over the next 10 years health coverage will eventually be provided for 95% of Americans, lives today are still at stake. People I encounter on an everyday basis are not knowledgeable of their HIV or STD status because they do not have the financial means to get tested....   [tags: Medical Research]
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1533 words
(4.4 pages)
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Etiology of HIV-Associated Dementia - Etiology of HIV-Associated Dementia The etiologic agents of the neurologic disease associated with HIV and AIDS are many. Opportunistic infections- cryptococcus, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, are a few of the organic causes of neurologic disease in AIDS patients, but will not be the main focus of this paper. The human immunodeficiency virus in itself is implicated in much of the neurological manifestations of the disease, and it is the effects of the presence of the virus within the central nervous system which is of interest to me in this paper....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Mandatory Prenatal HIV Testing - Mandatory Prenatal HIV Testing This particular journal researches prenatal HIV testing as it relates to vertical transmission. Randomized controlled studies involving HIV- positive pregnant women at various stages of pregnancy were monitored and evaluated in an effort to find conclusive reasoning for prenatal testing. Women of different income levels, educational and ethnic backgrounds were involved in these studies. The AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study 076 as well as following randomized controlled trials were used in order to test whether prenatal testing was an effective means of preventing the vertical transmission of the HIV virus....   [tags: Papers] 892 words
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HIV and Its Coreceptors Outline - What is HIV. The Human Immune System * In order to understand HIV, one must understand the human immune system. The first line of defense is a person’s skin, mucous membranes, and other secretions which prevent pathogens from ever entering your body. Pathogens are considered things your body does not want, for example bacteria and viruses. * The second line of defense includes nonspecific mechanisms which attempt to contain the spread of pathogens throughout one’s body. The second line of defense relies heavily on the use of white blood cells, which ingest invading organisms....   [tags: Biology AIDS]
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3927 words
(11.2 pages)
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HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy - ... Out of all of these children, it is possible that half of them will die due to complications related to HIV because they do not have access to treatment. However, millions more children will see the pain and suffering of HIV in their families and communities, and this will indirectly affect them. In 2010, there was an estimated 390,000 children became newly affected with HIV. When children receive treatment, it slows down the virus and allows them to live longer, healthier lives. The treatment costs are very expensive, and this is a major problem that these children and families deal with....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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1486 words
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HIV and AIDS in the Economy - Scientists and researchers across the globe have been puzzled ever since AIDS and HIV first made their appearance in the 1980s. This epidemic has been the subject of many arguments and fierce debates throughout recent history, with everything from a promiscuous flight attendant to a suspect vaccine program being blamed. HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that kills your body’s necessary ‘CD4 cells” (aka T-helper cells), which keep your body healthy and fight off anything that may be threatening to your life....   [tags: Disease]
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Statistical Anylisis of HIV - Statistical Anylisis of HIV The purpose of this study is to ascertain the affects of drug-abusing fathers on the drug usage of their young adolescent children. A special targeted population were chosen for this study; they are the children of drug-abusing fathers who are HIV-positive or at risk for becoming HIV-positive. The major factors used to determine the dependent measure of adolescent marijuana use include certain drug abusing father attributes (i.e., illegal drug use, HIV status, and methods of coping), and adolescent personality which is directly affected by the father-adolescent relationship and environmental factors (see pathway to adolescent marijuana use)....   [tags: Papers] 1845 words
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Life As An HIV/Aids Counselor - ... The ability to cope with chronic illness is difficult. For the therapist, it will be a journey of support that will most likely be unmatched when working with other patients. I would begin treatment by compiling, with each client, a list of their problems, and let them reflect on what they want out of my services and out of their personal life. From there, it is my job, as counselor, to assist the client to identify possible solutions to these problems. When appropriate, I would encourage clients to come up with their own solutions because clients will be more likely to carry out solutions that they find feasible and practical....   [tags: Counseling ]
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Hiv: The Search For A Vaccine - In 1985, over 10,000 cases of AIDS were reported worldwide (White and Fenner 1986). Just over a decade later, in 1998, the Global AIDS Policy Coalition estimated that 30.6 million people were infected with HIV worldwide. It has also been projected that by the year 2000, between 40 and 70 million adults will be infected with HIV (New Generation Vaccines 1997). Over 90% of all HIV-1 infected individuals live in developing nations: 50% in Southeast Asia and 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even with all of these alarming statistics and projections, there is hope for the future of humanity....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1319 words
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The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China - The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China China is known as a conservative country where homosexuality, drug use, and premarital sex are not acknowledged as common practices and are not considered problems. However, China is going through a period of rapid social transformation where these practices are becoming visible and being acknowledged by the Chinese. Recently, Chinese officials have recognized and admitted that the country is experiencing a widespread outbreak of HIV/AIDS. Previously, China adopted the position that there was little to no HIV/AIDS in the country, but now officials are admitting that they do in fact have a large population of citizens with HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Epidemics]
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Prevention for HIV/AIDS - Prevention for HIV/AIDS Although anti-viral therapy exists to support people coping with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS, the AIDS epidemic is not over. Though it is not prevalent in the Untied States, 2.1 million people died of AIDS by 1999. Half a million children under the age of fifteen are HIV positive, mostly infected through mother-to-child transmission or sexual assault (2). Ninety percent of HIV infections occur the developing countries, leaving the poor and struggling to cope with the epidemic (3)....   [tags: Diseases Health Medical Essays]
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1962 words
(5.6 pages)
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Dating Someone With HIV - It may not be unusual for anyone to fall for someone with HIV. Every HIV positive patient has a right to lead a normal life. In fact, it is more desirable if the society can accept a HIV patient. Insecurities and problems faced by your partner if you are dating someone with HIV:  They are scared to disclose their HIV status.  If you started the relationship without knowing about his HIV status and came to know about it recently then he will be very insecure about rejection  They fear to be stereotypedSecluded Honeymoon Destinations If you are newly married or your marriage has been fixed, you definitely have an intense desire to know your partner more and get closer him or her....   [tags: Relationships] 1135 words
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HIV African American - HIV infections in African American Males have been a national growing problem since the early 1990’s. According to CDC, In the United States, there are more than 1 million people living with HIV. 48 percent are afro American males. It estimate that around 1 million people in the United States will be diagnose with HIV in the up coming year with the lifetime risk of becoming infected is 1 in 16 for black males (CDC,2007). There is growing concern about the disproportionate increase of HIV among afro American males ages 13-19 with low social- economic demographics ( )....   [tags: Disease] 2349 words
(6.7 pages)
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Understanding HIV/AIDS - ... Due to this movement many children living with the disease have been giving opportunities they may not have had. Sadly, there are other obstacles they must deal with on a daily basis, and one of the most feared obstacles is rejection. Because of this fear many children born with this disease are apprehensive about sharing their status with their friends, a girlfriend, or a boyfriend. Mainly because they feel they'll be looked at differently or isolated by the individual who may not have a clear understanding of how the disease is transmitted or how they contracted it....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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890 words
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Early Understanding of HIV and Syphilis - In the last few weeks of class we have looked at several different cases of disease outbreaks throughout the world, and how different cultures have diverse understandings of these outbreaks. Of the sicknesses we have studied, I feel that the HIV and Syphilis outbreaks stand apart from the others because of their massive infections in many different cultures and parts of the world, and also due to the fact that the diseases cannot be cured, along with the unfortunately high rate of death among its victims....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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HIV/AIDS in India:An epidemic - ... Let alone the fact that the treatment if limited to a short period of time to extend the patient’s life, it is only offered to “ infected people who are under 15, are pregnant, or have full-blown AIDS qualify for the free treatment.” (Cohen, 505) These prerequisites coupled with the mere fact that a majority of the individuals cannot afford initial care or continuation of care provides structure for a health care system which cannot care for those who need it most. For example, one married individual in India could not afford the necessary health care to treat his condition and for this reason had to sell his humble abode simply to stay alive....   [tags: AIDS India Health]
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African Americans, HIV and AIDA - African Americans who live in low-income communities are more likely to engage in unprotected sexual activities than those who live in higher-income communities. ii Table of Contents Chapter                                                  Page/s I.     The Problem     1-2 II.     Theoretical Framework                                   3-5 III.     Hypothesis                                        6 IV.     Population and Design                                   7-8 V.     Conclusion                                        9-10 VI.     Bibliography                                        11-12 1 I....   [tags: df]
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HIV And AIDS Prevention - HIV and AIDS Prevention in Young Gay Men And Young Women of Color Summary: The first national, co-ordinated AIDS education campaign was not launched until 1988, since then there has been an increase in trying to educate all people in the United States about HIV and AIDS prevention. Unfortunately, the number of infections has not seen much decline and actually some rise in the number of infections in the past decade within two specific groups: young gay men and young women of color. Trojan is one the most commonly known and recognized brands for presenting pregnancy and disease....   [tags: Disease] 1103 words
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Detailed Overview of HIV - Since the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic 15 years ago, the virus has infected more than 47 million people in the world. With more than 2.2 million deaths in 1998, HIV/AIDS has now become the fourth leading cause of mortality and its impact is going to increase. Over 95% of all cases and 95% of AIDS deaths occur in the developing world, mostly among young adults and increasingly in women. HIV can be prevented in many ways, but they are not always followed. People die when they don't play it safe....   [tags: Biology AIDS] 3729 words
(10.7 pages)
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HIV and X-ray Crystallography - WHAT IS AIDS. AIDS stand for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ACQUIRED, how. The blood, vaginal fluid, semen, and breast milk of people with the AIDS virus contains enough of the virus to transmit it to another person. Most people who have acquired the AIDS virus have done so by having sex with an infected person, sharing a needle with one, or being born to a mother who is infected. IMMUNE DEFICIENCY. Catching the AIDS virus can be lethal because it affects the immune system, which is the system in the body that fights against diseases....   [tags: Biology AIDS] 1658 words
(4.7 pages)
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Stereotype Pushing: HIV and Homosexuality - HIV and AIDS are increasingly becoming a widespread problem among the many people who do not use protection. So, condom companies have started putting out more advertisements pushing the use of condoms. There are also more ads pushing for people to get tested. One problem: these ads often show a gay couple. This pushes the stereotype that being gay increases the chance that you will get HIV. These ads fully ignore the heterosexual population, which also pushes the second part of the stereotype: being heterosexual lessens your chance of getting HIV....   [tags: Marketing, argumentative, persuasive]
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Behaviors to Reduce the Risk of HIV Infection - Behaviors to Reduce the Risk of HIV Infection The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the pathogen that destroys the body’s immune system allowing the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids) is a disorder of the human immune system in a person infected with HIV, characterized by severe breakdown of the immune system that leaves a person very susceptible to opportunistic infections. An opportunistic infection is an infection that would probably not have the opportunity to invade the body if a person’s immune system were healthy....   [tags: Papers] 644 words
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HIV in South Africa v. Uganda - ... As mentioned above, the spread of disease from mother to child was becoming an increasing problem in South Africa: by 2000, the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women had risen to nearly 21%; one rural community in South Africa saw a prevalence of HIV, among pregnant women aged 20 to 24, increase to 51% by 2001. The increase did not only impact pregnant women, however; this had become a pandemic among all subgroups across South Africa. The apartheid government’s view of blacks created breeding grounds for disease, causing many populations to live in close quarters composed largely of migrant workers who did not have access to health care....   [tags: Africa ] 2281 words
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Consequences of HIV/AIDS epidemic to Society - ... Cases of stigmatization and marginalization of orphans are common in many developing countries thus adding insult to injury. Girls who have been orphaned are highly vulnerable to sexual abuse and other forms of exploitation which further predisposes them to HIV infection. With the world seeing 13 million children left orphans due to HIV/AIDS, it leaves no doubt that the consequences of the pandemic are severe and collective action is urgently needed to salvage the situation (Africa, 2004). The agricultural sector has not been spared the blunt of HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2525 words
(7.2 pages)
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The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in the Developing World - The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in the Developing World Pandemic is a large scale epidemic affecting more than one country. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was first clinically diagnosed in the early 1980s but retrospective diagnosis suggests it existed well before this date. AIDS is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) of which there are several strains. AIDS is a syndrome (a collection of signs and symptoms) which develops from an impaired ability to fight disease i.e....   [tags: Papers] 1085 words
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The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States - In fewer than 1000 words, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) introduced the world to a horrifying new plague in 1981. The CDC released its first report describing what would later be termed as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in its June 4, 1981 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), stating: [These] observations suggest the possibility of a cellular-immune dysfunction related to a common exposure that predisposes individuals to opportunistic infections such as pneumocystosis and candidiasis....   [tags: Disease ]
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"It's Never Just HIV": Helpful or Harmful? - ... By showing young minority men alone and with their male partners in this advertisement they are giving the impression that the safe-sex message is specifically for openly, self-identified gay men, thus alienating the men who evidently need to hear this message most. In the United States 25% of the people who have HIV or AIDS are women. Over 80% of the cases occur in African American and Latino women even though less than 25% of the women in the United States are African American and Latino. This is a significant and growing demographic....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Prevalence of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa - In 2009 an estimated 33.2 million human beings were unfortunate enough to be infected with AIDS or HIV. A hefty 22.4 million of those individuals live in where the story of humanity began, Sub-Saharan Africa. The good-fortuned United States on the other end of the spectrum ,is home to 1.2 million infected. The statistics for the amount of infected in the U.S. is almost negligible in comparison to those of Africa’s ,because of the obvious difference in amount of infected ,but also in the amount of power the disease has in the confines of each spatial variation....   [tags: AIDS, medicine, medical] 1057 words
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