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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Famine"
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Great Potato Famine - The Irish Potato Famine occurred in 1845 and had killed tons of people. Over 750,000 people had died and more than a million had emigrated. At the time Ireland’s population was only about 8 million so this famine had devastated many families. The people of Ireland at this time were so dependent upon the potato that it was a main staple. The Irish would consume the potato with almost every meal, and for some the potato was the only food that they were ever able to eat. The famine was produced by a protist called Phytophthora infestans (P....   [tags: The Irish Potato Famine]
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1514 words
(4.3 pages)
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Great Potato Famine - From about 1845 to around 1852 a great famine occurred in Ireland. It was very devastating for lots of people. Countless people died due to food shortages and others became ill and died later. The famine was caused by a fungus-like protest, which caused potatoes to rot. The Irish people depended heavily on potatoes, so when their main crop failed, the people were left without food to eat and without anything to sell for money. Many other people that did not die in Ireland immigrated to other countries like the United States in search for a better life....   [tags: The Irish Potato Famine]
:: 6 Works Cited
1413 words
(4 pages)
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Impacts on Humans and Environmental Factors Associating with the Irish Potato Famine - This project examines the impacts on humans and environmental factors associating with the Irish Potato Famine between the years of 1845 and 1852. This famine was named so due to Irish’s main staple food being potatoes and the affect of those potatoes on that country once they were unable to be grown. Also known as the Great Famine, which occurred in Ireland, this famine created a mass occasion of starvation, emigration, and disease. This event in history caused many changes throughout the world....   [tags: potato famine, great famine, irish farmers]
:: 7 Works Cited
1993 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Great Famine - The Great Famine The Great Famine of 1845 lasted for many years in Ireland. During this time, many people of Ireland suffered in numerous ways. In such devastating and dark times “deaths began to mount and tragic horrific scenes ensured all over Ireland: Mass Graves, Corpses gnawed by rats, hunger marches, and roadside deaths” (Kelley 137). In these grey times for Ireland, the country battled many hardships to overcome this era. The Great Famine was historically dated from 1845-1851, although the effects of the Famine lasted until 1852 (Kelley 136)....   [tags: Ireland Irish Famine Farming Agriculture Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1752 words
(5 pages)
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The Great Famine of Ireland - The Great Famine of Ireland At the start of 1845, all was well on the island of Ireland. The union with England gave the over eight million Irish the protection and support of the most powerful and prosperous nation of the time, as well as offering a strong market for exporting the more profitable agricultural produce. And the potato, the blessed potato, provided a cheap, healthy diet for many farmers and laborers. The Irish loved their potatoes. In fact for two-thirds of the entire population the potato was an integral part of the diet, and half of them ate almost nothing else (Harris 2)....   [tags: Ireland Emigration Famine Essays Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
5171 words
(14.8 pages)
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The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust in Literature - The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust in Literature Writers often use literature as a means of communicating traumatic events that occur in history, and such events are recorded by first-hand accounts as well as remembered by people far removed from the situation. Two traumatic events in history that are readily found in literature are The Irish Potato Famine and The Holocaust. A literary medium that has been used quite poignantly to convey trauma is poetry and the poetry from these two historical traumatic events is not difficult to find....   [tags: Literature Holocaust Potato Famine]
:: 14 Works Cited
5650 words
(16.1 pages)
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North Korea Famine - North Korea Famine Abstract Famine is the one of the biggest problems in the world. More than 800 million people are suffering from hunger. The people of North Korea suffer from hunger on the level of the notorious Somalia, Sudan, and Ethiopia famines. They just suffer in silence behind the world media. There are several facts about the North Korea famine. One of the main factors for the North Korea famine is political problems: The North Korean government ignores s people’s everyday lives and only does things for preparing war....   [tags: North Korean Famine World Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1538 words
(4.4 pages)
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Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Warsaw Ghetto versus the West African Sahel - Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Two Populations Introduction Famine is an event in which food and resources are inaccessible and the majority of a population is endangered (Shipton, 1990). When applied to starvation this definition is accurate with one additional idea: starvation is the result of inaccessibility to resources. Many factors contribute to the progression of famine and the resulting starvation. One of the key factors to consider is the delineation between naturally occurring and man-made starvation and famine....   [tags: Anthropology Famine Regions Comparison]
:: 2 Works Cited
4852 words
(13.9 pages)
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Famine in the Ukraine - ... So a process of ethnic cleansing was implemented (collectivization and deportation).The Policy of Russification reversed Ukrainisation policies (as a result of the fear of a strong Ukrainian identity). Symbolism was barely used in the famine but the upper class peasants or anyone that was thought as a threat to the communist regime were called “kulaks”. These peasants were easily identified with characteristics and where they lived. The communist were respected and were a class that were treated exceptionally well, they were giving good amounts of rationed food, allowed into restaurants and given and were the upper class....   [tags: catastrophe, russia, starvation] 1186 words
(3.4 pages)
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Famine is Not a Natural Disaster - This is the moment when we must come together to save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads and terrible storms devastate our lands. - Barack Obama This quote taken from a speech that Barack Obama gave whilst running for the presidency will go down in history as an embodiment of the vision of hope and change that gave life to his campaign. It also is an explicit reference to anti-global warming movement. Although the sentiment is profoundly noble it is rather interesting that famine is presented in the same vein as sea rise and storms, that is to say presented as a direct result of environmental issues....   [tags: Environment Poverty Agriculture]
:: 11 Works Cited
1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Effect of the Ethiopian Famine - Worldwide, 870 million people — about one in eight— are hungry. That is nearly three times the population of the United States. It is hard to imagine in the modern world that a country cannot feed its people, but in 1984, the Ethiopian Famine took over one million lives. There were many causes that contributed to the complications faced in Ethiopia. These problems received major attention in the global Community. The famine drastically changed people’s lives because of the lack of food and resources and affected Ethiopia to our present day....   [tags: starvation, hungry, malnourishment]
:: 11 Works Cited
1678 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Cause of the Potato Famine - During the Irish Potato Famine between 1845 to 1849 (McCarthy 88), one million people died within five years and an additional two million emigrated to other countries (“Ireland”). Even today Ireland has not completely recovered from this sudden loss in population (“Potatoes”). Although many blame this horrendous event on the government’s use of Laissez Faire Economics, the real cause of disaster was the people. The population loss, starvation, and diseases that resulted from the Irish Potato Famine were self- inflicted by the Irish peoples’ upcoming decisions to the event....   [tags: Irish History, Starvation, Diseases] 1092 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Devasation of the Great Potato Famine - Great Potato Famine   The Irish Potato Famine occurred in 1845 and had killed tons of people. Over 750,000 people had died and more than a million had emigrated. At the time Ireland’s population was only about 8 million so this famine had devastated many families. The famine was produced by a protist called Phytophthora infestans (P. Infestans), when it was introduced from central highlands of Mexico. The potato blight originated from Mexico, and then spread to America. Since Britain and Ireland did many trades with America there was a high possibility of the P....   [tags: contamination, spread, dependence] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Great Potato Famine in Ireland - ... By October 1845, news of the blight had extended to London. British Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel, rapidly organized a Scientific Commission to inspect the dilemma. As soon as they concisely considered the situation, the Commission delivered a depressing finding; more than half of Ireland's potato crop may expire due to 'wet rot.' (The History Place - Irish Potato Famine). In the meantime, the people of Ireland articulated their own intuitive philosophies on the cause of the affliction. Perchance, it was thought, static electricity in the air ensuing from the freshly arrived locomotive trains instigated it....   [tags: Fungus, Immigration] 1153 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Great Famine of Ireland - During the mid-1800s, an event called the Great Famine happened in Ireland. This event was caused by the organism phytophthora infestans, commonly known as the potato blight, which infected the farmer’s potatoes and rendered them inedible. During this period, P. infestans left many people suffering or even dead because of their lack of food. This paper will go over various topics on the famine such as how it arrived in Ireland, the potato, effects of the famine on the Irish people, and the people’s dependency on potatoes....   [tags: Irish history, potato blight]
:: 10 Works Cited
1231 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Potato Famine in Ireland - In the mid-1800s Ireland heavily relied on the growth of the potato. The phytophthora infestans spread Ireland quickly infecting all of the potato crops. This paper will cover the many different parts of the potato famine. The potato, The person invented the potato, how much Irish people relied on the potato and many other interesting things, as well as the development of the potato. One of the main reasons of that caused the potato famine was that many people slept in one cabin sharing it with many f animals and sleeping on straw beds that are on the ground....   [tags: Ireland, phytophthora infestans]
:: 9 Works Cited
911 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Worst Famine in Recorded History - The worst famine in recorded history combined with mass killings of innocent people occurred in Cambodia as the result of the Khmer Rouge’s reign. Stripping their citizens of all modern technologies and practices, as well as killing all ethnic minorities and intellectuals destroyed Cambodian culture. Innocent people were killed on the basis that they may possibly be enemies of the state, although rarely was there evidence proving these millions of Cambodians were enemies at all. From 1975 to 1979 the Khmer Rouge was in power in Cambodia, and in that time around twenty percent of Cambodians died in their extreme communist society....   [tags: cambodia, khmer rouge's reign]
:: 8 Works Cited
1792 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Great Famine in Ireland - ... Curwen travelled through the Carlow/ Kildare region in September 1813, passing through the towns of Castledermot, Ballitore and Kilcullen. Curwen described the living conditions in a Kilcullen cottier's cabin which was 'constructed of miserable clay daubling' where he found a family at breakfast. Their meal consisted of a 'wooden bowl… filled with potatoes in their skins and no salt nor butter to accompany it'. In conversation with the woman of the house Curwen established the family's diet to be entirely dependent on how much work her husband, a labourer could find....   [tags: county kildare, poverty, aid] 3098 words
(8.9 pages)
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The Great Potato Famine - The Irish Potato Famine started in the year 1845. When the potatoes were harvested, a few days after, they started turning into a slimy, decaying, and blackish ball of rottenness. The reason this happened was due to the organism Phytophthora Infestans. 750,000 people died. Between 1846 and 1850, the population of Ireland dropped by 2 million which represented 25% of the total population (The Great Famine of 1845, 2013). It cut the population almost in half. Pre-Columbian farmers discovered the potato about 7,000 years ago in the Andes Mountains (Potato History, 2014)....   [tags: Irish history, potato history]
:: 6 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Great Potato Famine - In this paper I will be talking about The great potato famine and it’s effects on Ireland. The great potato famine started in Ireland in the summer of 1845 and ended in 1852. It killed around 1 million people and forced over 2 million people to move out of Ireland. The potato was their main food source, so starvation was a huge factor. When the potatoes became infected people started to get what was called the “Famine Fever”. To better understand this I will also be explaining the history of Ireland along with the history of the potato....   [tags: history, ireland]
:: 6 Works Cited
1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Irish Potato Famine - ... The cause of so many deaths was the dependency on the potatoes for food; The workhouses that were forced under The Poor Law Act: and the horrible travel conditions. More than half of Ireland’s population was completely dependent on the potato crops for food. Although, “Ireland was a great agricultural land with abundant crops in wheat and oats and lush pastureland where herds of cattle sheep and pigs were raised, all of these belonged to the landlords. So the peasants who raised them were forbidden to touch them on penalty of death....   [tags: migration triggers, European history] 1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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The Irish Potato Famine - ... Meanwhile, there were many Irish that formulate their own unscientific theory on the cause of the famine. In fact, an airborne fungus named phytophthora infestans originally travelled from North America to England. As the wind carried the fungus to healthy Irish potato farms, the fungus inflected a single potato plant within seconds. On and on, the inflected potato plants could easily inflect thousands of healthy potato famine within one day. From the beginning of 1845, a plague, known as a “late blight”, swept through Ireland, resulting in most of the potatoes rotting....   [tags: poor law, british government] 721 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Irish Potato Famine - Today, Ireland is known as a land full of culture and pride. It is a beautiful land with rich music, art, religion, and tradition. Like any nation, however, Ireland has had its fair share of hardship. The most devastating of which was known as the Great Famine. The nation was deeply devastated by this event both economically and socially. The Great Famine claimed over a million lives due to hunger and disease and resulted in the exodus of another million all in the span of six years. It is uncertain whether or not the famine could have been avoided, but the severity of the famine could have definitely been reduced....   [tags: contributing factors to lifechanging catastrophies]
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1190 words
(3.4 pages)
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Potato Famine of 1845 - ... It is thought that over half of a million people die in 1847, compared to the million that died from 1845-1848 (Kinealy, 92). Many of the Irish chose to become potato farmers, due to the fact that it could be grown on such cheap land. When the famine hit, thousands soon found themselves out of work. Many could not pay their rent, and were evicted. Some landlords tried their best to help their tenants and not charge them for rent, but soon they needed a source of income as well (Scally, 117)....   [tags: ireland, starvation, food crisis] 1611 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Great Chinese Famine - Today, wars, drugs, and violence plague the world and cause millions of deaths every year, but there is one killer that slips under the radar; that killer is famine. Famine is a killer with a very deadly and diverse set of skills, ranging from physical to mental. With enough power within its hands to cause a hailstorm of deaths in a short amount of time. With that comes the power to massacre whole populations with the flick of a finger. It may take a bit to fully succumb the populace, but once it does, don’t blink....   [tags: Starving, Torturing, Killing]
:: 9 Works Cited
1511 words
(4.3 pages)
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The Great Potato Famine - A great famine occurred in Ireland from around 1845 to about 1852 and devastated the country. Approximately one million people died of starvation or diseases caused by this famine, and about one million more people emigrated Ireland and moved to other countries to try to find a better life. One country that a lot of people moved to is the United States. Numerous people immigrated to the U.S. and created settlements all around the country. To provide for themselves in these settlements, most of the people farmed the land because that was what they knew how to do....   [tags: Ireland, potato blight]
:: 6 Works Cited
1545 words
(4.4 pages)
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Famine, Affluence, and Morality - In the article by Singer, P. (1972) “Famine, affluence, and morality” main argument is that to persuade his readers in what people of wealth and governments should help with famine relief, especially in East Bengal as one example given. Singer is furthermore also mention somewhat of and utilitarianism. Therefore, according to Mosser, K. (2010) “A concise introduction to philosophy” states that the “act utilitarianism applies the idea of utilitarianism to specific acts, emphasizing what moral is what produces the greatest good for the greats number…contrast with rule utilitarianism” (2010, Glossary)....   [tags: Singer, wealth, charity, aid, East Bengal]
:: 4 Works Cited
890 words
(2.5 pages)
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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine - Joseph Stalin is known to be “one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history” (bbc.co.uk). Stalin became general secretary of the Communist Party, which had given him the control that he had been looking for (bbc.co.uk). Soon after, he was granted dictatorship of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenin had died (historyplace.com). Many people did not like the way that Stalin was ruling. People wanted their own independence from Stalin and he did not take that very well. In 1929, Stalin had believed that many Ukrainian scholars, scientists, religious leaders, etc....   [tags: communist party, joseph stalin]
:: 1 Works Cited
894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine - Joseph Stalin set up events intended to cause a famine in Ukraine to protect his rule. Despite the fact that the long-awaited opportunity for independence had come in 1917, the people of Ukraine’s new-found freedom was brief, due to Stalin’s uncontrollable overtake of Vladimir Lenin’s power. Stalin’s rule caused chaos and conflict followed by Ukrainian troops fighting Lenin’s Red Army, Russian White Army, as well as the forces invading from Germany and Poland. At the same time, Stalin enforced the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization, resulting in the takeover of private farms....   [tags: communist party, soviet union, independence]
:: 7 Works Cited
947 words
(2.7 pages)
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Joseph Stalin's Forced Famine - ... The Soviet influence being gone, was unacceptable. To ruin people’s hopes of independence, he began to engage in some of the same methods used in the Soviet Union. Stalin used collectivization and invaded privately owned farmlands and livestock. A class of formerly wealthy farmers, called Kulaks, were declared “enemies of the people.” Stalin later enforced a propaganda campaign where mandatory quotas of grain to be shipped out had to be met prior to the peasants getting any food for them. Once receiving power over Trotsky, Stalin changed most if not all of the ways Lenin ran the USSR....   [tags: Tyrant, Ukraine] 589 words
(1.7 pages)
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Irish Famine - The Irish Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847. Many people depended on potato crops to survive; however [comma] the potato crops acquired blight, a disease that caused the potatoes to rot while still in the ground. No good crops could be grown for two years [comma] causing Irish tenant farmers unable to pay rent and was forced off their land causing over 21,000 people to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine caused many people to leave Ireland to seek work overseas in areas such as England and America....   [tags: European History ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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Famine Relief - In response to the recent failure of the international community to prevent the famine crisis in the Horn of Africa since July 2011, Suzanne Dvorak the chief executive of Save the Children wrote that, “We need to provide help now. But we cannot forget that these children are wasting away in a disaster that we could - and should - have prevented” she added, “The UN estimates that every $1 spent in prevention saves $7 in emergency spending.” (Dvorak, 2011). Many people who read such statement wonder about our obligation towards famine relief, and ask, whether we are morally obliged to spend one dollar in order to prevent such a crisis or not....   [tags: Article Analysis ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1822 words
(5.2 pages)
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The Influences of the Great Famine on the Catholic Church - ... This was done by practice being differed from person to person and from place to place. Before the Famine, the great majority of the population, around 80.3%, were Catholic; 10.7% belonged to the Church of Ireland; and 8.1% were Presbyterian. The population of Ireland was, dramatically affected by the Famine, and Catholics suffered greater losses than Protestants. There were other small religious groups, but the Presbyterians were probably the most significant of the smaller groups in terms of numbers and influence....   [tags: religion, punishment, government] 1284 words
(3.7 pages)
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Graphic Representations of the Irish Potato Famine - A critical time in Irish History, the Great Irish Potato Famine in known in history books around the world, Europe’s last famine. Between 1845 and 1852 in Ireland was a period of excessive starvation, sickness and exile, known as the great Irish potato famine. During this time The Isle of Ireland lost between twenty and thirty per cent of its people. Although blight ravaged potato crops throughout Europe during the 1840s the impact and human cost in Ireland, where a third of the population was entirely dependent on the potato for food, was intensified by a host of political, social and economic factors which remain the subject of Irish historical discussion....   [tags: painting, art, appearance] 2133 words
(6.1 pages)
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When the Irish Potato Famine Struck - The word ‘vulnerable’ is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as; ‘open to harm’. The defenceless position Ireland found itself in at the time of the great hunger will be explained by examining the political and economic system of the time, and the way in which the peasant class lived because of the social structures that were set in place. From the 1790s through to 1815, Ireland experience economic growth due to the demand for grain during the Napoleonic war and the export of textiles. This growth came to a halt when the war ended....   [tags: History] 1517 words
(4.3 pages)
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Famine, Affluence and Morality by Pete Singer - ... (Singer, 232). I agree with his point and feel as if even though many people do agree with him, not many people will or do put it into practice. Singer emphasizes through his article on the main fact that distance is not a reason to fail in doing what is morally right. He suggests that if people acted out their principles and helped people in places such as East Bengal, then our world would be fundamentally changed. I will first explain what the duty to relieve suffering is. The word suffering is often used in either a psychological sense, or in an objectivist sense such as being misfortunate....   [tags: article review and analysis] 1060 words
(3 pages)
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Microorganisms and the Great Potato Famine in Ireland - ... People naturally find it disturbing and dirty, however there are good types of Fungi, often referred to as friendly fungi. In 1928 Penicillin, one of the most famous of antibiotic drugs was discovered having derived it from the fungi called Penicillium. This discovery has since has a huge impact on helping people across the globe. However, not all is it seems, there are some nasty fungi that can cause diseases in plants, animals and people. A famous one being Phytophthora infestans. This caused the Great Potato Famine in Ireland in the mid 1800’s which resulted in a million deaths....   [tags: microbe, fungi, spreading ] 837 words
(2.4 pages)
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Famine, Affluence and Morality by Peter Singers - In this essay I will be arguing why a utilitarian could possibly disagree with Peter Singers Argument presented in “Famine, Affluence and Morality.” After reading such an interesting paper I must say as much as I disagreed with Singers viewpoints I almost found it difficult to object them with support. From a utilitarian point of view we are to maximize Happiness by reducing suffering. How can Giving possible make someone unhappy. But as I was thinking a saying came across my mind, “Two steps forward one step back”....   [tags: utilitarian, philosophy, happiness]
:: 1 Works Cited
939 words
(2.7 pages)
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Famine, Affluence and Morality by Peter Singer - ... My personal answer to the previous argument, could very well fit this argument too. Now that I have explained why the premises are true, let me explain how the conclusion is false. Singer suggests a noble conclusion, but it will only work for a short time period and will not solve the real issues that are in place. These could be the policies that have been implemented from the very first moment any city could have been created, that keep the rich, rich and the poor people, poor. Historically speaking, the policies started years ago when Europe, the Spanish in particular, started to dominate the New World....   [tags: essay analysis] 1498 words
(4.3 pages)
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Famine in Africa - Famine in Africa Famine has struck parts of Africa several times during the 20th century, and to this day is still going strong. According to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, the average African consumes 2300 kcal/day, less than the global average of 2700 kcal/day. Recent figures estimate that 316 million Africans, or approximately 35 percent of the continent's total population, is undernourished. Although hunger in Africa is hardly new, it now occurs in a world that has more than enough food to feed all its citizens....   [tags: Papers] 837 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Potato Famine - “We are talking about one of the greatest tragedies Of the nineteenth century.” -Ian Gibson Irish-American. To some, this term merely designates one of the many ethnic groups which can be found in the United States; but to those who are Irish-American, it represents a people who faced a disaster of mammoth proportions and who managed to survive at great cost. The Great Hunger of 1845 changed, or more often, destroyed the lives of millions of Irish, causing them to seek refuge from poverty and starvation in other, more prosperous countries....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
2695 words
(7.7 pages)
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Famine in Tibet - Famine in Tibet I. CONTEXT Tibet knew its first famine during 1960-62, as a result of the Chinese invasion of 1950. The food shortage occurred because Chinese colonizers settled massively, increasing the population, and because of the changes imposed on Tibetan traditional agriculture by Mao’s “Great Leap Forward.” Death Roll Accurate estimations and data about Tibetan victims of the Chinese genocide are hard to find, given that China provides biased information. However, associations like “Friends of Tibet” estimate that out of the 1.2 million deaths, 343,151 were caused by famine....   [tags: Papers] 1150 words
(3.3 pages)
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Canada Recognizes the Global Need to Stop the Famine - ... The causes of famines, manmade and natural forces, dance in sync with each other to a brutal and devastating effect. In addition, global warming, continued exploitation of non-renewable resources, and decreasing fresh water resources are all pointing to a precarious future. Since the Great Potato Famine in Ireland (1845-1852), Canada has been affected by these horrific periodic events. The Great Hunger had a massive effect on Canada and left its legacy in terms of migration and defining the character of the nation of Canada....   [tags: starvation, Africa, global warming] 571 words
(1.6 pages)
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Ireland and the Great Potato Famine - Ireland and the Great Potato Famine Ireland has a long, and very interesting history. A very interesting and important part of this history is the great potato famine. This famine was a turning point in Irish history. It was the cause of the great flloods of immigrants into the United States and into England, and was the origin of the stereotype of Irish people being poverty ridden. The history of Ireland is important in understanding the famine. The conditions which turned the failure of a single crop into a national disaster were a product of a turbulent relationship between the Irish people and their English rulers (Percival 15)....   [tags: Papers] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
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An Introduction to The Great Famine - An Introduction to The Great Famine After a warm, uninterrupted summer, the late summer beckoned, and at the beginning of September, when the potatoes were to be harvested, it became clear that entire crops were diseased and unfit for consumption by either man or animal. Within months the disease had spread and the Irish were in the grip of a dire potato blight, which within months had wiped out three quarters of the entire potato crop in Ireland. It should not be thought that the potato blight was the only reason for the famine, granted it was a primary factor, however when coupled with a huge inflation within the Irish population, and that meant due to this...   [tags: Papers] 548 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Great Potato Famine in Ireland - The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Works Cited Missing Who would have guessed a simple crop, such as the potato, would have caused a major crisis in Ireland. The “white” potato, known today as the Irish potato, originated from the Andean Mountains. It arrived in north Peru and records state that they brought the potato to Europe in the second half of the 16th century (O’Grada 14). Originally, people thought potatoes were poisonous and refrained themselves from eating the crop. During this time, the monarchs of Europe discovered the nutritional value of the potato and ordered it planted....   [tags: History Historical Irish Essays] 1535 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Irish Potato Famine and Emigration - The Irish Potato Famine and Emigration   During the Victorian era, England experienced tremendous growth in wealth and industry while Ireland struggled to survive. The reasons for Ireland's inability to take advantage of the Industrial Revolution are complex, and have been the subject of debate for more than a century. Many English viewed the Irish as stubborn farmers who refused to embrace the new technology. The Irish, however, believed the English had sabotaged their efforts to industrialize....   [tags: European Europe History]
:: 8 Works Cited
2150 words
(6.1 pages)
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The Problem of Poverty in Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer - Peter Singer is often regarded as one of the most productive and influential philosophers of modern times. He is well-known for his discussions of the acute social, economic, and political issues, including poverty and famines. In his “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”, Singer (1972) discusses the problem of poverty and hunger, as well as the way this problem is treated in the developed world. Singer believes that charity is inseparable from morality, and no distinction can be drawn between charity and duty....   [tags: charity, philosophy, duty]
:: 1 Works Cited
1102 words
(3.1 pages)
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Propaganda, War, Famine and Death in Orwell's Animal Farm - It all started when neglected barn animals rebelled against their master, Farmer Jones. Under their own rule, they create an animal society were every thing they do is for their own benefit, but everything is not what it seems on the utopia of animal farm. George Orwell wrote a compelling novel about the Russian Revolution through the personification of animals. The book has helped young people understand what Russia had to go through in its early years of freedom from monarchy. This novel is the very best Animal Farm....   [tags: political commentary, Russian Revolution] 802 words
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Peter Singer's Argument in Famine, Affluence and Morality - This paper explores Peter Singer’s argument, in Famine, Affluence, and Morality, that we have morally required obligations to those in need. The explanation of his argument and conclusion, if accepted, would dictate changes to our lifestyle as well as our conceptions of duty and charity, and would be particularly demanding of the affluent. In response to the central case presented by Singer, John Kekes offers his version, which he labels the and points out some objections. Revisions of the principle provide some response to the objections, but raise additional problems....   [tags: morally required obligations to those in need]
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Peter Singer's Paper 'Famine, Affluence and Morality' - Peter Singer's paper “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”has made a drastic impact in modern applied ethics. The simple nature of the paper makes for an easy read, yet the point clearly set out by Singer is at ends with the targeted audiences' popular beliefs. Although most will object to Singer's idea by throwing away a basic principle of most moral theories, I wish to deny Singer's solution by showing that the ability to apply Singer's conclusion is not reasonable and does not address the problem's core....   [tags: on poverty and action] 1498 words
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How Phytophthora Infestans Affected the Irish Potato Famine - This paper will discuss the significance of Phytophthora infestans in regards to the mid-nineteenth century Irish potato famine. Phytophthora infestans is an organism that infects potatoes as well as tomatoes and is the cause of the potato famine that invaded Ireland in 1845. The invasiveness and complexity of Phytophthora infestans was responsible for the spread and severity of the outbreak that resulted in mass emigration and death. Ultimately, Ireland was ill-prepared economically, socially and intellectually to control the Phytophthora infestans infestation of the mid-nineteenth century....   [tags: death, crops, disease] 1603 words
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Food Security Through the Irish Potato Famine - By 1840, potatoes were a diet staple for the people who lived across seas in Ireland. Potatoes were basically the only food that the rural poor population consumed for all of their meals. However, the potato was also a staple in the diets of the middle class and upper class citizens even though they could afford more expensive foods. In 1845, the population of Ireland expected to have a favorable potato crop. However, when the farmers dug up the expected crop that year, they were faced with a black, liquid mess....   [tags: economic, health, food, problems] 2008 words
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The Potato Famine in A Modest Proposal, by Jonathan Swift - ... Or possibly, swift proposed to use the skin and other parts for an “elegant jacket” or other clothing attire. His argument is structured as a plan. This plan includes the process, the price, the quality and the possibility of the delicious taste the baby has to offer. The assumption of the proposal is it’s the last resort to fix the poverty crisis in Ireland. Swifts character as a writer is sarcastic. In this piece the author writes in a satirical writing style, much like his other published novels....   [tags: satirical piece, ireland, poverty] 629 words
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Mass Starvation During the Great Irish Famine - ... They were not forced by anyone or anything anyhow, it was simply optional for them if they would like the stay in a poor conditioned country, or move to new land to seek for refuge. If they picked to emigrate here, they’ve recognize that British North America is a place that can fulfill their daily essentials. British North America is assisting these emigrants and providing them food, water and shelter, and those things might be difficult to seek back in Ireland. I believe that they should be grateful that British North America is willing to aid them and give them a fresh start....   [tags: culture, disease, potatoes] 1130 words
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The Great Irish Famine - The Great Irish Famine The great famine of Ireland began around the year of 1845, when a deadly fungus reached the crops, leaving thousands of acres of land filled with black rot, and diseased crops (Szabo). This disease has become commonly known as the blight. The blight was a “mysterious disease” that “almost universally affected the potatoes on the island” (Kinealy 31). This suspicious “blight” had traveled to Europe from North America, affecting mostly Ireland (Bloy). The blight turned the potatoes black, making them deadly for people to eat....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Great Potato Famine - The Great Potato Famine The Great Potato Famine was a huge disaster that would change Ireland forever. The people in Ireland were extremely dependent on potatoes and when the blight came the economy went down. When the fungus attacked the potato crops slowly crop by crop throughout Ireland, people began to lose their main source of food. With the people in Ireland’s huge dependency on the potato, people began to starve or get sick from the potatoes. No one had any food to eat. The potatoes were black inside with molds through out it that came from the fungus from something in nature....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1658 words
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Food Aid and Famine - Food Aid and Famine The opening paragraph of a report written in 1999 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) made for grim reading: "Almost 800 million people in the developing world do not have enough to eat. Another 34 million people in the industrialized countries and countries in transition also suffer from chronic food insecurity" It is apparent that globally there is a serious problem with providing enough food to eat to everyone that requires it....   [tags: Papers] 1596 words
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The Great Potato Famine - The Great Potato Famine The Great Potato Famine is characterized as one of the leading disasters in Ireland’s history. It began in the summer of 1845 with the appearance of an unusual disease growing on potato crops throughout various parts of Europe. With the spread of this disease, it soon targeted Ireland consuming the major crop of potatoes. The famine began by this mysterious disease that hit many parts of Europe during 1845. This disease known as the blight was caused by a fungus known ‘phytophthora infestans’....   [tags: European History]
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The Irish Potato Famine - The Irish Potato Famine Around 1600 A.D. the potato was introduced in Ireland. Because of the high nutrients and ease to grow the crop it was almost instantly adopted by the people, especially by the peasants. With the high nutrient value of the crop, general health increased greatly. Because of better health, the birthrate increased and the death rate decreased making the population from 1600 A.D. to the time of the famine increase by about six million people.1 The population grew because of this wonderful food that had been brought from the New World....   [tags: Papers] 1048 words
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The Irish Famine 1845-1849 - The Irish Famine 1845-1849 “Is ar scáth a chiéle a maireann na daoine” “It is with each other’s protection that the people live” From the Fifteenth through to the Nineteenth centuries English Monarchies and Governments had consistently enacted laws which it seems were designed to oppress the Irish and suppress and destroy Irish Trade and manufacturing. In the Penal laws of 1695 which aimed to destroy Catholicism, Catholics were forbidden from practicing their religion, receiving education, entering a profession, or purchasing or leasing land; since Catholics formed eighty percent of the Irish population, this effectively deprived the Irish of any part in civ...   [tags: Papers] 3944 words
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Famine, Affluence, and Morality - “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”      In “Famine, Affluence, and Morality,” Peter Singer is trying to argue that “the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation… cannot be justified; indeed,… our moral conceptual scheme needs to be altered and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken for granted in our society”(Singer 230). Peter Singer provides striking examples to show the reader how realistic his arguments are. In this paper, I will briefly give a summary of Peter Singer’s argument and the assumptions that follow, adding personal opinions for or against Peter’s statements....   [tags: Peter Singer]
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Famine, Affluence, and Morality - Famine, Affluence, and Morality Webster's English Dictionary defines "morality" as: the conformity to ideals of right human conduct. With this in mind, I wonder who determines right human conduct. Religion aside, there is no literary context that strictly states the rights and wrongs of human behavior. So who decides. Who determines what we ought morally to do and what we are obligated to do as a society. An Australian philosopher, Peter Singer attempts to draw the line between obligation and charity with the moral incentives to providing food for the starved in East Bengal....   [tags: Papers] 1367 words
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Famine Prevention - Famine Prevention Famine is a crisis where starvation from too little food results in the sharp increase of distress and death one place. Developing countries whose food production is dependent on rain fed agriculture suffer greatly. Climate related problems such as low rainfall, drought as well as insects and vermin do have a devastating affect on crops and livelihood but there are many other factors at work. To enable the prevention of famines, the causes must be addressed; whether famines will be eradicated from the modern world will take the determination of all people those directly affected and those who are not....   [tags: Papers] 784 words
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Ukraineian Famine - Ukraineian Famine "Dniepropetrovsk was overrun with starving farmers," remembered one Party worker. "Many of them lay listless, too weak even to beg around the railway stations. Their children were little more than skeletons with swollen bellies." He was appalled at what was happening, but his superior saw things differently. "A ruthless struggle is going on between the peasantry and our regime… It's a struggle to the death. This year was a test of our strength and endurance. It took a famine to show them who is master here....   [tags: European History Ukraine Communism Essays]
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The Black Death Pandemic - ... One of the most important effects of the Black Death on Western Europe was the changing relationship between the people and the church because of its inability to cope with the Black Death effectively. After the outbreak of the bubonic plague in 1347, the people sought answers from the Catholic Church that had run society during the Middle Ages. After a few years, and the failure of the Church to effectively deal with this plague, a sect formed that officially declared themselves free from the Church....   [tags: famine, jews] 951 words
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The Great Ireland Potato Famine Effects - The Great Ireland Potato Famine Effects The Great Ireland Potato Famine was a horrible event that had many lasting effects. Some of these effects were starvation, disease, poverty, emigration, and lost traits. These effects plagued mostly western Ireland, but had an overall effect on all of Ireland. Many of the traditional ways of economics and society changed drastically because of the famine. Many people also blamed the British for letting the famine get so bad. These effects will be discussed throughout the paper....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Visual Representation: The Irish Famine of 1845-50 - Visual Representation: The Irish Famine of 1845-50 The intention of this short piece is to give an idea of the range of visual commentary on the great Famine of 1845-50. Many are found the pages of Punch and the Illustrated London News, and are increasingly reproduced in publications as varied as academic histories, popular paperback collections, commemorative anthologies and, of course, on the internet. The examples reproduced here are small selection chosen to tentatively explore how colonial attitudes may be explicitly or implicitly discerned in the representations of the Famine produced by and delivered to the imperial centre....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Fall of the Potato: Causes of the Great Famine - The Fall of the Potato: Causes of the Great Famine Phythophthora infestans was the lethal fungus that infested Ireland's potato crop and eventually ruined all of the land it grew on. This time is called the Great Famine and has impacted Ireland due to its destructive extinction of the potato farms which caused disease, extreme poverty, and death. There are several circumstances to take into consideration when looking at the causes of the Great Potato Famine in Ireland. Due to the great dependence the Irish people had on the potato, it is clear how blight could devastate a country and its people....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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irish patato famine - Ireland in the 1500’s was a very unstable country. The country’s English rulers fought with the local Irish civilians and the Irish nobles. The Irish nobles also fought among themselves. The English landlords owned the land that the peasants lived and farmed on. As a result of this continual fighting, it was hard for the peasants to grow enough food to feed themselves. The British passed laws to deny the Irish peasants freedom. They were forbidden to speak their own language, to practice their own religion, to own a horse worth more than ten dollars, to go to school, or to hold a public office....   [tags: essays research papers] 1477 words
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Events and Impact of Irish Potato Famine - Events and Impact of Irish Potato Famine. The Irish farming population have been left counting the cost of the potato famine which has crippled their harvest and left many starving to death. The British government must shoulder the blame after an ineffective, slow and lacklustre effort to support the farmers and improve conditions. The famine itself started in September 1845 when leaves on potato plants turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly as a result of fog which had wafted across the fields....   [tags: Papers] 971 words
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Irish Potato Famine - In the early 1800s life in Ireland wasn’t easy, Irish citizens got by day to day by farming and relying on the potato. The potato was their main source of food and money. With out the potato the Irish would have nothing. No one was prepared for what was about to happen in 1845, the beginning of the Great Irish Potato Famine. The Irish Potato Famine was the worst tragedy in the history of Ireland. The outcome of the famine would result in hundreds of thousands dead, an failure of the economy in Ireland, and millions of emigrants forced to leave their home and country just to try to survive....   [tags: essays research papers] 1636 words
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British’s Government’s Intervention during the Great Irish Famine - The Great Irish Famine happened during the mid-19th century, and was caused by potato blight, which hit Ireland in 1845 (Grada, “Ireland’s Great Famine” 43). It destroyed a big portion of crops so it became “lethal” due to the fact that Ireland was very dependent on potatoes in their everyday meals (Grada, “Ireland’s Great Famine” 43). This led to a scarce amount of food and many died from starvation, or other diseases that resulted from the famine (Grada, “Ireland’s Great Famine” 51). In the 1800s, Ireland had already lost their own parliament, so “all legislative and executive power was therefore centralized at Westminster,” which meant the UK parliament of the British government was res...   [tags: history, british intervention]
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The Irish Potato Famine and the Population and Social Trends through 1700-1850 - The Great Irish Potato Famine was during a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration through 1845-1850. According to the journal, “The Context of Migration: The Example of Ireland in the Nineteenth Century” by James H. Johnson, this caused the population of Ireland to decrease 20-25% and it did not stabilize again until the 1930’s. Although there was a potato crop failure in Europe in the 1840’s, one third of the Irish population was dependent on this crop. This was inevitable due to the sole dependency of the Irish people on home-grown potatoes and the population almost doubling from 1800 - 1840....   [tags: Irish History ]
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Ethiopia's Dependence on Rain Water and the Derg - ... (Nwaozuzu). Reporters who visited to help said that “People looked more like skeletons than human beings” (Fradin 55). There was also recorded to be a 5 year old that only weighed 27 pounds, less than a small dog (Thurow). Altogether, almost all the population of Ethiopia was effected by the Famine. Furthermore, other countries worldwide were trying to give a helping hand. Along with Britain and the United States of America numerous others helped aid to the starving and in danger victims. The U.S....   [tags: crops, famine, starvation] 657 words
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Duty versus Charity: Why a Distinction is Essential - ... Here lies the major difference between the two – a duty is something that must be done in order for the existence of society, whereas charity is voluntary and uncompelled. It is this distinction that Singer wishes to erase, or at least blur. He wants to make monetary help to the distant needy a dutiable action rather than charity on a moral level. In fact, Singer proposes that everyone who possesses a reasonable amount of resources must donate a significant portion of their wealth and assets, reducing their self to “the level of marginal utility” (Singer 32)....   [tags: Peter Singer's article Famine]
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Immigration to the United States: The German Immigrants - ... The immigrants started arriving around 1850. Many of the Chinese did not have intentions of staying in America, those people were called sojourners (Huot 221). The Chinese were not accepted throughout the nation. One of the most popular reasons for rejection was because the Chinese had very diverse culture and appearances opposed to the other immigrant and Americans. The Chinese were also considered to be inferior to the white (Baker 396). In Chinatown, Los Angeles, a mob of many white Americans attacked the Chinese....   [tags: famine, war, freedom, discrimination]
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What Exactly is Meant by World Hunger? - What Exactly is Meant by World Hunger. Famine is associated with death, starvation, or excess mortality. There are different types of hunger that are measured in several ways. People who do not consume enough calories to sustain minimum physiological needs for an active life are considered undernourished. Undernourishment can lead to disease or irreversible damage. Then there are people who are malnourished, meaning that considers what is lacking in a diet. Malnutrition can lead to infections and diseases because a lack of intake of protein....   [tags: famine, malnutrition, poor] 1342 words
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Dark Books and Human Nature in The Road by Cormac McCarthy Writings - The Lucky One’s Losing a phone compared to being raped, starved, killed, and eaten in pieces makes everyday life seem not so excruciating. Cormac McCarthy was born July 20, 1933 and is one of the most influencing writers of this era. McCarthy was once so poor he could not even afford toothpaste. Of course this was before he became famous. His lifestyle was hotel to hotel. One time he got thrown out of a $40 dollar a month hotel and even became homeless. This is a man who from experience knows what should be appreciated....   [tags: imagery, ukraine, famine] 1078 words
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Literary Devices Used in A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift - Jonathan Swift, a well-known author, in his essay “A Modest Proposal,” implies that the Irish people should eat children so that they can better their chances of survival. Swift supports his implication by describing how his proposal will have many advantages such as, eliminating papists, bringing great custom to taverns, and inducing marriages. He comes up with an absurd proposal to eat and sell the children to the elite so the Irish can have a brighter future. His purpose is to show that the Irish deserve better treatment from the English....   [tags: cannibalsim, satire, famine]
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