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Your search returned over 400 essays for "European History"
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The Emperor's Tomb - The Emperor's Tomb, although not a truly accurate and detailed account of World War 1 does depict the rise and fall of both the Austria-Hungarian Empire and an influential name, the Trotta's in a meaningful manner. Joseph Roth, in his novel, uses a key descendant of the Trotta family to show how war changed their lives but does not erase centuries of Austria-Hungarian pride. Rich and poor alike go to war in hopes of preserving their country, pride and power. None of them knew that the cost of war could be so harmful to everything that they fought so hard to preserve in their beloved country....   [tags: European History] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Prussian Military Reforms - Innovation and Evolution: Prussian Military Reforms of the 19th Century The concept of war as a static and unchanging occurrence is an outdated and dangerous miscalculation. More accurately, war is a fluidic, evolving and shifting phenomenon constantly reinventing itself, rendering stagnant, inflexible principles potentially disastrous. Consequently, as students of war and future players in this transforming theatre, the study of eras of significant development is an extremely relevant pursuit....   [tags: European History] 2277 words
(6.5 pages)
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Economy and Society in Europe During 1848 - Economy and Society in Europe During 1848 The revolutionary year of 1848 was an extraordinary period in which popular disturbances brought down the government of many countries. The revolts were very widespread, seriously affecting about fifty countries in Europe.1 It ranged from an enormous area, ranging from the Atlantic to the Ukraine, from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. Factors that contributed to these revolts included: the potato crop had been destroyed, food riots broke out, and financial crises sprung about due to the high rate of unemployment.2 The development of major cities, such as Prague, Berlin, Liepzig, etc....   [tags: European History Economics Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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Russia, St. Petersburg And Peter the Great - Russia, St. Petersburg And Peter the Great Russia, the country; St. Petersburg, the city; and Peter the Great, the Tsar; what an awesome combination. This report is about the man, the city and the land, but primarily about the man. It is impossible to understand the country and the city without a study of Peter the Great, who was from the ruling family of the Russian Romanovs. For four generations, the Romanovs (7) ruled. The greatest member of this family, Peter Alexeivich, the son of Alexis, declared himself to be one "who does not have to answer for any of his actions to anyone in the world"....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
2567 words
(7.3 pages)
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Hitler’s Alliance With The Soviet Union - Hitler’s Alliance With The Soviet Union When the world awoke August 24, 1939 it appeared that the absolute impossible had just occurred in Europe, National Socialist Germany and Soviet Russia had just agreed on a Non Aggression pact. By that morning the entire political world had changed, it had been thrown roughly on its head and people quickly asked how it could have happened. Over a period of three years the German chancellor, Adolph Hitler had repeatedly pushed the major powers to the limit with his territorial demands in the Rhineland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and now in the Polish corridor....   [tags: European History Essays] 2096 words
(6 pages)
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Faith and Reason in the Enlightenment - In a time when faith and hard labor kept the majority of society alive, the introduction of reason by the Enlightenment was initially perceived as a threat. People had focused on their faiths and grasped the traditions and rituals of their dogmas. The Enlightenment introduced the possibility of faith and reason coinciding and cooperating to form a more civilized and equal society to replace the Old Regime, and the changes lasted far after the period of the Enlightenment. Leading up to the Enlightenment Prior to the Enlightenment, England and France instituted Old Regime societies in which three distinct classes of people embraced religion as the foundation of their lives....   [tags: The Enlightenment in European History]
:: 3 Works Cited
2223 words
(6.4 pages)
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Expression of Renaissance Ideals throught the Art of the Period - Expression of Renaissance Ideals throught the Art of the Period The humanist and secularist beliefs of religion, individuality, and antiquity were evident in the style and illustration of Italian paintings and sculptures in the High Renaissance era. A deep sense of piety, Greek and Roman philosophy, and secularism, can be found in nearly all Renaissance paintings and sculptures, and the school of thought in Renaissance society that regarded the artist as genius contributed to all of these items....   [tags: European Europe History] 482 words
(1.4 pages)
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The War between Scotland and England in the Reign of Edward I - Why did War break out between Scotland and England in the Reign of Edward I. On the 14th of May 1264, the forces of Simon de Montfort, Gloucester and the Londoners were set arrayed against the loyalist forces of King Henry III, Richard of Cornwall and Prince Edward (later to become King Edward I). The loyalists suffered a massive defeat at this Battle of Lewes and among those captured, aside from Richard of Cornwall and perhaps the King (Prestwich indicates the unsure nature of the King's capture 46), were the northern barons (Scottish lords) of Balliol, Bruce and Comyn....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
3499 words
(10 pages)
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Missing in Action: The Female Work Force in Nazi Germany - The Female Work Force in Nazi Germany Unlike the examples of the United States, Great Britain, Italy, and the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany refused to mobilize its female work force behind their war effort. Even as Germany was starving from attrition in a lack in war supplies as well as civilian essentials such as food, Nazi officials declined from enlisting the female force as laborers. All of Europe struggled to survive throughout the brutality of World War Two by using every resource available, except for Germany....   [tags: European History Research Papers] 7037 words
(20.1 pages)
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Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks - Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the history of Europe. Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or Pippin) the Short and grandson of Charles Martel....   [tags: Medieval Europe European History]
:: 5 Works Cited
2129 words
(6.1 pages)
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Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor - Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor In ancient history there have been many great leaders who had saved the Roman Empire from destruction and demise. The leaders and heroes of the Roman Empire are countless, but one leader stands out from all the rest. Augustus Caesar’s contributions to Roman history helped make Rome the dominant empire we know of today. Augustus Caesar was without a question the greatest political leader in the history of the Roman Empire.      As a young adolescent, Octavian demonstrated his leadership ability long before having thoughts of becoming the first emperor of Rome....   [tags: Rome European History] 777 words
(2.2 pages)
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William B. Willcox's The Age of Aristocracy - William B. Willcox's The Age of Aristocracy This compact little book is Volume III of a series entitled A History of England, edited by Lacey Baldwin Smith, and its inclusion in this series reveals much about its scope and intent. Smith writes in the Preface to the series that "their authors have tried by artistry to step beyond the usual confines of a textbook and conjure up something of the drama of politics, of the wealth of personalities, and even of the pettiness, as well as the greatness, of human motivation." Some of this can be found in The Age of Aristocracy; some of it cannot....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1906 words
(5.4 pages)
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Christianity and Prostitution in the Middle Ages - Christianity and Prostitution in the Middle Ages 21st century Americans live with the hopes of being a tolerant society. Modern American culture attempts to teach diversity and acceptance. However there is uncertainty about subjects associated with immoral behavior and sexuality. Many people are uncomfortable with the idea of prostitution as a legal institution. Hence, it remains illegal throughout the United States in all but a few counties in one state, Nevada. People have questioned the moral and legal issues of this career choice throughout much of written history, especially since the beginnings of Judeo-Christianity....   [tags: European History Research]
:: 14 Works Cited
5089 words
(14.5 pages)
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Foreign Borrowing in 16th Century Spain - Foreign Borrowing in 16th Century Spain This paper examines the lending by Genoese-led cartel to Phillip II of Spain in the 16th century from the viewpoint of sovereign debt. The Genoese linked specie deliveries from Spain to the Low Countries to lending in order to cartel created a penalty to enforce their loans. If the king tried to renege, the Genoese applied the penalty and the king eventually repaid. I. Introduction Sovereign lending, throughout history, has been marked by occurrences of partial default and repudiation by governments of all kind; from medieval princes to dictators to democratic regimes....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
2056 words
(5.9 pages)
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French Literature in the Age of Reason - French Literature in the Age of Reason The Age of Reason, or the Enlightenment, was a period in France during the 1700's following the classical age. Within this time, philosophers placed the emphasis on reason as the best method for learning. It explored issues in education, law philosophy, and politics. It attacked tyranny, social injustice, superstition, and ignorance. This time produced advances in such areas as anatomy, astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. These were the ideals taken up for both the American and French revolutions....   [tags: European Europe History] 436 words
(1.2 pages)
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Hannibal vs. Rome - During the Second Punic War, Hannibal, was a terror to the Roman Republic. Remembered even today for his campaign, the hatred Hannibal felt for Rome was clearly seen on the battlefield. He plowed his way throughout modern day France and Italy, crushing his opponents (sometimes quite literally) under his army. However, Hannibal was not only a general of great strength, but also an exceptional strategist, and a charismatic leader. These qualities along with his appointed position, gave Hannibal all the tools needed to bring Rome to its knees....   [tags: ancient history essay, european history]
:: 2 Works Cited
792 words
(2.3 pages)
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French Revolution - The Revolution Today in class we focused on chapter 16. In chapter 16 we that when the French Third Estate moved to gain more rights and political power, it had sparked a revolution that changed both France and Europe. The middle class and peasantry benefited from the initial period of the revolution, the French urban population led the country toward an establishment of a republic. The French society suffered a great deal of oppression known as the Terror. A ruthless soldier, by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte, took advantage of the opportunities opened by the revolution....   [tags: European History] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Unification of Europe - The Unification of Europe Liberation is more than just a country freeing themselves from a colonial power or a suppressing leader. It is a state of mind, freeing oneself from what one might have thought or been taught to think in the past. In Europe’s case the people will no longer belong to a single country in particular such as France or Spain. Now they belong to the European continent as a whole. With the liberation of the Europeans minds to new ideas and a world of opportunity and progress, it could very well lead to the creation of a super power for centuries to come....   [tags: European History Papers] 2036 words
(5.8 pages)
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Citizenship and The French Revolution - Citizenship and The French Revolution The French Revolution of 1789 changed the meaning of the word “revolution.” Prior to this year, revolution meant restoring a previous form of government that had been taken away. Since then, revolution has meant creating a new institution of government that did not previously exist. This required that a constitution be drafted. After a series of four mini-revolutions from May to July, the “Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen” was released on the twenty-sixth of August, 1789....   [tags: European History Research Papers]
:: 16 Works Cited
7062 words
(20.2 pages)
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Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin - Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin Hitler and Stalin will probably go down in history as two of the greatest known evil leaders of the 20th Century. What could bring two men to become the menaces they were. What kind of upbringing would cause someone to turnout the way they did. This report will compare the two through their adolescence till the end of their teenage years.      December 21, 1879 at Gori in Georgia, Joseph Stalin is born. Ten years later on April 20, 1889, Adolph Hitler is given birth to at Braunanu on the River Inn....   [tags: WWII WW2 European History]
:: 3 Works Cited
1850 words
(5.3 pages)
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Gypsies in Nineteenth-Century England - Gypsies in Nineteenth-Century England Missing Works Cited Despite the important role Gypsies played in the nineteenth-century, they were not automatically accepted as equals in society. In fact, from the moment they set foot on European soil, the Gyspies were misunderstood and even feared. These feelings became manifest in prejudices, which led to discriminatory actions. At the same time, however, Victorian society found itself fascinated with these strange Gypsies. The gypsy motif in Jane Eyre reflects the ambiguous attitude of Victorian society toward Gypsies....   [tags: European History Essays] 2034 words
(5.8 pages)
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Alice Kyteler Sorcery Trial - Alice Kyteler Sorcery Trial The sorcery trial of Alice Kyteler was an important aspect and a contributing factor of the European With-Hunt. The trial helped to set a precedent and a point of reference for later witch-hunts and later trials. The trial of Alice Kyteler helped make the link between heresy and witchcraft, helped in making witchcraft a crime punishable under heretical laws, helped define what the acts of witchcraft are, and allowed for the authority of the church in matters of witchcraft, such as torture, to be defined....   [tags: Witchcraft European History Essays]
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1853 words
(5.3 pages)
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Spanish Social and Political Structure - Spanish Social and Political Structure Hispanic Literature The Spain that was intact during the explorations to the New World (specifically that of Christopher Columbus in 1492) was a Spain vastly different from what it had been a mere couple of decades pre-exploration. This "new" Spain is actualized by the union of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469. Before the marriage of the two major kingdoms of Spain (Aragon and Castile), Spain was in near anarchy. Weak kings and small local communities of feudal rule (medieval systems of local government, a feudal lord ruled over the small population of his lands) and city laws made for a divided and powerless country....   [tags: European History Spain Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1092 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Medieval Gothic Cathedral - The Medieval Gothic Cathedral The medieval Gothic cathedral was in many ways a civic building as well as a religious one. This particularly was the case with the famous cathedral Notre-Dame de Chartres (Our Lady of Chartres) in the town of the same name, 80km south-east of Paris, built in the 13th century. Chartres cathedral was planned not only as a place of worship, but also developed as the centre of the town's economy and way of life, as the place that housed the relic of the cloak of the Virgin Mary....   [tags: European History Architecture Essays]
:: 22 Works Cited
3409 words
(9.7 pages)
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black death - This paper will explore the plague commonly referred to as the Black Death, in which devastated Europe in the year 1348. This will be done through comparing and contrasting the views of two scholars who propagate different views concerning the plague. Different historians have endeavored to explain what precisely, may have caused the plague, with theories that range from bubonic plague to influenza or anthrax. The appearance, management, as well as attitudes linked to an explicit illness are influenced by its biology....   [tags: European History, Transmission Plague]
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1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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Germany: The New Battle - Germany: The New Battle Thesis: This paper will argue that Germany needs to secure itself as both the economic and political hegemon of Europe inside of the European Union; until its present condition and effectiveness in the global politics changes, instability in the European Union, as well as, basic fear of will always be present. I. Introduction II. Historical Perspective-The two negative factors A. Fear - twice in one century 1) Bismarck/Frederick II 2) Hitler B. Foolishness 1) WWI 2) WWII III....   [tags: European Europe History] 2358 words
(6.7 pages)
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Book Review of Primo Levi's Survival in Auschwitz - Book Review of Primo Levi's Survival in Auschwitz World War II was a war that took many lives from civilians that deserved to have a life of their own. They were ordinary people who were victims from a horrible and lengthy war that brought out the worst in some people. In Primo Levi's Survival in Auschwitz, Levi gives a detailed account of his life in a concentration camp. Primo Levi was a young Italian chemist who was only twenty-four years old when he was captured by the Nazis in 1943. He spent two long and torturous years at Auschwitz before the Russian army freed the remaining prisoners of the camp....   [tags: European History Levi Auschwitz] 653 words
(1.9 pages)
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A Historical View of the Victorian Governess - A Historical View of the Victorian Governess   Although the governess serves as the heroine in Jane Eyre, she was not a popular figure in Victorian England. The governess did not have a social position worthy of attention (Peterson 4). Aristocratic and middle-class Victorians were not even sure how to treat the governess. She was from the same class, but her lack of financial stability made them view her as their inferior. Perhaps the clearest definition of the governess was stated by Lady Elizabeth Eastlake in the Quarterly Review: The real definition of a governess in the English sense, is a being who is our equal in birth, manners, and education, but our inferior in worldly wealth....   [tags: European History Essays]
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1363 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Historical Significance of Dante's Divine Comedy - Outline the historical significance of Dante's `Divine Comedy' Dante's `Divine Comedy', the account of his journey through hell, purgatory and heaven is one of the worlds great poems, and a prime example of a most splendidly realized integration of life with art. More than being merely great poetry, or a chronicle of contemporary events, which it also is, the `Comedy' is a study of human nature by a man quite experienced with it. The main argument I will make in this essay is that Dante's `Comedy' is chiefly a work of historical significance because in it lies the essence of human life across all boundaries of time and place....   [tags: Dante European History]
:: 5 Works Cited
2446 words
(7 pages)
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The Suppression of the Nineteenth-Century Catholics - The Suppression of the Nineteenth-Century Catholics Missing Works Cited   During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, vicars were under direct authority from Rome, and controlled the Roman Catholic Church of England. It was not until the early nineteenth century, under Pope Pius IX, that the Church decided to split England into several smaller districts, each headed by a bishop. London papers began following the growth and leadership change of the Roman Church in England. One article in The Times stated that "Rome had mistaken the High Church renewal, the Oxford Movement, within the Church of England for a Romeward move" (qtd....   [tags: European History Essays] 775 words
(2.2 pages)
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19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom - 19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom Professor comments: In this paper, the student synthesizes several sources about nineteenth-century medicine and medical education into a focused and coherent essay that provides information about aspects of this topic especially relevant to understanding Lydgate's position in Middlemarch: the differences among physicians, apothecaries, and surgeons, both in terms of training and duties on the one hand, social status on the other; the processes by which someone obtained a medical education and became a licensed practitioner; and the differences in English, Scottish, and French training....   [tags: European History Historical Essays]
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2344 words
(6.7 pages)
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Marriage and Love in Elizabethan England - Marriage and Love in Elizabethan England The movie, Shakespeare in Love, provides insight into the world of Elizabethan England. Through the character of Viola De Lessups the audience is shown how marriage was an institution entered into not for love, but as a strategic maneuver designed to enhance the lives of those who would benefit from a union, whether or not the beneficiaries were the people actually exchanging vows. As Queen, Elizabeth I chose not to enter into such a union....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
884 words
(2.5 pages)
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Land Travel in the 17th Century - Land Travel in the 17th Century Barbara Blaugdone traveled a great deal, using her faith and drive to spread her message across England and Ireland. In England, she traveled well over a hundred miles, in Ireland she traveled over two hundred. She also made several voyages by sea. Her travels must have been long and difficult, as she faced not only the everyday dangers of the road but the dangers of persecution and imprisonment as well. Many Quakers traveled in her time, following God’s will and spreading their message across many miles....   [tags: European History Essays]
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684 words
(2 pages)
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Julius Caesar - Who would have been the best suited leader of Rome in sixth century B.C.. Many believe it could have been Marcus Antonius, Marcus Brutus, or the great Julius Caesar. Marcus Brutus is known to be the most honorable man in Rome at the time and was well respected. Caesar is the ruler and has a successful military. He also seeks wealth and power. Antony is Caesar’s right hand man and good friend. He later acquires the position that Caesar had and also seeks wealth and power. All three men are after the job, but Brutus is obviously the one who was most suited for it and also the only one who never got the chance....   [tags: world history, european history] 510 words
(1.5 pages)
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Arthur Neville Chamberlain's Governmental Timeline - Arthur Neville Chamberlain's Governmental Timeline Arthur Neville Chamberlain was born in Birmingham, England, on March 18, 1869. After being educated at Rugby School he spent seven years managing his father's plantation in the Bahamas. Chamberlain arrived back in England in 1897 where he went into the copper-brass business. He was active in local politics and in 1915 was elected Lord Mayor of Birmingham. In the 1918 General Election Chamberlain was elected as a Conservative in the House of Commons....   [tags: Government European History Essays] 4817 words
(13.8 pages)
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Rome and the Roman Empire - Rome and the Roman Empire      As the story goes, Rome was founded by a pair of feuding brothers who were allegedly raised by wolves. Romulus and Remus. From that point on, the Roman Empire would play a pivotal role in the development of both Eastern and Western society alike. Its influence can still be noticed. The Empire bought us such inventions as aqueducts, elevators, and innovations like urban planning. This essay will discuss the evolution of the Roman Empire and its impact on the Western World....   [tags: European History Roman] 2609 words
(7.5 pages)
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Significance Of The Berlin Wall - Significance of The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall, built in August of 1961, was s physical symbol of the political and emotional divisions of Germany. The Wall was built because of a long lasting suspicion between the Soviet Union on one side and Western Europe and the United States on the other. For 28 years the Berlin Wall separated friends, families, and a nation. After WWII was over Germany was divided into four parts. The United States, Great Britain, and France controlled the three divisions that were formed in the Western half and the Eastern half was controlled by the Soviet Republic....   [tags: European History Cold War] 2168 words
(6.2 pages)
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Owain Lawgoch - Owain Lawgoch Llywelyn Fawr (Llywelyn the Great) was the father of two ambitious sons, both of whom were destined to become intertwined in the 13th-century dynastic struggles between Wales and England. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was his father's natural son and the eldest, while Dafydd was the son of Llywelyn's wife Joan, herself the natural daughter of King John. Both sons were apparently determined to succeed their father and carry forward the country's struggle against their Norman would-be conquerors....   [tags: European History] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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Constantine's Sword - James Carroll learned the meaning of suffering at an early age. At the age of two, his brother who was only four contracted Polio. He would look at his brother and notice the bandages on his legs. When he would sleep, he would dream that they were his legs under the bandages and when he would wake up he would think he was the one who couldn't walk. He learned early, what suffering was. Later on in life he would be reminded of his brother's legs. The crucifixes all had his brother's legs and the nails were Jesus' polio....   [tags: European History] 949 words
(2.7 pages)
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Seventeenth Century Natural Acting - Seventeenth Century Natural Acting As we read through the standard accounts of seventeenth-century acting, observers display the same desire to believe in the fictions of the actors as their twentieth-century counterparts. Webster said of "An Excellent Actor" that "what we see him personate, we think truly done before us" ("An Excellent Actor," 1615, in Overbury's The Wife) An anonymous elegy on the death of the famous actor Richard Burbage (d.1619) recalls, Oft have I seen him leap into a grave Suiting the person (which he seemed to have) Of a sad lover, with so true an eye That then I would have sworn he meant to die: So lively, the spectators, and the rest Of his sad crew, while he...   [tags: European History Essays] 882 words
(2.5 pages)
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Shakespeare: The Lost Years - Shakespeare: The Lost Years On February 2, 1585, William Shakespeare's twins Hamnet and Judith were baptized in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-Upon-Avon. In 1592 the poet Robert Greene alluded to Shakespeare in his pamphlet "A Groatsworth of Wit Bought With a Million of Repentance." The period between these two dates is known as the "Lost Years" or "The Dark Years" because of the total lack of hard evidence as to what William Shakespeare was doing during this time. Sometime during this period he left home, wife, and three children in Stratford and began his stage career in London....   [tags: European History Research]
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5119 words
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Knights Templar - Have you ever heard of the knight’s templar. Who they were, what the stood for. Were they loyal. Let me take the time to tell you a little about what I know about these men. Allow me to persuade you to study these loyal Knights.( nicholson,helen.)That were neglected for their beliefs along with their outlook on life. Their military beliefs and their ways of serving their lives for the law. Most of the Knights Templar’s were members of the military and religious order of the poor Knights of the Christ, called the Knights of the temple of Solomon from their house of Christ, in which they all were very loyal to their lord, strong believers in Christ....   [tags: Early Christianity, European History]
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1161 words
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Politique Rulers - As with any new monarch in Europe came with them profound changes on the policies and governing of that time period. This was especially true following the birth of the Protestant Reformation and religion. Rulers of the time period were pressed to follow the old ways of religion in Catholicism or embrace the revolutionary Lutheranism or Protestantism movements. A few intelligent, humane leaders decided to be neutral on this issue, and they were defined as the politiques. Elizabeth I, Henry of Navarre and William the Silent were all extraordinary rulers of their respective monarchies....   [tags: Religion, European History, Politics] 1520 words
(4.3 pages)
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Political Change in Europe in the Modern Era - European nations gained world dominance between the 15th and 19th centuries through imperialism and industrialization. European nations competed among themselves for international influence, and established by the early 20th century a very intricate balance of power, the disturbance of which ignited World War I in 1914. Over this same period, the power of monarchs within European nations declined as a larger portion of the populace demanded political rights, leading to the democratization of most political systems throughout Western Europe....   [tags: World European History Historical Essays] 1706 words
(4.9 pages)
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Vasco da Gama's Exploration of India and Portuguese Voyages of Discovery - Vasco da Gama's Exploration of India and Portuguese Voyages of Discovery When asked which nation contributed the most to sea exploration in the fifteenth century, the obvious answer is Spain. What if there were another nation, a nation whose contributions were far more than landing one continent. What if there was a nation that in only 100 years managed to sail in every ocean, every major sea, touched every continent except Antarctica and possibly Australia, and were the first Europeans to land in China, Korea, New Guinea, the Azores, Cape Verde and numerous other places....   [tags: European Europe History]
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2338 words
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Was Napoleon Bonaparte the Saviour or the Destroyer of the Ideals of the French Revolution? - Was Napoleon Bonaparte the Saviour or the Destroyer of the Ideals of the French Revolution. With all the glory and the splendour that some countries may have experienced, never has history seen how only only one man, Napoleon, brought up his country, France, from its most tormented status, to the very pinnacle of its height in just a few years time. He was a military hero who won splendid land-based battles, which allowed him to dominate most of the European continent. He was a man with ambition, great self-control and calculation, a great strategist, a genius; whatever it was, he was simply the best....   [tags: European Europe History] 1926 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Effects of The Black Death on the Economic and Social Life of Europe - The Effects of The Black Death on the Economic and Social Life of Europe The Black Death is the name later given to the epidemic of plague that ravaged Europe between 1347 and 1351. The disaster affected all aspects of life. Depopulation and shortage of labor hastened changes already inherent in the rural economy; the substitution of wages for labor services was accelerated, and social stratification became less rigid. Psychological morbidity affected the arts; in religion, the lack of educated personnel among the clergy gravely reduced the intellectual vigor of the church....   [tags: European Europe History] 1343 words
(3.8 pages)
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Overcrowding and Urban Planning in Victorian London - Victorian London in Charles Dickens era was a city suffering under the weight of the masses of people that lived there. In Dickens' time, London was the largest city in the world, both due to its population increase and the urban sprawl caused by influx of so many people. There were nearly 4 million inhabitants of the 'Great City' at the height of the Victorian age. This number was an increase of nearly three million people over a period of approximately 30 years, there were many problems associated with such explosive growth, problems which were most recognizable during Charles Dickens lifetime....   [tags: European Europe History]
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2506 words
(7.2 pages)
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The Berlin Wall - The Berlin Wall Throughout the history of the World, there are many great facts, and things to learn. There is an abundance of information out there not only about our country but about the rest of the world also. After researching the Berlin Wall, I was quite interested, and did not realize what I was missing out on about the past history of our world. I am going to share all that I learned about the Berlin Wall, and how it made a difference in our past and future times.      The Berlin Wall was built on the night between 12th and 13th August 1961....   [tags: European History Cold War] 810 words
(2.3 pages)
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The French Revolution - The French Revolution The French Revolution is one of the major revolutions in European history. The revolution marks a turning point in French history and in world history in general. Forms of government, morals, ideologies, and social development were greatly affected by this event in all Europe and even in the United States. The beginning of the French Revolution is generally dated from June, 1789. However, the crisis in political and economic affairs in France in that period was so great that social unrest, rioting, and rebellion were common for two years before....   [tags: European Europe History] 1105 words
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Lives of Women in the Renaissance - Lives of Women in the Renaissance The renaissance began a momentous time in the history of Western Europe. Many new forms and styles of arts, literature, and customs emerged during this period. Economic, social, and cultural changes affected the lives of everyone. Particularly the role of women in society was affected. There were four categories of women: wives, mothers, widows and daughters. Within each of these categories, certain duties were expected. Jacob Burckhardt once wrote, 'to understand the higher forms of social intercourse in this period, we must keep before our minds the fact that women stood on a footing of perfect equality with men.'....   [tags: European History Feminism Females Essays] 2636 words
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Medieval Weapons - Medieval Weapons Medieval society, in spite of its stereotypes, was not inherently more violent than modern society. “Although there was no state in the modern sense, and therefore no set of laws that inherently took away the power of the average man or woman to exercise violence, the violence of the day was considered differently, and with out the inherent sense of criminality that accompanies it today. Our understanding of the weapons of the medieval world is skewed by the vast disarming of the “the civilian” that is taken for granted today, yet is a vastly different situation compared to what existed in many parts of “the West” as little as seven years ago....   [tags: European History] 546 words
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Black Plague - In the thirteen hundreds Europe was hit with the worst epidemic the world has ever seen. It was called the black plague. This disease was spread throughout the continent in less then 4 years. The amount of death this disease caused formed severe mental damage on the people who lived around it at that time. Some historians believe that the plague was so bad that Europe is still recovering from it today. Due to the lack of technology at that time to battle the disease the black plague spread without and signs of slowing....   [tags: European History] 1651 words
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Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England - Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England February hath XXVIII Days Rouze, Protestants, the Year of Wonder’s gone, Great George is now establish’d on the Throne; A Mighty Prince, by God for us prepar’d, Us to preserve from Dangers greatly fear’d; From Popery the Devil’s great Master Fear, Where Men are Slaves, and Priests their Gods do eat . . . (Mullan and Reid 2000, 173) This poem, published in John Partridge’s almanac Merlinus Liberatus for 1717, shows the common feeling amongst the English Protestants towards Catholics....   [tags: European Europe History]
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William the Conqueror - William the Conqueror Missing Works Cited William the conqueror was the bastard son of Robert the Devil, the sixth Norman duke, and a tanner’s daughter named Arlette. In those days it was common for noble men to have children without marriage. Robert was either eighteen or nineteen years old when he first saw William’s mother Arlette. He summoned for her to come to his castle and Arlette moved in with Robert and stayed until he got rid of her. When William was about seven-years-old his father took a pilgrimage to the holy city of Jerusalem....   [tags: European History Essays] 1354 words
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The Peloponnesian War - For over 30 years, two of the world's greatest military forces of their time battled over supremacy of Greece. The elite navy of Athens and the powerful armies of Sparta and her allies dueled in an epic battle to determine the direction in which Greece was heading. Through the stories of Thuycides, we have the world's first eye witness account of a war from a great historian who lived through it. From this account we can analyze the war which can be interpreted as the first battle against imperialism....   [tags: Greek European History]
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Problems with the Maastricht Treaty and its Goal to Unify Europe - Problems with the Maastricht Treaty and its Goal to Unify Europe My position is in opposition of the unification of Europe as proposed under the Maastricht Treaty, as being beneficial to Europe. We will prove beyond a reasonable doubt the uselessness of the treaty. The main principal of the Maastricht Treaty is European Unity. Unity is a nice warm hearted word which infers working towards a goal in harmony. The Maastricht Treaty sounds like an ideal proposal on paper, but in reality it can't work....   [tags: European Europe History] 626 words
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Why Was There Relative Stability in the Balkans, In the Period 1890-1908? - Why Was There Relative Stability in the Balkans, In the Period 1890-1908. Between the years of 1890 and 1908 there was a period of relative stability in the Balkan area. Whilst, in this essay, it is my primary objective to look at what factors caused this, it is first important to understand that the climate was only stable in comparison to the years before it - when there was great tension, argument and conflict. It would be naïve to assume that after 1890 there was none of the aforementioned; the importance of the word 'relative' should not be overlooked....   [tags: European Europe History] 1175 words
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The Industrial Revolutions: The effects on Europe and the World - The Industrial Revolutions: The effects on Europe and the World The Industrial Revolution affected life in Europe during the 19th century very greatly. Cities in Great Britain were growing rapidly, this was known as urbanization. Many cities such as Glasgow and Berlin more than doubled in size. The Industrial Revolution was having a positive affect on Great Britain. From the outpour of people into cities looking for work, things were so rapidly paced that there was no order in these cities. Unsanitary and unsafe buildings were being built all over to home all of the workers....   [tags: European Europe History] 377 words
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A Critical Evaluation of Charles De Gaulle's Handling of the Algerian Insurrection - A Critical Evaluation of Charles De Gaulle's Handling of the Algerian Insurrection The 1950s was not a particularly good decade for France. The Fourth Republic, which had been established in the aftermath of the Second World War, remained unstable and lurched from crisis to crisis. Between 1946 and 1954, there had been a war in French Indo-China, between a nationalist force under Ho Chi Minh and the French. The war was long and bitter and towards the end, the French suffered the ignominy of losing the major fortress of Dien Bien Phu to the guerrillas on 7 May 1954....   [tags: European Europe History] 2719 words
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Role of Women in the Social Transformation of England - Role of Women in the Social Transformation of England The traditional idea of movement that changes the world is global movement: the explorers and adventurers that sailed around the world, the people who moved and colonized new lands. Michael Adas in Machines as the Measure of Men stated that the ideas that drove the European colonization were the "products of male ingenuity and male artifice" (14). Most of the exploration and first colonization was done by men. It would not have been socially correct for women....   [tags: European Europe History]
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How Humanism Contributed to Rennaisance Ideals - How Humanism Contributed to Rennaisance Ideals Through the groundwork laid by the Hundred Years War, the Black Death, and the Protestant Reformation, Italian Renaissance humanism nearly single-handedly allowed for the modern concept of individuality. The rebirth of classical literature, and especially the attempts among the philosophical elite to translate this literature, helped bring this "enlightening" knowledge to the gradually more literate masses. Also, the frenzy for education of these masses allowed the concept of individuality to spread to all social classes....   [tags: European Europe History] 399 words
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Otto von Bismarck - When Otto von Bismarck was recalled from Paris to become Minister-President of Prussia in 1862, German nationalism was already more than 40 years old. First apparent in the opposition to Napoleon´s occupation of the German states, national feeling grew into a movement after 1815. This feeling was encouraged by a growth of interest in German literature and music and by increased economic cooperation between the north German states. By 1848 it was strong enough to make the creation of a united Germany one of the main demands of the revolutionaries....   [tags: AP European History, The History of Europe] 866 words
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The Accomplishments of Cardinal Richelieu - The Accomplishments of Cardinal Richelieu Up until the mid 17th century, it was evident that France was by no means a major player in the field of European affairs. Spain was still the most powerful state as it held a dominant monopoly over European commerce and economics. However, by 1648, this power would shift, and France would come into it's own in terms of political and economic influence. The transfer of power was aided by a weakening of the Spanish Empire, along with the establishment of an increasingly strong French state....   [tags: European Europe History] 2201 words
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Adolf Hitler - Adolf Hitler When the topic of dictators is brought up who comes to mind. Most anyone will say Adolf Hitler. Why was he so cruel. What drove his hatred for the Jews. Why did he want a so-called ?perfect. race. Well the answer to all these questions might be answered from Hitler?s childhood. Adolph Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau am Inn, Austria. He was the son of Alois, a customs official, and Klara Hitler. Alois was a very mean and stern father. His death, in 1903, came as a relief to Adolf....   [tags: WW2 Nazi European History] 1886 words
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Romanticism in Germany - Romanticism in Germany Romanticism was a European cultural revolt against authority, tradition, and Classical order (the Enlightenment); this movement permeated Western Civilization over a period that approximately dated from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. In general, Romanticism is that attitude or state of mind that focuses on the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the creative, and the emotional. These characteristics of Romanticism most often took form in subject matters such as history, national endeavor, and the sublime beauties of nature....   [tags: European Europe History] 1379 words
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Ancient Roman Society - The society of the ancient Romans has often been considered the bases for our modern society. When one thinks of the Roman society, pictures of grand villa's and of senators wearing Toga's come to mind. Also, Roman society is often associated with great feasts and extravagance among the rich. There is more to Rome, however, then these symbols and the Classical Roman society is one with a complicated history that covers the history of the ancient city and involves the family, the home, education and much more....   [tags: European History Rome Roman Empire] 1376 words
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The Crusades - The first crusade was started by Pope Urban II in the year 1095 with goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the holy land from the Muslims. What started as an appeal by Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos for western mercenaries to fight the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia quickly turned into a wholesale Western migration and conquest of territory outside of Europe. In July of 1099 Knights from western Europe captured the city of Jerusalem, thus establishing the kingdom of Jerusalem and other crusader states....   [tags: European History Europe] 1323 words
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Solzhenitsyn’s Exile - Solzhenitsyn’s Exile missing works cited “In February 1956, the Soviet Union’s new leader, Nikita Khrushchev, initiated a period in Soviet history known as ‘The Thaw’ … Millions of former political prisoners were granted amnesty, including [Aleksandr] Solzhenitsyn.” (Shattan 149) Solzhenitsyn is Russia’s most prolific writer of the 20th century was Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, a man who rose to fame through his literature. It was Khrushchev’s thaw, however, that resulted in Solzhenitsyn’s exile....   [tags: Russian European History Papers] 2077 words
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Napoleon Bonaparte - Napoleone Buonaparte Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaparte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count....   [tags: European History Corsica Essays] 2602 words
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The Crusades - The Crusades “The Crusades: series of wars by Western European Christians to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.” (Encarta “Crusades”) The Crusades first began in 1096 and ended in the late 13th century. The term Crusade originally meant that the European’s would use all their efforts to regain the power from the Muslims. They wanted to retake the city of Jerusalem, which was holy to Christians because that’s where the crucifixion of Jesus Christ occurred. Europeans later used it to allocate any military efforts against non-Christians....   [tags: European History Muslim War Essays]
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Celtic Druids - Evidence of the Celts first came about 400 BCE from Northern Italy. More evidence or encounters were found during the young Roman Empire. Many of the accounts we hear of them come from Greek and Roman writers, such as Julius Caesar and Diodorus. There were various tribes to this group, many of them called Galli by the Romans and Galataoir Keltoi by the Greeks, these terms meant Barbarian. The Greek word Keltoi was what Celts came from, this is the reason the C is pronounced as a K. As languages went there was one language that tied all of them together, Old Celtic which is the descendent of the original Ur-Lnaguage....   [tags: European History Essays] 700 words
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The Pre-Raphaelites - Pre-Raphaelites, a group made up of 19th-century English painters, poets, and critics who's work responded towards the practice of Victorian and neoclassical subject mater by developing bright imitations of religious work. More specifically, "and of the most beautiful are the paintings of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and their followers, bright and clear colours, fair women and themes from myths and legends."(Darkamber 1). The groups source of inspiration came from early Renaissance painters and medieval times....   [tags: Europe European History Essays] 3608 words
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Michelangelo Buonarroti - Michelangelo Buonarroti There was a time period from 1400 C.E. to 1600 C.E., referred to as the Renaissance. The Renaissance was an age of discovery shown through , architecture, poetry, art, sculpture, and theater based on a Greco-Roman culture. Among the many Renaissance thinkers there was a man named Michelangelo Buonarroti. Michelangelo was an architect, sculptor, painter, poet, and an engineer. He preferred sculpting because he felt he was shaping mankind, which reflected the Renaissance era....   [tags: European History Renaissance]
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Colonialism - The way society is structured today, it is difficult to understand Colonialism for what it truly was. For example, A Stranger walks into a house and claims it is his, while he enslaves the real owners and demands they follow his rules. It might seem like an unlikely scenario, but about 400 years ago, this was reality. European countries such as Spain and England wanted to expand their territories and become the world powers. Explorers like Christopher Columbus, soon started declaring regions that they discovered in the name of their countries....   [tags: European History] 1563 words
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Napoleon - Napoleon `I wished to found a European system, a European Code of Laws, a European judiciary: there would be but one people in Europe,' Napoleon himself has many critics some call him a wicked dictator and others just remember him for the battle of Waterloo, against the British Admiral Nelson. Nevertheless, Napoleon was a very clever man and was the first to come up with the idea of a united Europe, an idea that we are still trying to live by today. Napoleon had this idea over 200 years before Europe finally became the European Union....   [tags: European History] 579 words
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Napoleon - A larger than life figure--the first modern military dictator in Europe. Some of the achievements of the French Revolution (FR) were lost some were preserved. Legacy mixed. Born in Corsica, 1769. Son of a petty nobleman. Military school; then to France to make his career. Brilliant artillery officer, military planner. RUTHLESS AND AMBITIOUS. <ol> <li value="1793">: Drove English from Toulon during the FR <li value="1795">: Saves the French Republic from Royalists <li value="1796"> Fought against Austrians in Northern Italy; experienced glory, success, and believed he was "a superior being." </ol> Challenged British control of the sea route to India....   [tags: European History] 716 words
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Temptation - The Industrial Revolution was a time of change for Europe; not only economically, but socially also. The world saw the advent of new technologies like the steam engine, railroads, factories, and textile mills. These new technologies created a new source of wealth and a new social class, the middle class or bourgeoisie. Unfortunately, this wealth was built on the backs of the working class or proletarians. The disparity between the workers and the bourgeoisie quickly widened; this environment was the perfect catalyst for driving the proletariat toward communism....   [tags: European History] 547 words
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Napoleon - Napoleon “I live only for posterity, death is nothing, but to live without glory is to die every day” (Lefebvre 43). Napoleon was driven by his desire for glory and ambition and his ascension was tremendous. Born in Corsica, his family moved to France, in Marseilles, when he was only a child. From the state of a “lieutenant,” at the age of sixteen, to the one of emperor in 1804, till reigning over the European continent after his conquest of Prussia, his ascension was not only due to the events that occurred during his life, but was also due to his ambition and his tremendous genius....   [tags: European History Military Generals Essays]
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Feudalsim - Feudalsim During the Middle Ages, countries fought and argued for land and pride. The main goal of the leaders of these countries was global domination. With several countries fighting for one cause, there was no chance they would resolve their differences peacefully, often leading to wars and conflicts. Feudalism was the staple of European government. Although it served medieval statesmen well, the social structure was incredibly unbalanced, which was the main reason for its downfall. The creation of this form of government is believed by scientists to have been back in the ninth century, A......   [tags: European Europe History] 1068 words
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