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European History - Unification of Italy - Unification of Italy Q: Describe & Explain the Unification of Italy. The Unification of Italy divides in to 3 main stages: 1815-1830: Revolts all over Italy. Revolts are suppressed. 1848-1849: Revolts all over Italy. Revolts are suppressed. 1858-1870: The unification of Italy Introduction To understand the unification of Italy, matters before the revolution need to be examined. Up until 1716, Italy was just a big piece of land divided among small kingdoms of monarchs. (ref. H.O. #1 p.29) When napoleon Bonaparte conquered Italy, he left them 3 things, which were probably the key characteristics in the revolution: - Efficient Government....   [tags: European Europe History] 2718 words
(7.8 pages)
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European History - The Spread of Christianity - The Spread of Christianity The spread of Christianity overtime replaced the old warrior religion changing the way of life, and at the giving it new meaning. With the coming of Christianity a hope for poets also came about. As the conversion of Ireland to Christianity took place a new era known as Ireland's Golden Age began to take over. Christian munks worked hard preserving literature of the ancient world and works of popular culture. Due to the rapid growth of Christianity the Anglo-Saxon's were given a common faith, a common system of morality and right conduct, linking England with Europe....   [tags: European Europe History] 443 words
(1.3 pages)
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European History - The Spanish Inquisition - The Spanish Inquisition This paper will attempt to accurately examine the development of the Spanish Inquisition, from the spread of the Inquisition into the Spanish territories through the ultimate upheaval, and the initial dissolvement, of the authority it held over the public who feared it. It will endeavor to show the implications of the Spanish Inquisition and how it was ultimately used as a device in its own undoing. Such an examination helps to explain the use of Church authority in secular governing, and later the separating of the Church from the crown....   [tags: European Europe History] 576 words
(1.6 pages)
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Periods of European History that Demonstrated Changing Attitudes Towards the Education of Women - Periods of European History that Demonstrated Changing Attitudes Towards the Education of Women Throughout the early portion of modern European history, women were never encouraged to undertake any significant education. Though the problem lessened over time, it was still a strong societal force. There were three major time periods when substantial changes took place in attitudes towards women's education -- the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the Seventeenth and the early Eighteenth centuries....   [tags: European Europe History] 504 words
(1.4 pages)
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The European Union: Cross-National Variation in Public Support, 1993 - The European Union: Cross-National Variation in Public Support, 1993 Introduction The European Union was established in 1951 with the adoption of the European Coal and Steel Community. Many of its early integrative policies were technical in nature and received little attention from the general public. Consequently, a permissive consensus developed allowing the elite to pursue the ideals established by the European Union (EU) (Eichenberg and Dalton 1993, Gabel and Palmer 1995, Gabel 1998). In time, integrative policies became increasingly aggressive in their scope and influence....   [tags: European History Essays]
:: 15 Works Cited
3682 words
(10.5 pages)
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History of Boniface - Boniface was born around 675 in Devonshire to a very noble family, and his given name was Winfrid (Duckett 340). He was sent to school to be taught by the monks. His parents wanted him to pursue monetary gains, but Winfrid felt called to do religious work thanks, in part, to the monks who often visited him. He fought with his father over his future, but obtained his father's permission and went to the monastery of Adescancastre. Here, he studied under Abbot Wolfhard, "and about seven years later he went to the Abbey of Nhutscelle between Winchester and Southampton" ("Catholic")....   [tags: European History] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
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How did European Colonialism affect Kenya? - “The sun never sets on the British Empire,” Great Britain often bragged. By 1914, about 85% of the earth’s surface was colonized by Europe. Between 1884 and 1885, The Berlin Conference took place to carve up the African continent (Background Essay). Europeans saw high potential in Africa and thought the continent was empty, even though it was not. It was roughly “untouched” and they thought they could do anything they wanted (Doc.1). Great Britain’s colonization in Kenya affected the country’s religion and culture, education, and government....   [tags: History, European Colonization] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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What Drives History? - What Drives History. "History is the Essence of Innumerable Biographies" -Thomas Carlyle What drives history. Before we answer this question, we must go deeper and answer a more important question: What is history. History is, simply, all of the events, ideas, people, and occurrences that have existed in the past. These things have been driven by one common factor: individuals. Although individuals driving history may seem like a rather simple answer, it is the only one that provides no flaws. One such individual who has driven history is Martin Luther....   [tags: European Europe History] 695 words
(2 pages)
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Analytical Essay on the Renaissance Art Movment - For my analytical essay I've chosen the Renaissance art movement. I choose this movement because it played such a monumental part in European history. Basically, the Renaissance, also known as the rebirth, was a cultural movement that started an artistic transformation and started the scientific revolution. This time period also links the transition from the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of the Modern Age. The Renaissance started in Italy in the 14th century and spread to northern Europe by the 16th century....   [tags: European History] 1305 words
(3.7 pages)
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History, the Concatenation of Human Experiences - History, the Concatenation of Human Experiences In June 1961, I left Berlin, Germany, with my parents, my sister, and my Swedish cousin enroute to Sweden for what was to be two weeks of Scandinavian fun. The Russian soldiers who processed us through the checkpoints were impeccably dressed in jodhpurs and the shiniest black riding boots I had ever seen. It was obvious they had been carefully selected for this job, which entailed a goodly measure of public relations; the Communists displayed only their best....   [tags: European Europe History] 1462 words
(4.2 pages)
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Cyprus - History Of The Conflict - Cyprus - History Of The Conflict Cyprus, an island in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the cross-roads of three continents - Europe, Asia and Africa - has one of the oldest histories of the world, dating back 9000 years. Its strategic position, its wealth in forests and mineral deposits, as well as its skilled craftsmen, made it the prized possession of the powers of the day. Cultural influences came from all directions - all major regional civilisations left their mark on the island, contributing to the development of a very rich and diverse cultural heritage....   [tags: European Europe History] 1795 words
(5.1 pages)
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French Revolution - The Revolution Today in class we focused on chapter 16. In chapter 16 we that when the French Third Estate moved to gain more rights and political power, it had sparked a revolution that changed both France and Europe. The middle class and peasantry benefited from the initial period of the revolution, the French urban population led the country toward an establishment of a republic. The French society suffered a great deal of oppression known as the Terror. A ruthless soldier, by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte, took advantage of the opportunities opened by the revolution....   [tags: European History] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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Marco Polo’s Influence On Later Explorers - Around the time of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Europe was a place in need of inspiration. Marco Polo, a merchant, and still a simple man, was this source of inspiration. He was an ordinary boy during his childhood, living a similar life to the other boys his age. Although his intentions might not have been as significant as his impact, he was very influential. Marco Polo served as an influence to many later explorers. Whether it was through his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, which focused mainly on descriptions of spices and commercial goods and many other interesting trade items he encountered in his travels, he sparked an interest and desire of not only Europe, but later exp...   [tags: European History] 1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Black Plague - If there is one part of life that humans have trouble overcoming it is natural disasters. They are unexpected, incurable, and often unconquerable. One specific type of natural disaster is that of sickness. Plagues are disastrous evil afflictions of an epidemic disease causing a high rate of mortality ( Merriam-Webster ). A historically famous plague in the fourteenth and fifteenth century is the Black or Bubonic Plague. The social and economic affects of the plague in Europe were detrimental to the population and economy....   [tags: European History] 1637 words
(4.7 pages)
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Gwenllian Princess of Wales - Gwenllian Princess of Wales Gwenllian was only a few months old when her father, Llywelyn the Last, was killed near Irfon Bridge on 11 December 1282. Her mother, Llywelyn's cousin, Eleanor de Montfort, died while giving birth to her in the palace of Pen-y-Bryn, in Abergwyngregyn near Bangor, Gwynedd on 12 June 1282. Llywelyn and Eleanor (the daughter of Simon de Monfort) were married in Worcester in 1278 following Eleanor's release at the end of a period of about three years as a prisoner of the English crown....   [tags: European History] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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The British Industrial Revolution - Of all the countless factors that attributed to the unparallel success of the industrial revolution in England, there were a select few that really played roles front and center of everything. Debatably, the single largest factor of the growth for the industrial sects of England was the close proximity of the factories, markets, ports and cities to one another. Moving raw materials and finished products became very cheap to do England. Aided by the invention of the steam-powered locomotive things could be shipped very quickly and cheaply increasing the profits....   [tags: European History] 467 words
(1.3 pages)
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Women's Literacy During the Middle Ages - During the Middle Ages, women were considered to be inferior to men and were not formally educated. It was common for women to be unable to read and write in their own language. Even though some were fortunate enough to be taught how to read, some were still unable to write. Women were not usually taught how to read Latin, the language of male scholars and people of the Church, who also happened to be male. In the later Middle Ages, even most nuns were not able to learn Latin. Partially literate women became increasingly common in the later Middle Ages; but very few women were given the opportunity to learn to read and write....   [tags: European History]
:: 5 Works Cited
651 words
(1.9 pages)
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Owain Lawgoch - Owain Lawgoch Llywelyn Fawr (Llywelyn the Great) was the father of two ambitious sons, both of whom were destined to become intertwined in the 13th-century dynastic struggles between Wales and England. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was his father's natural son and the eldest, while Dafydd was the son of Llywelyn's wife Joan, herself the natural daughter of King John. Both sons were apparently determined to succeed their father and carry forward the country's struggle against their Norman would-be conquerors....   [tags: European History] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Reign of Louis XIV - Louis XIV was born in 1638. In the year 1661 he succeeded the regent Cardinal Mazarin. At the time he was only twenty-three. Louis applied the symbol of the sun to his reign; "the light that imparts to the other heavenly bodies." Louis intended to make the other states of Europe "the other heavenly bodies," him take taking the role and duties of the sun. As you will see King Louis XIV was a very proud, clever, glory-hungry, and well-spoken ruler. There are three authors in the section on Louis XIV who discuss the qualities and short-comings during his time of power....   [tags: European History] 444 words
(1.3 pages)
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Why Did the British Governent Evacuate Children from Major Cities at the Start of World War II? - Even before War with Germany was accredited, the British government felt that it was necessary to shield the civilian inhabitants, especially children; pregnant mothers, disabled people and teachers accompanied them. The government decided to evacuate children from the major cities into rural areas. They had many reasons for doing this, each of them mainly linked to fear of civilian casualties. As it was the Germans themselves who began civilian bombings, the British government did have reason to believe that they would adopt this tactic again....   [tags: European History] 597 words
(1.7 pages)
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Meaning of Nazism for Wealthy Army Officers - Assess the meaning of Nazism for rapaciously rich army officers. During the period of the Nazi regime within Germany, rich army officers were caught between two state of minds. Those who were supporters of the Nazi regime and those who weren't. This division of loyalty, to the regime and, naturally, to Hitler was very important due to the fact it showed the performance of the Regime. If the Army officers were to not follow the regime, it would undoubtedly show weakness and naturally a weakening of Hitler's leadership....   [tags: European History] 618 words
(1.8 pages)
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The French Revolution - The later 18th century was a time of crisis for the old regimes of Europe and their economic systems and political agitation sometimes breaking out into revolts. English Industrial Revolution vaulted Britain to the fore. France was the most powerful and the most typical of the old aristocratic absolute monarchies of Europe. (lower taxes off backs of lower classes). Major inequities, inflation and lack of food, very minimal reforms, rising aspirations of middle classes -bourgeoise. Among 23 million Frenchmen, there were 400,000 who formed the nobility -and army officers and clergy....   [tags: European History] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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Luis XIV, and His Selfish Ways - Luis XIV, and His Selfish Ways If you were asked to answer the question, “Which king in European history was the best representative of absolutism?”, you would probably answer, “Louis XIV.” If you were asked to identify the king with the biggest palace and the most glamorous court, you would answer “Louis XIV.” If you were asked to identify the king whose reign coincided with the most glorious period of culture in his country's history, you would answer “Louis XIV.” If you were asked to identify what king fought an endless series of wars, heavily taxed his population, set up the pre-conditions for a revolution against his own system and was jeered by his people as his body was...   [tags: European History Essays] 892 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Myth of Rescue - "The Myth of Rescue" by William Rubinstein has no doubt been one of the most attacked books by reviewers on this matter of the Holocaust. Rubinstein disagrees with the idea that some scholars supported, that the allies could have done much more to help the Jews, and explains why it was so difficult to assist them. Rubinstein's construction of the situation faced by the Jews of Nazi occupied Europe demonstrates some coherent and thoughtful points about the period of the slaughter of the Jews. His arguments in opposition to the suggestion made by the different scholars were based on the following facts....   [tags: European History] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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Meeting the Demand for Clergy in Victorian England - Meeting the Demand for Clergy in Victorian England   Many new changes came to Victorian England as a result of the age of industrialization. Where there were once small country parishes, manufacturing towns were springing up. One change resulting from industrialization was the shortage of clergy to fill the new parishes in these towns. These new parishes reflect the demographic changes of the English countryside. Rural villages grew into booming towns. Where a single parish was once sufficient, there was now a need for multiple parishes....   [tags: European History]
:: 4 Works Cited
1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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Politics of Big Business' During the Rise of the Nazi Party - Turner argues that the representatives of big business did not support Hitler financially on his rise to power because the fear of a Nazi socialist government. Business representatives used their money and political power to keep a government free of Marxism. They realized their businesses would not thrive when politics totally controlled the economy. Turner says that big business' role in politics where to preserve a nonsocialist government by forming nonsocialist parties, funding nationalist candidates, and by supporting the conservative wing of the Nazi party....   [tags: European History] 389 words
(1.1 pages)
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European History in the 13th and 14th Centuries - The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries were very hard times for Europe. New ideas were being brought and spread into Europe. Education became essential to ones life in order to be successful. Trade was flourishing and medieval cities began to grow. New political standards were being established, and power struggles existed between the church and monarchy. Soon, the plague hit Europe and destroyed 25-50% of its population. With this, Europe went into a state devastation. Religion was changed, social customs were changed, the government was changed, and the economy suffered because of it....   [tags: European History] 822 words
(2.3 pages)
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European History - European History European society between the years 1500 and 1800 prove to be an interesting comparison to modern times, as can be seen in †George Huppert's work, After the Black Death. Some important aspects of this particular historical society bore both similarities and differences to contemporary populous. In comparing and contrasting certain features of Huppert's analysis, the reader can better understand the growth of society in the past five hundred years . It is no question that the most important aspect of a person's life during this time period basically any event which involved the family....   [tags: Papers] 676 words
(1.9 pages)
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European Absolutism - Absolutism, a single word that has passed through a large history, has made people bigger and with enormous power. This essay is going to explain what is absolutism and how has it been developed through history, including some personal comments about the belief of the acts done during this time. According to the Oxford Reference Online in the Digital Library, absolutism is "the government with unlimited power vested in one individual group. It is used primarily to describe the 18-th century European monarchies that claimed divine hereditary right to rule." I consider that it defines briefly, on what consist this type of government....   [tags: European History] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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Early European Exploration - Early European Exploration European explorers first landed on the shores of what would later become North America more than 500 years ago. Not long after the first explorers had entered the "New World" they found out that they were not alone on this new frontier. Their neighbors in this new land were the Native Americans who had been there for centuries, virtually unaware of life outside the continent. Thus began an inconsistent and often times unstable relationship between the European settlers and the North American Indians....   [tags: European History] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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The Age of European Exploration - The Age of European Exploration The age of exploration was filled with courageous voyagers and conquistadores from all over Europe, much like today, there was much competition for land rights. The main disputes were between Spain and Portugal. And these are the representatives from not only these two countries, but surrounding ones as well. Christopher Columbus was a sea captain from Genoa. He first tried to convince Portugal, then Spain to sponsor a voyage to Asia across the Atlantic....   [tags: European Europe History] 527 words
(1.5 pages)
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Main Contributions of Bede's Ecclesiastical History as a Source for Early English History - There is not a single work along English History that could have been more determinant and indispensable than Bede's Ecclesiastical History. By describing the story of the English people through their experience of Christianity he became our intermediary with the world of Anglo-Saxon England and their believes. Therefore, in what follows an attempt will be made to describe the main contributions of Bede's Ecclesiastical History as a source for early English history. As a Christian monk and teacher, Bede could not have carried out this English history without emphasizing the importance of the Christian conversion that took place in England before the VIII century....   [tags: European History] 496 words
(1.4 pages)
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Exploring Conflicts Throughout History, Specifically the Conflict Concerning King Louis XVI, the French/American Conflict and the Irish/British Confli - Conflict can be defined as a fight, battle, or struggle. A conflict is usually ignited by a disagreement. It can be a little brawl with a classmate over a correct answer or a heated debate between two significant political leaders over universal healthcare. Once one gets involved in a conflict, it can get violent. Unfortunately, conflicts are everywhere. There have been many infamous conflicts throughout history, such as the French conflict concerning King Louis XVI, the French/American conflict that is still ongoing today, and the very bloody Irish/British conflict....   [tags: european history] 546 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Medieval Period - A set point in the historical time line stands as the medieval period. The medieval period in history was the era in European history – from around the 5th to the 15th century, coming after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and preceding the start of the early modern era. This historical time period has been long since been the victim of film directors and romantic novelists, which has lead to the common, but false, idea of the medieval period consisting of knights and damsels in distress, wizards and dragons, and castles and battles....   [tags: European History ] 1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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Exploring the Renaissance in England - During the times 1400s and 1500s primarily in Italy, there was an essential change that encompassed all aspects of life. It is called a Renaissance. The word renaissance means rebirth and it was a response to adversities in middle ages. In Western European history Renaissance or rebirth marks a transition between the times of Medieval and modern era. It is also the beginning of the modern history. Religion is a dominant culture in itself and also a set of beliefs that represent the social order but with the beginning of the renaissance, people started to examine the nature, instead of focused on religious issues .The church was not the center of attention anymore....   [tags: British history, european history] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Napoleon - Napoleon `I wished to found a European system, a European Code of Laws, a European judiciary: there would be but one people in Europe,' Napoleon himself has many critics some call him a wicked dictator and others just remember him for the battle of Waterloo, against the British Admiral Nelson. Nevertheless, Napoleon was a very clever man and was the first to come up with the idea of a united Europe, an idea that we are still trying to live by today. Napoleon had this idea over 200 years before Europe finally became the European Union....   [tags: European History] 579 words
(1.7 pages)
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Napoleon - A larger than life figure--the first modern military dictator in Europe. Some of the achievements of the French Revolution (FR) were lost some were preserved. Legacy mixed. Born in Corsica, 1769. Son of a petty nobleman. Military school; then to France to make his career. Brilliant artillery officer, military planner. RUTHLESS AND AMBITIOUS. <ol> <li value="1793">: Drove English from Toulon during the FR <li value="1795">: Saves the French Republic from Royalists <li value="1796"> Fought against Austrians in Northern Italy; experienced glory, success, and believed he was "a superior being." </ol> Challenged British control of the sea route to India....   [tags: European History] 716 words
(2 pages)
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The Causes of World War I - "Wars are caused by miscalculations of the aggressors, and the failure of politicians and diplomats to exercise crisis management" a statement that with respect to World War I is generally true for many of the European empires including those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia and other nations throughout Europe. World War I or the Great War as was called by it's contemporaries, had been long in the stockpiling; the spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, the series of actions that fueled the war was almost a half of a centuries worth of secret treaties and alliance systems along with power struggles of some empires, such as that of Germany for...   [tags: European History] 939 words
(2.7 pages)
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Elizabeth I's Role in the Success of the British Angelican Church - `The Elizabethan Church Settlement succeeded in the years 1559-1566 because of Elizabeth I's vital role in its development'. Examine this view. Elizabeth came to the throne in November 1558 and faced a hugely complex religious situation. Her country was fractured into different religious groups, Protestant and Catholic. The Protestants were then further divided into the extent to which they wished reform to be taken. The Settlement aimed to find a way to bring these different lobbies together without alienating any and settle a blanket theology for the country....   [tags: European History] 1281 words
(3.7 pages)
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A Sucessful Ruler in Machiavelli's Eyes - Many factors went into determining whether or not a prince or king was successful or not. Some of these factors were simple things such as the king's personality or the method by which he comes to power. Niccolo Machiavelli wrote this book as a guide for Lorenzo Medici to become a good ruler. He describes these factors, but attributes most leaders' achievements to their taking advantage of local circumstances. Machiavelli attributes military victory to having a strong army composed of native soldiers and strongly discourages using a mercenary army....   [tags: European History] 572 words
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The Triumph of Christianity in the Roman Empire - Christians went from being persecuted to dominating Rome rather quickly. In a world where separation between church and state does not exist, a Christian becoming the sole emperor of Rome symbolized a huge turning point in history. The power switched and the Pagans in turn became persecuted. Christians rose up and took control of all aspects of Roman society. The Pagan past was destroyed, banned, or forgotten about. Those Christians that did not agree with how things were being run either left the empire and became monks or formed their own sect....   [tags: European History] 576 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Anorexic Empress: Elizabeth of Austria - Duchess Elizabeth of Bavaria was the wife of 19th century Habsburg ruler, Franz Joseph I. She wed him at the ripe age of 16, and Franz only 23. Franz Joseph was the Emperor of Austria, the King of Hungary and also of Bohemia. Given that her husband was a man of great ruling, she had married herself into a world which attempted to give her a very formal lifestyle, and restrictive by court convention. The Duchess, better known as Sisi, which was her nickname, began to feel at odds with her new life....   [tags: European History] 608 words
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The Battle of Hastings - Why Did William Win? - The Battle of Hastings - Why Did William Win. On the 14th of October 1066, Duke William of Normandy defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. His win could be summed up by the fact that William was a better leader. Other factors that contributed to William’s victory include: William was better prepared, the English army was severely weakened as Harold had just fought off an invasion in the North of England, and Harold made a fatal mistake of prematurely entering the Battle of Hastings. William was a better leader because although Harold had the upper hand in the battle and they were losing, William managed to outwit and defeat the English....   [tags: European history] 819 words
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Changing Women's Roles as a Result of the Black Plague - When Eve took that bite of the Forbidden Fruit, she had no idea what she had gotten women-kind into. Whether or not you believe in the story of creation, the perception of women as corrupting and sinful had shaped women's social roles in Western Society for thousands of years. Augustine was one of the first to write about the wickedness of women, and the acceptance of this doctrine is evident in the Letters of Abelard and Heloise through their disdain toward marriage. Along with mass death of the Black Plague, came an opportunity for women to change the ways in which society viewed them....   [tags: European History] 833 words
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The Treaty of Versailles: A German "Victory" in 1918 - A German Victory in 1918 When the treaty of Versailles was signed June 28 1919 the whole world celebrated an allied victory, more importantly they celebrated victory over an evil empire set to destroy the world. This is the viewpoint taught to any American child who studies World War One. To suggest anything to the contrary could be construed as treason, after all the United States and Great Britain are good nations full of good people run by good democracies that fight the good fight and win the good fight and make our world a better place....   [tags: European History] 831 words
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Constantine's Sword - James Carroll learned the meaning of suffering at an early age. At the age of two, his brother who was only four contracted Polio. He would look at his brother and notice the bandages on his legs. When he would sleep, he would dream that they were his legs under the bandages and when he would wake up he would think he was the one who couldn't walk. He learned early, what suffering was. Later on in life he would be reminded of his brother's legs. The crucifixes all had his brother's legs and the nails were Jesus' polio....   [tags: European History] 949 words
(2.7 pages)
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Voltaire Vs. Hampson - The enlightenment was a period in history where certain ways of thought were developed. There were doubts of the existence of a supreme being and belief in the natural order of things. "The stability of a divinely-created and unchanging order was challenged by a new conception of life as a constant and shapeless flux" (89). Norman Hampson analyzes many famous philosophical books of the time and overall feels that "Only two attitudes seemed to remain: to follow Hume in denying man's access to objective knowledge of any kind, or to accept d'Holbach's conception of a universe of matter in motion, in which everything happened out of necessity and the answer to every question was `because it cann...   [tags: European History] 1343 words
(3.8 pages)
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Violence of Decolonization - Violence of Decolonization Frantz Fanon argues the decolonization must always be a violent phenomenon because resisting a colonizing power using only politics will not work. Europeans justified colonization by treating it as gods work. They believed that god wanted then to occupy all lands and spread the word of god to savages of darker skin color. Fanon joined the Algerian Nationalist Movement when the Algeria was being colonized be the French. Many examples of violence written of in The Wretched of the Earth were taken from the struggle for independence in Algeria....   [tags: European History Colonies Essays]
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719 words
(2.1 pages)
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Elizabethan Food & Dining - Elizabethan Food & Dining For the well-to-do, eating during the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods was a fancy affair. A king or queen when going abroad could expect banquet tables filled with hundreds of dishes--for just one meal. There was much pageantry and entertainment. At Leicester, Queen Elizabeth I (predecessor of King James VI & I) was greeted with a pageant of welcome displayed on a temporary bridge. There were cages of live birds--bitterns, curlews, hernshaws and godwits. One pillar held great silver bowls piled with apples, pears, cherries, walnuts and filberts....   [tags: European History] 639 words
(1.8 pages)
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Medieval Weapons - Medieval Weapons Medieval society, in spite of its stereotypes, was not inherently more violent than modern society. “Although there was no state in the modern sense, and therefore no set of laws that inherently took away the power of the average man or woman to exercise violence, the violence of the day was considered differently, and with out the inherent sense of criminality that accompanies it today. Our understanding of the weapons of the medieval world is skewed by the vast disarming of the “the civilian” that is taken for granted today, yet is a vastly different situation compared to what existed in many parts of “the West” as little as seven years ago....   [tags: European History] 546 words
(1.6 pages)
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Economic Success and Political Influence of the Fuggers and Medicis - In the late fifteenth, and early sixteenth centuries the first economic Golden Age began. Two families, the Fugger's and Medici's were of immense wealth and power. Both helped to finance projects for certain people and institutions of power, like the Pope, English Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire. Their economic success and political influence caused much turmoil then, and even more in the future. Because of the Fuggers' and Medici's wealth and power in society they easily influenced politics, especially ecclesiastical governance by usury and sale of indulgences....   [tags: European History] 952 words
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How "1984" Relates to 20th Century European History - The book 1984 describes a future society in which Winston Smith lives as a member of the Outer Party, the organization which rules the state of Oceania, where Winston lives. The year 1984 is an arbitrary year, since Winston cannot be sure of the past or present, due to the fact that the Party and Big Brother are in the continuous process of manufacturing history, much like revisionists, in order to control the minds and the memories of the citizens of Oceania. Orwell describes the citizens in Oceania as "cut off from contact with the outer world, and with the past, the citizen of Oceania is like a man in interstellar space, who has no way of knowing which direction is up and which is down" (...   [tags: European History] 876 words
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European History - The story of Europe is a story that is worth telling for the simple fact that without the background of Europe, people will not understand the complexities in the creation of the Europe of yesterday and creation of the Europe today. This rich history cannot be ignored because of the close ties to the creation of the nations and the supranational institutions that have become the European Union and its trade partners. Without the background on the history of Europe the creation of this larger organization or supranational organization would be nearly impossible to understand the complexities of the current political, social and economic qualities within the EU....   [tags: Europe, European Union, World War 2]
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Modern European History - Modern European History 1. What did Paul Valery mean in saying that the mind of Europe doubted itself profoundly. Before 1914, people in Europe believed in progress, peace, prosperity, reason, and rights of individuals. During that time, people began to believe in the Enlightenment, industrial developments were just starting and scientific advances began to take place. People then really believed in progression and further developments. Unfortunately, World War I broke out. Nevertheless, the optimistic people of Europe still did not doubt the outcome and were so convinced that it was not going to have any long term effects....   [tags: essays research papers] 885 words
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European Witch Hunt - The epoch of Medieval European history concerning the vast and complicated witch hunts spanning from 1450 to 1750 is demonstrative of the socioeconomic, religious, and cultural changes that were occurring within a population that was unprepared for the reconstruction of society. Though numerous conclusions concerning the witch trials, why they occurred, and who was prosecuted have been founded within agreement there remains interpretations that expand on the central beliefs. Through examining multiple arguments a greater understanding of this period can be observed as there remains a staggering amount of catalysts and consequences that emerged....   [tags: European History ]
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The Most Important Events in European History - Two of the most important events in European History are the unifications of Italy and Germany. Both were unified around the same time, and in ways that were both similar and different. The leaders of the two countries were the reason they were unified differently. Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, with the help of Guiseppe Garibaldi, brought about the unification of Italy. Otto von Bismarck is credited with finally uniting Germany. Cavour of Italy and Bismarck of Germany used more similar methods than different methods to unify their countries....   [tags: unification, military, diplomacy] 679 words
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The Compelling Motives of European Imperialism - The Compelling Motives of Imperialism The presence of Europe in Africa in the late nineteenth century was one of extreme power. The countries of France, Britain, and Germany had especially large claims to the African continent during this time. The motives of imperialism for these countries greatly define Europe at this time. Insatiable desires for economic markets, power and political struggles, the motivating belief in Social Darwinism, and the European idea of superiority were the driving forces at the European home front in the late nineteenth century....   [tags: European History]
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European Justification of Colonization of Asia and Africa - The principle justification offered by the Europeans for their colonization of Asia & Africa was the moral and technological superiority of the western world. As the Europeans saw it, the spread of the European way of life would substantially increase living standards for the colonized. While economic reasons were obviously the primary impetus for colonial expansion, the Europeans believed that they were not only improving the natives’ conditions, but they were saving their mortal souls by bringing Christianity to them....   [tags: European History] 822 words
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Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism - The Relationship between Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism During the era of European Imperialism, from approximately 1880 to 1930, an increasing number of Europeans began to colonize West Africa. Because of this colonization many African natives migrated eastward, inadvertently transporting diseases to which the East Africans were not immune (Ransford 76). This phenomenon can be explained through examining the implications of geographical isolation, the effects of large-scale migration, and alluding to a specific example of disease transference in Africa from the west to the east....   [tags: European History]
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A Brief History of the British Empire - Great Britain, The country who has been in a the center of some history’s biggest moments. A country in which no other dares to challenge , but try to emulate. A country who were first to industrialize and didn't want anybody else to . How did Great Britain become one of the powerful empire in history and what happen to it . The first event that help Britain build this empire was the industrial revolution. Coal was really the start of the revolution....   [tags: European history]
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Gulliver's Time Travels: A Romp Through European History - Gulliver’s Travels, written by Jonathan Swift, is a classic example of satire. It is a story about an English man named Lemuel Gulliver, a ship surgeon, and his adventures to mythical lands. He first visits Lilliput, a land where the inhabitants are only six inches tall, making Gulliver a giant. He then visits Brobdingnag, where the people are sixty feet tall, and he appears insignificant. He also finds himself in the land of the Laputans, Glubdubdribbs, Luggnaggians, and Struldbrugs for a short period of time....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Swift] 1512 words
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The Contributions of Ancient Civilizations to History - What contributions did near eastern civilizations make to history. New ideas and inventions of Pre History man were important, but how they evolved and led to new and more complex ideas and inventions is imperative to history. Over time these advancements brought people into a more efficient living environment, making for higher population and spread of cultural, political, economic, and social ideals over large geographical areas. What we know about the people before written records is limited to what artifacts and artwork we find....   [tags: European History] 867 words
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The Pax Romana: A Prosperous Time in Roman History - The Pax Romana was a time of relative peace during the Roman Empire. Although there were conflicts during The Pax Romana it was generally a time of prosperity and expansion for Rome, mainly under the leadership of Augustus and Tiberius who successfully expanded borders and made peace. Pax Romana is Latin for peaceful Rome. It was from 27 BC to 180 AD, from the end of the Republican Civil wars to the death of Marcus Aurelious. Augustus started ruling when Pax Romana began, so it is also called the age of Augustus....   [tags: European History]
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The Rise and Fall of Feudalism - The Rise and Fall of Feudalism Federation is a word that describes the United States government. A Federal government is defined as the act of federalizing or joining separate organizations (Answers 1). In the United States, the three branches of government (1). In the Middle Ages most governments changed and rarely stayed the same for really long periods of time. Many things would happen in each country that would change the type of government that each one had. Especially, during the Middle Ages in Europe, things were changing quickly (Nelson 1)....   [tags: European History ]
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The Reign of King Louis XIV - The Reign of King Louis XIV Louis XIV had a passion for glory and used it to fight four wars because he was motivated by personal and dynastic considerations. King Louis XIV was born in 1638. He became king at age four, and received only a mediocre education. He was taught nothing beyond pious works and decorous behavior at religious observances. He came into full power of France in 1661. Louis married Maria Theresa of Spain in 1659. When Mazarin died in 1661, Louis decided he didn’t want a powerful advisor and then started to change history....   [tags: European History] 625 words
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Miguel de Cervantes - Born in 1547--a very important year in European history. Frances I of france died, opening France to half a century of religious turmoil. (for Spain to exploit). Henry VIII died in England, only a year after Martin Luther (in mid-sermon), thus proving to Catholic Spain that God was enthusiastic to its religious cause by removing the two heretics!. Also, in 1547, Emperor Carlos V defeated the Protestant armies at Muhlberg. His explanation, "I came, I saw, and God conquered!" As Hernan Cortes died in Seville, in the countryside around Alcala de Henares, on Oct....   [tags: European History] 861 words
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History of Prostitution in the Victorian Period - History of Prostitution in the Victorian Period     In 1858 there were 7,194 prostitutes in London alone. "Given the unreliability of the statistics, one cannot say whether the incidence of prostitution was increasing or decreasing during the nineteenth century or compare that century with other periods. It nevertheless seems clear that the Victorians in the 1840's and 1850's thought that both prostitution and venereal disease were increasing" (Vicinus 79-80). There was increasing visibility of prostitution on the London streets and the Victorians were also conscious of the increasing demand of prostitutes (Vicinus 80)....   [tags: European Europe History]
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The Industrial Revolution and Imperialism - The concept of imperialism is one that has pervaded nearly every major society or empire throughout human history. It seems to be a natural consequence of societies growing in size, power, and knowledge. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries vast changes occurred in Western Europe (and soon spread elsewhere) that spurred a new round of imperialism the likes of which had not been seen before. The changes were the industrial revolution that was taking place. Countries were rapidly advancing to industrial societies producing much greater quantities of goods at much lower costs....   [tags: European History] 870 words
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Europe Transforms into a Global Power: 1680-1789 - During the eighteenth century Europe increased its ability to win wars. Through advances in weaponry and fighting formations, they were able to dominant adversaries with an almost unfair edge. Technology and military strategy both played a significant part in placing European countries at the front of world powers, but it was the ability to integrate and leverage the governments’ economic resources, that separated them from most of the world, when it came to battlefield superiority. A Well Oiled Machine Europe’s economy saw a major boost in the eighteenth century, due to a focus on manufacturing of exportable goods....   [tags: European History]
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Changes in Early Modern Europe - Early modern Europe, specifically Spain and England, was going through major growing pains in the period before discovery and settlement of the New World. Recovery from the Black Plague, religious reformation, and newly formed nation-states were on the forefront of these changes. The political environment, economy, and religion were all intertwined during the upheaval of the Old World which proved to be a driving force in the search for and eventual settlement of new lands. The Reformation and the Counter-Reformation were major motivating factors in early modern Europe leading to exploration of new lands....   [tags: European History]
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Rationality in Humans - Contradiction is the nature of the society. If there is a religion, there will be those who do not believe. If there is a war, there will be those that want peace. If there is a political movement, there will be those that disagree. Humans are bound to go against their own believes, their own strategies, and their own establishments. Nothing is forever. History portrays people going against the accepted ideologies. It shows the everlasting change of the society. First, they thought that God was the explanation to everything....   [tags: European History] 782 words
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The Weimar Republic in Germany - The Weimar Republic first began after the devastation Germany experienced in World War 1. Germany needed an organized government to recover money, land, and respect from the other European countries. The Weimar Republic proved to be the answer, and although it first came under intense dislike and scrutiny, it later led Germany into economic prosper. Although it overcame one crisis, it could not survive the second crisis encountered in 1929. The population’s intense dislike for the system led to the crisis the Weimar Republic experienced from 1919-1923....   [tags: european history] 633 words
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Attitudes Regarding Europe's Poor, 1450-1700 - Between 1450 and 1700, attitudes toward the European poor changed dynamically, roughly following a three-part cycle. In the late 1400's, the poor were regarded with sympathy and compassion; generous aid from both public and religious institutions was common. By the 16th Century, however, the poor were treated with suspicion and harsh measures, to ensure that they were not becoming lazy, using welfare as a substitute for labor. Beginning in the 17th Century, the attitudes toward the poor again shifted, returning to more sympathetic views and responses, though many members of the upper-class still retained the negative outlook on the destitute of the 16th Century....   [tags: European History] 675 words
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Battle of a Continent: the Plains of Abraham - In the early 18th century, New France prospered in terms of population and agricultural production. After the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 which ended the War of the Spanish Succession, France was poised to make a decision at the bargaining table with the victor's of Britain. The contents of the cease fire also included the relinquishment of lands and France, who lost the war considerably, gave up Acadia and Île Ste. Jean only to keep the far eastern port of Louisbourg (Wikipedia, 2004). The habitant of New France heard of this and remained incognito for the moment, only to wait and see what Britain would do next....   [tags: European History] 1384 words
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The Third French Republic - In the years from 1871 to 1914, France saw many social changes, economic and cultural, under the new government of the Third Republic. France experienced the modernization of its rural areas, the centralization of the state, and the emergence of a mass media culture. Furthermore, internationally France was heavily involved in the European race to imperialize in Africa and Asia. political participation in the international arena, which at the time was heavily involved in the race for imperial expansion in Africa and Asia....   [tags: European History] 601 words
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The Collapse of the Greenland Norse - In Jared Diamond’s novel 'Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed' he discusses many civilizations that moved away from their homelands, grew in population, and then either failed or succeeded in their new environments. Throughout this essay I will attempt to explain the Collapse of the Greenland Norse, one of the many societies to rise and fall. The Greenland Norse faced multiple challenges including economical, agricultural, and unfriendly neighbors. Alongside Greenland other North Atlantic islands faced geographical challenges that lead to some of their falls as well....   [tags: european history] 755 words
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The Influence of Enlightenment Ideas - The ideas from the Enlightenment and its thinkers greatly influenced the world today, everything from our ideas of modern government to our view of everyday life. Important Enlightenment philosophes such as Locke, Montesquieu, Hobbes and Voltaire established controversial ideas and theories on human nature, natural rights, and how government should be run and which form of it was superior. These ideas were all never even thought of before, and shattered many of the previous notions of ideas, such as ideas of how to run government, that had already been established and taken as a standard for several hundreds of years....   [tags: European history] 735 words
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The Revolutions of 1848 - The revolution of 1848 encompassed many of the European countries. The revolutions sweeping across Europe included Germany, Italy, and France, excluding Russia and England. Many historians refer to the year of 1848 as, “The Year of Revolutions”, because of how the revolts spread throughout Europe. The question is which political groups were the influence behind this revolution and what were the causes of the revolution. The revolution united many diverse groups of people; they were able to put aside their differences to move toward the greater good of the society as a whole....   [tags: European History ]
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Can the Rise of Hitler Be Explained on Purely Economic Grounds? - Can the rise of Hitler be explained on purely economic grounds. The end of WWII proved to the world that Adolf Hitler's power in Germany was extraordinary and defeat less. Historians have plucked apart Hitler's life trying to find an explanation for his rise to power that took place in the 19th and 20th centuries of Germany. It has been thought that the course of Germany's history would have been drastically different if in fact Germany had won WWI. Is it right to make such a bold statement regarding an era that produced the worst genocide the world has ever seen....   [tags: European History] 772 words
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Irish Famine - The Irish Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847. Many people depended on potato crops to survive; however [comma] the potato crops acquired blight, a disease that caused the potatoes to rot while still in the ground. No good crops could be grown for two years [comma] causing Irish tenant farmers unable to pay rent and was forced off their land causing over 21,000 people to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine caused many people to leave Ireland to seek work overseas in areas such as England and America....   [tags: European History ]
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