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Ethnography - Ethnography Introduction Beginning with the early stages of savagery to the complex civilizations in the 21st century, the need to compete remains an important aspect in the continual evolution of mankind. Competition took various forms throughout history from the bloody attempts to kill a mammoth in order to provide nourishment, to the violent battles between two opposing sides taking place on college football fields every Saturday afternoon. Another form of competition involving severe contact on a scale par with football is the sport of rugby....   [tags: Ethnography] 4063 words
(11.6 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity has recently been designated as an indicator of postmodernism in anthropological texts. In this context, the practice is attacked as self-indulgent narcissism, but its true scope reaches much further. While some ethnographic texts exhibit an overemphasis on the author, and his position within the work, this is one extreme of the range reflexivity, which also serves as a methodological tool, unincorporated into the writing, and as a means to account for the ethnographers biases and affects on his informants....   [tags: Ethnography Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1202 words
(3.4 pages)
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Ethnography - Inter-team Conflict with the Coach - Ethnography - Inter-team Conflict with the Coach Recently, two strong sophomore players quit the varsity women’s water polo team. They said that they were no longer having fun, one saying that the time commitment “just was not worth it anymore,” while the other said that playing polo at Oxy was making her more and more unhappy.” Earlier in the season, one of the players who was named first team All American and MVP of the National Tournament, also almost quit the team for good. Again, her reasoning was that the game was not fun for her anymore....   [tags: Ethnography]
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5311 words
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Ethnography - Ethnography One of the most complex and interesting aspects of cultural anthropology is the ethnography. The idea of being able to read stories about groups of individuals is something that is intriguing to many people. With the ethnography, the authors many times feel that they have control and understanding over the individuals that they are writing about. Furthermore, many of these authors assume that the individuals among whom they are living and studying exemplify the entire society as a whole....   [tags: Writing Literature Essays]
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1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity is a qualitative method of research that takes an ethnography one step further, displaying the personal thoughts and reflections of the anthropologist on his informants. Ethnographies generally take an outside or foreign perspective of a culture, like reading a text, and reflexivity introduces a new component of inside description. Here, the anthropologist may describe personal interactions and experiences with natives and use this inside information to make additional conclusions about the people being studied....   [tags: Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1085 words
(3.1 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a way to explore universal human feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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A Look At Neo-Paganism Through Ethnography - An Ethnography of Modern Witches The growing practice of Neo-Paganism in America has caused many to turn their heads. The misunderstanding of the religion has caused many to equate the practitioners with the popular conception of typical "witches," that perform black magic rituals, satanic sacrifices, and engage in devil-inspired orgies. After many years, the Neo-Pagan community has cleared up many misconceptions through the showing that many of them do not engage in activities, and are rather participating in a religion, just as those would that participate in a Christian community....   [tags: Witches America Neo-Paganism Ethnography] 1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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Charles Marius Barbeau’s Ethnography and the Canadian Folklore - Charles Marius Barbeau’s Ethnography and the Canadian Folklore Born on 5 March 1883, in Sainte-Marie-de-Bauce, Charles Marius Barbeau is widely seen as the first Canadian educated anthropologist. He graduated from Université Laval in Québec, from his studies of law, in 1907; he never practised law. Upon graduating, Marius was awarded – as the first French-Canadian recipient – the Cecil Rhodes scholarship which allowed him to study at Oxford University where he was introduced to the emerging field of Anthropology....   [tags: Ethnography Canadian Folklore]
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3955 words
(11.3 pages)
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Writing an Ethnography - ... I must first, however, explain my choice of “postmodern” as a label for the kind of ethnography that Smadar Lavie produced in 1990 (based on fieldwork done throughout the 70’s). The aspect of postmodernism that I embrace in characterizing Poetics of Military Occupation as postmodern is postmodernism’s abandonment of the concept of an absolute truth. The definition of postmodernism offered by Josh McDowell and Bob Hostetler as “a worldview characterized by the belief that truth doesn’t exist in any objective sense but is created rather than discovered” serves well to illustrate the ways in which an ethnography can be “postmodern.” If truth is created by the person who describes it, then an ethnography can never be absolutely objective or “scientific,” ideals towards which early, or traditional, ethnographers strived....   [tags: Social Studies] 2334 words
(6.7 pages)
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Collaborative Ethnography - ... between ethnographers and informants/consultants” (Lassiter, 2008, page 73). Through having a rapport with someone allows agreements and information to be shared easily. It is important to work with colleagues and informants as it gives a broader set of knowledge, it also allows for the societies point of view and culture to be put across accurately. In Alberto Bursztyn’s book The Praeger handbook of special education (2007, page 180) he describes the transition of collaborative ethnography from anthropology to academia, stating that the use in both areas is important to the study’s “validity, reliability and overall rigor”....   [tags: Anthropology ]
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1628 words
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An Ethnography of Hunters - An Ethnography of Hunters Everyone kills, and everyone eats. Not everyone eats what they kill, but these remain two of the most intimate forms of communing with our environment, whether we recognize them as such, or not. Almost 40 000 Americans are killed each year as the result of homicidal, accidental, and suicidal uses of guns; in all, Americans wielding guns intimidate, wound, and kill hundreds of thousands every year. These were the kinds of ideas impressed upon me as I grew up in my urban Mennonite home: Guns were beasts, as were knives, arrows, spears, indeed anything could become a weapon if held in a particular way....   [tags: Animals Hunting Papers] 2666 words
(7.6 pages)
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Ethnography: Ainu - Ethnography: Ainu Worldview      The Ainu, Japan’s native aboriginal people, are very much an isolated people, living now only in the northern island of Japan, Hokkaido. They number, as of a 1984 survey, 24,381, continuing a rise from a low point in the mid nineteenth century due to forced labor and disease, and have largely left their old ways and integrated into standard Japanese society, though even the majority of those still reside in Hokkaido. The animistic religion of the Ainu is firmly enmeshed with every other aspect of the culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]
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2158 words
(6.2 pages)
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Ethnography of Performance - Ethnography of Performance During a musical performance many elements to be looked are not easily recognized by the average critic. A musical performance has multiple interactions taking place between the music, text, performers, audience, and space that all can contribute to a great performance. Overwhelming majority of the audience does not realize so much can be looked at during a single performance. At a performance by the University of Maryland Marching Band I was able to analyze the Musical Sound, Contexts of the Performance, and Interpretation of the Performance....   [tags: Papers] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research - Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research on Residential Satisfaction and Community Participation. Ethnography within its wider field of research is described as the study of people’s behaviour in terms of social contexts, with emphasis on interaction in everyday situations (Lindsay, 1997). It is further defined as research that constitutes the art and science of describing a group or culture (Fetterman, 1989). However, the specific definition that will be used throughout this work, is that of its role within qualitative research, which is summarised by Wainwright (1997) in his paper in The Qualitative Report, stating that ethnography can be distinguished as: “...the attempt to obtain an in-depth understanding of the meanings and ‘definitions of the situation’ presented by informants, rather than the quantitative ‘measurement’ of their characteristics or behaviour'; pp1....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2333 words
(6.7 pages)
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The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography - The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography Reflexivity, as I understand it, is very well named.It is the practice of reflecting upon oneself and one’s work, of being self-aware and self-critical. In anthropology, it is well exemplified by the work of Renato Rosaldo, Ruth Behar, and Dorinne Kondo, among others. In its most obvious form (or at least the form most obvious to me), reflexivity is manifest in the practice of an ethnographer including herself in her own ethnographic research---seeing herself not as an “unbiased, impartial” (Malinowski 18) observer, but as an essential and un-removable part of her study....   [tags: Anthropology Science Essays] 1389 words
(4 pages)
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Gender Importance of the Anthropologist of Ethnography - Gender Importance of the Anthropologist of Ethnography What importance may the sex of the anthropologist have on the ethnographic process. There are many factors which can influence the ethnographic process for an anthropologist, and a very important one is his/her sex. This essay will examine the different attitudes towards sex, the problems that face all ethnographers when they embark on fieldwork in a different environment to their own, as well as the problems and benefits which can arise due to the sex of an anthropologist....   [tags: Papers] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Alex's Restaurant, an ethnography - Alex's Restaurant, an ethnography The Wiseguys (scene one): *These four old guys (definitely into their late sixties, early seventies) sell cars at one of the dealerships on the boulevard. I would bet fifty dollars that they all work for Cadillac. They come in once a week, on Friday afternoons. They love me. They like to give me a hard time, ask why I don’t love them anymore, when I’m going to run away with them, etc, etc. They are caricatures of car salesmen but are obviously unaware of this....   [tags: Personal Narrative Waitressing]
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2637 words
(7.5 pages)
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Ethnography - When I was a kid my parents always took me to Nathdwara to take the blessings of Lord Krishna every now and then because my parents are so religious. So by going there several times I am also attached to that place. Actually Nathdwara is situated in Rajasthan state and I live in the state called Gujarat and in the city called as Ahmedabad. It takes six hours drive from my city to Nathdwara and this is the only nearest place where I could get mental peace. This is very important place for me and my family because it is a tradition of our family that whoever goes there gives free food to the hungry and poor people....   [tags: Personal Narrative India Hindu] 1331 words
(3.8 pages)
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Kung Life: An Ethnography by Majorie Shostak - The many ethnographies produced from the fieldwork of anthropologist, account for much of our knowledge of cultures we may consider foreign of our own. Ethnographies are often written to provide an understanding of the practices of the studied culture, thus bridging the gap between separate ways of life. Majorie Shostak is one of the well known anthropologist who attempts to do just this in her writings. During her stay in the Dobe regions of Botswana, she studied the life of !Kung women to find out if they share similar ideas to women of her own culture....   [tags: kung, geography, anthropology, ethnographies, Majo] 1014 words
(2.9 pages)
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Ethnography Reflection - ... One week after he moved in, his landlord, erected a fence around the house. Raybeck was told the fence would allow him more privacy and deter children from playing in his yard. Years later, he found out that he and his girlfriend had been seen engaging in adult activities which was not customary during the day, by the locals including children. He also made many of friends whom he would stay in touch with long after leaving. (35-36, 220, 231-235) 9. Raybeck tried to adapt to life in the village by socializing with the community, wearing local clothing, bargaining (41-45)....   [tags: Anthropology]
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2300 words
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Ethnicities and Cultural Dynamics - Ethnicities and Cultural Dynamics Imagine dining at one of the city's finest ethnic restaurants. People of all classes, races, and ages come to eat here. Located in the downtown area, Golden Dragon is known to the community as both, a great carryout or dine-in restaurant. Not only is it widely acknowledged for it’s wonderful food and services, but also for the diversity of their staff. Sometimes getting credit for having a wide range of diversity, and other times receiving critical remarks for having too much....   [tags: Ethnography]
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2089 words
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Ruth Benedict’s Ethnography of Pueblo Culture, Patterns of Culture, and Leslie Marmon Silko’s novel Ceremony - Response Piece – Silko & Benedict As noted in the response by Janet Tallman, there are three main themes concerning Ruth Benedict’s ethnography of Pueblo culture, Patterns of Culture, and Leslie Marmon Silko’s novel Ceremony. Both detail the importance of matrilineage, harmony and balance versus change, and ceremonies to the Pueblo Indians. It is important to note that Silko gives the reader a first-hand perspective of this lifestyle (she was raised in the Laguna Pueblo Reservation), while Benedict’s book is written from a third-person point of view....   [tags: essays research papers] 2351 words
(6.7 pages)
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Mini-ethnography On Gamer Culture - “Man, Fragged by the LPB Sniper again!!!” That may sound like nonsense to the average person but to the seasoned Counterstrike veteran it speaks volumes. Today, millions of people of all ages are coming together on the Internet to compete against each other in a variety of online games. The most popular of which is an online modification of the game Half-life entitled Counterstrike. Counterstrike itself is comprised of players broken up in to two teams, terrorists and counter terrorists, who then compete against each other to achieve a range of goals in a variety of levels....   [tags: essays research papers] 1960 words
(5.6 pages)
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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing - Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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Women Rights - ... This makes it easier as the female author gained access into the social setting by riding the motorcycles and that probably made the motorcyclists feel more comfortable as she participated in two riding instruction courses and bought and learned to ride a motorcycle as well. This being a bi-gender analysis, research was conducted by both male and female researchers, which provided advantages in gaining access. The female researcher’s participation provided a feeling of sisterhood to the interviewees....   [tags: Legal Issues, Ethnography, Feminism] 1763 words
(5 pages)
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The Advantages and Limits of Ethnographic Reflexivity - The Advantages and Limits of Ethnographic Reflexivity Awareness of writing choices generates an appreciation of the reflexivity of ethnographic research. Reflexivity involves the recognition that an account of reality does not simply mirror reality but rather creates or constitutes as real in the first place whatever it describes. Thus ‘the notion of reflexivity recognizes that texts do not simply and transparently report an independent order of reality. Rather, the texts themselves are implicated in the work of reality-construction (Emerson et....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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847 words
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The Key of Reflexivity - The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Fattening: The social implications on the Azawagh Arabs and the real meaning behind it - ... Popenoe indicates fattening as a process for Azawagh’s likely originating at around 1352, “The first reference to a practice resembling, the fattening I observed in the Azawagh comes from as long ago as 1352, when the Morroccan traveler Ibn Battuta witnessed an earlier incarnation of the aesthetic among a Berber group near what would today be the Mali-Niger border.” (Popenoe 2004: 33). Furthermore Ibn Battuta indicates the process as through the consumption of cows’ milk and ground sorghum being digested in the morning, afternoon and evening being mixed with water and without being cooked whatsoever....   [tags: Ethnography, Feeding Desire] 1613 words
(4.6 pages)
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Study of Communication - ... It was a part of human identity and heritage, past and what we stood for; as a first language, it was all that the phrase “mother tongue” connoted in terms of a powerful personal and ethnic identity (Burgoon, 1994: 30). Consequently, a large and continuing number of studies deal with language as a symbolic marker of ethnicity. Using a language is a social condition of being a human, not only in the Whorfian sense of affecting how the world is perceived but also in the social sense of valid communicative membership in a community of other users....   [tags: Human Communication, Ethnography of Speaking] 2740 words
(7.8 pages)
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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line - Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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1022 words
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The Power Struggle at the Occidental Child Development - The Power Struggle at the Occidental Child Development I have conducted ethnographic research at the Occidental Child Development Center where I have spent many hours participating and observing with the children of the center. I am not an outsider to this center, because I have been working with this particular bunch of children for a year, so I am well accepted when I asked to join in the games with the children. The center has a total 45 preschool students aging from 2-5 years old and seven staff members and five student workers....   [tags: Ethnography Ethnographers Education Essays]
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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research - Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology - Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology The role of reflexivity in Anthropology has changed a great deal over time. The effects of doing ethnography on the ethnographer was not considered an important mode of inquiry in the past. While inevitably, going to far distant lands and living with a culture so different from your own will at least cause the ethnographer to reflect on personal issues but most likely will cause profound changes in the way he or she will view the world. But in the past these changes were not important....   [tags: Ethnography Culture Essays] 1082 words
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Searching for knowledge: method, gloss, and the failure of information - Missing Works Cited Searching for knowledge: method, gloss, and the failure of information I. Sketching Knowledge I have a recurring nightmare that I am on my way to becoming a post-modern positivist. In the dark recesses of my inner sanctum, my constant justifications of the worth of inductive, nonhypothesisdriven, participatory, and emic-centered research finally give way under the pressure of graduate student’s dismissal of methods as unimportant and an all too often dismissal of anthropology by some given that its “just” anecdotes....   [tags: Ethnography] 4354 words
(12.4 pages)
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The Slavic World Genesis: Their Gods and Beliefs - The most interesting theme of the entire history of Russia is the period in which the formation of Russian statehood takes place. Surprisingly, the events preceding Russia’s formation are among the least studied pages of our history. Written sources telling of the times are very meager, they are mainly found in the presentation of Byzantine chroniclers, who described the events, at times, in biased and contradictory terms. Of course, Byzantines viewed the Slavs as primarily restless, warlike neighbors and they are not particularly interested in their culture, their way of life or their customs....   [tags: Ethnography]
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Book Review Essay on Elizabeth Fernea’s Guests of the Sheik: An Ethnography of an Iraqi Village. - ... 4 She further explains the difference between the two groups, but notes that the women from both sides share similar values. “Their upbringing and training, their aspirations and hopes were different, for they were from the cities, which have developed separately from the rural areas in the Middle East for generations. But as I visited back and forth between the two societies... I was struck too by the similarity in these women’s values”. 5 Thus, the first division between the people of the area is a geographical one, exacerbated by wealth and education, but not altering the strong beliefs each side espoused....   [tags: Literature Review]
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Science Of Desire Article Summary and Critique - Summary The article The Science of Desire presents ethnography and its proponents play an important role in modern business world. Author Ante began with an example, the satellite-radio war, to show how ethnography worked in business. In satellite-radio war, Sirius Satellite Ratio made a team of social scientists, designers, and ethnographers. Through studying customers’ habit of listening to music, watching TV and reading magazines, the team concluded several facts that can defeat competitors....   [tags: Article Analysis Critique] 1247 words
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Postmodernism, Deconstructionism, and the Ethnographic Text - Postmodernism, Deconstructionism, and the Ethnographic Text Anthropology 575 Postmodernism In the late 1960’s the social sciences (mainly anthropology and sociology) entered a crisis period in which traditional ways of conducting the study of the Other were re-examined in the context of their association with dominance-submission hierarchies and the objectification of the subjects of study. There was seen to be an association between Western imperialism’s objectification of the Third World and the Western ‘data imperialism’ that objectified the subjects of study....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Reflexivity - Reflexivity Anthropologists research and write. They participate and observe in order to produce ethnographies. While some anthropologists venture to “exotic” lands to study the “natives,” others conduct ethnographic research within their own culture. Despite the diverse cultures they examine and the use of a tape recorder instead of a pen and a notebook, the ethnographic process is virtually the same. Or is it. Although similarities between ethnographies exist, when it comes down to it, ethnographies differ from one anthropologist to the next and one culture to the next based on the writing techniques applied by the ethnographer, the position of the anthropologist (age, gender, class, culture), and his or her life experiences....   [tags: Enthnography Anthropology Essays]
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The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider - The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page....   [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]
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Research Methodology - ... Moreover, one of the most critical shortcomings by survey can be avoid with the real-time data instead of retrospective memory. And this approach seems to be relative cheaper and efficient than ethnography. As a result, real-time experience tracking approach will be chosen for this thesis. Table 1 illustrated the comparison of these approaches. Criteria Ethnography Survey Interview Real-time experience tracking Time Long: researchers need to be with the target population 24 hours per day for a certain period Short Short Medium: four weeks period for one research Cost High Low Medium Medium: respondents will receive 5-11 Pounds for attending the research Sampling validity Low: only limited in certain geographical area High: survey can be conducted in any area with the assistant of technical support High Medium Reliability: in terms of data consistency and accuracy High/Medium Low Low High: data collected is based on the real-time emotional response from respondents Insight view High Low High High Table 1 Methodology comparison (McGivern, 2006) Gender Age Region Socio-economic grade Marital Status Number of children at home Education M F 18-30 25-30 31-34 35-40 41-44 45-54 55-64 North Midlands South ABC1 C2DE Single Married Divorced 0 1 2 3 4 5 grade C GCSEs More than 5 grade A level Undergraduate Postgraduate Professional 37% 63% 10% 10% 12% 18% 12% 23% 15% 36% 30% 34% 74% 26% 21% 72% 7% 60% 21% 15% 2% 2% 13% 10% 29% 27% 10% 11% 3.3 Sampling: Table 2 Demographics Basically, the target population is the residents in UK and the survey was conducted covering North, Midlands and South regions with different age groups, socio-economic grades, marital status and education levels....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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Ethnographic Writing and Relationships with Research Subjects - ... Keith Bletzer calls Sterk a ‘field instrument’ and says that the anthropologist, “strives toward ethnography where self is the field instruments to learn about ‘the other’” (Bletzer 2003: 261) She explains one particular way she was able to gain the women’s trust, “Being supportive and providing practical assistance were the most visible and direct ways for me as the researcher to develop a relationship” (Sterk 2003: 6). She then continues to say, “Gradually, my role allowed me to become a part of these women’s lives and to build rapport with many of them” (Sterk 2003: 6)....   [tags: Anthropology]
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The Rave Subculture - The Rave Subculture Missing Works Cited The dizzying laser lights flashed in synchronicity with the pulsating bass of the music that bounced off the psychedelic warehouse walls. As my boyfriend and I mentally attempted to organize the chaos surrounding us, we pushed our way through the crowd of spasmodic lunatics who contorted their bodies in time with the music and lights. We located a couch in a room covered with cartoonesque, hyper-graphic graffiti. An androgynous man sat himself at my feet and began massaging my thighs, while a girl with her eyes rolled back into her head demanded that my boyfriend give her a massage....   [tags: Papers] 2616 words
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Examining the Views of Ethnographic Writers - ... 310). The mythical train, according to Fox, “…exaggerates and symbolizes all the fantastic American movement and luxury and historical ‘progress’ that has always happened just beyond the horizon of rural working-class existence, but always just within earshot…” (ibid). Fox frames Cash’s song within his experience at Ann’s Other Place, a bar he frequented in the course of field research. Because the owner failed to pay ASCAP or BMI fees she was harassed for violating the laws concerning the performance of commercial music by agents....   [tags: Music] 1170 words
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A Critical Review of Recent Developments in Qualitative Human Geography Methods - ... This technique used gives a different perspective to the reader and researcher, points and problems will be introduced that the researcher would not have thought of (Gregory et, al 2009). The online environment is an area of vast amounts of knowledge. ‘Research within virtual environments can encompass a vast range of different empirical arenas’ (Dwyer and Davies 2010). The online environment incorporates a large number of connective spaces, and enabled researchers to become involved in ‘virtual ethnography’ (Dwyer and Davies 2010)....   [tags: Geography ]
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Three Psychological Research Methods - ... Here, this method of psychological research proves to be reliable to a certain point as the validity of the data collected measures what it is supposed to measure, although the participants were not given a ‘neutral response’ option on the scale (McAvoy 2010). The main advantages of using questionnaires for psychological research are that they can be practical, quick, cost-effective, and objective and can also be collected from a large number of people relatively easily. Questionnaires can have data that can be easily quantified and this data can be used to compare and contrast other research....   [tags: Psychology]
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Anthropology - Anthropology Anthropology what a vulnerable observer you are. You may well have to jump into the arms of the scientists if you are going to try to keep your grass hut at the academy. -- Ruth Behar Debates on the role the reflexive plague the field of cultural anthropology as postmodern critics join the bandwagon attempting to claim authority in this dubiously recognized discipline. In the borderline realm between the sciences and humanities, cultural anthropology has tried to find a niche in which it can comfortably rest....   [tags: Anthropologist Culture Essays] 1331 words
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The Influence of External Forces On Latin American Communities - ... The Runakuna tried to resist the outside forces (Allen 2002:186), but as will be seen, these forces were too strong and change was inevitable. As seen in Laughter Out of Place, many of the outside forces that affect life in Felicidade Eterna are worked into the system, such as the minimum wage and the legal system. It is nearly impossible for the poor to uplift themselves into the middle class as the distribution of income is incredibly unequal and is only becoming more so. Furthermore, without access to a proper education, aggrandizing oneself within the class system only becomes harder, and Brazil’s school system is highly segregated (Goldstein 2003:94)....   [tags: Culture ]
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Trade Union Decline and Trade Union Renewal - ... Secondly, the thesis aims to contribute to the body of knowledge on the social construction of workers’ collectivism in the workplace. It draws on mobilization theory whereby union leaders play crucial roles in the processes of collectivization. Indirectly, the research will contribute to theory development of little research area of workers’ collectivism and collectivization processes and the importance of internal union mechanism - historical factors, tradition, leadership, politics, beliefs, policies, planning and organizing, put forth by Walton et al....   [tags: Labor Unions] 539 words
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Public Schools and Education - The Great Battleground - Education - The Great Battleground A satellite passes over a suspected rebel camp in the jungle and photographs the vicinity. Nothing shows up on the imagery. They moved again. The rebels have been sabotaging facilities, setting car bombs, ambushing police forces, kidnapping tourists and locals, trafficking drugs, and reeking havoc in the region for months, but we cannot isolate their network and identify their center of gravity. Satellite imagery, communication intercepts, and other wide area searches have not provided high enough resolution to direct a strategy....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays] 770 words
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Anthropology and Social Work - Anthropology and Social Work Anthropologists like myself try to figure out why present day humans are the way they are. Meredith F. Small Female Choices Who are we. How old is the human species. Where did we come from. What do we believe and why. Is our own culture the epitome of civilization. What is reality. How have we arrived at a position where destroying the earth doesn't bother us very much. These, and many, many more are the questions that drive anthropologists to study human beings and our interactions....   [tags: Anthropology Humanity Essays]
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The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology - The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology Reflexive anthropology has pressured scholoars to recognize their own biases and look increasingly inwards when studying “other” cultures. Reflexive anthropology is a break away from the traditional study of a clearly defined “us” and “them,” that seeks to shift towards indentification rather than difference. It attempts to uncover the politics behind ethnography. Reflexivity shows how “we” are effected by “others”, and how “others” are effected by “us.” It holds anthropologists accountable for what they write, and how they represent culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 737 words
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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer - The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays] 1238 words
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Postmodernism - Postmodernism With the end of colonialism and the emergence of a seemingly new world order, there raised a demand that research be useful and relevant, indicating that knowledge for its own sake was insufficient. As a result of this, what emerged was a new focus on 'development' and 'modernization' in the form of postmodernism. In these changing times, anthropology has come into contact with a variety of evolving concepts, including hybridity, montage, fluidity, and deconstruction....   [tags: essays papers] 2623 words
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Historical Truth - Historical Truth Historical Truth. As a child sits through history class in the first grade, he or she learns of the relationship between Christopher Columbus and the Indians. This history lesson tells the children of the dependence each group had on each other. But as the children mature, the relations between the two groups began to change with their age. So the story that the teenagers are told is a gruesome one of savage killings and lying. When the teenagers learn of this, they themselves might want to do research on this subject to find out the truth....   [tags: essays papers] 1412 words
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Understanding Culture - Culture, is defined by Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, as " the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon man's capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations." People learn about culture through interaction rather than through the memorization of a text. To become fluent in any one culture you have to experience it and become involved. There are many ways that a culture can be shared among people without them being fluent in it such as through: food, customs, clothing, language, beliefs, and behaviors....   [tags: Sociology] 643 words
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Ethnographic Research - Ethnographic research is the scientific description of specific human cultures, foreign to the ethnographer. Each ethnographer has his or her own way of conducting research and all of these different ideas can be transmitted and understood in a number of different ways. Because there is no one set idea of how an ethnographer should go about his or her research, conflicts arise. In Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco, Paul Rabinow uses a story like process to discuss his experiences during his research in Morocco....   [tags: Sociology] 1402 words
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Keith H. Basso - Keith H. Basso It is rare to find a book that is as informative as a textbook but reads as easy as a short story. But Keith H. Basso is successful in creating an interesting ethnography about the Western Apache culture by using two usually overlooked topics, geography and oral history. Geography and the location of places is usually forgotten or seen as just topography, but Basso proves that geography is more than a location. It is the forgotten history of the name of a place that makes the locality more important than it seems....   [tags: Papers] 1676 words
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Introduction to Reading the Romance by Janice A. Radway - Janice A. Radway Janice A. Radway teaches in the literature program at Duke University. Before moving to Duke, she taught in the American Civilization Department at the University of Pennsylvania. She says that her teaching and research interests include the history of books and literary production in the United States, together with the history of reading and consumer culture, particularly as they bear on the lives of women. Radway also teaches cultural studies and feminist theory. A writer for Chronicle of Higher Education described Radway as "one of the leaders in the booming interdisciplinary field of cultural studies." Her first book, Reading the Romance (1984) has sold more than 30,00 copies in two editions....   [tags: Gender Sexual Politics]
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Radian6 - Marketing Research - ... LeBrun (2011 ) shows how Radian6 can save time and money compared with traditional research methods by showing how the software can quickly gather data that would take hours or even days to gather using traditional methods. Ensuring Relevance of Data The second most important case issue is the relevance of data collected in Radian6. Marketers must ensure primary data collected is "relevant, accurate, current and unbiased." Armstrong and Kotler (2011 a, p. 138) because relevance is an important factor in gaining insight into customer data (Van Herk, Poortinga and Verhallen 2005 ; Armstrong and Kotler 2011a)....   [tags: Marketing ]
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anthropology - Anthropology proves to be satisfying and intellectually fulfilling to many in the field. However, there are also many challenges and bumps in the road along the way. Napolean A. Chagnon and Claire Sterk faced many of these challenges themselves. During his fieldwork with the Yanomamo, Chagnon faced many challenges interacting with the natives. Chagnon could not practically communicate with the people until about six months after he arrived. He notes . the hardest thing to live with was the incessant, passioned, and often aggressive demands they would make.....   [tags: essays research papers] 594 words
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Anthropological Feminism in The Piano - Anthropological Feminism in The Piano   There is a moment in The Piano when the crazed husband takes an axe and chops off his wife's finger. We do not see the awful blow, but both times I watched the film the audience gasped and a few women hurried from the theater. It is a disturbing but crucial scene, the culmination of a sado-masochistic screenplay which has been condemned by some as harmful to women and welcomed by others as an important feminist work. Critics have been more nearly unanimous in their praise for The Piano, and for writer and director Jane Campion....   [tags: Feminism Feminist Women Criticism] 4530 words
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Cultural Anthropology - Cultural Anthropology Almost all cultures world wide have highly developed traditions of music and dance. According to Mari Womack, author of Being Human: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, music and dance carry much importance within a culture. "As do other artistic forms, music and dance reflect cultural and social organization. Cultural values can be conveyed in the words of a song, and the performance of a song or a dance is dependent on the social context" (Womack 226). Music and instruments are of great significance in many places world wide....   [tags: Marching Band Arts Music Dance Papers]
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What Is Anthropology? How Is It Done? - What Is Anthropology. How Is It Done. People enter the field of anthropology for a variety of reasons. Some people enter the field by accident. This means that they did not intend on becoming an anthropologist. Some people were interested in the field from the start. One person married a social anthropologist; and, after living with a group of people for two years wrote an ethnography about the people. The first story is about Adrienne Zihlman. She is a paleoanthropologist. She collects all kinds of bones; so, she can "contrive and test ideas about the origins of humans by studying the remains of living things" (Shell 1991:37)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays]
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The Path to Knowledge - The Path to Knowledge Recent ethnographies suggest that tribal cosmologies address topics of philosophical relevance and offer valuable insights into the nature of perennial philosophical problems. For example, while postmodern and feminist thought has argued that the verification of knowledge is directly related to political interests, I argue that there are other vantage points not related to such interests that serve as valuable measures for the acceptance of knowledge. Direct empirical verification of the ontological presuppositions that govern the assessment of anthropos in the context sub species aeternitatis empowers an individual to understand his or her role within culture as well....   [tags: Philosophy Papers]
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Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy - Cultural Anthropology Must be Considered when Creating Public Policy Public Policy is a field of study, which values the utility of certain programs (education, law, urban development) and then tries to distribute these gains in a fair manner. One example of this is tax breaks for a home. This tax break offers many citizens equal opportunity to own a home. These policies may sometimes be ineffective. I believe that cultural anthropology should be introduced to policy makers and analysts when creating legislation....   [tags: Political Science Public Administration]
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Getting Well at Get Well - Getting Well at Get Well In this ethnography I will take a look at the differences brought into my place of employment, a physical therapy clinic, which we will call Get Well. I explored the viewpoints of patients, therapists, and the physical therapy aides like myself on the issues of either the job or therapy. I wanted to get a look at the different ideas of patients and my co-workers because our age rages are so distinct. We treat elderly patients and students in junior high school. The different ages bring on different opinions of what therapy really is to some people....   [tags: Medicine Physical Therapy Papers]
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Culture and Race - Culture and Race Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind....   [tags: Anthropology Sociology Essays]
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Chinese Kinship Systems - Chinese Kinship Systems Works Cited Missing It would be impossible to disagree with the statement that “Chinese kinship is based on male predominance”. In fact this statement may even be under-emphasizing the control and absolute power that males wield across all levels of Chinese society. Of course, where their power initially comes from though, is through the family or termed differently the “jia”. It is this extended or ideal family that cultivates the consistent patrilineal form of control/descent and dictates that residence in said “jia” is primarily patrilocal....   [tags: China Chinese Kin Kinship Essays] 3261 words
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The Yanomamo of the Amazon Basin - Yanomamo Paper Assignment Napoleon Chagnon has spent about 60 months since 1964 studying the ‘foot people’ of the Amazon Basin known as the Yanomamo. In his ethnography, Yanomamo, he describes all of the events of his stay in the Venezuelan jungle. He describes the “hideous” appearance of the Yanomamo men when first meeting them, and their never-ending demands for Chagnon’s foreign goods, including his food. There are many issues that arise when considering Chagnon’s Yanomamo study. The withholding of genealogical information by the tribesmen, and how Chagnon was able to obtain his information is an interesting and significant aspect of this study....   [tags: essays research papers] 1467 words
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The Myths of Cultural Globalization - The Myths of Cultural Globalization Two powerful scenarios dominate the public discourse about the cultural consequences of globalization. The one very common scenario represents globalization as cultural homogenization (for example Benjamin Barbers McWorld vs. Jihad). In this scenario the culturally distinct societies of the world are being overrun by globally available goods, media, ideas and institutions. In a world where people from Vienna to Sidney eat BigMacs, wear Benetton clothes, watch MTV or CNN, talk about human rights and work on their IBM computers cultural characteristics are endangered....   [tags: culture westernization Essays] 3503 words
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World Systems Theory in Archaeology - These papers deal with the world systems theory of Wallerstien's article as well as the other specialists' criticisms on it. They bring up basically three main ideas, which first off, include the significant role of the periphery in the core- periphery relationship. Secondly, the need to focus on internal and local affects on interrelations between different polities instead of concentrating on the external and generalized role of interaction. Lastly, they demand a model that is diversified enough to allow for analyzation of various levels of interaction between different groups....   [tags: Sociology] 1434 words
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The Significance of Benin Art and Artifacts - The attitudes to towards the display of Benin Art, adopted by European museums and galleries have dramatically changed over the 112 year period since their initial acquisition. This has been for a number of reasons including the societal transition from accepting colonialism to acknowledging cultural diversity, the gradual integration and cross-fertilisation across the academic fields of anthropology, ethnography and art history and the ongoing debate regarding provenance and repatriation. The Benin artwork seen in museums around the world today was systematically plundered from Benin City by the British in 1897 as part of a punitive expedition in reprisal for the massacre of an overzealous Trade Delegation....   [tags: Anthropology, Britain] 1182 words
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Article Review: “If I Killed You, I’d Get the Kids: Women’s Survival and Protection Work with Child Custody and Access in the Context of Woman Abuse” - ... Furthermore, the most problematic were the frequent changes in staff and the availability and cost of programs (Varcoe & Irwin, 2004, p. 87). Also, problems within the system seriously impeded their efforts to protect themselves and their children, including their ability to be independent economically (Varcoe & Irwin, 2004, p. 89). Besides, the problems the women encountered were escalated by factors like language barriers, poverty, and racialization (Varcoe & Irwin, 2004, p. 90). Moreover, the use of power and control by abusive partners within relationships were extended by services like child protection services and justice systems (Varcoe & Irwin, 2004, p....   [tags: Article Review ] 1242 words
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Union Renewal in Malaysia: An Ethnographic Study of a National Labour Centre - ... Marshall and Rossman (1989, p. 54) suggested that an ideal site is where “‘(1) entry is possible; (2) there is a high probability that rich mix of many of the processes, people, programs, interactions, and/or structures that may be part of the research question will be present; (3) the researcher can devise an appropriate role to maintain continuity of presence for as long necessary; and (4) data quality and credibility of the study are reasonably assured by avoiding poor sampling decisions.” The rationale for the selection of MTUC as the research site is its national-level union leadership that represents a representative picture of the Malaysian labour movement....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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Marketing Research Tools - ... Various techniques of in-depth interviews are used, dependent upon the type of information needed. Laddering is technique used to link product characteristics with customer importance. Protocol analysis technique puts the subject in a situation in which decisions have to be made, requiring the subject verbalizes each step in the process of determining the ultimate decision, beneficial for insight in purchasing behaviors. Projective techniques place the subject in a simulated situation, which may cause the subject to display actions or responses that may otherwise not be verbalized, useful when the research topic may cause hesitation for the subject to respond honestly....   [tags: Marketing ]
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Primary vs. Secondary Research - ... Focus groups (groups meeting consisting of a fairly small group from a targeted market) are ideal for attaining information regarding new concepts and unrelated topics as they arise. Surveys (segregated technique designed to test perceptions regarding a product or service) depict quantitative data that will help in the developmental stage of a product or service. This tool is most often used regarding sensitive data. It is relatively inexpensive. Observation is primarily used at the point of sale of a product or service....   [tags: Marketing]
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Work and Revolution in France - ... However, it is my feeling that, yes, Sewell painstakingly analyzes the laborers’ movement within the context of all of France, but perhaps doesn’t relate it well enough to the beliefs and behaviors of other social groups. This is an oversight he comes to charge the workers themselves with, in regards to their inability to achieve support for their agenda from the bourgeois and peasantry. Just as the workers, Sewell’s scope is so narrowed on the lexicon of labor that he fails to encompass how other non-linguistic cues (i.e., gestures and behaviors towards other societal orders) may have affected the outcome of the movement....   [tags: History, French Labor Movement] 1231 words
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The Ethos of John Lennon - ... The “bed-ins” represent the ethos in its naivete form, while its connection to the Sinclair rally marked the realization of Lennon of its possibility. His ethos was also discussed in relation to the song lyrics, of Lennon, the extent to which “Give Peace a Chance” became a protest anthem. Two suggestions were made to show how religion might function in the Lennon community: focusing desire (Lennon as a sacred object) and forming a community (through a shared ethos and sorrow). An aspect of this paper, that warrants future study, relates to the earlier quotation from Religion Online, by Lorne L....   [tags: Religion, Pilgrimage] 1598 words
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