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Your search returned 313 essays for "Ethnography":
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Ethnography - Ethnography Introduction Beginning with the early stages of savagery to the complex civilizations in the 21st century, the need to compete remains an important aspect in the continual evolution of mankind. Competition took various forms throughout history from the bloody attempts to kill a mammoth in order to provide nourishment, to the violent battles between two opposing sides taking place on college football fields every Saturday afternoon. Another form of competition involving severe contact on a scale par with football is the sport of rugby....   [tags: Ethnography] 4063 words
(11.6 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity has recently been designated as an indicator of postmodernism in anthropological texts. In this context, the practice is attacked as self-indulgent narcissism, but its true scope reaches much further. While some ethnographic texts exhibit an overemphasis on the author, and his position within the work, this is one extreme of the range reflexivity, which also serves as a methodological tool, unincorporated into the writing, and as a means to account for the ethnographers biases and affects on his informants....   [tags: Ethnography Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1202 words
(3.4 pages)
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Ethnography - Inter-team Conflict with the Coach - Ethnography - Inter-team Conflict with the Coach Recently, two strong sophomore players quit the varsity women’s water polo team. They said that they were no longer having fun, one saying that the time commitment “just was not worth it anymore,” while the other said that playing polo at Oxy was making her more and more unhappy.” Earlier in the season, one of the players who was named first team All American and MVP of the National Tournament, also almost quit the team for good. Again, her reasoning was that the game was not fun for her anymore....   [tags: Ethnography]
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5311 words
(15.2 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography One of the most complex and interesting aspects of cultural anthropology is the ethnography. The idea of being able to read stories about groups of individuals is something that is intriguing to many people. With the ethnography, the authors many times feel that they have control and understanding over the individuals that they are writing about. Furthermore, many of these authors assume that the individuals among whom they are living and studying exemplify the entire society as a whole....   [tags: Writing Literature Essays]
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1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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A Look At Neo-Paganism Through Ethnography - An Ethnography of Modern Witches The growing practice of Neo-Paganism in America has caused many to turn their heads. The misunderstanding of the religion has caused many to equate the practitioners with the popular conception of typical "witches," that perform black magic rituals, satanic sacrifices, and engage in devil-inspired orgies. After many years, the Neo-Pagan community has cleared up many misconceptions through the showing that many of them do not engage in activities, and are rather participating in a religion, just as those would that participate in a Christian community....   [tags: Witches America Neo-Paganism Ethnography] 1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity is a qualitative method of research that takes an ethnography one step further, displaying the personal thoughts and reflections of the anthropologist on his informants. Ethnographies generally take an outside or foreign perspective of a culture, like reading a text, and reflexivity introduces a new component of inside description. Here, the anthropologist may describe personal interactions and experiences with natives and use this inside information to make additional conclusions about the people being studied....   [tags: Reflexivity Anthropology Essays] 1085 words
(3.1 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a way to explore universal human feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Ethnography - Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
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Charles Marius Barbeau’s Ethnography and the Canadian Folklore - Charles Marius Barbeau’s Ethnography and the Canadian Folklore Born on 5 March 1883, in Sainte-Marie-de-Bauce, Charles Marius Barbeau is widely seen as the first Canadian educated anthropologist. He graduated from Université Laval in Québec, from his studies of law, in 1907; he never practised law. Upon graduating, Marius was awarded – as the first French-Canadian recipient – the Cecil Rhodes scholarship which allowed him to study at Oxford University where he was introduced to the emerging field of Anthropology....   [tags: Ethnography Canadian Folklore]
:: 10 Works Cited :: 10 Sources Cited
3955 words
(11.3 pages)
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Writing an Ethnography - “In any war story, but especially a true one, it's difficult to separate what happened from what seemed to happen.” - Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried It is not only war stories that create confusion, both for their writers, and their readers, about the nature of the truth they tell. Is the truth in a “true” story what the writer experienced, or the truth of what “really” happened. If the story is about other people, is the truth what the writer sees them do, or what they think they are doing....   [tags: Social Studies] 2334 words
(6.7 pages)
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Collaborative Ethnography - Introduction Postmodern anthropology can be described as a method to write about cultures in a certain way, by scrutinizing and interpreting the information gathered. Postmodern ethnographers believe that it is the way we interpret information that must be studied and that the voice of societies should be advocated through an informant. They also believe that to do this the use of collaborative ethnography is of vital importance. Collaborative ethnography is a relationship between ethnographers and informants....   [tags: Anthropology ]
:: 11 Works Cited
1628 words
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An Ethnography of Hunters - An Ethnography of Hunters Everyone kills, and everyone eats. Not everyone eats what they kill, but these remain two of the most intimate forms of communing with our environment, whether we recognize them as such, or not. Almost 40 000 Americans are killed each year as the result of homicidal, accidental, and suicidal uses of guns; in all, Americans wielding guns intimidate, wound, and kill hundreds of thousands every year. These were the kinds of ideas impressed upon me as I grew up in my urban Mennonite home: Guns were beasts, as were knives, arrows, spears, indeed anything could become a weapon if held in a particular way....   [tags: Animals Hunting Papers] 2666 words
(7.6 pages)
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Ethnography: Ainu - Ethnography: Ainu Worldview      The Ainu, Japan’s native aboriginal people, are very much an isolated people, living now only in the northern island of Japan, Hokkaido. They number, as of a 1984 survey, 24,381, continuing a rise from a low point in the mid nineteenth century due to forced labor and disease, and have largely left their old ways and integrated into standard Japanese society, though even the majority of those still reside in Hokkaido. The animistic religion of the Ainu is firmly enmeshed with every other aspect of the culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]
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2158 words
(6.2 pages)
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Ethnography of Performance - Ethnography of Performance During a musical performance many elements to be looked are not easily recognized by the average critic. A musical performance has multiple interactions taking place between the music, text, performers, audience, and space that all can contribute to a great performance. Overwhelming majority of the audience does not realize so much can be looked at during a single performance. At a performance by the University of Maryland Marching Band I was able to analyze the Musical Sound, Contexts of the Performance, and Interpretation of the Performance....   [tags: Papers] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Ethnography - ... He told me that I didn’t have to worry, so I didn’t. He made a few more appearances in the newspaper but no one in my class mentioned it again. Then again, my fourth grade teacher Ms. Koontz had our class read the newspaper and my father was on the front page. I was even more embarrassed than the first time I had seen an article because this time, they had his picture with the article. I was so embarrassed that I called my mom to come get me from school. The embarrassment took such a toll on my life that the School Board had sent my parent’s a letter in the mail informing them that I had missed so much school and that if I had missed anymore days, I would be held back....   [tags: class, gender, social inequality, african american]
:: 1 Works Cited
2465 words
(7 pages)
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Kung Life: An Ethnography by Majorie Shostak - The many ethnographies produced from the fieldwork of anthropologist, account for much of our knowledge of cultures we may consider foreign of our own. Ethnographies are often written to provide an understanding of the practices of the studied culture, thus bridging the gap between separate ways of life. Majorie Shostak is one of the well known anthropologist who attempts to do just this in her writings. During her stay in the Dobe regions of Botswana, she studied the life of !Kung women to find out if they share similar ideas to women of her own culture....   [tags: kung, geography, anthropology, ethnographies, Majo] 1014 words
(2.9 pages)
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Ethnicities and Cultural Dynamics - Ethnicities and Cultural Dynamics Imagine dining at one of the city's finest ethnic restaurants. People of all classes, races, and ages come to eat here. Located in the downtown area, Golden Dragon is known to the community as both, a great carryout or dine-in restaurant. Not only is it widely acknowledged for it’s wonderful food and services, but also for the diversity of their staff. Sometimes getting credit for having a wide range of diversity, and other times receiving critical remarks for having too much....   [tags: Ethnography]
:: 1 Sources Cited
2089 words
(6 pages)
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Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research - Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research on Residential Satisfaction and Community Participation. Ethnography within its wider field of research is described as the study of people’s behaviour in terms of social contexts, with emphasis on interaction in everyday situations (Lindsay, 1997). It is further defined as research that constitutes the art and science of describing a group or culture (Fetterman, 1989). However, the specific definition that will be used throughout this work, is that of its role within qualitative research, which is summarised by Wainwright (1997) in his paper in The Qualitative Report, stating that ethnography can be distinguished as: “...the attempt to obtain an in-depth understanding of the meanings and ‘definitions of the situation’ presented by informants, rather than the quantitative ‘measurement’ of their characteristics or behaviour'; pp1....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Sources Cited
2333 words
(6.7 pages)
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The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography - The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography Reflexivity, as I understand it, is very well named.It is the practice of reflecting upon oneself and one’s work, of being self-aware and self-critical. In anthropology, it is well exemplified by the work of Renato Rosaldo, Ruth Behar, and Dorinne Kondo, among others. In its most obvious form (or at least the form most obvious to me), reflexivity is manifest in the practice of an ethnographer including herself in her own ethnographic research---seeing herself not as an “unbiased, impartial” (Malinowski 18) observer, but as an essential and un-removable part of her study....   [tags: Anthropology Science Essays] 1389 words
(4 pages)
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Gender Importance of the Anthropologist of Ethnography - Gender Importance of the Anthropologist of Ethnography What importance may the sex of the anthropologist have on the ethnographic process. There are many factors which can influence the ethnographic process for an anthropologist, and a very important one is his/her sex. This essay will examine the different attitudes towards sex, the problems that face all ethnographers when they embark on fieldwork in a different environment to their own, as well as the problems and benefits which can arise due to the sex of an anthropologist....   [tags: Papers] 894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Alex's Restaurant, an ethnography - Alex's Restaurant, an ethnography The Wiseguys (scene one): *These four old guys (definitely into their late sixties, early seventies) sell cars at one of the dealerships on the boulevard. I would bet fifty dollars that they all work for Cadillac. They come in once a week, on Friday afternoons. They love me. They like to give me a hard time, ask why I don’t love them anymore, when I’m going to run away with them, etc, etc. They are caricatures of car salesmen but are obviously unaware of this....   [tags: Personal Narrative Waitressing]
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2637 words
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Ethnography - When I was a kid my parents always took me to Nathdwara to take the blessings of Lord Krishna every now and then because my parents are so religious. So by going there several times I am also attached to that place. Actually Nathdwara is situated in Rajasthan state and I live in the state called Gujarat and in the city called as Ahmedabad. It takes six hours drive from my city to Nathdwara and this is the only nearest place where I could get mental peace. This is very important place for me and my family because it is a tradition of our family that whoever goes there gives free food to the hungry and poor people....   [tags: Personal Narrative India Hindu] 1331 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Slavic World Genesis: Their Gods and Beliefs - The most interesting theme of the entire history of Russia is the period in which the formation of Russian statehood takes place. Surprisingly, the events preceding Russia’s formation are among the least studied pages of our history. Written sources telling of the times are very meager, they are mainly found in the presentation of Byzantine chroniclers, who described the events, at times, in biased and contradictory terms. Of course, Byzantines viewed the Slavs as primarily restless, warlike neighbors and they are not particularly interested in their culture, their way of life or their customs....   [tags: Ethnography]
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2532 words
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Visual Ethnographic Research Study - Throughout the young lives of children, there are many methods that can be used to interpret and understand their respective childhoods. We can appreciate that each child has a unique way of interpreting their childhood and through different methods, they have a distinctive way of how each of them perceive their childhood to be. One excellent methodology that children can show what they recognize about their childhood to be is with the concept of photo-voice. Photo-voice grants each child the capability of capturing visual moments through the use of photographs....   [tags: Visual Ethnography] 1515 words
(4.3 pages)
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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing - Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1614 words
(4.6 pages)
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Searching for knowledge: method, gloss, and the failure of information - Missing Works Cited Searching for knowledge: method, gloss, and the failure of information I. Sketching Knowledge I have a recurring nightmare that I am on my way to becoming a post-modern positivist. In the dark recesses of my inner sanctum, my constant justifications of the worth of inductive, nonhypothesisdriven, participatory, and emic-centered research finally give way under the pressure of graduate student’s dismissal of methods as unimportant and an all too often dismissal of anthropology by some given that its “just” anecdotes....   [tags: Ethnography] 4354 words
(12.4 pages)
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The Advantages and Limits of Ethnographic Reflexivity - The Advantages and Limits of Ethnographic Reflexivity Awareness of writing choices generates an appreciation of the reflexivity of ethnographic research. Reflexivity involves the recognition that an account of reality does not simply mirror reality but rather creates or constitutes as real in the first place whatever it describes. Thus ‘the notion of reflexivity recognizes that texts do not simply and transparently report an independent order of reality. Rather, the texts themselves are implicated in the work of reality-construction (Emerson et....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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847 words
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Ethnography Reflection - 1. Raybeck used most of the techniques on page 71 in Thinking Like an Anthropologist. He established key informants including Yusof and Mat, administered oral surveys to prostitutes, collected kin relations, and mapped the community. He also participated in the night guard (jaga) to learn the layout of the community, get to know his fellow villagers, and perform his civic duty. (26, 54-55, 62, 112) 2. Raybeck incorporated life histories and case studies as well as the semantic differential, a psycholinguistic instrument to quantitative analyze the connotations of concepts....   [tags: Anthropology]
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2300 words
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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research - Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Education - The Great Battleground - A satellite passes over a suspected rebel camp in the jungle and photographs the vicinity. Nothing shows up on the imagery. They moved again. The rebels have been sabotaging facilities, setting car bombs, ambushing police forces, kidnapping tourists and locals, trafficking drugs, and reeking havoc in the region for months, but we cannot isolate their network and identify their center of gravity. Satellite imagery, communication intercepts, and other wide area searches have not provided high enough resolution to direct a strategy....   [tags: Educational Ethnography] 770 words
(2.2 pages)
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Women's Rights - INTRODUCTION The given case, Claiming the Throttle : Multiple Femininities in a Hyper – Masculine Subculture ( Martin et al, 2006 ) is a re-inquiry of Schouten and McAlexander’s (1995) ethnography of Harley – Davidson owners that deals with issues of feminism in a hyper – masculine subculture. This case focuses on the liberalization and the sense of achievement and equality gained by women on the usage of motorcycles through the voices of women riders....   [tags: Legal Issues, Ethnography, Feminism] 1763 words
(5 pages)
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Fattening: The social implications on the Azawagh Arabs and the real meaning behind it - Throughout the ethnography, “Feeding Desire” written by Rebecca Popenoe, we see one consistent theme that is brought up time and time again – women and the fattening of them to obtain a desired look. From the perspective of a Western third party, the idea of fattening to appear beautiful/appealing seems ridiculous. It simply makes little sense because fattening, is incredibly unhealthy, something that is recognized in Western culture and at the same time we prefer women to be as fit as possible....   [tags: Ethnography, Feeding Desire] 1613 words
(4.6 pages)
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Study of Communication - Studies on Human Communication The past century has been an enormously productive one in regard to the analysis and description of human communication. Building on the ideas of Ferdinand de Saussure, early structuralists delineated the phonological and morphological building blocks of speech by refining and applying the concepts of the phoneme and the morpheme. In addition to the rigorous description of hundreds of indigenous languages, anthropological linguists using this body of data worked on the problem of language histories and the division of current languages into families of related languages with the concomitant contribution to cultural history....   [tags: Human Communication, Ethnography of Speaking] 2740 words
(7.8 pages)
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Ethnography on Cambodian Americans - ... (Serpa) While the Cambodian culture itself is more feminine there is a high level of respect paid to the men of the household. The father or oldest child is seen as the head of the family. The mother is often perceived as a subordinate figure. (Serpa) In America women do work outside of home nowadays but in blue collar jobs such as salons, teachers, photographers and working in restaurants. People will often work in the family business and those who want to change their lives work very hard to do so....   [tags: Culture, Traditions, History, America]
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The Key of Reflexivity - The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line - Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
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The Power Struggle at the Occidental Child Development - The Power Struggle at the Occidental Child Development I have conducted ethnographic research at the Occidental Child Development Center where I have spent many hours participating and observing with the children of the center. I am not an outsider to this center, because I have been working with this particular bunch of children for a year, so I am well accepted when I asked to join in the games with the children. The center has a total 45 preschool students aging from 2-5 years old and seven staff members and five student workers....   [tags: Ethnography Ethnographers Education Essays]
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Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology - Reflexivity and Modern Works of Anthropology The role of reflexivity in Anthropology has changed a great deal over time. The effects of doing ethnography on the ethnographer was not considered an important mode of inquiry in the past. While inevitably, going to far distant lands and living with a culture so different from your own will at least cause the ethnographer to reflect on personal issues but most likely will cause profound changes in the way he or she will view the world. But in the past these changes were not important....   [tags: Ethnography Culture Essays] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
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Experience of an Immigrant - When I was deliberating topics for my case study ethnography report I was inspired to examine some one very close to me who is "undocumented", someone whose experience I have seen first hand, some one who has affected my life and understanding of immigrants with his situation; my partner, Mario. This class has exposed us to many writings on the subjects of migration, immigration and emigration. I began to compare the concepts and information in the readings to Mario’s personal situation. I was curious if his answer would be "In search of a better life" when asked, "Why did you come here?" By offering personal insights and experiences regarding his/our situation I would like to discuss issues directly related to the expected learning outcomes that the course Migration and Culture had put forth in the beginning of the semester, including: patterns, transnational events, understanding why people migrate and impacts on the host and home communities of the migrants....   [tags: Case Study Ethnography Report] 2166 words
(6.2 pages)
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Ruth Benedict’s Ethnography of Pueblo Culture, Patterns of Culture, and Leslie Marmon Silko’s novel Ceremony - Response Piece – Silko & Benedict As noted in the response by Janet Tallman, there are three main themes concerning Ruth Benedict’s ethnography of Pueblo culture, Patterns of Culture, and Leslie Marmon Silko’s novel Ceremony. Both detail the importance of matrilineage, harmony and balance versus change, and ceremonies to the Pueblo Indians. It is important to note that Silko gives the reader a first-hand perspective of this lifestyle (she was raised in the Laguna Pueblo Reservation), while Benedict’s book is written from a third-person point of view....   [tags: essays research papers] 2351 words
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Mini-ethnography On Gamer Culture - “Man, Fragged by the LPB Sniper again!!!” That may sound like nonsense to the average person but to the seasoned Counterstrike veteran it speaks volumes. Today, millions of people of all ages are coming together on the Internet to compete against each other in a variety of online games. The most popular of which is an online modification of the game Half-life entitled Counterstrike. Counterstrike itself is comprised of players broken up in to two teams, terrorists and counter terrorists, who then compete against each other to achieve a range of goals in a variety of levels....   [tags: essays research papers] 1960 words
(5.6 pages)
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Ethnography of Shopping: Scoop versus Century 21 - ... Some of these types of ‘treat’ stores may function as destination locations. While Scoop does not have the ambiance of a sprawling Marks & Spencer, its spare, clean location is designed to delight the eye in a different manner. The cool, minimalist and spacious area of Scoop is designed to provide a shelter for the consumer from the hustle and bustle of the exterior world. In contrast, Century 21’s chaotic layout, featuring piles of clothing on tables, fosters a free-for-all atmosphere. Clothing stores like Scoop often present themselves as shelters for the female consumer from the hustle and bustle of their everyday lives....   [tags: Stores, Deals, Century 21] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Elizabeth Fernea’s Guests of the Sheik: An Ethnography of an Iraqi Village - "You arrive at a village, and in this calm environment, one starts to hear echo." -- Yannick Noah The writings of various ethnographers and anthropologists are intended to inform and educate the reader by imparting awareness and understanding of unexplored cultures. The value of such a work is directly related to the author’s familiarity with the culture. For instance, an individual intimately acquainted with a situation have different insights, but also different biases than an outsider....   [tags: Literature Review]
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Historical Re-Interpretations: Writing/Re-Writing of Ethnography and Historiography - ... This is similar to feminist writers which abide by patriarchic rules for academic writing. Spivak juxtaposes the claims of Michel Foucault and Giles Deleuze to speak for the disenfranchised and how this in turn can paradoxically silence the Sub-Altern by claiming to represent and speak for their experiences. In Northeast India there amalgamates diverse ethnic and religious groups having different beliefs and customs. However, the land has been plagued by problems like unchecked militancy, insurgency, ethnic riots and killings etc.These rapidly suffusing violence has disrupted and paralyzed normal life....   [tags: Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge]
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2546 words
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Power Structures Subjugate People of Difference to Maintain Authority - ... The anthropologist makes the ideal candidate for criticism as the man who claims to study man and culture pretending not to be human; “them always stands on the other side of the hill, naked and speechless, barely present in its absence” (Minh-ha 2008:67). One of her main contention is representation as she encourages the anthropologist to tell it like it is, tell the story the way they tell it instead of imposing structures of meaning because “the story circulates like a gift; an empty gift which nobody can lay claim to by filling it to taste, yet can never truly possess” (Minh-ha 2008:2)....   [tags: feminism, racial issues, ethnography]
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Ethnographic Research Design - ... 473). In addition, a characteristic of realist ethnographies as the name itself describes it provides real and authentic information regarding the cultural groups. Providing real and factual information is possible because the report is in third person and it is written using a neutral tone while discussing the observations of the cultural group thus lacking “personal bias, political goals, and judgment” (Creswell, 2008, p. 475). Because research is known for influencing policy making, researchers may find it difficult to use a neutral tone when presenting the findings of research in their final report, however by leaving the data in its raw form and undisturbed in cultural group studies provides a better insight of the patterns observed....   [tags: ethnographic design]
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1163 words
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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer - The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays] 1238 words
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Examining the Views of Ethnographic Writers - The ethnography of musical performance poses many complex problems to ethnomusicologists. In exploring issues of fieldwork and representation, ethnomusicologist Michelle Kisliuk argues that, “the focus on field ethnography is clearly essential to performance ethnography” (1997, p. 41). Kisliuk outlines three interdependent questions, two of which I wish to examine here. Her first question considers the concept and location of the “field” as used in fieldwork; her second examines the language employed in ethnographic descriptions....   [tags: Music] 1170 words
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Postmodernism, Deconstructionism, and the Ethnographic Text - Postmodernism, Deconstructionism, and the Ethnographic Text Anthropology 575 Postmodernism In the late 1960’s the social sciences (mainly anthropology and sociology) entered a crisis period in which traditional ways of conducting the study of the Other were re-examined in the context of their association with dominance-submission hierarchies and the objectification of the subjects of study. There was seen to be an association between Western imperialism’s objectification of the Third World and the Western ‘data imperialism’ that objectified the subjects of study....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Ethnographic Writing and Relationships with Research Subjects - Anthropologists conduct research in order to answer specific questions about a particular group of people and their culture. Most anthropologists use fieldwork to collect their data, which is then interpreted within their ethnographic writing. When collecting their data, anthropologists use many different approaches such as developing relationships with their informants, but do not illustrate these relationships in their actual writing. Anthropologists Claire E. Sterk and Philippe Bourgois are two of the anthropologists that emphasize their relationships and the importance of gaining trust of their informants in their perspective articles studied....   [tags: Anthropology]
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Ethnographic Research - Ethnographic research is the scientific description of specific human cultures, foreign to the ethnographer. Each ethnographer has his or her own way of conducting research and all of these different ideas can be transmitted and understood in a number of different ways. Because there is no one set idea of how an ethnographer should go about his or her research, conflicts arise. In Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco, Paul Rabinow uses a story like process to discuss his experiences during his research in Morocco....   [tags: Sociology] 1402 words
(4 pages)
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Ethnographic Interests of Xenophon - ... Proxenus of Boeotia had a good quality of praising his men when they did well, but not to those who did wrong, and yet he failed to arouse his soldiers with respect or fear since they regarded him as easy to manipulate. Lastly, Meno of Thessaly was the worst example of all generals because he would achieve his goals with perjury, lies and deceit. Xenophon had focused primarily on the qualities as a leader. Interestingly, he studied them very well that he seems to establish a standard for what leadership ought to be....   [tags: Greek Military, Tactics, Athens] 1292 words
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An Analysis of the Ethnographic Conceptual Framework - The ethnographic conceptual framework examines group classifications and relationships and their effects on individuals. These classifications can represent a variety of groups from people with different ethnic backgrounds to nurses on different units. There are benefits and disadvantages to grouping people and classifying their actions; there is a risk of stereotyping people but there is also the possibility of gaining a better understanding of an individual. In this paper, I will explore the strengths and weaknesses of using the ethnographic conceptual framework by investigating applications of the framework....   [tags: Sociology]
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1312 words
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An Ethnographic Study of Social Change in Amish Society - An Ethnographic Study of Social Change in Amish Society On March 23, 1998, I carried out an interview and field observation to confirm a previous hypothesis on Amish social change and survival. I hypothesized, based on library research and personal experience, that Amish society was not static but dynamic and affected by many factors such as economics and cultural survival. In order to check the validity of my hypothesis I arranged to spend a full Sunday (March 23, 1998), with an Amish family....   [tags: Religion Culture Heritage Papers]
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Reflexivity - Reflexivity When an ethnographer examines a group of people, she is influenced by her position and understanding of her own culture. Before an ethnographer even begins her research, her opinion is effecting the process of selecting a topic. For instance, Anthropology’s most commonly known researcher Bronslow Malinowsky wrote the Argonauts of the Western Pacific. He did not choose to study a culture similar to his own because of the interest he had in the ‘exotic’. His preferences told him to pick a more remote group of people, the Trobriand Islanders....   [tags: Renato Resaldo Ethnographer Anthropology Essays] 1135 words
(3.2 pages)
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Ethnographic study - This essay is an ethnographic study of Whole Foods Market which is located in Kensington, London. Whole Foods Market is a niche supermarket that sells high quality organic and natural products at high prices. In this essay, I will provide a brief orientation of ethics with regards to the concepts of Corporate Social Responsibility - macroethics and Business Ethics - microethics and the theoretical frameworks of consequentialism, deontology and virtue ethics. I will be using deontology framework in ethics devised by Immanuel Kant to assess if the marketing strategy and the products sold at Whole Foods Market support their principle of ‘organic and natural’....   [tags: Analysis, Whole Foods Market] 2123 words
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Ethnographic Paper - Ethnographic Paper The Pleasure of Pain These days anything can be considered art. The structure of a building, the human body, music on the radio, love, Versaci’s new line of winter, and pretty transvestites walking down the street are just a few of hundreds of thousands of examples. That kind of art is overrated. Most of these only exist because of society. As people grow and change so does the values and traditions that they are accustomed to. True art hangs on the walls of museums all over the world....   [tags: essays papers]
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Science Of Desire Article Summary and Critique - Summary The article The Science of Desire presents ethnography and its proponents play an important role in modern business world. Author Ante began with an example, the satellite-radio war, to show how ethnography worked in business. In satellite-radio war, Sirius Satellite Ratio made a team of social scientists, designers, and ethnographers. Through studying customers’ habit of listening to music, watching TV and reading magazines, the team concluded several facts that can defeat competitors....   [tags: Article Analysis Critique] 1247 words
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Ethnographic study at McDonalds - This essay focuses on the topic of globalization, taking along several other factors with it. Increasingly in the world, it becomes obvious that the globalization is affecting almost all the businesses of the world. Every market in some way or the other is following the principles of globalization. For example, McDonalds is a chain of restaurants working in collaboration to deliver their customers with the best product and to achieve this McDonalds follows the concepts of globalization. This essay will discuss anc ethnographic study at McDonalds examining whether it confirms or denies the claims made about globalization....   [tags: globalization]
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Ethnographic Experience with Chinese - ... They provided a shoe rack where everyone already placed their shoes. I took mine off and placed them on the rack. After greeting me, the mother and daughter disappeared into the kitchen. The father guided me to the dining table and explained that dinner was almost ready. We sat at a round table that had a large wall hanging of Buddha. The daughter brought out some tea which she served first to her father and then me. The daughter went back to the kitchen. After a few minutes the mother and daughter emerged carrying large plates of food....   [tags: stereotype, chinese culture]
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1005 words
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Cultural Anthropology and Ethnographic Fieldwork - Cultural Anthropology and Ethnographic Fieldwork James P. Spradley (1979) described the insider approach to understanding culture as "a quiet revolution" among the social sciences (p. iii). Cultural anthropologists, however, have long emphasized the importance of the ethnographic method, an approach to understanding a different culture through participation, observation, the use of key informants, and interviews. Cultural anthropologists have employed the ethnographic method in an attempt to surmount several formidable cultural questions: How can one understand another's culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Papers]
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Research Methodology - 3. Methodology: 3.1 Introduction: The study for this thesis will be exploratory research using secondary data collected by the communication agency, MESH Planning. The agency developed an innovative approach called ‘real-time experience tracking’, which involves three stages of data collection. And both qualitative and quantitative data will be collected and used in this context in order to get an insight of critical incidents. This section will start with a comparison of three possible methodologies for data collection: ethnography, survey (or interview) and real time experience tracking....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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Reflexivity - Reflexivity Anthropologists research and write. They participate and observe in order to produce ethnographies. While some anthropologists venture to “exotic” lands to study the “natives,” others conduct ethnographic research within their own culture. Despite the diverse cultures they examine and the use of a tape recorder instead of a pen and a notebook, the ethnographic process is virtually the same. Or is it. Although similarities between ethnographies exist, when it comes down to it, ethnographies differ from one anthropologist to the next and one culture to the next based on the writing techniques applied by the ethnographer, the position of the anthropologist (age, gender, class, culture), and his or her life experiences....   [tags: Enthnography Anthropology Essays]
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A Critical Review of Recent Developments in Qualitative Human Geography Methods - “Qualitative research is used to gain insight into people’s attitudes, behaviour, value systems, concerns, motivation, aspirations, cultures or lifestyles.” (Ereaut G. 2007) Human Geographers continue to adopt backbone qualitative methods of qualitative research including the study of texts, the conduction of interviews, engagement in ethnography and the use of focus groups. Davies and Dwyer (2007) contend there are changes in the way they (qualitative research) are being conceived and carried out, and related to this there are transformations in the way these methods are being used to make claims to understanding and intervening in the world (Davies and Dwyer 2007)....   [tags: Geography ]
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Three Psychological Research Methods - Methods used in psychological research are used to obtain quantitative or qualitative data. Quantitative data is more often than not derived from methods such as experiments and statistics analysing data using surveys, questionnaires and interviews. Qualitative data tends not to be aimed at finding exact measurements in its findings, but is more concerned with evidence collection and analysis through practices such as observation and ethnography (using observations through involvement in activities over a period of time) (Brownlow 2011)....   [tags: Psychology]
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The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider - The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page....   [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]
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Trade Union Decline and Trade Union Renewal - 1.5 Research Aims Firstly, the aim of the study is to contribute to the debates in comparative industrial relations on the nature and extent of trade union decline and trade union renewal. It will employed an ethnographic study of MTUC, a national labour centre that is slowing becoming an active political actor with broader aggregation of political and social interest in Malaysia. The thesis is going to investigate types of strategic choices taken by MTUC and explores the external and internal factors that explained the choices....   [tags: Labor Unions] 539 words
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Experiences of International Students in the UK - ... By choosing this setting it allows me to get a true idea of how students would usually act in a setting which is comfortable and relaxed so that I can observe everyday tasks being carried out. Material culture is fundamental to ethnography as it shapes the ethnographic setting and can affect how the participants behave (Miller, 2002). As I am conducting a covert study I will not have permission to take photographs of my participants to capture the material culture. This could also reveal the aims of the project....   [tags: diversity, university, culture, education, English]
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The Influence of External Forces On Latin American Communities - No person, community, place, or culture exists in a vacuum, immune to the influence of outside forces; the effect of these forces is pervasive. This holds true in communities worldwide, including two in Latin America – Felicidade Eterna, Brazil and Sonqo, Peru. Donna Goldstein’s ethnography on Felicidade Eterna, Laughter Out of Place, demonstrates how life in a Brazilian shantytown is the direct result of a wide variety of external forces, such as history, government policies, and the class system....   [tags: Culture ]
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Use of Qualitative and Quantitative Research in New Product Development - ... A type of qualitative research is the focus group. In this scenario, a group of individuals (based on demographics and psychographics) are assembled to provide their thoughts, ideas, values and attitudes regarding a product, service or other area. Topics are raised with questions involving an interchange of information between participants. Focus groups are one way of obtain important information from customers about new products in the early phase of new product development to ensure inclusion optimal features (for benefits.) The results of the focus groups can assist with a decision whether or not to add a new product to a company’s existing offerings....   [tags: product management]
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The Rave Subculture - The Rave Subculture Missing Works Cited The dizzying laser lights flashed in synchronicity with the pulsating bass of the music that bounced off the psychedelic warehouse walls. As my boyfriend and I mentally attempted to organize the chaos surrounding us, we pushed our way through the crowd of spasmodic lunatics who contorted their bodies in time with the music and lights. We located a couch in a room covered with cartoonesque, hyper-graphic graffiti. An androgynous man sat himself at my feet and began massaging my thighs, while a girl with her eyes rolled back into her head demanded that my boyfriend give her a massage....   [tags: Papers] 2616 words
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Radian6 - Marketing Research - Introduction The purpose of this report is to provide information about Radian6's social media monitoring software and the use of their software to manage marketing information. The primary focus of this report is to analyse key issues that face marketing researchers in relation to the use of Radian6's software, and to provide recommendations to marketers who are considering using the software to gather marketing information and engage customers. This report is made up of four key issues: choosing the right tools to gather primary data, ensuring relevance of netnographic data, gaining insight into data and using market data to help manage customer relationships ....   [tags: Marketing ]
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Anthropology - Anthropology Anthropology what a vulnerable observer you are. You may well have to jump into the arms of the scientists if you are going to try to keep your grass hut at the academy. -- Ruth Behar Debates on the role the reflexive plague the field of cultural anthropology as postmodern critics join the bandwagon attempting to claim authority in this dubiously recognized discipline. In the borderline realm between the sciences and humanities, cultural anthropology has tried to find a niche in which it can comfortably rest....   [tags: Anthropologist Culture Essays] 1331 words
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Carol Stack’s Call to Home - ... In addition, it is clear that African American families are matrifocal and matriarchal. Matrifocality is present in Burdy’s Bend – Miss Pearl is a great example – (Stack, 1996), in the film The Language You Cry In, and as discussed in Dr. Stevenson’s in class lecture (J. Stevenson, personal communication, November 18, 2013). The community members in Burdy’s Bend, all knew they could count on Miss Pearl whenever they needed help. As noted in Dr. Stevenson’s lecture, traditionally African families held high regards for mothers and all around showed great respect therefore would obey and follow their advice – as they did with Miss Pearl....   [tags: Call to Home Essay]
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An Ethnographic Study on Children’s Culture - Children spend most of their time in institutions such as schools, learning, in order to provide themselves with the education they need to make their dreams come true. Children view these institutions as a space for sociability where they can form bonds with others, outside their families, as they create and spread their own distinctive culture (McDonnell 26). As a reading buddy at Brooksview Middle School, the knowledge I acquired while there was fascinating as it allowed me to reflect upon my own experiences and relate it to what we were learning in the course....   [tags: Sociology, Childhood, Culture] 786 words
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Anthropology and Social Work - Anthropology and Social Work Anthropologists like myself try to figure out why present day humans are the way they are. Meredith F. Small Female Choices Who are we. How old is the human species. Where did we come from. What do we believe and why. Is our own culture the epitome of civilization. What is reality. How have we arrived at a position where destroying the earth doesn't bother us very much. These, and many, many more are the questions that drive anthropologists to study human beings and our interactions....   [tags: Anthropology Humanity Essays]
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Keith H. Basso - Keith H. Basso It is rare to find a book that is as informative as a textbook but reads as easy as a short story. But Keith H. Basso is successful in creating an interesting ethnography about the Western Apache culture by using two usually overlooked topics, geography and oral history. Geography and the location of places is usually forgotten or seen as just topography, but Basso proves that geography is more than a location. It is the forgotten history of the name of a place that makes the locality more important than it seems....   [tags: Papers] 1676 words
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The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology - The Devlopment of Reflexive Anthropology Reflexive anthropology has pressured scholoars to recognize their own biases and look increasingly inwards when studying “other” cultures. Reflexive anthropology is a break away from the traditional study of a clearly defined “us” and “them,” that seeks to shift towards indentification rather than difference. It attempts to uncover the politics behind ethnography. Reflexivity shows how “we” are effected by “others”, and how “others” are effected by “us.” It holds anthropologists accountable for what they write, and how they represent culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays] 737 words
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Introduction to Reading the Romance by Janice A. Radway - Janice A. Radway Janice A. Radway teaches in the literature program at Duke University. Before moving to Duke, she taught in the American Civilization Department at the University of Pennsylvania. She says that her teaching and research interests include the history of books and literary production in the United States, together with the history of reading and consumer culture, particularly as they bear on the lives of women. Radway also teaches cultural studies and feminist theory. A writer for Chronicle of Higher Education described Radway as "one of the leaders in the booming interdisciplinary field of cultural studies." Her first book, Reading the Romance (1984) has sold more than 30,00 copies in two editions....   [tags: Gender Sexual Politics]
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Historical Truth - Historical Truth Historical Truth. As a child sits through history class in the first grade, he or she learns of the relationship between Christopher Columbus and the Indians. This history lesson tells the children of the dependence each group had on each other. But as the children mature, the relations between the two groups began to change with their age. So the story that the teenagers are told is a gruesome one of savage killings and lying. When the teenagers learn of this, they themselves might want to do research on this subject to find out the truth....   [tags: essays papers] 1412 words
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