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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Down Syndrome"
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History of Down's Syndrome - Down’s Syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, a British doctor who first studied and described the mental disorder. He discovered the disorder in Surrey, England while working at an asylum for children with mental retardation. He called people with this disorder Mongoloids because of the physical similarities of citizens from Mongolia compared to those affected by Down’s Syndrome. Later, the term “Mongoloid” was dropped and named after John Down when Jerome Lejeune, a French geneticist who tested children with these similar physical characteristics of Mongolians, found that 97% of those tested had an extra chromosome-21, with a total of 47 chromosomes....   [tags: Down's Syndrome]
:: 8 Works Cited
1159 words
(3.3 pages)
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Educating a Child With Down Syndrome - It’s Wednesday and a mother just kissed her son goodbye as he walked into the classroom. The mother walks back to her car and proceeds to work. Her son has Down Syndrome, but attends a private school where special needs children have their own classroom. Her son Alex loves going to school to see his friends, like any child would. With having Down Syndrome, Alex has some rough days in the classroom. It’s 10:30am and Janice, Alex’s mother, receives a phone call. “Hi Janice, this is Mrs....   [tags: Inclusion Down Syndrome]
:: 9 Works Cited
3251 words
(9.3 pages)
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Language Development in Individuals with Down Syndrome - "Having Down syndrome is like being born normal. I am just like you and you are just like me. We are all born in different ways, that is the way I can describe it. I have a normal life"(Burke, C., n.d.). Where special education is concerned, one must always remember that exceptional learners are different, not less. In the following studies, the various strengths and weaknesses of the language and communication of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is reviewed and discussed. Language is defined as the method of human communication either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words, in a structured or conventional way....   [tags: Down Syndrome Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
2336 words
(6.7 pages)
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Understanding Down Syndrome - Understanding the Disease Down syndrome When an error occurs at chromosome 21 within in the genetic make of a human being, the person obtains distinct features such as slanted eyes, deeply creased hands, and a protruding tongue. At first glance this person may appear to be affected with some type of deformation, but they are often one out of the 4,000 people that are diagnosed with the disease Down syndrome. Down syndrome or DS is a chromosomal abnormality that frequently affects humans. Because the disease is genetic one can assume that it has been affecting the human body for years....   [tags: Down Syndrome, informative] 1878 words
(5.4 pages)
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Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome - Alzheimer and Down's Syndrome Down?s Syndrome, Trisomy 21, or Mongolism is one of the most common causes of mental retardation. The majority of Down?s Syndrome patients have a moderate retardation although it can range from mild to severe. Trisomy 21 occurs in about 1 in 800 live births. This incidence increases markedly as the age of the mother increases over 35. The prevalence in children born to young mothers is 1 in 1000, while it increases to almost 1 in 40 in children born to mothers over 40....   [tags: Down's Syndrome Trisomy 21 Mongolism]
:: 7 Works Cited
1439 words
(4.1 pages)
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Living With Down Syndrome - There are many different types of children with a myriad of needs in our school system. Included within this group of students are those who are diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are more than 250,000 people living in the United States with a Down syndrome diagnosis (Genetics). Down syndrome is not a hidden disability rather it has physical attributes that can make the diagnosis obvious. Furthermore, individuals with Down syndrome and their families have to cope with multiple health issues, cognitive limitations, and the stigma of having a disability....   [tags: syndrome diagnosis, mongolism, chromosomes]
:: 13 Works Cited
1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome - The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome Some people wonder what Down syndrome is. How it is caused, and how it is treated. The causes and effects of Down syndrome is when there is an extra 21St chromosome. The effects include some birth defects and health problems. The physical features are different from someone without Down syndrome. What is Down syndrome. It is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome (Crosta). Down syndrome causes problems with a person’s physical growth that vary by how bad it is....   [tags: extra 21st chromosome, birth defects]
:: 5 Works Cited
1032 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome - Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, occurs when a child is born with three copies chromosome 21, as you can see in Figure 1. This can be caused by three different processes; nondisjunction, mosaicism, or translocation. Nondisjunction occurs during the reduction of chromosomes, from 46 to 23, after the egg and sperm have combined, causing one parent to pass on 24 instead of 23. In the case of Down syndrome, the extra chromosome is chromosome 21. Mosaicism is a rare occurrence, happening “in approximately one to two percent of Down syndrome cases” (Johnson, 2013)....   [tags: health, disease]
:: 4 Works Cited
998 words
(2.9 pages)
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A Brief Look at Down Syndrome - ... Instead of 46 chromosomes, Lejueune observed 47 chromosomes in the individuals with Down Syndrome. In 2000, a team of scientists identified and catalogued each of the 329 genes on chromosome 21. It has been discovered that there are three different types of Down Syndrome, which are trisomy 21, translocation, and mosaicism. Nondisjunction is trisomy 21, the most common case. Nondisjunction results in an embryo with three copies of chromosome 21, instead of the usual two. A pair of the 21st chromosomes in either the egg or the cell fails to separate during conception....   [tags: random errors in cell division] 660 words
(1.9 pages)
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Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome - Humans are more like the X-Men then they have ever dreamed possible. Studies show that each and every single human in our species have more than two hundred mutations weaved in and out of our DNA. A genetic mutation is a perpetual change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. These mutations can occur in two different ways; they can be acquired during one’s lifetime or they can be inherited from one’s biological parents. Some mutations are absolutely harmless; these are the mutations that take up most of the typical human’s body....   [tags: mutation, chromosomes, health] 1107 words
(3.2 pages)
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Care of Child with Down Syndrome - ... Down syndrome in general is a very common given that for every 700 born babies 1 will have this disorder, and the chances increase with age of the mother (Figure 1). For unknown reasons, trisomy 21 is more common in girls than it is in boys. Diagnosis of the disease can be done different ways. Ultrasound is a noninvasive way that can detect most incidences of it during the 11th-14th week of pregnancy. If existence of disorder is possible, then amniocentesis and/or chorionic villus sampling testing can be done; these tests consist of taking fetal cells from the placenta and analyzing them for the presence of an extra chromosome....   [tags: trisomy 21, disorder, chromosome] 529 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Genetic Disorder of Down Syndrome - ... As child of our parents we reflect them. Both of their genes are in us. Maybe your grandfather had Huntington’s disease and then now your mom is beginning to show symptoms. Most likely you will eventually have huntington’s disease. Huntington’s disease is a disease that affects the central area of your brain. Causing for change in mood, trouble thinking and trouble moving.(Huntington's Disease) Since Huntington’s Disease is dominant it means that since your grandpa had it, and then your mother, you will eventually develop it too....   [tags: meiosis, homologous chromosomes, health care] 1246 words
(3.6 pages)
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Maternal Age and Down Syndrome - The Influence of Maternal Age on Down syndrome Children born to older parents are at greater risk for genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. No one knows what causes the chromosomal abnormality that results in Down syndrome, a condition according to the National Association for Down syndrome, affects one in 800 to 1,000 babies in the United States. Any woman regardless of her culture, race and socio-economic status can have a baby with Down syndrome. However, a mother’ age seems to be a unifying factor among children with Down syndrome....   [tags: Medical Research]
:: 20 Works Cited
2069 words
(5.9 pages)
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Down Syndrome and its Effects - Down Syndrome today is much different than it used to be, it has advanced in many ways. It has enabled children who are diagnosed with it to keep working hard because they can achieve anything if they set their mind to it. Down Syndrome can be a devastating diagnosis; however, parents and those diagnosed can still go on to live happy contented lives. There has been big changes for people diagnosed with Down Syndrome over the past years, but what is Down Syndrome. According to Bret Bowerman, Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by the presence of a third copy of the 21st chromosome....   [tags: chromosomal condition, trisomy 21] 577 words
(1.6 pages)
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Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder - Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]
:: 4 Works Cited
972 words
(2.8 pages)
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An Insigth to Down Syndrome - Down syndrome; what is it and how does it affect the people who have it. Roughly 1 in 800 infants born in Canada are affected by Down syndrome. Down syndrome, also called Trisomy 21, is a chromosomal disorder that is caused by an extra genetic material in the individual. It delays the way an individual develops both mentally and physically. Down syndrome cannot be prevented but it can be detected before birth. At the time of conception an infant inherits genes from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes....   [tags: Trisomy 21, Chromosomal Disorder, Genetic Material]
:: 11 Works Cited
1126 words
(3.2 pages)
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Genetic Disorders and Down Syndrome - A genetic disorder is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Abnormalities can range from a small mutation in a single gene to the addition or subtraction of an entire chromosome or set of chromosomes” (Letsou). Most individuals are either related to or know someone who is effected by some type of disability. Many of these disabilities are caused by genetic disorders. Genetic disorders may alter physical appearance and cause mild to severe mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Turners syndrome and many other syndromes result from a mutation of a chromosome, an extra chromosome, or too few chromosomes....   [tags: Disease, Abnormalities, DNA, Mutation]
:: 7 Works Cited
960 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Effects of Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome: Critically analyze the effects of Down syndrome on people and the support that is available Introduction: An individual who has Down syndrome can be recognized as different from others since he or she have different physical features, but the question is, what causes individuals to have deformed face, little different features than someone who does not have Down syndrome. The reason some individuals are born with Down syndrome is because of an extra chromosome, this chromosome, which carries number 21....   [tags: extra chromosome, awareness] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21 - ... “As for the life expectancy, it is around 50 to 60 years in the developed world with proper health care.”(1) Secondly, the diagnosis of this genetic disorder is concerned with the physical appearance and the mental abilities. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature and chin, an upward slant to the eyes, a flat nasal bridge and a single crease across the center of the palm. Nevertheless, each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual that may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all....   [tags: chomosomal anomalies]
:: 3 Works Cited
925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Music Therapy and Down Syndrome - A doctor shares the diagnosis of Down Syndrome with parents of 1 in 691 live births (NADS). Years ago, before research found the basic cause of the disorder, people with Down’s Syndrome were placed in institutions to live. Some people still believe that children born with Down’s syndrome are not capable of learning. In a group of children where all hope seems gone, music therapy has been found to be very beneficial. It can enhance physical, social. intellectual, and emotional development of the children....   [tags: Special Education ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1176 words
(3.4 pages)
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Effects of down syndrome - In today’s society more women need to be aware of the disorder that is becoming more common every year. A study shows that there are about 6,000 diagnoses of Down Syndrome each year in the United States("National association for Down syndrome"). One in every 800 babies is born with Down Syndrome (Marsh). This is a rise from the previously reported statistic of 1 in every 733, as it was reported in 2010. Down Syndrome is a common chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21("PudMedhealth")....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]
:: 5 Works Cited
1415 words
(4 pages)
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Facts on Down Syndrome - ... Prevalence of the Condition Statistics reveal that there is 71 percent increase in the cases of Down Syndrome, in the year 1989-90, the number of cases reported were1,075; while in 2007-8 the number of cases increased to 1,843. One of the main reasons for the increase in the number individuals with Down Syndrome is that women are more career oriented and are starting families later in life. Women of 40 years of age have a 16 percent more chance of having a baby with Down syndrome as compared to a woman of age 25....   [tags: chromosome, age, prevalence, knowledge] 1150 words
(3.3 pages)
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Down Syndrome Genetics Abnormality - Down syndrome is found in one in every 691 babies in the United States. (Global Down Syndrome Para 12). The abnormality in physical and mental traits of this genetic disease has made it moderately difficult for those who are diagnosed to live. Their lifestyle and their parents are more complicated than a regular human being because of the extra attention towards health and education needed. But with extensive medical care and proper techniques families are able to get through the illness. Living with Down syndrome can be lethal because of the major medical complications assorted with the disease....   [tags: health, genetic disease]
:: 3 Works Cited
908 words
(2.6 pages)
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Characteristics of Down's Syndrome - Down Syndrome is also (or formally) known as mongolism, and is the most frequent chromosomal abnormality in the United States. Over 350,000 people carry this condition. It is caused by an extra 21st chromosome. This is also known as trisomy 21. Instead of 46 chromosomes in each cell it was determined that an extra 21st chromosome affected Down syndrome, this occurs 95% of the time. There are three copies of this chromosome. It is causes by a cell error called non-disjunction. Two other types are mosaicism and translocation....   [tags: diabilities, medical, special needs] 750 words
(2.1 pages)
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Overview of Down Syndrome - “About 13 of every 10,000 babies born in the United States each year is born with Down syndrome. It affects an equal number of male and female babies” (Johnson P. A. 2014). Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that found across the world, however it is more prevalent in the United States. The cause of the disorder roots to the paring of the human chromosomes. A normal human receives 23 pairs of chromosomes, each pair coming from mother and father. In Down syndrome most people affected have an abnormal cell division of the chromosome....   [tags: genetic disorder, trisomy 21, mutation]
:: 5 Works Cited
955 words
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Trisomy 21: Down Syndrome - This person has three copies of one of their chromosomes instead of two. This is known as trisomy. The chromosome that is affected in this individual is chromosome 21. Although chromosome 21 is the smallest one humans have, it can cause a lot of problems if it is altered. This includes several kinds of cancers, such as a type of leukemia. It can also effect mental development and growth. Since this person has three chromosome 21's instead of two, this means that they have Down syndrome. It was identified as being a chromosome 21 trisomy in 1959 by Dr....   [tags: abnormality, probablity, happen] 609 words
(1.7 pages)
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What is Down Syndrome? - Down syndrome (DS) is caused by a defect in chromosome 21. (Geraldine, 2012) The genetic material located inside chromosomes influences cell growth and function. (Geraldine, 2012) DS children have three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two copies. (Geraldine, 2012) This can cause problems with immune protection, developmental delays, physical deformities, and normal body functions. (Ram, 2011) A diagnosis of DS can have overwhelming effects on both the child and parents caring for them....   [tags: Defect, Chromosome 21, Genetic Material]
:: 4 Works Cited
1106 words
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Speech and Down Syndrome - One in every 732 newborns is born with a genetic disorder called Down syndrome (DS). It is the most common cause of intellectual impairments due to the presence of an extra chromosome in the 21st pair (Cleland, et al. 2010). The severity rates vary in every individual affected, however, 85% of people with DS present with mild to moderate intellectual disorder, and a minority of individuals with DS present with severe impairment (Barnes, et al. 2009). Research shows that children with DS appear to have more deficits in expressive speech and language compared to typical developing children....   [tags: intellectural, disorder, intervention] 1923 words
(5.5 pages)
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Trisomy 2: A Gift or a Curse? - ... She stated that Sophie, her sister, is currently taking ballet with a group of children who have also been diagnosed with Down syndrome to help them strength their muscles. Due to the lack of development, people who are experiencing this disorder may have multiple health concerns such as leukemia, a heart defect, and gastrointestinal problems (Med net). How can one know if they will conceive a child with trisomy 21. As it was stated earlier, the Down syndrome disorder is genetic, but, in truth, the risk of conceiving a Down syndrome child increases with age....   [tags: Down syndrome]
:: 6 Works Cited
881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Down Syndrome - To all parents, a newborn child is a small miracle, perfect and beautiful in every way. However, in many situations the parents of these miracles learn that their children are “not normal.” Every year 6,000 parents across the country are informed that their child has a genetic disorder called Down Syndrome (“National Down Syndrome Society,” n.d.). Within a matter of minutes parents learn that children with Down Syndrome can also have a variety of other conditions and disorders, will not develop in the same way that other children do, and may even have a shorter life span....   [tags: Chromosomal Level, Trisomy 21]
:: 3 Works Cited
945 words
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Translocated Down Syndrome - Translocated Down Syndrome Translocated Down Syndrome is genetically passed on from a parent’s gene to its child (Clinical Key, 2012). In this paper we will look at a short description of what Down syndrome really is, the genetic causes of Translocated Down syndrome, symptoms, characteristics, medications, intervention programs and testing for Down syndrome while an infant is still in the womb. The effects of Down syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome. “a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21” (Dictionary.com, 2014)....   [tags: extra chromosome]
:: 11 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Development and Learning For People WIth Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome All human beings are made up cells. In every cell, there is specific DNA that contains genetic material, which makes up a person. Genes are what is responsible for our appearance, and traits. Naturally, a cell is made up of 23 chromosomes. Whenever a person has an extra copy of chromosome 21; this individual will have Down syndrome. “It's this extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with DS.” (“Down Syndrome.”). It can be inherited from one, or both of the parents....   [tags: prenatal screening, prenatal diagnostic]
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2139 words
(6.1 pages)
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Symptoms and Treatment of Human Down Syndrome - Human Down Syndrome As diseases evolves so does humans, in order to eradicate the threats of the tiny world. Dangers such as viruses and bacteria, but humans are one-step forward and develop vaccines and antibiotics. Currently, one disease humans cannot stop is Down syndrome. Down syndrome causes a person to have physical and learning disabilities. Both of these disabilities can be minor to severe. According to World of Health (2000), “physical problems include a small skull, a narrowed or flattened nose bridge, poor muscle tone, and multiple folds beneath the eyes” (para....   [tags: disabilities, chromosome 21]
:: 6 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Struggles Faced by Students With Down Syndrome - Children with Down syndrome have a hard time in life. The effects on them, makes their life a struggle. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality and probably the most common genetic condition, occurs in about one in every eight hundred to one thousand live births or accounts for about 5 to 6 per cent of intellectual retardation. Down mainly affects their learning, social, walking, talking, dressing themselves and being toilet trained and behavior. Initially, Down's syndrome was given the label of Mongolism due to the characteristics of it....   [tags: chromosomes, hearing, social] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
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Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability - While completing a course on children with exceptionalities we used the textbook “Educating Exceptional Children”. While this textbook covered a variety of exceptionalities, I chose to research one further, Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the higher prevalence of Down syndrome about 1 in 733 births ("About Down Syndrome") I believe that this may be one of the exceptionality I will have an increased chance of encountering during my teaching career....   [tags: Genetic Condition, Education, Development]
:: 7 Works Cited
1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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Bruxism, Grinding of the Teeth and Down Syndrome - Down syndrome is a learning disability which results from ‘chromosomal anomaly’ this is an error in cell division that results in the existence of a third copy of chromosome 21 known as trisomy (Down syndrome Ireland, 2013). 47 chromosomes develop rather than the usual 46; the extra gene changes the orderly development of the body and brain causing the physical and learning characteristics that are associated with Down syndrome (Irish Health, 2014). It causes mild to moderate learning difficulties, it is a lifelong condition....   [tags: intellectual and learning disability] 2270 words
(6.5 pages)
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Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability - Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability While researching exceptionalities in the textbook Educating Exceptional Children, I chose to research further into Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the prevalence of Down syndrome I believe that this is one exceptionality I will Identifying Down syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic condition which can cause intellectual and developmental disabilities. Persons affected with Down syndrome have the common will have an additional chromosome; instead of 46, they have 47 chromosomes....   [tags: identifying, education, intervention, development]
:: 1 Works Cited
558 words
(1.6 pages)
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Down Syndrome Chromosome Twenty One - Down Syndrome Chromosome Twenty One Down syndrome affects one out of 700 children born in the United States. A chromosomal disorder associated with the twenty first chromosome pair, brings a lifetime of challenges to the affected person. Down syndrome is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance and reduced muscle tone during infancy as stated by Genetics Home Reference (2013). There are three different scenarios in which Down syndrome can occur. Down syndrome typically occurs as the result of having an extra twenty first chromosome....   [tags: genetics, trisomy 21]
:: 2 Works Cited
923 words
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Society´s Problem with Down Syndrome - ... He was then handcuffed. The officers then forcibly removed the colostomy bag. This event makes many people wonder if officers would act with excessive force if an innocent citizen were under suspicion for some sort of crime. This leads into the controversy of whether or not officers should be held responsible for what they have done. The argument for the police officers is that they are simply doing what they were trained to do. To act fast and resolve a problem quickly is the way they learned how to deal with a problem....   [tags: citizen, situations, training] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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How Individuals with Down Syndrome can Prosper in Life - How Individuals with Down Syndrome can Prosper in Life Roger is a handsome blonde, blue-eyed boy but one can tell he is different from most other children.  His physical features are somewhat strange.  Roger's face is broader and his nasal bridge flatter than usual.  And his eyes, they appear to slant upward and have folds at the inner corners.  His mouth is small and the roof of his mouth is very narrow.  Not to mention his small ears which fold over a bit at the top.  Touching his hands they are tiny, his fingers shorter and his fifth finger seems to curve slightly inward.  These are all physical signs of a child with a disorder called Down syndrome, a chromosome disorder.  While there i...   [tags: Health Disorders Down Essays Papers]
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1402 words
(4 pages)
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Leadership Qualities of the National Down Syndrome Society - ... One of the most important leadership traits the NDSS possesses is respectfulness. Dealing with loved ones having Down syndrome is fairly difficult. It hits some families harder than others, but nonetheless, an organization being respectful about your situation makes the coping process a lot easier. The organization also has many smaller organizations that help promote the awareness of Downs. For example, they have young leadership events for children to become leaders in their own community....   [tags: resourcefulness, respectfulness, tolerance]
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743 words
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Parents and Children with Birth Defects: Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Every parent claims that they will console their newborn with love and affection under any conditions. But inspite of what they may say, they are still worried. After all, there have been several situations with birth defects that have caused years of frusturation and difficulties. No parent wishes for their own child to be born with a genetic mutation, but even as this is true, several children are born with it. “Down syndrome, which is a genetic condition, occurs in one in every 691 births”(Laney 5)....   [tags: chromosome 21, genetic mutation]
:: 7 Works Cited
944 words
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Basic Human Right of People with Down Syndrome - People with Down syndrome have been mistreated, terminated as a foetus, and denied basic human rights such as education and medical treatment (Smith, 2011). Why are people with Down syndrome treated differently from the rest of society. This may be due to the lack of understanding and respect given to them, therefore creating a stereotype against Down syndrome. This essay will discuss the challenges faced by people with Down syndrome, as well as the effectiveness of current policies and services available for them....   [tags: women´s risk, treatment] 1170 words
(3.3 pages)
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Does Down Syndrome Increase the Chances of Developing Leukemia? - ... According to the agency of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, despite the fact that petroleum products contribute to the majority of benzene in the atmosphere, half of the total national exposure comes from cigarette smoke. So if out want to decrease the risk of getting AML in your later years try and not smoke to help yourself. Other cases that are risks to get AML are following treatments with chemotherapy and radiation therapy from other cancers.( Howlader 2010) Some sign and symptoms that you may be developing AML are a low platelet count which can cause patients to bleed....   [tags: chromosomes, cancer, genetics] 1106 words
(3.2 pages)
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Down Syndrome Children: Is Their Play Appropriate for the Environment? - Special needs is a generic term used in a clinical diagnostic and functional development to describe individuals who require assistance for disabilities that may be a medical, mental, or psychological defect. Examples of disabilities include autism, Down syndrome, dyslexia, blindness and others. Statistics show that .14% of babies are born with Down syndrome, which is one in every 691 babies (Statistics of Children with SN). Although Down syndrome is a well-known problem and disability, professionals are trained to enforce verbal skills and symbolic play, as well as asking volunteers to participate in community involvement with special needs children....   [tags: special needs in education]
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1368 words
(3.9 pages)
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Effects of Five Life Factors on an Individual's Development - In this unit, I will be explaining how the five life factors effect the development of an individual. I will also explain how two predictable and unpredictable life events influence an individual’s development. Many events take place in an individual’s life which influences their development and these can be both positive and negative on the development. Positive events would be; getting married, having children, recovering from an illness and making friends; however, there are also many negative events that can take place such as; failing an exam, divorce, losing someone and getting an illness....   [tags: religion, down syndrome, disability]
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1401 words
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Genetically Transmitted Disorder: How to Detect Down's Syndrome - Introduction Down’s Syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is the most common genetically transmitted disorder(1), and is characterized by the presence of part of or a whole third 21st¬¬ chromosome(2). Parents of affected individuals usually do not exhibit Down’s Syndrome(3). Because it is caused by a double 21st chromosome in either of the parental gametes(4), Down’s syndrome is a chronic disease. Down’s Syndrome’s effects vary widely from patient to patient, but in most cases they are a form of mental impairment(5), in fact the average mental abilities of an affected adult are comparable to those of a child(3)¬....   [tags: amniocentesis, neurological symtoms]
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1033 words
(3 pages)
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Is it Wrong for Women to Abort Fetuses with Down Syndrome? - At some point in a woman's life, she may think of the idea of having a child. Some young girls are taught at a young age that when she grows up, someday she can have a family of her own if she chooses. When I was a child, I remember my mother and other womanly influences telling me that when I'm older, I might have a family of my own; and in result of this, ever since I was little, I have planned out how many children I want to have, and my expectations of my family life. However, while many women see themselves having children someday, and understand the process of carrying a child, some women might be in the dark about the complications that can come along with pregnancy....   [tags: termination of pregnancy when fetus is abnormal] 647 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Effects of Inclusion on Mainstream Education - In 1993 a woman by the name of Dee Begg filed a lawsuit against the school district office of Baltimore County, Maryland. She wanted her son Sean, a developmentally challenged eight-year-old boy suffering from Trisomy 21, also known as Down syndrome, to be able to attend a public school with normal children. Down Syndrome is a genetic condition in which a person is born with forty-seven chromosomes instead of the usual forty-six causing both physical and mental handicaps. Children suffering from Down syndrome will often have a smaller than usual and abnormally shaped head....   [tags: informative, down syndrome] 1330 words
(3.8 pages)
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Noninvasive Prenatal GeneticTesting Using Maternal Serum - The triple screen finds abnormalities caused by aneuploidy by testing for human chorionic gonadotropin, unconjugated estriol and alpha-fetoprotein, three chemicals found in the maternal serum. The quadruple screen tests for the same chemicals with the addition of inhibin A (Farrell). These tests are examples of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein screening that can be done on “all pregnant women, regardless of their risk of having a baby with Down syndrome or neural tube defects, serious malformations of the brain and spine” with the exception of women experiencing multiple pregnancy (Press 75, Brody)....   [tags: down syndrome, fetal abnormalities]
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1875 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Morals of Silencing Chromosomes - Chromosome silencing has led to a breakthrough in the world of Down syndrome, though it has proven to have multiple moral viewpoints that have come to be associated with it. Down syndrome is one of the most frequently occurring genetic disorders in the human population. Statistically, the chance of delivering a child with Down syndrome rises as the mother grows older. “Researchers now realize that older mothers have more babies with DS because the frequency of meiotic nondisjunction increases in women with age” (O’Conner, 2008)....   [tags: Down Syndrome, Genetic Disorders]
:: 14 Works Cited
1260 words
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Down Syndrome in Children - Down Syndrome in Children Down syndrome is one of the most common and easily recognized genetic disorders. It is caused by abnormal cell division that involves the 21st chromosome pair of the 23 pairs of chromosome found in all normal human cells. There are three types of these abnormalities, which are non-disjunction, translocation, and mosaicism. Ninety five percent of children born with Down syndrome are a non-disjunction type which is three rather than two chromosome 21s. About three to four percent of cases are because of translocation which is chromosome 21 detaches and attaches to another chromosome....   [tags: Papers] 905 words
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Children with Down Syndrome - Children with Down Syndrome Down syndrome affects many people in this world. Not only does it affect the person diagnosed as Downs, but it also affects their family and everyone around them. There are physical characteristics that help you identify somebody with Downs. There are also some health concerns that you need to worry about. In this essay I will give you a clearer understanding of what Downs syndrome is, and what it means to have Downs. Down syndrome can be caused for three different reasons....   [tags: Papers] 714 words
(2 pages)
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The Power of Music Therapy - After great practice, Josh Clark learned to spell his last name. This may not seem like a grand accomplishment, but for Josh, it is. Josh has down syndrome. He attends weekly music therapy sessions and his parents are seeing great progress. Mother said, “Within a week, he learned how to spell ‘Clark’. Without music therapy, it would have taken several weeks or several months. So how does music help Josh to learn at a faster rate than without music. Josh’s music therapist knew that Josh was accustomed with the song “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star,” so she used that to help him learn....   [tags: spelling, down syndrome]
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1161 words
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Neuropathology Of Down's Syndrome - Neuropathology Of Down's Syndrome Down’s syndrome is the most commonly identified cause of mental retardation occurring in 1 out of 700 live births. In addition to mental deficiency, characteristics of the disease include epicanthic folds of the eyes, flattened facial features, unusual palm creases, short stature, open mouth, protruding tongue and poor posture. A twenty-two to fifty fold increase in risk of the development of leukemia along with congenital heart defects in forty percent of these individuals is also seen....   [tags: Medical Disease Health Essays]
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2061 words
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Trends in Late Parenting - All across the nation couples are continually increasing the trend to have their first child after the age of thirty-five. A baby boom among older women has tripled the number of giving birth after they’re forty’s birthday. This unprecedented level is nearly three times the total of twenty year olds and up by fifty percent over the past decade (Doughty, 2010). Last year 27,000 babies were born to mothers over the age of forty (Doughty, 2010). Research has shown that there are many risks for the mother, the father, and the baby....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Down Syndrome] 1834 words
(5.2 pages)
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Down Syndrome - Karyotype is the characteristic chromosome complements of a eukaryotic species and they are arranged in homologous pairs. There are many abnormal chromosomes and some of them are Turner syndrome, Klinifelter syndrome, Edwards’s syndrome, Down syndrome and Patau syndrome. The abnormal chromosome that I was given was called Down Syndrome or trisomy 21. We could recognize this disease by looking at the Karyotype because a normal karyotype has two- 21 chromosome but in Down syndrome there are three- 21 chromosomes....   [tags: Biology Chromosome Disorders] 374 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Although many theories have been developed, it is not known what actually causes Down syndrome. Some professionals believe that hormonal abnormalities, X-rays, viral infections, immunologic problems, or genetic predisposition may be the cause of the improper cell division resulting in Down syndrome. It has been known for some time that the risk of having a child with Down syndrome increases with advancing age of the mother; i.e., the older the mother, the greater the possibility that she may have a child with Down syndrome....   [tags: Pregnancy Children Disorder Health Essays] 1258 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome People with Down syndrome are first and foremost human beings who have recognizable physical characteristics due to the presence of an extra chromosome 21. The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births. Each year approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children are born with this chromosome disorder. It is believed there are about 250,000 families in the United States who are affected by Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are usually smaller, and their physical and mental developments are slower, than youngsters who do not have Down syndrome....   [tags: chromosome disorders mental retardation] 902 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Down's Syndrome, it is one of the most frequently occurring chromosomal abnormalities found in humans effecting people of all ages, races and economic levels. It is a chromosomal anomaly in cell development that results in a person being born with forty-seven chromosomes instead of the normal forty-six chromosomes. People with Down syndrome may have mild to severe learning disabilities and physical symptoms, which include a small skull, extra folds of skin under the eyes, and a protruding tongue....   [tags: Papers] 1511 words
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Down Syndrome - Down syndrome Down syndrome takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down. He was the first person to describe the syndrome in 1866. The earliest recorded incident of someone having Down syndrome dates back to an altar piece painted in a church in Aachen, Germany in 1504. Although the syndrome is named after Dr Langdon Down, he did not understand the condition, as we know it today. The syndrome was referred to as having mongolism. This was because people who have Down syndrome have similar physical characteristics to those people of oriental heritage....   [tags: Mental Retardation Mentally Retarded] 1391 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Down syndrome is not difficult to diagnose, doctors realize physical characteristics of those with Down syndrome in the delivery room. Although these characteristics have no functional or behavioral significance, questions are normally asked about Down syndrome. Parents do not normally see a resemblance between their child an a child with Down syndrome. Mere appearance does not affect the child’s behavior at all. Though physical symptoms are visual markers of other conditions that may impact the child’s development....   [tags: Informative] 306 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome      Have you ever been in a situation where you were confronted by a child who has Down Syndrome and were unsure of how to act around that child. I'm sure many of us have experienced the awkwardness that accompanies such a situation. Many people feel guilt or pity for these children, I believe these reactions result from a lack of knowledge about the condition. Which is why I have chosen this topic.      Down Syndrome is a condition that cannot be physically passed on from one person to the next....   [tags: essays research papers]
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Down Syndrome - Sometimes when meiosis ( the division of reproductive cells ) occurs, chromosomes may be lost, left behind, or too many may be passed on, resulting in the birth of a child with a genetic or congenital defect or disease. One of the most common of these genetic disorders is Down syndrome. This disorder takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down, who was the first to describe it formally, in 1866. Down syndrome is a condition marked by abnormal physical and mental development that is caused by a genetic defect....   [tags: essays research papers] 597 words
(1.7 pages)
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Down Syndrome - Down syndrome is a genetic disorder in which a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. There are three genetic variations that cause Down syndrome: Trisomy 21, Mosaic Trisomy 21 or Translocation Trisomy 21. There are many ways in which theses disorders affect the body.  Trisomy 21 occurs when an egg or sperm comes in with an extra copy of chromosome 21, then, once an embryo is formed and starts to develop, the chromosome is replicated in every single cell of the embryo. Trisomy 21 is the most common type of Down syndrome....   [tags: genetic disorder] 691 words
(2 pages)
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome They used to be called "Mongoloids," an ethnic insult coined by John Langdon Down, an English physician during the nineteenth century. But now they are known as people, individuals with a condition known as Down syndrome. (3). It wasn't until the 1960s that Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs discovered the cause of Down syndrome (also called trisomy 21). But with technological advancements within the scientific community, more and more information has been gathered about the condition that affects about one in every one thousand children born around the world....   [tags: Biology Biological Medical Essays]
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Down Syndrome - Down syndrome is a birth defect caused by a genetic disorder that affects 350,000 people in the United States. It is caused by abnormalities in the genes and is not inherited, meaning that parents do not pass this onto their children. Genetics is the study of heredity or how certain traits are passed from parents to their children. Genes are the basic unit of heredity. Cells are the building blocks of your body and each one of us has more than 100 trillion cells. Our genes are located in chromosomes....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1123 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Trisomy 21 is caused, as the name suggests, by the triplication of the 21st chromosome. Genes which, simplified, contain the blueprints for our cellular structure, are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. Normally, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent. In Down syndrome (DS), however, the cells usually contain not 46, but 47 chromosomes. This excess genetic material, in the form of additional genes along the 21st chromosome, results in DS....   [tags: Papers] 3121 words
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Down Syndrome - Down Syndrome Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder among children. 1 out of every 1,000 is diagnosed with what is more commonly known as DS (Leshin, 2000). DS was first observed in 1866 by John Langdon Down, an English physician. However, only speculation existed on what caused this debilitating disease. In 1959, Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs discovered the true cause. It is trisomy of the 21st chromosomes that causes DS and the debilitating characteristics along with it (Leshin, 2000)....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 992 words
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Linking Down’s Syndrome and Leukemia - Many times two diseases show links between themselves. One example of a link is Down’s syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. Down’s syndrome is a chromosomal disorder, and acute myeloid leukemia is the most common form of acute leukemia. Patients who have both of these diseases have to be treated separately and differently than those who suffer from just one disease. The survival rates of DS-AML patients are exceptionally high, especially in young patients. As a patient’s age increases, their survival rating decreases, however, comparatively to survival rates of other cancer, their rates remain optimistically high even at an older age....   [tags: chromosomal disorder, genetic information]
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Pregnancy Complications: Miscarriage - Pregnancy Complications Pregnancy can be an exciting and sometimes frightening experience for many women. It was a snowy Sunday afternoon, and I was not feeling very well. I remember all week long, every morning I felt nauseated. I was craving odd foods, and foods I normally would not eat together. I was on the phone with my best friend explaining to her how I was feeling. She said “It sounds like you are pregnant.” That thought never even crossed my mind until that moment. Sure enough she was right, I was pregnant for the first time....   [tags: miscarriage, down syndrome, breech] 619 words
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Factors in Down Syndrome Life Expectancy and the Relationship of Healthcare’s Advancement - Since the discovery and categorization of Down syndrome as a separate disorder in the late nineteenth century, the life expectancy of children born with this genetic disorder has dramatically increased. As well, along this timeline, dramatic advances in science and medicine have also been observed. Specific research of Down syndrome as a separate disorder, in later research as a genetic and chromosomal disorder, has brought about increased understanding of this comparatively common birth defect....   [tags: health, disorders]
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The Effects of Down Syndrome on the Child’s Intellectual and Emotional Development - Expanding a family and bringing a child into being is a major decision. Becoming a family will change how a person thinks, acts, and looks at the world. But what if that child came into this world with development issues. A child born with Down syndrome can cause emotional issues for the parents as well as any siblings in the family. An infant can be diagnosed with Down syndrome at birth; it is one of a few disorders that portray physical characteristics which help to identify the disorder. Down syndrome can affect the child’s social, intellectual, and emotional development, which will bring challenges, as well as rewards, for the child’s parents and siblings....   [tags: emotions, chromosomal abnormality]
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1938 words
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The Pathogenesis of Down’s Syndrome - The Pathogenesis of Down’s Syndrome Down’s syndrome (DS) is the most common cause of mental retardation in the United States. It occurs with a frequency of one in 700 live births. The disease is caused by the presence of three copies of chromosome 21 as a result of chromosomal mutation (95% nondisjunction, 5% translocation) during cell division, leading to a total of 47 chromosomes instead of the normal number, 46. There are no individuals with the clinical signs of DS who do not have at least partial trisomy of chromosome 21....   [tags: Science Medical Genetics Diseases Essays]
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1709 words
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Melodic Intonation Therapy - Down syndrome (Trisomy 21) is the most common chromosomal disorder affecting one in every 691 children born in the United States ("down syndrome facts", 2012). Children born with Down syndrome show significant developmental delays in their motor, speech, and language development regardless of the disability (Partin Vinson, 2012). These children demonstrate delays in areas important for typical language development, including limited lexicon and intellectual disabilities (Berk, 2004). In terms of language development, children with Down syndrome typically have stronger abilities in receptive language than expressive language....   [tags: Expressive Vocabulary, Down Syndrome, Children]
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1155 words
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The Link Between Down Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease - The Link Between Down Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease The individuals with Disabilities Education Act states that "all children with disabilities, including mental retardation, be educated to the maximum extent appropriate with students who are not disabled" (2). In an ideal world, society would have no problem following this decree, but the world is less than perfect and, therefore, stigmas are unfortunately attached to those suffering from mental disabilities, especially the mentally retarded....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]
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Ultrasounds: A Necessity During Pregnancy -  When a mother finds out she is pregnant it is a wonderful experience. Most people are excited to see their first “picture” of their baby, the ultrasound. Even more exciting is getting an ultrasound to find out the sex of the baby. But ultrasounds are useful for more than just getting that first image of the fetus or finding out whether it is a boy or a girl. While it is something most parents dread finding out when pregnant, an ultrasound can also detect a birth defect. There are many different birth defects that can be detected by an ultrasound during pregnancy like Spina Bifida, Down syndrome, and abnormalities with the heart and lower urinary tract, and the importance of detecting them...   [tags: neural tube, Spina bifida, down syndrome]
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Pregnant Women and Amniocentesis Test - Owing to a new era in medical advancements, expecting parents have numerous opportunities to monitor and test the health of both the pregnant woman and the infant. Parental procedures for the diagnosis of foetal genetic disorders offer families valuable knowledge of the genetic makeup of their child. Many genetic tests are now offered and recommended to pregnant women that differ in their invasiveness, risks, accuracy, cost and appropriateness for a given indication. Now a well-established technique for obtaining genetic information about the foetus is Amniocentesis....   [tags: birth defect, down syndrome, high risk]
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A Changed Perception - A Changed Perception Kids with Down’s syndrome. A special classroom. Different. These were the sorts of thoughts I had about mentally retarded people before I participated in Best Buddies for my English 30 service leadership project. Along with four of my classmates, I went to the Best Buddies meetings and two events, a Halloween party and a Penn State women’s volleyball game, and had some exposure to people who have mental retardation. Although the program was not what I’d expected it to be and was frustrating at times, the experience was worthwhile and valuable....   [tags: Best Buddies Down's Syndrome Essays] 822 words
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Genetics Synthesis: Marfan Syndrome - Marfan Syndrome Marfan Syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder mainly caused by defects in the gene FBN1 that codes for the protein fibrillin. Approximately 1 in 5,000 people are affected. Cardinal features involve the ocular, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems. There is a high degree of variability of this disorder, sometimes presenting itself at birth or later in childhood or adulthood. On one end of the spectrum is severe neonatal presentation with rapidly progressive disease, while on the other end isolated phenotypic features may be the only presenting signs....   [tags: gene deffects, attributes, Turner Syndrome]
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1506 words
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