Search Results

Free Essays
Unrated Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "Descartes"
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Descartes View on the Senses - Descartes first meditation included a few arguments that Descartes studied and analyze. The one I choose to analyze was his argument of sense deception. The actually argument is the following: (1) My senses sometimes deceive me. (2) If my senses sometimes deceive me, then they might always deceive me. (3) If my senses might always deceive me, then I cannot be certain about any beliefs acquired through my senses. (4) If I cannot be certain about any beliefs acquired through my senses, then I must suspend judgment on those beliefs....   [tags: Descartes] 661 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects - Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects In his sixth meditation Descartes must return to the doubts he raised in his first one. Here he deals mainly with the mind-body problem and tries to prove whether material things exist with certainty. In this meditation he develops his dualist argument; by making a distinction between mind and body; although he also reveals that the are significantly related. He considers existence of the external world and whether its perception holds any knowledge of this world....   [tags: Descartes]
:: 1 Sources Cited
669 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Review of Descartes: An Intellectual Biography and Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain - Review of Descartes: An Intellectual Biography and Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain Descartes' error, Antonio Damasio tells us, was his belief in "the abyssal separation between body and mind . . . " (250). As Damasio notes, there are certainly many specific "errors" in Descartes' writings--that heat causes the circulation of the blood, for example, or that movement is translated instantaneously through the plenum from one object to another--but all these notions have been "corrected" by subsequent theory in ways that we can imagine Descartes himself might easily accept....   [tags: Descartes ] 733 words
(2.1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Meditations by Rene Descartes - In Descartes’ Meditations, his goal to prove the existence of things could only be accomplished if he was logical, clear, and correct in his thoughts and writings. The most important issues he noted were the threat of being deceived and the potential of being incorrect in his judgments, both of which would lead him into error. Error exists as a problem that individuals encounter on a regular basis, and it also exists as a focal point in Descartes’ Meditations. Descartes defines error as “a privation or lack of some knowledge which somehow should be in me.” As a “thinking thing”, which he defines as “a thing that doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling, and also imagines and has sensory perceptions”¹, Descartes must use his knowledge to the best of his ability....   [tags: Rene Descartes, 2015]
:: 1 Works Cited
996 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Blade Runner and Descartes’ Theory - In the film “Blade Runner”, replicants are made perfectly like human beings through a well-done ‘skin jobs’ and genetic engineered. They can demonstrate the abilities to perform and work like human: they can talk and they can also have feelings and emotions. These replicants are stronger, faster, and smarter than humans; however, they are only genetically programmed for a designated life span of four years. Replicants are created to use as a slave labor, which is used in “off-world colonization”....   [tags: Blade Runner, movies, Descartes,] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes´ Mental and Physical Substances - ... Obviously this goes against common thinking, because one can easily see that mental states do matter and affect physical and brain states. The question then is how do they do so. 2. Functionalism and the Chinese Room Functionalism is the idea that brain states are equivalent to their functional roles within the brain itself. That is, functionalists are concerned with how these mental states are related to their causal role and how the functions are organized, much like software programs on a computer....   [tags: Descartes, epiphenomenalism, functionalism ] 1292 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Third Meditation: Of God: That He Exists , by Rene Descartes - ... willing or fearing], and other judgments” (Descartes 67). This means he cannot be mistaken with regard to the ideas of his own. However, he can make mistakes through his judgments. “There thus only remain our judgments, in which we must take diligent heed that we be not deceived” (Descartes 67). Thus, this leads Descartes into categorizing his idea by their origins. Ideas can be innate, adventitious, comes from outside of us, and can be made by us, example an idea of a unicorn. Of these three ideas, Descartes’ takes the greatest importance in adventitious ideas....   [tags: Rene Descartes]
:: 1 Works Cited
914 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Missing Works Cited Descartes overall objective in the Meditations is to question knowledge. To explore such metaphysical issues as the existence of God and the separation of mind and body, it was important for him to distinguish what we can know as truth. He believed that reason as opposed to experience was the source for discovering what is of absolute certainty. In my explication, I will examine meditation two in order to discover why knowledge was so important to Descartes. Meditation One The first meditation acts as a foundation for all those that follow....   [tags: Explication Descartes Meditations] 2754 words
(7.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Meditations on First Philosophy, by Rene Descartes - ... (Descartes, 29) He is questioning the fact of not only things humans’ vision, but he also questions both God’s and human’s existence in life. He is saying that our minds might be making the whole idea of the things we vision and they might not even be there, only there through our imagination. That thought relates to another theory Rene Descartes had, which is, if God really does exist, is he deceiving us. “But in order to remove even this basis for doubt, I should at the first opportunity inquire whether there is a God, and, if there is, whether or not he can be a deceiver.” (Descartes, 25) He is asking if God is making us imaging things that are not actually true....   [tags: literary analysis, rene descartes]
:: 2 Works Cited
1125 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' Wax Argument - The purpose of the wax argument is designed to provide a clear and distinct knowledge of “I”, which is the mind, while corporeal things, “whose images are framed by thought, and which the senses themselves imagine are much more distinctly known than this mysterious ‘I’ which does not fall within the imagination” (66). Through the wax argument, Descartes’ demonstrates that corporeal things are perceived neither through our senses nor imagination, but through our intellect alone. In this argument, you will see that there is cause to doubt Descartes’ analysis of the wax and his method of philosophical reasoning....   [tags: Descartes Meditations] 1444 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations In Descartes’ meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of ‘pure enquiry’ to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundationalism, where a philosopher basis all epistemological knowledge on an indubitable premise. Within meditation one Descartes subjects all of his beliefs regarding sensory data and even existence to the strongest and most hyperbolic of doubts....   [tags: Philosophy Doubt Meditations Descartes Essays] 2133 words
(6.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Descartes' First Meditation - Descartes' First Meditation Works Cited Missing      Descartes believes that knowledge comes from within the mind. This is a single indisputable fact to build on that can be gained through individual reflection. While seeking true knowledge, Descartes writes his Six Meditations. In these meditations, Descartes tries to develop a strong foundation, which all knowledge can be built upon. In the First Meditation, Descartes begins developing this foundation through the method of doubt. He casts doubt upon all his previous beliefs, including “matters which are not entirely certain and indubitable [and] those which appear to be manifestly false.” (Descartes, p.75, par.3) Once Descartes clears away all beliefs that can be called into doubt, he can then build a strong base for all true knowledge to stand upon....   [tags: Descartes Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 2070 words
(5.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
A Humean Critique of Descartes - A Humean Critique of Descartes Montreal has big potholes. Lots of them. If one is to truly understand the philosophy of Hume and Descartes, one must understand what they would do with crummy roads as civil engineers in Montreal. Hume would probably repave the roads based on the success of past designs and the results of empirical data. Descartes, on the other hand, would probably leave nothing unscathed after attacking the problem with reason, scrapping the existing roadmap and re-building roads with new foundations and new directions....   [tags: Descartes Critique Philosophy Philosopher Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
2570 words
(7.3 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Existence of God: According to Descartes - Once Descartes has "proved" his existence by way of the Cogito argument, and has determined what it is that belongs to his essence of being a thinking thing, he must move to examining questions about the world around him. However, before doing this, he thinks it better to examine the question of the existence of God. If he can prove that he was created by a perfectly benevolent creator, then his innate ideas must carry some semblance of truth, as God is not a deceiver and has placed these ideas in Descartes....   [tags: Religion God Descartes Philosophy Essays] 1751 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Descartes - Descartes, often referred to as the “father of modern philosophy,” solidified his foundational role in abstract thinking with his work “Meditations on First Philosophy.” This piece sought to prove the existence of God, as well as provide a criticism of our epistemic standards and values. By undergoing a thought experiment that involved a form of methodological skepticism, Descartes attempted to analyze his beliefs from a clean surface, to see how many of his typical thoughts and beliefs he would be able to keep....   [tags: Philosophy] 1567 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes - The Free Will in Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes I In Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes takes the reader through a methodological exercise in philosophical enquiry. After stripping the intellect of all doubtful and false beliefs, he re-examines the nature and structure of being in an attempt to secure a universally valid epistemology free from skepticism. Hoping for the successful reconciliation of science and theology, Descartes works to reconstruct a new foundation of absolute and certain truth to act as a catalyst for future scientific research by “showing that a mathematical [rational-objective] physics of the world is attainable by creatures with our intellectual capacities and faculties” (Shand 1994, p....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Descartes Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
3757 words
(10.7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Analysis of Descartes’ Mind/Body Distinction - In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes states “I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in as far as I am only a thinking and unextended thing, and as, on the other hand, I possess a distinct idea of body, in as far as it is only an extended and unthinking thing”. [1] The concept that the mind is an intangible, thinking entity while the body is a tangible entity not capable of thought is known as Cartesian Dualism. The purpose of this essay is to examine how Descartes tries to prove that the mind or soul is, in its essential nature, entirely distinct from the body and whether or not he is successful....   [tags: Descartes Meditation One 2014]
:: 1 Works Cited
1172 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy - Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes’ third meditation from his book Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes’ reasoning and proofs of God’s existence. In the third meditation, Descartes states two arguments attempting to prove God’s existence, the Trademark argument and the traditional Cosmological argument. Although his arguments are strong and relatively truthful, they do no prove the existence of God....   [tags: Existence God Religion Descartes Essays] 1961 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Analyzing Individuation and Identity In Descartes´ Philosophical View of the Mind-Body Dualism - ... The fundamental nature of the human being, or the mind, are unable to be material but are obliged to be non-material. This non-corporeal entity may be intimately connected to the body, however the non-corporeal entity is not a material entity as is the body. Descartes has contributed several arguments for this belief , one them was the conceivability argument which necessarily involves a degree of tautology. Descartes states that since the idea of the separate existence of the mind and body is conceivable, that it is then possible....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Plato, Cartesian dualism] 1098 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Beliefs Beyond Doubt, What All Other Respond To: Rene Descartes' "Meditations on First Philosophy" - Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy is considered to be one of the most important works in modern philosophy. John Locke, Immanuel Kant, and countless other philosophers wrote largely in response to Descartes. Yet there are serious doubts related to the treatise's major argument. In the Objections and Replies, a collection of objections to the work along with Descartes personal and often very detailed replies to said objections, the philosopher Antoine Arnauld raises the question of whether or not Descartes was guilty of circular reasoning....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy,] 2010 words
(5.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
descartes - Descartes ignored all he believed to be true. He believed that if any belief can be doubted it is not certain, making it unusable as a foundation. Descartes jettisons any information, knowledge, or truths that are based on his senses. He applied the “Dream Argument,” (19) where he stated that based on the senses alone, there is no definite way of proving that you are dreaming or awake. Therefore, any truths based upon the senses are unreliable and doubtful. Descartes turned to why and how his senses were deceivable....   [tags: essays research papers] 1227 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes - Descartes Is our education complete once a degree has been earned. Have we learned all there is to know. Can we be sure of what we have come to know. Only a completely self-assured person might answer yes to these questions, but for Rene Descartes (1596-1650) the completion of his formal education left him feeling and thinking he was still ignorant about the certainties of human experience and existence. This prominent Renaissance philosopher conquered the world of uncertainty in a work written in the 17th century....   [tags: Papers] 751 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes - In the early 17th century a philosopher named Descartes, questioned his existence. His life was dedicated to the founding of a philosophical and mathematical system in which all sciences were logical. Descartes was born in 1596 in Touraine, France. His education consisted of attendance to a Jesuit school of La Fleche. He studied a liberal arts program that emphasized philosophy, the humanities, science, and math. He then went on to the University of Poitiers where he graduated in 1616 with a law degree....   [tags: essays research papers]
:: 2 Sources Cited
1285 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes - Foundation In Descartes Meditation VI Of the existence of material things, and of the real distinction between the real soul and body of man, he explains he reasoning for believing that the mind is better known than any body. Descartes states his reasoning through various assumptions that he has made in his search for knowledge. Descartes is a philosopher, who through thinking comes to these conclusions. In the reading of Descartes he interprets his understanding of how and why the mind is better known than the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Descartes - Descartes 1. In the Discourse on the Method, Descartes laments that as a young man he was forced to conclude at the end of all his studies that “there was no doctrine [i.e., teaching or body of knowledge] in the world that was of the sort that I had previously been led to hope for.” In your essay, I would like you to discuss the nature of the body of knowledge he was looking for a s well as the place of the cogito (that is, the utterance “I think, therefore I am”) in it. You may discuss his criticism of the learning of the time, but do not spill much ink over it; the focus of your paper should be on the new science he is seeking, not the old....   [tags: Papers] 857 words
(2.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
descartes - Descartes—Meditation III In Meditation III, Descartes presents his argument for the existence of God. He makes this argument here because it is one of his stronger arguments. In this essay, I will summarize and critically assess this argument. Descartes begins this meditation with a review of what he is certain of so far. He is skeptical of the existence of bodily things, but s certain that he exists and that he is a thinking thing. He decides that he could not be as certain of his existence unless all clear and distinct perceptions are certain....   [tags: essays research papers] 682 words
(1.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes - The next stage in the system, as outlined in the Meditations, seeks to establish that God exists. In his writings, Descartes made use of three principal arguments. The first (at least in the order of presentation in the Meditations) is a causal argument. While its fullest statement is in Meditation III, it is also found in the Discourse (Part IV) and in the Principles (Part I §§ 17–18). The argument begins by examining the thoughts contained in the mind, distinguishing between the formal reality of an idea and its objective reality....   [tags: essays research papers] 1241 words
(3.5 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Descartes - From Descartes' perspective, nature is a representation of God; therefore, God must intrinsically exist, inasmuch as he, too, is a product of His own creation. Descartes was one of many philosophers who fully supported this argument in support of God's existence, contending that the external world is the ruling force behind the presence of all beings. Descartes' assertions, as portrayed within the literary boundaries of Meditations on First Philosophy, were founded not in cosmological or ontological arguments but rather in teleological debate, inasmuch as the philosopher believed that there has to be an omnipotent entity responsible for all the purpose and order that is found within natural existence and, thereby, stimulating a sense of wonder about the world....   [tags: essays research papers] 1175 words
(3.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Descartes - Rene Descartes was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of the philosophy. Born in 1596, he lived to become a great mathematician, scientist, and philosopher. In fact, he became one of the central intellectual figures of the sixteen hundreds. He is believed by some to be the father of modern philosophy, although he was hampered by living in a time when other prominent scientists, such as Galileo, were persecuted for their discoveries and beliefs. Although this probably had an impact on his desire to publish controversial material, he went on to devise works such as the Meditations on First Philosophy and the Principles of Philosophy Aside from these accomplishments, his most important and lasting mathematical work was the invention of analytic geometry....   [tags: essays research papers] 1126 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How Descartes Tries to Extricate Himself from the Skeptical Doubts He Has Raised - How Descartes Tries to Extricate Himself from the Skeptical Doubts He Has Raised [All page references and quotations from the Meditations are taken from the 1995 Everyman edition] In the Meditations, Descartes embarks upon what Bernard Williams has called the project of 'Pure Enquiry' to discover certain, indubitable foundations for knowledge. By subjecting everything to doubt Descartes hoped to discover whatever was immune to it. In order to best understand how and why Descartes builds his epistemological system up from his foundations in the way that he does, it is helpful to gain an understanding of the intellectual background of the 17th century that provided the motivation for his work....   [tags: Descartes Philosophy Meditations Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
4641 words
(13.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Nelson on Descartes's Theory of Perception and Judgment - Nelson on Descartes?s Theory of Perception and Judgment ABSTRACT: One tension in Descartes?s account of human error stems from the idea that we may be faulted for our acts of will, despite the fact that God is our omnipotent and omniscient creator. In the present essay, I describe a second tension in Descartes?s account of human error. After describing the tension, I consider Alan Nelson?s characterization of the means by which Descartes?s intended to relieve it. Although Nelson's interpretation is almost correct, I think that it obscures some of the interesting details of Descartes?s theory of perception and judgment....   [tags: Descarte Philosophy]
:: 2 Sources Cited :: 1 Sources Consulted
3050 words
(8.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Throughout Descartes second and sixth meditations there seems to be a tension rising between the fact of whether or not the mind and body are distinct. By analyzing both meditations it appears that Descartes’ perspectives are contradictory of each other and need to be further evaluated in order to reveal his true meaning. By saying, in the second meditation, that we perceive things by means of our intellect alone, and in the sixth meditation, that we do not perceive pain by means of the intellect alone but rather by an intermingling of our intellect and our senses, Descartes brings forth the questionable tension....   [tags: philosophy] 967 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - ... This is a myth of how he created the coordinate plane: “One day, Descartes noticed a fly crawling around on the ceiling. He watched the fly for a long time. He wanted to know how to tell someone else where the fly was. Finally he realized that he could describe the position of the fly by its distance from the walls of the room. When he got out of bed, Descartes wrote down what he had discovered. Then he tried describing the positions of points, the same way he described the position of the fly....   [tags: coordinate plane, skepticism, math]
:: 3 Works Cited
908 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hitchcock/Descartes - Hitchcock/Descartes Am I really awake typing a paper for philosophy. Did I just watch the Hitchcock film Shadow of a Doubt or did the “not so supremely good God” plant a reel of thoughts in my head (Descartes16). That would be ironic since the themes of the film are based upon human understanding of doubt, dreams, good, evil, ignorance and knowledge. The film portrays a neat staircase that leads into the house of an all American family and a rickety set of stairs off the side of the house that are private and used for escape....   [tags: Philosophy] 934 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes' Ideas - ... If we don't have the cornerstone of truth to build upon then our entire philosophy is based on shaky ground, and thus subject to doubt. In order to find a source of true reasoning, we have to apply radical doubt to what we think is true and see what stands. He begins by hypothesizing about what could be deceiving everything we know – a supernatural being, God. Descartes says that God must be perfect, all-good, and limitless; if something lacks one of these qualities then by definition it can't be called God....   [tags: Philosophy] 1116 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes and Dualism - Descartes and Dualism "I think therefore I am," the well known quote of Rene Descartes, is the basis of his theory known as dualism. The intermingling of mind and body or res extensa (extended substance) and res cogitans (thinking substance) displays Descartes' ideas of a "genuine human being" (Cottingham 7). Known as the father of modern philosophy, Descartes realized that one could not analyze a problem simply on the common sense level, but that one must "probe to the micro-level" (Cottingham 4)....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 612 words
(1.7 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Rene Descartes - Rene Descartes was a famous French mathematician, scientist and philosopher. He was arguably the first major philosopher in the modern era to make a serious effort to defeat skepticism. His views about knowledge and certainty, as well as his views about the relationship between mind and body have been very influential over the last three centuries. Descartes was born at La Haye (now called Descartes), and educated at the Jesuit College of La Flèche between 1606 and 1614. Descartes later claimed that his education gave him little of substance and that only mathematics had given him certain knowledge....   [tags: Biographies Bio Biography] 1096 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations Descartes, during Meditations, aimed to rid himself of all knowledge that could be doubted. He used the analogy of a rotten apple in a barrel, in which all apples must be removed and checked in order to determine which apples should be kept. Descartes stated that, like the rotten apple, one might also, at times, acquire erroneous information. This error in information can therefore lead to incorrect knowledge. According to Descartes' way of reason, if a fact can be doubted then it cannot be held as certain truth, therefore may be disregarded....   [tags: Papers] 1109 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations The way Descartes chose to write this piece literature captivated me. Descartes was a very intelligent man who wanted to make sense of the world he lived in. The format he used was unusual. It seems to me that he may have used this format, which is a replication of the book of Genesis in the Bible, to have a deeper and more profound impact on the reader. There are many similarities between Descartes' Meditations and the first book of the Bible, Genesis. For example, Descartes' Meditations was written one day at a time, just as God had created the world one day at a time....   [tags: Papers] 1157 words
(3.3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes Free Will - In Meditations on First Philosophy Descartes attempts to explain the cause of errors in human beings. Descartes says that error occurs “since the will extends further than the intellect” (Descartes p.39). That’s because our intellect is something that is finite; it is limited to the perception of only certain things. Whereas our will, ability to choose is not limited; it is has an infinite capacity. Therefore we sometimes attempt to will things which we do not have a complete understanding of. Descartes’ argument, as I will briefly describe, is quite sound, if you agree to all his conditions (being that the intellect is limited and the will infinite)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
1962 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations Descartes' work entitled Meditations, is a work on metaphysics in which Descartes hopes to achieve absolute certainty about three issues: the soul as "a thinking thing" distinct from or without a body, the belief that God exists, and the belief that the external world exists. In order to acquire absolutely certainty which can be applied to these issues, Descartes first lays a foundation of integrity on which to build his knowledge. The technique he uses to lay this base of integrity is doubt....   [tags: Papers] 1663 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
René Descartes - René Descartes René Descartes was a French philosopher and also mathematician. His method of doubt led him to the famous "cogito ergo sum" when translated means "I am thinking, therefore I exist". This cogito was the foundation for Descartes' quest for certain knowledge. He explored doubt and how we can prove our own existence, by taking the first steps of scepticism. His book "Meditations On First Philosophy", was written in six parts. Each representing the six days that God took to create the world....   [tags: Papers] 744 words
(2.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes and God - Descartes and God Everywhere in this world there are debates on many things. Logic is often employed in order to understand and come to an agreement on these debated topics. One such topic, which is arguably the greatest topic of debate occurring in modern day, is the existence of God. Sure, many people believe in some sort of higher being, but how many of them try and use logic and rational thought to prove the existence of God. Many probably, however we will only look at one such person. Rene Descartes attempts to use his own logic to come up with the conclusion that a perfect being does exist and that being is in itself God in his book Meditations on First Philosophy....   [tags: Papers] 831 words
(2.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - "I think, therefore I am" Rene Descartes was a man obsessed with finding things out for himself, an intellectual who contributed to the field of psychology. Born in the 16th century, Descartes grew up in a society where ideas, thoughts and perceptions were not questioned but were supposed to be understood and supported. While growing up and through his studies, Descartes began to make strides in the fields of philosophy, mathematics and science. Descartes was a man who challenged accepted ideas and aided the field of psychology through his contributions to reflex theory, helping describe the mind-body problem, and challenging accepted theological ideas....   [tags: biography biographies bio]
:: 4 Works Cited
1262 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' Failure - Descartes' Failure In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes strives first and foremost to provide an infallibly justified foundation for the empirical sciences, and second to prove the existence of God. I will focus on the first and second meditations in my attempt to show that, in his skepticism of the sources of knowledge, he fails to follow the rules he has set out in the Discourse on Method. First I claim that Descartes fails to draw the distinction between pure sensation and inference, which make up what he calls sensation, and then consider the consequences of this failure to follow his method....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
4855 words
(13.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Descartes’ Cogito - Descartes’ Cogito It is the purpose of this essay to examine both Descartes’ Cogito argument and his skepticism towards small and universal elements, as well as the implications these arguments have on each other. First, I will summarize and explain the skepticism Descartes’ brings to bear on small and universal elements in his first meditation. Second, I will summarize and explain the Cogito argument, Descartes’ famous “I think, therefore I am” (it should be noted that this famous implication is not actually something ever said or written by Descartes, but instead, an implication taken from his argument for his own existence)....   [tags: Philosophy small universal elements] 1535 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Descartes' Meditations - Descartes' Meditations Descartes' meditations are created in pursuit of certainty, or true knowledge. He cannot assume that what he has learned is necessarily true, because he is unsure of the accuracy of its initial source. In order to purge himself of all information that is possibly wrong, he subjects his knowledge to methodic doubt. This results in a (theoretical) doubt of everything he knows. Anything, he reasons, that can sustain such serious doubt must be unquestionable truth, and knowledge can then be built from that base....   [tags: Papers] 1022 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - Rene Descartes Once upon a time we were told of the earth being the center of the universe. The sun, moon, and all planets even unknown were all revolving around our planet. We now look at that statement and wonder in amazement how our species could have pondered such a thought. Through advanced mathematical and persistently working to prove his theory, Rene Descartes transformed yet another one of these worldly assumptions and proved it all wrong. Rene Descartes Method of Doubt was simply his mathematical method in discovering the unanswered questions about the universe....   [tags: Papers] 401 words
(1.1 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Descartes - Meditations - In the Meditations, Rene Descartes attempts to doubt everything that is possible to doubt. His uncertainty of things that existence ranges from God to himself. Then he goes on to start proving that things do exist by first proving that he exists. After he establishes himself he can go on to establish everything else in the world. Next he goes to prove that the mind is separate then the body. In order to do this he must first prove he has a mind, and then prove that bodily things exist. I do agree with Descartes that the mind is separate from the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1633 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes Meditations - Meditations is a discussion of metaphysics, or what is truly real. In these writings, he ultimately hopes to achieve absolute certainty about the nature of everything including God, the physical world, and himself. It is only with a clear and distinct knowledge of such things that he can then begin understand his true reality. Descartes starts by looking at our usual sources for truth. Authority, which is churches, parents, and schools, he says, are not reliable sources for truth because time shows we all die, and that we are eventually proved wrong, much in the same way the accepted truths of science have changed dramatically over the course of history....   [tags: essays research papers] 1326 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - Rene Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 in La Haye Touraine, France. Descartes was considered a "jack of all trades", making major contributions to the areas of anatomy, cognitive science, optics, mathematics and philosophy. He has been referred to as the father of modern rationalism, soldier of fortune, scholar, pilgrim, traveler, and a firm adherent of the Roman Catholic faith. He was educated at the Jesuit college of La Fleche in Anjou. He entered the college at the age of eight years, just a few months after the opening of the college in January, 1604....   [tags: Biography Biographies Bio] 1725 words
(4.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes And Hume - Descartes And Hume Works Cited Missing There are three ways in which one is able to find truth: through reason (A is A), by utilizing the senses (paper burns) or by faith (God is all loving). As the period of the Renaissance came to a close, the popular paradigm for philosophers shifted from faith to reason and finally settling on the senses. Thinkers began to challenge authorities, including great teachers such as Aristotle and Plato, and through skepticism the modern world began. The French philosopher, René Descartes who implemented reason to find truth, as well as the British empiricist David Hume with his usage of analytic-synthetic distinction, most effectively utilized the practices of skepticism in the modern world....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical History Essays] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Philosophy Of Descartes - In the New Merriam Webster Dictionary, sophism is defined as a plausible but fallacious argument. In Rene Descartes Meditation V, he distinguishes the existence of God, believing he must prove that god exists before he can examine any corporeal objects outside of himself. By proving that the existence of God is not a sophism, he also argues that God is therefore the Supreme Being and the omnipotent one. His conclusion that God does exist enables him to prove the existence of material things, and the difference between the soul and the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1455 words
(4.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Descartes Knowledge - Descartes Knowledge The question of our existence in reality is a question which philosophers have tackled throughout time. This essay will look at the phrase, cogito ergo sum or I think therefore I am, a phrase brought about by Rene Descartes. This phrase is the backbone of Descartes whole philosophy of our existence in reality. As long as we are thinking things, we exist. When we look at this approach to our existence we must first deny that any sensory data that we receive is believable or it is conceivable that it is false....   [tags: essays research papers] 1087 words
(3.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes And Locke - Descartes and Locke One of the most important branches in philosophy, is Epistemology, which means, theory of knowledge. So far, philosophers have made many attempts to discover the source of knowledge, the standards or criteria by which we can judge the reliability of knowledge. We tend to be satisfied with think what we know about almost everything, even though sometimes we are shocked to discover that something that we thought it was sure and certain, is instead proved dubious and not sure....   [tags: Knowledge Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1516 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes philosophy - Descartes’ “evil genius scenario” provides the possibility for the existence of an evil genius that is in control of our world in place on an omnipotent god. By in control, I mean that he would in some magical way compose our lives by his own will, thus making any certain knowledge about material objects impossible. This scenario presents some real questions with Descartes’ argument because it basically completely rules out the possibility of any god. We are imagining that Dr. Spiritus has invaded a small rural hospital and has stolen the brains of several babies....   [tags: essays research papers] 775 words
(2.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - Essay # 2 Rene Descartes was a French philosopher. His theory is that reality consists of mind and matter. Descartes answers the question or attempts to answer the question of “what is real?” using dualism. Dualism is defined as the view that reality is composed of two different substances, so that neither one can be related to the other. Such examples being; spirit/matter, mind/body, good/evil. Descartes feels that the human can be broken down into two separate substances; a mind having no physical attributes and a body having a shape....   [tags: essays research papers] 404 words
(1.2 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Third Meditation, by Rene Descartes - ... Without inquiring into the existence of God, “it appears I am never capable of being completely certain about anything else” (Descartes, 25). Descartes considers one possible objection to his claim that things that he perceives clearly and distinctly are true; previously Descartes was certain of many ideas that he supposedly perceived clearly and distinctly, but no longer does. He must now explain why he can no longer be certain of these ideas. Descartes explains that the “ideas or thoughts of these things were hovering before my mind”, not perceptions of things existing outside of him (Descartes, 24)....   [tags: God, Exploring Notions] 869 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes and the Real Distinction - Descartes' formulation of what he calls the “Real Distinction” has proved foundational to our modern concepts of being and consciousness. His contention has irreversibly influenced the fields of psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and others while cementing into the popular consciousness the notion of a definite dichotomy between the mind and the body. In this paper, I will flesh out what Descartes' meant by the term “real distinction,” discuss the arguments he uses in its' defense, and then argue myself that this distinction between mind and body (at least as Descartes frames it) goes much too far, and that it is a much more viable probability to believe that mind and body are actually intertwined, one and the same....   [tags: Philosophy] 1803 words
(5.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Descartes and Hobbes' Leviathan - During the sixteen hundreds, the French philosopher René Descartes laid the foundations for the beginnings of Cartesian Dualism. In contrast, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes argued against dualism in favor of materialism. Recently, Cartesian Dualism, and dualism in general has fallen out of favor as materialism arose as a more plausible and explanatory theory regarding the interrelationships between body and mind. The translation Descartes’ writing in the Meditations is far more cryptic than Hobbes’ writing in the Leviathan....   [tags: Politics Philosophy Sociology]
:: 1 Works Cited
1496 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes - Rene Descartes Rene Descartes was a math philosopher, he was born in Toures, on March 31 1596, and he died at Stockholm on February 11 1650. His father was forced to spend half the year at Rennes, where he was a councilman. The rest of the time he spent with his family of Les Cartes at La Haye. Rene was the second child out of four kids. At the age of eight, he was sent to the Jesuit School at La Fleche. The school had very good education and discipline. On account of his delicate health, he was permitted to lie in bed until late in the mornings....   [tags: Papers] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes Argument for the Existence of God - Descartes employs what is known as an ontological argument to prove the existence of God. Saint Anselm who lived during the 11th century first formulated this type of argument. Since then it has proved popular with many philosophers including Rene` Descartes. Even though ontological arguments have lost popularity with modern philosophers there has been some recent attempts to revive them. Descartes formulation is regarded as being one of the best because it is straight forward and relatively easy to follow....   [tags: philosophy, theology] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Life of René Descartes - Born March, 31st 1569 in La Haye en Touraine France, René Descartes was a very significant philosopher, mathematician, scientist and writer. He attended a Jesuit college at La Flèche. Later named “The Father of Modern Philosophy”, much of western philosophies are a reaction to his books which have been studied meticulously for centuries. Many elements of René’s philosophy have many similarities to that of Aristotle. Descartes was a very influential figure during the 17th century continental rationalist....   [tags: Biographical Essay, science, biography] 572 words
(1.6 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Weaknesses of Descartes' Arguments - Descartes was incorrect and made mistakes in his philosophical analysis concerning understanding the Soul and the foundation of knowledge.  Yes, he coined the famous phrase, “I think therefore I am,” but the rest of his philosophical conclusions fail to be as solid (Meditation 4; 32). Descartes knew that if he has a mind and is thinking thoughts then he must be something that has the ability to think. While he did prove that he is a thinking thing that thinks (Meditation 3; 28), he was unable to formulate correct and true philosophical arguments and claims.  For instance, his argument for faith that a non-deceiving God exists and allows us to clearly reason and perceive was a circular argument.  Another issue with Descartes' philosophy is that he wanted to reconcile scientific and religious views, which is wrong since the two maintain completely different foundational beliefs and they should exist exclusively- without relation to the other.  Thirdly, he believed that the mind was the Self and the Soul, failing to recognize that humans have bodies and the outside world exists, and through which we gain our knowledgeable....   [tags: Philosophy]
:: 2 Works Cited
1636 words
(4.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Objections to Descartes’ Interactionism - ... Descartes goes on to say that the pineal gland has a plethora of physical movements that are possible so as to correspond to the many movements of the body and corresponding interactions with the soul (Passions, p. 363). In particular he describes these movements as ‘thrusts’ of which come from either the soul or the animal spirits (Passions, 366). The first objection I would like to raise refers to the physical thrusting that Descartes describes. It seems to me unlikely that the pineal gland could not only produce the wide variety of physical motions that would be required for the mind and body, but also that we wouldn’t be able to hear, feel, or otherwise detect these movements....   [tags: the pasion of the soul]
:: 2 Works Cited
1423 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes and Meditations - Descartes and Meditations There are many things that have occurred in my life that was questionable. Questionable in a way that doesn't make sense to why of if they even occurred. I often wonder what is the porpoise of my existence or that of anyone else's. A better question would be if I do even exist. There must be some thing out there that can explain everything, but I do not access to that something so I must try to form my own opinions. There is only one thing that I can be certain of, that one thing is that I am thinking being and I do exist somewhere....   [tags: Papers] 584 words
(1.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes’ Divisibity Argument - ... Not only does my hand, take up space, but it has a certain shape too or it would not fit inside the baseball glove designed for my hand. That is two properties explained, and now for the last two. If the custom glove was weighed at the beginning, before I inserted my hand, it would have one weight, and if I weighed it with my hand in the glove; the weight would change, granted that the scale is not broken. Therefore, my hand has weight on its own that gets added to the weight of the glove to change the total mass of the extended objects when weighed individually....   [tags: mind, body, space, motion]
:: 2 Works Cited
915 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes' Ideas on the Existence of God - Through out history there have been questions of where we come from and how we got here. It all comes down to the question of God’s existence. God’s existence has never been questioned during the times of when Christianity, Judaism and Islam were born. The question of God’s existence comes from our new way of thinking after these religions. Science has made us think of how things work in our world and brings Gods existence into question. There were no scientific studies done during the days of Jesus to prove that God exists, so where did the people in history get this idea of God from....   [tags: philosophy, religion] 1468 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Appraisal of René Descartes - ... He further divides the attributes of his mind into actions and passions. The actions are our volitions, which can end either in the mind itself or in the body. Those that end in the mind are similar to the will to think about the immaterial mind itself, those that end in the body are the volitions similar to raising your right hand. The passions are perceptions, and have either the soul as their cause, such as the perception of your volition to raise your right hand, or the body as their cause, such as the perception that there is a pen in my hand....   [tags: Dualism, Argumentative Essay] 1201 words
(3.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Descartes' Proof of God's Existence - The existence of God has always been an arguable topic. Descartes’ however, believed that he had proof of God’s existence through an intense analysis of the mind. Throughout this paper I will discuss what he has provided as proof and some of the complications that arise throughout his argument. You can find Descartes’ proof of the existence of God in the Third Meditation. Although to understand this argument you have to look at his previous meditation where he begins to build his argument with the notion that in order for him to think, he must exist....   [tags: Philosophy] 1246 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Doubt - ... First of all, one of the reasons why we should doubt is that information we gathered from our senses can be wrong. Descartes gives an example about a stick in the water to show that our senses aren’t reliable. When a straight stick is in water, it looks like it is broken. Yet, when it is pulled off of water, it is seen as straight and unbroken again. Moreover, when we sleep and dream often, we can feel like that our dream is real. Then, Descartes asks “For how does one know that the thoughts which come while one dreams are false rather than the others, seeing that they are often no less strong and clear?”(58)....   [tags: Renee Descartes, Descartes Method]
:: 2 Works Cited
952 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
A Very Brief History on the Existence of God - The subsequent essay will provide a brief overview on the existence of God from René Descartes through Immanuel Kant. First, section (1), examines Descartes’ proof for the existence of God. Section (2), explores G.W. Leibniz’s view on God’s existence in addition to his attempts to rectify the shortcomings of Descartes’ proofs. Before continuing, it is imperative to understand that both Descartes and Leibniz believed that the existence of God could be proved via reason. The remainder of the essay then examines two additional philosophers, David Hume in section (4) and Immanuel Kant in (5), who contend that God’s existence cannot be rationally proven....   [tags: Philosophy, Descartes] 1213 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy - ... The first was, what was grasped by the changing of the wax. “So what was there in the wax that was so distinctly grasped?” (Descartes, 21) The reason why he was asking this question was because he didn’t understand how we are still calling it the same thing even though its forms have changed from what they were before that wax got touched by fire. The second question he asked himself was, was the wax the same the whole time. “Perhaps the wax was what I now think it is.” (Descartes, 21) He started to think that his mind was fooling around with him by making him think that the wax changed its forms completely from the fire, even though they really didn’t....   [tags: meditation on first philosophy]
:: 1 Works Cited
1226 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Is Yellow Good? - Can yellow be good. Can it be evil. Can it inherently be anything. As humans, we have only one way of coming to conclusions and that is through thought. As John Locke says, “External objects furnish the mind with the ideas of sensible qualities, which are all those different perceptions they produce in us; and the mind furnishes the understanding ideas of its own operations” (Locke 62). As we pass through our lives in society we assume so many things; things that have been accepted for years by those before us....   [tags: Philosophy, Descartes] 1117 words
(3.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes' Correlation Between Mind and Body - Rene Descartes once said, “There is a great difference between mind and body”. This statement comes from the idea that Descartes believed there were two substances that made up reality. One of the substances in reality Descartes called extension, or material being, meaning it takes up space. The other has to do with the mind, or thought, immaterial. This is called dualistic metaphysic’s. Descartes began his exploration on the material and immaterial by way of epistemological detour. This is simply finding out metaphysical truth by ways of epistemological analysis....   [tags: Philosophy] 1005 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Descartes' First Proof of The Existence of God - The 17th century philosopher Rene Descartes believed that God exists. His proof of an all perfect being’s existence was explained by having an idea of God that had to have been caused by God. But simply having an idea of God is not enough for there to necessarily exist such a being. This paper will critically examine Descartes’s causal argument though its premises and conclusion. Descartes makes an attempt to prove God’s existence throughout his third meditation. In his first premise he states that he has an idea of an infinitely perfect being....   [tags: Philosophy]
:: 2 Works Cited
1402 words
(4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Descartes Six Meditations on First Philosophy - Throughout the six meditations on First Philosophy, French philosopher Rene Descartes seeks to find a concrete foundation for the basis of science, one which he states can only include certain and unquestionable beliefs. Anything less concrete, he argues will be exposed to the external world and to opposition by philosophical sceptics. The sense of the Cartesian reform is the imposition of a new method of thinking. Descartes’ method to begin with is reductive, removing all knowledge acquired without control, to become analytical, putting forward any knowledge in a process of division to present simple elements, those which are clear and distinct....   [tags: Philosophy] 1342 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes - ... It is obvious that this fact is not true. Consider instances in which the exact same information is presented, different individuals will often come to different opinions. Would this occur if thought was simply a function of matter. This could not be if only our brains are used to interpret information with no interaction of something personalized, our minds. The case of Phineas Gage, a young railroad worker that survived an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head and destroyed a great deal of his brain's left frontal lobe, is often used by psychologists and philosophers to study the workings of the brain on personality and behavior....   [tags: Mind, Intellect, Thought] 1576 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The French Philosopher Rene Descartes - The French Philosopher Rene Descartes The French philosopher Rene Descartes lived from 1596-1650. He was the son of an aristocrat and traveled throughout Europe studying a wide-variety of subjects including math, science, law, medicine, religion, and philosophy. Descartes was greatly influenced by other thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. Descartes was a rationalist. Like many philosophers, novelists, and poets of his time, he questioned his own existence, and his reason for being, man's purpose in the scheme of the universe....   [tags: Papers] 1066 words
(3 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Mediations of First Philosophy by Descartes - Mediations of First Philosophy by Descartes In the “Mediations of First Philosophy” Descartes tries to prove the existence of God in the third meditation. He does this by coming up with several premises that eventually add up to a solid argument. First, I will explain why Descartes ask the question, does god exist. And why does Descartes think he needs such and argument at this point in the text. Secondly, I will explain, in detail, the arguments that Descartes makes and how he comes to the conclusion that God does exist....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 1291 words
(3.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Descartes"
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]



Copyright © 2000-2015 123HelpMe.com. All rights reserved. Terms of Service