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Juvenile Delinquency - Juvenile delinquents, or youth that have been convicted of a crime, seem to be the norm these days. Citizens, families, and poliy makers want new programs and policies within the juvenile justice system. Researchers have found that the family structure can be a precursor to delinquent behavior, and families do not have the control or blance that they once did. As such, mew measures need to be implemented to help these families in crisis. Rehabilitation of the family unit is the answer, say many, not punishment....   [tags: essays research papers] 2032 words
(5.8 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - Over the years, countless efforts have been made to find a comprehensive explanation for delinquency. The results of these efforts have offered possible reasons as being both biological and social. It is still debatable as to what forces have the greatest influence on youth crime, but it is undoubted that several factors clearly make an impact. The direct relationships a child has with concrete social elements, like his family and friends, are likely to give some intimation of his involvement in crime....   [tags: essays research papers] 1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - Juvenile Delinquency There is no doubt that various experts can give us many theories as to the causes of juvenile delinquency, including one's economic background, substance abuse, delinquent peer groups, repeated exposure to violence, increased availability of firearms and media violence. However, I feel that the number one cause of juvenile delinquency is the breakdown of families, including lack of parental control over children. It is ironic in America, today, one must have a driver's license to operate a vehicle, a permit to own a gun and even a license to own a dog, but one does not have to have training or a license in order to become a parent....   [tags: Youth Crime essays research papers]
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1831 words
(5.2 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... By sending these youth to jails and prisons, they come out with knowledge of a professional criminal. According to the U.S Department of Justice Monograph, Juveniles in Adult Prisons and Jails, “In 1997 there were a total of 9,105 juveniles incarcerated in jail and 5,400 in the state prisons (http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/bja/182503.pdf). Many reports “have concluded that trying teens as adults does nothing to deter crime—and that sending teens to adult prison makes them more likely to become repeat offenders” (Should we treat juvenile offenders as adults?)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1639 words
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... Conversely, other countries have not experienced an increase in juvenile delinquency. In Egypt, for example, the recorded crimes in recent years have remained stable. This is connected to the solidary society which is influenced by its religious values and ideals (Souryal, 1992). Many countries, such as Japan, have a decreasing number of juvenile offenders, which is linked to the decreasing number of young people in the country (Sakiyama, Lu, & Liang, 2011). Sweden, as well as possibly other countries, often reported increasing juvenile delinquency....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - Juvenile Delinquency I. The harsh beginnings. Children were viewed as non-persons until the 1700's. They did not receive special treatment or recognition. Discipline then is what we now call abuse. There were some major assumptions about life before the 1700's. The first assumption is that life was hard, and you had to be hard to survive. The people of that time in history did not have the conveniences that we take for granted. For example, the medical practices of that day were primitive in comparison to present-day medicine....   [tags: Papers] 1224 words
(3.5 pages)
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juvenile delinquency - Can more than one theory be used to explain crime. Absolutely. From a liberal viewpoint, there exist two fundamental theories to explain the causal factors behind juvenile delinquency. Those theories are Social Deviance Theory and Developmental Theory. Young people become socially deviant by non-conforming. They become juvenile delinquents, and turn against the very system that is trying to help them. Society has made many laws and many standards have been set. The social deviant does not follow those rules and regulations....   [tags: essays research papers] 384 words
(1.1 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... During the Victorian Age, children were simply viewed as little adults. They were not regarded as having a world of their own. Their reality was that of their elders. With the industrial revolution and the social reforms that followed (child labor laws, mandatory educational requirements, etc.), children were viewed as a group to be protected. From this attitude concerning the welfare of children sprang the juvenile justice system. The role of the juvenile justice system was to rehabilitate wayward youth....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1166 words
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... 266). One important factor that affects the offender category is the age of original jurisdiction, which is defined as the upper or oldest age at which a juvenile court has jurisdiction over offenders (Seiter, 2008, Pg. 267). The judge will take age, severity of crime, and record of past convictions into consideration. The judge will decide whether the juvenile will continue to be processed by the juvenile courts, placed them in family court or in a child welfare agency. In accordance with state law or penal code, juvenile delinquents will receive punishment and be registered to attend programs to rehabilitate....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1475 words
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Crime and Delinquency - Crime and Delinquency In 1939 Criminologist Edwin H. Sutherland proposed his theory of Differential Association in his Principles of Criminology textbook. Differential Association theory states that criminal behavior is learned behavior. Sutherland along with Richard Cloward, and Lloyd Ohlin attempted to explain this phenomenon by emphasizing the role of learning. To become a criminal, a person must not only be inclined toward illegal activity, he or she must also learn how to commit criminal acts....   [tags: science] 1421 words
(4.1 pages)
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Juevenile Delinquency - The Criminology of the Juvenile Mind Criminology is defined as the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause and control of criminal behavior. Due to the non-ending threat of crime, violence and even terror threats, criminology has gained in popularity as an academic field of study. Criminology is the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior. {Larry Siegel, Criminology Theories, patterns & Typologies, 2004.} In studying criminal behavior scientist have categorized the period between childhood and adulthood as adolescents....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
908 words
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... The lack of resources by juvenile courts has occurred because the responsibility of providing child welfare does not rest solely with the juvenile courts (Hickey, 2010). The best way to describe this problem is that "providing child welfare is a societal responsibility, not simply a judicial one" (Hickey, 2010, p. 148). Some people support reform of the juvenile court system to re-emphasize its social welfare agency aspect. They suggest that more resources should be given to juvenile courts to correct the lack of resource issue (Hickey, 2010)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1498 words
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Juvenile Delinquency - ... Correction official’s will initiate further case inquiries and determine what type of criminal case will the offense be filed under. The juvenile court, guarantees the juveniles more due process rights in an effort to keep them from being incorrectly and unlawfully processed through the system. Also, juveniles may be waived to adult court through various legislative and judicial waiver provisions and through giving adult and juvenile courts concurrent jurisdiction (Bartollas and Miller, 2008, P....   [tags: Crime & Punishment]
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959 words
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Preventing Juvenile Delinquency - ... To strengthen this movement, the Office of juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention, established The Runaway Youth Program, and The National Institute for Juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention. The law was The juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 1974. The law was the juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 1974. However, the movement received a setback when there was an increase in juvenile crimes during 1980s and 1990s. The 1974 Act was amended to allow states to try juveniles as adults....   [tags: Crime Criminal Justice]
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1371 words
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Juvenile Delinquency: Genetic or Environmental - Juvenile Delinquency: Genetic or Environmental “Oh, well, I’ll end up in jail anyway. It’s in my genes!” This was the heartfelt declaration of a 15 year-old teen. Was it inevitable that he follow in his father’s footsteps on the path of delinquent behavior and subsequent brushes with the law. Was juvenile delinquency actually a by-product of genetics or could it be a product of “behavioral sink”- that environmental abyss that absorbs so many teens. Definition of delinquency Although arguable on both sides, environment clearly has the lead in determining juvenile behavior....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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2478 words
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Reducing Juvenile Delinquency - Reducing Juvenile Delinquency The current statistics of juvenile delinquency are astounding. I will look at the most recent statistics and a few of the programs implemented to reduce or prevent delinquency. Before delving too deep into juvenile delinquency, it is important to consider the definitions of "juvenile" and "delinquent". The Merriam-Webster Dictionary gives two definitions of "juvenile": 1. Showing incomplete development, and 2. A young person; one below the legally established age of adulthood (1997)....   [tags: Papers Teen Crime Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
2942 words
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The Rise of Female Juvenile Delinquency - ... Research into adolescent dating behavior has shown that girls are much more likely to engage in delinquent acts with a romantic partner, and that romantic involvement increases their rate of offending. Also observed was a positive correlation in the likelihood of delinquency when adolescents are enmeshed in multiple deviant networks, which involve parents, peers, and romantic partners simultaneously (Lonardo 368-370). An emerging network of concern for adolescent girls are street gangs, which they are increasingly becoming involved with....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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2044 words
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Adolescence and Juvenile Delinquency - Adolescence and Juvenile Delinquency Missing Works Cited I couldn't begin to cover all the possible reasons that may cause an adolescent to become a "juvenile delinquent." During my research, I found that the term juvenile delinquency is defined a number of ways. Mosby's Medical Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary summed up juvenile delinquency best with this definition; "resistant antisocial, illegal, or criminal behavior by children or adolescents to the degree that it cannot be controlled or corrected by the parents, endangers others in the community, and becomes the concern of a law enforcement agency"(1994)....   [tags: Juvenile Delinquent Crime] 1647 words
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The Causes of Juvenile Delinquency and Crime - ... Teens that were abused or neglected in childhood tend to turn to delinquency more frequently than those who were not abused. In a scientific study on the consequences of childhood abuse, the results showed an alarming risk for juvenile delinquency. “The research clearly revealed that a childhood history of physical abuse predisposes the survivor to violence in later years, and that victims of neglect are more likely to engage in later violent criminal behavior as well” (Widom 3). However, physical abuse is not they only abuse that poses a threat to many teens....   [tags: Criminology ]
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1428 words
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The Cause of Juvenile Delinquency - There is no doubt that various books and experts can give us many theories as to the causes of juvenile delinquency, including one's economic background, substance abuse, peer groups, repeated exposure to violence through the family circit, increased availability of firearms and media violence, however, I feel that the number one cause of juvenile delinquency is the breakdown of families, including lack of parental control over children. It is ironic that one must have a driver's license to operate a car, a permit to own a gun and even a license to own a pet such as a cat or a dog, but one does not have to have training or a license in order to become a parent....   [tags: Argumentative] 288 words
(0.8 pages)
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Female Juvenile Delinquency in Canada - Female Juvenile Delinquency in Canada  The punishment for girls was much more harsh in the early days of Canada’s history when crime was seen as an intolerable part of town life.  Young girls of age thirteen and fourteen were often hanged for theft in the mid to late 17th century Quebec or put in detention centres (usually a hospital) for as much as six years at a time (Carrigan 8).  Age was sometimes taken into consideration for serious crimes and so whipping and branding was used instead of execution.  The practise in Halifax in 1815 was to whip a girl thirty-nine times at the community whipping post (Carrigan 37).  The most common problem among girls during this time and in the following years was prostitution and theft among young girls (Carrigan 23)....   [tags: Criminal Justice Essays]
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695 words
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Juvenile Delinquency in the States - Juvenile Delinquency in the States Presently, juvenile justice is widely acknowledged as being in a state of flux in the United States. The early 1990s saw the most substantial rise in violent crime committed by juveniles ever experienced in this country. On the heels of decades of skepticism about the effectiveness of parens patriae (the state as parent), this rise was the "proof" for many "experts" who believe that the juvenile justice system should be abolished. These skeptics reason that one criminal court could still have some latitude when sentencing younger offenders, but that kids are now committing adult crimes, so it is time to treat them as adults....   [tags: Crime Crimes Youth Research Papers]
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Juvenile Delinquency in the Classroom - In depicting juvenile delinquency in the classroom, a few film directors portrayed novice teachers' desire to reach what the school system customarily labeled as "problem students." These films illustrate that these students are often categorized quickly and unfairly, and hopeful intervention by a few caring and zealous teachers is enough to change their lives and attitudes for the better. In the black and white 1955 film "Blackboard Jungle," Mr. Dadier (played by Glenn Ford) was an idealistic teacher on his first job in a tough urban mostly white male high school....   [tags: Personal Essays] 1181 words
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Crime and Delinquency: Graffiti - Introduction. A research project into the perceptions of graffiti by certain individuals and groups can be seen as having grounding in both sociology and criminology. The sociology of deviance and delinquency in urban areas, as well as the socio-historical development of graffiti as a cultural practice provides a basis for further research into the effects of this phenomenon. In terms of criminology, the extent to which the police and local authorities see graffiti as a problem is also worth investigating....   [tags: Sociology] 7044 words
(20.1 pages)
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The Relationship Between Social Class and Delinquency - ... Victimization data suggests that African Americans are more likely than whites to be both offenders and victims of violence. Race and social class explain some but not all of the factors contributing to serious delinquency (Wright and Younts, 2009). The relationship between age and delinquency is evidence by an agreement between all three data sources, which show that crimes peak during mid to late adolescence. Rates for property crime peak in mid to late adolescence and then decline rapidly....   [tags: Sociology ]
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Literature Review: Poverty and Juvenile Delinquency - ... The authors hone in on the formal and informal economies often used by homeless youth to provide for themselves. Formal jobs are noted as low wage, low skill jobs such as fast food and cleaning services. Informal jobs are listed as panhandling, untaxed babysitting, etc (Karabanow et al., 2010). These informal jobs are illegal, but not as extreme as other informal economies we might call crimes. Karabanow et al. (2010) acknowledge that most studies and analyses call all informal jobs crimes and formal jobs work, whereas these informal jobs, to the homeless youth, are more survival tactics, manifesting in entrepreneurial activities....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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1857 words
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Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose - ... This is just but one of the incidents or example that showcases that José has tendencies of easily being influenced to committing deviant activities. Jeffrey Butts, a respected writer, toys with idea that we can do without juvenile system. He comments in his articles that the juvenile system as we know it is no longer essential. He arguably challenges the current juvenile system saying it needs an overhaul since it is indispensable. He further adds that present day juvenile courts can no longer convey the much needed assurance of therapy and there is the tendency of stigmatization for those who have been in the conventional juvenile justice system, and is mostly impossible to differentiate it from the adult correctional system....   [tags: Case Study, solution]
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1353 words
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The Lack of Strong Parental Figures Causes Juvenile Delinquency - The Lack of Strong Parental Figures Causes Juvenile Delinquency Imagine a thirteen-year-old boy living with his mother. His parents have been divorced since he was four-years-old. He has never really known his father and therefore uses his friends for his male role models. His mother has to work two jobs to support her family and is therefore not there to spend much time with her child. This is the type of child that is normally delinquent. Add to this scenario a group of teenage friends that are involved in delinquent activities and it is almost guaranteed that a juvenile delinquent will emerge out of this situation....   [tags: Papers] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency: Exploring Factors of Gender and Family - ... Individual measures of strain may both directly and indirectly lead to individual delinquency. Indirectly, the likelihood that strain will lead delinquency is mediated by feelings of negative effect, specifically anger, among individuals." (Cochran, Dembo, Sellers, Wareham, 2005) This definition clearly places the root at genetics but leaves the ultimate choice of Gender3 acting out delinquency upon the individual....   [tags: Gender Studies, Criminal Justice, Prison] 1512 words
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The Relationship Between Peer Influence and Adolescent Delinquency - ... Accordingly the delinquent actions of peers “will carry more weight if a person is frequently exposed to them, over a long period of time, and from an early age if they come from a significant person in their life” (Kurbin et al. 2009). Yet, classic theories of crime have been criticized for being static in nature, lacking dynamic propositions of within-individual change (Farrington 2005). The addition and subtraction of friendships means that the number of friends in an adolescent’s peer network may vary during the adolescent time frame....   [tags: criminology] 1245 words
(3.6 pages)
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Juvenile Delinquency: Increasing Juvenile Crime and Violence - Juvenile Delinquency: Increasing Juvenile Crime and Violence These days, children have been exposed to many dangers such as child abuse or kidnapping. This situation has not been improved so far, besides it is getting worse and worse. In present society, parents have to keep their eyes on children anytime because any children are potentially involved in crimes. On the other hand, Furedi, author of Culture of Fear, mentions “Children are depicted as more and more out of control” (20). Children themselves are considered as dangerous beings....   [tags: Essays Papers] 963 words
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Impact Of Television Violence In Relation To Juvenile Delinquency - Impact of Television Violence In Relation To Juvenile Delinquency When children are taught how to tie their shoes, it is because of how their parents showed them. When children are taught how to do math problems it is because how their teachers show them. With all of the role models how does television affect our children. Many adults feel that because they watched television when they were young and they have not been negatively affected then their children should not be affected as well. What we must first realize is that television today is different than television of the past, violence is more prevalent in todays programming unlike the true family programming of the past....   [tags: TV Violence Television Cause Essays]
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Juvenile Delinquency - BOOT CAMPS ARE A BAD ALTERNATIVE Boot Camps For Children are A Failure According To Substantial Media Research. Wilderness Therapy Treatment - A non-profit consumer protection information, health, safety, referral & education site. More Information: www.Wilderness-Therapy.Org E-mail: info@Wilderness-Therapy.Org Peter S. Canellos, Contributing Roporter, BOSTON GLOBE, April 30, 1989, PAGE: 29 SHERIFFS, LAWMAKERS EXPLORE ALTERNATIVES TO JAIL //acs-VT2000 At least one former supporter of boot camp has turned into a skeptic, however....   [tags: essays research papers] 1290 words
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What lies in the future of our youth? - ... Parents play a large role in a child’s development. The more time parents can spend with their children, the more of a positive influence the parents can have. It has been shown that children who lack parental supervision run a higher risk of engaging in delinquent acts. Youth reared by lone parents are thought to be more likely to start offending then those youth who are reared by two natural parents. “Many studies have found a strong correlation between a lack of supervision and offending, and it appears to be the most important family influence on offending....   [tags: Persuasive, Youth Delinquency] 2614 words
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Criminal and Delinquent Subcultures - Criminal and Delinquent Subcultures Crime and delinquency subculture reflects on culture patterns surrounding crime and juvenile delinquency. It is created not only by individuals, but as one culture, the American culture. Subculture is derivative of, but different from some larger referential cultures. This term is used to share systems of norms, values, individual, groups and the cultural system itself. Criminal or delinquent subcultures indicate systems of norms, values, or interest that support criminal or delinquent behavior....   [tags: Crime Juvenile Delinquency Essays]
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Hope for Rehabilitation for Institutionalized Youth Offenders - missing works cited Hope for Rehabilitation for Institutionalized Youth Offenders “You do the crime, you pay the time,” is a common phrase uttered throughout our society in regard to juvenile delinquency. It has been suggested that a punitive response to the problem of youth violence in America is an effective means of solving the issue of youth crime, and would also deter future offenders. As a result, the existence of rehabilitation strategies within the system available to offenders is under threat....   [tags: Essays Papers Juvenile Delinquency] 4620 words
(13.2 pages)
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Sex and Sin: Young Women and Sexual Delinquency in Ireland - ... Moreover, Seamus Heaney reflects on his current feelings and starts to feel guilty for watching the woman. There is a sense of remorse within the eight stanza because he cannot prevent her death. Heaney's diction in Punishment reflects his emotions while watching the woman at her last moments. Additionally, the term “voyeur” as a double meaning in Heaney's poem. As he calls himself a “voyeur,” he does not admire the act of dying but he does admire the woman's naked body (Heaney ln 32). The first and second stanza is dedicated to the woman's body, Heaney articulates: “I can feel the tug of the halter at the nape of her neck, the wind on her naked font....   [tags: Sexual Revolution, argumentative, persuasive]
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The Benefits of Juvenile Sentencing to Service - Sentencing to Service (STS) is a sentencing option available to most Courts where a convicted offender "works off” his/her fine by performing a specified number of hours of public service work under the supervision of a work crew leader employed by the state or a local corrections agency. Courts may also sentence offenders to STS rather than jail or workhouse time. STS was established in 1986 by the Minnesota Department of Corrections along with several County Sheriff’s Departments, community corrections, Courts and local governments....   [tags: Sentencing to Service, Juvenile delinquency, ]
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Juvenile Crime - Remember doing something mischievous or wrong when you were a kid and getting the label "delinquent" slapped on you . Did you ever wonder what it meant . That is what my topic for today is . . . juvenile delinquency. In this report I will: define juvenile delinquency, give the extent of juvenile delinquency, give some suggestions on what causes juvenile delinquency, and what is being done in various communities to deal with this growing problem. The legal term juvenile delinquent was established so that young lawbreakers could avoid the disgrace of being classified in legal records as criminals....   [tags: essays research papers] 988 words
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Not All Offenders Should be Labeled Juvenile Delinquents - Not All Offenders Should be Labeled Juvenile Delinquents Juvenile delinquency is a critical concern to the general public. When adolescents commit crimes or are accused of an offense, they automatically become labeled criminals, delinquents, and deviants in the eyes of the courts, of the state, and of various people. However, is it fair to label them as such. When a status offense such as curfew, vandalism, or even disorderly conduct, is committed, the child should not be labeled a delinquent....   [tags: Papers] 507 words
(1.4 pages)
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Juvenile Crime Rates - Juvenile delinquency is a complex social problem that significantly impacts all members and processes of a social structure. Delinquency refers to a set of behaviors that are not in line with the collective practices and/or ethics of the dominant social group. Essentially, these behaviors deviate from societal norms and more specifically they violate established criminal codes and laws. Juvenile delinquency incorporates not only general criminal activity but conduct that is only unlawful for youths such as running away from home and skipping school....   [tags: essays research papers] 2173 words
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Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice - Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Abstract Two theorist and theories that have been recognized by many involved in the criminal justice field are Ross L. Matsueda's Theory of Differential Social Control, and, Charles R. Tittle's Control Balance Theory. Matsueda's theory, (1) identifies a broader range of individual-level mechanisms of social control, (2) specifying group and organizational processes for controlling delinquency, (3) conceptualizing classical criminological theories as special cases of a general interactionist framework, and (4) testing the interactionist model empirically against specific hypotheses drawn from competing theories....   [tags: Papers] 3645 words
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Holding Parents Responsible for the Anti-Social and Criminal Behaviour of their Children - Holding Parents Responsible for the Anti-Social and Criminal Behaviour of their Children The case for holding parents responsible for the anti-social and criminal behaviour of their children has been long disputed. This essay will assess whether parents should in fact be held responsible or whether the child should be punished for their behaviour. Many areas will be discussed, the first of which will be the historical context of criminalizing motherhood. The first issue in this section is whether family factors, such as poor parental supervision, are an influence on behaviour as investigated by researchers such as the Committee for Investigating the Causes of the Alarming Increase of Juvenile Delinquency in the Metropolis in 1816, which will be compared to modern theorists such as Loeber and Dishon (1983) and Smith and Stern (1997)....   [tags: Papers] 1622 words
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Truancy: Today's Dilemma - ... In Görlitz Germany, judges sent excessive truancy offenders to jail (“Truant Does Time”, 2007). In 2000, England and Wales implemented laws to put parents of persistent truancy offenders in jail for up to three months (“Truancy timeline, 2009). ”In 2004, France started fining parents of habitually truant children 750 Euros” (“Truancy: How do”, 2005) or approximately 900 U.S. Dollars, $1,066 by 2011 exchange rate. In 2009, Australia started to withhold welfare payments to parents with truant children (“Families' welfare suspended”, 2010)....   [tags: Educational Issues, education]
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Theories of Crime - ... Sheldon on the other hand proposed a classification that proposed that the human physique was directly linked to crime which he referred to as somatotyping. He proposed three body styles in his classification. The Endomorphic Mesomorphic (hard and muscular), Ectomorphic (fragile and thin), and the last was the fat and soft. This proposal was also accepted amongst some circles whilst others claimed that it was short of some correlation. This is as depicted in the movie with reference to the physical attributes of Jim Stark as well as John ‘Plato’ Crawford....   [tags: Criminology ]
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The Effects of Legal Processing on Delinquent Orientations - ... In this study from which the data was collected the students were given a written survey once a year for six years; this survey measured basic demographic variables as well as the Socialization Scale proven by Gough (1960). In order to obtain a useful data set the authors first removed subjects that "had police and/or court contacts prior to the beginning of the study" (Ageton, 1974:91). This however would leave subjects that had contact with other agencies of social control such as social workers and thus may not make the data set as valuable as it could be as noted by subsequent research....   [tags: Article Analysis] 689 words
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Exploring Girls' Participation in Violence - Exploring Girls' Participation in Violence Introduction Youth violence, and particularly violence carried out by girls, has been the subject of intense media attention recently, with an ever-increasing number of girls portrayed as carrying guns in their mouths and participating in violent crime. Although the percentage of girls' involvement in delinquency and crime has increased in the last two decades, it is still far below the level of boys' involvement, and it differs quite significantly....   [tags: Exploratory Research]
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Why Gang Life is Attractive to Some - According to Miller’s theory, young boy’s who do not have a father figure growing up will turn to gangs to achieve a sense of masculinity within each other. Girls will turn to all-male gangs to have a sense of father figure as well. Because of the masculinity is missing out of children’s lives, the gang life tends to attract them because of the power and respect that comes along with being in a gang. (Delinquency In society, p.180-181) There are many theories that explain why people join gangs....   [tags: gangs, ]
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684 words
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Social Outcasts and Juvenile Deliquency - ... This depends on seriousness of the crime. According to social structure theorists, the behavior of a person is greatly controlled by their position in the social structure. Such behavior may be positive or negative depending on how the individual reacts to such (Tunstall). Social isolation has been grouped into four levels depending on the magnitude of the social contacts exhibited by people. They include: The socially competent; the socially inhibited; the lonely; and the socially isolated....   [tags: Sociology ]
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904 words
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African American & Societys Influence - I. Introduction We can begin to draw comparisons and highlight distinctions about the meaning attached to youth violence, from the modern era to present day. Based on this meaning, we are able to understand the myriad of ways delinquent juveniles are affected by certain policies. Specifically, African Americans are over-represented in the juvenile justice system of Cook County, Chicago. Thus, they are a vulnerable population that is singled out by the system, and this further exacerbates and stigmatizes them....   [tags: essays research papers] 2064 words
(5.9 pages)
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Factor Affecting the Presence of Crime in Inner Cities of America - The presence of crime in the inner cities of America is the result of many different factors. Although it is impossible to explain the issue with one single theory, it is possible to recognize the characteristics within society that have traditionally been associated with crime. These include poor neighborhoods, weak family structures and high rates of unemployment. However, they cannot be used to explain overarching mechanisms of extremely high rates of American urban crime today. Social structures as well as cultural conditions play strong explanatory roles in describing the causes of crime in American cities....   [tags: criminal justice] 796 words
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Peer Pressure - ... The use of broader ages during adolescence has resulted in contradictory patterns of influence. Peer influence has been shown to decrease from early to mid-adolescence, and then increase from mid to late adolescence (LaGrange and White 1985), increase from early to late adolescence (Chassin et al. 1986), and finally to decrease from early to late adolescence (Bauman et al. 2001). Overall, cross-sectional studies do not present a consistent pattern to the varying influence of peers on delinquency....   [tags: Psychology] 1523 words
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Juvenile Crime and Socio Economic Factors - ... More than two-third of those interviewed had relatives who were incarcerated; for twenty percent it was a father and for another twenty five percent a brother or sister.” (Chapter 7: Juvenile Delinquency, 196) Evidence has also been found that a family where peace and love are distant issues and that displays continuous marital disorder results in creating an environment that eventually promotes juvenile delinquency. This is also true for families with evidence of divorce, though at the end it depends a lot on family unity rather than single or double parenthood....   [tags: Crime ]
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Juvenile Stats On Crime - 40% of all residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 9% in 1996. 28% of all non-residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 5% in 1996. 29% of all Residential Entry charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 18% in 1996. 19% of all Theft charges and 18% of all Receiving Stolen Property charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- down from 22% (Theft) and up from 6% (Receiving) in 1996. 18% of all Auto Theft charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 6% in 1996....   [tags: essays research papers] 686 words
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Altering the Traditional Calendar to Enhance Education - ... All in all, as the world’s richest super power, the United States should be ranked number one in education compared to the rest of the world. Implementing a year-round educational calendar will help reverse the downward trend of American education by improving test scores, juvenile delinquency rates, and cost for education. Furthermore, the citizens of the United States should sponsor legislation requiring year-round education to ensure the quality of education remains high for generations to come....   [tags: Education]
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Travis Hirschi's Control Theory - Reflecting on Travis Hirschi's Control Theory--How would you apply it to the students (or other population) The way that I can apply the Travis Hirschi's Control Theory to the students at APCH is by conforming with the students at APCH to social norms which depends on a strong bond between the staff at APCH and the students surrounding community to live in today's ride or die society. By applying the Travis Hirschi's Control Theory we have to use the four dimensions to incorporate the success of the Theory....   [tags: Sociology] 378 words
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Adolescence and Juvenile Deliquency - Adolescence and Juvenile Deliquency Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (1980) defines adolescence as "the state or process of growing up"; even more specifically, adolescence is also defined as "the period of life from puberty to maturity terminating legally at the age of majority". Looking back on their adolescence, adults often conjure up grand memories, and laugh at their mistakes. Adolescence is a period in life that everyone must 'survive' in order to become an adult, although some go through it more turbulently than others....   [tags: Papers] 537 words
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history of juvenile justice - History of Juvenile Justice *created in the late 1800’s to reform U.S. policies regarding youthful offenders *early on children were treated as chattels of adults without any rights *if found guilty they were sentenced just as adults were *New York City House of Refuge, the first youth prison opened in 1825 *during the 1800’s the juvenile justice system exercised its authority within a “parens patriae” which meant state as parent or guardian role. The state assumed responsibility of parenting the children until they begin to show changes *Many refuge homes were similar to orphanages *the refuge houses provided education, physical exercise, and supervision *Illinois adopted the first juvenile code in 1899 and established the country’s first juvenile court *prior to 1900 at least ten children under the age of fourteen had been executed *Illinois law focused on the offender’s character rather than the offense *the mission of juvenile courts was to make the youth productive citizens *in the 1920’s professional and mental health services available through the courts were expanded *Kent vs....   [tags: essays research papers] 329 words
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Relation of Crime and Family - Relation of Crime and Family missing works cited Crime is sometimes blamed on the family, with poor parenting, lack of discipline and family breakdown often associated with youth crime. A recurrent theme in academic research has been to investigate the relationship between delinquency and a range of family related factors. Early studies explored child-rearing behaviour, parental discipline, the criminal histories of parents and family size and income. Popular theories in the 1950s and 1960s related juvenile delinquency to material deprivation, broken homes and to the growing number of ‘latch key’ children who were left unsupervised after school while their mothers went to work....   [tags: Sociology Essays Papers Criminal] 1095 words
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Juvenile Justice System - The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will come in to play during the course of his arrest, trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation process. This paper examines the Juvenile Justice System’s court process in the State of New Jersey and the State of California....   [tags: Legal System Court Law] 1696 words
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The Canadian Juvenile Justice System - Youth and juvenile crime is a common and serious issue in current society, and people, especially parents and educators, are pretty worried about the trend of this problem. According to Bala and Roberts, around 17% of criminals were youths, compared to 8% of Canadian population ranging between 12 to 18 years of age between 2003 and 2004 (2006, p37). As a big federal country, Canada has taken a series of actions since 1908. So far, there are three justice acts in the history of Canadian juvenile justice system, the 1908 Juvenile Delinquents Act, the 1982 Young Offenders Act, and the 2003 Youth Criminal Justice Act....   [tags: Law/Courts] 1184 words
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Juvenile Crime - Juvenile Crime In today's changing world there are many factors that affect the Delinquency of our youth. Crime has become a major pastime for a large amount of today's youth. Some of the causes of this troubling problem are poverty, lack of activities, and mental issues. With every problem there is a solution, there is a constant battle in trying to find the perfect solution to help contribute to delinquency. We haven't found that solution, but we have some answers to help contain the problem....   [tags: Papers] 427 words
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Exploring Theories of Criminal Behavior - I believe that Reiss’s and Nye’s Theories of Internal and External controls are one of the better theories of why there is crime in America. Albert J Reiss provided one of the earliest applications of this concept to criminology by attributing the cause of delinquency is the failure of “personal” and “social” controls. Personal controls are internalized, whereas social controls operate through the external application of legal and informal social sanctions. Nye later expanded on this and identified and identified three main categories of social controls that prevent delinquency: 1....   [tags: criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminology, ] 586 words
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The Truth about Crime Prevention - The Truth about Crime Prevention The truth about crime prevention is more complicated –less utopian than some liberals would like, but far more promising than conservatives will admit. Prevention can work and that it can be far less costly, in every sense, than continuing to rely on incarceration as out first defense against violent crimes. Instead of simply insisting that prevention is better than incarceration, then, we need to pinpoint more clearly what kinds of prevention work—and why some programs work and others do not, the most encouraging efforts share important characteristics; there are reasons why they work, whether the ‘target’ population is abusive families, vulnerable teens, or serious juvenile offenders who’ve already broken the law....   [tags: Crime Violence Job Corps Essays] 1199 words
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Girls and Crime - Girls and Crime Stress, teenage mother hood, drug habits all those components needs survival skills. How do you keep those survival skills. Gangs, prostitution, abuse. To us juvenile delinquency is something that we look at it with disdain instead of taking the time to look into sociological issues, emotional issues and the reality that would give us a clearer view and still not make us feel or understand the conditions they live in, the pressures they go through or face everyday. For us to be able to make a non judgmental opinion is very difficult, perhaps many of us have been affected by the wrong doings of some delinquent's actions such as a drive by shooting, being at the wrong place at the wrong time....   [tags: Papers] 961 words
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Social Conflict Perspective on Class, State and Crime - Social Conflict Perspective on Class, State and Crime How does Class, state ,and social controls within a capitalistic society lead to increase crime due to the criminal laws and criminal justice system imposed on the lower middle class. Social conflict theory is the only one out of the vast number of criminology theories that deals directly with this problem. From out of it’s Marxist roots arose a theory which challenges the way in which today’s society views it’s legal system and the implications it has on it’s working class citizens....   [tags: Papers] 1817 words
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Theories Explaining Juvenile Crime - Theories Explaining Juvenile Crime Many theories, at both the macro and micro level, have been proposed to explain juvenile crime. Some prominent theories include Social Disorganization theory, Differential Social Organization theory, Social Control theory, and Differential Association theory. When determining which theories are more valid, the question must be explored whether people deviate because of what they learn or from how they are controlled. Mercer L. Sullivan’s book, “Getting Paid” Youth Crime and Work in the Inner City clearly suggests that the learning theories both at the macro level, Differential social organization, and micro level, Differential association theory, are the more accurate of the two types of theory....   [tags: Youth Criminal] 1605 words
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Reform Schools as a Response to mid 19th Century Juvenile Crime - Reform Schools as a Response to mid 19th Century Juvenile Crime From the onset of the Industrial revolution, Britain saw overcrowding in all of her major cities. The workforce that previously found its employment in agriculture now had to descend upon the cities in order to survive. These large numbers of people were focused in small areas around British cities, and without the readiness of employment or occupation there was a high crime rate complemented by an ever-increasing population....   [tags: Papers] 1213 words
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Juvenile Offenders - ... Since most uses of stolen cars is for the furtherance of committing other crimes. This is just a simple example but it sets the stage for how the juvenile justice system had to evolve in order to keep up with the crimes being committed. The focus of the juvenile courts was rehabilitation of the offenders without attaching a permanent criminal record. Believing that all children had no knowledge or responsibility of the actions they committed. This relates back to the argument about age and crimes committed by juveniles....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Differential Association Theory - ... After Stanley’s mother died at the age of four, his life was not the same. A year later, his father remarried a woman from “hell” and she was one of the reasons why Stanley became destructive. She was selfish and only cared for her and her seven children. She physically and emotionally abused Stanley by severely beating him many times and blaming him for senseless things. She also neglected him and his two other siblings while she gave her children the best of everything with Stanley’s father money....   [tags: Criminology ]
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Juvenile Homicide - ... Conduct disorder is a psychiatric disorder that causes behavioral and emotional problems in youngsters, causing them to have a hard time following rules, and behaving in a socially acceptable way. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy level, thinking and behavior. Both disorders were defined by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Glossary of Symptoms and Illnesses, 2010). Conduct disorder can often cause a child to become anti-social, and non-empathetic....   [tags: Crime & Punishment]
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Education, Socioeconomic Status and Social Dilemmas: Three Criminal Theories - ... Matsueda (2000) inferred that at the level of the individual, the process of differential association provides a social psychological explanation of how normative conflict ion society translates into individual criminal acts. Their differential social control theory specifies that delinquent behavior occurs in problematic situations in which individuals take the role of significant others and considers the others reaction to alternative lines of action before selecting a delinquent or non delinquent solution to the problem....   [tags: Criminology ]
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British Child Protection Policies - ... Additionally, through circulars a series of instruments were introduced such as area reviews committees, case review and a register for abused or at risk of abuse children . At this point more statutory work, NSPCC left. Contemporary Issues In May 1979 the Margaret Thatcher came into power. Her government had as a major aim to reduce public spending, as such the welfare system that had been created after the II World War would be affected. The impact on children and their families was notorious by the raise in child poverty as a consequence of cuts on benefits, a raise on the unemployment rate, the increase of council house rents and the freeze of child benefit ....   [tags: Social Work ]
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Rational Choice Theory - ... The former looks at the general population and how it is dissuaded from crime. The later occurs when a specific offender is deterred from crime through sanctions. Thus, the benefits and drawbacks of crime have sway with both deterrence and rational choice theories, but rational choice doesn’t make headway for a population as a whole or limit the individual to those previously punished. The strengths of the rational choice theory are also seen when comparing it to the routine activity theory, which proposes that three elements are needed for crime: motivated offenders, suitable targets, and the absence of capable guardians (Cohen and Felson, 1979)....   [tags: Legal Issues, Criminal Activity] 1230 words
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Troublesome Behavior - ... Moreover, these problems are interrelated. In other words, tendencies for childhood aggression could cause school failure, which could cause a lack of occupational opportunity and relationship problems. Also, parenting has an influence on crime and delinquency (Wright et al., 2008). Social learning theorists believe children copy the behaviors stylized in their parents. Social control theories recommend that parents must set limits for their children with supervision and discipline when they engage in stubborn behavior....   [tags: Psychology, Children Behavioral Disorder] 1263 words
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Crime Zones - Crime Zones and Reasoning (Poverty, Race, Social Class) Sociology is a branch of the social sciences that attempts to help us understand society and how people interact. As with many other social sciences, sociology employs theories to help understand why people make certain decisions. Theories that help us explain societal trends are usually segmented in order to accurately examine the specific dynamics of different sections of society. Communities, institutions, gender, race and population are a few popular examples of common segmentations utilized in social theories....   [tags: essays research papers] 400 words
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david souter - Birth, Residence, and Family Born September 17, 1939 in Melrose, Massachusetts, son of Joseph Alexander and Helen Adams Hackett Souter. Education Harvard College, A.B. 1961, Phi Beta Kappa, selected Rhodes Scholar; Magdalen College, Oxford, 1963, A.B. in Jurisprudence 1989, M.A. 1989; Harvard Law School, LL.B. 1966. Law Practice Associate, Orr and Reno, Concord, NH, 1966-1968. Government Service Assistant Attorney General of New Hampshire, 1968-1971; Deputy Attorney General of New Hampshire, 1971-1976; Attorney General of New Hampshire, 1976-1978....   [tags: essays research papers] 396 words
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Girl Gangs - Girl Gangs and the Female Crime Wave in America Starting in the 1980s, reports of female involvement in gangs, drug sales, and violence began to surface as a serious problem in America. To support claims of increased female delinquency, reporters and scholars often cite crime statistics or anecdotes from field studies. The reasons they give to explain this female crime wave generally fall into one of two categories: drugs as a means for economic success the idea that the increased availability of crack cocaine provides economic means to poverty-ridden women suffering from the effects of urbanization and deindustrializationand social movements the idea that female “liberation” has hit the streets....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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America's Juvenile Justice System - America's Juvenile Justice System The Juvenile Justice system, since its humble conception a century ago, has been one at conflict with itself. Originally conceived as a fatherly entity intervening and intruding into the lives of the troubled, urban, and immigrant youths, it has since been transformed into a rigid and adversarial arena restrained by the demands of personal liberty and due process. In fact, the nature of a youngster's experience with social control forces since the dawn of the juvenile justice system has come almost full circle from being treated as an adult, then as an unaccountable child, now almost as an adult once more....   [tags: Crime Criminal Delinquent Essays] 3758 words
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Young People As A Social Problem - Young People As A Social Problem In the wake of the alarming rate of juvenile delinquency and the accumulating cases of teenage suicide since the mid 90's, it's not surprising to see that the majority started to accuse young people as a source of social problem. Nowadays, some may even consider young people as a group of easily-agitated gangsters euipped with the potential ability and the desire to disrupt the present social order. However, is it justified to point the finger of blame on our teenagers for the social problems....   [tags: social issues] 934 words
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