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Criminal Justice Trends - ... The way the system is perceived is by citizens of America plays a large roll on how policies are implemented. What shapes the views and perceptions of our citizens when discussing the criminal justice system. There are four outlets that shape the way people rationalize the effectiveness of the criminal justice system and by volume they are; media, news paper, radio, and in less than 10 percent of the population from friends and family (Muraski, 2009), media of course being the biggest contributor to the influence of how people in America view crime in our country....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1561 words
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Procedures in the Criminal Justice System - “The criminal process is part of the State’s response to crime, part of the mechanism which the State applies substantive criminal law to its citizens”. (Ashworth & Redmayne, 2005, p.2) Within this essay, I will be looking at the procedures in the Criminal Justice System. Before laying the foundations of this work, I will briefly dedicate a few lines on what the Criminal Justice System is about. A Criminal Justice System is a set of legal and social establishments for carrying out the criminal law in agreement with a definite set of procedural regulations and restrictions....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1038 words
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Pursuing a Degree in Criminal Justice - Today our world is filled with crime. The people committing these crimes must have a consequence for their illegal actions. The system in place to keeping everything fair and safe is called the criminal justice system. This was put in place to ensure there is fairness and justice served to people who break the laws set up by the government. Criminal justice is one of the most important majors one can study due to the necessity to keep the streets safe and clean. From street cops, to state troopers all the way to criminal psychologists the criminal justice system is a very important part of modern society as it keeps us safe from murders, rapists and various other criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1751 words
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Criminal Justice System and Process - ... Defense Attorneys: On the other hand the defense attorneys are mandated to defend the accused against the government’s case. These attorneys are either hired by the defendants or assigned for by the court (this is a case for those defendants who do not have enough financial capacity to hire an attorney), (Schmallager, 2009). The Courts: The courts are spear-headed by judges whose ultimate objective is making sure that the correct process in the court room is followed to par, (Smith, 2003). They are therefore in charge of rejecting or accepting plea agreements, they oversee trials and they also sentence the convicted offenders, (Law Library, 2011)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1346 words
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Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics - ... For example, the use of guns, the use of police swoops as a means of fighting crime, and the use of uniforms that closely resemble those of the military have inculcated a domineering character and, to some extent, a violent nature in many police officers. Although the deputy chief has an enviable track record, it is evident from this case that he is on the wrong side of the law. Covering up this wrong is tantamount to abetting corruption. This is unethical. One good example of the code of ethics that an officer in the criminal justice system has to follow is embodied in the Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics of the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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886 words
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Criminal Justice as Entertainment - ... While the program demonstrates a thespian view of the criminal justice system, it exhibits a precise explanation of how the police force and the courts set off from an unexplained crime to a conviction. In one episode titled ‘Thrill Killers”, two individuals, Joshua Ford and Genie Crutchley, went missing from their beachside hotel room. Other two suspects Benjamin and Erica Sifrit, described as a young married couple, were apprehended on charges of burglary when they allegedly endeavoured to rob a Hooter’s souvenir shop....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1009 words
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Criminal Justice System - ... When the defendant is found guilty and sent to prison, s/he will be housed away from society for a given period of time and while in prison, corrections is responsible for humane treatment of the defendant. Correction also takes up the responsibility of rehabilitation of that individual and tries to make them productive members of the society. Based on their behavior, the court and corrections officer decide if they want to place someone on parole while they are completing their term in the prison....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Criminal Justice System in USA - ... The article details a host of other police actions by specific racial numbers, including arrests, frisk, and use of force. Law enforcement policies like Boston's 2005 initiative dubbed (without a trace of irony) "Operation Rolling Thunder" target certain groups of "inner-city" youths (translation = young men of color) for increased surveillance, stops, arrests, and relocation (Mastrorilli, 2012). Another moral issue for law enforcement involves excessive use of force, racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, age discrimination and religious discrimination....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice System - ... At times however, police discretion causes more problems than it resolves. There have been reports of police being called to a scene were a husband is being extremely aggressive towards his wife. The police feel as the situation that is occurring is not severe, and therefore leave the scene. The next day, the police station receives a call that there was a homicide. As they arrive to the scene, the police realized it was the same couple from day before.” The report details in-depth reviews of 84 cases in which 135 people died, including some instances of homicide-suicide — cases when abusers killed victims as well as themselves....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1083 words
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Puerto Rico Criminal Justice - ... It is at this stage that procedural law becomes of utmost importance. Procedural law concerns itself with the fair treatment of the suspected offender. It is due to the Amendments (or Sections in Puerto Rico) that protect individual rights that a society is able to engage in the social contract without fear of the government abusing their powers. In Puerto Rico, the judicial process in criminal cases consists of three distinct stages: pre-trial proceedings, trial, and subsequent proceedings....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1973 words
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Encouragement in the Criminal Justice System - ... One of the biggest obstacles a criminal justice professional will be confronted with is a difference in culture or subculture. People within the same culture will not have the same attitudes or perceptions because differences can still result due to ethnic group, family values and personal experiences. Culturally speaking, a criminal justice professional will find it very difficult to encourage clients of different cultures if the professional view's clients in an ethnocentric manner. Assessing clients in accordance with the professional’s values will severely limit their ability to help and encourage their client....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1466 words
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Youth Criminal Justice Act - The overwhelming majority of juveniles are involved in impulsive or risky, even delinquent behaviors during their teenage years. However, the majority go on to become very productive citizens who do not commit crimes. In order for this to continue the government established the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) which gives young offenders a chance to better themselves, and. By doing so, the YCJA helps teach youth that their actions are unacceptable and the punishments imposed are lesser then an adult....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1254 words
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Canadian Criminal Justice System - Introduction The Canadian Criminal Justice System is, for the most part, reflective of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and various Supreme Court of Canada case-law. Everyone who finds themselves on the opposing end of the Criminal Justice System is entitled to certain protections every step of the way, beginning even before the arrest; laws protect us from unreasonable investigative techniques, guarantee certain rights at point of arrest, and provide us with the right to counsel. The bail court departs from the ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ standard in that the crown only needs to prove on a balance of probabilities (Kellough, 1996, p....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Criminal Justice Fields - ... The most noted fields, which people associate with forensics, are fingerprint analysis, ballistics, DNA profiling and toxicology however the everyday public is unaware the forensic field also includes fire investigation, forensic engineering, and even vehicular accident reconstruction. Within the last twenty years, due to the advances in technology and science, many new disciplines have come into fruition. Vein matching, also called vascular technology, is a technique of biometric identification though the analysis of the patterns of blood vessels visible from the surface of the skin....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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995 words
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Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing - Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served....   [tags: criminal justice]
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725 words
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U.S. Criminal Justice System - ... Inmates may use telephones to call anyone anytime, they have keys to their own individual rooms, they have their own money, and they wear their own clothes. There are no restrictions on hours of watching television or visiting in the day rooms or rooms of other inmates, and going to work or school is not required (p. 53). The Denmark’s popular belief reflects Europe’s stance that the fines, probation, and suspended sentences are best ways than jailing people. In the fact, Denmark inserted various committees to deal with minor sentences such as felony, thefts, and youth crimes....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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1782 words
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Ethics in Criminal Justice Professions - ... Emotions, instinct, and personal values cannot supply adequate answers to ethical and moral dilemmas. However, training and education can provide the answers to solve those ethical and moral dilemmas, increase awareness of ethical issues, expand the scope of their ethical vision, and spur their imagination of the consequences of their decisions affecting others. Training will provide the formation of questions on which to base an ethical decision. Does the decision affect others. Does the decision hurt others....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
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The Deterrence Effect and Criminal Justice - Over the years a theory known as the deterrence effect has been proposed to the world of capital punishment. People believe that if you do something wrong, in this case, kill someone, then you will be put to death therefore preventing you from committing that wrong act again. This theory also states that by viewing or hearing about your punishment then others around you will not follow in your footsteps which will decrease the number of criminal acts committed. Econometric studies have started a panel data in order to view the validity of this theory....   [tags: Deterrence, Criminal Justice, ] 662 words
(1.9 pages)
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Underfunding in the Canadian Criminal Justice System - ... Currently each Canadian pays 344 a year to fund Canada’s combined 11 billion dollar a year police expenditure budget (Beattie, 2009). This money could come from a number of sources such as ending GST rebate cheques except those in poverty or not holding G20 summits, or perhaps the money from the long gun registry could have been put to better use. If each Canadian paid an additional 56 dollars a year to hire more police another 1.8 billion dollars in salaries could be paid. Assuming costs of 100000 a year in salary, training, and equipment per police officer, another 18000 police officers could be put on the payroll across Canada....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1829 words
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Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Ethical Challenges in Criminal Justice System - ... Lawyers are required to have many years of schooling, in particular four years of law school, Correctional Services in many states do not require any college at all, and however all do require at least a high school education. Ethics training is not at the forefront of most law enforcement academy curricula. Ethics is sometimes a low-priority, tiresome subject. Little effort can be devoted to ethics as it competes for classroom time with more glamorous and direct-liability subjects such as firearms, non-lethal weapons, defensive tactics, laws of arrest, search and seizure, pursuit driving, etc.(Dr....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
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Prosecuting Juveniles As Adults in The Criminal Justice System - ... A case should be presented with evidence, testimonies, and experts to determine whether guilt is present. If the party is guilty then a sentence should be given, but trials, and the criminal system, are designed for adults, not children. “Prosecuting juveniles as adults undermines the justice system” (Young, and Gainsborough). Judges and lawyers lack the patients and training to listen to children during an adult criminal trail. These issues in adult courts allow for predisposed disadvantages for children tried in the same court....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Mental Health within the Criminal Justice System - ... 927). However by encouraging independence through employment the public mental health system will give these people hope as part of their treatment process that is hope for a life without dependence. Employment gives an individual a separate identity to that of ‘mentally ill’ or ‘criminal’, where they are able to contribute to society by paying taxes to support these essential public services. By engaging in successful employment people with mental health problems have the ability to establish their worthiness, and provide for themselves without restoring to survival crimes thus fracturing the stigmatisation process....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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2586 words
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Risk Assessments Within The Criminal Justice System - ... Elements of risk assessments Prior record(s) have a huge impact on the decisions to sentence and the duration of time served. The conclusions in the Criminal Behavior and Mental Health article showed, “There is a distinct advantage when attempting to predict recidivism to employing measures such as the LSI-R, which includes dynamic variables and intervention related criminogenic domains, over a measure purely of fixed characteristics, such as the GSIR; however, if there is discordance between the risk estimates, caution should be exercised and more reliance on the more static historically based instrument may be indicated.” (MILLS & KRONER, P....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Race and Social Class: Education and Criminal Justice System - ... This ideology is based on the belief that having a good education will open economical doors and make it possible for all individuals to improve their financial status. Unfortunately, this ideology does not apply to all social groups: it restricts some social groups and favors others. White children from the upper class can feel secure and safe about their chances of attaining the American Dream. They might not be the brightest pupils in school, but there is a high probability of them attending a school that fits their interests and aspirations because of the interventions of their well-off parents....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1379 words
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Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - ... Treatment Community corrections professionals keep in contact with the treatment facilities to stay informed on the offenders they are monitoring. This is used as one of the strategies to supervise offenders and keep the community safe. This is just one fundamental aspect of the whole treatment design. The idea of rehabilitation is an elusive concept when discussing sex offenders. Once the act has been committed and the offender has been deemed guilty he or she will always be registered as a sex offender even if rehabilitation is fully achieved....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1114 words
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Court Systems and Criminal Justice - ... The physical layout of correctional facilities often influences or even guides a particular style of management and administration. One of the particularly important, correctional philosophies and their physical designs has undergone considerable change during the past twenty years (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 381). Historically, outdated architectural design has prevented the civilized reform concept from being realized. Poor design and appalling living conditions, overcapacity, inadequate staff, and dilapidated physical facilities have disadvantaged inmates of basic needs (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 386)....   [tags: Law, criminal justice, law enforcement]
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Effective Communication in Criminal Justice Settings - ... An specialist should motivate working together and collaboration with co-workers and use efficient conflict-resolution abilities.She should take effort and perform toward self-improvement on the job. She must identify that switch perform will probably be necessary, along with interacting with a challenging inhabitants. She will be requested to take a position on her toes for prolonged and actually limit juveniles. She must know their privileges to successfully do her job. The juvenile detention officer must have effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Models of Criminal Justice: Exploring the Probation System - ... He recommended to judges that certain offenders be released under his supervision. ) In recent years, the push for alternatives to incarceration has, in large part, been in response to rapidly increasing prison populations in Canada and the United States. Legislators in Canada and the United States have passed legislation in recent years aimed at reducing or stabilizing prison populations. Canada and the United States have the highest rates of incarceration of all Western democratic countries, at 130 and 529 per 100,000 population respectively (Correctional Service of Canada, 1995)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law, parole] 1855 words
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The Cost of Culpability: The Significance of Numbers Inside the Criminal Justice System (Age and Economics) - ... Each one has its own level of criminal validity which holds its own weight inside culpability guidelines. Without proper backing, both arguments have an increased chance of becoming invalid, ineffective and biased inside US courtroom proceedings. This is a mistake that all too often leads to the adjudication of culpable offenders and the imprisonment of those who justly require criminal leniency. Mental and Chronological Age Culpability, for the purpose pf this paper will be examined as age as a number and age as a medical defect (mental illness) to show how it can be blended or separated to yield the same outcomes but are more often overlooked inside courtrooms when determining criminal culpability....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1254 words
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Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice - Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays] 5672 words
(16.2 pages)
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Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice - Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures....   [tags: Criminal Justice Book Review] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate in Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice? - This essay aims to make clear the system of restorative justice and its aims towards youth offending, whilst arguing points for and against the current system and whether or not it is more appropriate in terms of dealing with youth offending. It will also define restorative justice as well as defining what is meant by conventional justice. Making clear how and why these two systems came to be a part of youth justice whilst concluding as to which if either is more appropriate in dealing with youth offending behaviour....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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2432 words
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Is the criminal justice system more effective as a method of bringing the guilty to justice or as a deterrent or a method of social control? - ... Furthermore, each of these institutions have substantial unregulated discretion in making particular decisions such as the victim's decision to report a crime (Frase & Weidner). The decision to report crimes to the police can have extensive consequences for victims and the criminal justice system. However, the task of portraying accurate crime statistics is made difficult by the differences between numbers of incidents reported to police, and numbers of people who respond positively to victim surveys....   [tags: Criminal justice] 1385 words
(4 pages)
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The Cost of Culpability: The Significance of Numbers Inside the Criminal Justice System (Age and Economics) - ... In this instance, knowing and doing were the two areas that legal officials used to strengthen their cases for and against the accused juveniles and mentally ill adult offenders. Attorneys would argue that either the juvenile offender or mentally ill adult offender could not predict the end results of their actions due to immaturity, ignorance, a lack of understanding the consequences of their actions or were mentally ill at the time of the act based on the juvenile’s physical age and the status of the mentally ill adult offender....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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The Effectiveness of Torture in Relation to Criminal Justice and its Ethical Implications - ... Brecher also states that it is likely that most terrorists will die for their cause, as we have seen on September 11th, so they are more than likely willing to plant false tales under interrogational torture. “The point is that the already ‘guilty terrorist’ who is most unlikely to be the crazed fanatic, unable to act rationally, of popular misrepresentation, is rather more dedicated and determined than you or I.” Furthermore, Brecher goes on to make a point that anyone planting a bomb is likely to have gone through intense training in resisting torture under the assumption and likelihood that they may be caught in these types of circumstances....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Ethics] 1779 words
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International Criminal Justice Between Soviet Union, Afghanistan, and America - An analysis of International Aggression: The scope of International Criminal Justice Through the years, the overt and covert conflicts between the United States and the former Soviet Union was often coined in terms of international aggression. The Soviet invasions of Afghanistan lead to a renewal of Cold War hostility between the Soviet Union and America. Afghanistan made headlines in 1979 as it brought to the forefront, the Cold War sentiments with the continued efforts of then U.S.S.R. to spread communism....   [tags: Criminal Justice Crime]
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Criminal Justice - ... Public outcry over these cases galvanized policy makers to "get tough" and "do something" to "fix" the crime problem. In response, legislators passed three-strikes laws.” (Kovandzic et al, 2002) Politicians were portraying the idea that children were in danger of predators, violent criminals that will hurt them. It was all over the media, on the news, in the newspapers, to place “fear” among society to gain their supporter for a policy that would lock away criminals that commit multiple crimes....   [tags: Psychology, Emotions] 2367 words
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The Criminal Justice System - ... This also follows on from the work that Braithwaite (1989) was investigating into informal social control methods such as family and religion and argues that dealing with the offence and offender through a family orientated and structured method will be more effective at shaming and rehabilitating the offender than through formal social control methods. Healing and sentencing circles are implemented to deal with more serious crimes such as domestic violence and sexual assault, aiming to address not only the harm caused but the cultural and social implications of it....   [tags: Restorative Justice, Mediation] 2367 words
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The Aspects of Criminal Justice - The Aspects of Criminal Justice There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which are five methodologies of crime that were mainly focused on biological theories, Psychological theories, which contains four separate theories, and the Sociological theories, which also includes four different methods of explaining why crime exists....   [tags: Crime Justice Criminals Essays]
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The Mythology Of Crime And Criminal Justice - The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice      Crime is defined as: commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state. Crimes are considered injurious to society and the community. As defined by law, a crime includes both the act, or actus rea, and the intent to commit the act, or mens rea. Criminal intent involves an intellectual apprehension of factual elements of the act or acts commanded or enjoined by the law. It is usually inferred from the apparently voluntary commission of an overt act....   [tags: Criminal Crime Crimes Essays] 1146 words
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Islamic Criminal Justice - Comparative Criminal Justice System Criminal Law has and will continue to be a fluid and ever-changing aspect of humanity, and yet the distinctive base of religious belief is still a foundation for a variety of laws today. While the separation of church and state is in effect, history states a wide range of laws have been established based on religious beliefs and ideals, the Bible for one, and currently the Qur’an, which is the basis for Islamic Law. It is the only true form of law in the present time that is not backed by a Government because it is a form of law based completely on religion....   [tags: Religion Criminal Law]
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U.S. Criminal Justice System - U.S. Criminal Justice System In order to keep a safe society, it is important to establish a nation with good education to teach people judging from right or wrong , excellent police force to keep our street safe, and most of all, a good criminal justice system to carry out the justice. United States is a place with little crimes, a nation with nice houses, beautiful beaches, and expensive shops without property just like what I seen in the American movies in my opinion before I arrived here....   [tags: United States Crimes Justice Essays] 996 words
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Criminal Procedure - The due process and crime control models, both created by Stanford University law professor Herbert Packer, represents two opposing method of principles functioning within criminal justice system. Although the models describe the important facets of the politics and practice of criminal justice, both have been criticized since presented by Packer in 1964. Presently both models are acknowledged as imperfect standards to explain the politics and law of criminal justice. The crime control ideal represents traditional principles, whereas the due process belief reflects moderate values; therefore generating conflict evident throughout the years....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Criminal Justice System - ... Crime investigation is usable for identifications, collecting evidence, formulating theories and conformations. This police function helps for gathering information and filter it, which is and one of the characteristics of the crime control model (Taylor, 1996, pp156). Furthermore, ‘the main principle that underpins the system of criminal justice in England and Wales is adversarial justice’ (Davies et al, 1998, pp11). This actually means that the police need to identify the suspect from the available sufficient evidence....   [tags: The Police, Public Order] 1517 words
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Criminal Profiling - ... Targeting Arab Middle-East Americans made the police officers less effective at noticing details like behavior other than racial features. In fact Dr. Lamberth, one of the researchers, proved that the members of minority are not more likely than white members to carry illegal things in a comparison study of all stop-and-search performed by Maryland police officers in 1996 (Lamberth, 2004). Racial profiling fails to help the police officers to catch the suspects. The police officers were fixated on the offenders’ ethic make-up that they overlooked other possible clues....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Ethics in The Criminal Justice Profession - ... However, several general rules apply across the field, one of them being to oversee safety. This involves maintaining order, responding to emergencies, protecting people and property, enforcing laws and rules, and promoting good community relations. This involves patrolling specific areas and promptly responding to calls for assistance. The second is fact gathering and documentation. This involves recording facts to prepare reports on incidents and activities. Providing testimony is unique aspect of this field (Banks, 2009)....   [tags: Morality/Ethics]
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1377 words
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Racism in the Criminal Justice System - Is the Criminal Justice system racist. This question has been asked many times by people of many colors. According to Mac Donald (2008), the criminal justice system is not at all racist. The article depicts arrest rates of both whites and blacks and compares statistics on these arrests. It looks at the number of whites and the number of blacks in jails and prisons. In this critique, we will be looking into this article to see these points in which Mac Donald states proves that the criminal justice system is, in fact, not a racist one....   [tags: Prisons, Jails] 1262 words
(3.6 pages)
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War Criminal Justice - Wars Since time immemorial, man has always lived in perpetual fear of his enemies. To ensure a secure environment or reach a desired goal conflicts in diverse forms have been the order of the day in suppressing objects that impede the desired goal. However, among other needs and wants for man, security has been a foremost requirement. Enemy objects take various forms. This can be man against man which has been the basis of both old and new wars. Many reasons have sparked war between man and his fellow man....   [tags: War] 1793 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Criminal Justice System - ... Parents are an important influence to their children and their drug usage clearly influences their behavior. In this case it is more likely for the children to engage in drug usage. As they grow older and are unable to get these drugs they resort to violence in order to obtain them. (Barnard, 2005). Other institutions such as the government help to influence the stance on drug related crimes through their voice in the media (Taylor, 2008). Literature Review Crimes that are drug related are numerous in the United States also attract media attention....   [tags: Legal Issues, Drugs] 1562 words
(4.5 pages)
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Restorative Justice - ... Williams (2004) states that restorative justice draws on those most affected by the crime: the criminal; the victim; and the community to draw up and agree on an outcome which they feel most appropriate in the circumstances. It can be argued that this greatly affects public debate over crime and justice because it represents a growing international movement with a relatively clear set of values, principles and guidelines for practice (Umbreit, 2001). Restorative justice appeals because it offers the possibility of taking crime serious without ever-increasing repression and exclusion (McEvoy et al, 2002)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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1524 words
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Restorative Justice - ... By using apology in return for forgiveness symbolises that reparation can commence (Braithwaite, 2004). Defiance Theory is when the offender feels powerless and believes he/she will be humiliated. The experience of being exposed to disapproval of their behaviour may provoke some levels of deviance, however, as the session progresses and the offender expresses his/hers feelings, empathy develops between the parties, the environment becomes more reconciliatory, thus reducing deviance. James Dignan’s concepts related to offenders, but mostly, related to victims....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
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Justice for the Children - Justice for the Children   Sexual abuse is not a topic that we are unfamiliar with, but a subject that is usually not openly discussed. Many of these victims of sexual abuse have no voice and no justice. It has taken years for people in society to finally open their eyes and realize that this crime deserves to be noticed and the abusers punished. The laws are not made for the victims but for the predator. It is hard to believe that most abusers get away with this crime everyday. Before any laws came into effect society usually blamed the victim and the victim was sent away so they would not cause anymore problems....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 1031 words
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criminal justice - Denzel Washington plays veteran L.A.P.D. Det. Sgt. Alonzo Harris. For thirteen years this highly decorated cop has been on the front lines in the war against narcotics. He's pledged to protect and serve the citizens of Los Angeles, but his optimism about police work has long since been chipped away by the reality of life on the streets. He and the tight-knit group of officers that report to him have crossed the line between legality and corruption. They find themselves breaking the laws they're supposed to enforce....   [tags: essays research papers] 1137 words
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Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Careers - ... A second current practice of successful achievement in law enforcement in a global realm is the fight against terrorism. The fight against terrorism is a major threat to the world on a daily basis. This fight is one that takes each nation to fight as the United States struggles to get the upper-hand and defend the soil that many have fought and died for. The United Nations must continue the fight and disallow terrorists from gaining control and taking numerous, innocent lives. Everyone must continue to defend human rights although the struggle of terrorism is apparent....   [tags: Careers in Law Enforcement]
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Forensic Science: The Future of Criminal Justice - ... In modern forensic science, the crime laboratories include photography section, Evidence storage section, identification section, chemistry section, General examination section, Fire arms section, instrument section and crime scene search section. These sections carries on the functions like identifying physical structure and position of victim and offender, accountability of events, finger printing, recording of drugs and semen test, examination of microscopic materials like soil, glass, fiber, etc and data collection of crime scenes....   [tags: Criminology ]
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A Conservative Response to Restorative Justice - How would a conservative reply to a proposal for restorative justice. How would a restorative justice advocate respond to a conservative proposal for more prisons. Restorative justice is defined as “using humanistic, no punitive strategies to right wrongs and restore social harmony” (Siegel, 2008, p. 189). Instead of imposing harsh penalties on offenders like long prison sentences or even the death penalty, restorative justice calls for a more rehabilitative approach, such as reconciliation and offender assistance....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice - ... NECCO, a foster-care agency in Kentucky, Ohio, West Virginia and Georgia, and the Kentucky Department of Juvenile Justice conclude that alternatives to youth incarceration are not as expensive as incarceration. The price per county is $94 per day in a detention facility that is secure in contrast to $92.50 a day for emergency shelter care and $78 per day for a supervised foster care placement. For secure youth correctional facilities the grand sum is $152 per day. However the options to incarceration actually increase the chances of youth to exit the juvenile justice system completely and in all outward appearances become good, upstanding, societal contributors....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Juvenile Justice Organization - ... Once a determination is made, the juvenile might either remain in juvenile court or is moved to the criminal court. If she stays in juvenile court, an adjudication hearing occurs. A determination is made anchored in the proof offered. If the juvenile is adjudicated as felonious, the disposition hearing occurs. In the disposition hearing, probation proposals or a disposition plan is considered. A prosecutor and delinquent might as well present any concurrence reached for the judge’s consideration....   [tags: Criminal Justice] 891 words
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Juveniles and the Justice System - The United States sentences more juveniles to death than any other nation in the world (Justice, 2009) and our juveniles are being sentenced as young as ten years of age. These are juveniles being tried as adults, and something has to change and change fast. The younger generation is supposed to be our future leaders. How will our juveniles or the citizens of this country prevail if this continues we won’t be able to because most of our future leaders will be prisoner. (B, 2005) The U.S made legal history in 1989 when the world’s first juvenile court opened in Chicago (Rank, J.) Since 1990 many states have also adopted the “get tough” approach to juvenile justice as a response to the increasingly violent crimes committed by children....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Personal Interest in the Criminal Justice System - We are all faced with articles and news reports detailing crime occurring all over the world, crime that affects all types of communities, crime relating to religious, gender and age differences to name but a few. I have always paid close attention to the punishments handed out to criminals, in which I always seem to find myself debating on whether these punishments have been fair or are un just. I am particularly interested in the Criminal Justice System, and the different agencies involved such as the Youth Justice Board and the Police Service....   [tags: Personal Ambition] 681 words
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Revenge Is Not Justice - ... (The Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty in the USA). Death penalty cases provide almost no deterrent against more serious crimes for the person convicted and for the rest of society (Strauss). Those Americans who are in favor of the death penalty do so because they think it makes our justice system just, not to keep lawful citizens safe. Therefore it provides no real way of serving its purpose (Douthat). By executing the criminal it is almost letting them off easy, because they do not have to pay for the crime that they committed, assuming the person is actually guilty....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Criminal Law and Evaluation Paper - ... The legal system necessitates courts to only have precise authority to hear cases when the actions or parties concerned in those cases meet definite requirements. This hinders courts from having total authority and from being able to make uninformed decisions in cases. This is in addition why only state courts and legislatures can ratify and implement state laws and only a federal legislature or court can ratify and implement federal laws (CRS annotated constitution, 2010). The Constitution also necessitate the law to be very precise about what is or is not a criminal act and need legislatures to identify the actions and persons who are to held accountable for criminal deed as well as what those illegal actions are (CRS annotated constitution, 2010)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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criminal justice - Tushnet's A Court Divided By R. Anastasia Tremaine - February, 2005 Tushnet's A Court Divided Tushnet (2005) takes an insightful look into the current Supreme Court and what it means for the future in his work entitled A Court Divided. Much has been discussed about the Court, particularly since the 2000 election ended up being referred to the judicial branch of government. Constitutional law has always been fascinating subject, as it broaches the areas of guaranteed legal protections....   [tags: essays research papers] 1334 words
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criminal justice - The use of deadly force is used throughout the U. S. , and the definition of deadly force is best described by the FBI which states that : deadly force is the intentional use of a firearm or other instrument resulting in a high probability of death. But who determines when it’s okay for a police officer to use deadly force. When does deadly force cross the line and when does officer feels his/her life is grave danger and to escape has to use deadly force. What circumstances will justify the use of deadly force....   [tags: essays research papers] 672 words
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The History and Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System - ... This was accomplished in earlier history through servitude; the financially poor child would be placed in the home of a wealthy family and would be forced to work. However in the 1870’s society became aware of the possibility that treating children with cruelty and uncaring disposal was creating a criminal factor in juveniles that was not seen before. 1874 brought about the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (what is known as child protective services today), parents would be punished for cruelty and neglect thus fostering came into existence....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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criminal justice internship - Dallas County Adult Probation Denise Catherine Tobias 133 North Industrial Blvd Dr. Barrum Dallas, TX 75207 REPORT #7 Evaluation and Consolidation of Goals Your final report should be a complete report of your internship experiences under the title “How I Evaluate Myself as a Future Criminal Justice Worker,” and may not exceed five typed pages. Describe the extent to which the theoretical knowledge included your course work at the College of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University contributed to your field practice experience during your internship....   [tags: essays research papers] 1132 words
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Forensics in the Criminal Justice System - Forensics in the Criminal Justice System The criminal justice system has changed a lot since the good old days of the Wild West when pretty much anything was legal. Criminals were dealt with in any fashion the law enforcement saw fit. The science of catching criminals has evolved since these days. We are better at catching criminals than ever and we owe this advancement to forensic science. The development of forensic science has given us the important techniques of fingerprinting and DNA analysis....   [tags: Papers] 334 words
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Scottish Criminal Justice - Scottish Criminal Justice Scottish criminal justice is a very complicated are of study. There are many different topics of thought that surround the Scottish criminal justice system, in terms of both physical and mental areas. The criminal justice system stems out into a number of different other subject areas mainly because criminal justice affects so many different fields in society. It’s not just simply about police arresting criminals, the accused going to court and ending up the criminal goes to prison....   [tags: Papers] 1920 words
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Criminal Justice System - I do feel that they will be effecitve and in the next few pages I will explain why I feel this way and why I have taken this stand. First of all I read through the whole charter and as boring as it was I made it through unscaved. Just like anything in order to have something you need a purpose. A reason for doing something. The reason why this charter was brought forward was because that they realized that during that century millions of children, mean and women have been victims of unimaginable atrocities that deeply shock the conscience of humanity....   [tags: essays research papers] 730 words
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The Criminal Justice System - David Cole wrote, "our criminal justice system affirmatively depends on inequality" (5). Cole has substantial grounds for making this statement. Race and class have long been issues in the criminal justice system, but does the system "affirmatively depend on inequality?" Does the criminal justice system depend on the disparities of the people that it serves. American justice is supposed to be blind. Despite this there have been many disparities in the justice system due to racial, social class, and economic reasons....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Criminal Justice and Computers - Criminal Justice and Computers Technology affects almost all aspects of society today. Family life, medicine, business, telecommunications, and social life have all been changed for both good and bad. Interesting me in particular, technology (mainly computers) has influenced the criminal justice/law enforcement field. That is my chosen profession that I hope to accomplish. A few summers ago, I had the privilege to ride along in a patrol car two times with the Michigan State Police Bay City Post....   [tags: Technology Essays Police ] 879 words
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Racism in the Criminal Justice System - Racism in police treatment of minorities has created great disparities in incarceration amongst the races. Blatant cases of racist law enforcement that are covered in the news are a testament to the fact that racism within police departments exists from coast to coast. However, these are only the cases that people find out about; there are countless other cases of police racism and brutality that are not reported. A series of reports that have been published in the last few years have shown that young black men are being incarcerated at a rate far greater than their number in the overall population....   [tags: Police Corruption 2014]
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Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice - Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Abstract Two theorist and theories that have been recognized by many involved in the criminal justice field are Ross L. Matsueda's Theory of Differential Social Control, and, Charles R. Tittle's Control Balance Theory. Matsueda's theory, (1) identifies a broader range of individual-level mechanisms of social control, (2) specifying group and organizational processes for controlling delinquency, (3) conceptualizing classical criminological theories as special cases of a general interactionist framework, and (4) testing the interactionist model empirically against specific hypotheses drawn from competing theories....   [tags: Papers] 3645 words
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The Criminal Justice System - The Criminal Justice System The Criminal Justice System is one of the most important tools available to society for the control of anti-social behavior. The criminal justice system needs to prove a balance between punishing the guilty and protecting the innocent being found guilty; however it is not as easy to convict those who are guilty of committing crimes. There have been many miscarriages to justice where innocent people were sent to prison. Many people have been affected by crime, this is due to statistics, which show the various number of crimes committed in particular areas....   [tags: Papers crime statistics punishment ] 762 words
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The Criminal Justice System - The Criminal Justice System After speaking with several different individuals, I think the reason I chose to use the responses and thoughts of Alissa C. in my paper is because she had straight yes and no answers with thoughtful explanations, and she had very few "I don't know" or "maybe" type answers. Alissa C. seemed genuinely concerned about the state of the criminal justice system and, obviously, had given it a great deal of thought over time. I advised Alissa C. that my inquiry would cover the issues of police, the court system and our correctional system....   [tags: Papers] 1074 words
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The Criminal Justice System - The Criminal Justice System Is this a hellish nightmare that I have to awaken from. Caged and confined, thinking and pondering, I wonder what human is this that he should be subjected to imprisonment that neither improves nor corrects his soul. Is there no compassion for restoring a man to contribute to this nation. Or does the dark side of humanity see offenders of the law as utter undesirables unworthy of aid and therapy. Society, I have been tried and sentenced. Serving time for violating the law is not supposed to be a picnic....   [tags: Papers] 2810 words
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Flaws of the Criminal Justice System - Flaws of the Criminal Justice System With matted hair and a battered body, the creature looked at the heartless man outside the cage. Through the dark shadows you could only see a pair of eyes, but those eyes said it all. The stream of tears being fought off, the glazed look of sheer suffering and despair screamed from the center of her soul, but no one cared. In this day in age I am ashamed to think that this is someone's reality, that this is an accurate description of a human being inside a Canadian women's prison ....   [tags: Papers] 545 words
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Criminal Justice Myths and Facts - Compare and contrast crime "myths" and "facts." The media plays a huge role in forming people's perceptions of crime. Without the media we would remain ignorant to occurrences outside our direct social groups. The media and especially news coverage therefore provides us with an important point of contact with the rest of society. In evaluating its effect on popular perceptions of crime it becomes important to consider where most of the information comes from and how representative it is on actual criminality....   [tags: Sociology] 1352 words
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