Search Results Criminal

Free Essays Unrated Essays Better Essays Stronger Essays Powerful Essays Term Papers Research Papers

Your search returned over 400 essays for "Criminal". To narrow your search results, please add more search terms to your query.
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.
Title Length Color Rating  
Criminal Procedure - The due process and crime control models, both created by Stanford University law professor Herbert Packer, represents two opposing method of principles functioning within criminal justice system. Although the models describe the important facets of the politics and practice of criminal justice, both have been criticized since presented by Packer in 1964. Presently both models are acknowledged as imperfect standards to explain the politics and law of criminal justice. The crime control ideal represents traditional principles, whereas the due process belief reflects moderate values; therefore generating conflict evident throughout the years....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1407 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Profiling - ... Targeting Arab Middle-East Americans made the police officers less effective at noticing details like behavior other than racial features. In fact Dr. Lamberth, one of the researchers, proved that the members of minority are not more likely than white members to carry illegal things in a comparison study of all stop-and-search performed by Maryland police officers in 1996 (Lamberth, 2004). Racial profiling fails to help the police officers to catch the suspects. The police officers were fixated on the offenders’ ethic make-up that they overlooked other possible clues....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1257 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Sanction - ... Furthermore, the criminal process is the site of substantial conflict between different aims and interests (Ashworth and Redmayne, 2005). As Packer (1968) suggested the criminal process is most accurately described as being in an everlasting ‘state of tension’ between the two competing value choices; due process focusing on the rights of individuals and crime control concerned solely on regulation of criminal conduct. For instance, under the Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, the government gave itself the authority to keep in custody any foreign person who is considered as ‘a risk to national security, and has links with an international terrorist group’ (Available online: legislation.gov.uk)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Crime Control Model] 2392 words
(6.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Procedures in the Criminal Justice System - “The criminal process is part of the State’s response to crime, part of the mechanism which the State applies substantive criminal law to its citizens”. (Ashworth & Redmayne, 2005, p.2) Within this essay, I will be looking at the procedures in the Criminal Justice System. Before laying the foundations of this work, I will briefly dedicate a few lines on what the Criminal Justice System is about. A Criminal Justice System is a set of legal and social establishments for carrying out the criminal law in agreement with a definite set of procedural regulations and restrictions....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1038 words
(3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
What Makes a Criminal? - What makes a criminal a criminal. Can anyone become a criminal. Answering and understanding these questions is the core work of criminologists as most criminologists attempt to make sense of why people do certain things (Garland, Sparks 2000). This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal and in so doing consider the initial question. This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour....   [tags: Criminal Behavior]
:: 19 Works Cited
1791 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Law and Evaluation Paper - ... The legal system necessitates courts to only have precise authority to hear cases when the actions or parties concerned in those cases meet definite requirements. This hinders courts from having total authority and from being able to make uninformed decisions in cases. This is in addition why only state courts and legislatures can ratify and implement state laws and only a federal legislature or court can ratify and implement federal laws (CRS annotated constitution, 2010). The Constitution also necessitate the law to be very precise about what is or is not a criminal act and need legislatures to identify the actions and persons who are to held accountable for criminal deed as well as what those illegal actions are (CRS annotated constitution, 2010)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 7 Works Cited
918 words
(2.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Justice System and Process - ... Defense Attorneys: On the other hand the defense attorneys are mandated to defend the accused against the government’s case. These attorneys are either hired by the defendants or assigned for by the court (this is a case for those defendants who do not have enough financial capacity to hire an attorney), (Schmallager, 2009). The Courts: The courts are spear-headed by judges whose ultimate objective is making sure that the correct process in the court room is followed to par, (Smith, 2003). They are therefore in charge of rejecting or accepting plea agreements, they oversee trials and they also sentence the convicted offenders, (Law Library, 2011)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1346 words
(3.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice Trends - ... The way the system is perceived is by citizens of America plays a large roll on how policies are implemented. What shapes the views and perceptions of our citizens when discussing the criminal justice system. There are four outlets that shape the way people rationalize the effectiveness of the criminal justice system and by volume they are; media, news paper, radio, and in less than 10 percent of the population from friends and family (Muraski, 2009), media of course being the biggest contributor to the influence of how people in America view crime in our country....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
1561 words
(4.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Pursuing a Degree in Criminal Justice - Today our world is filled with crime. The people committing these crimes must have a consequence for their illegal actions. The system in place to keeping everything fair and safe is called the criminal justice system. This was put in place to ensure there is fairness and justice served to people who break the laws set up by the government. Criminal justice is one of the most important majors one can study due to the necessity to keep the streets safe and clean. From street cops, to state troopers all the way to criminal psychologists the criminal justice system is a very important part of modern society as it keeps us safe from murders, rapists and various other criminals....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1751 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice System - ... At times however, police discretion causes more problems than it resolves. There have been reports of police being called to a scene were a husband is being extremely aggressive towards his wife. The police feel as the situation that is occurring is not severe, and therefore leave the scene. The next day, the police station receives a call that there was a homicide. As they arrive to the scene, the police realized it was the same couple from day before.” The report details in-depth reviews of 84 cases in which 135 people died, including some instances of homicide-suicide — cases when abusers killed victims as well as themselves....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Puerto Rico Criminal Justice - ... It is at this stage that procedural law becomes of utmost importance. Procedural law concerns itself with the fair treatment of the suspected offender. It is due to the Amendments (or Sections in Puerto Rico) that protect individual rights that a society is able to engage in the social contract without fear of the government abusing their powers. In Puerto Rico, the judicial process in criminal cases consists of three distinct stages: pre-trial proceedings, trial, and subsequent proceedings....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1973 words
(5.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing - Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served....   [tags: criminal justice]
:: 1 Works Cited
725 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics - ... For example, the use of guns, the use of police swoops as a means of fighting crime, and the use of uniforms that closely resemble those of the military have inculcated a domineering character and, to some extent, a violent nature in many police officers. Although the deputy chief has an enviable track record, it is evident from this case that he is on the wrong side of the law. Covering up this wrong is tantamount to abetting corruption. This is unethical. One good example of the code of ethics that an officer in the criminal justice system has to follow is embodied in the Criminal Justice Codes of Ethics of the United States....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
886 words
(2.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice as Entertainment - ... While the program demonstrates a thespian view of the criminal justice system, it exhibits a precise explanation of how the police force and the courts set off from an unexplained crime to a conviction. In one episode titled ‘Thrill Killers”, two individuals, Joshua Ford and Genie Crutchley, went missing from their beachside hotel room. Other two suspects Benjamin and Erica Sifrit, described as a young married couple, were apprehended on charges of burglary when they allegedly endeavoured to rob a Hooter’s souvenir shop....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 4 Works Cited
1009 words
(2.9 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Criminal Justice System in USA - ... The article details a host of other police actions by specific racial numbers, including arrests, frisk, and use of force. Law enforcement policies like Boston's 2005 initiative dubbed (without a trace of irony) "Operation Rolling Thunder" target certain groups of "inner-city" youths (translation = young men of color) for increased surveillance, stops, arrests, and relocation (Mastrorilli, 2012). Another moral issue for law enforcement involves excessive use of force, racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, age discrimination and religious discrimination....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1646 words
(4.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Civil Law and Criminal Law - ... In the end of the case, the court’s held the defendant liable. Therefore, his license was taken away, and he was sentenced to two years in prison. However, contract to civil law there are worse crimes. Criminal law, also known as penal law is a body of rules that defines conduct in a society. An individual who break the norms of the community, or threatens the welfare of the public is prosecuted. A crime for which the punishment is a year or more in prison or death is called a felony. Moreover, depending on the extremeness of the crime it is classified as a C (arson, kidnapping, drunk driving, and sexual assault), D (possession of a weapon), B (violent crimes punishable with an extensive period of incarceration), or 4 (expect to face jail time, but the amount depends on jurisdiction) felonies therefore, depending on the crime that has been committed the defended trail is held in federal or state court....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
1099 words
(3.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice System - ... When the defendant is found guilty and sent to prison, s/he will be housed away from society for a given period of time and while in prison, corrections is responsible for humane treatment of the defendant. Correction also takes up the responsibility of rehabilitation of that individual and tries to make them productive members of the society. Based on their behavior, the court and corrections officer decide if they want to place someone on parole while they are completing their term in the prison....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
1377 words
(3.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Youth Criminal Justice Act - The overwhelming majority of juveniles are involved in impulsive or risky, even delinquent behaviors during their teenage years. However, the majority go on to become very productive citizens who do not commit crimes. In order for this to continue the government established the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) which gives young offenders a chance to better themselves, and. By doing so, the YCJA helps teach youth that their actions are unacceptable and the punishments imposed are lesser then an adult....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1254 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Pursuing Criminal Justice - ... A second current practice of successful achievement in law enforcement in a global realm is the fight against terrorism. The fight against terrorism is a major threat to the world on a daily basis. This fight is one that takes each nation to fight as the United States struggles to get the upper-hand and defend the soil that many have fought and died for. The United Nations must continue the fight and disallow terrorists from gaining control and taking numerous, innocent lives. Everyone must continue to defend human rights although the struggle of terrorism is apparent....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 12 Works Cited
2459 words
(7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Encouragement in the Criminal Justice System - ... One of the biggest obstacles a criminal justice professional will be confronted with is a difference in culture or subculture. People within the same culture will not have the same attitudes or perceptions because differences can still result due to ethnic group, family values and personal experiences. Culturally speaking, a criminal justice professional will find it very difficult to encourage clients of different cultures if the professional view's clients in an ethnocentric manner. Assessing clients in accordance with the professional’s values will severely limit their ability to help and encourage their client....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1466 words
(4.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
U.S. Criminal Justice System - ... Inmates may use telephones to call anyone anytime, they have keys to their own individual rooms, they have their own money, and they wear their own clothes. There are no restrictions on hours of watching television or visiting in the day rooms or rooms of other inmates, and going to work or school is not required (p. 53). The Denmark’s popular belief reflects Europe’s stance that the fines, probation, and suspended sentences are best ways than jailing people. In the fact, Denmark inserted various committees to deal with minor sentences such as felony, thefts, and youth crimes....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1782 words
(5.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Canadian Criminal Justice System - Introduction The Canadian Criminal Justice System is, for the most part, reflective of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and various Supreme Court of Canada case-law. Everyone who finds themselves on the opposing end of the Criminal Justice System is entitled to certain protections every step of the way, beginning even before the arrest; laws protect us from unreasonable investigative techniques, guarantee certain rights at point of arrest, and provide us with the right to counsel. The bail court departs from the ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ standard in that the crown only needs to prove on a balance of probabilities (Kellough, 1996, p....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
2106 words
(6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice Fields - ... The most noted fields, which people associate with forensics, are fingerprint analysis, ballistics, DNA profiling and toxicology however the everyday public is unaware the forensic field also includes fire investigation, forensic engineering, and even vehicular accident reconstruction. Within the last twenty years, due to the advances in technology and science, many new disciplines have come into fruition. Vein matching, also called vascular technology, is a technique of biometric identification though the analysis of the patterns of blood vessels visible from the surface of the skin....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 5 Works Cited
995 words
(2.8 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Criminal Activity Then and Now - ... Within small groups of the community people can be socialized into criminal activity. According to the differential association theory criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication (Conklin, 2010). When you have face to face interaction in small groups the influential and persuasion stages begin to take place. There is reason and explanation for the criminal activity and along with these reasoning come the ability to commit. Criminals usually posses a set of skills associated with certain crimes that give the offender opportunities and ideas....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law] 2688 words
(7.7 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Sentencing Purpose - ... “Deterrence which is based on the concept that other will see punishment given to a convicted person thus deterring the public from committing crimes” (Wallace & Roberson, 2008, p. 337, p. 339). This concept is based on the idea that society has the mindset to be deterred by the evident of what will occur if they commit a crime. According to Tan Lin offence seriousness can be scaled according to proportionality, deterrent effects appear to follow no linear scale and the relationship between deterrent effects and level of severity of punishment is obscure”(Lin, T., 2009, p....   [tags: Crime Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
1312 words
(3.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Ethics in Criminal Justice Professions - ... Emotions, instinct, and personal values cannot supply adequate answers to ethical and moral dilemmas. However, training and education can provide the answers to solve those ethical and moral dilemmas, increase awareness of ethical issues, expand the scope of their ethical vision, and spur their imagination of the consequences of their decisions affecting others. Training will provide the formation of questions on which to base an ethical decision. Does the decision affect others. Does the decision hurt others....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
:: 2 Works Cited
949 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Deterrence Effect and Criminal Justice - Over the years a theory known as the deterrence effect has been proposed to the world of capital punishment. People believe that if you do something wrong, in this case, kill someone, then you will be put to death therefore preventing you from committing that wrong act again. This theory also states that by viewing or hearing about your punishment then others around you will not follow in your footsteps which will decrease the number of criminal acts committed. Econometric studies have started a panel data in order to view the validity of this theory....   [tags: Deterrence, Criminal Justice, ] 662 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Underfunding in the Canadian Criminal Justice System - ... Currently each Canadian pays 344 a year to fund Canada’s combined 11 billion dollar a year police expenditure budget (Beattie, 2009). This money could come from a number of sources such as ending GST rebate cheques except those in poverty or not holding G20 summits, or perhaps the money from the long gun registry could have been put to better use. If each Canadian paid an additional 56 dollars a year to hire more police another 1.8 billion dollars in salaries could be paid. Assuming costs of 100000 a year in salary, training, and equipment per police officer, another 18000 police officers could be put on the payroll across Canada....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
1829 words
(5.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative - Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007)....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 3 Works Cited
738 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies - ... Treatment Community corrections professionals keep in contact with the treatment facilities to stay informed on the offenders they are monitoring. This is used as one of the strategies to supervise offenders and keep the community safe. This is just one fundamental aspect of the whole treatment design. The idea of rehabilitation is an elusive concept when discussing sex offenders. Once the act has been committed and the offender has been deemed guilty he or she will always be registered as a sex offender even if rehabilitation is fully achieved....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 4 Works Cited
1114 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Court Systems and Criminal Justice - ... The physical layout of correctional facilities often influences or even guides a particular style of management and administration. One of the particularly important, correctional philosophies and their physical designs has undergone considerable change during the past twenty years (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 381). Historically, outdated architectural design has prevented the civilized reform concept from being realized. Poor design and appalling living conditions, overcapacity, inadequate staff, and dilapidated physical facilities have disadvantaged inmates of basic needs (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 386)....   [tags: Law, criminal justice, law enforcement]
:: 3 Works Cited
1397 words
(4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Factors Affecting the Complexity of Criminal Behavior - This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal. In considering this, the question ‘what makes a criminal a criminal’ will be discussed. Defining criminal behaviour is itself, difficult as it could be considered a wide range of behaviours from tasting fruit at the market to speeding to swearing at someone in frustration. Further to this discussion is a consideration of the roles that society and individuals have in defining and contributing to people engaging in criminal behaviours....   [tags: criminology, criminal justice]
:: 10 Works Cited
1485 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Ethical Challenges in Criminal Justice System - ... Lawyers are required to have many years of schooling, in particular four years of law school, Correctional Services in many states do not require any college at all, and however all do require at least a high school education. Ethics training is not at the forefront of most law enforcement academy curricula. Ethics is sometimes a low-priority, tiresome subject. Little effort can be devoted to ethics as it competes for classroom time with more glamorous and direct-liability subjects such as firearms, non-lethal weapons, defensive tactics, laws of arrest, search and seizure, pursuit driving, etc.(Dr....   [tags: Criminal Justice Ethics]
:: 1 Works Cited
1737 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Definition of Insanity as it Relates to Criminal Offences - What is insanity. When a person is considered insane. What should society do if an "insane" person commits a felony. These questions have perplexed society for many years. What the insanity defense does is try to give these people a fair trial. At least in extreme cases, people agree with this principle. The problem is where we draw the line. Under what circumstances is a person considered insane, and when are they not. One important point that you must understand is that the crime itself, no matter how atrocious, does not demonstrate insanity....   [tags: Criminal Justice, argumentative, persuasive] 427 words
(1.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Prosecuting Juveniles As Adults in The Criminal Justice System - ... A case should be presented with evidence, testimonies, and experts to determine whether guilt is present. If the party is guilty then a sentence should be given, but trials, and the criminal system, are designed for adults, not children. “Prosecuting juveniles as adults undermines the justice system” (Young, and Gainsborough). Judges and lawyers lack the patients and training to listen to children during an adult criminal trail. These issues in adult courts allow for predisposed disadvantages for children tried in the same court....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 9 Works Cited
2536 words
(7.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Role of Eyewitness Testimony and the Weapon Effect in a Criminal Investigation - ... The importance of having fillers is speculated to be as system variables. Wells and Olson (2003) claims that eyewitnesses tend to mistakenly identify an innocent suspect who resembled the culprit. Although a study by Lindsay and Wells (1980) suggests that the manipulation of fillers had miniscule effect on the rate of accurate identifications. One study conveys that administering a double-blind experiment is another procedure that can certify the validity of eyewitness testimony. One of the ways that the justice system itself can influence eyewitness identification evidence is through the behavior of the person who executes the line-up (Wells, 1993)....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 14 Works Cited
1235 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Risk Assessments Within The Criminal Justice System - ... Elements of risk assessments Prior record(s) have a huge impact on the decisions to sentence and the duration of time served. The conclusions in the Criminal Behavior and Mental Health article showed, “There is a distinct advantage when attempting to predict recidivism to employing measures such as the LSI-R, which includes dynamic variables and intervention related criminogenic domains, over a measure purely of fixed characteristics, such as the GSIR; however, if there is discordance between the risk estimates, caution should be exercised and more reliance on the more static historically based instrument may be indicated.” (MILLS & KRONER, P....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 3 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Mental Health within the Criminal Justice System - ... 927). However by encouraging independence through employment the public mental health system will give these people hope as part of their treatment process that is hope for a life without dependence. Employment gives an individual a separate identity to that of ‘mentally ill’ or ‘criminal’, where they are able to contribute to society by paying taxes to support these essential public services. By engaging in successful employment people with mental health problems have the ability to establish their worthiness, and provide for themselves without restoring to survival crimes thus fracturing the stigmatisation process....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 11 Works Cited
2586 words
(7.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Race and Social Class: Education and Criminal Justice System - ... This ideology is based on the belief that having a good education will open economical doors and make it possible for all individuals to improve their financial status. Unfortunately, this ideology does not apply to all social groups: it restricts some social groups and favors others. White children from the upper class can feel secure and safe about their chances of attaining the American Dream. They might not be the brightest pupils in school, but there is a high probability of them attending a school that fits their interests and aspirations because of the interventions of their well-off parents....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 6 Works Cited
1379 words
(3.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Private and Public Criminal Investigation Comparison - ... The basic drug test and criminal is not enough when you are looking for someone who will be able to do research and try to come up with findings on why certain crimes took place and finding the perpetrators. Knowledge on criminal investigations will be of importance and the reason why companies hiring private investigators to help the local people who would like to use their services in trying to solve the mysteries in their lives look for people with excellent education qualifications (Li, 2008)....   [tags: Law Enforcement, criminal justice system]
:: 3 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Mythology Of Crime And Criminal Justice - The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice      Crime is defined as: commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state. Crimes are considered injurious to society and the community. As defined by law, a crime includes both the act, or actus rea, and the intent to commit the act, or mens rea. Criminal intent involves an intellectual apprehension of factual elements of the act or acts commanded or enjoined by the law. It is usually inferred from the apparently voluntary commission of an overt act....   [tags: Criminal Crime Crimes Essays] 1146 words
(3.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Islamic Criminal Justice - Comparative Criminal Justice System Criminal Law has and will continue to be a fluid and ever-changing aspect of humanity, and yet the distinctive base of religious belief is still a foundation for a variety of laws today. While the separation of church and state is in effect, history states a wide range of laws have been established based on religious beliefs and ideals, the Bible for one, and currently the Qur’an, which is the basis for Islamic Law. It is the only true form of law in the present time that is not backed by a Government because it is a form of law based completely on religion....   [tags: Religion Criminal Law]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 2 Sources Cited
1321 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Models of Criminal Justice: Exploring the Probation System - ... He recommended to judges that certain offenders be released under his supervision. ) In recent years, the push for alternatives to incarceration has, in large part, been in response to rapidly increasing prison populations in Canada and the United States. Legislators in Canada and the United States have passed legislation in recent years aimed at reducing or stabilizing prison populations. Canada and the United States have the highest rates of incarceration of all Western democratic countries, at 130 and 529 per 100,000 population respectively (Correctional Service of Canada, 1995)....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Law, parole] 1855 words
(5.3 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Cost of Culpability: The Significance of Numbers Inside the Criminal Justice System (Age and Economics) - ... Each one has its own level of criminal validity which holds its own weight inside culpability guidelines. Without proper backing, both arguments have an increased chance of becoming invalid, ineffective and biased inside US courtroom proceedings. This is a mistake that all too often leads to the adjudication of culpable offenders and the imprisonment of those who justly require criminal leniency. Mental and Chronological Age Culpability, for the purpose pf this paper will be examined as age as a number and age as a medical defect (mental illness) to show how it can be blended or separated to yield the same outcomes but are more often overlooked inside courtrooms when determining criminal culpability....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 23 Works Cited
1254 words
(3.6 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
The Cost of Culpability: The Significance of Numbers Inside the Criminal Justice System (Age and Economics) - ... In this instance, knowing and doing were the two areas that legal officials used to strengthen their cases for and against the accused juveniles and mentally ill adult offenders. Attorneys would argue that either the juvenile offender or mentally ill adult offender could not predict the end results of their actions due to immaturity, ignorance, a lack of understanding the consequences of their actions or were mentally ill at the time of the act based on the juvenile’s physical age and the status of the mentally ill adult offender....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 23 Works Cited
1538 words
(4.4 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice - Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays] 5672 words
(16.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Justice Process - When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice - Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures....   [tags: Criminal Justice Book Review] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate in Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice? - This essay aims to make clear the system of restorative justice and its aims towards youth offending, whilst arguing points for and against the current system and whether or not it is more appropriate in terms of dealing with youth offending. It will also define restorative justice as well as defining what is meant by conventional justice. Making clear how and why these two systems came to be a part of youth justice whilst concluding as to which if either is more appropriate in dealing with youth offending behaviour....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 20 Works Cited
2432 words
(6.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Is the criminal justice system more effective as a method of bringing the guilty to justice or as a deterrent or a method of social control? - ... Furthermore, each of these institutions have substantial unregulated discretion in making particular decisions such as the victim's decision to report a crime (Frase & Weidner). The decision to report crimes to the police can have extensive consequences for victims and the criminal justice system. However, the task of portraying accurate crime statistics is made difficult by the differences between numbers of incidents reported to police, and numbers of people who respond positively to victim surveys....   [tags: Criminal justice] 1385 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Exploring Theories of Criminal Behavior - I believe that Reiss’s and Nye’s Theories of Internal and External controls are one of the better theories of why there is crime in America. Albert J Reiss provided one of the earliest applications of this concept to criminology by attributing the cause of delinquency is the failure of “personal” and “social” controls. Personal controls are internalized, whereas social controls operate through the external application of legal and informal social sanctions. Nye later expanded on this and identified and identified three main categories of social controls that prevent delinquency: 1....   [tags: criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminology, ] 586 words
(1.7 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Effective Communication in Criminal Justice Settings - ... An specialist should motivate working together and collaboration with co-workers and use efficient conflict-resolution abilities.She should take effort and perform toward self-improvement on the job. She must identify that switch perform will probably be necessary, along with interacting with a challenging inhabitants. She will be requested to take a position on her toes for prolonged and actually limit juveniles. She must know their privileges to successfully do her job. The juvenile detention officer must have effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 4 Works Cited
1685 words
(4.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
International Criminal Justice Between Soviet Union, Afghanistan, and America - An analysis of International Aggression: The scope of International Criminal Justice Through the years, the overt and covert conflicts between the United States and the former Soviet Union was often coined in terms of international aggression. The Soviet invasions of Afghanistan lead to a renewal of Cold War hostility between the Soviet Union and America. Afghanistan made headlines in 1979 as it brought to the forefront, the Cold War sentiments with the continued efforts of then U.S.S.R. to spread communism....   [tags: Criminal Justice Crime]
:: 2 Works Cited
2611 words
(7.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Criminal Law - ... However, the two main functions of criminal law are to create an understanding of right and wrong to the society and punishing those who break the law. Properties of criminal law include natural law, positive law and common law. Natural law is described as rule “of conduct inherent in human nature and in natural order, which are thought to be knowable through intuition, inspiration, and the exercise of reason without the need to refer to man-made laws” (Schmalleger, 2012). On the other hand, positive law is forced by the government for everyone to obey....   [tags: U.S. Law]
:: 3 Works Cited
855 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Profiling - ... Suddenly the investigation takes a whole new direction. (Turvey) Vilification is the exact opposite of deification. Instead of putting the victim on a pedestal, the victim is viewed worthless or disposal by their very nature. For example, A prostitute is raped in one part of the city. Three days later, another is raped six blocks away. Two weeks later, another is raped in the same area. All of the rapes are reported, no evidence is collected, and none of them are linked together, though they are related....   [tags: Criminology ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1821 words
(5.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Minds - ... Cozic, editor Gangs Opposing Viewpoints 119, but this view is not persuasive because individual moral responsibility is at the head of the criminal justice system and youth crime cannot be clarified as a coincidence of racism and oppression, as stated by (Cozic 118). Additionally, because a person lives in a gang infested neighborhood does not automatically mean the person will become affiliated with gangs, hence criminal activity. For example, if a family of three children lived on the streets of Compton and one of the three joined a gang, why would anyone say this is a social issue when the other two siblings did not join the gang....   [tags: Crime ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1538 words
(4.4 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Profiling - ... Even though the Beatrice Police Department did not follow the profile at the beginning of the case, after the DNA was revealed, finding the real criminal was simplified. Crime Scene Analysis (CSA), which is the most common approach used when it comes to criminal profiling is often associated with the FBI. With CSA, criminals are put into two different categories based on the evidence left at the crime scene. The Disorganized Asocial Offender (often referred to as disorganized) will usually be of low intelligence, often times under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and may also have the possibility of being mentally ill....   [tags: Criminology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1761 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
A Criminal in the Making - Yes, it’s possible that it only takes one theory, but I feel that with two or more theories combined; we could have a criminal in the making. Early criminologist theorized that certain people were simply born criminals; believing that one could tell who would be a criminal by their physical appearance and characteristics. Since those days, criminologists have produced multiple theories on why people commit crimes; due to the different types of criminals today, it is nearly impossible to place them all under one theory....   [tags: Criminology]
:: 1 Works Cited
1286 words
(3.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Behavior - ... In support of this notion are studies that have linked levels of testosterone and aggressiveness, low heart rate and criminality, weak skin conductance and criminality, as well as brain damage and lack of moral judgement (Rowe, 2011).Caspi, et al. (2011) present the theory that there are three super-traits which have various relationships with crime. The three super-traits they discuss are constraint, negative emotionality and positive emotionality. They note that the constraint and negative emotionality super-traits are related to self-control and with it criminality....   [tags: Biology, Ellis and Walsh] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Justice - ... Public outcry over these cases galvanized policy makers to "get tough" and "do something" to "fix" the crime problem. In response, legislators passed three-strikes laws.” (Kovandzic et al, 2002) Politicians were portraying the idea that children were in danger of predators, violent criminals that will hurt them. It was all over the media, on the news, in the newspapers, to place “fear” among society to gain their supporter for a policy that would lock away criminals that commit multiple crimes....   [tags: Psychology, Emotions] 2367 words
(6.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Biology - ... An example of this suggested by Webster is that of Herrstein and Murray (1994) The Bell Curve. This book is based on American blacks and Latinos and how they inherit low intelligence. A large chapter is organised around race and intelligence. Webster (2007) found that Herrnstein and Murray (1994) claimed that intelligence differs by racial groups, and predicts low intelligence leads to criminality. I believe this to be true in some cases, but some of the world’s most infamous criminals are of high intelligence and of racial groups....   [tags: Criminology ]
:: 14 Works Cited
2310 words
(6.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Criminal Activity - ... He was a phrenologist, he looked to physical features such as a large jaw bone and protrusions on the skull to indicate criminal propensities (Cullen & Agnew, 2011). Lambroso’s work laid the ground work for the positive school of thought; it implied that criminals have no choice for their criminal activity. Later research also focused on individual trait attributes in relation to criminality, but refined the use of more scientific methods to draw their conclusions. These studies were called micro-level theories because their concern was identifying how individual characteristics are related to their involvement in crime....   [tags: Comparative, Criminological Theory] 622 words
(1.8 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
The Invincible Criminal - ... Preventing and Punishing White-collar Crime Additionally, laws that regulate white-collar crimes are necessary. Attitudes concerning the levels of threat and harm attributable to white collar versus street crime, differences in legal and extralegal factors, and general capitalistic societal reinforcement of preferential treatment for those with class status combine to form the perception that white-collar criminals receive greater leniency (2012). To be able to punish and sentence offenders convicted of securities fraud, antitrust violations, bribery, bank embezzlement, postal and wire fraud, false claims and statements, credit and lending-institution fraud, and tax fraud, U.S....   [tags: Crime & Punishment]
:: 7 Works Cited
1408 words
(4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Investigation - Research Project Outline I. Crime Scene Investigation a.} Crime Scene Evidence b.} Police Evidence c.} Forensic science d.} Hazards Crime Scene Evidence II. Due Process-Search and Seizure: a.} Washington State Supreme Court a.a} Effects of Criminal investigations b.} Local Criminal Trials c.} Significance of the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments on Criminal Investigations d.} Probable Cause d.a} Discovery Doctrine d.b} Exclusionary Rule e.} Plain View Searches f.} Search Warrants *(ev∙i∙dence) 1....   [tags: Research Project Outline]
:: 4 Works Cited
2560 words
(7.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Behavior - ... In the 1950s sociologist Otto Pollak believed statistics on crime and gender to be incorrect, he argued that the statistics were not a true representation of than the actual figure of females committing crimes (Haralambos and Holborn 2000). Pollak’s theory was ‘sex’ based, he claimed that females were shy and passionless and extremely good at hiding their true feelings, he furthered his theory of hidden ‘female’ crimes and also stated that females were good at faking orgasms and hiding pain associated with monthly menstruation and if this was the case then females must be good at hiding crimes....   [tags: Social Issues, Crime] 1962 words
(5.6 pages)
FREE Essays [view]
Criminal Imitation: The Root of Criminal Imitation - ... Another factor of the broken windows theory is that broken windows policing does the same; setting more cops in an area with disorder just leads to more fear of crime. This fear of crime leads to imitation of behaviour in civilians in that they suffer the bystander effect when crime is commited. Many who are “’afraid’ of crime [are] more likely to withdraw from the community in response to… fear” (Hinkle and Weisburd, 2008, p.507) and choose not to get involved with the community. This leads to even more disorder, and most of aforementioned community reacts in such a manner that those who do become involved with the community just add to the disorder, rather than try to rid the disorder....   [tags: Criminology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1460 words
(4.2 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Criminal Activity in the Turkish/Greek/Italian Economy and Government Efforts to Combat It - Criminal Activity in the Turkish/Greek/Italian Economy and Government Efforts to Combat It Terrorism once was a threat associated primarily with the Middle East, and was not an issue for Americans and citizens of other well developed, seemingly safe nations. This faûze was shattered on September 11, 2001 when New York City, USA was viciously attacked. Terrorism skyrocketed to the forefront of every newspaper and magazine throughout the world; suddenly, terrorism was a reality for those who had thought they were untouchable....   [tags: Criminal Crime Italy Greece Turkey Papers]
:: 20 Sources Cited
2383 words
(6.8 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Factors That Affect Bystander Behavior in Criminal Situations - This essay will give examples and discuss the factors which can affect bystander behaviour in various situations. Models explaining theories will be looked at along with various studies, as well as looking at the three social cognitive processes by Latane and Darley and explain how these were put together to propose a complex cognitive model. The essay will explain the Arousal cost reward model by Piliavin and Piliavin. After the murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964, bystander behaviour was first looked at by Latane and Darley in 1970....   [tags: psychology, criminal justice] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Aspects of Criminal Justice - The Aspects of Criminal Justice There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which are five methodologies of crime that were mainly focused on biological theories, Psychological theories, which contains four separate theories, and the Sociological theories, which also includes four different methods of explaining why crime exists....   [tags: Crime Justice Criminals Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1525 words
(4.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Criminal Liability - Criminal Liability “In a just society criminal liability should never be imposed without some degree of blameworthiness” Offences of strict liability are those, which do not require any mens rea with regards to at least one or more of the actus rea. The mens rea usually requires intention and or recklessness. However some crimes are possible to commit without any knowledge, intention or responsibility on behalf of the defendant....   [tags: Papers] 556 words
(1.6 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]
Criminal Accountability and the - Criminal Accountability and the "I" Function The prevalence and misuse of the insanity defense in our legal system is astounding. Cases upon cases site drugs, brain tumors, car accidents involving head injury, blackouts and antisocial behavior as circumstantial evidence of a crime that was committed. These crimes involve murder, rape and robbery. The question of where criminal accountability lies and how we are able to hold someone accountable for an act may boil down to the brain itself. Where in the brain do reason, morality and inhibition lie....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
:: 6 Sources Cited
1273 words
(3.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
criminal factors - What makes criminals. Have you ever wondered why some social groups are more prone to crime than others are. Should we conclude that some groups are more prone to crime or that they are just put in a situation that makes them more likely to commit crimes. In spite of the research in the past years there is still no conclusive evidence as to why some people in the same situations choose to commit crimes while the others don’t. There are numerous reasons that offenders resort to crime; Families, gender, economic status, age, and race are all valid explanations said by many theorists as to why certain social groups commit crimes, and why certain groups stay away....   [tags: essays research papers] 1630 words
(4.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Criminal Evidence - Evidence is the key element in determining the guilt or innocence of those accused of crimes against society in a criminal court of law. Evidence can come in the form of weapons, documents, pictures, tape recordings and DNA. According to the American Heritage College dictionary, evidence is the documentary or oral statements and the material objects admissible as testimony in a court of law (476). It is shown in court as an item of proof, to impeach or rehabilitate a witness, and to determine a sentence....   [tags: essays research papers] 1252 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Is Hacking Criminal? - Just like myths and folk tales that have been passed down from generation to generation, a common and rather stereotypical view of hacking has been passed down through the years. In the 1960's, universities with mainframe computers like at MIT's artificial intelligence lab became platforms for hackers. These hackers had an immense love for their work and had the abilities to stretch computer technology to its fullest potentials, even beyond the limits that had been authorized. Anti-authoritarian views meant freedom to explore, and freedom meant power....   [tags: Law] 1786 words
(5.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Is There a Criminal Brain? - Is There a Criminal Brain. It is very rare these days to turn on the news and not hear about a crime or a murder. Crime is a common occurrence yet many times it is difficult to understand how someone could bring themselves to do these things. It does seem to make any sense why a young handsome man from a good family would want to kill someone and then be able to go through with it. This leads one to wonder if the brains of people who behave in socially unacceptable ways are different from everyone else's brains....   [tags: Biology Biological Essays]
:: 9 Sources Cited
1652 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
criminal justice - Denzel Washington plays veteran L.A.P.D. Det. Sgt. Alonzo Harris. For thirteen years this highly decorated cop has been on the front lines in the war against narcotics. He's pledged to protect and serve the citizens of Los Angeles, but his optimism about police work has long since been chipped away by the reality of life on the streets. He and the tight-knit group of officers that report to him have crossed the line between legality and corruption. They find themselves breaking the laws they're supposed to enforce....   [tags: essays research papers] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Effectiveness of Torture in Relation to Criminal Justice and its Ethical Implications - ... Brecher also states that it is likely that most terrorists will die for their cause, as we have seen on September 11th, so they are more than likely willing to plant false tales under interrogational torture. “The point is that the already ‘guilty terrorist’ who is most unlikely to be the crazed fanatic, unable to act rationally, of popular misrepresentation, is rather more dedicated and determined than you or I.” Furthermore, Brecher goes on to make a point that anyone planting a bomb is likely to have gone through intense training in resisting torture under the assumption and likelihood that they may be caught in these types of circumstances....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Ethics] 1779 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Development of a Criminal Mind - The Development of a Criminal Mind In today’s society, one will find that there are many different factors that go into the development of a criminal mind, and it is impossible to single out one particular cause of criminal behavior. Criminal behavior often stems from both biological and environmental factors. In many cases criminals share similar physical traits which the general population do not usually have. For example criminals have smaller brains than properly adjusted individuals. However biological reasons cannot solely be the cause of criminal behavior....   [tags: Criminals Crime Psychology Nature Nurture Essays] 1330 words
(3.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Theory of Criminal Behavior - 1.0 Introduction Crime depicts any act or omission that is prohibited by the public law. On the same note, behavior is a function which has measurable differences in psychological characteristics among individuals (Brennan-Galvin, 2002). Such characteristics may be influenced by constitutional, personality attributes, and neurophysiologic or genetics factors. Likewise, criminal behavior is the commission of acts which in their situational and social settings are considered crimes due to the fact that they violate existing norms and codes of conduct regardless of whether the perpetrator is arrested, and if tried, convicted or acquitted....   [tags: Criminology ] 1003 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Distinguishing Criminal and Civil Law - Distinguishing Criminal and Civil Law Before explaining some differences between civil and criminal functions and purposes, we must have some idea of the nature of law “law is asset of rules which prohibit us from doing curtain things on pain of punishment and which exist for the settling of disputes between people and recognized legal entities and between privet individuals” (Roger Thomas dose 2003-2004 p.7.). As roger Thomas said there should be a set of rules for each individual to prohibit him from doing things which are not right, therefore there is a parliament and other different bodies which sets the rules for the environment....   [tags: Papers] 392 words
(1.1 pages)
Unrated Essays [preview]


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Criminal". To narrow your search results, please add more search terms to your query.
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Next >>]



Copyright © 2000-2014 123HelpMe.com. All rights reserved. Terms of Service