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Photo Sales and Copyright Law - Maybe there is a flaw in the photo industry itself. Is today's model of licensing and sales of photographs viable. How best to sell your photos. Will open resources photo stocks increase supply growth up until the number of pictures will not reach a level where photographers could not even very cheap to sell good photos and make money on those that sell. Theoretically, this horrible scenario is likely to become reality. Already Shutter stock alone offers more than 5 million photographs, which do not require payment of royalties, and, as stated CEO John Orangey, each month the number of new revenue in the millions....   [tags: Copyright] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Copyright and the Internet - Copyright came about in the fifteenth century in Britain, sometime after the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg. “The printing press represented a supreme threat to the clergy’s monopoly on idea dissemination; moveable type was the fifteenth century version of Napster” (Copyright Website). Copyright laws were instated to protect authors of various intellectual properties, (literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, architectural) and give credit to the proper author. Over the years copyright laws have changed dramatically, because of the development of the internet....   [tags: Copyright, Internet, ] 1411 words
(4 pages)
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Copyright Law - ... 3 particular interest to educators is the “fair use” doctrine, which extends a get-out-of-jail-free card (so to speak) to anyone using copyrighted works for purposes of teaching, research, or scholarly criticism (Copyright Act of 1976). While the fair use doctrine would seem to offer teachers a free-for-all with copyrighted resources, there is still some debate about what specific kinds of activities are protected under this clause (Nguyen, 2010). In general, fair use is determined by four factors: (1) the nature of the work, (2) the purpose of the copied work (i.e....   [tags: Ethics, Copyright Infringement] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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Piracy Of Copyright - Piracy Of Copyright Introduction: The world today has entered into an era of instant communication. A person sitting in the remotest corner of India can enjoy live performance taking place in the far away places like America or Africa, thanks to electronic (parallel) media. Telephone and fax have made it possible to communicate oral or written messages across the globe within seconds. The computer-aided communication technologies such as E-Mail and Internet have added altogether a new dimension to today's communication process by making it more speedy, informative and economical....   [tags: Copyright Laws Piracy] 1090 words
(3.1 pages)
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Copyright in Taiwan - Copyright in Taiwan Introduction The economic structure of Taiwan has been undergoing rapid changes in the recent thirty years. Taiwan has moved offshore from a labor-intensive industrialized country to an export-oriented economy. With the concentration of capital and technology, and the rapid diversification of hi-tech professional services, the structure of Taiwan industries has also changed greatly since late 1970s. The total annual production value accounted for by technology intensive industries has increased from 60 percent in mid 1980s to 75 percent in mid 1990s....   [tags: Taiwan Copyright Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 1 Sources Cited
3045 words
(8.7 pages)
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Music Copyright - Music Copyright What is a Copyright. Music Copyright is a very important aspect of the music industry. The Copyright law was established to preserve the creativity and rights of authors, composers, performers of expression. Copyright is the law that protects the property rights of the creator of an original work in a fixed tangible medium. (http://askjeeves.com/copyright/html) A fixed tangible medium is something substantial like copying lyrics on paper or putting a song on tape or CD. Copyright can be seen every where in the music industry....   [tags: Copyright Laws Music Industry Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited :: 6 Sources Cited
1630 words
(4.7 pages)
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Reading Copyright and the Issue of Downloading - Reading Copyright and the Issue of Downloading When you buy music legally, there is usually a copyright mark somewhere on the product. Stolen music generally does not bear a copyright mark or warning. Either way, the copyright law still applies. A copyrighted creative work does not have to be marked as such to be protected by law. “The copyright allows the holder to control the reproduction, display, distribution, and performance of a protected work,” (Corley, Moorehead,, Reed, & Shedd, 2004)....   [tags: Copyright Law Illegal downloading] 1426 words
(4.1 pages)
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Copyright From a Computer Perspective - Copyright From a Computer Perspective Copyright, is one of nine Muses that inspires authors in modern society during the creative process. Copyright is a category of intellectual property, and the main idea behind intellectual property is to encourage creation, by ensuring authors with recognition of original works as their own. Copyright protects original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression by giving authors exclusive right to copy, distribute, and to create derivative works....   [tags: Copyright Art Protection Papers]
:: 12 Sources Cited
1790 words
(5.1 pages)
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International Copyright Circumvention - International Copyright Circumvention A little under three years ago, I heard about a case where a programmer had been arrested for a program that bypassed the copy protection mechanisms in one of Adobe's products1. People who have published information on or performed security circumvention in the past, even when done in a non-destructive manner have faced some legal problems. Specifically, it reminded by of the Kevin Mitnick case2 a few years earlier. In that case, a hacker was detained for two years, without bail, pending a trial, for gaining access to (but not damaging) several corporate networks....   [tags: Technology Copyright Essays Argumentative]
:: 8 Sources Cited
2327 words
(6.6 pages)
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Issues on Patent and Copyright Laws In China - Issues on Patent and Copyright Laws In China This site contains information on China's patent and copyright law. It goes on to discuss some ethical issues about China's lack of law enforcement on intellectual property protection. History of Patent System China’s patent system can be traced back to the late Qing Dynasty when China began signing international treaties. For example, on August 18, 1903, China and the United States agreed on a treaty on navigation and commerce. The treaty provided for a “reciprocal patent-granting arrangement whereby citizens of one contracting party could apply for and secure patent rights for their inventions in the other contracting party.”1 After the Qing Dynasty was over thrown in 1911, the Nationalist government created the Interim Charter on Rewarding Industrial and Artistic Products....   [tags: China Patent Copyright Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited
2384 words
(6.8 pages)
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Digital Millennium Copyright Act. (DMCA) - Digital Millennium Copyright Act. (DMCA) MOSCOW, Russia (AP) - Bill Gates was arrested late Thursday evening at Moscow International Airport. Gates, co-founder of the Microsoft Corporation (MSFT), was returning to the US after attending a software conference in Moscow. Sources indicate the NKVD arrested Gates on charges pursuant to an alleged violation of Russian software law. The charges were reportedly filed by the Russian software firm Camah, presumably in response to the recent release of Microsoft Advanced eBook Processor....   [tags: Rights Copyright Research Papers]
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2672 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Effects of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 - The Effects of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 The verb copy is defined as “To reproduce an original.” (Webster, 57-58) This idea of copying has been around for hundreds of years. In the current time, laws have had to be written to protect against the idea of copying someone else’s work. There are ways around the copyright laws. “A copy is in violation of a copyright if the original can be “perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated by or from the copy, directly or indirectly.” As years go on, copyrights become more and more specific as to what uses and kinds of copying are covered....   [tags: Copyright Copyrighting Essays]
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1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Software Patents and Copyright Laws Destroy Free Competition - Software Patents and Copyright Laws Destroy Free Competition Introduction If Haydn had patented "a symphony, characterized by that sound is produced [ in extended sonata form ]", Mozart would have been in trouble. Patent - a writing securing to an inventor for a term of years the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention; or it may be the monopoly or right so granted[i]. The traditional rationale for patents is that protection of inventions will spur innovation and aid in the dissemination of information about technical advances....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Copyright Essays]
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5820 words
(16.6 pages)
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Intellectual Property, Copyright, Authorship, and Individuality in Music and Print Culture - Intellectual Property, Copyright, Authorship, and Individuality in Music and Print Culture When the alphabet was invented, spoken epics could be converted into an abstract representation - writing. The experience of the spoken epic poem could be transformed into written format. Although books can be read aloud and therefore retain some similarity to the communal nature of the oral tradition, books can also be read silently in solitude, emphasizing the individual reader. Among the many functions that Roger Chartier has attributed to the figure of the author is not only the role of creator to the content, but also to appropriate ownership of that creation to whomever owns the property rights to that content (36)....   [tags: Intellectual Property Copyright Authorship] 805 words
(2.3 pages)
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What is Copyright? - ... Teachers, however, often like to use other items that are not in the textbooks or school purchased equipment for “classroom-use,” which may cause some legal issues or confrontations if they are not careful. Teaching often times has its excuses for why it is “okay” to just pull information from copyrighted material and use it to teach children. But does anyone really know where congress draws its power to make copyright laws, or what the “Four Factors of Fair Use” are, or whether or not teachers have a sort of immunity to copyright infringement....   [tags: Legal Issues, Ethics] 1644 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Purpose of Copyright - ... As B. Zorina Khan argues, “To the men who gathered in Philadelphia to ‘promote the general Welfare,’ it was self-evident that ideas, inventions, and democratic values were integrally related” (1). Even though it was not officially stated that creations and innovations should serve to benefit the public, this was always an underlying assumption that was made. Generally, what deems a creation to be a success is if it is useful or insightful, such as the case with household items or a novel. In fact, Jefferson actually preferred that there be more but less significant inventions made as opposed to having fewer but more great creations....   [tags: Property Laws]
:: 5 Works Cited
1413 words
(4 pages)
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International Copyright - ... The United Kingdom was the only one that enjoyed much success at all. Most of the bilateral treaties that emerged relied heavily on the idea of reciprocity. Where a state would only guarantee protection if its citizens received the same or equal protection in the other states territory (Goldstein, 16). Again national treatment was the standard that was expected in these early treaties. The main problem was that there wasn’t a standard set for terms of protection from state to state. Only with the coming of multilateral treaties were minimum standards eventually created....   [tags: Intellectual Property Rights]
:: 7 Works Cited
2019 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Digitial Millenium Copyright Act - The Digitial Millenium Copyright Act As current lawsuits unfold and the history of the Internet progresses, the debate over the future of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act thrives. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, signed into law by President Clinton on October 28, 1998, was written in an attempt to strike a balance between the rights of a work’s creator to receive adequate compensation and society’s fundamental right to freedom of information. The bottom line is that the objective of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act is to prohibit all Internet users from accessing copyrighted materials on the Internet....   [tags: Copyrights Copyrighting Internet Essays] 3295 words
(9.4 pages)
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The Copyright Law - The Copyright Law Copyright is the "exclusive right given by law for term of years to author, designer etc., or his assignee to print, publish or sell copies of his original work" Copyright is a law that protects published and unpublished work that you can see, hear and touch, from being reproduced without prior consent from the creator of the work. Copyright law and copyright originated in the United Kingdom from a concept of common law, the statute of Anne 1709....   [tags: Papers] 1080 words
(3.1 pages)
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Copyright infringement - Copyright infringement In general terms, copyright provides an author with a tool to protect a work from being taken, used, and exploited by others without permission (Roseoner 1). This is further defined in federal statute 17 U.S.C. Section 106. The owner of the copyrighted work has the exclusive right to authorize any of the following: - to reproduce the copyrighted work in copies - to prepare derivative works based upon the copyrighted work - to distribute copies of the copyrighted work to the public - to display the copyrighted work in a public setting There have been many underlying forces that have shaped the copyright law in our legal system today....   [tags: Plaigarism Technology Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited :: 4 Sources Cited
2643 words
(7.6 pages)
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Copyright in Cyberspace - Copyright in Cyberspace That cyberspace has had and will have a significant impact on our lives is fact. People, however, love to take this effect to the extreme, saying that cyberspace is tending more and more toward lawlessness and anarchy. Popular phrases include: “Cyberspace will render law ineffective.” “There is no way to police cyberspace.” “The government cannot penetrate cyberspace with its laws and regulations.” These are all relatively common views. Part of this trend is the belief that intellectual property cannot be protected on the Internet because of perceived inherent characteristics of cyberspace....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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4852 words
(13.9 pages)
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Software and Copyright - Software and Copyright Current copyright and patent laws are inappropriate for computer software; their imposition slows down software development and reduces competition. From the first computer as we know them, the ENIAC, computer software has become more and more important. From thousands of bytes on miles of paper to millions of bytes on a thin piece of tin foil sandwitched between two pieces of plastic, software has played an important part in the world. Computers have most likely played an important role in all our lives, from making math easier with calculators, to having money on the go with ATM machines....   [tags: Computers History Technology Essays]
:: 13 Sources Cited
2838 words
(8.1 pages)
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Copyright Laws - Copyright Laws CHAPTER 1 Lennie and George are two friends during the depression. Lennie is a big guy that is not very intelligent. George is a medium size man that takes care of all the business. In the first chapter George and Lennie talk about getting a new job at a ranch. They want to save enough money to build their own ranch and “Live off tha fatt a the land.” They explain that they will have bunnies, alfalfa, and other goods to sell. CHAPTER 2 George and Lennie get the new job in chapter two....   [tags: essays papers] 643 words
(1.8 pages)
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Copyright and Fair Use - ... d.). So how does fair use play a part in the copyright law. Fair use allows “an author may make limited use of another author's work without asking permission,” (Nolo: Law for all, 2011). If one uses copyrighted material beyond fair use, it is considered an infringement. Infringement is basically a violation of the copyright law; although, it’s been stated that “the distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined,” (United State Copyright Office, 2009). To avoid the possibly of an infringement, there are guidelines that need to be followed under the fair use doctrine....   [tags: Legal Issues, Ethics] 686 words
(2 pages)
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Napster: The Copyright Battle - ... This actually was a promising idea. There are many independent musicians, writers and various other artist that cannot afford to promote their work and develop a following. This was virtually a free way to advertise their product without trying to get a contract with a company to distribute and promote their work. As long as the artist had given permission for the use of the work, there was not a problem. The copyright laws of the United States provides for the artist to benefit from his/her intellectual property for a set period....   [tags: Fair Use]
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1377 words
(3.9 pages)
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Copyrights - Copyrights Technology is an important aspect of human life that no one is capable of halting or even slowing down. As human life develops and becomes fuller with the pleasures of life, it is inevitable technology will continue to grow exponentially. Unfortunately, many people would like to believe that while technology is advancing, certain industries and businesses are suffering. The invention of the MP3, and the peer-to-peer file sharing technology is just a new ‘enemy' in the eyes of big business and a scapegoat for copyright infringement, just as the cassette tape, the radio, and VHS have been in the past....   [tags: Plagiarism Copyright Infringement] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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The Newly Proposed Copyright Law in Germany - The Newly Proposed Copyright Law in Germany Up to now copyright laws are heterogeneous throughout Europe, even amongst the member nations of the European Union. For example, in the UK manufacturers of recording and duplication hard- and software are not charged a fee per sold unit that goes to an association representing the body of copyright owners while in most other European countries this fee exists. In order to create a more homogeneous business environment the European Parliament passed new regulatory boundaries for copyright laws that now have to be transformed into national law by all member nations1....   [tags: Music Copyrights Ethics Essays]
:: 11 Sources Cited
3534 words
(10.1 pages)
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Software Patent And Copyright In India - Software Patent And Copyright In India Introduction The 21st century is going to be completely depended on computers. The economy and revenue of the country will depend on software, as everything in the future will be controlled by computers. So it becomes very important for the countries all around the globe to follow rules and regulation. So that there is order in working for the welfare of the public. After the introduction of computers it has always been the need of the ideas so that it can be implemented....   [tags: Technology Computers Software Essays]
:: 7 Sources Cited
1859 words
(5.3 pages)
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Contract Law and Music Copyright - COURSEWORK FOR CONTRACT LAW (MUSIC*) *On what basis does the inclusion of samples of a recording made by *Pink Floyd constitute an infringement of copyright. In civil law regarding copyright, there are two types of infringement; primary and secondary. Primary is concerned with the unauthorised use of copyrighted works and secondary would involve the dealing or making commercial use of such infringing copies. In the music industry, an infringement of copyright often consists of an existing piece of music being used by an artist without permission from the person or company who own the rights to the original music or recorded sound....   [tags: Legal Law] 1677 words
(4.8 pages)
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Internet Copyright Laws - Internet Copyright Laws A student comes home to his dorm at the University of Scranton after a rough day of classes. With the quick internet connection provided on the school’s network, the student makes a few clicks and logs into Morpheus, a program that enables music fans to download free music. Within a few minutes he is on his way to owning an unlimited amount of songs at no cost. Everything this student is doing is legal, right. Wrong. The downloaded music from the internet is copyrighted material....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Sources Cited
1371 words
(3.9 pages)
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Peer to Peer Technology and Copyright - Peer to Peer Technology and Copyright Recently, there has been a series of copyright infringement litigations against Internet businesses that are involved with unauthorized distribution of music files. The US recording industry claims to lose three million dollars per year because of piracy. A report predicted an estimated 16 percent of all US music sales, or 985 million dollars would be lost due to online piracy by 2002 (Foege, 2000; cited from McCourt & Burkart, 2003) Even though this claim has to be taken with caution, as it is based on false assumption that if copyright laws were strictly enforced, audio pirates would become buyers, it is apparent that audio piracy grew to a worrisome level for the record industry....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 20 Sources Cited
6523 words
(18.6 pages)
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Copyright Laws in India - Copyright Laws in India This document is intended to give a brief overview of the patent and copyrights laws in India and a brief analysis on global issues related to these laws. India has progressed enormously in the field of technology and is ranked tenth in the pool of scientific and technical personnel in the world. There may be hundreds of economical, legal, ethical issues that might have global impact but discussing all of them here is almost impossible. Only the key issues are focused in this paper....   [tags: Technology Computers Essays]
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3202 words
(9.1 pages)
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Copyright Issues in the Digital Age - Copyright Issues in the Digital Age Abstract Copyright issues during recent years have grown to become an increasingly major problem. The introduction of the Internet as well as the technological transformation into the digital era has proved problematic for issues concerning copyright. Distributors remain deeply protective of the creative artworks protected under these laws, while users and community groups lobby for keeping the ability to use copyrighted art in fair use circumstances. During recent years, laws and protective agencies have been established to help control these issues, however, the problem of illegal copyright remains unresolved and not only does awareness need to be implemented across education institutions and the general public, but new solutions need to be thought about for this ever increasing cycle of copyright....   [tags: Technology Internet Cyberspace Plagiarism Essays] 3085 words
(8.8 pages)
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The Digital Millennium Copyright Act - The Digital Millennium Copyright Act Signed into law by President Clinton on October 28, 1998, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) "was the foundation of an effort by Congress to implement United States treaty obligations and to move the nation's copyright law into the digital age." ("Executive Summary DMCA Report") While this seems a valid description of the law, perhaps a more accurate interpretation lies in the following statement: "The DMCA is a piece of legislation rushed through Congress by the entertainment industry lobbyists to protect its monopoly on commercially-developed digital content, cartels, price-fixing, and to maintain its status quo as the single entity that can direct what should be 'popular' or 'used' by the consumer masses." (Forno) Since its enactment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act has been a controversial topic of debate and evaluating the relationship between United States copyright law and technological change is an ongoing, delicate issue for Congress....   [tags: Technology Government Essays]
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1437 words
(4.1 pages)
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Economics of Copyright Laws - Economics of Copyright Laws Copyright laws are laws that restrict users of certain information, such as literature works and computer programs, from distributing that information. They are based on the belief that those who discover information should have some control over who can use that information. The control is mostly intended to allow the discoverers to make money through distributing the knowledge only to those who pay them. However, such control is inherently inefficient and infringes on the rights of the users to obtain the information they need....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
:: 5 Sources Cited
1296 words
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The Failure of Software Copyright Law - The Failure of Software Copyright Law A Definition With the Copyright Act of 1980, the following was added to the existing copyright laws: A "computer program" is a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in a computer in order to bring about a certain result.1 A "program" or "software" instructs the "hardware," the computer, in its task of adding, storing, exchanging data, etc.2 At the base level, a program is simply a mathematical algorithm, a stream of on/off states, which the hardware uses....   [tags: Technology Computers Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
2756 words
(7.9 pages)
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Copyright Law in Canada - Canada's copyright law is one of our hardest laws to enforce. The reason the police have so much trouble enforcing this law, is due to technology. This law is very easy to break, and once broken, it is very hard to track down violators. So although some form of a copyright law is needed, the one we have has, too many holes to be effective. There are three main ways in which the copyright law is broken in everyday life. They is audio/video tape copying, plagiarism, and software piracy. The first, and most commonly violated aspect of the copyright law, is the copying of audio tapes for oneself and friends....   [tags: essays research papers] 850 words
(2.4 pages)
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Copyright Problems with Napster - Copyright Problems with Napster Copyrighted we stand, Pirated we fall: This is what the music industry would have people believe. Welcome to the information age. Any information is available to whoever wants it, needs it, or just has a lot of time to spend looking for it. The latest victim of the information age is the RIAA, The Recording Industry Association of America. The argument: The right to trade RIAA artists songs using the Napster server in MP3 format over the Internet. Can the furor over copyright battles hurt the music industry more than help....   [tags: Papers] 1622 words
(4.6 pages)
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Copyright vs. the Right to Copy - Copyright vs. the Right to Copy Today's digital technology and the computer have changed how the average consumer can acquire information and entertainment. No longer do we have to wait for the CD to hear a new song, or the release date to watch a movie. The technology is available on our home computers. But is this an infringement on copyright. What about the rights of artists, authors, producers, or actors. Has our technology progressed so far that it infringes on these peoples' livings. It is only a matter of time before laws are passed regarding Internet use....   [tags: Computers Technology Internet Papers]
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2191 words
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Music on the Internet and Copyright Infringement - Music on the Internet and Copyright Infringement Abstract Free music on the Internet is a hot topic nowadays. Millions of users worldwide use online file swapping services, in order to download free music. Record companies, needless to say, are not very happy about this, neither are many musicians. This paper presents the historical and legal background of this subject. Then, it discusses the morality of such free music services, based on two major ethical theories: consequentialism and contractianism....   [tags: Web Music Industry Essays]
:: 12 Sources Cited
3491 words
(10 pages)
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Music Copyright Infringement - Music Copyright Infringement MP3 is an audio format that allows users to compress and send music files easily over the Internet. The major problem with this music sharing is that most of the files are pirated, which has caused a stir in the music industry. Music companies and music artists have been complaining about how their music is being stolen and therefore lowering their album sales. The major blame has been put on Napster and other file sharing software available on the Internet. Napster was a music sharing software that was shut down because of copying and distributing unauthorized MP3 files that violated the United States and foreign copyright laws....   [tags: Napster Laws Essays]
:: 3 Sources Cited
1217 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Incompatibility of Copyright and Author - The Incompatibility of Copyright and Author Like the book, a song's qualities change as it is presented on the Internet -- instead of being a tangible object, in cyberspace the song is much like McLuhan's electric light. Part of what helped recorded music parallel the book was the shared tangibility of their formats; compact discs, like bound books, can be held in hand. Without a tangible object to attach the concept of copyright, music becomes pure content, and shapeless, difficult to control....   [tags: Internet Laws Essays] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
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Increasing Digital Copyright in a Technologically Advanced Age - It is a virus that we all have spread. A practice we have all contributed to knowingly or not. And as a result it has grown into something we cannot live without. Copyright infringement in today’s digital age has become all too common. But who can be blamed. Accessibility to digital works has caused a burgeoning in ignorance to authors’ rights which at least in the immediate future is not seeing a decline. Audio and visual entertainment has become an integral part of today’s society as people regardless of age are scurrying to keep up with current social trends whether it is hearing the latest song, seeing the current “number-one movie in America,” or even for literary buffs reading the most recent e-novel....   [tags: Technology ]
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1408 words
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Software Patent and Copyright Laws in India - Software Patent and Copyright Laws in India This Midterm Paper investigates the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), primarily Copyrights and Patents in India. The Paper performs a Legal as well as Ethical Analysis of the Indian IPR Laws. It recommends improvements; especially regarding Global Issues related to Software Patents and IPR over the Net by substantiating evidence from the Embassy of India Policy Statements and from a reputed magazine in India, called India Today. The author fully acknowledges citations from all the references....   [tags: Technology Computers Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
2189 words
(6.3 pages)
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Copyright Laws, Napster and Personal Ethics - Copyright Laws, Napster and Personal Ethics Abstract: The current lawsuits against Napster have brought out new ethical issues surrounding the exchange of MP3s and copyrighted material on the Internet. This paper discusses the ethical case against those who participate in MP3 trading services such as Napster and suggests ethical alternatives to these services. The free exchange of CD-quality music in the form of MP3s has created quite a stir in the media in the past few years and has forced the public to take a hard look at the laws governing electronic data....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1691 words
(4.8 pages)
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1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act - 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act Right before a movie starts in your theatre, you’re subjected to many advertisements. One that always stood out was the piracy campaign ad which gave a perspective on the downloading of movies from an off set worker. His distinctive message was that, movie stars are paid exorbitant amounts of money but the on and off set workers are not. By downloading the movie or “screener” in advanced, you’re really hurting the people behind the magic. So what does this have to do with us....   [tags: Media Entertainment Essays]
:: 12 Sources Cited
1335 words
(3.8 pages)
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Software Patent/Copyright Issues in Peru - Software Patent/Copyright Issues in Peru Software Patent/Copyright issues are a global concern. Information Technology developments in the last ten years have brought innovation in both Software and Hardware. The rise of the Internet and its users around the world is stretching the frontiers. But these advances in Information Technology came with the easy way to copy software illegally. My research will be focused on the laws that protect the intellectual property in Peru and their effect globally....   [tags: Technology Computers Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1933 words
(5.5 pages)
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Filesharing - Filesharing is the act of sharing files over the internet with another person. This can be done directly between two computers or by two computers connecting to a mediating server. These files can be anything: music, videos, books, blueprints, or other documents, many different types of software and programs including video games. Filesharing is also incredibly easy. Free software like bittorrent makes it simple for anyone to fileshare. With the simplicity of filesharing and the huge amount of information available for download it is easy to see how filesharing can be used illegally....   [tags: Technology/Copyright] 1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Extension of Copyright is Necessary to Protect the Rights of Artists and Ensure Future Creativity - ... The drawings done and things that come out of that are all art,"(2011). But this clause means that Ainsworth won the court case based on a technicality that the courts saw in favour of what purpose Ainsworth was distributing the costumes for. In the first instances, it seemed all the articles that were focused around Lucas’s intentions pointed towards him being greedy and his only intention for suing Ainsworth was more money orientated rather than to protect an art piece, as Jackson refers to him in his article as “the multi-billionaire director” giving the impression that the general consensus was a case of greed rather than protection of art....   [tags: International Law]
:: 11 Works Cited
2150 words
(6.1 pages)
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Trends In Copyright Infringement: A Review of Two Predictive Articles - Trends In Copyright Infringement: A Review of Two Predictive Articles       Abstract: In 1995 Lance Rose and Esther Dyson wrote articles in Wired Magazine expressing polarized views on the future of copyright law and copyright infringement.  This essay reviews those articles, analyzes each article's accuracy as defined by current trends years later.               Over the past decade the societal view of creative society has greatly changed due to advances in computer technology and the Internet.  In 1995, aware of the beginning of this change, two authors wrote articles in Wired Magazine expressing diametrically opposed views on how this technological change would take form, and how it would affect copyright law.  In the article "The Emperor's Clothes Still Fit Just Fine" Lance Rose hypothesized that the criminal nature of copyright infringement would prevent it from developing into a socially acceptable practice....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
1963 words
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Software Patents, Copyright, and Piracy Issues in India - Software Patents, Copyright, and Piracy Issues in India Introduction India has developed enormously in the field of science and technology. Information Technology has been one of the fastest growing sectors in the country and a major contributor to the economy. India's economy has boomed over the past decade due to Government's initiates. With it vast pool of educated population and its leading presence in the Software arena India is fast becoming a knowledge hub. This paper gives an overview of Patent, copyright and Cyber laws, software piracy issues, and analyses the economic benefits of reducing piracy and the ethical issues of piracy....   [tags: Computers Ethics Technology Essays]
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1556 words
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Sharing infromation vs. copyright in digital ages? - Sharing infromation vs. copyright in digital ages. Currently, with help of high technical development of computers, we can surf and share information easily in the Internet. Some see the Internet as a sea of information. The Internet represents a current our life and we can’t dream our lives without using it. Once we click, we find information without hard labor like browsing a whole library. Nevertheless, there occurs a problem when considering how much we share the information with others without breaking the rules about copyrights and stealing data from others’ computers....   [tags: Technology Computer Essays]
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Moral and Ethical Issues Behind Software Copyright and Patents - Moral and Ethical Issues Behind Software Copyright and Patents Introduction Over the past twenty years, the number of software patent and copyright infringement cases has been steadily increasing. The reason for this is quite clear. Software development only gained momentum in the 1970s, when the need for more complex and sophisticated software and their potential for commercialization was realised.1 With increasing investments being put into developing software, more legal protection was sought to protect these investments....   [tags: Software Technology Technological Essays]
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The Church of Scientology: Copyright vs. Free Speech - The Church of Scientology: Copyright vs. Free Speech Abstract: In 1995, the Church of Scientology sued a number of parties, including the Washington Post, in an attempt to prevent the circulation of secret documents about the “religion.” This paper examines both sides of this issue, explores the implications to copyright law and the First Amendment, and describes the actual results of the case. The Church of Scientology is a global organization with over 270 churches or missions worldwide. For decades, it has possessed followers with an almost fanatical devotion to their leader, L....   [tags: Legal Law Essays]
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Adobe and the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act - Adobe and the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act 1. The Background. In July of 2001 a Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov , an employee of ElcomSoft arrived at DefCon9 hacker conference which was held in Alexis Park Hotel in Las Vegas. DefCon conferences were designed for hackers from around the world to meet in Las Vegas and display their skills, while checking the innovations and techniques of other hackers (www.defcon.com). ElcomSoft is a privately owned software development company with headquarters in Moscow, Russia which specializes in Password Recovery software, Advanced Disk catalog, Advanced Registry Tracker and E-Book Processing software....   [tags: Hackers Hacking Computers Technology Essays]
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Technology - The Digital Millennium Copyright Act and DeCSS - The Digital Millennium Copyright Act and DeCSS      Abstract:          This paper discusses the ongoing court battle between the Motion Picture Association of America, supported by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and various defendants regarding the DeCSS program and its source code.  DeCSS is a utility that allows the circumvention of the encryption built into most DVDs.  Specifically, the paper examines the implications of the court decision on a range of issues including source code as free speech, HTML linking, and fair use....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Technology - Digital Video and Copyright Fair Use - Digital Video and Copyright Fair Use Abstract: Video is one of the most compelling forms of communication of this time. Over the course of the past few years, the gradual but sure drift from analog to digital in video technology has not only improved the abilities of visual communication media to distribute data, but has also improved their abilities to manipulate the data that they distribute. Digital video technology has advanced to the extent that still image manipulation has been usurped by more powerful technological developments that allow elements of a video image to be manipulated in real-time....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Internet Piracy - Piracy is a form of theft. Specifically, it refers to the unauthorized copying or use of intellectual property. Intellectual property is knowledge or expression that is owned by someone. There are three major types of intellectual property: 1) creative works, including music, written material, movies, and software, which are protected by copyright law; 2) inventions, which are protected by patent law; and 3) brand-name products, which are protected by trademarks. Many of the issues surrounding piracy have to do with the difference between intellectual property and physical property....   [tags: Copyright Violation] 1755 words
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Overview Of Intellectual Property - Intellectual Property Table of Contents Overview of Intellectual Property 3 Types of Intellectual Property Rights 3 Industrial property 4 Copyright 5 Controversy of Intellectual Property 5 Intellectual Property in the Digital Age 7 No Electronic Theft Act 9 Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 9 Case Study Involving Intellectual Property – Domain Names 9 Conclusion 11 Overview of Intellectual Property The term intellectual property refers to the innovations of the human mind. Intellectual property rights protect the interests of these innovators by giving them property rights attached to those ideas....   [tags: IP Copyright] 2013 words
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The Mp3 Controversy - MP3 technology, short for MPEG-1 Layer 3, first appeared on the Internet in the late 1990’s, and as time passed users could retrieve the musical works of artists or groups by accessing a website or file-sharing utility. This not only gave exposure to these musicians, but it also gave smaller, less known artists chances at exposure. Mp3.com began some years later, a website initiated for the soul purpose of allowing local musicians with recorded albums or demos to publish their works to the mainstream Internet, and gained much popularity as MP3 became more eminent....   [tags: Music Copyright] 1663 words
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Web Audio: Downloading Audio On The Internet - Web Audio: Downloading Audio on the Internet Legally and Illegally Prospectus Web Audio: Downloading Audio on the Internet Legally and Illegally Statement of Purpose The purpose of this research paper is to discuss the legality of downloading music over the Internet. The paper will reflect the different methods available for Internet downloading such as subscription and peer-to-peer sharing. Methods and Procedures The resources used to find information on the topic were found from articles in the Galileo Database including Academic Search Premier and Wikipedia....   [tags: Music Copyright] 1809 words
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Software Piracy and Copyright Laws: United States versus Vietnam - Software Piracy and Copyright Laws: United States versus Vietnam I. Introduction "Software piracy is the unauthorized duplication, distribution or use of computer software". Five main types of software piracy exist: publisher patent and copyright infringement, industrial piracy, corporate piracy, reseller piracy, and home piracy. Software piracy is a large global issue, which has become a more pressing issue due to a number of reasons: software is now easier to distribute on a global scale due to global access to the internet; culturally, people have not been taught that copying software is like stealing; a physical component does not need to be manufactured; and finally individuals state that they cannot afford the high cost of software and state that they would not use the pirated software if they had to pay for it.1 Software piracy is being dealt with on a global level by implementing global copyright laws....   [tags: Software Piracy Computers Essays]
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Music and the MP3 - Music is a form of artistic expression that encompasses almost all aspects of human society. Its uses within our lives range from simple entertainment to complex marketing and persuasion tools because of its ability to define our culture. Music may be seen as harmless and unproblematic, but looking at the structure behind its distribution provides insight to an extremely different realm of copyright laws and intellectual property rights. When one pays for copyrighted music, it is assumed that the money would go to the artists in the form of royalties as well as commission for the recording label that is distributing the compact disk or other formatted medium....   [tags: Music and Technology, copyright laws] 1066 words
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Ethical Challenge of Protecting Software in Emerging Economies: Copyright Law and Enforcement in Pakistan - Ethical Challenge of Protecting Software in Emerging Economies: Copyright Law and Enforcement in Pakistan Introduction The United States and Pakistan have similar laws protecting software using copyright and patents despite being at very different stages of economic development. Pakistan has an emerging economy with a per capita GDP of $2000 per capita and a literacy rate of 46%.[i] The US has a more mature economy with per capita GDP of $37,600 and a 97% literacy rate[ii]. Despite having similar laws regarding copyright and patent protection Pakistan has rampant piracy problems not seen in the US....   [tags: Software Technology Protection Essays]
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Copyright Infringement via Internet-based File-sharing Technology - Copyright Infringement via Internet-based File-sharing Systems   Internet-based file-sharing systems are gaining popularity, and consequently the sharing of copyrighted materials has become rampant.  Fueled by server-based systems such as FreeDrive and peer-to-peer systems such as Napster, copyrighted materials are being propagated all over the Internet, and while shutting down such systems seems to answer some of these problems, it is in no way a complete solution.  By examining these file-sharing systems and the legal issues that envelope them, more appropriate regulatory means may be discovered....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Software Patent/Copyright Issues in the PRC (People’s Republic of China) - Software Patent/Copyright Issues in the People's Republic of China Introduction This paper is an analytical essay on global ethical issues on software intellectual property in China. It will focus on the software patent and copyright issues that are prevalent in the PRC (People’s Republic of China, including Taiwan (R.O.C. – Republic of China), and Hong Kong). The paper will include personal experiences encountered in this region of the world. In addition, it will include an in-depth analysis on the topic with industry and academic references to defend a particular moral/ethical position, in which software piracy may seem a part of the Chinese culture but is clearly ethically unacceptable....   [tags: Software Technology China Essays]
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Misconceptions and Different Forms of Plagiarism - ... Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided though. “Plagiarism can vary in its extent based on the amount of plagiarism” (Kumar 1). The different styles of writing are very helpful to avoiding plagiarism. The certain style of writing techniques a person uses to avoid plagiarism reveals the writer’s own voice. It also pertains to the type of audience it would relate to. Some styles of writing include how the person uses their sentence formation. Some examples are the loose sentence, the periodic sentence, or the balanced sentence....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Copyright Law, Writing] 949 words
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Software Ethics - Software Ethics INTRODUCTION Webster dictionary defines copyright as “the exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, and sell the matter and form (as of a literary, musical, or artistic work). The copyright law extended to software and technologies aims at protecting the artists who created the product. The owner of the product has the exclusive right to distribute or reproduce his work. To be qualified for the protection, the work has to be original and in a “concrete medium of expression” [1]....   [tags: Copyright Plagiarism Technology Essays]
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Series on Intellectual Property Controversies - Series on Intellectual Property Controversies It might not have been how I originally wanted to spend my Saturday night, but then again if I hadn’t of gone it would have been extremely difficult to write this paper. I attended Molly Kleinman’s lecture about copyright and how it’s linked to libraries. So there I was with my pen and note book ready to take notes for later use. She first started out just talking about the purpose of copyright. From there she gave two different points of views on copyright, first was what it means according to the constitution and then according to some big companies....   [tags: Lecture Analysis Copyright] 706 words
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Is Copy Protection Cracking Ethical? - Is Copy Protection Cracking Ethical. Introduction There are many types of hackers in the world. One group of hackers focuses on breaking copy protection schemes. Copy protection schemes prevent the illegal copying of software, music, etc. By cracking these schemes, people are then able to use and copy the item without the copy protection preventing or hindering their use. This process is commonly known as cracking and the hackers involved in the process are known as crackers. Cracking is commonly viewed as an illegal act in many countries as it is typically used to steal copies of the copyrighted item....   [tags: Technology Hackers Copyright Essays]
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Global Impact of Software Patents - Global Impact of Software Patents Introduction: As companies and individuals expand beyond the domestic domain and venture into a global market, the issues of patents and copyrights become increasingly complex. The basis for a patent is to protect an implementation of some original idea in order to give the holder of the patent rights over their achievement. A copyright serves a similar purpose in providing the copyright holder with power of their own work. Many countries offer means to protect patented and copyrighted materials from being duplicated illegally....   [tags: Copyright World Copyrighted Essays]
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DMCA and Russia - DMCA and Russia Background Information Traditionally, book authors have had the Copyright Law to protect their creations. That changed, however, since their books have become available in electronic format. In short, the creations had been turned into information – one that can effortlessly be copied and distributed thanks to invent of computers, Internet, and (lately), cheap data storage devices. Adobe Corporation’s eBook was meant to fix that problem for the copyright owners, while letting the readers keep their rights to their copy of the book....   [tags: Copyright Laws Sharing Essays]
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Software Piracy - Software Piracy Software piracy is the copying and selling of copyrighted software. There are many types of software that can be pirated including operating systems, application programs, internet downloads, including music, software, or movies. Many people do this knowing that they are partaking in something illegal; however some people have no clue that they are breaking the law. In some cases a person may have inadvertently purchased pirated software. The consequences of having or distributing pirated software can be serious in some cases....   [tags: Computer Software Copyright Violation]
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Copy Protection And The Drm - Piracy of digital information today is a huge problem. However, an even bigger problem is the way that the government and private companies react to it. Private companies make the problem even worse by making over-protective software secutiy systems that also limit our freedom. The government even takes these laws so seriously as to arrest innocent people. Piracy itself is a problem, but even worse is the way it is being handled. Software piracy leads to many companies becoming over-protective about their software and they hire companies like SecuROM, Sony BMG and Starforce....   [tags: Copyright Digital Rights] 1002 words
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Intellectual Property in an Interconnected Digital World - Intellectual Property in an Interconnected Digital World Introduction The concept of intellectual property, copyrights, and patents has been around for many years. The ancient Greeks had already started to attribute authorship of works to individuals. The purpose is to encourage people to make new inventions by rewarding them with the exclusive right to "own" their ideas. Laws have been made to prohibit people from taking other people's ideas unlawfully (i.e., stealing) and in general, these laws have been successful in preventing the crime before it is done, and punishing the criminals after it is done....   [tags: Technology Copyright Essays]
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Combating Online Piracy and Copyright Infringement - ... Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United States(Executive Branch of the US Government). It opened for ratification on May 1st 2011 and will go into effect if 6 ratifications are reached by May 1st 2013(ACTA 22). Currently no country has ratified the treaty(USTR). There are a plethora of reasons the US should rescind its signature and refuse to ratify the treaty, as well as urging other nations to do the same. First among them is congruency with previous accepted trade agreements....   [tags: U.S. Law]
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Intellectual Property and the Future of the Music Industry - Corruption, Conscience, and Copyright: The Current State of Intellectual Property and the Future of the Music Industry “Today’s pirates operate not on the high seas but on the Internet, in illegal CD factories, distribution centers, and on the street. The pirate’s credo is still the same--why pay for it when it’s so easy to steal. The credo is as wrong as it ever was. Stealing is still illegal, unethical, and all too frequent in today’s digital age. That is why RIAA [Recording Industry Association of America] continues to fight music piracy.” – RIAA.com The human conscience is a powerful tool....   [tags: Copyright MP3 File Sharing RIAA]
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Intellectual Property on the Internet - Intellectual Property on the Internet On one of my first web sites I had an original graphic design, done by one of my friends. The design was interesting and eye-catching, two necessary elements for my site. I kept the design on the site for over six months, before taking it down and rebuilding. Almost a year after the graphic went up on my site, the person who designed it saw it on another site. After he showed me, he expressed his disappointment. He had put his time and hard work into this and someone else had just copied the image off my site and used it for themselves....   [tags: IP Intellectual Property Copyright Web Essays]
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Trademark Law And The Internet - One of the goals of business owners is to make their business and products easily recognizable to their customers and the public in general. If the business can protect its identity with consumers, it encourages production of better products and an emphasis on building goodwill. The United States Patent and Trademark Office offers protection for businesses through the exercise of trademark law. Trademarks allow businesses to register a word, symbol, logo, or phrase used to identify a particular manufacturer....   [tags: Trademark Copyright] 1654 words
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The Problem of Internet Plagiarism - The Problem of Internet Plagiarism In November 2001, CNN reported a case of alleged rampant plagiarism at the University of Virginia involving 72 cases and 148 students. What happened at the University of Virginia is only one of many cases of plagiarism faced everyday all over the world. Plagiarism itself is not a new problem, but the Internet has made a difficult situation even more complex. According to Ryan: Plagiarized work used to be generated through frat house recycling efforts, purchased from local ghost writers, or simply copied from campus library reference materials, all clumsy efforts readily detectable by educators familiar with their course material....   [tags: Electronic Plagiarism Copyright Essays]
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