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Youth: Universal Stage of Life or Social Construct? - ... This does not mean, however, that they did not experience a stage between childhood and adulthood. Children do not suddenly become adults overnight or through one single event such as cultural initiations, bar mitzvahs, engaging in sexual activities or getting drunk for the first time, or suddenly being put to work. They do go through a period of increased awareness, where they move from living in ignorance of their lives ahead, to where they know what risks are out in the world whether it is gangs attempting to recruit them or kill them, or the risks of losing income and being unable to support their family....   [tags: universal stage of life, social construct]
:: 9 Works Cited
1128 words
(3.2 pages)
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Validity: External, Internal, and Construct - Validity In research paradigm, validity and reliability are the most basic characteristic issues used in qualitative and quantitative analysis. Validity as a psychometric standard is embedded in a positivist approach, which is relevant in reflecting on the qualitative point of view ascribed to the establishment of the truth. In view of this, definition of positivism ascribe to a theory systematic to validity. Additionally, other empirical conceptions culminating from resided validity include truth, deduction, universal laws, evidence, reason, and actuality among others....   [tags: Business Management ]
:: 5 Works Cited
2019 words
(5.8 pages)
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Sexual Orientation is a Social Construct - “I love you, Katherine, believe me, I’m not a gay”. This statement is necessary to be mentioned, these days, if you love Katherine but why is there a need to justify your sexual orientation and how do you decide your sexual orientation. Actually, human beings are animals of their desires, but unlike other animals, these desires are developed under some social pressure. On a whole, society determines likes and dislikes of its individuals. No two societies are exactly identical to each other. Different societies influence its people in a different way....   [tags: homosexual, heterosexual] 1655 words
(4.7 pages)
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External, Internal, and Construct Validity - Validity pertains to both the methods and the design of a research study and indicates “the degree with which correct inferences can be made from the results of a research study” (Indiana University Of Pennsylvania, 2010). According to Trochim and Donnelly, there are four types of validity including conclusion, internal, construct, and external (2008). In this assignment, three of these types will be discussed. Internal validity is the extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure. External validity on the other hand, is the extent to which the results of a research study can be generalized to other groups, other times, and other settings....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1331 words
(3.8 pages)
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External, Internal, and Construct Validity - There are two classes of factors that jeopardize the validity of research findings they are internal and external. Internal validity is the extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure. External validity on the other hand, is the extent to which the results of a research study can be generalized to other groups, times, and settings (Trochim and Donnelly, 2008). Internal validity is threatened whenever there exists the possibility that alternative causes, other than the independent variable, are responsible for the effect....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1227 words
(3.5 pages)
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Construct, Internal, and External Validity - ... But both argued that due to time and financial constraints, they could not review the data collected with key informants to correct any mistake, inaccuracies, clarifications which to some extent threatened the validity of their studies. 8.2 Internal Validity This refers to establishing a causal relationship, whereby certain conditions are shown to lead to other conditions (Yin, 2009, p.40). The goal of seeking to establish causality is more evident in explanatory or causal studies rather than descriptive or exploratory studies (ibid)....   [tags: data, evidence, study] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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Law Is a Social Construct - “The more civilized a man becomes, the greater is man's need for law, and the more law he creates. Therefore law is just a response to social needs." Law is a social construct, which is a result of various external social influences like culture, history, politics, economy and power. It describes the society that it exists in as it is the ideologies and values of a society that are embodied as rules and principles of law. Law constructs a framework for the society, according to the goals, interests and understandings of the people of that society i.e....   [tags: legal, society, war] 834 words
(2.4 pages)
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Social Construct of Codes - Social Construct of Codes Green building advancement dates back to the late nineteenth century when it started with the concepts of environmental conservation and preservation, and public health protection. The idea at that time was opposed because the public felt that it contradicted social norms that defined how a private home should be constructed for the good of the public. It was later accepted as a measure of environmental conservation and at the present, green building programmes are fully established departments in various counties in the United States....   [tags: Green Building Program]
:: 1 Works Cited
552 words
(1.6 pages)
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How to Construct Modelling Tree Assignments - The structure of the model is consistent with the theory behind spinal stenosis. A decision tree model was chosen to demonstrate the pathways that the treatments follow referred to impacts and complications of the interventions, whereas the disease pathways are not reflected. In order to construct the decision tree model different sources were adopted. Nevertheless some of the references used were not accessible to the public such as the Vertos Data Set, reference 28. Assumptions were another essential element adopted to construct the model....   [tags: spinal stenosis, patients, interventions] 1943 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Role of Ethnicity and Race in the Way Audiences Interpret Media Messages - The Role of Ethnicity and Race in the Way Audiences Interpret Media Messages According to the sociological definition of race and ethnicity, there is a close interrelation between race and ethnicity. Race has not been defined by the biological difference that it is stood on the social construct. Race does not discriminate the skin color from others which is related to the ethnicity. Race is defined on the social construct which based on physical and cultural features (Fulcher & Scott, 2007). ‘Ethnicity is a general category for describing collective identities’ (Fulcher & Scott, 2007:200)....   [tags: the social construct]
:: 4 Works Cited
1597 words
(4.6 pages)
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Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity - Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity Validity is an important aspect of the research design. For instance, in research the uses statistics as the primary form of measurement. Validity applies to the truth of a standard. A measure is valid, in general, when it (Renata, 2011, 1) includes what it devised to measure. Renata (2011) explained, "Internal and external validity are the two primary types of validity" (para. 1). However, both display diverse aspects of a study’s design and results....   [tags: aspects of research design]
:: 6 Works Cited
1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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Social Construct of a Pool Hall - Social Construct of a Pool Hall Billiards, or more commonly referred to as pool has been played for many decades. In the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century it was played by those of upper class standing in their homes. Over the twentieth century pool shifted roles, becoming part of middle and lower class society. With the class change, pool also moved out of the home and into bars and halls. Pool has been forever transformed; today there are three main groups of pool players to be found in pool halls; professional players: blue collar players, and teenage players....   [tags: Billiards Bars Games Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1565 words
(4.5 pages)
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Perspective on Childhood as a Social Construct: Historically and Today - In our society, childhood has been experienced by everyone, whether it is through their upbringing, working with children, or being part of a society that values and places emphasis on childhood. Childhood is seen as a natural and inevitable phase that we all must go through before reaching adulthood and it can be defined as ‘children’s ‘natural’ biological incapacities’ (Wyness, 2012 pg. 9). James, Jenks and Prout (1998) argue that childhood is characterised by sets of cultural values whereby the ‘…western childhood has become a period of social dependency, asexuality, and the obligation to be happy, with children having the right to protection and training but not to social or personal aut...   [tags: Sexual Abuse, Public Anxiety]
:: 7 Works Cited
2367 words
(6.8 pages)
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3D to 4K Televisions and the Social Construct of Technology - Introduction When the 3D television was first introduced, the public was captivated by the technology. When we as consumers look at the technology today, we view the 3D television as a failure. With the most recent technology the Ultra High-definition television making its way to the market, in this paper I will analyze the 3D television technology in utilizing the social constructs of technology and compare it with the new ultra high-definition television. The analysis paper will mainly be helpful to the companies developing the televisions and for the select consumers who are innovators (consumers who will adopt the technology first)....   [tags: business feasibility analysis]
:: 14 Works Cited
1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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Research on The Relationship of the Male Identity from a Social Construct - ... The contemporary male has lost relation with his masculine core. Thus we examine dehumanizing effects of the obsession of the corporate consumerist paradigm (possessions, car, clothes, happiness, job etc.) by the repressed, conspicuous, if not exaggerated, besieged, raw and waning masculinity which has moulded the feminization of Man and replaced traditional male symbols such as strength and honour in Fight Club (Slideshare, n.d). Hence the film renders to assault lack of male frustration at the media`s representation of men and how they have lost use to their natural “devices” along with the bitterness of standardised lifestyles imposed by the Mass Media....   [tags: post-structuralism perspective, masculinity] 912 words
(2.6 pages)
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Construct Developed in Psychometrics to Determine Cognitive Abilities - The g factor, or "general factor", is a construct developed in psychometrics to determine cognitive abilities. It is a variable that summarizes positive correlations among various cognitive tasks, which demonstrate an individual's performance at one type of cognitive task tends to be comparable to his or her performance at other kinds of cognitive tasks. The g factor typically accounts for 40 to 50 percent of the variance in IQ test performance, and IQ scores are frequently regarded as estimates of an individual's g factor rating (Kamphaus et al....   [tags: general factor, IQ,flynn effect]
:: 8 Works Cited
965 words
(2.8 pages)
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Oscar Wilde Flippantly Disregards Moral Codes in The Importance of Being Earnest - The morals of the Victorian Era gained renown for their strict socials roles that existed for both men and women. However, Oscar Wilde rejected these morals as he not only wrote characters but also acted as a character who flippantly disregarded the strict moral code. In his play The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde elicits a thoughtful laughter through the constant hypocrisy and non-sequitous behaviours of Lady Bracknell. Wilde uses her to explore the hypocrisy that he detested within Victorian Society, and through Lady Bracknell’s commentary on gender roles and marital roles, Wilde illustrates his own personal contentions with Victorian morals....   [tags: victorian, humor, sexual construct]
:: 1 Works Cited
656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Gender and Sexuality in Second Class Citizen by Emecheta Buchi - In the book Second Class Citizen, Emecheta Buchi uses gender and sexuality to express the many ways in which society treated women and the obstacles that they had to overcome. Buchi uses this book and the many issues discussed throughout the book as a tool in the argument of gender and sexuality as a social construct; however, the ways of the world and the views of society do not see how the way women were treated back then as anything but normal. Adah, the main character of the book is a child who wants a Western education but is denied the opportunity to get one because the mere fact that she is a girl and the privilege of school goes to the boys of the family even though she is the one th...   [tags: social construct, womanhood] 802 words
(2.3 pages)
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Untangling the Relationship Between Race and Intelligence - A psychosocial phenomenon known as ‘race’ has the power to bind a group of people together and determine how they are expected to behave (Kendig, 2011). Our behaviour is determined by another phenomenon known as ‘intelligence’ (Colom, Karama, Jung, & Haier, 2010). Since these are both such fundamental aspects of how our society functions, it is crucial for psychologists to understand how these factors interact. However, despite many circulating theories, psychologists have yet to agree upon the extent to which these phenomena affect each other....   [tags: psychologists, controversial, construct] 1228 words
(3.5 pages)
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ROMAN COPIES OF GREEK ORIGINALS - The construct of the ‘Roman copy’ in art history has deeply rooted and extensive origins. Whilst this prejudiced was attached to Roman sculpture from an extremely early time in modern archaeology and art history, the construct viewed in a current context reveals issues with both its development and contribution to historical understanding and education. The construct is formed upon several main factors that have recently been called into question by revisionist historians. Firstly, the development of the construct by conservative historians during the 18th century, a context that valued artistic originality and authenticity, lead to it’s popularisation and circulation as a respected model....   [tags: Roman Sculpture, Historical Construct] 2156 words
(6.2 pages)
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Construct validity of Meyer and Allen’s Three Component Model - Construct validity of Meyer and Allen’s Three Component Model Pages 2 Researchers have studied the construct validity of Meyer and Allen’s (1991) three-component model of commitment along with its measures and found a strong support for the scale. Allen and Meyer (1996) reviewed the model with a revised scale by review of 40 sample and found the same validity. Despite the supportive evidence by validity among 40 samples of Allen and Meyer (1996) scale still some important matters of conceptualization and measurement are pointed out by social scientist....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
:: 15 Works Cited
687 words
(2 pages)
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How Do Diaspora Media Help Construct Meanings of Community and Identity? - As a result of the western colonizing movement of the 19th century, a massive diasporic movement of people across boundaries formed a unique group. This ongoing process of population movement and mass exodus, as well as the effects it caused drew attention to the academic world at both cultural and political levels. However, unlike the original residents, this diasporic shift demonstrated distinctive traits such as identity and an ideology which evidently differed from those of the natives. As Sreberny (2000....   [tags: Media]
:: 10 Works Cited
1837 words
(5.2 pages)
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Analysis of Inventing The Savage: The Social Construct of Native American Criminality by Luana Ross - Inventing the Savage: The Social Construct of Native American Criminality. Luana Ross. Austin: University of Texas Press. 1998. There is much literature about African American and Hispanic offenders and the punishment of males in the criminal justice system; however, there is not much literature on either Native Americans or women offenders in the criminal justice system. Luana Ross attempts to break this trend with her research in Inventing the Savage: The Social Construct of Native American Criminality....   [tags: literature, justice, conditions, treatment] 1343 words
(3.8 pages)
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Adam and Eve: Breaking the Social Construct With John Milton's Paradise Lost - Man above woman, or woman above man. For the entirety of human civilization, this question of gender hierarchy has been divisive issue. Regardless, Milton does not hesitate to join the heat of the battle, and project his thoughts to the world. Since the publication of Paradise Lost, many of Milton’s readers have detected in his illustration of the prelapsarian couple, particularly of Adam, a powerful patriarchal sentiment: “he for God only, and she for God in him” (Milton, IV.299). In essence, this idea declares that Adam and Eve possess unequal roles – Adam is better than Eve, as men are better than women, in accordance to the deeply conventional reading of the relations between the sexes....   [tags: Human Civilization, Gender Norms]
:: 2 Works Cited
1316 words
(3.8 pages)
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How Does Shakespeare Construct the Conditions for Tragedy in Antony and Cleopatra? - Dramatic tragedy classically explores the downfall and death of a protagonist from a high status. Shakespeare constructs the conditions for tragedy within Antony and Cleopatra through the protagonists’ conflicts. For example, Antony is pulled in different directions by two competing loyalties: his political duties and his love for Cleopatra. In Act One, Antony, “The triple pillar of the world”, has “become the bellows and the fan / To cool a gipsy’s lust.” Philo’s metaphor presents Antony as “the bellows” and “the fan”....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature]
:: 5 Works Cited
1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Periodic Phase Modulation of the Order Parameter Is Essential to Construct the Andreev Interferometer - The periodic phase modulation of the order parameter is essential to construct the Andreev interferometer, see Fig. \ref{fig1}(a). We consider a Y-junction in proximity to a FF superconductor, which introduces finite pair potential in the two channels. To be specific, we assume the channels are both set along the $x$ direction, with a spatial separation of $h$ in the $y$ direction. The pairing in the FF superconductor occurs with a finite momentum $\bf{Q}$ = $(Q_x, Q_y)$, and the order parameter takes the form of $\Delta e^{i{\bf Q}\cdot {\bf x}}$ for the $s$-wave pairing....   [tags: superconductors, electric engeneering] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
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Formation of Imagined Communities - Look Good but Feeling Bad. In “The man behind Abercrombie and Fitch.” An interview conducted by Benoit Denizet-Lewis displays a glimpse into the life of Mike Jeffries and his views of his company only hiring “good-looking” people and targeting “good-looking” people to wear his clothes. This has been done in order to force his audience to recognize that the issue of acceptance one’s peers and exclusion of a community mentioned by Mike Jeffries, is a result of cultural perceptions and individual self-image....   [tags: Sociology, Social Construct]
:: 8 Works Cited
1927 words
(5.5 pages)
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A View of Systematic Gendered Repression in the Patriarchal Social Construct - The Water and Diamonds Paradox: A View of Systematic Gendered Repression in the Patriarchal Social Construct In economics there exists what is known as the diamond and water paradox, proposed by the great, capitalist economist Adam Smith. It is based on the idea that the total utility, or the total benefit that a person gets from the consumption of goods and services, is low for diamonds, while the marginal utility or the level of satisfaction one receives as the result of a one unit increase in the quantity of a good consumed is surprisingly high for the stones (Parkin 166)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 12 Works Cited
2401 words
(6.9 pages)
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Analysis of the Article 'Measurement of Romantic Love' by Zick Rubin - The article, “Measurement of Romantic Love” written by Zick Rubin, expresses the initial research aimed at presenting and validating the social-psychological construct of romantic love. The author assumed that love should be measured independently from liking. In this research, the romantic love was also conceptualized to three elements: affiliative and depend need, an orientation of exclusiveness and absorption, and finally a predisposition to help. There were totally three major phases for the research....   [tags: social-psychological construct of romantic love] 887 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Relationship of Gender and Language - An interest in the relationship between gender and language use has sparked a wide array of studies since the 1960s . Researchers then began questioning the assumption that the different genders, as well as the language patterns associated with them, were biologically determined . While a vast part of the general public still adheres to the notion that there is a natural dichotomy between two completely distinct genders—male and female—it is now widely established in academic circles that this is not the case ....   [tags: biologically, does, sex, construct, social] 1803 words
(5.2 pages)
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Learning Disabilities as a Cultural Construct - While perceptions of learning disabilities (LD) may vary according to country, culture, and teachers, it is often necessary to diagnose students in order to receive funding for services. It can be helpful to recognize those learning disabilities that students may have in order to provide extra assistance when necessary. It would be advantageous, too, if wide recognition of LD could take away the stigma that is often present. However, since LD is a multi-faceted topic, labeling often carries a negative connotation and can lead to ostracizing of students....   [tags: Education]
:: 4 Works Cited
1271 words
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How to Construct the Perfect Omelet - Often in the morning I find myself too lazy to make my own breakfast in the morning, and so ask my mother. What she makes is usually a pretty way to start my day off, from pancakes, to crepes, to waffles and scrambled eggs, but, when she reaches the illustrious omelet, the king of America breakfast pallets, she slips. What she usually makes is something that is an attempt of of an omelet. So that begins to ask the question, what is the perfect omelet, and how is it constructed. Well as we break down the steps into four larger motions which are the keys to a perfect omelet, we will see how it flips from bad to good....   [tags: breakfast, steps, omelet] 604 words
(1.7 pages)
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Organizations are a Social Construct - Organizations are complex and paradoxical phenomena and there may be challenges in understanding them. A metaphor is used to understand one thing in terms of another. The use of different metaphors that lead to different explanations and theories of organizations helps us to think and see organizations from different perspectives. Each provides a certain view of the organization and can be convincing but it does not provide a clear picture of an organization. Therefore, by exploring the implications of different metaphors it is possible to understand the nature of organization....   [tags: Metaphors, Organizations, Paradox]
:: 1 Works Cited
955 words
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Race As A Social Construct - The concept of race is an ancient construction through which a single society models all of mankind around the ideal man. This idealism evolved from prejudice and ignorance of another culture and the inability to view another human as equal. The establishment of race and racism can be seen from as early as the Middle Ages through the present. The social construction of racism and the feeling of superiority to people of other ethnicities, have been distinguishably present in European societies as well as America throughout the last several centuries....   [tags: Racism Essays]
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1076 words
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Race As A Social Construct - I am sick of racism. Creating divisions among people using a false differentiations among groups of humans is a tool for controlling people (divide and conquer), and in fact the division into races is false. Race is a synonym with “subspecies,” the differences among subspecies is a matter of location and genetic difference. A good example of races or subspecies among other animals can be found in the Northern brown bears. The brown bears of Eurasia and North America are a single species; that is, they can produce fertile offspring, but they are called by different names because of the different areas where they live and different appearances; they are called Eurasian Brown Bears, North Amer...   [tags: Racism Essays]
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887 words
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Gender as a Social Construct - When thinking about the colors blue and pink, the very first connotation for many people that arises is the sex of a child. The tradition of wrapping a baby boy with a blue towel and wrapping a baby girl with a pink towel has been carried on from generations to generations to the point that society has failed to recognize its arbitrary societal norm. Today’s feminists believe that the term gender and the act of gendering are nurtured from birth until societal norms and expectations are indoctrinated into the brains of individuals....   [tags: education system, gender roles, bias]
:: 8 Works Cited
1772 words
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Is Beauty a Social Construct? - ... Dr.Nancy Etcoff write’s “Manipulation of honest signals works even in the animal kingdom. Birds given extra tail feathers and brighter plumage were more successful at mating than their naturally attired competitors.” Women's fashion has constantly drawn attention to the waist with corsets, wide belts, hip huggers, and crop tops. In fact, corsets have been a fashion constant for five hundred years and they’ve flooded women’s advertisements. In so and so folana writes "Corsets and coiffures-that’s where I put my money....   [tags: fashion, jean kilbourne] 1246 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Construct of Self through the Influence of Others - This article, Life as a Maid’s Daughter by Mary Romero, takes the reader through the life a girl named Teresa. She lived a unique life, because she was able to see the differences ways in which different races and social classes of people live in America. Teresa and her mother Carmen are lower class Mexican-Americans, and the people that Carmen is a maid for are upper-middle class white Americans. Throughout her life Teresa learns about different aspects of herself (i.e. race, social class, gender, and family) through interactions with her biological family and the families of the employers....   [tags: Life as a Maid's Daughter, Mary Romero]
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1866 words
(5.3 pages)
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Racism: A Historical and Social Construct in America - Racism, will it ever end. The answer is probably not. The United States of America was set up on the basis of race. Even many years ago European settlers looked down upon the Native Americans as inferior. Years later in today’s modern society, racism still exists, although we may not fully realize it. Many people are not aware of how much racism still exists in our schools workforces, and anywhere else where social lives are occurring. Using our sociological imagination, we are capable of applying the role of race to any situation....   [tags: racism, prejudice, discrimination]
:: 12 Works Cited
2938 words
(8.4 pages)
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How We Construct Ourselves As Human - Animals and humans have many similarities in what makes both of them up. For example, humans are a part of the animal kingdom and anything in the animal kingdom is made up of matter. Our entire existence, as we can tell, is made up of matter. From the little neurons firing in your mind, to the water in the Ocean, it is all matter. Substance, to get Aristotelian, is not what separates us from other animals. What does though, are many wonderful things, and language is deeply embedded in nearly each of these things....   [tags: Communication ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1437 words
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Satirical Social Construct Theories in Carolls Wonderland - The Victorian Era held many common beliefs that contrast to everything modern society holds as true.These beliefs ecompassed such areas as social theory, class differences, racial prejudices, the effect of capitalism in society, and the role and extent of education Lewis Carroll challenges and satirizes these social constructs in his novels Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass by the use of fantasy characters and settings. He confronts the reader indirectly through Alice; as the fantasy world of Wonderland disobeys Alice's established views, so does it disobey the reader's views....   [tags: essays research papers] 1278 words
(3.7 pages)
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Insisting That Gender Is A Social Construct Is Oppressive To Women - ... But the problem is, identity doesn’t, and never will, transcend biological reality. The M2T seems to love this very philosophical idea: “I feel like . . . therefore I am.” M2T activists insist that males (I’m talking biology) who “feel like” females (I’m talking biology) are entitled — because of a feeling, a hunch – to women-only space (MichFest), to lesbian-only space, to shelters, to clinics, to organizations, to academic institutions that have been designed to serve the interests of women....   [tags: LGBT Essays] 850 words
(2.4 pages)
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How to Construct Dentures - Have you ever wondered how complete dentures are constructed. A complete denture is a type of removable prosthesis designed to replace all of the natural teeth in an arch or the jaw. Patients sometimes need a set of complete dentures, one for each arch or jaw. There are several stages in making dentures. Each stage must be performed accurately and precisely so the denture is as exact as possible. The technician does most of the work of fabricating the denture from start to finish. The dentist only has a small role in the making of the denture....   [tags: Health] 1712 words
(4.9 pages)
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Do the media ‘construct’ social reality, or does it simply report on it? - It is often suggested by scholars that the world and in all its content is ambiguous, there is no universal meaning, nothing can be interpreted the same way. Opinions are constantly clashing and facts somehow constructed, or tempered during the processes of news production. News becomes the fictions of reality; it becomes a way of story telling, made to the taste of the viewer, depending on the society of course. The same stories carry different values depending where when and how the stories are broadcasted, I will be talking about this in this essay....   [tags: Media Interpretation]
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2587 words
(7.4 pages)
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Constructs of Reality - “WAR IS PEACE FREEDOM IS SLAVERY IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH” (Orwell, 1984) “Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.” (William Pitt, 1783) . One can argue the existence of a utopia. Argue whether or not a utopia has ever, or will, exist. Webster’s Dictionary defines the term utopia as “An ideally perfect place, especially in its social, political, and moral aspects”. Then we can explore the term dystopia, the mirror image of a utopia, the exact opposite, a world blinded by utter chaos....   [tags: essays research papers] 2188 words
(6.3 pages)
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Social Constructs - Social Construct influences the extent in which we are healthy and physically active. It determines how we use health services, recreational facilities and sporting opportunities to our benefits. It also guides our response to health and physical activity challenges and how an individual views health as a social construct. The advantages of viewing health of an individual through social constructs have many reasons. Some being that it supports principles of diversity and social justice. Australia is diverse in terms of multiculturalism, socio-economic status and geographic location....   [tags: Sociology] 350 words
(1 pages)
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Piaget's Belief that Children Construst Their Understanding of the World Differently than Adults - Piaget's Belief that Children Construst Their Understanding of the World Differently than Adults Piaget believed that children actively construct their understanding of the world in radically different ways from adults. He further believed that children's minds develop through a series of stages in which they form increasingly complex schemas that organize their past experiences and provide a framework for understanding future experiences. In the sensorimotor stage, 0-2 years, children experience their world through their senses and actions....   [tags: Papers] 855 words
(2.4 pages)
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Male and female gender constructs - Our cultural beliefs dictate that there are only two biological sexes corresponding to two genders (Newman, 2001). The male and female constructs often carry with them misconceptions and stereotypes, such as the belief that gender and sex are synonymous or that gender assigned at birth indicates a specific preference for toys, interest, clothes, and eventual erotic attraction (Newman, 2001). Males are expected to exhibit masculine personality traits and be attracted to women while females are expected to exhibit feminine personality traits and be attracted to men....   [tags: Egalitarianism, Gender Differences]
:: 14 Works Cited
1635 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Major Constructs Explaining Health Inequalities - Theoretical approach Perspective on health inequalities In their introduction the authors hypothesise that there is an association between poverty and Tuberculosis (TB) in Recife, Brazil, and that this is mediated by accommodation crowding, malnutrition and “other socially determined factors”. However this paper does not include a nutrition variable, and the authors don’t clarify which other social factors they believe are important. They examine numerous possible socioeconomic position (SEP) variables without defining a priori which is of primary interest....   [tags: poverty, tuberculosis, health inequalities]
:: 10 Works Cited
1395 words
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The Relationship between Social Support and the Transtheoretical Model Constructs for Breast Cancer Survivors - This study investigates the relationship between social support and the transtheoretical model constructs for survivors of breast cancer (stage I-IV) within the first five years after treatment. Social support can range from informal support from family, friends and neighbors, to formal support from therapists and spiritual advisors; either way, it has proven to reduce anxiety and stress, while improving mood and ability to cope with pressure. Social support not only has social-emotional benefits, but also support in getting to medical appointments, encouragement to take medication, and assistance with challenges from day-to-day living as a result of the diagnosis....   [tags: investigative study analysis] 672 words
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Constructs of Self-Determination Theory Through a Person-Oriented Lens - In this article, Ratelle, Guay, Vallerand, Larose, & Senecal (2007) look at constructs of self-determination theory through a person-oriented lens. According to Ratelle et al (2007) one benefit of using this person-oriented approach to allow natural motivational profiles to surface rather than forcing student responses to fit into existing categories. By using this method, as well as examining areas of academic achievement, Ratelle et al (2007) hope to discover if one existing student motivation profile is more beneficial than another....   [tags: Article Analysis]
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(5.5 pages)
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Constructs of Identity - Identity often refers to a sort of desperate quest or a deliberately confused search through both a mental and moral experience. However, Erikson approaches this idea as an experience that will almost be a surprise that sneaks up on one, rather than something that can be found. The process of identity formation is located in the core of an individual, and also in the core of ones communal culture. This process is ever changing and developing, but reaches a crisis during the stage of adolescence....   [tags: Psychology] 1782 words
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How William Faulkner Constructs His Characters in Absalom, Absalom! - How William Faulkner Constructs His Characters in Absalom, Absalom. Who says what - and how and when - may be the most compelling way William Faulkner constructs his characters in Absalom, Absalom. Storytelling is not just an act in which the saga of the Sutpens is recounted, revised, and even recreated; it is a gesture of self-disclosure. Each revelation about the past provides a glimpse into the present state of the narrating character's mind. The rhetoric, the digressions, the strange (and often obsessive) fixations of each character's account are the products of a range of personalities and view points, unable to agree on a definitive version of the story....   [tags: Absalom, Absalom Literature Narratives Essays] 4448 words
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Man With The Movie Camera: Shot Change Constructs A New Perspective - Man with The Movie Camera: Shot Change constructs a New Perspective Avant Garde Film Midterm 11395 Question #4 Time was used by Vertov as an important factor in editing as well as in the daily lives of humans. With editing he utilized the essence of time to his advantage. Vertov wanted a certain rhythm of cuts to exist in the movie. He desired a choppy effect. The cameras, themselves, were supposed to produce a rithym in movements, too. The point was he wanted to make as many cuts and rigid motions as possible to make the film appear as hark jerky as possible to the audience....   [tags: essays research papers] 871 words
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A Critical Review of Kelly’s Personality Theory in Personality Development - 1. Introduction Personality is a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that gives both consistency and individuality to a person’s behavior (Feist & Feist, 2008). For centuries, philosophers, personality theorists and other thinkers have been trying to answer: what personalities are like, how personalities are developed, why different personalities are developed and how personalities can be changed (Pervin & Cervone, 2013). George A. Kelly, an American psychologist born in 1905 in Kansa, is one of those major contributors in the field of personality psychology (Warren, 1998)....   [tags: George Kelly, personality psychology]
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The Differences (or Similarities) Between Ethnic identity, Cultural identity, and Acculturation - The unprecedented increase in the rate of international migration have prompted many social scientists to look at studying the many aspects of culture that interact with the whole immigration process, and the many changes that occur not only to the immigrant groups but to the members of the host community. A review of studies on attitudinal, cultural and/or behavioural change as a result of the immigration and adaptation processes has identified three constructs that have received much attention among researchers....   [tags: Cultural Identity,international immigration]
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1515 words
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James Kelman's The Burn - James Kelman's story, The Burn has been interpreted as a universal representation of the condition of the working class in an oppressive society. Also, critics have brought to light the stylistic accomplishment of Kelman's writing; his ability to use language to bring to bear a psychological and emotional state of being within a fraction of an individual’s life; but, there is another perspective that may have been an unintentional result of his genius as a writer. His unnamed character gives us an additional lens to view his journey....   [tags: The Burn Essays] 1263 words
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The Locus of Control Contsruct - ... Both of supervisors and subordinates having a higher exceptions of controlled by personal effort tend to be more satisfied with democratic leadership. In accordance with the theory (Spector 1988), democratic leaders are more likely to involve subordinates in the planning process and seeking valuable information from them. Similarly, Kantor (2012) points out that internals tend to be more satisfied with a democratic leader as democratic leadership encompassing debate as well as discussion allows subordinates feel in charge of their tasks and to be an integral part during the decision-making process....   [tags: Julian Rotter, psychology]
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Validity and Effect of Emotional intelligence on Effectiveness of Organizational Leaders and the Enterprise - Introduction Validity is the extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure. It is essential for a test to be valid in order for the results to be accurately applied and interpreted. Validity isn’t determined by a single statistic, but by a body of research that demonstrates the relationship between the test and the behavior it has set out to measure. This paper examines the issue of validity research, comparing, and contrasting the characteristics of internal, external, and construct validity, while identifying the threats to them....   [tags: information security, research, content validity]
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Cohen’s ‘Personal Nationalism’ and its Strengths and Weaknesses - Nationhood is a concept that has throughout the years been notoriously difficult to define. Ideas on this have varied along lines of culture and politics. Cohen, in his article titled Personal Nationalisms: a Scottish view on some Rites, Rights and Wrongs has presented a concept of ‘personal nationalism’, that nationhood cannot completely construct individual identity; it is the individuals themselves that construct the meanings of what the nation is on a personal scale. This essay will argue that the strength of Cohen’s approach to nationhood is in his distinction between cultural and political nationalism that previous work in this field have glossed over and in his leaving room for interp...   [tags: Cultural Orthodoxy, Self Identity]
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1974 words
(5.6 pages)
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Global Empirical Studies on Representation of Various Forms of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection - Social construction of gender based on essentialist views is limited in its scope. It defines gender as static and inflexible, and creates unnecessary pressures of conformity while perpetuating inequality. When considering social constructs of gender one often equates this topic with ideas of femininity. As identified by Connell (2005), social construction of gender is also represented within the male population. In Chapter 18 of her book, Gendered Intersections: An Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (2005), Connell draws from global ethnographic studies on the representation of various forms of masculinity....   [tags: Gender Issues]
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First White Settlers in Canada - Through the narration of white settler society construct, that is, the notion that Canada is a nation founded by the French and British, only certain interests are taken into account. Daiva Stasiulus and Radha Jhappan’s article “The Fractious Politics of a Settler Society in Canada,” demonstrate how this construct is problematic in Canada’s nation building process. Ultimately, both Stasiulus and Jhappan demonstrate how white settler society construct has been a main cause of social inequality and lack of diversity both historically and presently in Canada....   [tags: Aboriginal people in Canada] 1313 words
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Deconstructing the Class and Critiquing the ‘Other’ Discourse in Girish Karnad’s Plays - Girish Karnad’s dramatic themes focus on the basic issues that concern the existential problem of an individual in the postcolonial modern Indian society. Gender and culture are two important social constructs that keep on modifying the existential space of an individual. These various class identities often identify the individual as a marginal ‘other’. This concept of the ‘other’ superficially seems to lie within the class constructs that are governed largely by the concepts of gender and culture....   [tags: yayati, hayavadana, naga mandala]
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2643 words
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A Survey on Transformation of BPMN to BPEL - IV. CRITICAL ANALYSIS There are variety of modeling language use to collaborate between business and IT peoples. Evaluation of modeling language is important to select most suitable language according to business needs and to improve existing expression language. Currently originations are striving for BPMN as a standard BPM notations and BPEL for process definition. However, such a proposed standard need careful examination of BPMN and BPEL. Research conducted in this field can be categorized into different domains including capacity of BPMN and BPEL to support workflow technologies, domain representation, semantic analysis and evaluation of BPMN exclusively....   [tags: Information Technology ]
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Piaget, Skinner and Vygotsky's Theories on Images of Children in Teaching and Learning - Children are created to make images show the history, beliefs and the values of learning and teaching. This essay is about deconstructing the following statement in light of theories Piaget, Skinner and Vygotsky with teaching, learning and developing. “ …our image of the child is rich in potential, strong, powerful, competent and most of all, connected to adults and other children”. Malaguzzi (as cited in Dahlberg, Moss and Pence, 2007, p.48). The statement demonstrates children through the theories Piaget, Skinner and Vygotsky and how they are connected to the statement Malaguzzi (cited in Dahlberg, Moss and Pence), in images of children, being rich in potential, strong and powerful in...   [tags: Education, Society Perception]
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A Survey on Transformation of BPMN to BPEL - III. LITERATURE SURVEY Many researchers have studied the transformation between BPMN and BPEL. Most of the research conducted in this field is analytical in nature. Only few insights exist into the practical use of BPMN. Most notably is the work of Ouyang et al. [10, 11] and [12], who propose that BPMN to BPEL transformation be accomplished by multiple phase matching of pattern and graph transformation. An algorithm for generating readable BPEL code from BPMN model is presented in [10] which generates BPEL code from BPMN model by discovering structural patterns in the BPMN models which in turn are mapped into BPEL structured activities....   [tags: Information Technology ]
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Race: The Start of It All - Race “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” ― Martin Luther King Jr. The world has implemented segregations amongst our societies for millennia. Simply by observing society it is evident that it is drawn to isolate and divide itself into subgroups depending on distinct factors. Some of these are more crucial than others, and some have even become taboo in our culture....   [tags: prejudice, descrimination, inequality]
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Ethical Life In Hegel - Hegel's claim that self-consciousness realizes itself in ethical life is set up with the understanding that un-reactive immersion in the social community is no longer possible for modern human beings in his own time. In Hegel's view, ethical life is created within the culture and practices of the social community of an individual. “Ethical life is a system of norms and mores belonging to a social body, made up of spheres of social interaction and interdependence in which all individuals are embedded.” (Philosophy of Right, III: Ethical Life.) More importantly, the individual must follow that ethical life, and therefore contribute to the society himself....   [tags: philosophy, wilhelm]
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Social Construction of Race and How It Affects Society - Humans define race by how they conceive and categorize different social realities. Thus, race is often referred to as a social construct. The differences in skin color and facial characteristics have led most of society to classify humans into groups instead of individuals. These constructs affect us all, and they often result in situations where majority racial groups cause undue suffering to those that are part of the minority. The understanding of race as a social construct is best illustrated by the examination of racial issues within our own culture, specifically those that have plagued the history of the United States....   [tags: Perspective, US History] 749 words
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Can there be a grand unified theory of Psychology? Discuss. - Can there be a Grand Unified Theory of Personality. Bradley Templeton Scobie No single theory of personality can adequately explain the full function of human behaviour. Psychodynamic approaches often come under a lot of criticism as they fail to be explicit about the underlying bases of the theory. Cognitive theories are not very comfortable with explaining emotions and behavioural theories have difficulty explaining the mechanisms of improvements. It has become quite clear in the field of Psychology, and to some Psychologists like Windy Dryden (Individual Therapy) explicitly clear that there is a missing linkand that somewhere amongst the mass of theories on personality, the answer is s...   [tags: essays research papers] 1086 words
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George Kelly's Philosophical Theory - 1. George Kelly’s theory is a scientific alternative to personality theory. He developed an organized set of constructs to explain human phenomenon. Describe how Kelly’s philosophical theory has clinical application to Jane’s personality structure. How might Kelly’s concept of pathological anxiety apply to your understanding of Jane. George Kelly’s theory of personality was predicated upon one thought – “Man is a scientist” meaning each of us tries to make sense of the world we live in by forming hypothesis....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Leading Causes of Death: Heart Disease - HEART: Disease: Heart diseases are a leading cause of death throughout the world. Myocardial infarction with serious damage to the left ventricular function as well as valvular heart disease continue to affect many people causing morbidity and mortality (Weber et al. 2013). Valvuar heart disease includes a condition called valvular stenosis, where the tissues in the valves become stiffer and fails to open properly, resulting in the valve opening to become narrow. This causes the blood flow to lessen due to not being able to flow thoroughly, which may cause the body to not receive proper blood flow....   [tags: oxygen deficiency, blood pressure] 536 words
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Planned Behavior and Technology for Online Consumers - E-commerce offers significant opportunity for retailers in emerging markets like India due to the growing Internet popularity and rising incomes. But the Internet penetration growth does not commensurate with the online retail sales. This necessitates unraveling and understanding the online buying behavior. This paper employs ‘Theory of planned behavior (TPB)’, ‘Technology acceptance model (TAM)’ and self-image to unfold the online consumer behavior. It proffers an integrated model of online consumer behavior by integrating the self-image variable with the TPB and TAM models....   [tags: E-commerce, Model, Theory] 1607 words
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Main Causes of Depression - Depression is a complex, heterogeneous, hypothetical construct, in that it requires many items to measure a key aspect of the construct and the construct itself can be subdivided into various related forms. In order to thoroughly define a construct it is best to determine how it is similar to yet different from other constructs rather than just simply stating a definition. In regards to depression, the concepts of stress and anxiety are both different from and related to depression in many ways....   [tags: feeling sad, bad experiences, stress]
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Educational Technology Theories and Theorists - Introduction Technology is becoming more and more predominant in society. The concept of technology is a reality that has pervaded not only our everyday lives but our mere state of existence. Technology has affected every aspect of society. There is no doubt that technology holds great potential for improving the way that people learn and ready or not, technology is affecting education. Educational Technology Ever since the integration of educational technology there has been a dramatic shift in most of the paradigms on which traditional learning exists....   [tags: Educational Technology ]
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Parody and a Parody Text in Culture - Introduction With the new digital age came new accessibility and acceptability for audiences to be active members of media production. The internet, especially through sites such as YouTube, has allowed a greater number of individuals to connect across vast spans of geography to share in digital culture practices. Some of those practices, like popularizing “production, distribution, appropriation” would not be possible without digital technologies like YouTube (Russo & Coppa, 2012). The availability to contribute to all three processes has greatly impacted what Henry Jenkins (2006) calls the participatory culture....   [tags: gender, stereotypes, media]
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A Study on Student´s Self-Control and Self-Concept - ... In this study I will focus on the general self-concept and how this relates to an individual’s academic achievement. I focus on how both of these constructs relate to specific student outcomes, specifically in regards to academic achievement and illustrate how these constructs have been observed to predict student achievement. Self-Control Self-control has been observed to have a significant effect on many positive behaviors, especially academic achievement (De Ridder, Lensvelt-Mulders, Finkenauer, Stok, & Baumeister, 2012)....   [tags: behavior, performance, academic achievement] 1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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Effective Leadership and Social Identity Theory - There are many definitions with regards to leadership, but what defines 'effective leadership' and how is it evaluated. Chemers (2000) explained that effective leadership is "follower satisfaction and group performance." (p. 28) G. Yukl expalined "there is no correct definition of leadership; it is only a matter of how useful it is increasing our understanding of effective leadership."(Yukl) How does an organization establish effective leadership. While some leaders of organizations direct considerable resources to find, train, and mentor managers to be effective leaders, many leaders of organizations put little research into the subject of effective leadership....   [tags: Leadership]
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Musically Inspired Movements - ... Therefore, as music possesses the ability to motivate individual’s to express particular emotions, it more importantly displays its message in the masses of society further leading to cultural movements. Examples of musically inspired movements include Michael Jackson’s environment awareness, the Tupac Shakur and the Notorious B.I.G rivalry, and Drake’s motto YOLO. Michael Jackson, the King of Pop, inspired a worldwide movement. In 1995, Michael Jackson wrote a socially conscious piece on environmental and animal awareness in his song, “Earth Song.” This musical piece conceptualized an emotional message for the entire world; however, the bigger message was hidden in the video....   [tags: music and the brain, schema] 784 words
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Diffusion of Innovation for Farmers - The diffusion of innovation theory is defined as the means by which a new idea is spread and adopted by people ( Hayden, 2009). The theory was first, used in the 1950s to understand how farmers in Iowa adopted the use of hybrid corn seeds (Hayden, 2009, p. 93). The society of farmers in Iowa on average took 7 years to switch to hybrid corn although the hybrid seeds increased crop yields and produced hardier, drought-resistant corn (Hayden, 2009). The length of time for adoption shows positive improvements in farming but does not guarantee an immediate change in farming procedure....   [tags: channels, communication, time, social, system] 903 words
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