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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Colonialism"
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Field Day - ... Onkey also believes Translations by Brian Friel – Field Day’s first theatrical production – has been misunderstood by most critics to be largely about colonialism and nationalism. Critics rarely mention about women’s issues which are essential in the play. Onkey disagrees with most critics who interpret the female characters – Maire and Sarah – exclusively based on a nationalistic perspective. She believes Friel tries to unveil the symbolic burden that women carry through the female personas....   [tags: Brian Friel] 937 words
(2.7 pages)
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Colonial Rule of the Dominican Republic - In The Beginning The first instance of colonialism forced upon the inhabitants of the Dominican Republic was the “discovery” by Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492. Ernesto Sagas and Orlando Inoa presented the interaction in their book The Dominican People: A Documentary History. The confrontation between these two diametrically opposed cultures proved to be “far from equal; the Amerindians’ Stone Age culture was no match for European military technology. The initial encounter took place on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, part of which is now the Dominican Republic” (Inoa pg....   [tags: History Historical Dominican Republic Essays]
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979 words
(2.8 pages)
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Rise Of Islam - Islamic rule spread over major areas of Africa, the Middle East, South, Southeast and Central Asia, Spain, and Southern Italy. Many Christians saw Islam as a religion of the sword. They have been very violent throughout their history. Arabian armies engaged in attacking the remnants of the Byzantine Empire. The First Crusade was launched in order to stop the Arabian invaders. The Islamic worldview was greatly influenced by the Christian and Jewish worldviews. In the Qur’an it states that there is a supreme God and his name is Allah....   [tags: Islam] 530 words
(1.5 pages)
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Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart - Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart The last chapter of Chinua Achebe's "Things Fall Apart" concludes with the sentence: "He had already chosen the title of the book, after much thought: The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger." This refers to the District Commissioner's chosen title for a book he has written that would have the African people, the Igbo tribe specifically, as the main subject. From the title itself, one can say that the writer has an unfavorable bias against his subject....   [tags: Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart] 1060 words
(3 pages)
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Orientalism - Orientalism "Two great themes dominate his remarks here and in what will follow: Knowledge and power, the Baconian theme. As Blafour justifies the necessity for British occupation of Egypt, supremacy in his mind is associated with "our" knowledge of Egypt and not principally with military or economic power." He describes the desire for knowledge about the orient as being spawned from the desire to colonialise effectively not to decipher the complex nature of a society which is inherently different, thus bound to do things a little differently....   [tags: essays papers] 1395 words
(4 pages)
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Adrienne Rich's Essay Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence - Yes and No Adrienne Rich attacks heterosexuality as “a political institution which disempowers women” in her 1980 essay Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence (Rich 23). What most see as a traditional way of life, Rich views as a societal mandate that serves as “a beachhead of male dominance,” (Rich 28). For a woman in Virginia Woolf’s time, “the one profession that was open to her [was] marriage,” and though females entered the public sphere as the 20th century progressed, “single women…are still viewed as deviant” and somewhat ostracized (Woolf 25 and Rich 30)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2486 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Colonies of Culture:The Postcolonial Self in Latin America and Africa - The Colonies of Culture:The Postcolonial Self in Latin America and Africa The colony is not only a possibility in the geographical; it is a mental dominance that can imperialize the entire self. Entire continents have be domineered, resources completely dried, and at colonialism’s usual worst, the mental devastation of the indigenous culture has left a people hollow. Indigenous culture is no longer that. In the globalized world, no culture is autonomous; culture cannot breathe without new ideas and new perspectives, perspectives that have traditionally come from the people who have lived within the culture....   [tags: essays papers] 2368 words
(6.8 pages)
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Character Growth in Conrad's Heart of Darkness - Character Growth in Conrad's Heart of Darkness          Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness explores the intellectual, emotional and moral growth of characters throughout the novella. This character growth has been a recurring theme in literature, with the poet William Blake, among many others, exploring theories of the movement between innocence to experience. Although Conrad does not strictly address character growth in this manner, characters that do and do not undergo psychological growth are portrayed quite differently....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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2948 words
(8.4 pages)
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Internalism vs. Externalism - Colonialism versus Origin Within Wole Soyinka’s and Tsitsi Dangarembga’s intricately weaved novels, both pieces of literature successfully intertwine to portray the estrangement and hardships dealt with through the main characters in settling within a separate environment apart from their origins; culture and adopting the colonial mentality which is imposed upon them. There is a negative portrayal of the colonial mentality that manifests onto the African society. There are three major categories within these two texts displaying the characters that forget that they play these roles within society as puppets of colonialism, those who rebel against the invading culture that seems to threaten their sense of identity and lastly those who choose these roles and carry them out....   [tags: essays research papers] 2656 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Immortality and Blindness to a Dark Continent - The Immortality and Blindness to a Dark Continent Joseph Conrad’s s novel “Heart of Darkness” portrays an image of Africa that is dark and inhuman. Not only does he describe the actual, physical continent of Africa as “so hopeless and so dark, so impenetrable to human thought, so pitiless to human weakness”, (Conrad 2180) as though the continent could neither breed nor support any true human life. Conrad lived through a time when European colonies were scattered all over the world. This phenomenon and the doctrine of colonialism bought into at his time obviously influenced his views at the time of “Heart of Darkness” publication....   [tags: Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad Analysis] 1683 words
(4.8 pages)
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Central Concepts to the study of International Relations in the Caribbean. - The Caribbean has often been said to be one of the richest of laboratories for social scientists. It owes this reputation to a combination of the sheer intensity of its experience of so many of the forces that have made the modern era, on the one hand, and the extraordinary, subtle diversity of its many constituent states and societies, on the other hand. For students of development, the importance of the Caribbean is increased still further by the fact that it is unique in the developing world in belonging to two of the great North-South systems of the twentieth century – the American hemispheric system with the US as metropolis and Latin America and the Caribbean as periphery, and the European imperial system with Britain, France and the Netherlands, and now the European Union (EU), as metropolis and Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific as periphery....   [tags: business]
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2026 words
(5.8 pages)
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Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine - Before considering Professor X’s assertion that the Roosevelt Corollary actually corrupted the Monroe Doctrine’s “benevolent intent,” it is worth considering whether or not the Monroe Docterine was as benevolent as the unnamed professor seems to suggest. Professor X considers Monroe’s 1823 Doctrine an act of benevolence, in which an increasingly dominant world power generously extends protection over its continental neighbors. Yet the Professor ignores the inherently imperialistic subtext that is contained within the Doctrine, and thus his comparison of the Monroe Doctrine to the Roosevelt Corollary omits a fundamental aspect of America’s colonialist history....   [tags: Global Politics] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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Pepe le Moko - Julien Duvivier’s film “Pépé le Moko” is a remarkable story, and a powerful personal account of French colonial life. The socio-political subtext of the story is an important one, which brings to the forefront the particular allure of Casbah and the idiosyncrasies of its inhabitants. This subtext of the narrative connotes the desire and fascination with the exotic. Jean Gabin’s character is a thief, who while running from the law becomes immersed in the maze of the city of Casbah. In light of Edward Said’s ideas of Orientalism, specifically in terms of the cultural exchanges that take place in the affiliation of colonialism, the foreign element (as an “other”) can become a model with which Western civilization defines itself....   [tags: Julien Duvivier film Pepe le Moko] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Economic Networking—Exploring Alternatives for Promoting Sustainable Development in Africa - Economic Networking—Exploring Alternatives for Promoting Sustainable Development in Africa INTRODUCTION The history of European aid intervention in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states has traditionally acted to reinforce the hierarchical distinction between the “developed” and the “developing” world. The series of Lome Conventions which granted preferential trade agreements between these groups of countries have proved ineffective in encouraging economic sustainability in the ACP states, and although the ACP includes most of the Least Developed Countries (LLDCs) in the world, the agreements have been criticized as being unfair in the global context....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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2911 words
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Ambiguities Explored in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness - Ambiguities Explored in Heart of Darkness     Literature is never interpreted in exactly the same way by two different readers. A prime example of a work of literature that is very ambiguous is Joseph Conrad's, "Heart of Darkness". The Ambiguities that exist in this book are Marlow's relationship to colonialism, Marlow's changing feelings toward Kurtz, and Marlow's lie to the Intended at the end of the story.   One interpretation of Marlow's relationship to colonialism is that he does not support it....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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1464 words
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Heart of Darkness and Things Fall Apart - Heart of Darkness and Things Fall Apart My interest in Joseph Conrad is centered around understanding what brought him to the Congo and how the events that transpired there influenced his attitudes in Heart of Darkness. I also wanted to gain a greater understanding of the historical events that led to the colonization of the Congo. This interest is basically grounded in the fact that prior to my exposure to Heart of Darkness and Things Fall Apart, I knew virtually nothing about what actually led to the colonization of the area....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 3512 words
(10 pages)
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King Leopold's Ghost - King Leopold's Ghost Out of sight mind is very convenient. If we don’t see what is really going on it is easier for us as consumers to sleep at night. Capitalism, colonialism and slavery are still practiced today, but in foreign countries and in a different manner. Before reading King Leopold’s Ghost, when I thought of slavery I thought of the transatlantic slave trade or Africans working as slaves in the US. After reading the book my eyes were open to a whole new perspective on slavery, capitalism and colonialism....   [tags: English Literature Essays] 1019 words
(2.9 pages)
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Jamaican Culture and Society - Jamaican Culture and Society I. Introduction- Retracing the Remnants of Colonialism: When discussing and analyzing contemporary Caribbean culture one must not fail to acknowledge the dreadful legacies of colonialism and imperialism. Contemporary Caribbean society, politics, and economics thinly veil the ramifications of a colonial and hegemonic past. Due to the remnants of colonial institutions such as slavery and the plantation system, the Caribbean has experienced a range of negative societal effects, namely the consolidation of a unifying cultural identity....   [tags: American History]
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2967 words
(8.5 pages)
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blah - When it comes to writing styles, African American literature is a very complex category of writing. It is made up of three main categories. These styles are romantic embrace, realistic appraisal, and shame-faced rejection. Each style illustrates the author’s view of his or her history. European colonialism played a major role in how the writers viewed their past. The extremist categories are shame-faced rejection and romantic embrace. The first class I will discuss is romantic embracement. The authors who fall into this category generally feel that there is a need for people to recapture and revitalize our past whether the past was positive or negative....   [tags: essays research papers] 698 words
(2 pages)
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The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea - The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea North and South Korea are nations that while filled with contempt for Japan have used the foundations that Japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization. Japan's colonization of Korea is critical in understanding what enabled Korea to industrialize in the period since 1961. Japan's program of colonial industrialization is unique in the world. Japan was the only colonizer to locate various heavy industry is in its colonies. By 1945 the industrial plants in Korea accounted for about a quarter of Japan's industrial base....   [tags: essays research papers] 724 words
(2.1 pages)
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Artrow of God - Colonialism is seen as a difficult arrangement that prevents even the best people from acting for the common good. Chapters in which the British officials discuss with one another reveal that while they are not the worst of their type, racism and ignorant condescension more or less come with the territory. On page 174 is a great example “The white man watched Ezuelu with something like amusement on his face. When the interpreter finished he tightened up his face and began again. He rebuked Ezeulu for showing disrespect for the order of the government and warned him that if he showed such disrespect again he would be severely punished.” The British master plan for governing the Igbo, a plan with which Winterbottom, a seasoned colonial ruler, strongly opposes because it invites exploitation and corruption....   [tags: essays research papers] 506 words
(1.4 pages)
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Commentary of Rabindranath Tagore's Africa - Though written in response to Mussolini’s invasion of Algeria in 1935, the poem’s criticism of European colonialism in Africa can be extended to the host of European nations that ran the race to colonial domination. The poem is structured to mirror the evolution of Africa, with the three stanzas respectively dealing with Africa’s creation, colonisation and post-colonialism. This sets up the framework for the contrasting of the three periods, which expose the poet's impression of the hypocrisy of Western imperialism....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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1708 words
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Environmental Issues Q&A - Question 1 In what ways has distributive approach to achieving environmental justice been problematic in western nations. In the 1980’s, emerging environmental justice movements brought with them the promise of a better environmental future for all; unfortunately there were major flaws in their distribution approach to achieving justice. The notion of environmental distribution was created to equally distribute the environments goods and harms of society and to distribute ones chances of living near a hazardous area, equally....   [tags: Environment]
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2010 words
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The State of Exception and Collective Shame in Coetzee: An Allegorical Reading of Waiting for the Barbarians - The state of exception and collective shame in Coetzee: An allegorical reading of Waiting for the Barbarians Within J.M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians, the author implores an allegorical style to serve as a moral and cultural response to colonialism and the evils of torture. While the argument has been made that this novel represents a specific criticism of South African political structures, Coetzee's intentions were much broader and his novel is a critique of colonialism that is analogous to America's post 9/11 narrative....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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2009 words
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Bhabha's Contribution to Postcolonial Theory - Colonialism is and has been a reality during previous centuries. As a political and economical reality it entailed significant consequences in the colonized country's politics, geographical maps, and people's lives, fates and temperaments. As the consequences are hard to ignore the writers of the formerly colonized countries never forgot to write about it and their people's lives before, during and after their country's colonization. As Emecheta is one of these writer who is born and brought up in Nigeria, a colony of British Empire until 1960, postcolonial approach is one of the most appropriate critical methods to deal with her narratives....   [tags: Sociology ]
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2600 words
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Life in Trinidad and Tobago - The author Oonya Kempadoo in “Tide Running” incorporates culture, gender struggles, and economics of the country where the novel is set in Tobago. The main characters Bella and Cliff play a small role to a much larger role within the novel. Moreover, the colonial history of the island serves as a foundation to the present living of the citizens of Tobago. The two island republic of Trinidad and Tobago has been one of the most influential of the Anglophone Caribbean nations having attracted a succession of Spanish, English, French, African and Indian peoples and also having developed a Creole culture that particularly through its calypso music has influenced the world....   [tags: Country Analysis ]
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2105 words
(6 pages)
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Things Fall Apart - Things Fall Apart Things Fall Apart was published in 1958. Its fundamental theme, in Achebe's words, is "that African people did not hear of culture for the first time from Europeans." It is a celebration of the depth, value, and beauty of tribal society. Also of the "dignity that African people all but lost during the colonial period. This novel has been translated into over forty languages and has sold well over three million copies. The title of this novel is taken from a W.B. Yeats poem, 'The Second Coming': Things Fall Apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned....   [tags: Chinoe Achebe] 1720 words
(4.9 pages)
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Hell - Algeria is a large nation in northwestern Africa. Its neighbors are Libya, Morocco and Tunisia, all members of the Arab League of Nations. The nation’s primary languages are Arabic and French (Algeria was colonized by France). In terms of surface area, Algeria is the second largest in Africa with a size three times that of Texas. The current population is over 31 million with a GDP/capita of $1650 and a life expectancy of 70 years. COLONIALISM In 1830, the French annexed Algeria, and ruled for over 130 years....   [tags: History, Informative] 327 words
(0.9 pages)
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Prejudice and Racism in The Jewel in the Crown and Heart of Darkness - Racism in The Jewel in the Crown and Heart of Darkness      The effects of British colonialism are reflected in literature from both early modernism and post colonialism. Racial discrimination tainted both eras portrayed in the British morale of white supremacy over non-European counties unfolded. Heart of Darkness exemplifies early modernism in the British explorers viewed African natives of the Congo as incapable of human equality due to perceived uncivilized savagery. Personal interaction between races was little to none, as the freshly conquered Africans were still viewed as alien....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1353 words
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Conrad’s The Heart of Darkness and the European’s Claim to Superiority - Conrad’s The Heart of Darkness and the European’s Claim to Superiority Incomplete Works Cited Just beyond the “biggest and greatest town on earth”, four men sit patiently on their boat, waiting for the serene waters of the Thames to ebb (65). One of the men, a Buddha, breaks the silence, saying, “and this also…has been one of the dark places of the earth” (67). This pensive and peaceful idol, Marlow, explains to his apathetic listeners how a great civilization is blindly made out of a darkness, remarking, “The conquest of the earth, which mostly means the taking it away from those who have a different complexion or slightly flatter noses than ourselves, is not a pretty thing when you look into it too much....   [tags: Conrad Heart of Darkness Essays] 2309 words
(6.6 pages)
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I Light and I Salvation: The Rise and Impact of Rastafarianism in Jamaican Culture and Politics. - "I Light and I Salvation": The Rise and Impact of Rastafarianism in Jamaican Culture and Politics. The cries of pain and torture ring through the cold winds and water leaking through the cracks of the urine and feces soaked floor. Stacked side by side and on top of each other, Africans were brought from their homeland to colonies in the Western Hemisphere. Life made into a commodity to be bought and sold as an animal or machine, born to serve the dominant humans marked by white skin. In this way colonialism as a political entity was created to exploit the earth and its people in order to profit white Europeans....   [tags: essays papers]
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7642 words
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Divided Nations - Divided Nations Introduction In this essay, I will discuss both the cultural factors in divided nations encountered in the book “The Violence Within: Cultural and Political Opposition in Divided Nations”, edited by Kay B. Warren, and the methods by which the contributors to this volume have collected their data. The broad array of conflict and opposition encountered in the book are inclusive to countries such as Northern Ireland, Israel, Egypt, Iran, South Africa, The Philippines, Guatemala, and Brazil....   [tags: essays papers]
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2260 words
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Things Fall Apart - In Chinua Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart the life of a man named Okonkwo and the tribe of Umuofia is depicted in three chapters which each represent a significant era in the tribe. In the first chapter, Achebe describes the life of the native African tribe before the coming of the white man. This chapter enables the reader to understand and respect the life of the Igbo. The second chapter describes the beginnings of colonialism and introduction of the white man. Suddenly, the Igbo way is questioned....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1115 words
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The Scramble for Africa - The scramble for Africa represents the most thorough and systematic process of colonialism in world history. The European colonial powers managed to conquer and control almost the entire continent of Africa in a short, twenty-five year period from about 1875 to 1900. Some of the European states involved were already well-established global powers; the others were up and coming nations that desired to emulate and compete with the dominant imperial states. Various factors allowed for and contributed to the conquering of the whole of Africa by European states....   [tags: World History] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Lie of Imperialism Exposed in Literature - If postcolonial literature is the “process of dialogue and necessary correction,” of misconceptions concerning colonialism, then a comparative study of colonial and postcolonial works is essential for attaining a full understanding of the far-reaching effects of European imperialism (Groden and Kreiswirth 582). Reading colonial literature in dialogue with postcolonial literature engenders a more complete interpretation of the effects of imperialism by creating a point of reference from which to begin the revelation and the healing of cultural wounds resultant from European colonialism....   [tags: Literature]
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An Analysis of Shakespeare's The Tempest - An Analysis of Shakespeare's The Tempest There are many ways of interpreting Shakespeare's The Tempest. A Post-Colonialist critic, such as Stephen Greenblatt, will look at the influence of historical and political implications of colonialism on the text. Along these lines, a Reader Response critic, such as Paul Yachnin, will look specifically at Shakespeare's audience and their concerns at the time in which the play was written. Very different from these approaches, a Psychological critic, such as Bernard Paris, will completely ignore what was in the author's and audience's minds, and look at the psyche of the main character in the play....   [tags: Tempest Essays]
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The Characters, Setting, and Symbols of Heart of Darkness - The Characters, Setting, and Symbols of Heart of Darkness       Beyond the shield of civilization and into the depths of a primitive, untamed frontier lies the true face of the human soul. It is in the midst of this savagery and unrelenting danger that mankind confronts the brooding nature of his inner self.  Joseph Conrad’s novel, Heart of Darkness, is the story of one man's insight into life as he embarks on a voyage to the edges of the world. Here, he meets the bitter, yet enlightening forces that eventually shape his outlook on life and his own individuality....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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Code-switching: An Essential Skill For Bilinguals - Language is the primary way to communicate, learn and express identity. People, who have native-like control of two or more languages or are simply bilingual, establish their identity through code-switching. Code-switching refers to using more than language or variety in conversation. Code-switching is an essential skill for bilinguals. People with mixed cultural identity require the proficiency in code-switching to show loyalty to more than one cultural or social group. The need to learn code-switching can arise from a variety of situations where people are required to become bilingual....   [tags: Language] 708 words
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The Tourism Industry in the Carribean - In her essay, “Last Resorts: The Cost of Tourism in the Caribbean”, journalist Polly Pattullo presents an inside view of the resort industry in the Caribbean Islands, and how it truly operates. Tourism is the main industry of the Caribbean, formerly referred to as the West Indies, and it is the major part of the economy there. Pattullo’s essay mirrors the ideas of Trevor M.A. Farrell’s perspective “Decolonization in the English-Speaking Caribbean” in which he writes about the implicit meaning of the colonial condition....   [tags: Tourism]
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An Icon of American Expansionism - As a nation born out of the desire to reject despotic rule and reinvent a new, non-Eurocentric model of the nation state, Americans during the nation’s nascent decades subscribed to a notion of anti-imperialism and relied upon a closed door approach to national foreign policy. Yet simultaneously, the United States engaged in acts of global expansion throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, and by the arrival of the 20th century, the nation had reached an ideological crossroad. Following a series of foreign conflicts which left America as an active participant in global expansion and a growing world power, by the conclusion of the 19th century, the nation was forced to determine whether or not it would permanently adopt a national doctrine of expansion and Imperialism....   [tags: American History] 1091 words
(3.1 pages)
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Postcolonialism - Postcolonialism is a critical approach in literary studies that deals with the experience of “exclusion, denigration, and resistance under colonial control” (Waugh 340). It concerns itself with the reaction that is incited due to colonialism, which is the taking over and expansion of colonies by people from another colony. In essence, postcolonialism deals with the ways race, identity, culture, and ethnicity are represented after an area has been colonized. Postcolonialism pays particular attention to the response of the oppressed, which can be both radical and subtle....   [tags: Literary Analysis] 1313 words
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take home exam - ... Question 5: Briefly define Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). CLT is an approach to the teaching of foreign or second languages . It emphasizes that language should be used for expressing meaning (function) in real life situations. Its primary goal is that language learners should be engaged in communication that allows them to develop their communicative competence. It focuses on the function of the language rather than its form. Extended Questions Question 1: Do you think British colonialism or American political, economic and cultural power was most important in making English the global language....   [tags: ] 1659 words
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Media Crtitque - ... The resource curse is a concept constructed by Paul Collier on the political economy of natural resources and its effects on a countries’ development. In short, Collier asserts that countries with an abundance of natural resources, especially those that are rare, do not develop at the same rate as countries that are not rich in natural resources. These “blessed” countries often tend to be more susceptible to civil and international wars, insurmountable debt, and high levels of corruption. Based on the information provided by Snow, Collier’s concept of the resource curse applies in the DRC as well....   [tags: politics, Congo, poverty]
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1317 words
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importance of the english language - ... Thus also being able to speak to people from different countries that the British have also colonized. By being able to do so, it is clearly shown that the English language has become a means of communication between countries; further globalizing the world. In addition, when the students are taught English as a first language, they are most likely to grow up and acquire a job that accepts English as a form of writing. In an article called “English won’t dominate as world language”, the author inconsistently contradicts himself quoting geologist Scott L....   [tags: globalization, culture]
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895 words
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Aime Cesaire's A Tempest Clarifies Shakespeare's The Tempest - Cesaire's A Tempest Clarifies Shakespeare's The Tempest       "Negritude, originally a literary and ideological movement of French-speaking black intellectuals, reflects an important and comprehensive reaction to the colonial situation of European colonization" (Carlberg).  This movement, which influenced Africans as well as blacks around the world, specifically rejects the political, social, and moral domination of the West.   Leopold Senghor, Leon Damas, and Aime Cesaire are the three pioneers of the revolution.  The founder who expresses his ideas more broadly, though, is Cesaire, who uses literary works to express his viewpoint on colonization.  An excellent example of such a tactic is his play, A Tempest, which is a revision of William Shakespeare's The Tempest.  Both Shakespeare and Cesaire accentuate the greed of Europeans in their plays.  However, Cesaire is more obvious in his approach to exposing it.  A comparison of the two plays demonstrates that Cesaire's version, written in the late 1960's, is written as a confrontation of Shakespeare's play.  He is attempting to comment on the corruption of Colonialism and the European domination of the New World through such strategies as making seemingly minor changes, switching the main character role, and altering the storyline itself....   [tags: Tempest essays]
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1684 words
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tempcolon Comparing Language in Shakespeare's Tempest and Aime Cesaire's A Tempest - Colonial Language in Shakespeare's The Tempest and Aime Cesaire's A Tempest       Language and literature are the most subtle and seductive tools of domination. They gradually shape thoughts and attitudes on an almost subconscious level. Perhaps Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak states this condition most succinctly in her essay "The Burden of English" when she writes, "Literature buys your assent in an almost clandestine way...for good or ill, as medicine or poison, perhaps always a bit of both"(137)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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887 words
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Light and Dark in Heart of Darkness - Light and Dark in Heart of Darkness     The brightest of lights can obscure vision while darkness can contain truths: one must not be distracted by the sheen of light, which conceals the deeper reality present in darkness. Joseph Conrad's novel Heart of Darkness illustrates this idea with the use of several symbols. White Europeans are used as symbols of self-deception, and objects with an alabaster quality are symbols of barriers to inner truth. Black is the foil of white; it represents the inner truth beneath the white surface reality....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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1182 words
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Metropolitan vs. Colonial Space in Forster’s A Passage to India and Lawrence’s Women in Love - Metropolitan vs. Colonial Space in Forster’s A Passage to India and Lawrence’s Women in Love       At first glance, it seems easy to state a definitive distinction between what Said calls “metropolitan space” and “colonial space.” In its simplest form, metropolitan space is the space occupied by the colonizers. Examples of this include England, France and the places these people reside in while living in these colonies. Likewise, colonial space is that which is occupied by those who are colonized....   [tags: Passage India]
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1713 words
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Slavery and Reparations - Slavery and Reparations “Slavery, colonialism and neo-colonialism have caused inestimable damage to billions of people throughout the world. They have also formed the basis for the accumulation of immense wealth in the hands of a small elite… The slave trade involved the brutal relocation of tens of millions of people in which families, communities and societies were destroyed and in which millions lost their lives in the most inhumane conditions. At the same time, slavery was a fundamental element of the strengthening of mercantile trade and the rapid accumulation of capital that formed the basis for the emergence of the capitalist system as we know it today....   [tags: History Historical African Americans Essays] 4382 words
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Laura Briggs' Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico - Laura Briggs' Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico In Reproducing Empire, Laura Briggs provides her readers with a very thorough history of the mainland U.S. and Puerto Rican discourses and its authors surrounding Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans, from Puerto Rico's formation in the mainland elite's "mind" as a model U.S. (not) colony in 1898* to its present status as semi-autonomous U.S. territory. Briggs opens her book by discussing the origins of globalization in U.S....   [tags: Laura Briggs Reproducing Empire Papers] 1740 words
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Caribbean History - Caribbean History I. A Note on Historical Methodology: The conventional method of studying history consists of a chronological process. For example, the history of the ‘New World,’ or in particular the history of the Caribbean seems to originate in 1492, the year Columbus mistakenly landed upon Hispanola. Not long after the discovery of the New World, the age of European colonialism in the Americas emerges. This condensed version of the first several decades of European influence in the New World are the common historical accounts rendered about early Caribbean history....   [tags: Socio-Cultural Areas Culture Islands Essays] 1279 words
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The Heathen Inside: "Darkness," Abjection, and the Colonial Discourse - The Heathen Inside: "Darkness," Abjection, and the Colonial Discourse In Romanticism and Colonialism, Tim Fulford and Peter J. Kitson argue that few scholars explicate the relationship between Romantic texts, British colonialism, and imperialism. Fulford and Kitson point out that the "Romantic period is a watershed in colonial history," marking the inception of a British empire based on the political philosophy of the "white man's burden" (3). By reading Romantic texts in the historical and political context of colonialism and imperialism, Fulford and Kitson hope to return Romantic texts "to the context of material, colonial processes contemporaneous with their imagined versions of colonized people and places" (9)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Cuban Communism - “Japan’s imperial experience was different from that of the West in Asia and Africa in several fundamental ways.” (Bruce Cummings) Is it a valid categorisation of Japanese rule in Korea. Identify some of the main differences between Japanese colonialism and Western colonialism. Illustrate your answer with examples. Imperialism has existed for many years and has displayed many differing forms. It is a naturally occurring event that has a vast and complex history. Major world powers have been striving to expand their relative power and at the same time provide for their people....   [tags: essays research papers] 2894 words
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Culture and Values Terms - High and Popular Culture High culture is a term referring to the "best of breed" (from some elitist viewpoints) cultural products. What falls in this category is defined by the most powerful sections of society, i.e. its social, political, economic and intellectual elite. The opposite of high cultural art forms, such as the opera, historic art, classical music, traditional theatre or literature; popular culture includes many forms of cultural communication including newspapers, television, advertising, comics, pop music, radio, cheap novels, movies, jazz, etc....   [tags: essays research papers] 1632 words
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It Wasn’t War it Was Genocide in Rwanda - It Wasn’t War it Was Genocide in Rwanda Never ending battles have occurred over the past sixty years in Rwanda due to their atrocious economy. It has been the Tutsi and the Hutu, two out of the three ethnic groups in Rwanda, that have been battling for the government spot. As the years went on, the fighting kept getting more brutal. This brutality ended up being an all out massacre in Rwanda from the Hutu. It has been argued whether if the killings were an act of genocide or an act of war. But what are exactly genocide and war, and which one relates to the conflict in Rwanda....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Compare the Presentation of Foreigners Abroad in Indian Ink and Room with a View - Indian Ink and A Room with a View are both set in different eras. A Room with a View is set in the Edwardian era when, like the central character in the book, people were beginning to challenge Victorian attitudes about emotion and sexuality and old ideas about class and religion. It was published in 1908 and was Forster's third novel. Forster's characters, like Forster himself lived in the time of the British Empires pinnacle. The novel is about a young woman, Lucy Honeychurch, whose love for a British socialist and experiences in Florence cause her to question the values that society has imposed on her....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 2085 words
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Nyasha's Struggle in Nervous Conditions - Nyasha's Struggle in Nervous Conditions The significance of Nyasha in "Nervous Conditions" involves her apparent rebellious nature and her reluctance to accept the norm. Her unwillingness to conform to the ideals of a sexist society perpetuates her into a constant struggle against the patriarchal system. She may have lost the fight in the end but it's not to no avail because her example goes on to encourage Tambu to carry on in her wake. Nyasha is important because she is a shinning example of the effects of colonialism on the African population, she influences Tambu's own rebellious nature, and she's one of the few that rebel against the patriarchal system....   [tags: Papers] 734 words
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Postcolonial Indian Literature in English: Narayan, Jhabvala, Rushdie - Postcolonial Indian Literature in English: Narayan, Jhabvala, Rushdie Indian literature in English which is accessible to us in the West, still has its roots in colonial literature and the tensions between East and West. A European naturalism is often present; a concern to posit India as an arena within which Western readers can identify realities is inherent within much of this writing. The following are three examples of the progression of post-Independence literature. Twenty years after Independence, R.K.Narayan was still tackling issues of colonialism....   [tags: Essays Papers] 426 words
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things fall apart - Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart is a story that describes the effects of a new Christian religion in a tribal village of Africa, called Umuofia. The novel is set during the late 1800s to early 1900s when the British were expanding their influence in Africa, economically, culturally, religiously, and politically. The book shows the colonization of Umuofia by the British and the negative and violent changes this brought about in the lives of the tribe members. Along with colonization was the arrival of the missionaries whose main aim was to spread the message of Christianity and to convert people to their religion....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Half the Sky: Perpetuating Stereotypes Contribution and the Oppression of Women - ... The authors are then meticulous about utilizing success stories that include fairy-tale examples of Westerners aiding Third World women as if to imply that Western aid were ultimate deciding factor that would lead Third World women out of oppression. It assumes a tone that is meant to appeal to wealthy Western women take action against the oppression of the poor, uneducated women by guilt tripping the audience into believing that “in recent decades, wealthy American women haven’t been particularly generous toward international women’s causes, but there are signs that that may change” (Kristof & WuDunn, 2009, p.243)....   [tags: Sexist Oppression]
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Conrad's Heart of Darkness is Not a Racist Work - Conrad's Heart of Darkness is Not a Racist Work Since the publication of Heart of Darkness in 1899, the text has invited both praise and criticism. While some have claimed it is a work ahead of it’s time in it’s criticism of European colonialist practices, others have criticized the text in it’s portrayal of the native African’s. Achebe, Singh, and Sarvan are just a few to name, and although their criticisms differ, they have labeled many aspects of Conrad’s work racist. Conrad certainly was ahead of his time, as his work criticized the colonialism practices by the Europeans by both making readers aware of the issues, and moving the readership to empathize with the natives....   [tags: HOD Joseph Conrad Racism Prejudice]
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Opposition of Black and White in Heart of Darkness - The Opposition of Black and White in Heart of Darkness   In Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad explores the psychological “heart of darkness” within all of humanity. The text looks at the European societies false illumination of civilization, of which obscures the internal darkness, in relation to the psychological environment in which human’s are placed. Conrad sets up the opposition of black and white to display the superficial pretense of  light in the European society, and the true heart of darkness which is present within all of humanity....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]
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Rushdie, Postmodernism & Postcolonialism - Rushdie, Postmodernism & Postcolonialism Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children, published in 1980, was perhaps the seminal text in conceiving opinions as to interplay of post-modern and post-colonial theory. The title of the novel refers to the birth of Saleem Sinai, the novel’s principal narrator, who is born at midnight August 15th 1947, the precise date of Indian independence. From this remarkable coincidence we are immediately drawn to the conclusion that the novel’s concerns are of the new India, and how someone born into this new state of the ‘Midnight’s child’, if you will, interacts with this post-colonial state....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Decolonization, Nationalism, Imagining and Representing Communities: A review of Post-Colonial Literature - In the course of Colonization, the world was divided into binary categories of the colonizer and colonized. These binary groups were based on a division of class, gender, race, ethnicity and the oppression of cultural traditions. Traditions of language, religion, labor, and social values were based on theologies of the colonizers, enforced upon the colonized. These binaries can be associated with the Manichean binaries discussed by Frantz Fanon in his book entitled The Wretched of the Earth. In Post-Coloniality, societies gain independence either through diplomatic political transitions or violent revolutions against the occupying force....   [tags: Literature Review]
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Racial Struggles Throughout the History of American Society - The Untied States of America was built on the exploitation of others and the expansion of foreign lands. Anglo-Saxon superiority and their successive impact on governing policies and strong domination throughout every social institution in the nation allowed discrimination to prevail. Scientific Racism reached new heights of justification towards slavery, the massive eradication of the Native people, colonialism and daily occurrences of unequal behaviors and treatments towards colored people. The strong presence of polygenesis helped spur along and justify racism; the idea that all non whites were groups of individuals who ultimately came from another type of species supporting the idea that Blacks, Natives and other colored people were not ‘real’ human beings....   [tags: Racial Issues] 2018 words
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The Collapse of Somalia and Economic Considerations - The Collapse of Somalia and Economic Considerations By African standards, Somalia is a homogenous state made up of a single ethnicity, religion and culture. This led to a relatively peaceful history until Somalia was colonized by the British, French, and Italians in the 19th century. However, Somalia’s single ethnicity is broken into different clans, and sub-clans and this region’s lack of natural resources led to a fracturing of society, violence, and eventually civil war at the end of the 20th century....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Indigenous Peoples' Rights: A Comparative Approach - Knowledge Area Module 6: Indigenous Peoples Rights Comparative Approach ABSTRACT Breadth The Breadth section explores the concept of universal human rights and the historical context of indigenous people’s rights. I analysis how transformational leadership theories has changed the political perception toward indigenous people. I then examine the development of both national and international law specifically on intellectual property, corporate responsibility, governance, and the development of human rights law in relation to the indigenous people’s lifestyle....   [tags: Social Studies]
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Indigenous Hawai'ians Protest the Exploitation of their Islands - Indigenous Hawai'ians Protest the Exploitation of their Islands Reminiscent of the Civil Rights movement that thundered through the continental states in the 1960’s, the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement has gripped the shores and cities of America’s pet paradise and rattled its “settler society” with determined strength and purpose: the deliberate exploitation of Hawaiian land, Hawaiian spirituality, and Hawaiian life must unequivocally end now. From first contact in 1778, through the militaristic overthrow of the Queen in 1893, America’s “settler society” ostensibly destroyed the cultural fabric and language of Hawai’i’s autochthonous people....   [tags: Essays Papers] 471 words
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On Delacroix and Courbet - On Delacroix and Courbet The period surrounding 1781 to 1855 in France’s history is united by social and political change, an evolution of ideological struggles towards the best possible political struggle amongst anchoring human faults. The life of the artist too underwent change and struggled with the hierarchy that existed to validate artistic triumph. Changes are apparent amongst a broad spectrum, including David, Ingres, history paintings and caricatures. Artists that demonstratively epitomize the shifts, overwhelmingly united by a shift from acceptance to defiance, are Eugene Delacroix (1789 – 1863) and Gustave Courbet (1819 – 1877)....   [tags: Art] 1922 words
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The Impact of the Cold War on Developing Nations - Introduction Third world countries became the perfect battleground for cold war proxy battles during the early 1940’s to late 1990’s. United States wanted to flex its political muscle and try to curtail the spread of Soviet Communism in the developing nations. Most of the nations in developed world had already made their political and socio-economic stand regarding the form of governance and leadership pursued. Underdeveloped nations in Asia, Latin America and Africa were still vulnerable and easily influenced in terms of ideologies and political direction....   [tags: World History ]
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A Critical Review of Lawrence Wright’s The Looming Tower - ... 322). Wright’s detailed, personality-based descriptions serve to give great depth to the men behind al-Qaeda. Qutb, whose ideas would later give birth to Islamic fundamentalism, is described as a “stern bachelor” who was “Western in so many ways – his dress, his love of classical music and Hollywood movies” (p. 9-10). Qutb’s personal history, from the time he left Cairo in his middle age to study in New York City and Greeley, Colorado, is told in vibrant detail. The author does not fail, however, to assert the growing threads of ideas that would become Islamic fundamentalism, as well as pinpointing the experiences with women that increasingly fueled Qutb’s mixed disgust, obsession, and rejection of the other sex....   [tags: Orientalism, Muslim Women, and Al-Qaeda]
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Segregation in the United States - ... The General Social Survey (GSS) offers information to use this method, which according to Yang and Koshy it should be implemented every year instead of the decennial censuses that are traditionally used, to acquire more precise information (2012). After an extensive study of residential placements (from 1972 to 2008), and collecting data year by year from the Census Bureau, these researchers (Yang and Koshy 2012) arrived to the same conclusion of Glaeser and Vigdor: segregation in the United States has lower significantly from 1970 to the year 2000, and almost completely from the year 2000 to the year 2010 (Yang and Koshy 2012)....   [tags: ethnics, poverty, immigrants, diversity]
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Novel Modality of Power - ... Lee’s concept on the novel modality of power is not limited to the attainment or intensification of power, let alone the question of whether there was less or more authority. In Lee’s perspective, what was important revolved around the targets and points of application of power. In line with this, the Japanese colonial rulers discovered or re-discovered various fields of social practice that were not controlled before and set them as targets of power. The power used for domination not only operated in a specified space with varying intensity, but also formed and created the room for that....   [tags: domination, Japan, Korea, modernization, Lee]
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Reclaiming the Voice in So Long a Letter - Reclaiming the Voice in Bâ's So Long a Letter            Peter Barry identifies as one of the major aims of Postcolonial criticism the rejection of "the claims to universalism made on behalf of canonical Western literature" and more specifically "to show its limitations of outlook, especially its general inability to empathize across boundaries of cultural and ethnic difference" (198). Although Bâ's intentions are not primarily anti-colonial, her novel So Long a Letter exemplifies how African literature provides a different perspective of their culture, and despite not fitting the model of the English canon, is valuable and significant on its own terms....   [tags: So Long a Letter Essays]
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Revealing the Heart of Darkness in Apocalypse Now - Revealing the Heart of Darkness in Apocalypse Now Often a novel filmed as a movie departs from the original story, sometimes for better, sometimes for worse.  However, many great works of literature have inspired movies, and served as the basis for a great film, even though the film may approach the literature in a different way. Such is the case with Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now, which was inspired by Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness.  Coppola and the screenwriter, John Mileus, took a story written nearly eighty years earlier and used its basic theme of the inner darkness of man and the idea of the journey up a river into the unknown to tell a story about one of the darkest, most confusing chapters of American history: the Vietnam War.  Coppola's alterations to Heart of Darkness serve to exemplify his overall point, namely, that the United States' involvement in Vietnam was itself a descent into the "heart of darkness".  Coppola was able to make a movie with such a theme for an American audience that was still dealing with Vietnam.  The movie came out five years after the last troops finally left Vietnam, and the American public was still asking itself what had been accomplished and why we had been involved, while the troops who had served there were haunted by memories of the horrors they had seen, and were left wondering what it had all been worth as well.  Coppola found a story in Heart of Darkness that dealt with the same issues of darkness and confusion, and he applied them to Vietnam to accomplish the task of demonstrating the darkness that was the Vietnam War.  Coppola uses the basic plot structure and theme of Heart of Darkness to convey a message that America was wrong in the Vietnam War, and he comes to the disturbing conclusion that the only way to win a war is to be as ruthless as Kurtz, a message which differs from Conrad's Kurtz but still draws from the theme of the heart of darkness....   [tags: Movie Film comparison compare contrast]
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Ngugi wa Thiong’o's Personal and Political Beliefs Through A Grain of Wheat - Ngugi wa Thiong’o's Personal and Political Beliefs Through A Grain of Wheat Ngugi wa Thiong’o is a Kenyan born writer of Gikuyu descent, born in 1938 in Limuru. He attended Alliance High School in Kenya, Makere University in Uganda, and Leeds University in England. In 1992 Ngugi was honored with the Paul Robeson Award for Artistic Excellence, Political Conscience, and Integrity. He received the Gwendolyn Brooks Center Contributors’ Award for Significant Contribution to the Black Literary Arts in 1994....   [tags: Ngugi wa Thiong Grain Wheat Essays]
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A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives - A post-colonial canonical and cultural revision of Conan Doyle's Holmes narratives Redefining the British literary canon as imperial construct and influence 'A canon,' Ashcroft, Griffiths and Tiffiin argue, 'is not a body of texts per se, but rather a set of reading practices....' (189). They define 'reading practices' as 'the enactment of innumerable individual and community assumptions, for example about genre, about literature, and even about writing....' (189). The purpose of the following discussion is to investigate the link between the British literary canon and its attendant culture....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations - The Historical and Colonial Context of Brian Friel’s Translations Regarded by many as Brian Friel’s theatrical masterpiece, Seamus Deane described Translations as “a sequence of events in history which are transformed by his writing into a parable of events in the present day” (Introduction 22). The play was first produced in Derry in 1980. It was the first production by Field Day, a cultural arts group founded by Friel and the actor Stephen Rea, and associated with Deane, Seamus Heaney and Tom Paulin....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1311 words
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Why Poor Countries Are Poor - Why Poor Countries Are Poor The question of why poor countries are poor may seem simple and one dimensional at first glance. However, the answer to this question is actually quite intricate, as many interweaving aspects must be observed. Although it is impossible to explain why many countries remain in poverty within just a few pages, I will attempt to touch upon some of the broader factors. A poor country or a low-income economy is defined as a country with a Gross National Product per capita of $765 dollars or less....   [tags: Economics Politics Political]
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How would I write a Native American History textbook? - How would I write a Native American History textbook. Why does one write a history in a book. Most historians argue that the events and beliefs of the past constitute who we are today: to understand current structures of society and government, we must devote ourselves to understanding the struggles, failures and triumphs of our forefathers. Yet as events and beliefs are recorded and transmitted, the interpretative bias of historians come through the pages of text-books. Interpreting the interpretations of historians is the vital responsibility of readers to develop critical awareness of bias, stereotpye and discrimination....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1105 words
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