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The Life and Works of Niccolo Machiavelli - Niccoló Machiavelli is perhaps the greatest political thinker in history. He was a historian, musician, a poet, and he wrote comedies. He liked poetry as much as he liked philosophy. Machiavelli wrote and collected poems. His works, which are inspired by his life experiences, have been read by many of the worlds greatest politicians. Niccoló Machiavelli’s writing was influenced by the Medici family, the Soderini government in Italy, and his own diplomatic career. His great work, The Prince, is legendary for its impact in politics and its controversial proposals....   [tags: biography]
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2080 words
(5.9 pages)
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Gratitude - ... Emotion, 8, 425-429. Berger, F. R. (1975). Gratitude. Ethics, 85, 298-309. Bradac, J., Bowers, J., & Courtright, J. (1980). Lexical variations in intensity, immediacy and diversity: An axiomatic theory and causal model. In R. N. St. Clair & H. Giles (Eds.), The social and psychological contexts of language (pp. 294-317). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Carey, J.R., Clicque, S.H., Leighton, B.A., & Milton, F. (1976). A test of positive reinforcement of customers. Journal of Marketing, 40, 98-100. Emmons, R....   [tags: Psychology]
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1017 words
(2.9 pages)
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On-Going Fear of AIDS - ... But, gay men were already discriminated against by society because of conservative beliefs (Parmet). In many studies done, there has been a correlation between fear of AIDS and homophobia. Men tend to be more homophobic, and therefore, they feared AIDS more than women (McDevitt 700). A study published in The Journal of Social Psychology proved “attitudes towards AIDS are formed, in part, on the basis of preexisting attitudes toward homosexuals… whose high rate of contracting AIDS has been well publicized” (McDevitt 700)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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1536 words
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Han and Roman Empires - ... During the 1st century BCE (Doc 2) Huan Guan a Han government official had seen that the tools being provided to the workers from the state are hard and brittle. Saying that the physical appearance of tools may look useful but in terms of actually using them, they were not very useful for getting salt and iron. The state had provided cheap tools to hard workers that get paid very little but yet they are selling the iron and salt for intensely high prices, which no one can afford. The government is going along a route that will put people into poverty from the small pay to having an over abundance of salt and iron....   [tags: History, Huan Tan] 2674 words
(7.6 pages)
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Library - ... This gave rise to libraries, such as Aristotle’s library. Cicero and Lucullus also opened libraries to people who had no access to libraries. At the time of Julius Caesar people believed that works of literature belonged to the public. Therefore, Julius Caesar started building a public library, but died before he completed it. Asinius Pollio completed the library. This established was followed by more public libraries. Other missions of libraries that existed in the past included maintaining scholarly mission, religious mission, for instance, monastic libraries of middles ages, educational mission, for instance university, humanistic mission and promoting national pride (Rubin 39)....   [tags: Library Science, Information, Archive] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Can Education be Classical and Christian? - ... Origen (c. 185-250) became head of the catechetical school in Alexandria at the age of seventeen or eighteen. Educated in both the Scriptures and Greek literature himself, Origen urged others to continue this practice. He compared this classical, Christian education to the Israelites plundering Egypt before the Exodus, a comparison which continued to be repeated by future generations as they pondered a classical, Christian education. In his analogy, he demonstrated that the gold and silver of the pagan Egyptians was used to make the holiest vessels in the tabernacle (178)....   [tags: Informative, Church Schools] 1352 words
(3.9 pages)
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Transformation: Augustine's Journey to Christianity - ... With respect to that, not only does it introduce him to God’s benevolence, it instructs him on how to change his daily prayer routines, and even, his fervor towards loving God. In addition, Hortensius also altered Augustine’s perception of philosophy, as it instructs him to use his passion for knowledge as a means of advancing his effort towards understanding God. Although Augustine’s finds a renewed sense of intellectual purpose through the ideas conveyed in Hortensius, it only fuels his need to broaden his knowledge, so much to the point where his first contact with dogmatism is realized....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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2032 words
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Unquestionable Fidelity - ... For an individual, if a moral relativist, to reach a conclusion of right or wrong based on certain circumstances, he or she must justify and rationalize (Adarkwa). Based on my religious values and beliefs, I am a moral absolutist because I believe that regardless of the situation or circumstances, there is no gray area. Every decision or action is black or white and either wrong or right. Relating back to the example of abortion, I believe that in all conditions including rape or sexual abuse, that it is morally wrong to kill an unborn child....   [tags: Ethics]
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1458 words
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International Law and Border Control - ... In the words of Edward and Roberts, there are no borders so secure with no illegal crossings. It would be improbable and hardly achievable to make a border so perfect as to restrict all illegal entry into their territories. Despite, the emphasis of border control as a solution to prevent illegal entry of people and items, critics assert that border control restricts the freedom of movement of people. Under Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and return to his country....   [tags: Immigration] 2154 words
(6.2 pages)
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Freedom Of Expression And Action In Libya After The Libyan Uprising - ... Conflict since the people staged revolts. Social mobility since they fought for the equality, open system of government and welfare. On the other hand, Hobbes idea can also explain the active disagreement of the Libyan government against the militants. Gaddafi and his forces used aggression to control the people and to retain his legitimacy. The Libyan government actively engaged in violence to crack-down its own people and others are anxiously watching the demonstrations in their cities (Stables, 2011)....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1917 words
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Rhetorical Analysis of Speeches in to Kill a Mockingbird, Battle of Falkirk, and Brave Heart - ... This is done in order to engender pity and sympathy towards Tom Robinson in the courtroom and thus motivate the jury to return an innocent verdict. Atticus uses a combination of convincing and logical evidence, but is also very passionate as he is not doing this as a “lip” service. He was doing this, as he could not live with himself if he did not do his best to defend Tom Robinson despite the chances of winning the court case. The use of emotive language and well-reasoned arguments makes the case more persuasive and plausible....   [tags: Essay on Rhetoric] 1267 words
(3.6 pages)
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Truthful Horatio of Shakespeare's Hamlet - Truthful Horatio in Hamlet Horatio's role in Hamlet is minor, however he serves two purposes central to the drama. Horatio provides the truth. It is through Horatio that the actions taken by Hamlet and other characters gain credibility. He is the outside observer to the madness. Hamlet could soliloquize to no end, but it is his conversations with Horatio that ground the play in reality. Horatio believes Hamlet and thus we have permission to believe. He sees the Ghost and so we can believe that Hamlet has seen the Ghost....   [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework] 602 words
(1.7 pages)
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Bugs Moran - George “Bugs” Moran: The Gangster George “Bugs” Moran was not born in Chicago as thought by many people. He was born to Polish and Irish immigrant parents in 1893. Although, he was shortly moved to Chicago where it all started. Moran joined many different gangs throughout his childhood and teen years. He committed more than 20 known robberies and was imprisoned three times before he was just 21 years of age. He was soon very important to a man’s gang that called themselves the Dion O'Banion's North Siders....   [tags: essays research papers] 552 words
(1.6 pages)
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Julius Caeser-the Conspirators 2 Kill Him - CONFIDENTIAL-OBSERVATIONAL REPORT My dear Caesar, my master, you summoned me to record my observations of the people of High Rome. I have gathered information from my many spies and informants and have filed this report. I thought it might interest you of the goings-on of the following citizens. Marcus Antonius- Your loyal subject has stayed true to you and honours you. He poses no trouble to your rule and does not seem persuaded by the other schemers. Cassius-He appears a very tempered person....   [tags: essays research papers] 584 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Pitfall Of The Insensitive - Still Killing us Softly by Jean Kilbourne gives us prime examples of how the media tries to influence the way we see our society. The advertisement examples that she gives show how they portray the ideal woman as young, thin and beautiful, as well as making all men to look like powerful and insensitive animals (which they aren't). Both of the distortions use pathos as their persuasive devises by evoking emotion in the consumers to cause them to buy their product.In almost all advertisements with the exception of Depends and Polydent, all the models are probably not over twenty-five....   [tags: essays research papers] 654 words
(1.9 pages)
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Review of How the Irish Saved Civilization - In 476 AD, centuries of amassed knowledge in science and philosophy, literature and the arts lay in peril of destruction alongside the physical Roman Empire. Thomas Cahill's book How the Irish Saved Civilization sheds light upon the role of the Irish people in the conservation and rebirth of civilization and the Western tradition after the fall of the Roman Empire. It is here that Cahill opens his book and after a brief description of classical civilization, that we are given a look at another people, far different from the Romans and Greeks- the vibrant and intriguing Celts....   [tags: Book Reviews] 471 words
(1.3 pages)
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Realism in Oedipus the King - Realism in Oedipus Rex              This essay will examine a feature of Sophocles’ tragedy which causes the reader to doubt the realism underlying the literary work. Specifically, the essay will consider the feasability of the belief at that time – that the Delphi oracle possessed credibility with the people.   At the outset of the drama the priest of Zeus and the crowd of citizens of Thebes are gathered before the royal palace of Thebes talking to King Oedipus about the plague which is ravaging the city....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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1230 words
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Edification or False Idolatry in Emerson's The American Scholar - Edification or False Idolatry in Emerson's The American Scholar       Commencement speeches are customarily routine, pedantic, platitude filled, mildly inspiring lectures.  This description, however, was never applied to Ralph Waldo Emerson's oration, "The American Scholar," delivered to the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Harvard in 1837.  Oliver Wendell Holmes called this speech America's "Intellectual Declaration of Independence."  In addition to being a call for literary independence from Europe and past traditions, the speech was a blueprint for how humans should live their lives.  Emerson believed that the way to reunite with the Over-Soul was to become "The American Scholar."  He would do this by observing nature, by studying the past through books, and by taking action.  To become a scholar, humans also needed to develop self trust, espouse freedom and bravery, and value the individual over the masses.    Because this speech is so pregnant with discussion topics, an intrinsic part of the blueprint  may not catch the reader's attention or receive the analysis it deserves.  It delivers a message that contemporary humans still need to receive.  The startling, heretical admonition not to worship or make false idols of books and other objects of art, given in Emerson's "The American Scholar," demonstrates his belief in the vital necessity for self-reliance and active, creative reading and writing.  When he exhorts us to live as a scholar, as "Man Thinking," rather than "a mere thinker, or, still worse, the parrot of other men's thinking" (1530), he is cautioning us against the false idolatry of book or Bible worship.   When Emerson introduces the second great influence on the spirit of the scholar, he at first praises books.  He expounds on "the mind of the Past,--in whatever form, whether of literature, of art, of institutions, that mind is inscribed.  Books are the best type of the influence of the past" (1532).  Emerson is saying that books are the best vehicle available to the scholar for studying the ideas and accomplishments of past men and ages.  But after affirming that "the theory of books is noble" (1532) and presenting an idealized way of reading and reusing books from past ages by which "business" and "dead facts" come out as "poetry" and "quick thought" when read and rewritten in a new age, Emerson  begins to show doubts that reuse is possible and states that "Each age, it is found, must  write its own books; or rather each generation for the next succeeding.  The books of an older period will not fit this" (1532).  The preceding quotation could be used in 1837 and still today to attack the teachers and professors in secondary schools and universities who woship the literary canon.  Although few, if any, of the Harvard Phi Beta Kappas realized it at the time of hearing, Emerson's "The American Scholar" also delivers a powerful upper-cut to unaware, Bible worshipping idolaters.  In addition to the Christian Bible, his caution against idolizing books from other ages would include all the sacred books from the world's religions such as the Jewish Torah, the Hindu Bhagavad Gita, the Islamic Koran and the Veda of India....   [tags: Emerson American Scholar Essays] 1090 words
(3.1 pages)
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Dido and Camilla - Leaders Blinded by their Passions in the Aeneid - Dido and Camilla - Leaders Blinded by their Passions in the Aeneid          In Book I of Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneas observes a depiction of the female warrior, Penthesilea, on the walls of Dido's temple. As Aeneas is looking at this portrait, Dido enters the temple. Later in Book XI, as Camilla walks through the carnage of battle, she is likened to an image of Penthesilea returning home victorious. Virgil presents many such similarities in his portrayals of Dido and Camilla because it is through them, the only two female leaders in his work, that he illustrates the destinies of rulers who fall victim to their passions....   [tags: Aeneid Essays]
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3336 words
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Human Cloning and the Value of Human Life - Human Cloning and the Value of Human Life To recognize the value of human life, from conception until its natural end, is an achievement of civilization to be safeguarded as a primary good of the person and of society. Today, however, in many societies it is not unusual to see a sort of regression of civilization, the result of an incomplete and sometimes distorted conception of human freedom, which often finds public legitimization in the State legal system. That is, it happens that the respect due to the inalienable right to life of every human being is opposed by a subjectivist conception of freedom, detached from the moral law....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 1258 words
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Humanism - Humanism Humanism was a new way of thinking that came about in fourteenth century, the time of the Renaissance.  Many scholars refer to it as the "Spirit of the Renaissance."  Humanism was a lay phenomenon that emphasized human beings - as opposed to deities - as well as their interests, achievements and capabilities.  Humanism is derived from the Latin word humanitas, which Cicero, the noted orator of the Roman Empire, referred to as the "literary culture needed by anyone who would be considered educated and civilized."  Humanism and Literature Humanists searched for wisdom from the past.  They copied the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks and Romans.  They also traced their families back to the days of the ancient Romans....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 1235 words
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The Power of Nathaniel Hawthorne - The Power of Nathaniel Hawthorne New England in the early 1800's, before the Civil War, was a place teeming with artists, intellectuals, and reformers of every sort. Many of America's great literary geniuses came out of this era; and among the greatest of these was Nathaniel Hawthorne. He was, as Q. D. Leavis put it, "the critic and interpreter of American cultural history and thereby the finder and creator of a literary tradition (Kaul 27)," and, "a sociological novelist in effect, employing a poetic technique which communicates instead of stating his findings (Kaul 28)." In his stories, Hawthorne pointed out many characteristics of American society and of human nature, and brought about a new tradition in American literature....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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3071 words
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The Powerful Truth of Machiavelli's The Prince - The Powerful Truth of The Prince    Before 1513 conventional thought defined a ruler as a man who used generosity, truth and justice to govern his kingdom. Machiavelli saw the conventional thought of the time as a fantasy and only applicable in a utopian society. His work The Prince shatters all previous political thought by stating that a ruler must not only use the traditionally accepted means of maintaining power but also be able to use brute force, deceit and even cruelty as the situation requires....   [tags: Machiavelli The Prince Essays]
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1498 words
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Tim O'Brien's Zeugmatic Novel, The Things They Carried - Tim O'Brien's Zeugmatic Novel, The Things They Carried An early example of zeugma comes from Quintilian, the ancient Roman rhetorician, who cites the following from Cicero: "Lust conquered shame, boldness fear, madness reason," where the verb "conquered" is understood to also govern the final two phrases in the sentence (Crowley 203). The 18th century, an age of great rhetorical knowledge on the part of writers and preachers (and at least one writer-preacher, Laurence Sterne), is the heyday of zeugma....   [tags: Things They Carried Essays]
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1469 words
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The Impact of Dr. King's Vision on My Life - The Impact of Dr. King's Vision on My Life In the summer of 1966, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. went to Chicago, Illinois, to further press his campaign of equal rights for all Americans. Dr. King led a march through Chicago and some of its neighboring suburbs to promote that ideal. To many, this march is best known for the negative treatment of the peaceful demonstrators in the more racially prejudiced suburbs of Chicago: Berwyn and Cicero. When the demonstrators reached those two suburbs, rocks and bottles were hurled at them by onlookers who did not agree with the peaceful beliefs of Dr....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 849 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Rhetorical in the Music of The Tempest - The Rhetorical in the Music of The Tempest In the midst of a Shakespearean play, there has and always will be a ghost that hovers over the actors and the audience. This is a ghost with a purpose, a ghost I call rhetoric. In every Shakespeare play, there exists an energy that has the power to persuade the audience to feel or believe something that Shakespeare believed. This energy breathes through the dialogue, the props and especially the music. The audience and the play engage in an exchange of question and answer to assist society in working through human dilemmas....   [tags: Tempest essays]
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2022 words
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A Review of Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo - A Review of Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo          Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo is a dense, scholarly work outlining the entire life of the Catholic bishop.  The University of California Press in Berkeley, California published the work in 1967.  My version was the 1973 second paperback printing, found in the University library.  Its smallish, scholarly, serifed, typewritten font allows for a instant respect for the subject matter:  the words are at first imposing, but then revealing as their serious tone complements the complexity of the text.  The pages are studded with footnotes, filling out this work with evidence of Brown’s exhaustive research.  There is a three-page preface before the work, and, after the work, a seventeen-page bibliography, and ten-page index....   [tags: Augustine Hippo] 1540 words
(4.4 pages)
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Gender Barriers inside Sports - Gender Barriers inside Sports Throughout the history of sports, there has always been a gender barrier. There are certain sports that are aimed towards females and others that are directed towards males. When men or women enter a non-traditional sport for their gender, it is not widely accepted. However, there are those few athletes that pave the way for the rest and eventually our society will change and accept the new ideas in sports. Some people will always make judgments about the athletes who cross that gender barrier....   [tags: Equality Feminism Athletics Essays]
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1271 words
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Analysis of Memory and Time in Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury - Sartre and Brooks’ Literary Critiques: Analysis of Memory and Time in Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury “History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time.” Cicero presaged the study of historical memory and conceptions of time, which assumes that what and how we remember molds our past into something more than a chronological succession of events. Ever more appreciative of the subjectivity of recollection, we grasp that without memory, time passes away as little more than sterile chronology....   [tags: Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury] 929 words
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Happiness through Human Work - Happiness through Human Work ABSTRACT: In what follows, I analyze the nature of work as human action. From there I discuss the triple dimension of human perfectibility through man's operative powers: the intellect, will and affections or emotions. After that, I focus on human work as the basis for the integration of ethics and practice: the root of human and cultural development of the individual and society. There is abundant bibliography in which man is described as the animal which knows how to resolve problems....   [tags: Humans Work Working Essays]
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The Traditional Interpretation Refuted - The Traditional Interpretation Refuted The psychology of Aristotle has never been understood in a historically correct way. A new interpretation of the De anima will be proposed in which this work can be seen as compatible with the psychology that can be reconstructed from the fragments of Aristotle's lost dialogues and the De motu animalium and other biological works (in which the notions of pneuma and 'vital heat' play a crucial role) and the doxographical data gathered from ancient writers besides the commentators....   [tags: Philosophy Literature Papers] 3357 words
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The Body as Teacher: From Source of Knowledge to Object of Knowledge - The Body as Teacher: From Source of Knowledge to Object of Knowledge ABSTRACT: I look at two ways of seeing the body during the Renaissance: the first, illustrated in the Essais of Montaigne, focuses on the body as a source of knowledge about the self; the second, illustrated in the developing science of anatomy, focuses on the body as an object of knowledge that is increasingly available only to specialists. In looking at the science of anatomy as it developed in the Renaissance, I show that the transformation of the body from a source of knowledge of both body and soul to an object of a mechanical science did not happen easily and reflects contradictory approaches to the self that continue to this day....   [tags: Philosophy] 3600 words
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Vico's Orations on Paideia and Humanitas - Vico's Orations on Paideia and Humanitas ABSTRACT: This essay on the themes of paideia and humanitas in Giambatista Vico's inaugural orations is excerpted form a chapter of a larger study on Vico and Plato. I focus on Pico della Mirandola's Oration of the Dignity of Man because it illuminates Vico's humanistic ideals. For Vico, self-knowledge is the axis of the sphere of the liberal arts. Self-knowledge for human beings is twofold. The divinity of the human mind is a central theme in Vico as well as Pico, and human dignity is strongly stated....   [tags: Vico paideia philosophy Papers]
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3350 words
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Paideia, Prejudice and the Promise of the Practical - Paideia, Prejudice and the Promise of the Practical In an age of radical pluralism it is increasingly difficult to affirm and sustain the educational aspirations of Greek paideia (Latin humanitas). The most challenging attacks on these aspirations come from standpoints which share a postmodern attitude of opposition towards inherited cultural ideals, especially those which claim universality. This paper first examines optimistic and pessimistic prospects for the educational heritage of humanitas, concluding that, in the face of cultural disparateness which is increasingly evident in post-Enlightenment cultures, the pessimistic case seems to be more convincing....   [tags: Philosophy Diversity Science Papers] 4718 words
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Elizabethan Drama as a Mirror - A. How [God] hath dealt with some of our countrymen your ancestors, for sundry vices not yet left, this book named A Mirror for Magistrates can shew; which therefore I humbly offer unto your Honors, beseeching you to accept it favorably. For here as in a looking glass, you shall see (if any vice be in you) how the like hath been punished in other heretofore, whereby, admonished, I trust it will be a good occasion to move you to the sooner amendment. William Baldwin, A Mirror for Magistrates (1559) B....   [tags: Plays Literature Essays]
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1477 words
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Personal Narrative - My Real Father - My Real Father "Never forget the past…because it may haunt you forever. Regret all the bad things…cherish the good things. Look ahead always…but don't let the bad things from the past get in your mind." As a young child, there were so many incidents in my life that made me become the person I am today. There were rough times as well as good times. If I were to tell you all of them, I would remember half of them. I think some of my incidents really had some impact, and some were just simple ways of life....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 967 words
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Teaching Philosophy - Teaching Philosophy Cicero said, "What noble employment is more valuable to the state than that of the man who instructs the rising generation?" He was correct in saying this because the young people of today will become the world leaders of tomorrow. The educators that instruct these children are important to this society because they will help shape the lives of these young people. When deciding upon a philosophy of education, I was torn between two: Progressivism and Essentialism. The idea of educating students with real-world experiences is one reason I can identify with Progressivism....   [tags: Teachers Careers Education Essays] 1022 words
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Happiness in the Fourth Epistle of Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man - Happiness in the Fourth Epistle of Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man Alexander Pope's philosophical poem An Essay on Man, published in 1732-134, may even more precisely be classified, to use a German phrase, as Weltanschauungliche Dichtung (worldviewish poetry). That it is appropriate to understand An Essay on Man as world view in verse, as a work which depicts humanity's relationship to and understanding of a perplexing and amazing world, is indicated in the statement of the poem's "Design" in which the author avows that his goal was to examine "Man in the abstract, his Nature and his State." Indeed, Pope sought to fulfill his agenda by describing in each of the work's four "epistles" the nature and state of man with respect (1) to the universe, (2) to man himself as an individual, (3) to society, and finally, (4) in relation to happiness....   [tags: Alexander Pope An Essay on Man]
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5582 words
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The Re-Creation of a Young Roman Girl - The Re-Creation of a Young Roman Girl At seven years old this young, upper-class1 Roman girl, daughter of a prominent political figure, is posing for a portrait of her face. Her father is demanding her whole family have one done so that everyone can see their family displayed for years to come. As predicted by her father, Roman art historians are very interested in these portraits and the past they represent. In 1998 this bust is a rare and exceptional find among art collectors. This portrait is now one of twenty-one sculptures found in the Riley Collection of Roman Portrait Sculpture at the Cedar Rapids Museum of Art....   [tags: Rome Culture Traditions Papers]
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2654 words
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The Implausibility of Ataraxia - The Implausibility of Ataraxia Epicurean ethical theory consistently operates under the presumption that hedonism, or pleasure, is the greatest good. For the Epicureans, an individual in a state of ataraxia, or complete freedom from mental disturbance, has achieved the most complete and pleasurable life, the greatest good for a human being. The concept of ataraxia, however, differs in many ways from what most would characterize as hedonism. Consequently, Epicurus is able to construct a great many controversial (and perhaps counterintuitive) views on particularly delicate subjects like death, the gods, friendship, and society....   [tags: Epicurean Death Papers]
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1876 words
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Chesnutt’s Evolving Treatment of the Color Line Through Naturalism - Chesnutt’s Evolving Treatment of the Color Line Through Naturalism in “A Matter of Principle” and The House Behind the Cedar’s Charles W. Chesnutt, a well-educated mulatto man, lived his life on ‘the color line.’ Chesnutt’s skin was very light and was sometimes mistaken for a white man. Chesnutt chose to identify himself as a black man, but in his works, his characters move back and forth across the color line and struggle with the world they exist in. The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line was published one year before The House Behind the Cedars and included the short story, “A Matter of Principle,” where Chesnutt clearly begins to explore what options are available to a mulatto man and his family, which will later evolve in Cedars....   [tags: Hoose Behind The Cedar]
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2151 words
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Was Shakespeare Really in Love? - Was Shakespeare Really in Love. William Shakespeare is arguably one of the best playwrights of all time, and he is certainly one of the most well-known writers in the history of literature. Shakespeare is a classic example of how art and literature can touch so many people’s lives and hearts. His work has been enjoyed by millions of people for four hundred years, and today, his plays are still being performed daily all over the world. He wrote a total of thirty-seven plays and 154 sonnets in his lifetime....   [tags: William Shakespeare Playwright Romance Essays]
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1835 words
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Jean De Meun - Jean De Meun Jean de Meun, a French poet, was born in 1240 in Meung-sur-Loire and died in Paris around 1305. Some sources state that the name Clopinel comes from the fact that he was lame while others claim that it was his last name. Jean was a member of the bourgeois class, educated at the University of Paris, a Christian, and an admirer of Latin authors such as Cicero. He had knowledge of several languages and this is noted by the fact that he translated "The Consolation of Philosophy" into medieval French....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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693 words
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Antony and Cleopatra - Antony and Cleopatra The legend of Cleopatra has percolated in the world consciousness for the past 2000 years. By the time Shakespeare wrote the tragedy Antony and Cleopatra the alluring reputation of the queen had existed primarily as a biased representation of a foreign female who insinuated herself into the Roman power structure. Shakespeare’s role in perpetuating the allure of the last of the Ptolemaic rulers was the result of synthesizing the existing biases and distilling the dichotomy between the woman and the queen....   [tags: William Shakespeare Plays Literature Essays]
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Paintings in Rome - Paintings in Rome In 211 BC the great general M. Claudius Marcellus returned to Rome after his decisive defeat of Syracuse. With him came a vast booty of Hellenistic artifacts. Remaining outside the sacred precincts of Rome, he supplicated the Senate for the purification and glory of a triumphal procession, realizing that they would both make a visual impression in his triumph and also be an ornament for the city." He opened his triumph impressively with an allegorical painting of Syracuse made prisoner....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Comparing Roman and Greek Art - Comparing Roman and Greek Art Throughout history art has consistently reflected the cultural values and social structures of individual civilizations. Ancient art serves as a useful tool to help historians decipher some important aspects of ancient culture. From art we can determine the basic moral and philosophical beliefs of many ancient societies. The differences in arts purpose in Greece and Rome, for example, show us the fundamental differences in each culture's political and moral system....   [tags: Ancient Rome Greece History Arts]
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Marc Antony - Marc Antony “Friends, Romans, countryman lend me your ears” (Shakespeare), this saying is what Mark Antony is probably most noted for. Antony’s life can be broken down into three parts. The first part would have to be the earlier years of his life before the death of Caesar. In the middle is Antony’s few years of success and power. The last part of his life is the downfall of him. Mark Antony was very powerful and successful for a short period in Ancient Rome. To begin, Mark Antony was born in 83 BC in Rome into a wealthy family (Laura)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Creating a Living Canon: The Humanist Project of Uniting Ancient and Modern - Creating a Living Canon: The Humanist Project of Uniting Ancient and Modern The humanist preoccupation with the glory of the ancients spans the entire length of the Italian Renaissance and surfaces in nearly all the writers from Petrarch to Castiglione. The precise use of classical writers varies depending on the purpose of the Renaissance writer’s particular work—they are held up as examples to be emulated by historians, as works essential to shaping good character in their readers by the educational writers, and as personal guides in the letters and treatises of the correspondents and philosophers....   [tags: Essays Papers] 2749 words
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A Social History Of Truth - Review of The Social History Of Truth by Steven Shapin Chapter 1 When someone says that something is true,they are usually stating that it corresponds to the facts of how things really are. Academic philosopher&#8217;s distiningish what is true and what is taken to be true by a process of sorting?No single being can constitute knowledge. All one can do is offer claims, with evidence, arguments and inducements to the community for its assessment.Knowledge is the result of the communities for its evaluations and action....   [tags: essays research papers] 2196 words
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al capone - Organized crime was not so organized up until the 1920s. When the 1920s arrived, the American lifestyle changed dramatically. People started investing money in home appliances and automobiles, women’s skirts became higher and drinking became very popular. Also, organized crime came to a rise in the 1920’s. And in the high ranks of organized crime was Al Capone. Al Capone ran many illegal businesses including bootlegging, gambling, prostitution, and murders. There were many gangs in the world of organized crime and Al Capone’s was at the top....   [tags: essays research papers] 1574 words
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Al Capone - Alphonse "Scar Face" Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1899, to an immigrant family. He was born with type O blood. People supposedly born with O type blood tend to have the drive to succeed in leadership quality. They are strong, certain, and powerful, as will be seen later. However Al Capones leadership was taken to the extreme. (4 Blood Types, 4 Diets Eat Right 4 Your Type) Certainly many Italian immigrants like immigrants of all nationalities, frequently came to the new world with very few assets....   [tags: essays research papers] 1285 words
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Al Capone - ALPHONSE CAPONE a.k.a. AL, SCARFACE Born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1899, of an immigrant family. He lived with his father Gabriele and Mother Teresa and his brothers and sisters. Al did quite well in school until the sixth grade when his steady record of B's deteriorated rapidly. At fourteen, he lost his temper at the teacher, she hit him and he hit her back. He was expelled and never went to school again. About this time, his family moved from their house on Navy Street to 21 Garfield Place. This move would have a lasting impact on Al because in this new neighborhood he would meet the people who would have the most influence on his future: his wife Mae and the gangster Johnny Torrio....   [tags: essays research papers] 1284 words
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Al Capone And Organized Crime In The 1920s - Al Capone ran many illegal businesses including bootlegging, gambling, prostitution, and murders. There were many gangs in the world of organized crime and Al Capone’s was at the top. Al Capone was the most infamous gangster in the 1920’s. Being a highly know and revered gangster was a big business. Money was made fast and very easily. Bootlegging alcohol was by far the most profitable in the 1920’s; this was because of the prohibition of alcohol. Gambling was another business that paid off; stations sanctioned for gambling were set up all over cities....   [tags: essays research papers] 1052 words
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Al Capone Biography - “By Instinct Capone Was A Heartless Mindless Killer” Considered the most notorious gangster in history, Alphonse Capone, otherwise known as Scarface Al, was born in New York, 1899, in a small apartment in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. Having many run-ins with the police growing up, he was always around the local street gang led my Johnny Torrio. After beating one of his sixth grade teachers, he quit school, and quickly learned the way of the streets, joining the Torrio gang, call the James Street Gang....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Effects of Alcohol and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Effects of Alcohol and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Works Cited Missing Alcohol plays a major role in society today. It is constantly being in our minds through advertisements, whether its commercials or billboards, holidays, or even just at the popular social scene. Alcohol is consumed for many purposes, such as celebrations, to increase romance, out of boredom, or a way to relax. Alcohol is a drug that is depended upon by the majority of our society. Nonetheless, alcohol has very damaging effects, not only does it cause self-inflicted diseases resembling alcoholism or cirrhosis of the liver, but it harms unborn fetuses as well....   [tags: Alcohol Alcoholism Drinking FAS Essays] 1695 words
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analysis Thomas Hobbes?s claim ?a state of nature is, or would be, a state of war of everyone against everyone.? - Thomas Hobbes argues that a state of nature will eventually become a state of war of everyone against everyone. According the Hobbes, the main reason behind this change will be the harsh competition over scarce resources caused by the nature of man. Through out this essay Hobbes’s reasons will be explained in greater detail. In order to truly understand the logic behind Hobbes’s claim, we must first understand his point of view of human nature. The key element in Hobbes’s view on human nature was the importance of desires....   [tags: essays research papers] 1426 words
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Ancient Rome's Animal Cruelty for Entertainment - “The Romans are often characterized as loving violent and cruel entertainment in the amphitheatre. It has been suggested that the games served the dual purpose of providing entertainment for the people and maintaining the political status quo.” In today’s society, the killing of humans and animals usually means a jail term, and seeing someone die is not something people go and see for fun. Violence was glorified in Rome hundreds of years ago. All the crimes they committed were condoned, accepted and glorified....   [tags: essays research papers] 1830 words
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Archimedes - Archimedes S. Romano Archimedes was a native of Syracuse, Sicily. Some authors have said that he visited Egypt and invented a device there now known as Archimedes' screw. This screw is a pump, still used in many parts of the world. When Archimedes was a young man, he studied with the descendants of Euclid in Alexandria. He was familiar with the mathematics used there, and he knew personally the mathematicians working there and he sent his results to Alexandria with personal messages....   [tags: essays research papers] 908 words
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Capitalism - Capitalism and the Renaissance Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market. Capitalism lead to great changes in banking and business for Europeans It came to Europe after the devastating black death and while Europe was suffering from poor economic growth. By looking at this definition, it is hard to see how this economic systems is linked to the Renaissance, which occurred in Europe....   [tags: essays research papers] 857 words
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Cesar - Close Reading of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar (2.2.114-161) Act two of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar begins the detailed planning of Caesar’s assassination, which follows soon after in the third act. One particular passage of interest during this act is found in scene one. This particular passage deals with the conspirator’s justification of their motives for wanting to kill Caesar, as well as the fine-tuning of their machination. As is consistent throughout Julius Caesar, Shakespeare’s verse here differs much from his usual, flowery, beautifully poetic, and complicated verse that can be found in plays as Macbeth....   [tags: essays research papers] 1037 words
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Iran- Contra Scandal - Over the centuries ancient Roman society has played a significant role in the creation of a common culture like our own. The material remains from ancient Rome have preserved valuable evidence for the status and accomplishments of the Roman people. Because so many aspects of ancient Roman civilization are respected and followed in society today, such as Roman art, Roman roads, and Roman law, it is important to understand the similarities and differences that ally within the two cultures. One aspect of Roman culture that I found interesting to focus on is the tradition of marriage....   [tags: essays research papers] 1794 words
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irony - Abstract My paper deals with responses to conversational irony in two different contexts. As an interaction analyst I am interested in how interlocutors co-construct the whole conversational sequence, in what they do with the ironic act in reacting to it. I combine data analytic methods from interactional sociolinguistics with questions from cognition theory. I shall point out how the interaction analysis of different response types contributes to the development of irony theory. A look at two data sets (informal conversations among friends and pro- and con-TV- discussions) provides interesting differences in responses to irony in these contexts....   [tags: essays research papers] 2545 words
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Jim - ”He is sometimes slave who should be master; and sometimes master who should be slave.” [Lat., Fit in dominatu servitus, in servitute dominatus.] Oratio Pro Rege Deiotaro (XI) by Marcus Tullius Cicero Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is considered to be possibly the Great American Novel by many scholars and is certainly the best known of Mark Twain’s works. These scholars both powerfully praise and powerfully depreciate Twain’s artistic judgment in relation to Huck’s character, themes, and political statements, but Jim’s place is often ignored or overlooked....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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John Hancock - In all of American history, there are many men who stand out and emphasize the history ofour country. This man, John Hancock, is one of those extraordinary men that stand out.John’s life began on January 16, 1736 in Braintree, Massachuchetts.John was the middle child of three. He was the son of (Rev.) John Hancock, born on June 1, 1702 in Lexington, Massachuchetts and son of Mary Hawke, born on October 13, 1711 in Hingham, Massachuchetts. Mary was once married before she married John Hancock Sr....   [tags: essays research papers] 1535 words
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Julius Caesar - Summary Of Act I-v - The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a play about loyalty, betrayal, love, and deception. There are many characters with fairly in-depth personalities. Some of the main characters are Cassius, the crafty, deceptive, witty man who is the leader of the conspiracy that killed Caesar. Brutus, the noble, honest, honorable man who is one of the key members of the conspiracy. There is also Antony, who is Caesar’s right hand man. He is shrewd and ruthless man, willing to do anything to get revenge for Caesar’s death....   [tags: essays research papers] 770 words
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Just War Theory - Just War Theory Price reduced due to problems with format One of the perennial realities of human existence is war. From the earliest recorded events of human history all the way through to modern times, human communities have engaged in armed conflict as a method of dispute resolution. While war has been a constant part of the human experience, there has also been a tendency within virtually all human civilisations to limit the extent of war and the methods by which warfare may be conducted.(1) In Western civilisation, this limitation on warfare has taken shape as an effort to limit both the determination of when war is appropriate and the means used in battle.(2) Within the Western moral, legal, and political arena, the connected questions of when war is appropriate and what means are acceptable in warfare has been the subject of a great deal of examination....   [tags: Just War Armed Conflict Military Essays]
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Medieval Torture - Torture (Latin torquere, “to twist”), in law, infliction of severe bodily pain either as punishment, or to compel a person to confess to a crime, or to give evidence in a judicial proceeding. Among primitive peoples, torture has been used as a means of ordeal and to punish captured enemies. Examination by torture, often called the “question,” has been used in many countries as a judicial method. It involves using instruments to extort evidence from unwilling witnesses. In ancient Athens, slaves were always examined by torture, and for this reason their evidence was apparently considered more valuable than that of freemen....   [tags: essays research papers] 2181 words
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Roman Religion In A Romans Everyday Life Vs. Religions Effects On Tod - "We Romans", said Cicero, "owe our supremacy overall other peoples to our piety and religious observances and to our wisdom in believing that the spirit of the gods rules and directs everything." Roman rites and observances took two main forms. One was the domestic reverence of the spirit or genius of the family. The other was the public attitude to the gods and goddesses by whom the destiny and welfare of the Roman people as a whole were supposed to be guided and controlled....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Saint Augustine - Saint Augustine Saint Augustine (354-430 AD), also known as Augustine of Hippo created an image of himself through his writings and teachings. He was born in Tagaste, a town in North Africa, on November 13, 354 AD. He was born into a middle class family. Patricius, his father, was a pagan, but later converted to Christianity because of his wife, Monica, was a devout Christian. Augustine’s mother, who was devoted to the Roman Catholic church, constantly tried for her son's conversion. Augustine was educated as a lecturer in the former North African cities of Tagaste, Madaura, and Carthage....   [tags: Biography Biographies Augustine Essays] 1609 words
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Shakespeares Biography - SHAKESPEARE’S BIOGRAPHY Shakespeare’s Biography William Shakespeare was a great writer who lead a very interesting life. In fact, he is often though of as “the greatest write of his time.” As a child, William Shakespeare started his education at around the age of “six or seven at Stratford grammar school, also known as the King’s New School of Stratford-upon-Avon.”(Brooke pg23) It would be most likely that Shakespeare’s lessons would focus around “Latin composition and the study of Latin authors like Seneca, Cicero, Ovid, Vigil, and Horace.”(Brooke pg23) Shakespeare’s schooling did not last long however, when he was removed from school at the age of thirteen due to his father’s financial and social difficulties....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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St. Augustine - Saint Augustine of Hippo Theologians, Biblical scholars and Christians all over the world often wrestle with two extremely important questions about their faith. These questions are, "What is God like?" and "How should we live in response to God?" Some feel that we need others to direct us, some feel we need them to challenge us, but everyone agrees that we need others. That is exactly how Saint Augustine struggles to find his faith and beliefs. He found it extremely difficult to come with a conclusion when it was staring at him straight in the face, but just as he did, we draw up our own conclusions with the guidance of others....   [tags: essays research papers] 919 words
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War - The first issue to be considered is what is war and what is its definition. The student of war needs to be careful in examining definitions of war, for like any social phenomena, definitions are varied, and often the proposed definition masks a particular political or philosophical stance paraded by the author. This is as true of dictionary definitions as well as of articles on military or political history. Cicero defines war broadly as "a contention by force"; Hugo Grotius adds that "war is the state of contending parties, considered as such"; Thomas Hobbes notes that war is also an attitude: "By war is meant a state of affairs, which may exist even while its operations are not continued"; Denis Diderot comments that war is "a convulsive and violent disease of the body politic;" for Karl von Clausewitz, "war is the continuation of politics by other means", and so on....   [tags: essays research papers] 1314 words
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Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges - Excessive Laws and the Self-Interest of Lawmakers, Lawyers, and Judges The basis of a civilized society is law. The law allows for standardized treatment of men, the law allows people to plan their futures, the law gives people assurance that wills, contracts, and trusts will be enforced, that certain behavior will be allowed while other behavior (crimes and torts) will be punished, etc. Five important characteristics of "the law" in a civilized society follow: 1) The law must be of manageable size so the average man can learn the law without a lifetime of study....   [tags: essays research papers] 1556 words
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An Ethical Theory Applied to Business Organizations - The object of this essay is to establish whether there is an ethical theory that can be successfully applied to business organizations. In order to answer this question, it is necessary first to define the major ethical theories, which are utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics, before determining whether there are any other options. After that, the ethical needs, problems and limitations of work organizations will have to be examined so that the different theories can be evaluated in this context....   [tags: Business Ethics]
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Francis Petrarch: Leader of the Humanistic Movement and Father of the Renaissance - Francis Petrarch: Leader of the Humanistic Movement and Father of the Renaissance Before the civic spirit and individuality evident and necessary to the Renaissance came to fruition, there had to have been something to trigger a change in the mentality of the medieval civilization. The medieval manorialism fostered illiteracy and ignorance and a very narrow view of the outside world, people did not question their place, the church, or the need to prepare for the after life. The "awakening" of the Renaissance came after the dawn of a new Roman Empire way of thinking.....   [tags: European History]
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Elizabethan Poetry - It was during the Elizabethan age that England felt the complete effect of the Renaissance. There occurred a revival of the old and classical literature of Greece and Rome and this was manifested in the poetry of the age. The Elizabethan age was characterized by an extreme spirit of adventure, aestheticism and materialism which became the characteristic features of Elizabethan poetry. Many poets displayed their skill in versification during this time and England came to be called The Nest Of Singing Birds....   [tags: World Literature] 578 words
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Writings Worth Reading - Going to college is more than a transition in life it's a rebirth. Everything changes so fast that one really has to live off their wits sometimes. New situations arise every day and real life is finally making itself apparent. Responsibilities become a way of life to the truest possible form. Sure there are friends and people to help along the way but self-discipline and diligence become daily watchwords. Living life now is based more on what is already ingrained into the individual versus what mommy and daddy have to say....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 707 words
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Cultural Achievements of the Italian Renaissance - Cultural Achievements of the Italian Renaissance Humanism was a key movement in the Renaissance and had a major influence on the cultural changes and achievements. Humanists studied history; they were particularly interested in Ancient Greek and Roman civilisation, and classical works, as well as in contemporary history and politics. Although the Humanists were Catholic, their ideas were more secular - "learning emerged from the cloister… to rejoin the human mainstream." The humanist ideas soon spread into the classroom....   [tags: Papers] 647 words
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The Origins of Roman Religion and Its Progress - The Origins of Roman Religion and Its Progress Introduction ============ Throughout the ages, beliefs have changed, advanced, and occasionally begun. In the time of Ancient Rome, the people began observing one religion; that which was similar to the Greeks; the pantheon. Through the Roman Empire, the worship of twelve central deities was observed carefully. The Romans themselves began all the beliefs contained within the worship. This was of great importance to the Roman people, and helped the empire to expand through its strong religious centre....   [tags: Papers] 2680 words
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Humanism and the Renaissance - Humanism and Renaissance Humanism brought MAN to the forefront causing a veritable cultural revolution. Reason and the will to better understand the world fomented progress in the scientific fields. Intellectuals throughout Europe came under the influence of humanism which was disseminated with the invention of the printing press and the guidance of princes. Finally, humanism had a religious impact as well with the protestant reformation and bringing religious pluralism to the west.--- Humanism and the Renaissance ============================ Crises at the the end of the middle ages, i.e....   [tags: Papers] 2018 words
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