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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Cancer"
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Skin Cancer - “Cancer”, its a disease that has claim the lives of millions, its a disease that so far has no known cure, and its a disease that has many different forms. Cancer is defined as “a malignant form of tumors, which are tissue masses that arise through mutations in the genes that govern cell growth and division” (Starr, 1999, p. 213). Skin cancer is just one of the many forms of cancer that effects us and is the most common cancer in the U.S. Like so many others, I would assume that the major cause of skin cancer was the ultraviolet rays from the sun....   [tags: Cancer] 559 words
(1.6 pages)
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Research Paper on Breast Cancer - According to the American Cancer Society, Each year, more than 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer; furthermore Twelve percent of all women will contract the disease, and 3.5% of them will die from breast cancer (American Cancer Society, 2005). There are risk factors that may lead to breast cancer. There are 4 stages of breast cancer and several treatments, although treatments vary from types and stages of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women who are 40 to 55 years old (Breast Cancer, 2009).Cancer occurs when cells divide uncontrollably....   [tags: Breast Cancer]
:: 6 Works Cited
1438 words
(4.1 pages)
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Telomere Defence Mechanisms and Cancer - Telomere defence mechanisms have been recommended as potential targets for new anti-cancer interventions (Folini and Zaffaroni, 2005), as unlimited proliferative possibility has been identified as one of the six hallmarks of cancer. The selective reactivation of telomerase largely in human tumours, the ability to obstruct its expression or function is being actively explored. This includes the use of various approaches aimed, firstly to prevent the enzyme's catalytic activity; secondly to obstruct the expression of its components (i.e....   [tags: Cancer Research] 862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Colorectal Cancer: Tracking Metastasis and Tricking Cancer - Colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, is found in the colon and the rectum and has become one of the most common forms of malignant cancer (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Approximately 50% of cancers have been located in the rectum, and 30% have been in the sigmoid colon (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Cancers found in the rectum are usually ulcer type tumours which are easily detected by rectal bleeding (Cross & Underwood, 2013). Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in males and females (AIHW, 2012a)....   [tags: Cancer, lymphoma, melanoma]
:: 6 Works Cited
925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Fighting Cancer in Canada - Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada, responsible for nearly 30% of all deaths in Canada (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2013). According to Statistics Canada, nearly half of Canadians (45 % of male and 42 % of female) develop the cancer in their life and quarter of them has a terminal prognosis (Statistic Canada, 2013). Due to increased mortality rate over a period of time, cancer became the first priority of Oncologist and health care professionals to develop any method to stop or at least limit the fast killing action of cancer....   [tags: Cancer in Canada] 1604 words
(4.6 pages)
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Patients with Cancer - This paper explores different peer-reviewed articles that attempts to shed some light on the phenomenon of the lived experience of patients with cancer; supporting the fact that individuality is a huge factor in the care of cancer patients. Manu types of cancers exist and patients should be treated as individuals versus as a disease or diagnosis. As oncology nurses we accumulate knowledge on a daily basis that may be revised in practice. Therefore, it becomes our innate duty to visit the literature and gain the understanding and evidence that will help us in improving our practice of nursing....   [tags: Health, Nursing, Breast Cancer, ] 2083 words
(6 pages)
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Analysis and Description of Pancreatic Cancer - What is Pancreatic Cancer. Pancreatic Cancer is cancer of an organ in the human body called the pancreas, which is located behind the lower part of the stomach. The function of this organ is to secrete certain essential enzymes to digest food and also secrete hormones to metabolize sugars such as insulin and glucagon (Mayoclinic). People get pancreatic cancer when the cells of the pancreas develop genetic mutations; and these can form in both the exocrine and endocrine cells of the pancreas, but exocrine tumors are more common than endocrine tumors....   [tags: cancer, pancreas, epigenetics]
:: 8 Works Cited
1728 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Battle to Beat Breast Cancer - The Battle to Beat Breast Cancer Breast cancer impacts women and their friends and loved ones in so many different ways. Breast cancer can be devastating. Many women die yearly due to breast cancer. Families are shattered by this killer. Spouses are left to try and pick up the pieces and carry on without their companions. Men are left to raise their children without their mothers. Children are left to face life’s journeys without their mothers. There are ways to detect breast cancer and if detected early, may possibly be the difference between life and death....   [tags: women, cancer treatment]
:: 4 Works Cited
1174 words
(3.4 pages)
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An Evaluation of Be Clear on Cancer - The aim of this essay is to evaluate the implications of the recent government health initiative ‘Be Clear on Cancer’. Here, a brief history of why the initiative was introduced in relation to public health and the political agenda will be discussed. However, it is first essential to understand how the modern healthcare has been shaped by historic and recent developments. Furthermore, understanding the influence on healthcare practice of healthcare theories and various models will be investigated in this essay....   [tags: Cancer and Public Health]
:: 30 Works Cited
2019 words
(5.8 pages)
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Use of PET for the Detection of Cancer - Prostate cancer imaging with 18F-fluorocholine A combination of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy is generally used for the detection of prostate cancer [17]. However, conventional prostate biopsy, even using 6–12 needle samples, is susceptible to sampling error with a false- negative rate as high as 30–40% [18, 19]. In addition, postradiotherapy prostate biopsies are prone to problems in interpretation (due to the presence of radiation effects and the lack of knowledge of the time required for residual tumour to become nonviable after radiation [20]) and transrectal ultrasound-guided sextant biopsy typically understages disease in patients with...   [tags: Prostate cancer imaging] 1592 words
(4.5 pages)
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How is Cancer created and Breast Cancer Analysis - Our Bodies seem to amaze us with what they are capable of. Birth till death, our lives are a continuous cycle. The life of a cancer cell amazes me from where it begins and where it ends off. In breast cancer, the cancer cell is much more fascinating.What causes the cells to start their cancerous cycle.The factors that cause the activation of dormant cancer cells are, radiation, health, lifestyle and genetics. Our bodies are the holders of over 60-90 trillion cells. Once a cells dies out, a new one is born; using the process of mitosis....   [tags: cancer cells, cancerous cycle, mitosis]
:: 25 Works Cited
1404 words
(4 pages)
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Cancer: What Everyone Should Know - Cancer: What Everyone Should Know Cancer bombarded an estimate of 1,638,910 people in the United States alone and killed roughly 577,190 people (cancer.org). Nearly half of the people who were diagnosed with cancer died, why. It is not because Oncologists are not caring for the patients properly or that cancer research is not progressing. It is simply because awareness about cancer is at a bare minimum. It is true, some cultures dedicate the month of October to Breast Cancer Awareness, but Breast Cancer is not the only cancer that intrudes people’s bodies....   [tags: cancer, tumor, disease, cancer awareness]
:: 12 Works Cited
2363 words
(6.8 pages)
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The HPV Vaccine and Its Effect on Cancer Screening and Prevention - The HPV vaccine and its effect on cancer screening and prevention Introduction Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) around 20 million people are infected with HPV and additional 6.2 million people are newly infected every year. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2003-2004 among sexually active women (57% of 14 to 19 years and 97% of 20 to 59 years) HPV was highest prevalent in youngest age group (40% of 14-19 years and 50% of 20-24 years)....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Tracking Metastasis and Tricking Cancer - Carcinoma is a cancer that begins to develop in epithelial cells. These cells include the lining or tissue of an organ or in the skin (Australian Institute of Health Welfare & Australasian Association of Cancer, 2012). There are two types of carcinoma cells, basal cells and squamous cells (American Cancer Society, 2012). Basal cell carcinomas are the cells that develop in the basal cell layer of the epidermis (American Cancer Society, 2012). Squamous cell carcinomas are cells that are more likely to develop in the fatty tissue beneath the skin (American Cancer Society, 2012)....   [tags: Carcinoma, metastasis, cancer]
:: 6 Works Cited
894 words
(2.6 pages)
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How Women Cope with Cancer Major Challenges - This article presented the readers with a clear purpose for this research. The researchers wanted to look at the uncertainties that young women that are survivors of cancer face, and how they cope with these major challenges and changes in their life that they are faced with after surviving breast cancer. This article focuses on younger breast cancer survivors (BCS) because breast cancer is seen more often in older women, the writers state that there is little research done on the stress of survivorship in younger women....   [tags: breast cancer, cancer survivors]
:: 1 Works Cited
514 words
(1.5 pages)
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Women Coping with Breast Cancer - Women Coping with Breast Cancer Coping has been closely connected to stress; it involves a process by which a person attempts to restore balance in response to a stressful life event (Henderson, Gore, Davis, and Condon, 2003). The most common cancer among Canadian women in 2010 is breast cancer. An average of 445 Canadian women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and an average of 100 Canadian women will die of breast cancer every week (Canadian Cancer Society, 2010). Coping with breast cancer has been defined as being emotionally and physically challenging for women and their families (Henderson et Al., 2003)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Cancer Diagnosis] 1682 words
(4.8 pages)
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Designing Cancer Vaccine against Lung Cancer - Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide both in men and women. It accounts for nearly 1.2 million deaths per year. Over the last few years many advances have been made in the field of surgery, chemotherapy and radiations for treating this deadly cancer but they are unlikely to result in cure. Lung cancer is associated with very bad prognosis. So there is a dire need of developing novel therapeutic vaccines for improving prognosis of this disease Cancer therapeutic vaccines are designed to regulate the host tumour interactions in order to shift the balance from tumour acceptance to tumour control....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cause of Death, Treatments]
:: 12 Works Cited
1690 words
(4.8 pages)
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Common Types of Cancer - “Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. There are over 100 different types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected” (What Is Cancer. What Causes Cancer?,1). Most cancers harm the body when cells begin to divide and form lumps of tissue called tumors. However, leukemia affects cells in the blood stream. While some tumors can grow to affect many different systems in the body, some are not dangerous and are referred to as benign tumors....   [tags: cell growth, cancer colon]
:: 8 Works Cited
1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Overview of Breast Cancer - If you or a loved one were diagnosed with breast cancer, how would you feel. You would probably feel very afraid and worried. Breast cancer is a common and potentially deadly form of cancer that affects both men and women. There are risk factors for getting the disease and there are different types of treatment for people who have been diagnosed with the disease. There are also steps that people can take to try to prevent getting breast cancer or at least catch it early. Luckily there are many organizations working to raise awareness of the disease, to educate the public about it, and to support research about it....   [tags: lung cancer, swollen breast]
:: 9 Works Cited
1019 words
(2.9 pages)
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Breast Cancer Community Resources - Breast cancer is the predominant form of cancer diagnosed in America women, second only to skin cancer and the primary cause of cancer deaths, surpassed only by lung cancer. Approximations suggest that one in eight women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer during the course of their life (American Cancer Society, 2013). As with any disease, a diagnosis of breast cancer can be tremendously challenging and freighting experience not only during the time of treatment and post treatment, but also as a survivor of the disease....   [tags: health, lung cancer]
:: 9 Works Cited
899 words
(2.6 pages)
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Cancer: The Virulent Disease - An ordinary human body contains approximately one trillion cells and precisely 46 chromosomes in each cell. However, the human body can be altered by a genetic mutation. Over the course of history, genetic mutations have had a large impact on the human race. They have brought harm to numerous amounts of people. Cancer, in particular, is one of the most lethal diseases. Cancer begins when a portion of DNA inside a chromosome is damaged, causing a cell to mutate. Then, the mutated cell reproduces multiple times and creates a tumor....   [tags: Cancer, tobbacco, chromosomes]
:: 5 Works Cited
858 words
(2.5 pages)
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Colon Cancer Awareness - In Hacienda Heights, California, Elsie Garcia a 67 year old female patient would evade the colonoscopy screening for four years which would screen for colon cancer is alive and healthy today due to a new test called FIT (fecal immunochemical test) which is less invasive than the American Cancer Society “Gold Standard “colonoscopy. She would schedule appointments for the procedure but would cancel in fear of the risk related to having colonoscopies. A Colonoscopy is considered the best way of screening for potential cancerous polyps is considered generally safe but the risk of colon perforation during the procedure is 1 in 1000 cases which would lead to serious complications....   [tags: Colorectal Cancer] 747 words
(2.1 pages)
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The American Cancer Society - The American Cancer Society is a volunteer-based organization that is present across the United States. Its main purpose is to raise money and awareness about the severity and prevalence of cancer. Cancer education and research is where most of the focus and monetary donations are used for. The American Cancer Society strives to fulfill their goal of “less cancer and more birthdays” across all generations and populations (ACS Inc., 2011). The American Cancer Society began its fight in 1913, starting as the American Society for the Control of Cancer (ASCC), which included fifteen members in New York City (ACS Inc, 2011)....   [tags: Cancer Education, Research, medical] 878 words
(2.5 pages)
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Genetic Changes in Cancer - Cancer (otherwise defined medically as a malignant neoplasm) is a group of diseases which are associated with dynamic aberrations in the genome and consequent losses in the regulatory mechanisms which govern normal cell proliferation and homeostasis. There are two important classes of genes involved in the control and homeostasis of the cell-cycle both of which play key roles with respect to cancer – the oncogenes and tumour-suppressor genes. Oncogenic precursors known as proto-oncogenes are genes encoding proteins involved in signalling systems that control cell growth and differentiation – typically being involved in signal transduction pathways and execution of mitogenic signalling (Ell...   [tags: Disease, Cancer Cells]
:: 26 Works Cited
681 words
(1.9 pages)
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How Cancer Effects the Cells, the Body, and their Offspring - Have you ever wondered how cancer forms. Well, cancer starts when a cell's DNA becomes altered. When the DNA is altered, the cells reproduce without restriction and do not die like a normal cell. These extra cells form a mass of tissue that is a tumor. Cancer forms in the genes of our cells, and is able to be carried in the offspring of the person with cancer. The cells are the basic units of life. Cells contain DNA that make up genes. Genes are instructions for the cells to make certain proteins....   [tags: Cancer Essays]
:: 11 Works Cited
925 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Science of Lung Cancer and its Treatment - 12,800 males and 10,700 females are diagnosed with lung cancer each year.(CancerCa)The lungs are vital organs in our body which are located in the chest. Lungs bring oxygen into our body and release carbon dioxide.( oncologychannelCom) The lungs are respiratory organs that are important because they take in fresh oxygen to your blood which is then carried to your cells. Cancer occurs when mitosis goes “wild”. This means that cell division keeps dividing uncontrollably. This happens because some of the genes in the cell have been damaged or lost....   [tags: Lung Cancer, diseases, medical, ] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
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Costs of Childhood Cancer Treatment and Research - Cancer, one of the most feared words in our vocabulary of this time, especially in childhood (Druker 1). Most people when thinking of “childhood cancer” envision very young children, although a “Nation Institute of Health Policy concerning inclusion of children in clinical research defines children as being younger than twenty-one years of age while the Food and Drug Administration considers children to be fifteen years and younger” (Ries 158). That being said, most cancers incidence peak among children occurs during the first year of life (Gurney 149)....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Cancer] 2220 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Battle Against Cancer is Helped by Mammorgraphy - Cancer is one of the most lethal diseases that greatly contributes to the death toll of millions people around the globe, especially breast cancer. However, as technologies are being modernized, humans took a major step forward in the battle against cancer by inventing mammography. In the past few years, mammograms helped save countless women’s lives, and consequently, it’s currently one of the leading research programs that attracts attention of many scientists. Basically, breast cancer happens when the amount of cells growth exceeds the amount of cells which die....   [tags: cancer, mammography, mammograms, ] 563 words
(1.6 pages)
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Breast Cancer 1 Early Onset Gene Analysis - Breast cancer is one of the most common and important diseases that affect women and ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer mortality in American women1. These cancers are triggered by germline mutations on the C-terminal of a gene called BRCA1 (or “Breast Cancer 1, Early Onset Gene”) tumor suppressor. The BRCA1 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 17 at region 2 band 1, consists of 24 exons and encodes a multidomain protein of 1863 amino acid residues in human2. The BRCA1 proteins produced from BRCA1 gene help preventing cells from growing and dividing too rapidly or in an uncontrolled way3....   [tags: breast cancer, cancer, brca1 protein] 791 words
(2.3 pages)
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Reducing Your Risk of Breast Cancer - The one question that needs to be asked by women is “how can I reduce my risk of getting breast cancer?” because all women are at risk. It is very important that all women know how to lessen their chances of getting breast cancer because women are most vulnerable of developing the illness. It is estimated that over “192,370 women will be diagnosed with and 40,170 women will die” of breast cancer in the year 2009; both the number of diagnoses and deaths can be cut in half if women try to lower their risk of breast cancer (seer.cancer.org)....   [tags: Breast Cancer, risk, medical, ] 1454 words
(4.2 pages)
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History of Pancreatic Cancer and Its Mortality - The history of pancreatic cancer is one filled with tragedy and revelation. Once long denied any recognition for its disastrous effects, it is now acknowledged as the fifth deadliest cancer in the world (Hishberg Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research [HFPCR], 2010). With the highest mortality rate of all major cancer, 94% of patients die within the five years of diagnosis with 74% dying within the first year, life expectancy after diagnosis is the short period of three to six months (HFPCR, 2010)....   [tags: pathology, pancreatic cancer, carcinoma]
:: 19 Works Cited
1050 words
(3 pages)
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The Use of Melittin As An Anti-cancer Drug - Over the centuries, the venom of animals has had its range of uses, from cosmetics to the treatment of various illnesses. Quite some years ago, there was a mortality study conducted on beekeepers, which showed that there was a slightly lower mortality incidence of cancer in beekeepers than in normal people [1]. This sparked and interest into the venom of honeybees (Apis meliffera) [2] and its effects on cancerous cells. Bee venom is used to treat a variety of conditions. One condition that seems to be most popular in all the research is cancer....   [tags: bee venom, cancer, melittin]
:: 8 Works Cited
1230 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Risks of Melanoma Skin Cancer - You just left your doctor’s office from a routine checkup, you feel healthy. However, your doctor ordered more tests to be done, slightly concerned; your doctor calls you the next day to return to his office. Your doctor tells you that you have “Melanoma Skin Cancer”. Your body goes numb, you have just been diagnosed with cancer; not to mention stage four skin cancer. You do not understand how this could have happened to you especially since you are so young and lead an active lifestyle. Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer, “every, one in five people in the United States will develop skin cancer in their lifetime ("Skin Cancer Foundation")....   [tags: skin cancer, uv rays, dna mutation]
:: 5 Works Cited
1176 words
(3.4 pages)
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The American Cancer Society and the Relay For Life - On April 9th, 2014, The American Cancer Society sponsored Relay For Life in support of people who have battled cancer, who have lost loved ones, and who will continue to fight against the disease. This event was suitable for our Tobacco team because it allowed us to educationally campaign the harmful dangers that are correlated with smoking or chewing tobacco. After several meetings of preparing, our group was able to attend Relay For Life and achieve effective tobacco awareness activities, interactions, results, and analytical data....   [tags: The American Cancer Society, tobacco] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Colon Cancer Research Should Receive More Government Funding - “I know people are pretty well embarrassed just at the mention of colon cancer. Sticking a tube in you to find out what’s wrong is not a nice thing. But I can tell them, a 30- or 40 minute test is worth it. We have to make them feel more comfortable about getting screened.” (Eric Davis). Most people are not exactly sure what colon cancer is. Colon cancer forms in the cells of the colon walls. Colon cancer is a deadly cancer and can easily be prevented if more people were open to talking about it....   [tags: Colon Cancer ]
:: 24 Works Cited
2308 words
(6.6 pages)
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Pancreatic Cancer - Pancreatic cancer is when malignant cancer cells are found in the tissue of the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ found behind the stomach, in front of the spine. It is divided into three different sections: the head, body, and tail. The head is located at the wider end of the pancreas and the tail towards the narrow end. The pancreas is made up of two different glands. They are the exocrine and endocrine glands (Bethesda, 2013). The pancreas has two different functions. The exocrine gland secretes a pancreatic juice into the intestines....   [tags: health, pancreatic cancer]
:: 9 Works Cited
1319 words
(3.8 pages)
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Uterine Cancer - There are many different types of uterine cancer that can affect a woman during any stage in life. Endometrial cancer is a cancer that forms in the lining of the endometrium of the uterus and is also one of the most common types of uterine cancers. Another type of uterine cancer is Adenocarcinoma. While Adenocarcinoma can be found in many parts of the body, it is also found in the uterus because of the mucus-secreting glands. Another type of cancer that can be found in many places of the body is Sarcoma....   [tags: Endometrial Cancer, Adenocarcinoma]
:: 5 Works Cited
2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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Thyroid Cancer - INTRODUCTION Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare tumor but it is the most common endocrine malignancy worldwide and has increasingly become a public health problem over the past two decades [1]. In recent years, the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased at an alarming rate, especially in developed countries. Thyroid cancer is the tenth most common cancer in Canada [2]. Furthermore, the incidence rate of thyroid cancer is increasing more rapidly than any other cancer in Canada [3, 4]....   [tags: Thyroid Cancer Research Paper] 2504 words
(7.2 pages)
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HPV & Cervical Cancer - HPV & Cervical Cancer - What Every Woman Should Know I was eighteen years old when I had my first abnormal pap smear. I received a call from my OB/GYN's office and was informed that I had the Human Papilloma Virus show up on my pap smear. This was the first pap smear I had ever had, and I was terrified. The news got worse. I researched this virus and learned that it was actually a sexually transmitted disease that could either cause cervical cancer, or genital warts. I didn’t understand, I had been with my boyfriend for five years and he was my first partner....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
:: 2 Works Cited
2544 words
(7.3 pages)
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Melanoma: The Most Dangerous Forms of All Skin Cancer - Melanoma is known to be the most dangerous forms of all skin cancers. These brown coloured cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA has committed damage to the body’s skin cells. It is known that it is the most commonly triggered by vigorous amounts of sunshine, over excessive use of tanning bed and UV lights which result in making mutations in the skin that produces the skin cells to over multiply at a quick rate which can eventually form nasty tumours. How is Melanoma caused. Melanoma is caused by over exposure to UV which can sometimes cause sunburn, it can be especially critical to those whom are inclined to the disease itself....   [tags: skin cancer, unrepaired DNA]
:: 4 Works Cited
1420 words
(4.1 pages)
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Brain Cancer - When you think of Brain cancer what do you think of. I think of it as millions of people being killed by it each year. It hard to think of someone that you love could die of something as that but it happens. Brain cancer is a malignant tumor that causes people to die. Some can be removed, and some can not. So over the past decades they have been trying to treat people. It has been working but not all the way. People get the cancer back and sometimes it cant be controlled and people die. Brain cancer is really deadly and kills millions each year....   [tags: malignant tumor, cancer cells, treatment] 969 words
(2.8 pages)
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Cancer - 1. Prostate Cancer 1.1 Understanding the prostate The prostate is a gland part of the male reproductive system; it is located below the bladder and above the rectum surrounding all the way around the first portion of the urethra below the bladder. It helps in the production of the seminal fluid that helps carry the sperm during ejaculation. One of the most common prostate problem is benign prostate growth that, over time, can compress the urethra and cause difficulty to urinate. 1.2 Risk factors for prostate cancer No one knows exactly what causes the disease....   [tags: Cancer Research paper]
:: 3 Works Cited
2879 words
(8.2 pages)
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Tumor Protein 53 and its role in Ovarian Cancer - TP53, also called tumor protein 53 is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes p53 and acts as a control center for the cell to act on when stressed (Brachova). Human p53 is a nuclear phsophoprotein of molecular weight 53kDa located on chromosome 17 containing 11 exons and 10 introns (Ling). One of its primary roles is as a transcription factor and in its active state is a homotetramer comprised of four 393 amino acid residues (Joerger , The tumor suppressor p53). Another main role p53 plays is as a tumor suppressor and once activated, protects against cancer by “functioning as a sequence-specific transcription factor, through protein-protein interactions, activating cell cycle arrest, apoptosis...   [tags: tumor protein, ovarian cancer, tp53]
:: 11 Works Cited
2901 words
(8.3 pages)
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Analysis of The most Common Diagnosed Cancer in Women - Breast cancer is the most common diagnosed cancer in women around the world. Currently, it is suggested that approximately 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer and 1 in 28 women will die from it (Conlon, Johnson, Bewick, Lafrenie, & Donner, 2010). Over the past few years, the expectation after breast cancer treatment has not significantly improved. Therefore, it is important to identify the risk factors and causes of this cancer. Within recent years, many environmental factors have been studied with substantial relevance to breast cancer, however, one of the most controversial factors has been cigarette smoking....   [tags: breast cancer, cigarette smoking, tobacco] 863 words
(2.5 pages)
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Severe Hypocalcemia due to Denosumab in Metastatic Prostate Cancer - Hypocalcemia is a rare and dangerous side effect of the drug Denosumab. We present a case of a patient with metastatic prostate cancer who developed severe hypocalcemia after the administration of the drug. A total of 80 gm of intravenous and 370 gm of oral calcium were administered in vain and a maximum ionized calcium level attained was 0.71mmol/ during the first 16 days of hospital stay. Due to worsening renal failure from tumor spread our patient needed dialysis to achieve normal calcium levels....   [tags: Side Effects, Prostate Cancer, Denosumab ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1038 words
(3 pages)
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The most Important Causative Agent of Cervical Cancer - Human papillomavirus (HPV) a non-enveloped virus accounted as the most important causative agent of cervical cancer worldwide with more than 45,000 diagnosed cases annually (1). Even after establishment of encouraging vaccine platforms for it,s prevention due to shortages of this supplements the infection rate remained accelerating in developing country. Yet, more than 100 types of HPV distinguished by genetic analysis among them types 16 and 18 belonged to definite carcinogens group are responsible for more than 62% and 15% of cervical cancers respectively(2, 3)....   [tags: Cervical cancer, TLR, human papillomavirus]
:: 29 Works Cited
1434 words
(4.1 pages)
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Understanding Cervical Cancer - Cervical cancer, also called cervical carcinoma, develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix (McKesson Clinical...). The cervix connects the vagina and the uterus. During birth, the cervix dilates and allows a baby to pass from the womb to the birth canal (Hixson, 37). Sadly, cervical cancer used to be the common cause of cancer deaths in women, but fatalities greatly reduced since the development of the Pap smear in the 1930s (American Cancer...). Early diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer may increase the possibility of pregnancy....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
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Different Types of Cancer and Their Treatments - Different Types of Cancer and Their Treatments All living things are made up of cells. They are the smallest things that are capable of basic life-they take in nutrients when needed, they put out waste and they reproduce. Cells divide (reproduce) at least once during their life, sometimes dozens of times. Organisms rely on this, this is how they grow or repair themselves when they are damaged. A normal body has around 30 trillion cells. Permanent gene mutations are what cause cells to malfunction....   [tags: Cancer Health Medical Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
5928 words
(16.9 pages)
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What Lung Cancer is, How Cells Become Cancerous, and What Carcinogens Are - In this seminar (essay) we will be discussing cancer, specifically lung cancer, what it is, how cells become cancerous, and what carcinogens are. I will begin by telling you what a cell is. A cell is most frequently referred to as the basic building block of life. The human body is made up of millions and millions of cells that provide structure for the body and carry out many functions for everyday living. Cells grow and divide all the time and sometimes become damaged. This is when they become a mutation, which will continue to affect the normal growth of cells....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Carcinogens ] 796 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Relationship Between Diet and Cancer - The Relationship Between Diet and Cancer Today we know that too much of a certain type of foods can have harmful effects on our health and well-being and we are learning that diseases such as cancer are caused in part by our dietary choices. In the 1950's scientists discovered relationship between diet and coronary heart disease, the nations number one killer. In the last 15 year a link between cancer and diet has been discovered by scientists. The National Academy of Sciences (NAS), an organization of the nation's foremost scientists found evidence so persuasive that in their landmark report Diet, Nutrition and Cancer of 1982 they insisted Americans to begin changing their diets to r...   [tags: Cancer Dieting Health Essays] 513 words
(1.5 pages)
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Does Detecting Breast Cancer with MRIs Increase the Rate of Mastectomies? - In the last years, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has become a very popular method used for the early detection of breast cancer, because it has greater sensibility than mammography. But, opponents of MRI are concerned about this type of examination because of the belief that it may increase rates of mastectomy. However, different studies have been performed and no proof of this has been recorded (Dang and Zaguiyan et al 937). Although many people think that mastectomy may increase with MRI’s, I feel that these types of screenings should be more recommendable for women at high risk for breast cancer, because cancer, if not treated on time might be fatal....   [tags: MRIs, breast cancer, mastectomies, ] 892 words
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Cervical Cancer: The Best Form of Prevention Is To Be Informed And Aware - Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women and the leading cause of death among women in underdeveloped countries. In fact, 500,000 cases are diagnosed each year worldwide. This particular cancer is found mainly in middle-aged to older women; it is very rare to find it in women age fifteen and younger. The average age of women with cervical cancer is age 50-55; however, the cancer begins to appear in women in their twenties (2). It is also found in women of lower-class areas, as they are not able to see a gynecologist to be screened....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer]
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In-silico analysis of phytocompounds for inhibition of nAChRs receptor mediated lung cancer - Lung cancer is mostly found in cigarette smokers. Nicotine Acetyl-CoA receptor (nAChR) is found to be responsible for this cancerous activity. When cigarette containing nicotine binds with this receptor of lung cells the carcinogenic activity is initiated. Hence, there is a possibility for the prevention of lung cancer formation when the nicotine is competitively inhibited by an interfering molecule preferably from natural products. Natural products from plants have benefits like anti tumor, anti-inflammatory, and so on....   [tags: Lung Cancer, Cigarette Smoking]
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Promoting Positive Health Behaviors: Prevention Programs that Advocate for Early Cancer Screening - With an increase in the number of annual deaths caused by cancer in the US population, there have been many efforts by numerous private and public entities to create programs aimed at prevention of certain types of cancer. Due to ineffective intervention strategies many programs struggle to produce positive outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the Every Woman Matters Program (EWM), its' ineffectiveness and the reasons as to why the program was unsuccessful. I will summarize and analyze two other prevention programs that succeeded at the goal of advocating and promoting health and prevention....   [tags: Health, early cancer screening]
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1395 words
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Use of Big Data and AI to Fight Cancer - According to the American Cancer association, there will be one and a half million new cancer diagnosis in the United States this year. Studies show that one in five diagnosis are incomplete or wrong. Following heart disease, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Cancer is conglomerate of sub type diseases, each genetically different. The last two decades brought significant molecular biology and genetic knowledge into cancer and treatment options. When looking at the inconceivable increase in medical knowledge, doubling every five years, there is an increasing opportunity for cognitive computer systems involvement....   [tags: IBM and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center] 716 words
(2 pages)
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Cervical Cancer - Cervical cancer malignant cancer of the cervix uteris or cervical area. It may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in its advanced stages, which has made cervical cancer the focus of intense screening efforts using the Pap smear. About 2.2 percent of women carry one of the 2 virus strains most likely to lead to cervical cancer. One of the symptoms of Cervical Cancer is very Unusual amount of discharge. Treatment consists of surgery in early stages and chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stages of the disease....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 1059 words
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Cervical Cancer -      Cervical cancer is the second foremost occurring cancer in women after breast cancer. Cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. Infection by HPV typically occurs in the early years of sexual activity according to the World Health Organization (WHO), but it can take up to a full twenty years for it to develop into a full-blown malignant tumor. Scientists believe that for all intents and purposes all cervical cancer cases are caused by infection with a few types of cancer....   [tags: HPV Cancer, Cervical Cancer] 2861 words
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Cancer Prevention through Macrobiotics - Introduction Traditionally, the American diet has been defined by meat, potatoes, and white bread. As of late, Americans are gaining awareness about the importance of a diet that is more nutritious than meat and potatoes. This is partly due to highly publicized information on foods that claim to be beneficial to our overall health. Articles and news reports let us know about the most current study on diet and how it relates to athletic ability, mental acuity and general well-being. Another area that has received much attention is how diet is connected to disease prevention....   [tags: The Macrobiotics Cancer Prevention Diet]
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Representation of Breast Cancer - Representation of Breast Cancer "Palimpsest" is defined as "awrittendocument, typically on vellum or parchment, that has been writtenupon severaltimes, often with remnants of earlier, imperfectly erased writingstill visible,remnants of this kind being a major source for the recovery of lostliteraryworks of classical antiquity" (American Heritage Dictionary). Thisdefinitionprovides a way to theorize the intersection of photography withbreast cancer asa medical condition, a personal trial, and a discourse....   [tags: Cancer Health Photography Essays]
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Probability of a Breast Cancer Patient Undergoing More than one Surgery - Surgical Oncology is a subset of oncology that focuses on the surgical management of cancer. Though, it has not been ratified by a Board certification, this area of expertise is coming to its own by the success of combined treatment with chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted biological treatments. Through developing technology, such as the iKnife, surgery to target tumorous cells is becoming a necessary and popular field of medicine and is a very viable option for cancer procedures, both for treatment and prevention....   [tags: surgical oncology,breast cancer,chemotherapy]
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Article Analysis: Depressive Symptoms Among Caregivers of Colorectal Cancer Patients - Introduction The article “Depressive symptoms among caregivers of colorectal cancer patients during the first year since diagnosis: a longitudinal investigation” written by Youngmee Kim, Charles Carver, Caio Rocha-Lima and Kelly M. Schaffer is a prospective longitudinal study seeking to look for the relationship between stress and social support and how they are related to progressing depressive symptoms for caregivers of colorectal cancer patients (Yougmee et al, 2013). Longitudinal studies are observational with no interference between researchers and their subjects....   [tags: stress, social support, cancer patients]
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2292 words
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Facts about Cancer - Facts about Cancer · Cancer is a disease where cells multiply without control and destroy healthy tissue. · Cancer can endanger life and is the leading cause of death in many countries. · About 100 kinds of cancer affect human beings. With other kinds affecting plants and animals. · Cancer strikes people of all ages. · It occurs in both Male and Female. · Cancer can start anywhere in the body and spread. · The most common parts where cancer occurs are the skin, the digestive organs, the lungs, the cervix (neck of the womb) and the female breasts....   [tags: Cancer Health Medical Essays] 1146 words
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Melanoma (Skin Cancer) -      Many people think that is it possible to achieve a “healthy tan,” but this thought has been proven wrong. Overexpose to UV-A and UV-B rays from the sun lead to premature aging of the skin, as well as the possible formation of skin cancer, know as melanoma. An appearance of a tan is actually a stage of burning and damage to the skin. Although a tan may be desirable to many, the fact remains that more people need to be educated on the dangers of the sun’s harmful rays, and the possible health complications of overexposure....   [tags: Melanoma Skin Cancer] 1427 words
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Cancer and Terry Tempest Williams' Refuge - Cancer and Terry Tempest Williams' Refuge “I cannot prove my mother, my grandmothers, along with my aunts developed cancer from nuclear fallout in Utah. But I can’t prove they didn’t.” Epilogue, Refuge In Terry Tempest Williams’s Refuge, death slowly claimed almost all of the women of her family. Death took Williams’ family members one by one just one or two years apart. In every case, the cause was cancer. Williams insisted in the epilogue that fall-out from the 1951-62 nuclear testing in Utah brought cancer to her family....   [tags: Cancer Research Refuge Williams Essays]
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Local Breast Cancer Hot Spot - Local Breast Cancer Hot Spot With the waves crashing in front of you, the sun warming your body, and a slight breeze coming just over the dunes, you would never think you were sitting on a beach considered to be a breast cancer "hot spot." Unfortunatly, if you were sitting on certain Cape Cod beaches, that's just what you'd be doing. "It's an unfortunate situation, I lost two sisters and my mother-in-law to breast cancer, all of us lived on the cape most of our lives. Their doctors were pretty sure it was caused from our contaminated drinking water," said Joan Swift, of Dennis, MA....   [tags: Beaches Breast Cancer Health Essays] 1204 words
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Breast Cancer Susceptibility Genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 - Breast cancer is the most common cancer that affects women in the United States. There are at least two majors genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) that when they mutate can cause breast cancer. These genes can be passed from parent to child, increasing the risk of developing cancer in those child that have parent carrying these genes. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are located on chromosome 17 and chromosome 13 respectively. There is a 90% chance of developing breast cancer for a woman that has these mutated genes. In contrast, men carrying BRCA1 have no risk to develop breast cancer, but those carrying BRCA2 genes have high risk....   [tags: Breast Cancer Research Papers]
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Skin Cancer - Gone are the days when people sent children outside to play to get a little color in their cheeks. They know too much about the dangers of unprotected sun exposure and the threat of skin cancer. Or do they. Despite the fact that 58% of parents remembered hearing about the importance of protecting their children from the sun, children are still playing in the sun without sunscreen or protective clothing (3., p 1). Sunburn is the most preventable risk factor of skin cancer. Skin type and family history cannot be changed....   [tags: Skin Cancer Essays]
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Prostate Cancer - Prostate Cancer Cancer of the prostate, a common form of cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the prostate. The prostate is on the male sex glands, and is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate is about the size of a walnut. It surrounds the part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The prostate makes fluid that becomes part of the semen, which contains sperm. Prostate cancer is most commonly found in older men....   [tags: Health Males Cancer Medical Essays]
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Breast Cancer - Breast Cancer Missing Works Cited      Breast cancer will strike one in every eight American women. This makes it the most common cancer in woman. Approximately 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year. Of that number, 40,000 will die from breast cancer each year. (Journal of Environmental Health 2003)      Breast cancer is just one type of cancer. Cancerous cells are cells that grow without the normal system of controls placed upon them. Breast cancer develops from the mammary ducts 80% of the time....   [tags: Cancer Health Medical Illnesses Essays] 4168 words
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Can Religion Help the Healing Process of Cancer? - Can Religion Help the Healing Process of Cancer. One of the hardest parts of cancer is psychologically dealing with the illness. People know that cancer causes pain, suffering and potentially death. Death. A traumatizing circumstance when faced with prematurely. Patients with this life-threatening disease can easily fall into unhealthy lifestyle due to lack of emotional support, making cancer twice as difficult to try to overcome. Religion and spirituality provide patients with coping mechanisms, support groups and a view of eternal life that gives patients hope for better times to come....   [tags: Religion Religious Cancer Death Essays] 1421 words
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Breast Cancer - Breast Cancer There is a large amount of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer every day but they usually do not know a lot about it in terms of how it forms and the many ways it can be treated. Breast cancer is a very serious disease that shouldn’t be taken lightly; if it is left untreated it can spread to other organs and eventually kill you.  Even if you do not have breast cancer, chances are that you know or will know someone who will get it, so it is imperative that people understand how breast cancer forms, know the stages of breast cancer, be familiar with who gets breast cancer and how you can possibly avert it, and understand all of the different ways to treat the cancer and...   [tags: Health Breast Cancer Tumor Essays Papers] 1297 words
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Cancer Genesis and Cancer Treatments: an Overview - The human body is made up of trillions of living cells all working together. Normally, these cells grow, divide, and die. However, sometimes the process is mismanaged; and during this time, uncontrolled cellular growth and division occurs. The uncontrolled growth and division lead to tumors, which usually leads to cancer. However, not all tumors lead to cancer. In addition, the word cancer is a general name given to over 100 diseases, which begin with uncontrolled cellular growth. If these growths are left untreated, they can cause severe illness and even death....   [tags: Health, Diseases, DNA] 2739 words
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Oncology and Cancer - It has always been my dream to find a cure for one of the most deadly diseases to date and it is still a dream I wish to achieve. As I got older and entered college, this dream is slowly turning to a reality as I take on medicine. But why do I wish to become a doctor for a deadly disease that still has no cure today. Cancer has killed over a million people every day and with the many variations of this disease, there are not many specialists that can cater to all the patients who have been afflicted by this disease....   [tags: History, Treatments, Oncologists] 1563 words
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The Effects of Esophageal Cancer on the Esophagus - This report will discuss how esophageal cancer affects the esophagus. I will discuss how the cancer affects the normal operation of the esophagus, what causes esophageal cancer, how the cancer can be detected and how this cancer can be treated, I will conclude with a discussion of how common esophageal cancer is. Firstly, in hopes of understanding what esophageal cancer is, one must first understand what the esophagus is. The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting your throat to your stomach. It’s primary purpose it to transport food to the stomach and is usually between 10 – 13 inches long....   [tags: Medical Research]
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The Issues of Breast Cancer in Nigeria - “Mrs. Claire Anyanwu has visited her doctor everyday for the past week. She was at the convention last month. Women were encouraged to go for medical checkups. She was luckily diagnosed early enough to be treated of ‘mild breast lumps.’ It is an ailment that could lead to breast cancer. We are happy to see women respond to our awareness programs.” said Dr. Rosa Phil (1). In her article, Dr. Phil commends Mrs. Anyanwu for taking action against breast cancer as she recommends all women do the same....   [tags: Health Care ]
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Brain Cancer: The Cause and Effects - Brain Cancer: The Cause and Effects Genetic diseases have been around for centuries yet, scientists have only started researching these hereditary and genetic nightmares in the past 100 years(Freedman 2). They vary from hemophilia to yellow nail syndrome and, have different causes, effects, and treatments for each. Cancer is a recently discovered genetic disease that has affected millions of people around the world. A particularly deadly type of cancer is brain cancer, this mutation can have dangerous effects on a human’s mind and body....   [tags: genetic diseases, hereditary diseases]
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The Overlooked Issue of Cervical Cancer - Cervical cancer has a major impact on women’s lives; it is the second most common cause of cancer-related diseases and death among women worldwide. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), cervical cancer is the cancer that forms in tissues of the cervix. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus that connects the vagina to the upper part of the uterus. Cervical cancer is a slow-growing cancer that may not cause any symptoms at first but may cause pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina later....   [tags: Women's Health]
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2117 words
(6 pages)
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The Prevalence and Manifestations of Cancer - Cancer is a health condition in which certain cells of the body multiply and mutate unexpectedly and uncontrollably, eventually leading to several health problems and complications. In some cases, cancer can be benign; in others, it can be malignant, and possibly life threatening. Also, cancer can affect any area of the body, including the breast, prostate, thyroid, brain, pancreas, lungs, and other parts of the body. Although cancer has existed for centuries and technology has evolved rapidly, this health condition, however, currently has no cure....   [tags: medical, medicine]
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The Risk Factors of Breast Cancer - Breast cancer is the second leading cancer killer among women, after lung cancer (Breast Cancer , 2014). Cancer is a word that puts fear in many people, especially if they have family members who have either died or survived the disease. No one wants to hear that he or she has been diagnosed with any disease, especially cancer. Many women do not take breast cancer serious until they are diagnosed. Sadly, once diagnosed with this epidemic, a person’s life is altered forever. Breast cancer does not discriminate and can happen to anyone at any age....   [tags: radiation, chemotherapy, disease]
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Overview of the Treatment of Breast Cancer - Introduction In the United States, breast cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in women. Within the year of 2011, 230,480 new cases and 39,520 deaths related to breast cancer were reported (National Cancer Institute, 2011). However, death rates from breast cancer have declined steadily since 1990, resulting in an increase in survivors. The American Cancer society reported in 2011, that there were around 2.6 million breast cancer survivors in the United States (American Cancer Society, 2011)....   [tags: exercise, depression, faitigue]
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