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The Human Brain - ... This is followed by a testing phase in which the object is presented simultaneously with a new distinctive object. In this experiment the participant is then required to distinguish between the repeated object and the new object. The finding was that participants with temporal lobe damage have impairment in making the distinction between the repeated experience and the novel experience when both are presented side by side especially after a long delay between study and test. The indication was that the delay presents interferences which affect the perception of the experiences....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Brain Damage] 1190 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Contribution of Split-Brain Studies to Our Understanding of Brain Functioning - ... In line with Myers & Sperry’s (1953 in Pinel., 2009) inference of whether each hemisphere could act independently, the cats forebrain demonstrated the capacity to act as two separate forebrains and that the fundamental role of the corpus collossum was to in fact transfer information from one hemisphere to the other. Although animal studies have demonstrated the brain’s capabilities it rarely reflects the manner in which the human brains are constructed. For this purpose Gazzaniga & Sperry (in Pinel.,2009) examined commissurotomy in human epileptics with Vogel & Bogen (in Pinel.,2009) being the first to initiate this treatment....   [tags: Neurology Brain Biology]
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1339 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Runaway Brain by Christopher Willis - The Runaway Brain by Christopher Willis Christopher Wills has written a fascinating chronicle of human evolution in a style that will keep the reader glued to the book to find out what happened next. The Runaway Brain is organized into four sections. First Wills addresses The Dilemmas, the many problems that students of evolution encounter mainly from public perception of the subject and from the many prejudices of those involved with the work. The question of where our species first appeared is a particularly contentious one, although it is now widely accepted that the species originated out of Africa....   [tags: Willis Runaway Brain Essays]
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1001 words
(2.9 pages)
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Bullet In The Brain by Tobias Wolff - Everything is criticized at every level in this story, the people by the main character, the main character by the author and even the story by the author as well. The cruel egoistic personality of Anders is definitely identifiable through these different levels of criticism. I will prove that the inner motivation of this behaviour derives from Anders' egoistic personality which sometimes makes him cruel against others, sometimes against himself. Furthermore, I will prove that whenever Anders criticizes somebody or something he actually tries to punish because of the imperfectness of the object....   [tags: Bullet Brain Tobias Wolff] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Brain - From the beginning of time man’s actions were just as diverse as the ever-changing life conditions around him. For centuries man’s actions were unexplained and unquestionable. Indeed, the brain was not thoroughly explored and explained until the late 1600s. Up until then the human person was regarded by the essence of their soul. Rene Descartes, a philosopher, began to explore the notions of the human “soul” and in 1637 wrote a book entitled Discourse on Method that explained his philosophy. In it he states his observations about how animals can move and react without the concept of a soul....   [tags: Medical Research]
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1553 words
(4.4 pages)
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The brain - Occipital, Frontal, and Temporal Lobes The occipital lobes are the center of our visual perception system. They are not particularly vulnerable to injury because of their location at the back of the brain, although any significant trauma to the brain could produce subtle changes to our visual-perceptual system, such as visual field defects and scotomas. The Peristriate region of the occipital lobe is involved in visuospatial processing, discrimination of movement and color discrimination (Westmoreland et al., 1994)....   [tags: essays research papers] 449 words
(1.3 pages)
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Inner Vision: an Exploration of Art and the Brain, by Semir Zeki - Inner Vision: an Exploration of Art and the Brain, by Semir Zeki Is artistic expression intertwined with the inner workings of the brain more than we would ever have imagined. Author and cognitive neuroscientist Semir Zeki certainly thinks so. Zeki is a leading authority on the research surrounding the "visual brain". In his book Inner Vision, he ventures to explain to the reader how our brain actually perceives different works of art, and seeks to provide a biological basis for the theory of aesthetics....   [tags: Art Brain Semir Zeki Book Review Papers] 1776 words
(5.1 pages)
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Dickinson's I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain - Thomas Higginson changing Dickinson's words. An interpretive paper on, "I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain Emily's Version I felt a Funeral, in my Brain, And Mourners to and fro Kept treading--treading--till it seemed That Sense was breaking through. And when they all were seated, A Service, like a Drum. Kept beating--beating--till I thought My Mind was going numb. And then I heard them lift a Box And creak across my Soul With those same Boots of Lead, again, Then Space--began to toll, As all the Heavens were a Bell, And Being, but an Ear, And I, and Silence, some strange Race Wrecked, solitary, here. And then a Plank in Reason, broke, And I dropped down, and down....   [tags: Dickinson's I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
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An Analysis of Dickinson’s I Felt a Funeral in My Brain - An Analysis of Dickinson’s "I Felt a Funeral in My Brain" Emily Dickinson was a poet who used many different devices to develop her poetry, which made her style quite unique. A glance at one of her poems may lead one to believe that she was quite a simple poet, although a closer examination of her verse would uncover the complexity it contains. Dickinson’s poem " I felt a Funeral, in my Brain", is a prime example of complicity embodied by simple style and language. In this piece, Dickinson chronicles psychic fall....   [tags: Felt a Funeral in My Brain Essays] 1016 words
(2.9 pages)
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An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's I Felt a Funeral in My Brain - An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's I Felt a Funeral in My Brain This poem is very interesting in many aspects because it reminds me of a person that I use to know. In my life I have met people just like Emily Dickinson who were mentally depressed and very unsociable. In this poem it shows how unstable her mind was in words that she wrote in her poems. I do not want people to get me wrong she was a very smart woman it was said that she attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, it also said that she was one of the best poets of all times....   [tags: Felt a Funeral in My Brain Essays] 768 words
(2.2 pages)
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An Interpretation of Emily Dickinson's Poem I Felt a Funeral in My Brain - An Interpretation of Emily Dickinson's Poem I Felt a Funeral in My Brain Emily Dickinson was a reclusive individual that was rarely seen by anyone outside of her immediate family and few close friends. This solitude emerges in her poetry in the form of doom and gloom depictions. Dickinson seems to have a fascination with death as if death is a friendly character rather than a horrible image. It has been stated that Dickinson's obsession with death was a sign to others around her and her readers that she was struggling internally....   [tags: Dickinson I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain Essays] 447 words
(1.3 pages)
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An Interpretation of Emily Dickinson's Poem I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain - An Interpretation of Emily Dickinson's Poem I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain To understand any poem by Emily Dickinson is a challenge. After reading this poem a few times, I decided that the only way to comment on it was to scan all the possible meanings of certain lines and words that Dickinson chose to use. This is my own interpretation of the poem, not to be confused with a definite idea of what Dickinson was trying to convey in her writing of "I Felt a Funeral, in my Brain" (280). I decided that the best way to comprehend Dickinson's message was to pay more attention to the feelings created and senses stimulated by reading and rereading the poem itself....   [tags: Dickinson I Felt a Funeral, in My Brain Essays] 984 words
(2.8 pages)
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Brain Development - ... They all have their individual job that contributes to the functioning of the body. The weight of the brain increases as a child develops into adulthood. According to Siegler & Alibali (2005, p13), the changes in the size of the brain make it possible for advanced thinking. The neurons are the functioning core of the brain (Brotherson, 2005). The brain begins to develop in the mother’s womb and continue to develop as the child develops. The neuron has branches protruding from the cell sending signals to the synapse and axon....   [tags: Child Development, Neurons] 967 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Aging Brain - ... (2004). The normal brain aging differs from pathological aging caused by diseases that damage the brain, such as Alzheimer’s or cerebrovascular disease (Memory impairment. (2010). The normal aging process includes “wear and tear” damage from oxidative stress, reduced capacity detoxify molecules or proteins that are harmful to the brain cells; and declines in the energy-generating components of cells that allow them to functions optimally (Memory impairment.(2010). In many cases mild age-related memory loss is considered normal, but more severe memory impairments are not....   [tags: Mental Health ]
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894 words
(2.6 pages)
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Brain Disease - ... Symptoms include getting lost, asking questions over and over again, taking longer to do different things, bad judgment, losing things, and having a change in personality (About Alzheimer’s Disease). It is interesting how all of the symptoms relate to memory loss. In moderate Alzheimer's disease, there is damage to language, reasoning, processing thoughts, and thinking. Symptoms are increased loss of memory, confusion, recognition problems, not being able to learn new things, multitasking problems, hallucinations and delusions, and paranoia (About Alzheimer’s disease)....   [tags: Medical Conditions]
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2269 words
(6.5 pages)
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Phantoms in the Brain - The brain is known as the “final frontier” of science; the nut that is toughest to crack but contains a vast wealth of information, a veritable treasure trove of knowledge that can enrich our understanding of human nature. One of the ways that neuroscientists study the brain is through case studies of what happens when the brain malfunctions – what happens to make the brain operate incorrectly, can we pinpoint the anomalies, and can we correlate neural anomalies to physiological problems. In his book “Phantoms in the Brain”, V.S....   [tags: Neurology] 1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Sophistication of the Brain - ... However, if an important part of the brain is in any way damaged, it can be difficult to regain normal function and near impossible to replace it. The brain is given the analogy of the hardware and software of a computer. The brain is seen as the hardware as it is the physical structure and the mind is viewed as the software. This is because software is not physical and somewhat controls what processes can be carried out on a computer. A computer has a hard disk which can store a large volume of information, which is similar to the long term memory store in the brain....   [tags: Neurology]
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1469 words
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The Human Brain - ... Different nuclei are responsible for different motor functions accordingly (Sugerman, 2008, p. 278). “The cerebellum is composed of gray and white matter, and its cortical surface is convoluted like the surface of the cerebrum. It is also divided by a central fissure into two lobes connected by vermis” (Sugerman, 2008, 284). The cerebellum has many functions, it is in charge of reflexes, involuntary fine-tuning of motor control and for maintaining balance and posture through extensive neural connections with the medulla (Sugerman, 2008, 284)....   [tags: Biology] 888 words
(2.5 pages)
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Left Brain vs Right Brain - ... It’s divided by two hemispheres which is call the left and right brain. The brain as a whole is considers has something like a desktop computer, which has two processors, the left and right brain). The network connection between the two brains is called the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum sends information back and forward between the left and right brain. What most people do not know is that, the left brain control the right side of their body, and the right side controls the left side of their body....   [tags: Human Intellect]
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1523 words
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The Human Brain - ... Motor is responsible for the movements and premotor selects the movements and the direction of motor sequences. The prefrontal, however; is said to be the most evolved part of the brain. It is broken into dorsal lateral and inferior orbital. Dorsal lateral uses the short-term memory to help select the behavior that the person will have. The inferior orbital is the part that allows rules to be broken. The prefrontal is considered to be the executive control with functions like attention span, impulse control, and one’s ability to feel and express emotions....   [tags: Anatomy]
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1003 words
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Brain Development - ... It is a predisposed belief that we have about stoves. If someone were to move a hot pot onto a cool stove, after touching the hot pot, we will automatically believe the grill under the pot is hot too. Therefore, Alper explains that humans are genetically predisposed to believe from their senses and experiences (Alper, 32). Humans were able to create language and comprehend out of their frustration. Due to the development of tools and new methods of living life, early humans struggled to explain to each other what they were thinking....   [tags: Ancient History, Homo Erectus, Evolution] 2513 words
(7.2 pages)
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Left Brain vs. the Right Brain - ... Dendrites sprout from the cell body of a neuron which increases in size and number in response to learned skills (Willis, 2008). Also, Willis (2008) mentions that learning the same task in different ways highly increases the pathways production in which neurons communicate and dendrites connect therefore retaining the information that is used in a constant basis. In the same way that material is being preserved due to continuous access to it, the material that is left untouched after learning it, disappears....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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903 words
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The Brain On Love - ... Phenylethylamine also raises blood pressure as well as sugar levels, speeding up the communication between nerve cells, and causing intense energy and alertness (Smiga). Endorphins and serotonin are released in large amounts (Smiga). They are the feel-good chemicals of the body, increasing mood and the sense of security and well-being (Britt). These feel-good chemicals are important, but dopamine again serves as the most important chemical. The dopamine released during initial attraction only activated the body's reward system, but as levels increase and more of that natural high is experienced, it is so strongly craved that the reward system tells the body it must repeat the behaviors that caused its initial release (Bozarth)....   [tags: Psychology]
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1576 words
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Schizophrenia and the Brain - ... Although even with advances in modern science and new drugs being developed every day, the illness is still only treatable and its symptoms still emerge even with proper medication. Even with its origin unknown, scientists have discovered several chromosomes which when damaged or mutated, greatly increase the risk of developing schizophrenia. The chromosomes in particular that act as catalysts are chromosome numbers twenty-two, six, and eleven (Klar, 2004). Chromosome six contains several genes that are linked with immune response which has given rise to the belief that schizophrenia has some association with weakened disease fighting agents....   [tags: Mental Health, Diseases] 1865 words
(5.3 pages)
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Right Brain, Left Brain - The article in which I chose to examine is called Right Brain, Left Brain: Fact and Fiction, written by Jerre Levy. In the past fifteen years or so there has been a lot of talk of left brain and right brain people. Levy's reason for righting this article was clearly to stop the misconceptions and show the truth about how our brain hemispheres operate. Levy first explores the myth of the left brain and right brain theory. She states that generally people see the left hemisphere of the brain controlling logic and language and the right, creativity and intuition....   [tags: essays research papers] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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Cognitive Learning and Right Brain vs. Left Brain - ... Motivation may not be considered to be a cognitive skill, but it is also is a vital part of the learning process. People question themselves daily on what their relative motivations are. For example, am I motivated to clean my house today. Do I really want to do my homework right now. Do I have to get out of bed. All of these are human examples of what we ask ourselves daily, and in my opinion motivationally driven. People need motivation to conceive the future of reaching goals and even just daily task....   [tags: Child Development]
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953 words
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The Human Brain - INTRODUCTION The human body is divided into many different parts called organs. All of the parts are controlled by an organ called the brain, which is located in the head. The brain weighs about 2. 75 pounds, and has a whitish-pink appearance. The brain is made up of many cells, and is the control centre of the body. The brain flashes messages out to all the other parts of the body. The messages travel in very fine threads called nerves. The nerves and the brain make up a system somewhat like telephone poles carrying wires across the city....   [tags: essays research papers]
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2065 words
(5.9 pages)
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is the brain reliable - Is the Brain Reliable. The definition of the word “reliable” according to the American Heritage Dictionary is the capability of being relied on and dependable. In my personal opinion, the brain is one of the most reliable pieces of equipment that I have ever encountered. The power of the brain and its capabilities are endless. The human brain possesses both validity and consistency, while at the same time processing thousands of pieces of data a second and relaying the data into select portions of the brain....   [tags: essays research papers] 966 words
(2.8 pages)
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Brain Transplant - Brain Transplant Medical technology has seemed to advance enough so that doctors are able to perform brain transplants. So far this procedure has only been successfully performed on animals, and now doctors hope to perform this procedure on humans. I believe brain transplants should not be performed at all, and especially not on humans because of the numerous problems and side effects that could arise. Even though brain transplants can be successfully performed on animals, this does not mean that it will be successful with humans....   [tags: essays research papers] 475 words
(1.4 pages)
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Brain Plasticity - Brain Plasticity Throughout the line of questioning we have been following in our efforts to get "progressively less wrong" in our class wide model of the brain, a constant debate has sparked on the issue of whether brain equals behavior. If we agree that brain truly equals behavior, then we can surmise that the vastly differing human behavior must also translate to differing nuances in the brain. It is a widely conceded point that experience also effects behavior, and therefore experience must also affect the brain....   [tags: Neurology Neurological Papers]
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1130 words
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The Brain Pacemaker - Introduction The brain pacemaker is an interesting invention of the modern technology, it is a medical device that is fixed into the brain to send electroshock signals into the targeted tissues of the brain. This device is used to treat patients who suffer from Epilepsy, it controls their seizures, and helps Parkinson's disease patients better control their movements. Parkinson's disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain. Plus, it treats major depression....   [tags: Medical Science] 770 words
(2.2 pages)
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Gambling and the Brain - Gambling and the Brain Why do gamblers bet more after they just lost a hand. Why do investors throw good money after bad. Why do people believe that a string of losses makes a win more likely. Why do so many people say that they will win their money back in the next hand. Is part of the appeal of gambling its unpredictability. Or do we just look at it as a way to "get rich quick". The answer to these questions may lie in the science of the brain. Some studies indicate that gamblers bet more after a loss because they are induced to fix an error....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1533 words
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Brain Fingerprinting - Brain Fingerprinting Murders', rapists, robbers, con artists, terrorist, kidnappers, and the list could go on. They bring fear and disgrace to a town. They are a part of society that we would like to get rid of. Even though the number of crimes has been declining in the past few years, ideally we as a society would like it to continue to decline to zero, but realistically we would be happy with a low crime rate. There are a number of technologies that facilitate the conviction of suspects such as DNA testing, lie detector testing, fingerprinting, hypnosis, forensic study, etc....   [tags: Science Crime Scientific Essays]
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1859 words
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The Human Brain - The Human Brain Through the use of molecular biology it is thought that the hominidae family first appeared about 5 million years ago. Based on this time frame it is believed that an African Hominoid lineage was present shortly before that time, approximately 10 myp, which contained the common ancestor to both the chimpanzee and human. The split into proto-chimpanzee and proto-human occurred during the last million years of the Miocene epoch. (Changeux and Chavaillon pg. 61). The fossils, especially those of the skull, from this time frame are limited....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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911 words
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Love in the Brain - Love in the Brain Does brain equal behavior. Some people have argued that they have difficulty saying it does because they find it hard to believe that our individual, tangible brain controls emotions that many consider to be intangible, such as being in love. This paper will discuss the role that the brain actually plays in love- why we are attracted to certain people, why we feel the way we do when we are around them, and whether or not this is enough to say that in the case of love, brain does equal behavior....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Neurological Papers]
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1396 words
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Brain Cancer - The brain is made up of millions upon millions of cells. These cells are formed from before birth, up until about 7 years old. Once these brain cells stop dividing, they are never meant to divide again. You can see that the division of brain cells is under strict regulation and control. When this control is lost in a single cell, then it starts dividing in an uncontrolled manner. All of the data obtained through research on cancer shows that this disease is caused by a rapidly dividing cell, with no regulators to stop it from dividing....   [tags: essays research papers] 999 words
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the human brain - In this paper one will learn the different parts of the brain and their functions. Although the brain isn’t the largest organ of the human body it is the most complex and controlling organ. It is amazing how complicated the brain is. The brain controls every action within and out of your body. The brain has main areas that contain different areas that have specific functions. For instance the basal ganglia holds the lentiform and the caudate. The brain isn’t just “THE BRAIN” it is actually a group of many parts....   [tags: essays research papers] 533 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Homosexual Brain? - The Homosexual Brain. In 1992, Vice-President Dan Quayle said that homosexuality "is more of a choice than a biological situation...It is a wrong choice." (1). Quayle's statement counters the sentiment of many homosexuals that their sexual orientation is neither a lifestyle nor a personal choice, it is innate and unchangeable (2) . Is homosexuality a choice or does sexual preference have a biological basis. This question is at the forefront of academic, scientific, political, legal and media consciousness (3)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1497 words
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Music and the Brain - Music and the Brain In Macedonian hills, the music of Orpheus was said to possess certain magical qualities, having powers strong enough to alter the very behavior of people and animals. Among its abilities, the notes of Orpheus' lyre were said to calm the guard-dog of Hades (1), to cause the evil Furies to cry, and to tame the deadly voices of the Sirens (2). Was this power simply a divine and magical gift with no other explanation, or can we explain more specifically the connections between music and behavior....   [tags: Neurology Neurological Musical Essays]
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1312 words
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adult brain - The study of emotion was once relegated to the backwaters of neuroscience, a testament to the popular conception that what we feel exists outside our brains, acting only to intrude on normal thought. The science has changed: Emotion is now considered integral to our over-all mental health. In mapping our emotions, scientists have found that our emotional brain overlays our thinking brain: The two exist forever intertwined. There is a critical interplay between reason and emotion. We are well aware of how brain malfunctions can cause pain, depression, and emotional paralysis....   [tags: essays research papers] 837 words
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Hemispheres Of The Brain - Hemispheres of the Brain As I was reading the text I came upon a section that I thought to be quite fascinating. It talked about people who have a brain that functions like two different people inside of the brain. This is of course the Split-Brain Personality. As I studied this topic in more detail I found it to be quite broad and yet very detailed. I found that I needed a dictionary to be able to read all of the medical journals and books that are out there, to be able to understand what it was exactly, that I was reading....   [tags: essays research papers] 1726 words
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Brain Drain - Brain Drain The topic I have chosen is the “Brain Drain”. Is this a brain drain or a brain gain for Canada. Canadians believe it is a brain drain for them. The United States is also losing some of their students to Canada. This is a real issue facing Canadians; they are losing many of their highly educated students each year. “The issue of “brain drain” is a political hot potato in Canada”. (Quoted by Wayne Kondro). Many of these students are moving to the United States because they are being paid a lot better....   [tags: essays research papers] 575 words
(1.6 pages)
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Women's Brain - Women's Brain Women have smaller brains than that of their male counterpart. Since the ability to think is partly determined by the size of the brain it is obvious to an accurate researcher if I were to ignore the differences between the male and female brain. The question to be posed is, with the knowledge of the function of the human brain, can a scientist accurately determine if the differences in the way males and females perform various tasks is a biological phenomena, or rather as a result of social persuasion....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1200 words
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Music and the Brain - Music and the Brain: Processing and Responding (A General Overview) For any individual who either avidly listens to or performs music, it is understood that many melodies have amazing effects on both our emotions and our perception. To address the effects of music on the brain, it seems most logical to initially map the auditory and neural pathways of sound. In the case of humans, the mechanism responsible for receiving and transmitting sound to the brain are the ears. Briefly stated, the outer ear (or pinna) 'catches' and amplifies sound by funneling it into the ear canal....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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2088 words
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Is There a Criminal Brain? - Is There a Criminal Brain. It is very rare these days to turn on the news and not hear about a crime or a murder. Crime is a common occurrence yet many times it is difficult to understand how someone could bring themselves to do these things. It does seem to make any sense why a young handsome man from a good family would want to kill someone and then be able to go through with it. This leads one to wonder if the brains of people who behave in socially unacceptable ways are different from everyone else's brains....   [tags: Biology Biological Essays]
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1652 words
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The Human Brain - The Human Brain The human being is considered to be the ultimate form of life on the earth. This is not because the human body is strong and agile. Many other animals posses skills much superior to humans and are able to perform feats humans can only dream of. The one thing that distinguishes humans from all of the other organisms on this planet is the brain. The brain is the site that controls the human body. However, unlike in animals, in man, the brain is also the site of the mind. The mind gives humans superiority over other creatures....   [tags: Health Medicine Biology Biological Essays] 1795 words
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Cocaine in the Brain - Cocaine in the Brain "Cocaine delivers an intensity of pleasure - and despair - beyond the bounds of normal human experience." During the 1980s, Partnership for a Drug Free America began airing commercials that seem to either frighten or educate people about the use of illegal drugs. One of these commercials avowed, "No one ever says, 'I want to be a junkie when I grow up'." The comment is obvious, but very true. Probably very few people aspire to be drug addicts. But it happens, everyday. Why....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1216 words
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Parts of the Brain - Parts of the Brain If I could give up any part of my brain it certainly wouldn't be Wernicke's area, because if I lost my ability to interpret and comprehend language I would go crazy. I am a Spanish major, and if I couldn't understand or communicate the spoken word, everything I've been working toward would be lost. My love for language would be lost. Furthermore, I would not want to lose my primary auditory cortex, because when words are spoken they first register in the primary auditory cortex and then move on to Wernicke's area....   [tags: Papers] 436 words
(1.2 pages)
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Addiction and the Brain - Addiction and the Brain The ponderance that Brain = Behavior and the inherent ramifications of such proves no more fascinating than when addressed in the context of "Addiction and the Brain". Essential to consider is: -what exactly is an addictive/abusive substance (drugs of abuse) -what brain center(s)/chemical(s)are involved -what does it mean to become physiologically dependent -how should the concept of addiction be addressed -how might we use animal models -and what sort of treatment approaches should be pursued....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1052 words
(3 pages)
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Handling the Brain - Handling the Brain The initial premise of this web search was to determine what differences, if any, were known to exist in the brain of the ambidextrous individual. An actual classification of "ambidexterity" seems to have been all but eliminated, while the explanation of the term, "handedness", has become increasingly muddled. Beyond superstitions and mysticism, in its earliest history an individuals favoritism of the left or right hand proved significant mainly to those clinicians who utilized this physical clue of handedness as an indicator of brain lateralization (2)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1055 words
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Brain Tumors - BRAIN TUMORS (Meningioma and Oligodendroglioma) I. Pathology A. Meningioma II. Etiology A. No known cause B. Uncontrolled division of meningial cells III. Specifics A. Affected cell - meninges (cover and protection of brain and spinal cord) B. Accounts for 20% of all intracranial tumors C. Typically benign D. Between skull and brain E. Compresses but does not invade brain IV. Symptoms/Signs A. Headaches B. Stroke-like symptoms C. Seizures D. Loss of vision E. Personality changes F. CT scans and MRI’s can determine presence and exact location V....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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420 words
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Violence and the Brain - Violence and the Brain Is there a biological basis for violent behavior in the brain. Recent research links "neurological impairments and psychoses" to violent behavior (1). The "psychological effects" of brain damage and disease can cause the mind to lose touch with reality leading to criminal and violent behavior (1). As a result, free will may be deserted in an individual suffering from abnormalities and chemical imbalances in the brain (2). Consequently, legal issues arise because violent offenders with mental illnesses or brain injuries are not always to blame due to the biological nature of their diseases (2)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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835 words
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Tobacco and the Brain - Tobacco and the Brain Recent surveys show that 25 % of all American adults smoke despite the fact that tobacco is the No.1 cause of death (430,000 annual) and disease in this country (1). The life of a 30-year older that smokes 15 cigarettes a day is shortened by an average of more than five years (2). Why do people smoke despite the fact that it shortens their life. Why has this practice of smoking tobacco been around for 1000 years. There must be something that the human body or mind gains in spite of the threat of an early death....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Brain Disorders - The brain, which weighs only three pounds and is made up of eighty percent water, is the key organ of our nervous system. It is divided into three different parts: the Cerebrum, the Cerebellum, and the Medulla Oblongata. The “gray matter” of the brain is about one-eighth inch thick and it gives the brain its gray color. Inside the brain is the cortex, which is made up of billions of neurons. These neurons extend into the cerebral hemisphere and it controls all mental activity. In this report I will be discussing different disorders of the brain and how they affect the every day life of people who may have these disorders....   [tags: essays research papers] 1287 words
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Meditation and the Brain - Meditation and the Brain When discussing the relationship of brain and behavior, the materialist view of human experience runs into conflict with the historically dominant religious accounts. Recent studies, however, suggests that there may be a "middle view" between the two world-views. Religions, especially Buddhism, stress the role of meditation in one's spiritual growth. Meditation has tangible psychological and physiological benefits, though, which can be explained strictly in neurobiological terms....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Human Brain - Our brains weigh about three pounds and are divided into two similar looking but functionally different hemisphere, the right hemisphere and the left hemisphere. Both of which are connected by a large bundle of nerves called the corpus collosum. In some people with severe seizure disorders such as epilepsy, it was found that if this bundle of nerves was severed their seizure would either cease or a the very least be better controlled. From this surgical procedure it was discovered that the two hemispheres had different methods of processing information, as well as controlling parts of the body....   [tags: essays research papers] 1348 words
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The Brain in Ecstasy - The Brain in Ecstasy “LITTLE PILL WHITE AND ROUND GULP OF WATER, TURBO DOWN. ANXIETY NOW, CAN'T STAND OR SIT, JUST WAIT, DON'T WORRY, IT WILL HIT. IN HALF-AN-HOUR YOU RISE INSIDE, EVERYONE LOVES, NO HATE TO HIDE. EVERYTHING'S GOOD, THERE IS NO WRONG, IF THE WHOLE WORLD SWALLOWED IT, EVERYONE WOULD GET ALONG... WORLD PEACE I HAVE A VISION, CANNOT BE OBTAINED THROUGH RELIGION BUT CAN BE RESOLVED CHEMICALLY THERE IS A GOD CALLED ECSTASY!” - By Anonymous user of ecstasy (1). The various account of users of a drug known as ecstasy were among the most moving and perplexing reading that I had ever encountered....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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A Brain Drain - A Brain Drain Anthrax, arteriovenous malformation (cerebral), chronic inflammatory, polyneuropathy, dementia due to metabolic causes, encephalitis, epilepsy, febrile seizure (children), generalized tonic-clonic seizure, Guillain-Barre syndrome, hydrocephalus, inhalation anthrax, treatments involving leukemia and neuroblastoma, malignant diseases involving the brain or spinal cord, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), pituitary tumor, polio, Reye's syndrome, subarachnoid brain hemorrhage, syphilis, tertiary, etc....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Women's Brain - Women's Brain When you look up the dictionary, the definition of 'Science' is "a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws" (Webster's dictionary). In order to make a truth, many scientists take the time to observe or test with scientific method. In nineteenth century, there are some incorrect truths even if it looks like truths logically arranged by scientific method because the scientists understood the priori that already assumed the outcome would be the same as their predictions....   [tags: Papers] 551 words
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Recreating the Brain - 2001: Recreating the Brain Perhaps one of the most interesting and least understood aspects of neurobiology is human consciousness. For many, this "experience of self" (an aspect of consciousness which will be used interchangeably with consciousness in this particular paper) defines what it means to be human. Personality and emotion, and their connection to the experience of self, can yield insight into creating artificial intelligence that can mimic conscious human brain function. By discussing the implications of consciousness in computers with artificial intelligence, the significance of the experience of self within humans becomes clearer....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Phobias and the Brain - Phobias and the Brain You are in an airport waiting for your plane to arrive. You've never flown before, and are more terrified than you can ever remember being. Everyone has told you the supposedly comforting statistics - "millions of planes take off each day and there's only a handful of crashes," "flying is safer than driving." You know rationally that there is no reason to be so scared, but regardless your heart is racing, your palms are sweating, and you're light-headed. Simply the thought of being up in the air, out of control, makes you feel faint....   [tags: Neurology Psychology Papers]
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Beauty and the Brain - Each year, billions of dollars are spent on cosmetics, facial firming, bacterial injections, double eyelid surgery, and the list goes on. All in the name of beauty. But, what is beauty. What defines it. Is there a universal beauty. Can it be obtained. According to BBC, our perception of beauty begins in the womb. Studies show that babies have a tendency to look the longest at faces with smooth skin, round eyes, plump lips, and symmetry. In fact, BBC reports that our DNA is written to produce symmetry, yet factors such as environment produces asymmetry....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Brain Drain - Brain Drain One of the major concerns of today's companies is the shortage of labor, especially in management. The baby boomers are nearing retirement age in the United States and the birth rate is dropping. These circumstances, coupled with the booming economy are the main causes of the labor shortage. There is a high demand for labor but the once seemingly bottomless pool of employees and managers that companies drew from has started to dry up. What are the factors that contributed to the problem and how are today's corporations going to handle this problem....   [tags: essays papers]
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Traumatic Brain Injury - Injury Stats Roughly 1.4 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury every year in the United States.1 Of these 1.4 million, 235,000 injuries are severe enough to require hospitalization—and 50,000 result in death. More than half (over 700,000) of all of these yearly brain injuries are from sports-related activities, falls, and physical assaults. In the year 2000, traumatic brain injury cost an estimated $60 billion in the United States, totaled in both direct medical fees and indirect costs such as lost productivity....   [tags: Health] 1040 words
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How The Brain Works - ... Linking the mind to the brain would invalidate Searle's (1980) explanation that artificial intelligence is impossible because the brain is irrelevant when the mind is concerned. In other words, programs require machines to run, but the mind is independent of the brain. Recent findings suggest that the brain is directly linked to the mind, so even creating AI machines will be possible in the future because the mind is obviously linked to the body through the brain and the nervous system. Although new theories on human consciousness will obviously assist AI engineers, those theories will question the reliability of Dualism because they suggest that mind is a material substance that takes a certain space and creates certain manifestations in the body....   [tags: Anatomy, Nervous System] 1321 words
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Functional Brain Scanning - The holy grail of neuroscience is a complete understanding of the human brain. To be able to see a brain at work and somehow tell exactly what it is thinking would be an enormous piece of the brain puzzle. For centuries, such an idea was mere fantasy. But amidst a flurry of twentieth-century innovations in modern medicine, functional brain scanning grew quickly from long-time fantasy to a factual technique that has already showed promise in letting scientists see a brain at work and have some idea of what it is doing....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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Addiction and the Human Brain - ... The transporter carries the neurotransmitter back to the original cell from which it was released. By doing this, the signal between neurons is eliminated (Volkow, 2010). The use and abuse of drugs seriously affects this network of communication in our brain. What do Drugs do to the Brain. Brain function is based on chemical interactions. The introduction of drugs – whether illicit or licit – changes the brains chemicals and therefore changes the behavior of how natural brain chemicals interact with each other....   [tags: Drugs ]
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The Development of a Child's Brain - I often look at newborns in amusement and wonder what were are thinking about. Never did I stop for a moment to think about the complex wiring of the brain. It is known that the complete development of the brain is necessary for the normal physical and mental processes of a person but I wrongly assumed that such development is completed before birth. It is interesting to know that Dr. Harry Chugani, a pediatric neurobiologist at Wayne State University amazing has provided a glimpse inside an infant’s head....   [tags: Child Development] 1308 words
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Article Review: The Teen Brain - ... The frontal cortex is responsible for cognitive functions such as planning, action execution, and impulse control. By the time a child reaches the age of puberty his or her brain resembles an adult brain in context of weight, size, areas of the brain specific to certain functions, and folding. However, the development of the brain is incomplete (Powell, 2006). Although, the brain of a teenager resembles and even acts like an adult brain, the one difference is that a teenage brain lacks cognitive maturity (Powell, 2006)....   [tags: Article Review]
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How Does the Brain Work? - How do we learn. What makes us smart and how do we remember what we have learned, what can I do to motivate myself and others, what makes us do the things we do. These are all questions that a student teacher needs to have answered in order to be able to teach effectively. Following are some explanations that have guided my understanding of how I have learned and how I can become more effective in my teaching practice. The brain is a good place to start when we talk about learning. “It is sometimes referred to as a muscle of thinking.” (Biology about.com)There are lots of different parts to the brain, but the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain are the biggest parts of the brain....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Traumatic Brain Injury - ... Although a higher percentage of traffic-related cases led to TBIs classified as “severe” compared to the other two categories, after one year, the likelihood of experiencing a “favorable recovery outcome” one year following the incident was highest in the traffic-related incidents group. It is necessary to note that the authors did not clearly state the criteria for assigning a label of “favorable” versus “unfavorable” for recovery outcomes, a major limitation of this article. The percentage of favorable recovery outcomes after one year ranged from 53–55% in all subcategories of the traffic-related group (except pedestrians with a 43% favorable outcome rate), while the percentage of favorable outcomes was only 41% in both categories of the falls group (from a height of <3 or >3 meters)....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 1876 words
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The Effects of Music on the Brain - ... Lozanov “has proven that foreign languages can be learned with 85-100% efficiency in only thirty days by using these Baroque pieces” (O’Donnell). After four years without hearing or speaking the new language learned, people that used Baroque music while learning remembered five times more than the average person. Many studies have concluded that music influences humans positively and negatively. “Music is thought to link all of the emotional, spiritual, and physical elements of the universe” (Coff)....   [tags: Music]
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Treatment of Brain Cancer - ... Adsorptive-mediated transcytosis relies on the interaction of a ligand with receptors at the luminal surface of the cerebral endothelial cells (Yang, 2010). Trancytosis of albumin, for example, is triggered by the electrostatic interaction between cationized albumin and the anionic charges on the BBB, that ultimately lead to its passage across the BBB (Patel, Goyal, Bhadada, Bhatt, & Amin, 2009). Cell-penetrating proteins and cationic proteins can be used to enhance brain drug delivery via this method....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Nanoparticles] 949 words
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Whole Brain Model - ... A major theory is that learning involves all four processes, and for this reason teachers must cycle Learning Styles through each of these quadrants to create comprehensive units. Learning teams must preferably include members with each of the preferences. A popular program that develops from Kolb's idea is “4MAT which provides specific techniques for addressing the quadrants and the learning cycle” (Rainey & Kolb, 1995). More recent information shows Felder initially constructed a model for students and later built a teaching styles model for instructors (Felder, 1993, 1996)....   [tags: Biology, Ned Hermann] 1926 words
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Metaphors for Viewing the Brain - "We need a type of theatre which not only releases the feelings, insights and impulses possible within the particular historical field of human relations in which the action takes place, but employs and encourages those thoughts and feelings which help transform the field itself." -- Bertolt Brecht "The Theatre is magic, and blessed are those who make that magic." - Author Unknown Metaphors for Viewing the Brain The cognitive psychologists George Lakoff and Mark Johnson argue that our conceptual systems define our reality through metaphors....   [tags: Psychology]
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Traumatic Brain Injury - ... To give an example in humans, sad facial affects (‘‘distress cues’’) normally lead to a submission response. It is assumed that the violence inhibition mechanism is activated whenever distress cues are present and this activation is considered to cause autonomic arousal and inhibition of the on-going behavior. The dysfunction of such a mechanism may result in difficulties with empathy and in the development of aggression. (Weber et, al., 2008) Many literatures suggest potential brain mechanisms for post-TBI aggression....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2330 words
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Effect of Glucose Levels on the Brain - Although it constitutes only 2% of the body’s weight, the brain uses approximately 75% of the glucose in the blood, making it the by far the most metabolically expensive organ in the human body (Dunbar, 1998; Kahn, 2005). Glucose (the main type of sugar in the blood) is the primary source of energy for the brain and for the rest of the body. When glucose levels are high, excess glucose is converted and stored as glycogen, which can later be metabolically converted back to glucose and used for energy....   [tags: Research Analysis]
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Traumatic Brain Injury - ... The prefrontal cortex (and its inhibitory function) can be also activated by stimuli that indicate the violation of social expectations, such as facial expression of anger in the others, for example, forming a regulatory mechanism that is perhaps lost in those patients with injuries in these areas. Structural or functional abnormalities in these regions or in the connections among them can increase the propensity to impulsive aggression (Davidson et al 2000). Neurochemically, van Woerkom et al....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 1969 words
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The Brain And Electricity: The Siamese Syndrome - The Brain And Electricity: The Siamese Syndrome  Being introduced in the early 1900’s, electroconvulsive shock therapy, or ECT, has deemed to be one of the most effectual and least understood treatments in psychiatry. Technically it has distorted in many ways since its conception and is now viewed as a secure and effective treatment of patients with key depressive disorder, schizophrenia, manic episodes, and other grave mental turmoil’s. Nevertheless, the neurobiological transformations critical to the therapeutic triumph of ECT have not yet been fully understood....   [tags: Psychiatry]
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Re-Examining the Brain - ... Individual Hypotheses Role of the hemispheres: In order to understand the purpose of the brain’s division into hemispheres, one must first examine the activation asymmetry in hemispheric spatial correlates in the outer cortex. In figure one, activity spikes in the outer cortex of MedINIRA’s sample data were isolated and increased in contrast for clarity. Although these areas do not represent a perfect inverse mirror effect, a pattern is evident in that, where a significant activity spike is present in one hemisphere, the opposing hemisphere exhibits a reduction in activity in the corresponding space....   [tags: Scientific Research ]
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