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Autism - Autism Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. This is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. Autism is four more times prevalent in boys than girls. Autism shows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries. Family income, lifestyle and educational levels do not affect the chance of autism's occurrence. Autism and its associated behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many and one in 500 individuals....   [tags: Disorder Genes Autism Essays]
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1960 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Various Symptoms of Autism - Two to six children out of every thousand will end up with Autism. Autism is one of the fastest growing disorders with a great amount of studies being put behind it. With its vast amount of different signs and symptoms, different forms, how its treated, and arguments about how exactly the disorder came to be , Austin can very well be one of the most confusing, and researched disorders, for its a disorder that stirs up tons of questions but yet gets hardly any answers. Autism is usually developed between ages of one and three, it effects communication and how the child interacts with others....   [tags: Autism, ] 1768 words
(5.1 pages)
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Children with Autism - Children with Autism Abstract By identifying autism, many other facts are then discovered including the different effects of autism and the way it can be treated. Children with autism will mostly always experience language problems, restricted interests and activities, as well as sensory and intellectual problems. This occurs because of a brain disorder that influences the way the brain uses the information. Although some children with autism do not speak at all, that doesn’t mean that none of the patients speak....   [tags: Autism Brain Disorder Essays ]
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Behavior and Development of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders - There has been a number of studies on the behavior and development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. This paper talks about the different studies of how autism effects communication, socialization, cognitive development, and a number of other areas in children. Researchers use many different types of scales to measure and compare the difference between children with ASD and typically developing children. Methodology Study 1 Morgan, Lindee, Wetherby, Amy M., Barber, Angie (2008) Repetitive and stereotyped movements in children with autism spectrum disorders late in the second year of life In this study there were three groups of children between 18 and 24 months of age participated....   [tags: Autism] 2354 words
(6.7 pages)
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The Signs and Effects of Autism - The Signs and Effects of Autism Autism is a rare disease that has been noticed for centuries. The purest form of autism (high IQ and almost normal behavior yet still self-contained) occurs in about “one in 2,000 people”. When the many other forms of autism are added in, the ratio is “one in 750”. Autism is found in every race, ethnic group, nation, and social standing, although “males outnumber females by four or five times” (“Autistic Disorder” – 2). Autism is a broad range of disorders that stretch from mild to severe....   [tags: Autism Autistic Disorders Essays]
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Fluoxetine but not Risperidone Increases Sociability in the BTBR Mouse Model of Autism - ... 145-52. doi:10.1097/FBP.0b013e3282f62cb2 K. K. Chadman, S.Gong, M. L. Scattoni, S. E., Boltuck, S. U. Gandhy, N. Heintz, and J. N. Crawley, Minimal aberrant behavioral phenotypes of neuroligin-3 R451C knockin mice, Autism Research 1(3) (2008), pp. 147-58. doi:10.1002/aur.22 J. J. Crowley, J. A. Blendy, and I. Lucki, Strain-dependent antidepressant-like effects of citalopram in the mouse tail suspension test, Psychopharmacology 183(2) (2005), pp. 257-64. doi:10.1007/s00213-005-0166-5 C. Ducottet, and C....   [tags: Autism]
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831 words
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Autism - Autism ` Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. “It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain and impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills” (Bee & Boyd 226). Children and adults with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. The overall incidence of autism is consistent around the globe, but is four times more prevalent in boys than girls....   [tags: Developmental Disablities Essays]
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Autism - Autism 3 An Assessment of Autism Autism is a physical disorder of the brain that causes a lifelong developmental disability. The many different symptoms of autism can occur by themselves or in combination with other conditions such as: mental retardation, blindness, deafness, and epilepsy. Children with autism vary widely in their abilities and behavior. Each symptom may appear differently in each child. Children with autism often show some forms of bizarre, repetitive behavior called stereotyped behavior....   [tags: essays research papers] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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Autism - AUTISM Autism is a life-long developmental disability that usually appears in the first three years of a child’s life. It interferes with normal development of the brain, preventing individuals with this rare disorder from understanding what they hear, sense, and observe. Although this severe disability is considered a child’s disability, autism is found in adults, interfering with normal social and emotional development. Anyone can acquire autism; it is put in place at birth. Boys, however, are more prone to it, as they are four times more affected....   [tags: essays research papers] 1080 words
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Autism - There are many diseases and disorders that plague today’s society, but one of the most serious of those disorders is autism. Autism is not nearly as widely known as the familiar Down’s Syndrome, yet, surprisingly, autism is far more widespread. In fact, autism is the third most common developmental disability, affecting 400,000 people worldwide (Autism Society of America). As of yet there is no cure for this debilitating disorder, only a variety of treatments. Autism is a developmental disability, not a mental illness, that typically appears during the first three years of life and affects 15 of every 10,000 individuals....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1086 words
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Autism - Autism Autism is not a disease, but a developmental disorder of brain function. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and imagination, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. Although there is no cure, appropriate management may foster relatively normal development and reduce undesirable behaviors....   [tags: Papers Disorders Childhood Autistic Essays]
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Autism - Autism Autism or PPD (pervasive developmental disorder) is defined by the Columbia encyclopedia as a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the inability to relate to and perceive the environment in a realistic manner. The onset of the disorder is in infancy or early childhood, generally before the age of thirty months, and males are affected four times as often as females. Symptoms include impairment in social interaction, fixation on inanimate objects, inability to communicate normally, and resistance to changes in daily routine (Anthes, 1997)....   [tags: Papers]
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Autism - What is autism. "Autism is a potentially severe neurological condition affecting social functioning, communication skills, reasoning, and behavior. It is considered a "spectrum disorder," meaning that the symptoms and characteristics of autism can present themselves in a variety of combinations, ranging from extremely mild to quite severe" (Fergus 2002 para.1). Autism was first reported in 1943 by a Dr. Leo Kanner of John Hopkins University. Dr Leo Kanner based his theory on 11 children who showed signs of withdrawal from human contact, this started at age 1 between the years of 1938 to 1943....   [tags: Chromosome Disorders] 1900 words
(5.4 pages)
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Autism - ... Many children who have autism also engage in repetitive movements such as rocking or hair twirling, or in self-injurious behavior such as biting or head banging. They also tend to speak later than other children and may refer to themselves by name instead of using ‘I’ or ‘Me’ Autism affects every life aspect of the individual who is diagnosed with this disorder. Tasks such as eating and sleeping that we find to be simple, one with autism can encounter difficulty. There are three basic types of eating problems among children with autism....   [tags: Neuroscience]
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Autism - Autism 1. Definition Autism- is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before the age of 3, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. 2. Common Characteristics Inability to use speech for communication Withdrawal from people Unusual bodily movements and peculiar mannerisms Abnormal responses to one or more types of sensory stimuli, sound or touch Lack of appropriate play Preoccupation with hands (flapping) Fluctuation between passive vs....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Autism - Autism A little girl named Sally, quietly sits alone in a corner, rocking back and forth, humming to herself. Her classmates roam about in a chaotic manner, casually conversing, and inadvertently ignoring the little girl. Sally’s parents begin to wonder; is it just a phase or something more. Her parents soon learn that it is something more. With little more to go on than that of what the parents have observed, Sally’s pediatrician has decided that she should be tested for autism. There is no blood to be drawn, no pulse to be taken, for there are no medical tests that can diagnose an autistic child.(2, pg 16) Through careful observation a team of neurologists, psychologists, developmental pediatricians, speech and language pathologists, and a few other specialists can knowledgeably diagnose Sally....   [tags: Papers] 1146 words
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Autism - Autism *Missing Works Cited* There are many diseases and disorders that plague today’s society, but one of the most serious of those disorders is autism. Autism is the third most common developmental disability, affecting over one half million people worldwide (Autism Society of America). As of yet there is no cure for this debilitating disorder, only a variety of treatments. The history of autism extends, as far back as the late sixteenth century; however, during that time it was not identified as this illness....   [tags: Papers] 1270 words
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Autism - Autism “We start with an image—a tiny, golden child on hands and knees, circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious, self-absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smiling and laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysterious object of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and the spot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, an age for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing, exploring, she is doing none of these. She does not walk, or crawl up stairs, or pull herself to her feet to reach for objects....   [tags: Teaching Education] 2330 words
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autism - What is Autism. Autism is a developmental disability that affects all areas of behavior and perception. Approximately 10 out of every 10,000 children are diagnosed with autism and four out of five are males. Autism is the third most common developmental disability, more common than Down Syndrome. Children with Autism are characterized by impairment in several areas of development such as: Cognitive, Language, Play/Socialization skills and exhibit many challenging behaviors. Behavior Patterns of Autism: ï‚· Difficulty mixing with other children ï‚· Acts as if deaf- may have normal hearing but not comprehend language....   [tags: essays research papers] 798 words
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Autism - Autism has become one of the top disabilities in California’s developmental system. Today, the rise of autism is increasing by 10 - 17 percent each year. (Madeleine 3) "The disease was first identified by child psychologist Leo Kanner in 1943 at Johns Hopkins University" (Little 2). Autism is a disorder that is usually detected within the first three years. According to the Autism Society of America, 1 in 166 individuals are diagnosed with autism, making it more common than the pediatric cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined....   [tags: Disabilities] 1935 words
(5.5 pages)
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autism - Autism Research Paper Autism is a neurological disorder that was identified by Dr. Leo Kanner 50 years ago. Autism can affect someone very mildly or severally and it can effect language, communication, and/or gross motor skills. It is the most devastating disorder a child could have and it also is devastating for the family. There is no medicine and no cure for autism but there are glutton free diets that help. People with autism can look normal but they lack communication skills and are withdrawn within there own world....   [tags: essays research papers] 625 words
(1.8 pages)
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autism - Autism Isolated in their own worlds, people with autism appear indifferent and remote. They are normally unable to form emotional bonds with others. Although people with this brain disorder can display a wide range of symptoms and disabilities, many are incapable of understanding other people's thoughts, feelings, and needs. Often, their language and intelligence do not fully develop. This makes communication and social relationships difficult. Many people with autism engage in repetitive activities, like rocking or banging their heads, or rigidly following familiar routines....   [tags: essays research papers] 918 words
(2.6 pages)
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Autism - Autism In the United States, autism may affect up to 115,000 children between one and 15 years of age with an uncertain prevalence in adults (Rapin, 1998). Because of the high number of cases in the United States alone, testing has grown and encompasses many different ages and areas of autistic patients and their symptoms. Because of increased testing, researchers have found different options to meet the challenges autism presents. Testing has been administered before the knowledge of autism in the patient and throughout the knowledge of its existence as well....   [tags: Papers] 2129 words
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Autism - ... Almost half of the children improved so much that they were indistinguishable from typical children, and these children went on to lead fairly normal lives. Similarly a case study was conducted by Conner (1998) on evaluating the efficacy of intensive application of Lovaas program on a 6 and half-year-old autistic child. The outcomes suggested that intensive behavioral approach could achieve positive outcomes especially if implemented at an early pre-school age. Thus, intensive intervention plan started at an early age can bring drastic improvements in autistic children....   [tags: Health, Diseases] 2349 words
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Autism -  There are several reasons why I chose the topic of Autism. First, autism is intriguing because it is very hard to understand. Medical science is at a loss to explain why and how it occurs. Second, I have had occasion to develop a personal relationship with children who are afflicted with autism. At The Children’s Institute, where I volunteer, I sit and play with many kids, two of whom are very hard to play with. Even though they are five and six years old, they avoid making eye contact with others, and often refuse to play with the other kids....   [tags: essays research papers] 1028 words
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Autism - “Many years ago, I watched a young boy rock back and forth as he worked a crossword puzzle. I tried to distract him from working the puzzle to ride bikes with me. I continuously asked him to play with me, but he kept staring at the puzzle while I attempted to look in his eyes. He took the puzzle apart and flipped the pieces in the air, one at a time. He did not speak, but he made crying noises. The more I asked questions or talked to him, the louder his cries became. As his frustration grew, he balled his fists up, punched his eyes, and kicked his feet....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Autism - Diagnostic Summary Paper AUTISM Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular "normal" bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births....   [tags: essays research papers] 714 words
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Autism - Constructs: In my own research I will be measuring 3 variables as my constructs such as the following: 1) Verbal ability 2) Social interactions or the degree of participation in group work or plays 3) Gender Participants: 20 autistic children between the ages of 6 to 7 with identical IQ levels, both sexes, with equal number of participants- 10 to each Purpose: As researchers claim, autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls. According to this claim I would like to test whether gender is an effective or dominant factor in determining children’s progress both in verbal abilities and the kind of social interactions they encounter in the educational settings such as kindergartens or schools....   [tags: essays research papers] 474 words
(1.4 pages)
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Autism - Autism Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental influences. Variations in symptomology and in prognosis among autistic persons depend on both the severity and the extent of the underlying brain dysfunction (Repin, 1991)....   [tags: Behavior Disorders Psychology Essays]
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Autism - ... There are some interesting articles about DAT, and astonishingly, many scholarly journals on this topic take two absolutely contrasting stances. Some of the articles support DAT, using many references of authorities and some do not. In one article written by Maiike Wermer, he tells a story about DAT’s therapeutic effect on physical disabilities of mentally ill children. A boy named Finn from Netherland who came to the United States gets DAT in Florida. Before he gets the therapy, he could not talk or walk....   [tags: Health, Dolphin Assisted Therapies] 1846 words
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Autism - ... Mrs. F uses this tool daily to help her students understand complex assignments and activities. During writing assignments, Mrs. F will break down the steps by dictating the instructions in clear and short directives that will allow her student’s to stay on task. The affective domain is related to any type of emotional response to a certain task (Krathwolh, Bloom, & Masia, 1973). The categories that are present in the AS classroom are responding, valuing, organization, and value characterizing....   [tags: Health, Teaching children with disability ] 2673 words
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Autism - These kids are blessed with terrific good looks--tall and straight, with big dark eyes, glossy hair and a movie staffs smile-but this wasn’t what was turning heads. Some of these kids were not actually walking towards the line at McDonalds; some were running and somehow skipping at the same time. And the kids were looking and smiling directly at everyone they passed with their fingers in their ears, their elbows flared out on either side. And, further baffling the bourgeoisie, they occasionally stopped and flapped their hands....   [tags: essays research papers] 666 words
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Parent and School Autism Wars: A Civil Rights Struggle - Parent and School Autism Wars: A Civil Rights Struggle Based on the civil rights principal of equal educational opportunity, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) guarantee an appropriate education to all students with disabilities. The 1997 IDEA amendments mandate that parents of children with disabilities have a right to be involved with the school district in education decisionmaking processes, meetings, and records of their children. Yet some parents of children in special education feel that schools do not welcome their participation....   [tags: Autism Education School] 2078 words
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Advice For Teaching High Functioning People with Autism - Advice For Teaching High Functioning People with Autism This paper was reprinted with permission of Susan Moreno on the O.A.S.I.S. (Online Asperger's Syndrome Information and Support) 1. People with autism have trouble with organizational skills, regardless of their intelligence and/or age. Even a "straight A" student with autism who has a photographic memory can be incapable of remembering to bring a pencil to class or of remembering a deadline or an assignment. In such cases, aid should be provided in the least restrictive way possible....   [tags: Autism Learning Disabilities Education Essays] 1238 words
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The Etiology of Autism - ... Regressive Autism (Bristol-Power, 2006). There is optimism that specific causes and risk factors will be identified. The results of future investigations will facilitate enhanced screening, prevention, and therapy for "at risk" and autistic patients (CMN, 2010). The word autism meaning “living in self” in Greek was first utilized in 1911 by Swiss psychiatrist, Eugene Bleuler. He used this word to describe a condition of self absorption caused by social relatedness (Gupta 2004). In 1943, Dr. Leo Kanner from the John Hopkins Hospital introduced the label early infantile autism when he reported 11 children exhibiting similar behaviors....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]
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Autism Disorder - ... On the other side of the spectrum, was a man named Bruno Bettelheim, who also studied the Autism disorder. Bettelheim, in large part, came up with the theory of the refrigerator mothers. Refrigerator mothers were thought to cause Autism in their children, by acting cold towards them. Bettelheim suggested that the mothers of Autistic children did not show enough love and compassion toward their children, therefore causing their child to develop Autism. He also suggested that the absence of fathers contributed to the development of the disorder....   [tags: Mental Health]
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Autism in Children - ... Autistic children are often referred as off in a world of their own, unaware of people or events around them. Children with autism have difficulties in verbal and with non-verbal communication, social interactions and leisure activities. Autistic children have sensory disorders that affect how they interact with objects and people around them. They possibly will experience sensitivities in the five senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell. “Many children with autism have unusual sensitivities to sounds, sights, touch, taste and smells....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Aspects of Autism - Aspects of Autism In general, autism is the developmental disability that prevents individuals from properly understanding what they see, hear, or otherwise sense. Approximately 3 to 5 out of every 10,000 school aged children have some for of autism, and males with the disorder outnumber females with it by nearly 5 to 1. It is estimated that 1 in every 500 display some autistic characteristics (Williams, xiv). Autism is called a spectrum disorder because there is no one characteristic and it is different in every person....   [tags: disability disorder autistic ]
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Autism in Children - Autism in Children All children deserve to have an equal chance to learn and perform in any number of categories. The only problem is that not every child can function correctly for various reasons. The condition that I am covering is autism. Autism is a difficult symptom to correct because it is a brain disorder that takes time and much work with doctors and teachers. I wanted to learn more on this disorder because I have a family member that have this condition. Autism affects communication skills, social skills, creativity skills, and learning skills....   [tags: intervention physical education health]
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Autism in the Media - Autism in the Media      "Weepinbell, w-e-e-p-i-n-b-e-l-l; Tentacool, t-e-n-t-a-c-o-o-l ; Geodude . . . ," yelled Connor. We were playing his favorite game - identify and spell the names of all 156 Pokêmon characters. Connor is a three-year-old boy I worked with as part of the SonRise therapy that his mother organized after he was diagnosed with autism. During my thrice-weekly Connor-directed playtime visits, I entered his world instead of making him enter mine and encouraged eye contact to strengthen Connor's connection with others....   [tags: Media Argumentative Persuasive Argument]
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Exploring Autism - Exploring Autism Autism was first described by Leo Kanner in 1943 and is known to affect 1 in 500 Americans with boys being four times more likely to have autism than girls. Although the focus of research is on children, there are many adults who are living with autism....   [tags: Papers] 924 words
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Children With Autism - Children With Autism Children with autism have the possibility to improve greatly, and some even overcome the effects of autism if appropriate therapies are begun early enough. A multifaceted disorder, autism has long baffled professionals and parents alike. At a point in time, doctors gave parents absolutely no hope for the recovery of their children. But recently, new treatments and therapies have shown that improvement is possible. With early intervention, intensive care, some children have if not fully recovered, improved, and have been integrated into schools, indistinguishable from their peers....   [tags: Papers Health Disorders Essays]
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autism therapy - Albert Einstein, a world genius behind the famous E=mc², Ludwig Van Beethoven and Wolfgang Mozart, the two great maestros who altered the face of classical music, and Keanu Reeves, a versatile Hollywood actor who rose to the ranks of fame and fortune: great achievements by great people. All these men have two things in common. History, that each of them had made in their own fields, and gifts, that have driven them to their fullest. Who would have thought that their being “extraordinary” could bring them this far....   [tags: essays research papers] 628 words
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Overview of Autism - Autism is defined as a developmental disability of the brain. However it is not a form of mental retardation. A person with autism can actually be very intelligent. Autism develops before a child is 30 months of age. It occurs is approximately 4 out of every 10,000 children. Children with autism are unable to develop normal relationships with others. Their hearing and sight senses are heightened. A noise that would not bother a normal person might drive an autistic child crazy. They have a difficult time understanding what is going on around them....   [tags: essays research papers] 665 words
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Autism in Infants - Autism in Infants *Missing Works Cited* First described and named by Leo Kanner in 1944, the mysterious disability of autism is characterized by a peculiar emotional and intellectual detachment from other people and the common human world. In autistic children, an impaired capacity for communication and human relationships and a severely restricted range of activities and interests become evident before the age of three. Although the symptoms vary in nature and severity, language and the capacity for a normal social life are always seriously affected....   [tags: Papers] 972 words
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Understanding Autism - Autism Imagine you walk into a classroom and you see a child sitting alone at a desk, almost in their own world. Or maybe you see a person sitting at a park, rocking back and forth, talking to themselves. The chances are these people may have autism. 15 of every 10,000 births result in a person with this life altering disorder (source 1). Autism is a developmental disability of the brain that affects communication. There is no cure for this disability and few answers of how to treat it. There are many misconceptions about autism....   [tags: Health, Special Needs, Autistic] 1517 words
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A Look into Autism - A Look into Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex disorders and symptoms associated with autism during the months of infancy....   [tags: Papers] 674 words
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The Etiology of Autism - The Etiology of Autism Autism is a syndrome that is characterized by the impairment of social interaction skills, verbal and nonverbal communication, and a decreased interest in participating in a variety of activities. In 1943, Kanner, the man who is attributed with the identification of this disease, hypothesized that autism might be a biological disorder as opposed to a psychological one. Numerous studies have been conducted supporting Kanner’s hypothesis. These studies have ranged from examining the effects of rubella to investigating certain purine metabolic disorders as possible etiological agents....   [tags: Psychology Neurology Disorders autistic]
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Exploring Autism - Exploring Autism      Autism is a developmental disability of the brain, much like dyslexia, mental retardation, or attention deficit disorder. Autism is not a form of mental retardation, and though many autistic people appear to function as retarded, they are frequently quite intelligent. Approximately 15 of every 10,000 individuals and nearly 400,000 people in the United States today have some form of autism (Dowdy).      The word autism may actually refer to several similar disabilities, including Autistic Disorder, Aspergers Syndrome, and "Atypical" Autism....   [tags: Health Disorders Research Essays Papers]
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Autism in Children - Lemon juice Pepper spray Handcuffs Blindfolds These are terms that should never enter a parents mind when they send Their children off to school. Especially, if their child is autistic, or has some other kind of learning disability. These terms are known as aversives, and are used to reduce behaviors in children mainly with autism. They cause pain and are a form of punishment for a behavior no matter how large or small i.e. Biting, kicking, punching, not blowing your nose, or not sitting when told to do so....   [tags: essays research papers] 1275 words
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A Medicinal and Statistical Outlook On Autism - ... That’s not nearly as much as the children in the US with an estimation of 1.5 million. Autism affects boys more than it affects girls; boys are four more times likely to acquire autism. This is statistically proven at an alarming rate of 1 in 70 boys. The risk of a child being diagnosed with autism is at a record breaking high. More children being born every day will be medically diagnosed with autism than with AIDS, diabetes and cancer combined. ("Autism Society")("Autism Speaks") Although autism has the most impact on the infected child, this disorder also affects the economy, the child’s family and especially his parents....   [tags: Medical Research]
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Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders - ... Diagnosis is usually made by observing a child’s behavioral, communicative, and social skills (Autism Speaks). The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was developed by Eric Schopler, Robert Reichler, and Barbara Rochen Renner to help diagnose the levels of Autism. The CARS is a 15 item test that rates a child’s relationship to people, imitation, emotional response, body, object use, adaptation to change, visual response, listening response, taste-smell-touch response and use, fear and nervousness, verbal communication, non-verbal communication, activity level, level and consistency of intellectual response, and general impression as mild to severely Autistic (Schopler, Reichler, and Rochen Renner )....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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Exploring and Unraveling Autism - ... As a result of these behaviors and hypersensitivity, there may be an extreme intolerance to loud noises or crowds or visual stimulation. Events such as birthday parties or other social celebrations can be disastrous for some of these individuals, especially children. Wearing socks or tags on clothing may be perceived as painful. On the other hand, there may be an underdeveloped, or hyposensitivity, response to the same types of stimulation. Individuals may use abnormal means to experience visual, auditory, or tactile input....   [tags: Psychology]
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Autism Spectrum Disorders - ... In its most basic essence, ABA therapy application as an autism intervention makes use of the notion that when individuals diagnosed with autism are rewarded for a desired behavior; they are going to be more likely to repeat that desired behavior. Maybe Dr. Lovaas never stated the intended outcome for ABA therapy quite like that, but this aforementioned anecdote is precisely what he was after in my opinion. An example of this may encompass the following: the ABA therapist makes a direct request to the child; that request is to “touch the table.” If the child touches the table in response to the therapist’s request then the therapist uses verbal praise or an actual token reward like a specific toy to reward the desired behavioral outcome....   [tags: Child Development]
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The Everchanging Diagnosis of Autism - The Everchanging Diagnosis of Autism Throughout the years the diagnosis of autism has changed dramatically. Once, it was mistakenly diagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. Now that much more extensive research has been done, researchers have found distinct characteristics that are typical of autistic individuals. It is most often characterized by difficulty in the child's ability to respond to people, events, and objects. Responses to sensations of light, sound, and feeling may be exaggerated....   [tags: Papers] 1655 words
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Autism Spectrum Disorders - ... But incident might occur at unpredicted times and place, so caregivers may feel difficult to note down these behavior. To help caregivers document and analyze unpredictable incidents, a prototype model is designed by Julie A. Kientz & their colleagues called CareLog. For detecting the self-stimulatory behaviors of autistic child they have used wireless body worn sensors. Caregivers provided with a wireless key to activate archiving. Abaris is another tool designed to support Discrete Trail Training (DTT) therapists....   [tags: Diseases,Disorders]
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1710 words
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An Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder - ... Certain children have a predisposition to autism by genes known to be associated with the disorder. There is a 1 in 5 risk of a child having autism if their sibling has already been diagnosed. There is a 9 in 10 probability that one twin will be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder it if the other does (NIMH, n.d.). Autistic children have irregularities of brain structure due to an unusually rapid growth of the brain in early life. When an unaffected child’s brain begins to develop and organize as expected, the growth of the brain of an autistic child will slow tremendously....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
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Exploring Autism in Children - Exploring Autism in Children Susan was a normal, happy, active infant. Her parents were so relieved that all her checkups at the pediatrician's office indicated that her growth and development were above average. At 6 months she could sit up and crawl and at 10 months she was walking. She seemed to babble more than her older brother did at the same age and was talking at 16 months. All the milestones in her early development were ahead of schedule. One day when she was 18 months old, her mother found her sitting alone in the yard spinning the wheels of her wagon with such persistence that her mom joked with her friends that maybe Susan would be an engineer when she grew up....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Autism: An Exploration on Theory of Mind - ... However, “neither the hypothesis nor the effectiveness of this dietary intervention has been established in scientific studies to date” ("Autism Speaks") . Autism is an intricate-multifaceted disorder, there is no one-size-fits-all in autism. Parents who have tribulations with their child’s nutrition should seek guidance from a qualified doctor or an occupational therapist (Helping your children). It is not uncommon for children with autism to have difficulty sleeping. It is anticipated that 40 to 80 percent of the children diagnosed with autism have difficulty sleeping (Helping your children)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]
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Autism Spectrum Disorders - ... People with autism frequently have repetitive motor mannerisms including hand flapping, finger flicking, and tiptoe walking. Repetitive behavior often appears in the form of obsessively learning about certain subjects like vacuum cleaners, train schedules, or coins. Often times they have a great interest in numbers, symbols, or science topics. Children with autism do not realize that other people feel differently and have different priorities than them. They have a very difficult time understanding social cues....   [tags: Child Development ]
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Autism: The Difficulties in Differential Diagnosis - Autism: The Difficulties in Differential Diagnosis Forward This essay discusses an important view concerning the differential diagnosis of infantile autism. As you will see, the symptomology common to autistic infants mimics that of severely retarded children in the early months of life. In addition, the identification of autism as a "disease" in infants is impeded by the lack of biological evidence to support such a diagnosis. Autism has, in multiple studies, been related to a multitude of organic dysfunction’s....   [tags: Diseases Disease Health Essays] 1219 words
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The Clinical Syndrome Autism - The Clinical Syndrome Autism Autism is a clinical syndrome characterized by qualitative impairment of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, imaginative activity, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests. Within the first 3-6 months of their lives, parents may note the child does not develop a normal pattern of smiling or cuddling response. As they grow older, they do not progress through developmental milestones such as learning to say words or speak sentences....   [tags: Papers] 490 words
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Neurobiological Perspectives on Autism - Neurobiological Perspectives on Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, along with severe impairments in reciprocal social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and cognitive development (1,2,3). If the brain is responsible for behavior then it should follow that disordered autistic behaviors should be explainable in terms of brain abnormalities and disordered neurobiological processes. While findings are generally speculative and the etiology of the disorder remains somewhat of an enigma, there is significant evidence that autism is associated with neurobiological dysfunction....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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2215 words
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Programs for the Treatment of Autism - Programs for the Treatment of Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder first termed by a man by the name of Kanner in 1943. He described a group of children as having severe language, behavior, and social interaction difficulties. These descriptors are what have come to be the core elements of autism today. Autism is characterized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (4th ed.) by a continuum of abnormal development in social interaction and communication combined with a restricted repertoire of activities and interests....   [tags: Papers] 1693 words
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Teaching Children with Autism - Teaching Children with Autism There has been an increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism or other autism spectrum disorders. It is likely as an educator that you will have at least one child with this diagnosis in your classroom. This paper explores some of the methods used to teach autistic children. Autism is a disorder characterized by significant problems in communication and social functioning. Autism is actually called Autism Spectrum Disorder and encompasses a broad range disabilities such as Asperger syndrome, Rett’s Syndrome, and Pervavasive Development Disorder (Dunlap & Fox, n.d.)....   [tags: Teaching Education Disorders Special Needs]
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Autism in The Rain Man - Autism in The Rain Man The Rain Man is a story about the relationship between two brothers, one being Autistic. The story line follows the as they drive across the country and their interaction as the one brother (Charlie) tries to deal with being thrust into a twenty-four hour a day week long journey and his first exposure to someone with Autism, his brother Raymond. Charlie Babbot is a younger guy who is involved in some high-risk exotic car sales when he realizes that he might not be able to make his bank notes on time....   [tags: Papers] 471 words
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Behavioral Treatments in Autism - Behavioral Treatments in Autism Outline I. Introduction A. Infantile Autism B. Operant Learning Theory C. Behavior Techniques II. Target Behaviors A. Aberrant Behaviors B. Social Skills C. Language III. Behavioral Techniques A. Aversive Stimuli B. Noncontingent Access to Preferred Stimulus C. Collateral Changes D. Self-Management E. Incidental Teaching IV. Conclusion A. Assessment B. Environment C. Generalization Behavioral Treatments in Autism Through the years since Kanner first described infantile autism, much research has amassed on different methods of treating those diagnosed with autism and the various deficits and excesses they possess....   [tags: Papers] 1172 words
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Autism: A Physiological Perspective - ... Cerebellum is situated at the back bottom of the brain under the cerebral hemispheres. It fine tunes motor activity and regulates balance, precision, and coordination. Thalamus is located between the cerebral cortex and midbrain. It transmits sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex and controls consciousness, sleep, and alertness. Autism Autism may be resulted from the factors during child development that affect many or all functional brain systems (Müller, 2007). For instance, autism may be caused by synaptic malfunction (Levy et al., 2010)....   [tags: Human Disorders]
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Autism: Educational and Social Effects - Autism: Educational Social Effects As a student living with no impairing physical or mental disability, it is difficult to imagine life any other way. On the other hand, when taking the time to contemplate what people with disabilities, such as Autism have to cope with, I realize just how much I take for granted in every day life; such as options to any class, learning at a normal pace, and peer interactions, to name a few. Autism not only affects people physically, but socially as well, ensuing subordinate self esteem, meager social skills, and poor peer relationships, aspects of maturing which are crucial to proper development....   [tags: essays research papers] 880 words
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Challenges in the Classroom: ADHD and Autism - ... The second diverse learning group I choose to right my paper on is students with Autism. Autism is an interesting disability because there are multiple forms of autism out there and each one would require a different set of accommodations to help these students to be successful in the classroom. The most common forms are Asperger Disorder, Kanner Syndrome, PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified, Rett Syndrome, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. The most common form is Asperger disorder and I will focus on it for this paper....   [tags: Special Education ]
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Autism And Savant Syndrome - Autism And Savant Syndrome A little boy quietly sits in front of a piano, with his fingers poised over the bright white keys. His teacher, seated beside him on the bench, plays a complicated series of chords, filling the air with a beautiful melody. After a single hearing, the boy begins to play, perfectly reproducing the song he has just heard. As the last notes fade away, the boy sits still for a moment and then begins to rock gently back and forth, only stopping once the music begins again.......   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1996 words
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Autism: A Lack of the I-function - Autism: A Lack of the I-function In the words of Uta Frith, a proclaimed expert on autism, autistic persons lack the underpinning "special feature of the human mind: the ability to reflect on itself." ((3)) And according to our recent discussions in class, the ability to reflect on one's internal state is the job of a specific entity in the brain known as the I-function. Could it be that autism is a disease of this part of the mind, a damage or destruction to these specialized groups of neurons which make up the process we perceive as conscious thought....   [tags: Neurology Disorders Papers]
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Autism's Effects on Development and Education - Autism's Effects on Development and Education Autism is a behavioral syndrome present from early life and defined by deficient social interaction, language and communication, and play. At one time thought by some to be psychodynamically determined, it is now clear that autism represents physiologic dysfunction of one or more undefined brain systems. In addition to characteristic autistic features, many autistic people display a variety of other signs such as attention deficits, mental deficiency, and seizures that are not specific to autism and that denote dysfunction in other brain systems (Bristol 1991)....   [tags: Papers] 1140 words
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Inclusion of Children with Autism - Inclusion of Children with Autism The inclusion of children with learning disabilities into normal classrooms has proved to exhibit both positive and negative effects on children with and without disabilities. However, the negative aspects of inclusion have not proven a strong enough point in that the good, which comes from this experience, severely outweighs any doubt of its success. Inclusion of autistic children has shown to be beneficial due to the notion that these 'disabled kids' can attend 'normal' classes with their non-learning disabled peers....   [tags: Teaching Education Schools Essays Papers]
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Case Study of a Child with Autism - Case Study of a Child with Autism John, An only child, was born after normal pregnancy and delivery. As an infant, he was easy to breast-feed, the transition to solid foods posed no difficulties, and he also slept well. At first, his mother and farther were delighted at how easy he was: he seemed happy and content to lie in his cot for hours. He sat unsupported at six months (this is with in the normal range), and soon after he crawled energetically. His parents considered him to be independent and wilful....   [tags: Papers] 1292 words
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Observing a Child with Autism - Observing a Child with Autism Cody is an eight-year-old boy diagnosed with autism. Cody tends to perseverant on things that are dangerous. He often verbalizes “glass is dangerous, it cuts your eye, call 211, go to the hospital.” Cody also tends to stare off into space and is socially inappropriate. Cody had been placed in severely handicapped classrooms that consisted of children with severe cognitive and physical disabilities. Cody was provided with a one to one aide through BCRC. Currently, Cody is in a new program designed for children with autism....   [tags: Papers] 1802 words
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Social Stories with Children with Autism - ... Technology offered carers the possibility of personalising stories by facilitating the use of visual images, animated characters, digital pictures, video clips and sound files that suit the individual’s developmental age, learning style, reading ability, attention span. Individual interests used to illustrate social stories found to help children to understand the meaning behind the text. Researchers have used multimedia (Hagiwara & Smith Myles, 1999), visual cues Delano and Snell, (2006), Lorimer et al., (2002), Soenksen and Alper, (2006) and Thiemann and Goldstein, (2001), verbal cues Soenksen and Alper, (2006) and Thiemann and Goldstein, (2001), music Brownell, (2002), and personal photographs Agosta et al., (2004) and Ivey et al., (2004)....   [tags: Special Education ]
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Dancing to a Different Tune: Autism - Dancing to a Different Tune: Autism I’m sitting in Mrs. Morton’s kindergarten class at 9:37 watching her dark tan leather shoes move back and forth as she recites the alphabet. Unconsciously avoiding eyed contact, as she turns down the row and slowly moves towards my desk (Sperry 22). As Mrs. Morton approaches me, I cower back in fear, unable to deal with the unpredictable and inconsistent nature of human beings (Dawson 112). “Kenny, why are you not listening to me?” Feeling vulnerable I remain silent, unable to cope with this social situation (Williams 159)....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 1299 words
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Oliver Twist, Hamlet, and Autism - There are things in life which have an impact on us, an event, a place, movie, a person and many other experiences influence our thoughts and emotions. People also feel touched by things they read. There are books which make you cry or keep you in tension all these things are considered memorable. I have been affected by innumerable books and articles of which I am going to discuss the three most memorable pieces of literature I have read. Which are: Hamlet, Oliver Twist and an article on Autism....   [tags: essays research papers]
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Autism Spectrum Disorder - ... Bass et al., (2009) examined the effects of a 12-week therapeutic horseback riding intervention on social functioning in children with ASD. They designed a between-subject experimental study to their hypothesis. They hypothesized that children who are exposed to therapeutic horseback riding would make gains in social functioning compared to children who did not receive the same intervention. There were 34 participants ages 4-10, all diagnosed with ASD, who did not have any experience with equine assisted activities....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]
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