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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Aristotle Poetics"
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The Most Influential Group of Philosophers - In the course of human history, there have been many great, influential philosophers that have changed our view of this small planet and the universe around it. Perhaps the most influential group of philosophers came from ancient Greece. Many ideals and principles we use today come from three prominent philosophers named Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These men will soon (not in their lifetimes) change the course of human history and the process of thought. Socrates was born in 469 B.C. to Sophacles, an Athenian stone crafter....   [tags: socrates, plato, aristotle] 634 words
(1.8 pages)
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Internal Reason and the Emotions - The greatest human challenge is to try and understand oneself. To understand oneself is to understand why we have feelings, how we interact within ourselves, what is actually occurring in our internal psychological conflicts, and if our thoughts are rational in comparison to our feelings. An internal psychological conflict can come down to just the simple decision between what is right and what is wrong. The ancients describe this as “what I think is best” versus “what I really want and desire to do right now”....   [tags: Aristotle, Stoic Views]
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2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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Philosophical Thinking: Humans and Animals -  Philosophical thinking is diverse on the subject of whether human beings should grant moral status to animals and moreover, what place animals should be given in an acceptable moral system. The proper treatment and direct moral concern of animals is viewed by some philosophers as being unwarranted, as the use of animals by human beings is considered part of the natural process of life. In contrast, other philosophers view animals in a similar light as human beings. These philosophers believe that animals have the capacity to feel both positive and negative emotions or sensations and can suffer in the same manners as human beings, and are therefore deserving of moral status....   [tags: moral system, aristotle] 1856 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Beliefs of Philosophers and The Belief in God - The beliefs I have, and what has given me strength is combined with what I have been taught and what I have researched. Throughout this paper, there are five questions that has me describe life, but also describes the person I have become. The three philosophers I chose were all different, and all have something in common. What they all have in common is that they all stand by what they believe in. The three I have chosen are Aristotle, because I enjoy happiness and he believes it is the key to life....   [tags: buddha, greek, aristotle]
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1583 words
(4.5 pages)
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Types of Democratic Governmental Systems: Presidencial and Parliamentary Systems - For many years, politicians have argued about the preferences of two types of democratic governmental systems, presidential systems and parliamentary systems. Firstly this paper will give a brief theoretical background and then analyse the merits and demerits of both systems, and will conclude that the presidential system functions as a more effective and desirable governmental system. Political researchers such as Juan Linz, Arend Lijphart, Stephan Haggard, and Matthew McCubbins, have argued that parliamentary systems are more effective, and they lead to a more stable democracy....   [tags: comparative analysis, votes, aristotle] 1260 words
(3.6 pages)
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Willy Loman as a Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman - Willy Loman as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman Willy Loman, the troubled father and husband in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman, can be classified as a tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle in his work, Poetics. In Aristotle's Poetics, a tragic hero was defined as one who falls from grace into a state of extreme despair. Willy, as we are introduced to him, becomes increasingly miserable as he progresses from a dedicated, loving father, though not without flaws, into a suicidal, delusional man....   [tags: Death Salesman essays] 927 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Golden Age of Athens - Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money. Both Sparta and Athens created different leagues in an effort to intensify their dominance....   [tags: Pericles, Democracy, Aristotle, Virtue]
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1160 words
(3.3 pages)
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Free Will and Moral Responsibility - Free Will and Moral Responsibility Free will and moral responsibility has always been one of the most basic and fundamental elements of philosophy. It is undeniable that there is a connection between free will and moral responsibility. Different philosophers throughout the ages have viewed this connection in both similar and differing ways. The first connection between free will and moral responsibility can be seen by Aristotle and Epictetus through their views of the voluntary and involuntary....   [tags: philosophy, voluntary, aristotle] 1192 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Orgins of Greek Theatre - There is no denying the fact that theatre is truly a link between all civilizations it comes in many forms spiritual rituals, storytelling, hymns, odes, and performances. It has been utilized during the many downfalls of civilizations as a means of communication and was truly shaped by the Greeks. The origins of theatre can be traced back to the Greeks as a religious ritual to their gods, to their implementations of the technical aspects of theatre, through their plays and also through the actual stages that they constructed....   [tags: stages, society, religous, gods] 2381 words
(6.8 pages)
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Happiness Is an Activity - In this paper I will discuss Aristotle’s claim that happiness is a kind of activity and not a momentary pleasure. Some people might worry that Aristotle is wrong in making this claim by presuming that happiness is a state of mind rather than a constant pursuit in which a person must actively strive for throughout the entirety of ones life. I will argue that Aristotle is correct when he declares that happiness is a kind of activity that we strive for and ultimately attain throughout the entirety of our lives rather than just a feeling or state that we happen to have at any given moment....   [tags: Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics]
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1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Land on Extraterrestrial Planet in Out of the Silent Planet, by C.S. Lewis - Aristotle once quoted “the ultimate value of life depends upon awareness and the power of contemplation rather than upon mere survival.” The subject of life and its value sparks much controversy and many base their beliefs regarding this issue on personal opinion. In the book, Out of the Silent Planet, by C.S. Lewis, three characters land on an extraterrestrial planet, Malacandra, to find its population consists of rational human-like beings that still resemble familiar animal life on Earth. While on this planet, Devine, Weston, and Ransom all show how they value life....   [tags: survival, malacandra, aristotle] 575 words
(1.6 pages)
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Characters Influenced by Traumatic Internal Events: Hamlet, and Death of a Salesman - The great Aristotle once said, “All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.” Demonstrating a link between internal thoughts and external action, characters in both William Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman harness Aristotle’s philosophical ideology. In both plays, a main character becomes so overwhelmed by mental or psychological events that their actions become reflective of them. Although set in different time periods and involving entirely different circumstances, the fates of both Shakespeare’s Ophelia and Miller’s Willy Loman reach a climax in self-inflicted deaths brought on by the...   [tags: aristotle, chance, nature, reason]
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1010 words
(2.9 pages)
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Understanding The Role Leisure Has Played in Our Life - ... The hours they put in during season would not allow for the activities that they have in off season months. Technology or lack thereof also played a factor in trade for many goods as they came from faraway lands via ships. There were no definitive time tables on ships arrivals to many trade ports. Cross points out that many merchants in New England were sometimes to wait months for goods like sugar and slaves (pg.12), and there were also times that ships and their cargo just simply did not make it to port....   [tags: greeks, aristotle, holidays] 1573 words
(4.5 pages)
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Nicomachean Ethics: Ruminations on Virtue - ... There are two different categories of virtue: intellectual and moral. Moral virtues can only be learned through experience, the individual must learn these types of virtues by observing them in others complete acquisition after practicing the observed behavior and then repeating it. Intellectual virtues, are explicitly instructed to us, (e.g. laws, rules) and full acquisition of these virtues requires both time to pass (to become intellectually prepared to understand the meaning) and experience....   [tags: aristotle, , reasoning, humans] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
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Constitutional Monarchy: The Best Form of Government - A residual monarchy that acts on behalf of the entire population, regardless of wealth, race or religion is the best form of government. When hereditary monarchs can act as a social conscious with no hands in politics and an elected parliament can run the country without the need for glamour or prestige is ideal. When you separate glamour and politics what you get is a constitutional monarchy which is the best form of government. Thomas Aquinas speaks of the highs and lows of governing and what power can do to mankind in his political prose De Regno - On Kinship.“… Just as the government of a king is the best, so the government of a tyrant is the worst....   [tags: aquinas, aristotle, republic]
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1092 words
(3.1 pages)
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Unequality in Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut - Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle once said, “The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal.” Kurt Vonnegut portrays Aristotle’s philosophy brilliantly in his short story “Harrison Bergeron.” The story depicts the American government in the future mandating physical handicaps in an attempt to make everyone equal. Vonnegut describes a world where no one is allowed to excel in the areas of intelligence, athletics, or beauty. Yet, the inequalities among the people shine even brighter....   [tags: aristotle, society, god]
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860 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Commitments of Machiavelli's Scholar - Plato and Aristotle's worries in The Republic and Politics was understanding virtue and justice, and figuring out who was best fit to lead. In both cases, Plato and Aristotle were worried about the political community on the loose, and about how morals and politics met. Nicolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke question this suspicion to some degree, and relate their own particular worries about great government, request, and human nature. This exposition will differentiate the works of Machiavelli, concerning his understanding of government....   [tags: plato, aristotle, government, philosophy]
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1407 words
(4 pages)
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Macbeth-Response to Aristotles Tragic Hero - Shakespeare uses Aristotle’s ancient description of a tragic hero - a character between good and bad - to portray the protagonist in the tragedy Macbeth. Aristotle’s theory that tragedy must evoke pity or fear from the audience can be done effectively through an everyman character. In order to appeal to the audience and bring forth some empathy, Macbeth must show his righteous morals through his own soliloquies or through other characters’ lines. Macbeth’s changing attitude is influenced not only by Lady Macbeth’s convincing words, but also too by his mind, which is only human and therefore subject to temptation....   [tags: essays research papers] 657 words
(1.9 pages)
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Tragic Heroines: Medea and Clytemnestra - Aristotle (384-322 B.C. believed that tragedy, as an imitation or mimesis of life as it could be, held more importance than history, which simply records the past. He considered that performance of a tragedy provided the perfect cathartic experience for an audience, leaving them spiritually purified and inspired. He felt spectators seeing and experiencing great hardship befall the play’s hero or heroine would achieve this emotional state and benefit from it. The tragic hero, according to Aristotle, must be essentially good and be of high or noble birth....   [tags: Aristotle, Greek tragedies, literature]
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981 words
(2.8 pages)
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Foundations of Political Thought - Aristotle and Socrates and Plato’s beliefs have similarities mainly evident in their denouncement of democracy for the state. The views of Socrates expressed and written by his pupil Plato are vastly philosophical in nature and he promotes the idea of questioning life to achieve insight. The philosophers who possess the absolute truth are the best equipped to rule society according to Plato and his Allegory of the Cave. Conversely, Aristotle takes a more political science approach of discussing and analyzing various constitutions to determine the best form of government, where the rational beings in a society are the natural rulers....   [tags: Philosophy, Aristotle, Socrates, Plato] 1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Childhood, Children and Role Models - The term ‘childhood’ is often difficult to define as it is a social invention. It is not possible to find a definite definition of the word childhood without taking into consideration ‘context of childhood’. This means, that childhood may not be valued in every part of the work and so defining it by the cultural expectations towards being a child. When trying to define childhood in your own words, you will often come up with many different result which reflect information from your own experience of childhood....   [tags: aristotle, celebrities, media]
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1827 words
(5.2 pages)
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How can Art be Defined - The search for a definition of Art has been subject of a complex philosophical reflection incorporated; however, within different thematics because the very idea of Art is changeable as it relies on the culture and the tradition of a particular epoch. Etymologically, the word Aesthetics derives from the Greek àisthesis, which means perception by the senses. It used to refer as the study of the world of perceptions as the doctrine aimed to discover the complexity of perceptive knowledge. In ancient times, the concept of Art was closely related to the practice with the technique which Plato argued were, certainly, not positive....   [tags: aristotle, aesthetics, catharsis, artwork]
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1079 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Doctrine of the Indefinite Terms in the Ancient Commentators of Aristotle - The Doctrine of the Indefinite Terms in the Ancient Commentators of Aristotle ABSTRACT: The ancient commentaries on Aristotle's Peri Hermeneias (De Interpretatione) give us important elements to understand more clearly some difficult passages of this treatise. In the case of the indefinite names and verbs (i.e. 'not-man', and 'does not recover', respectively), these commentaries reveal a doctrine which explains not only the nature of the indefinites, but also why Aristotle introduces these kinds of term in Peri Hermeneias....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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3042 words
(8.7 pages)
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The Good Man Based on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics - The Good Man Based on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Plato believed that a man could only become good by knowing the truth, and he could not know the truth without being good. This shows to be somewhat of a paradoxical argument. On the other hand, Aristotle had a different theory regarding the goodness of man. Aristotle claimed that the good man was the norm and the measure of ethical truth. Pertaining to Aristotle's definitions, in this essay I will explain the meaning of the previous statement....   [tags: Papers] 1056 words
(3 pages)
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Definition Essay - Genre - Definition Essay – Genre "Genre," in the most generic definition, takes the meaning "kind; sort; style" (OED). Prior to the term's inception, the notion of genre in the study of media emerged in The Poetics, with Aristotle's discussion of the mode or manner of imitation in poetry. Of this Aristotle writes, "the medium being the same, and the objects [of imitation] the same, the poet may imitate by narration - in which case he can either take another personality as Homer does, or speak in his own person, unchanged - or he may present all his characters as living and moving before us" (Aristotle, 53)....   [tags: Definition Essay]
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1735 words
(5 pages)
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Aristotle and John Wesley: On Being Truly Human - Aristotle and John Wesley: On Being Truly Human Many ideas presented by John Wesley are similar to those presented by Aristotle. These similarities become apparent in various areas, especially in the idea that each person has potential that can be actualized. Because these similarities are apparent, the thoughts of Aristotle can easily be employed to assist in understanding many of Wesley's thoughts. Specifically, the discussion of virtue presented in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics can assist one in understanding Wesley's ideas of affections and tempers, the process of Christian perfection, means of grace, and the importance of community....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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4030 words
(11.5 pages)
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The Republic of Plato - Plato and Aristotle were both very influential men of there time bringing vast knowledge to the world. I honestly believe that Democracy does a lot of good but it definitely has some common side effects. Out of all of Plato's significant ideas, his best was the idea of democracy opening political decisions to the majority who cannot think on behalf of the community. Aristotle on the other hand is very optimistic when it comes to democracy so it becomes a rather interesting compare and contrast between these to men....   [tags: democracy, aristotle, corrupt souls] 1306 words
(3.7 pages)
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Alfarabi And Aristotle: The Four Causes And The Four Stages Of The Doc - Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Four Stages of The Doctrine of The Intelligence Alfarabi was raised as a young boy in Baghdad. His early life was spent studying the art of linguistics, philosophy, and logic. His teachers were Syrian Christians experts in Greek philosophy. He studied Aristotle and Plato in detail, and it became evident in his later writings that they were a strong influence on him. He became quite a prolific writer, and he wrote more than 100 works, many of which have unfortunately been lost including his a lot of his commentaries on Aristotle....   [tags: essays research papers] 1391 words
(4 pages)
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Aristotle's Endorsement of Polity as the Best Possible for Most States - Aristotle's Endorsement of Polity as the Best Possible for Most States Polity is defined as a from of Government or type of constitution, such as a democratic polity. Aristotle uses ‘polity’ in two forms, the name for a constitution of any kind, and as the name of a specific polity. ‘Polity’ is the form of Government under which all citizens rule and are ruled in turn. The main principle of polity is that all citizens have a share of political power, and that they should all be active in ruling the state....   [tags: Papers] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Iliad by Homer - Many years ago in ancient Greece, Plato initiated a debate about the usefulness of literature by declaring that poetry had no place in the ideal society, mainly because it was full of lies and because it evoked undesirable emotions. His pupil Aristotle, however, took the opposing side of this dispute and argued that literature was, in fact, useful. Aristotle agreed with Plato that literature induces undesirable emotions, but he stated that it only does so in an attempt to purge us of these harmful sentiments, a process which he termed “catharsis”....   [tags: greece, plato, aristotle, achilleus] 1396 words
(4 pages)
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Shakespeare's Macbeth does not Follow Aristotle's Standards for a Tragedy - Macbeth does not Follow Aristotle's Standards for a Tragedy There have been many great tragic authors throughout history: Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles from ancient Greece; Corneille and Hugo from France; Grillparzer and Schiller from Germany; and Marlowe, Webster, and Shakespeare from England. From this long list of men, Shakespeare is the most commonly known. Many Shakespearean critics agree that Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet are great tragedies. Many critics also claim that Macbeth is a tragedy, but if one follows Aristotle's standards for a tragedy, Macbeth would not be a tragedy To really determine if Macbeth is a tragedy according to Aristotle, one must first look at his guide...   [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework]
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1581 words
(4.5 pages)
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Self Control and Moderation - ... Since being virtuous requires excellence along with a whole lot of moderation within each act, the self-control person comes close in acting as a moderate person, yet the fact that it does not come from the heart, makes him stuck at the level of self-control, enabling him to reach the true virtuous characteristics; however that does not mean that it is impossible, in only requires some more practice. Aristotle claims that, "the self-controlled one knows that his appetites are bad, but does not follow them because of what reason tells him" (1145b12)....   [tags: difference, Aristotle, virtuous character] 1371 words
(3.9 pages)
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Analysis of Moral Luck Views of Aristotle and Epictetus - Analysis of Moral Luck Views of Aristotle and Epictetus Aristotle, the founder of western science, and Epictetus, one of the greatest stoicists, both has their theories for the issue of "Moral Luck". To have a basic idea about the topic, I believe we should describe it from a non-philosophical point of view. After doing that we can compare both Aristotle's and Epictetus' points of views and distinguish between them with examples from "Into Thin Air"(ITA), written by Jon Krakauer....   [tags: Papers] 1465 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Free-Will Determinism Problem in Greek Philosophy: Aristotle - The Free-Will Determinism Problem in Greek Philosophy: Aristotle Although the tradition of western philosophy was once famously called a series of 'footnotes to Plato' (A.N. Whitehead), there seems to be at least one major philosophical debate that owes it s heritage neither to Plato nor to any of his ancient compatriots. The problem of free will and determinism seems not to have been a major issue directly exercising the minds of philosophers of the ancient world. There are probably two main reasons for this....   [tags: Philosophical Essays] 2775 words
(7.9 pages)
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Comparing Plato and Aristotle's Acquisition of Ethical Understanding - Comparing Plato and Aristotle's Acquisition of Ethical Understanding It is almost impossible to have a universal definition of what ethics is, the only way to really observe it is in practise; how does ethics shape our lives and how is it acquired. Ethics applies to both us and the people around us and so is both politically important and important to the individual. Plato and Aristotle had contrasting opinions on both what ethics is, how it is useful and who can obtain it....   [tags: Papers] 3042 words
(8.7 pages)
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George Gemistos Plethon on God: Aristotle vs Plato - George Gemistos Plethon on God: Aristotle vs Plato In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon's defense in his De Differentiis of Plato's conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle's. (2) Plethon asserts that the Platonic conception of God is more consistent with Orthodox Christian theology than the Aristotelian conception. This claim is all the more interesting in light of the fact that Plethon is, as it turns out, a pagan. I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because his interpretation of the Platonic God better fits his own neo-pagan theological conceptions....   [tags: Religion Philosophy Argumentative Papers]
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4375 words
(12.5 pages)
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The Notion of the Good in the Ethical Views of Plato and Aristotle - The Notion of the Good in the Ethical Views of Plato and Aristotle 1. Discuss the notion of "the good" in the ethical views of Plato and Aristotle. State which of potentiality would lead to normal life. Plato explored such subjects as beauty, justice, and good government. Plato's ethics were ethics of happiness. He based his ethical theory on the proposition that all people desire happiness although, of course, people sometimes act in ways that do not produce happiness. Plato believes that they do this only because they do not know what actions will produce happiness....   [tags: Papers] 1216 words
(3.5 pages)
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William Shakespeare's Othello as a Classic Tragic Hero -          Simply defined, a tragedy always entails the downfall of the protagonist. As a common standard in tragedy, the protagonist, or "tragic hero" is of high standing who is faced with some opposing force whether internal or external. "Tragedy is the imitation of an action; and an action implies personal agents, who necessarily possess certain distinctive qualities both of character and thought; for it is by these that we qualify actions themselves, and these- thought and character- are the two natural causes from which actions spring, and on actions, again all success or failure depends...." This excerpt from Aristotle's Poetics illustrates an aspect of tragedy upon which many works,...   [tags: GCSE Coursework Shakespeare Othello]
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2086 words
(6 pages)
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Plato has Stronger Reasoning than Aristotle - Plato and Aristotle Nearly all humans have the goal to live a virtuous and happy life. Two of the world most acknowledged philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, had their own views on this central issue. Plato supported the understanding view; he believed understanding is the key to living a virtuous life. Aristotle supported the habit and action view; he believed that individuals become virtuous by continuous moral actions. By and large both philosophers have a good standpoint; but in my judgment one has a stronger line of reasoning....   [tags: Philosophy Virtue Moral Ethic ] 693 words
(2 pages)
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The Human Function Argument - The Human Function Argument Aristotle argues that the human function is activity of the soul that expresses or requires reason. This argument is found in Nicomachean Ethics approximately between Bekker lines 1097b24 and 1098a9. 1. Humans must have a function, or else they would be idle, which is absurd. Aristotle directly asks the reader if humans might have no important overall function other than a chosen occupation in society but suggests that this would not be expected of nature. Terence Irwin used the word idle in his 1985 translation when phrasing this disjunct of Aristotle?s question....   [tags: Philosophy Aristotle]
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2003 words
(5.7 pages)
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Cyrano De Bergerac is Aristotle's High Minded Man - Le Haut Homme Occupé D'Aristote In Cyrano De Bergerac, written originally by Edmond Rostand in French and translated to English by Brian Hooker, Cyrano de Bergerac stars in an epic of his fictional life as a high minded man. Aristotle, a great philosopher, states that a high minded man must have a mind that is concerned with all great things. Now, what are these "great things". There are plenty of great things that a high minded man must value. I have chosen to explore three of them to show that Cyrano is an example of Aristotle?s high minded man....   [tags: essays research papers] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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ontemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas - Contemporary Thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aguinas Question #1 : Please discuss the political organization of the Greek city- states, particularly Athenian democracy at the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle. Also discuss the backgrounds of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and the fate of the Greek city-states historically. During the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle, Greece was divided into city-states with a wide variety of constitutions, ranging from Sparta's military dictatorship to Athens' direct democracy....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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6218 words
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The Tragic Hero of Sophocles' Antigone - The Tragic Hero of Antigone In Sophocles' Antigone, the question of who the tragic hero actually is has been the subject of a debate for years.  It is unlikely for there to be two tragic characters in a Greek tragedy, and there can be only one in the play Antigone.  The king Creon possesses some of the qualities that constitute a tragic character, but does not have all of the necessary traits. Antigone, however, contains all of the aspects that are required for her to be the  main character.  According to Aristotle's Poetics, there are four major traits, which are required of the tragic character.  The character must be a good and upstanding person.  The character must focus on becoming a...   [tags: Antigone essays] 857 words
(2.4 pages)
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Pathos, logos and Ethos in Aristotle´s Rhetorical Triangle - Many writers use several diverse ways to persuade readers into believing them. Some writers may tell a story, provide facts and information, or other ideas to encourage his or her reader to agree with the argument. Aristotle’s rhetorical triangle describes three diverse appeals: logos, pathos, and ethos. Logos is based on facts and reasons explaining logical arguments that rely on information and evidence. Logos is built with enough evidence, data, statistics, and reliable information. Another type of appeal is pathos, which attracts the reader’s emotions and feelings into the work....   [tags: essays research papers] 1640 words
(4.7 pages)
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Understanding Contemporary Leisure - ... He is quoted as saying leisure has in itself ‘intrinsic pleasure, intrinsic happiness, and intrinsic felicity’ (p.14). In order to achieve this freedom, Aristotle believed man should be a balance of many facets of Greek life. The ideal man was a balanced artist, musician, soldier and philosopher. Education and time spent in these areas created a better citizen in Aristotle’s eyes. Although leisure was described as a state of contentment, Aristotle did classify music and contemplation as leisure activities....   [tags: aristotle, greek, modern leisure]
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643 words
(1.8 pages)
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Oedipus by Sophocles - Sophocles, one of Athens great ancient writers lived through the fifth century B. C. (496-406). In such period of time, theater was considered to be both a religious and civic event. Religious because it happened only twice a year in the honor of the god of wine and crops, Dionysus; civic because every Athenian citizen was invited to take part in the famous three days of drama. Each day, during those days, a tragic play was presented for the audience’s edification. Those plays featured some important mythical or legendary event the audience is familiar with....   [tags: philosophy, creek, aristotle]
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1271 words
(3.6 pages)
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Poetry, History, and Dialectic - Poetry, History, and Dialectic Twice in the Poetics, Aristotle contrasts poetry with history. Whatever its didactic value, the contrast has not seemed to readers of special philosophical interest. The aim of this paper is to show that this contrast is philosophically significant not just for our understanding of tragedy but also for the light it sheds on Aristotle’s overall methodology. I shall show how he uses the method sketched in the Topics to define tragedy and explain why the same method will not define history....   [tags: Philosophy Argumentative Argument Papers] 4337 words
(12.4 pages)
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La paideia homosexuelle: Foucault, Platon et Aristote - La paideia homosexuelle: Foucault, Platon et Aristote ABSTRACT: As Michel Foucault describes it, the homosexual paideia in classical Greece was an erotic bonding between a boy who had to learn how to become a man, and a mature man who paid court to him. In many of his dialogues, Plato plays with this scheme: he retains the erotic atmosphere, but he inverts and purifies the whole process in the name of virtue and wisdom. In the Republic, however, Socrates' pupil forsakes this model in favor of a bisexual education for the shepherds and shepherdesses of the State....   [tags: French Essays] 3390 words
(9.7 pages)
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Apology for Poetry - An “Apology for Poetry” is a compelling essay refuting the attack on poetry by Puritan and fundamentalist Stephen Gosson. This complex article written by Sir Phillip Sidney represents the decisive rebuttal defending poetry. His strong emotive passages defend the uncongenial comments of poetry from Gosson. Although, his justification for the rebuttal is alluded to Gosson’s durable attacks on poetry; it is known Gosson’s remarks prompt Sidney’s attitude to defend not only against Gosson but as well as Plato....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Stephen Gosson] 1887 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Motionless Arrow: Aristotles Thoughts On Zenos Arror Argument - The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument Aristotle's thoughts on Zeno's Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be "next door to madness". In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno's argument of the Flying Arrow as "missing the mark". There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle's opinion, premise three can be rejected. He does not believe that time is composed of indivisible nows, which he proves with laws of science....   [tags: essays research papers] 935 words
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Greek Theater: Tragedy - Greek theatre is based on religious and political performance with prestige playwrights. The roles are always played by men who wear masks and costumes and the performance were always outdoors. Greek theatre has had comedy and tragedy where comedies the heroes are ironic and disengaged to the situations. With the tragedy, heroes often respond with emotions such as pride, rage, lust, envy or grief. This essay will focus on the tragedy side of Greek theatre. Aristotle says that tragedy “is not the imitations of persons but of actions and of life.” (Butcher 1961)....   [tags: playwrights, aristotle, romeo, shakespeare]
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Proof of Courage - The problem with the definitions of courage that we covered through the course of this semester is that they are very narrow yet the basic definitions are too broad. As a result of this, each needs to limit the scope of the definition at length. Do we really separate definition of courage for each specific circumstance. Just to name a few, we have battlefield valor, political courage, courage to partake in burdened virtues, religious courage (martyrdom), and fortitude. If a supposed self-evident truth does not hold true in all situations and cannot be aptly summarized in brevity, it is often because of a flaw....   [tags: Aristotle, Christianity, Thompson] 1225 words
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Political Science Questionnaire - 1. Explain the growth of Political Science as a discipline Political science as the branch of social science had a long journey to be recognized as a discipline. It was born from the thoughts of political thinkers since 450 BC from the Ancient Greek like Plato who was well known as The Philosopher of Social Science and Aristotle as The Father of Social Science. Both of them had the same view of state as the perspective philosophy. This discipline evolved by other thinkers, such as Polybius and Cicero from Roma, Niccolo Machiavelli from Italy, Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot from France, with their discovery of political analysis, social science, social and political critic....   [tags: Aristotle, behavioral revolution] 1175 words
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Hamlet and Macbeth Analyzed as Aristotelian Tragedies - Aristotle’s Poetics is considered the guide to a well written tragedy; his methods have been used for centuries. Aristotle defines a tragedy as “an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude… in the form of an action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions” (House, 82). The philosopher believes the plot to be the most vital aspect of a tragedy, thus all other parts such as character, diction, and thought stem from the plot....   [tags: essays research papers] 1853 words
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Analysis of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus - Analysis of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus William Shakespeare's earliest tragedy entitled Titus Andronicus is one of much action and spectacle. The majority of the characters' actions are motivated by revenge which is an essential theme throughout the work. Titus Andronicus, unlike all of Shakespeare's later plays, falls in line with Aristotle's six elements of tragedy putting plot before character. Characters are developed through the use of action in this work rather than the character determining the plot....   [tags: Papers] 354 words
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Julius Caesar, Death of a Salesman, and Oedipus Rex - Julius Caesar, Death of a Salesman, and Oedipus Rex Meet the Criteria of a Tragedy       To be considered a classic tragedy, a story should follow the principles presented by Aristotle in his work, Poetics. A tragedy, in Aristotle's view, concerns the destruction of a person of high social status and strong character. The tragic fall of the individual is brought about by a tragic flaw.  Arthur Miller expanded upon the classical definition of a tragedy to include not only those of high social status but also the common man.  Using the criteria established by Aristotle and Miller, the plays Julius Caesar, Death of a Salesman, and Oedipus Rex may be considered as tragedies....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Common Man as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman - Common Man as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman What is tragedy. While the literal definition may have changed over the centuries, one man believed he knew the true meaning of a tragic performance. Aristotle belonged to the culture that first invented tragic drama – the ancient Greeks. Through this, he gave himself credibility enough to illustrate the universally necessary elements of tragic drama. In The Poetics, Aristotle gives a clear definition of a tragedy, writing that it is “an imitation, through action rather than narration, of a serious, complete, and ample action, by means of language rendered pleasant at different places in the constituent parts by each of the aids [used to...   [tags: Death Salesman Miller essays]
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traglear King Lear as an Arthur Miller Tragedy - King Lear as an Arthur Miller Tragedy        If we seek to justify Shakespeare's King Lear as a tragedy by applying Arthur Miller's theory of tragedy and the tragic hero, then we might find Lear is not a great tragedy, and the character Lear is hardly passable for a tragic hero. However, if we take Aristotle's theory of tragedy to examine this play, it would fit much more neatly and easily. This is not because Aristotle prescribes using nobility for the subject of a tragedy, but, more importantly, because he emphasizes the purpose of tragedy -- to arouse pity and fear in the audience, and thus purge them of such emotions....   [tags: King Lear essays]
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An Analysis of Oedipus the King - An Analysis of Oedipus the King Here is a story where Oedipus the King, who has accomplished great things in his life, discovers that the gods were only playing with him. He has everything a man of that time could want; he is king of Thebes, he has a wonderful wife and children, and great fame through out the lands. He has lived a good life, but in the end everything is taken from him. The priests of Thebes have come to Oedipus to stop the plague that is killing the people of Thebes. They revere him for his knowledge, since he solved the riddle of the Sphix many years before and became the king....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex] 465 words
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Private Property and the Rule of the Middle Class in Aristotle’s Politics - Private Property and the Rule of the Middle Class in Aristotle’s Politics In his discussions of constitutions and cities in Politics, Aristotle makes it very clear that his top priority is to provide people with the opportunity to pursue and achieve the good life. An integral part of this is the stability of the constitution. Although Aristotle explicitly states that a kingship is the best system of rule for any given generation, its lack of stability from one generation to the next disqualifies it from being the best in reality....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1450 words
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Oedipus the King: A Classical Tragedy - Oedipus the King as a Classical Tragedy Aristotle, in his work 'The Poetics', tried to define the tragedy. Aristotle said that the hero, or at least the main character in a tragedy must be essentially good, but must bring upon himself his fall, due to a fatal flaw. Were the character not noble, many reason, an audience would not care about the person, and would not really notice his fall - from the street to the gutter is not a long way. In today's society this, of course, has been shown not to be true.  Modern playwrights have proven that an audience certainly can care about less prolific heroes, but in classical literature this rule stands, and all heroes of tragedy were noble, and tried...   [tags: Oedipus Rex Essays]
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Philosophy - Aristotle’s Concept of Virtue and the Comic Strip of Calvin and Hobbes - Aristotle’s Concept of Virtue and the Comic Strip of Calvin and Hobbes One of the many questions with which Aristotle is concerned in the Nicomachean Ethics is: What is virtue and who is the virtuous man. However, this question of virtue is not considered in a vacuum. Aristotle’s discussion, far from amounting to mere ethereal musings, is firmly grounded in the everyday of life and consideration. So, in discussing the ideas of Aristotle, it is appropriate, and even necessary, that we ground our discussion in a like manner....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
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The Politics: Monarchies, Aristocracies, and Polities - Throughout Politics, Aristotle goes into detail about monarchies, aristocracies, and polities, as the ideal forms of government. Polity as defined by Aristotle is the virtuous form of a constitutional democracy (Aristotle viewed democracy without constitutional law as a poor form of government). It is essential to a state in which polity is the system of rule that there is a constitution in place to prevent the excesses of majority rule. Although Aristotle perhaps believed polity to be the most realistic form of a virtuous government, he did not view is as the most ideal....   [tags: Politics, Aristotle 2014]
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A Tragedy Makes A Hero - A Tragedy Makes A Hero Show me a hero and I will write you a tragedy. A tragedy can be described and executed in many ways, whether it is through cinema, television or a play for theatre, as long as it has a solemn kind of ending. It is characterized as a very sad event, action, or experience for a certain character in the piece. According to Aristotle’s “Poetics,” a tragedy needs six elements, a plot, character, language, thought, spectacle, and melody, as in many dramas do, but the organization of the plot is how tragedy is brought about....   [tags: essays papers] 1017 words
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Hamlet Soliloquies - Akin to many Elizabethan dramas, there has been much discussion regarding the concept of tragedy in “Hamlet”. One definition of tragedy offered by the Oxford English Dictionary is ‘a serious play with an unhappy ending’. However, the concept is broader and more complex than the definition aforementioned. Aristotle is believed to have offered the first (and perhaps the most suitable) definition. According to Aristotle’s Poetics, a tragedy must involve a reversal of fortune of the main character. This character must be of great character and dignity so that his downfall is all the more spectacular which leads to the audience feeling pity and fear; two essential traits required for a drama to b...   [tags: Shakespearean Literature]
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Toward a Dynamic Conception of ousia - Toward a Dynamic Conception of ousia This paper is an initial attempt to develop a dynamic conception of being which is not anarchic. It does this by returning to Aristotle in order to begin the process of reinterpreting the meaning of ousia, the concept according to which western ontology has been determined. Such a reinterpretation opens up the possibility of understanding the dynamic nature of ontological identity and the principles according to which this identity is established. The development of the notions of energeia, dynamis and entelecheia in the middle books of Aristotle’s Metaphysics will be discussed in order to suggest that there is a dynamic ontological framework at work in...   [tags: Aristotle Aristotelian Legacy]
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Why Do We Choose Virtuous Acts? - Aristotle says that we learn which acts are virtuous, choose virtuous acts for their own sake, and acquire virtuous habits by performing virtuous acts. According to Burnyeat, Aristotle thinks this works successfully because virtuous acts are pleasant. The learner’s virtuous choices and passions are positively reinforced. I argue that Burnyeat’s interpretation fails because virtuous acts are not typically pleasant for learners or, perhaps surprisingly, even for virtuous people. Instead, I maintain that according to Aristotle moral progress is motivated by different sorts of pain associated with vicious acts....   [tags: Aristotle Ethics and the Virtues]
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In Search of Virtue in Honors - In Search of Virtue in Honors Of the three forms of friendship discussed by Aristotle—the useful, the pleasant, and the good—the ideal seminar most resembles the perfectly good friendship between “good men who are alike in excellence or virtue” (Aristotle 1156b). A seminar, the Swarthmore website reads, unites faculty with “small groups of dedicated and accomplished students” committed to “independent learning” and “dialogue with peers, teachers, and examiners.” In light of Aristotelian and neo-Aristotelian thought on friendship, virtue and practical wisdom, this discussion will first examine how an ideal seminar promotes student virtues and then proceed to evaluate an e-mail I wrote in re...   [tags: Aristotle Friendship Philosophy Essays]
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Nicomachean Ethics: Friendship, Virtue and Happiness -                 In the writings of Aristotle, seen in Nicomachean Ethics, it is evident that Aristotle believes that friendship is necessary for a virtuous and therefore happy life. I believe that this is accurate due to the similar conditions necessary for a complete friendship and a happy life. It is also evident that friendship is useful in achieving a happy life because friendship can make performing virtuous actions easier. His interpretation can be misunderstood and mistakes in practice can be made, so we will need to discuss these follies as well, in order to understand all the effects of friendship on achieving a happy life....   [tags: Philosophy, Aristotle 2014]
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Reactionary Essay To If Aristotle Ran General Motors, By Tom Morris - Introduction In the book, If Aristotle Ran General Motors, Tom Morris argues that the teachings of the ancients can and should be applied to today's corporation. His message is that the four virtues - truth, beauty, goodness, and unity - form the foundation of human excellence. Putting them into practice leads not only to self-fulfillment, but ultimately to an open, nurturing, and ethical workplace that is more productive and successful in the long-term. The purpose of this essay is to examine how Morris treats the system of ethics in relation to these four virtues....   [tags: Business Ethics Morals] 1257 words
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Hume and the Ethics of Virtue - I argue that Hume's ethics can be characterized as a virtue ethics, by which I mean a view according to which character has priority over action and the principles governing action: virtuous character guides and constrains practical deliberation. In a traditional utilitarian or Kantian ethics, character is subordinate to practical deliberation: virtue is needed only to motivate virtuous action. I begin by outlining this approach in Aristotle's ethics, then draw relevant parallels to Hume. I argue that virtuous character in Aristotle is understood in terms of "self-love." A true self-lover enjoys most the exercise of the characteristic human powers of judging, choosing, deciding and deliberat...   [tags: Character Morals Aristotle Papers]
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The Pleasurable Friendship vs. the Perfect Friendship -      In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle tells us that there are three types of friendships; the useful, the pleasurable, and the perfect. In this paper, I am going to try to show why the pleasurable friendship is the worst kind to have, and of course why the perfect friendship would be the best.      "Now those who love each other for their utility do not love each other for themselves but in virtue of some good which they get form each other." (Nic. Ethics Bk.8:3) Among my extremes of the pleasurable and the perfect, utility is definitely the middle ground....   [tags: Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle] 807 words
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Eudaimonia and Human Flourishing - Eudaimonia and Human Flourishing Aristotle describes three types of life in his search for human flourishing: lives of gratification, politics, and contemplation. He contends that there is a single Idea of Good that all men seek, and he finds that happiness, or eudaimonia, best fits his criteria. Aristotle investigates the human purpose to find how happiness is best achieved, and finds that a life of activity and contemplation satisfies our purpose, achieving the most complete happiness in us....   [tags: Aristotle Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Structure in Sophocles' Antigone - Structure in Sophocles' Antigone               Aristotle in his Poetics (chap. 7) says: ?[L]et us now discuss the proper structure of the plot, since this is the first and most important thing in tragedy. (1033). M. H. Abrams says that ?almost all literary theorists since Aristotle have emphasized the importance of structure, conceived in diverse ways, in analyzing a work of literature. (300). The matter of the structure of Sophocles. Antigone is a subject of varying interpretation among literary critics, as this essay will reveal....   [tags: Antigone essays Sophocles Papers]
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Greek Philosophers - During the 5th century BC, a new group of intellectual teachers emerged in Athens. These teachers, called Sophists, (meaning “those who are wise”) were considered ‘professional teachers,’ as they earned money by selling their knowledge. The Sophists used their intellect and skill at rhetoric in order to persuade others. Protagoras, a foremost Sophist, concluded that there could be no absolute truths or eternal standards of right and wrong. Perception of right and wrong could only create a truth for an individual....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle] 835 words
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Evaluation of Telémakhos’ Actions - Evaluation of Telémakhos’ Actions Authors and poets in ancient and modern literature laud the actions of heroes and condemn the actions of villains—judging which is laudable action comes from understanding the virtues. Our greatest stories are nothing if not conflict between antagonist and protagonist, a battle against that esteemed as good and that which is evil. In ancient literature, our understanding of virtuous action comes principally from Aristotle. The path of virtue is the middle ground, such that it “is an intermediate between excess and defect” (Aristotle 1220)....   [tags: Aristotle Telemakhos Essays]
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True Happiness - According to Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, happiness is the ultimate end of humanity, as everything humans do is done in order to obtain it, and it is gained via the achievement of full excellence of the soul. Happiness is the greatest of all human good, because, as an end, it is an end unto itself, meaning that humans do not use it as a means to any other end. It is not conditional happiness that Aristotle lauds, but rather something that is more akin to the modern definition of joy. The practice of virtue, both intellectual and moral, is required to condition the soul into the state of ultimate excellence, and thus to obtain happiness....   [tags: Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics]
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Virtue Ethics - Virtue, when I hear that word I think of value and morality and only good people can be virtuous. When I hear the word ethics I think of good versus evil, wrong and right. Now when the two are put together you get virtue ethics. You may wonder what can virtue ethics possibly mean. It’s just two words put together to form some type of fancy theory. Well this paper will discuss virtue ethics and the philosophy behind it. Virtue ethics is a theory that focuses on character development and what virtues one should obtain to be who they are supposed to be, as oppose to actions....   [tags: Aristotle, phylosophy, Greek history]
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Macbeth - Tragedy - William Shakespeare is the noted author of a vast array of plays, ranging from comedies to histories to tragedies. Perhaps one of his most famous in the tragedy genre is Macbeth. Though Shakespeare can be considered as a scholar in the sense that he was both a renowned and prolific playwright, look back a few hundred years to find Aristotle, one of the most famous scholars and philosophers of all time. In his treatise titled Poetics, he defends poetry against criticism as well as sets standards for tragedies in "The Nature of Tragedy," a section of the Poetics....   [tags: essays research papers] 1236 words
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Mathematical Ethics - Mathematical Ethics Philosophers since antiquity have argued the merits of mathematics as a normative aid in ethical decision-making and of the mathematization of ethics a theoretical discipline. Recently, Anagnostopoulos, Annas, Broadie and Hutchinson have probed such issues said to be of interest to Aristotle. Despite their studies, the sense in which Aristotle either opposed or proposed a mathematical ethics in subject-matter and method remains unclear. This paper attempts to clarify the matter....   [tags: Math Philosophy Aristotle Papers]
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