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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Aristotle Poetics"
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Sir Isaac Newton: Standing on the Shoulders of Galileo and Aristotle - The general and widespread acceptance of Sir Isaac Newton’s models and laws may often be taken for granted, but this has not always been so. Throughout history, scientists and philosophers have built on each other’s theories to create improved and often revolutionary models. Although Newton was neither the first nor the last to bring major innovations to society, he was one of the most notable ones; many of his contributions are still in use today. With the formulation of his laws of motion, Sir Isaac Newton contributed to the downfall of Aristotelianism and provided a universal quantitative system for approximating and explaining a wide range of phenomena of space and the physics of motion,...   [tags: Contributions of Isaac Newton] 1458 words
(4.2 pages)
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Positve Psychology and Aristotle's Virtue Ethics Converge - Positive psychology and Aristotle: A convergence of ideas The field of positive psychology, founded by Martin Seligman (1998), seeks to influence individuals whose lives are “neutral” and increase their psychological well-being. Positive psychology offers a unique perspective on mental health through focusing on individual strengths rather than dysfunction, pathology, and mental illness (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). The goal of positive psychology is to assist individuals in creating meaningful lives through the promotion of positive emotions, individual character strengths, as well as, eudemonic happiness, as key components to optimal mental health....   [tags: Hedonism, PERMA]
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1570 words
(4.5 pages)
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Freud and Aristotle’s Theories of Human Nature - “Psychological - or more strictly speaking, psychoanalytic -investigation shows that the deepest essence of human nature, which are similar in all men and which aim at the satisfaction of certain needs... [are] self-preservation, aggression, need for love, and the impulse to attain pleasure and avoid pain...” At its simplest form, this quote perfectly explains Sigmund Freud’s theory on human nature. Human beings, according to Freud, are in a constant state of conflict within themselves; trying to satisfy their animalistic instincts, while also maintaining a socially appropriate life....   [tags: metapysics, state of conflict, satisfaction] 1307 words
(3.7 pages)
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Aristotle - Aristotle believes that happiness is the ultimate goal in life. You can’t reach happiness unless you work hard and become successful. That is where virtue comes into play. A human’s function is to engage in “an activity of the soul which is in accordance with virtue” and which “is in conformity with reason” (page 76, Palmer). The two kinds of virtue are intellectual and moral. Our virtues are what make us all individual and all different. Intellectual virtues are what we are born with and what we learn....   [tags: Happiness Virtue] 1059 words
(3 pages)
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Aristotle - Aristotelian Ethics & Distributive Justice Concern with material equality as the central form of distributive justice is a very modern idea. Distributive justice for Aristotle and many other writers for millennia after him was a matter of distributing what each ought to get from merit or desert in some sense. The idea of equality was arguably anathema to Aristotle and most other theorists, including Catholic philosophers, until modern times, indeed until the nineteenth century. A common view was that social hierarchy and its attendant inequality was natural....   [tags: essays research papers] 684 words
(2 pages)
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Comparing Aristotle and Miller´s View on Tragedy - In ancient Greece citizens hoped to go unnoticed by the Gods. The Gods played a huge role on what occurred in a citizen’s life. If a prophecy was decided by a God, then there was no altering it. Aristotle believes that this is what makes up a true tragedy. He suggests that tragedy is plot driven, and if the plot is set then there is no way around it. In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is paying for the sins of his father King Laios. Laios was given horrible future by the Gods for angering them when he rapes another man....   [tags: Arthur Miller, Oedipus Rex, tragic hero]
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1241 words
(3.5 pages)
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Aristotle, Connectionism, and the Brain - Aristotle, Connectionism, and the Brain Can a mass of networked neurons produce moral human agents. I shall argue that it can; a brain can be morally excellent. A connectionist account of how the brain works can explain how a person might be morally excellent in Aristotle's sense of the term. According to connectionism, the brain is a maze of interconnections trained to recognize and respond to patterns of stimulation. According to Aristotle, a morally excellent human is a practically wise person trained in good habits....   [tags: Philosophy Psychology Papers]
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4277 words
(12.2 pages)
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Shakespeare's Macbeth - Aristotelian Tragedy - Macbeth: Aristotelian Tragedy The definition of tragedy in an excerpt from Aristotle's "Poetics" is the re-creation, complete within itself, of an important moral action. The relevance of Aristotle's Poetics to Shakespeare's play Macbeth defines the making of a dramatic tragedy and presents the general principles of the construction of this genre. Aristotle's attention throughout most of his Poetics is directed towards the requirements and expectations of the plot....   [tags: Macbeth essays] 1814 words
(5.2 pages)
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Aristotle's Beliefs on Elements Needed to Live a Happy Life - According to Aristotle, there are three basic kinds of goods that are necessary to possess in order to live a happy life. “These three goods are: bodily goods, external goods, and goods of the soul also known as psychological goods”. Bodily goods are non-tangible, and they would be considered anything that would lengthen a human beings life expectancy. Good health, no or very few illnesses, vitality, freedom from pain, and no or few injuries would all fall into this category. External goods are tangible items that make living and going about everyday life much easier....   [tags: philosophy] 827 words
(2.4 pages)
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Aristotle and Virtue: How People View The Virtue of Forgiveness - After learning about Aristotle’s review of virtues, two of them stand out, justice and forgiveness. No one can touch justice or forgiveness, but you can see the outcomes when they are demonstrated. Justice and forgiveness are two different virtues that demand motion, with forgiveness it requires a deep feeling to let go, whereas with justice it requires an action a person takes. Forgiveness requires people to participate in a process of releasing bitterness, hate and anger toward someone or something....   [tags: justice, forgiveness, christians]
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914 words
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Creon' Exemplification of Aristotle's Tragic Hero in Antigone by Sophocles - Throughout literary history, tragic heroes have been defined as a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat. However, philosophers such as Aristotle tried to find connections between tragic heroes in Greek plays. This in-depth analysis of tragic heroes lead Aristotle to create six criteria for a true tragic hero: He or she has to be a Noble figure of royalty and noble in character, has to be imperfect by design, has a flaw or error that is a choice, is punished excessively for this choice flaw, has to undergo a downfall that leads to a realization, and the story of this tragic hero has to make the audience reach a moment of catharsi...   [tags: noble, flaw, downfall] 1509 words
(4.3 pages)
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Aristotle: Above the Mean - Aristotle: Above the Mean With the strict oppression of thought by religion and government in the 2nd century B.C.E., it’s a surprise in itself that Aristotle, a man with such revolutionary thoughts and ideas was able to let his thinking be known to the entire world (as it was known back then). It is therefore even more surprising that his idea’s have survived these many centuries though books, a medium of writing that has a notorious reputation of being burned when something in its contents doesn’t match the current beliefs of the established system of government or the church....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1196 words
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Comparing Aristotle and Plato - Comparing Aristotle and Plato We have two great philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. These are great men, whose ideas have not been forgotten over years. Although their thoughts of politics were similar, we find some discrepancies in their teachings. The ideas stem from Socrates to Plato to Aristotle. Plato based moral knowledge on abstract reason, while Aristotle grounded it on experience and tried to apply it more to concrete living. Both ways of life are well respected by many people today. Plato started his teachings in remembrance of his good friend, Socrates....   [tags: Papers] 791 words
(2.3 pages)
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ASPCA ASPCA Uses Aristotle's Power of Persuasion - ... This is an animal that should not have to live their life this way; it can really tug at some heartstrings, and cause many emotions like sad, anger, and even happy. For instance something like this makes most people think wow how can someone do this to a poor innocent animal; what can I do to make a difference, what can I do to help. As they continue to look through the advertisement they notice how some of the animals got helped and found a home, this usually gives them the feeling of happiness....   [tags: advertisements, pet owners, prevention] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle - Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle In his book Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle seeks to define the guidelines for human beings to achieve happiness as a community. Happiness is something that human beings must constantly work for and not a state that can just exist forever without struggle. Aristotle believes that the only possible way for a society as a whole to be happy is through the study of political science. In Book I, Chapter 1, Aristotle declares that all human life consists of activity. He further claims that human beings engage in these activities to arrive at some end....   [tags: Classic Literature, Greek] 318 words
(0.9 pages)
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Application of Aristotle's Nature of Tragedy to the Tale of Oedipus - Out of Aristotle’s apprehension of tragedy, four out of the six ideas are used in the tragic drama, “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles. These ideas are tragic hero, hamartia, peripeteia, and anagnorisis. The tragic hero is a person of greatness, and noble stature who usually contributes to their own downfall. Oedipus has greatness and noble stature; he’s sublime, in the way that he cares for his people. What leads to his own downfall is his own pride, which came out when he solved the riddle of the Sphinx and was praised by marrying the queen of Thebes, making him feel untouchable, “Here I am myself- you all know me, the world knows my fame: I am Oedipus....   [tags: Sophocles, Literary Analysis] 971 words
(2.8 pages)
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Ars Poetica by Archibald MacLeish - “Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.” Spoken like the artistic genius he was, Shakespeare provides an excellent example of how the world used to speak. Another example, which shall be noted as the inspiration of this paper, would be Ars Poetica by Archibald MacLeish. In this poem, he explains how he thinks a poem should be: “A poem should not mean But be.” This last line from the poem basically says that a poem should be more important than words on a page. It should be a physical being instead of something out of the dictionary....   [tags: shakespeare, poem, greatest writers]
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1162 words
(3.3 pages)
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Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: Happiness - From pursuing pleasure to avoiding pain, life seems to ultimately be about achieving happiness. However, how to define and obtain happiness has and continues to be a widely debated issue. In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle gives his view on happiness. Aristotle focuses particularly on how reason, our rational capacity, should help us recognize and pursue what will lead to happiness and the good life.';(Cooley and Powell, 459) He refers to the soul as a part of the human body and what its role is in pursuing true happiness and reaching a desirable end....   [tags: Nicomachean Ethics Essays] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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Aristotle's Concept of Teleology - Aristotle's Concept of Teleology In his Physics, Aristotle examines the theories and ideas regarding nature of his predecessors and then, based upon his own ideas, theories and experiments, argues against what he believes are incorrect conclusions. One idea that Aristotle argues specifically is teleology. Teleology is the idea that natural phenomena are determined not only by mechanical causes but by an overall design or purpose in nature. In this essay, I will examine what Aristotle's concept of teleology was and look at why he held this conception....   [tags: essays research papers] 874 words
(2.5 pages)
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Aristotles Notion Of Body And Soul - Aristotele’s Notion of Body and Soul, and My opinion What is Aristotele’s notion of body and soul. According to Aristotle, everything in the world is divided between superior and inferior. Man is superior to the animals, the male to the female, and the soul to the body. “The soul is more noble than our possesions or our bodies';. Therefore, man should act through his soul, and not through his body. The soul services the greater good. If a man does not act from his soul, and thus lets his body rule the sole, he is not worthy of politics, and is a ‘natural slave’....   [tags: essays research papers] 513 words
(1.5 pages)
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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protégé of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of politics and religion, known as the linear concept....   [tags: essays research papers] 868 words
(2.5 pages)
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Aristotole's View that Virtue is the Ability to Know Good and Do Good - "Aristotle felt that virtue is the ability habitually to know the good and to do the good." (Dreisbach 2009, p. 84) However; what did he mean by this. Can a person be considered morally virtuous, if he is judged by a single action he has committed. What is virtue any way. Well according to Dictonary.com "virtue is moral excellence, righteousness and goodness. (Dictonary.com, 2014) Humans are not born virtuous or moral in nature. They are characteristics that are learned. Such as being compassionate, kind, honest or modest....   [tags: virtue, compassion, moral]
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839 words
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Active Intellect In Aristotle, - All men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves; and above all others the sense of sight”. This is the foundation of human knowledge Aristotle presents us with in Book Alpha of the Metaphysics. The next question which we must naturally ask ourselves is, How. How is it that we can have any knowledge at all. We by our very nature desire to know and we love the senses in themselves but what is the relationship between the two and by what faculty are we able to call anything knowledge once sense perception has occurred....   [tags: essays research papers] 1045 words
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Aristotle's Views on Citizenship - Aristotle's Views on Citizenship For Aristotle the human is "by nature" destined to live in a political association. Yet not all who live in the political association are citizens, and not all citizens are given equal share in the power of association. The idea of Polity is that all citizens should take short turns at ruling (VII, 1332 b17-27). It is an inclusive form of government: everyone has a share of political power. Aristotle argues that citizen are those who are able to participate in the deliberative and judicial areas of government (III, 1279a32-34)....   [tags: Papers] 1194 words
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Aristotle and His Theories - Am Phronesis According to Aristotle and his theories, there are two basic types of intellectual virtues by which we live our lives. The two intellectual virtues that he speaks of are wisdom and phronesis. Wisdom is a virtue that we are able to gain and increase throughout our lives through experience and time. Of the two different intellectual virtues that Aristotle speaks of, wisdom is more of a scientific knowledge, it is the type of knowledge that would be expected of an intellect. While phronesis is not a virtue acquired through an education or books, it is more of a virtue that is learned and built from social interaction and real life experiences....   [tags: essays research papers] 1982 words
(5.7 pages)
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Comparing Aristotle and Plato - Comparing Aristotle and Plato Aristotle argues that in order for a polis to emerge, a union between man and women must convene. Later a household must be introduced which unites with other households to form a village, villages come together to form city-states. This theory is Aristotle’s natural view that an individual can not be self sufficient Plato argues that, in order to achieve absolute justice, a city-state is needed. In The Republic, Plato builds around the idea of Philosopher Rulers....   [tags: Papers] 1323 words
(3.8 pages)
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Locke, Aristotle and Aquinas - Locke, Aristotle and Aquinas      In the tomes of history, many philosophers have outlined their visions of a perfect society.  Until recently however, few have ventured into the waters of religious tolerance.  One such philosopher was John Locke.  Writing in the late 17th century, Locke advocated a complete separation between church and state.  He argued for an unprecedented tolerance of people of all faiths.   Although Locke's views became widely popular throughout Europe and the Americas, they did not meet with unanimous approval.  Many earlier philosophers disagreed with Locke.  Two such philosophers were Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas.  Aquinas disagreed in three key respects:  Compuls...   [tags: Philosophy essays]
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2199 words
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A Survey of Tragedy - A Survey of Tragedy A modern tragedy of today and a tragedy of ancient Greece are two very different concepts, but ironically, both are linked by many similarities. In “Poetics”, Aristotle defines and outlines tragedy for theatre in a way that displays his genius, but raises questions and creates controversy. Aristotle’s famous definition of tragedy states: “A tragedy is the imitation of an action that is serious, and also as having magnitude, complete in itself in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form: with incidents arousing pity and fear; wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotion...   [tags: Oedipus The King, Death of a Salesman]
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995 words
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The Doctrine of the Mean in Aristotles Politics - The Doctrine of the Mean in Aristotle’s Politics. Examining the texts of Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics” and “Politics” side by side, one is bound to find parallels between his reasoning with regard to the individual and to the state. In “Nicomachean Ethics” Aristotle discusses happiness, virtue, and the good life on an individual level and lays out necessary provisions for the good life of a person. He maintains that virtue is a necessary element of happiness: a man will be happy if he has virtues of justice, courage, and temperance, each constituting a balance between the extremes....   [tags: essays research papers] 2162 words
(6.2 pages)
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Aristotle's Analysis - Aristotle in his time wrote papers on what he believed the perfect tragedy should be like. He used the work of Sophocles tragedy Oedipus the King as his perfect example of what a tragedy should be compared to. Aristotle felt that Oedipus the King followed his six features of an ideal framework for a flawless tragedy and he wrote, ."..every tragedy has six constituents, which will determine its quality. They are plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song." And from his explanations in of these six features incorporated with perfect examples from Sophocles tragedy it seems that Oedipus the King is the perfectly written tragedy....   [tags: World Cultures] 587 words
(1.7 pages)
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Plato vs. Aristotle - Plato vs. Aristotle How do we explain the world around us. How can we get to the truth. Plato and Aristotle began the quest to find the answers thousands of years ago. Amazingly, all of philosophy since that time can be described as only a rehashing of the original argument between Plato and Aristotle. Plato and Aristotle's doctrines contrast in the concepts of reality, knowledge at birth, and the mechanism to find the truth. Firstly, Plato's concept of reality contrasts with Aristotle's concept....   [tags: Papers] 350 words
(1 pages)
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Plato vs Aristotle - In ancient Greece two great written philosophers lived. First there was Plato and then Aristotle. Aristotle was a pupil of Plato. Despite being taught by Plato they had different theories and views. Their ethics were very typical and traditional of ancient Greece but Aristotle detailed virtue ethics and the path to happiness. Plato’s political theories for a utopian society varied from Aristotle’s view of ‘best state for each society’. Their metaphysical theories are complete opposites and very contradicting....   [tags: Greek Philosophy Virtue Ethics Happiness Society] 1826 words
(5.2 pages)
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Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics - Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Throughout Aristotle’s life and career as a philosopher, he modified and formulated many ideas that deal with the psyche and state of the mind and body. One of the most prevalent ideas that he studied was the quest for happiness. He had many theories about it, but most merged to become the Nicomachean Ethics As Socrates also believed, Aristotle thought that the life of the philosopher was the most pleasant and had the potential to bring the most happiness to oneself....   [tags: Papers] 338 words
(1 pages)
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Aristotle's Political Ideal - Aristotle's Political Ideal ¡§It is not Fortune¡¦s power to make a city good; that is a matter of scientific planning and deliberative policy.¡¨ Aristotle, along with most of the prominent thinkers of his time, theorized upon what the Ideal Political State would be and through what means it could be obtained. Aristotle wrote on this discussion of the Ideal State in books VII and VIII of The Politics. What Aristotle observed around him were the prevalent city-states of ancient Greece. It is commonly believed that he did not have a vision of the large nation-state and especially not such great federations as the United States and Russia....   [tags: Papers] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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Biography of Aristotle (384 -322 BC) - Aristotle (384 -322 BC) ARISTOTLE'S LIFE Aristotle, Greek philosopher and scientist, is one of the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born in Stagira, Greece to a physician to the royal court. When he became eighteen, Aristotle entered Plato's School in Athens and remained at this academy for twenty years, as a student and then as a teacher. He was recognized as the Academy's brightest and was given the title of "The Intelligence of the School". When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle left Athens and joined a group of disciples of Plato, with his friend Hermias....   [tags: essays research papers] 329 words
(0.9 pages)
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Aristotle’s Idea of the Four Causes - Aristotle’s Idea of the Four Causes Aristotle explained that things could be seen in four different ways. He named these the four causes. These were the material, formal, efficient and the final cause. “Aition” is the nearest translation for the word cause, which means a responsible explanatory factor. The material cause, this answers the question what is it made of. One example could be a clay pot, this is made from clay. But Aristotle argued that the material is not enough on it’s own to make it what it is....   [tags: Papers] 343 words
(1 pages)
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Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle and Plato's The Republic - Where Does Voluntary Begin. Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle attempts to define the meaning of ethics and to create the perfect society as did Plato in The Republic. In Aristotle’s attempt at definition he discusses the difference and significance of voluntary and involuntary action. Beginning by defining, Aristotle soon realizes many situations are too complex for just black vs. white terms and he introduces another term; non-voluntary. This leads to discussion of choice and deliberation, bringing his viewpoints into applicable terms, out of philosophy and into everyday life....   [tags: essays research papers] 1469 words
(4.2 pages)
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Aristotle vs. Plato - Aristotle vs. Plato Excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is Plato’s definition of virtue. What does this definition really mean though. Plato and Aristotle both had their own unique arguments devoted to the topic at hand, and their own ways of describing what virtue really is. Defining virtue may seem to be an easy taste, but to truly understand the arguments behind the definition can prove to be very challenging.      Before discussing virtue, the sole must first be considered....   [tags: Virtue Philosophy Life Essays Papers] 1406 words
(4 pages)
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Virtue and Happiness - Happiness is the goal of every human beings according to Aristotle, however what does happiness imply. It is in his attempt to define happiness and to find a way to attain it that Aristotle comes across the idea of virtue. It is thus necessary to explain the relationship between these two terms. I will start by defining the good and virtue and then clarify their close link with the argument of function, I will then go into more details in explaining the different ways in which they are closely related and finally I am going to give an account of the apparent contradiction in Book X which is a praise of the life of study....   [tags: Aristotle, Philosophy]
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Aristotle's Concept of Tragedy Applied to Hamlet - Aristotle’s Concept of Tragedy Applied to Hamlet Aristotle’s concept of a well written tragedy is that it is “…an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude, in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play, the form of action, not of narrative, through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions” (McManus). According to Aristotle, the plot is the “soul” of the tragedy from which the other parts such as characters, diction, thought, spectacle, and melody stem (McManus)....   [tags: William Shakespeare]
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1507 words
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Aristotle, Conflicting lifestyles - When comparing the contemplative lifestyle to the moral virtuous lifestyle, one finds the differences to rest on the three types of good: goods of the body, external goods, and goods of the soul. One conflict comes between leading a courageous, brave life and desiring happiness. To explain the aforementioned I feel it necessary to define true courage. It seems true courage revolves around death. Not every kind of death is considered noble, for example death from drowning or death from disease....   [tags: essays research papers] 808 words
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The Pursuit of Happiness and the Union of Aristotle and Genesis - The Pursuit of Happiness and the Union of Aristotle and Genesis Two major schools of thought broadly influenced the development of the moral code of Western Civilization. The Judeo-Christian tradition gave us faith and God through the text of the Bible. The ancient Greeks gave us philosophical inquiry and "the Good" through the teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. In his Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle proposes that "the Good" is the highest end of man’s actions. Happiness is "the Good" because it is the only end man pursues with no other end in mind....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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2821 words
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Aristotle Vs. Plato Learning Is Recollection - What alternative does Aristotle offer to Plato’s claim that learning is recollection. Where would Aristotle locate the mistake in Plato’s argument in The Phaedo. In his dialogues The Phaedo and Meno, Plato, through the form of Socrates, puts forth the idea that all learning is recollection. In The Phaedo, to prove that the soul is immortal, Socrates asserts the view that all learning is recollection and we simply need to be reminded of facts that our immortal souls are aware of. In Meno, Socrates attempts to show the truth of this belief by doing complex geometry with a nearby slave boy....   [tags: essays research papers] 649 words
(1.9 pages)
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Aristotle's Knowledge Tree - In book VI of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, he identifies five intellectual virtues. These five virtues are sophia which is wisdom, episteme which is knowledge of empirical truth, phronesis which is practical wisdom, techne which is craft knowledge, and nous which is intuition. I believe that all these virtues are necessary for every person to live and must be applied to interact with other people. When a student is in school, many times they wonder why they have to learn certain things and take certain courses....   [tags: Philosophy] 458 words
(1.3 pages)
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Plato Vs. Aristotle - Plato vs. Aristotle Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael's "School of Athens" (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. In a discussion of politics, the stand point of each philosopher becomes an essential factor. It is not coincidental that Plato states in The Republic that Philosopher Rulers who possess knowledge of the good should be the governors in a city state....   [tags: essays research papers] 1899 words
(5.4 pages)
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Intellectual Goodness in The Way of Reasons by Aristotle - Intellectual Goodness in The Way of Reasons by Aristotle In the reading “The Way of Reason” Aristotle tries to define the good that is within mankind. He moves through a variety of exercises that narrow down and simplify the ideas that man is inherently good and that his tendency for it is deliberate and pre-destined. He looks at different activities, then breaks them down and finds the part that leads toward the final happiness. He feels that if man is truly good within his soul that he will be happy....   [tags: Papers] 868 words
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The Soul According to Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine - The Soul According to Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine The soul can be defined as a perennial enigma that one may never understand. But many people rose to the challenge of effectively explaining just what the soul is about, along with outlining its desires. Three of these people are Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine. Even though all three had distinctive views, the similarities between their views are strikingly vivid. The soul indeed is an enigma to mankind and the only rational explanation of its being is yet to come and may never arrive....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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1196 words
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Aristotles Definition of Nature - Aristotle’s Definition of Nature Nature, in its essence, is the cause/effect relationship offered to things with ascertainable objectivity, occurring without cause. From this we can logically state that the nature of something (something being an object with "thinghood", as humorously described in class) is its beginning, purpose and stereo-type. There are two debatable definitions of nature, which under scrutiny are seemingly very similar. On the left hand, we have nature described as "the first, inchoate, thing belonging to it"....   [tags: essays research papers] 391 words
(1.1 pages)
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Aristotle and Heidegger Allowing Personal Accountability - Aristotle and Heidegger Allowing Personal Accountability A disquieting article recently appeared in The New York Times. The article chronicles the story of Larry W. Peterman, resident of Provo, Utah, owner of a successful adult video store, and defendant in a case in which he was charged with selling obscene material. During Peterman’s trial, the following information came to the fore, "As it turned out, people in Utah County, a place that often boasts of being the most conservative area in the nation, were disproportionately large consumers of the very videos that prosecutors had labeled obscene and illegal....   [tags: Philosophy Martin Heidegger Essays]
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6686 words
(19.1 pages)
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Shakespeaerian Tragedies: The Link to Aristotle's Ideas - Shakespeaerian Tragedies: The Link to Aristotle's Ideas The central concern of tragedy has always been to explore the nature of evil in the world; both its existence and the nature of particular types of evil and their effect. If we are to find the meaning of Shakespeare's tragedies, we must examine how men looked at the problem of evil in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries....   [tags: Papers] 1795 words
(5.1 pages)
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Aristotle's Tragic Hero in Shakespeare's Macbeth - Aristotle's Tragic Hero in Macbeth       Aristotle and Shakespeare lived ages apart, but Aristotle had a great affect on Shakespeare's plays. In Shakespeare’s tragic play, Macbeth, the character of Macbeth is consistent with Aristotle's definition of the tragic hero.   Aristotle's tragic hero is a man who is characterized by good and evil. He is a mixture of good characteristics and bad characteristics. For example, Macbeth was an honorable Thane of Glamis. He was a valiant fighter who had protected his country of Scotland well, but he wanted to be king....   [tags: Macbeth essays]
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1037 words
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Aristotle's Perspective of Friendship in Homer's Iliad - An Aristotelian Examination of Friendship in Homer's Iliad It is strange to label any friendship a success or a failure; it is stranger still to call the friendship between Achilleus and Patroklos a failure, especially when it has long been celebrated as one of the greatest friendships in antiquity. After all, friendship is called a success when friends remain just that, and a failure when they part ways with diffidence. How else could we possibly judge friendship. I suggest, however, that the good of the friend is the end of true friendship, and that this principle can guide critical inquiry into the nature of friendship....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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2390 words
(6.8 pages)
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Oedipus Is Not a Tragic Hero - “Tragedy is an imitation of an action of high importance . . .” states Aristotle in his book Poetics (as cited in Kennedy & Gioia, 2010). Without a doubt, he observed and analyzed countless plays throughout his life and in Poetics, he writes a broad description of what a tragedy should contain (Kennedy & Gioia). Specifically, to Aristotle, tragedies require a “Tragic Hero.” What makes this literary character unique from the other heroes of literature. The most obvious and central difference is that the hero in question always experiences a disastrous reversal of fortune, which follows the recognition of a previously unknown truth (Kennedy & Gioia)....   [tags: Oedipus the King Essays]
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2026 words
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How Aristotle Would View Odysseus - How Aristotle Would View Odysseus During the time of Aristotle, revenge was seen as something of honor. It was considered noble to try to restore your honor after someone intentionally caused you shame or harm. You were looked at as a coward if you did not try to sneak and plot your revenge. Revenge can either be sought after for ones own internal satisfaction, but in this book, it is usually required because of what others might think as far as ones reputation is concerned. During Aristotle’s time, if you were seeking revenge one had strict guidelines to follow to ensure that the one seeking revenge was doing it out of honor and integrity....   [tags: Papers] 1281 words
(3.7 pages)
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Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex Fulfills All of the Requirements of a Tragedy - Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex Fulfills All of the Requirements of a Tragedy Throughout Poetics, Aristotle describes what traits a tragedy must have to be successful. To support these choices, he makes use of a small analysis of many tragedies, including many of Sophocles’ plays; Oedipus Rex is one of the plays mentioned in Aristotle’s Poetics. Some of these traits include a successful plot structure, recognition scenes, and a correct choice for its hero. In Oedipus Rex, Sophocles fulfills all of these requirements....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]
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Aristotles Life - Aristotle&#8217;s Life Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, educator, and scientist, and was also one of the most influential thinkers in Western culture (World Book 663). Through his writings, Aristotle considered, summarized, criticized, and helped to further develop many of these traditions from which he had learned from Plato, his teacher. He was born in Stagira, and both of his parents died when he was a boy. His legal guardian named Proxenus raised him (World Book 663). At the age of 18 years of age, Aristotle entered Plato&#8217;s school in Athens called the Academy....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek, History] 327 words
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Self-Sufficient Happiness or Happiness Dependent on Other Influences - Aristotle’s theory and self-sufficiency Aristotle’s theories start by expressing happiness as the number one importance in life . The only way to obtain this absolute happiness is to be a good person and commit good actions. In Aristotle’s theory he expresses different avenues to achieve being a good person, some of which will be discussed later on. Along the way, Aristotle states “happiness, then, is something final and self-sufficient, and is the end of action.” This raises the question is happiness in Aristotle’s eyes, something that is obtained self-sufficiently or does happiness also require outside influences....   [tags: Aristotle, external goods, perspective]
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Reconstruction of Aristotle's Argument from Physics Book 2, Chapter 8. - In this paper, I offer a reconstruction of Aristotle’s argument from Physics Book 2, chapter 8, 199a9. Aristotle in this chapter tries to make an analogy between nature and action to establish that both, nature and action, have an end. This argument developed as a respond to natural philosophers, who argue that the results of nature/natural processes occur just by accident but not for an end (198b16). Aristotle argues that events and results that come to be by chance only are present a few times....   [tags: the end of nature and action] 614 words
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How Aristotle Understands the Human Being through Virtue Ethics - How does Aristotle understand the human being through virtue ethics. In the first part I will explain his notions of the Telos which in his view equals happiness and the methods that he uses to determine what they are. In the second part I will explain his thinking towards knowledge and how it is based on sense perception, reason and reality. In the third part I will examine what Aristotle considers a being and where he distinguishes achievable human actions. In the fourth part I will demonstrate the four causes of his theory....   [tags: philosophical analysis] 822 words
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Aristotles Ethics - The Humanities represent man's concern with man and with the human world. In that concern there is no more important problem than the age-old one which was first discussed systematically here, in Greece, more than two thousand years ago. The problem I refer to, which the ancient Greek philosophers thought deeply about, is this one: What makes a human life good -- what makes it worth living and what must we do, not just merely to live, but to live well. In the whole tradition of Western literature and learning, one book more than any other defines this problem for us and helps us to think about it....   [tags: essays research papers] 1750 words
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Tragic Heroes of The Iliad and Oedipus Rex Analysis - Calvin Coolidge once said, “Heroism is not only in the man, but in the occasion” (brainyquote.com). Heroes are among one of the most popular literary figures of all time. A Greek philosopher, Aristotle, wrote his notion of classic from of heroism called tragic heroism in his work entitled Poetics. In Poetics, Aristotle explains that there are certain qualities that a tragic hero has that can qualify him or her as tragically heroic. Two Grecian literary legends, Achilles from Homer’s Iliad and Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, fit the description of an Aristotelian tragic hero....   [tags: Aristotelian tragic heroes]
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Aristotle's versus Kant's Categories of the Temperate, the Continent, the Incontinent, the Vicious and the Bestial - Describe Aristotle's categories of the temperate, the continent, the incontinent, the vicious and the bestial. Compare Aristotle's and Kant's evaluations of these kinds of people. Which of these people are morally better and which worse than the others. Aristotle’s psychological types, as described in “Nichomachean Ethics,” are a categorization of different internal moral characters. These categories are a comprehensive attempt - for ancient philosophy - at identifying which internal psychologies manifest virtuous or morally bad behaviour....   [tags: psychological types, morality]
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The Definition of Dramaturgy - Dramaturgy is often referred to as being a very ‘slippery’ and indefinable word; though there are standard definitions available for us to find, we cannot seem to comprehend these definitions without exceptions arising. For example, the online Oxford English Dictionary defines dramaturgy as either being a ‘dramatic composition; the dramatic art’ or as ‘dramatic or theatrical acting.’ However, words such as ‘composition’ can be highly vague, leaving itself open to broad interpretations and debates via the scholars of drama and theatre studies....   [tags: Theatre]
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Does Aristotle’s Function Argument Offer a Convincing Account of the Human Good? - The Nicomachean Ethics, written by Aristotle, represents his most important contribution within the field of Ethics; it is a collection of ten books, covering a variety of interesting topics, throughout the collection. Aristotle tries to draw a general understanding of the human good, exploring the causes of human actions, trying to identify the most common ultimate purpose of human actions. Indeed, Aristotelian’s ethics, also investigates through the psychological and the spiritual realms of human beings....   [tags: philosophy, ethics, eudaimonia]
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Happiness in Nicomachean Ethics and Living the Rule of St. Benedict Today - Essay written by Elizabeth Sippel From pursuing pleasure to avoiding pain, life seems to ultimately be about achieving happiness. However, how to define and obtain happiness has and continues to be a widely debated issue. In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle gives his view on happiness. According to Aristotle, different types of people pursue different ends. “The many,” or ordinary people, pursue pleasure, whereas politicians seek glory. However, people of superior refinement seek happiness. Happiness is the highest goal because it is an end desired entirely for its own sake, and it is selfsufficient....   [tags: Aristotle, Joan D. Chittister] 623 words
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Critique of Edward Snowden's Actions Based on Kant and Aristotle Philosophy - Two of the greatest philosophers, Immanuel Kant and Aristotle, don’t agree with the actions taken by the whistleblower Edward Snowden leaking the confidential information to the United State Citizens. Snowden was a computer specialist for the NSA and CIA who came across information that he believed was wrong and should be known by the citizens of the United States, so he decided to leak it. Aristotle, based of his philosophy, would have constructed an argument saying that Snowden’s actions were that of a good person but not of a follower of the polis....   [tags: Edward Snowden, Computer Specialist]
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Taking a Look at Nicomachean Ethics - Nicomachean Ethics I chose to write about Aristotle and his beliefs about how the virtuous human being needs friends from Book VIII from Nicomachean Ethics. In this essay I will talk about the three different kinds of friendship that (Utility, Pleasure, and Goodness) that Aristotle claims exist. I will also discuss later in my paper why Aristotle believes that Goodness is the best type of friendship over Utility or Pleasure. In addition to that I will also talk about the similarities and differences that these three friendships share between one another....   [tags: Aristotle and the virtous human] 942 words
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Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman as Epic Tragedy - Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman as Epic Tragedy     Aristotle's Poetics defines the making of a dramatic or epic tragedy and presents the general principles of the construction of this genre. Surprisingly, over the centuries authors have remained remarkably close to Aristotle's guidelines. Arthur Miller's twentieth century tragedy Death of a Salesman is an example of this adherence to Aristotle's prescription for tragedy. It is significant to test Aristotle's definition and requirements of tragedy by comparison and contrast, against a contemporary tragedy and to make observations with regard to what influence society and culture may have on the genre....   [tags: Death Salesman essays Arthur Miller]
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Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller - The tragic tale Death of a Salesman fulfills Aristotle’s definition of a tragedy to a great degree. The play conforms to Aristotle’s definition seamlessly for the factors of plot, thought, diction, and spectacle, satisfying all of the key necessities for each section. Character, also, fits well with his definition, but there are a few deviations from Aristotle’s perfect tragedy that prevent a seamless fit. The use of a chorus is completely ignored in this play, but being one of the least important elements, it does not affect the overall worth of the play....   [tags: business trip, aristotle]
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St. Augustine as the True Heir of Plato - Aristotle and St. Augustine have both been influenced by Plato. Their philosophy on morality, politics, and the purpose of life has been platonically influenced. St. Augustine is the true heir of Plato because he has taken Plato’s ideal state, and revealed the implications of the lives that the citizens of the earthly city lead, in the City of God. Plato’s state is an ideal state, that would not function in reality. St. Augustine has taken Plato’s notions, and have furthered the implications of living a life that strives towards a common good....   [tags: Aristotle and St. Augustine]
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God Takes on the Form of the Good - Aristotle and Plato both believed that there were forces at work in nature which were beyond sight and not of the physical world and eternally present. What we call philosophy is really a second philosophy, due to these unseen forces. Plato, one of the world’s greatest philosophers, once had a ground breaking idea. He came forth with the idea of the Forms. These Forms were perfect and unchanging. Everything else in existence took various qualities from the Forms and used them to create their own shapes and purposes....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophical analysis]
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Plato, Aristotle and Augustine’s Contrasting Views about Women - With respect to their differing philosophical beliefs, philosophers Plato and Aristotle would ultimately argue with respect to women and their place in society, the home, and their relationship with politics. Although, Augustine was not a philosopher, he would often make references about women. Most often, Augustine would abide by the teachings of his religion in explaining women and their place not only the confines of a marriage, but also, in relation to God. The importance of their views with respect to women, politics and religion have arguably shaped the ideals and social morals of current Western thought and ideologies....   [tags: Women and Society]
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Three Types of Friendship: Nicomachean Ethics - ... Moving into this idea of friendship being a necessity, it is safe to say we rely immensely and often resort to them for numerous reasons. However, Aristotle claims friendship is a necessity because it “hold states together,” (Nicomachean Ethics Book 8). It provides us with sanity and it is what pushes us to achieve and succeed. In other words, friendship is a foundation for life that enables us to keep going. Two types of friendship Aristotle mentions in his Nicomachean Ethics are friendships based off of utility and pleasure....   [tags: Aristotle, Greek philosophy]
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Philosophy: Everything in Nature Has an Explanation - A. Egg Drop Lab B. Purpose: To Catch an egg with a contraption that allows it to be unharmed so it can be reused. C. Aristotle’s once widely accepted beliefs on physics were eventually proven false by the subsequent scientists, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton, as they built upon each other’s ideas. Aristotle adamantly believed that everything in nature had an explanation, and also brought religion into science, a fatal mistake. Aristotle believed in the concept of 4 elements (air, earth, fire, and water) and relied upon them to support his explanations of forces in nature....   [tags: aristotle, newton, galilei]
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How Do Virtue and Chance Contribute to Happiness? - Virtue and Chance How do virtue and chance contribute to happiness. Happiness has been subject to debate for centuries. What is happiness. What does happiness consist of. What contributes to happiness. Among many others, Aristotle, Epicurus, and the school of Cyrenaics, prominent ancient Greek philosophers, have greatly contributed that virtue, which is excellence of a certain part, and chance, which consists of any event outside of human control and prediction, may play a role in happiness. After analyzing the works of these philosophers, it has been concluded that virtue greatly contributes to happiness....   [tags: Aristotle, Epicurus, greek]
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Macbeth As A Tragedy According To Aristotles Definition - While the genre of some works of literature can be debated, Macbeth written by William Shakespeare seems to fit into a perfect mold. Aristotle’s definition of a tragedy, combining seven elements that he believes make the genre of a work a tragedy, is that mold. Displaying all seven aspects, Macbeth fits the definition precisely. Key elements in the play substantiate the fact that Macbeth is a serious story, the first elements of Aristotle’s definition. From the first lines of the play, the mood is set featuring witches whom speak of witchcraft, potions and apparitions....   [tags: essays research papers] 907 words
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Tragic Hero in Othello by William Shakespeare - One might think of a tragedy being a terrible and destructible event in one’s life that causes great pain and may contain great loss. One particular play written by William Shakespeare – one of the most well known poets in history, happens to be a tragedy-filled story. Othello, the Moor of Venice, set during the captivating renaissance era portrays a character named Othello who reveals characteristics of a tragic hero. The brilliant philosopher Aristotle from the fourth century B.C. developed his own definition and idea of what a tragic hero is....   [tags: Aristotle, Tragedy, Downfall] 1247 words
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The Lack of Usage and Necessity of the Aristotelian Unities in Richard III - One major purpose of works of fiction, whether they be prose, poetry, or plays, is to transport their audience to another time, to another place, somewhere beyond where they sit or stand or lie. That, after all, is why there is a distinction between fiction and nonfiction. This purpose holds true even in the case of a historical play like Richard III, which is based on actual happenings. However, in seeming contrast to this purpose is the principle of Aristotle’s three unities, which is to “make a plot more plausible, more true-to-life, and thus to follow Aristotle’s concept of mimesis, i.e., the attempt to imitate or reflect life as authentically as possible” by making sure there is a sense...   [tags: richard III, aristotle, shakespeare]
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Normality and Coercion: Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls - Using Hobbes theory of the Leviathan replacing the ‘state of nature’, what is his conception of normativity and coercion. Discuss three writers from different disciplines who change and update these conceptions and the relationship between normativity and coercion. The 17th Century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes is now widely regarded as one of a handful of truly great political philosophers, whose masterwork Leviathan rivals in significance the political writings of Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls....   [tags: philosophy, leviathan, law, morality] 3764 words
(10.8 pages)
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The Heart of Tragedy Based on Oedipus Rex - ... The denouement takes place when Oedipus is begging Creon to put him into exile. Character is also important in the Poetics. An important aspect of it, tragic flaw, also known as hamartia, is the fault in a character that eventually leads to their downfall. Oedipus, upon learning of Apollo’s creed to kill the murderer of the last king to restore Thebes to its former glory, becomes overly determined and vows to exile the murderer once he is found, including a family member if that is who the murderer turns out to be....   [tags: Sophocles, ancient Greek literature] 602 words
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