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The Argument for Celibacy - The Argument for Celibacy   How could someone explain America’s loosening view of sexual intercourse over recent decades. Have our moral standards changed so much that they now accept or even encourage frequent sex. Is it just a method of rebellion as people attempt to fight conservative societal views. Perhaps we just wish to fight those who instill inhibitive ideas on us, and our forms of freedom – in this case, that of our bodies. Has American media’s desire for revenue and profit caused an increased sway towards what was previously deemed inappropriate....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays] 2164 words
(6.2 pages)
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Argument - Argument I enjoyed writing this paper because I love to ski. This article and the next one are important to me because safety when I am skiing is a big deal. I discussed the validity of ski helmets on the market today in respect to the test Consumer Reports put out last ski season. I just wrote for this one and went back and edited it later on. I went to a few different sites to find information to use in this paper along with the information that was provided in the article. About 23,000 people suffered head injuries in skiing related accidents in 2002....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1073 words
(3.1 pages)
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Proposal Argument Essay - Argument for Additional Computers - Proposal Argument Essay - Argument for Additional Computers Dear College Dean: Two proposals have been presented to you about how to spend the large donation entrusted to the college. The first plan, entailing cd's, gifts and a snack bar in the bookstore seems enticing to every student on the campus. The alternative plan, however, truly surpasses the first both in importance and in necessity. More computers will enhance student life so much more by improving academic opportunity, allowing more time for experimentation and exploration, and adding to the existing technology here on campus....   [tags: Proposal Argument Essays] 345 words
(1 pages)
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Using Crisis as a Tool for Argument - 1) A synopsis of the argument crisis What are we going to do. It is a main topic of the chapter. The book shows us a few essays to relate to crisis. That is about the nature of crisis or college education or the relationship between two countries. They introduced to us why we have to use crisis for the argument, because it is one way to learn how to develop argument. When we get in the crisis situation, we can illustrate many different sides, and one of them will be most persuasive argument leads the direction of the argument....   [tags: Persuasion Argument] 988 words
(2.8 pages)
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Behind Mackie's Argument For Atheism - Mackie in his paper Evil and Omnipotence, constructs an argument against the idea of the possibility of a God existing that has the characteristics laid out by the main religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. These characteristics include that God is omnipotent, or He is capable of stopping evil, and omni benevolent, or He wants to eliminate evil and He is entirely good. Mackie systematically goes through his logical thought process as well as his response to any type of criticism or alternative solution that might arise....   [tags: Atheism Religion Argument] 1968 words
(5.6 pages)
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Marijuana Use - A Persuasive Argument - Marijuana Use - A Persuasive Argument Richard Lowry has been the editor of National Review since 1997. He joined the magazine’s staff in 1992 after graduating from the University of Virginia, where he edited a conservative monthly magazine called the Virginia Advocate. In 1994, he moved to Washington, D.C. to cover Congress. At 33, Rich Lowry is not what most people expect of the editor of the National Review. Lowry is constantly taking readers by surprise, presenting them with his humor, his depth of knowledge and his enthusiasm....   [tags: Argument Analysis Legal Marijuana] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Moral Argument for Existence of God - All moral arguments for the existence of God work on the principle that we all have a shared sense of morality. Despite cultural differences, broadly speaking, humans worldwide have a vague idea of what is right and what is wrong; a moral argument for the existence of God would say that this mutual understanding is proof of God's existence. Immanuel Kant put forward this argument (although, not a moral argument); God as the source of objective morality. Firstly, he addressed the categorical imperative; our own sense of duty, and that being moral was case of following this principle, for example, paying your debts....   [tags: Religion Argument Analysis] 1604 words
(4.6 pages)
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Argument for the Smoking Ban - Argument for the Smoking Ban Have you ever been in a restaurant eating your favorite food, then just when you are about to take a bite, you inhale a cloud of smoke coming from the nearby smoking section. This has been a complaint from many non-smoking restaurant goers. While it is true that smoking cigarettes and breathing them in causes many health problems, is it fair to of take the freedom those Americans who want to smoke and enjoy their meal. This topic is very debatable and in many cases has reached compromises, but I would stand by the argument that smoking should be banned from all public areas because the unfiltered smoke is getting into the lungs of bystanders who do not smoke, and causing some major health problems, and in many cases death....   [tags: argumentative, persuasive, argument] 928 words
(2.7 pages)
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Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence - Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence In May of 1776 a resolution was passed at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg that asked the thirteen American colonies to declare the United Colonies free and independent from the British crown. At the second continental congress the resolution passed and on June 11, 1776 a five-man committee led by Thomas Jefferson was established to write the Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1776 the members of the second continental congress signed into existence one of the most influential documents in history....   [tags: Argument Analysis Declaration of Independence] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Cosmological Argument is Self-contradictory - The Cosmological Argument, also known as the First Cause Argument, is one of the most important arguments for the existence of God, not only because it is one of the more convincing, but also because it is one of the most used. The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence....   [tags: Philosophy Religion First Cause Argument] 981 words
(2.8 pages)
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The History of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - Early elements of the Cosmological Argument were developed by the world renowned philosophers Plato and Aristotle between the years 400 and 200 BC (Boeree). Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God. My objective in this paper is to explain why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable argument for the existence of God, the importance of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori argument, and defend my position against common opposing arguments....   [tags: Cosmological Argument, religion, existence of God,] 1374 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Cosmological Argument - The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument Things exist It is possible for those things not to exist Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 845 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Teleological Argument - William Paley and David Hume’s argument over God’s existence is known as the teleological argument, or the argument from design. Arguments from design are arguments concerning God or some type of creator’s existence based on the ideas of order or purpose in universe. Hume takes on the approach of arguing against the argument of design, while Paley argues for it. Although Hume and Paley both provide very strong arguments, a conclusion will be drawn at the end to distinguish which philosophiser holds a stronger position....   [tags: Philosophy/Religion]
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1384 words
(4 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument In Anselm's ontological argument he is trying to prove the existence of God, his argument is an argument purely based on the mind and does not require the moral agent to venture into the real of the senses. Ontology is to do with being, or what something is. Anselm's ontological argument concerns existence and whether it is an attribute of God in the same way omnipotence, omniscience and benevolence are believed to be. The argument is an a priori argument....   [tags: Philosophy Religion] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument The Ontological argument is a group of different philosophers arguments for the existence of God. "Ontological" literally means talking about being and so in this case, that being is the existence or being of God. The main component of the Ontological argument can be found in the Anselm’s "Proslogion" which is a short work that tries to demonstrate both the existence and the nature of God. His main aim in writing the Proslogion is not to directly prove the existence of God but to moreover, to show the relationship between faith and reason....   [tags: social issues] 1591 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Cosmological Argument - The Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument 1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: Papers] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism - Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism Challenging the accepted order of society always brings a wave of criticism and contempt. In Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument, he aggressively brings to the forefront of debate the notion that his predecessors had heatedly argued for years, that man is not a divinely created creature, but rather just another animal in a state of constant change. Examining the path Charles Darwin, had followed in his attempt to better understand the evolutionary path of man, noted biologist Ernst Mayr explains Darwinian theory in respects to not only evolution but also in respect to the belief that man is somehow a creature made of a higher divinity than all else....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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Argument Classification - An inference is a way to yield a conclusion from statements that are presumed to be true—called premises. The conclusion includes new knowledge that the premises did not make explicit. For example, we could have two statements which are presumed to be true. 1.) “Steve is in choir.” 2.) “Everyone in choir sings.” From these two statements, we can infer a conclusion of 3.) “Steve sings.” We were able to reasonably put forth a new piece of information from two previously established pieces of information....   [tags: Logic] 1046 words
(3 pages)
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Ontological Argument - Most people have not witnessed or experienced God and therefore are confused about its existence. In Western theology, three theories have emerged to demonstrate the existence of God. These theories are the ontological argument, the cosmological argument, and the teleological argument. St. Anselm of eleventh century, and Descartes of seventeenth century, have used the ontological argument for proving the existence of God. The God, for them, is supreme, "needing nothing outside himself, but needful for the being and well-being of all things." (Pg....   [tags: essays research papers] 2908 words
(8.3 pages)
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The Design Argument - The Design Argument The design argument has been argued by many philosophers over hundreds of years. The design argument suggests that the world displays elements of design, with things being adapted towards some overall end or purpose and such design suggests that the world is the work of a designer - God. Two of the main philosophers to argue this point were Aquinas and Paley but many others since have tried to back these up with there own approaches for example Swinburne with the argument from probability....   [tags: Papers] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Argument Communities - Argument Communities Arguments can be made anywhere we want them to be made. We can look at some of these arguments that we are making by examining the communities we use to make them in. Perceived in terms of context, argument is discussed in terms of the “audience” to whom it is addressed or in terms of the “community,” “field” or “sphere” in which it takes place. (McKerrow, p.27) By looking at a professional sports event I will address the audience and the community to explain the argument that is taking place....   [tags: Papers] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Design Argument - The Design Argument The name teleological is derived from the Greek word ‘telos’ meaning ‘end’ or ‘purpose’. Thus nature is viewed as directed in order that something beneficial may result. More popularly it is referred to as the ‘argument from design’, but this wording assumes the very thing that has to be proved. A better description would be the ‘argument for design’. This argument is by far the most popular and most often expressed by people....   [tags: Papers] 1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Bachelor's Argument - Dan Moller defends the argument he calls “the bachelor’s argument,” which is an “argument against marriage.” By pointing out how not everyone that gets married isn’t guaranteed a happy and successful out come, such as a happy and loving marriage. If we were follow through with the bachelor’s argument as if it was set standard set in stone, not giving marriage a chance could possibly lead to the lose of one finding true because they never got a chance to marry the person they thought they’d love and could have lasting relationship....   [tags: Relationships] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Annotated Argument-The Belle Curve - Table of Contents The Bell Curve Chapter 1 – “Cognitive Class and Education, 1900-1990 1) It is not just the case that more people are going to college, but that the brighter students are the ones attending. 2) Admission became more related to I.Q. than in the past. 3) There is a small part of the population that are expected to fill positions of power, yet they cannot relate to the majority of the population. Chapter 2 – “Cognitive Partitioning By Occupation 1) The correlation between I.Q....   [tags: Annotated Argument] 6637 words
(19 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument, put forth by Saint Anselm in his Proslogium, attempts to prove the existence of God simply by the fact that we have a particular concept of God - that God is "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." Saint Anselm presents a convincing argument that many people view as the work of a genius. It is also quite often considered a failure because, in William L. Rowe's words, "In granting that Anselm's God is a possible thing we are in fact granting that Anselm's God actually exists." In other words, it "assumes the point it is supposed to prove", primarily because is assumes that existence is a great-making quality, and for God to be truly great, he must exist....   [tags: Philosophy essays] 1436 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Argument of Dualism - The Argument of Dualism In my mind, dualism is a more attractive view to take when considering the mind-brain issue. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of dualism. One reason it appeals to me is because of my religion, my Catholic upbringing. Introspection is another good reason why dualism is a little more logical to me than materialism.. It logically explains why the mind and brain are separate. Also, the divisibility argument raises good points to allow dualism to appear to be the more attractive idea in my eyes....   [tags: Papers Dualism Mind Brain Psychology Essays] 963 words
(2.8 pages)
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An Argument for Euthanasia - An Argument for Euthanasia Euthanasia is defined as, "The act or practice of putting to death painlessly a person suffering from an incurable disease." Euthanasia can be traced back as far back as the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. It was sometimes allowed in these civilizations to help others die. Voluntary euthanasia was approved in these ancient societies. Today, the practice of euthanasia causes great controversy. Both pro-life groups and right-to-die groups present arguments for their different sides....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 2007 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Argument Culture - On any given night when watching the news, there are bound to be a number of stories involving arguments. Usually there are two sides to each point of contention, and both sides seem unable to compromise. But there are also a large number of times when the media examines stories which are not argumentative, sometimes regarding fact, possibly human interest. This mix represents the multiple ways we view the world. Without a doubt, the argument culture to which Deborah Tannen refers in The Argument Culture exists, but it is nevertheless countered by a distinct interest in goodness and compromise rather than strictly confrontation....   [tags: Deborah Tannen] 414 words
(1.2 pages)
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Argument Paper - ... It is true that many churches and individuals have changed and shifted into new views i.e. the earth orbiting the sun. It is true that an inability to apologize or admit one’s own problem seems distasteful as a moral authority. However, distasteful does not take the right away from an authority; again the only point proven is that some Christians have failed the ideal. This premise cannot stand as a valuable reason to remove Christian influence on all moral questions. Lastly, the premise of the cultural shift does prove to be, at least on the surface, true....   [tags: Article Analysis ]
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Argument in the Apology - The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution’s accusation against him: “Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state.” 1 Further Socrates consistently introduces tediously compiled number of examples to provide valid and sound arguments to prove that he is innocent of the charges brought up against him to the court....   [tags: Plato Socrates] 881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Crito's Argument - The purpose of "Crito" seems intended to exhibit the character of Socrates in one light only, not as the philosopher, fulfilling a divine mission and trusting in the will of Heaven, but simply as the good citizen, who, having been unjustly condemned is willing to give up his life in obedience to the laws of the State. The main argument that seems to entail the discussion between Crito and Socrates is the opinion of the majority on Socrates’ fate. In the "Crito" Socrates states, "Why should we care so much for what the majority think?" (Plato 45) Socrates believes that we should not care what the majority thinks because those who are reasonable people will understand....   [tags: essays research papers] 1381 words
(3.9 pages)
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An Arrogant Argument - ... Rottenberg's text states, “[N]on sequitur, which means ‘it does not follow,’ is [a] fallacy of irrelevance” (293). If a writer makes an argument and provides examples that are irrelevant to the question at hand and presents those examples as though they prove the point that the writer is attempting to make, he has done himself a disservice, and the proposed conclusion does not follow the evidence provided. Hitler is certainly guilty of using this kind of fallacy. In fact, Hitler makes the argument that animals are at odds with other animals outside of their own species and do not mate naturally outside their own species(296-297)....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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Argument of Power - ... The fourth premise demonstrates that if forgiveness does rest in only the victim's hands then it can not be valid that forgiveness rest in the wrongdoer's hands also. Premise five just indicates that because of premise (3) and (4) it is not true that forgiveness should rest in the wrongdoer's hands. Forgiveness cannot rest in the wrongdoer's hands if it is resting in the victim's hands. Premise six shows that because of premise (2) and (5) it is not true that victim must wait before it is in accordance with accepted standards for him/her to forgive the wrongdoer....   [tags: Case Study]
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Argument Evaluation - By reading the articles, the debate questions addressed by both arguments are about the poly changes in national securities or homeland securities after the terrorist attack on Sept 11, 2001. The tragedy made all Americans afraid of their safety in flying an airplane and made them felt miserable when their friends had died on the attacked. It is very important that the US need to take measures to improve homeland securities to eliminate any possibilities from terrorist attack (terrorist threat) again....   [tags: essays research papers] 860 words
(2.5 pages)
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Euthanasia Argument - Euthanasia Argument Across the world there are many different laws dealing with the taking of another human's life. For instance powerful nations like America, China and Turkey all frequently impose the death penalty. The later two countries are condemned for this. No western governments speak out against America because of the U.S economic influence on us in Europe. Citizens of these countries tend to agree with these laws although their faiths are against it. The Christian churches worldwide teach that it is never acceptable to take another person's life in the following essay I will try to argue both points of view....   [tags: Papers] 781 words
(2.2 pages)
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The No Selves Argument - ... Each self also displays psychological independence, where the thoughts of one self are not available to the other, and therefore the selves can hold separate beliefs and develop mentally independently. On the other hand, the two minds appear to coordinate their behavior on a normal basis, and outside of specific laboratory conditions appear completely normal. In addition, there is massive internal duplication across the minds, in terms of memory, personality and dispositions. Roland Puccetti, shortly after Nagel’s no selves argument was published, in “Brain Bisection and Personal Identity,” identifies that even normal humans support the existence of two selves....   [tags: Neurology]
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Argument of Dualism - Arguments of Dualism Dualism is the theory that mind and matter are two distinct things. The main argument for dualism is that facts about the objective external world of particles and fields of force, as revealed by modern physical science, are not facts about how things appear from any particular point of view, whereas facts about subjective experience are precisely about how things are from the point of view of individual conscious subjects. They have to be described in the first person as well as in the third person....   [tags: essays research papers] 1030 words
(2.9 pages)
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An Argument for Abstinence - An Argument for Abstinence Normally when the word abstinence is mentioned people automatically assume you are religious or just boring, but that's not always the case. Why in today's society when STD prevention and contraceptives are so advanced would anyone think of waiting to have sex. Although it's safer to use a condom that not to, there is still no guarantee that you won't contract an STD or even fall pregnant, the only 100% safe method is abstinence. An argument for abstinence is: If a friend asked you to walk over a bridge which dropped every hundredth person to their death, would you take the risk....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
(1.1 pages)
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An Argument for Vegetarianism - An Argument for Vegetarianism ABSTRACT: In this paper I propose to answer the age-old reductio against vegetarianism, which is usually presented in the form of a sarcastic question ( e.g., "How do you justify killing and eating plants?"). Addressing the question takes on special significance in the light of arguments which seem to show that even nonsentient life is intrinsically valuable. Thus, I suggest that we rephrase the question in the following manner: When beings (who are biological and thus dependent on the destruction of other forms of life in order to sustain their own) evolve into societies of moral agents are they entitled merely to assume that they retain their license to destroy other life in order to sustain their own....   [tags: Eating Food Vegetarian Vegetarianism Essays]
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Researched Argument - Researched Argument It seems that from the beginning of time, music has been an important part of people’s lives. However, today, it seems that the number of people who advocate the everlasting presence of music is dwindling, and the number of people only concerned with economic stability and the core curriculum in schools is rising. Budgets in schools are being cut, and the music programs are usually at the beginning of the list when a particular area is to be disbanded. Action is being taken against the loss of music education in schools, and the people fighting to save and rejuvenate this precious resource have established many strong arguments....   [tags: Papers] 1131 words
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The Argument of Romans - The Wrath of God Revealed Paul began his argument of Romans by proving that the Gentiles are sinners before God. Although God has revealed His truth to them, they have suppressed it, resulting in the darkness of their inner man and rebellion against God to the point of worshipping animals (1:18-23). As a result God gave them over to do the desires of their heart (1:24, 26): idolatry (1:25) and homosexuality (1:26-27). Seeing that they had no desire to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a depraved mind to do every sort of evil (1:28-31)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Argument of Sociology is Based on Relationships - Creating a good argument, this is an argument which will persuade the opposing side into accepting that the claim which was made, as well as the grounds of the claim, is different for each social science. It is usual for individuals to pull from their personal experiences, their views, morals, and interpretation of things when formulating an argument. The same goes for the various social sciences. Each social science approaches an argument in a different manner, and gives different aspects of an argument a higher regard....   [tags: Sociology, ] 698 words
(2 pages)
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The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument began with Plato and ever since been defended and attacked by many great philosophers. One of the supporters was Leibniz. The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation. Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Analysis of Thrasymachus' Argument in The Republic - Thrasymachus has just stated, "Justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger", and is now, at the request of Socrates, clarifying his statement.<p> <i>"'Don't you know that some cities are ruled by tyranny, some by a democracy, and some by an aristocracy?' 'Of Course.' 'And in each city this element is stronger, namely, the ruler?' 'Certainly.' 'And each makes laws to its own advantage. Democracy makes democratic laws, tyranny makes tyrannical laws, and so on with the others. And they declare what they have made - what is to their own advantage - to be just for their subjects, and they punish anyone who goes against this as lawless and unjust....   [tags: Philosophy] 651 words
(1.9 pages)
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Argument for Existence of God - Argument for Existence of God The real is the rational, and the rational is the real. In philosophical discussion, no statement is, perhaps, more important or more controversial. Yet, this is the very position that I advocate within this paper. The equation of the rational with the real is at the heart of the argument I here consider, that being the ontological argument for the existence of God. There are several versions of the ontological argument for the existence of God, which is to say that several versions exist....   [tags: Papers] 4708 words
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The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument is an a priori argument. The arguments attempt to prove God's existence from the meaning of the word God. The ontological argument was introduced by Anselm of Canterbury in his book Proslogion. Anselm's classical argument was based on two principals and the two most involved in this is St Anselm of Canterbury as previously mentioned and Rene Descartes. The ontological argument argues that if you understand what it means to talk about God, you will see His existence is necessarily true....   [tags: Theology Religion God Essays Papers] 1544 words
(4.4 pages)
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Natural Selection and The Design Argument - Natural Selection and The Design Argument The Design Argument is quite similar to The Cosmological Argument as it attempts to infer the existence of God, but instead of from the existence of the cosmos it is from a particular aspect or character of the world, namely the presence of order, regularity and purpose. Order, regularity and purpose are seen as marks of design, and the argument concludes that God must be the source of that design. There are various types of Design Arguments, with philosophers giving them different names but the two most well known are The Argument from Design and The Argument to Design....   [tags: Papers] 621 words
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Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument - Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument ABSTRACT: I intend to present Kant's refutation of the ontological argument as confronted by Hegel's critique of Kant's refutation. The ontological argument can be exposed in a syllogistic way: everything I conceive as belonging clearly and distinctly to the nature or essence of something can be asserted as true of something. I perceive clearly and distinctly that existence belongs to the nature or essence of a perfect being; therefore, existence can be stated as true of a supremely perfect being, that is, perfect being exists....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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St. Anselm's Ontological Argument - It is important to show why the topic you are discussing is important, especially if there are other topics that could be studied in place of the one you are discussing. In this case, the discussion is on Saint Anselm and his Ontological Argument. There have been other arguments made before Saint Anselm on God's existence, and the first paragraph will show why it is important to study this particular argument. Then the argument itself is given and discussed. And just like most arguments in the field of philosophy, the Ontological Argument has an objection....   [tags: Philosophy] 959 words
(2.7 pages)
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Argument-based Homicide In Ame - Argument-based Homicide in America Feeling alienated by fellow classmates, two students at Columbine High School in Littleton, CO who referred to themselves as the Trench Coat Mafia went on a rampant killing spree which took the lives of themselves, twelve other students and one teacher (Obmascik 1). This incident caused an immediate plea for more socially responsible communities, assuming that greater moral values would curb the likelihood of these argument-related homicides. This relies on the notion that greater social organization will lead to a decrease in the rate of crime....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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639 words
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Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument - Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument Although explicated on many occasions and by many different authors, the teleological argument for the existence of God provides the best springboard from which to launch contemporary convictions of faith. In the revised edition of his earlier The Existence of God, Richard Swinburne constructs a solid outline that reveals the exact structure of the teleological argument. He presents both forms of the teleological argument , holds each under the light of skeptical review and then provides insight and defense that allows for careful philosophical review....   [tags: Papers] 775 words
(2.2 pages)
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Ontological Argument Critique - ... He replaces ‘God’ in the argument with ‘an island’. As such, it appears by conceiving the ‘perfect island,’ and since “existence is a perfection, the perfect island exits” (Cardinal, et al, 2005), which is clearly an absurd consequence. Since no such island actually exists, Gaunilo concludes, therefore, that the argument does not prove God’s existence. However, Descartes addressed Gaunilo’s objection stating simply that whilst an island is a contrived thought, his ‘triangle’ is not. The properties of triangles can be obvious and discoverable truths; they can be proven despite the thinker....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Teleological Argument for the Existence of God - This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly: that the criticisms made by David Hume concerning the argument hold more weight than is generally granted by other philosophers, and should have convinced one even before the advent of Darwinian theory....   [tags: Natural Theology, William Paley] 2089 words
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God While theology may take God's existence as absolutely necessary on the basis of authority, faith, or discovery, many philosophers have thought it possible to demonstrate by reason that there must be a God. The teleological argument, also known as the argument from design quite simply states that a designer must exist since the universe and living things display elements of design in their order, consistency, unity and pattern. The argument says that things in the world move towards goals, just as the arrow does not move toward its goal except by the archer's directing it....   [tags: Papers] 917 words
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BonJour's 'Basic Antifoundationalist Argument' - BonJour's 'Basic Antifoundationalist Argument' ABSTRACT: BonJour argues that there can be no basic empirical beliefs. But premises three and four jointly entail ‘BonJour’s Rule’ — one’s belief that p is justified only if one justifiably believes the premises of an argument that makes p highly likely — which, given human psychology, entails global skepticism. His responses to the charge of skepticism, restricting premise three to basic beliefs and noting that the Rule does not require ‘explicit’ belief, fail....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The basis and structure towards the Design Argument is all about a creator and designer whom set things and planned everything to be the way it is today. Unlike the cosmological argument, the Design Argument is a lot simpler to understand and has simple steps towards it. The main point that the Design Argument claims is the fact that everything in nature seems to be put together in just the right manner suggests that an intelligent designer was responsible for its creation....   [tags: Papers] 691 words
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The Design Argument For The Existence Of God - The Design Argument For The Existence Of God This argument is also called the teleological argument, it argues that the universe did not come around by mere chance, but some one or something designed it. This thing was God. This argument is a prosteriori because the observation of the natural world is taken into the mind to conclude that there is a designer. The belief that the universe was designed by God was triggered by things like the four seasons; summer, spring, autumn and winter, that change through the year....   [tags: Papers] 1007 words
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Descartes' Meditations Ontological Argument - Descartes' Meditations Ontological Argument Descartes's fifth Meditation argument for God's existence relies on an untenable notion that existence is a perfection and that it can be predicated of God. I shall first explain what Descartes's argument for God's existence is, and then present his argument in propositional form. I will then attempt to support the argument that existence is neither a perfection nor a predicate of God. In our thoughts we apprehend ideas of things. These ideas may reside entirely within our thoughts or they may exist independent of our considerations of them (Descartes 143)....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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1008 words
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Descartes’ Argument from Divisibility - Descartes’ Argument from Divisibility Works Cited Missing Reneì Descartes’ treatise on dualism, his Meditations on First Philosophy, is a seminal work in Western intellectual history, outlining his theory of the mind and its relation to the rest of the world. The main argument running through the Meditations leads from his universal methodic doubt through his famous cogito, to proofs of dualism, God, and the world. The Cartesian dualism is one of the most influential ideas to come out of the work; the style of the Meditations, however, is one of personal rumination, following what appears to be Descartes’ stream of consciousness , and it allows for mild tangential discussions....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 1693 words
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Vaid’s Liberal Argument - Vaid’s Liberal Argument Andrew Sullivan and Urvashi Vaid are two of the most prolific advocates of homosexual equality. Urvashi Vaid's book, Virtual Equality, argues that homosexuals are living as if they are equal to heterosexuals when in fact homosexuals are still treated unfairly and need to seek true liberation. Sullivan's book, Virtually Normal, examines several different political groups and their differing beliefs concerning how society should deal with homosexuality. The arguments expressed in Vaid's book suggest that Sullivan would categorize her into chapter four of Virtually Normal, entitled, “The Liberals.” It becomes evident that Vaid is neither a Prohibitionist, Liberationist, Conservative, nor an advocate of Sullivan's ideal politics....   [tags: Research Papers]
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Anselms Ontological Argument And The Philosophers - Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers Saint Anselm of Aosta, Bec, and Canterbury, perhaps during a moment of enlightenment or starvation-induced hallucination, succeeded in formulating an argument for God's existence which has been debated for almost a thousand years. It shows no sign of going away soon. It is an argument based solely on reason, distinguishing it from other arguments for the existence of God such as cosmological or teleological arguments. These latter arguments respectively depend on the world's causes or design, and thus may weaken as new scientific advances are made (such as Darwin's theory of evolution)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2006 words
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McTaggart's Argument Evaluation - McTaggart's Argument Evaluation McTaggart takes a bold step in trying to disprove the existence of a phenomenon as taken for granted and unquestioned as breathing when he tackles the issue of time. If for no other reason, this quest is extremely daring in its scope, because he chooses to question an entity whose reality has probably never crossed most people’s minds.      McTaggart’s goal in his paper is, on a large scale, to prove that time does not exist. We will, however, be tackling the aspect of time known as the A-Series in this essay....   [tags: McTaggart Time Existence Essays] 1166 words
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How to Structure an Argument - How to Structure an Argument Audience and purpose guide a writer’s selection of what structure to use for his/her argument. To satisfy the audience’s needs, certain organizational concepts have developed. The common types of arrangements below are in no way discrete and usually do not occur in isolation. They do create a sense of structure for the reader and the writer. Chronological: sequence-oriented, usually based on time. For example, “First A happened, then B, then C.” This structure works well for recipes, instructions, lab reports, and possibly narratives....   [tags: Process Esays] 360 words
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An Argument Against Abortion - Abortion in America is a controversial issue in which both sides have valid arguments at face value. The pro-choice side has many arguments to support it belief in keeping abortion legal. Many of these are faulty, and argue points irrelevant to the issue as I will attempt to illustrate, thereby eliminating the main pro-choice arguments. The pro-life position has somewhat different ideas. The most popular of these is: The unborn entity is fully human from the moment of conception. Abortion results in the intentional death of the unborn entity....   [tags: Pro Life Pro-life essays research papers] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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The Argument for the Existence of God - The Argument for the Existence of God It is an undisputed fact that some people claim to have experienced God. It is these religious experiences that have been used by philosophers to argue for the existence of God. The main way of expressing the argument from religious experience is as follows: P1 Someone experiences an entity C1 The entity exists P2 Someone has experienced God C2 God exists Those who champion the argument seek to differentiate ordinary experiences and religious experiences....   [tags: Papers] 1166 words
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The teleological argument is an a posteriori argument. The word teleological comes from the Greek word “teleos” meaning end, or purpose. It is based on the idea that there is evidence of design in the world, as natural order shows more that simply chance. This, therefore, points to the idea of a designer. The classical argument for design has three premises, which lead to a conclusion. The universe has order, regularity and a purpose....   [tags: Papers] 605 words
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The Bachelor’s Argument - Dan Moller defends the argument he calls “the bachelor’s argument,” which is an “argument against marriage.” By pointing out how not everyone that gets married is not guaranteed a happy, and prosperous out come; such as a happy and loving marriage. If we were follow through with the bachelor’s argument as if it was a set standard set in stone, not giving marriage a chance could possibly lead to neglect of one finding true love because they never got a chance to marry the person they thought they would love and could have a lasting relationship....   [tags: Relationships] 990 words
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The Chinese Room Argument - ... As the symbols are presented they knowledge of their meaning is established, thus enabling a person to speak Chinese, a foreign language. The assumption is that the person is capable of understanding Chinese, simply because he can manage to assemble a set of answers to questions that would be indistiquishable from a person who speaks Chinese. The problem is that the person in the room does not understand any of the answers, but is simply following instructions. Searle utilizes a system’s ability to pass the Turing test as a parameter in the study, though the person would still indeed not understand Chinese....   [tags: Computer Science]
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Anselms Ontological Argument - As a theologian and philosopher, Saint Anselm strove to prove the existence of God in reality. The bulk of his argument is found in Chapter II of Proslogium. Anselm begins by defining God as &#8220;a being than which nothing greater can be conceived';. He continues by stating that &#8220;even a fool'; has the capacity to understand this definition of God and that whatever is understood exists in the understanding. Anselm now draws his first intermediate inference based on these initial premises; God must exist in the understanding, and is therefore a possible being....   [tags: essays research papers] 665 words
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The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument There are many strengths within the Cosmological Argument which have proven theories and ways to prove the existence of God. Many of these strengths have come from such scholars as; Copleston, Aquinas and Leibniz, all of which have put together major points to prove the existence of a non-contingent being. One of the main strengths of the Cosmological Argument is from Aquinas way I that was about motion....   [tags: Papers] 524 words
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The Argument Culture: Rhetorical Analysis - ... It was the public performance of debate that was the goal,” (NPR, 1998). She says, “The roots of our love for ritualized opposition lie in the educational system that we all pass through,” (Tannen, 1998). Tannen completely disregards the aggressive ancient societies and turns a blind eye to history. She never once mentions an aggressive and contentious society being problematic for England or France, which is where the seminaries would have been located in the Middle Ages. This forces one to begin to question her credibility....   [tags: Article Analysis ]
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Moral Realism's Indispensability Argument - ... Instrumental indispensability entails the idea that if there is a project, and the thing (e.g. electrons) in question is eliminated, the project would be rendered less successful. So, if electrons were eliminated from certain types of scientific explanation, then the project would be less successful. Similarly, he argues that if normative truths were eliminated from deliberation, then people would be less successful in achieving the correct answer. Additionally, intrinsic indispensability means that the thing in question must be part of a larger, indispensable, project that is not rationally possible to disengage from....   [tags: Philosophy] 1969 words
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An Argument Against a Presupposition - ... If the people are ignorant and inconsistent in their opinions, then how is a democracy capable of the requisite consistency and enlightened thought needed for a government to survive. It seems likely that a unified national government will reflect its capricious constituency. Furthermore, if nationalism is believed to be the embodiment of democracy then it could be logically argued that nationalism is a grave danger to everyone. There certainly are examples of nationalism leading entire nations into foolish situations with disastrous results....   [tags: Political Science]
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The Teleological Argument for God's Existence - The Teleological Argument for God's Existence The teleological argument is also known as the argument from design. It is the idea that our world and the universe surrounding it are so intricate that it could not happen by accident, it was designed. William Paley put forward perhaps the most famous version of this with the watchmaker argument. Imagine you live on a desolate desert island and one day you come across a watch. By looking at it and examining, the intricate and complicated mechanisms you would conclude that it was designed by an intelligent designer....   [tags: Papers] 480 words
(1.4 pages)
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Capital Punishment Argument - Capital Punishment Argument In this philosophical study of applied ethics the concept of punishment will be argued using philosophers such as Mill, Bentham and Kant. And the case of John Martin Scripps ‘The tourist from hell’ will be used. The concept of capital punishment as a form of punishment brings about questions such as ‘is there any crime so bad that it permits the state to kill. Does anyone deserve to die for his or her crime. Is the execution a sign that society has failed its responsibilities to all its citizens....   [tags: Papers] 2110 words
(6 pages)
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Argument From Religious Experience - The Argument from Religious Experience The argument from religious experience is the argument that personal religious experiences can prove God’s existence to those that have them. One can only perceive that which exists, and so God must exist because there are those that have experienced him. While religious experiences themselves can only constitute direct evidence of God’s existence for those fortunate enough to have them, the fact that there are many people who testify to having had such experiences constitutes indirect evidence of God’s existence even to those who have not had such experiences themselves....   [tags: Religion Research Experience Existence] 1291 words
(3.7 pages)
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Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument - Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused them. Aquinas named this being God. The problem with Aquinas's view is that as physicians have suggested matter is eternal and therefore a necessary being is not required to cause contingent beings....   [tags: Papers] 955 words
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An Argument Against Cloning - An Argument Against Cloning Increase in genetic knowledge has created challenges in our society. Daniel Callahan focuses on these challenges and expresses his worry about the society (soil) on which this genetic knowledge is growing. Callahan asks the question of what kind of society (soil) is most likely be hazardous and introduces three patterns: 1) societies that demonize death and illness; 2) those societies that want to find biological solutions to social problems; and 3) societies with postmodern theory that there is no common social good, only a plurality of individual goods....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 1195 words
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The Moral Argument for the Existence of God - The Moral Argument for the Existence of God Kant did NOT put forward a moral argument and anyone who said he does is wrong!!!. Kant rejected all attempts to argue from the world to God, he regarded such an exercise as impossible. However he thought that God was a POSTULATE of practical reason. If you share Kant’s assumptions, then it becomes necessary to assume that there is a God. Kant’s reasoning…. --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. All human beings desire and seek happiness --------------------------------------------- 2....   [tags: Papers] 2030 words
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Descartes Argument for the Existence of God - Descartes employs what is known as an ontological argument to prove the existence of God. Saint Anselm who lived during the 11th century first formulated this type of argument. Since then it has proved popular with many philosophers including Rene` Descartes. Even though ontological arguments have lost popularity with modern philosophers there has been some recent attempts to revive them. Descartes formulation is regarded as being one of the best because it is straight forward and relatively easy to follow....   [tags: philosophy, theology] 1171 words
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