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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Architecture"
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The Psychology of Architecture - Architecture is a fascinating business that encompasses the art and science of designing with the construction of buildings. An architect designs all kind of buildings, such as schools, churches, houses, restaurants, and more. This profession has been around since the 1st century CE when Vitruvius, a Roman architect, called it De architectura. Architects have to have a wide range of knowledge. For example they need to have good communications skill, so they can take the information of what a client wants and transform into a sketch then eventually a building....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 5 Works Cited
991 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Contrast between Gothic Architecture and Romanesque Architecture - The Romanesque and Gothic architecture period both occurred during the Middle Ages with the Gothic period taking place during the later half. Gothic and Romanesque architecture were related in many ways, but they also contrasted in style too. Over time, masons began to test the waters and push the limits. They thought of new ways to add lighting and ways to allow more height to the building without it being to heavy and weak. Many of the reasons for the change in styles had a lot to do with society and the changes it faced....   [tags: Architecture]
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1929 words
(5.5 pages)
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The History of Gothic Architecture in Italy - Abbott Suger wanted to make Saint Denis a magnificent showplace as the royal Abbey church of France and burial place of French kings. Ribbed vault which were capable of spanning large areas was designed to make gothic churches larger. These Gothic Churches were characterized by enlarged clerestory zone, windows enormous size with inserted new zone and triforium below the ribbed vaults and supporting of an arcade of high piers lining of the nave. These characteristics ensured the support of the greater stress of taller, broader interiors and to create larger window areas as well as the external supports....   [tags: Architecture] 1723 words
(4.9 pages)
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Enterprise IT Architecture - Zachman was one of the pioneers of enterprise IT architecture. His article, "Business Systems Planning and Business Information Control Study: A comparison”, was an early effort to suggest that businesses should think more carefully about how they integrated systems and data. He used the analogy of architecture, since, as Hurley and Tompkins summarise, “each stage in the building of a house requires different levels of detail. At each stage, decisions need to be made about what materials compromise the product, how it will work, where the components are located, who is involved, when tasks need to be completed, and why they are important” (Hurley and Tompkins, 1999:76)....   [tags: Architecture]
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569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Architecture, Power, and National Identity - Having a sense of belonging is one of several fundamental human needs and national identity refers to a person’s sense of belonging to one country with its history, values and traditions. Since achieving independence in 1957, the issue of Malaysia’s national identity has been in the spotlight due to its strong social, political and economical factors implication. As a multi-cultural country, the search for a national identity is not an easy undertaking as Malaysians consist of different ethnics such as Malay, Chinese and Indian....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 9 Works Cited
2174 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Architecture of Daniel H. Burnham - Daniel H. Burnham was a very influential American architect in the late 1890’s and early 1900’s. He helped rebuild Chicago after the Great Fire, helped develop the modern skyscraper, and helped revolutionize urban planning. His plan to redesign Chicago still influences designs today of modern cities, and his “Flat Iron” building is still one of the most well-known buildings of the twentieth century. Daniel H. Burnham was born just outside of New York City on September 4, 1846. When Daniel was nine years old, he and his family moved from New York to Chicago, Illinois where he would finish out his childhood and graduate from a public high school....   [tags: Architecture]
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1319 words
(3.8 pages)
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Classical Architecture: An Everlasting Imprint - Architectural style that was developed by the ancient Greeks has had such an influence on many world civilizations that it surrounds us even to this day. The symbolism that this architectural style has represents power, dignity and recognition that is everlasting throughout generations. The Romans particularly skilled at concrete construction were intrigued by this style and incorporated this technique into their very own building and temple structures. El Paso High School located in El Paso, Texas is a representation of how powerful of an influence ancient Greeks and Romans have had on cultures around the world....   [tags: Architecture]
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1213 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Architecture of Moshe Safde - Moshe Safdie is an architect who really examines how a building can shape an area. Not only how the space may look but its functionality, impact on the environment, and impact on the surrounding community. He seeks to engage and enrich the communities making unique and inviting spaces to fit the needs of each project. (Safdie Architects) One of Safdie's most well known buildings is Habitat 67 (or Habitat). The concept of Habitat began in Safdie's master's thesis. He submitted the idea to the 1967 World Exhibition and, when it was accepted, established his own firm to help see its completion....   [tags: Architecture]
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1621 words
(4.6 pages)
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Does Black Architecture Exist? - Introduction Does black architecture exists. If so, why has it been ignored for so many centuries. I will be defending African-American architecture by discussing many black architects from the past to the present. I will show and discuss their architectural work by describing the appearance, the year it was built, and as well as if its still standing today. I believe we all know that there are black architects today but centuries ago it was like they were non-existed because they were never acknowledged on record for their hard work until recently....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 4 Works Cited
1667 words
(4.8 pages)
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Gothic Architecture in Europe - The research paper, shall be concerned with discussion Gothic architecture in Europe-namely England, France, Germany, and Italy starting from 12th to the 16th Centuries. Architecture was the most original and lasting form of art during the Gothic Period, which lasted for four centuries starting from the mid 12th century. The impetus for this architecture was the Roman Catholic Church, which sought to portray their houses of worship as something which transcended the realm of mankind. It is interesting to note that many of the Northern European areas were predominately pagan, and only recently brought into the Church....   [tags: Architecture] 1888 words
(5.4 pages)
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Modern vs. Postmodern Architecture - If modernism and postmodernism are arguably two most distinguishing movements that dominated the 20th century Western art, they are certainly most exceptional styles that dominated the global architecture during this period. While modernism sought to capture the images and sensibilities of the age, going beyond simple representation of the present and involving the artist’s critical examination of the principles of art itself, postmodernism developed as a reaction against modernist formalism, seen as elitist....   [tags: Architecture]
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1622 words
(4.6 pages)
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Baroque Architecture: Incorrectly Applied - Baroque Architecture: Incorrectly Applied It can be argued that although unparalleled artistic works and architecture of grand opulence arose during the Baroque from the large financial investment that the Catholic Church contributed to this movement, the actual intention of baroque architecture directly contradicts the primary complaints presented by Martin Luther in his Ninety-Five Theses, and from its start, failed to support the church in its intended manner. It logically follows that to resolve the present conflict, which largely consisted of issues regarding indulgences and financial abuse; the church should have attempted to resolve the problem at hand....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
2003 words
(5.7 pages)
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Origins of Gothic Architecture - The origins of Gothic Architecture are credited to Abbot Suger and the renovation of The Cathedral Basilica of Saint-Denis. The “Church” was largely defined by the Gothic Style during the Middle Ages. This style was an amalgamation of earlier styles, and prior to being recognized as “Gothic”, was not necessarily popular nor was it not part of the original program of the Cathedral Basilica of Saint-Denis. This soon changed and it became commonplace for cathedrals to utilize pointed arches, rose windows, and flying buttresses during their conception- all of which were incredibly distinctive to and indicative of the Gothic style of architecture....   [tags: Architecture] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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Traditional vs. Modern Architecture in China - Question: Traditional culture in architecture is being eroded by modernity of the present architecture in China. Analyze the causes and effects of this problem and possible solutions. In China, urbanization is at dramatic pace but in static patterns. This leads to the Chinese cities losing their own styles, and being built in the static architecture modes which are introduced from developed countries. Moreover, the traditional architecture cultures are being eroded by the static modern architecture patterns....   [tags: Architecture] 1940 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Use of Traditional Styles in Contemporary Architecture - Abstract: Contemporary architects have a wide variety of sources to gain inspiration from, but this has not always been the case. How did modernism effect sources of inspiration. What did post-modernism do to liberate the choice of influences. Now that Contemporary architects have the freedom of choice, how are they using “traditional” styles and materials to inspire them. Even after modernism why are traditional styles still around. Through the modern era technologies evolved and avant garde was not just a matter of being ahead in you design concepts,....   [tags: architecture]
:: 10 Works Cited
1649 words
(4.7 pages)
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Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Scottish Architecture. - In this essay, I will be discussing how Charles Rennie Mackintosh has contributed to Scottish architecture. I will investigate his influences and how he affected architecture in Scotland over his lifetime. Born on 7th June 1868 in Glasgow, Mackintosh became interested in architecture as a profession from an early age, and, at the age of sixteen secured an apprenticeship with John Hutchison. In order to complete his apprenticeship, he enrolled in the Glasgow School of Art in 1884, where he met Margaret MacDonald, an artist and his future wife....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 3 Works Cited
1087 words
(3.1 pages)
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Vernacular Architecture: Hebridean Black House - Hebridean Black House The Black House located on the Hebridean islands of Scotland’s west coast stand for one of the earliest type of house forms of this region. This entire region has substantially high levels of humidity as a result of the maritime climate. Although the temperature in winter is generally moderate, the moisture in the air and the mist give the impression of cold weather. However, the predominant climatic factor are the prevailing westerly winds, influenced by the Atlantic ocean....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Data Warehouse Architecture - In order to store something, data should be collected first. Conducting interviews and distributing questionnaires are the most common and simplest techniques in collecting data. These techniques are useful in investigating a specific subject especially if there are no original data available. This is generally known as the collection of primary data. Before data can be used, data needs to be transformed to fit the present needs (TimeWeb, 2010). Checking for errors, making critical summary and accurate analysis is necessary in gathering and reporting data because a simple mistake in the process could lead to the distortion of the meaning and value of its original form....   [tags: Architecture] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Influential Renaissance Architecture - As one begins to delve into the history of modern architecture one quickly realizes the influence that Renaissance architects such as Donato Bramante, Raphael, and Michelangelo had on modern architecture. Simply look around a city at the business district and one will see bits and pieces of the Renaissance architecture. The Renaissance architecture has had an influence on architecture throughout the ages. St. Peter’s Basilica Donato Bramante was born in 1444 near Urbino. At an early age Bramante was exposed to the world of art and architecture....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 17 Works Cited
1394 words
(4 pages)
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Architecture Career bound - Career Bound I have always been interested in fixing things and trying to make things look better; even as a kid helping my dad in construction projects was so fun. It was my father who passed the trade down to me and the ease to try to work around certain problems. I might not always have made the proper choices within the field but found myself very interested in the work. Yes, I probably did not want to get out of bed to work in carpentry or painting some days but I really enjoy restoring, bringing structures back to life, and even building new ones from scratch....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 8 Works Cited
1749 words
(5 pages)
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Shigeru Ban's Architecture - Shigeru Ban Shigeru Ban is an architect born in Tokyo, Japan. Ban was formed in California. He is usually regarded as a traditional Japanese architect although he did not studied in his country. His work is characterized by the use of unconventional recycled materials. In 1986, Artek.Inc came to Ban and asked him to design a chair with a particular material named UPM. This material is created from the industrial waste of paper and plastic. Shigeru said, “They asked me to design some chair out of this material, then I use this, made out of this system a very unique system....   [tags: Architecture] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
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European Gothic Architecture “Los Angeles Adaptation” - The history of Architecture started long time ago. The nomadic were groups of people whom move from one place to another in order find shelter and food to survive. As they progress, their techniques to survive evolve. The need for a permanent shelter became vital for a better stability of the group. This is the time when the first structures that provided protection appeared. Post and lintel were the first forms of Architecture, that satisficed the basic needs. Architecture evolved to be more sophisticated and fulfill the people’s needs....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 3 Works Cited
1616 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Australian Style of Architecture and Harry Seidler’s Influence - When first getting off of the plane at Sydney’s international airport, there was a familiar ambience that seemed to float around the series of rooms and halls to get to the exit. The airport seemed just like any other with the terminal, customs, and baggage claims. It’s when I walked outside that I noticed an unfamiliar, but refreshing, sense of place. I couldn’t quite place my finger on it at first. It might have been the jetlag, or just being tired from the long flight from America, but I definitely knew something was different about the architecture in Australia compared to other places I have studied about in America, such as Chicago....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
1640 words
(4.7 pages)
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Comparing Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman Architecture - The two ancient civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome were the best of the best during their time periods. Ancient Greece began around 2000 B.C. by the inhabitants known as the Mycenaean’s, followed by the Minoans. The Minoans built the foundation of Greece. The Roman Empire was founded around 753 B.C. by the two twins, Romulus and Remus. Romulus ended up killing Remus and built the city of Rome on one of seven rolling hills. Architecture was very important to both civilizations and they were always trying to out due the other....   [tags: Architecture]
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1128 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Dominance of Gothic Architecture in The High Middle Ages - When one sees the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral in person or in pictures they are likely to be awestruck. The twin towers of the western façade rise high into the sky, seemingly in an attempt to scrape heaven. Spiky arches seem to grow out of the sides and claw at the ground. Inside it is cavernous with colored light filtering in through the large, intricate stained glass windows. All of these physical qualities make Notre Dame a prime example of Gothic architecture. It does not stand alone in that distinction....   [tags: Architecture]
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1358 words
(3.9 pages)
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Enterprise Architecture - Enterprise architecture can be used in a diverse number of ways. It can be used to describe a certain business practice in an organization and the aspects or elements of that specific business practice under description. The environment under which companies or business organizations operate in is always in constant change. This means that the managers should always introduce new enterprise solutions, which can directly contribute to the linkage to the measures of improvement of business practices....   [tags: Architecture] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Architecture of the 1920s - ARCHITECTURE IN THE TWENTIES For the United States the Twenties was a time to flourish and enjoy the common wealth, but unlike everything else, architecture was in a creative slump. many artists were having difficulty in depicting a "style" for the new era. Many new technological advances were occuring through the steel industry and the discovery of glass. The architects of this period wanted to incorporate those advances in their designs, thus bringing forth an experimental period. With architects from different backgrounds and cultures working to produce a masterpiece the International Style was created....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 3 Works Cited
440 words
(1.3 pages)
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Roman Architecture - When one thinks of Roman architecture, many things come to mind, such as arches, columns, statues, and richly covered surfaces in marbles. One must stop to think that this empire, which gained power and influence in the first century BC, must have been influenced from the thousands of years of cultures preceding them in order to create their masterpieces of ingenuity. This phenomenon can be seen in our borrowing of ideas of ancient Greece and Rome for the construction of our capitol buildings in the United States....   [tags: Architecture] 1441 words
(4.1 pages)
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What is Modern Architecture? - Trying to define modern architecture was a problem that many architects struggled to explain. No one before had created what we now know as “modern” architecture. In the past architects were able to look into history to gain an inspiration for buildings however, this approach would not fit in this new age of the machine. Industrialization changed the way people thought. The Industrial Revolution allowed products to be produced on an industrial scale, allowing ordinary people access to goods that would have been otherwise not have been in their reach....   [tags: Architecture, Modern Architecture]
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1991 words
(5.7 pages)
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Vernacular architecture - Mankind has always struggled to seek shelter and was extremely resourceful in providing it. Vernacular architecture is the main result of this most basic human necessity. Vernacular buildings were designed in accordance with certain fundamental principles which included comfort, durability, functionality, aesthetic beauty and affordability. The sustainability in such buildings lies in the fact that they are built to adapt to the regional inhabitants and their needs, and regional conditions, including availability of local materials and building techniques, the climatic conditions and the socio-cultural factors....   [tags: Architecture] 1147 words
(3.3 pages)
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Vernacular Architecture - Mongolian Ger For the majority, the region of Mongolia is a high flat landmass with extreme temperature changes, strong winds and low levels of humidity; conditions of a continental climate. This climate brings about great seasonal differences with winter being long and cold while summer is short and warm. The harsh, open terrain of Mongolia is unsheltered from the winds and major storm systems, and as the latitude increases, precipitation is limited to smaller amounts where trees yield to grasslands and treeless plains....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
896 words
(2.6 pages)
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The History of Cities and their Architecture - The History of Cities and their Architecture HEAVEN AND EARTH: discussing the relationships between the church of St Stephen’s Walbrook by Sir Christopher Wren and Agnolo Bronzino’s Allegory with Venus and Cupid (also known as Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time). The current church was designed by Wren to replace an existing building destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. Constructed 1672-91, it is an example of English Baroque Architecture and was praised by Palladio as “the truest proportioned enclosed building in the world”2....   [tags: Architecture, Art]
:: 9 Works Cited
1993 words
(5.7 pages)
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Comparisons of the Zachman Framework with Other Frameworks for Enterprise Architecture Development - Organizations are finding that computer systems are very complex and seldom do these systems produce a real business value to the organization (Session, 2007). Businesses are searching for an answer and that answer may be for an organizational to develop an enterprise architecture (EA). The complexity and constant change that occurs in business may be controlled by developing an EA, and this will facilitate alignment between the business objectives, business processes, and information systems (Ylim & Halttunenb, 2007)....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 5 Works Cited
872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Commercial Architecture and Globalization - Commercial architecture does it respond to the identity surrounding it. Or does it merely respond to the conditions of Globalization. In order to answer the question above, in the following written piece I must explore the key elements of globalization and identity. I intend to relate both factors to commercial architecture, using the Hilton Tower in Manchester as a prime example. This written piece will effectively be split into two parts (Globalization and Identity). The first decade of the 21st century has seen globalization and identity emerge as the most critical challenge to society....   [tags: Architecture Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
2531 words
(7.2 pages)
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The Influence of Renaissance in Art and Architecture - The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change....   [tags: middle ages, renaissance, architecture]
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936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Essay Outline on African Architecture - The reason I choose this title is that African Architecture has a close connection to nature, and the two cannot be separated. - African Architecture is an extension of Nature because it does not attempt to disturb or separate itself from nature. Instead, it attempts to complement nature and employ natural resources to accomplish its purpose. Context/Connection to Class: Context- The purpose of this presentation is to inform my fellow classmates about the main concepts that inspire African Architecture and to show how these concepts can have effective applications in modern society....   [tags: Architecture] 440 words
(1.3 pages)
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Design and Architecture of Art Galleries - In what ways and for what reasons have the architecture and designs of art museums and galleries evolved since the mid-twentieth century. In exploring and understanding this subject, one must study the history and development of individual museums and galleries, observing the exterior architecture as well as the internal design, and the reasons behind any developments or renovations done to the buildings. In addition to this the location of the museum must be considered, to see if the surrounding architecture influences any modernisation or extensions taken out on the buildings, as well as considering the expectations and ideas of different cultures, and how they might manipulate the evoluti...   [tags: Architecture] 1586 words
(4.5 pages)
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Renaissance and Nineteenth Century Architecture - Renaissance and Nineteenth Century Architecture There are many different styles of architecture. All these styles depend on the time period, and the architecture. Today, many architects incorporate many styles into one building, giving it uniqueness. Introduction The dictionary defines architecture as the "art and science of designing and erecting buildings" (dictionary.com). Since the beginning of civilization, architects have been designing structures and buildings. They are sometimes conventional, and at other times, they are not....   [tags: Architecture] 762 words
(2.2 pages)
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How Hundertwasserhaus and Architecture Excites Me - “Get out. This is a private property!” A woman screamed at me when she caught me trying to sneak inside her building. I apologized and explained to her how exciting it was for me to find this place, after being lost in Vienna for two hours. I asked her politely if I can take a quick look at the inside of the building. Even though she was loud and clear when she told me to stay out in English, she acted as if she didn’t understand a word I was saying. She thought I was crazy, and instead of letting me enter she called security....   [tags: Hundertwasserhaus, Architecture,] 830 words
(2.4 pages)
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Modern and Post-Modernism Architecture - There is often some confusion when people start talking about the post-modernism and modernism in architecture in terms of  their philosophical terminology differences. Modern architecture is known for its minimalism (Linder, 2004); buildings were functional and economical rather than comfortable and beautifully decorated. The post-modernism architecture, however, is called a “neo-eclectic, significantly assuming the role of a regeneration of period styles for designing houses, and a never-ending variety of forms and characteristics, asymmetrical designs for commercial buildings” (Fullerton Heritage, 2008)....   [tags: Architecture, compare, contrast]
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1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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Geometry in Gothic Architecture - Introduction The 12th Century saw the move away from the Romanesque architecture which had typified the preceding centuries to the era of the great Gothic cathedrals which were to become the architectural symbol of the middle ages. The transformation was not simply one of size or scope but a manifestation of the cultural shifts which were occurring as the medieval age commenced. By this time, numbers and geometry had acquired a metaphysical significance and were believed to have occult symbolism and power....   [tags: Architecture] 3562 words
(10.2 pages)
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Architecture of the "Food Street" in Lahore, Pakistan - The alley known as the "FOOD STREET" in Lahore, Pakistan, is lined with partly defaced, multi-storey houses build in the first half of the nineteenth century. Most of the houses are in a depleted and worn-out state. When one really observes the building closely, only then can you imagine, the state of these buildings at its prime. A private citizens committee with donations and government help has tried to restore the pre-independence architecture, but it has been a really poor effort. Since the Food Street comes to life at night, the defaced buildings and the really bad renovation work is hidden, in the darkness....   [tags: Architecture] 367 words
(1 pages)
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Earthquakes and Architectures - There were several topics to choose for this essay, but architectural earthquake-resistant design was best fitted for my Gaming/Animation degree for a few reasons. The first reason is I have had the privilege to take several art history classes that focused on architecture throughout the world. Secondly, I am learning how to use 3d modeling programs such as, Maya and Cinema 4d. To become successful with those programs, I have to learn about the interior as well as the exterior to make the models look real....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 7 Works Cited
1434 words
(4.1 pages)
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Breakthrough Perspective on Green and Sustainable Architecture - Buildings have been part of human life since the beginning of time, we depend of them to live, learn, grown, for protection and shelter. The decisions we make today will not only affect our future but our surrounding as well. We need buildings to survive the climates of the earth and to live our own lives. Architecture is what nature cannot make, yet it is influenced by the rules of nature, as humans evolved so did our way of thinking, and so did our architecture. Green architecture is a breakthrough in human history, Green Architecture is more a more advanced way of building, it has if the building as a life....   [tags: Sustainable Architecture, environmentalism]
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2062 words
(5.9 pages)
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Gothic Architecture During the Middle Ages - Gothic architecture a new style developing from an old style of architecture with similar characteristics and in a way different. Architects wanted to build bigger buildings with stronger walls something that could not be found elsewhere. The old buildings did not have windows they were dark places that in order to get light they needed many candles. Not even the candles could give the right amount of light the buildings needed. The middle ages architects wanted big windows on the buildings and this new style made their wish come true....   [tags: architecture, world history]
:: 5 Works Cited
1228 words
(3.5 pages)
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Preventing Misconceptions in Housing: Sustainable Architecture - Currently, misconceptions are present in the home buying industry, which delude buyers into thinking that more expensive homes are better. Although better is a subjective term, the problem remains: People are overextending their budgets on homes that they cannot afford and on homes that they cannot afford to maintain. The inability to properly finance homes stems from the fatigued economy and job market, and foreclosures become prevalent when home buyers can no longer afford payments. Although many may argue that the key to solving the problem of foreclosures stems from the economic means of financing the home, I argue that foreclosures can be solved at the root of the problem, architectural...   [tags: Foreclosures, Sustainable Architecture,] 2113 words
(6 pages)
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The Life of Filippo Brunelleschi and his Contributions in the Field of Architecture - In Florence, Italy a cathedral stands over the grave of its architect, Filippo Brunelleschi. The Cathedral of Florence that now serves as his monument was one of his largest architectural developments. Little is known about Filippo’s childhood because he was not very famous; however, later in life he made huge accomplishments in the field of architecture. Filippo Brunelleschi’s structures were considered glorious at the time and are still standing today. Filippo Brunelleschi was born in 1377 in Florence, Italy....   [tags: architecture, biography] 959 words
(2.7 pages)
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History of World Architecture: Renaissance and Baroque Era - Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque. The Renaissance Period is one of the well known periods in the history of architecture which is later followed by another known period called the Baroque Era. The Renaissance Era in architecture begins when artists sought to create a new style which is totally different to those of its predecessor at the same time also reviving the styles of which the Romans and Greeks had done before them. This period saw the birth of many new architects that are notable for the Renaissance style; Brunelleschi, the inaugurator of the Renaissance style in Florence, Alberti in Rome, and Bramante for his inauguration of High Renaissance....   [tags: history, architecture]
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1736 words
(5 pages)
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Zaha Hadid: Making Utopia a Reality in Architecture - "Utopia: n .an impractical idealistic scheme for social and political reform" - The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition For over twenty years the Iraqi-born, English educated architect Zaha Hadid has symbolized the vanguard of contemporary architecture. She has pushed back the boundaries of built form to forge a highly individualist architectonic language that is at once thrillingly dynamic and intensely thoughtful, and as a result now has an enormous following of students, practitioners and builders....   [tags: Architecture] 1655 words
(4.7 pages)
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Green Buildings/Green Architecture - Introduction A green building (also referred to as sustainable building or green construction) is a structure that employs an approach that is responsible for the environment besides being efficient in regard to resources all through its life cycle: This is from selecting the site to designing it, constructing, operating, maintaining, renovating and demolishing it. To achieve this, the client, the engineers, the architects and the entire design team closely cooperate at all stages of a project (Yan and Paliniotis, 2006)....   [tags: Architecture, Non-Renewable Resources]
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2880 words
(8.2 pages)
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A Critical Comparison of Gothic Architecture in Italy, France and Germany - Gothic was first used as a term of contempt during the late renaissance. The Goth's were barbarians- which leads to many theories as to why "Goth" was the chosen title for a style that required extreme engineering as well as technical and artistic know how. Since then vast efforts have been made to rename the style with a term that better encompasses the idea of gothic style. The Gothic style was an over exaggerated, awe-inspiring attempt to become closer to God. The worshipper was not only drawn to the altar, but experienced an ascent to heaven at the same time.1 These artistic gems are a grand testament to historical technology and the imaginative approach and vision of skilled craftsmen...   [tags: Architecture] 1093 words
(3.1 pages)
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Ottoman Architecture - There are few things that actually do last. Legends, arts, beliefs, and architecture are among the few that actually do last. Architecture can be defined as a practice of constructing and designing a building project. However, the Islamic architecture has a distinctive range of both religious and secular styles that have been influenced by the Islamic culture. Furthermore, The structure of Islamic architecture that is used in mosques, tombs, palaces and fountains is unavoidable in sight. The relationship between early Islamic architecture and modern foundation of construction provides a penetrating overview of encompass of Islamic culture in Iran, Tunisia, India, and Turkey....   [tags: Art, Islamic Architecture] 1013 words
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Cost-Effective and Beneficial Sustainable Architecture - My argument is how sustainable architecture can be used and how it can benefit the Earth and it’s residence in an environmental or cost-effective way. Thus, leading to exploration of the different forms, of technology and materials used. Further developing my research on how culture, or time, might have affected, what or why, the building might have been constructed in a certain way, and also how the location might have affected the designs, of the buildings. Thomas Herzog was born in 1941, In Germany....   [tags: sustainable architecture, environment, Thomas Herz]
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Metal And Architecture - Metal and architecture has evolved over centuries, with successive eras opening up new technical and elegant possibilities through the development of different types of metals. Metals are dense, lustrous materials that are highly conductive of heat and electricity. Some facts about metals are that they are generally ductile, meaning that they can be hammered thin or drawn into wires. Metals can also be liquified by heating and then resolidified by cooling. Presently metals are the strongest building materials in common use....   [tags: Architecture History] 1138 words
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Victorian Architecture - Victorian Architecture During the Victorian period, there was a revival of classical (Greek and Roman), Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Romantic architects replicated Greek and Roman buildings, which were revered as the ultimate examples of beauty (Sporre 487; Tansey 932). Increased nationalism in England also sparked a revival of Gothic architecture. After the Houses of Parliament burnt down in London (1834), the task of redesign the new building was assigned to Charles A. Barry and Augustus W....   [tags: Architecture]
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Architecture in the United States: Professor Dell Upton - Dell Upton is a historian and renowned professor of architecture and Urbanism at the University of California. He has published several books on architecture; one of them is “Architecture in the United States”, published in 1998. In this book, Upton analyzes the architecture of the United States in different aspects, such as nature, money and art, thus depicting the great variety in architectural forms, and how throughout the decades, different interests have lead communities to different ways of building, different purposes and materials, thus reflecting their way of thinking and their relationship with the environment....   [tags: american architecture, building techniques]
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British Influence on Malaysian Vernacular Architecture and Modern Mosques - Positioned across two separate, immediate islands, Malaysia has always been primed for a strong foreign influence through rich international trade. The influences of Hindu India, Christian Europe, and the Islamic Middle East, converged to create a diverse populous. However, Malaysia's exposure also granted vulnerability and eventual colonialism under multiple countries, most notably Great Britain. Through Britain's tenure, Western and Eastern ideology and design fused together to bring fourth major changes that would forever leave a distinctive mark on Malaysian history, design, and culture....   [tags: architecture, modern mosques]
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Role of Graphic Communication in Avant-Guard Architecture - Introduction’ As the medium of architecture design must be “informed by the world around it” .Architecture is a language close to graphic design . Aim of this essay is to differentiate and distinguish between the architectural academic realm and architectural real applications, what roles do avant-garde ideas play in creating this realm . In order to discuss this matter it is inevitable not to discuss 60’s architecture as some of the most avant-garde designs of contemporary times stems from that area and in specific by the people behind magazines which later on went to be just more than a magazine and became and ideology hence it is not a surprise to come across terms such as Archigramism .T...   [tags: architecture, graphic design]
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Frank Lloyd Wright's Impact on Architecture and Civil Engineering - One of the most influential and well-known architectural engineers in America during the twentieth century has got to be Frank Lloyd Wright. He’s created and designed many creative and functional buildings for most of his career which spanned to about seventy years. His futuristic and modern designs were unique and creative, yet they were still functional for one to live in them. His eccentric thinking has brought about and greatly influenced the image of twentieth century architecture. His works have paved the way to the designs and structures of the civil engineers and architects that we have today in the twenty-first century....   [tags: civil engineering, architecture] 1205 words
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Changes in Technology and Changes in the Housing Design Architecture - According to Bemis (1936) “A new conception of the structure of our modern houses is needed, better adapted not only to the social conditions of our day but also to the modern means of production: factories, machinery, technology and research”. Albert Bemis, US housing manufacturer in the early twentieth century has a vested interest in using technology to advance new concepts in the design of houses. Nevertheless he points to the important relationship of the use of technology in the structural design of housing....   [tags: Technology, Housing Design, architecture, ] 4286 words
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The Purpose and Nature of Architecture - The Purpose and Nature of Architecture What is it that we mean when we say ‘the architecture of the city’. What are cities planned to be. Why should we plan anything. When we plan ahead, we perhaps have a goal in mind. What is this goal, for an architect or an urban designer. Simply putting it, their goal is to make environments in which man can live in ways better than he could before. Right from the early times, when shelter meant only a roof over ones head, or when taking shelter meant seeking protection inside a cave or getting under the tree cover, man sought to improve his living conditions....   [tags: Design Architecture] 1222 words
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Architecture Of The California Missions - The Architectural History of the California Missions (1769-1823) You may already know that there are 21 missions today in the state of California. Starting in San Diego all the way past San Francisco, the missions remind us of an earlier time when the Spanish were colonizing Alta California. The California missions were started because the Spanish king wanted to create permanent settlements in the area of the New World called Alta California. The decision to create Spanish missions in California was political as well as religious....   [tags: Architecture Essays]
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Deconstruction in Architecture - Deconstruction in Architecture Deconstruction is first developed by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. The definition for deconstruction is not easy to understand, and Derrida and his interpreters actually intend it to be difficult. It was first meant a method of interpretation and analysis of a text or a speech. He introduced the concept of deconstruction in connection with his linguistic philosophy and grammatology. When deconstruct a text or a speech, it is to draw out conflicting logics of sense and implication, with the object of showing that the text never exactly means what it ways or says what it means ....   [tags: Architects Architecture Physics Essays]
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Roman Architecture: How did it Come to Existence? - Roman Architecture. Although this doesn’t usually come to people's minds very often, Roman Architecture hides many things behind it. The Etruscans started living in Rome in 700 B.C. There they created art and many architectural buildings. At that time the Romans had no true art. They copied Etruscan art and yet, did not want them living in Rome. As a result the Romans exterminated almost all the Etruscan from Rome. After wards the Romans were influenced by Greek art up until they derived their own artistic ways and view of art....   [tags: greek architecture, marble, doric design]
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Information Driven Network Architecture for Interconnected Smart Things - Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2 2. Challenges of Internet of Things (IoT) 2 2.1. Scale 2 2.2. Deep Heterogeneity 3 2.3. Unknown Topology 3 2.4. Unknown Data-Point Availability 3 2.5. Incomplete or Inaccurate Metadata 3 2.6. Conflict Resolution 3 2.7. Quality of Service 3 3. A possible solution – Information Driven Architecture (IDRA) 3 3.1. Traditional Network architecture vs IDRA 4 3.1.1. Information driven approach redefines the role of protocols. 5 3.1.2. Decoupling of the protocol logic and packet representation 5 3.1.3. The system stores all packets in a shared queue 5 3.1.4. Dynamic protocol selection 6 3.1.5. Smaller Memory footprint 6 3.1.6. Legacy support 7 3.1.7. Service Virtua...   [tags: internet of things, topology, idra, architecture]
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Ancient Greek Theater Architecture - Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Many aspects of ancient Greek theaters have long been studied and debated. Much of the information about these theaters is based on speculation due to the fact that so little of them still exist today. This lack of remnants especially applies to the architecture of the early Greek Theaters. However, through archeological finds and years of studying the people, the plays, and the architecture of the time, we are able to make many conclusions about these early structures....   [tags: Architecture History]
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Le Corbusier’s Interwar Housing Architecture - The time between World Wars was a tense and significant point in the history of humanity, especially for the European continent. France had suffered immensely during the First World War, and the psyche of the nation was deeply shaken. The result was, for some, a desire for a return to the comparatively peaceful state felt prior to the War. The “Call to Order” as it became known embodied this effort. Many artistic movements were abandoned, temporarily or permanently. Such was the fate of the Futurist movement, which somewhat naively glorified all of the things that had made World War I so incredibly destructive to the continent, technology, and violence....   [tags: World History, World Wars, Architecture]
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Architecture History Pyramid Paper - Architecture History Pyramid Paper Pyramids have been around for centuries, and for over 43 centuries some pyramids have been one of the tallest land structures made by man. Throughout the many decades, pyramids have been remade using modern materials and new technologies, but it remains a myth as to how the Egyptians were able to mold such a huge land mass with their lack of technology. One of the most famous pyramids to this day are the Pyramids of Giza. The most famous of all three pyramids of Giza, is the Great pyramid of Khufu as known as Cheops....   [tags: Architecture Essays] 1157 words
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Evolution Of Queen Anne Architecture in America - Evolution of Queen Anne Architecture In America Queen Anne architecture can not be defined easily. It's architectural style has many different characteristics. In this paper, I will show how the Queen Anne style evolved from the architecture that was common during the reign of Queen Anne herself and also show how it evolved in America in the late 1800's during the Industrial Revolution. I will then show how the Queen Anne style is incorporated into today's architectural design. First, a little background on Queen Anne....   [tags: Architecture History] 948 words
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Field Programmable Gate Array Architecture - ... Figure 1: FPGA Architecture. Programmable logic blocks: The purpose of a programmable logic block in an FPGA is to provide the basic computation and storage elements used in digital logic systems. In order to satisfy the above mentioned requirement without effecting the speed or area, Size of this logic block is selected such that to form a digital circuit, minimum routing resources are required and the Programmable logic block is very efficiently utilized for smallest to smallest designs. Thus many of the leading FPGA vendors manufacture FPGA with Look Up Table (LUT) based programmable logic cells to provide basic logic and storage functionality....   [tags: fpga, arcgitecture, power consumpiton] 1219 words
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Sustainable Architecture: Meeting the Needs of this Generation while Preserving the Needs of Future Generations - Sustainable architecture is a specific kind of design which focuses on meeting the needs of these generations without compromising the needs of those generations to come. Architects from around the world have become aware of the impact that society has on the environment, and have created sustainable architecture in order to help preserve the environment, but at the same time, create comfortable spaces that are ideal for living and are aesthetically pleasing. This innovative architecture has attracted many architects from all over the world, in order to implement these new structures into every day life....   [tags: Sustainable, architecture, future,] 1323 words
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Architecture, Principle, and Culture: The Universal Value for Which Stanford Stands - Stanford University is a private research university located in Stanford, CA at geographical coordinates 37.43° N, 122.17° W. Erected in 1891 in memory of the founders’ son, Leland Stanford Junior, The Stanford University campus combines Romanesque, neoclassic and Mission Revival architectural styles on its buildings, with red tile roofs, sandstone walls, and beautiful aesthetic decorative details. Its architectural landmarks, for example, the Main Quad and Memorial Church, are representative of many eras of culture and technological advancement in the United States....   [tags: Higher Education, Architecture, Ideology]
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Greek And Roman Architecture - Greek and Roman Architecture      The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. Temples were built as the gods' earthly homes. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age. A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. It was brightly painted, both inside and out. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where the king held court and conducted state business....   [tags: Architecture Greek Roman Essays] 2073 words
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J.J.P. Oud and Dutch Architecture - Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud was born in Purmerend, North Holland in 1890. He began his education at Amsterdam's Quellinus School of Decorative Arts and later began working with the architectural firm of Jeseph Cuypers and Jan Stuyt in 1907. Oud was interested in architectural theory, and found his lack of knowledge in that area frustrating. He left the firm after only six months to study at the National School for Art Education in Amsterdam. He had high expectations for the education he would receive at the School, but they failed to materialize....   [tags: J.J.P. Oud Biography Architecture Architect] 1962 words
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Post Modernism and Architecture - Post Modernism and Architecture If one were to walk around and casually ask five people what post modernism was they would probably get five different answers or none at all. It is one of those indefinable academic terms that applies to many different fields of study. Most people seem to understand what it means individually but few agree collectively. To make matters even more complicated, it is often used in discussions about deconstruction. "To some Post Modernism is an excuse to pile together oodles of wild and crazy decor, to others it is another example of the weakness of standards and values....   [tags: Architecture Post Modernism Architects Essays] 1168 words
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A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain - A Comparison of Christian and Islamic Architecture in Spain By the 6th century a Germanic tribe called the Visigoths, converts to Arian Christianity, had established themselves as the aristocratic elite. The Christians built many monumental basilica-plan churches. The Santa Maria de Quintanilla de las Vinas, Burgos, Spain and San Juan de Banos de Cerrato are two such churches that still remain today. In the beginning of the 8th century Islamic Muslims conquered Spain and ended Visigothic rule....   [tags: Architecture Compare Contrast Essays]
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Piazza d'Italia as an Example of Postmodern Architecture - Piazza d'Italia as an Example of Postmodern Architecture A public place incorporated into a larger commercial complex, the fountain of the Piazza d'Italia occupies a circular area off center of the development, which consists of buildings and open-air corridors planted with trees. The fountain is set on a ground of concentric circles in brick and masonry, and is composed of a raised contour relief of the boot of Italy and a construction of several staggered, interconnected facades following the lines of the circles....   [tags: Architecture History Essays] 1094 words
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Design & Architecture in Britain - One of the essential roles that architects are trained to fulfil is taking a clients brief and developing it creatively. Developing a brief is a crucial starting point of design to achieving a clear objective, well structured and financed plan of work. When architects are involved early in the planning stage they have an opportunity to create a much more enriched brief as they will have a greater understanding of the clients needs and the nature of the project Setting out a development/design brief: Before any design work is underta...   [tags: Architecture in the UK]
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Phenomenology and Architecture - Introduction Phenomenology can be deemed to be both an unambiguous academic research field and a theoretical design current within contemporary architecture and is usually founded on one’s experience of the materials used in construction inclusive of their sensory characteristics. In this regard, architecture is the impetus towards transformation and inspiration of an individual’s daily existence. Unlike other forms of art, architecture employs the immediacy of an individual’s sensory perception....   [tags: Environmental and Architectural Phenomenology]
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Mayan Architecture: Tulum - Mayan Architecture & The City of Tulum Outline I. Intro II. The Mayan Civilization A. Mayan Time Periods B. Mayan Territory C. Mayan Accomplishments D. Mayan Collapse III. Mayan Architecture A. Intro B. Tulum (Case Study) 1. Tulum’s History 2. Tulum’s Influences and Styles 3. Tulum’s Design a. Site 1. Economy 2. Social Class Orientation 3. Defenses b. Buildings 1. El Castillo 2. Temple of Frescos 3. Temple of the Wind 4. Temple of the Descending God 5. Temple of the Initial Series 6. House of the Haiach Uinic IV....   [tags: Architecture Ancient America]
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