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The Apology: The Understanding of the Soul in Life and Death - Four main themes are the most important in the assigned section of The Apology. I will begin with a brief synopsis of each major theme, with an analysis and my opinion following, and ending with the question of Socrates' own death. Firstly, Plato introduces the important concept that it is far worse for one to do wrong than to suffer wrongdoing. Socrates, refusing to be harmed by Meletus, believes that “it is not allowed that a good man be injured by a worse” (pg. 41). Despite Socrates' impending death or banishment, he does not think that these are the worst possible situations and still goes on to say that “it is a much greater evil to do what [Meletus] is doing now, and to try to put a m...   [tags: Apology, death, philosophy, Plato, Socrates, ] 1739 words
(5 pages)
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Literature and Virtue in Sidney's Apology for Poetry - Literature and Virtue in Sidney's "Apology for Poetry"       In "An Apology for Poetry" Sir Philip Sidney attempts to reassert the fundamental importance of literature to society in general as well as to other creative and intellectual endeavors. Though Sidney's work does provide a synthesis (and in some cases an aberration) of much Greek and Roman literary theory, his argument aspires to go beyond an esoteric academic debate. Literature can "teach and delight" in a manner which other methods of communication do not possess (138)....   [tags: Apology for Poetry]
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1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Shame and Learning in Plato's Apology - Shame and Learning in Plato's Apology ABSTRACT: In the Apology, Socrates proves to be the master teacher (1) of Athens in the way that he invites the city to overcome its "cognitive shame." Psychologist and teacher Paul Shane contends that much of the learning process begins in shame. (2) Shane defines shame in this way: Shame is the feeling of being exposed and wanting to hide one's nakedness. It is related to ego-ideal. One has a conception of self, an image of what one can be, and the feeling of shame is experienced in not having achieved a desired and attainable goal, in lacking something, in being inadequate....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Apology Plato Essays]
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2450 words
(7 pages)
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Plato's Apology - Plato's Apology Plato’s Apology is the story of the trial of Socrates, the charges brought against him and his maintaining of his own innocence throughout the process. At the onset of the trial, Socrates appears to challenging the charges, which included corrupting the youth, challenging belief in the gods that were accepted and reveled by the State, and introducing a new religious focus, but also belittles his own significance and suggesting that he will not attempt to disprove that he participated in the actions maintained by the court....   [tags: Apology by Plato] 1076 words
(3.1 pages)
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How to Make an Effective Business Apology - How to Make an Effective Business Apology Whether it’s a missed deadline, a flawed product, or a billing error, somebody got injured, and even if the offending party is savvy enough to acknowledge the gaffe, there’s far more to an effective apology than just, “Whoops. Sorry.” When your turn to beg pardon arrives, here are the five steps to follow in completing an effective apology: FIRST, OWN THE PROBLEM This is your bad. Even if it was a representative or underling who blundered, accept responsibility personally....   [tags: Apology Letters emails Process Essays] 963 words
(2.8 pages)
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Plato's Apology - Plato’s Apology In the retelling of his trial by his associate, Plato, entitled “The Apology”; Socrates claims in his defense that he only wishes to do good for the polis. I believe that Socrates was innocent of the accusations that were made against him, but he possessed contempt for the court and displayed that in his conceitedness and these actions led to his death. In his defense, Socrates claims over and again that he is innocent and is not at all wise, “…for I know that I have no wisdom, small or great.” Throughout the rest of his oration he seems to act the opposite as if he is better than every man, and later he even claims that, “At any rate, the world has decided that Socrate...   [tags: The Apology Socrates Plato Philosophy Essays] 807 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Apology - In this paper I will be discussing the four charges brought against Socrates in Plato’s essay The Apology# and why exactly each of these charges is completely fictitious. The four charges brought against Socrates were that he argued the physical over the metaphysical, he argued the weaker claim over the stronger claim, he went against the gods, and he was corrupting the youth (Singer, lecture, 9-15-11). Each of these four charges is false for varying reasons and I will be addressing each explanation on why each charge is a complete sham, after discussing each charge....   [tags: Greek, Socrates, Plato] 1464 words
(4.2 pages)
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Apology for Poetry - An “Apology for Poetry” is a compelling essay refuting the attack on poetry by Puritan and fundamentalist Stephen Gosson. This complex article written by Sir Phillip Sidney represents the decisive rebuttal defending poetry. His strong emotive passages defend the uncongenial comments of poetry from Gosson. Although, his justification for the rebuttal is alluded to Gosson’s durable attacks on poetry; it is known Gosson’s remarks prompt Sidney’s attitude to defend not only against Gosson but as well as Plato....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Stephen Gosson] 1887 words
(5.4 pages)
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Legitimacy in The Apology and Oedipus the King - ... Reason in Oedipus adds to the drama of the play (Symonds, 2014). Oedipus discovers the horrific truth of his actions, doing so against rational plans (Symonds, 2014). While rationally, Oedipus left Corinth to escape his adoptive parents, or investigated into who murdered Laius. These rational actions led to the destruction of the self. Oedipus discovers that his biological parents abandoned him, and also becomes aware that he murdered his own father and held a philia relationship with his mother....   [tags: apollo, political authority, legitimation]
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897 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Apology Written By Plato - ... Socrates never told Meno his definitions were wrong and his own were right, rather continued to question Meno’s conclusions to show him that he did not know the true meaning of virtue. The people of Athens were unable to accept the fact that many of them were ignorant on topics such as the definition of virtue, whereas Socrates himself was able to admit it. The Athenians disguised Socrates’ true desire to teach people for corruption and impiety because they believed he was trying to humiliate them....   [tags: the meno, socrates, athens]
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910 words
(2.6 pages)
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Socrates’ Speech in Apology - Aristophanes’ Clouds, if read hastily, can be interpreted as a mindless satyr play written in 419 BCE. Yet the chorus warns the reader not to expect the play to have farcical ploys like “a hanging phallus stitched on” the actors to evoke a laugh, but has underlying seriousness as “she [the play] comes in trusting only her words” (Clouds 538-44). Even if the play does use some low devices, the play’s message is sophisticated and can be read as a warning to Socrates. Aristophanes is a “friendly critic” of Socrates and warns Socrates to change his ways for Athens and for the good of himself (Whidden)....   [tags: warnings, aristophanes, pheidippides] 968 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Apology and the Republic - Socrates was a renowned philosopher in the ancient Grecian times. His peak was around the Peloponnesian War, when the Spartans defeated the Athenians and ended the Golden Age. The reason Socrates is one of histories most famous philosophers is largely due to Plato's writings. Two of Plato's famous works include The Apology and The Republic, both written about Socrates' views about the so called "wise philosophers" of his time. The two works hold unique views about government, as well as opening the eyes of the Grecian people to the world as they knew it....   [tags: Philosophy Socrates Plato] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
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Genocide Apology - The Politics of Apology – What are your views on moving on, forgive and forget or saying sorry [for any genocide]. “There comes a time in the history of a nation when peoples must become fully reconciled to their past if they are to go forward with confidence to embrace their future” (Rudd, 2008: p. 167). The concept of apology is often linked to reparations in genocide studies (Lofstrom, 2011: p. 94). Scholars will question whether an apology or an admission of guilt is an adequate post-genocidal response....   [tags: Government]
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1613 words
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The Apology and Crito - The Apology and Crito Socrates spent his life wandering the streets of Athens questioning the citizens he encountered about their ideas and ideals. Because he questioned the ideas of the elders, and because some of his acquaintances had warred against Athens he was not liked by city powers, who brought him to trial" Plato’s "Apology" gives the substance of the defense made by Socrates to the Athenians at his trial. Meletus, Anytus and Lyncon brought Socrates to court on charges of corrupting the morals of the youth, leading the youth away from the principals of democracy, neglecting the Gods of the State and introducing new divinities....   [tags: Papers] 345 words
(1 pages)
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Argument in the Apology - The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution’s accusation against him: “Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state.” 1 Further Socrates consistently introduces tediously compiled number of examples to provide valid and sound arguments to prove that he is innocent of the charges brought up against him to the court....   [tags: Plato Socrates] 881 words
(2.5 pages)
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Plato's Apology of Socrates and Crito - Socrates' Sides With. Through my reading of Plato's Apology of Socrates and Crito, I have been able to see how Socrates makes important decisions and what he primarily bases his decisions on. As a individual person we have individual morals which lead us to our own moral or immoral decisions. Sometimes are own morals or beliefs might oppose the views of the state or the enforced law that clams to find justice. In this case we rely on our own beliefs that may be through passed down morals or through ones belief in a higher power to find justice....   [tags: essays research papers] 1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Apology of Socrates: Guilty or Innocent? - The Apology of Socrates: Guilty or Innocent.    In any case of law, when considering truth and justice, one must first look at the validity of the court and the system itself.  In Socrates' case, the situation is no different.  One may be said to be guilty or innocent of any crime, but guilt or innocence is only as valid as the court it is subjected to.  Therefore, in considering whether Socrates is guilty or not, it must be kept in mind the norms and standards of Athens at that time, and the validity of his accusers and the crimes he allegedly committed.  Is Socrates guilty or innocent of his accusations?            What exactly is Socrates being accused of?  "Socrates is guilty of engag...   [tags: Philosophy essays]
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943 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Readings of The Apology of Socrates and Crito - The Readings of The Apology of Socrates and Crito Throughout the readings of The Apology of Socrates and Crito I have found that Socrates was not a normal philosopher. It is the philosopher's intention to question everything, but Socrates' approach was different then most other philosophers. From one side of the road, Socrates can be seen as an insensitive, arrogant man. He did indeed undermine the laws so they fit his ideals, leave his family, and disregard the people's values. On the other side he can be seen as an ingenious man who questioned what many thought was the unquestionable....   [tags: Papers] 966 words
(2.8 pages)
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Women in the Apology of Socrates - Women in the Apology of Socrates The most striking thing about women in the Apology of Socrates is their absence from where we might expect them. Only two specific women are mentioned: 1) the Pythia, the priestess of Apollo, who answers Chaerephon's question that no one is wiser than Socrates (21a); and 2) Thetis, the mother of Achilles (who himself is not mentioned by name but only referred to as the "son of Thetis"), who warns him that he will die if he kills the Trojan hero Hector (28c)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1397 words
(4 pages)
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Apology - Apology I apologize for my inappropriate behavior on (what ever date you want here) in the cafeteria. It was very rude for me to laugh while you were speaking, there was no humor in what you had to say. I would also like to apologize to the teachers, I’m very sorry, it will never happen again. My unnecessary behavior as totally unacceptable. This essay taught me to fully respect my teachers, and peers. There is no excuse for why I acted like I did in he cafeteria. I am completely responsible for my own actions....   [tags: miscellaneous] 519 words
(1.5 pages)
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Apology - I am not so certain if Socrates' approach to his defense is particularly the brightest one, and it certainly is not an apology as the title has named it, but, there is a certain wisdom in the simple, plain structured arguments he presents. One of the first things he mentions, is for the jury to pardon him, in the case that he should slip into his accustomed way of speaking, just as they would pardon a foreigner for speaking in his accustomed manner. This appears to me to be a wise idea, as it is true, even in today's society that we tend to judge people on face value....   [tags: essays research papers] 517 words
(1.5 pages)
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Apology and the Crito Comparison - Apology and the Crito Comparison Socrates was a great thinker and debater dedicated to truth. He spent his golden years walking the streets of Athens in pursuit of wisdom. Socrates lived the destiny that was revealed to him in the Oracle. He created and perfected his own cross-examination technique; we today know it as the Socratic Method. He was thorough and unrelenting. His subjects were often humiliated. Socrates would methodically disprove anyone he thought was wrong. In his eyes, most of the people he interviewed were blind....   [tags: Papers] 616 words
(1.8 pages)
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Apology for Impatience for Gloria - Apology for Impatience for Gloria. On first reading, this poem seems quite incomprehensible. Out of context, the poem appears to be about love and relationships. “Apology for Impatience” was written in 1963 (wife dead?) and it was written for Gloria, his wife. Dawe rarely uses a first person persona and it is through his use of the first person persona and the fact that it was written for his wife, that leads me to believe that Dawe was not just making a comment on love, but on his love for Gloria....   [tags: essays research papers] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Montaigne's Apology for Raymond Sebond - Montaigne Montaigne in his Apology for Raymond Sebond begins his exploration into the human capacity for knowledge with this belief that only though God can one achieve true knowledge. God is the only infinite, all seeing, being with divine wisdom. He is not subject to the laws and rules of the human domain, and he exists in a realm outside of human comprehension. God is an unchanging, permanent being, and only from this state can the concept of truth propagate. Montaigne believes that the one tie that binds all truth is this idea of permanence....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
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Eve’s Apology - Is this an apology or blame. In the beginning, God tells Adam not to eat the forbidden fruit. Adam disobeys God by doing so, but most people put the blame on Eve. In the poem, “Eve’s Apology,” Eve expresses her feelings toward the entire situation and shows how she is not to blame. She blames Adam for the pain we endure today. Eve eats from the forbidden tree out of curiosity. She wants to share it with Adam, so he can feel like she feels. Eve gives the fruit to Adam out of love, but she does not force him to eat it....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Aemilia Lanyer] 1033 words
(3 pages)
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An Apology From Socrates - An apology From Socrates Missing Works Cited The Apology is Socrates' defense at his trial. As the dialogue begins, Socrates notes that his accusers have cautioned the jury against Socrates' eloquence, according to Socrates, the difference between him and his accusers is that Socrates speaks the truth. Socrates distinguished two groups of accusers: the earlier and the later accusers. The earlier group is the hardest to defend against, since they do not appear in court. He is all so accused of being a Sophist: that he is a teacher and takes money for his teaching....   [tags: Philosophy] 1717 words
(4.9 pages)
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Book Report on Apology - Book Report on Apology In the “Apology”, Socrates tackles his accusers against certain accusations made against him in the Court of Law of Athens, Greece. The nature of the accusation that has caused him to stand trial is such that “Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into things under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear the better cause; and he teaches the aforesaid doctrines to others” (Plato. The Republic and other plays. pg-449. Doubleday publishing; New York- 1989)....   [tags: Papers] 791 words
(2.3 pages)
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Plato's Apology - Plato's Apology At the elderly age of seventy, Socrates found himself fighting against an indictment of impiety. He was unsuccessful at trial in the year 399 B.C. The charges were corrupting the youth of Athens, not believing in the traditional gods in whom the city believed, and finally, that he believed in other new divinities. In Plato's Apology, Socrates defends himself against these charges. He claims that the jurors' opinions are biased because they had probably all seen Aristophanes' comedy The Clouds....   [tags: Papers] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
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Mary Jo Bang's Apology for Want - Mary Jo Bang's Apology for Want Quiet, unassuming, serene. These characteristics define the appearance of poet Mary Jo Bang. There is, however, another side to the humble St. Louis native which is not readily apparent by either her looks or her demeanor. Beneath her deceiving facade lies another person entirely, which only emerges through her poetic talents. Although she also read from her new manuscript which has not yet gone to print, Mary Jo Bang primarily read from her collection which won the Katherine Bakeless Nason poetry prize in 1996, entitled Apology for Want....   [tags: Free Essays] 430 words
(1.2 pages)
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Comparison Between Crito And Apology by Plato - Comparison between Crito and Apology For these two articles that we read in Crito and Apology by Plato, we could know Socrates is an enduring person with imagination, because he presents us with a mass of contradictions: Most eloquent men, yet he never wrote a word; ugliest yet most profoundly attractive; ignorant yet wise; wrongfully convicted, yet unwilling to avoid his unjust execution. Behind these conundrums is a contradiction less often explored: Socrates is at once the most Athenian, most local, citizenly, and patriotic of philosophers; and yet the most self-regarding of Athenians....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 1631 words
(4.7 pages)
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Aristophanes’ Clouds a Satyr Play Written in 419 BCE - Aristophanes’ Clouds, if read hastily, can be interpreted as a mindless satyr play written in 419 BCE. Yet the chorus warns the reader not to expect the play to have farcical ploys like “a hanging phallus stitched on” the actors to evoke a laugh, but to take note of underlying seriousness as “she [the play] comes in trusting only her words” (Clouds 538-44). Even if the play does use some low devices, the play’s message is sophisticated and can be read as a warning to Socrates. Aristophanes is a “friendly critic” of Socrates and warns Socrates to change his ways for Athens and for the good of himself (Whidden)....   [tags: apology, socrates, youth in athens] 1147 words
(3.3 pages)
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Framing Apologies in a Political and Diplomatic Context - Introduction This essay is an analysis of the 2005 paper, by Janna Thompson, “Apology, justice and respect: a critical defence of political apology.” A paper presented at the Australian Association for Professional and Applied Ethics 12th Annual Conference, Adelaide, September 28–30. This paper can be found at http://www.unisa.edu.au/hawkeinstitute/gig/aapae05/documents/thompson.pdf. Summary This paper critically evaluates the importance of negotiations and expansive discourse in framing apologies, especially in a political and diplomatic context....   [tags: critical defence of political apology]
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794 words
(2.3 pages)
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Socrates and Civil Obecience or Disobedience - Essay: A Discussion on whether or not I believe that Socrates’ views in the Crito contradict his views expressed in the Apology. My position: I am in disagreement with this statement and my analysis, based on contextual evidence, is as follows: Although I could argue the question posited above from either position, as many have done before and, as many will continue to do after me, I do not believe that Socrates waivers in his beliefs between the two accounts according to Plato. The contradiction, it seems, focuses on whether or not Socrates is a proponent of civil (dis)obedience, and the apparent conflict between the two works revolves around passages from the Apology, that seem t...   [tags: Crito, The Apology, Analysis]
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1549 words
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Meno and the Socratic Method - Meno was one of Plato’s earliest of dialogues, written in depth the book is founded around a central question: If virtue can be taught, then how. And if not, then how does virtue come to man, either by nature or some other way. Socrates addresses this inquiry by questioning a person who claims to understand the term’s meaning (Plato's Meno). The purpose of this essay is to relate the Socratic method performed by Socrates in Plato’s dialogue The Apology, to Meno, by illustrating its effect on the character Meno himself. After questioning Meno about virtue, Socrates comes to the conclusion that neither he nor Meno truly know the meaning of the word; he then notes that finding a thorough defin...   [tags: Definition of Virtue, The Apology]
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1410 words
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An Apology for Classics - “Do you want to live forever?” This paraphrase is overused, but I think of it every time I read the literary works of the ancient Romans. Latin is considered to be a “dead” language, yet the understanding of Latin allows one to discover a time when the same conflicting opinions are at issue today. How did the Roman senate quell the famous Plebeian Labor Strike in 494 BC. How did Achilles, despite dying at a young age by an arrow wound from Paris, prince of Troy, manage to poetically “live forever”....   [tags: Classic Literature] 651 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Rhetoric of an Apology: The Bill Clinton Sex Scandal - The Rhetoric of an Apology: The Clinton Sex Scandal "I ask that all Americans demonstrate in their personal and public lives... the high ethical standards that are essential to good character and to the continued success of our Nation." On August 17, 1998, exactly one year after making the statement above, President Bill Clinton prepared to deliver a speech concerning a scandal that had gripped the nation for months. It is needless to say that this was an important moment during the Clinton administration....   [tags: Rhetorical Analysis of Speech]
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The Teaching Styles of the Apology of Plato an the Gospel of Luke - Socrates and Luke are both considered to be great educators. They have both influenced countless people with their teachings. However, comparing the two is slightly strange since Socrates is the subject of the story, which is told by Plato, and Luke is the teller of the story of Jesus. A comparison can be made between the two as Socrates is a great teacher while Plato is mostly silent and Luke, while not overly prevalent in the his story can be compared to other accounts of the story of Jesus among which his by far the most didactic....   [tags: essays research papers] 1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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Socrates’ Trial Defense in Terms of His Values - Socrates’ Trial Defense in Terms of His Values In his Apology, Plato recounted the trial that led to the execution of his friend and mentor, Socrates. The account revealed that values of Socrates’ accusers and his own fundamentally differed, and that they had been angered because he tried to prove that they had misplaced theirs. Those differences created conflict between the two parties that culminated in his trial. With the understanding that a jury condemned Socrates to death and his defense nevertheless pleased him because he gave it truthfully, it is most sensible to call it a good defense because he felt it was the best that he could do....   [tags: Plato Socrates Apology Essays]
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1398 words
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Corporate Accountability and Apologies - Corporate Accountability and Apologies The simple phrase “I’m sorry” administered at the right moment can quell the greatest of fires. Different cultures call for apologies for different situations and with the widespread call for corporate accountability and violent crime rates in the U.S constantly rising the culture of apology found in Japan may be a key ingredient to a more complex recipe. A comparison of violence between the U.S. and Japan will yield some startling statistics. According to the CIA World Factbook, the population density of Japan in 2008 was 836 people square mile nearly 10 times higher than the density in the United States....   [tags: Japan Culture of Apology 2014]
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Sino-American Diplomatic Apologies - 2. Summary This article critically evaluates the importance of negotiations and expansive discourse in framing apologies, especially in a political and diplomatic context. Focusing on two relevant Sino-American issues, viz. the 1999 bombing at the Belgrade Chinese embassy by US aircraft and the 2001 airplane collision between a Chinese fighter jet and an American spy plane, the author evaluates pragmatism in diplomatic apologies, with specific reference to the US apology to China during these two events....   [tags: Ambiguity, International Negotiations]
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596 words
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Socrates' Fight for Justice - In Plato’s works Apology and Crito there is an attempt by Socrates to defend himself in court and defend his choice to receive the death penalty when found guilty. Although he makes very valid and strong arguments throughout one can only wonder why such a wise person would choose death over life. The following essay will analyze three quotes from Apology and Crito, find the correlation between them, and reveal any flaws that may exsist inside these arguments made by Socrates. In Plato’s Apology Socrates explains to the jury the reasons he should be found not guilty against his accused crimes....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Comparing Islamic Fundamentalism and Plato's Dialogues - Parallels can be drawn from the Islamic fundamentalism and the discussion of piety, justice, truth, and knowledge in Plato's dialogues. In Plato's dialogues of Socrates' Apology, it becomes clear that Socrates is a pluralist, as is Noman Benotman . A pluralist is someone who believes there is more than one correct solution to a problem but not all possible solutions are correct. This differs from relativism, as relativism is that everyone in a given situation is right and all solutions are correct....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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855 words
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Trials of Jesus and Socrates: A Comparison - The trial of Socrates in Athens is both similar and different from the trial of Jesus of Nazareth. The trials could be compared in three main areas: the evidence and reasons provided for their executions, their last messages to their accusers, and the two leaders’ thoughts about their impending deaths. For both figures, there is no evidence to support their convictions and they are convicted for similar reasons, though Jesus is given less time to defend himself. Both Jesus and Socrates warn their accusers that they will suffer for their actions....   [tags: History, Politics]
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1651 words
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Compare and Contrast: Socrates and Jesus Christ - “To stand up for what you believe in is more important than to be scared of imprisonment or death.” – Socrates The Apology In this literature review I will discuss both Socrates and Jesus Christ (Jesus). I will compare and distinguish them, by their trial, misdeeds (through the view of society), law, justice and punishment. In addition, I will write about their influence in today’s society and what impact they have made through time. Both Socrates and Jesus had many things in common yet, they we’re different....   [tags: Comparing Socrates and Jesus Christ] 1058 words
(3 pages)
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The Trial and Death of Socrates - The portrayal of Socrates, through the book “the trial and death of Socrates” is one that has created a fairly controversial character in Western history. In many ways, Socrates changed the idea of common philosophy in ancient Greece; he transformed their view on philosophy from a study of why the way things are, into a consideration man. Specifically, he analyzed the virtue and health of the human soul. Along side commending Socrates for his strong beliefs, and having the courage to stand by those convictions, Socrates can be commended for many other desirable characteristics....   [tags: Philosophy ] 1640 words
(4.7 pages)
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A Hoax in Court - Albert Einstein quoted, “In matters of truth and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same.” (Brainy Quote) Was there truth and justice in the trial of Socrates. First, what is justice. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of justice is the administration of law, especially the establishment or determination of rights according to the rules of law or equity. Meletus brought an elder man to court for corrupting the youth and for refusing to believe in the gods of the city....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1383 words
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Representations of Native Americans in Dances with Wolves and The Searchers - “Film is more than the instrument of a representation; it is also the object of representation. It is not a reflection or a refraction of the ‘real’; instead, it is like a photograph of the mirrored reflection of a painted image.” (Kilpatrick) Although films have found a place in society for about a century, the labels they possess, such as stereotypes which Natives American are recognized for, have their roots from many centuries ago (Kilpatrick). The Searchers, a movie directed by John Ford and starred by John Wayne, tells the story of a veteran of the American Civil War and how after his return home he would go after the maligned Indians who killed his family and kidnapped his younger n...   [tags: Film, Native American Studies, Movies]
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1386 words
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A Hoax in Court: The Trial of Socrates - Albert Einstein quoted, “In matters of truth and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same” (Brainy Quote). Were justice and truth a part of Socrates’ trial. The primary question is: what is justice. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of justice is: “the administration of law, especially the establishment or determination of rights according to the rules of law or equity.” Meletus brought an elder man to court for corrupting the youth and for refusing to believe in the gods of the city....   [tags: Law, philosophy]
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1553 words
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The Crusades - As Patriarch Bartholomew I said eight years ago, “The spirit of reconciliation is stronger than hatred.” These words should drive the actions of the Christian population when apologizing for the heinous actions of the Crusades toward the Jewish and Muslim communities. Although all the people who were a part of the actual event are no longer living, the situation continues on because there has been no closure. The Crusades, an event close to 900 years ago, needs to be ended with a formal apology from Christians to all those effected....   [tags: Religion] 1387 words
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Benjamin Franklin - Benjamin Franklin took pride in almost every aspect of his life. There are many instances in which one could call him a vain man. Franklin writes to Ezra Stiles and speaks of his portrait being hung at Yale. Franklin complains that the portraits he has of himself do his stunning features no justice, and are certainly not worthy to be hung at Yale. He suggests that a new portrait be painted. Franklin clearly has issues as to how he will be remembered, and also how obsessed the man is with his looks....   [tags: essays research papers] 679 words
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“California Apologizes to Chinese-Americans” - It is no secret that the United States has a long-standing history of discrimination. Blacks, Latinos, Asians, Native Americans, Women, Jews, Muslims, Handicapped, Homosexuals, and even people who are just old have all suffered prejudice from the general public. Ranging from preferential treatment in society to actual laws banning certain rights, these groups have grown accustomed to fighting for equal rights. Over the years, there have been many laws passed toward that end; greatly improving civil rights in this country....   [tags: Literary Review] 1352 words
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Southwest Airlines Discrimination Case - Southwest Airlines Discrimination Case Recently, a Southwest Airlines discrimination issue surfaced resulting from comments expressed by a Southwest pilot during a private conversation. The two minute conversation transpired on March 25, 2011 and was inadvertently broadcast over a Federal Aviation Administration air traffic control frequency in the Houston, Texas area during a flight from Austin, Texas to San Diego, California. According to the accusations, the comments were perceived as demeaning and derogatory with regard to the Southwest Airlines flight attendant employee group....   [tags: Case Review ]
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Appropriate Supporter for Political Authority Antigone - ... He simply asks questions and enables people to think critically; [this knowledge ties in with modern politics that involve public opinion and politicians who are suppose to inform and lead the people.] unnecessary Furthermore, Socrates demonstrates through his actions that he supports a political authority; although it may not be the current Athenian state, [he supports an authority that directs behavior and leads the public in the right direction] unclear. What authority are you referring to?....   [tags: platonic dialogue, antigone, socrates]
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US Actions in World War I - US Actions in World War I A point that has been studied by many is for what reason were the U-2s flown over Russian territory in the first place. Eisenhower claimed to want to “get a better handle on Soviet capabilities.” (Judge and Langdon, 135)....   [tags: Soviet Union WWI missiles] 887 words
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Socrates Argument in the Crito - Introduction Socrates argues in the Crito that he shouldn't escape his death sentence because it isn't just. Crito is distressed by Socrates reasoning and wishes to convince him to escape since Crito and friends can provide the ransom the warden demands. If not for himself, Socrates should escape for the sake of his friends, sons, and those who benefit from his teaching. Socrates and Crito's argument proceeds from this point. As an aside, I would like to note that, though I believe that a further objection could be made to Socrates conclusions in “The Philosopher's Defense”, due to space considerations, I didn't write the fourth section “Failure of the Philosopher's Defense”....   [tags: Philosophy] 1099 words
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Odysseus and His False Heroism - Odysseus and His False Heroism Once studied in depth, Odysseus, from the epic poem, Odyssey by Homer, is not a hero. Odysseus, although known as a “kingly and wise man” (I, 87) to the gods, clearly does not behave like one. A hero is one that attempts to help others despite putting themselves at risk and is also a good leader. One is not a hero if he is helping just so that he has bragging rights, but is helping because he or she wants other people to be able to achieve their goal, end their pain, or even go home after a long journey....   [tags: Literary Characters] 985 words
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Modern technology's effect on ecology - ?It is because of those scientists. inventions.. ?Modern technology owes ecology an apology!. This is what some people say when the read the news about haze, deforestation, extinction of flora and fauna and global warming. They blame modern technology, the materials and ideas developed in the last century to assist humans in their activities, for the deterioration of ecology. The ecological cycle has been very much disturbed by the developments humankind have achieved....   [tags: essays research papers] 1278 words
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The Life of Socrates - Socrates (470-399 BC) was a credited philosopher born in the city of Athens to father Sophroniscus and mother Phaenarete. Despite his world-renowned contributions, he did not leave any written accounts of his life. His story was taught through the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, along with Aristotle and Aristophanes in various forms of dramatic texts and histories. Among others, Plato wrote many dialogues that quoted Socrates’ exact words. Much of what we know comes from this greatly influenced student....   [tags: Biography, Contributions, Philosophies] 806 words
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The Ambiguity of Plato - The Ambiguity of Plato For hundreds of years, Plato has been admired as a writer, a master rhetorician, an artist, and above all, a philosopher; however, Plato's backlashes against sophistry and art have led to much confusion concerning his ideas and beliefs. John Poulakos says of Plato, "[F]or most rhetoricians Plato has always played the same role he assigned to the sophists--the enemy" (Nienkamp 1). Plato will always appear to be the skilled rhetorician or artist who speaks out against rhetoric and art....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]
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Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates - Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates The portrayal of Socrates by his student Plato creates one of the most controversial characters of all time. There are few other personalities in history that have drawn criticism and praise from the furthest ends of each spectrum. Socrates has been called the inventor of reason and logic, and at the same time has been condemned as a corruptor and a flake. Perhaps he was all of these. Despite this disagreement, one is a certainty: Socrates had a very interesting and active sense of humor....   [tags: Plato Socrates]
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Socratic Citizenship as Salve to the Antinomy of Rules and Values - Socratic Citizenship as Salve to the Antinomy of Rules and Values It is not inconceivable that Plato would view the enforcement of rigid laws as a “noble lie” (Rep112)—noble as a guarantor of order in a just city, but misleading in its pretense of infallibility. The Crito, the Apology, and the Republic capture the tension in Plato’s work between a commitment to substantive justice and to formalist legal justice. In a system of substantive justice, rules are flexible and act as “maxims of efficiency” (Unger 90), proxies of justice and virtue....   [tags: Plato Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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Socrates and Epicurus - Live Life Without Fear of Death - Many people seem to fear death, but philosophers such as Socrates and Epicurus would argue that one has no reason to fear it. Socrates sees death as a blessing to be wished for if death is either nothingness or a relocation of the soul, whereas Epicurus argues that one shouldn't worry themselves about death since, once we are gone, death is annihilation which is neither good nor bad. Epicurus believes that death itself is a total lack of perception, wherein there is no pleasure or pain. I agree with Epicurus because Socrates doesn't give a sound argument for death as a blessing, whereas Epicurus' argument is cogent....   [tags: Why We Should Not Fear Death]
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Reconciliation with the Indigenous People of Australia - Reconciliation with the Indigenous People of Australia Reconciliation is not only an issue for the indigenous people of Australia, but for every Australian. The a major step in achieving this is for an official apology to be made by the Australian Government to indigenous Australians - especially those of the Stolen Generation. But as with any controversial issue in our society there are many differing views on the matter, in support and not in support of such a move. This essay will briefly outline these arguments subjectively....   [tags: Papers] 616 words
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Antigone Reparations Joan of Arc - Antigone Reparations Joan of Arc "Think: all men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong, and he repairs the evil: the only crime is pride." Such was the admonition of the wise prophet Teiresias in Sophocles' Antigone. In literature as in life, men often stubbornly hold on to their precious pride and reek havoc on those who least deserve it. Unfortunately, men rescind their mistakes too late. Their hubris does not make them evil, but it is dubious whether they can be considered good, honorable men....   [tags: essays papers] 901 words
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Socrates Was NOT Guilty -      Socrates, in his conviction from the Athenian jury, was both innocent and guilty as charged. In Plato’s Five Dialogues, accounts of events ranging from just prior to Socrates’ entry into the courthouse up until his mouthful of hemlock, both points are represented. Socrates’ in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such. The laws didn’t find Socrates guilty; Socrates was guilty because his jurors enforced the laws....   [tags: Innocence of Socrates Essay] 1660 words
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Socrates´ Death - In 399 BC, Socrates, the great philosopher in ancient Greece, was put to death under the hands of his Athenian fellow-citizens to whom he had a strong attachment, after a final vote with over two-thirds of jurymen against him. We cannot experience the situation where Socrates gave his final argument in the court of law. From Plato’s Apology, we admire Socrates’ brilliant rhetoric and rigorous logic, while at the same time feel pity for him and indignant with those ruthless jurymen. However, the question of what exactly caused his death and why was Socrates, such a remarkable thinker sentenced to death in the very society that valued democracy the most is not easy and straightforward to answ...   [tags: Athens, juridical system, Athenian society]
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Waiting for Godot and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead: The Theatre of the Absurd - The absurdist plays Waiting for Godot written by Samuel Beckett and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead written by Tom Stoppard both incorporate human needs and concerns within their context through its whimsical and comedic dialogues. Both plays belong in the category of the theatre of the absurd, where the existentialist philosophy underlies all aspects of the plays. The central characters Rosencrantz and Guildenstern from Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead share a deep friendship, this same friendship can also be seen within the relationship between Vladimir and Estragon who are the protagonists in Waiting for Godot....   [tags: Theater of the Absurd] 791 words
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The Tuskeee Study: Radically Changed the Views and Practice of Medicine and Ethics - The Tuskegee Study has radically changed the views and practice of medicine and ethics. The 40 year long study impacted 600 African American men and their families. It began as a scientific investigation of syphilis as it affected black men. Back in the 1930’s, it was thought to be true that black men were genetically different from white men and that black men’s bodies reacted differently to syphilis. The goal was to see what would happen to the men who had syphilis if they were left untreated (CDC, 2009)....   [tags: Medical Ethics]
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Should the Federal Govenrment be in Charge of the Healthcare? - A True Power Grab In the last six years or so, the American people have been in a debate over whether or not the federal government should be in charge of our healthcare system and one sixth of our economy. We as a nation have been struggling with the rising cost of healthcare and in some cases unscrupulous practices of healthcare insurance providers. Now we are faced with even more hurdles called the healthcare exchange. The federal government only creates red tape and slow results, like HealthCare.gov, “The U.S....   [tags: healthcare system, economy, government]
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How Xenophon’s Oeconomicus is a Response to Aristophanes’ Clouds - A significant body of work regarding how Xenophon’s Oeconomicus is a response to Aristophanes’ Clouds has been written in the last few decades, beginning with Leo Strauss’s enigmatic book on the dialogue. And while great consideration has gone into the pronounced relationship between these two works, as well as its relation to Xenophon’s treatises on the arts and his Hiero, the fertile Oeconomicus has many more fruits to yield for us regarding a greater understanding of the coherence of the dialogue to Xenophon’s thought....   [tags: Philosophy] 1049 words
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How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization - Roles of the Catholic Church in Western civilization has been scrambled with the times past and development of Western society. Regardless of the fact that the West is no longer entirely Catholic, the Catholic tradition is still strong in Western countries. The church has been a very important foundation of public facilities like schooling, Western art, culture and philosophy; and influential player in religion. In many ways it has wanted to have an impact on Western approaches to pros and cons in numerous areas....   [tags: Western Civilization] 1811 words
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Elaborate Symbolism in Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby - In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald presents a novel with elaborate symbolism. Fitzgerald integrates symbolism into the heart of the novel so strongly that it is necessary to read the book several times to gain a full comprehensive level of understanding. The overtones and connotations that Fitzgerald gives to the dialogues, settings, and actions is a major reason why The Great Gatsby is one of the classics of the 20th century. Three themes dominate the text of The Great Gatsby. They are time (or the lack thereof), appearance, and perspective....   [tags: literary techniques, literary analysis] 2095 words
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The Chico Times: Newsworthy or Not? - Issue In California, there was a large anti-gay rights protest with 3,000 people who marched down a closed-off street. The local newspaper chose not to run the story, although it was a big enough story to be covered in national news. The protestors had sent the paper a press release, as it was important that the citizens be informed of the march and its results. The newspaper argues that it has the right to publish what it deems newsworthy. The protestors argue that the community has a right to be kept aware of important topics, and say that the paper didn’t publish the story of the successful march because of the impact it would have....   [tags: Print Media]
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Athena Parthenos: The Goddess of Wisdom - The people of Greece believed in mythology and believed they were blessed by the deity which inspired the artists’ creation of the spectacular sculptures including Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom. Wisdom during this period was highly regarded. Most of the sculptures in Athens were made of different types of bronze. (See Figure 1.) This is a copy of the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, dressed in battle attire, that was originally created by Phidias during the period of 447-39 B.C. The statue of Athena Parthenos was to be constructed, not of bronze, but of gold and ivory....   [tags: Art]
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The Pros and Cons of Democracy - Egypt has erupted into civil war. Its people are revolting against the Hosni Mubarak regime and are demanding a new government that represents the interests of the Egyptian people. Each modern day revolt mimics the countless uprising that has occurred during the times of Ancient Athens and Rome. The populace rises to overthrow their oppressors fighting for liberty, but is liberty, is democracy truly the solution. Democracy, by definition, is a government in which power is derived from its people....   [tags: Pro Con Essays] 1380 words
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The Way Ancient Greeks Saw Happiness - ... In Apology, Socrates says, “Wisdom is not the act of knowing; rather it is the act of not knowing. One must suffer in order to learn what they need to know which nothing is.” (Plato, pg 30). Socrates remained constant in his view of what wisdom really meant. Even up to the day he was executed. He never really understood why they had drawn the charges against him; he thought they should have rewarded him. Amidst life’s happiness, there will always be suffering. The Greeks thought of suffering as a trial of one’s stability....   [tags: greek philosophers, socrates, wisdom]
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Not Excusable, But Certainly Forgivable - Serena Williams’ 10 second tirade in the 2009 U.S. Open tennis tournament may have cost her the semi-final match, but what is the lasting impression on her legacy (Ford 1). Sometimes during a sporting event, athletes let their emotions get the best of them. Their attitude is like a ticking time bomb, waiting to be set off by a bad call from the line judge, a good shot by the opponent, or a simple mistake made by the player. Many people believe athletes should be able to control their emotions and always exhibit great sportsmanship....   [tags: Celebrities] 910 words
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Thank You Mousie, For Everything - Although he was a late eighteenth century poet, Robert Burns also was a farmer, in fact it was on his farm where he came up with the idea for his famous poem, “To a Mouse.” Upon plowing his field in Scotland one afternoon in 1785 he accidentally dug up and ruined a mouse’s nest, and he feels bad for doing so and wants to apologize to the mouse. In his apology, Burns not only stresses his feeling of guilt for destroying the mouse’s home but he seems to go on a tangent where he conveys a deeper meaning....   [tags: Poetry Analysis]
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Aboriginal Land Rights within Australia - Terra Nullius was once apparent in Australian society, but has now been nullified with the turn of the century. With the political changes in our society, and the apology to Indigenous Australians, society is now witnessing an increase in aboriginals gaining a voice in today’s society. Described by Pat Dodson (2006) as a seminal moment in Australia’s history, Rudd’s apology was expressed in the true spirit of reconciliation opening a new chapter in the history of Australia. Considerable debate has arisen within society as to whether aboriginals have a right to land that is of cultural significance and whether current land owners will be able to keep their land....   [tags: Rights of Indigenous Australian]
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Aboriginal Land Rights in Australia - Terra Nullius was once apparent in Australian society, but has now been nullified with the turn of the century and the changes of societal attitudes. With the political changes in our society, and the apology to Indigenous Australians, society is now witnessing an increase in aboriginals gaining a voice in today’s society. Kevin Rudd’s apology as described by Pat Dodson (2006) as a seminal moment in Australia’s history, expressed the true spirit of reconciliation opening a new chapter in the history of Australia....   [tags: Social Studies]
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