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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Animal Sciences"
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The Role of Communication in the Animal Industry - The Role of Communication in the Animal Industry The animal industry is a growing field of interest, and in this growing field lies the value of communication. Communication plays a crucial role in Animal Science through written, oral, visual, and electronic communication. These types of communication are also useful when it comes to job searching. Dr. Brad Skaar shared with me his views on the value of communication in the discipline of Animal Science. Animal Science places a great value on communication....   [tags: Animal Sciences Essays] 813 words
(2.3 pages)
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Natural Sciences with Ethical Considerations - Interpreted literally, ethical judgements do seem to limit methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences; it’s not difficult to imagine the chaos of a world void of any kind of ethical considerations. However, can knowledge in the natural sciences even be compared to knowledge in the arts. Knowledge in the natural sciences includes knowledge that helps improve methods used in hospitals to treat previously untreatable illnesses. Art at first glance does not hold enough weight to be compared because it reaches a smaller number of people giving it less importance than knowledge gained in natural sciences....   [tags: Experiments, Studies, Natural Sciences]
:: 15 Works Cited
1329 words
(3.8 pages)
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Methods of Experimentation and Research in the Natural Sciences that are Limited due to Ethical Considerations - The production of knowledge, the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject (New Oxford), has constantly been accomplished throughout the history of man as a result of the characteristics of creativity and curiosity. These attributes, besides ethics, have set humans apart from the other species allowing for constant and rapid development. According to (Rest), an ethical judgment is the process by which an individual determines that one alternative is morally right and another alternative is morally wrong....   [tags: eugenics, animal testing, ethical judgement]
:: 8 Works Cited
1459 words
(4.2 pages)
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How Ethical Judgments Limit the Arts and Natural Sciences - ... Some people, such as my classmate, view nudity as natural. They use their art to showcase the natural wonders of the body. However, art still should be regulated. Yes, everyone should be able to view art and learn from all art, but at a certain age. They need to set age limits for the content being viewed. We need to decide what is ethical for people to see and come up with a universal ethical standard. However, the adult scenes could actually be helping the art because it could allow them to have more emotion and make it easier for the viewer to connect with....   [tags: methods, expression, animal testing] 1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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Notes on Virtue, Tradition and Animal Mating - ... In modern society, alterations are happening under the influence of globalization. In everyday life is becoming released from the embrace of tradition. And other societies across the world that remained more traditional are becoming detraditionalised. This is a society, where tradition has to be defended by traditional activities that are their own ritual and representation. Giddens speaks of different forms of tradition, the first is Heritage it is a simpler and commercialized type of tradition....   [tags: Philosophy, Natural Sciences] 884 words
(2.5 pages)
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Ethical Judgements in Art and Natural Sciences - Ethical judgements limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. We make decisions all the time. Similarly, there are decisions in various areas of knowledge whether it would be the arts or the natural sciences. Natural sciences is the area that is seeking for patterns. Meanwhile the arts is the area that is more broad and subjective. However, both areas of knowledge are affected by the decisions people make. These decisions are associated with the ethical judgments in society....   [tags: knowledge, decisions, arts, sciences]
:: 10 Works Cited
1452 words
(4.1 pages)
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Animal Moralities and Human Negligence - Tom Regan is an American philosopher and teacher. Regan was born in November 28, 1938 in Pittsburgh, and he received his B.A. at Thiel College. He has spent most of his career teaching philosophy at North Carolina state university, where he is now professor emeritus. Regan is regarded as one of the leading intellectuals in the animal rights movement. One of his ethic essays includes “The Case for Animal Rights”, and it was published in 1985 when he was 47 years old. According to the essay “The Case for Animal Rights,” Tom Regan discusses the objectives about the abolition of the use of animal in sciences, the termination of industrial animal agriculture, and the elimination of market...   [tags: animal testing, animal industries, animal rights]
:: 1 Works Cited
968 words
(2.8 pages)
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Animal Experimentation is Ethical and Necessary - Each year, more than twenty five million animals are used for scientific research in the U.S. More than ninety percent of those are mice (Ericson para 1). The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences argues that even sophisticated computers are unable to model interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms and the environment, as well as animals, making animal research necessary in many areas. Animal studies have been used in the past and shall continue to be used in the future for a number of applications in the field of orthopedics....   [tags: Animal Testing]
:: 5 Works Cited
926 words
(2.6 pages)
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Policy: The Animal Wlfare Act - ... Reduction verifies that the researchers are only using minimum number of animals for an experiment to prevent the over usage of animals. Refinement confirms that the animals are not overly suffering and to provide them with pain relievers to minimize their pain as much as possible. When a researcher wants to execute an experiment on animals, the researcher has to get approval from an Internal Oversight Committee (IACUC) in order to make sure that the three R’s (Refinement, Reduction and Replacement) are met....   [tags: animal protection, federal law] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Veterinarians: The Animal Healers - When your pet gets sick, you can’t send it to your family doctor, or give it Tylenol. Our pets have their own special doctors, known as veterinarians. Veterinarians take care of animals from all sizes, species, and areas. Veterinarians work in clinics, pharmacies, and laboratories, to do checkups, run tests, and make medicine specifically designed for use by animals, since human medicine can be too strong or toxic for animal consumption. Without veterinarian many animals, especially species running the risk of being extinct, would not have lasted as long as they have without veterinarians....   [tags: animal doctors, career options]
:: 1 Works Cited
525 words
(1.5 pages)
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Animal Testing Must Be Banned - ... Animals are force-fed this substance (1). Why would we want to put poor animals in this kind of pain for no reason. Animals to the society can be their world. Animal lovers in the society would probably give their all just to make their animals happy. Animals should not have to be guinea pigs to the scientists. Human and animal testing agrees only five-twenty five percent of the time, according to the Huntington Life Sciences (1). 88% of stillbirths are due to drugs posed to be safe in animal testing (1)....   [tags: pain, medicine, animal welfare act] 1020 words
(2.9 pages)
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Animal Experimentation - Animals suffer just as people do. In 2009 animal experimentation was the cause of over 1.13 million animals, excluding small rodents, suffering in U.S. Laboratories (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). Animal experimentation is unethical, unnecessary and expensive; alternative methods of testing should be utilized. It is unethical to use the cruel methods of animal experimentation for our own benefit alone. The animals used in research range from birds, dogs, cats, and pigs to name a few....   [tags: Animal Rights]
:: 8 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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Animal Rights: Do They Deserve Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness? - Do animals deserve the natural rights humans have. Animals are being kept captive in science labs to test many things. In research labs they are used to test many trivial products and they are used in valuable medical research. Many animal right activists go as far as breaking the law as an attempt to get the point across about the wellbeing of animals in science labs. The welfare of animals should be considered in experiments, although they are a substantial benefit to medical research there should still be strict enforced regulations set to stop the unnecessary pain and suffering of the animals. There are many animal rights activist groups asking that an animal’s life be seen just as va...   [tags: animal testing, animal abuse]
:: 5 Works Cited
661 words
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Animal Farm by George Orwell - George Orwell was a great writer; he created a book with many different qualities. Animal Farm is an allegory, fable, and a satire. He made the characters in the novel relate to real people and events in history. Examples such allegory would be Animalism compared with Communism, Snowball compared with Leon Trotsky, and Napoleon compared to Joseph Stalin. Animalism in many ways does symbolize Communism. Animalism for the animals would be a perfect land, no rich, no poor, and everyone is equal. They all would own the same amount of the farm....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays] 866 words
(2.5 pages)
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Negative Aspects of Animal Testing - An Evil Science: ANIMALS IN RESEARCH Dating back to ancient times, animals have been used in research to advance biomedical sciences. However, the ways the human race can exploit these living creatures are absolutely evil. The main concern animal rights advocates have are not concerned with the idea of using animals in research but the way people can torture these animals. The twentieth century has witnessed some of the cruelest acts of violence in the laboratory but it has also seen the rise of the animal rights movement....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Animal Testing]
:: 4 Works Cited
1261 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Production of Knowledge in both the Arts and the Natural Sciences - Production of knowledge is generally seen in a positive light. However, when ethics and morality become involved in the process of production, judgements will undoubtedly be made that may seem to limit the availability of that knowledge. Ethical judgements are made by the combination of a knower, his or her standard of value, and the situation itself. In the field of the arts and natural sciences, ethics plays a crucial role in the extent one may possibly be allowed to go to when discovering new knowledge....   [tags: ethical judgements, methods, limits]
:: 2 Works Cited
1178 words
(3.4 pages)
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Ethical Judgements of the Arts and Natural Sciences - ... Thus, using naturally deceased animals may not achieve this. Graffiti can also be art. The great artist-Banksy-is the creator of well-known artwork or public vandalism. Graffiti is considered a public art, yet the method in producing them are against the law. The law is an ethical judgement on what people should and should not do. However, if graffiti-writing or drawings on a wall or other surface in a public place (Graffiti: Definition of Graffiti in Oxford Dictionary)-are made on canvas and exhibited in galleries, they will not be considered graffiti....   [tags: values, controversial, animals] 1351 words
(3.9 pages)
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Implementing an Animal Science Class - ... Students need to be prepared for what they will learn in college. With Animal Science classes, future veterinarians can be one step ahead of where they would be and ready for what comes next. Not enough students entering an animal-related occupational field are properly educated. Establishing this class may be the only way to accurately reduce that problem. Secondly, this individual class would have a significant impact on the school itself. Any form of something new at the school—whether it is a class, sport, or any form of extra-curricular activity—looks good on the schools part....   [tags: student benefit, trying out new things]
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806 words
(2.3 pages)
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Animal Testing - Canary in the kitchen detects carbon monoxide. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests. Animals should not be guinea pigs. Animals still feel the pain when they are injected with medicine just like humans. Humans can defend themselves and stop the pain, but the animals get strapped down and cannot move. It is better to have tests run on animals because animals will help find cures faster. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests because a lot of animals are dying for no reason....   [tags: Science Experiments, Animals, Guinea Pigs] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Natural Sciences and Ethics - ... The neglecting of human choice often happens in scientific researches due to inability to notify the participants of the real purpose of the experiment as it happened in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male. They conducted a study where they wanted to see the natural history of this illness in order to account for medical care for African Americans. However, they did not provide them with consent forms to inform them that they have the option to withdraw from the experiment....   [tags: Morality, Experiment, Arts] 1139 words
(3.3 pages)
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Investigating Ethical Issues from a Philosophical and Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation - Hernandez 3 parts of an animal’s body, sometimes the entire body, to conduct experiments about stress. Other of the many destructive procedures include electrocution, tail suspension and drowning. (Office of Animal Care and Use, 2005) Not all of these animals die due to the causes of only one experiment however, these animals are kept in captivity and are continually tested on until they unfortunately meet their untimely deaths. It is due evidences such as these, that animal experimentation for medical research can be seen as productive for human or harmful to the lives of innocent animals....   [tags: animal abuse and testing]
:: 8 Works Cited
1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Ethical Judgments in the Arts and the Natural Sciences - Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. When talking about ethics we have to take in account that it is based on the socially standardized concept of some things being good and some things being bad. Therefore what might be seen as socially unethical arts for some people, in another society or in another time, it probably won’t be so. The same is true for the natural sciences. And even if we take our western society as a base, there are some aspects of ethics and some specific topics of which people do not have a standardized opinion....   [tags: Ethics Essays]
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1298 words
(3.7 pages)
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Social Sciences Exam - 1. Is necessary to develop the new social sciences because it exists as a result of the impact of two things happening in western intellectual traditions at the being of the 19th century. One is social theorists are becoming more and more interested in generalizing about human nature, its making statements about the general nature of human beings it is not just the history of the English people anymore, it’s the nature of human society. Two, is the impact of science on the thought processes of the European intellectual....   [tags: cultural anthropology ] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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Ethical Judgments in the Arts and Natural Sciences - ... This type of art is outlawed in the United States, for a variety of reasons. Some exhibit no tact or sensitivity, but simply serve to express explicit messages. Others are like unlawful advertisements, and some are simply done “for the heck of it.” There are punishments for this crime that directly correlate with the amount of damage done- however sometimes finding the culprit is too complicated or more trouble than it’s worth. Graffiti may seem justified because of it is a form of artistic expression and potentially a nonviolent outlet for individuals, but the fact that it is nonviolent does not necessarily indicate it does no harm at all....   [tags: morality, dignity, philosophical analysis] 1405 words
(4 pages)
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Ethical Judgments on the Arts and the Natural Sciences - ... Based on the examples above, we see that most ethical judgments use reason to determine whether a means of producing knowledge is morally right or not. For science, this way of knowing is used to deduce the effects of allowing such actions and the procedure. Because experimentations on humans can cause long term harm and anguish them, it is better to prevent such harm and limit the scope to plants and bacteria. This works the same way in the Arts, ethical judgments are made by considering the impact on the viewers, and the way in which it was carried out or performed....   [tags: knowledge, harm, standards] 1363 words
(3.9 pages)
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Animal Testing Should Be Outlawed - ... Vivisection, another term for animal testing, is used for unnecessary products. Researchers use animals to test toxicity levels. Is it really important. Once one knows a substance is toxic, they tend to keep away from it. However, toxicity tests continue on animals and the tests run until around half the animals are dead. Is the cosmetic product really worth an animal’s suffering. Many animals such as rabbits, mice, and guinea pigs are used to test a woman’s mascara, lipstick, and other personal care items....   [tags: laboratories, human disease, cruelty] 1765 words
(5 pages)
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Medical Researchers and Animal Testing - Animals are used in testing because it's the safest and most ethical way to test medicine. Would it be crueler to let animals or humans suffer. Actually, that's a trick question. Most animals do not experience the pains and agonies you are led to believe they undergo. Medical researchers say they have to use many analgesics and pain killers because if the animal is in pain, it's under so much stress and could sway test results (aalasfoundation.org). Therefore, animals are not in much pain for most tests....   [tags: ethics, cruel, pain, experience]
:: 3 Works Cited
570 words
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Animal Testing is Cruel - ... First off let's get through a few basic facts. Animal testing costs over $136 billion dollars annually for the American public, so animal testing is actually very expensive. There are almost 400 known alternatives for animal testing being considered. Only 2% of human diseases are recorded inside of the animal kingdom. Everyone, whether they are for or against animal testing, are very biased about their ideas but I will also tell you about the valuable things that are generated from animal testing....   [tags: cure for cancer, hiv, aids] 1324 words
(3.8 pages)
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Ethical Judgements Limiting the Production of Arts and Sciences - ... We could call this a type of pseudo-art with hidden ideologies trying to percolate into people’s minds. The forms of art they have been producing adulate a leader, an ideal, passing the direct opinion of the leader or the ruling party to their followers, or try to harvest ideologies in the minds of potential future adherents. Their art plays with people’s emotions, inducing opinions, through propaganda, through presenting things in a specific way. Specific examples for this type of artworks would be the “Der ewige juden” anti-Semitic film, from 1940 by Fritz Hippler, the president of the Reich Film Chamber who directed this film with input from German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbe...   [tags: perspective, symbolism, experimements] 1360 words
(3.9 pages)
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Animal Experimentations - Widely exploited to formulate new drugs and to examine the safety of other products, animal experimentations often induce pain to the animals involved, even reduce their life quality. Annually, over six million animals are exploited in facilitating research and teaching in Australia and New Zealand. How many more animals should we sacrifice to fulfill our insatiable needs. In the research paper I reviewed, guinea pigs were used to investigate the effectiveness of a drug called levodopa in suppressing short-sightedness, indicated by the retinal dopamine level....   [tags: Ethics]
:: 4 Works Cited
524 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Impact of Morals on Knowledge Creation is More Limiting in Natural Sciences than Arts - The ethical judgment, otherwise known as what one deems morally correct and incorrect, is a term that numerous controversies have stemmed from based upon the confusion surrounding the question of what one deems right or wrong. The eternal struggle to answer such a question lies within the fact that for different knowers, situations and geographic locations, there are varied ethical standards. Ultimately, such uncertainty has resulted in limitations placed upon the methodologies utilized in knowledge’s establishment within different areas of knowledge, such as the arts and natural sciences....   [tags: Scientific Method, Ethics in Science]
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1767 words
(5 pages)
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Should Animals be Used for Medical Research? - Should animals be used for medical research. 1. Introduction The deployment of animals for medical research has brought heated debates from both the proponents and opponents each holding to their views in a tight manner. Those who are in support of animal research argue that it has been constituting a vital element in the advancement of medical sciences throughout the world providing insights to various diseases, which have helped in the discovery and development of various medicines that have brought an improvement in the qualify of living of people....   [tags: Animal Rights ]
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1038 words
(3 pages)
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Animal Experiment: Male Wistar Rats - MATERIALS AND METHODS Animals 4-6 weeks old male Wistar rats weighing 80-120 g at study initiation, were obtained/purchased from the Animal House of Ahvaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran. The rats were housed in an animal room maintained at 23 ± 3 °C and a relative humidity of 30-70 % with the altering light/dark cycle of 12h during the experiment and for at least, one week prior to sensitization period (for acclimatization purposes). The animals were housed in stainless-steel wire cages in groups of 5 and had free access to PN-free standard laboratory rodent chow and water....   [tags: cholera toxin, peanut allergy]
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1081 words
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The Controversial Issue of Animal Ethics - The Controversial Issue of Animal Ethics The struggle against sickness and disease is not over, yet medical progress is being threatened by activists who would end the use of laboratory animals in the search for treatment and cures. Their well financed anti-research disinformation campaign is not the only weapon used by animal rights activists. The more extreme animal rights activists have used tactics of intimidation and terrorism, for example: April 26,1997, activists were arrested when they tried to force their way into Yerkes Regional Primate center during a protest....   [tags: essays papers]
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2571 words
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The Barbarie of Animal Testing - ... These animals were not given any type of anesthesia for abatement. Animals and humans both feel pain in some of the same ways; in fact, their feedback in response to pain is essentially corresponding. For example, both humans and animals scream. The frequently used LD50 or Lethal Dose 50, experiment associates figuring out what chemical dosage will kill fifty percent of the animals that are being tested on. Secondly, other methods exist in today’s time that can replace the need for using animals, some of which can be more efficient and accurate....   [tags: inhumane treatment of animals] 571 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Theory of Knowledge - Producing knowledge has always been a fundamental aspect of human nature. As curious individuals, we strive to discover new facts, create new inventions, and define new ideas. This fascination with exploration is what propels us forward as a society; however, the methods we utilize to achieve these goals can be debated as ethically correct or not. As each individual has his or her own perceptions of what can be considered ethically correct, ethical judgements often vary, limiting the abilities of ethical judgements to limit the production of knowledge....   [tags: Natural Sciences]
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1416 words
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Ethical Dillemma Commonly Experiences in the Arts and Science - ... However, with this demand of furthering knowledge comes a required face of reality when situations occur that do not fit the normality of people’s ideals. One rather common and well-known real life situation that relates to the ethical judgments in the natural sciences is the carrying out of animal experimentation in order to further knowledge relatable to humans. The main ethical judgment against animal experimentation is that the animals placed in these situations face an unavoidable amount of pain....   [tags: judgement, animal testing, racial] 1194 words
(3.4 pages)
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Alternatives for Animal Dissection - One of the breadth requirements for every student in college is to take a biological or life science course. When it comes to Biology, Anatomy, and few other sciences, one needs to learn about the body parts and the functions. Books explain all the information, but hands on learning is better so animal specimen are used for dissections and experiments. But is this the only way to learn about the body. There are students that find it disturbing when they look at a dead corpse or are against using animals....   [tags: life science, anatomy, biology]
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882 words
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Results of Drug Testing on Rats - ... Terramycin was sprinkled at the back of the headpiece and the sealed portion of the chest area to prevent infection. The rats were then administered 6 mL of warm sodium lactate to each side of their body (S.C) before being returned to their home cage. Rats were given carprofen daily for 2 days post-surgery for pain relief. Their catheters were infused daily with 0.2 mL of sterile saline containing heparin (30 U/mL) and penicillin G potassium (250,000 U/mL) to prevent clot formation. They were also weighed daily and given 5-7 days to recover before self-administration began....   [tags: animal studies ] 3298 words
(9.4 pages)
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The Necessity of Animal Captivity - Animal captivity is a much discussed issue for both its benefits and detriments to the animals. Many people view animal captivity as a harm and believe that it should be stopped; however, what is not taken into account is its benefits. Animal captivity aids both animals and humans in multiples ways, but the majority of help animal captivity offers is through preservation of animal species, and education benefits that zoos and aquariums represent to man. The preservation of animals must continue so that generations to come can not only benefit from what the animals have to offer for the ecosystems they thrive in, but so that the human race can continue to further its understanding of nature f...   [tags: Benefits, Detriments, Anilas, Captivity]
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903 words
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Animal Dreaming and Substantiation: A Potential Field in Science - Animal sleep is presented in various patterns like hibernation, nocturnal activity, and even napping. For example, penguins rarely sleep in case of abrupt attacks of predators. They sleep in standing positions for only a few minutes to provide security. In some occasions, penguins take naps in the ocean after a full meal. As this example demonstrates, the state of sleeping in animals is confirmed based on scientific research. The evidence of animal sleep is obvious, mainly characterized by temporary unconsciousness, non-responsiveness to external stimuli, and passivity in movement....   [tags: REM Sleep, Involuntary Body Movements]
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927 words
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A More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation - It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable middle ground. I contend that there must be a significant decrease in the number of animals used by humans to further human goals....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
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1499 words
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Human-Animal Hybrid Experiments - Overview The current issue facing societies around the world is human-animal hybrids experiments. These experiments are viewed in two lights, positive and negative. The positive of having these tests are that scientists could rid the world of diseases. However on the other hand people see these studies as inhumane and detrimental to everyone’s well being. This paper will be broken down into 6 areas including (1) a brief history of hybrid experiments dating within the decade, (2) a view of the stakeholders in the issue at hand, (3) how people would interact with humans receiving these treatments, (4) cultural and ethical considerations, (5) problems still at hand, and (6) a conclusion....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]
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1767 words
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Animal Dreaming and Substantiation-A Connection to Humanity - Animal sleep is presented in various patterns like hibernation, nocturnal activity, and even napping. For example, penguins rarely sleep in case of abrupt attacks of predators. They sleep in standing positions for only a few minutes to provide security. In some occasions, penguins take naps in the ocean after a full meal. In contrast, brown bats spend generally nineteen hours just on sleeping hanging upside down. As these examples demonstrate, the state of sleeping in animals is confirmed based on scientific research....   [tags: hibernation, nocturnal activity, napping ] 1003 words
(2.9 pages)
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Social Investigations In Animal and Human Cooperation - ... His study shows that “hosts can selectively reward cooperative bacteria and punish free riders, such as when soybean plants direct food and oxygen only to root nodules colonized by nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and kill off nodules with unhelpful bacteria”. So it is plausible that these living species cooperate only out of self-interest. This is also true about many animals that they do not really care about fitness of the whole group but they are either after self-interest or mutual reciprocity....   [tags: psychological, communication, cognitive behavior]
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640 words
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A General Overview of Biology - ... Cytologists deal with the structure composition and functions of cells whereas embryologists investigate the formation and development of animals and plants before they become independent organisms. History The philosophy of biology began with the ancienct Greeks. Plato (428-348 BCE) was not exactly interested in biology, yet his famous student, Aristotle (384-322 BCE) had much to state about it. Aristotle’s most important contributions were his observations that biological organisms can be arranged based on their complexity....   [tags: natural sciences, study of living things] 617 words
(1.8 pages)
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Ethics and Scientific Research - Ethics is the study of moral values and the principles we use to evaluate actions. Ethical concerns can sometimes stand as a barrier to the development of the arts and the natural sciences. They hinder the process of scientific research and the production of art, preventing us from arriving at knowledge. This raises the knowledge issues of: To what extent do moral values confine the production of knowledge in the arts, and to what extent are the ways of achieving scientific development limited due to ethical concerns....   [tags: moral values, natural sciences, arts]
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1422 words
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Human-Animal Hybrid Research: What is a Chimera? - The word “chimera” is that usually only related to mythology. However, it can also be used to describe a type of research that combines organisms composed of genetic material (usually cellular) from two distinct species (Eberl & Ballard, 2009). This term can be applied to research using genetic material from humans and animals. With this kind of human-animal hybrid research, scientists are able to perform experiments using things like human embryonic stem cells without injury to people or animals....   [tags: greek mythology, embryos]
:: 20 Works Cited
1062 words
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Animal Rights - One of the most touchy aspects of our relationship with animals is the use of animals in laboratory sciences. Some manufactures of cosmetics and household products still conduct painful and useless tests on live animals, even though no law requires them to do so. Some people, called anti-vivisectionists, are at one extreme in their concern. They want an abolition of all experiments on live animals. At the other extreme there are those who say that it is quite all right for us to do whatever we like to animals....   [tags: essays research papers] 2192 words
(6.3 pages)
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Ethics in Research: Example of the Landis Facial Expression Study - Ethics, though sometimes overlooked, are an integral part in conducting proper research. Though the primary goal of the researcher may be to find answers that support his hypothesis—particularly, positive results that successfully can apply to the general population—maintaining ethical conditions is also just as important, if not more. Some of the most infamous studies that have occurred in the social sciences field throughout the years were ones that raised ethical concerns. One such study is known as the Landis Facial Expression Study that was conducted in 1924 by Carney Landis, who was a graduate student in psychology at the University of Minnesota at the time....   [tags: Animal Cruelty, Psychology, Disgust] 665 words
(1.9 pages)
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Animal Testing is Animal Cruelty - Animal Testing is Animal Cruelty The way I look at animal testing is a form hateful cruelty. None of these people care about if it hurts or kills the animals. The cruelty has been going on long enough and I think it is time to stop. What people do not know is that animal’s react a different way to drugs as humans do, so scientist cannot apply the results to humans. Many animals go through screaming, unbearable, horrific; you cannot even imagine pain when they go through test for products that you use every day such as: Cosmetics, Household Products, Medical Products, even Iams dog products....   [tags: Animal Rights]
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1883 words
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Animal Cruelty - Is animal testing cruelty or science. This is the question that many people ask to themselves, and is one of the many controversial topics in today’s society. In my point of view animal testing is cruelty because animals can’t talk for themselves so they get kill and hurt, and we also violated their right by doing this. Anjo a member of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) said “Animals feel pain; they have a right to decent life” (Nancy Day 2000, pg.12). It is difficult to determine how many animals are used for research, but experts agree the number is declining....   [tags: Science Experiment, Animal Testing] 1901 words
(5.4 pages)
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Animal Experimentation Description and Analysis - Animal testing has been the primary source of testing for diseases, as well as for finding treatments for many years. Often times, these animals are given different medications in various doses without a thought that they are living, breathing creatures just like humans. The end result is usually a small break in medicine and a large number of innocent animals losing their lives. Animal experimentation should not be allowed because the way animals are treated is inhumane, the experiments are wasteful and unreliable, and there are other alternatives that do not harm animals....   [tags: animal testing, animal dealers, animals]
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Animal Testing and The Animal Welfare Act - ... The United States Department of Agriculture released a report in 2010 stating that 97,123 animals suffered pain during experiments while being given no anesthesia for relief, including 1,395 primates, 5,996 rabbits, 33,652 guinea pigs, and 48,015 hamsters (“Pro & Con”). Some people may find it hard to sympathize for animals like rabbits and hamsters, but they would probably be appalled to see what kinds of tests are performed on dogs, cats, and primates. The repeated dose toxicity test evaluates chronic toxic effects in animals like dogs over a period of months....   [tags: cruelty, experiments, non-animal alternatives] 1402 words
(4 pages)
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Animal Research: A Necessary Evil - It has long been debated as to whether it is ethical to use animals for experimentation. When considering whether animal research is ethically acceptable or not two main concerns must be raised. The first issue is whether it is absolutely necessary to use animals in order to acquire information that may contribute to the improvement of people’s health and well-being. The second issue is whether the use of animals is defendable on a moral ground. Supporters of animal research believe that animal experimentation and research is ethically acceptable as long as the treatment of the animals is humane and well-regulated....   [tags: Animal Research ]
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The Differences in Human and Animal Genes - Imagine piles of innocent animals dead on the streets for human’s selfish necessities. Hundreds die every day and more continue to fall under a microscope and knife regardless of campaigns and protests. The major issue with animal testing regards the differences in human and animal genes and the accuracy of the results fail. Technology surpasses animal testing, therefore, testing animals for scientific, medical, and cosmetic reasons is useless for human purposes and harmful to the animals. Animal testing is not limited to a laboratory with scientists and doctors swarming around dozens of animals....   [tags: animal testing, cosmetics, animals] 755 words
(2.2 pages)
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Stop Animal Cruelty in Science Experiments - Animals are not only bred inside laboratories, but also obtained from special dealers, animal shelters, and directly from the wild. Dogs and cats are usually obtained from Class A or B dealers. Class A dealers specialize in selling purpose-bred animals, or animals bred specifically for experimentation. Class B dealers buy animals at auctions, through newspaper ads, or animal shelters, and then sell them to laboratories. Animals acquired from shelters is known as “pound seizure”.1 In the United States, there are no federal laws prohibiting pound seizure, but Washington D.C....   [tags: Animal Testing, Product Tests]
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Animal Experimentation Issues and Alternatives - 1. INTRODUCTION Currently, Animals experimentation is becoming a controversial topic. As millions of creatures have been tested to benefit human life. A simple definition of this procedure is observing scientific laboratory examinations on live animals. There are many campaigns around the world which reject these tests and request the alternatives. They believe that this kind of experimentation is harmful for people as much as it is cruel to animals while others argue these experiments are substantial for humans live as they are used in important medical research....   [tags: Animal Rights ]
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Human sciences and natural sciences and the attainment of truth - The human sciences and natural sciences are considered knowledge by many worldwide, as their arguments having convinced people one way or another. While the natural sciences focus on swaying belief by showing duplicable evidence through a strict and standardized methodology, the human sciences focus on explaining how things are and how they came to be using logic, reason, and an understanding of human behavior. Beginning with the scientific revolution in the fifteen hundreds, the Western world has become accustomed to accepting knowledge that is backed by the scientific method, a method that has been standardized worldwide for the most accurate results....   [tags: Science, Knowledge]
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Animal Testing: Who is the real beast? - Animal experimentation is a process involving the immoral and unethical treatment of animals in order to test the toxicity of a new product prior to its public release. The online biology dictionary describes it in the following manner: ‘’ Animal experimentation is the use of animals in experiments and development projects usually to determine toxicity, dosing and efficacy of test drugs before proceeding to human clinical trials.’’ (Biology Online/Dictionary/Animal testing) Throughout history, animal experimentation has played a captious role in leading to advanced medical discoveries and human benefit....   [tags: Animal Rights] 1131 words
(3.2 pages)
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Lab Research in Animal Testing - Animal testing in research labs is outdated due to advances in technology that do not require the use of animals. Furthermore, testing on animals is inhumane and barbaric due to the harsh treatments many animals suffer in research labs. Most animals suffer in small cages while they are injected with harmful substances, and their response is usually different from that of a human’s which can be misleading. There are safer alternatives that includes no harm to the animals, such as tube studies on human tissue, statistics and computer models....   [tags: animal abuse, animal rights, inhumane treatment]
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Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing - Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a heart transplant that will save her life. The transplant goes extremely well and now Amy has the opportunity to go to high school and live a normal teenage life....   [tags: Animal Rights ]
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Animal Testing: A True Ethical Dilemma - Imagine a life locked away in a cage with no form of control on your existence. It’s cold, dark, and you are scared. You don’t have a choice of what you eat, where you live, or how you are treated. You are unsure if it is day or night or what will happen to you next. You are locked away in a prison cell and you committed no crime. This is the life of a laboratory animal. Animal testing is the use of animals for scientific research purposes and experiments. It can be used for the findings of cures and medicines to testing new drugs, to understanding the behavioral psychology of the animals themselves....   [tags: Animal Rights]
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Animal Testing: Is it Right or Wrong? - Animal Testing- Is it Right or Wrong. Everyday, people all around the world use facial products, receive vaccinations and take antibiotics or medications that have been previously tested on animals. Rarely people think about whether or not animals have been tortured to use the products that they are using, but simply only think of themselves and their own well-being. “An estimated 26 million animals are used each year in the United States for scientific and commercial testing” (ProCon.org). Innocent creatures are taken advantage of, for the sake of human health....   [tags: animal cruelty and abuse]
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Use of Animal in Scientific Research - “Maybe not wrong for everyone---it was clearly a complicated and individual choice---but wrong for me” (McCarthy 638). The use of animals in scientific research provokes ethical issues and casts doubt on the reliability of using animals in testing. Alternatives to animal testing are accessible and should be used instead of living animals. The personal choices dealing with animal testing proposes ethical issues that make people use their intuition. The preservation of life is choice. Poste says, “A hallmark of humanity is our ability to care about other species” (Poste)....   [tags: Animal Testing, Alternatives]
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Animal Conservation and Enrichment in Zoos - ... Psychological science can be defined as “the study of behavior and mental life” (Maple 70). By researching and studying animal behavior and mental thought process, experts can uncover more about the animal psyche and its classifications. “The study of behaviorism in zoos provides the intellectual framework supporting environmental enrichment, training, and behavioral management and husbandry” (Maple 70). The increase of many zoos and aquariums hiring, working in cooperation with, and even sponsoring internal behavioralist and psychologist teams has lead to major conservation breakthroughs and can be seen as a major justification and very beneficial to the institutions themselves....   [tags: protecting and researching the animal kingdom]
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1558 words
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Animal Testing Should be Banned - Animals are used in research to develop new medicines and for scientists to test the safety of the medicines. This animal testing is called vivisection. Research is being carried out at universities, medical schools and even in primary and elementary schools as well as in commercial facilities which provide animal experiments to industry. (UK Parliament) In addition, animals are also used in cosmetic testing, toxicology tests, “defense research” and “xenotransplantation”. All around the world, a huge amount of animals are sentenced to life in a laboratory cage and they are obliged to feel loneliness and pain....   [tags: Against Animal Testing]
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The Horrors of Animal Testing - The number of animals that are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused adds up to over 100 million each year (11 Facts). Those animals’ lives are just as important as a human life and the lack of respect for these intelligent creatures is astonishing. The reality of it is that many people are not aware of the horrors of animal testing, the laws against this ghastly act, and especially the effective alternatives. It is hard to imagine what scientists do to animals when they are in a lab. In order to put a single pesticide on the market, it requires over 50 experiments on about 12,000 animals (11 Facts)....   [tags: animal abuse and exploitation] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Harm of Animal Testing - Throughout history, animal testing has played an important role in leading to new discoveries and human benefit. However, what many people forget are the great numbers of animals that have suffered serious harm during the process of animal testing. Animal testing is the use of animals in biological, medical, and psychological studies. The development and enhancement of medical research has been based on the testing of animals. There are many questions being asked if animal research is good or not or if the benefit for us is way greater the abuse of animals....   [tags: Animal Rights, Medical Research]
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What Gives Us the Privilege? : Animal Rights - After an incident in 1933 involving the blinding of seventeen women from a mascara product, the U.S. congress passed the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, which stated that products must be deemed safe for human use before being sold. This was the beginning of animal testing (Cruelty-Free Labeling). Most companies use animal testing, which ensures their product is safe for consumer use. Animal testing is a very controversial topic due to the fact that the knowledge and research gained through the tests is tremendous....   [tags: Animal Testing, Animal Rights]
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1684 words
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Another Look at Animal Testing - Another Look at Animal Testing When it comes to animal testing, one of the first thing most people think of, is that animals are used simply for bettering and improving cosmetics. Many would argue that using helpless animals for tests without a huge benefit to society is not fair, and their innocent lives are worth more. However, animal testing is actually crucial and beneficial for society. Animal testing may be cruel, nevertheless the animals allow the medical practices to advance, the military to attain knowledge and the population of both human and animal is not effected in anyway therefore, animal research should continue....   [tags: animal cruelty, exploitation and abuse] 1142 words
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Animal Testing Should Be Banned - Animal testing for human safety is inhumane and must be banned. Beloved house pets such as rodents, rabbits and even dogs are being tested on all over the world. These powerless and voiceless animals are intentionally given dreadful diseases to find cures while scientists could be finding alternative ways of testing instead of using our furry friends. Furthermore, the tests are not precise because there have been products found to cause cancer in animals but also cures human ailments. Why are humans authorised to conduct such inhumane things, who gave humans the power of heartlessly torturing feeble animals....   [tags: Negative Effects of Animal Testing]
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The Use of Animal Research - How will animal research tell us the outcomes of the human body. How can we live longer and healthier lives with the use of animals. Do animals have a link to the human body that we are able to prove that trying new drugs or new cosmetics will be a benefit for us. I disagree. I believe we test on animals to figure out what are the possible outcomes for humans; however, the use of animals is cruel and unnecessary because they do not have a similar body system as humans do. We use at least a millions animals such as: mice, rats, rabbits, primates and even household pets like cats and dogs (Animal Testing 101)....   [tags: animal testing, smallpox]
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1419 words
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Animal Farm, by Geopge Orwell - “The pen is mightier than the sword”, a popular saying, and one that is unequivocally true. Although physical force and power can manipulate someone into acting a certain way, it is not as effective as intelligence. Intelligent people can use the force of their words to extents that physical strength does not extend. Furthermore, intelligent people can use things like propaganda, lies, and deceit to get whatever they want. This is clearly proven by the actions of the pigs in the Animal Farm. Because of their high levels of intelligence compared to the other animals of the farm, the pigs are able to manipulate everyone else to achieve their own personal means through the use of propaganda,...   [tags: Animal Farm Essays]
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Difference between the Social Sciences and the Natural Sciences - Explain the argument for each side of this issue, then describe your own view. Social sciences are the analysis methodically of the social area of the world. They are mixed area of study of human behavior and society which include disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. Social sciences study methodically the manner in which people behave and how they influence the world around us. It aims to comprehend any given social phenomena by using a methodology borrowed from the physical sciences....   [tags: research approach] 966 words
(2.8 pages)
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Disadvantages of Animal Testing - According to the Humane Society, the registration of a single pesticide requires more than 50 experiments and the use of nearly 12,000 animals. Currently, animals are being used for medical and product tests, where they are often seriously hurt and abused. The term “animal testing” refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases(About Animal Testing : Humane Society International). Putting animals through the tests that we put them through are supposed to be more beneficial to us, but in reality, it really is not worth the multiple billions of dollars it costs big companies just to make their product safe(Kanade)....   [tags: animal abuse, alternatives] 1247 words
(3.6 pages)
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Pros of Animal Experimentation - Although not as strictly addressed, there is still a schism when it comes to the matters of experimentation involving animals. Those in opposition of it see it as being against the will of the animal, because animals have no say in the matter. However, through animal experimentation there has been vast medical advances in hospitals and veterinarians , research has led to cures for various diseases that would normally take many more years to cure, and the use of animals is highly ethical considering what could be the alternative, although there is progress being made to change these measures....   [tags: ethical issues, animal testing]
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Animal Testing Should Stop - ... However, it does tell nothing about the health of humans in consideration of the relationship with the disease (“Animal Experimentation,” n.d.). What it only does is to mislead people and delay medical progress (“Animal Experimentation,” n.d.). ARGUMENTATION Animal experimentation is both painful and unnecessary according to the resources in the literature review section. It is because of the fact that animal physiology, anatomy, and metabolism are not the same as the physiology, anatomy, and metabolism of people (“Problems with Animal Research,” n.d.)....   [tags: scientific experiments, animal rights]
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1946 words
(5.6 pages)
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Animal Testing for Research - All over the planet, animals are locked in cages, away from their habitat and against their will, in testing laboratories where they just seat defenseless and in fear for the unknown. It is a common practice that animals are used for medical testing in order to find compatibility chemicals to either, cure certain diseases, or as simple as hair products and skin cosmetics. The use of these types of chemicals in animals is to prevent testing on humans and cause some type of injury due to incompatible organism with the human body....   [tags: human society, animal experimentation]
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Horrors of Animal Testing - Animal testing for human safety is inhumane and must be banned. Beloved house pets such as rodents, rabbits and even dogs are being tested on all over the world. These powerless and voiceless animals are intentionally given dreadful diseases to find cures while scientists could be finding alternative ways of testing instead of using our furry friends. Furthermore, the tests are not precise because there have been products found to cause cancer in animals but also cures human ailments. Why are humans authorised to conduct such inhumane things, who gave humans the power of heartlessly torturing feeble animals....   [tags: Animal Testing Essays]
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