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The Role of Media on Aggression - Overview of Literature Review A review of spectator aggression research will be examined in this study. Two separate research studies indicated that spectator aggression was swayed by media propaganda. In one study the much heated anticipation of rival teams drew more fan perceived violence than the non-rival teams. In a similar study where fans perceived more violence in scripted play versus unscripted play also highlighted media’s influence. Whereas, “scripted” violence being the violence mostly planned and composed....   [tags: sports, acceptance of aggression]
:: 3 Works Cited
1181 words
(3.4 pages)
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Aggression and Social Psychology - ... So now it’s time to look at the different types of aggression. Affective aggression (also labeled 'hostile' or 'emotional' is usually conceived as impulsive, thoughtless (that is, unplanned), driven by anger, having the ultimate motive of harming the target, and occurring in reaction to some perceived provocation. Instrumental aggression, in contrast, is usually conceived as a premeditated means of obtaining some goal other than harming the victim, being proactive rather than reactive, and resulting from cold calculation rather than hot affect....   [tags: human aggression, social learning theory] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Causes of Aggression - Aggression is difficult to define, it is a complex phenomenon, and depending upon the context the term can be made to carry either positive or negative connotations, it can be attacking behavior that may be both self-protective and self-assertive or to the infliction of injury toward oneself or toward others, to the total destruction of others. Is aggression biologically determined or the product of learning and environmental influences. This essay, will consider instinctive theory, the frustration - aggression hypothesis, and social learning theory....   [tags: The Frustration-Aggression Model]
:: 8 Works Cited
2231 words
(6.4 pages)
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The Measure of Aggression - The construct that is in question is the measure of aggression. Aggressiveness has been a popular disposition for study because it can be closely linked to observed behavior. An aggressive behavior has generally been defined as a behavior that is intended to injure or irritate another person (Eron, Walder,& Lefkowitz, 1971). Aggressiveness, then, is the disposition to engage frequently in behaviors that are intended to injure or irritate another person. The one difficulty this definition presents for measurement is the intentionality component....   [tags: Psychology, Agression] 2771 words
(7.9 pages)
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The Importance of Aggression in Animal Existence - The Importance of Aggression in Animal Existence Aggression is a critical part of animal existence, which is an inherent driving force to humans, as we, too, are animals. The source of aggression within humans is a long summative list, but before trying to understand its source one must apply a working definition of aggression. Aggressive behavior is defined by Encyclopedia Britannica as any action of an animal that serves to injure an opponent or prey animal or to cause an opponent to retreat....   [tags: Aggression Violence Behavior Essays] 4317 words
(12.3 pages)
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The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today - The Identifying Factors in the Development of Aggression and Violence in Youth Today Tragic events like the shootings at Columbine High School capture public attention and concern, but are not typical of youth violence. Most adolescent homicides are committed in inner cities and outside of school. They most frequently involve an interpersonal dispute and a single victim. On average, six or seven youths are murdered in this country each day. Most of these are inner-city minority youths. Such acts of violence are tragic and contribute to a climate of fear in schools and communities....   [tags: Aggression Violence Crime Teenagers Essays] 3979 words
(11.4 pages)
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Correlation Between Media Violence and Aggression - The media in today’s society is very influential on children. There are many things that children at a very young age are learning, for example violence. Many children learn violent behavior and they become violent and aggressive children because they are exposed to so much mature content. Many parents are not aware of what their children are watching, and without knowing it, their children are raised by the media. Many television shows contain a lot of violence, for example kids fighting each other, kids bullying other kids and kids yelling and disrespecting their parents....   [tags: Media Violence Linked to Aggression]
:: 6 Works Cited
2354 words
(6.7 pages)
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Aggression in Sports - ... Theoretical Considerations. As it is important to define aggression and violence, it’s as important to explore the theoretical explanations for the underlying causes that could contribute fundamentally to aggressive acts of behavior. In the current study, we are researching the effects of media on aggressive behavior in both athletes and spectators. There are three main theories that strive to explain aggression in sports: instinct theory, frustration-aggression theory and social learning theory (Abdal-Haqq, 1989)....   [tags: violence, competitor, spectators]
:: 11 Works Cited
721 words
(2.1 pages)
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Aggression in Children - Aggression is a problem that is very common in many children and that if not addressed early enough would continue through adolescence and later on in life. Aggression can be caused by a multitude of factor, which is sometimes considered part of a normal developmental stage; never the less aggression can also be a symptom of a multitude of disruptive behaviors (Barzman & Findling, 2008). It is important that parents learn to deal with this type of behaviors and find ways to effectively modify the child’s misconduct; according to Barzman & Findling (2008) the intricacy of aggression needs to be addressed through complex assessment strategies....   [tags: Child Psychology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Aggression Since the Beginning of Time - ... People often carry their frustrations with them throughout the day even while they are driving. Many adults have experienced road rage more than once, but few have rarely witnessed someone brandishing a weapon. These actions are possibly related to playing violent video games or just having a bad day. Another thought may be, the video games could help to release some aggressions safely, rather than driving while upset (www.apa.org). Many people who display aggression are also the same people who exhibit insecurities....   [tags: revenge, dementia, frustration]
:: 1 Works Cited
612 words
(1.7 pages)
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Sport, Aggression, Violence and Victimization - Sport-Related Aggression, Violence, and Victimization Aggression, violence, and victimization are remarkably dynamic terms. How these terms are understood and defined is shaped by formal and informal social policies and controls (Goldstein, 1986). Excluding assertiveness from the definition of aggression as it relates to violence, aggression can be considered to encompass behaviors intended to cause physical or psychological harm. Violence may be understood as an extreme form of aggression, in which the intent of the perpetrator is to cause serious harm (Berkowitz, 1993)....   [tags: Violence ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1287 words
(3.7 pages)
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Aggression - Aggression People have many behavioral characteristics that combine to create unique individuals. A behavioral characteristic that exist in all people is aggression. In some aggression is a problem and is harder to control than in others. Aggression is classified as any action carried out with the intention of harming another person (Coon, and Millerer 579). There are several factors that can contribute to aggression in people such as the environment they are in and some physical factors. Despite what many people believe aggression is not biological (Coon, and Millerer 580)....   [tags: Behavior Management ]
:: 4 Works Cited
863 words
(2.5 pages)
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Violence In Video Games and Aggression - This question judges the social effects of a repetitive sequence of medial entertainment in relation to the increase in an individual’s aggressive behavior. The violence of today’s video games are far more visually gruesome then they were ten years ago. An example is the modern popular game Goldeneye 007, whose bad guys no longer disappear in a cloud of smoke when killed. Instead they perform an elaborate maneuver when killed. For example, those shot in the neck fall to their knees and then their face while clutching at their throats....   [tags: Social Studies]
:: 7 Works Cited
1923 words
(5.5 pages)
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Child Aggression in School Settings - Aggression is a serious problem in American schools. According to psychologists, aggression is any behavior that is meant to harm or injure others (Horn, 2007). Aggression can be examined more intensely during early adolescence, when youngsters are in middle school or high school (National Center for Educational Statistics, 1995). Many acts of aggression are very visible and witnessed live on TV or in front of eyewitnesses, however, there are other acts of aggression that are less visible, overlooked, and undocumented (Olweus, 1979)....   [tags: Childhood Psychology]
:: 16 Works Cited
1108 words
(3.2 pages)
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Aggression and Violence in Sports - Rival and Non-Rival Teams. In a study, by Raney and Kinnally (2009) researchers investigated perceived violent and enjoyment by spectators. Participates viewed American intercollegiate football games featuring hometown teams between rival and non-rival teams. A total of 568 participates viewed one of four televised competitions, two of which were heated rivals and two were non-rivals and subsequently the participants were interviewed following the game. An equal number of men and women were survey using a 7–point scale (from “not at all” [1] to “extremely” [7]) rating their level of enjoyment of the games....   [tags: rival, nonrival teams, enjoyment]
:: 11 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Violence and Aggression in the Workplace is on the Rise - ... There was a rise in 2011 of 21 percent of female fatal injuries at work. In the percentage of these workplace homicides, the perpetrators were relatives – most of them being a spouse or a domestic partner. The 9 percent of male incidents that were homicides only 2 percent were relatives of the victim. There are also the cases of the female employee being killed during a commission of a robbery. Many times the robbers were the assailants in the deaths of male workers. Among the other homicides there were stabbings, hitting, kicking, beating and acts....   [tags: victims, injuries, employees] 876 words
(2.5 pages)
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Sports Are Linked with Violence and Aggression - ... They are afraid of their children being severely injured and they refuse to let the kids play in the sports they love. The players these days play for keeps. The problem with this is that the violence from on the field are being brought into their social lives off the field. Players become more aggressive with their partners or friends. They get violent and use violence as a tactic to settle an argument. These fights are then reported to the police, which leads to the athlete being arrested and reporters letting the world know about it....   [tags: injuries, proper treatment, safety equipment]
:: 5 Works Cited
1151 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Evolution of Aggression Theories - ... Therefore, as long as an aggressive response could overcome the frustration caused by the prevention of accomplishing learned or biological goals that brought satisfaction to an individual, then that aggressive behavior would be reinforced. If it failed to overcome the frustration then that aggressive behavior would be extinguished. An example of this theory pertaining to everyday life is the crying responses of children who are uncomfortable or hungry (2). Often times children who feel that they are in a helpless state and cannot obtain food or get comfortable will throw what are known as tantrums that tap into their motor and vocal responses....   [tags: behavior, intention, harmful] 1114 words
(3.2 pages)
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Frustration and Aggression: Strive for Satisfaction - Humans are born striving to catch a breath, eat some food, quench their thirst, feel affection, be able to fend for their mind and body; take care of one’s self. There is a term often referred to by Hobbes as survival machines (Pinker 2011). We are each a survival machine, created with the instinct to supply ourselves with our needs in the most efficient and safest way possible for us individually, and only to put one’s self at risk when the benefits outweigh the gains. Humans are born with the capacity for violence; it is not invented but rather, instigated....   [tags: violence, warfare, hobbes, quarrel]
:: 5 Works Cited
1233 words
(3.5 pages)
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Video Games and Child Aggression - ... So these games should not be allowed until the child is aware of the consequences. In reality one will go to jail for such actions allowed in these video games. Gruel claims that unlike adults, children’s minds are still growing. They learn day to day and expand their knowledge of the world through personal experiences that negatively influence through violence. These games are meant for the minds of an adult that understand that these games are wrong and adults shouldn’t act in that manner....   [tags: violence on the screen and behavior]
:: 4 Works Cited
799 words
(2.3 pages)
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Aggression In Human Beings - In cities, suburban areas and even small towns, people are fearful and concerned that violence has permeated the fabric of their communities and degraded the quality of their lives (Albert J. Reiss). There is aggression everyday and it can be seen in all different forms. Where ever you go there will be some type of aggression. While doing research, I learned new things about psychological aggression and affects aggression has on people. The Milgram experiment can show you how psychological affects the humans nature on aggression....   [tags: Social Studies]
:: 4 Works Cited
2077 words
(5.9 pages)
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Putin's Aggression in Ukraine - ... Putin simply does not accept that Russia’s neighbors, least of all is probably Ukraine, are independent countries. To him, they are Russia’s “near abroad”. Putin’s message from Crimea to President Obama is this: Not one inch ahead. After NATO’s expansion into the Baltic states, after the European Union’s embrace of the likes of Poland and Romania, freed, like the Baltic states, from the Soviet empire, after the humbling by NATO of Serbia -Russia’s Orthodox ally, after all this the Russian president, as he has already made clear in Syria, is saying: “Game over.” Crimea has exposed the distressing lack of realism of President Obama’s foreign policy....   [tags: invasion, miltary, obama] 841 words
(2.4 pages)
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Position Paper: Aggression - Physical assault and aggression is the second leading cause of death among 14 to 17 year olds, next to vehicular accidents (Loeber). But why are humans so aggressive in the first place. There are two sides of the debate: Nature, and Nurture. Some say that it’s human nature, genetics that cause most behaviors, while others say that we act as we learned during childhood. This argument applies to aggression as well. Aggression is mainly caused by things during childhood and adolescence where people learn from various sources about aggression, although, human psychology plays a slight factor....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 4 Works Cited
839 words
(2.4 pages)
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Aggression and Violence in a Mental Health Units - Assaults in the healthcare setting are recognized as a growing problem. In considering the violence and aggression in mental health units, the larger issue of violence and aggression in mainstream culture must not be ignored. It has been observed that physical attack in a mental health unit setting appear to be happening more frequently while the attacks include patient-to patient and patient-to-staff aggressive behavior. Most commonly, reporting of aggressive behavior toward healthcare staff is noted; however, it cannot be completely explained by patient characteristics or staff member behaviors (Foster, Bowers, & Nijman, 2006)....   [tags: Nursing Research Project]
:: 6 Works Cited
1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Violent Video Games and Aggression in Children - Over the past 30 years, playing video games has become one of the most popular hobbies worldwide. Not only has the video game industry become a multi-billion dollar industry, but it has attracted people from all age types. While video games today are played by both kids and adults, there are many issues being raised regarding the effects of video games. More particular, is the effect that violent video games may be having on children. Some critics argue that video games are direct indicators of child aggression while video game supporters argue that there is no direct link between child aggression and violent video games....   [tags: Argumentative, Persuasive Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
3466 words
(9.9 pages)
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Why Do W Have Aggression? - ... 26). By saying this he is referring to the idea that species would not participate in aggressive actions if there were no results. Aggression specifically in the wild does not come from anything that is not triggered by a motivation; every act of aggression is directed to an advantage. Lorenz has suggested, “the aggression drive has become derailed under conditions of civilization” (Lorenz,1966, Pg. 27). By saying that he is trying to tell us that he likes to focus on the true causes and existence of aggression and uses the idea of species in habitats to prove it....   [tags: Lorenz and Zimbardo, behavioral analysis] 671 words
(1.9 pages)
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Aggression in Youth Linked to Moral Development - ... Over the course of the first year infants slowly gain control of their impulses and predecessors of anti-social behavior emerge towards the end of it (3). This was exemplified by Margaret C. Holmberg in her 1980 study of the development of social behaviors conducted on children one to three and a half years of age. One-year olds in her study often interrupted each other’s activities and stole objects from one another. Around two years old toddlers become noticeably more sympathetic towards others which is seen in their behaviors of trying to comfort others in distress....   [tags: ethical behavior, empathetic, guilt] 708 words
(2 pages)
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Televised Aggression: Effects on Children and Behavior - Televised Aggression Effects on Children and Behavior With television violence more prevalent than ever before, parents and professionals have been concerned about this type of programming adversely affecting behavior in children. While thousands of studies have been completed on this subject, with most of them showing a direct connection between media violence and belligerent behavior, the ensuing information will show the inadequacies of such theories by further scrutinizing these points of interest: 1. Television Violence 2. Media Perception vs....   [tags: Violence] 874 words
(2.5 pages)
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Violence in Media Leads to Desensitization and Aggression - C.S. Lewis wrote that “murder [was] no better than cards if cards can do the trick. Indeed the safest road to Hell is the gradual one--the gentle slope, soft underfoot, without sudden turnings, without milestones, without signposts”. This quote's claim can be used to describe the consequences of media violence. Even the most appalling crimes can, gradually, deteriorate the moral compass that have been built up due to society, family values and religion. Despite what some may think, violence would not come in sudden burst of energy, instantly is recognizable, that would undue a person, but a slow pace that would be easing into violence that would be the cause....   [tags: Social Issues]
:: 20 Works Cited
2792 words
(8 pages)
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Media’s Influence on Violence and Aggression - Reviewing articles describing media’s influence on people who commit and violent or aggressive acts is sobering and leaves one wondering if the portrayal of violence in movies, television, and video games present blueprints for the commission of crimes in real life. Albert Bandura began the discussion in the early 1960s with his study of children watching an adult model hitting an inflatable clown doll – the Bobo experiment, which demonstrated that humans learn by imitating the behavior of those whom they observe....   [tags: Evidential Link]
:: 5 Works Cited
490 words
(1.4 pages)
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Dealing with Aggression - Dealing with Aggression Abstract We live in a society where aggressive acts happen every day, but do we really know what causes it. How can we help ourselves and others to understand what aggression is. First off, we need to define aggression, tell it’s causes and effects and determine the best way to deal with it. For example, aggression can be positive or negative, accidental or intended and physical or mental. Aggression is a continuing behavior in our world today and I feel that it is very important that we try to start controlling it now....   [tags: Papers] 2115 words
(6 pages)
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Aggression in Sports - Aggression is a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack, deliberately unfriendly behaviour or a disposition to behave aggressively. There are three types of behaviour: · Assertive Play · Instrumental Aggression · Hostile Aggression Assertive play is having no intent to harm, a legitimate force within the rules with unusual effort and energy. An example of this could be during a tennis match. A performer could be seen to perform an aggressive shot or serve to win a point....   [tags: Sociology] 741 words
(2.1 pages)
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Theories of Aggression - Theories of Aggression "Two Gunman at Colorado School Reportedly Kill Up to 23 Before Dying in a Siege." On Tuesday, April 20, 1999, two students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, of Columbine High School, shocked the nation when they entered the school armed with guns and explosives, killing fellow students and a teacher before taking their own lives. Stories of random violence and aggression such as this all too often plague the media. While the attention of the nation has recently been focused on the Colorado slayings, history reveals countless other similar crimes of aggression targeted towards innocent individuals....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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2324 words
(6.6 pages)
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Violent Video Games Raise Aggression - Throughout history man kind has always searched for ways to entertain himself, each time developing new activities and games. Video games have become a very popular way to spend time and have fun from the 1970’s up to now. With new developments appeared different video game genres from adventure to racing, but the violent video games appear to be the most popular ones (Shin, 2003), for example: shooters, fighting and video games where you have to eliminate, destroy, or kill your enemies. Video games have become very influential on children and adults (Stafford, 1999)....   [tags: Gaming]
:: 9 Works Cited
1061 words
(3 pages)
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Developing Aggression: Violent Video Games - The first set of cold, clammy hands closes around my ribs. Another circles my ankle, my arm, my neck. With an irritated sigh, I restart the level for the third time as the words, “Game over” flash across the screen. Sound familiar. This scene is very common among modern zombie apocalypse games. Though the titles of these games vary, the theme remains the same: to fight for one’s life. Users are thrust into a world where they must combat violence thrown at them with violence of their own. The sheer thrill of it can be very exciting and relates well to many youth because of its life or death component....   [tags: Violence ]
:: 1 Works Cited
890 words
(2.5 pages)
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Nature of Aggression - Nature of Aggression Aggression is the quintessential basis for all sociopathic behavior, and a primary concern in the fields of behavioral, developmental, social, and clinical psychology, and is covered to some extent in nearly every other field of psychology. Yet aggression is also necessary for human beings as a way to protect one's individuality, to enhance one's social standing, and often to protect oneself from bodily harm—all purposes very important to the maintenance of one's mental health also....   [tags: Papers] 1880 words
(5.4 pages)
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Anger and Aggression - Everyone has felt anger or aggression many times in there life. It happens all of the time. We all face the same challenge of trying to control our temper. It may be easier for some people than it is for others. Many studies show that it is healthy for a person to let out their anger once in a while. They believe that it will help in your relationship with others and that it will increase your self-esteem. They also believe that holding anger in is bad and unhealthy for your body. If you let the anger build up it could go from just being a verbal argument to a point in which someone or something is hurt or destroyed....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
1382 words
(3.9 pages)
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Active Aggression in Boys and Passive Aggression in Girls - Introduction In understanding moral and ethical development of individuals, we have been exposed to a vast amount of information enlightening us of the complex ways in which both males and females cognitively develop their moral and ethical values. Through this we have learned about the many gender differences in these values, which has raised the question of why males and females branch apart in this development, when the separation occurs, and if it is a result biological differences, or socialization....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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5920 words
(16.9 pages)
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The Nature of Aggression (or is it Nurture?) - The Nature of Aggression (or is it Nurture?) Every night on the news there are reports about murders, wars, and rapes. But the news isn't the only place where people encounter violent or aggressive behavior. Driving home from work, people get cut off and cussed at on a daily basis. At school, children fight over who will be the first in the lunch line. On the street, people get pushed out of the way if they are not walking fast enough. The list could go on and on and on. The point is that humans exhibit aggressive behavior on a regular basis....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1452 words
(4.1 pages)
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Gender Differences in Bystander Attitudes Regarding Relational Aggression - ... In November 2000, 14-years-old Canadian girl Dawn-Marie Wesley committed suicide by hanging herself with a dog leash in her bedroom after experiencing a cycle of psychological abuse and verbal threats from three female classmates. When Kyla begin to harass Dawn-Marie, she encouraged her other friends to participant and verbally threatened her right before she hanged herself. In the judge’s remarks on this case, she noted that bystanders added to the power of the bully by letting the harassment go on without intervening (“B.C....   [tags: bullying, boys, girls, physical, threatening] 1049 words
(3 pages)
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The Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls - ... Many girls participate in indirect aggression by spreading a rumor and telling someone else to start it. This allows the perpetrator to pretend they did not have a part in the aggressive behavior and claim later they did not hurt anyone. Many get away with this behavior because it is the hardest to prove. Some girls are mean so often it is difficult to tell the difference when they are just teasing or serious. The last form of aggressive behavior, which is social aggression, would be carried out by excluding someone from the group....   [tags: Rache Simmons, psychological/behavioral analysis]
:: 1 Works Cited
1391 words
(4 pages)
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A Review of Dog Aggression, Causes, Training and Treatments - There are many different dog breeds and they all have different temperaments, which is partly why many dog lovers are sometimes more particular to one breed than to others. Although not all seemingly unique breed behaviors are breed specific, most importantly aggression. By definition aggression can mean a wide range of behaviors that occur for a large number of reasons under many different circumstances. Just about all wild animals are aggressive when guarding their territories, protecting their offspring and themselves....   [tags: bites, non-play bites, breeds, environment]
:: 17 Works Cited
1172 words
(3.3 pages)
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Aggression and Its Effects on Children - Aggression and Its Effects on Children A child is watching his favorite cartoon, Mighty Morphine Power Rangers. After the show is over the child jumps up and runs around in a state of bliss hitting things the way that his favorite character did. This scene is all too well known to parents. The question that arises is, "Does aggressive or violent television cause a person, mainly children, to act in a aggressive way?" Well research has shown that the answer to this question is yes. During the time that children watch television there is an enormous amount of violence shown....   [tags: Papers] 827 words
(2.4 pages)
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Social Learning Theory and Its Application to Aggression - Social learning theory proposes that social learning occurs when the individual views a modeled behavior that they value, observes an act if the model has a role model or admired status, and when a person imitates a learned behavior (Bandura, & Ribes-Inesta, 1976). The basic foundations of the theory are applied to education policies, understanding psychological disorders, training courses, behavioral modeling, in the media and has a plethora of further applications in today’s society. Another application of the theory is for criminals, violence and aggression....   [tags: Cycle of Violence]
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2601 words
(7.4 pages)
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The Hitman Study: The Correlation of Violent Video Games and Aggression - ... The catharsis hypothesis suggests that aggression is a biological and evolutionary trait that requires release. Thus suggesting that short-term exposure to violent video games will only increase aggression if an individual already has the aggression trait. The Mood-management theory suggests that an individual will choose a specific genre of media that best suits their current mood. Meaning an individual with a depressed mood will seek out violent media. Although some studies appear to support the Social Learning Theory, the Catharsis Hypothesis, they all have clear flaws in them that deems the theories incorrect....   [tags: theories, learning, social, exposure] 571 words
(1.6 pages)
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Social Factors of Childhood Aggression - Social Factors of Childhood Aggression Researchers have found several social factors that attribute to childhood aggression. Some of these factors include mother infant relationships, neighborhood structure, family structure, and peer influences. If infants have an insecure attachment with their mothers, which is defined as the child’s overdependence on, or lack of interest in the caregiver, and a child’s lack of confidence, then they are more likely to have behavioral problems. In the case of boys, these problems are often of an aggressive nature....   [tags: Papers] 332 words
(0.9 pages)
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The Relationship Between Secure Attachment and Indirect Aggression - Introduction Children, in their early childhood, rely on their attachment relationships for feelings of security. Securely attached children become well adapt at verbalising their needs. For example, a 4-year-old child may say “Please read me a story before you go”, communicating their fear of been left alone. This increased ability to verbalise their wants and needs continue well on into later childhood and adolescence (Hutchision, 2013). According to Bolby (1973), warm and secure attachment experiences promote beliefs that others have good intentions; however persons who grow with insensitive attachment figures may have bouts of dysfunctional behaviour....   [tags: social issues, childhood]
:: 14 Works Cited
1340 words
(3.8 pages)
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Social Psychological Theories of Aggression - Social Psychological Theories of Aggression Social learning theorists propose that behaviour, such as aggression is learnt through observation, imitation and behaviour shaping. This behaviour is learnt automatically through observation of male and female role models, for example parents, peers and media characters. Whether or not this behaviour is imitated depends on the type of reinforcement that the role model receives. Vicarious reinforcement involves the outcome of a role models behaviour, for example if a child observes a parent acting aggressively and receiving positive rewards for they are more like to be imitate this behaviour in the future, than they would b...   [tags: Papers] 1108 words
(3.2 pages)
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Aggression: Social Learning & Cognitive Neoassociation in the Iraq War - From the daily conflict in Iraq to extreme incidents like the torture of prisoners at Abu Ghraib, dehumanization of the "enemy" and the influence of the environment in which they are encountered can explain how and why soldiers on both sides aggress. Social learning theory is at the root of the dehumanizing process, for as seen in "Faces of the Enemy," such behavior is consistently supported & rewarded by the media and by armed forces (Jersey & Friedman, 1987). Equally important is the role of cognitive neoassociation analysis by Berkowitz, which acknowledges the environment and situational influences that can lead to feelings of aggression....   [tags: Abu Ghraib, Dehumanization] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Comparing Aggression and Prosocial Behaviour - Comparing Aggression and Prosocial Behaviour Aggression and prosocial behaviour appear to be subject to very similar conditions, and processes. These two are discussed and compared along with correlations investigated by temperament theorists. The relevance of the Sherif (1953) experiment is examined, and used to illustrate how those with prosocial qualities and personalities can act in an aggressive manner at the same time, thereby bringing the idea of a continuum into doubt. The issues raised in the Sherif experiment are then re-applied to global instances of prosocial and aggressive behaviour....   [tags: Papers] 1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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Media Violence and Aggression in Children - Media Violence Causes Aggression in Children and Teenagers "The media, particularly the news media, defends itself from the charge of encouraging violence by stating they are simply reflecting what exists. Real people are murdered every day. Those who create fictionalized views of violence(movies or TV dramas) rely on the argument that what they are producing should not be taken literally. Only the mentally inadequate would assume the violence was real or try to copy the behavior"(Greek). Violence has been present since the beginning of the medium and in our history: political violence, ethnic violence, class violence....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
:: 6 Works Cited
1409 words
(4 pages)
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Televised Violence causes Aggression in Young Boys - Televised Violence causes Aggression in Young Boys Young boys are evidently influenced by things in their environment such as media, peers, and family. Elementary school aged boys are influenced easily because these are critical years in developing their sense of individuality and social skills with their peers. The vulnerably of young boys are a reason why they are a target of the popular culture of displaying television violence because they have rarely encountered it in previous years so they find that fighting is intriguing from the action to the cartoon characters in the shows....   [tags: Fighting, Weapons, Murder, Television]
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Social Psychological Theories of Aggression - Social Psychological Theories of Aggression With increasing violence in the Big Brother House I have been asked to create a report that explains this violence occurring in the Big Brother House in terms of two or more social psychological theories. In general the violence in the big brother house is escalating and theories need to be brought to the attention of the media bosses in order to explain this aggression. The violence does not need to be stopped as the house mates are not breaking any of the Big Brother rules behaving in this manner....   [tags: Papers] 1368 words
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The Effects of Violent Pornography on Male's Aggression towards Women - ... Sampling Procedure: Before the experiment, all 120 participants will be given informed consent forms that fully go over the experiment’s procedure, goal, as well as the knowledge that they are free to leave at any time, for any reason, and without penalty during the experiment. After consent was given, the participants were asked to fill out a 300 question survey regarding the amount of pornography consumed weekly and their attitudes on violence against women. Participants were also asked what their likelihood to rape would be if they were guaranteed that they would not to be caught or punished....   [tags: promoting rape culture]
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Sexuality and Aggression in Hamlet - Sexuality and Aggression in Hamlet                In "Man and Wife Is One Flesh": Hamlet and the Confrontation with the Maternal Body, Janet Adelman argues that the motivating force behind the plot action in Hamlet is the collapse of boundaries between relationships of individuals, sexes, and divisions of public (state) and private (love) life. The primary cause of the breakdown results from the bodily contamination spread through overt sexuality, specifically maternal sexuality. Janet Adelman asserts her feminism into the sexist view of psychoanalysis to define the contamination as that power of women that men fear....   [tags: GCSE Coursework Shakespeare Hamlet]
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Aggression in Middle School Girls - Aggression in Middle School Girls It was eight o'clock on a cold night in January. Our house rang with giggles and whispers and the occasional shriek of laughter. In the family room the latest teenie-bopper flick was amusing a crowd of pajama-clad seventh-graders. The sound of pounding feet from above betrayed that others were having an impromptu dance party/ pillow fight. The phone book was missing. My little sister, Lily, was having a sleepover. Mom had rushed to the store when it was discovered that there was no more ice cream in the freezer....   [tags: Personal Narrative Teasing Gossip Essays] 1554 words
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The Effects Of Video Game Violence On Human Aggression - Throughout a number of recent studies, participants playing violent video games have consistently shown increases in their aggressive behavior, both during and after the gameplay. A study that linked violent video games to child aggression found that in every group they tested, “Children who were exposed to more video game violence did become more aggressive over time than their peers who had less exposure” (Harding 1). An increase in aggressive behavior after playing violent video games is quite common in most cases, although many gamers would argue that other factors, such as people’s emotions, cause this negative change in behavior....   [tags: Violence ]
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Do Anabolic Steroids cause aggression and Hostility? - Do Anabolic Steroids Have an effect on Aggression and Hostility. Anabolic steroids have been heavily used amongst athletes since the 1950’s; the purpose of using is to add muscle mass, speed, strength, and endurance. Anabolic steroids come in two methods, injectable forms and oral forms. Oral and injectable steroids metabolize in the body differently. Oral steroids include some different hormones than injectable steroids. Oral steroids can include, but not limited to, methyl testosterone, fluoxymestrerone, and stonazolol....   [tags: Athletes, Side Effects, Experiments]
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Gender Differences in Aggression - Gender Differences In Aggression Previous research concerning peer aggression has been conducted under the assumption that women rarely display aggression; therefore, aggressive behavior has historically been viewed as a male phenomenon (Björkqvist, 1994). Recently, many researchers have challenged the gender bias in the existence of aggressive behaviors and have broadened the definition of aggression. Björkqvist’s research suggests sex differences exist in the quality of the aggression, but not the quantity....   [tags: essays research papers] 1167 words
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Violent Video Games are the Root Cause of Youth Aggression - ... The experiment involved the use of a Bobo doll. The doll is an inflatable clown that is in the shape of a punching bag. The experiment started off with several children watching the first video of an adult hitting the Bobo doll with kicks, punches, weapons, and even toy guns and the second video of an adult playing with toys while ignoring the Bobo doll. According to Kutner and Olson (2008), “Children were more likely to be violent towards the Bobo doll after seeing the acts portrayed on film by the adult.” As a result, when young kids observe violence tend to be more aggressive and hostile....   [tags: entertaintment, pyschologists] 1152 words
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Review of Dog Aggression, Training, Causes, and Treatments - There are many different dog breeds and they all have different temperaments, which is partly why many dog lovers are sometimes particular to one breed than to others. Although not all seemingly unique breed behaviors are actually breed specific, most importantly aggression. A recent study indicates that dog owners’ conduct, not the dog’s breed, could be key to predicting whether or not a dog will be aggressive. Research which could undeniably stop breed discrimination, and confront strict laws against certain breeds based on the premiss that they are inherently dangerous....   [tags: dog bite risk, dog breeds, dog walkers]
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Germany and the Soviet Union's Non-Aggression Treaty - It is the inquisitive nature of man that is primary driving force behind the Five W’s: Who, What, When, Where and Why. Though these are all meaningful pursuits in their own right, it is the purpose of this piece to shed light on the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union’s purpose, as well as the most likely causes for its manifestation. Also in question, but not out of the scope of discussion, is whether or not non-aggression pacts truly work to preserve peace, or whether they are unintentionally one of the primary fuel sources that combust to cause war amongst the nations involved....   [tags: Diplomacy]
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Case Study on a Client with Verbal Aggression Brought on by Dementia - ... The nurse is trying to decrease Ellen’s agitation behavior and acknowledges Ellen’s frustrations. By bringing Toni into the conversation and offering to take Ellen outside, reduces her agitation. Ellen appears to be content outside, she is having a calm conversation with Toni. It was important for Ellen to be heard, she wanted to go outside, this was a significant moment for her to express what she wanted to do. The result for Ellen is that she was able to go outside and for a walk around the garden....   [tags: agitation, nursing, experience] 1073 words
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Prejudice Leads to Negative Behavior of Bullying and Aggression - ... For example, Ardono et al, (1950) proposed that high scorers of their formulated ‘F-scale’ showed an authoritarian personality to display; obedience to authority, intolerance of differences and hostility to lower status groups. This personality may have developed through harsh disciplinarian parenting creating a feeling of hostility. It was suggested that hostility suppressed as a child through fear and a learned obedience to those with power is displaced in adulthood causing prejudice and discrimination....   [tags: discrimination, bias, racism] 572 words
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New Life and Laws after the War of Northern Aggression - ... The Civil War effort created an outstanding financial burden on the South’s economic system. Excessive state debt cut wages to state employees and created a rigid economic model to limit spending and to avoid borrowing. The South’s previous reliance on agriculture before the Civil War led them into poverty during the majority of the late 1800s. After all, the backbone of southern workers was killed in the Civil War. Sharecropping became a widely accepted solution to the economic mayhem created by slave emancipation and disenfranchisement of poor white southern farmers during the Reconstruction era....   [tags: slaves, reconstruction, civil war] 1217 words
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Study Regarding Aggression and Violence in Video Games - ... A research design is an overall blueprint guideline plan of action or framework for the rest of the research process REFERENCE . http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=818072 Exploratory Research: ‘An exploratory design is conducted about a research problem when there are few or no earlier studies to refer to. The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later investigation or undertaken when problems are in a preliminary stage of investigation.’ http://lynn-library.libguides.com/researchmethodsd8 Exploratory research is conducted to better understand a situation....   [tags: Exploratory, Descriptive, Research] 910 words
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Violence, Aggression, Addiction Equals Violent Video Games - “Stop it!” a mom screamed at her 13 years old son who is misbehaving with her in public. They are in a game shop trying to buy a game that her son wants as a reward for his academic achievements at school. But then why does not Mom wants to buy it. “Son, this is not for you. This game is for people who are over eighteen,” Mom explained. “But Mom, my friends always play them. When I went to Tommy’s house last weekend, I played it also. And it was fun!” Son declared. This is a typical argument I have heard between parents and their children as I used work in a game store before....   [tags: Video Game Industry, Violence]
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Verbal Aggression - Verbal Aggression Verbal aggression is message behavior which attacks a person's self-concept in order to deliver psychological pain.(Infante, 1995) Studies of verbal aggression have focused primarily on children and adolescents in educational and social settings. Very few studies were found to examine verbal aggression in adults in the workplace.(Ebbesen, Duncan, Konecni, 1974) The consequences of verbal aggression in the workplace can lead to social isolation, job related stress, health related problems, as well as problems in career advancement....   [tags: science]
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Relational Aggression - Relational Aggression A high school student cried as she recounted being tormented in middle school by her classmates. For some reason she was targeted as a “dog,” and day after day she had to walk the halls with kids barking at her. How did it stop. The girl said she stopped it. But how. She picked out another girl, someone worse off than herself, and started to call her dog. Then the others forgot about her. Then they barked at the other girl instead. Girls may be made of sugar and spice and everything nice, but on the inside, they are just plain mean....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Explaining Aggression - Explaining Aggression 'One of the achievements of social psychology has been in extending explanations of aggression and violence away from merely being reflections of the inner state of individuals' There many ways of explaining aggressive behaviour in humans. Some theories view aggression as an important part of our evolutionary heritage , others as an imbalance in hormones or neurotransmitters in the brain....   [tags: Papers] 604 words
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Are Humans by Nature Aggressive? - ... McDougal (1923), one of the founders of social psychology, pleaded for the existence of an "aggressive instinct".It seems that especially after Konrad Lorenz’s work on aggression (“On Aggression”, 1966) the idea of its biological nature was consolidated.In theses issued by Konrad Lorenz, Nobel laureate and one of the initiators of this approach, he claims that all creatures are naturally aggressive for the purpose of survival, humans being no exception. Therefore, aggressive behavior is rooted in the phylogenetic adaptation to environmental dangers....   [tags: sexuality and aggression] 1495 words
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Aggressive Behavior, Heredity and Environment - “You are what you are because of heredity and environment.” Personal development are influenced by a person’s interactions with the physical and social environments. A persons personality is based on both heredity and environment. Special attention given to a child is very needed. Friends or peers also influences an individual’s personality. Influences on a child or person can be both positive or negative. An individuals environment and friends ethniticy are an important component of their positive or negative behavior....   [tags: Aggression, psychology, ]
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War is Part of the Evolution of Mankind - ... Imagine the scenario today if Germany and Japan had won these wars. Without a doubt, if Hitler had not have been defeated this total would have been much higher and Nazi Germany ideals would span all of Eastern Europe. Many nations would have been colonised by these countries and the culture these countries have would have been forgotten. Just think, millions of innocent Jewish and disabled people would be executed all because they did not fit in with his ideal of the ‘perfect and superior race.’ Ironically though, war creates chaos it also creates peace; without war peace cannot thrive....   [tags: human aggression] 600 words
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To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee - ... This moral growth was evident in her response to a classmate calling her father a disgrace for defending Tom Robinson, a black man. Scout narrated, “I drew a bead on him, remembered what Atticus had said, then dropped my fists and walked away, ‘Scout’s a cow-ward!’ ringing in my ears. It was the first time I ever walked away from a fight. Somehow, if I fought Cecil I would let Atticus down. Atticus…rarely asked Jem and me to do something…I could take being called a coward for him” (102). Although she remained fiercely dedicated to her family, Scout no longer felt compelled to fight those who sought to defame their reputation....   [tags: aggression, reputation] 795 words
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The Effect of Sportsmanship and Motivation on Athletic Aggression - Abstract: The main objective of this experiment was to find what relationships threre are between sportsmanship, motivation and athletic aggression. There we three preset propositions that they anticipated for their theory: (a) self-determined sport motivation will be positively predictive of sportspersonship orientations, (b) sportspersonship orientations will mediate the relationship between self-determined sport motivation and athletic aggression, and (c) sportspersonship orientations will impact athletic aggression in two distinctive ways....   [tags: Psychology] 1121 words
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Investigating the Link Between Media and Aggression - Investigating the Link Between Media and Aggression We are doing a study on the link between the media and aggression. I am studying whether or not; aggression in the media has an effect on children today. Also I am going to go into great detail of aggression and then media, and then I am going to go in to detail the link between the two. There are many different types of aggression and different ways of expressing aggression. Here is the dictionary definition of aggression- the act for an instance of commencing an attack, invasion or quarrel; an assault....   [tags: Papers] 1212 words
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Evaluation of a Social Psychological Theory of Aggression - Evaluation of a Social Psychological Theory of Aggression One of the most influential approaches to aggression is the social learning theory approach, put forward by Albert Bandura. According to this approach, most behaviour including aggressive behaviour is learned. Albert Bandura believed that aggression is learned through a process called behaviour modelling. He argued that individuals, especially children learn aggressive responses from observing others, either personality or through the media and environment....   [tags: Papers] 740 words
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Can the Source of Aggression be Found in the Brain? - Can the Source of Aggression be Found in the Brain. In Holland, male members of a certain family were found to be prone to violent outbursts; one male, criticized by his employer, attempted to run him over with a car - another raped his sister and was sent to a mental hospital - a third coerced his sister into undressing by threatening her with a knife. Such men display retarded motor development, difficulties in task planning, and awkward sexual behavior. (1). Recently, researchers claimed to have found the basis of such aggressive behavior to genetic sources - specifically, a deficiency in the MAOA gene of these males (2)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Relationship Between Video Games and Aggression - The Relationship Between Video Games and Aggression As technology continues to forge ahead concerns about its effects on the populace are raised. Whether it be microwave ovens causing cancer or cell phones causing accidents, people are always interested in researching, and often condemning, these new products. Such is this case with videogames. Ever since PongÒ swept the nation, scholars have been researching videogames' effects on children. The most popular aspect of videogame research is whether or not games increase aggression....   [tags: Video Game Violence Violent Essays Effect]
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Aggression: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Explanations - Aggression: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Explanations Most people will agree that aggression can become dangerous and that it is a serious problem. The source of different acts of aggression is trying to be understood from medical, psychological and cultural perspectives. Some scientists try to treat the abnormal aggressive behavior with medication, while others go deeper and try to find out why they have abnormal behavior. Some answers are biological, like genes and hormones, other answers are psychological, like rejection as a cause of aggression, and still others are cultural, blaming aggression on violence in the media....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers] 1273 words
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