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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Africa"
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Cosmopolitan Africa & Dr. Livingstone - ... Typical ‘English’ worldview plagued Dr. Livingstone and many other Europeans during the Colonial Period by their suggestions promoting “…the sense of isolation which heathenism engenders” whereas Professor Getz opens by accepting the cosmopolitan possibility of the African culture and people by pointing out the flawed thinking of his predecessors, “The idea that Africans all lived and had always lived in rudimentary, hereditary tribes was the product of the colonial period” (Getz, xv). Professor Getz in his introduction made to astute observations: “First, Africans were connected to each other and to other parts of the world by trade, the exchange of ideas, and the migration of peoples....   [tags: contributions to understanding African people]
:: 1 Works Cited
886 words
(2.5 pages)
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Nigeria: The Giant of Africa - Nigeria, a country that exalts itself as the “Giant of Africa”, viewed by neighboring countries as “big in words, little in action,” has an opportunity to walk softly, but carry a big stick. Islamic terrorist group, Boko Haram, which operates in the northern states of Nigeria, has arguably gained control of the area and has incited fear in many of northern Nigeria’s citizens. Violence has spread like wildfire in parts of Nigeria, and people are asking, “is Nigeria capable of dealing with an insurgency of this level?”, and “If Nigeria is being significantly threatened by a group as loosely organized, but as deadly, as Boko Haram, what chance do we have to contain an insurgency?” Nigeria has t...   [tags: boko haram, wealthiest african nation]
:: 11 Works Cited
1772 words
(5.1 pages)
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Africa Government's Corruption and Irresponsabilities - Over the last 50 years, the world has struggled to maintain an economic balance and stability, while flourishing countries try to maintain a steady income to support its people and relations with other countries. Therefore, when a country like Africa fails to maintain a stable government and economy, super powers such as America decide to intervene with its relations. Africa has great potential to become another pillar of the world’s economic structure with its mass amounts of uncultivated land....   [tags: foreign aid, african governments, poverty]
:: 5 Works Cited
1198 words
(3.4 pages)
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Christianity in Northern Africa - I. INTRODUCTION Christianity in Africa is not a recent happening nor is it a product of colonialism if we go back to the very time of the apostle. Christianity in most area was confronted during the centuries after the struggle by Islam, the Christian religion suffered in some measure, but did not disappear. Christianity has been flourishing on the northern part of this continent for years before Islam was born. Christianity in North African seemed to have been well founded deeply entrenched and firmly led....   [tags: religion, african culture] 1597 words
(4.6 pages)
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European Imperialism in Africa - In the early 1880’s, the powers of Europe started to take control of regions in Africa and set up colonies there. In the beginning, colonization caused the Africans little harm, but before long, the Europeans started to take complete control of wherever they went. The Europeans used their advanced knowledge and technology to easily maneuver through the vast African landscape and used advanced weapons to take control of the African people and their land. The countries that claimed the most land and had the most significant effect on Africa were France, England, Belgium, and Germany....   [tags: colonialism, african history, european history] 1534 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Role of Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk in Bringing about the End of Apartheid in South Africa - Apartheid, means "separateness", this was a social system enforced by white minority governments in twentieth-century upon those of ethnic minorities in South Africa. Under apartheid, the black majority was segregated, and was denied political and economic rights equal to those of whites, this had become a distressing daily routine for the Africans. Therefore in 1991 when De Klerk announced the end of Apartheid, this was a momentous moment for the whole of South Africa and an event, which shall be remembered, in black history forever....   [tags: South Africa Mandela Essays] 2232 words
(6.4 pages)
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Musical Resistance in Africa - In the face of oppression and hardship, creative outlets emerge as a source of community and support. In South Africa, under the harsh living conditions for blacks brought about by the rapid industrialization of the mineral revolution, a new style of music developed as a solace for beleaguered workers. It transcended their many monetary and racial differences, successfully uniting people whose only commonality was their shared subjugation. The unique blend of traditional African rhythm, combined with influence from the blossoming American Jazz movement resulted in a unique neo-African song style called Marabi....   [tags: Oppression, Hardship, African Rhythm]
:: 8 Works Cited
1229 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat - The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat Both the film and the book versions of Out of Africa portray life in Africa as being a haven for European colonists. In these works, Africa was a beautiful land to move to where the Europeans could live like “royalty” in a sense. Their money went a lot further, and they could have African servants do all the work and chores for them. These African peoples adored the white settlers, and would peacefully work for them for very low wages....   [tags: Compare Contrast Africa Grain Wheat Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1425 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Scramble for Africa - What was the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble for Africa was a period of time where major European countries fought over and colonized land in Africa, stretching from South Africa to Egypt. The scramble for Africa began shortly after the slave trade, and ended at WW1, and is a strong representation of the ‘New Imperialism’. The first country to act was Belgium, who colonized Congo at 1885, but soon, other countries such as Portugal and Great Britain joined in in order to not miss out. Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land....   [tags: history, colonization, imperialism]
:: 5 Works Cited
1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Scramble for Africa - The Scramble for Africa is one of the best examples of colonization in world history. Europe alone managed to colonize the entire African continent in a period of roughly twenty five years, spanning from 1875 to 1900. The quest for power by European nations was only one of the driving forces for this race for colonization. The geographical location and the natural resources to be exploited in certain regions of the continent were important factors in the race for land. Another factor that contributed to the colonization of Africa was the end of the slave trade....   [tags: World History]
:: 4 Works Cited
1669 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Scramble for Africa - ... Some followed traditional beliefs while others converted to Islam and Christianity. Europeans and Africans traded some commodities such as gold, ivory, and spices. Africans kept Europeans under control and from becoming too powerful with their strong armies. It wasn’t until the mid-1800s that the Europeans took control over Africa. Overtime, Europeans discovered quinine, which prevented malaria. Europeans also developed the Maxim Gun, which was stronger than African weapons. With both factors that were preventing Europeans from conquering Africa gone, who was to stop them from taking the golden opportunity....   [tags: tribes, imperialism, weapons] 594 words
(1.7 pages)
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Mysterious Africa - Africa has always been mysterious to the rest of the world. The Greeks and the Romans traded with the peoples of Northern Africa. However, they thought that the land mass went no farther south than present day Somalia. In fact, Alexander the Great even considered shipping supplies for his armies around this smaller Africa to India. This same idea continued well into the 15th and 16th centuries until it was discovered that Africa has an extremely large southern protrusion making the second largest continent in the world after Asia....   [tags: African History ] 893 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Effects of War and Conflict in East Africa - “I don't recognize my people anymore. I feel Somalia is lost. There is no Somalia. It’s just a name.” said Hawa Adbi, a Somali born human rights activist. This is an example of the effects of war and conflict in Somalia, and all over the region of East Africa. The everyday violence in this war torn country is so damaging that much of the countries population has fled to refugee camps across the eastern region of Africa. Some people that go to these camps are wounded, physically or mentally, from the clan wars, and warlords that are causing all of this violence and pain in Somalia....   [tags: somalia, african violence, african war] 1799 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Status of Africa - On October 7 1999, Arizona Daily Wildcat published a remarkable article by Lora Mackel, a history Junior in the University of Arizona. In the article, Mackel expressed her views about the current state of the African continent as follows: We have all seen the images before: Children with bloated bellies, rebels with assault weaponry, shanty towns that spread as far as the camera can pan. These images reflect our own modern conceptions of Africa, for it seems that these wretched conditions and the continent itself are permanently linked....   [tags: Politics Economics Geography African Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
3007 words
(8.6 pages)
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An Image of Africa - An Image of Africa Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad has been depicted as “among the half-dozen greatest short novels in the English language.” [pg.1] Chinua Achebe believes otherwise. In Chinua Achebe’s An Image of Africa: Racism is Conrad’s Heart of Darkness he simply states that, “Joseph Conrad was a thoroughgoing racist” [pg.5] Achebe argues that the racist observed in the Heart of Darkness is expressed due to the western psychology or as Achebe states “desire,” this being to show Africa as an antithesis to Europe....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Joseph Conrad] 1065 words
(3 pages)
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The Gold Mining Industry in South Africa - Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. The environmental impact of gold mining on the environment includes water, air and noise pollution. The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world. It provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in the mining industry alone. The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfully....   [tags: African, African Mining] 1023 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Modernization of Africa - Towards the end of the nineteenth century, Africa was caught up in a sea of change. By 1880, the slave trade was all but abolished, thanks to many of the European powers. This resulted in an almost complete reshaping of the political, social, and economic landscape; the upper class of Africans that were participating in this horrendous trade had lost one of their biggest means of acquiring wealth. Luckily for the rest of the population, the goods that had a high market value: ivory, copal, cloves, beeswax, honey, wild coffee, peanuts, cotton, rubber, and palm oil, could be procured by simple gathering or agriculture practices....   [tags: Albert Adu Boahen]
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1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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Twentieth Century History of South Africa - The twentieth century history of South Africa contains many struggles and obstacles as its people worked towards creating a more unified country. Modern human beings have inhabited South Africa for more than 100,000 years and a great deal of colonization has occurred within the last 300 years. During the late 18th century, 90 Dutchmen landed on the Cape of Good Hope as part of the Dutch East India Company, representing the first permanent settlers of South Africa. In 1652, they were instructed to build a fort and to start growing crops to aid the ships travelling along the Eastern trade route....   [tags: African History ]
:: 4 Works Cited
2010 words
(5.7 pages)
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A Brief Look at the Republic of South Africa - South Africa Foundation of South Africa: South Africa is officially known as the Republic of South Africa. The country is located at Africa’s southern tip which has a coastline of 2798 kilometers or 1739 miles that majestically stretches along the two oceans namely South Atlantic as well as Indian Oceans. To its north region, there are a few neighboring countries called Namibia, Zimbabwe and Botswana while Mozambique along with Swaziland lie to its east. South Africa has been the 25th country in view of its large land area....   [tags: african, nations, tourism, sites] 994 words
(2.8 pages)
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Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined - Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined Declining water resources are one of the causes of the efforts to raise the productivity of the traditional rain-fed farming in West Africa and have affected the growing season and water conservation. With the shortage of water comes the potential for conflict between several African countries. Water resources are declining in West Africa. The annual renewable water resources in West Africa reported by the World Bank in 1994 was about 350 billion cubic meters (1 cubic meter = 35.3 cubic feet)....   [tags: Water Decreasing West Africa Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
1342 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Impact of Migration on Africa’s Development - Migration is a complex concept that has had negative connotations attached to it in the past decades, however international focus is now drifting away from its negative effects towards the realisation that it has potential to contribute to sustainable development of both the countries of origin and the migrants’ host countries (IMO). In the last decades, there has been rapid growth in external and regional migration in Africa. According to the World Bank’s bilateral migration matrix data in 2010, it was estimated that about 30.6 million African people (3% of the world’s population) were living in countries other than their country of birth....   [tags: African migrants, illlegal immigration]
:: 1 Works Cited
1766 words
(5 pages)
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INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA - 1.1 INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA This study presents an assessment of connections between service delivery – water services in particular – and participatory strategies adopted by different communities. This study was thought-out within a context of heightened militancy in local government as exemplified by the widespread and so called service delivery protests in 2005-2006. A large body of literature (e.g. Benit-Gbaffou 2008a, 2008b, Piper and Nadvi 2010, Tapscott 2010, 2005, Ballard et al 2006, Miraftab 2006, and Zeurn 2001) already exists on the state-civil society nexus in the post apartheid era....   [tags: Africa] 1934 words
(5.5 pages)
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Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States - This paper will discuss the ability of Eritrea, a nation that is in the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's (CJTF-HOA) Area of Responsibility (AOR), to influence an issue of regional importance and it's affect on the interests of the United States (U.S.). The regional instability that Eritrea creates or exacerbates has a global impact on the goals of the U.S. Eritrea provides support to armed groups, who commit violence and terrorist acts. Some of the groups have a direct connection to al-Qaeda, whom the U.S....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 8 Works Cited
891 words
(2.5 pages)
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Conflict and Corruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Africa has long been a nation of conflict and strife. Certain countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have a prolonged history of corrupt leaders, violence and lack of resources. These conflicts often can lead to spill over and create wars in their neighboring countries. When a weak state has internal conflict it often spreads to surrounding weak states as it did with many of the countries in central Africa. This type of crisis will often involve the entire world in a variety of capacities such as militaries, foreign aid and the global economy....   [tags: Africa]
:: 4 Works Cited
1388 words
(4 pages)
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William Kamkwamba: The Boy Who Harnessed the Hearts of the World - In 2009 one young man changed the lives of thousands by telling his story of hardship, survival and innovation to the world. The book, "The Boy Who Harnessed The Wind" by William Kamkwamba reveals in great detail the complete blindness that our western society possesses regarding the truth of life on the continent of Africa. As citizens of the western world we have a tendency to see only the statistics and politics of the wars, famines and disasters that occur in developing countries while failing to even consider the human beings struck down by them....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1167 words
(3.3 pages)
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Potential Effects of the Eritrean and Ethiopian Border Conflict - The long-standing border conflict between the African nations of Eritrea and Ethiopia greatly contribute to the overall destabilization in the Horn of Africa (HOA). The United States (US) and Great Britain have historically appreciated the strategic importance of Ethiopia, and the US offered its support by attempting to broker long-term treaties in order to end the conflicts (Lyon, 2006). Despite these efforts the region remains in flux; many believe Eritrea is providing support to Al-Shabab. Eritrea is currently subject to United Nations (UN) sanctions because of their suspected ties to Al-Shabab and other human rights violations (Van Kemenade, 2012)....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1295 words
(3.7 pages)
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Violence Against Women in South Africa - Located in the developing country, the Dominican Republic; the United Nations International Research and Training institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW), created by the United Nations in 1976 via recommendation of the First World Conference of Women. INSTRAW is an inter-governmental organization (IGO) whose mission is: “devoted to research, training and knowledge management in partnership with governments, the United Nations System, civil society and academia to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment.” INSTRAW accomplishes their mission by undertaking action-oriented research from a gender perspective that has a concrete impact on policies, programs and projects....   [tags: women's studies, african studies, gender inequalit]
:: 19 Works Cited
1591 words
(4.5 pages)
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Benin Art in Museums and Galleries - The display of Benin art in museum and galleries reflect the attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards non-western artefacts, especially African. Thus as European attitudes change towards non-western art since the discovery of Benin art in 1897, Benin art has been revaluated and re-categorised. Initially there was a great deal of debate about Benin art and its display, as it did not equate with the perceptions then held about Africa. Until the British conquest of Benin in 1897, little was known about Benin and its culture apart from brief interaction with other Europeans in the sixteenth century....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1405 words
(4 pages)
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The War on Conflict Diamonds - “Diamonds are forever” it is often said. “But lives are not”, says Martin Chungong Ayafor, Chairman of the Sierra Leone Panel of Experts, “We must spare people the ordeal of war, mutilations and death for the sake of conflict diamonds.” (United Nations 2). This is a very powerful quote from someone who has and is experiencing (Gerund) firsthand the gruesome terror of the conflict over diamonds in Africa. This war has started because of the greed for money and power in the abundant diamond industry in the different parts of Africa by the R.U.F....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1065 words
(3 pages)
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The Importance of Stability in Somalia - The country of Somalia has a long and jaded history of instability dating all the way back to the mid 1800’s. There has never, in the existence of the country, been any viable form of government. There are many reasons for the United States to have a vested interest in this area of the world. Somalia has been and is currently known to be a hot bed for such terrorist organizations as Al-Shabaab and Al- Qaeda. Also, with the recent discovery of oil reserves in Somalia, stability in the region is of even greater importance....   [tags: Africa]
:: 5 Works Cited
1102 words
(3.1 pages)
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Books for Africa - Books for Africa has kept over 28 million books out of landfills.(“Got books”page 1) Books for Africa is a organization that sends books to less fortunate children in Africa. Books for Africa is working hard to improve literacy rates in Africa. Books for Africa is a non-charitable organization that sends books to less fortunate kids in Africa. The organization is 100 percent volunteers dedicated to raising money to buy books. I'm sure you are wondering about sending books to Africa. The African literacy rate is very low and sending books to Africa helps the children in Africa learn how to read and write....   [tags: Non-Charitable Organization] 1531 words
(4.4 pages)
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Thomas Sankara: The Lion King - The works of Karl Marx have had a great effect on the world. They influenced many people including Vladimir Lenin. The works of Vladimir Lenin have also been influential. Together they influenced the African Che Guevara who is named Thomas Sankara. Thomas Sankara was a revolutionary hero that enacted sweeping social and economic changes throughout Burkina Faso and inspired many people to believe that Africa could be autonomous and self reliant. Thomas Isidor Noël Sankara was born December 21, 1949 in the Upper Volta (Biography of Thomas, n.d.)....   [tags: Africa]
:: 4 Works Cited
952 words
(2.7 pages)
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Zulu Army Victory at Isandlwana - The Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879 marked a day of defeat for the British in the first major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Eleven days after the British invaded Zululand (now most commonly known as South Africa) a Zulu force of some 20,000 warriors attacked the British combat formation known as 'the main column' which consisted of about 2,200 British combatants. The battle at Isandlwana stunned the world and is historically acknowledged as a demoralizing defeat for the British against a less technologically advanced indigenous force....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 4 Works Cited
880 words
(2.5 pages)
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Decolonization of Africa - "The wind of change is blowing through this [African] continent, and whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact. We must all accept it as a fact, and our national policies must take account of it" (Macmillan). This speech, made by the prime minister of England in 1960, highlights the vast changes occurring in Africa at the time. Changes came quickly. Over the next several years, forty-seven African countries attained independence from colonial rule. Many circumstances and events had and were occurring that led to the changes to which he was referring....   [tags: after WWII, freedom, democracy]
:: 11 Works Cited
1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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AIDS in Africa - “It all started as a rumour...Then we found we were dealing with a disease. Then we realised that it was an epidemic. And, now we have accepted it as a tragedy”- Chief Epidemiologist in Kampala, Uganda. Aids has been a tragic epidemic throughout Africa since 1982. More than one million adults and children die every year from HIV/AIDS in Africa alone. Although a cure for the problem has yet to be discovered, an abundant amount of organizations are helping to alleviate the problem of aids today all over the world in hopes to develop an aids free future....   [tags: history, uganda, epidemic, uganda]
:: 4 Works Cited
518 words
(1.5 pages)
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Urbanization in Africa - Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately....   [tags: Development, Urban Trend] 1087 words
(3.1 pages)
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Poaching in Africa - Among the greatest contributors to social destabilization and environmental damage to various Central African nations is the proliferation of poaching and the black market industry that stems from it. Every year, poachers kill thousands of exotic animals such as elephants and rhinos to satisfy international demand for animal products. Despite the current global ban on any commodities derived from poached animals, today’s illegal poaching market affects millions of human and animal lives. Through the use of stricter international legislation, greater outreach through educational services, and increasing the funding for African national park rangers, poaching in Central Africa may diminish to...   [tags: environmental damage, social destabilization]
:: 9 Works Cited
1859 words
(5.3 pages)
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Deforestation in Africa - Deforestation is a growing problem in Africa due to the household communities’ dependency to use wood for fuel to prepare their daily meals, or to sell in charcoal made from wood in order to buy food for their families and survive. For most households in Africa, the use of wood to make charcoal is their way of life. Without this resource, it would make it difficult for them to survive. Their dependency for wood increases during drought season and flooding and leaves them dependent for wood to use as fuel....   [tags: Deforestation Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1002 words
(2.9 pages)
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Homophobia in Africa - 5pm: in a country not far from the Gulf of Guinea coast a boy named Richard is lying on a boat looking at the stars, he wonders, “I still love Robert, why did I follow mother’s advice in marrying this woman, why?” He is so immersed in his thoughts that when his wife calls him in to the house to eat he doesn’t notice. Richard is from Cameroon and by the age of 22 was forced to marry Antoniette because of his “upcoming femininity personality”. Mohammed, a young bank treasurer, is from Senegal and he questions everyday why his mother keeps on stopping from seeing Humad, a future CEO and Mohammed’s best friend....   [tags: homosexuality, sexual orientation, culture]
:: 10 Works Cited
1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Diamonds of Africa - Free diamonds, acquire at your own risk. Countries around the world are possessed with the most valued stones on the planet. A conflict diamond is when a rough diamond is mined in an area controlled by insurgent forces whose sale is used to finance anti- government military action.This multibillion dollar industry mines and sells these jewels to customers that can afford them. Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo are countries that are the main producers for the diamond industry and are the prime locations of “conflict” or “blood” diamonds....   [tags: mining, conflict, economy] 1088 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Congo Free State - Over the course of human history, many believe that the “Congo Free State”, which lasted from the 1880s to the early 1900s, was one of the worst colonial states in the age of Imperialism and was one of the worst humanitarian disasters over time. Brutal methods of collecting rubber, which led to the deaths of countless Africans along with Europeans, as well as a lack of concern from the Belgian government aside from the King, combined to create the most potent example of the evils of colonialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s....   [tags: Africa ] 1971 words
(5.6 pages)
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A better South Africa for the new South Africa - ... I must admit that it took me a considerable amount of years to correct these stereotypes that I had built in my mind. It took quite some time to realize that in actual fact, it was not the White people that I hated, but rather the oppressive system that denied me the right to even identify myself. This was a system that told us that we were different from white people; that we had to live in separate places from the white people. This system thrived on classification of black, Coloured, Indian....   [tags: apartheid, suppressive government] 619 words
(1.8 pages)
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Isolation of Africa by the Sahara Desert - Africa was isolated geographically by the Sahara Desert. The isolation made by the Sahara Desert has affected trade, religion, and trade within Africa. Trade in Africa was impacted by the Sahara Desert because it prevented goods from civilizations residing under the Sahara Desert to reach North Africa. Religion was affected by Africa's isolation because new religious ideas could not reach part of Africa due to the Sahara Desert. The impact made by the affect on transportation was that it had caused interactions between North Africa and civilization under the Sahara Desert to be limited....   [tags: trade, religion, transporation, socially] 688 words
(2 pages)
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Problems Associated with Drought in Africa, and Proposed Solutions - Africa is a continent that suffers from many problems in many areas. The name of the continent has become synonymous with poverty, hunger and disease. These problems are connected with each other significantly. Many observers believe that the successive African crises are because of some reasons such as violence in most African countries, corruption that is rooted in the majority of African governments and stagflation which puts the continent in the mouth of hunger and unemployment(Stewart, 2004)....   [tags: african studies]
:: 17 Works Cited
1867 words
(5.3 pages)
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Isolation of Africa by Sahara Desert - Africa was isolated geographically by the Sahara Desert. The location of The Sahara Desert effects where the changes of civilizations made from isolation are in Africa. The isolation of Africa from the Sahara Desert has affected trade, religion, and culture of some of the civilizations that resided within Africa. The reason transportation was affected is that going through the Sahara Desert was a hard task before the domestication of camels. Religion was affected by Africa's isolation because new religious ideas could not reach part of Africa due to the Sahara Desert....   [tags: trade, religion, culture, transporation] 566 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Perception of Africa as a Single Entity - ... Unfortunately, this image of Africa and the Africans never diminished; in fact, it only grew. Soon, it was the duty of the Churches of Europe to go to Africa and bring them salvation, it was the duty of the empires to go there and bring with them the light of civilization. This image of Africa as a place of primitive cultures and decay created the stereotype of what Africa was in the eyes of the world. This same stereotype, a dark, primitive place, still occurs today when we hear of Africa and its problems....   [tags: stereotypes, civilization, diversity] 700 words
(2 pages)
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South Africa: A Country on the Rise - ... The branches are referred to as tiers. Within the three-tier system of government are the Legislative authority, Executive authority, and an independent Judiciary authority. ("About government-government structure," 2013) The Legislative authority includes the National Assembly 350-400 members and the National Council of Provinces 90 delegates. The Executive authority consists of the President, Deputy President and Ministers. The independent Judiciary authority is comprised of the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court of Appeal, High courts, and Magistrate’s courts....   [tags: government, development, leaders]
:: 8 Works Cited
1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Effects of the Berlin Conference on Africa - The Berlin Conference of 1884 peacefully divided Africa between world leaders. The conference, also known as the Congo Conference, looked at Africa as a great source of wealth in many areas to be shared among the participating countries. The division that took place at no time had at interest the people of Africa. By the time Africa regained its freedom in the 1950’s most areas had developed severe political and racial division. The result of this turbulence and division is the occurrence of such violent civil wars and genocides in African countries such as Rwanda....   [tags: World History ]
:: 7 Works Cited
2036 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Future of South Africa - The Future of South Africa Some things in South Africa are becoming better as we move into the future, while others are becoming worse. The government in South Africa is better. All the provisions of the new constitution were in place as of the year 1999. In June of 1999, President Nelson Mandela’s term ended, and Thabo Mbeki was elected as president. There was a peaceful change in government, and Mbeki is doing many things to help the country. Some of these include eliminating hatred between races, ending poverty, and reducing violent crime....   [tags: African History] 674 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Importance of South Africa to Canada - Introduction: South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa (that’s how it got the name) and covers an area of 1,219,912 km². South Africa has a long and interesting history with racism and apartheid, but when you get to know more about South Africa you’ll be surprised by how amazing this country actually is. I would definitely like to live or travel there because of its wonderful scenery and culture. Demographic issues: South Africa has a population of 48million and about 12% (5.7million) of it is suffering with HIV....   [tags: geography, water pollution]
:: 13 Works Cited
1283 words
(3.7 pages)
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Slavery in West Africa and the Caribbean - Many people around the world believe that slavery was only held in North America with Africans being the only type to face punishment. This widely spread stereotype is actually false. The Caribbean and West Africa were large affected by the transatlantic slave trade in 1450 to1750. While wrong and immoral, the slavery in both places have similarities and differences. 
 The Caribbean was one of the worst slave trading operations in the world. European ships sailed from Africa, where they picked up slaves, to the Caribbean....   [tags: Labor, Europeans, Cruelty] 543 words
(1.6 pages)
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Somalia at War - Africa is a rich continent with an abundance of resources, diverse cultures, exotic people and exciting traditions, yet it seems as though it is perpetually facing armed conflict (Lukunka, 2012). Of the conflicts Africa is facing currently, Somalia is the center for some of the largest conflicts. The history of Somalia has been hit with conflict after conflict, not only between rival clans but also with other countries, most recently between not only regional powers but also the US and Al-Qaida....   [tags: Africa]
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985 words
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The Effects of the Berlin Confernece on Africa - ... The French had revealed Leopold's plans, and France was engaging in its own foreign exploration. A French officer went into central Africa and raised the French flag over the Republic of Congo in 1881. Finally, Portugal, which already had a long, abandoned colonial Empire in the area called the Kongo Empire, also claimed the area due to old treaties with Spain, and the Roman Catholic Church. It made a treaty with the United Kingdom and Ireland in February 1884. They wanted to block off the Congo Society's access to the Atlantic....   [tags: economy, resources, territory]
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Economic Impact of Colonialism in Africa - Throughout the centuries Africa has been a continent of agricultural achievement and plenty. Agrarian practices and technologies developed in Africa were emulated by the world’s great civilizations and radiated to every corner of the world. It’s speculated by many naturalist (most notably Charles R. Darwin) that modern agriculture originated in Africa. Ancient cave paintings discovered by archeologist in Africa are certainly some of the earliest evidences of plant and animal domestication. Arabic and European historical accounts agree that African diets were varied and abundant from the beginning of recorded history up until the middle ages....   [tags: famine, poverty, war, slave trade]
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2659 words
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The Negative Effects of Imperialism in Africa - ... By having a colony in Africa, Europeans would have easy accessibility to cheap labor, and be part of the slave trade. Document 1 shows this when it says, “These holdings are worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners take wealth out of the country. All the hard work is done by the enslaved natives.” This would make an already outstanding profit into an even better one. There are many positive effects for the Europeans when they conquered Africa. However, some may argue that the negative effects outweigh the positives....   [tags: diplomacy, force, indigeous, profit] 637 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Economy and Politics of South Africa: An Inseparable Pair - 2. Introduction Has the post 1994 South African government succeeded in improving the economic status of previously disadvantage groups. In the following essay I will be discussing the co dependence of the economy and politics in South Africa. 3. Shift in political power After 27 April 1994 South Africa was challenged with enormous economic and political transformation. The power of political dominance now lied with the previously disadvantaged black majority and this brought on the necessity to re-evaluate existing racial discrimination and unearned privileges....   [tags: developing African nations]
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The Increased Misinterpretations of Africa - Africa, compared to other continents, is probably the most misrepresented of them all. Little is known about Africa which results to stereotypical descriptions of the continent. Due to the lack of knowledge of Africa, research done by scholars may be illegitimate or seen as offensive to indigenous Africans. These stereotypes are often inaccurate and fallacious representations of Africa. A general stereotype of Africa is that the whole continent is represented or labeled as the dark continent who face poverty, violence and despair....   [tags: africans, continent, tribes] 585 words
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Women and Devolpment in Northern Africa - Women and Development in Northern Africa Gender inequality is a massive problem for women and girls and development has begun to take place to over come this injustice to the female population in North Africa and the Middle East. Gender inequality has become an important and visible issue for economies of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). I have researched on how women of North Africa are deprived from many opportunities as well as being under educated. The female population has suffered immensely in Africa....   [tags: Gender Studies ]
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The Deserts of Africa: The Sahara Desert - Imagine living in a land thriving with life with all sorts of trees and vegetation, along with different types of animals that called this land home. Throughout the world, we have deserts of also sorts. Life as we know it is always different in different in places. However for the sake of learning we will be taking a look at some of the world most secluded places on this earth which will lead us across one of the world's largest ocean, the Atlantic, making our way to the continent of Africa....   [tags: largest hot desert, egypcians, greek]
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The Effects of Imperialism in Africa - Throughout history, imperialism has led countries to extend their rule over weaker countries and then colonized those countries to expand their own power. Imperialism allows the ruling countries to use the weaker countries for their resources. Colonizing other countries would then lead to growth and a better reputation for the dominating country. There are many examples of imperialism throughout European history. When many European countries “scrambled” for Africa, it seemed as though Africa had no say in anything....   [tags: colonization, cultural loss, freedom] 557 words
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The Main Causes of Hunger in Africa - Hunger has affected much of Africa with its vidal epidemic. The main causes of hunger in Africa are the change in climate, the government, growing population but most important poverty. Many people in Africa don't have jobs and for that reason they don't have enough money to buy food for their families. As Director General, Jose Graziano da Silva suggested, the decision to end hunger needs to be taken by society as a whole, not by a single organization or a single government. Hunger is spreading in Africa including Niger where some 2.9 million people face food shortages....   [tags: change in climate, government, cassava, corn] 575 words
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Catholic and Christians Missionaries in Africa - Marlow, the main character in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, is fascinated by unknown areas of the world and also enjoys the feeling of being afloat on water. To quench this curiosity of the mysterious, he ventures into the wilderness to face the adventures that lay inside the “heart of darkness”, Africa. Unbeknownst by him at first, Marlow is viewed as a missionary: the man that will bring light to the “dark” continent (Heart 3). In The Heart of Darkness, Marlow’s aunt refers to him as an “emissary of light, something like a lower sort of apostle”....   [tags: African History Essays]
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Escaping to Discover the Truth in Africa - A land baked by the equatorial sun, blasted by the winds of the Mediterranean stirring the grains of Sahara sands, rainforests by which one can naught but tell where the moisture is coming from, mountains high in the east with snow covered glaciers, plains that surpass the steppes of Asia and the plains of North America, and coastal paradises where the sea winds wash gently upon the shore: Africa. A land shrouded in the mists of time protected on the north by the vast Sahara Desert; a desert that blinded the early scholars’ eyes to the magnificent wonder and beauty that is the second largest land mass on this third rock from the sun....   [tags: deserts, slaves, disease]
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Is Marriage a Pricey Affair in Africa? - ... There was a time when a woman’s virginity was celebrated and she lost it only to marriages and the incentive that were asked for the virtue of girl was paid handsomely which is known as dowry. With changing times, single mothers have emerged nullifying their cultural traditions or avoiding the nagging of the family, as it is disgraceful to get pregnant out of wedlock. People have easy sex these days, prostitution is at its peak and girls' desires to get laid are also inevitable. Modern Africa seems redundant to this rule of Dowry as in South Africa Labolla is R40,000 for a girl who had 20 boyfriends, 2 children and aged only between 20-23....   [tags: mahr, labolla, dowry, traditions] 559 words
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The Social Consequences of the AIDS in Africa - ... A number of African countries have conducted large scale HIV prevention initiatives in an endeavour to reduce the scale of their epidemics. Senegal, for example, took action early on to the surfacing of HIV with burly political and community leadership. It is impossible to predict how Senegal's epidemic would have advanced without interference. Senegal now has one of the lowest AIDS dominance rates in the sub-Saharan Africa. Tackling the AIDS crisis in Africa is a continuing task that requires unrelenting effort and planning; both within African countries themselves and amongst the international communities....   [tags: somalia, senegal, disease] 801 words
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The Colonization of Africa: 1880 to 1914 - The Scramble for Africa took place during the period of time around 1880 until 1914. During this time Africa found itself being split up and divided amongst several European countries. In essence Africa was like a fresh baked pie and everyone wanted a slice. Several factors were the cause of this major land grab being Nationalism, Imperialism and to say the least pure greed. The British were the more dominant entity in the scramble and their main interests in the beginning were to acquire and protect sea routes to India....   [tags: Geopolitics / History]
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Somalia Police Force - Previous to the Somalia civil war the Somalia National Police had 15,000 officers and a well- deserved reputation for professionalism, fairness, and clan neutrality. The SNP fell to the scope of Somalia’s martial factions and increasing violence in Mogadishu. Even with a Defense Department contribution of 353 vehicles, 5,000 M-16 rifles, 5,000 pistols, uniforms, equipment, and U.S. money for police salaries. The Current struggle to establish, properly train and equip a federal police force in the Afghanistan Theater of operations and lessons learned in establishing a functional Iraq police Force indicate that a preliminary assessments of current Somalia law enforcement capability is e...   [tags: Africa ]
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1051 words
(3 pages)
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The Impact of Climate Change on Africa - Scientists, economists, and policy makers all agree the world is facing threat from climate warming. Climate warming is caused by excess greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide which are heat trapping gasses. Human use of fossil fuels is a significant source of these gasses. When we drive our cars, heat our homes with oil or natural gas, or use electricity from coal fired power plants, we contribute to global warming. Including any loss of trees or forests also contributes, considering trees convert carbon dioxide to oxygen....   [tags: Global Warming Essays]
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The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa - INTRODUCTION: The term apartheid (from the Afrikaans word for "apartness") was coined in the 1930s and used as a political slogan of the National Party in the early 1940s, but the policy itself extends back to the beginning of white settlement in South Africa in 1652. After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. The apartheid was a social and political segregation of the white rulers from the black locals of South Africa....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 743 words
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The Cobb-Douglas Production Function for South Africa - Introduction For every firm to produce goods it needs inputs such as capital and labour. Mankiw (2005) refers to capital set of tools that workers use in the process of production e.g. Machineries such as computers whereas labour refers to the hours that employee invest working. Production function refers to the output of a firm, an industry or an entire economy for all combination of inputs (Banaeian and Zangeneh, 2001).Economists use production function to precise the relationship between labour and capital and according to Mankiw (2005)....   [tags: South African productivity]
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The Roles and Effects of Migration in Africa - ... The migration of Africans into Europe and America can be traced back to the 1960s, when large number of Africans migrated, engaging in an unprecedented expansion of access to education across Europe and America (Adepoju, 2004). The increasing movement of people from Africa to other parts of the world has been credited to the advent of globalization by many researchers. Africa in general has experienced mass migration of people into other parts of the world due to various reasons. A number of these African migrants include students that are in search of education outside their country of origin; and my research intends to focus on this group of people....   [tags: brain drain, capital, education] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
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Foundation for Stability for the Horn of Africa - Republic of Kenya Foundation for Stability for the Horn of Africa Senior Leaders Course Republic of Kenya has and will remain to personify a major example for democracy and stability in the Horn of Africa. I will establish that The Republic of Kenya* role as a stable democracy will continue to be the example of success for the region of the Horn of Africa. Through cultural, economic, and political development this country should be used as mediator for the region. Republic of Kenya can trace its origin to the birth of man....   [tags: International Government ]
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1960 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Lack of Nutrition In Africa - In Africa there are about 276 million individuals who are affected by lack of nutrition. Moreover, 399 million individuals live on one dollar a day in Africa. Developing countries carries 90% of the disease burden, yet benefit from only 10% of the resources allocated to health (Kinabo, 2001), even though the majority of the population is located in these countries. Approximately “43% of the children in the developing countries experience stunted growth due to malnutrition, and 36% of the children are underweight” (Bone and France, 2003)....   [tags: Nutrition]
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1220 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Impact of Getting Diamonds in Africa - Behind the love story of a diamond engagement ring purchased at a jewelry store in a United States mall, might be a story of child labor, violence, and corruption. Approximately, 65% of the world’s diamonds (about $8.5 billion worth) come from Africa (Diamondfacts 1). As pinpointed in the map below, Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Ivory Coast, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the main countries where conflict diamonds have originated (Blood 1). Of those diamonds, it was estimated that in 1990, 15% of these diamonds were conflict diamonds (Diamond 1)....   [tags: diamond act, diamonds, kimberley process]
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The Relationship Between Africa and Brazil - ... Although most of the Brazilian cooperation goes to Central and South America due to peacekeeping operations, in technical cooperation the focus in the African continent is visible, accounting for 57% of the total (ABC, 2011): Source: ABC, 2011 As reported by the latest official information in 2011, there were technical cooperation projects either in the design or implementation phases in 38 out of 54 African countries (ABC, 2011). Regarding the top beneficiaries of the Brazilian cooperation in Africa, Portuguese-speaking African countries (PALOP) are the focus (Figure 8)....   [tags: slavery abolition, global powers] 683 words
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The Role of Apartheid in South Africa - The Role of Apartheid in South Africa Soweto Riots in South Africa. This explains how Apartheid was responsible for starting the Rioting and how even after they tried to stop the Riots they were unsuccessful. The Soweto riots of 1976 were the most brutal and violent riots that had taken place against the South African apartheid administration. It was also amazing in how far and how fast it spread. Its significance would go beyond the violence on the streets. The police actions during the riots would be part of what instigated a worldwide boycott of South African produce and signalled the increased militancy of the black population of South Africa....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 1142 words
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The Kharijites Movement in North Africa - This essay concerns the Kharijites movement in the North Africa. I will not attempt here to analyze in detail the Kharijites movement rather than focus upon its influence to the North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, my intention is to demonstrate a preliminary overview of Kharijites movement that has a greater impact in Africa. This essay will first briefly discuss the spread of Islam in Maghrib; second, an attempt will be made on the emergence of Kharijites Berbers; finally, the wrap up views on this subject of discussion....   [tags: impact, islam, berbers] 769 words
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Commentary of Rabindranath Tagore's Africa - Though written in response to Mussolini’s invasion of Algeria in 1935, the poem’s criticism of European colonialism in Africa can be extended to the host of European nations that ran the race to colonial domination. The poem is structured to mirror the evolution of Africa, with the three stanzas respectively dealing with Africa’s creation, colonisation and post-colonialism. This sets up the framework for the contrasting of the three periods, which expose the poet's impression of the hypocrisy of Western imperialism....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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(4.9 pages)
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History and Popularity of Diamonds in Africa - The history and popularity of diamonds in Africa all began in 1866 when the first diamond was found along the banks of the Orange River. In the next fifteen years, Africa became the leading supplier of diamonds in the world, exporting more than nations such as India and Brazil. The discovery of these highly valued and highly demanded diamonds brought an immense amount of trade into Africa, a continent known for its poverty. One diamond company in particular, De Beers, instantly became interested in African diamond mines....   [tags: orange river, trade, rebel groups] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Mfecane Movement in South Africa - In the early period of the nineteenth century, there were great social and political transformations occurring in southern Africa, which became known as the Mfecane. The period was characterized by historian Elizabeth Eldredge as one of “tremendous demographic upheaval and revolutionary and social change”. The period of the Mfecane consisted of vast migrations, random raids, battles and recurring periods of hardships and scarcity for many indigenous people in the region. The Mfecane over the years has become a very debatable topic amongst historians, who considered the causes that led to the mass migration, its importance on Africa’s more current history, and whether it even sanctions an a...   [tags: Theories, Historical Perspectives]
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