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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Africa"
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South Africa - South Africa is a nation with a wonderful and varied culture. This country has been called “The Rainbow Nation”, a name that reflects the diversity of such amazing place. The different ethnic and cultural groups of the South Africa do, however, appreciate their own beliefs and customs. Many of these traditions, besides African culture, are influenced by European and Western heritage. The complex and diverse population of the country has made a strong impact to the various cultures. There are forty-five million people; about thirty million are black, five million white, three million coloured and one million Indians....   [tags: Africa] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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Underdevelopment of Africa - Underdevelopment of Africa Underdevelopment in Africa is a problem that has been plaguing the countries all over the continent for a very long time. It has so many negative effects on Africans. It has brought about so many consequences, but of all, the economy is the most affected sector because the economic sector controls all other aspect of the society. Underdevelopment in Africa is as a result of many contributing factors which include poverty, illiteracy, very large extended families, corruption and lack of accountability....   [tags: Africa] 626 words
(1.8 pages)
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AIDS Prevention in Africa - During the last three decades, the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus have taken the lives of many women and men in Africa, as well as infecting their unborn children. Is there enough being done to eradicate this disease in Africa, and will the cost of these treatments limit those who do not have the available income to afford these drugs. Scientist and researchers have worked over the years to find a cure or vaccine for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but it remains the most incurable infection in the world....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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HIV in South Africa v. Uganda - The Emergence of HIV in South Africa Much like the emergence of HIV in the United States, the first HIV cases in South Africa were found in the homosexual male population. In 1983, two homosexual, South African men passed away from opportunistic infections associated with autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the months following, many other homosexual men became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which caused the people of South Africa to consider AIDS a disease that solely infected homosexuals....   [tags: Africa ] 2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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Negative Affects of Imperialism in Africa in the 19th Century - Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the African people. African resistance to “The Scramble for Africa” lead to the instability of Africa’s political structure....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1758 words
(5 pages)
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Colonialism and Africa - Introduction Modern African states have several problems ranging from corruption, to armed conflict, to stunted structural development. The effects of colonialism have been offered as a starting point for much of the analysis on African states, but the question of why African states are particularly dysfunctional needs to be examined, given the extent to which they have lagged behind other former European colonies in many aspects. In the first section, I will consider the problems with African states from the level of the state....   [tags: African Countries, Post Colonial Africa] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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HIV in South Africa - A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1760 words
(5 pages)
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The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa - ... French is the primary official language in 18 African countries; it is one of two official languages in another country; finally, its undeniable and powerful existence in three of the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). Africa is the content with the most French speakers -- more than a quarter of a billion -- and is viewed as “the future of Francophone culture”. Besides language, however, other aspects of France can be found -- that is, mainly in the form of political ideologies....   [tags: British Europe, Africa, Germany] 933 words
(2.7 pages)
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Colonial Rule in Africa - ... Some were recruited to build railroads, while some, such as those in the Congo under King Leopold's rule, were forced to harvest rubber from the forrest. The Belgians were notorious for the cruelty in which the treated the natives, reports of Belgians chopping off hands if they harvested too little rubber were common. Taking women hostage and burning down entire villages and crop fields are just some of the tactics used to force natives into doing their bidding. Another aspect of colonialism was the focus on the production of cash crops....   [tags: Africa, exploitation, Europe, colonies] 2153 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Conflict Diamonds of Africa - A beautiful precious diamond can last forever, but what most people do not know is that a majority of our diamonds come from Africa. The civil wars in Africa over diamonds began around 1961 and ended in 2003. Conflict diamonds were rampant and it would be difficult to say if any jewelry sold prior to 2003 was conflict free. Conflict diamonds are diamonds that have been mined and were controlled by African rebels. The rebels would use the profits from selling conflict diamonds to fund illegal activity and to purchase more weapons for their armies....   [tags: The Blood Diamonds of Africa]
:: 3 Works Cited
1039 words
(3 pages)
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Imperialism in Africa - Imperialism in Africa Imperialism is defined as one country’s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. In Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, imperialism was present and growing. The main countries involved in the imperialism in Africa were the French, German, and Great Britain. The French’s empire was mainly in North and West Africa while Britain’s colonies were scattered throughout the continent. Germany ruled over such countries as Tanganyika, Togoland, and Cameroon, until their defeat in World War I....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Government Essays] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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South Africa - South Africa The Republic of South Africa is located on the southern tip of the continent of Africa. It is slightly less than twice the size of Texas, about 1,223,201 square kilometers. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland run from west to east along South Africa’s northern border. The country of Lesotho lies entirely within the borders of South Africa and is completely landlocked. The South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean surround the southern coast. South Africa is divided into nine provinces: the Northern Province, Kwazulu/Natal, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, the North West Province, the Western Cape, the Northern Cape and the Eastern Cape....   [tags: South Africa Governmental Cultural Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
3519 words
(10.1 pages)
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Causes of Mirra Chewing in East Africa - If you go to East Africa for a holiday, you will rarely miss someone in the middle of road absent-mindedly chewing miraa. How can a human being chew that many dry leaves like a goat. Nevertheless, it is a kind of leisure, a fun or a means of entertainment for most of the people out there. Mirra is a type of stimulant herb that grows in East Africa. It mainly grows in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. The funny thing about it is once it gets into you. You get into a plane and visit imaginary places....   [tags: mirra, East Africa, ] 608 words
(1.7 pages)
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HIV Prevention in Africa - HIV prevention in Africa A continuing rise in the number of HIV infected people is not inevitable. There is growing evidence that prevention efforts can be effective, and this includes initiatives in some of the most heavily affected countries. One new study in Zambia has shown success in prevention efforts. The study reported that urban men and women are less sexually active, that fewer had multiple partners and that condoms were used more consistently. This is in line with findings that HIV prevalence has declined significantly among 15-29 year-old urban women (down to 24.1% in 1999 from 28.3% in 1996)....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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AIDS in Africa - AIDS In Africa      HIV-AIDS has infected over thirty million people in the world. Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in Africa and in some of those countries over 40% of the people are infected (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV and AIDS in Africa 1). AIDS does not solely affect homosexuals, or any certain ethnicity of people, either; HIV-AIDS can affect any type of ethnicity including African Americans, Caucasians, Asians, Indians, and Hispanic people. AIDS cannot be reversed or cured, but with proper treatment this deadly virus can be controlled and people can live a nearly normal life....   [tags: AIDS HIV Disease Africa African Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited :: 11 Sources Consulted
2869 words
(8.2 pages)
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Johannesburg, South Africa: Home of the 2010 FIFA World Cup - The city of Johannesburg is both the largest and richest city in the nation of South Africa. It is also one of the nine cities selected to host the FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup, although among those cities it has the unique distinction of being home to two stadiums, including Soccer City, the venue for the final. The chance to shine on the international stage has led to massive renovations of the stadiums and tourist-focused areas of the city. These renovations create numerous jobs, which are frequently taken by migrant workers from other regions....   [tags: South Africa]
:: 9 Works Cited
1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Creation Mythology of Africa - Creation Mythology of Africa One way of examining the values and traditions of a people is to look at their explanations for how the world came to be. These stories make such wonderful tools for analysis because all cultures have some sort of ‘creation’ story. Thus to compare groups of people we may start by looking at their creation mythology. It is important to note that the downfall of comparing mythologies is that in a way it is like comparing apples to oranges. This is because not every myth portrays and explains the same elements....   [tags: Myths Africa African Essays]
:: 7 Sources Cited
1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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overview to the health care system in south africa - ... Income inequality, corruption and “poor rule of law,” poverty, high unemployment, rapid social change, gender inequalities and family breakdown have contributed to a climate of violence, (Norman, 2007). The easy availability of firearms facilitates the increasing crime levels which counts for the fifty four percent of all homicides, making South Africa one of the the most violent countries in the world, compared only to Colombia, (Norman, 2007). The injury burden in South Africa is determined by the high rates of intentional injury deaths....   [tags: health in south africa, apartheid]
:: 8 Works Cited
1384 words
(4 pages)
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Use of Private Military Companies (PMCs) in Africa - PMCs emerge in a history course as an inevitable result of the changing in world structure and technology development. This critical review examines Anna Leander’s article on the paradox of implementing private military companies (PMCs) in Africa. The central issue is how security can be influenced by the using of PMCs. Building on Leander’s argument, this review argues that PMC is a double-edged sword that can be used to provide security as well as to stir insecurity. The blurred public and private lines and ambiguous regulations of PMCs cannot be neglect thus the use of PMC forces need stronger regulation and a better system of cooperation with other national or international actors....   [tags: Providing Security in Africa] 1158 words
(3.3 pages)
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HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa - HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Sub-Saharan Africa - Sub-Saharan Africa Africa is the second largest of the earth's seven continents, covering about twenty-two percent of the world's total land area. From its northern most point, to its southern most tip is the distance of nearly five thousand miles. Africa is both north and south of the equator. The Atlantic Ocean is located west of the continent, and the Indian Ocean is on the east. Width of the continent is also nearly five thousand miles. Although Africa is so large, much of it is inhabitable....   [tags: Africa Geography Essays Geographical] 1817 words
(5.2 pages)
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Motives for British Imperialism in Africa - Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Governmental Essays] 5625 words
(16.1 pages)
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Africa Country Analysis - These countries are evidence of different ways of thinking about it. Depending on what industry you are in, what your tolerance of risk is and what you are looking to get, you could go to other countries. We wanted to highlight some of those countries in order to show some examples of countries that are, in their class, best prospects. Identifying these classes, however, was challenging, as Africa is not only huge but has very diverse nationstates. Morocco Morocco is the westernmost country in the Maghreb region of Africa....   [tags: Business Economics Africa] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Africa - ... Attacks were made by both sides on armed combatants and unarmed civilians, which shows that neither side was sympathetic anyone but people that were on their side. In the movie, El-hadi Jafar, the leader of the FLN, spoke often of the UN debating the issue of Algeria and was hoping the UN would step in and stop the French from asserting military rule in Algiers. Unfortunately, the UN never made any decisions to intervene, which is most likely due to the fact that France was a permanent member on the UN Security Council, which signs off on all resolutions regarding the deployment of peacekeeping troops....   [tags: Independence Movements, Decolonization] 1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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Articles on the Topic of Extreme Drought in Africa - My topic is the extreme cases of droughts that are occurring throughout Africa. Drought is a local or regional lack of precipitation such that ability to raise crops and feed animals is seriously impaired. Our Environmental Science textbook covers this topic in chapters 9 and 20. Environmental Science is the branch of science concerned with environmental issues. My topic relates to environmental science because in developing countries such as Africa, food, water, clothing, medicine, and many other essential needs for life is extremely limited and situations such as droughts make it even harder for people to live and go through life....   [tags: Extreme Drought, Africa, Environmental Science, En] 970 words
(2.8 pages)
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Harm Caused by Tourism in Africa - Tourism in Africa, How Harmful Can It Be. "We have forgotten how to be good guests, how to walk lightly on the earth as its other creatures do." (Ward). This quote by Barbra Ward exemplifies the blatant disregard that man has for the environment and it is beginning to take its toll. We kill creatures without mercy or purpose and we infiltrate and destroy their homes without any regard for the consequences. Now the results are becoming even more evident and I directly experienced this on my trip to Africa this past summer....   [tags: Africa Environment Tourism]
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1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Apartheid in South Africa - Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid is the political policy of racial segregation. In Afrikaans, it means apartness, and it was pioneered in 1948 by the South African National Party when it came to power. Not only did apartheid separate whites from non-whites, it also segregated the Blacks (Africans) from the Coloreds (Indians, Asians). All things such as jobs, schools, railway stations, beaches, park benches, public toilets and even parliament. Apartheid also prevented blacks from living in white areas....   [tags: Apartheid South Africa Segregation Essays] 1113 words
(3.2 pages)
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Socioeconomic Class and the History of South Africa - Socioeconomic Class and the History of South Africa In any historical account gender, race, socioeconomic class and many more issues are closely interwoven. In fact, to try and separate them would be not only onerous but also a specious task because the resulting account, although perhaps straightforward, would be at best only partial. However, when considering the history of Southern Africa, the most encompassing account would be that of socioeconomic class. The motives behind the historical events of Southern Africa have been strongly socioeconomic, even if the motives then evoked racial or gender based issues....   [tags: African Africa History]
:: 7 Works Cited
1735 words
(5 pages)
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HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa - Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
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How Nelson Mandela used Rugby to unify South Africa - After spending twenty-seven years in prison, Nelson Mandela was released from prison on February 11, 1990. In 1991, Nelson Mandela was chosen to become president of the African National Congress. In 1993, Mandela and South African President F.W. de Klerk announced an agreement that the African National Congress and the National Party form a transitional government, effectively ending apartheid and opening the political process to all South Africans (Williamson). Mandela was elected President of South Africa in 1994, and de Klerk became his first deputy....   [tags: Politics, South Africa]
:: 9 Works Cited
1557 words
(4.4 pages)
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Death and Disease in Africa - Death and Disease in Africa There is one disturbing topic that this paper will cover, but many possible solutions to the problem which will be discussed. The topic is the AIDS epidemic in Africa, and what they can learn from other countries to try to control the rapid spread of AIDS. This paper will offer a few solutions one might find may (or may not) work to help Africa?s peril. Africa has a total fertility rate (TFR) of 5.2 children per woman, a problem that is not likely to go away anytime soon....   [tags: Africa AIDS Population Disease Essays Papers]
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3205 words
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South Africa's Historical Complexity - South Africa's Historical Complexity After having studied Cape Town, South Africa for the past months, I have had the opportunity to come face to face with a place whose culture and history outdoes most other places in the world. Their respect for their historical past and their want to preserve it is remarkable. In 1948, the South African government began to limit the freedom of black Africans. In fact, it was at this point in history that the government officially launched a system of apartheid....   [tags: South Africa History Historical Essays Papers]
:: 3 Sources Cited
987 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Red Cross in East Africa - The Red Cross in East Africa This report is about the Tanzania Red Cross written after community service fieldwork by eleven students from the East African Uongozi Institute, between 04th and 10th July , 2002. The Community service involved working with the Red Cross in the Dar es salaam International Trade Fair[DITF] which was on at the time and we were allocated to work at the Red Cross tents at the Fair ground to help administer first aid to any causalities. The East African Uongozi Institute is an international Cooperation and collaboration primarily involving four institution of higher learning....   [tags: Red Cross Community Service Africa Essays] 3669 words
(10.5 pages)
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The Dynamics of Power in South Africa and Palestine - The Dynamics of Power in South Africa and Palestine For over a hundred years, whites consolidated their power in predominantly black South Africa. In the last fifty years, Israelis have played a major hand in dispersing and oppressing the Palestinian people. Edward Said believes that “The relationship between Occident and Orient is a relationship of power, of domination, of varying degrees of a complex hegemony” (Orientalism 133). Though the geographic reference of this quotation seems less applicable to South Africa, Said’s intuition into the complexity of race relations between oppressors and the oppressed still rings true....   [tags: South Africa Palestine Power Essays] 1148 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Intersection of Religion and Politics in 17th-19th Century Africa - The Intersection of Religion and Politics in 17th-19th Century Africa The stories of Dona Beatriz, Uthman dan Fodio, and Guimba the Tyrant present three cases in which religion and politics overlapped in different ways and to varying degrees. These three individuals lived in distinct historical contexts and had unique religious trainings, sources of spiritual power, track records as religious and political authorities, goals for reshaping the religious and political landscape of their regions, reputations among their contemporaries, and obstacles with which to contend....   [tags: African Africa History]
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2113 words
(6 pages)
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Early History of South Africa: A Climatological Case Study - Early History of South Africa: A Climatological Case Study The early history of Cape Town shares little with the experience of the rest of Africa. The patterns of colonization and the relationship between black Africans and nationalized Europeans are unique to the area. The timing and speed of settlement were possible only because of the local disease environment. The system of racial interaction, a system of Aparthide unique to the area, acted differently than other systems because of farming patterns dictated by the fertility of the land....   [tags: Climate Africa Essays Papers]
:: 4 Sources Cited
985 words
(2.8 pages)
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Hemingway’s The Green Hills of Africa CRH - Hemingway’s The Green Hills of Africa CRH The Green Hills of Africa is Hemingway’s second non-fiction work, set in 1933, following the author and his second wife, Pauline, on a big-game safari in Africa. It was first serialized and then published in 1935. The first run was of 10,500 copies selling at $2.75 a piece. While many smaller critics passed their typical glossy review of Hemingway, those at the height of literary criticism bombarded it. Particularly with respect to what Hemingway claimed the novel was....   [tags: Green Hills of Africa Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited :: 3 Sources Cited
1409 words
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Africa - Europe tried to take many countries, Africa being one of them. The European countries had an effect on Africa today throughout all the primes. Europe had an effect on the African way of life, that in some ways were good, and in some ways bad. Imperialism is defined as the extension or rule or influence by one government, nation, or society over the political, economic, or cultural life of another. European nations decided they wanted land in the mostly unexplored continent, and they took it, without the consent of the African people....   [tags: essays research papers] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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africa - African Cultures Africa has more than 800 languages native to its continent. African cultures are so diverse that they are different from any other culture of the world. African cultures contain many different languages. African languages range from common French to languages unheard of to most people such as Swahili. African arts are much different than American arts. Their art involves much more creative pottery, masks, and paintings. Africa has a very interesting culture. Reasons being the people are very creative and like to express their individuality....   [tags: essays research papers] 1202 words
(3.4 pages)
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AFRICA - HOW HAS THE SPREAD OF AIDS AFFECTED AFRICAN SOCIETY 1. Baer, Hans., et al. “Medical Anthropology and the World System.” A Critical Perspective Ch. 8: p159-269. 2. Stine, Gerald J. “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome… The facts written are by Gerald J. Stine in “Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome” . Worldwide, about 9,000 persons a day become HIV-infected. The majority of all HIV infections worldwide occur in people ages 15-24. Over 1 million people die of AIDS each year. The number of HIV-infections worldwide has tripled since 1990....   [tags: essays research papers] 1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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Africa - Africa’s Resistance to the Portuguese The African history has been affected tremendously due to the influence of some European countries. Portugal, who probably had the greatest impact on the continent, was not shy in invading what they thought to be profitable circumstances. One of these areas that they profited from was the kingdom of Kongo. Kongo was a major Bantu-speaking kingdom astride the Congo River in west-central Africa, probably founded in the 14th century. It was governed by a king, the manikongo, whose economic power was based upon trade in ivory, hides, slaves, and a shell currency of western Africa....   [tags: essays research papers] 484 words
(1.4 pages)
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Aids, Poverty and Ignorance in South Africa - Aids, Poverty and Ignorance in South Africa Twenty years after the first clinical evidence of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was reported, it has become the most devastating disease humankind has ever faced. Since the epidemic began, more than 60 million people have been infected with the virus worldwide. Data shows an estimated 57,520,805 infected people around the world with that number increasing by approximately 1,400 people per day (redribbon.co.za). AIDS is now the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa....   [tags: South Africa AIDS Disease Health Essays]
:: 16 Sources Cited
3707 words
(10.6 pages)
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Africa - The combination of individual and national power and the need to find a safe route to the trade markets of the Indian Ocean led the Europeans to the continent of Africa in the late 1400’s. They would soon discover the abundance of its natural resources and in the next four centuries would systematically trigger the breakdown African societies. These acts would lead the Africans to be integrated into an exploited and racially dominated labor structures that would spread throughout the world. It began with the exploration of the Portuguese in and around western Africa in the late 1400’s to gain access to the Akan goldfields of West Africa....   [tags: essays research papers] 527 words
(1.5 pages)
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South Africa's Weather and Natural Disasters - Weather One of the many unique aspects of South Africa is its intense cultural background and tradition. It is very common in South Africa to know several myths about different towns and cities and to pass the stories on to each generation. There are some myths that explain all sorts of various aspects of South African life, but more importantly, there are some that relate to the weather. One of these myths has to do with a weather pattern that occurs everyday in Cape Town, and is one of the great myths of South Africa....   [tags: South Africa Climate Environment Essays Papers]
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918 words
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Mysterious Africa - Africa has always been mysterious to the rest of the world. The Greeks and the Romans traded with the peoples of Northern Africa. However, they thought that the land mass went no farther south than present day Somalia. In fact, Alexander the Great even considered shipping supplies for his armies around this smaller Africa to India. This same idea continued well into the 15th and 16th centuries until it was discovered that Africa has an extremely large southern protrusion making the second largest continent in the world after Asia....   [tags: African History ] 893 words
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Corruption in Africa - Many unsolved problems in many African countries, but the issue of the rise of corruption are disturbing, and the amends it has done to the polity are vast. The fear of fraud leads to restrict movement of documents in offices, slow traffic on the highways, port congestion, ghost workers syndrome, queues at passport offices, police extortion tollgates and gas stations, vote irregularities among others. Even the nutty people on the road remember the devastation caused by bribery - the funds allocated for their success disappear into some people pockets....   [tags: African Government]
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527 words
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Contemporary African Art - Proposed Research Outline: In the slippery terrain created by globalization and cultural brokering, contemporary art made in Africa (and its diasporas) has enjoyed a steady growth in interest and appreciation by Western audiences during the last few decades (Kasfir, 2007). Several biennials, triennials, and scholarly works attest to that, with much of its impact owed to the figure of Okwui Enwezor. However, seamlessly uniting diverse African artists under the untrained Western gaze for the commercialism of the international art circuit – notwithstanding their different cultural contexts and the medium in which they work – is bound to create problems....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1025 words
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Poverty in Africa - Most people have heard the phrase “poverty in Africa.” It is a prevalent issue that many Americans, though on the other side of the world, want to help out with. Several charities spawn every year to help the African countries that are in need, and cause groups help raise awareness of the issue. However, the amount of poverty in Africa rose 43% from 1994 to 2004, and the numbers keep rising (IRIN Africa). Also, 33 of the 49 least-wealthy countries are in Africa (UN-OHRLLS). The statistics are eye-opening and beg the questions, why are many areas of Africa so impoverished, to what scale are they impoverished, and how deep-rooted are these causes....   [tags: African Poverty Essay, causes, social reform]
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1741 words
(5 pages)
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The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa - The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa Africa is facing a devastating crisis with respect to the AIDS epidemic, currently accounting for over 70% of the world's HIV-positive population. There are, of course, many factors that drive the explosive transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but in the tangled web that is the epidemic in Africa, many of these issues share a common thread. The oppression of women in Africa can be considered the virus' cultural vector. Females are rendered powerless in African societies, and existing gender inequalities are largely responsible for the spread of the disease....   [tags: Disease AIDS Essays Africa Women]
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3064 words
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Failure of IMF and World Bank Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa - Failure of IMF and World Bank Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa Over the last several hundred years, Africa has been deprived of the peace that it so desperately needs. For over 400 years, Africa was subjected to the harsh trans-Atlantic slave trade. Europeans and Americans brutally uprooted millions of Africans and shipped them away. Torn away from their homes, Africans were inhumanely exploited for their labor. The slave trade had a devastating effect not only on those involved, but also on future generations to come....   [tags: Africa World Bank Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited :: 9 Sources Cited
4503 words
(12.9 pages)
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The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa - The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa External pressure played a very important part in bringing about the end of the apartheid. The embodied rejection of White domination in South Africa, in formations of protests, strikes and demonstrations caused a decade of turbulent mass action in resistance to the imposition of still harsher forms of segregation and oppression. The Defiance Campaign of 1952 carried mass mobilisation to new heights under the banner of non-violent resistance to the pass laws....   [tags: ANC South Africa] 1577 words
(4.5 pages)
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Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe - Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe Introduction Comparative politics is concerned with examining the characteristics or qualities of two different political entities to discover resemblances or differences. These entities can be general in nature, for example, the comparison of two countries, or more specific in nature, comparing two different systems of government. But, whether general or specific in nature, comparative politics tries to determine what caused the governments to form in the way that they did....   [tags: Economics South Africa Zimbabwe Essays]
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2329 words
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The Role of Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk in Bringing about the End of Apartheid in South Africa - Apartheid, means "separateness", this was a social system enforced by white minority governments in twentieth-century upon those of ethnic minorities in South Africa. Under apartheid, the black majority was segregated, and was denied political and economic rights equal to those of whites, this had become a distressing daily routine for the Africans. Therefore in 1991 when De Klerk announced the end of Apartheid, this was a momentous moment for the whole of South Africa and an event, which shall be remembered, in black history forever....   [tags: South Africa Mandela Essays] 2232 words
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The Status of Africa - The Status of Africa On October 7 1999, Arizona Daily Wildcat published a remarkable article by Lora Mackel, a history Junior in the University of Arizona. In the article, Mackel expressed her views about the current state of the African continent as follows: We have all seen the images before: Children with bloated bellies, rebels with assault weaponry, shanty towns that spread as far as the camera can pan. These images reflect our own modern conceptions of Africa, for it seems that these wretched conditions and the continent itself are permanently linked....   [tags: Politics Economics Geography African Essays]
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3007 words
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The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat - The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat Both the film and the book versions of Out of Africa portray life in Africa as being a haven for European colonists. In these works, Africa was a beautiful land to move to where the Europeans could live like “royalty” in a sense. Their money went a lot further, and they could have African servants do all the work and chores for them. These African peoples adored the white settlers, and would peacefully work for them for very low wages....   [tags: Compare Contrast Africa Grain Wheat Essays]
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1425 words
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Christianity in Northern Africa - I. INTRODUCTION Christianity in Africa is not a recent happening nor is it a product of colonialism if we go back to the very time of the apostle. Christianity in most area was confronted during the centuries after the struggle by Islam, the Christian religion suffered in some measure, but did not disappear. Christianity has been flourishing on the northern part of this continent for years before Islam was born. Christianity in North African seemed to have been well founded deeply entrenched and firmly led....   [tags: religion, african culture] 1597 words
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The Historical Significance of North Africa - History of mankind is about history of war and most of the history is recorded by the conquerors or the colonizers. History of Africa and more specifically North Africa region has been largely ignored by scholars.(Lecture, 8/6) The countries in North African region, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and the disputed territory of the Western Sahara(Lecture, 8/6) is generally understood to be poor, weak, insignificant, uncivilized country. However, these countries played a significant role in impacting other regions of Europe, Middle East, and Africa, itself with their religion, science, cultural ideas, politics, trade and more....   [tags: african history] 1490 words
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European Imperialism in Africa - In the early 1880’s, the powers of Europe started to take control of regions in Africa and set up colonies there. In the beginning, colonization caused the Africans little harm, but before long, the Europeans started to take complete control of wherever they went. The Europeans used their advanced knowledge and technology to easily maneuver through the vast African landscape and used advanced weapons to take control of the African people and their land. The countries that claimed the most land and had the most significant effect on Africa were France, England, Belgium, and Germany....   [tags: colonialism, african history, european history] 1534 words
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The Apartheid in South Africa - The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 1270 words
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Poverty and Child Runaways in Africa - Every three seconds another child living in Africa dies. Many of these children live on the streets of Africa, forced to runaway due to the dire conditions of their previous home lives. Every day thousands of children die in each city, many of their bodies emaciated or beaten beyond belief. These children of the street go through unimaginable trials, unbearable pain, and still find enough hope and optimism to work and fight to live, and for some to raise money to support their families. To understand further the desperate living conditions of runaway children in Africa, disease and poverty must be examined, previous home life must be considered, and the conditions of life on the street must be taken into account....   [tags: Child Abuse, Starvation, African, HIV] 719 words
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South Africa Needs Apartheid - Thesis Statement: Apartheid may have been a horrible era in South African history, but only so because the whites were forced to take action against the outrageous and threatening deeds of the blacks in order to sustain their power. United Nations members, and fellow concerned citizens, the world must discuss with the consequences of the initiation of apartheid. Apartheid, the separation of races completely, has become a horrible era in South African history, and has killed many innocent victims....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]
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The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa - The strength of a nation is not established by the force of its military, economic standing, or government, but rather how its citizens are regarded. In order to attain strength, a nation must respect the principle of solidarity; the power of one voice. For without a defined sense of unity, a society is likely to crumble. Unfortunately, as seen throughout history, civilization has often made it their mission to seek out the differences in one another instead of accepting them. This fear of the unknown has led to humankind’s most despicable behavior; the separation of individuals due to their physical attributes....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]
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1631 words
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Apartheid in South Africa - Origins of Apartheid In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 2564 words
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Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined - Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined Declining water resources are one of the causes of the efforts to raise the productivity of the traditional rain-fed farming in West Africa and have affected the growing season and water conservation. With the shortage of water comes the potential for conflict between several African countries. Water resources are declining in West Africa. The annual renewable water resources in West Africa reported by the World Bank in 1994 was about 350 billion cubic meters (1 cubic meter = 35.3 cubic feet)....   [tags: Water Decreasing West Africa Essays]
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Books for Africa - Books for Africa has kept over 28 million books out of landfills.(“Got books”page 1) Books for Africa is a organization that sends books to less fortunate children in Africa. Books for Africa is working hard to improve literacy rates in Africa. Books for Africa is a non-charitable organization that sends books to less fortunate kids in Africa. The organization is 100 percent volunteers dedicated to raising money to buy books. I'm sure you are wondering about sending books to Africa. The African literacy rate is very low and sending books to Africa helps the children in Africa learn how to read and write....   [tags: Non-Charitable Organization] 1531 words
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The Scramble for Africa - The Scramble for Africa is one of the best examples of colonization in world history. Europe alone managed to colonize the entire African continent in a period of roughly twenty five years, spanning from 1875 to 1900. The quest for power by European nations was only one of the driving forces for this race for colonization. The geographical location and the natural resources to be exploited in certain regions of the continent were important factors in the race for land. Another factor that contributed to the colonization of Africa was the end of the slave trade....   [tags: World History]
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West Africa - West Africa By: West Africa is know for its rich trading empire, natural landmarks, for their beautifully designed cloth, and jewelry. To begin with, West Africa is known for its interesting land features, landforms, and its gradually changing climate. For example, Lake Chad is one of West Africa's well known features. Lake Chad is one of Africa's largest freshwater lake, and is know for its shrinking over time in size....   [tags: Geography] 585 words
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Urbanization in Africa - Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately....   [tags: Development, Urban Trend] 1087 words
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Deforestation in Africa - Deforestation is a growing problem in Africa due to the household communities’ dependency to use wood for fuel to prepare their daily meals, or to sell in charcoal made from wood in order to buy food for their families and survive. For most households in Africa, the use of wood to make charcoal is their way of life. Without this resource, it would make it difficult for them to survive. Their dependency for wood increases during drought season and flooding and leaves them dependent for wood to use as fuel....   [tags: Conservation ]
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Healthcare in Africa - Information systems are a vital necessity to healthcare institutions in the United States and other nations with the ominous need to keep up with technology, research, and science in the 21st. Century. Most of healthcare institutions in Africa still depend on physical documentation, written by hand and afterword’s stored in binders locked away in storing facilities. With the growing populace in Africa, gathering information concerning patients health documents is costly, hard to maintain, and unethical....   [tags: Healthcare]
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Deforestation in Africa - Deforestation is a growing problem in Africa due to the household communities’ dependency to use wood for fuel to prepare their daily meals, or to sell in charcoal made from wood in order to buy food for their families and survive. For most Africa household, the use of wood to make charcoal is their way of life. Without this resource, it would make it difficult for them to survive. Their dependency for wood increases during the drought season or flooding, which leaves them dependent on wood for charcoal....   [tags: Environment ]
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An Image of Africa - An Image of Africa Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad has been depicted as “among the half-dozen greatest short novels in the English language.” [pg.1] Chinua Achebe believes otherwise. In Chinua Achebe’s An Image of Africa: Racism is Conrad’s Heart of Darkness he simply states that, “Joseph Conrad was a thoroughgoing racist” [pg.5] Achebe argues that the racist observed in the Heart of Darkness is expressed due to the western psychology or as Achebe states “desire,” this being to show Africa as an antithesis to Europe....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Joseph Conrad] 1065 words
(3 pages)
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Homophobia in Africa - ... A life is given to us and we do not have any right to take it away or torture it, punishing a person because of his feelings is inhumane. The only known religion which seems openly positive to homosexuality is Hinduism. According to the article “Does Religion Condemn Homosexuality?” by Michael Bronski et al, in the RD Magazine said that “Same-sex attachments and desire were both known and generally tolerated in ancient and medieval India, as reflected in such sacred texts as the Kama Sutra and Krittivasa Ramayana.” Something more surprising is the existence of Muslim LGTB whose groups are apparently located in Toronto-based Salaam and US-based Al-Fatiha....   [tags: homosexuality, sexual orientation, culture]
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The Modernization of Africa - ... Egypt was the first to set up a printing press in 1822, and during the reign of Muhammad Ali, textile and cotton mills, wood mills, glassworks, and a paper mill had been established. Due to the encroaching Europeans, some African states modernized their military spheres as well. The best examples of this are: Menelik of Ethiopia, who “replaced his unpaid feudal army with a well-equipped army of professional soldiers and built factories to produce cannons and mortars” (Boahen, 9), and Samori Ture, the West African general and empire builder who “reformed and modernized his army and equipped it with some of the latest, most sophisticated weapons of the day” (Boahen, 9)....   [tags: Albert Adu Boahen]
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The War on Conflict Diamonds - “Diamonds are forever” it is often said. “But lives are not”, says Martin Chungong Ayafor, Chairman of the Sierra Leone Panel of Experts, “We must spare people the ordeal of war, mutilations and death for the sake of conflict diamonds.” (United Nations 2). This is a very powerful quote from someone who has and is experiencing (Gerund) firsthand the gruesome terror of the conflict over diamonds in Africa. This war has started because of the greed for money and power in the abundant diamond industry in the different parts of Africa by the R.U.F....   [tags: Africa ]
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The Gold Mining Industry in South Africa - Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. The environmental impact of gold mining on the environment includes water, air and noise pollution. The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world. It provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in the mining industry alone. The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfully....   [tags: African, African Mining] 1023 words
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Zimbabwe's Issues - Zimbabwe's Issues Africa is the second largest continent in the world and has a thriving population of over 900 million people. In his book Guns Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond explains why he thinks that the West has more cargo than Africa. After reading the first two chapters of his book I found out that I share a lot of the same views as he does. I believe that Africa has so little material wealth compared to the West because of government, economy, disease, and geography or climate. All of these things are big issues in present day Africa and even back in the late 1800's....   [tags: Africa]
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Somalia at War - Africa is a rich continent with an abundance of resources, diverse cultures, exotic people and exciting traditions, yet it seems as though it is perpetually facing armed conflict (Lukunka, 2012). Of the conflicts Africa is facing currently, Somalia is the center for some of the largest conflicts. The history of Somalia has been hit with conflict after conflict, not only between rival clans but also with other countries, most recently between not only regional powers but also the US and Al-Qaida....   [tags: Africa]
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INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA - 1.1 INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA This study presents an assessment of connections between service delivery – water services in particular – and participatory strategies adopted by different communities. This study was thought-out within a context of heightened militancy in local government as exemplified by the widespread and so called service delivery protests in 2005-2006. A large body of literature (e.g. Benit-Gbaffou 2008a, 2008b, Piper and Nadvi 2010, Tapscott 2010, 2005, Ballard et al 2006, Miraftab 2006, and Zeurn 2001) already exists on the state-civil society nexus in the post apartheid era....   [tags: Africa] 1934 words
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Benin Art in Museums and Galleries - The display of Benin art in museum and galleries reflect the attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards non-western artefacts, especially African. Thus as European attitudes change towards non-western art since the discovery of Benin art in 1897, Benin art has been revaluated and re-categorised. Initially there was a great deal of debate about Benin art and its display, as it did not equate with the perceptions then held about Africa. Until the British conquest of Benin in 1897, little was known about Benin and its culture apart from brief interaction with other Europeans in the sixteenth century....   [tags: Africa ]
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