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South Africa - South Africa is a nation with a wonderful and varied culture. This country has been called “The Rainbow Nation”, a name that reflects the diversity of such amazing place. The different ethnic and cultural groups of the South Africa do, however, appreciate their own beliefs and customs. Many of these traditions, besides African culture, are influenced by European and Western heritage. The complex and diverse population of the country has made a strong impact to the various cultures. There are forty-five million people; about thirty million are black, five million white, three million coloured and one million Indians....   [tags: Africa] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
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Underdevelopment of Africa - Underdevelopment of Africa Underdevelopment in Africa is a problem that has been plaguing the countries all over the continent for a very long time. It has so many negative effects on Africans. It has brought about so many consequences, but of all, the economy is the most affected sector because the economic sector controls all other aspect of the society. Underdevelopment in Africa is as a result of many contributing factors which include poverty, illiteracy, very large extended families, corruption and lack of accountability....   [tags: Africa] 626 words
(1.8 pages)
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AIDS Prevention in Africa - ... The drugs reduce the amount of virus in their body fluids, making it harder to pass on the virus. “An earlier start to treatment seems to cut transmission by an impressive 16 percent during the clinical trial” (Pisani). The public health establishment has procrastinated about the “evidence-based” approaches to HIV prevention, “we should only do what has been proven to work”. The trouble is that things that succeed in “careful scientific studies can fail miserably when translated into real life....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1625 words
(4.6 pages)
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HIV in South Africa v. Uganda - ... As mentioned above, the spread of disease from mother to child was becoming an increasing problem in South Africa: by 2000, the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women had risen to nearly 21%; one rural community in South Africa saw a prevalence of HIV, among pregnant women aged 20 to 24, increase to 51% by 2001. The increase did not only impact pregnant women, however; this had become a pandemic among all subgroups across South Africa. The apartheid government’s view of blacks created breeding grounds for disease, causing many populations to live in close quarters composed largely of migrant workers who did not have access to health care....   [tags: Africa ] 2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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Negative Affects of Imperialism in Africa in the 19th Century - ... Centralized and decentralized city-states of pre-colonial Africa were replaced by colonial governments. Institutions of direct and indirect rule were established. Traditional rulers were defeated and local systems of governments were destroyed. As well, colonial governments denied Africa the right to any self-governance. This destroyed Africa’s tribal structure and previous successful forms of government. Colonial powers then came to the realization that they needed the assistance of traditional leaders to govern effectively.6 However, it was very difficult to establish these authorities, leaving Africa’s political structure weak and corrupt....   [tags: Africa ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1758 words
(5 pages)
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Colonialism and Africa - ... As migrants flowed within the British empire, Asians who arrived in Kenya were given greater access to social, educational and capitalist opportunities by the colonials, as a result of higher 'racial' status(also Bennell 1982, p131). This expanding community naturally reinforced itself, in part due to the issues of trust and networking, in the absence of openly available commercial institutions(Vandenberg 2003, p450). Another consequence of inheriting the colonial state is the diversion of resources to maintaining the integrity of these states post-independence....   [tags: African Countries, Post Colonial Africa] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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HIV in South Africa - A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1760 words
(5 pages)
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Imperialism in Africa - Imperialism in Africa Imperialism is defined as one country’s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. In Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, imperialism was present and growing. The main countries involved in the imperialism in Africa were the French, German, and Great Britain. The French’s empire was mainly in North and West Africa while Britain’s colonies were scattered throughout the continent. Germany ruled over such countries as Tanganyika, Togoland, and Cameroon, until their defeat in World War I....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Government Essays] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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South Africa - South Africa The Republic of South Africa is located on the southern tip of the continent of Africa. It is slightly less than twice the size of Texas, about 1,223,201 square kilometers. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland run from west to east along South Africa’s northern border. The country of Lesotho lies entirely within the borders of South Africa and is completely landlocked. The South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean surround the southern coast. South Africa is divided into nine provinces: the Northern Province, Kwazulu/Natal, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, the North West Province, the Western Cape, the Northern Cape and the Eastern Cape....   [tags: South Africa Governmental Cultural Essays]
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3519 words
(10.1 pages)
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Causes of Mirra Chewing in East Africa - If you go to East Africa for a holiday, you will rarely miss someone in the middle of road absent-mindedly chewing miraa. How can a human being chew that many dry leaves like a goat. Nevertheless, it is a kind of leisure, a fun or a means of entertainment for most of the people out there. Mirra is a type of stimulant herb that grows in East Africa. It mainly grows in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. The funny thing about it is once it gets into you. You get into a plane and visit imaginary places....   [tags: mirra, East Africa, ] 608 words
(1.7 pages)
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HIV Prevention in Africa - HIV prevention in Africa A continuing rise in the number of HIV infected people is not inevitable. There is growing evidence that prevention efforts can be effective, and this includes initiatives in some of the most heavily affected countries. One new study in Zambia has shown success in prevention efforts. The study reported that urban men and women are less sexually active, that fewer had multiple partners and that condoms were used more consistently. This is in line with findings that HIV prevalence has declined significantly among 15-29 year-old urban women (down to 24.1% in 1999 from 28.3% in 1996)....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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AIDS in Africa - AIDS In Africa      HIV-AIDS has infected over thirty million people in the world. Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in Africa and in some of those countries over 40% of the people are infected (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV and AIDS in Africa 1). AIDS does not solely affect homosexuals, or any certain ethnicity of people, either; HIV-AIDS can affect any type of ethnicity including African Americans, Caucasians, Asians, Indians, and Hispanic people. AIDS cannot be reversed or cured, but with proper treatment this deadly virus can be controlled and people can live a nearly normal life....   [tags: AIDS HIV Disease Africa African Essays]
:: 4 Sources Cited :: 11 Sources Consulted
2869 words
(8.2 pages)
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Johannesburg, South Africa: Home of the 2010 FIFA World Cup - The city of Johannesburg is both the largest and richest city in the nation of South Africa. It is also one of the nine cities selected to host the FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup, although among those cities it has the unique distinction of being home to two stadiums, including Soccer City, the venue for the final. The chance to shine on the international stage has led to massive renovations of the stadiums and tourist-focused areas of the city. These renovations create numerous jobs, which are frequently taken by migrant workers from other regions....   [tags: South Africa]
:: 9 Works Cited
1567 words
(4.5 pages)
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Creation Mythology of Africa - Creation Mythology of Africa One way of examining the values and traditions of a people is to look at their explanations for how the world came to be. These stories make such wonderful tools for analysis because all cultures have some sort of ‘creation’ story. Thus to compare groups of people we may start by looking at their creation mythology. It is important to note that the downfall of comparing mythologies is that in a way it is like comparing apples to oranges. This is because not every myth portrays and explains the same elements....   [tags: Myths Africa African Essays]
:: 7 Sources Cited
1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa - HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 982 words
(2.8 pages)
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Sub-Saharan Africa - Sub-Saharan Africa Africa is the second largest of the earth's seven continents, covering about twenty-two percent of the world's total land area. From its northern most point, to its southern most tip is the distance of nearly five thousand miles. Africa is both north and south of the equator. The Atlantic Ocean is located west of the continent, and the Indian Ocean is on the east. Width of the continent is also nearly five thousand miles. Although Africa is so large, much of it is inhabitable....   [tags: Africa Geography Essays Geographical] 1817 words
(5.2 pages)
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Motives for British Imperialism in Africa - Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Governmental Essays] 5625 words
(16.1 pages)
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Africa Country Analysis - These countries are evidence of different ways of thinking about it. Depending on what industry you are in, what your tolerance of risk is and what you are looking to get, you could go to other countries. We wanted to highlight some of those countries in order to show some examples of countries that are, in their class, best prospects. Identifying these classes, however, was challenging, as Africa is not only huge but has very diverse nationstates. Morocco Morocco is the westernmost country in the Maghreb region of Africa....   [tags: Business Economics Africa] 1253 words
(3.6 pages)
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Harm Caused by Tourism in Africa - Tourism in Africa, How Harmful Can It Be. "We have forgotten how to be good guests, how to walk lightly on the earth as its other creatures do." (Ward). This quote by Barbra Ward exemplifies the blatant disregard that man has for the environment and it is beginning to take its toll. We kill creatures without mercy or purpose and we infiltrate and destroy their homes without any regard for the consequences. Now the results are becoming even more evident and I directly experienced this on my trip to Africa this past summer....   [tags: Africa Environment Tourism]
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1257 words
(3.6 pages)
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Articles on the Topic of Extreme Drought in Africa - My topic is the extreme cases of droughts that are occurring throughout Africa. Drought is a local or regional lack of precipitation such that ability to raise crops and feed animals is seriously impaired. Our Environmental Science textbook covers this topic in chapters 9 and 20. Environmental Science is the branch of science concerned with environmental issues. My topic relates to environmental science because in developing countries such as Africa, food, water, clothing, medicine, and many other essential needs for life is extremely limited and situations such as droughts make it even harder for people to live and go through life....   [tags: Extreme Drought, Africa, Environmental Science, En] 970 words
(2.8 pages)
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Socioeconomic Class and the History of South Africa - Socioeconomic Class and the History of South Africa In any historical account gender, race, socioeconomic class and many more issues are closely interwoven. In fact, to try and separate them would be not only onerous but also a specious task because the resulting account, although perhaps straightforward, would be at best only partial. However, when considering the history of Southern Africa, the most encompassing account would be that of socioeconomic class. The motives behind the historical events of Southern Africa have been strongly socioeconomic, even if the motives then evoked racial or gender based issues....   [tags: African Africa History]
:: 7 Works Cited
1735 words
(5 pages)
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Apartheid in South Africa - Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid is the political policy of racial segregation. In Afrikaans, it means apartness, and it was pioneered in 1948 by the South African National Party when it came to power. Not only did apartheid separate whites from non-whites, it also segregated the Blacks (Africans) from the Coloreds (Indians, Asians). All things such as jobs, schools, railway stations, beaches, park benches, public toilets and even parliament. Apartheid also prevented blacks from living in white areas....   [tags: Apartheid South Africa Segregation Essays] 1113 words
(3.2 pages)
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HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa - Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa] 1169 words
(3.3 pages)
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How Nelson Mandela used Rugby to unify South Africa - ... Mandela’s plan was in jeopardy, and his hard work to convince the black South Africans to back the Springboks appeared to be for naught. But with minutes to spare, the field was declared ready to play. The Springboks won, and advanced to the championship game against their rival, New Zealand. On the day of the championship, Mandela wore a green Springbok jersey and hat as he stepped on to the field to shake hands with the teams. The sixty-five thousand fans in the stadium, ninety-five percent of them white, erupted in a chant of “Nelson....   [tags: Politics, South Africa]
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1557 words
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Death and Disease in Africa - Death and Disease in Africa There is one disturbing topic that this paper will cover, but many possible solutions to the problem which will be discussed. The topic is the AIDS epidemic in Africa, and what they can learn from other countries to try to control the rapid spread of AIDS. This paper will offer a few solutions one might find may (or may not) work to help Africa?s peril. Africa has a total fertility rate (TFR) of 5.2 children per woman, a problem that is not likely to go away anytime soon....   [tags: Africa AIDS Population Disease Essays Papers]
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3205 words
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South Africa's Historical Complexity - South Africa's Historical Complexity After having studied Cape Town, South Africa for the past months, I have had the opportunity to come face to face with a place whose culture and history outdoes most other places in the world. Their respect for their historical past and their want to preserve it is remarkable. In 1948, the South African government began to limit the freedom of black Africans. In fact, it was at this point in history that the government officially launched a system of apartheid....   [tags: South Africa History Historical Essays Papers]
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987 words
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The Red Cross in East Africa - The Red Cross in East Africa This report is about the Tanzania Red Cross written after community service fieldwork by eleven students from the East African Uongozi Institute, between 04th and 10th July , 2002. The Community service involved working with the Red Cross in the Dar es salaam International Trade Fair[DITF] which was on at the time and we were allocated to work at the Red Cross tents at the Fair ground to help administer first aid to any causalities. The East African Uongozi Institute is an international Cooperation and collaboration primarily involving four institution of higher learning....   [tags: Red Cross Community Service Africa Essays] 3669 words
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The Dynamics of Power in South Africa and Palestine - The Dynamics of Power in South Africa and Palestine For over a hundred years, whites consolidated their power in predominantly black South Africa. In the last fifty years, Israelis have played a major hand in dispersing and oppressing the Palestinian people. Edward Said believes that “The relationship between Occident and Orient is a relationship of power, of domination, of varying degrees of a complex hegemony” (Orientalism 133). Though the geographic reference of this quotation seems less applicable to South Africa, Said’s intuition into the complexity of race relations between oppressors and the oppressed still rings true....   [tags: South Africa Palestine Power Essays] 1148 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Intersection of Religion and Politics in 17th-19th Century Africa - The Intersection of Religion and Politics in 17th-19th Century Africa The stories of Dona Beatriz, Uthman dan Fodio, and Guimba the Tyrant present three cases in which religion and politics overlapped in different ways and to varying degrees. These three individuals lived in distinct historical contexts and had unique religious trainings, sources of spiritual power, track records as religious and political authorities, goals for reshaping the religious and political landscape of their regions, reputations among their contemporaries, and obstacles with which to contend....   [tags: African Africa History]
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2113 words
(6 pages)
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Early History of South Africa: A Climatological Case Study - Early History of South Africa: A Climatological Case Study The early history of Cape Town shares little with the experience of the rest of Africa. The patterns of colonization and the relationship between black Africans and nationalized Europeans are unique to the area. The timing and speed of settlement were possible only because of the local disease environment. The system of racial interaction, a system of Aparthide unique to the area, acted differently than other systems because of farming patterns dictated by the fertility of the land....   [tags: Climate Africa Essays Papers]
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985 words
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Hemingway’s The Green Hills of Africa CRH - Hemingway’s The Green Hills of Africa CRH The Green Hills of Africa is Hemingway’s second non-fiction work, set in 1933, following the author and his second wife, Pauline, on a big-game safari in Africa. It was first serialized and then published in 1935. The first run was of 10,500 copies selling at $2.75 a piece. While many smaller critics passed their typical glossy review of Hemingway, those at the height of literary criticism bombarded it. Particularly with respect to what Hemingway claimed the novel was....   [tags: Green Hills of Africa Essays]
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1409 words
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Aids, Poverty and Ignorance in South Africa - Aids, Poverty and Ignorance in South Africa Twenty years after the first clinical evidence of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was reported, it has become the most devastating disease humankind has ever faced. Since the epidemic began, more than 60 million people have been infected with the virus worldwide. Data shows an estimated 57,520,805 infected people around the world with that number increasing by approximately 1,400 people per day (redribbon.co.za). AIDS is now the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa....   [tags: South Africa AIDS Disease Health Essays]
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3707 words
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South Africa's Weather and Natural Disasters - Weather One of the many unique aspects of South Africa is its intense cultural background and tradition. It is very common in South Africa to know several myths about different towns and cities and to pass the stories on to each generation. There are some myths that explain all sorts of various aspects of South African life, but more importantly, there are some that relate to the weather. One of these myths has to do with a weather pattern that occurs everyday in Cape Town, and is one of the great myths of South Africa....   [tags: South Africa Climate Environment Essays Papers]
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918 words
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Africa - Europe tried to take many countries, Africa being one of them. The European countries had an effect on Africa today throughout all the primes. Europe had an effect on the African way of life, that in some ways were good, and in some ways bad. Imperialism is defined as the extension or rule or influence by one government, nation, or society over the political, economic, or cultural life of another. European nations decided they wanted land in the mostly unexplored continent, and they took it, without the consent of the African people....   [tags: essays research papers] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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africa - African Cultures Africa has more than 800 languages native to its continent. African cultures are so diverse that they are different from any other culture of the world. African cultures contain many different languages. African languages range from common French to languages unheard of to most people such as Swahili. African arts are much different than American arts. Their art involves much more creative pottery, masks, and paintings. Africa has a very interesting culture. Reasons being the people are very creative and like to express their individuality....   [tags: essays research papers] 1202 words
(3.4 pages)
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AFRICA - HOW HAS THE SPREAD OF AIDS AFFECTED AFRICAN SOCIETY 1. Baer, Hans., et al. “Medical Anthropology and the World System.” A Critical Perspective Ch. 8: p159-269. 2. Stine, Gerald J. “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome… The facts written are by Gerald J. Stine in “Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome” . Worldwide, about 9,000 persons a day become HIV-infected. The majority of all HIV infections worldwide occur in people ages 15-24. Over 1 million people die of AIDS each year. The number of HIV-infections worldwide has tripled since 1990....   [tags: essays research papers] 1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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Africa - Africa’s Resistance to the Portuguese The African history has been affected tremendously due to the influence of some European countries. Portugal, who probably had the greatest impact on the continent, was not shy in invading what they thought to be profitable circumstances. One of these areas that they profited from was the kingdom of Kongo. Kongo was a major Bantu-speaking kingdom astride the Congo River in west-central Africa, probably founded in the 14th century. It was governed by a king, the manikongo, whose economic power was based upon trade in ivory, hides, slaves, and a shell currency of western Africa....   [tags: essays research papers] 484 words
(1.4 pages)
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Contemporary African Art - ... Previous research: My doctoral project makes evident the interconnection between cinemas from Africa and the Americas (mainly Brazil and the United States) via an articulation of shared experiences of diaspora and sites of memory. My approach centred first on the diasporic connections between Lusophone African and (African-)Brazilian cinemas. Working intentionally on a South-to-South axis on the ‘Black Atlantic’, I focused on suggesting a viable alternative to the long-known and well-established North Atlantic outlook on this field of study....   [tags: Africa ]
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1025 words
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Africa - The combination of individual and national power and the need to find a safe route to the trade markets of the Indian Ocean led the Europeans to the continent of Africa in the late 1400’s. They would soon discover the abundance of its natural resources and in the next four centuries would systematically trigger the breakdown African societies. These acts would lead the Africans to be integrated into an exploited and racially dominated labor structures that would spread throughout the world. It began with the exploration of the Portuguese in and around western Africa in the late 1400’s to gain access to the Akan goldfields of West Africa....   [tags: essays research papers] 527 words
(1.5 pages)
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Mysterious Africa - Africa has always been mysterious to the rest of the world. The Greeks and the Romans traded with the peoples of Northern Africa. However, they thought that the land mass went no farther south than present day Somalia. In fact, Alexander the Great even considered shipping supplies for his armies around this smaller Africa to India. This same idea continued well into the 15th and 16th centuries until it was discovered that Africa has an extremely large southern protrusion making the second largest continent in the world after Asia....   [tags: African History ] 893 words
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Corruption in Africa - Many unsolved problems in many African countries, but the issue of the rise of corruption are disturbing, and the amends it has done to the polity are vast. The fear of fraud leads to restrict movement of documents in offices, slow traffic on the highways, port congestion, ghost workers syndrome, queues at passport offices, police extortion tollgates and gas stations, vote irregularities among others. Even the nutty people on the road remember the devastation caused by bribery - the funds allocated for their success disappear into some people pockets....   [tags: African Government]
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527 words
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Poverty in Africa - Most people have heard the phrase “poverty in Africa.” It is a prevalent issue that many Americans, though on the other side of the world, want to help out with. Several charities spawn every year to help the African countries that are in need, and cause groups help raise awareness of the issue. However, the amount of poverty in Africa rose 43% from 1994 to 2004, and the numbers keep rising (IRIN Africa). Also, 33 of the 49 least-wealthy countries are in Africa (UN-OHRLLS). The statistics are eye-opening and beg the questions, why are many areas of Africa so impoverished, to what scale are they impoverished, and how deep-rooted are these causes....   [tags: African Poverty Essay]
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1741 words
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The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa - The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa Africa is facing a devastating crisis with respect to the AIDS epidemic, currently accounting for over 70% of the world's HIV-positive population. There are, of course, many factors that drive the explosive transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but in the tangled web that is the epidemic in Africa, many of these issues share a common thread. The oppression of women in Africa can be considered the virus' cultural vector. Females are rendered powerless in African societies, and existing gender inequalities are largely responsible for the spread of the disease....   [tags: Disease AIDS Essays Africa Women]
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3064 words
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Failure of IMF and World Bank Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa - Failure of IMF and World Bank Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa Over the last several hundred years, Africa has been deprived of the peace that it so desperately needs. For over 400 years, Africa was subjected to the harsh trans-Atlantic slave trade. Europeans and Americans brutally uprooted millions of Africans and shipped them away. Torn away from their homes, Africans were inhumanely exploited for their labor. The slave trade had a devastating effect not only on those involved, but also on future generations to come....   [tags: Africa World Bank Essays]
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4503 words
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The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa - The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa External pressure played a very important part in bringing about the end of the apartheid. The embodied rejection of White domination in South Africa, in formations of protests, strikes and demonstrations caused a decade of turbulent mass action in resistance to the imposition of still harsher forms of segregation and oppression. The Defiance Campaign of 1952 carried mass mobilisation to new heights under the banner of non-violent resistance to the pass laws....   [tags: ANC South Africa] 1577 words
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Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe - Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe Introduction Comparative politics is concerned with examining the characteristics or qualities of two different political entities to discover resemblances or differences. These entities can be general in nature, for example, the comparison of two countries, or more specific in nature, comparing two different systems of government. But, whether general or specific in nature, comparative politics tries to determine what caused the governments to form in the way that they did....   [tags: Economics South Africa Zimbabwe Essays]
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2329 words
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The Role of Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk in Bringing about the End of Apartheid in South Africa - The Role of Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk in Bringing about the End of Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid, means "separateness", this was a social system enforced by white minority governments in twentieth-century upon those of ethnic minorities in South Africa. Under apartheid, the black majority was segregated, and was denied political and economic rights equal to those of whites, this had become a distressing daily routine for the Africans. Therefore in 1991 when De Klerk announced the end of Apartheid, this was a momentous moment for the whole of South Africa and an event, which shall be remembered, in black history forever....   [tags: South Africa Mandela Essays] 2232 words
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The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat - The Fantasy of Out of Africa vs. the Reality of Ngugi's A Grain of Wheat Both the film and the book versions of Out of Africa portray life in Africa as being a haven for European colonists. In these works, Africa was a beautiful land to move to where the Europeans could live like “royalty” in a sense. Their money went a lot further, and they could have African servants do all the work and chores for them. These African peoples adored the white settlers, and would peacefully work for them for very low wages....   [tags: Compare Contrast Africa Grain Wheat Essays]
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1425 words
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The Status of Africa - The Status of Africa On October 7 1999, Arizona Daily Wildcat published a remarkable article by Lora Mackel, a history Junior in the University of Arizona. In the article, Mackel expressed her views about the current state of the African continent as follows: We have all seen the images before: Children with bloated bellies, rebels with assault weaponry, shanty towns that spread as far as the camera can pan. These images reflect our own modern conceptions of Africa, for it seems that these wretched conditions and the continent itself are permanently linked....   [tags: Politics Economics Geography African Essays]
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3007 words
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Christianity in Northern Africa - I. INTRODUCTION Christianity in Africa is not a recent happening nor is it a product of colonialism if we go back to the very time of the apostle. Christianity in most area was confronted during the centuries after the struggle by Islam, the Christian religion suffered in some measure, but did not disappear. Christianity has been flourishing on the northern part of this continent for years before Islam was born. Christianity in North African seemed to have been well founded deeply entrenched and firmly led....   [tags: religion, african culture] 1597 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Historical Significance of North Africa - History of mankind is about history of war and most of the history is recorded by the conquerors or the colonizers. History of Africa and more specifically North Africa region has been largely ignored by scholars.(Lecture, 8/6) The countries in North African region, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and the disputed territory of the Western Sahara(Lecture, 8/6) is generally understood to be poor, weak, insignificant, uncivilized country. However, these countries played a significant role in impacting other regions of Europe, Middle East, and Africa, itself with their religion, science, cultural ideas, politics, trade and more....   [tags: african history] 1490 words
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European Imperialism in Africa - In the early 1880’s, the powers of Europe started to take control of regions in Africa and set up colonies there. In the beginning, colonization caused the Africans little harm, but before long, the Europeans started to take complete control of wherever they went. The Europeans used their advanced knowledge and technology to easily maneuver through the vast African landscape and used advanced weapons to take control of the African people and their land. The countries that claimed the most land and had the most significant effect on Africa were France, England, Belgium, and Germany....   [tags: colonialism, african history, european history] 1534 words
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The Apartheid in South Africa - The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 1270 words
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Poverty and Child Runaways in Africa - Every three seconds another child living in Africa dies. Many of these children live on the streets of Africa, forced to runaway due to the dire conditions of their previous home lives. Every day thousands of children die in each city, many of their bodies emaciated or beaten beyond belief. These children of the street go through unimaginable trials, unbearable pain, and still find enough hope and optimism to work and fight to live, and for some to raise money to support their families. To understand further the desperate living conditions of runaway children in Africa, disease and poverty must be examined, previous home life must be considered, and the conditions of life on the street must be taken into account....   [tags: Child Abuse, Starvation, African, HIV] 719 words
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South Africa Needs Apartheid - Thesis Statement: Apartheid may have been a horrible era in South African history, but only so because the whites were forced to take action against the outrageous and threatening deeds of the blacks in order to sustain their power. United Nations members, and fellow concerned citizens, the world must discuss with the consequences of the initiation of apartheid. Apartheid, the separation of races completely, has become a horrible era in South African history, and has killed many innocent victims....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]
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The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa - ... Instead of being recognized as members of the same human kinship, they were viewed as savages not deserving of the same respect. Therefore, leading to the founding principles of apartheid. In recent years, South Africa has been remodeled as a country enriched with diverse cultural heritage and a defined sense of unity. However, the nation has not always been receiving of its various cultural groups. Instead, much of South Africa’s history is filled with disturbing instances of racial segregation....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]
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Apartheid in South Africa - Origins of Apartheid In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families....   [tags: South African Apartheid ] 2564 words
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Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined - Two Reasons why Water Resources and Traditional Rain-fed Farming in West Africa have Declined Declining water resources are one of the causes of the efforts to raise the productivity of the traditional rain-fed farming in West Africa and have affected the growing season and water conservation. With the shortage of water comes the potential for conflict between several African countries. Water resources are declining in West Africa. The annual renewable water resources in West Africa reported by the World Bank in 1994 was about 350 billion cubic meters (1 cubic meter = 35.3 cubic feet)....   [tags: Water Decreasing West Africa Essays]
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Books for Africa - ... (“Books from America” page 1) Books are like video games in Africa, kids love them. So, that is why this organization sends books. They don’t only send books to kids in Africa they send E books, which are electronic devices that allow you to download books to them and you read them off of there. (“E-books for Africa” page 1”) Which is great since they don't have many books and the books they have are usually in bad shape. E-books are good for interactive reading. (“E-books for Africa” page 1”) Each E book can speak multiple languages....   [tags: Non-Charitable Organization] 1531 words
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The Scramble for Africa - ... Interest in colonizing Africa became strong after this period. The British had already acquired Cape Colony, located in southern tip of Africa from the Dutch in the 1600s. When the Suez Canal opened in 1869, British Foreign Minister Benjamin Disraeli a large portion of the share holdings from the Egyptian ruler, establishing a strong British influence in the region after the French abandoned the joint occupation. The ultimate goal of the British government was to establish a rail line from the Suez Canal and the top of Africa to the bottom tip of Cape Colony in what became known as the Cape to Cairo campaign....   [tags: World History]
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West Africa - West Africa By: West Africa is know for its rich trading empire, natural landmarks, for their beautifully designed cloth, and jewelry. To begin with, West Africa is known for its interesting land features, landforms, and its gradually changing climate. For example, Lake Chad is one of West Africa's well known features. Lake Chad is one of Africa's largest freshwater lake, and is know for its shrinking over time in size....   [tags: Geography] 585 words
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Urbanization in Africa - ... So this is saying that government development policies and budget divisions, in which urban residents are often favorites over rural areas and will tend to pull more people into the urban areas. In the cities, public investment often misses the urban poor; with expenses biased towards the higher-income classes and the poor among defenseless groups such as new migrants who force them into slums (Saundry, 2008). As one can see this is something that many people would not want happening. Therefore, the market forces results in a series of changes in employment, urban agriculture and urban production systems....   [tags: Development, Urban Trend] 1087 words
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Deforestation in Africa - ... Reducing or eliminating the need to cut down trees for fuel will slow down the deforestation and allow the forest a chance to replenish, rebuild and retain its natural resource. It is of great importance to save the forest because “…without trees, the rains turn to floods, and wash away the soil and its minerals, so with no crops to sell because of drought and floods, and with no electricity because of clogged rivers and high prices, many people feed their families by cutting down trees for charcoal” (Kamkwamba and Mealer 82)....   [tags: Conservation ]
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Healthcare in Africa - ... The purpose of this is to stray away officials, due to chaos, government manipulation, radicals, and civil wars. Information Systems implemented for project Africa. For project Africa I have included three types of information systems, the first (IS) that I have implemented (see Figure A), is the most important towards a well-balanced system is Clinical Information System (CIS) shown in (Figure A, IS1). This type of (IS) that is a computer based system which is designed for storing, collecting, making available clinical information, delivery of information faster, and efficient (Biohealthmatics.com, 2010)....   [tags: Healthcare]
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Deforestation in Africa - ... It is of great importance to save the forest because “because without trees, the rains turn to floods, and wash away the soil and its minerals, so with no crops to sell because of drought and floods, and with no electricity because of clogged rivers and high prices, many people feed their families by cutting down trees for charcoal” (Kamkwamba and Mealer 82). As Daulos Muambeta himself admitted, “that depending on charcoal as fuel source for the country had a pernicious effect on the environment” (Masina 74)....   [tags: Environment ]
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An Image of Africa - ... 3] Achebe believes that Conrad deliberately showed Mr. Kurtz’s mistress as a “savage counterpart to the refined, European woman.” [pg.4] As he moves into more detail of the difference, he moves into the subject of the black’s lack of speech. He states that “It is clearly not part of Conrad’s purpose to confer language on the rudimentary souls of Africa.” [pg. 4] Instead of speech they are represented with sounds (i.e. grunting). My first critique was that of the blacks’ lack of speech, where Conrad presents speech on the motorboat....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Joseph Conrad] 1065 words
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The War on Conflict Diamonds - ... To intimidate voters and keep control on the diamond mines, the R.U.F “chopped off the hands and feet of adults, teens, and infants.” (Brown 1). Despite this vicious onslaught, the R.U.F. was still allowed to participate (Infinitive) in the elections. (Brown 1). This remains the biggest reason that we must put an end to these rebel groups and the pain they cause to African families. The impact on Africa that the war over conflict diamonds has caused has affected Africa both positively and negatively....   [tags: Africa ]
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Zimbabwe's Issues - Zimbabwe's Issues Africa is the second largest continent in the world and has a thriving population of over 900 million people. In his book Guns Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond explains why he thinks that the West has more cargo than Africa. After reading the first two chapters of his book I found out that I share a lot of the same views as he does. I believe that Africa has so little material wealth compared to the West because of government, economy, disease, and geography or climate. All of these things are big issues in present day Africa and even back in the late 1800's....   [tags: Africa]
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Somalia at War - ... interest. Among those are oil and global trade, maritime security, armed conflicts and violent extremist that are tied to radical Islamic views like al-Qaeda. With protecting the homeland being one of the U.S. top priorities Al-Qaeda and their sympathizers are their number one concern. U.S. interest in Somalia has shifted back and forth over the decades with changing security and strategic interest. Currently U.S. interest in Somalia range from piracy, trade, humanitarian issues, broader regional stability and terrorism, with the principle interest to the U.S since 9/11 being terrorism....   [tags: Africa]
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INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA - 1.1 INTRODUCING THE SERVICE DELIVERY AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CONUNDRUM IN KHAYELITSHA This study presents an assessment of connections between service delivery – water services in particular – and participatory strategies adopted by different communities. This study was thought-out within a context of heightened militancy in local government as exemplified by the widespread and so called service delivery protests in 2005-2006. A large body of literature (e.g. Benit-Gbaffou 2008a, 2008b, Piper and Nadvi 2010, Tapscott 2010, 2005, Ballard et al 2006, Miraftab 2006, and Zeurn 2001) already exists on the state-civil society nexus in the post apartheid era....   [tags: Africa] 1934 words
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Benin Art in Museums and Galleries - ... This resulted in the display of the Benin bronze plaques in the British Museum as a ‘collective wall decoration, halfway up the main stairs, one more element in the eclectic mosaic of artefacts’ (Wood, 2008, p72). The rest of the display of various antiquities of art and functional items like weapons and transport displayed jumbled together in glass cabinets with little or no detail as to the function or cultural value of the artefacts often misrepresenting ideas about primitive life. The primitive nature of African art attracted many artists looking for new inspiration and expression as urban modernity lost its vitality in the late 1880’s and 90’s (Wood, 2008)....   [tags: Africa ]
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Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States - ... The leader of al-Shabaab, Mukhtar Abu al-Zubair, posted an audio message, on the group's website, stating that his followers "will march with you as loyal soldiers," in a statement to the al-Qaeda leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri (CNN Wire Staff, 2012). Eritrea's war for independence from Ethiopia lasted for 30 years. The Eritrean People's Liberation Front, which became the political party referred to as the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), has controlled Eritrea since its victory over the Ethiopian military forces in 1991....   [tags: Africa ]
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Conflict and Corruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Africa has long been a nation of conflict and strife. Certain countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have a prolonged history of corrupt leaders, violence and lack of resources. These conflicts often can lead to spill over and create wars in their neighboring countries. When a weak state has internal conflict it often spreads to surrounding weak states as it did with many of the countries in central Africa. This type of crisis will often involve the entire world in a variety of capacities such as militaries, foreign aid and the global economy....   [tags: Africa]
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The Congo Free State - ... and Britain, sent expeditions to the Congo to observe and report on the conditions there, as rumors abounded that Leopold was using particularly brutal methods, such as requiring soldiers to present severed hands to display an effective use of weaponry , to enforce rubber collection. Foreign visitors and inspectors, such as E.D. Morel, who determined that Congo was “being ‘systematically robbed’,” Roger Casement, whose trip to the interior of the Congo stopped early due to “‘touching only the outermost fringe of horrible reality’ [and being] physically exhausted and emotionally distraught” and Edgar Canisus, whose descriptions of the Rubber Collecting methods of the Congo detailed the harshness of the regime....   [tags: Africa ] 1971 words
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William Kamkwamba: The Boy Who Harnessed the Hearts of the World - ... Thus it was from the hands of foreign powers that some small relief came. Michael Wines of The New York Times reported that the United States in association with the World Food Program stepped in almost immediately to assist with the food shortage (Wines). But some did not consider this assistance the wisest course of action. In light of the fraudulent Malawian governments' penchant for conveniently misplacing funds it was said that they should be left to their own devices. Fred Smith, Jr, President of Competitive Enterprise Institute claimed as much, saying, “One of the tragedies of Western society is that we have rushed in to rescue nations from observing the consequences of their foolish policies....   [tags: Africa ]
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Somalia Police Force - ... It instructs the U.S. military to Integrate stability operations tasks and considerations into their Theater Campaign Plans, theater strategies, and applicable Department of Defense directed plans. Align DoD theater strategies and plans with complementary stability operations-related capabilities, strategies, and plans of other U.S. Government agencies, foreign government and security forces, and the private sector, as they mature and capacity increases. So far, training for the Somalia Police has been an international effort....   [tags: Africa ]
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Thomas Sankara: The Lion King - ... After another coup on November 7, 1982 brought to power Major-Doctor Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo, Sankara became prime minister in January 1983 (Burkina Faso, 2012). He was dismissed on May 17 and placed under house arrest after a visit by the French president's son and African affairs adviser Jean-Christophe Mitterrand because of his liberal political ideals (Who killed, n.d.). Henri Zongo and Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani were also placed under arrest which resulted in a popular uprising (Burkina Faso, 2012)....   [tags: Africa]
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Benin Bronzes - ... and MacKenzie, R. 2008, p. 33). Finally, the plaques are clear evidence of a mutually beneficial cultural encounter with Portuguese traders in which both parties gained. It could be speculated that the rectilinear form of the plaques arose from Benin craftsmen seeing Portuguese oil paintings, but there is no evidence of this. The plaques, however, do first appear after contact with the Portuguese, following which there was a resurgence in bronze sculptures, probably as a result of the increased wealth and confidence of Benin....   [tags: Africa ]
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Potential Effects of the Eritrean and Ethiopian Border Conflict - ... In response to the brutality of the conflict, the US National Security Advisor, acting as a special envoy assisted in creating a cease-fire known as the Algiers Agreement. The Algiers Agreement provided a 25-kilometer buffer zone between the two countries that was patrolled by troops from the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE). While the cease-fire held for several years, Badme remained an area of contention because the Algiers Agreement awarded control of the town to Eritrea....   [tags: Africa ]
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The Importance of Stability in Somalia - ... These separatist movements, coupled with rampant corruption in all levels of government, make it virtually impossible for the United States to maintain consistent and meaningful relations with the Somalis. If an acceptable form of central government can be maintained, then we will be able to more readily assist the Somalis in other areas of struggle such as famine, healthcare, and access to fresh water. Another very strong catalyst behind the instability in the country of Somalia, is the presence of Muslim terrorist organizations like Al-Shabaab and Al-Qaeda....   [tags: Africa]
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