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Your search returned 212 essays for "Aeschylus Oresteia":
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Reproduction of the Oikos in Aeschylus’ Oresteia - Aeschylus’ Oresteia is the chronicles of a cursed family that includes a circle of betrayal, adultery, and murder, among other things. The Greek word oikos can be used to describe the Greek family structure. In Homer’s Odyssey, two polar opposites of oikoi are given. First, the son of Odysseus’ son Telemachus meets Nestor, who symbolizes a near-perfect oikos . The family is involved in a large sacrificial feast upon the arrival of Telemachus . He also utilizes xenia, the Greek word for manners or the ideal guest-host relationship, to perfection....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia ]
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2296 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Powerful Clytemnestra in Aeschylus' Oresteia - The Powerful Clytemnestra in Aeschylus' Oresteia What Price Glory. was the title of a Maxwell Anderson play about World War I. Although the Oresteia deals with the period following a much different war, the same question can be asked of it. In the trilogy Aeschylus presents the reader with a stunning example of ancient Greek society, in which warrior ideals were firmly held, and glory in battle was considered the supreme good. The question of moral justification in the trilogy brings in many complex issues, but all of them revolve around the construction of Greek society and the role of different individuals in this system....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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2076 words
(5.9 pages)
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Justice in Aeschylus' The Oresteia - Justice in Aeschylus' The Oresteia How can an endless and violently destructive cycle be just. The concept appears in places along the human timeline as diverse as the Bible and West Side Story. Why do people have a tendency to amplify and repeat violence through a cycle of murder and revenge, and how can this destructive process be called justice. In The Oresteia, the cycle is a familiar one, but is also interweaved with gender issues and a sense of justice that changes within the cycle itself....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia] 1534 words
(4.4 pages)
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Eumenides - Resolution of Conflict in Aeschylus' Oresteia - The Resolution of Conflict in Aeschylus' Oresteia       Aeschylus, was a master dramatist - he liked to portray conflict between persons, human or divine, or between principles.1 His trilogy of plays, the Oresteia, develops many conflicts that must be resolved during the action of the Eumenides, the concluding play of the trilogy. The central theme of the Oresteia is justice (dike) and in dealing with questions of justice, Aeschylus at every stage involves the gods.2 The Oresteia's climactic conflict in the Eumenides revolves around justice and the gods - opposing conceptions of justice and conflicting classes of gods....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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1871 words
(5.3 pages)
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Eumenides - Importance of Gender in Aeschylus' Oresteia - The Importance of Gender in Aeschylus' Oresteia          Gender is made explicit as a theme throughout the Oresteia through a series of male-female conflicts and incorrectly gendered characters dominated by the figure of Clytemnestra, a woman out of place. This opposition of gender then engenders all the other oppositions of the trilogy; conflicts of oikos and polis, chthonic and Olympian, old and young can be assigned to female and male spheres respectively.  In this essay I will look at how the polis examines itself in terms of gender by focusing on the Eumenides' exploration of the myth of matriarchy, issues of the conflict between oikos and polis and the use of speech within the polis....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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3666 words
(10.5 pages)
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Oresteia - The Issue of Justice in Aeschylus' Eumenides - Oresteia - The Issue of Justice in Aeschylus' Eumenides The concept of justice is manifested through the three plays of Aeschylus' Oresteia. The old tradition of justice, the private blood feud, caused an ungoverned succession of violent acts that spiralled uncontrollably. Aegisthus, Clytemnestra's lover, is introduced in Agamemnon; he desires vengeance for the plot contrived by Agamemnon's father (Ag: 1605-1611).1 Neither Agamemnon nor Aegisthus took part in this "plot" and yet as the chorus explains (Ag: 755-6) 'But ancient Violence longs to breed, new violence comes when its fatal hour comes,' The justice system of this period demanded that one avenge the death of a family me...   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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2472 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Oresteia by Aeschylus: Guilty or Innocent - When a person is accused of a crime they are either found innocent or guilty. This is the basic idea of justice and it is what many feel needs to happen if someone has done something controversial. In the play The Oresteia by Aeschylus, the story of Clytemnestra guilt or innocents is questioned. She does many things that people are not too happy with and those controversial actions throughout the story, mainly in the first part Agamemnon get her into the trouble. As we explore the case that builds against her innocents by exploring the killings of Agamemnon and Cassandra and the boastful expression about the killings....   [tags: Oresteia Aeschylus] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
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Justice and Aeschylus' Oresteia - Justice and Aeschylus' Oresteia        At first glance, the picture of justice found in the Oresteia appears very different from that found in Heraclitus. And indeed, at the surface level there are a number of things which are distinctly un-Heraclitean. However, I believe that a close reading reveals more similarities than differences; and that there is a deep undercurrent of the Heraclitean world view running throughout the trilogy. In order to demonstrate this, I will first describe those ways in which the views of justice in Aeschylus' Oresteia and in Heraclitus appear dissimilar....   [tags: Oresteia Essays]
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3391 words
(9.7 pages)
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The Oresteia, Aeschylus - In “The Oresteia” trilogy, the ancient Greek playwright Aeschylus advocates the importance of the male role in society over that of the female. The entire trilogy can be seen as a subtle proclamation of the superiority of men over women. Yet, the women create the real interest in the plays. Their characters are the impetus that makes everything occur. The most complex and compelling character in the three plays is Clytaemnestra. Clytaemnestra is consumed with thoughts of revenge. She seeks vengeance on Agamemnon for the loss of their daughter, Iphigeneia whose life was forfeited in order to appease the goddess Artemis so that Agamemnon's troops would be allowed passage to the Trojan shore....   [tags: The Oresteia Trilogy] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Imagery of Bloodshed in The Oresteia - The Imagery of Bloodshed in The Oresteia   In the prologue of Agamemnon, the first play of Aeschylus' trilogy, The Oresteia, the watchman implores the gods for "a blessed end to all our pain." (20). He is asking for deliverance from the retributive system of justice, where the only certainty is that bloodshed breeds more bloodshed. The old men of the chorus in their opening chant, "Hymn to Zeus," declare that suffering must be experienced before man can be released from this ceaseless irredeemable bloodshed and thus be, "free from all the pain." (1) They declare that it is a law laid down by Zeus "that we must suffer, suffer into truth./ We cannot sleep, and drop by drop a...   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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3451 words
(9.9 pages)
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Justice and Social Order in The Oresteia - Justice and Social Order in The Oresteia   Democracy, emerging in the city-state of Athens, allowed unprecedented power to her citizens. Among these new powers was the ability to legislate. Yet, legislation was not without its problems. First the citizens must agree upon what is just and unjust, and then enforce the law by bringing the unjust to reconcile their guilt with the public through trial, and finally dispense the appropriate penalty. This evolution was not without concern. The Greeks were attempting to establish a governmental system which would span the middle ground between anarchy and despotism....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Cycle of Vengeance in Aeschylus’s Oresteia - The Cycle of Vengeance in Aeschylus’s Oresteia   The cyclic thread of vengeance runs like wild fire through the three plays in Aeschylus’s Oresteia. This thread, with its complexity of contemporary and universal implications lends itself quite well to – in fact, almost necessitates – deeply interested study. While a brief summary of the Oresteia will inevitably disregard some if not much of the trilogy’s essence and intent, on the positive side it will establish a platform of characters, events, and motives with which this paper is primarily concerned....   [tags: Oresteia Essays]
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2434 words
(7 pages)
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Progression from Evil to Good in Oresteia - Progression from Evil to Good in Oresteia Aeschylus' use of darkness and light as a consistent image in the Oresteia depicts a progression from evil to good, disorder to order. In the Oresteia, there exists a situation among mortals that has gotten out of control; a cycle of death has arisen in the house of Atreus. There also exists a divine disorder within the story which, as the situation of the mortals, must be brought to resolution: the Furies, an older generation of gods, are in conflict with the younger Olympian gods because they have been refused their ancient right to avenge murders between members of the same family....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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1472 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Power of Zeus Teleios in the Oresteia - The Power of Zeus Teleios in the Oresteia         Is the action in the Oresteia preordained. Is the trilogy simply a working through of destiny and fate; the ultimate telos of the events being the downfall of the house of Atreus. Are the characters in the story destroyed by themselves or by the necessity of the deeds that are carried out. These are some of the questions I will discuss in this essay.   I wish to concentrate on the end of the story as we know it, the Eumenides, with reference to character portrayal in the previous parts of the trilogy....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]
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3299 words
(9.4 pages)
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The Conflict in The Eumenides of The Oresteia - The Conflict in The Eumenides of The Oresteia   In The Eumenides, the third book of The Oresteia, there exists a strong rivalry between the Furies and the god Apollo; from the moment of their first confrontation in Apollo’s temple at Delphi, it is clear that the god and the spirits are opposing forces. Their actions bring them into direct conflict, and both of them are stubbornly set on achieving their respective goals while at the same time interfering with or preventing the actions of the other....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia] 1372 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Philosophy and Psychology of Sophocles’s Antigone and The Eumenides in Aeschylus’ Oresteia - The Philosophy and Psychology of Sophocles’s Antigone and The Eumenides in Aeschylus’ Oresteia There is a consensus among readers of the poetry or plays written in the fifth century that the plays succeed with inspiring profound movement on the audience. The methods or reasons for the reader to be moved by a text are often disputed. Specific to tragic works the concepts of philosophy and psychology are critical elements to understand the cause of the stirred emotions of individuals who response to classical tragedies in a similar manner....   [tags: Antigone Oresteia]
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2194 words
(6.3 pages)
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The Judgment of Athena in Oresteia - The Judgment of Athena in Oresteia Athena resolves the conflicts of the Oresteia with an ambiguous judgment that seems to satisfy all parties involved. However, in any conflict, at least one party must make sacrifices to work toward a resolution. Athena achieves her paradoxical result by misleading Apollo to think that he has received total victory in judgment and by offering compensatory powers to the Erinyes, thus creating an illusion of satisfaction for all amidst a reality of compromise. Athena first addresses Apollo's argument of the superiority of paternity, but she allows compromise by never fully admitting that Clytemnestra's murder was morally justified....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia] 791 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Strong Women in The Orestia by Aeschylus - The Strong Women in The Orestia by Aeschylus To most readers, the women of The Orestia are evil and vindictive, a disgrace to all chaste and righteous women.  Aeschylus portrayed women as equals to men, which was not the opinion of most Greeks at the time.  Although he showed some of his women characters as evil, he granted them power, and emasculated the men around them.  Unlike Homer, the women of Aeschylus show both ranges of emotions, both the good and the bad.  A woman portrayed as a villain may be thought of negatively, but the fact that a female is allowed to be the villain, to take action, and leave other men helpless to the choices that she makes, it is a great step.  In the time...   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia Essays]
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1526 words
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The Role of Dreams in Genesis, Song of Songs, and The Oresteia - The Role of Dreams in Genesis, Song of Songs, and The Oresteia When describing the role of dreams in ancient texts, Freud wrote, “They took it for granted that dreams were related to the world of the supernatural beings in whom they believed, and that they brought inspirations from the gods and demons.  Moreover, it appeared to them that dreams must serve a special purpose in respect of the dreamer; that, as a rule, they predicted the future.”   He goes on to explain the findings of a fellow psychiatrist, Gruppe, who believed that there are two classes of dreams in ancient texts.  The first class is influenced only by the present or past and does not play a largely significant role in the...   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia] 2520 words
(7.2 pages)
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Comparing Revenge in Aeschylus' The Oresteia Trilogy and Sophocles' Electra - Revenge in Aeschylus' The Oresteia Trilogy and Sophocles' Electra   The act of revenge in classical Greek plays and society is a complex issue with unavoidable consequences. In certain instances, it is a more paramount concern than familial ties. When a family member is murdered another family member is expected to seek out and administer revenge. If all parties involved are of the same blood, the revenge is eventually going to wipe out the family. Both Aeschylus, through "The Oresteia Trilogy," and Sophocles, through "Electra," attempt to show the Athenians that revenge is a just act that at times must have no limits on its reach....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 843 words
(2.4 pages)
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Religious Beliefs in Aeschylus' Oresteia, Homer’s Iliad, and Sophocles’ Electra - Religious Beliefs in Aeschylus' Oresteia, Homer’s Iliad, and Sophocles’ Electra The final and definitive defeat of the Persian army at the battle of Plataea represented the end of an age-long threat to Athens. But the victory was also a miracle, as all the odds were against the Athenians at the onset of the war. While Pericles took charge of Athens after the war and started the advance of democracy, religion also thrived. The rebuilding of the Acropolis and the construction of the Parthenon and its great statue of Athene under Pericles' rule signified the height of religious belief among Athenians....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1673 words
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The Oresteia - The War-of the-Sexes in Eumenides - The War-of the-Sexes in Eumenides   In this essay I will examine the war-of the-sexes taking place in The Eumenides, the final play of The Oresteia. The plot of The Eumenides pits Orestes and Apollo (representing the male gods and, to a certain extent, male values in general) against the ghost of Clytemnestra and the Furies (equally representative of female values.) Of more vital importance, however, is whether Athene sides with the males or females throughout the play. The character of Orestes is somewhat down-played in The Eumenides and in fact his role is far less significant than that of Apollo....   [tags: Oresteia Essays]
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2114 words
(6 pages)
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The Orestia:Aeschylus, Religion and Women - Aeschylus was, by all accounts, a notable participant in Athens’s major dramatic competitions. Regarded as the father of tragedy, Aeschylus used poetry to address ethical dilemmas that were often present during his time. In the Oresteia, Aeschylus’ religious tendencies seem to, at times, cloud his view. In the context of the play, events created by human hubris set off a chain reaction of such epic proportions that only the gods can help mend; he seems to forgive and forget the gods involvement in the events that lead to the curse....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]
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1620 words
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Tragedy in The Orestia - Tragedy in the Oresteia The human will desires transcendence. Instead of recognizing the physical and mental limits of our species, we labor to circumvent them. The desire for immanent achievement, transcendence and supremacy becomes especially apparent whenever man attempts to intervene against nature: in medicine, we attempt to secure immortality through antibiotics and surgery; in contemporary moral culture, we attempt to justify and defend sanguineous deeds of the past and present through constant objectification and qualification; and in psychology, we attempt to simultaneously separate and unite the brain and mind through psychoneurological principles....   [tags: Aeschylus] 1737 words
(5 pages)
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Justice in the Oresteia - Justice in the Oresteia Justice is often taken for granted in the world we live in today with a judicial system that gives fair punishment for most crimes. In the Oresteia justice works much differently, where there are no judges or a court system to resolve disputes, instead there is revenge. Revenge is very messy because somebody will and has to get hurt first to desire revenge, and it leads to a cycle that cannot and will not end until everybody is dead. Justice does not and cannot only be revenge because in the end nobody would be left in that system....   [tags: Papers] 844 words
(2.4 pages)
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Vengeance in Oresteia - Vengeance in Oresteia From the beginning of time vengeance or retribution has been part of the human condition. This is especially true in Aeschylus's trilogy the Oresteia. One of the underlying themes in these works is Oculo pro oculo or an eye for an eye. According to the plays introduction by Richmond Lattimore, the history behind this blood feud of vengeance begins with Atreus and Thyestes. Atreus tricks his brother Thyestes into partaking of his own children (another possible Hannibal sequel)....   [tags: Papers] 957 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Characterisation of Clytaemnestra in the "Oresteia" - In this essay I intend to discuss how Aeschylus presents Clytaemnestra in the Oresteia and how he marks the extent to which traits of Clytaemnestra's character remain defiantly unchanged as she manipulates events and characters around her. Clytaemnestra is the only character who appears in all three plays in the trilogy, but despite her immense stage presence she remains a troublesome character to interpret due to the highly ambiguous nature of her words. I intend to show that the key to unlocking Clytaemnestra's manly heart lies in the fact that she hated Agamemnon, not simply because he had killed her child, nor because she loved Aegisthus, but out of a jealousy that was not a jealously of...   [tags: European Literature] 2290 words
(6.5 pages)
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Sleep Imagery in The Oresteia - Sleep Imagery in The Oresteia Sleep—it's what divides the day and the night; the conscious and the subconscious; the aware and the unaware. It's image, then, is a powerful tool for polarizing such extremes. In his trilogy, The Oresteia, Aeschylus utilizes sleep imagery to divide between those who are aware and those who aren't. Though sleep's meaning changes throughout the plays, Clytaemestra is always able to use it to her aid. Her story accompanies a shift in a justice system that defines right and wrong....   [tags: Papers] 703 words
(2 pages)
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Comparing Oresteia and The Republic - Comparing Oresteia and The Republic The tragic poet Aeschylus, and the philosopher Plato have arguably written two of the most influencing works ever in western history. The Oresteia, and The Republic each respectively depicts its individual accounts of how justice came to exist in human society. In the ancient In the famous dialogs of Socrates, The Republic attempts to analyze society rationally and change the state so that individuals could attain the Socratic goal of moral excellence. For Socrates, the just state could not be founded on tradition because tradition was not based on rational thinking, nor on the doctrine of power and strength being right....   [tags: Papers] 1208 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Oresteia - The Oresteia In the trilogy Oresteia, the issues concerned are the transformation from vengeance to law, from chaos to peace, from dependence to independence, and from old to new. These four significant changes all take place throughout the play and are somewhat parallel to the transformations that were going on in Ancient Greece. In Aeschylus' trilogy, the Greeks' justice system went through a transformation from old to new ways. In the beginning of the trilogy, the characters settle their matters, both personal and professional, with vengeance....   [tags: Papers] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
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Civilization in Aeschylus' The Orchesteia and Voltaire's Candide - Man’s continual search for a perfect civilization attributes the history of human progress. From Plato to Locke to Marx, man has always sought to order society to provide justice for himself and for his children. In this everlasting quest for perfection and utopia, many writers have suffered the penalties of imprisonment, exile, or even death. In time, most critical writers learned that in order to avoid such brushes with the authorities, they must use imagination, sarcasm and irony, as in satire, and/or use aliases so that their identity remains undisclosed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
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Chorus Intervention in Aeschylus' the Eumenides and Agamemnon - In The Eumenides and Agamemnon of The Oresteia trilogy, Aeschylus constructs an over-arching metaphor for elements of the new Athenian democracy. The chorus in each play represents the people who feel under-represented and disrespected, by the society's changing values. In The Eumenides, the chorus of Furies is frustrated with the younger gods and infringements on their power; in Agamemnon the chorus fears more the control of an effective woman in Clytemnestra rather than the leadership of fruitless Agamemnon....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Clytemnestra: Not Another Homeric Savage - The Greek interpretation of what makes a man “civilized” and what makes him “savage” is a recurring theme throughout the ancient epics, battle narratives, and dramas, including Aeschylus’ Agamemnon. In this first installment of The Oresteia, the chorus of Argive elders expresses keen outrage at the killing of Agamemnon, which suggests that they equate savagery with the madness they see in Clytemnestra: “just as your mind is maddened by the bloody deed, the blood-fleck in your eyes is clear to see” (1426-1427)....   [tags: Aeschylus's Agamemnon] 1333 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Agamemnon of Aeschylus - The Agamemnon of Aeschylus Prologue: The Watchman on the roof of the Palace of Agamemnon at Mycenae presents the facts. He has been watching a year for the fire signal that will announce Troy's capture, and all is not well within the house. He sees the beacon at last and will tell Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife. He rejoices at the news for it means his master will be coming home. Parodos or Entry of the Choros, who are Elders of Argos, counsellors to the Queen Regent. They chant about the expedition against Troy....   [tags: Papers] 1519 words
(4.3 pages)
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A Comparison of Civilization in The Oresteia and Milton's Paradise Lost - Civilization in The Oresteia and Paradise Lost         The continual search for a perfect civilization marks the history of human progress. From Plato to Locke to Marx, man has sought to order society to provide justice for himself and his children. In this quest for paradise, myths of primitivity help describe how social institutions can direct humans away from their temptations toward higher goals. In Aeschylus' The Oresteia and John Milton's Paradise Lost, human civilization is viewed as an imperfect balance of opposites which helps combat man's tendencies toward barbarism and misogyny....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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1803 words
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The Dilemmas of the Oresteia: Like Father, Like Son? - Aeschylus' The Oresteia features two characters burdened by seemingly hopeless decisions. First is Agamemnon, king of Argos, whose army was thwarted by the goddess, Artemis. Agamemnon was faced with the decision to call off the army's sail to Troy, and thus admit defeat and embarrassment, or to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia, to satisfy Artemis whom had stopped the winds to delay Agamemnon's fleet. Second is Orestes, son of Agamemnon, who was given the choice by Apollo to avenge his father's murder, thus committing matricide, or face a series of torturous consequences....   [tags: World Literature] 796 words
(2.3 pages)
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A History of Tragedies - Where did tragedy originate, and who decided that killing the main characters of a play was best way to communicate his plot. Tragedy was invented by the Greeks long ago. In the fourth year of the sixty-third Olympiad, or 525 B.C., the first great tragic playwright was born (“Aeschylus”). The playwright's name was Aeschylus, son of Euphorion ("Aeschylus"), and he wrote about ninety plays, though the number is uncertain, seven of which have withstood the tests of time (Kopff). His works have been incredible to the point that he earned the title "Father of Tragedy" (Kopff)....   [tags: Aeschylus, death of the main character]
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1628 words
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The Serpent and the Eagle: From Darkness to Light - Yet as we journey from the dark to the light in Aeschylus, we cannot leave the dark behind – the darkness breeds the light. ⎯ Robert Fagles and W. B. Stanford, “Introduction: The Serpent and the Eagle” It is without fail that throughout Aeschylus’ trilogy, The Oresteia, the presence of light and dark can be found in the characters, the plot and the themes. The trilogy follows the House of Atreus its emergence from darkness into the light. However, the light and darkness are often presented symbolically throughout the trilogy and often appear as pairs, which are constantly at odds with each other like Clytaemnestra versus Orestes and Apollo verses the Furies....   [tags: literature, Aeschylus trilogy]
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1617 words
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Emasculation of Men Leads to Deaths of Women - Women, like men, are accountable for all of their deeds. However, in Greek literature, in which male-dominated societies are common, women who take personal responsibility for their actions often face unfair consequences. For example, in Aeschylus's The Oresteia and Sophocles' Antigone, Clytaemnestra and Antigone both took justice into their own hands to honor their respective families. As a result, they died at the hands of men who had difficulty accepting their justifications. The reason for this is because the men felt emasculated by these two women's actions....   [tags: antigone, oresteia, agamemnon]
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1423 words
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Aeschylus - Aeschylus was born in Eleusis, a Greek town near Athens, in 525 B.C. He was the first of the great Greek tragedians, preceding both Sophocles and Euripides, and is often credited with inventing tragic drama. Prior to Aeschylus, plays were primitive, consisting of a single actor and a chorus offering commentary. In his works, he added a "second actor" (often more than one) thus creating endless new dramatic possibilities. He lived until 456 B.C., fighting in the wars against Persia, and attaining great acclaim in the world of the Athenian theater....   [tags: essays research papers] 1818 words
(5.2 pages)
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Analysis of Aeschylus Agamemnon - Analysis of Aeschylus Agamemnon Characters- The Watchman Clytaemnestra The Herald Agamemnon Cassandra Aegisthus The Chorus 1). The Watchman: • The watchman sets the time and place for the play (Agamemnon’s palace in Argos, the house of Atreus); he describes the many miserable nights he has spent on the rooftop of the palace watching for the signal fires that will herald the fall of Troy. • The watchman is one Aeschylus’s small characters, but like the herald he serves an important role as he not only sets the scene but also perhaps portrays the mood of Argos awaiting their king and soldiers return....   [tags: Greek Dramatist Plays Literature Essays] 4506 words
(12.9 pages)
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Justice In Orestes - Justice in Orestes Aeschylus is primarily concerned with the nature of justice. In the trilogy The Oresteia, the Akhaians evolve from an older, more primitive autocratic form of justice, to a new concept of civil justice devised by Athena. He confronts the contrast between the old and new orders, the lives of the members of the House of Atreus, and the serious moral questions that Orestes' crime presents. The case against Orestes is strong. The son admits to striking down his mother, in violation of the sacred tenant of kinship....   [tags: The Oresteia Equality Justice Essays] 1445 words
(4.1 pages)
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Violence and Monarchy in The Literary Works of Oresteia - Violence and Monarchy in The Literary Works of Oresteia In the ancient myths from the Aegean seas, much political theory is derived. Lessons on the dangers associated with monarchical political forms are brought to light. The connection between gender and power along with violence, war and necessity raise questions to enact a democracy and depersonalize the government. In the literary works of the Oresteia there is a relationship built between the perpetuated cycle of violence and monarchy. The cycle of vengeance began with the slaughter of Thyestes children and continued throughout the generations of hierarchy....   [tags: Greek Mythology, Oresteia] 509 words
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Comparing Women's Revenge in The Oresteia and Medea - Comparing Women's Revenge in The Oresteia and Medea Clytaemnestra and Medea are two women who are seeking justice for a wrong committed by their husbands. Clytaemnestra?s husband, Agamemnon, did not wrong here directly but rather indirectly. Agamemnon sacrificed their daughter Iphigeneia, in order to calm the Thracian winds. For Clytaemnestra this brought much hatred towards Agamemnon. Here Agamemnon had betrayed Clytaemnestra and their daughters trust, and for that she sought revenge. Medea's husband, Jason, had dishonored her with his unfaithfulness....   [tags: Oresteia Medea Revenge Essays]
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Tragic Hero: Agamenon by Aeschylus - ... Agamemnon was just doing his job, but for very selfish reasons. He was being self serving, not only in Aulis, bur also in Troy, in Argos, and in Elysium. In the Illiad, after having sacked a city near Troy, women were taken as war prizes. A prize of war is considered property that was seized by the victors. While winning these prizes is an incentive to fight, it is not ethical to take war prizes. An ideal war (forgive the statement) is fought fairly and ethically, so the two sides can mend and forgive their grievances once the war has ended....   [tags: ancient Greek playwrights] 1462 words
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Agamemnon a Tragedy by Aeschylus - Aeschylus’ well-known tragedy of Agamemnon allows one to closely look at the treasured polytheistic religious ideas of Ancient Greece and how the Grecians relied heavily on the thought of free will versus fate determined by their gods. With the play being set and written in Greece, the polytheistic lifestyle is apparent and unabashed as the culture of the time would have seen the play to be easily believable; the entire audience would have been familiar with the various gods and goddesses as well as being familiar with the situation that begins the play: the Trojan War....   [tags: polytheistic ideas, grecians, trojan war]
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Overview: Prometheus Bound by Aeschylus - Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound portrays a greek god detained by a superior for disobedience against the latter’s rule. On the other hand in Euripides’ Hippolytus portrays lust and vengeance of the gods and the extent that they can go to to avenge it. In Prometheus Bound, all the characters are keenly aware of the power of Zeus: his name is invoked as the one who decided on the punishment for Prometheus and his wrath is sensed by the others. For example, Prometheus describes Zeus as “hard-hearted” and “in constant anger with an unbending mind”....   [tags: Zeus, euripides]
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Summary of the Greek Play Agamemnon by Aeschylus - Agamemnon by Aeschylus is an ancient Greek tragedy set in Argos. It begins with the homecoming of Agamemnon from the war in Troy and his wife’s Clytemnestra desire to kill him. The Herald begins a speech on line 493 on page 121 after returning from Troy. He is addressing the chorus and he reports about Agamemnon’s safe homecoming and tells the chorus what happened in Troy during the ten year duration which they were at war for. Aristotle’s theory of ancient Greek tragedies inspiring of both pity and fear is immensely seen throughout this passage....   [tags: Tragedy, Troy, Plot] 686 words
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Suffering in the Oresteia - In the Greek play, the Oresteia, suffering acts as a vital role in the lives of the main characters. One character, the chorus, discusses suffering at great length. The chorus is made up of old men who were too old to fight against Troy, and who often give the audience an inside view to the actions happening on stage. The chorus sites hubris, the Greek word referring to mortal pride or arrogance, as being the cause of many bad fates. Someone guilty of hubris aspires to be more and do more than what the gods allow, resulting in severe punishment and a tragic destiny....   [tags: Performance Arts] 723 words
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Gender Roles in the Play: Agamemnon by Aeschylus - In the play Agamemnon, Aeschylus depiction of gender roles are both typical and atypical of a standard male or female behavior in the culture and era because male characters in ancient Greece resemble the powerful nature of a warrior. They are seen as the head of the household where the male role is to go out and do hard labour to provide for the family and bring honor to the country, while females are to stay home to tend the kids and do house chores. This is most typical when looking at the gender role in Ancient Greece....   [tags: War, gods, Death]
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Language in Aeschylus - Language in Aeschylus Language is Aeschylus' juggernaut: he uses striking, innovative words to drive an image into the mind of his audience. Clytaemestra, notorious as a villain or perhaps an anti- heroine, effectively acts as a medium for Aeschylus’ brilliant rhetoric in Agamemnon. Clytaemestra’s rhetoric not only invokes vivid imagery, but also confuses and perverts spheres of logic and rhetoric: sacrifice with murder, liquids with cloth, and blood with wine. These images overturn the values and traditions of her society, symbolized by the chorus, by joining spheres that were customarily kept separate....   [tags: Papers] 1236 words
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Cannibals and Vampires in Aeschylus and O'Neill - Cannibals and Vampires in Aeschylus and O'Neill Aeschylus and Eugene O'Neill have populated their trilogies with cannibals and vampires. Family members feed off one another both literally and figuratively. For the houses of both Agamemnon and Ezra Mannon, this bloodlust is insatiable and inherited, an inescapable curse. A family curse provides the dramatic force necessary to push characters toward pivotal actions and events. At the conclusion of both trilogies the curse is finally broken (or at the very least supplanted)....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays] 944 words
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Review of Agamemnon by Aeschylus - Review of Agamemnon by Aeschylus *No Works Cited The play Agamemnon, a Greek playwright written by Aeschylus, starts out after the fall of Troy at the palace of King Agamemnon. A watchman watching for a flare in the distance spots a light in the distance, signaling that the end of the war has finally come after many years. After the King comes home, the “chorus” (high authorities I think?) talks about the war and about the fact that it was fought over a woman. Around this time, the chorus is doubting whether or not the signal flare was true or not, but soon a messenger comes along and confirms the word....   [tags: Papers] 506 words
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Oresteia: Revenge - In the Oresteia there seems to be a continuing cycle of revenge. Someone is murdered and then a relative must kill the murderer, therefore becoming a murderer himself. A new chosen one is then selected to take revenge on that person who killed before him and the cycle goes on and on. The furies also play a part in this cycle of revenge. They seek out those who kill their blood relatives and haunt them and torture them for eternity. So basically they also take revenge for the ones that have been murdered....   [tags: essays research papers] 726 words
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Comparing Ethics of Responsibility in The Visit and The Oresteia - The Visit and The Oresteia: Ethics of Responsibility       When Friedrich Durrenmatt wrote the play The Visit, he was doing so in response to what he saw as appalling neutrality on the part of the Swiss during World War II, neutrality that we now know was something more insidious.  This powerful play expresses what happens in a community where responsibility is abdicated and scapegoating is employed, what happens when mercy falls to vengeance in the name of justice.  It is a play designed to shock society into recognizing its own flaws and choosing a different course of action, a different way to be.  Today I would like to briefly describe how this play and its connections help...   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Comedic Violence in The Medea, The Oresteia, and Antigone - Comedic Violence in The Medea, The Oresteia, and Antigone       Almost no Greek tragedy escapes the use of violence. The Medea, The Oresteia, Antigone, and other classic works of Grecian tragoidia all involve huge components of violence in many prominent places, and for all of these stories, violent action is an integral part of the play. Medea, especially, is a character worthy of note in this regard; her tumultuous life can be plotted accurately along a path of aggression and passionate fits, and her bloody history lends tension and ascendance to the cathartic events of the gripping Medea....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Greek Theater and Tragedy - Many ancient civilizations witnessed Greek theater and tragedy as the world’s first theatrical performances. Tragedy comes from the Greek word Tragos and Ole meaning goat song. The dithyramb, a song and dance performed in honor of the god Dionysus, was performed at a ceremony in Athens; it told the story of Dionysus’s life and his many adventures. Throughout the years the playwrights added things other than Dionysus’s life to the performance. They added other gods and some hero’s that made a name for themselves within the temple....   [tags: History: Ancient Greece, Drama]
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Orestes An Innocent Hero - Orestes: An Innocent Hero Throughout time there has been a universal question that does not yet yield a universal answer. All people have a different view on whether or not it is right to avenge the killing of another, through the death of the killers. In America during this day and age, it is the obligation of the court system to decide whether or not a murderer should be put to death. Most of the time, the criminal is sentenced to a prison term, but when a judge decides to issue the death penalty there is usually an uproar among the people....   [tags: essays research papers] 1145 words
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The Role of the Chorus in Ancient Greek Tragedies - The chorus’s perspective of justice works differently in Euripides’ Medea and Aeschylus’ The Libation Bearers. In both The Libation Bearers and Medea, the driving force of vengeance links the chorus to each of the play’s protagonists. For both plays, the choruses begin with a strong support of their heroes with a belief that the course of action that those characters are pursuing for the sake of avenging the wrongs done to them or their families is just and right. The chorus of Medea, however, moves away from that original conviction in the moral justification of revenge....   [tags: Libation Bearers, Medea and Aeschylus] 1153 words
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The Influences of Playwright Eugene O’Neill - Many playwrights drew from outside influences to compose their works. They would look the era they were living in, their personal lives, childhood experiences, and even ancient texts to acquire inspiration for their works and famous playwright, Eugene O’Neill, is no exception. Writing through two world wars, a great depression, and boom of the motion-picture industry, O’Neill certainly had much inspiration to choose from. Although not becoming nationally recognized until after his father’s death in 1920, O’Neill still managed to produce fifty completed works....   [tags: Drama, Era, Influences]
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Ritual Pollution and Homicide Cases - ... The Greeks considered this land uncultivated, or improperly cultivated. Therefore, homicide outside of the polis did not have an impact on the citizens inside the city (Endsjø 2003). This only became a problem if the person who committed the act attempted to enter the city, or if parts of the deceased’s body somehow make their way into the city. The latter was a huge problem in Antigone, the play by Sophocles. Creon, the newly crowned ruler of Thebes, leaves the body of his former adversary, Polyneices, unburied outside of city walls....   [tags: ancient Greek rituals, beliefs, asylums]
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Establishing a Singular Standard of Justice - Ambiguity is a natural part of life. Rarely is there ever a singular, definitive answer for anything. Justice is no exception. There is not one standard of justice: there are many. The standard can depend on history, on culture, on theology, or a variety of other factors. As different groups come together, though, having different standards of justice becomes a problem. The Oresteia, a three-part play by Aeschylus, and Death in Gaza, a film by James Miller, both showcase a struggle between two different standards of justice and the difficulty in reconciling such dissimilar ideals....   [tags: Necessity of Compromise] 921 words
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The Dangers of Pursuing Knowledge - Knowledge is an addictive drug. If administered in controlled dosages, it has the ability to cure a critical illness; however, if taken whimsically and in excess, it acts as a consumptive toxin that can result in powerful suffering or even death. If this is the case, then what makes knowledge so desirable. Throughout their texts, Aeschylus and Shelley depict numerous characters in mad pursuit of knowledge, like Victor’s creature from Frankenstein or Io from Prometheus Bound. Yet, one after another, characters are propelled into an existence of utter despair because of their unquenchable thirst for new enlightenment....   [tags: Frankenstein, Aeschylus, Shelley, Prometheus Band]
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The Sculptures of the East and West Pediments of The Temple of Zeus at Olympia - Use of Movement and Characterisation in the Sculptures of the East and West Pediments of The Temple of Zeus at Olympia The architectural sculpture of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia dates from between 465 and 457BC. Putting the temple into historical context, this was a somewhat flourishing time in Greek history, drama, and philosophy. In 490BC, the Athenians won a great victory at Marathon against the Persians, and in 480BC the Persians sacked Athens but were eventually defeated in a naval victory for the Athenians at Salamis....   [tags: Art History] 1746 words
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Treatment of Women in Ancient Literature - Women are constantly portrayed as tempting men by using their sexual charms. And so women who remained chaste were held in a higher esteem than those who highlighted their sexuality. Walcot writes, “The Greeks believed women to be incapable of not exercising their sexual charms and that the results were catastrophic, irrespective of whether or not women set out to cause trouble deliberately or acted in a blissful ignorance of what they were doing” (39). In Homeric tales we see the character Odysseus being held by Calypso and Circe due to their sexual appeal despite him journeying home to be reunited with his wife Penelope after twenty years....   [tags: sexual appeal, odysseus, calipo, pandora]
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Authors' Conceptions of Human Nature - Authors' Conceptions of Human Nature Philosophers, politicians, and writers throughout all of the western world and across all of our written history have discovered the importance of knowing human nature. Human nature is responsible for our definitions of abstract concepts that are surprisingly universal across the western world like justice, equity, and law. Human nature must also be carefully studied in an effort to understand, obtain, or maintain power within society. Finally, human nature must also be carefully understood so as to protect it from being manipulated and to understand its place in society....   [tags: Human Nature Philosophy Essays]
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The Significance of Animal Symbolism and its Effect on Gender Role - The Significance of Animal Symbolism and its Effect on Gender Role Throughout many ancient Greek texts, there are aspects of nature playing important roles in the main plot. Sometimes they assist the thesis through a metaphor or simile which better visualizes the author's true meaning. Lions have many different personality traits which make them extremely diverse creatures. This also promotes various applications to characters in literary works. In two works, the Oresteia by Aeschylus and Euripides' Bacchae, we see a continuing line of examples of lion imagery....   [tags: Papers] 1702 words
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A Modern Heroine - A Modern Heroine In today’s society, women have overcome many hardships to become able to vote, able to run for public office, and even able to hold high business positions. Some people believe that such accomplishments are because of literary examples that have, over the years, lead women to believe in themselves, motivate them-selves, and stand up for themselves. In Aeschylus’ infamous Greek tragedy, The Oresteia, Clytaemestra, the leading woman, overcomes the Greek society’s slighting attitude towards women, grasping the most powerful position attain-able in Argos....   [tags: essays papers]
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Sophocles' Antigone, Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, Jean Anouilh's Antigone and Ridley Scott's Blad - Sophocles' Antigone, Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, Jean Anouilh's Antigone and Ridley Scott's Blade Runner The representative population of a community is not comfortable when confronted by an individual who defies the laws that bind them. Whether or not the laws or the powers behind them are just, the populace must deal with any challenge to their authority. In some cases, the community, fearful of a powerful regime, will side with that power and avoid the risks associated with rebellion....   [tags: Prometheus Bound Antigone Blade Runner] 3205 words
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The Function of the Greek Chorus - As man conquers the natural forces of the world, his mental focus shifts from simply surviving to answering humanity's enduring question: Why. Writers are inspired by the fabric of their society—current events, historical milestones, and popular morality. The Greeks' skill in weaving stories and imagery was so intricately powerful that a complete universe was created in their legends. The chorus was one of the primary tools for elegantly setting the stage for such detailed works. In Mythology, Edith Hamilton exalts the works of Aeschylus, which heavily employ the chorus for context, saying “With Homer, they are the most important source for our knowledge of the myths.” (17) The chorus prov...   [tags: Ancient Greece]
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Fate and How It Is Shown in Four Classic Novels - Fate In the end God ultimately decides ones fate, but one can influence His choice throughout their life. The play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, as well as the books The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli, Divine Comedy by Dante, and Oresteia by Aeschylus all talk about justice and fate. These stories show how even though God will decide what happens to someone at the end, the actions one does is how God bases his decision. One’s fate is determined based on what God and the law think is just. Human beings have free will and know what is right and wrong....   [tags: fate, god, action, human] 1637 words
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Eumenides vs. The Haunted - Eumenides vs. The Haunted Throughout time there has been a universal question that does not yet yield a universal answer: whether or not it is right to avenge the murder of another by killing the killers. In both “The Haunted,” the third play from Eugene O’ Neill’s trilogy “Morning Becomes Electra,” and “Eumenides,” the third play from Aeschylus’ trilogy “The Oresteia,” the respective sons are directly or indirectly responsible for the deaths of their mothers after their mothers intentionally murder their fathers....   [tags: essays papers] 1389 words
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Agamemnon - Agamemnon Agamemnon is the first play of Aeschylus’ trilogy, the Oresteia. Aeschylus was the first of Athens’ three great tragedians; the others: Sophocles; Euripides. The Oresteia was also the first Greek tragedy trilogy written. As Greeks of this epoch focused on humanist ideas, so did Aeschylus. He devoted his genius to serious contemplations of humanistic questions, such as the nature of justice. Other humanistic values are honor, truth, compassion, loyalty, devotion to family and gods. He credits much of his success to Homer’s epics....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
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The Role of Spartan Women - Unlike other Greek city states, women played an integral role in Spartan society as they were the backbone of the Spartan economic system of inheritance and marriage dowry and they were relied upon to fulfill their main responsibility of producing Spartan warrior sons. These principle economic systems affected wealth distribution among Spartan citizens especially among the Spartan elite class. Spartan women led a completely different life than women in most other ancient Greek city states, as they were depended upon to maintain Spartan social systems....   [tags: ancient history andd gender roles]
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Important Heros and Heroines in Greek Culture - Group 10 Important Heros and Heroines in Greek Culture Heroes reflect the greatest strengths of the human condition, as well as highlighting the flaws of human nature itself. It is no surprise then that throughout the Greek world are found depictions of heros on various pieces of pottery. These pieces better help to understand what the people of the ancient Greek world were like and which heroic values they felt were worthy of art. When analyzing the art and the stories of such heroes, common themes tend to emerge of what the ancient Greeks thought were heroic values....   [tags: krater, pottery, Pelops, Oenomaus, Achilles]
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Ancient Greek: The Birthplace of Western Civilization - ... Both the US and the Athenian government had the Legislative limb, the Executive extension, and the legal limb. The Legislative extension passes the laws, the Executive limb completes the laws, and the legal extensions had trials with paid members of the jury. In the US, a large portion of the just speculations that the administration utilization are either indistinguishable or fundamentally the same to the Ancient Athenians hypotheses. In reasoning old Greek kept tabs on the part of reason and request....   [tags: philosophy, fine art, socrates] 757 words
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Agamemnan, The Inferno, Don Quixote - Agamemnon, The Inferno, and Don Quixote may seem to be vastly different stories written across centuries of time and within incongruous cultures but the three tales share related themes. * Set among the ruling family of Argos, Aeschylus’s Agamemnon examines the topic of justice: ancient eye-for-an-eye progressing toward modern disinterested justice, attributing all to the gods. Similarly, in Dante Alighieri’s Inferno each sinner is placed in a punishment to fit his crime: divine perfection of justice....   [tags: Comparisons, Themes, Stories] 1230 words
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The Way Ancient Greeks Saw Happiness - The ancient Greeks valued wisdom above all other virtues. They saw wisdom as the ultimate way to happiness. To gain happiness in ancient Greek culture meant that one had to suffer. All Greeks, including Plato, Socrates, and Aeschylus believed that through suffering one would gain knowledge and wisdom. In Aeschylus’s play Agamemnon, the main theme is suffering. In the play, Zeus is portrayed as a god who makes mortals suffer in order for them to learn from their experiences. This means that learning is a natural process....   [tags: greek philosophers, socrates, wisdom]
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Comparing the Themes of Vincenzio Bellini’s Norma and Euripedes' Medea - Comparing the Themes of Vincenzio Bellini’s Norma and Euripedes' Medea Vincenzio Bellini’s opera Norma is considered by many to be a reworking of Euripedes' classic Greek tragedy Medea. Both plots have many identical elements of Greek tragedy such as a chorus, unity of location, and a human decision and action culminating in tragedy. Richard Wagner greatly admired Greek tragedies, believing them to be “The highest point ever reached in human creative achievement…” (Wagner 1). In his essay Theories of Art, Wagner gives five reasons for this “artistic perfection:” 1....   [tags: Vincenzio Bellini Norma Euripedes Medea]
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The Greek Nyth Prometheus - Hesiod and Aeschylus both tell the tale of Prometheus, the god that stole fire from Olympus and gave it to man. Each author takes a different position on the matter: Hesiod condemns Prometheus and man, while Aeschylus celebrates them, which is evident in several characteristics of the myth. First, the role of the female in the relationship between man and gods in each myth is different. Hesiod, for example describes woman as “an evil'; created by the gods to punish man for accepting fire....   [tags: essays research papers] 546 words
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