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Determinants of Life in the 16th Century - Life in the 16th century had many aspects that determined life experiences. Gender roles, social status, and religion played major roles in what type of life people would encounter. To start with, gender roles in the 16th century took part in a vital role in life experiences. The main responsibility of a husband was to be “in the accepted role as head of the household, and give moral direction to his wife and children” (Best, “The wife’s status”, http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/society/family/status.html)....   [tags: Gender Roles, Status, Religion] 769 words
(2.2 pages)
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Women in The 16th Century - “ The belief that women were inherently inferior in intelligence, strength, and character was so persuasive that for men like Knox, a woman ruler was almost a contradiction in terms” (“Documents for Chapters 5&6”). In the 16th century, women were looked upon as a gender that should stay in the house and work, not have power and rule over a country. Discussing the govern of Queens during the 16th century, such as Mary Tudor, Lady Jane Grey, Mary, Queen of Scots, and Elizabeth I, allowed prejudices to be lessened but never completely be erased....   [tags: Gender Studies ]
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Life in the 16th Century - Life in the 16th century had many aspects that determined life experiences though gender roles, social status, and religion; which gave everyone completely different life experiences. To start with, gender roles in the 16th century played a vital role in life experiences. The main responsibility of a husband “in the accepted role as head of the household was to give moral direction to his wife and children” (Best, “The wife’s status”,http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/society/family/status.html)....   [tags: Gender Roles, Social Status] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
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Love in the Poetry of the 16th and 17th Century - During the 16th and 17th century, many love poems and sonnets were written and most likely circulated for amusement and satire among poets. Though every poem is written about the poet’s undying love for their beloved, they all display different attitudes to love and ways of showing it. In 130, Shakespeare writes of his dark lady, portraying a real picture of her genuine features. Almost every line at first glance seems like an insult to his mistress, ‘My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun;’ however, the reader can understand that he is in fact celebrating her natural beauty....   [tags: Poetry Analysis] 1417 words
(4 pages)
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Age of Doubt In Europe in the 16th Century - In the 16th Century, Europeans had their faith shattered and were forced to realize that there was doubt in what they believed in. From the countless wars being fought in the name of religion, to the once great and wealthy countries that needed to reaffirm their place in the world, ‘all that they had once taken for granted was suddenly cast into doubt’ (446). Europeans were desperately searching for new foundations to put their faith in ‘in the face of intellectual, religious, and political challenges’ (446)....   [tags: catholics, calvinists]
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(2.5 pages)
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16th Century Goethe’s Faust - ... Martin Luther went as far as to call the Pope the Antichrist in his Table Talk (Table Talk, 269). By saying the priests, and other authority figures, don’t have any morals and don’t fear the devil, Goethe is subtly trying to steer the reader to believe this play is set during the Reformation. The scene at Auerbach’s Wine Cellar is another example of where Goethe shows that this play is set in the 16th century. During this scene, two men are drinking and trying to decide what song to sing to make the mood better....   [tags: authority, roman empire] 583 words
(1.7 pages)
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Humanism and Clericism Of The 16th Century - Humanism and Clericism Of The 16th Century The two paintings, The conversion of St. Paul by Caravaggio, and lady writing a letter with her maid by Vermeer, reflect the religious conflict between the Protestant and catholic cultures of 16th century Europe. Before we take a look at why they reflect the religious dispute, first we must know some background on what caused it. Humanism and Clericism. During the renaissance humanism stood for the intellectual attitudes of the ancient world paired with the wide acceptance of the existence of God....   [tags: Philosophy] 1297 words
(3.7 pages)
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Treatment of Jews in the 16th Century - Treatment of Jews in the 16th Century Looking at the history of Jews in England, it is evident that Jews were persecuted and murdered up until 1290, when Jews were expelled from the country. Jews were treated with strong disrespect both because of their alternative religious beliefs, and because of their financial status and ways of living. One can safely assume that Shakespeare never actually met a Jew, because Jews had been expelled three and a half centuries before he lived....   [tags: Papers] 560 words
(1.6 pages)
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Witches of the 16th Century - Witches of the 16th Century Society in the 16th Century was, in fact, very male dominated, this meant that women were already met with some degree of prejudice, but this was to turn into the search for witches in every town and village. Statistics show that 75% of those accused were women and nearly all of them were over 50, this indicates a higher level of women being accused and this could be because, women were seen as inferior their male counterparts, and they never held any position of authority over a male....   [tags: Papers] 2265 words
(6.5 pages)
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16th Century Artist: Caterina van Hemessen - Caterina van Hemessen was the daughter of the famous Flemish painter Jan Sanders van Hemessen. Despite the obstacles facing women in art (as well as society as a whole) in the Renaissance era, van Hemessen made a successful career and name for herself as a portrait painter. While she produced many widely respected works, she is best known for being one of the first and very few females to successfully pursue a career in art in the 16th century. Caterina van Hemessen was born around 1528 around the Flemish city of Antwerp in modern day Belgium....   [tags: Renaissance, Portrait, Painter] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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Slave Trade from th 16th to 19th Century - The impact on the African slave trade during 16th centuries to 19th centuries was huge. The economy of those countries which allowed African slave trade grew bigger and bigger. For instance, America, a huge land that had nothing before the trade, started to gain some profit out of farming and increased hugely on population. They used a big amount of African slaves to farm and work. And this created the economy better in America. Also Europeans, which were only one million people brought up 5.5 million African slaves (men, women, children) to the Western Hemisphere....   [tags: Treatment, Inhumane] 1285 words
(3.7 pages)
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France Criminal Justice System: 16th Century - Criminal justice system refers to system of practices as well as institutions of the government which are directed at upholding, deterring social control and also mitigating crime. In other words, sanctioning those people who violate laws with rehabilitation efforts and criminal penalties. It consists of three major parts; legislative whom create the laws, adjudication which refers to the court and correction centre also like jails and prison. Criminal justice acts in such a way that the people accused of crime is protected against abuse of investigatory and power of prosecution....   [tags: criminal justice, legislative, adjudication] 731 words
(2.1 pages)
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16th Century English Weapons - 16th Century English Weapons During the 16th century England and much of Europe found itself in turmoil and in a constant state of war. The outbreak of fighting led to the invention and development of new weapons and the growth and change of weapons of old. The development of weapons was a trademark of the time, with a sort of renaissance, or re-birth in the field of weaponry (Miller). The technology was highlighted by the invention of gunpowder by the Chinese which eventually found its way to England (Grolier)....   [tags: Papers] 1075 words
(3.1 pages)
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16th Century - 16th Century Part I: 1. Name three of the Germanic tribes that brought to England the dialects that make up the basis of the language we now call Old English. The Germanic tribes that brought the dialects were the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. 2. Give an example from Beowulf of three of the following poetic devices: alliteration, the kenning, variation (repetition of appositives), or the litote (understatement). There are several examples of alliteration in lines 3079-3084, “Nothing we advised could ever convince the prince we loved, our land’s guardian, not to vex the custodian of the gold, let him lie where he was long accustomed, lurk there under earth until the end of the world....   [tags: Papers] 1845 words
(5.3 pages)
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Occupations in the 16th Century Elizabethan Era - Occupations in the 16th Century Elizabethan Era In the Elizabethan Era, occupations were as varied as a bowl of Jelly Belly Jelly Beans. There was some much to do as the times were changing rapidly. Professions in this time and age ranged from rabbit catching to working with royalty. Making weapons, clothes, working in the house, working in the castle, selling goods in the marketplace, and healing others were just some of the more common trades of the time. Break out the weapons. Two mortal enemies, sworn to cut each other's throats, are at it again on the old battlefield....   [tags: Papers] 1224 words
(3.5 pages)
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Foreign Borrowing in 16th Century Spain - Foreign Borrowing in 16th Century Spain This paper examines the lending by Genoese-led cartel to Phillip II of Spain in the 16th century from the viewpoint of sovereign debt. The Genoese linked specie deliveries from Spain to the Low Countries to lending in order to cartel created a penalty to enforce their loans. If the king tried to renege, the Genoese applied the penalty and the king eventually repaid. I. Introduction Sovereign lending, throughout history, has been marked by occurrences of partial default and repudiation by governments of all kind; from medieval princes to dictators to democratic regimes....   [tags: European History Essays]
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2056 words
(5.9 pages)
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William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night - William Shakespeare wrote a satirical comedy, Twelfth Night in the 16th century. The date is not for certain but it was right around the same time he wrote Hamlet. Twelfth Night is widely famous today for being a Transvestite comedy meaning characters are cross dressing. William Shakespeare’s, Twelfth Night, plunges into a state of widespread misperception and disorderly behavior, the power of love rescues the unruly characters from the chaos and restores order to their lives and to their kingdom....   [tags: 16th century satirical comedies] 635 words
(1.8 pages)
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Biography of Abraham Lincoln - Abraham Lincoln, also known as “Honest Abe”, was the 16th president of the United States. Lincoln was and still is one of the most respected presidents of all time. Although he may not have been widely liked during his run. He did one of the hardest jobs that any person could do, he served the U.S. as president during its civil war and managed to overcome the south and hold the U.S. together by just a couple of strands. Lincoln was only able to do this because he had the ability to strive forward and see what good could come instead of what was happening....   [tags: 16th president, honest abe] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Effects of Mercantilism During the 16th to 18th Centuries in Great Britain and America - Mercantilism during the 16th through 18th century played a major part in the relationship between Britain and the colonists of America. Mercantilism was one of many factors that caused the separation of America and Great Britain. You must first know how mercantilism benefitted both parties in order to understand why the separation took place. Mercantilism is an unfair practice. The main objective of mercantilism was to increase a nation’s wealth by commanding government regulations concerning its commercial interest....   [tags: tariffs, trade, rebellion] 514 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Concept of "Advanced Civilization" Led to the European Conquests on the 16th and 17th Centuries - During the European conquests of the 16th and 17th centuries, the concept of an advanced civilization was essential most of the time. This can be supported by the strategic Spanish conquests, Portuguese exploration, and the Dutch trading empire. To begin with, North and South America, which had existed in isolation for thousands of years, came into contact with the rest of the world via the Italian explorer, Christopher Columbus. In 1492, he was sent by Spain to look for a route to India. Rather, Columbus came into contact with a Caribbean island....   [tags: advanced civilization, colonization, history, Euro] 1382 words
(3.9 pages)
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A Brief History of the 16th President of the United States: Abraham Lincoln - Introduction Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He served in office from 1861-1865. Lincoln was a self-taught Illinois lawyer who had a strong regard for challenging slavery. Lincoln’s inauguration to office caused the civil war to break out. He was a knowledgeable leader in this time period of the civil war. In 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed all slaves in the United States. Two years later, in 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Booth....   [tags: US government history]
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1071 words
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The Iconic Queen Elizabeth I - The 16th century was a chaotic time plagued with many problems, such as political conflicts and religious disputes. In this period women were often thought of incapable of doing jobs of the typical man, and did not have as many rights. Many men such as Shakespeare and Leonardo Da Vinci contributed to the advancement of culture in the 16th century. Government in England at this time was a monarchy, and a prominent monarchy, which included Queen Elizabeth I, was the Tudor Dynasty. Queen Elizabeth I’s actions during her reign in the Tudor dynasty led to her become one of the most iconic queens of the 16th century....   [tags: monarchy, tudor dynasty, 16th century]
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532 words
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Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries - Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries It was during the 16th and 17th centuries when man's view of the unvierse and himself changed drastically. This came after a millenium of repetition and stagnation in the development of science. People finally began questioning what they were told, and they went out to find proof rather than assuming on the basis of authority and common sense. These advances in astronomy and medicine came about in the same era, and were not unparallel in their development....   [tags: science] 973 words
(2.8 pages)
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Economies Of Cuba And Puerto Rico 16th - 18th Century - The economies of Cuba and Puerto Rico are very similar during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. As Spain colonized these two islands in the 16th century under the idea that gold was abundant. Thus in turn the islands became a safe port for Spain and her vessels. It also set out to be a huge migration from the Spain to the islands, because everyone was set to search for gold. . This turned out to be short lived as the mining of gold peaked in 1517 till 1819. By Spain using Cuba and Puerto Rico for mining gold they needed slave laborers as the local Indians....   [tags: essays research papers] 932 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Philosophical Legacy of the 16th and 17th Century Socinians: Their Rationality - The Philosophical Legacy of the 16th and 17th Century Socinians: Their Rationality ABSTRACT: The doctrines of the Socinians represent a rational reaction to a medieval theology based on submission to the Church’s authority. Though they retained Scripture as something supra rationem, the Socinians analyzed it rationally and believed that nothing should be accepted contra rationem. Their social and political thought underwent a significant evolutionary process from a very utopian pacifistic trend condemning participation in war and holding public and judicial office to a moderate and realistic stance based on mutual love, support of the secular power of the state, active participation in soci...   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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War from the 16th Century to the Invention of Gunpowder - War from the 16th Century to the Invention of Gunpowder The invention of the powerful artillery guns would change man’s role in warring engagements. The artillery guns at first were very limited by their own design. The guns were very heavy and had to be transported by water, which meant that only towns and fortresses that were close to a body of water could be attacked with artillery also known as the cannon. There were also some fortresses that were impervious to the early cannon attacks based on strong designs or natural defenses....   [tags: Artillery Guns Weapons War Essays]
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How the Reformation Affected 16th Century Civilization - How the Reformation Affected 16th Century Civilization When Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of his local monastery in Wittenberg, Germany on October 31, 1517, Europe was plunged in political and social turmoil. With only a few notable exceptions, a wave of political unity and centralization swept across the Western world. Papal power was perhaps not at its height, yet its corruption and increasingly secular values could be seen from St. Peter's in Rome to John Tetzel in Germany....   [tags: Papers] 826 words
(2.4 pages)
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16th and 17th Century Theater Performance Conditions - 16th and 17th Century Theater Performance Conditions „h The form of Elizabethan theatre derived from the innyards and animal baiting rings in which actors had been accustomed to perform in in the past. They were circular wooden buildings with a paved courtyard in the middle. Such a theatre would hold around 3,000 spectators. The yards were about 80 feet in diameter and the rectangular stage 40ft by 30ft in height „h Groundling only paid a penny to get in, but for wealthier spectators there were seats in the three covered tiers or galleries between the inner and outer walls of the buildings extending round most of the auditorium and stage....   [tags: Theater Plays Performance Stage] 1515 words
(4.3 pages)
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Biography of Abraham Lincoln - Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, our 16th president, had a very exciting yet unfortunate life. Understanding Lincolns life may help you to understand why Lincoln was who he was. Perhaps Lincolns hard childhood lead him to his career. What's most interesting about Lincoln is how poor he was as a child and how much success he had as an adult. Childhood About 200 years ago Abraham Lincoln was born in a little log cabin in Kentucky. When he was just a baby his father, Tom Lincoln, ended up moving them to Indiana (“Abraham” para....   [tags: 16th US president, government history]
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England and the Austrian Habsburg Empire from the late 16th century through the late 18th century - England and the Austrian, Habsburg Empire were both influenced by many of the same pressures during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Each nation witnessed segments of their society demand religious freedom, and each struggled with the issue of Monarchial government and who possessed the right to the throne. These were the pressures faced by both nations and, though there were similarities between the issues, each nation took a very different approach to solving their problems. England would emerge from the 18th century capable of leading its citizens through a form of representative government; the Austrian, Habsburg Empire would find itself marginalized and absorbed by surrounding nations...   [tags: Political Evolution, Religious Freedom] 947 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Intentions of Baroque Architecture - The word “Baroque”, or “Barocco” was first used as a stylistic term to describe a period that flourished at 16th century and 17th century from Italy, originate after the movement of Gothic and Renaissance era. To describe the Baroque style, it is a collection of arts, developed under the Authority of the Catholic Church. Baroque architecture focus on realism and dramatic illusory as demanded by the Catholic Church to serve religious objective. In regard to the timeline movement, the renaissance emphasis balance and Harmony, while Baroque turns to explore on sophistication and drama....   [tags: italy, 16th century, renaissance era, gothic]
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1358 words
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Changes in the Social and Political Fabric in 16th and 17th Century Europe - The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were periods of questioning and searching for truth. The practice of challenging traditional institutions, including the Church, was revolutionary. Individuals began to use reason to guide their actions and opinions and realized the oppressive nature of the Catholic monarchy. Individuals strove to act in their own best interest and in the name of what was true to them. The consensus was that society would be better off with an economy that shifted away from agriculture, looked globally, and decreased monopolies and the importance of Guilds, as economic opportunities would surface for all classes of men....   [tags: European History]
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1120 words
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Requirement of Reform of the Church in Europe During 15th and 16th Centuries - Requirement of Reform of the Church in Europe During 15th and 16th Centuries The Church in Europe required reform at the end of the fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth century for a number of reasons. The main reason being the behaviour of the papacy and their priorities which were no longer the welfare of the Church. There were other factors which contributed to the development of the Reformation in Europe other than the state of the Church and Christian Humanism, however these were the main factors....   [tags: Papers] 1279 words
(3.7 pages)
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Most Common Jobs in the 16th century - “In many cases a person’s clothing revealed his occupation” (Emerson, 186). Which means that the clothes you wear are associated with the job you have. Clothes weren’t only used to show a person’s job, “clothing was also used to distinguish persons who were considered inferior” (Emerson, 186). Jobs in the sixteenth century, considering they did not have modern technology and knowledge, were different than they are today. Depending on your occupation that would decide your income, rank in society, how old you are before you could start working, and your necessity to society....   [tags: organized crime, prostitution, servants]
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The Efffects Of Louis 16th On - The French Revolution was a significant milestone in European history, remembered by many in historical and literary works. The situation in France, mostly under the leadership of Louis XVI, had a negative influence in France, thus creating a perfect climate for the French Revolution. France was plagued by both debt, and poor decision making. prior to 1789. France was poverty-stricken and burdened with some of the highest debts. On the financial side, Louis XVI was aided by: Finance Minister Anne Robert Jauques Turgot, and Interior Minister Chretien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes (*The economic origins of the French revolution, pg....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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England and Russia: Political Problems in the 16th Century - The Sixteen century was difficult times for both England and Russia; each having leaders that experienced family violent and obstacles to their rights to the throne. Queen Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603), her mother was killed when she was young, and she was considered illegitimate for the throne. She finally inherited the throne after the bad leaderships of her cousin Lady Grey, and that of her half-sister Mary I. Her inheritance was bankrupt and secondary to Spain in Europeans’ affairs....   [tags: Economy, Social Changes] 1121 words
(3.2 pages)
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Great Rulers of 15th and 16th Century Dynasties - During the Wars of Religion, from 1554 to 1648, the actions of Elizabeth I, Henry IV, Louis XIII, and Philip II all demonstrated their worthiness to be considered great rulers. Elizabeth I of England defeated the Spanish Armada, the strongest naval power the world had ever seen. Henry IV of France took many steps that eventually led to a religious agreement in France. Louis XIII of France left France as a major European power. Philip II of Spain made Spain very rich and powerful during the height of his reign....   [tags: World Leaders] 911 words
(2.6 pages)
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Nature in 16th Century British Literature - Nature is a fundamental aspect of people's lives. It encapsulates our everyday lives because it is everywhere we go and who we are; it's the air we breathe, the ground under our feet, the way we act, and the way we think. Nature has always been and always will be a major influence in the life of every human being no matter what the time period. The theme of nature in sixteenth century English literature functions as a means of expression, connection and understanding to the people of the time period and serves as a way of association and knowledge of one's individual self, sixteenth century British society, and perceptions of God....   [tags: European Literature] 1583 words
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16th Century England Letter to Future - May, 3, 1578 Dear Person further in time, My birth name is A and I am 18 years old. I am writing this letter to help your age uncover the past and have a clearer idea on what life is like for me and for the people of my age. I am nothing but a peasant barely making it through the great sorrow we call life. Life is not that easy for the people of my time for you are very lucky to see tomorrow, you are lucky to see another second if you live in my time because every day that drags on, hundreds of unfortunate people die from malnutrition, disease, and devastating natural disasters....   [tags: Descriptive Essay] 1243 words
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16th and 17th Century Child Care and Child Discipline in Europe - The children of Europe in the fifteen and sixteen hundreds lived lives that greatly differed from the lives of modern children. Fatality was extremely common among the youth, which caused them to be seen differently in society. Families also consisted of a larger amount of people than they usually do today. To teach kids discipline and morality, some parents and teachers used reasoning to articulate as why to a certain act or behavior is considered disrespectful. On the contrary, other parents used harsh punishments, either because they didn't love their children, or simply believed that it was the only way to ensure that their child would never commit the act that warranted such a conseque...   [tags: European history, parenting, ] 1498 words
(4.3 pages)
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Emerging Female Literature in the 15th and 16th Century - With the “successive reigns by two educated queens” in the sixteenth century there began a close examination of the woman’s role in society (Hull 1). Although nothing drastic, small numbers of women began to gain an education which taught them to read. The exact number is unknown and there is some controversy as to how many women could actually read. However, according to Suzanne Hull the “small but steady stream of books for a female audience” (Hull 1) indicates that there were a growing number of women who could read....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 403 words
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Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England - Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England Throughout the work An Account of the Travels, Sufferings and Persecutions of Barbara Blaugdone, there is a common occurrence of imprisonment. Wherever Blaugdone traveled, she seemed to come across some confrontation with the law. This should not be surprising, for in the time period when this work was written many laws, statutes, and acts had been established to thwart the spreading of unpopular Quaker views. Many acts were established primarily to prevent the ministry of Quakerism; however universal laws, especially those to prevent vagrancy, were also used against traveling Quakers....   [tags: British History 16th 17th]
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Changes Brought on By the Renaissance Period - ... In France, John Calvin spread Protestant ideas through Calvinism. In 1536, Calvin published Institutes of the Christian Religion, which outlined the ideas of Protestantism. (“Reformation” Encyclopedia Britannica) Another form of Protestantism formed in England when Henry VIII established the Anglican Church after the pope refused his divorce. All of this came at a time of great innovation, including the printing press technology of Johannes Gutenberg. The Gutenberg printing press made mass distribution of not only Bibles, but also Luther’s 95 Thesis and other Protestant works capable....   [tags: Religion, Protestanism, Catholicism] 538 words
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Analysis of Bach´s Work - ... This one has two 32nd notes. Both own three 16th notes, so that one distinction is the only idea that makes it different. One clean might seem trivial, but it establishes a notable contrast. They are the strawberries when making a strawberry smoothie. They become second in command in terms of importance of the smoothie. It would make sense the smoothie tastes of strawberry, does it not. Milk is absolutely mandatory in making a milkshake. The next step is to add the primary flavor, and this is when the strawberries come into place....   [tags: movement, key, minor, rythmical, notes] 1757 words
(5 pages)
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Characteristics of Renaissance Music - Gregorian chant was still used as the basis of many polyphonic church compositions. The chant evolved into the tenor part. During the Renaissance, composers of sacred music continued the practice of keeping the original chant as the basis for the main melody; they called this chant the cantus firmus. The cantus firmus did not necessarily have to occupy the tenor part, although that was still the most common place for it. Although Renaissance composers, particularly sacred music composers, continued to use church modes, they slowly started adopting modes that are equivalent to our present major and minor scales....   [tags: Musical History ] 446 words
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The Society´s View of the Role of Children - ... Similarly, in a letter to his son’s governess, King Henry IV of France called for the regular whipping of his young son. From his own experience, he claims “there is nothing in the world that will be better for him than that” (Document 8). It is in fact true that Henry of Navarre himself was whipped as a child, and would therefore have good reason for wanting his son, the heir to his throne, to follow the very path he walked. These instances of harsher treatment are not representative of an overall lack of care for European children....   [tags: discipline, love, attitude, society] 934 words
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The Evolving Impact of Religion on Europe - Religion commanded a central and varied role in European politics, society, culture, and thought, from the late 16th century to the Enlightenment. In politics, the interest of nations was centered on religion. Monarchs aligned themselves based on religious belief and fought wars against those who worshiped differently. In Spain, King Phillip II waged war against the Islamic Ottoman Empire in an attempt to stop the spread of Islam in Western Europe and further spread Catholicism. Spain, the most powerful nation in Western Europe during the late 16th century also tried to interfere in French royal succession when Henry IV, a protestant, was to ascend to the throne....   [tags: Politics, Society, Culture, Thought] 796 words
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The Roles of Minor Characters in Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare - Romeo and Juliet remains prevalent throughout popular culture, film, and literature, despite its hundreds of years of age. The “love” story, with its family rivalry, compassionate lovers, and grand battle scenes, is a story custom made for theater and film. However, Hollywood movies often avoid the seemingly unimportant minor characters such as Friar Lawrence and Nurse. However, popular culture’s disregard for this aspect of the play does not make it irrelevant. In Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet, Juliet forms relationships with Friar Lawrence and the Nurse, which benefit both parties, are necessitated by 16th family structures, and provide considerable character development for Juliet....   [tags: counsel, relationships, feud] 877 words
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History of Tea in Japan and the Japanese Tea Ceremony - According to Brown, tea is classified among the most significant non-alcoholic beverage across the globe. It has gained fame as a result of its benefits. Tea is an inclusive aspect of the daily life of the Japanese individual attributable to its ceremonial and ritual characteristics. It has been treated as a cultural beverage and consumed in a refined atmosphere. Tea drinking in Japan has undergone refinement under the support of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa. He was the regarded as the first ruler-patron of the tea ceremony....   [tags: Zen Buddhists, Tranquility]
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3466 words
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The Short-Term and Long-Term Causes of the Protestant Reformation - The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire. The long term effects were: the emergence of new heretical movements, the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people’s view on the church and life values....   [tags: standing up to the Roman Catholic Church] 733 words
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A Man For All Seasons - The 16th century was a time of political upheaval, a time of conflict and corruption … and a time of heroes. All these elements are visibly present in Bolt’s book, A Man for All Seasons. As I was reading this story I was thinking that it could probably apply to our day and age but that begged the question. Why did Robert Bolt decide to use a 16th century character rather than a present time period character and setting. I believe that Bolt chose this man and his era because there things that he liked abut the man, there was no shortage of conflict and the he was worthy of being a hero....   [tags: essays research papers] 1881 words
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Political Ideology in The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli - Niccolò Machiavelli transformed political theory by forming new ideas essential to the progress of Europe in the 16th century, strengthening the Heads of State in Italy, and revolutionizing views on politics through his views of power and dominance. The ideology that Niccolò Machiavelli manifested in his many political writings created a new motive for politics. Before he began his works such as The Prince and The Discourses, Machiavelli had a different idea of political thought. His ideas changed most notably from 1503 to 1513 (Mattingly 6)....   [tags: leaders, head of states, dominance] 650 words
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Marie Antoinette: Praised Princess to Condemned Queen -   Marie Antoinette was an Austrian princess born in Vienne, Austria. Her birth name was Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna, but many just called her Marie Antoinette. Her mother, Maria Therese, was the head of state. Maria Therese had all the power and for that reason was a little firm with her children. Her husband, Marie’s father, Francis I was just a figure with not much else. His position is much like the first lady they have in the United States. Marie was the fifteenth child of Maria and Francis....   [tags: European History]
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A Taxing Amendment, The Revenue Act - Before the 16th Amendment, a federal income tax was technically illegal, as stated in Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution : “No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.” Therefore, the federal government had to rely on land sales, excise taxes, and tariffs to raise revenue. In times of crisis, however, these measures were simply not enough. During the Civil War, when the Union desperately needed funds, Congress passed the Revenue Act (1861), which included a provision for the nation’s first income tax....   [tags: supreme court, income tax]
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Expanding the Range of Options - High school seniors need to be taught economic responsibility. Economic responsibility should not only be taught in the schools, but in the home as well. As we have discussed in prior chapters, some of the reason we are in the mess we find ourselves in is due to the overspending not only by individuals, but the government as well. Arthur MacEwan states, “U.S. consumers have a reliance on credit and fail to look beyond the present” (2012, p. 6) As a consumer the high school senior needs to be taught how to look beyond what they see....   [tags: economic, overspending, credit, money]
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Political Profile of Jose Serrano - Political Profile of Jose Serrano Rep. José E. Serrano of New York, Ranking Democrat on the Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, Judiciary, and related agencies of the exclusive and powerful House Appropriations Committee, represents New York's 16th Congressional District in the South Bronx. This district he represents is one of the most economically devastated areas in the United States. This mostly Hispanic area in South Bronx had, by the 1970s, become a symbol for the nation's urban ills....   [tags: Papers] 1195 words
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Magic and Scientology - In 1993, an organization called Scientology was granted a full tax exemption from the United States government on the grounds that Scientology is a church - a religious movement - and should thus be subject to the same tax laws governing other major religions, such as Christianity and Judaism. Members of the organization, which had been calling itself a religion from its inception in the 1950s, were overjoyed, and considered the ruling a major victory (Franz, 1997). From that day forward, it was official thanks to the government backing: Scientology is a religion....   [tags: Scientology]
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The Buergermeister’s Daughter - Society in today’s world takes everything for granted. We do not thank anyone for what we have. It is just part of our daily life. All the legal rights we have are given. But we often forget about our history and the struggle people went through to get what we have today; Women as being seen as equals, having the right to vote and be in certain career fields that only men used to work in. Before democracy became a part of our societies, countries were ruled by kings and what the king said became law....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Steven Ozment] 1131 words
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Seduction Techniques Illustrated in Donne's The Flea and Marvell's To His Coy Mistress - Men of the 16th and 17th century were the largest contributors of literature of that time. This led to misogynistic views, and subhuman treatment of women. Although it was socially forbidden for a woman to have sex outside of marriage, this did not stop men from trying to convince her. John Donne, a poet of the 16th century, wrote misogynistic pieces in his early works. Andrew Marvell, a contemporary of Donne, who also wrote seduction poems. Donne’s “The Flea” and Marvell’s “To His Coy Mistress” both have seduction techniques, yet the degree of success is different....   [tags: The flea, to his coy mistress] 870 words
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The Differences and Similarities of the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe - While taking the class of Early Modern European History there was two states that really stuck out and peaked my interest the most. They were the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe. If you compare and contrast both the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe during the 16th Century through the 18th Century, you will see that there are a number of similarities as well as differences when you look at the expansion of the states. You will also see many of these contrasts as well when you look in terms of each states military and commerce....   [tags: World Civilization ]
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The Fugue from Bach's Prelude and Fugue in B Minor - The fugue from Bach’s Prelude and Fugue in B minor is a work that was composed in Bach’s later years. Bach composed this work during his tenure at the Thomaskirche in Leipzig, Germany. This work as a whole is a great example of Bach’s mature essays, which appeared in his later Weimar years. The fugue is very different from the prelude. None of the material from the prelude is introduces in the fugue. The subject is only two measures in length; the plain subject is boring by it self. But Bach turns that two measure subject into an eighty-eight-measure fugue....   [tags: form and analysis paper] 1282 words
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Comparing Zeffirelli and Luhrmann's Versions of Romeo and Juliet - "For never was a story of more woe Than this of Juliet and her Romeo." - William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, 5.3 ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is a tragic play about two star crossed lovers written by Shakespeare in 1595. The play is a timeless teenage tradgedy. “The play champions the 16th Century belief that true love always strikes at first sight,” (Lamb 1993: Introduction) and even in modern times an audience still want to believe in such a thing as love at first sight. Act II Scene II the balcony scene displays that romantic notion perfectly....   [tags: compare, contrast, comparison] 916 words
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The Role of the Family in a Child's Education - 1. What is your definition of family. Family is defined by the text as “two or more persons living together and linked for financial or emotional support” (Barbour, Barbour & Scully, 2011). For my purposes family is defined as those with whom I maintain a close bond, whether or not they live with me. For example, I have a brother, who might be defined as :family” as we were raised in the same house, but I also have friends that I consider “family” based on emotional support I derive from their friendship....   [tags: Family Psychology, Child Development]
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Achievement in History and in Your Life - Achievement. What does one think when they hear that word. Maybe they think of a person that has achieved something really big, like Bill Gates. He is one of the most riches people in the world. The reason of why one may have read this may be unknown, but when they finish this, they will know what the definition of achievement really is. The purpose of this paper is to teach one about the word achievement and what makes it important. What is achievement. Achievement is something that is accomplished successfully (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary)....   [tags: Achievement, ]
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Italian Ceramics Short Articles: Deruta Handmade Tableware - Deruta is not a place full of tourist buses. One might ask what the purpose may be to come to this small town some 20 km south of Perugia, quite aside from highways or main touristic attractions. A very simple one: possibly the best ceramic works of art in Italy and elsewhere. Deruta handmade tableware is exquisite and elaborate in design and execution, although may be quite expensive. The price range itself is a barrier from becoming a widespread touristic souvenir, which is why you would sooner find Deruta plates in a specialized shop rather than an American shopping mall or a busy central street in Rome....   [tags: historic, ceramic, plate] 1027 words
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Achievement: Just the Rich and Famous? - In life it is important for one to have goals and standards. Without these, our potential cannot be reached. Bill Gates is one of the most richest people in the world. He is one of the most successful people in the world from achieving. Achievement is important in everyday life because it helps us throughout life, determining our future. According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, achievement is defined as something that is accomplished successfully (Merriam-Webster the Online Dictionary)....   [tags: Achievement, fame, ]
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The Evolution of the Modern Guitar - The modern guitar can be easily acknowledged as one of the most influential and renown instruments in the world. The guitar recognized today has been around for hundreds of years and it is still leaving a legacy in the musical world. Some early iterations of the guitar dating back as far as 1400 BC have evolved into what is known as the modern guitar through design innovation. Before the use of synthetic materials in the development of guitars, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having “a long, fretted neck, flat wooden soundboard, ribs, and flat back, most often with curved sides” (citation)....   [tags: Music History ] 1581 words
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The Civil Rights Movement and Bombingham - One Bomb, Four Lives, Many Changes In the year 1963, many events took place in this year from blacks boycotting Boston buses to the assassination of JFK. However, that is not what is going to be elaborated on in this essay. It is going to be about the 16th Street Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama (Simkin). There are a lot of things a reader may not know, unless that reader is a historian or has looked up this topic before. In 1963 a local black church was about to have their 11:00 a.m. service on Sunday, September 15 (Trueman)....   [tags: babptis church, chambliss, martyrs]
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The Unjust Execution of Anne Boleyn - How does one marry a person and then wrongly condemn them to death. Is one supposed to cry or laugh when informed of their own future execution. Anne Boleyn was wrongly condemned to death and did not cry when informed of her future execution, instead she laughed. It takes a weak and selfish man to make up lies to have someone they love beheaded. Anne Boleyn was unjustly charged with treason and adultery by Henry VIII because of her inability to produce a male heir, her slick tongue, and sexually magnetizing aura....   [tags: Henry VIII, British history]
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Culture and Social Changes of Taiwan - Off the southeastern coast of the pacific super nation China, rest a humble and sovereign nation, Taiwan. Through many years of conflict, Taiwan has become a shimmer of light for developing pacific nations. Its culture streams from Chinese ancestry and century’s old religious beliefs have met the iron walls of today’s society. Social changes in Taiwan have opened the eyes to many of its citizens as they take on a rambunctious world. Through a thriving economy and never ending disputes with its tyrant neighbor, Taiwan is an exploration of many opportunities....   [tags: economy, war, religion] 2774 words
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Analysis of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare - Analysis of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet is a tragic 16th century Shakespearean love story set in the Italian city of Verona. The life of a father and daughter in our lifetime at the moment would vary considerably from the one Capulet and Juliet lead in the play. In the 16th century women were expected to do many things for men. Men’s expectations for women in the 16th century were that they cleaned the house looked after the children and were treated as second class citizens....   [tags: Papers] 554 words
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Lady Capulet in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet - Lady Capulet in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet A woman during the 16th century did not have the freedoms that a woman today enjoys. During Shakespeare’s life wives were not allowed the independence they take pleasure in today. Therefore, the role of the mother for Juliet in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is not commanding or authoritative because of the time period Shakespeare lived. The role of a wife must be looked at in order to understand and appreciate Juliet’s mother. When a couple was married during the 16th century, Susan Amussen said it was the beginning of a partnership, but not one of equal proportions....   [tags: William Shakespeare]
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Twelfth Night, by William Shakespeare - Examining Viola's Character in Twelfth Night "I may not be a lion, but I am a lion's cub, and I have a lion's heart" . These words are said by one of the most celebrated and authoritative women in the 16th century Elizabeth I. Even though the authority was at woman's hands at that time, a dominant woman was unnatural in the society itself. The presence of such a powerful female figure creates an interesting situation for dramatists and playwrights in terms of depicting women's status at that time....   [tags: Character Analysis, Authority] 836 words
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The Role of Legal Systems - In his work “Liberty against the Law: Some Seventeenth-Century Controversies” published in 1996, Christopher Hill reassessed the outcome of the English Civil War and asked one introspective question: “Liberty for what, and for whom?” Some people may argue that law limits liberty for everyone due to the restrictions it imposes in today’s society. However, it should not be denied that law does protect freedom and liberty in certain circumstances. In fact, there exists a very complex relationship between law and liberty where each of them complements and limits the other....   [tags: Law and Liberty] 1077 words
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The Battle of the Bulge - “Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” - President Franklin D. Roosevelt. December 7th 1941 marked an event in history that everyone in the world looks back to. On that date the Imperial Japanese Navy surprised attacked the American port of Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii. This marked the beginning of World War II for America. World War II was the bloodiest war in history with over 60 million deaths....   [tags: WWII, history]
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Martin Luther the Evangelical Educator - ... Luther was first and foremost a theologian and a professor. His 95 theses which cause such a stir in the medieval church, were the same theories he used to teach his students. Once Luther was free to design his church in Wittenberg, he went about creating order to educate the German masses on true Christian religion. The German people had been suffering from various hardships (Peasant War 1524-1525), and disorder had cause the Lutheran churches to lose power. Luther himself during this time had lost faith in the capabilities of the church to lead the masses ....   [tags: Reformation, medieval Christendom]
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The Battle of the Bulge - ... After the liberation of France on August 16th the pressure was on to beat the Russians to Berlin. In December of 1944 the Germans were losing the war on both fronts with lots of casualties. Germany had to do one last push on the Allies in the West to try and get a peace agreement. If the push failed then Germany is lost. on December 16th, 1944, the last German offensive has started. This battle was the Battle of the Bulge also known as the Battle of Bastogne or the Battle of the Ardennes. The Battle of the Bulge was the last German assault that failed greatly and lead to the Germans losing important forces, it allowed the allied forces to invade Germany and cause Germany to surrender....   [tags: world war II, germans, pearl harbor] 788 words
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HISTORY AND ORIGINATORS OF KEYBOARD - HISTORY AND ORIGINATORS OF KEYBOARD BAROQUE PERIOD Harpsichord (Italian cembalo; French clavecin), stringed keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked to produce sound. It was developed in Europe in the 14th or 15th century and was widely used from the 16th to the early 19th century, when it was superseded by the piano. In the 20th century the harpsichord was revived for performance of music of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, as well as for new compositions. The incisive sound quality of the plucked metal strings adds clarity to melodic lines....   [tags: essays research papers] 2123 words
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Attitudes Regarding Europe's Poor, 1450-1700 - Between 1450 and 1700, attitudes toward the European poor changed dynamically, roughly following a three-part cycle. In the late 1400's, the poor were regarded with sympathy and compassion; generous aid from both public and religious institutions was common. By the 16th Century, however, the poor were treated with suspicion and harsh measures, to ensure that they were not becoming lazy, using welfare as a substitute for labor. Beginning in the 17th Century, the attitudes toward the poor again shifted, returning to more sympathetic views and responses, though many members of the upper-class still retained the negative outlook on the destitute of the 16th Century....   [tags: European History] 675 words
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Unraveling the Mystery of William Shakespeare - ... This refers of course to the rebirth of learning. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spread all over Europe and was considered the division between the Middle Ages and the Modern Era (Fabio Castellan 3). During this movement literature was one of the many arts that took on an innovative form due to the new and awakened perspectives of man. However before the Renaissance, known as the medieval times, people were considered subject to God. For this reason, medieval literature placed a great emphasis on the blend of fantasy and reality....   [tags: rebirth, consequences, persepective] 570 words
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