Preview
Preview

The Schelling Segregation Model Essay

:: 12 Works Cited
Length: 2269 words (6.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Introduction

In this essay, I aim to show that given Carl Hempel’s (1942) deductive-nomological (DN) theory of explanation and Bas C. van Fraassen’s (1980) pragmatic theory of explanation, Schelling only partially explains neighbourhood segregation, because multiple causal factors and background conditions ought to be taken into account. I will first outline how Schelling explains neighbourhood segregation, and then discuss the following aspects to show my conclusion:

1. Schelling’s model in the context of the DN theory of explanation
2. Schelling’s model in the context of the pragmatic theory of explanation
3. How to explain neighbourhood segregation…

An emphasis will be placed on the first and second to allow more thorough justification.

In this essay, neighbourhood will be defined in terms of “neighbourhood spaces” .

Schelling’s Explanation

Schelling’s explanation of neighbourhood segregation is outlined below:

In a local mixed neighbourhood of groups A and B, everyone is happy, given that:
(i) Relative to their location, everyone of a given colour has the same tastes and preferences for the colour mixture of their neighbour(s),
(ii) Everyone defines their neighbourhood according to their own location,
(iii) Everyone’s identity is publicly observable,
(iv) Everyone cares about the colour of their neighbour(s),
(v) Everyone is able to observe the number of people (i.e. the effective colour ratio) in the neighbourhood,
(vi) Individuals of group A are not outnumbered by the neighbours of group B by more than two-to-one, and vice versa. Alternatively, at least half of her neighbours ought to be the same type as them.

Schelling studies two random individuals at every point in time in the model. If the individuals are both ...


... middle of paper ...


...n the Philosophy of Social Science. United States: MIT Press. Pg. 71-78.

Van Fraassen, Bas C. (1980). The Scientific Image. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Zhang, Junfu. (2011). Tipping and Residential Segregation: A Unified Schelling Model. Journal of Regional Science. 51 (1), Pg. 167-193.


Cariani, Fabrizio. (2001). VAN FRAASSEN AND THE PRAGMATIC THEORY OF EXPLANATION. Available: http://fitelson.org/290/fabrizio_vf_sk.pdf. Last accessed 6th Nov 2013.

Folse. (2003). The D-N Model of Justification. Available: http://www.loyno.edu/~folse/DeducNom.html. Last accessed 6th Nov 2013.

Merriam Webster (2013). Feng Shui. Available: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/feng%20shui. Last accessed 8th Nov 2013.

Woodward, James. (Winter 2011 Edition). Scientific Explanation. Available: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/scientific-explanation/#2. Last accessed 6th Nov 2013.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Segregation Now in the USA Essay - Forty-seven years ago the Civil Rights Act was passed to end racial discrimination in America. And later on the 24th Amendment to poll taxes, then the Voting Rights Act to allow every man to vote and not be discriminated against. Black Power, the Nation of Islam, and the Southern Christian Leadership conference were just some of the groups that tried to end segregation and promote the African American race. Although these groups did help end it, it still exists in today’s world and many studies have been done to prove it in the past couple of years....   [tags: Segregation Today] 1019 words
(2.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Segregation: The Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion Essay - Race is an ambiguous concept possessed by individuals, and according to sociologists Michael Omi and Howard Winant, it is socially constructed. Race divides people into categories which causes needless cultural and social tensions. The concept of race also causes inclusion, exclusion, and segregation in U.S society. Both inclusion and exclusion tie together to create the overall process of segregation — one notion cannot occur without resulting in the others. Segregation is a form of separation in terms of race that includes the processes of inclusion and exclusion....   [tags: Sociology, Race, Segregation] 1553 words
(4.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Segregation: Fighting for the Same Rights Essay - Segregation was very hard to endure to those who were colored in the 1960’s. Segregation was basically a white person making cruel remarks to a colored person or about the colored people in general. Segregation wasn’t just making racist remarks but it made people fight about little events that weren’t worth fighting about. White people would even take the colored to court just for having a nice car or even not addressing a white person as “sir” or “madam”. In the court cases no matter how simple the cases was the colored would either go to jail or even worse have the death penalty....   [tags: sit-in, equal, separate, segregation] 1023 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Separate and Unequal: Overcoming Segregation in America - At the time of the African-American Civil Rights movement, segregation was abundant in all aspects of life. Separation, it seemed, was the new motto for all of America. But change was coming. In order to create a nation of true equality, segregation had to be eradicated throughout all of America. Although most people tend to think that it was only well-known, and popular figureheads such as Martin Luther King Junior or Rosa Parks, who were the sole launchers of the African-American Civil Rights movement, it is the rights and responsibilities involved in the 1954 Brown v....   [tags: Segregation in America]
:: 40 Works Cited
1916 words
(5.5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on Residential Segregation In America - Definition and Measurement of Residential Segregation According to Massey and Denton (1988), residential segregation “is the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment”(282). Now this is a pretty general definition, but it gives basic but good insight as to what residential desegregation is talking about. In this paper, I will mostly be focusing on residential segregation as it relates to the black and white populations in relation to one another, although I will be referencing some other races briefly to create a better understanding of concepts or ideas....   [tags: Definition, measurement, Residential Segregation]
:: 5 Works Cited
1944 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Residential Segregation In America - Causes of Segregation So what happened to this integrated living and why did segregation happen in the first place. There are a few different factors that can be attributed to the formation of segregated housing; industrialization, the large movement of blacks from rural settings to the cities, and the attitudes that this movement created. The industrialization American did not just affect African Americans; it affected all Americans, but especially the immigrants and blacks. This process was much more rapid in the north than in the south, due to the Jim Crow laws that provided segregation in daily interaction already....   [tags: Causes of Segregation, Race, Racism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1652 words
(4.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Countering Segregation in the United States Essay - Countering Segregation Imagine living in a country that is run by segregation laws. In 1896 the United States Supreme Court ruled that a Louisiana law mandating separate but equal accommodations for White Americans and African Americans on intrastate railroads was constitutional. In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, Homer Plessy could pass as a white man even though under Louisiana law he is legally considered “colored”. This is due to his the fact that he has one-eighth African blood in him, which allowed Louisiana law to prevent him from sitting on a passenger coach reserved for whites only....   [tags: United States, Segregation, American History]
:: 2 Works Cited
1591 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Have We Overcome Segregation? Essay - 1950. America was in the midst of a racial battle. African Americans used separate bathrooms, went to separate schools and were treated with the least amount of respect. The world was a much different place where segregation was the norm. Today though, the majority of Americans believe we have overcome this inequality. But have we really. When looking at the educational system in today’s society, you can easily find flaws in almost every aspect of it. Although I agree that we have came a long way in overcoming a lot of these issues there is still one that remains very prominent in almost every school in America: segregation....   [tags: Segregation, history, USA, ] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Segregation In Arkansas Schools Essay - On May 21, Sheridan became the first school district in the South to announce its intention to integrate. The district’s plan to integrate in the fall semester quickly came to a halt. Within twenty-four hours, one hundred Sheridan residents met at the school and demanded that the board either change its decision or be replaced. The board quickly postponed integration pending further study. This taught white supremacist that desegregation would fail if they could get together groups to actively protest....   [tags: School Integration, Segregation]
:: 4 Works Cited
925 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Segregation in the College Student Center Essay - Segregation in the College Student Center As I walked into the University Student Center after my Issues in Public Policy class one August day, a disturbing sight immediately struck me. For a moment I thought I needed to pinch myself because I felt as though I was having a horrible nightmare. Then, I thought that maybe I needed to check my calendar to make sure that I had not traveled back in time to the sixties when segregation was still an accepted practice in the United States. Much to my dismay, I was not dreaming, and it was still in the year 2000....   [tags: University Student Segregation]
:: 4 Works Cited
2519 words
(7.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]