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The Rotator Cuff Complex Essay examples

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The rotator cuff muscles play a vital role in dynamic stability of the shoulder and glenohumeral joint. The glenohumeral joint is a shallow socket that allows for multiple directional movements through the frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes. The glenohumeral joint has the widest range of motion of all the joints in the body. The shoulder complex contains three bones: the scapula, the clavicle, and the humerus providing shape, support, and biomechanical form. The repetitive and forceful external rotation of the humerus is the primary cause of micro-trauma in competitive athletes resulting in anterior instability. “Only recently has the subtle instability of the shoulder joint become recognized as one of the primary casues of shoulder pain and dysfunction in athlete, especially those under 35 years of age” (Barry, Dillingham & Mcguire, 2002). The injury can be acute or chronic with mechanic stresses being from intrinsic or extrinsic factor. The diagnosis and treatment options are based on the classification of the injury. The classification is based on the location (Articular or Bursal surface, or Complete) and severity of the tear (0-IV) with 0 being the normal and IV being very severe. For example, an articular surface injury with a minimal tear is A-I and a complete rotator cuff tear is a C-IV (Habermeyer, Magosch & Lichtenberg, 2006). Rehabilitation of the rotator cuff needs to include strength and static flexibility training to stabilize and restore the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder complex. A good prevention remedy is to include a strength training program for the length of the sport and remain part of a general fitness regimen.
The pathophysiology of the shoulder complex is important in understanding the complex...


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...strength training exercises will keep the muscles in the shoulder girdle strong and flexible. The application of cold and heat packs and adequate rest will reduce inflammation and prolong physical activity without injury.
The overall health of the rotator cuff complex is vital to every athlete whether or not throwing is part of the sporting program. The GH joint has widest range of motion of all the joints in the body and needs the greatest amount of stability. The muscles, ligaments, and tendons of the shoulder girdle are responsible for the complex movement of the GH joint. Acute and chronic stress cause microtrauma to the rotator cuff region, but can be prevented with proper strength training and preventive measures. A good preventive remedy is to include a strength and flexibility program for the life of the sport and remain part of a general fitness program.



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