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Romanticism and Nature in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Essay

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Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is a gothic science fiction novel written in the romantic era that focuses on the elements of life. The romantic era was sparked by the changing social environment, including the industrial revolution. It was a form of revolt against the scientific revolutions of the era by developing a form of literature that romanticize nature and giving nature godliness. This element of romanticized nature is a recurrent element in Frankenstein and is used to reflect emotions, as a place for relaxation and as foreshadowing. Frankenstein also includes various other elements of romanticism including strong emotions and interest in the common people.
Nature is a key element in romanticism as the early romantics stressed the divine beauty they saw in nature. Mary Shelley uses the elements of nature to further the emotions of her characters and create a safe place for them to think. She also goes into the aspects of science and nature, "[Scientists] penetrate into the recesses of nature and show how she works in her hiding-places” (Shelley 33). In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley creates a novel based around science overreaching to boundaries. Many scientific experiments of the early 1800s make an excellent base in history for Frankenstein. Trials such as biomedical trials that began during along with the continuing studies into human anatomy and the natural world. Weather is an important element of nature which is commonly used to reflect and supplement human emotions. After William’s death, whilst Victor is returning to Geneva to talk to his father “the heavens were clouded, and [soon] the rain was coming slowly in large drops” (Shelley 62). Therefore, the storm reflects Victor’s mournful attitude and as the storm p...


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...e common people. Mary Shelley writes most of the common people as fallen from power and riches. Namely this does not follow the elements of romanticism and relates back to earlier literature.
The elements of romanticism and nature in Frankenstein, these elements lend suspense and literary merit to the novel. Nature is used as a godlike figure that controls and enhances the emotions of Victor and the creature. It is used differently for each character, creating a contrast between the two of them throughout the novel. The romantic elements lend literary merit and cultural identity to the novel that sets it apart for other novels of the time, while lending it to the creation of the genre on science fiction.



Works Cited

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein, Or, The Modern Prometheus: With Connections.
Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1999. Print.



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