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Essay on Reasoning according to Saint Thomas Aquinas

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1) Aquinas does not require that each individual person have good reasons for what he or she believes. He explains that there is the human reason (God is triune) and natural reason (God exists) which considers some truth of God. He discusses limitations to human intellect. He explains that the truth is open to reasoning. He reasons that humans have better knowledge of God when they cannot understand. He explains that many people are not fitted to reach the highest level of knowledge, which is understanding God. When truths are explained they are mixed in with false statements. Aquinas reasoning does make sense, it is vague and confusing to grasp, but the underlying components are logical. It is a good reason, because he allows for the individual to decide what he or she wants to believe and believes as their own.
2) According to Aquinas there are certain “truths of faith” that we should accept even though we are unable, by human reason, to see that they are true. He states that the divine Wisdom knows everything, and it is designed to reveal to people its teachings. He explains that the truths of reason cannot be opposed to the Divine truth, they cannot be thought of as false, and truths by faith are not allowed to be thought of as false. He states that, “…only the false is opposed to the true…” This reasoning was confusing to me, the statement makes sense, but just the explanation is hard to follow.
3) Fideism is taking a neutral stance about religious truth claims, putting all your commitments aside and turning towards the neutral side. Evans’ objections to fideism are whether or not neutral stance is desirable, because once someone becomes neutral will they be even able to understand religion. Evans explains how we cannot ...


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...ut we should be able to hear others out and maybe come to common ground, but the process will deepen faith.
7) Of the two I preferred Evans views, they were easily read and vast evidence was given. Evans position made the most sense to me. I agree that every individual has their own beliefs, but should consider others views as well. Aquinas’ views and reasoning were hard to follow and vague.
8) I agree that religious truths and natural truths are both true, but I disagree that they have nothing to do with each other. And that even though they operate of different planes of human consciousness, I think that they influence each other vastly. All our thoughts come from somewhere and are influenced by various factors, so I think that religious and natural truths influence each other is different ways, and help us both explain what we stand for.



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