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Psychology Theories Essay

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I chose Gestalt Psychology for my first perspective, it is how people experience objects and perceive things as a whole. Gestalt allows us to look at everyday objects and distinguish them from their surroundings. Without the Gestalt Theory people would see every atom that made up a whole object. As I look at my computer screen, I do not see every little atom, I see the screen as a whole. From this perspective, learning objects as a whole instead of each individual part is beneficial because it allows us to open our minds for new learning experiences. However, there may be things in life that do not provide enough visual clues to determine what it is supposed to be.

The Functionalist Theory is based on behavior and mental life. It explores how we learn and adapt to our environment. I believe the Functionalist Theory is a valid theory because it is based on our day to day actions. Being able to mentally retrieve situations that were bad in the past will help in avoiding that behavior in the future.

Humanistic Personality Theory deals with the present time. It concludes that people deal with the “here and now” issues instead of the past or future issues. By dealing with present issues it allows people to have a meaning of worth. Dealing with the present issues gives you a self worth and helps you strive for personal growth. Humanistic Personality Theory is reality based, so I believe that it makes people be responsible for their actions, whether positive or negative. Humanistic Personality Theory believes that the goal in life for every human is to accede in growth and understanding. I believe people thrive to make themselves better continuously. A world without growth to me is a meaningless world.

Humanistic Person...


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...ion that they were not taught basic skills when young. If someone lacks the ability to perceive things as a whole their superego may be damaged due to the lack of learning.

Superego fits into Functionalism because it is the way we learn and adapt to our surroundings that determine our superego. An example would be a person that lost the function of their legs due to a car accident. This is going to punch a hard blow on the superego. Having a function taken away with no warning can change your perception on the world quickly. It may give you a feeling of helplessness and can lead to wrong moral decisions.


References:

Id, superego, and the unconscious. (2004, March 21). Retrieved from http://allpsych.com/psychology101/ego.html

Cognitive theory in personality synopsis. (2004, March 23). Retrieved from http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/cognitive.html


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