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Essay on Primary Health Care: A New Approach to Health Care

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Primary health care is the care nurses adopt to emphasis the health care to the people themselves
and their needs to shape their lives of the people. Primary health care includes all areas that play
a role in health, such as access to health services, environment and lifestyle. Hospitals and the
health care centers are the only aspects providing the health care to the people in towns or
communities. According to (Anne McMurray, 2012), “Primary health care encompasses a broad
spectrum of activities to encourage health and wellbeing. These can include primary care and
include follow up activities for promoting the health of the community and to protecting the
community members from harm, and or preventing illness or injury. Importantly, the ultimate
goal of primary health care is to build community capacity to enable sustainable health and
wellbeing. Community capacity building is based on the fundamental values of equity,
community participation and self-determination, which embody human rights and shared social
expectations”.


To begin with, primary health care was a new approach to health care as after international
conference in Alma Ata in 1978 organized by the World Health Organization and the UNICEF.
Primary health care was based on mutuality, social justice and equality. As a strategy, primary health care focuses on individual and community strengths and opportunities for changes, increases the participation of the community, includes all relevant sectors and uses only health technologies that are accessible, affordable and appropriate.

To add on, according to (Janice E. Hitchcock, 2003) it is stated that “Primary health care in international health is associated with the global conference held at Alma Ata in...


... middle of paper ...


...all primary health care is initiated to guide us to work towards equitable social circumstances to provide adequate care to the people and equal access to the health care and community empowerment through public participants in all aspects of life. Primary health care addresses the main health problems in the community providing promotive, curative, preventive, and rehabilitative services accordingly. The goal of the primary health care is to build community capacity to enable sustainable health and wellbeing of all the people worldwide.

Approx. no. of words: 2159



References

Anne McMurray, J. C. (2012). Community Health and Wellness: Primary Health Care in Practice (4th ed.). (L. Norrie, Ed.) Australia: Libby Houston.
Janice E. Hitchcock, P. E. (2003). Community Health Nursing - Caring In Action (2nd ed.). (C. L. Esperti, Ed.) New York: William Brottmiller.






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